Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
January 27, 2020
Document Release Date: 
January 30, 2020
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
December 18, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15777365].pdf675.53 KB
VA, Approved for Release. 2020/01/23 C03000006 yaw so- 35.37 3h)(2 18 December 1958 I 0 CENTRAL g 1 0 INTELLIGENCE , -;, .,, , BULLETIN Copy No. C 60 DoCLIMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN Cl4 O._ AuTH: h' Es E.V ZWF.E DA-Ca. TOP SECRET _ ,A. ror4ILL20.20411r236c0f10f)(67 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 II NO IF ..grohoinic AP& IP aft IP. Argilim�W Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 mrm r,r-Nrt Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 18 DECEMBER 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Khrushchev attacks "anti-party" group in opening central commit- tee speech. Mikoyan seeks visa for "unofficial" visit to Washington in January. Chinese Communists stress Mao Tse-tung's continued leadership; endorse his policies on communes and economic progress. II. ASIA-AFRICA Qasim tells Rountree "many Iraqis" believe United States is conspiring against Iraqi regime. Chinese Nationalist irregulars in Burma may step up activities. Lebanon - Recent army action in- volving Moslems may lead to cabi- net dissension. South Korea - Rhee determined to push through legislation aimed at muzzling political opposition. 0 West Berlin mayor again raises issue of making all Berlin a free city. rr, vs 1", leN 1":"TT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 . ( Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 %IV CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 18 December 1958 DAILY BRIEF / L THE COMMUNIST BLOC *USSR: Khrushchev's denunciation of the "anti-patty" group in his 15 December agricultural report to the central com- mittee, the strongest attack in recent months, is probably in- tended to insure support on the eve of the party congress by Intimidating anyone tempted to question his policies. The nature of the attack suggests further action against the "anti- party group;' possibly exclusion from the party or dismissal from present posts. (Page 1) *USSR: Soviet First Deputy Premier Mikoyan, long the principal adviser in the Kremlin on foreign trade matters and probably one of Khrushchev's closest collaborators, has re- quested a visa to visit the United States. He plans to arrive early in January as a "guest" of the Soviet ambassador in Washington. Mikoyan's purpose in attempting to come to Washington as an "unofficial visitor" at this time--just prior to the party congress which opens in Moscow on 29 January-- is probably to explore at first hand US views on the broad is- sues Ehrushchev has attempted to connect with a settlement of the Berlin problem. Communist China: Peiping's official communique on Mao's decision to OA up his largely ceremonial post as head of the Chinese Communist government is a vote of confidence in his leadership and intended to refute allegations that he is losing power. The communique implies that he will continue to dominate the regime and strongly endorses both the com- mune program and the economic "leap forward." It calls for further remarkable production increases next year. (Page 2) (Chart) IA TOP SECRET AKWO'cieaTOTkele";W:"16267Eiriii-EiiailiEOF Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 1 Ur N1LftL1I Watch Committee conclusion�Berlin: There is no assur- ance that the USSR will wait for the full six months' period mentioned in the Soviet note of 27 November before transfer- ring to the East Germans control over Allied traffic to Berlin or undertaking harassment of some other sort. Current Soviet efforts in the Berlin situation appear directed primarily toward forcing counterproposals and negotiations with the West. Watch Committee conclusion�Taiwan Strait: The Chinese Communists do not appear to intend, in the immediate future, to terminate the self-imposed restriction against interference with resupply of the offshore islands on alternate days. IL ASIA-AFRICA Watch Committee conclusion�Middle East: A deliberate initiation of large-scale hostilities in the Middle East is un- likely in the immediate future, although the situation remains unstable throughout the area. Increased Communist activity in Iraq has kept the situation precarious. While the recently planned coup was thwarted, the possibility exists that pro-UAR groups or army elements acting independently may at any time attempt to overthrow or modify the regime. The Israeli-Syrian border situation continues to be tense, and Israeli retaliatory raids into Syria will probably occur if there are additional se- rious border incidents.: Iraq: Prime Minister Qasim appeared tense during his Interview with Assistant Secretary Rountree on 16 December, and harped on the theme that "many Iraqis" believe the United States is conspiring against his regime. Although he reiterated his desire for friendship with the United States "as with all other countries," Qasim gave no indication he intends to make any specific move to improve relations with the West. 18 Dec 58 DAILY BRIEF ii TOP SECRET pproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 � " 'Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 t*it -10# Nationalist China - Burma: Chinese Nationalist irreg- ulars in the Thai--Laos-Burmese border area may be prepar- ing to step up their activities, possibly including attacks on Chinese Communist border villages. oi the irregulars are constructing two airfields on Burmese territory. Reports persist of periodic supply drops from Taiwan. A resurgence of Chinese Nationalist activity would complicate the Ne Win regime's relations with Peiping and distract the Burmese Army from carrying out its announced intention of suppr the Communist insurgents during the present dry season (Page 3) Lebanon: Strong army action last week against former rebel elements in the Biqa Valley, following the killing of an army officer and two men, is likely to arouse a storm of Sunni Moslem criticism against the government, which tried unsuc- cessfully to suppress news of the action. Karami, who is Defense Minister as well as Prime Minister, may attempt to shift the blame to Minister of Interior Edde and President Shihab, and Sunni attacks could lead to severe dissension with in the cabinet. (Page 4) � South Korea: The Rhee administration seems determined to enact laws which could drastically reduce South Korea's al- ready limited political liberties. Despite the unfavorable im- pact the measures would have externally, Rhee apparently is convinced that the opposition must be muzzled to prevent it from winning the 1960 presidential election. (Page 5) III. THE WEST West Berlin: Mayor Willy Brandt continues to oppose Moscow's proposals on Berlin. However, he has again pub- licly raised the possibility of including both East and West Berlin in a "free city." While opposing this idea as "econom- ically not viable," he said that he would view it in "a different 18 Dec 58 DAILY BRIEF �iii / TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C030000067/ , Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 %IV TOP SECRET light" if Moscow agreed to the creation of an extraterritorial corridor between Berlin and West Germany. East Germany, however, has already rejected such a corridor. He also stiltes he would accept a UN supervised plebiscite in all of Berlin to determine the city's status. (Page 6) 18 Dec 58 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 �oul In THE COMMUNIST BLOC Khrushchev Attacks "Anti-Party Group" Khrushchev's condemnation of the "anti-party group" in his 15 December agricultural report to the central commit- tee is the strongest attack on the group since the initial re- action in July 1957. The American Embassy in Moscow doubts that Khrushchev is facing actual opposition, but con- siders it likely that his programs have antagonized a num- ber of highly placed individuals. His denunciation of the anti-party group could be intended to intimidate such oppq- nents. Khrushchev accuses the "despicable" anti-party group of having manifested a wrong attitude toward the peasantry and of opposing nearly every major agricultural policy sponsored by him since Stalin died. He charges Molotov and Malenkov, specifically, with mistakes and dishonest juggling of figures during the Stalin era. The nature of the attack on the anti-party group sug- gests the possiblity of further action against them. Khru- shchev's statement that "The tongue refuses to call such people 'comrades,' even though they have remained mem- bers of the party" could be an invitation to the central cwa- mittee to oust them from the party. They might also be dismissed from their present4posts. The Embassy doubts that Khrushchev will go solar as a purge trial unless his situation is actually precarious; all present evidence in- dicates he is firmly in control. CONFIDENTIAL 18 Dec 58 f�Cls.ITD A I IKITC1 I inpkirr RI II I FTIKI Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 JOWL COMMUNIST CHINA PRODUCTION CLAIMS AND TARGETS (MILLION METRIC TONS) 1957 1958 1959 STEEL 5.35 11 18 COAL 130 270 380 GRAIN 185 375 525 COTTON 1.64 3.35 5 81217 3 18 DECEMBER 1958 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 _CCIALELIACATT 1 A i Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Noe NNW Peiping Communiqu�n Central Committee Plenum The communiqu�ssued by Peiping on 17 December on the work of the recent central committee plenum at Wuhan formal- izes Mao Tse-tung's decision to step down as chairman of the government and appears designed to refute Chinese Nationalist allegations that he is losing power. The communiqu�oted that the decision will not affect Mao's "continued leading role in the work of the state," and pointed out that Mao can be re-elected chairman of the govern- ment if some "special situation" should arise. The session gave a resounding vote of confident to Mao on two policies closely associated with him--the communes and the "giant leap forward"--over which there have been hints of oppo- sition. It placed a "very high evaluation" on the communes and gave local party units until next April to consolidate them. The session gave its stamp of approval to the high produc- tion claims advanced in connection with the 1958 "giant leap"-- claims which at least in the agricultural field are seldom credited outside the bloc. Even greater triumphs are now being promised for 1959, with the session urging the nation to "go all out, aim high, and defy difficulties." Production increases in certain commodities scheduled by the session, while only about half as great as those claimed this year, are still highly ambitious. The Taiwan situation was played down, with no mention of the offshore islands, and only a generalized prophecy that US forces will be driven from Taiwan "eventually" when Commu- nists and Nationalists "unite." CONFIDENTIAL 18 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 vele vary II. ASIA-AFRICA Chinese Nationalist Irregular Activity in Burma Border Area as of late November Chinese Nationalist irregulars in Burma were building two airfields on Burmese territory which were expected to be operational some time in January. 4irfield construction could be designed for a logistic build-up which would permit the estimated 6,000 irregulars in the Burma-Laos-Thailand border area to ac- celerate raids against Chinese Communist villages. Sev- eral Chinese villages were raided by bands of Chinese Na- tionalist irregulars last summer, and the raiders' success may have encouraged Taipei to urge a more ambitious pro- gram. Chinese Nationalist authorities on Taiwan have shown a revived interest in the potentialities of the irregulars dur- ing the past year and are believed to have flown several sup- ply missions to the Burma border area during that period. last summer's border raids were credited to the orders of a Chinese Nationalist colonel who had recently ar- rived from Taipei, allegedly to take over command of the ir- regulars. Intensified guerrilla activity by Burma-based Chinese Nationalist irregulars might complicate Rangoon's uncertain relations with Peiping and give the Chinese Communists an excuse to put pressure on the Ne Win regime. Preoccupa- tion with a resurgence of Chinese Nationalist activity might also distract the Burmese Army from carrying out its an- nounced intention of suppressing the Communist insurgents. 18 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Approved for Release: 2027Z1/23 C03000006 'Novi "�Flog. Moslem Feuding May Cause Lebanese Cabinet Crisis The Lebanese Army's strong action last week end against former rebel Sunni Moslem villagers in the Biqa Valley is likely to arouse a storm of Sunni Moslem criticism against the government. Sunni Moslems killed an army officer seek- ing to end a fight between Sunni and Shia Moslem villagers. The army in reprisal destroyed the Sunni village, causing a large number of Sunni casualties. News of the attack, which the army tried to keep out of the press, stirred violent popular reaction in the Basta quarter of Beirut, and large-scale demonstrations on 15 December were averted only by pressure from higher Moslem leaders. Shia Moslem tribesmen employed in coastal areas left abruptly for the Biqa around 12 December on the orders of their leader. This move may be connected with the prevailing Shia-Sunni tension and could lead to further clashes. Apparently, the army action was taken without the knowledge of Sunni Moslem Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Karami, but with the approval of President Shihab. This action has al- ready resulted in an attack on the government by former rebel leader Abdullah Yafi and adverse press comment. Karami may .,attempt to shift the blame toz the Christian minister of Interior, Raymond Edde, which could cause serious dissension in the cabinet. The army action was sterner than any taken during the civil war last summer. The fact that Arsal, the village attacked, was a stronghold of former rebel sympathizers adds to the politicians' difficulty. The surviving inhabitants are said to have fled to Syria. 18 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Page 4 v Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Nur* NO' President _Rhee, Moves To Suppress Opposition The South Korean Government is engaged in a major struggle with the opposition Democratic party in the Nation- al Assembly to force passage of revisions of the national security law and the local autonomy law. These government- inspired measures appear to be designed to silence growing political opposition by abridging the already limited civil liberties and press freedom in order to prevent an adminis- tration defeat in the 1960 presidential election. The Democrats and a wide segment of the press are critical of the loose definition of espionage in the revised version of the security law and object to the provision for penalizing anyone who has "benefited the enemy" by spread- ing "false facts or distorted news." This latter proviso would permit stringent press controls. Proponents of the measure claim that its enactment is necessary to combat Communist activities and maintain domestic order. The planned revision of the local autonomy law would provide for governmental appointment rather than election of local executives in towns and cities. The Democrats have been engaged in a well-organized campaign to win control of the cities. Rising opposition at home and fear of losing American support may induce the government to tone down the most offensive parts of the proposed bills before pushing them through the assembly. However, in an effort to muffle op- position, the government already has suspended some rights of public assembly in Seoul and has organized an anti-Commu- nist Fighting Committee to drum up local support for the re- visions. SE 18 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Page 5 i-vz-wl"TT�Y-A.T-T'i A E Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 III. THE WEST West Berlin Mayor Raises Question of a Free City For All of Berlin West Berlin's Mayor Willy Brandt has again publicly raised the possibility of including all of Berlin in a "free city." In an interview with a West German paper, Brandt said that while he opposed this idea as economically not viable, he would view it in a "different light" if Moscow would agree to the creation of an extraterritorial corridor between Berlin and West Germany. In the same interview he said that a UN- supervised plebiscite in all parts of Berlin would be an ac- ceptable way of determining the city's status. Brandt repeated the idea of a plebiscite to French reporters on 15 December. In an interview with a Munich paper on 5 December, Brandt commented that the possibility of making all Berlin a "free city" might be acceptable "in principle" in case of an "emergency" situation. He followed up this interview with a suggestion for a Berlin corridor in statements to a Danish paper on 9 December. Neither of the original inter- views provoked much public reaction in West Germany. Since Brandt and Adenauer still differ to some extent over whether to seek broad negotiations on Germany, Brandt may be seeking to elicit a new proposal from Moscow to in- clude East Berlin in the free city, which could then be used as the basis for high-level East-West talks on Berlin and linked to the entire German question. His references to a corridor and plebistite3, however, suggest that he may also hope to draw a Soviet rejection which could be used to put the USSR on the defensive. CONFIDENTIAL 18 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 Approved for Release 2020/01/23 C03000006 *IS Nisorl THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director rnivrinrivm Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006 -TOP-SECRET- Zirde,,,,,,zymm,Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03000006, � Ar