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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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September 17, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15777412].pdf491.06 KB
r/Z. ,ZrZr 1/ZZZ/ZrZt Approved for Release. 2020/01/23 CO2996630 void 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 17 September 1958 uopy NO. C CEN'TRAL '0U IYTELLIGENCE BULLETIN', DOCUMENT NO NO CHANGE IN CLASS. I DECLASSIFIED CLASS ':;HANGED TO T S c NEXC !:),A TE� Ot 0 REVIEWER: TOP SECRET //7 ZApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630/WWZMMZZZ Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 _ .ongik 9r" CreR FT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 munist terrorism. 17 SEPTEMBER 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan - Soviet note warns Japan; no significant military activity noted. IL ASIA-AFRICA Cairo concerned over Arif's dismissal. Suppression of newspaper in Damascus seen as move by Nasir against UAR Vice President Hawrani. Lebanese rebels told "battle" must go on till country joins UAR; Shihab plans neutral policy. South Vietnam expects upsurge in Com- � III. THE WEST 0 Scandinavian representatives "to go all out" for Peiping's representation in UN. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 7 �WP, .������ mm.�.= 7 11 g(/ ��, oV-v tiof CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 17 September 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC *Taiwan Strait situation: There was no significant in- telligence on Chinese Communist military activity on 16 Sep- tember. A Soviet note to Japin warned it against permitting American forces to use bases there for "aggressive acts," In an apparent attempt to exploit Japanese fears of becoming Involved in a US-Communist war. II. ASIA-AFRICA Iraq:dismssal of Deputy rremier Aru as deputy commander of UAR great concern over the i the Iraqi Army. The Egyptians are labeling many of Qasim's supporters Communist sympathizers. Events in Iraq may have led to a decision by Cairo to slow Up arms deliveries to the Baghdad government. (Page 1) UAR-Syria: The suppression of the Baathist socialist newspaper in Damascus appears to be a move by Nasir against UAR Vice President Akram Hawrani, who used the paper to advance his views. Despite Nasir's efforts to suppress poli- tical parties, the strongly Arab nationalist Baath party has continued its political activities. Nasir may attempt to blame its leader, Hawrani, for Syria's economic and administrative woes. (Page 2) Lebanon: UAR minister of interior for Syria, Sarraj, is reporled to have told certain rebel leaders that he is disturbed by factionalism within the rebel leadership since "the battle is not over." There are reports that Syrian military personnel, TOP SECRET 4Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630r 'Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 *If previously withdrawn from Lebanon, are being surrepti- tiously returned and some of the local rebel forces are being redeployed. Meanwhile, President-elect Shihab states he is planning a neutral independent status for Lebanon. Shi- hab is in continuing liaison with Cairo and Damascus. (SE- CRET) (NOFORN Except UK) (Page 3) South Vietnam: President Diem anticipates an upsurge in Communist terrorism and guerrilla activities. Americans and other foreigners in Vietnam�likely targets for assassi- nation attempts--have been advised to take extra precautions, particularly when traveling in the provinces where numerous " ls have been killed within the last year. (Page 5) III. THE WEST Communist China- UN: According to Foreign Minister Un- den' Sweden intends "to go all out" for Peiping's admission to the UN. He states that Norway and Denmark are "in full agree- ment." While all three countries recognize Mao's regime and have consistently opposed the moratorium on its entry into the UN, the emergence of two NATO countries as leaders in this campaign would further undermine Taipei's prestige. (Page 6) 17 Sept 58 DAILY BRIEF ii r- -T-OP SECRET AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 A Approved for Release: 2026/01/23 CO2696630 a Iv a ilrof *arl I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC No back-up material IL ASIA-AFRICA UAR Concerned Over Iraqi Situation great concern over the Iraqi internal situation and especially the dismissal of Vice Premier Colonel Arif SS denutv comm. der of the Iraqi armed forces. Aril is "car- rying on his work" in the Interior Ministry and that "his mo- rale is outwardly high," but that "he is angry at the beh of Prime Minister Abd al-Karim" (Qasim) toward him. several photographs of UAR President Nasir have been removed from public places by Iraqi army officers close to Qasim. allegations that those who are supporting the prime minister are "Communist sympathizers" and that the Commu- nists are opposing union with the UAR by exploiting Qasim's name and proclaiming his leadership. Rashid al-Gaylani, the leader of the 1941 Iraqi revolt, ap- parently is working with UAR representatives in Baghdad to promote sentiment for union and has contacted many army offi- cers toward this end. Iraqi Baathists, concerned over their lack of a well-known leader, are trying to enlist Gaylani as a party leader. Possibly alarmed at the setback to its aspirations in Iraq, Cairo has ordered Damascus to delay the dispatch of arms ship- ments destined for Iraq until the situation is clarified. The speech by Prime Minister Qasim on 16 September contained a veiled warning to "foreign conspirators who want to restore the old regime in another form," presumably aimed at supporters of union with the UAR. The UAR can be expected to increase its efforts to bring about union, and might promote a counter- coup against the Qasim bloc. TOP SECRET 17 Sept 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 trIL4 �inio Nasir Moves Against Akram Hawrani The suppression of al-Rai al-Amm, the Syrian Baathist party newspaper, on 11 September appears to be Nasir's first move in a systematic plan to cut down the influence of UAR Vice President Akram Hawrani and other Baathist leaders. Hawrani was in the forefront of those who pressed for Syrian union with Egypt and had hoped that his party would dominate the Syrian political scene after union. However, Nasir ordered the dissolution of parties, which the Baath has attempted to resist. Its continued activities at times have run counter to Nasir's policies in the country. Hawrani, who has helped engineer at least five military coups in Syria but subsequently fell out with coup leaders, may in time break with Nasir and attempt to work against Syria's union with the UAR, possibly with Iraqi Baathists. Open criticism toward the regime has been growing since early summer. Syrians who now dislike the UAR hold the Baath responsible because Hawrani was a moving force for union with Egypt. Nasir, through Abdul Hamid Sarraj, min- ister of interior for Syria, has overruled Hawrani on several occasions and may attempt to make him the scapegoat for Syria's economic and administrative woes. Lately Nasir has become increasingly irritated with the Baathist leader's at- tempts to thwart policy by publishing articles in al-Rai al- Amm. -SEeRE-T---- 17 Sept 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 *140 *id Lebanese Situation Col. Sarraj, UAR minister of interior for Syria 9 is re- ported to have told certain Lebanese rebel leaders that he is disturbed by factionalism within the rebel leadership since "the battle is not over." Sarraj claimed that Nasir is blaming him for the "inconclusive results" of UAR subversive efforts in Lebanon and that terrorist acts must continue until the Christians are prepared to accept incorporation into the UAR. He insisted that the "liquidation" of President Chamoun was necessary to break the back of Christian resistance to such a union. The minister of interior now may be planning to con- tinue operations in order to recoup lost prestige in Nasir's eyes. In a reported meeting with Sarraj, one of the rebel lead- ers, speaking on behalf of his brother, Tripoli rebel leader Rashid Karame, stated that the present plan is to cooperate with General Shihab until pro-UAR elements are strong enough to take over. The army is to be infiltrated by pro-UAR ele- ments and then a revolt from within the army would be brought about. The change-over would be made palatable to foreign powers and the UN under the facade of being an internal affair. Sarraj is said to have demurred at this long-range plan and to have urged that an "indirect" UAR take-over be brought about within the next six months. Syrian commandos and paramilitary forces, who had re- cently been recalled to Syria from Lebanon, now are rejoining the forces of Druze leader Kamal Jumblatt, while others are infiltrating back to Beirut. President-elect Shihab has given some indications that he may serve as president in a more "constitutional" manner than President Chamoun and his predecessor President Bishara al-nuri. In practice: the presidency is the strongest office in Lebanon despite its theoretical impotency. Shihab's abdica- tion of the extensive presidential powers to a pro-UAR Moslem -SECRET 17 Sept 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 �rier, 4010 prime minister would facilitate opposition plans to dominate Lebanon's foreign and domestic nolthies should A_ cot ap- pear infeasible. 17 Sept Sept 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 ha/ id ����� %LI South Vietnamese Government Anticipates Upsurge In Communist Violence President Diem, on the basis of captured documents anticipates a sharp upsurge in Communist guerrilla activity and terrorism. Americans and other for- eigners in Vietnam may be targets of assassination attempt. Diem reports he has information that Communist cadres have been ordered by Hanoi to concentrate on disrupting three major economic programs now being implemented by his gov- ernment--land reform, resettlement - land development, and agricultural credit. He believes the damaging raid last month on the large Michelin rubber plantation by a Communist-led band of some 400 rebels was part of this campaign. The Vietnamese Government is taking all possible security measures within the limitations of the difficult terrain, which favors guerrilla warfare. Americans and other foreigners have been advised to take extra precautions, particularly when traveling in the provinces where numerous assassinations of minor Vietnamese officials have already occurred. Saigon officials are also concerned over recent movements by North Vietnamese Communist forces along the Laotian bor- der and near the 17th parallel, which they feel are related to Chinese Communist intentions in the Taiwan area. Diem has placed his army on semialert and is considering civil defense measures. SECRET 17 Sept 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 NIS II. THE WEST Scandinavians to Push for Peiping's Entry Swedish Foreign Minister Unden told the British am- bassador on 12 September that Sweden intends "to go ail out" for Communist China's admission to the UN. Unden claims to have the complete support of Norway and Den- mark. While the Scandinavians have already recognized Peiping and for several years have consistently opposed the UN moratorium on Chinese represei6tion, the emer- gence of two NATO countries as leaders in the fight for Peiping's entry would further weakac,. Taipei's status at the UN. The Scandinavian leaders are deeply concerned over the Far East crisis, and Unden in a 14 September speech stated that "it is indeed tragic that a trial of strength between two fighting Chinese parties ab, it a few small islands...may be able to jeopardize world peace." He added that it was "absurd" that Chiang Kai-shek should represent the largest country in Asia at the UN. Unden apparently believes that with Communist Chi- na's entry the UN would provide the propel: forum for dis- cussion and negotiations regarding the offshore islands. The Norwegians and Danes are increasingly concerned over the danger of war, but out of consideration for their NATO ties may be less active than Sweden In Dressing. for Peiping's admission. CONFIDENTIAL 17 Sept 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 Approved for Release: --020-/023 CO2996630 �Nispi Soo THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Dirgctor CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630 gApproved forZeAue: 2,1:1G62.i._ / VI/ 4.7 / / 07 / �7 �1`0P�SEC�R-E-T� ///ZApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996630WZMWMIMZ