Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
August 14, 2020
Document Release Date: 
August 27, 2020
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
March 25, 1961
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15815582].pdf616.34 KB
r/ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 � IF 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 25 March 1961 Copy No. C CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN � II -TOP-5KM- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 oliApproved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 �ToFw-steREr Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 JL %.1-4 I LATE ITEM USSR: An earth satellite vehicle--Sputnik X--was successfully launched from the Tyura Tam Missile Test Range at about 0054 EST 25 March. Preliminary evidence suggests that the payload was landed intact, alter about one complete orbit of the earth, in an area approximately 200 nautical miles west of Sverdlovsk. Sputnik X. amnnif nthpr frequences which have been identified with moiogical payloads in earlier satellites. Identification of the payload will have to await detailed analysis of the inter- cepted telemetry. Preliminary field analysis indicates an ob- ject which in general appearance resembles a helmet and the size and proportions appear to match those which would be expected if 2 man wprp ahnarri TOP SECRET A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 �41.0IuII Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386' 25 March 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Laos. (Page i) 2. Congo: UN postpones plan to re-enter Matadi. (Page ti) 3. Ethiopia: Emperor's prestige damaged by conces- sion on army pay. (Page it) 4. South Korea: Demonstration against proposed anti- Communist law. (Page it) --SEeRE-T--- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 40kPproved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 A!uong Sal S Nam Bac 4 '1 or / Sam Neua , LUANG' PRABANG Luang Prabang SAYABOURY rXIEN. G KHOUANG \ MuoniSoui x _Ban Ban -,...__. . -Z7-- ----1,7;r7Act.4,1i ,-) ,M,,,-.- Xieng KhQuang .2 V\ Ban Ta Viang i Ilk 1 4 Tha Thom ?Vang Vieng i ..,..rig...,�.. N ......!1. VIENTIANE . C Sane . ... i -----.,=� le s.) � Kam Keut.. Vientiasie THAI L AND NORTHERN LAOS 4ar GOVERNMENT Forces in KONG LE - PATHET LAO Contact 4110 KONG LE - PATHET LAO AREAS X SITE OF C-47 SHOOTDOWN ROAD � -TRAIL P ROUTE NUMBER 50 STATUTE MILES Thu'khek Vtivannakhet 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03607386 f --a4�9L�reLd-1-- CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 25 March 1961 DAILY BRIEF � Laos: Moscow has not yet broadcast, as it has done In the past, either a summary account or an interpretative commentary on President Kennedy's remarks on Laos at his recent press conference. A Home Service broadcast an- nounced that a statement on Laos was made at the press con- ference, and Izvestia reported the event without further elab- oration. Moscow's silence probably reflects an unwillingness to make a public statement on the issue before a reply has been made to the British note on Laos. Premier Khrushchev only arrived in Moscow on 24 March following his tour through the New Lands area. Peiping has broadcast a news item on the press conference charging that the President "blatantly clamored for further actions to save the rebellious clique." Hanoi has not commented on the press conference but on 24 March, for the second time in three days, broadcast a state- ment by Souvanna Phouma suggesting that the ICC might be reactivatereceded by an international confer- ence. an American C-47 aircraft was shot down on 23 March in the Plaine des Jarres area. seven Americans were killed and one was captured after parachuting to the ground. According to another report, the aircraft was flying at an altitude of about 6,500 feet when hit. a missing USAF iC-47 which was engaged in reconnaissance in the course of a flight from Vientiane to Saigon. The aircraft renortedlv carried el ht American air force and army personne (Backup, Page 1) (Map) ii A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 4XApApproved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 AV 3 7, Congo: Erhe UN plan to re-enter Matadi has been post- poned. According to high officials in the UN Secretariat, the decision to move more slowly was made partly because Ham- 0- marskjold's plan was opposed by his military officers in the 1.-1 .1rInp*n on grounds they did not have sufficient military strengtiii ()pi (Backup, Page 3) Ethiopia: The Emperor's decision of 22 March to yield to the demands of army elements for an increase in enlisted �pay scales has lessened--at least temporarily�the threat to his regime. The Emperor, however, has suffered a loss in prestige by surrendering to a threat of force. This incident, moreover, may serve as a precedent for future threats to the regime by other dissatisfied groups. One such group, con- sisting of army officers, is rumored to have met to formulate demands for the retirement of inactive and a promotion system based on merit. Backup, Page 5) South Korea: Scattered violence and the appearance of pro-Communist themes in the later stages of a demonstration � in Seoul on 22 March are probably the result of organized sub- version. This demonstration, like others in major South Korean cities against a proposed anti-Communist law, failed to attract wide public support. However, it did succeed in arousing con- siderable emotion stemming from fears of a return to the re- pressive practices of the Rhee regime and led the press to take a common position opposing the bill. The government has re- portedly decided to drop the proposed legislation. The police showed some improvement in their ability to control limited crowds but they still appear incapable of handling large-scale disturbances. (Backup, Page 6) 25 Mar 61 DAILY BRIEF Ii Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 1 xi-, A Situation in Laos Souvanna Phouma, now in Paris, has told reporters that he was "slightly disquieted" by President Kennedy's press statement on Laos. Souvanna said he hoped that the contacts he would be having with French and British officials would help to limit the conflict in Laos--a country already "trans- formed into a battlefield by foreign intervention." Souvanna reiterated his claim to have the support of 90 to 95 percent of the Laotian people. Ein the discussions held with Ambassador Harriman in India recently, Souvanna was emphatic on the need for including the Pathet Lao in the government. Souvanna said that the original error was in attempting to suppress the rebellion by force of arms and that the Pathet Lao were so interspersed among the people that the government had no way to take direct action. He mentioned that only when he had taken the Pathet Lao into the government in 1957 did the Vientiane government regain control over Phong Saly and Sam Neua province.3 6ouvanna outlined to Harriman his solution for the Laotian problem: reconvene the ICC to establish a cease-fire and stop outside military assistance; convene a 14-nation conference; and, simultaneously, form a coalition government in Laos--by agree- ment among the Laotians themselves--to prepare general elec- tions. Souvanna insisted he is still prime minister and justified his absence from the Laotian scene by the need to inform world leaders of the true situation in Laos. He said he planned after visiting London to go to Prague, Warsaw, Moscow, and Peiping:A [French officials have indicated that although the French Government has no objections to the recent British demarche to the Soviet Union, Paris feels that a meeting between the "principals" involved in Laos--the US, USSR, France, and "possibly" the UK--must be the first step in any solution there. De Gaulle's diplomacy has consistently favored calm delibera- tions and big-power decisions on a global basis. Therefore, hile Paris is not opposed to holding a 14-nation conference, re- alling the ICC, or seeking a cease-fire in Laos, it believes that_)---? .131-SECRET- 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 1 I.! 1 La %.L4 I Lany or all of these efforts would be meaningless in the absence ( of a prior agreement win, the USSR nn thP hit' nntline nf a Laotian settlement. Bloc airlift operations into Laos continu the Soviet transport reportedly shot down by Meo tribesmen on 17 February was an IL-14. On that day Hanoi requested that "all elements make a thorough search for aircraft 042." The number apparently refers to Soviet IL-14 registra- tion number 52042, which arrived in North Vietnam with the first group of five Soviet IL-14s on 2 December last year. TOP SECRET 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 .4 IL.'L.d L LL4Nilo Situation in the Congo One UN official in New York implied that if tensions less- en as a result of Kasavubu's current visit to the Lower Congo area, a military operation might not be necessary. However, civilians in the UN Command in Leopoldville continue to press local officials to permit a return to Matadi. The UN adminis- trative officer said on 23 March that the command had had not information concerning the arrival of goods in the port since its officers were forced out early in March. As a result, it has issued no instructions for shipping goods inland. Officials of OTRACO, the company which operates the port facilities and the railroad to Leopoldville, apparently believe that the UN has deliberately refused to issue forwarding instructions, since to do so would weaken its claim that a UN presence in Matadi is necessary. The heads of state of the twelve "Brazzaville powers"--the former French territories in tropical Africa with the exception of Guinea, Mali, and Togo--are to meet at Yaounde in Cameroun from 26 to 31 March. At this time they hope to develop a com- mon policy on the Congo. dhe Ivory Coast's Felix Houphouet- 1 Boigny, the prime mover of the Brazzaville grouping, stated recently that he plans to make a determined effort to persuade his associates to contribute contingents to the UN Commancti Cleophas Kamitatu, a former ally of Gizenga who has been cooperating with the Leopoldville government, reportedly is to leave the capital for Stanleyville on Saturday for negotiations with the Gizenga regime. Optimism is high in Leopoldville that a reconciliation can be reached; however, Gizenga's opposition to the central government and its supporters apparently has hardened. He has expelled the five Western consuls from Stan- leyville and reportedly told a visiting journalist that there was "not the slightest possibility of reaching a compromise" between his regime and Leopoldville. In preliminary talks with Hammarskjold's personal repre- sentative in Brussels, Belgian Foreign Ministry officials took the position that the only way to settle the question of withdrawing CONFIDENTIAL 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 rnwp, CONFIDENTIAL Now Belgian officers from areas controlled by Kasavubu is to have the three parties involved "thrash out the question of individual officers." Even if such a conference could be organized, it is doubtful that it would prove productive. CONFIDENTIAL 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Haile Selassie Capitulates to Army Demands The announced pay increases, which equal the amount promised by the short-lived rebel regime last December, are also to apply to the 28,500-member police force; they apparently do not extend, however, to the air force and the navy. The latter services, which to date have not been in- volved in significant antiregime activity, apparently are not to receive higher pay because of budgetary considerations. In the future, however, they may join forces with civil serv- ants, whose salaries are to be cut to defray the cost of the army and police pay raises, to create further difficulties for the regime. � The US Embassy believes that the events of the past few days were well organized. [Government officials in Addis Ababa reportedly believe that a group of civilians--as yet unidentified--planned the palace demonstrations on 21 March Involving about 500 enlisted army personnel. Other observers believe a group of army officers insti- gated the recent disordere-d Earlier information indicated that a group of army officers was joining the increasing num- bers of malcontents who favor the reformist objectives of the December coup and who sympathize with GeneralMen- ghistu--former commander of the disbanded Imperial Body Guard. Menghistu, whose trial has been in progress since 27 February, is gaining acceptance as the symbol of reform in Ethiopia. Should he be executed, as expected, a new crisis will confront Haile Selassie, SECRET 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 �U-11-11X-Werrt-rr-"La Demonstrations in South Korea The demonstrations on 22 March were conducted by about a thousand reformist political agitators and students, but a small, hard-core subversive group is believed to have been responsible for the appearance of pro-Communist slogans fa- voring Korean unification and for several clashes with the police which occurred during the last stages of the demon- strations. The demonstrations were staged to protest efforts by the Chang Myon government to tighten the law passed in June 1960 which prohibited membership in or conscious support of Com- munist groups. One draft law would have punished persons who praised or encouraged antistate organizations�not clearly defined--and their members, or who were in any way involved in defections to North Korea. This law would have increased �the maximum penalty for illegal entry from North Korea from five years' imprisonment to death and would have authorized military intelligence agencies to investigate civilians suspected of violating security laws. A second draft bill would have limited public demonstra- tions to one-half hour's duration and prohibited demonstrators from blocking public buildings, using loudspeakers, or con- ducting demonstrations in front of foreign official buildings and private residences. As a result of its failure to pass the draft legislation, the government presumably will depend on stricter enforcement of existing regulations and more effective police work to control demonstrations, disorders, and subversive activities. American Ambassador McConnaughy comments, however, that such countermeasures provide no fundamental cure. Under- lying public apprehension about security legislation is gradually increasing dissatisfaction with the Chang government for its failure to move quickly in the field of economic reform. A dem- onstration in Seoul on 23 March by 2,000 members of the Korean 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 �16,1�44 A ,AA AJI 100 Unemployed Association criticized the government for its preoccupation with antisubversive measures and called for speedy implementation of the National Construction Service program, which is designed to utilize large pools of unem- ployed persons in nationwide public works projects. Further demonstrations are expected in April to celebrate the first anniversary of the ouster of the Rhee government. CONFIDENTIAL 25 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 4riei1FIUCdIIstLi "ye THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director CONFIDENTIM- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03007386 z- � ,