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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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October 16, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15777418].pdf696.67 KB
ZrZrrrrrrrr/r wApproved for Release 2020/01/23 CO2998387 vuoir 3.5(c) LI) 3.3(h)(2) 16 October 1958 Copy No. C 59 CENTRAL IYTELLIGENCE BULLETI\ st.LI GEN DOCUMENT NO NO CHANGE IN CLASS. ptC, ; a:CLASSIFIED CHANGED TO: IS N D;T REVYW DATE: AUTH:91 DATE, .9 EVIEWER: uI- /Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387, Z,Z7ZZA Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 .4mk =AI:L-OZgaia�FV Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 A %.� A A.. AA A WA:el A *Id 16 OCTOBER 1958 L THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait - No significant mil- itary activity on 15 October. USSR - Novaya Zemlya nuclear test on 15 October possibly in megaton range. Moscow requests Shah's permission for visit to Iran by President Voro- shilov. IL ASIA-AFRICA Iraq - Lack of leailership has led to paralysis and discontent; weeks just ahead seen critical for Qasim. Tunisia - Bourguiba breaks diplo- matic relations with UAR. Breakdown threatened in Japanese- South Korean "normalization" talks. Indonesian army opposes Communist plans for month-long demonstrations. 0 South Vietnam - Diem warns of Com- munist plans to bomb MAAG headquar- ters. LATE ITEM Thailand - Army and air force units in Bangkok area placed on alert be- ginning 15 October. TI) P riir"71 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 f Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 I vi OGL.fte. / %1110 ctivity on 15 October. CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 16 October 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC *Taiwan Strait situation: There WRS nn significant military (Page 1) Watch Committee conclusion�Taiwan Strait: Indications are that the Chinese Communist cease-fire will continue at least for the stated period barring serious Chinese National- ist provocative acts, which a'te considered unlikely in the im- mediate futures USSR nuclear test: The Joint Atomic Energy Intelligence Committee made the following announcement at 1500 hours on 15 October: "The Atomic Energy Detection System has re- ported that an explosion occurred at 0751 GMT on 15 October 1958 in the vicinity of Novaya Zemlya *This is the tenth nuclear test in the current phase of Soviet nuclear testing. Previous tests were held on 30 September two tests), 2 October (two tests). and 4. 5 6 in anti 12 October. TO? SECRET- ,,f==zrrellallE676TNEEgiii7/ 'Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 / 1 I Lir aLL.n.L, 140 111111110 fP *USSR-Iran: The Soviet Union is pressing the Iranian Government to accept a visit by President Voroshilov in the near future. Voroshilov would probably stress Soviet ef- forts of the past several years at removing causes of fric- tion, such as border and transportation problems, and renew offers of economic aid. The Shah has not yet made a decision on the request. Meanwhile, Iranian officials are concerned over what they regard as a si nificant increase bloc prop- aganda against the Shah. (Page 3) II. ASIA-AFRICA Iraq: After three months in power, the new regime is still disorganized and Iraq, in effect, lacks a government in the Western sense, according to an assessment by the Amer- ican Embassy in Baghdad. The lack of dynamic and unified leadership, especially in the economic field, has led to wide- spread paralysis and increasing discontent. The embassy foresees the weeks just ahead as critical ones for Qasim, who is faced with stro7g pressures from within and without. (Page 4) Watch Committee conclusion�Middle East: Although a deliberate initiation of open hostilities in the Middle East is un- likely in the immediate future, the situation remains unstable throughout the area, and incidents and coups could occur at any time. NOTE: In Lebanon, political and religious strife, although some- what eased, continues to endanger the stability of the country. The survival of the Jordanian regime continues to be threatened. If the regime in Jordan collapses, action by Israel and other neigh- boring countries to take control of Jordanian territory is likely. In Iraq, internal conditions continue to invite action by the Commu- nists and pro-Nasir elements to further their respective objectives. 16 Oct 58 DAILY BRIEF VA TOP SECRET AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO29983877 A 'Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 lir aLuit,.., *Olf Tiopi Tunisia- UAR: In reaction to Tunisia's decision to break off diplomatic relations with the UAR, Nasir will probably step up his propaganda assault on the Bourguiba regime and increase his assistance to Tunisian opposition elements. In efforts to gain support for its move, Tunisia has sent a special envoy to Morocco and has made a new bid for American military aid. (Page 5) Japan - South Korea: South Korea is threatening to break off negotiations to normalize relations with Japan over Japanese refusal to recognize the "Fthee Line." Another suspension of the talks would expose Kishi to do- mestic criticism for not persuading the United States to exercise a moderating Influence on President Rhee. This situation would be aggravated by resumption of large-scale Korean seizures of Japanese fishing vessels on the high seas. (Page 6) (Map) � Indonesia: The army is worried over Communist plans for month-long anti-Western demonstrations to exploit such issues as the Taiwan Strait, nuclear testing, and the Middle East. The army has vetoed these plans, but Communist lead- ers may feel they must make at least a token effort. (Page 7) South Vietnam: President Diem warns that recently arrested North Vietnamese agents have disclosed Commu- nist plans to bomb American MAAG headquarters and cer- tain public utilities' installations in Saigon during the 23-26 Octsiber national holiday *period. All concerned have been advised and precautions are being taken. These agents re- vealed they were responsible for the Saigon bombings last October in which 13 American military personnel were wounded. 16 Oct 58 DAILY BRIEF Iii VA TOP SECRET AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23/C/0/2/998387 A Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Ur ont.,nr, I 410 LATE ITEM *Thailand: Army and air force units in the Bangkok area have been ordered on general alert beginning 15 October. Political tension has mounted in recent weeks, and the alert may have been called either as a purely precautionary move or in response to the threat of a coup by a faction within the ruling military clique. Thai strongman Marshal Sarit, aware of growing discord among his followers, has been planning an early return from England. 16 Oct 58 DAILY BRIEF J;ZZigrazTrETOTOTSrSOSZT7 A Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 6../Eat...1\.L. I Norr I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait Situation Peiping issued its "32nd serious warning" on 15 October, alleging intrusions by two US warships in the Pingtan Island area and one air intrusion over Wai Ling Ting Island just outside Hong Kong territorial waters. This is the first warn- ing concerning an intrusion near Hong Kong and is probably intended to underscore Communist China's claim to a 12-mile limit including the area adjacent to the Crown Colony. a high level of naval activity, particularly in East China waters and including exercises by landing ships near Hangchow Bay. Large-scale jet aircraft movements continue in the coastal area, but jet fighter strength in the strait area appears to have re- mained constant. On 14 October approximately 40 jet aircraft, probably fighters, flew from Swatow to the Canton area. The flight may have been another in the recent series of rotational transfers or part of a round-robin training flight. The Taiwan Defense Command believes that resupply of the Chinmen garrison was in fact never a problem, and that the Nationalist Government created panic about it in an attempt to Involve the United States in its "never-to-die hope" of returning to the mainland. Press reports citing informed Nationalist sources in Taipei state that a reduction of the size of the garrisons on the offshore Islands might be possible should their defensive potential be maintained by newer weapons and stronger fortifications. The Nationalist Defense Ministry has announced that Nation- alist planes have stopped reconnaissance flights over the China mainland. On 15 October, however, four Nationalist aircraft TOP SECRET 16 Oct 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 I La- #J1:4l.n.L. %Of penetrated the mainland briefly on what was called a recon- naissance mission, and drew Communist fighter reaction. The Nationalists said the incident was accidental and that all parties involved were under disciplinary action. 16 Oct 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 I %./1 4 1111, USSR Asks Iran to Accept Voroshilov Visit The Soviet Union is making overtures to the Iranian Gov- ernment to permit a visit by President Voroshilov, but the Shah has not reached a decision on the offer. The Shah is diplomatically obligated to reciprocate for his trip to the USSR in 1956. The Shah's current preoccupation with urgent domes- tic affairs, the recent threatening Soviet military "maneuvers" on Iran's northern borders, and the recent increase in the sharp- ness of tone of bloc propaganda against his regime could com- bine to cause him to postpone acceptance. Iranian security authorities recently expressed concern over Soviet propaganda against the Shah. � The USSR would expect some propaganda gains from such a visit. Voroshilov would probably stress the efforts the USSR has made over the past several years to improve relations with Iran, including agreements on border demarcation, reciprocal transit rights, and joint study of irrigation and hydroelectric potentials along the Araks and Atrek rivers. The highlight of the visit would probably be a renewal of Soviet economic offers, including large-scale assistance for industrial expansion. TOP SECRET 16 Oct 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 _ 1 1-, Lai II 1 I el. Uw %1101 IL ASIA-AFRICA Iraqi Regime Failing to Meet Problems The American Embassy believes that three months after the Iraqi revolution there is still no "government" in a West- ern sense in Baghdad. While individual ministers make spo- radic efforts to lay down policy lines and to draft new laws, these remain paper exercises in the face of growing discon- tent with the failure to fulfill promises made after the July revolution. Although some immediate political problems ap- pear to have been resolved by the departure of former Dep- uty Premier Arif as ambassador to Bonn, other political crises, seem likely, and economic problems are mounting. The embassy feels that the weeks just ahead are critical. The most obvious basis for discontent is economic stag- nation. The regime's harassment of foreigners has led to an exodus of foreign technicians and businessmen, while native Iraqi commercial interests have been frightened by the leftist tendencies of many cabinet members. The halt in the devel- opment program is increasing unemployment. Reports indi- cate that the cessation of economic activity, for which the development program acted as a "pump primer," is being felt throughout the country. Those who are unemployed now expect the government to take care of them. Prospects for improvement do not appear good. The em- bassy considers that the Qasim regime lacks experience in handling day-to-day problems of government Qasim appar- ently is being advised primarily by members of the National Democratic party who are inclined to discount the danger of Communism for Iraq, while the embassy believes that the Communists now are the greatest potential threat to the re- gime's stability and existence. CONFIDENTIAL 16 Oct 58 ��-�cwrrn Al IkIT t- rc GI I ucki cTIN Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 LAM 41-11JLIN I ibtLNio# Tunisia Breaks Diplomatic Relations With UAR Tunisia's severance of formal diplomatic relations with the UAR deepens the public rift opened on 11 October when Tunisia criticized the Cairo government at a session of the Arab League Council. Nasir now is likely to increase both the volume and intensity of his propaganda assault on the-re- gime of Tunisian President Bourguiba, and may also provide increased assistance to Tunisian opposition elements such as Salah ben Youssef, Bourguiba's exiled rival whose continued presence in and patronage by Cairo precipitated the Tunisian outburst. UAR propaganda media have continued to assail the posi- tion taken by Tunisia in the league and to discredit Bourguiba as a "stooge for the imperialists," making a particular effort to blame the United States for the Tunisian attitude. Bourguiba, for his part, to retain domestic loyalty, has been differentiat- ing between the general Arab cause and the objectives and methods of Nasir and the UAR. While Cairo has been emphasizing public expressions by other Arab states of solidarity with the VAR in this dispute, Bourguiba has also been moving, apparently with some suc- cess, to counter the Egyptian efforts to keep Tunisia 'isolated within the Arab world. A Tunisian special envoy sent to Rabat to seek Moroccan backing has been cordially received, accord- ing to Rabat radio, by the Moroccan King, who expressed his "full and lasting support for Tunisia and its 'president." On the basis of recent approaches to Algerian rebel leaders, the Tunisians claim that the Algerians will also lathe end stand by Tunisia and have agreed to act ag. "intermediaries" in. Cairo for the Tunisians. A Tunisian political leader close to Bourguiba on 14 Octo- ber renewed Tunisia's earlier request for more American arms, commenting: "We need arms now but more than anything we need to be able to announce within the next few days that the United States is standing behind its friend Bourguiba in his time of need." CONFIDENTIAL 16 Oct 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Ars% ...." USSR ..r-� 'Vladivostok ....\ .. 42� 14961 CHINA .. ,..e'� / NORTH KOREA _,..m__...1 1 � A \ 40� \ se� * PYONGYANG .... ...... � ..� \--- SEA OF JAPAN YELLOW ��.: � SEOUL SOUTH KOREA 38� SEA Pusan 34� RHEE LINE .JAPAN 32� 124� 126� 128� 110' 132' Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Itirf l.A..11 NI I 1-,Eal `I I 1I-1,1-� 4010 South Korea Threatens to Suspend Negotiations With Japan Yiu Tab-ha, chief South Korean delegate in negotiations to normalize relations with Japan, has threatened to break off the talks again as a result of Tokyo's standing refusal to recognize the area within the "Rhee Line" as Korean territorial waters. Yiu's subsequent public accusation that Japan is "insincere" in the negotiations has angered Prime Minister Kishi and Foreign Minister Fujiyama and may prompt Japan to abandon its conciliatory efforts to reach a settlement Japanese Foreign Ministry officials believe that Yiu is acting under the direct orders and approval of President Rhee in using the repeated threat of suspending negotiations to force Japanese accession to all Korean demands. The, American, Embassy in Tokyo comments that if Seoul suspends the talks there will be a hardening of Japanese public and government opinion toward South Korea and a probable increase in pressure for repatriation, over Seoul's objections, of Koreans in Japan who desire to go to North Korea.- ,Resuniption 'Of large-sdale Korean seizures of Japanese fishing vessels on the high seas would probably result in demands for armed protection. Kishi is anxious to avoid making a public issue of the difficulties with South Korea. The Socialists would use suspension of the negotiations as a peg for severe criticism of Kishi's foreign policy. Many Japanese believe that a major obstacle to a settlement with South Korea is Kishi's failure to persuade the United States to exercise a moderating influence on President Rhee's government. 16 Oct 58 r�CkITe Al ikirci I le.b.ert nu ii i 1-,-rik Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 %PO lA.11 VII1111�111 1 II-11a Indonesian Army Concerned Over Communist Plans for "Peace Month" The Indonesian Army is reported disturbed over Commu- nist plans for a "peace month" beginning 15 October which is to highlight the support Communists have given the govern- ment in subduing the provincial dissidents, and may include anti-Western demonstrations on such issues as atomic tests, Lebanon, and Taiwan. Army officials refused several days ago to approve the program drawn up by the Communist- controlled Indonesian Peace Committee. Heretofore, the Communists have retreated in the face of army disapproval, but "peace month" has received so much publicity from the Communist press that party leaders apparently feel obliged to make at least a token effort to implement it. The army would probably suppress any obvious preparations for large Communist-inspired demonstrations, Aside from the projected Communist exploitation of in- ternal and international issues, the Peace Committee's plans conflict with a "modest program" planned by the army for the next month which will be highlighted by two important holidays-- Youth Day on 28 October and Heroes' Day on 10 November. The army fears that "peace month" could overshadow its own pro- gram. The Communists are again eXploiting President Sukarno's popularity by inviting him to give a special address during the month. 16 Oct 58 AppTOWEITo'r'Rere7s7 20i2670172-3 C069.973171 Page 7 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 1 V L 1 L.FLjLV I L 1-1. Li %WI THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387 TOP SECRET vz 7 / /4 ,/z. ,./ , -7 e'/ V 4 Vz / 4 7 7/ - t, 0 / V , ' . # '. , , - , . , e . 7j , ' ', ,4, 7 / Z/7 V / / / TOP SECRET / /7, "rd. z wiz", ezz o s //A p proved for Release: 2020/01/23 CO2998387WMWded