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August 14, 2020
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August 27, 2020
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April 26, 1961
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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN RFTURN TO ARCHIVES & RECORDS CENT[W ,1FIIIATELY AFTER USE `1919.a5JOX La_ _ 737 �TOP�SECRET� for Release: nfoi411 S:f2�9c7'T0f Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 N.0 r OCURC I 3.5(c) (1' 26 April 1961 Copy No. C /If/ ZA clproved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 TOP-SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 1410Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 r. 26 April 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. France-Algeria: Collapse of the military insurrection may hasten negotiations with the Provisional Algerian Government. (Page i) 2. Laos. (Page Li) 3, Congo: Tshombe walks out of Coquilhatville conference. (Rage tit) 4. rprayir ?it JAEIC statement on fourth French nuclear test. 5. UAR: Cairo orders diplomatic missions in Latin America to promote anti-NATO line. Page tv) 6. Argentina: Comment on resignation of Minister of Econ- omy Alsogaray. (Page tv) 4Approved for Release: (:120/08/11 CO2993710 7 ; Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 , 1,a0. 13114(..41C81 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 26 April 1961 DAILY BRIEF *France-Algeria:21s of 0300 EST) The sudden collapse �i< of the military insurrection seems to have come largely from- the realization by the rebelling units that they had obtained no effective support outside Algeria. The Provisional Algeria,g, , Government displayed considerable restraint during the in- surrection and seems ready to move quickly toward negotia- 71 /7.,/ tions. De Gaulle also will probably push for early negotiations, now that he need have less concern for rightist and military opposition. Acts of terrorism by rightist fanatics, however, are still to be expectesp (Backup, Page ) Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 pproved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 � saiy ; _ . I NG SALY ., NAMITHA ; -.---1 ....� / I 1 / � A., ...... iyiuong Sai ...... i ' 1 _ ................�/:. ' it ,fiV Nam Bac (Dien Bien Phu A A � � ii- \ _ i .y/ Sam N.eua � ( ( LUANGI PRABANG , �..4. e .... . , AM NEUA Luang Prabang 1r? / � ' . \.,...".... ...... _....-......", , �2...,..r.'"' X I E N G \rt SAYABOURY K H 0 U A N G �. Muonig Soul - Ben Ban ,_,_,N ou Khoun -.... Kas nl ,, ....)..BRn Pha Xieng Khouang' Muo v ' 111011 ' Ban Ta Viang-. i .1 1.. / Thom ,...,,....,., ....... Tha Vang VIeng � ,......0%!_.,, � -".�-�);. . / VIENTIANE / , � BorikhaneN Pak Sane ....'s / -........� .f. Kam Keut Vientiane KHAMM Nhomm r T H A J L A NORTHERN LAOS GOVERNMENT Forces in 411 KONG LE - PATHET LAO Contact KONG LE - PATH El LAO AREAS ROAD --TRAIL ROUTE NUMBER 610426 510 100 a tit It I � STATUTE MILES Thakhek avannakhe 26 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 V 'iokpproved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 arAditta 1�0 to meet at Xieng Khouang on 28 April "to enlarge the govern� - ment and transform it into a provisional coalition government" Souvanna's pre-emptory statement, broadcast by the Pathet Lao radio, implies that the "Laotian Government" will be en- larged irrespective of Vientiane's stand. The statement expresses Souvanna's support for the mes- sage of the Geneva cochairmen calling on interested parties In Laos to appoint delegations to enter negotiations and discus- sions for a cease-fire and armistice, but does not specify timing. Pathet Lao chief Souphannouvong on 25 April an- nouced that cease-fire orders to Pathet Lao troops will be issued, but also did not specify any timing. However, shortly afterward, Peiping broadcast a statement issued by Kong Le, as "commander in chief of the Laotian armed forces," which called on Phoumi to send a delegation on 28 April to Xieng Khouang to discuss "rules governing a cease-fire and armistice." Peiping followed this immediately with a Pathet Lao statement expressing readiness to send a delegation "at any time" to participate in a cease-fire conference "of all parties concerned in Laos." Vientiane on 25 April declared its acceptance of the cease-fire appeal, and transmitted orally through the British Its suggestion to hold military talks at Luang Prabang. Tnemy forces have apparently edged closer to Thakhek; on 25 April, government positions about 15 miles east of the town were under artillery fire. North of Phou Khoun junction, on Route 13, enemy attacks continue but reportedly are still being repulsed. North of Luang Prabang, the post of MuonS 26 Apr 61 DAILY BRIEF ii *Laos: Souvanna Phouma has acted quickly to seize the initiative following the cease-fire appeal by the Geneva co- chairmen. In a joint statement with Chou En-lai on 25 April, Souvanna--speaking as the "Premier of the Royal Govern- k ment of Laos"--agreed on the formal establishment of full diplomatic relations between Laos and Communist China, and on the future signing of economic and cultural agreements. /77 Souvanna, emphasizing the need for Laotian representation /3/L-Z4 at the forthcoming international conference, has also inviteda representatives of the Pathet Lao and the Savannakhet group /? rz/ , ii V ---:-.,:. -2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 ,Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 rr, Pointe Notre Bra zza vi [le Banana! Matadi Kitona NDONESIA 870 61�,424 Luanda INDIA 300 TUNISIA 3,200 NIGERIA 400 IN 280 MOBUTU 7,200 Leopoldvi ysville ub ic of the Congo � Gemena ETHIOPIA 1,500 sal Aketi Scattered farGeS-..--' �Sumba MOBUTU MOBUTU Basoko, 3,400 800 Coquilhatville �Boende ETHIOPIA Scattered Forces ' Ikela. GIZENGA 7,000 MALAYA 470 Francqui KALONJI 1,500 uluabourg � LIBERIA Bak anga F 230 ETHIOPIA GHANA � 1600 Approximate area nominally controlled El Kasavubu-Mobutu =1 Gizenga Kalonji Tshombe ni United Nations Forces �Selected road Selected railroad 4-7- Selected airfield . STATUTE MILES, 40.0 Luputa Kpmina MALAYA 400 INDIA 2 540 AIbertviHe I'M a no no TSHOMBE 7,000 NIGERIA 500 Usumbura IRELAND 650 SWEDEN 650 26 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 ,J.Celdlt.G 1 Va /jai has come under direct fire for the first time, and the town has been burned. Government troops, however, still held the town on 25 Apri Scheduled Soviet airlift operations for 25 April reflected undiminished operations for that day, but only two Soviet LI-2s have been scheduled for flight into Laos on 26 April. Weather is apparently not a factor. (Backup, Page 3) Congo: Katanga President Tshombe's walkout from the political conference at Coquilhatville will render largely in- effectual any agreements reached there, and is a major set- back to efforts to achieve Congo unity. Tshombe left the conference on 25 April after attacking the recent agreement between President Kasavubu and the UN Command which called for the withdrawal from the Congo of all foreign ad- visers except those invited by Kasavubu to remain. tshombe's walkout coincided with indications that the Congolese army factions in Leopoldville and Stanleyville are themselves engaged in negotiations concerning a Polit- ical solution in the Congo. , pro-Gizenga officers in Orientale Province have urged the formation by early May of a central government which they could "follow,"--i. e,, presumably one including representatives of Gizenga. In line with Gizenga's often- expressed position, these officers also demanded the recon- vening of the Congolese parliament. The continued failure of Congolese political leaders to make progress toward a Congo confederation may lead to increased political activity by the various army factions-1 C}` France: he Joint Atomic Energy Intelligence Committee (JAEIC) issued the following statement on 25 April 1961 (1430 EST)T1 [One acoustic station of the Atomic Energy Detection Sys- tem (AEDS) has reported a valid signal which may have been associated with the French nuclear test at 26. 5N, 00. 1W (as- sumed) on 25 April 1961 about 0500Z. Other acoustic stations_ farther from the site have experienced background noise 26 Apr 61 DAILY BRIEF 111 Ok A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 ��11.71- 1111.14 which should have made the signal from a French test 'barely detectable." It is possible that analysis of the actual record- ings when available to the AEDS Headquarters will reveal other valid signals than the one reported ab0ve,3 ['Other components of thP ARDS haup nnt rpnnr fpri i mil-Q.- -cant data as of this date. Leased on analysis of the single acoustic record it is not possible to estimate yield at this tim.0, Conclusion: While the characteristics of the acoustic recoidI appear to be those of a valid acoustic signal from a nuclear explosion of low yield, confirmation of tiis fact must await the results : UAR: Cairo has ordered diplomatic missions in Latin America to promote the line that NATO "has become an ag- aressive pact aaainst the freedom of neoples." VAR diplomats to be careful to emphasize that "the Imperialist nations in NATO" were directing the pact toward a policy of which some of the NATO members were unaware, and alleged that NATO was linked with the policies of the Zionists in Palestine, France in Algeria, Belgium in the Congo, Portugal in An ola, and the United States in Cuba. (Backup, Page 4) Argentina: President Frondizi's request for the resigna- tion of Minister of Economy Alsogaray on 24 April was prob- ably intended primarily as a public relations move to counter popular discontent over economic conditions, rather than a shift in policy. Alsogaray, who took office in June 1959, has become the symbol of the austerity aspects of the US-backed stabilization program initiated in January 1959. Alsogaray's policies succeeded in stabilizing the currency and attracting foreign investment that will have later impact on economic growth, but industry has complained of stagnation and labor 26 Apr 61 DAILY BRIEF iv TOP SECRET 77-6- 0 k VA / Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 kilts / Lir 4-1.E.dtaltiii 41410 7,0 El of lowered real wages. A close collaborator of Alsogaray, Roberto Aleman, the economic counselor of the Argentine Embassy in Washington, has been appointed the new minister of economy. (Backup, Page 5) 26 Apr 61 - DAILY BRIEF v: TOP SECRET / Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Nere -SfreRE-, The Collapse of the French Military Insurrection The military rising in Algeria ended yesterday almost as quickly and quietly as it started. Paratroop forces were with- drawn from Oran and Constantine during the day and by mid- night police and regular army units loyal, to Paris had moved Into Algiers. Within two hours, and after only sporadic fighting, Generals Challe, Salan, and Jouhaud, the leaders of the insurrection, had left the government buildings in trucks loaded with paratroops, according to press reports. The whereabouts of the generals is uncertain, although they prob- ably went first to the Foreign Legion base at Zeralda near Algiers. Other units actively engaged in the insurrection reportedly returned to their barracks. The ending of the insurrection was largely the result of De Gaulle's tough stand and the popular backing he received. The US Embassy in Paris comments that public opinion rallied in a more determined way than in either May 1958 or January 1960. There is reason to believe that this popular support for De Gaulle was reflected in the behavior of those military units in Algeria predominately composed of conscripts. Although few of those units were willing to fire on the paratroops, they ap- parently gave no positive support to the rising. It is also pos- sible that it was the demonstrations of popular support for De Gaulle which prevented any moves in metropolitan France by forces opposed to the government from materializing. When naval units at Toulon and regular army units in Germany re- sponded to the government's orders of 25 April, the insurrec- tionists probably realized how narrow their support was. De Gaulle is publicly committed to try the leaders of the insurrection for treason. The bulk of the military establish- ment, however, is likely to come in for high praise from De Gaulle, who is eager to press ahead with his plans to develop a modern national defense force. Once the smoke clears De Gaulle will probably consider that his victory over the insurgents has given him a new mandate for negotiations with the Provisional Algerian Government (PAG) and additional flexibility once talks are under way. he leader- ship of the PAG, obviously concerned that the insurrection would be successful, sent word to Paris that it would be receptiO 26 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 -SECRET- any suggestions on steps it might take to oppose the Algiers junta. The PAG was also reportedly ready to issue a statement signifying its willingness to open negotiations with France on the understanding that parallel negotiations would not be con- ducted with a rival Moslem group, but held up the statement so as not to hamper De Gaulle during the insurrectioig Despite the improved prospects for opening negotiations, however, the twn giriPs rPrnain dividAd nn many substantive issues. 26 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 "*NrieSECRET Situation in Laos Besides obtaining Souvanna's agreement to exchange am- bassadors, the Chinese Communists have moved to increase their presence in Laos with an agreement to build a road for the Laotians. The location of this road was not spelled out in the joint statement, but the Chinese may be planning a link between northern Laos and the Chinese border across North Vietnam, ahere is a report that in February and early March Chinese laborers were working on a section of road between �the Chinese border and Lai Chau in North Vietnam] In his statement with the Chinese, Souvanna also joined in demanding the withdrawal of Chinese Nationalist irregulars "running riot" in Laos. Peiping insists that Taipei's recent effort to withdraw Nationalist irregulars was only a "sham," and the Communists may attempt to inject this issue into the 14-nation conference on Laos. Claiming "our troops and people are in the position of a victor" Souphannouvong on 25 April demanded that the US stop its military aid to the Vientiane government. Souphannouvong proposed that Souvanna Phouma convene a meeting of opposing Laotian groups to "decide on a cease-fire. . and to discuss important related questions." Peneral Phournits principal reason for rejecting Western advice to have Vientiane's statement specify the precise time when the cease-fire should be considered effective is that he did not wish to have the government appear to be "begging" for a cease-fire. He says he would consider issuing a second state- ment containing such specifics after the Pathet Lao nnWicly ac- cepted the cease-fire in princip1.0 SECRET 26 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 TOP SECRET UAR Encourages Anti-NATO Sentiment in Latin America During the past two to three years the UAR missions in most Latin American countries have been increasingly active. The UAR's deputy foreign minister made an extensive tour of the area last year, and exchanges of other high-level visits have occurred. UAR diplomats have paid particular attention to the large Arab colonies in Brazil and Argentina, and Cairo appears to be assigning some of its most trusted men to Latin American capitals. President Nasir will probably visit the area this fall. Charges from Cairo, and from Nasir himself, that NATO is at least an indirect instrument of "imperialist oppression" are not new. UAR propaganda has repeatedly claimed that NATO-- and particularly American support of the organization-- has made available the arms and men for the suppression of the Algerian rebels and the Lumumbists in the Congo. The Cuban situation has touched off one of Cairo's most vituperative anti-American campaigns, although public demon- strations have not been allowed to reach the pitch attained dur- ing the Congo crisis last February. The American Embassy in Cairo recently commented that the UAR's interest in Cuba is probably based on the Nasir regime's genuine belief that Castro is fighting for political and economic freedom, which the UAR tends to equate with the "rizlit" to 7ccept aid from "any source"-- i. e. , the bloc. TOP-SEC-RE-T- 26 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 -eervitt Argentine Minister of Economy Resigns Argentine President Frondizi stated in an official com- munique that his acceptance of the resignation of Minister of Economy Alsogaray merely signified the completion of the initial phase of the US-backed stabilization program and that the government was resolved to complete the program, which would now emphasize expanded economic development. Alsoga,ray refusled to comment on the reasons behind the request. Alsogaray had made too many enemies among the military, Frond,izi's Intransigent Radical party, the conservatives, and liberal groups who criticize the hardships the stabilization program has caused for labor. His resignation had been rumored for several months. Other resignations are being submitted by key membersiof Alsogarars economic team and Central Bank officials, according to the American Embassy in Buenos Aires. The press reports that War Secretary Fraga, who was the central figure in opposing former Army Commander in Chief Toranzo Montero in late March, has also tendered his resignation and that others may follow. oreign Minis- ter Taboada may be replaced by Donato del Carril who has been ambassador to the US since October 1959. One financial official believes that Frondizi's action was unrelated to military pressures�which have frequently been aimed at Alsogaray--but that it may be connected with new foreign policy developments. Presidents Frondizi and Quadros, during their meeting on 21-22 April at the Brazilian bOrder town of Uruguaiana, emphasized economic development in one of their joint declarations. Roberto Aleman, who has been appointed minister of economy, strongly supports the US-backed stabilization program and Alsogaray's policies. He reportedly is expected to intensify Alsogaray's efforts to balance the budget and. transfer state enterprises to private ownership as a means of reducing the federal deficit, the primary source of inflation. -CONFIDENTIAL 26 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 (.4 J.' LAIL:di V A L/-11_4 NNW NOV THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep.; Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2993710 ."�/:z'e'Awpproved!",