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March 17, 2020
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March 26, 2020
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December 22, 1960
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15798794].pdf738.29 KB
zzzzrzz rrzzzzzzzzrzzzrzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzrrrzzzzzzf 4013�SECRET j6Ap Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 3.3(h)(2) Vr ag�KC I wry 3.5(c) 22 December 1960 Copy No, C CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DICUMENT NO 45- NO DIN.AGE IN CLASS. X 0 DECL.a:',2[FL::: CLASS. Te: TS S C NEXT iI oto ETJ b S614.21980 DATi REVIEWER, proved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 z z Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 I WI' r.,latt. liose New Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 _Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 Ut ..51_,CUL 1 22 DECEMBER 1960 I. THE COMMUMST BLOC USSR-Indor esia--First delivery en route under $277,000,000 naval aid agreement. W II. ASIA-AFRICA Laos--Chinese Communists continue threats; Phoumi force from Vientiane reported pursuing Kong Le. Congo--Situation in Stanleyville explosive.� III. THE WEST Portugal-South Africa--Closerrmiliti.ry cooperation in Africa planned. Brazil--President-elect Quadros plans 0 neutralist foreign policy. LATE STEM �Saudi Arabia--King Saud moves to re- sume control of government. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 V r , A A / % Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 TOP /V . -. 44md SECRET / Congo: Stanleyville the recent calm there as deceptive, and reports that an anti-white explosion could take place at any time. I the economic situa- tion is "at a dead end;' with food and gasoline in short sup- ply. anti-American sentiment is strong, and �that no Europeans are being allowed to leave lest their de= parture further disrupt the local economy. Although a representative of the Gizenga regime has been Warmly received in Cairo, the attitude of Sudan continues to pose at least a temporary obstacle to UAR or Soviet initia- tives to provide material aid. .\\ Sudan 'is avoid- ing giving us overflight and landing permission" for flights to the Congo, and that he was having trouble obtaining 7point- -nents with senior officials. Colonel Mobutu continues to build up his forces in and iround Orientale Province, and Congolese officials have hinted it an attack in late December. Mobutu appears hesitant, how- aver, and has reportedly asked his Belgian advisers for aid in procuring more equipment and transport.1 111. 1.11Z Portugal - South Africa: Portugal, after several months of cautious explorations,, is mov- ing toward closer, military cooperation with the Union of South Africa. The Portuguese apparently envisage an exchange of in- telligence and the provision of South African logistical assist- ance to their military forces in Angola and Mozambique. They remain wary, however, of any moves which might identify Por- tugal publicly with the Verwoerd government. Lisbon therefore Instructed its embassy in Pretoria on 14 December to conduct "at least the first phase" of the projected military conversations through the Portuguese military attache 72�- 22 Dec 60 DAILY BRIEF jj - 1ST S OTT Aki; ro v e'd7OrTele a s e -55'2'e/03/13 CO296iia/ A Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 ikad TO!' 5LCHL � ontinuation of support to the Kong Le/Pathet Lao forces in aterial and personnel, and c) an increase in the numerical trength of Pathet Lao forces,j LIJ appears unlikely that the Communist bloc has decided o intervene openly with its own identifiable military forces t this time. A decision on its part to do so in the future, how- ever, is not precluded and probably would be dependent in part on the bloc's estimate of its chances of success in achieving a military or political settlement acceptable to the Communistt7.j LATE ITEM *Saudi Arabia : King Saud, who has made sporadic attempts for more than two years to reassert his authority over the Saudi government, appears at least for the moment to have succeeded. He has issued royal decrees proclaiming his "acceptance of the resignation" of his brother Crown Prince Faysal from the post of prime minister, his own assumption of that position, and the replacement of all the other ministers. The composition of his new ten-man cabinet suggests that the King had the full support of the influential "liberal" Saudi princes for his power move; he has named three of them as new ministers of finance, interior and communications. For the key post of defense minister, he has selected his favorite son Muhammad, who had been Chief of his Royal Advisory Council. The King's appointment of Abdullah Tariki as Oil Minister, to- gether with the fact that, for the first time, more than half the ministers are not members of the royal family, may have con- siderable appeal to the various Saudi elements which have been eager for some sort of political reform. At this stage, the King appears to have enough backing in the military, among tribal leaders, and within the royal family to give him the upper hand should the ailing Faysal and his supporters attempt a quick counter move. (Page 6) 22 Dec 60 DAILY BRIEF iv OK, 1 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704r Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 IWO Delivery of Soviet Naval Vesspls to Indonesia L.Two soviet �submarine cnasers,utowect by a treighter and a tug, apparently are being delivered to Indonesia un- der the $277,000,000 naval aid agreement concluded by Admiral Martadinata during his visit to Moscow this sum- mer. The four. Soviet ships--out of Vladivostok�were sighted west of Okinawa on 19 December. The Soviet Union delivered ships to Indonesia in 1959 from Vladivostok em- ploying similar methods.3 Previous deliveries of bloc naval units to Indonesia, under an $85,000,000 agreement, included four destroyers, two submarines, and eight subchasers. Under the new naval agreement, Moscow is to provide a light cruiser, two de- stroyers, four submarines, six minesweepers, eight patrol craft, ten motor torpedo boats, and an assortment of auxiliary ships. In addition, amphibious equipment--consisting of land- ing vehicles and tanks�and artillery are scheduled to be sup- plied to the Indonesian Marine Corp!J LA high-level Indonesian mission, including Foreign Min- ister Subandrio, Air Force Chief of Staff Marshal Suryadarma, Army Chief of Staff General Nasution, and several ranking naval officers, is due to arrive in Moscow later this month. The make-up of the delegation and the apparent initiation of Soviet naval deliveries to Indonesia suggest principal empha- sis during the visit will be given to negotiating the air force's requests of last July for additional Soviet equipment. At that time the air force asked Moscow to provide two squadrons of MIG-19 or MIG-21 jet fighters and one squadron of TU-16 jet bombers, as well as ground-to-air and air-to-air rockets. In addition, General Nasution--who has been thus far reluc- tant to follow the lead of the navy and the air force in procur- ing large amounts of bloc materiel�may use this opportunity to explore again the possibility of accepting large-scale Soviet arms aid -SECRET- 22 Dec 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE RULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 Nisi( Situation in Laos Communist China's Defense Minister Marshal Lin Piao has charged the US with "'blatantly interfering by force of arms" in Laos. In a 21 December greeting hon- oring North Vietnam's Army Day, Lin Piao pledged "the utmost efforts to safeguard the Geneva agreements and put a stop to US imperialism's intervention and aggres- sion" in Laos. This unspecific threat is almost identical in phrasing to an official Peiping statement on 14 Decem- ber and a People's Daily editorial of 16 December. Its reiteration by Peiping's top military leader�evidence of the emphasis the Chinese wish to place on their veiled warnings to the United States--is consistent with the bloc effort to create an atmosphere of tension and deter support for Phoumi. The Soviet Union, in its capacity as co-chairman of the Geneva Conference, has thus far remained silent on proposals from Peiping and Hanoi calling for reactivation of the ICC in Laos and reconvening the 1954 Geneva par- ticipants. It seems likely, however, that Moscow will soon respond by formally approaching London with this proposal. Recent Moscow broadcasts continue to elaborate on al- leged direct US involvement in the fight for Vientiane and have also warned of possible open American troop landings in Laos. Soviet propaganda has carefully pointed out that Laos is an example of the national liberation movement, that the struggle for the country will continue, and that Phoumi's rcal tat_u7 of the capital was a "Pyrrhic victory." The airlift into Laos from North Vietnam continues, with both Soviet and North Vietnamese transports participating. At least four flights by Soviet IL-14s were made to the Vientiane area on 20 December, and ten more were scheduled for 21 De- cember. Soviet paradrops were again observed on 21 Decem- ber about 40 miles north of Vientiane. Between 3 and 20 De- cember, Soviet transports had been scheduled for 169 flights to �rop-sEeRET-- 22 Dec 60 CENTRAL INTFI I inFm-F RI II I FTIKI Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 are Laos, of wrrra at least 100 have been confirmed. North Vietnamese transports were also active on 20 December in flights to Na San and Dien Bien Phu, and several North Vietnamese aircraft were scheduled to make flights to Sam Neua, Vientiane, and Dien Bien Phu on 21 December. This is the first time North Vietnamese transports have been scheduled to fly to Vientiane. TOP stxuur No flights were made to Nanning by Chinese Communist transports on 20 December, and the Chinese Communist civil transports which had been shuttling between Nanning and Hanoi were also apparently inactive on 20 December. The three Soviet AN-12s which left Canton on 20 December have returned to the USSR, however, six additional AN-12's have been scheduled from Sverdlovsk to Irkutsk and it is possible that they may continue on to Peipine_ArdAhence_tAa ith additional supplies for Laos. Operations by General Phoumi's forces against the e Le force were to have begun on 21 December. commando elements under Major Siho ave already advanced well up the road from Vientiane to Luang Pra- bang and expect to engage Kong Le's main forces shortly, about 40 miles north of Vientiane. Soviet aircraft have been observed dropping supplies to Kong Le in this area, which apparently is the base for the present regrouping and resupply operations. Kong Le is said to have two companies of his Second Paratroop Battalion there plus a reported 600 Pathet Lao troops. Some of the Soviet-provided howitzers used in the defense of Vientiane are reported to be in position in the vicinity. The operational plans of Phoumi's forces call for the ul- a e commitment of three infantry battalions, plus artillery and armored support elements. Elements of the First Para- troop Battalion will also be employed. The contemplated three- pronged offensive is aimed at dispersing the Kong Le and Pathet Lao forces into isolated pockets� to be dealt with in later phases of the operation0 The Boun Oum government is gradually establishing it- self in Vientiane. Premier Boun Oum's first public pronounce- ments have been notable for their uncompromising tone in 22 Dec 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 1 Ur .)Lcxrd 1 NW, connection with various proposals for mediating the crisis in Laos. He has, for example, rejected out of hand the proposal from varying sources for the reactivation of the ICC for Laos. His information minister has been quoted as saying that Laos will join �SEATO if it becomes necessary. 22 Dec 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 *me Brazilian President-Elect Plans "Independent" Foreign Policy Cl3razilian President-elect Janio Quadros plans a more "independent" and neutralist foreign policy after his inaugu- ration on 31 January. the latter is "de- termined to disengage Brazil from economic dependence on the United States" and intends to reorient economic policy toward Britain and Europe, where he feels there are now adequate financial resources. Quadros has reportedly been assured by British and German bankers that their countries will grant Brazil loans and economic aisilj attributes Quadros' plans for a neutralist policy partly to his belief that this will buy off leftist criticism when he initiates orthodox fiscal policies, which will be unpopulai23 Cpantas has been mentioned as either a cabinet possibility or the first Brazilian ambassador to the USSR after diplomatic re- lations, broken in 1947, are resumed. Quadros, previously la- beled a "Wall Street lackey" by the leftist press, promised during the election campaign to re-establish diplomatic rela- tions with Moscow and to recognize Communist China. Through Dantas, Quadros reportedly authorized Vice President Goulart� who visited Moscow from 5 to 14 December--to take the "first steps" in establishing closer cooperation with the USSR. Gou- lart had previously planned to visit Communist China, but his unexpected return to Paris on 14 December was interpreted by the press as indicating he has abandoned the idea.0.3 CQuadros, who is vacationing in Europe after an eye opera- tion, still hopes to arrange a meeting of neutralist leaders on the Yugoslav island of Brioni. After his return to Brazil he in- tends to make short visits to all Latin American countries, with the possible exception of Argentina and ParaguavD --CONFIDENTIAL 22 Dec 60 CENTRAL INTFI I InFtsJC-F RI III FTIKI Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 CON/4 ILJEN-1.1AL -.40e �*iav King Saud Moves to Resume Control of Saudi Arabian Government After more than two years of intermittent maneuvering, King Saud appears to have succeeded at least temporarily in reassert- ing his authority over the Saudi Government. On 21 December he issued a royal decree "accepting the resignation" of his brother Crown Prince Faysal from the post of prime minister, and an- nouncing that, in accord with Saudi law, all the other ministers were considered as having also resigned. In subsequent decrees, the King proclaimed that he personally was assuming the powers of prime minister, and he named a completely new cabinet. Saud, now 58 years old, ruled as absolute monarch from November 1953 until March 1958. During this period he made a number of political blunders, including a clumsy attempt to have UAR President Nasir assassinated. He also sanctioned such lavish royal family expenditures that the country was brought to the verge of bankruptcy. In March 1958 a coalition of influential senior Saudi princes forced him to delegate most of his authority to Faysal, who became prime minister, as well as minister of foreign affairs, and for a time also functioned as finance minister and interior minister. Faysars administration restricted royal expenditures and restored financial order, but was cautious and slow to move in Initiating even limited political reforms and economic develop- ment programs. The King, constantly seeking means of reas- serting his authority and eager to line up the support of the "liberal" Saudi princes, as well as the influential merchants and traders, asserted that he would act much more decisively In these fields. The composition of his new cabinet suggests that he now has the backing of the "liberal" princes. This factor, together with the adherence of most Saudi tribal leaders and the loyalty of at least the White Army and Royal Guard Regiment, would appear to give him the upper hand should Faysal and his supporters attempt a quick counter-move. If, however, the King begins to act as ineptly as he did during his earlier period of rule, he might create, sooner or later, condi- tions which would not only assure his own disnlacement hut alsn hasten the overthrow of the monarchy itself. 22 Dec 60 CFAITD A I IkITCI I it-Ickirc DI II I CTIkl �Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Commandant, United States Marine Corps Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director Approved for Release: 2020/03/1'3 002993704 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704 // vg /0/ // // //' �' /// / ///:�, / / / / / / /7 ,//. / ,4 , , , , g , , , / 1 j6Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993704//////rnierntif i