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February 27, 2020
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March 27, 1959
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15787568].pdf477.82 KB
//././Z Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 27 March 1959 Copy No. C CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMLNT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS.)4 ; DECLASSIFIED GI.ASS. CHANGED TO: T303SCi oc,in NEXT REVIEW DATE: _ _741114 164 � AUTH: H pAT401. FIEVIEWER: --TOP--SECRET- fZ/ZZAWWWZZA, ZAISp7ocieCI ror-R-elae24620/O2726g156".0187 //////1"/"A Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 40.0A ---NrJ1rer�e-r#4simmr� Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Approved for Release: 20201/02/21 C03156028 27 MARCH 1969 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet internal propaganda plays down risk of war over Berlin. USSR working to quiet down UAR- Iraq quarrel. Tibet - Chinese apparently hold firm control of Lhasa ; Dalai Lama near Indian or- der. Peiping's views on nuclear-free zone in Apia. Communist China and Ceylon sign air agreement. II. ASIA-AFRICA Laotian Government decides to cur- tail drastically French military role there. 0 III. THE WEST Spanish dictator said to see strong possibility of revolution in Portugal. Growing discontent in Cuba; Castro seen likely to lose further support as result of rift with former Costa Rican president over best means to bring down Caribbean dictators. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 re/ �Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 *we' FJ CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 27 March 1959 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR: Soviet leaders have made consistent efforts since November: to reassure their population that no grave risk of war over Berlin exists, according to the American Embassy in Moscow. While there have been scattered articles in the Soviet press conveying the impression of hysteria and belli- cosity in the United States, there has been no campaign charg- ing the existence of an American "war psychosis." The Amer- ican Embassy believes the Soviet public is now more con- cerned over a war threat than before Khrushchev's Berlin moves, but less than during the Suez and Taiwan Strait crises. There have been no rumorl of hoarding which were prevalent during the earlier crises. 1 USSR-UAR: The USSR, while continuing to canter Nasir's public attacks, is working to tone down the dispute between the TTAR and Traa. intensification of the quarrel was not in the interest of either country and pressed the USSR's public line that the dispute benefits only the West and Israel. The Soviet press and radio have welcomed Arab League offers to mediate between Cairo and Baghdad, and have emphasized that economic aidl to the UAR is continuing. (Page 1) Tibet: rUe Dalai Lama, who fled Lhasa on 17 March to seek asylum in India, was expected to be some 60 miles from the Indian border on 26 March. He is headed for a town some 20 miles from the border where he and his party expect to meet additional members of the Tibetan resistance group in India. he Chinese Commu- nists are in firm control of Lhasa following the "retreat" of tht3 TOP AApproved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028/ ;v/ y/7 44 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 VA.41 1 Eebe is on 24 March, While Peiping will undoubtedly increase its efforts to wipe out the remaining Tibetan dissidence, guer rilla activity in outlying parts of Tibet and western China is exnected to continue for some tithe.' 1%.41.1.114,; (4G 11,11.1.11GOV l.A.././ J. Vl...GlIft,Jesf told members of the Japanese Socialist party delegation, dur- ing a discussion on a nuclear-free zone for the Far East, that they "definitely" possess no nuclear weapons. The Chinese d manded that the zone "include Asia and the Pacific Ocean"lt area. This report supports previous indications that Peipin finds Khrushchev's call for the zone, at the Soviet 21st party congress, useful in its effort to encourage Asian opposition tc US nuclear testing and to any possible increase in US-nuclear weapons capabilities in the Far Easq (Page 2) *Communist China - Ceylon: Communist China and Ceylon agreed on 26 March to establish air service between the two countries. The flights, probably from Canton to Colombo, in effect will be an extension of China's only other air route in the free world which connects Canton and Kunming with Ran- goon. An air agreement with India has been under discussion or spyeral years 11. Ablik-11.1,1111.A Laos: atie Laotian prime minister has told the America ambassador that his government has decided to curtail dras- tically French military activities in Laos,. The decision runs counter to French hopes to expand their influence there, in nart by enlaraine their training missioE (Page 3) 27 Mar 59 DAILY BRIEF ii ii TOP SECRET AApproved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028F � rr A Agar. .116. Mar. Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 -41 Nor; III. THE WEST Portugal: General Franco is said to have told the Span- ish cabinet early this month that a revolution in Portugal was a strong possibility and he was not convinced that the present regime could easily quell it. The Portuguese authorities are apparently arresting additional military personnel as well as members of Catholic Action as a result of the recent abortive move against the regime. Widespread disaffection is reported nirtnna rnilitnry officers as high as the rank of colonel. a: former his visit to Cuba to convince Fidel Castro that Castro's move- ment is supporting irresponsible Communist groups in its campaign against Caribbean dictatorships. This rift between Castro and the popular Figueres will bring about a loss of confidence in Castro in Cuba itself as well as among those hemisphere leaders who wish to bring about a change in the dictatorships. There is growing discontent in Cuba even among former Castro supporters, but as yet no organized opposition. (Page 4) IV. SIGNIFICANT INTELLIGENCE REPORTS AND ESTIMATES (Available during the preceding week) Chinese Communist Intentions and Probable Courses of Action in the Taiwan Strait Area. SNIE 100-4-59. 13 March 1959. he Berlin Crisis, SN1E 100-2/1-59. 17 March 1959. 27 Mar 59 DAILY BRIEF iii TOP SECRET 4Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Ag'r A Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028_ -Now vase I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Moscow Working to Smooth Over UAR-Iraq Dispute The USSR, while continuing to counter Nasir's attacks, has been working assiduously to smooth over the UAR-Iraq dispute. an intensification of the quarrel was not in the interest of either Arab country. Zaitsev also reportedly stressed the USSR's public line that the dispute benefits only the West and Israel. The Soviet press and radio have welcomed Arab League ef- forts to mediate the differences between Cairo and Baghdad. Moscow has also emphasized that deliveries of materials under agreements to give economic assistance to the UAR are continu- ing. Although Soviet leaders apparently hope that the polemics will subside without a further deterioration in relations with the UAR, Soviet spokesmen have replied to Nasir with counter- blasts of equal intensity. Moscow has reacted particularly to Nasir's charge of 22 March that Egypt stood "alone" during the Suez invasion and that, during the period of fighting, "no state was backing us." One Soviet broadcast in Arabic specifically singled out Nasir's charges as "lies" and included in the broad- cast several recorded excerpts from a speech by Nasir during his April 1958 visit to the USSR in which he praised Soviet"sup- port" and "intervention" in the Suez crisis. TOP SECRET 27 Mar 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 :Page 1 Approved for Release: 2023702727703156028 Nusw Peiping's View of Nuclear-Free Zone in Asia /he Chinese Communists recently told members of the Japanese Socialist party delegation, during a discussion of a Far Eastern nuclear-free zone, that the zone must "include Asia and the Pacific Ocean" area, The Chinese position closely parallels remarks made by Khrushchev at the Soviet 21st party congress in con- nection with his demand to halt nuclear tests in the Pacific--in his words, an area "which has become the main proving ground for the testing of American atomic weapons." He stated that a "zone of peace and, above all, a zone free from atomic weap- ons can and must be set up in the Far East and the Pacific Ocean basin as a whole27 /he propagandistic nature of Khrushchev's statements and the prominence given them by the Chinese Communists indicate they were not intended by Moscow as a pretext for withholding nuclear weapons from China. The Chinese told the Japanese delegation that China "definitely" has no nuclear weapons. De- spite its public position on a nuclear-free zone, Peiping's ef- forts to acquire such weapons with Soviet assistance will prob- ably continues-j, laeiping had already called for an Asian atom-free zone in February and March 1958 in support of a suggestion by Prime Minister Nehru. Its current treatment of the propaganda theme is designed to encourage Asian opposition to US nuclear testing and to any increase in US nuclear-weapons capabilities in the Far East. Moscow as well as Peiping probably does not expect any Western agreement to such a zone in the near futuLe_j. 27 Mar 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Page 2 e rein r Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Nave II. ASIA-AFRICA Laos Reaffirms Decisiotito Eliminate Frerith Military Role rThe Laotian Government on 24 March decided to reject France's recent offer to send 80 additional military instructors to Laos. The cabinet also decided to curtail the functions al- ready exercised by the French mission and to insist on control of the French airfield and base at Seno. Prime Minister Phoui Sananikone informed the American ambassador that these deci- sions were part of the over-all objective of eliminating entirely the French military position in Laos. He said that only US representations over the past several months had prevented earlier action ahoui said that he would shortly send a formal letter re- questing US military training assistance. He said he appreciated the need to avoid an unpleasant breach with the French and invited the American ambassador to help him make his notification to the French as "palatable as possible." Phoui gave a noncommit- tal reply to the ambassador's contention that it was essential for Laos and the US to retain French cooperation. 27 Mar 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Thriree Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Nor I I I. THE WEST Castro's Policies Isolating Cuba in Latin America Fidel Castro's increasing tendency to blame the United States for Cuba's economic and political problems and to in- sist on a "neutralist" position in world affairs is widening the rift between Cuba and the liberal bloc in Latin America led by former Costa Rican President Jose Figueres and Venezuelan President Romulo Betancourt. Castro strongly refuted Figueres' pro-US speech in Havana on 22 March, in which Figueres ad- vised Cuba to follow a moderate approach to revolutionary re- forms and to align itself with the West. This undoubtedly spelled failure for any attempt by Figueres to orient Castro toward the Figueres-Betancourt axis�particularly with re- spect to the "campaign against dictatorships?' Figueres report- edly had hoped to convince Castro he should withdraw his sup- port of those Nicaraguan and Dominican revolutionary exile groups which are Communist influenced. Castro's reply to Figueres, which was followed by another strong attack against Figueres' views by the Cuban official newspaper Revolucion, may also encourage internal opposition to the Castro government by emphasizing Cuba's isolation from the Latin American liberal bloc. Many commercial and busi- ness groups have already been alienated by Castro's economic policies, which seem directed against "vested interests" and US influence on Cuba's economy. There is also discontent within some political circles, although there is as yet no cohesive op- position to the government. SECRET 27 Mar 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Page 4 Ning Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156028 Now' THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director Approved for VeTs 'et!". 107/021/21 C03156028 c