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February 25, 2020
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February 27, 2020
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January 9, 1959
V /7//// ZZ///////,/////////W/1, ///1 Approved for Release. 2020/02/21 C03000018 TOP SRET 3.5(c) IOW 3.3(h)(2) 9 January 1959 Copy No. C 63 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN' r)ocu!,,IENT NO 31 NO C/riANIT.: rA: � DECL.A!:�)3;FIED Clic�NCiED TO: T 3 C, REVIEW Di, ( frim0 -TOP-SECRET- r� rj 7 rf/ r/Zr A p-p r-0 v-e d-fjr Release:- -2626/0-2/21C030 60618/ Z4er',/, Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 I Approved f-O-rieleaS-e726-2T:i/o-272-1 C03000018 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 1.11001 9 JANUARY 1959 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Geneva - Mikoyan warns agreement on nuclear test cessation impossible if US insists on majority voting in proposed control commission. II. ASIA-AFRICA Laos - Despite threatening moves by Communist-dominated opposition, pre- mier proceeding with plan to demand full government powers. 0 A Iraq - Communications minister says he and ether cabinet ministers now convinced Prime Minister Qasim is a Communist. Food crops in Jordan and Israel threat- ened by drought and locusts. Tribal dissidence apparently continu- ing in Morocco despite government's claim that tribesmen are responding to King's ultimatum. 0 Arms shipment received by Moroccan Army may reach Algerian rebels. 0 Belgian Congo - Leopoldville outwardly calm after three days of rioting. 0 Thailand - Marshal Sarit's condition precludes effective guidance to sub- ordinates. Philippine attitude hardening in base talks with US. III. THE WEST France - New Premier Debra can be expected to be critical of US policies. Haiti - Castro victory in Cuba may threaten position of President Duvalier. Cuba - Signs of feeling against US in Cuba; government policies being held in abeyance pending decision by Castro. Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO3000018 �Mr-4Sttfttl� 1110 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 9 January 1959 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Geneva talks: l(ikoyan, speaking with Secretary Dulles on 5 January, questioned the desire of the United States to reach agreement on nuclear test cessation and warned that such agreement would be impossible if the 2-' United States continued to insist on majority voting in the proposed control commission-4 The nuclear test talks re- convened in Geneva on 5 January with a gloomy forecast by the Soviet delegate in view of the West's refusal to ac- cept Soviet demands for a permanent and unconditional agreement. Soviet propaganda has charged that the intro- duction by the US of new information on the difficulties of detecting underground nuclear explosions is a further move to prevent agreement. ;Page 1) II. ASIA-AFRICA Laos: The Communist-dominated Neo Lao Hak Zat is organizing public protests against the threatened rightist take-over, while taking measures to guard against govern- ment repression, which reportedly include plans to return to dissident activity. Prime Minister Phoui is nevertheless proceeding with plans to present the National Assembly with a request for full government powers shorty3 (Page 3) (Map) -TOP-SE OR-ET 4Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000618v Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 kali I Vt Lift i *Iraq: Eraqi Communications Minister Baba All has stated that he and other cabinet members now are convinced that Prime Minister Qasim is a Communist. Baba Ali, himself of Kurdish extraction, has urged that the United States attemp 0 to counter Communist influence in Iraq either by assisting a Kurdish revolt with Iran as a base or by a public rapproche- ment with Nasir. He is particularly concerned that Qasim will arm the Communist-dominated Popular Resistance Forc.0 other cabinet mem- bers, particularly Foreign Minister Jumard, are again consid ering attempting to resign. Jumard claims they have been holding their twists in order to leave no room for Communist aPpointees71, Middle East drought: f For the second consecutive year, severe drought and locusts seriously threaten�food crops in Jordan and Israel. Both governments have requested the U to supply foodstuffs in the very near future. Yemen is also undergoing food shortages as the result of droughig (Page 4) Morocco: LThe situation in the principal areas of Berber tribal dissidence apparently continues unresolved despite gov ernment claims that the tribesmen are responding to King Mohamed V's 48-hour ultimatum of 5 January ordering them to submit to central authority. Berber tribes in the High Atlas region south and east of the southern Moroccan city of Mar- rakech now are also reportedly becoming increasingly restiy2 (Page 5) (Map) North Africa - Czech arms: he arms and ammunition hich arrived at Casablanca reportedly from Czechoslovakia, have been received by the Moroccan Army Some or all of these arms may find their way to the Algerian rebels. 9 Jan 59 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET 11 jrApproved for Release: 2020762/21 CO30000(87 / A � Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO3000018 1.)? ,SECI(LA A-10 0 l< o 1 Belgian Congo: Belgian security forces have re-estab- lished order, and Leopoldville is outwardly calm after three days of rioting. Some Congolese leaders have been arrested. Accra, Cairo, and Moscow view the riots as springing out of African desire for independence, while the Belgian press pri- marilv blames economic conditions for the rioting. Thailand: Lt. General Prape, who is considered pro- West, is the most likely successor to Sarit as the real powl in Thailand2 (Page 8) Philippines: Ambassador Bohlen notes an increasing trend In Philippine official thinking toward a re-orientation of for- eign policy away from the US and closer to the islands' Asian neighbors. This nationalistic feeling has been evidenced by a hardening Philippine attitude in base talks with the US. (Page 9) III. THE WEST *France: lew Premier Michel Debrd, an ardent Gaullist is critical of US policies which he regards as frustrating � France's claims to great-power statull The new cabinet, c co- posed mostly of holdovers, includiniThe minister of foreign affairs, is expected to follow very closely the policy and ad- ministrative framework De Gaulle has outlined in recent de- crees. (Page 10) Haiti: The victory of Fidel Castro in Cuba may weaken further the position of Haitian President Duvalier. Disaffec- tion in his armed forces is growing and the economy continues 9 Jan 59 DAILY BRIEF iii TOP SECRET -*/) AApproved for Release: 2020/02/21 C0300001e // Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 vr- DE�Cirti 1111� ' to deteriorate. Duvalier has maintained an unfriendly at- titude toward the Cuban rebel movement. Haitian opposition figures, several of whom are pro-Castro, may seek Cuban aid in ousting the President. (Page 12) Cuba: T. _n the formative stage of the Castro- Urrutia gov- ernment, there are signs of feeling against the United States Government. However} major government policies are being held in abeyance pending decisions by Castro, who only arrived in Havana on 8 January. (Page 13) 9 Jan 59 DAILY BRIEF iv 79, ZZL7, AApproved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 -414;442.Emenr____ Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 NW' L THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR--Geneva Talks With resumption on 5 January of negotiations at Geneva for an agreement on cessation of nuclear tests, Moscow re- verted to its insistence on a Western commitment to a per- manent unconditional agreement before further discussion of the details of the proposed control system. On 6 January, the Soviet delegate to the talks took issue with four specific Western positions: insisting upon majority rule in the com- mission; linking extension of a one-year test suspension with progress in other areas of disarmament; giving any party the right to denounce the agreement when violated by another; and international staffing of control posts to minimize use of na- tionals of the host state. At the 7 January session he insisted on postponing discussion of any other issues until the question of duration of the treaty is resolved, gaeaking with Secretary Dulles on 5 January, Soviet Dep- uty Premier Mikoyan questioned the desire of the United States to reach agreement on nuclear test cessation and warned that such agreement would be impossible if the United States con- tinued to insist on majority voting in the proposed control com- mission. At a private dinner on the same day, Mikoyan stated that the USSR would not give up the veto on such a commission, since decisions would be meaningless if they were not unan- imous:1 Moscow has charged that the new technical information introduced by the United States delegate on 5 January with re- gard to the difficulties of detecting underground explosions was a further Western effort to prevent agreement. Soviet delegate Tsarapkin rejected a Western request for a three- power study of this problem, maintaining that the establishment of such a study would undermine the entire basis on which the conference was organized, I. e., the conclusions and recommen- dations of the Geneva conference of experts. Moscow's renewed emphasis in the negotiations on its ob- jections to the Western stand on duration and the link to other SECRET 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 1 ovinuar�rp� Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 leer� �11��0 disarmament measures probably reflects the concern of the Soviet leadership over the possibility of a stalemate on the sole issue of Soviet insistence on veto rights in the control commission. 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 %le Nome oMae Hong Song 30283 Tako \ ') Y. Kanchanbt10 � BANGKOK , het EIL(1 4 j �1, ' :b Lao Kay 1>haoing s y ( HANOI ��-�..0-!...N' SAM .... Ne,13� - .: Nuph Binh, `--- ;" t...t.),.....,......p. ,L14.0a.:ro, , 1 ' �,XISNG KHOUANG DES JARRES . j N 0, R T � PLAINES H 'A-J( ,NEUA ) ' - 3N ,,f 1, i f VIETNAM S 1 L � .--, ..:4VInh , � --..Ns.:.`'..;,' Ilir ? �^7\b�Ha Tinh : f ' 0 J) VIENTIANE �-�NN KiikmmouANg,_ c/ I KHAI N .., . Thak__oeiC"\!..1. .I.P4G1 \ . SAKOIkrKH,ON ,, AVAANX-Kt ETNAM !,) NrAK.-. PH , Savan,nakhet .... i ;IV H:-.P. -,,Tourane THAILAND c--/- --\ \-- � '',1 \ . 1/4 Fo'leiku I.) Song Cauc Ituog TreO atLarhban CAMeGOIA IOUTH .}C9.T. P9Pl�g'r,ifi:71,6� --'2 r�r-"*.__ � ) liDOS1..'' .i''''') ) Phan Rene!' _.".,,...4), ,VIETNAM .',L4.1/ . 1..ii,Le.,IG,....9 - - .. .,.., ,. Cap Saint Jacques c. .0.,. IS o c Tr ao, .- L' i MAL YA/..r-s.e. r, HAINAN ,711-1"Ar4 SEA � AREAS OF LATEST INCURSIONS Provinces where Vietnamese refugees are concentrated. 9 JANUARY 19 59 STATUT MILES 200 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Jr.A.Alf., I mow IL ASIA-AFRICA Laotian Communists Antiiipate Government'Suppression os' Communist-dominated Neo Lao Hak Zat (NLHZ) is organizing public protests against the long-rumored take-over of full governmental powers by right-wing elements, while taking urgent measures to guard against repression. NLHZ leaders and sympathizers in Sam Neua and Xieng Khouang provinces continue their exodus to the North Vietnamese bor- der. In early Novem- ber, NLHZ leader Nouhak reportedly ordered partisans with- out specific assignments to proceed to concentration points in North Vietnam and organize propaganda and terrorist opera- tions to destroy confidence in the Laotian Government. In addition, the former Pathet Lao battalion on the Plaines des Jarres is threatening to return to active dissidence and is re- portedly evacuating arms to an unidentified bas.211 FNLHZ chief Souphannouvong is said to have told Prime Minister Phoui Sananikone that North Vietnam's current mil- itary pressures on Laos, together with highly publicized charges of Laotian military encroachments on North Vietnamese terri- tory are a reaction to reports that the NLHZ is to be suppressed. In this connection, there have been three new penetrations of Laos central and southeastern borders, although the three Viet Minh outposts initially established have been with- drawn. Souphannouvong said that both the NLHZ and North Vietnam wished to see the International Control Commission reactivated in La2_sl Phoui is nevertheless proceeding with plans to present the National Assembly with a request for full governmental powers at an early date. He hones to obtain these powers without recourse to military for..29 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 MOROCCO CANARY ISLANDS (sr.) 30055 PORTUGALt Rabat CASABLANCA. MARRAKECH. .Agadir IFNyidi Ifni SPANISH SAHARA Tindouf SP AIN � GIBRALTAR � ( u K Ceuta ,A0G (sP.) a Melilla ' � � - -%vos.P.? ALGERIA PRINCIPAL AREAS OF BERBER ":��� nminFNrF MILES 310 90108 4 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 r�nikrrinriurrr 41 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Nome Middle East Drought ff/idespread drought for the second consecutive year threat- ens to bring disaster to Jordanian agriculture. Winter-wheat crops have been seriously affected, andJordan's crop potential. for 1958-59, even if rain falls now, is estimated at 80,000 tons in contrast with 242,000 tons produced during the last normal crop year of 1955-56. Further aggravating the situation is the lack of fodder for herds, which are decreasing below basic breed- ing levels. Export blockades of livestock to Jordan by Syria and Iraq have resulted in a perennial meat shortage. The Jor- danian prime minister has requested the United States to pro- vide "not less than 50,000 tons" of wheat in the near future-- 10,000 tons immediately. An additional request has been made for 40,000 tons of livestock feed. Assistance to finance work relief which would provide 50,000 jobs is also desirV as. rael, where the situation is somewhat less serious, has had almost no rain since last February, and crops sown in the southern part of the country must be considered lost, according to the Ministry of Agriculture. Unless the situation radically changes within the next few weeks, crops will be smaller than last year's poor production. The water table has been so low- ered by the protracted dryness that there will be insufficient water for irrigation. Israel has requested wheat shipment Large swarms of locusts in Israel, as well as Jordan, are an additional menace to agricultural production. However, it appears that crop losses from this source have been moderat927 An estimated 90 percent of the population of Yemen is said to be faced with severe famine or starvation as the result of drought which has cut crop production to one third of normal. A Yemeni -Government representative in Aden has stated that 9n nnn filnerif itheat will he neerlerl within the next four months -7 -CriTIPIDEN-Thk-b 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 4 T1" Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Nue Situation in Morocco riwailable evidence does not appear to justify Moroccan Government claims publicized on 7 and 8 January that dis- sident Berber tribesmen in northern Morocco are responding in large numbers to King Mohamed V's 5 January ultimatum ordering them to submit to government authority and return to their homes within 48 hours. Their virtual rebellion is still directed primarily against the Arab/urban-dominated Istiqlal party, which has been the principal force behind Mo- roccan governments since the country regained its independ- ence two years ago. However, they are unlikely to accede to the King's directive unless they receive firmer assurances than they have apparently been offered thus far that at least some of their principal demands will be satisfied. These in- clude the installation of local inhabitants in local government posts, more adequate representation in the central government, greater local autonomy, and measures to relieve the area's depressed economic conditions.:) 1.oyal Army elements in northern Morocco continue to be reinforced and redeployed, but they have apparently not yet attempted to force the re-establishment of contact by land with the garrison at the Mediterranean port city of Alhucemas-- reported encircled by armed Berber partisans as of 7 Janu- ary--nor to move against the dissidents' Middle Atlas strong- hold near Fez. A clash on 6 January between army forces based at Alhucemas and the dissidents, which reportedly re- sulted in over 100 casualties, may have reinforced the King's reluctance to order an all-out drive by the army despite his recent implicit threat to take such action. American repre- sentatives in Rabat reported on 7 January that the troop move- ments in progress as of that time appeared designed primarily to secure control of the main lines of communication in the affected regions and to isolate the Middle Atlas from the Ril� not to penetrate difficult mountain terrain where the defiant Berber elements are ensconced. The American Army attach� continues to believe that the Royal Army is almost certain to be decimated by desertions if ordered to suppress the dissi- dents and could not in any case cope with a general Berber up- rising) (Meanwhile, the attach�eports that other Berber tribes residing in the traditionally turbulent High Atlas region SECRET 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 ornnr,r, Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 INV Nisle tiouth and east of Marrakech, in southern Morocco are also becoming increasingly restivq 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 6 �eradcazi_r_r_nrkr Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Czech Arms Reported Received by Moroccans May, Be for Algerian Rebels ae shipment of military materiel, reportedly from Czech- oslovakia, which arrived at Casablanca aboard a German vessel on 2 January, has been taken over by the Moroccan Army, the consignee, Part or all of the shipment, which may include as much as NO tons of rifles, submachine guns, pistols, and ammunition, may be intended ultimately for the Algerian rebels. the materiel had been ordered by the former Bala- frej government for the Royal Army four months ago. However, there had been no indications--despite French delays in provid- ing Morocco with promised ammunition supplies and French pressure on Italy not to furnish munitions to the Rabat govern- ment�that the Moroccans had decided to seek arms for them- selves from Communist sources. Furthermore, the conclusion that the recent shipment is really destined for the rebels is sup- ported by reports indicating that Morocco has become the prin- cipal staging area for the movement of FLN troops and supplies into Algeria since the French have strengthened their barrier along the Algerian-Tunisian border. The new Ibrahim govern- ment in Morocco is almost certainly more willing than was its predecessor to facilitate this rebel traffic.] [The vessel which transported the materiel is known to have called at a Polish port. a "test" shipment of disguised Czech arms made almost two years ago to the Algerians under Egyptian aus- pices was transported from Poland aboard a Polish vessel to Alexandria and transferred to a chartered Spanish bottom be- fore being confiscated by Spanish official-9 TOP SECRET 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 crriorr Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Niro' Leadership Vacuum in Thailand Ukserious leadership vacuum is developing in Thailand lbile his juniors in the ruling military group seem fully aware of Sarit's inability to discharge his responsibilities, they are apparently reluctant to take over at this juncture. They are probably deterred chiefly by the fear that Sarit, in one of his rare moments of effectiveness, might suddenly turn on them. The lesson of Sarit's summary execution during the past few weeks of a number of Chinese accused of arson has doubtless not been lost on his military followersg Ciarit would most likely be succeeded initially by a duum- virate composed of former Premier Thanom and former In- terior Minister Prapat, two army generals considered to rank just behind Sarit in the ruling hierarchy. Prapat, as the more dynamic of the two, probably would gradually take charge, al- though he might continue to operate with the widely respected but ineffectual Thanom as a front man (Meanwhile, the situation in Thailand will continue to drift, with the problems left in the wake of Sarit's overthrow of the constitution last October still unsolv!_91. -SECRET- 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 8 -OVIZELr'71 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 *1104 N1110 Developing Philippine Nationalism ambassador Bohlen notes increasing sentiment among Philippine officials for a modification of present Philippine for- eign policy in the direction of less dependence on the United States. Filipinos have criticized the level of American mil- itary and economic aid in the light of what they regard as their "special relationship" with the United States. Growing nation- alist feeling has also been evidenced by a hardened Philippine attitude in talks concerning American bases. Foreign Affairs Secretary Serrano recently declared that a "redefinition of the Philippine-American mutual defense concept" would be an immediate Philippine policy target in 1959. In part this trend stems from frustration over an unsatisfactory domestic polit- ical and economic situationp Recently heightened interest in developing closer economic and political ties with neighboring Asian countries appears to be a manifestation of this growing nationalist sentiment. The goal of greater regional cooperation was heavily emphasized in the joint communiqu�ssued on 6 January by President Garcia and visiting Malayan Prime Minister Rahman. Within the framework of a strongly anti-Communist approach, Garcia discussed the same theme in a major foreign policy address in December, and he is said to be looking particularly to closer economic cooperation with Japan_.) eFhe increased momentum toward a "Filipino First" out- look is not at this stage indicative of a desire for a major policy shift, but it may foreshadow further strains in Philippine- American relatior.9 SECRET 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 9 11,1W77111l1-11\707,1 A r Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 NES III. THE WEST The New French Cabinet Premier Michel Debra's cabinet reflects the strong rightist-, nationalist orientation of the new National Assembly. It includes most of the leading personalities of the Soustelle-sparked Union for a New Republic (UNR), which won the largest bloc of deputies in the October elections. Most of the members are holdovers from the government formed by De Gaulle last June. The key posts of foreign affairs and defense went to non- political "technicians," an arrangement which permits De Gaulle to exercise close control over those areas in which the new con- stitution and recent decrees give him special powers. The Min- istry of the Interior, which had been sought by Soustelle, also was placed in the hands of a technician. Attachment of Soustelle to the office of the premier, however, may somewhat mollify his integrationist supporters among the European settlers in Algeria, who hoped he would be premier. Though the Socialists are absent, intending to go into "con- structive opposition," the rightist weight of Debra and the UNR will be tempered both by the presence of the Popular Republicans and by De Gaulle himself, who has already laid down the guide- lines of French domestic and external policy and who is expected to play an active role in his new position as President. Further- more, at least 50 UNR deputies can be considered leftist in their social and economic views. The combination of Debra as premier and De Gaulle as Pres- ident should provide France with an effective executive team. The two men hold similar views on most questions. De Gaulle may occasionally use the outspoken Debra to set up extreme positions for bargaining purposes. The most immediately urgent problem facing the government will be the implementation of the austerity program announced on 28 December. The program initially aroused hostility in working-class and trade-union circles, and the discontent has spread to Finance Minister Pinay's Independ- ent party as well. Debra, a 47-year-old lawyer, won prominence by his strong nationalist stand in the Council of the Republic, where he was a leading Gaullist spokesman from 1948 until De Gaulle appointed GONFIDENTIA-L-- 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 10 r. 7k 7, Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Nue' him minister of justice last June. He has firm ideas about asserting the authority of the executive vis-a-vis Parliament, a view reflected in the new constitution, which is largely his handiwork. Debreis excessive nationalism has been frequently appar- ent in the critical attitude he has taken on American policies which he considers inimical to France's international prestige. He is similarly outspoken in his opposition to submerging French sovereignty in European integration projects and is insistent on holding Algeria at all costs, rejecting the federal- type solution De Gaulle is presumed to consider acceptable. His sincere attachment to De Gaulle is expected to limit any early overt friction between them. Nevertheless, his strong personality and stubborn attitudes on controversial interna- tional issues may eventually lead to policy differences with De Gaulle. 9 Jan 59 CFKITRAI IINITFI I InFKICF R111 I FIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 11 PrArIELP-r-ACLEXWP Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Nese Haitian President Concerned Over Castro Victory in Cuba The victory of Fidel Castro in Cuba may further weaken the regime of Haitian President Duvalier. Many of Duvalier's polit- ical opponents and the majority of Haitian Army officers are pro- Castro, The followers of Haitian opposition lead- ers Louis Dejoie and Clement Jumelle are said to be in regular contact with a "Castro coordinator" in Port-au-Prince. the government's fear that opposition elements supported by Castro might infiltrate or even invade Haiti. Duvalier is now caught between Dominican dictator Trujillo, who has long been hostile to Duvalier despite a declaration of mu- tual friendship on 22 December, and the pro-Castro Haitian oppo- sition. Any attempt by Duvalier to form a bloc with Trujillo against Castro might serve only to precipitate action against him as well as against Trujillo, whom the new Cuban Government has publicly assailed for his dictatorial government and for har- boring fallen Cuban President Batista. Duvalier's position is further complicated by growing dis- affection in his armed forces and by the continued deterioration of the economy. His efforts to neutralize the regular armed forces by purging officers whose loyalty he suspects and to le- galize his armed secret police have already inspired plotting within the military. Commercial and business groups are re- sentful of Duvalier's arbitrary and often misguided measures to bolster the failing economy. TOP SECRET 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 12 ev v., aor rs prry Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 'Niro The Situation in Cuba The arrival of Fidel Castro in Havana on 8 January, after his triumphal progress from Oriente Province, will assist the regime of Provisional President Urrutia in its efforts to form a workable government. Numerous decisions on governmental policy, on military reorganization, and on relations among com- peting rebel groups had awaited his arrival. alpanwhile, there are some signs of feeling against the US Government among members of the new regime and a general desire to speed the "Cubanization" of foreign-owned industries, particularly sugar plantations. At present, about 50 percent of total sugar invest- ment in Cuba is US capital. The percentage has been declining for some yearsi The US Army attach�ound Camp Colombia, Cuba's chief military base near Havana, completely disorganized on 7 Jan- uary. The army is undergoing a thorough purge of all officers guilty of "crimes" under Batista, and at least 15 are reported already to have been executed. Even the capable Colonel Bar- quin and other professional officers associated with him in the 1956 attempt to oust Batista have apparently been retired. Of- ficers of the 26 of July Movement in Havana told the attach� that the highest army rank will be major and that present officers of higher rank permitted to remain in service will have to accept demotions. Many rebel soldiers are expected to be integrated into the armed forces. These drastic measures may well, in the long run, create a core of embittered former career officers dangerous to the regime. Fidel Castro, who is slated to head the armed forces, is quoted as belittling the value of the US Military Mission to the Cuban Army under Batista and claiming that it is no longer needed. He has also indicated, however, that the government will not establish diplomatic relations with Sino-Soviet bloc gov- ernments, or any other dictatorships. SECRET 9 Jan 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Page 13 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 CONFIDENTIAL THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03000018 TOr SECRET � / -5 ' 0 0 � :/ / 0 / 0 /4 / / ,//' " 4 . ' ) � // ,' 0 .4 4 / 0 / ' # 7/ � / A - - r 0 4 /Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO3000018 I.