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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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September 25, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15777296].pdf874.92 KB
"WdWair�16*{5/""" / 0 .0 0 I 0 I 10 DocumENT NO. CI_AS3. CHANGED TOLWX4._ HO CHANGE IN CLASS7K- t�4XT HEVIEW DATE: AUTPtit- 7 -1 DATEY `' REVIEWER: . 0 I 0 0 �TOP�SECRET� I if rdern,rni 'Ai eZ/ZZZA A p p 1 0 V e d for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635-6W ////// A 3.3(h)(2) 25 September 1958 copy NO. 4 GE\ TRAL \TELLIGE\CE BULLETIN t.10 pproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 �1-14J1V-31Mitrir� suj -TOP-SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 Approved for Release: 2020%01/23 CO2996635 �aii0 , misr 25 SEPTEMBER 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait - Chinese Nationalists send large numbers of aircraft over mainland; Chinese Communist losses apparently heaviest to date. USSR offers Cambodia $12,500,000 long-term loan. II. ASIA-AFRICA Lebanon - Christian-Moslem violence breaks out in Beirut. Jprdan, UK agree to complete evacu- ation of British troops by 31 October. Saudi Arabia - Faysal complains Aramco is indifferent to his financial problems; hints at countermeasures and possible relations with bloc. \ \ I I \ \\ ____\-----\--- 4 - - \ ', \ ' / 1 -,,, --,� -,,, ,,,,, Cyprus - Turkey agrees to maneuver reducing threat of widespread Cypriot violence; Makarios compromise posi- tion draws Greek and Cypriot opposi- tion. Ghana - Prime Minister Nkrumah urging French colonies to vote for independence in 28 September French constitutional referendum. III. THE WEST Austrian recognition of Communist China reported imminent. LATE ITEM 0 Soviet space vehicle launched on 23 September may be transmitting sig- nals from outer 7)ace. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 r Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 a %kri F&JLJL AF N1210 411119 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 25 September 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC *Tatwan Strait situation: The Chinese Nationalists sent large numbers of aircraft, including photo reconnais- sance planes, over the mainland on 23 and 24 September. Communist jet fighters reacting to these penetrations ap- parently suffered their heaviest losses to date on 24 Sep- tember. No Nationalist losses were reported. ?age 1) (Map) Watch Committee conclusion--Taiwan Strait: All in- dications point to continued Chinese Communist efforts to interdict supply lines to the Kinmen (Quemoy) Island group. The Chinese Communists now possess a capability to launch major attacks against the Kinmens,. the Matsus, and smaller offshore islands with little or no warning, as well as to launch major air strikes against Taiwan and the Peng- hus (Pescadores). Seizure of one or more of the offshore is- lands is possible, but amphibious lift necessary for an in- vasion of Kinmen, Lieh Hsu (Little Quemoy) and Matsu has not yet been observed. Indications suggest that the Chinese Nationalists, fear- ing US concessions in Warsaw talks, rand increasingly con- cerned over the resupply of the Kinmens, might undertake independent provocative action probably calculated to em- broil the US in hostilities'. Individual pilots or flight lead- ers might also take independent provocative action. In any event, air clashes between Chinese Nationalist and Chinese Communist forces are likely to continue and could involve US forces. TOP SECRET r/". AApproved for Release: /k6676Tiii-EdigigigV / Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 %4�0 I.' &ma %,�1 Available evidence fails to reveal that the USSR has taken any measures which might reflect preparation to im- plement the Soviet commitments to the defense of Commu- nist China. USSR-Cambodia: The USSR has offered the Cambo- dian delegation, currently in Moscow seeking economic aid, an interest-free, 40-year, $12,500,000 loan for purchases of Soviet goods. The USSR, in keeping with its policy of making only those economic development loans which prom- ise long-term economic ties, refused to make an outright gift, which the Cambodian negotiators apparently had re- quested. The initial Cambodian response was unfavorable; Phnom Penh his hithPrtn areentPri only ontriceht arante II. ASIA-AFRICA *Lebanon: President Shihab's appointment of rebel leader Rashid ICarame as prime minister appears to be a major concession to the rebels and to Nasir. The violence on 24 September has seriously strained Christian-Mo4em relations and is likely to be followed by further outbreaks. There is danger that the security forces will also split along confessional lines. Page 3) Britain-Jordan: London and Amman have tentatively agreed that British evacuation of Jordan will begin on 20 October and be completed by 31 October. Subject to a con- tinuing examination of Nasiris actions, the two governments plan a simultaneous announcement of these plans by 10 Octo- ber. (Page 4) 25 Sept 58 DAILY BRIEF ii "5] .47 / z r AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO299665 "fir -TOP-SEeRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 � `kre 1.1%., 1 La 0/ ./7 watcn committee -conclusion- nctbL: iuiuuu a deliberate initiation of open hostilities in the Middle East is unlikely in the immediate future, the situation remains unstable throughout the area, particularly where US and UK Interests or commitments are involved, and incidents and I, coups could occur at any time. 14, / , , 25 Sept 58 , AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635/ Saudi Arabia: Saudi Crown Prince Faysars frustration with budgetary problems has led him to charge that the Ara- bian-American Oil Company is indifferent to Saudi Arabia's financial difficulties. Faysal, apparently reflecting the in- fluence of his pro-Egyptian petroleum adviser, hinted to the American ambassador that action to curtail Aramco's rights may be under consideration. The ambassador also drew the Inference that some recognition of the bloc is being considered. Cyprus-Turkey: The threat of an early resumption of widespread violence on Cyprus may have been eased by Turkey's agreement to invest its consul general in Nicosia with the functions of Turkish representative under the new British plan, instead of naming a special ambassador as originally proposed. Ankara warns of "serious trouble," however, if Archbishop Makarios is allowed to return to the island, something London is now considering. Meanwhile, Makariost new proposal for UN-guaranteed independence for Cyprus is meeting opposition from within the Cyprus _e_th-. narchy from leftist elements in Greece, and from Turkish Cypriot leaders. In Lebanon, Moslem-Christian strife has broken out which may threaten the stability of the country, and incidents could occur inVolving US forces. The survival of the Jordanian regime continues to be threatened. If the regime in Jordan collapses, action by DAILY BRIEF iii / WA Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 IL JI.J Israel and other neighboring countries to take control of Jor- danian territory is likely. Within the Iraqi regime, growing instability, dissension, and fragmentation offer increasing opportunities for local Com- munist exploitation and action by Nasir to bring about an out- come favorable to the UAR. The formation of the provisional Algerian government probably will cause an increase in fighting between French forces and rebels in Algeria and could lead to an increase in Incidents between French forces and those of Morocco and Tunisia. Ghana - French West Africa - UAR: Prime Minister Nkrumah of Ghana, who has publicly stated his desire to see Fiance's African territories opt for immediate independence in the 28 September referendum, appears to be providing support to extremist nationalist leaders in French West Africa. ;;ir's colonial Africa. Nkruma.h in some instances is prepared to abet President designs in French (Page 7) (Map) III. THE WEST Austria - Communist China: The secretary general of the Austrian Foreign Ministry has told his government will soon establish an embassy in Commu- nist China. There has for some time been strong pressure in Austria for a permanent trade mission in Peiping. Austrian abstention in the 23 September UNGA vote on the Chinese re resentati n resulted partly from Soviet pressure. (Page 8) 25 Sept 58 DAILY BRIEF iv P-SECR A W*' AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635r A Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 LATE ITEM *Probable signals from Soviet space vehicle: 25 Sept 58 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET � fjp""p""r"o""v""e"ClfoTiieTe-a-s""e7aii6761iii"Eaggig7 A A pproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 4"018111 Communist troop VW strength 000 Nationalist troop strength.4 Piston fighter + Jet fighter + Piston light bomber + Jet light bomber Ground-attack SELECTED AIRFIELDS INDICATED IN BOLD TYPE Hengyang,/ 30078 Wuc NANCHANG CHANGSHU 68,000 H LOCHENG+ CHENGNAI iANTON >4. HUIYANG Swato '14AN AO IS. (-- HANGCHOW NINGP CHUHSIEN LUCHIA Wenchow2.4 II A Foochow' MANTA LuNGTI CHINGYANGy HUIANr TAIWAN MACHIT STRAIT NGCNI ,WEITOU PEN KA0cm ,INMEN - 000 Amoy SOUTH CHINA SEA PENGHIJS 16,000 SANTU BAY MATSU IS )3,000 TAIWAN 331,000 STATUTE MILES 80806/80916 300 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 %011, I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait Situation The Chinese Nationalists stepped up their air activity over the mainland on 23 and 24 September. 100 Nationalist aircraft penetrated the mainland from five to forty nautical miles in the general Kinmen area during one two-hour period around noon. From 100 to 150 Communist: jet fighters took to the air in reaction to the over- flights and at least one clash occurred in which two and pos- sibly three MIG's were downed. Initial reports indicate that on 24 September the Na- tionalists again put a large number of flights over and near the mainland, mostly around and north of Foochow, includ- ing photo reconnaissance missions. These penetrations were engaged at several points by Communist fighters, and, at last reports from the Nationalists, 11 MIG-17's (FRESCOES) were shot down and another eight were listed as probables. No Nationalist losses were reported. The Nationalists used Sidewinder missiles in one engagement, scoring four kills with five missiles launched. Reports from Taiwan state that Nationalist transport aircraft which made air drops on Kinmen during the night of 22 Spptember were not molested by Communist aircraft. The Communists are estimated to have a ten to one over-all artillery advantage in the Kinmen area and attempts to improve Nationalist counterbattery fire have not yet been successful. Four of six 8-inch howitzers landed on Kinmen are immobilized and two are in position but not yet in action. There are more signs that the Communists foresee continued military operations in the strait area. High alti- tude flak met by Nationalist aircraft suggests that the Commu- nists have introduced 100-mm. antiaircraft guns into the T0F SECRET 25 Sept 58 r -APp.r�o7e'd foi"li�elea's.;:-56676-15Y.6.0-29.96.635 Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 area just north of Kinmen. There also are indications that an advanced headquarters has been established at Liencheng for the direction of all air operations in the area. Chinese Communist air movements in the East China area during the past week have been extensive, iew fighter aircraft have recently been deployed to the area from the Shanghai area. It is not clear, however whether the Communists are rotating, add- ing, or reorganizing units. Since US naval forces began on 7 September to escort Nationalist convoys to the three-mile limit, the resupply de- liveries to Kinmeri by sea and air have averaged about 100 tone a day, As of 23 September, the Kinmen garrison had on hand sufficient rations and ammunition�the two most im- portant supply categories--to sustain it for slightly more than a month, Increases in daily tonnage delivered could extend this period. Increased Communist interdiction ef- forts together with the increasingly bad weather from now on could prevent any extension, Peiping's 11th and 12th warnings, intended to docu- ment ostensible Communist restraint and US military "pro- vocations," were issued on 23 and 24 September, Althou,gh US naval and air forces were said to have -"intruded" into Communist China's territorial waters and air. again 'Owe is no threat of counteraction. 25 Sept 58 trekiTe Al IkITCI I artchirc DliiicTikl Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 - Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 II. ASIA-AFRICA Lebanese Situation Lebanese President Shihab's appointment of Tripoli rebel leader Rashid ICarame to head a cabinet composed of minor political figures appears to be a major concession to the rebels and to Nasir. The inclusion of several ac- tive opposition supporters and the awarding to ICarame of the portfolios of defense and interior is an almost total de- feat for the pro- Chamoun faction. The fact that the Damas- cus press on 23 September predicted the composition of the present cabinet may give it a "made in Cairo" label and build up pro- Chamoun and Phalangist opposition which might re- suit in.eforts to bloc confirmation by parliament. President Shihab has evaded responsibility for main- tenance of the country's internal security by vesting it in Kar ame ts hands. 'Caramel had appealed to the UAR for additional funds. The attacks by Christian Ph4langists on Moslems on 24 September are likely to result in retaliation by Moslems against Christians. There is danger that the security forces will split along confessional lines. --SfeR-E-F 25 Sept 58 rCkITD A I IkITCI I I"Cklf�C DI II I ETIkl Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 c" Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 British Plans for Evacuation From Jordan Britain hopes to announce before 30 September that it intends to evacuate its 3,200 troops from Jordan. According to British Ambassador Tohnston in Amman, the British for- eign secretary and the chief Jordanian UN delegate have agreed that the evacuation will take place between 20 and 31 October and that this schedule will be announced simultaneously by London and Amman about 10 October. According to Johnston, the schedule is subject to tan- gible evidence of UAR President Nasir's good faith in carry- ing out the 21 August UN General Assembly resolution endors- ing the Arab League's pledge of mutual noninterference in in- ternal affairs. In view of both British and Jordanian aware- ness that Nasir has in fact continued his campaign against the Jordanian Government, if on a less violent scale, this condi- tion appears intended only to allow deferment of the evacua- tion in the event that Nasir steps up his activities. British of- ficial thinking tends toward the desirability of reaching an ac- commodation with Nasir. In view of the practical difficulties of maintaining British forces in Jordan, especially after Amer- ican evacuation from Lebanon, the Macmillan government is anxious to remove them, barring a new emergency. London remains pessimistic about the future prospects for Jordan's independence and seems to favor:replacing Samir Ftifai as Jordanian premier with someone less offensive to Nasir as a means of holding the state together. Ambassador Johnston has also indicated that King Husayn is considering a trip to Europe for a medical check-up, possibly by the end of October. CRET 25 Sept 58 rrkrrp A I IKITPI I impkirr 12111 I PTIM Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 tee Nad Developments in Saudi Arabia Saudi Crown Prince Faysal has taken a somewhat harder line toward American interests in a talk with Ambassador Heath on 22 September. Faysal, apparently reflecting the in- fluence of his pro-Egyptian Director General of Petroleum Af- fairs,Abdulla Tariki, intimated to the ambassador that action to curtail the rights of the Arabian-American Oil Company (Aramco) were under consideration. Citing his continuing frustration with budgetary problems, Faysal alleged that Aramco had been indifferent to Saudi financial difficulties. He claimed that income from oil royalties was reduced this year, leaving fewer funds than anticipated to liquidate debts. Faysal alleged that Aramco was holding down oil production as a means of "bringing pressure" on Saudi Arabia, asserting that Aramco could have maintained production in Saudi Arabia and dimin- ished it elsewhere. � Faysal also expressed indignation over what he consid- ered a breach of faith by Aramco in referAing the long-standing Onassis dispute to arbitration by an international tribunal in Geneva, after Faysal felt he had concurrence from the company to seek settlement by direct and private talks. The tribunal's judgment :on:. 13 August declared invalid the Saudi grant of oil shipping rights to Onassis. Faysal's concern is probably less over this than over the unfavorable precedent it establishes for settlement of the Saudi claim for $85,pom00 in back tax reve- nues whichhe considers Aramco owes from profits of the Trans- Arabian Pipeline. Faysal added that'the purpose of expressing complaints against Aramco was to emphasize that any action, which the Saudi Government found necessary would be directed solely toward the private American oil company and should not affect the good relations the Saudis wish to maintain with the United States. During the same interview, Ambassador Heath also drew the inference that some relations with the Sib-Soviet bloc were under consideration. Such a move would be in keeping. with TOP SECRET 25 Sept 58 � CFKITPAI IKITFI I InFKICP RUH prim Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 Approved for Release: 2620/01/23 CO2996635 vow 110 Faysal's desire to promote a "neutral" foreign policy for Saudi Arabia, and might be more tempting than before be- cause of current financial difficulties. increased milit operation with Egypt, the Saudis have been selling ammunition to the Egyptian armed forces. Closer Saudi relations with the UAR may be developed at the Cairo meeting of the Political Com- mittee of the Arab Leauecheduled for 1 October. TOP SECRET 25 Sept 58 ("PkITDAI IMTCI I inckircDIIIITIkI Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 � Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 pr, 9.0 SPANISH r.. SAHARA:, �akar \S_ENEGAL GAm7X:::". PORT? FRENCH GUINEA GUINEA IVORY SIERRA LEONE LIBERI� COAST ALGERIA FR ENC SUDAN ATLANTIC OCEAN NIGER FRICA BR NIGERIA CAM. LIBYA 'I CHAD .* 21 FRENCH EQUATO vq AFRICA TOGO */-"( am ERouN oco-si-,tAtc )�rt, a� o. �?- BELGIAN re CONGO azzavil e 80702 5 80925-2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 %Pi IWO Ghana's Premier Aiding Extremist Nationalists in French West Africa Prime Minister Nkrumah of Ghana appears to be pro- viding direct assistance to extremist 'nationalist leaders in French West Africa with the aim of encouraging their rejection of the draft French constitution in the 28 September referendum. In a speech to Ghana's National Assembly earlier this month, Nkrumah made clear his desire to see France's Afilc,an territories opt for immediate independence, but he insisted that Ghana would not resort to subversion to promote the freedom of any colonial territory. Principal recipient of Nkrumah's attentions seems to be the leftist African premier of Niger, Djibo Bakary, who is to have visited Accra recently for talks with Ghanaian leaders. Subsequently, he publicly recom- mended that Niger vote "no" in the referendum. Ministry of Overseas France officials in Paris, Ghana has also been "bargaining" with elements in French Sudan whose leaders are still on record as favoring the proposed new French community. A moderate African leader has stated that Nkrumah is aiding extreme nationalists finan- cially. Moreover, Nkrumah apparently is prepared, in some Instances, to abet UAR president Nasir's designs in colonial Africa. 25 Sept 58 TOP SECRET ckrrn A I IkITCI I IrL�eklf"G DI II I ET14-1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 Page 7 Approved for Release: 2-00701/23 CO2996635 *1010i III. THE WEST Austria Reported Yielding to Pressure on Relations With Communist China Austria will "soon" establish an embassy in Communist China. Vienna has heretofore hesitated to break with the US on this issue, but, in response to pressure from commercial interests, the quasi-official chamber of commerce recently decided to establish a permanent trade mission in Communist China. Soviet representatives in Vienna have frequently urged the Austrians to recognize Peiping. Soviet pressure was also involved in Austria's decision to abstain in the 23 September vote in the UN on the Chinese moratorium proposal. Moscow has complained to the Aus- trians that Austria had consistently voted with the US against Sotiet interests and had never separated itself from the US on matters of importance to the USSR. Vienna has shown an increasing tendency to soft-pedal its pro-Western orientation. This has been evident, for example, in the decision to permit the Communist-front World Youth Festival to meet in Vienna next year, in the decision to join the bloc-dominated Eastern Danube Con- vention, in the increase in official visits, and in Chancellor Raab's praise of the USSR during his July visit to Moscow. While these gestures are linked with Austrian hopes for economic advantages�particularly a reduction in repara- tions--they also reflect Raab's obsession with the idea of "breaking down the iron curtain." American Embassy representatives in Vienna have recently deplored as well a tendency among other Austrian officials to equate Aus- tria's international status with that of Finland. 25 Sept Sept 58 rrkITDAI IMTPI I irtmirF RI II I FTIKI Page 8 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 � Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 % f hla 41 ...A alb, Nei THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs , The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air. Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior � Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635 �00! 0.0?# / '4 / rtj TOP SECRET 4/ArAerdrzmdrjrzzmzi-dApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2996635_ezzzmdmmZ