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August 14, 2020
Document Release Date: 
August 27, 2020
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March 17, 1961
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15815796].pdf931.19 KB
%me Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 *et 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 17 March 1961 Copy No. C 78 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN' TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 TOP SECRET TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 TOP SECRET 17 March 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Situation in Laos. (Page t) 2. Congo: Tshombes indicates lives of Americans in Katanga in danger if US aircraft bring Indian troops there. (Page t) 3. USSR: Comment on imminence of manned space flight. (Page it) 4. Cambodia: Sihanouk charges mistreatment of Cam- bodian minority in South Vietnam. (Page it) 5. Iran: Shah removes from office key military and secu- rity chiefs, including SAVAK chief General Balditiar. (Page it) 6. Morocco: New King may sponsor guerrilla action against Spanish Sahara and Mauritania. (Page itt) 7. Portugal: Salazar may reshuffle cabinet next week. (Page tit) , TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 Aproved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 ����� P1 p_g5q ly__ / *�����.. I �'�c.._;, NAMITHA Vuong 'Main es Jarres- Xieng Kh Ban Ta Viang Tha Thom Vang \P(ng -`� I=IN GOVERNMENT =MI KONG LE - PATHET LAO KONG LE - PATHET LAO CONCENTRATIONS )( FRONT LINE POSITIONS ROAD TRAIL 0 ROUTE NUMBER 0317 50 STATUTE MILES kkkm K HAMM U Thakhek avannak4iif 17 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 7v %1110 .1.01" SLCKE-1. "Approved for Release: 2026/08/11 C03007381 time , CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 17 March 1961 DAILY BRIEF *Laos: "Ckong Le - Pathet Lao forces, while continuing to exe�rt7Fressure north and south along the Vientiane - - Luang Prabang highway, have also been attacking government units in southern Xieng Khouang Province on the southern approach to the Plaine des Jarres. Reports reaching Vientiane describe the situation in the Ban Ta Viang - Tha Thom area as grave, and Phoutni's forces were ordered by the local area commander to withdraw to Tha Thom, the government's main ba.(12 As of 16 March, however, government forces amarentiv ha still not made such a withdrawal. tne enemy is aiso launching clearing operations against small pockets of govern- ment troops closer to Xieng Khouang town who, together with hit-and-run attacks by progovernment Meo guerrillas, have been hampering the enemy's freedom of movement. �:://1% '' ccin4V Thombe. et r 'stated that if United 64 , c , _ r v t 2 -kf States aircraft should transport Indian troops into Katanga, "it would be wise to proceed with the evacuation of American families residing in Katanga." Opposition in Katanga to the --m--l-'''' / --e,--c-A-4- arrival of the Indian contingent apparently has been encour- PI 7 aged by local Belgians who have spread the idea that the Indians ' are the forerunner of an "Indian colonial penetration into the Congo." several Afro-Asian nations, including India and Sudan, are urging a large-scale reinforcement of the UN force, since withdrawal of troops "would mean surrender to Tshombe TOP SECRET A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 14.,00 TOP SECRET Ar a. Ha and wouldrrmit him and his colleagues to carry out what they wished." mmarskjold's advisory committee on the Congo, e hich is composed largely of African and Asian members, has generally expressed approval of the growing tendency of the Congolese to negotiate among themselves, although they, regret that Gizenga has not been included and fear that Tshomb has "bamboozled" the other leaderjg (Backup, Page 1) (Map) USSR: IChrushchey's statement at Akmolinsk on 14 March that tlie/rtime is not far off" when a man will be put into space is a significant indication that the USSR will make such an at- tempt in the near future. In view of the demonstrated pattern of Soviet efforts to accomplish significant "firsts" in space, US publicity that a Mercury astronaut will make a suborbital flight in space within the relatively near future probably will trigger an early Soviet attempt. The current deployment of the Sibir � ships in the Pacific suggests that another space launching may be imminent. (Backup, Page 2) Cambodia- South Vietnam: Cambodian - South Vietnamese C relations have again become strained over the issue of alleged ill treatment of the Cambodian minority in South Vietnam. In �.2J a 14 March speech, Prince Sihanouk charged that South Vietnam was treating its Cambodian minority as second-class citizens and again raised Cambodian territorial claims against South Vietnam. Kambodia had earlier, asked Hammarskjold to send a UN observer to investigate the conditions behind the flow of refugees from South Vietnam. Cambodian army units on the border reportedly are being augmente.e, (Backup, Page 3) ' e/ Iran: ap a major shake-up in Iran's security forces, the Shah as removed from office General Timur Bakhtiar, director of the ational Intelligence and Security Organization (SAVAK), Gen- eral Hedayat, chief of the Supreme Commander's Staff (SCS), and General Haj Ali Kia, the latter's chief of intelligence. 17 Mar 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET II A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 groved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007381 I Atlantic Ocean MADEIRA ,