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Document Creation Date: 
March 17, 2020
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March 26, 2020
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December 19, 1960
� Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 1 r ac�occ 3.3(h)(2) --rty) 3.5(c) 19 December 1960 Copy No. CENTRAL 77 INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCIIINTNT " !fl r/.: TA? Ts 3 9 � 1 JUN 1980 NEVIEWERa TOVSECRET- rp r4O4cirf 2020/03/13 CO2993702, Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 ivy 1-.A..111C. 1 Nur Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 19 DECEMBER 1960 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC II. ASIA-AFRICA Laos--Sino-Soviet airlift to Kong Le and Pathet Lao forces increased; Hanoi Calls for rPactivatinn of TCC in Laos. Congo--Pro-Lumumba elements continue quest for bloc and Afro-Asian help. Ethiopia--Reprisals expected as elements loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie restore control following attempted coup. 0 Tr1P CVrrIE'rr Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 ii CENTIMINTYLIzIGN-c-t�Es-uu.Etnici .r 'Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 I. 19 December 1960 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC IL ASIA-AFRICA Laos: The Sino-Soviet airlift continues and is appar= ently being augmented by three Soviet military AN-12 IP41 transports which flew from Irkutsk to Peiping on 17 De- -5/ 6i " cember and from Peiping to Canton on 18 December. "ammunition and supplies" were to be airdropped in an area about 50 miles north of Vientiane on the road to Luang Prabang. Captain Kong Le and his para- troopers have been withdrawing from the Vientiane area in that general direction; after regroupment and resupply, the Kong Le forces may mount a counterattack on Vientiane in conjunction with Pathet Lao forcetj The North Vietnamese Foreign Ministry broadcast a statement on 17 December characterizing events in Laos as "directly menacing" the security of North Vietnam and once again calling for reac- tivization of the ICC and reconvening the participants of the Geneva Conference of 1954. The statement, however, did not contain any hints of specific counteraction by Hanoi or its bloc allies. (Page 1) Con 0 k Congo: The situation in Stanleyville, where a group of Lumumb a supporters have established their own regime, ap- pears to be precarious, and the regime is seeking effective a military assistance from Ghana and the UAR. Meanwhile, UN' 3 44%4 Secretary General Hammarskj old is attempting to prevent the disruption of the UN Command in the Congo .by requesting Cey=v4 ion, Yugoslavia, Indonesia, Morocco, and Guinea to reconsideri their demands for the immediate withdrawal of their troops. 11 A delegation representing Lurnumba is reported joining President Kasavubu and the premiers of Katanga and Kasai provinces at the "summit conference" of chiefs of 11 French- speaking African states now meeting in Brazzaville; this AApproved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702r 'Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 . � i gar ozit-rte, ' �411101 t�lid conference has as one of its objectives a solution to the Congo crisis. The Moroccan King, who continues to support Lumumba, has proposed that another "high-level conference of the African states concerned" be held soon in Rabat--this suggestion has been endorsed by UAR President Nasir. thio ia:LI2he army forces loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie control Addis Ababa and have been mopping up isolated rebel bands. The city is without many public services. Several coup leaders, however, have escaped capture. The slaying,by the coup leaders of a large number of hostages�including the min- isters of defense, of commerce and industry, and of public works and communications--is expected to lead to reprisals. Already a large number of students who had demonstrated in favor of the rebels have been rounded up and reportedly many have been shot. The Crown Prince was among those present at the Emperor's ar- rival in Addis Ababa. Haile Selassie made a point of requesting the presence of the US ambassador.to whom he spoke with warm regard:1 19 Dec 60 DAILY BRIEF --TOP-SE-eRET Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702r A Aperoved for Release:,2020/03/13 CO2993702 ow. Niue' *are Situation in Laos The Sino-Soviet airlift continues, with a total of at least 38 aircraft participating, including ten Soviet IL-14s--the last of which arrived on 18 December. At least four of these IL-14s apparently are assisting the Chinese Communist trans- ports in airlifting material from Communist China to Hanoi. Two Soviet IL-14s flew from Hanoi to Canton on 17 December, and two flew to Canton the next day; all returned to Hanoi on 18 December. The USSR is apparently augmenting the airlift by sending to Hanoi three AN-12 transports from the military airborne forces. These aircraft left the Soviet Union on 17 December, arrived at Canton on 18 December and are scheduled to con- tinue on to Hanoi. Whereas the 1L-14 carries only about a 5,000-pound payload, the normal payload of an AN-12 is be- tween 30,000 and 40,000 pounds, and it can carry as much as 50,000 pounds. Thus the AN-12 is capable of carrying heavy military equipment which could not be flown by an 1L-14. At least three North Vietnamese aircraft landed in the Sam Neua area of Laos on 18 December. Five Soviet IL-14s were scheduled to fly to the Vientiane area on that date; since bloc aircraft have not landed at Vientiane since 13 December, these planes will probably deliver their cargo by airdrnn "Airdrop ammunition and supplies at Phong Hong," substantiates that such airdrops are being carried out. Phong Hong is located about 50 miles north of Vientiane on the road to Luang Pr abang3 Captain Kong Le and his paratroopers have been withdraw- ing northward from Vientiane and are likely to link up with Pathet Lao elements reportedly in the area in considerable strength. After regroupment and resupply by 1L-14s, the joint force could could counterattack in the Vientiane area or move north- ward to attack Luang Prabang, the royal capital. c_There have been unsubstantiated reports, originating with refugees and captives, that some North Vietnamese troops23 TOP SECRET 19 Dec 60 CEKITRAI IKITFI I inFiwrF RI III FTIKI Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 *gaol "me aave been dropped as well. Although North Vietnam is not known to have a significant number of paratroopers, a lim- ited number of paramilitary personnel may have received jump training. There is also a possibility that small num= bers of North Vietnamese cadres may have been brought into Vientiane while the IL-14s still had access to the airfield. In addition to the gunners for the Soviet-provided artillery, super- visory personnel may have been brought in to organize the Kong Le and Pathet Lao elements into a more effective fight- ing force. General Phoumi, having secured control of Vientiane for the Boun Oum government, does not appear to be pursuing the retreatingKong Le nrrps His tronns will nrnhahlv remain in the Vientiane area. Phoumi ex- hibited unwarranted optimism on the extent of his successes and the degree of his control in the Vientiane area. He thus would appear to have increased his vulnerability to a surprise counterattacl A North Vietnamese Foreign Ministry statement of 17 De- cember characterizes events in Laos as "directly menacing the security of the DRV" and once again calls for the reactivation of the ICC and reconvening the participants of the Geneva Con- ference of 1954. Chou En-lai, speaking at a Peiping banquet for visiting Cambodian Premier Sihanouk on 18 December, called for "ef- fective measures to ensure that the Geneva agreements be re- spected." Chou warned that his government was "closely follow- ing developments" and was confident that with "support from countries which love peace," the Laotian people will "certainly win final victory." A similar indication that Peiping anticipates a lengthy civil war is The Burmese report that the Chinese feel that even if Phoumi succeeds in capturing Vientiane, Kong Le's forces will "certainly carry on the struggle, which will be very long." 19 Dec 60 CENTPAI IMTFI I inpmer III III CTIM Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 Page 2 Approved for Release: 720/03/13 CO2993702 The Congo Situation The situation for a number of Lumumba's supporters, who have established a regime of their own in Stanleyville, capital of Orientale Province, continues to be precarious. The president of the Congolese Chamber of Deputies, who is a strong supporter of Lumumba and his Congolese Na- tional Movement (MNC), has expressed concern over devel- opments in Orientale Province which he fears could easily develop into civil war. He characterizes Antoine Gizenga, who claims to represent the "lawful government of the Congo" on behalf of Lumumba, as a Communist, and says Gizenga's present efforts are ruining any chance to unite the Congo. This view tends to confirm Ambassador Timberlake's esti- mate that the situation in Orientale is in the hands of a small clique directed by Gizenga and lacking the support of a ma- jority of the MNC. The Stanleyville regime appears to be making a desper- ate attempt to enlist support from both Ghana and the UAR. confirmation that the two governments will send aircraft, munitions, and soldiers. the emergency nature of the situation and asked for confirmation "within two days" that assistance would be forth- coming. ) An emissary apparently sent to India by Gizenga to obtain support from Nehru was barred on a technicality and is reported to have proceeded to Cairo, An extensive propaganda campaign, possibly under Afro-Asian sponsorship, reportedly is being prepared in Cairo in defense of Lumumba and against the UN policy toward the Congo. r At the same time, Hammarskjold is attempting to pre- vent disruption of the UN Command in the Congo by request- ing to the governments of Ceylon, Yugoslavia, Indonesia, Morocco, and Guinea that they reconsider their demands for the immediate withdrawal of their troop contingents. A delegation headed by Thomas Kanza and representing the Lumumba faction is reported to be joining President Kasavubu TOP SECRET 19 Dec 60 -1" ' Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 -*me and the premiers of Katanga and Kasai provinces at the "summit" conference of 11 conservative, French-speaking, African chiefs of state now meeting in Brazzaville to con- sider the Congo problem. Fulbert Youlou, President of the Congo Republic (Brazzaville) who is the conference host, was applauded when he advocated in his keynote speech that the UN keep out of African affairs and suggested that the African leaders assembled at the conference could solve the crisis. Katanga Premier Moise Tshombe. is reportedly pleased with the equal treatment accorded him by other conferees, and sees this as another step toward full recognition of Ka- tanga as an independent state. Tshombe has indicated his readiness to support Youlou's concept of an African common market and to cooperate with other African countries toward solving the Stanleyville crisis. While unable to supply troops, he is reported willing to finance the activities of other African troops, should a move against Stanleyville be called for. Moroccan King Mohamed V, who is not represented at Brazzaville, has proposed to the heads of state of Ethiopia, Ghana, Liberia, Guinea, Mali, the UAR, and Sudan that a high-level conference of African states be held soon in Rabat to decide on the "action which must be undertaken in the in- terest of the Congo and Africa."tylasmuch as the King plans to leave Rabat on 28 December for a six-week visit to Asia, any such meeting would likely be impromptu and devoid of con- crete result0 Nasir has indicated his approval of such a con- ference, as well as his support of Morocco's request to with- draw its forces from the Congo. TOP SECRET 19 Dec 60 t-c. ITT% Al I liftrikli-4e n. II I rvil.1 "'Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 .1 1 I.-, I 1t1 La dt� NNW THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army �The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Commandant, United States Marine Corps Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force � Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director CONFIDFWTIA I. Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 002993702 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993702 TOP SECREF / / / / /0� / / / / / // e//'/� / // //e , "// / / / 1 / / / TOP SICRET / �4 / / / $ / /48 7), / / / / / / /Vz V / / / / / / / / / 7) ///- APProved for Release :2020/03/13 CO2993702,Z/Z/MM/mz il