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February 25, 2020
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February 27, 2020
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April 10, 1959
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Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 �vr acuitc 3.5(c) ,eire 3.3(h)(2) 10 April 1959 Copy No. C � 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO, NO CHANGF IN CLASS. L�-.4 DECLACSTIO CLASS. CHANGED TO: TSgISA::1 NEXT REVIEW DATE: DATE. _f_T FIEVIEWER AUTI-ittVilb-ce- 4 0 II TOP-SEC-RET- immwmz/z/zz, A p proved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO31560347 /17/1/17 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 Aft, Approved for for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 ATP;;-o7ed Io714-ere-a-s7. 2020/02/21 C03156034 10 APRIL 1959 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR continues military aid to UAR despite recent frictions. �.) Large number of refugees arrived in West Berlin in past two weeks. IL ASIA-AFRICA Philippines - Cabinet shake-up ex- pected soon; Defense Secretary Vargas may be replaced. III. THE WEST West Indies Government to propose revision of US-UK base rights. Cuba - Castro to seek substantial economic aid during next week's visit in US. Argentina - Frondizi to oust more bloc diplomats. Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 weige Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 �glow CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 10 April 1959 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR-UAR: Despite recent frictions over Nasir's anti- Communist campaign in the Middle East, deliveries of Soviet military aid to the UAR continue. These deliveries probably include 15 jet aircraft from Czechoslovakia. New deliveries of military equipment, some of which are expected to reach the UAR this month, will be the first major bloc arms ship- ments since the summer of 1958. Arms negotiations, begun in Moscow last July, are apparently continuing, and as of 4 March appear to have involved major new items of military equipmfnt including some lair armament and possibly naval craft. (Page 1) Berlin:ahe sudden increase in the number of East Ger- man riliiieFs arriving in West Berlin--5,485 during the last two weeks--may reflect popular alarm at indications that the regime intends more vigorous enforcement of its hard-line policies. An upsurge in the number of refugees is normal dur- ing the Easter period, but the total for the holiday pertod this year is higher than in 1957 and 1958. The number of 'refugees was the largest in one fortnight since Se ember 1958, when _pl approximately 6,400 entered West Berlin. Cfiuring March, 204 physicians fled' o West Berlin, an, indication that East Germany's efforts to win over men by political concessions are still ineffectiv (Page 2) II. ASIA-AFRICA Philippines:(president Garcia may be planning shortly ti to replace several Philippine cabinet officials including a num- ber who have been under congressional attack for improp.g. 7T-947",-�,ffittt 4Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 // C03156034 A A Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 603156034 *NW II &nduct. Pro-Garcia Congressman Salipada Pendatun has pri- vately stated that he expects to be named defense secretary in place of General Vargas. Pendatun presumably would be a greater political asset for Garcia because of his large Moslem following, and he would probably be willing to use the army on behalf of the Nacionalista party in the coming Senate and mu- nicipal elections:1 (Page 3) oY" 014 ViA III. THE WEST Britain - West Indies Federation: ressures are mount- ing for revision of the 1941 US-UK agreement concerning bases in the Caribbean, notably the naval station at Chaguaramas, Trinidad., Chief Minister Eric Williams of Trinidad, who has been making an issue of the base rights question, has proposed a revision conference to the West Indies federal government, which will probably support his request. The British Foreign Office wants an early joint US-UK conference to agree on ac- ceptable revisions for presentation to the West Indie (Page 4) Cuba: Prime Minister Fidel Castro will seek substantial US financial aid during his visit here beginning 15 April, Felipe Pazos, president of Cuba's National Bank, advised the US-Em- bassy in Havana on 8 April that because of the decline in the world demand for sugar and increasing unemployment in Cuba, the bank has modified its former position against foreign finan- cial assistance. Pazos is reported to have state4 that he is pessimistic concerning Cuba's future under the Castro regim-Q (Page 5) Argentina: President Frondizi intends to declare persona non grata at least three other bloc diplomats including the Soviet ambassador and the Rumanian minister, in addition to the five named for expulsion on 7 April on charges of interfering in Argen- tine affairs., Convinced that the Communists planned the 3 April riots, Frondizi will use a detailed report now being prepared as a basis for further e entine cart 10 Apr 59 DAILY BRIEF ii A;Proved7Or Release: 2020/02/21 C0156034 A Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 L THE COMMUNIST BLOC Bloc Arms SUpply to UAR Despite recent Soviet-UAR friction over Nasir's anti-Com- munist campaign in the Middle East, the Soviet Union continues to honor its various military aid agreements with the UAR. Con- tinuing deliveries include 750 tons of military equipment which arrived at Alexandria on 2 April aboard the Soviet freighter Nikolai Burdenko, and Czechoslovakia has already begun shipment of 15 MIG jet trainers expected to arrive this month for assembly by UAR personnel. Now that priority grain shipments to the UAR have been completed at Nikolaev, the usual Black Sea port for arms ship- ments to nonbloc countries, Soviet factories and depots have re- sumed delivery of military equipment to the port. These rail deliveries appear to be in excess of present Soviet obligations to countries other than the UAR, and probably include some new shipments for Egypt or Syria. Military training programs in the USSR also continue, includ- ing a course for 50 high-ranking UAR officers at Frunze Military Academy. A UAR mission in Moscow is apparently still engaged in nego- tiations begun last July for at least $50,000,000 in additional aid, including a wide range of land armament and possibly naval craft. The negotiations have been protracted not only because of Cairo's need to re-study coordinated UAR requirements after large-scale bloc arms shipments to Syria last summer, but by Moscow's refusal to supply late-model jet aircraft--MIG-19 fighters and TU-16 bomb- ers�and insistence on more stringent controls over UAR arms or- ders and repayment terms. the tempo of negotiations was being accelerated -TOP SECRET 10 Apr 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 Page 1 es rt." v. IT rro_ Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 East German Refugee Figures Mount Sharply e sharp rise in the number of refugees seeking asy- lum in West Berlin in the two weeks ending 7 April, while reflecting increased opportunities for escape afforded by the four-day Easter holiday, probably indicates growing popular alarm evoked by the regime's recent declarations that its so- cialization policies will be implemented more vigorously. During the last week of this period some 3,462 East Germans were processed by refugee officials in West Berlin, compared with only 1,462 in the week ending 24 March and 2,023 the week ending 31 March. This is the largest total in one fortnight since last September, at the close of the traditional summer mass flights. The two-week total of 5,485 also exceeds the numbers escaping during the comparable Easter eriods in 1957 and 1958, although falling below that of 195 af more immediate concern to the East German regime is the defection of some 204 doctors during the month of March, compared with a total of 1,242 during the whole of 1958. The loss of this number of physicians, more than six months after the regime made important political concessions to halt the ex- odus, will aggravate the already serious shortage of compe- tent professional men which has forced the regime to import doctors and medical professors from the satellites) SECRET 10 Apr 59 cEkiTo A I ikITCI I inrkirr RI It I FTIKI Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 Approved for Release: 2020102/21 C03156034 NNW II. AS1A-AFRICA � Philippine Cabinet Shake-Up May Occur Soon 6-resident Garcia may be planning soon to carry out a long- rumored revamping of the Philippine cabinet in anticipation of the mid-term local and senatorial elections scheduled for No- vember. Following press reports that the changes were to be discussed with the Council of Leaders last week, pro-Garcia Congressman Salipacia Pendatun told his appointment to replace Defense Secretary Jesus 1) Vargas would be announced in late April,) (Pendatun had previously declared himself in line for the defense post when Vargas, a retired general who may have pres- idential ambitions, was accused in late 1958 of plotting a military coup. Pendatun could prove a greater political asset to the ad- ministration because of his strong support among Moslems in the southern Philippines and his possible willingness to allow po- litical use of the army in the elections. Although he is consid- ered generally pro-American, Pendatun's comments that he would work to improve American treatment of Philippine vet- erans and to reduce the size of the American military advisory group suggest that he would follow a strongly natiQ1alist line if the administration adopts such a campaign theme A general reshuffle would enable Garcia to remove several key argets of the corruption charges which have contributed to political frictions within the ruling Nacionalista party and to his own unpopularity. Cabinet changes may involve the secre- taries of finances, commerce, and agriculture, who have been under congressional attack for alleged financial malpractices. The economic coordinator has already tendered his resignation under similar charges. The secretary of education is plan- ning to retire, and nationalistic Secretary of Justice Barrera is scheduled for appointment to the Supreme Court in June. SECRET 10 Apr 59 CCKITD A I IkITCI I inckirc RI III CTIKI Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 'two' ,OrkicoS ISLAND'S TURKS ISLANDS c"'"---- - ------).- PUERTO .. CAYMAN 41,47 .. ISLANDS lei C�"---- IX/rWLIC4'4':: . c_.-..,-s,--A .... Nevis / REPUBLIC loco v_iNGNi3thrs,....i.,,..�Antve JAMAICA St. Christopher Montserrat lD"o^md::::. Caribbean Sea St. Vincent!St. Luca Grenada ,t BerDados . r Cha.gu940MOS , �T�"0 ----\----DAD ATLANTIC OCEAN COSTA RICA IN Federation of West Indies MILES 400 I 4 UNCLASSIFIED 24857 VENEZUELA COLOMBIA BRAZIL RITISH GUIAN Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 re ars rt. I�I rwi. Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 ILL THE WEST Revision oi west incnan Base Agree Sought Cessures are mounting for rev. _on of the 1941 US-UK leased bases agreement regarding US iacilities in the Caribbean. Principal facilities involved are the naval E tation at Chaguara- rnas, Trinidad, and guided-missile tracking stations at Antigua and St. Lucia Chief Minister Eric Williams of Trinidad, who has made a major issue of the base question, has proposed to the West Indies Federation government a revision conference attended by Trinidad, the federal government, the US, and Britain. While Caere is as yet little pub1;82 concern over the presence ' IIIIi bases, Williams' political influence is probably -sufficient to ,orce the federal government to support his request. Wil- liams continues to want Chaguararnas for the fed,:y.ral capital and is dissatisfied with the US assurance that the mi itary need for Chaguaramas will be reconsidered in about 1968) (The British Foreign Office, both to undercut Williams and to o tain federation good will for London, wants to arrange an early US-UK conference to agree on limited revisions for pres- entation to the federal government. The Foreign Office argues that by revising the agreement now with British assistance, the US will get better terms than by waiting until the federation be- comes independent, probably in about five years, and that the US base position will be more secure if the federation subscribes to the leasing agreement. The Colonial Office favors different tactics to achieve the same result, arguing that the West Indians will make fewer demands if flattered by full participation from the start in a tripartite conference.) London insists that the US right to retain bases, including Cha uaramas, will not be questioned, and that it would suggest only minor revisions regarding customs and jurisdiction within base areas, for example. London might also suggest that the US should offer some concession such as an annual rent to the federation) 10 Apr 59 CFKITRAI INTFI I InFNCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 re Fr Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 +me Cuba May Seek US Loans Prime Minister Fidel Castro, who begins a visit to Wash- ington on 15 April, may seek substantial US financial aid as well as a larger share of the US sugar market, Cuba's eco- nomic outlook has been growing steadily worse during recent weeks, and the extremely low price of sugar on the world market threatens to reduce the national income this year. Sugar normally accounts for about 25 percent of Cuba's in- come ll elipe Pazos, president of the Cuban National Bank, ad- vise the US Embassy in Havana on 8 April that the unfavorable world sugar market and increasing unemployment in Cuba had caused the bank to reverse its attitude toward foreign financial assistance. The bank was unable to reach agreement with an International Monetary Fund team which visited Cuba in March in connection with a proposed $25,000,000 credit., Pazos� who will accompany Castro to the United States, favors resumption of aid talks, and has suggested the possibility of discussing a balance-of-payments loan and severalan - cultural and development projects. Pazos reportedly expressea pes- simism concerning Cuba's future under the Castro regime) Several other observers of Cuban developments have re- cently voiced similar pessimism. Serafino Romualdi, AFL-CIO representative to the Inter-American Regional Labor Organiza- tion (ORIT), reported on 8 April that ORIT has concluded that the Castro government is opening the doors to Communism in Cuba) SECRET 10 Apr 59 cENTDAI !MTN I inFiqrF R1111FT11J Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 Nor, .0101.1 I rilVT11., Ilk If Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 vale THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director nemirrgirtrixTrrir � Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034 P -TOP-SECRET- immzzywdozmA Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 C03156034mmirmmmj)