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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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February 15, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15772438].pdf550.81 KB
Approved for Release: 201,9/08/20 C0316:07 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 15 February 1958 fc;'r Release:201 6/C18/5 -0C0316a-0V vior' Copy No. CENTRAL IYTELLIGENCE BULLETIN pc) : [ cLASS. Ci.:;',Nuta) TO: TS 0 NEXT REVEW DATE. AUThi: hi 70- DATE, TO SECRET EVIEWER: 004pproved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 - pima TA Es C Ea% esr�vo Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 � 15 FEBRUARY 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC East Germany - Struggle between Ulbricht and his party opponents continues. II. ASIA-AFRICA Tunisia - Tension continues; French take strong line on provisioning of garrisons. "Arab Palestine" government may be created in Gaza strip to join Egyptian-Syrian union. Indonesia - Dissidents persist in efforts to force change in gov- ernment. Syria fearful of Western-su or attack by Arab neighbors. Nue, - - - - - � -- Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 III. THE WEST France may be considering with- drawing from all Tunisia bases ex- cept Bizerte. Tension over Cyprus could spread any violence from island to Greece and Turkey. 'TVID UV"' ri rr Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 vow a ,...,�. 7. s: �\ , Ik \ AN, .4,',� N -.4 p N. -...\ $:':: -\; '.k .,:\ .z,,,., ,..k: ',--?:.:-\� VI N w z N: .3.-z�,:, -..-7.%. -.. t,..., ,.',,,�-� \ IN. IN ,.--N ,,,\ . :1.:.;.. s,ak, ii,:fA I) -,\ TOP SECRET �--:.--,,,. ... \ A-' Ak. \ Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 CO3Tg4&L N CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 15 February 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC 0-p East German party rivalry: The struggle between I ;r Ulbricht and Ms opponents in the East German party is continuing. Many party functionaries are shocked and indignant at last week's purge and expect that as a re- sult of Ulbricht's harder course, open opposition to Mm 0 will increase. Convinced that his dismissal was due to Ulbriches misrepresentations to the Russians, deposed Party Secretary Schirdewan is hoping to appeal to Mos- cow. (Page 1) IL ASIA-AFRICA The Tunisian situation: Tension inside Tunisia con- tinues. The French are determined to resupply their garrisons, an action which may provoke clashes with Tunisian security forces. Low-level observation flights by the French Air Force are in contravention of the Tunisian Government's order of 8 February, and Tunisian forces have fired at these flights at least once. French military opinion in Paris appears deeply aroused, and there is wide political support for the gov- ernment's firm attitude. (Page 2) \\\s�., II Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 sims A \ orc Palestinian refugees! An "Arab Palestine" govern- ment may be revived soon in the Egyptian-occupied Gaza strip so that the Palestinian refugees there can go through the motions of adhering to the Egyptian-Syrian union. This move, which is reported to be scheduled for mid-March, might make further difficulty for Jordan, since it would probably have some impact on the Palestine Arab refugees there. The notorious ex-Grand Mufti of Jerusalem is prob- ably connected with the move. (Page 3) '(Map) Indonesia: The Indonesian dissidents are persisting in their efforts to force a change in the Djakarta govern- ment and are threatening to proceed with the establish- ment of a rival regime after their ultimatum expires on 0 15 February. The government's latest retaliatory moves have been the cutting of communications and financial sup- port to Central Sumatra. Prime Minister Djuanda, how- ever, may attempt to avoid a showdown by submitting his resignation to President Sukarno when he returns to Dja- karta on 16 February. Djuanda would recommend that Hatta be his successor. (Page 4) *Syrian military � A partial. call-up ot reserve personnel was ooservea in Damascus on 14 February, and additional troops were deployed in the vicinity of the city, suggesting that develop- ment of opposition in Syria, possibly within the army itself., may be the actual cause of apprehension. (Page 5) 15 Feb 58 DAILY BRIEF II TOP SECRET �AP-13�TO;seCili3714ere�a-s-e-Tiiii 9/08/20 C031-66216 '4100 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 '4i401 IlL THE WEST *French plan to hold Bizerte: The French Government may be seriously considering a plan calling for the "im- mediate" withdrawal of its troops from all Tunisian bases except Bizerte, which would then be given a status "like Gibraltar for the British." Evidently in anticipation of ob- jections from Bourguiba, who would thus obtain no more than he had hoped to get through negotiation, before the Sakiet bombing, the plan inrint-laq a rtarmAqt:fnr-thchTTnii-Pri States to pave the way. Tension over Cyprus issue: Greek-Turkish tension over Cyprus, both on the island and the mainland, has reached such intensity that any miscalculation by Greek, Turkish, or British authorities could spark widespread disorders. If EOICA turns its attack against Turkish Cypriot villages-- as its leader apparently intends in the event of further Turkish Cypriot attacks on Greeks-- disorders would spread rapidly and probably include violent reactions in both Greece and Turkey. Two Turk- ish generals warn of possible armed volunteers from the mainland, (Page 6) 15 Feb 58 DAILY BRIEF iii "Approved for Release: 2019/08)20 C03169407L Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC East German Factional Struggle Intensifies The bitter struggle between Ulbricht and his reformist opponents continues, and opposition to the East German party boss is apparently becoming more intense� but Ul- bricht apparently still enjoys the Kremlin's support. Many high- and medium-level Communist function- aries have been shocked by last week's purge and feel that Ulbricht has gained little more than a pyrrhic victory since his harder course will lead increasing numbers of party of- ficials into opposition. Deposed Party Secretary Schirdewan, hopes to be able to appeal his case to Moscow, in the conviction that Ulbricht misrep- resented the nature of the opposition in East Germany in order to win Kremlin approval for the purge. Meanwhile, Ulbricht may be moving against other op- ponents, such as Premier Grotewohl, whose departure on 12 February for a "rest cure of several weeks" appears sig- nificant after the outspoken attacks he is said to have made �on the first secretary during the past few weeks. Defense Minister Stoph who, was sharply criticized at last week's party plenum for his inade- quate leadership of the armed forces, may also be purged. Though an Ulbricht protege, Stoph is now believed to have turned against the first secretary and thrown his support to Schirdewan. SECRET 15 Feb 58 rarn Al a Prra a tin na I 1.1'1 h. I 'Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 Page 1 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 IL ASIA-AFRICA The Tunisian Situation Although there have been no disorders, tension inside Tunisia continues and new incidents which might get out of control seem likely. The French have already violated the Tunisian "blockade" in isolated instances of helicopter and parachute contacts, and now seem determined to undertake a general resupply of their garrisons before withdrawal talks begin. The Bourguiba government is dis- turbed over French low-level observation flights, which defy a Tunisian order of 8 February forbidding all military flights. An American official said French military flights he saw in the Bi- zerte and Tunis area on 13 February "appeared deliberately pro- vocative." Tunisian security forces fired at these flights in at least one instance, without damage to the aircraft. The strongly nationalistic tone of the French Government's public position on the Tunisian issue, abetted by Premier Bour- guiba's demands and the "blockade" of French troops in Tunisia, is rallying broad political support in France. The press and political leaders are particularly incensed over the demand for withdrawal from Bizerte. TOP SECRET 15 Feb 58 CFkITD A I IMTPI I ir:.Pkirr RI III PTIKI Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 Page 2 04pproved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 APRA .41E- GAZA STRIP ISR AE �-( 15 FEBRUARY 1958 80215 0 25 STATUTE MILES Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 %or Gaza Palestinians May Join Egyptian-Syrian Union The more than one-quarter million inhabitants of the Gaza strip, including about 200,000 Palestinian refugees, may be formally united with the new Egyp- tian-Syrian United Arab Republic, A plan appears to be under way to create a Palestinian legislative assembly in Gaza in mid-March, to be followed immediately by a request for union with the UAR. The move would support Nasiris campaign against King Husayn by its strong propaganda appeal to the more than 400,000 refugees now in western Jordan who are overwhelmingly op- posed to the King. Creation of a Palestinian Arab state would also confirm Israeli apprehensions that the UAR is directed against Israel. The Gaza sector is now governed by executive and legislative councils under the supervision of an Egyp- tian-appointed governor general. The self-appointed champion of the Palestinians has been the ex-Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Hajj Amin al-Husayni, who has bitterly opposed the Hashemite kings of Jordan and Iraq and may hope to fulfill his ambition to become head of a Palestinian Arab state. He has also been named repeatedly as a prominent figure in clandestine plans for the overthrow of the Jordanian Government by pro-Egyptian elements. SECRET 15 Feb 58 CCk1TEI Al IkITCI I trIckirp 11111 I FTIM Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 NoOr' Indonesian Situation The dissidents in Central Sumatra are continuing their campaign to unseat the Djakarta government. In the face of Djakarta's rejection of their demand for the resignation of the Djuanda cabinet and the central gov- ernment's subsequent retaliatory measures, the dissi- dents are threatening to proceed with the establishment of a rival government after the 15 February deadline of their ultimatum. In addition, the commander of South Sumatra, Lt. Col. Barlian, who has opposed the forma- tion of a rival government, is nevertheless said to be _de- termined to resist any central government military move through his territory. The government's latest countermoves. have been to sever communications between Djakarta and Padang, Central Sumatra, and to suspend government financial support to Padang. The financial measure is probably the most effective move available to Djakarta short of the use of force. Prime Minister Djuanda appears to be continuing ef- forts toward compromise. He reportedly plans to submit his resignation to President Sukarno when the latter re- turns to Indonesia on 16 February and to renew his efforts toward the formation of a cabinet led by former Vice Pres- ident Hatta. Although Hatta has stated that he does not want to participate in the next government, non-Communist leaders in Djkarta believe he might do so if personally asked by Sukarno. Sukarno. however, is presently keep- ing his own council. SECRET 15 Feb 58 crk rrn Al IkITGI I iff-ekle^C DI 11 I CTIkl Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 *01, Syria Fearful of Western-Supported Attack By. Arab Neighbors Syrian Army leaders appear to be increasingly ap- prehensive over internal and external opposition to the union with Egypt. alleged recent troop movements by Turkey and Israel, aerial reconnaissance of the Syrian coast, and the uncovering of an opposition plot in southern Syria, fear that "Western" powers-were pre- paring to undertake military operations against Syria. The Syrians believe this operation would include invasion by forces from neighboring Arab countries on the pre- text of rescuing the internal groups opposed to the union. A partial call-up of army reserves and popular re- sistance forces was observed in Damascus on 14 Feb- ruary. Additional troops and artillery were deployed southwest of Damascus. In the past such maneuvers have occurred when there has been a factional dispute within the army. TOP SECRE71 15 Feb 58 CENTRAL INTFI I InENCE RIILLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 A *4004 III. THE WEST � Tension Over Cyprus Nears Breaking Point Tension over the Cyprus issue is dangerously high and could rapidly give way to widespread violence in Cyprus, Greece, and Turkey. The Greek Cypriot un- derground organization EOKA claims to be ready for "all-out-war." The resumption of violence on Cyprus, however, may be temporarily postponed pending re- ceipt of a report from the acting ethnarch, Bishop Anthy- mos of Kitium, who was due to return to Cyprus from Athens on 14 February. If EOKA should aim its attack at the Turkish Cypriots) and destroy entire villages, as its leader has intimated might happen.; Greek Turkish disorders5voulasw_ead coal," rapidly to bai Greece and Turkey. Special precautions are being taken in both countries to prevent trouble. While isolated attacks probably could not be prevented, any widespread breakdown of public security on the mainland would only result from deliberate negligence if not inspira- tion. Retaliation would be a certainty. While the Cyprus government could not depend on the predominantly Turkish Cypriot police during intercom- munal violence, British troops on the island�recently augmented to a strength of approximately 24,000--could control any major clashes there. 15 Feb 58 rCkITD AI IkITCI I le�ckir^e DI III Page 6 �Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407-" Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407 1.411-1/ 1121JLi _ Itar4 �11100 DISTRIBUTION THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Operations Coordinating Board Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director Jr& 7& TW-WWW-1. TRIM?' A "Ir Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03169407