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August 14, 2020
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August 27, 2020
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January 3, 1961
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15815552].pdf960.79 KB
Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 1 3.5(c) Niare �10V�ZIMICE, Nor 3.3(h)(2) 3 January 1961 Copy No. C ; CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 TOP SECRET r""A TOP SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 %WO �56ETRET-- *titi 3 JANUARY 1961 I. SPECIAL ITEM Situation in Laos. II. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Ithrushchev states willingness to drop UN debate on U-2 incident. III. ASIA-AFRICA Chinese Nationalist commander on Chin- men orders artillery to fire warning shots at British ships entering Amoy, and at ships themselves if they ignore warning. 0 Indonesia may stage military incident in Netherlands New Guinea area as means of,..� bringing New Guinea issue to UN. 'QV Mali reportedly receiving Soviet bloc small arms and ammunition by way of Guinea. Situation in the Congo. Algeria--Further rightist and Moslem demonstrations likely as referendum ap- proaches. IV. THE WEST �West Germans reportedly won conces- sions from East Germans in recently concluded interzonal trade talks. �Provisional government in El Salvador apparently moving to reduce US economic and military assistance. 6Cuba--Castro demands reduction in number of US Embassy personnel. Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 %110 � IV II CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 3 January 1961 DAILY BRIEF L SPECIAL ITEM L;The Situation in Laos (as of 0400 EST): Following the loss of the Plaine des jarres airfield and Xieng Khouang town on 1 January, the government garrison from Xieng Khouang regrouped at a point about 30 miles to the south, Aerial observers report that the 300 men of the government's First Parachute Battalion who were dropped a few miles east of Xieng Khouang town on 1 January have formed a defense perimeter there. On 2 January a radio unit was reportedly dropped. to this group which had been out of contact. The paratroops, carrying light arms and a minimum of ammuni- tion. will need constant resupply CGeneral Phoumi has ordered five companies to move southward from Luang Prabang and secure a key road junc- tion about 25 miles south of the city in an effort to seal off the route from Xieng Khouang which forks north and south at this point toward Luang Prabang and Vientiane, respec- tively. The two columns of government troops which had been moving slowly north from Vientiane in pursuit of Kong Le's forces reportedly will be ordered 0 Dress the attack on the rebel stronghold at yang Vieng3 [Government reinforcements have also been ordered to several towns in southern Laos, where loca ers had reported the threat of Communist attacks_3 [American military observers in Vientiane report that operations of the Laotian Ministry of Defense and army_3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 B,URMA c`-"*. C H I NA ��� N.'. \Phone Saly i . sk...� �.........PHONG di?. sALy Dien. Bien Phu NAMTHAel) ("Sam Nene � 6 �"st".. LUANG PRARANG . SAM NEUA� Luang . Prabang ...�. < , *PlaP�e iedr XIENG !. � Xieng r . %I uong l %���� Khouanr�S, . "assy i KHOUA.NG (#: � yang Viertg Pak Sane. VIENTIANE SAYABOURY � (.1 lne i ane et* THAILAND 1 Savannahe TONLE SAP CA halthek Se no SAVANNAKHET � -.II SARA VANE CLASSIFIED sTio.u-rE Ml LS 31457 0101 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 � Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 violf (-headquarters "continue most confused, inefficient and to a large degree ineffective." The command structure, assignments, and communications are in a "chaotic state of change" as a result of a major reorganization of the military establishment which Phoumi had begun just prior to the Communist of- fensive-3 On the political front, the Boun Oum govern- ment has summoned all National Assembly depu- ties to Vientiane for a special session to be con- voked on 3 January by King Savang to invest the government. Khampan Panya, former Foreign Minister and confidant of the King, is being sent to the United Nations to support the Laotian repre- sentative there. The Laotian UN representative has been instructed to protest to the Security Coun- cil against Soviet intervention in Laos. �Hanoi radio reports that Prince Souphannouvong, head of the Communist- front Neo Lao Hak Sat party, has issued another in- vitation for "Premier" Souvanna Phouma, now in Cambodia to return to Laos. Khrushchev, speaking at a Cuban embassy re- ception on 2 January, repeated the call for a new meeting 3 Jan 61 DAILY BRIEF ii Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 a=n N.sr a A7prVizi-fr� // of the countries which took part in the 1954 Geneva conference and for reactivation of the International Control Commission in Laos. The Soviet premier warned that "the dangerous hotbed of fire which has started" must be "extinguished in time." Soviet IL-14 transports flew at least 11, but probably 15 sorties to the Vientiane/Vang Vieng area and one to Sam Neua on 2 January. On the same day one North Vietnamese 1L-14 flew two sorties from Hanoi: one to a point near the South Vietnamese border and the other to Dien Bien Phu According to an unconfirmed report here was "heavy Soviet air activity" in the Meng Khouvang area on 2 January On 1 January, Soviet and North Vietna- mese transports flew a total of 11 confirmed sorties to yang Vieng--instead of 21 as previously re- ported--10 by Soviet IL-14's and one by a North Vietnamese transport. Ten; Soviet and four North Vietnamese transports are scheduled to fly into Laos on 3 January. Between 3 December and 1 January, Soviet IL-14's have flown 166 sorties from Hanoi to the Vientiane/Vang Vieng area. The five Soviet MI-4 helicopters pr route to Laos remain at Changsha. 3 Jan 61 DAILY BRIEF ill TO?-SEGRE Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 kis %.,f1 0/..416.4�,E, II. THE COMMUNIST BLOC *USSR: Khrushchev used a New Year's eve reception at the Kremlin to end any speculation that a US apology for the U-2 incident remained a precondition to top-level negotia- tions with the new US administration by stating his willing- ness to drop UN debate on the matter. Although he avoided any specific reference to the RB-47 incident, other Soviet officials, who had indicated privately that the U-2 item would be withdrawn, have also hinted that the two RB-47 crew mem- bers might be released. The USSR's New Year's greetings to Western leaders were� cordial in tone and stressed the.pros- pects for settling international issues--disarmament and the German question�during 1961. Among other recipients of greetings from Khrushchev were Souvanna Phouma of Laos tk..addressed as "premier." III. ASIA-AFRICA *Nationalist China:elle commanding general on Chinmen issued orders on 30 December for Nationalist artillery to fire warning shots across the bows of all British ships entering Amoy and to fire at the ships themselves if they fail to heed the warning. The Nationalists� reportedly decided on this ac- tion because the British have not been giving prior notice of recent ship sailings for Amoy--now averaging one per week. Taipei has not attempted to enforce the port closure in the last three years, except for one occasion--on 25 September 1959, when an artillery battery fired and hit the British ship Tai- chungshan as it was entering Amoy harboi.) *Indonesia:CThe government reportedly plans to create, sometime after 3 January, a military incident in the Nether- lands New Guinea area of sufficient gravity to bring the New Guinea issue before the United Nations. Although this report lacks confirmation, there are other indications that Indonesia-j 3 Jan 61 DAILY BRIEF iv 0-4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 VA Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Iwo1 A.J1�J 4,......1116.1Ld I , , / Gaill step up its para.militarir and diplomatic efforts toward acquisition of the are& I An air force directive of 30 DecembeiorderS increased "fighting-endur- t ance training to meet Ne Guinea preparations"; a note is being prepared for UN S, cretary General Hammarskjold warning of a possible clash between Netherlands and Indo- nesian forces in the New Guinea area; (Page 1.) 1 *MaThOmall arms and ammunition are reliably reported to have been transshipped by truck from Guinea to Mali at regular intervals last month. The arms, which probably are from stocks given Guinea in 1959 by Czechoslovakia, are be- lieved intended for distribution to internal security forces and for stockpiling. Acquisition of bloc arms in this way, report- edly arranged during the early December meeting between top Malian and Guinean leaders, reflects the growing influence of the pro-Guinea extremist faction in Mali's single-party regirng (Page 2) *Congo: Mobutu's unsuccessful attempt to move his troops K into ivu Province on 1 January may influence him to defer any further such efforts for the present. On 30 December, similar moves had been reported about to be undertaken from points in Equateur Province into neighboring Orientale Province, now controlled by Lumumba's deputy Gizenga. Reports indicate a general breakdown of the government there, wih European settlers terrorized by undisciplined troops. These troops were convinced by agitators from Stanleyville that the Congo will return to colonial status if Lumumba is not released. Meanwhile, Hammarskjold's sharp rebuke of Belgium on 2 Jan- uary for allowing Mobutu's Kivu-bound troops to land in the UN trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi will probably encourage Lu= mumba's supporters abroad to press for additional curbs on the Mobutu regime. Reports that clearance has been requested for seven IL-14 aircraft to land at Khartoum en route to Stanleyville suggest a 3 Jan 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 � A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 %1010 NIVO U. possible early attempt by Soviet bloc or other pro-Lumumba elements to buttress Gizenga's regime. Sudan's foreign min- ister repeated on 31 December, however, earlier Sudanese assurances that no such clearances would be granted. ,d-u.eria-France:CRightist opponents of De Gaulle in Algeria reportedly have definite plans for street demonstra- tions beginning 4 January. Moslem violence continues nightly in Oran, with Moslems reported ready to mount counterdem-, onstrations if the rightists go into the stree, Possibly reflect- ing government fear of widespread abstentions in the referen- dum, De Gaulle appealed in his New Year's Eve message for "vast approval" of his policy and implied he would resign if thiarira warn a 1 a ran number of negative votes or abstentions. (Page 3) IV, THE WEST *East Germany - West Germany: West Berlin Mayor Brandt has indicated that in the recently concluded interzonal trade talks, the East Germans acceded to all of Bonn's demands and agreed not to implement the restrictions on West German travel to East Berlin which last September had led Bonn to cancel the trade pact. West Germany has not yet informed its allies of the detailed formulation of the new agreement, West Germany accepted weaker wording than it originally, desired on several points in order to reach agreement. The East Germans were successful in insisting that their concessions would remain in effect only if the strictest secrecy were maintained:1 (Page 4) d)/ '14-"6 *El Salvador: The provisional government appears moving to reduce US economic and military assistance. The defense minister told a group of US officials on 28 December that his government 3 Jan 61 DAILY BRIEF vi --TOP-SEeRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 %MOO 46t! intends to replace US .t.dvisers tO the National Police with Chileans or Italians Cr both, terming all US assistance pro- grams "void of beneficLi results for El Salvador." These statements, which completely reverse expressions of sup- port for US assistance made by the defense minister within the past three weeks, apparently reflect the influence of the pro-Communists and Castro sympathizers in the government. .One US-supported project was abruptly closed by the govern- ment on 24 December, and the embassy understands that a second is shortly to be closed. (Page 6) *Cuba: Fidel Castro's demand that the number of US Embassy personnel in Havana be reduced to eleven with- in 48 hours climaxed his address before a mass rally on 2 January commemeorating the second anniversary of his revolutionary victory. The Cuban Embassy in Washington has eleven members. Foreign delegations, including repreW sentatives of most Sino-Soviet bloc and Latin American / countries were present at the ceremonies, which featured a parade including military equipment recently purchased from the bloc. The observances took place amid strident charges of imminent US aggression. Soviet, Chinese Communist, Czech, and Polish embassy and trade mission personnel now in Cuba .number over 100 and, in ad- . dition, more than 200 bloc economic and military technicians are in Cuba. Seven other bloc embassies areexpected shortly to be opened in Havana. DAILY � vii Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Indonesia RApproved.for Release: 2020/08/11 CO29937091�w Guinea *110' . Nor , The Indonesian Government reportedly plans to create, rcsho ly after 3 January, a military incident in the Nether- lands New Guinea area of sufficient gravity to bring Indo- nesia's claim to the area before the United Nations. Although this report is unconfirmed, there are numerous indications that Indonesia will expand its paramilitary and diplomatic ef- forts during 1961 with regard to New Guinea. Djakarta's strat- egy seems to be to incite local rebellions, believing this would increase international pressures on the Dutch to cede the area. An Indonesian Air Force directive of 30 December ordered "increased fighting-endurance training to meet New Guinea prep- arations." Indonesia's delegation at the UN has been ordered to prepare a note for submission to UN Secretary General Hammar- skjold which will state that in view of augmented Netherlands forces in New Guinea, it will be difficult to prevent an encount- er between Netherlands and New Guinea forces in the area. At least half of a 23-man armed Indonesian force which landed in southuTst New Guinea about 15 November_is believed to be still at large. 3fforts to communi- cate with these infiltrators and have directed that other forces re- main in readiness for a further mission. nfiltration attempts must be discon- tinued, pending a change_An the situation, and that "those within" must take the initiative. Olie Dutch administration in New Guinea has reported that there have been at least 13 infiltration attempts since 1952, five of them in 1960; the infiltrating groups apparent- ly are charged with intelligence collection and psychological war= fareD Djakarta is using the New Guinea claim to cloak other issues. The alleged need to arm against meager Dutch reinforcements is being cited to justify a high-level mission recently sent to Moscow to request accelerated deliveries of contracted naval equipment and possibly to negotiate new purchases for all services. Pres= ident Sukarno may try to overcome army opposition to his ap- pointment of Communists to the cabinet by rallying the country behind him in a New Guinea campaign; under cover of such a move- ment he may press for a cabinet reorganization, claiming there is need for a government which will unite all significant political ele- ments. TOP SECRET 3 Jan 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release:_2020/08/11 CO2993709 Vie �4101 Mali Reported Receiving Soviet Bloc Arms From Guinea [Mali reportedly received a number of truck shipments of small arms and ammunition at regular intervals last month from Guinea, which has only Soviet bloc materiel at its dis- posal. Since Guinea apparently concluded an arms agreement with the USSR last year, under which major deliveries have already been made, it presumably has available for export the older arms received in 1959 as a gift from Czechoslovakia.y the most recent such shipment, consisting of 20 truckloads, arrived at Bamako, Mali's capital, on 26 December from the Guinean town of Kan- kan, the training headquarters for Guinea's Army and police forces. The arms transferred to Mali are believed intended for distribution to local internal security forces--especially the new paramilitary units now being formed under Mali's left- ist Minister of Interior and Defense Madeira Keita�and for stockpiling, largely ruled out the possi- bility that the arms might be destined for the Algerian rebels because of the great logistical problems which would be involvep Mali's acquisition of bloc arms in this way, reportedly ar- ranged during the early December meeting between top Guinean and Malian leaders including Madeira Keita, reflects the grow- ing influence of the pro-Guinea extremist faction in Mali's single party regime. It also will heighten the concern of President Senghor's government in neighboring Senegal, toward which the Bamako regime has displayed intense hostility since Senegal seceded from its former federation with Mali last August. Early Senegalese requests to the US and France for additional arms can probably be anticipated.] SECRET 3 Jan 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 ry Fr+ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Demonstratio)ftiby Both Rightists and Moslemmin Algeria Likely During Referendum Period CEuropean rightists opposed to President de Gaulle's Al- gerian policy reportedly plan demonstrations in Algeria begin- ning on 4 January. Although the exact nature of the disturb- ances has not been decided, they are to begin with the move- ment of crowds into the streets. Similar outbreaks by Euro= peans during De Gaulle's 9-13 December tour of Algeria touched off counterdemonstrations in the Moslem quarter which forced the government to call in army units from the field and resulted In the death of over 120 Moslems. Violence by Moslems against Europeans has continued nightly over, the past week in Oran, and three military vehicles were burned in the Algiers casbah on 30 December. Moslem groups are reported ready to counter any further European demonstrations. / In his New Year's eve message to the French people, De Gaulle called for "vast approval" of his Algerian policy in the referendum scheduled for 6, 7, and 8 January in Algeria and 8 January in metropolitan France. Possibly reflecting growing government fear of a large number of abstentions, De Gaulle stressed the impetus a large favorable vote would give his pol- icy and implied that if he did not get that "frank and massive" vote, he would withdraw from the scene. Reaction to the campaign in France has been characterized by apparent widespread disinterest probably reinforced by the holiday season. Trade unions and political parties, except for some extreme rightists, have expended limited effort to influence their memb erships. However, two leading French Army gener- als, Jean Valluy, former commander of NATO forces in Central Europe, and Jean Touset du Vigier, president of St. Cyr military school, joined retired Marshal Alphonse Juin in openly opposing De Gaulle. Valluy said the French Army has passed from aston- ishment to bitterness and "is on the brink of despair, perhaps of revolt." Juin was recently removed from his last official position by a government order abolishing the right of marshals to sit on the Higher Armed Forces Councq Tunis, meanwhile, the Algerian rebel government has again called on Moslems in Algeria to boycott the referendumg 3 Jan 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 " 11.1.1�111 IMPS. Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 vuari West Germany's Reinstated Interzonal Trade Agreement With East Germany [-West Berlin's Mayor Brandt has indicated that in the re- cently concluded negotiations reinstating the trade agreement between East and West Germany as of 1 January, the East Germans made concessions which put Bonn in a strong enough position in West Berlin to allow continuance of trade. The East Germans .reportedly agreed not to implement the restrictions on West German travel to East Berlin which led.Bonn last Sep- tember to cancel the trade pact. Existing East German controls over traffic between West Berlin and West Germany are appar- ently also to be eased somewhat, [in return, Bonn has withdrawn its restrictions on West German firms participating in East Germany's annual Leipzig industrial fair next spring. The Western allies will probably also, although such is not part of the agreement, lift their re- strictions--imposed as. a result of Pankow's harassments of West Berlin--on East German officials traveling to the West. In the course of the talks East Germany gained no added degree of diplomatic recognition and did not seriously try to prevent in- clusion of West Berlin in the West German side of the agreement] (In both this agreement and the Soviet - West German trade pact, signed on 31 December, the Soviet bloc has avoided inflam- ing the Berlin situation for the time being, probably to impress the new US administration with its "reasonableness" and to pre- vent any slowdown in trade with West Germany which might in- convenience Soviet and East German economic plans..D (Bonn has not yet informed its allies of the detailed formu- lation of the new agreement, although its chief negotiator has i ed a US official in Berlin on its various provisions. West Germany accepted we er wor mg an orig- inally desired on several points. Although not to be implemented, the East German decree of 8 September restricting West German travel to East Berlin apparently has not been formally abrogated. 3 Jan 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 FoFid 'V \ '%110 Lit is not known whether the guard houses erected on the Berlin sector borders to enforce this law are to be d1smantled3 In view of the highly legalistic bases which both East and West use to justify their present positions in Berlin, the ac- tual scope of the reported concessions may be less than Bonn claims. In addition, the East Germans were apparently suc- cessful in insisting that their concessions would remain in ef- fect only if the strictest secrecy were maintained. This pro- vision will enable East Germany to renege on the agreement almost at will, since some publicity is probably unavoidable-1 3 Jan 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 �SEGRE-T� El Salvador Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 J. _Ut.J.,116 1-1001oLa.i.�..c El Salvador's provisional government, which contains a considerable number of pro-Communists and Castro sym- pathizers, is now apparently moving to reduce US economic and military assistance programs. One such project--the National School of Public Administration--was closed by the government on 24 December, and the US Embassy has learned that a second project is scheduled to be shut down shortly. Defense Minister Col. Castillo Navarrete told a group of � US officials on 28 December that the government intends to re- place US advisers to the National Police with Chileans or Ital- ians or both. He termed all US assistance programs "void of beneficial results for El Salvador," and maintained that the US' primary interest in Latin America is to ensure a pro-US voting bloc--presumably in the OAS and UN. He added that North Americans are not "attuned" to the Latin American mentality and do not make good advisers, and that aid should be sought from "developed" European countries and, in some instances, other Latin American countries. These statements, which completely reverse expressions of support Castillo had made within the past three weeks for US assistance programs, may reflect a high-level policy decision by the government. These developments coincide with several Communist moves to organize rural workers into a peasant militia, to gain control over the country's electoral machinery, and to place the govern- ment's internal security functions under the control of the attor- ney general--a suspected Communist who has been spearheading a drive to "demilitarize" the National Police, Roberto Carias Delgado, leader of the active Communist front, the April and May Revolutionary party, reportedly said on 21 December before leaving for Cuba that plans are under way to seize the government by exploiting the assistance given his party by the junta. This increasing Communist activity, under cover of a "dem- ocratic" front party, appears to stem from confidence resulting from the confusion and lack of coordination among anti-Commu- nists, both civilian and military. 3 Jan 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993709 %II; CONFIDENTIAL *qpi THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Detense The Secretary of Defense � The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Commandant, United States Marine Corps Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 002993709 zA,