Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
September 20, 2019
Document Release Date: 
September 26, 2019
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
April 1, 1955
Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 r r6o 1 April 1955 Copy No. 94 e:04 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO 6, 3 NO CHANGE IN CLASS 64. DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: TS S C NEXT REVIEW DATE: 0 0 AUTH: HR 70-2 DATE.? 7.;IN FIEVIV/EF Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 ,03v32 Approved for Release: 2019/0/17 C0301432 1.100 `limor SUMMARY GENERAL 1. Peiping avoids suggesting agenda for Afro-Asian conference (page 3). 2. Turkish plans concerning Afro-Asian conference clarified (page 3). SOUTHEAST ASIA 3. Vietnamese premier eager to crush Binh Xuyen rebels (page 4). SOUTH ASIA 4. Comment on Nehru's foreign policy speech (page 5). NEAR EAST - AFRICA 5. Army attach6 sees likelihood of major incident between Arab and Israeli forces (page 5). WESTERN EUROPE 6. Comment on effect on West Berlin of East German trucking toll increase (page 6). LATIN AMERICA 7. Political crisis seen in Bolivia (page 7). THE FORMOSA STRAITS (page 8) * * * * 1 Apr 55 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approve71Z7 � Release: 16/09/17 C03017432 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 003017432 I 1.11.44,011VIL-a NIIle NM, GENERAL 1.. Peiping avoids suggesting agenda for Afro-Asian conference: Comment: By refusing to contribute to the provisional agenda for the Afro-Asian conference, Peiping probably hopes to create the impression that it does not intend to influence the proceedings of the conference unduly. Provisional agenda items already suggested by other participants, however, will allow Chinese Communist representatives ample opportunity to present Peiping's views. Propaganda has already indicated that Peiping's major efforts at the conference will be directed toward anticolonialism, gaining support for its claim to Formosa, pre- vention of military alliances among Asian nations, and the en- couragement of "neutrality." 2. Turkish plans concerning Afro-Asian conference clarified: 1 Apr 55 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved_for_Release: 2619/09/17 003017432 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 Nero Turkey's acceptance of the invitation to the conference was accompanied by reservations concerning being bound by the results of the con- ference, representation by Communist China, and the non- participation of Nationalist China. Comment: Zorlu can be expected to oppose vigorously any proposals inimical to Western interests. SOUTHEAST ASIA 3. Vietnamese premier eager to crush Binh Xuyen rebels: Premier Diem told General Ely on 30 March that the Binh Xuyen organi- zation, having rebelled against the government, must be either disarmed, wiped out, or driven out of Saigon. Ely is unsympathetic, how- ever, and has assumed a position of neutrality between the government and the rebels. Having won control of the municipal police force from the Binh Xuyen, Diem's next move will proba- bly be to dismiss the Binh Xuyen chief of the national police force, fighting might break out again over this issue, unless the French assist Diem to regain control of the national police by nonforcible means. Comment: Vietnamese army forces demonstrated good morale in the recent fighting and are proba- bly eager to finish the job against the somewhat demoralized Binh Xuyen. Diem is apparently in a fighting mood and, follow- ing the resignation--at least temporary--of certain moderates from his cabinet, will be less restrained by his colleagues than In the past. 1 Apr 55 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 ApprovecIfaRele-Ze-: --071-T09/17 C03017432 Approved for Release: 2019/06/17 C03017432 '4.00 *goof SOUTH ASIA Comment on Nehru's foreign policy speech: The tone of Prime Minister Nehru's strongly anti-Western speech in the Indian parliament on 31 March proba- bly results from Nehru's frustration over his failure to achieve concrete results in informal dis- cussions with the West and with the Sino-Soviet bloc on Formosa, as well as his irritation over Western efforts to promote anti- Communist defense arrangements in Asia. It may also reflect the current ascendancy of left-wing advisers. Nehru in addition used the speech to elaborate on the old theme of Asia for Asians. He predicted that the Afro-Asian conference would be something unique where Asians would be able to decide things for themselves. Nehru, to continue his influence in the international field, must maintain his professed position of neu- trality. He therefore cannot afford to continue this strongly anti-Western stand. In the past, his violent utterances have often been followed by a moderate line. NEAR EAST - AFRICA 5. Army attach�ees likelihood of major incident between Arab and Israeli forces: A "heavy" engagement between Arab and Israeli military forces as a result of heightened border tension is considered likely by the American army attach�n Tel Aviv. American embassy officials suggest that the series of incidents on Israeli's three borders during the past week indicate a Syria an Egypt may now be taking a tougher attitude toward Israel and may be co-ordinating their border activities. 1 Apr 55 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 r7", el& Ts ev r.� rni Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 1 ..JI ..." 1/..4 40,1 Ntego The embassy feels that the continued emphasis on these incidents in the Israeli press has probably aroused public support for any counteraction the Israeli defense forces may take. Comment: Despite the recent UN con- demnation of Israel for its attack on an Egyptian military post in the Gaza strip, Tel Aviv would probably condone strong military action against any of the Arab states in line with its argument that these states understand only military force. Full-scale hos- tilities are nevertheless unlikely at this time. WESTERN EUROPE 6. Comment on effect on West Berlin of East German trucking toll increase: The East German increase in road tolls on non-East German traffic effective 1 April could severely damage the West Berlin economy. American officials in Berlin state that the East German move presumably will not affect Allied traffic, which has been exempt from tolls. The West Berlin government has appropriated funds to subsidize payment of the tolls for two weeks, but is un- likely to continue these subsidies for a longer period. About 40 percent of West Berlin's supplies from the West are brought in by truck, but there are sufficient stockpiles of basic raw materials in West Berlin to enable factories to continue operations for from six months to a year, even in case of a complete blockade. A large proportion of West Berlin's shipments of finished goods to West Germany has been by truck, and only part of this traffic could be diverted to the railroads. If deliveries to the Federal Republic are seriously curtailed, the West Berlin economy will be considerably damaged. 1 Apr 55 CURRENT. INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 ApprovedTor7Relei-;e:-201/09/17 C03017432 'Soo NNW A similar toll increase was imposed by the Communists in September 1951, but was dropped after three weeks as a result of pressure from the West. East German traffic through West Berlin was halted and Bonn threatened to stop interzonal trade deliveries. In the present instance, the Federal Republic has reportedly already broken off interzonal trade negotiations and has stated it intends to do everything pos- sible to keep West Berlin supplied. LATIN AMERICA 7. Political crisis seen in Bolivia: A serious split in the governing Nation- alist Revolutionary Movement (MNR,) in Bolivia is evident and the government may "disintegrate" within a matter of weeks, The basic strug- gle is between the leftist wing and the more moderate nonlabor ele- ments. Widespread dissatisfaction with the gov- ernment's wage-price decree of 24 March and growing labor unrest are threatening the MNR with the loss of popular support for the first time since it came to power in April 1952. Rumors are that President Paz will resign. The Communists are said to be ex- ploiting the situation to the fullest. Comment: This is the first report of a split in the Bolivian government. Thus far the unifying influence of President Paz and the feeling of each wing of the MNR that it needed the other have caused the two factions to accept compromise solutions on most issues. Qn 24 March the government decreed wage hikes of from 40 to 75 percent. Organized labor had asked for an increase of 100 percent. 1 Apr 55 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approve7irc.;eiras � � Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 NO, THE FORMOSA STRAITS Report of the IAC Current Intelligence Group for the Formosa Straits Problem This report is based on information received in Washington up to 1100 hours 31 March 1955. 1. Chinese Nationalist air units continued attacks, which began on 29 March, against Chinese Communist shipping in rivers west of the Mataus. The Nationalists claim three gunboats damaged in one attack, and two wooden boats sunk and four damaged in a second attack. 2. Chinese Communist jet light bomber strength is appar- ently being increased. Between 25 and 28 March at least six multi- jet aircraft (believed to be 1L-28's from Soviet Navy units), flew to Tsitsihar in northern Manchuria from Chita in northern Siberia. The bombers were accompanied by two Soviet Navy transport air- craft. There are strong indications that the bombers will be turned over to the Chinese Communists. Call signs used were those usually associated with ferry flights by Soviet Pacific Fleet units. The presence of two transports--presumably to return Soviet crews to the USSR--strengthens the likelihood of a transfer. Tsitsihar has been the center of IL-28 re-equipment and training activity in the past. In 1953 the Chinese Communist 8th and 10th Bomber Divisions went to Tsitsihar to exchange their TTJ-2 piston bombers for IL-28's. On the basis of the exclusively naval character of this movement, it is likely that the Chinese Communist naval air force will receive the bombers. This would increase the estimated IL-28 strength of the naval air force to 29 aircraft. 1 Apr 55 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 8 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432 �%001 C IANGSHAi 28 L.7 GYANG NANCHANG CHANGT,ING WANG TUNG CO ' HONS.. KONG (Port.> , 114.141. �IN_,N. \\ K I 4612-N ,, S IJ * tif 0 , f , 11-11, � c) A N..\., 11)(W E HANGCHO .." NING HAIM under construction er, WENCHOW 040 0 Lr GHIUlOu MATSUS FOOCHOW WUCHIU QUEMOY Arlt. i-..E3(Ii4DGe2E5IS KAOHGIUNG SOUTH CHINA COAST (incl FORMOSA) Nationtii: tricr; I ), Rail (setaaled) Road ',selected) 120 SHANGHAI 0 CHIAH�NG � C^ HOUSHAN IS. )/1 o 0 a IACH ENS KEELUNG FOR MOS A 50318-2 Approved for Release: 2019/09/17 C03017432