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August 26, 1958
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Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 26 August 1958 Copy No. c CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN TOP SECRET rorRe'lL;e2520/61726015.421 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 � writ � 4,01,k Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 Approved for Release: 2710761/23 C03169521 26 AUGUST 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Special Watch Committee report on Taiwan Strait situation. (Page i, Daily Brief) Chinese Communists continue shelling offshore islands and move more naval vessels into Santu Bay. Chinese Communists promise Cam- bodia "further assistance." Algerian rebel leaders in Cairo au- thorize assassination attempt on De Gaulle during his Algerian visit. Israel sees some improvement in relations with Britain, but not with France. 7Y)P SFCRFT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 4 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 vr JEA..RE, 'Noel CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 17 August 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Special Watch Committee Report on Taiwan Strait Situa- tion (as of 1300 EDT, 25 August 1958): The Chinese Communists now possess an air capability in place for major attacks. on Taiwan and the Pescadores. The Chinese Communists have increased their capabili- ties to bring heavy pressure, including air and naval block- ade and artillery bombardment, all of which have already started, on Chinmen (Quemoy) and Little Chinmen; however, they have not yet brought their ground forces and amphibious capability to the level believed necessary for a frontal as- sault unless preceded by prolonged heavy artillery and air bombardment. It is possible that a frontal assault could be made against Little Chinmen with existing ground forces while Chinmen is neutralized by air and artillery bombardment. The Chinese Communists have the capability of seizing any of the smaller islands in the Chinmen group. The Chinese Communists have the military capabilities to launch a successful amphibious operation against the Matsus, the White Dogs, or the Wuchus (see map facing page 3) with little or no warning, using local craft and ground forces al- ready in position. It is likely that the Chinese Communists will continue ar- tillery barrages along with intensified air and naval interdiction of supply lines to the offshore islands. Air attacks on the TOP SECRET 7 r- A pproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521// , VS -/ Apr2,roved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 6-0 8,1,6.� %.1-4 11.4 *41169 j� offshore islands.are probable but initially would be probing to determine Chinese Nationalist and US reactions. Chinese Communist seizure of one or more of the smaller offshore islands is expected. The Chinese Nationalist and US reac- tions to these moves will largely determine whether or not attempts will be made to seize the larger islands of Chinmen and Matsu. They probably do not intend to initiate major of- fensive military action against Taiwan and the Pescadores in the immediate future. *Taiwan Strait Situation:(as of 0100 EDT, 26 August): The Chinese Communists continued their artillery bombardment of the Chinmen ,(Que moy)_Is lands on 26 August. Chinese Communist naval vessels continue w move into tne Santu Bay area immediately to the north of the Matsu Islands. (Page 2) (Maps) Communist China - Cambodia: In the joint communiqu�s- sued at the end of Cambodian Premier Sihanouk's visit to Peiping on 24 August, the Chinese Communists expressed readiness to extend economic assistance in addition to the $23,000,000 granted under the 1956 aid agreement, but made no reference to military aid. (Page 3) IL ASIA-AFRICA *De Gaulle - Algeria: The Algerian rebel executive com- mittee in Cairo has authorized an attempt to assassinate De Gaulle when he visits Algeria this week at the conclusion of his African tour. French authorities are probably aware of the rebel plan, and security precautions may make an attempt im- possible. In view of the new wave of rebel sabotage and terror- ism in France itself, even an unsuccessful assassination attempt would strengthen French rightists and resolidify rightist-army ties. A successful attempt would probably facilitate a military seizure of power in France, possibly with Information Minister Jacques Soustelle as premier. (Page 4) 26 Aug 58 DAILY BRIEF ii ---TOP-SEekET AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C0316/9521 / . 'Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 , ( . kw !Ur 5LCUL I Nei , III. THE WEST Israel-France-Britain: France seems to be taking a more cautious attitude toward Israel at the same time as Britain is appearing more cooperative. De Gaulle told Is- raeli Foreign Minister Meir recently that France would not enter a formal alliance but would "honor its commitments" --by which the Israelis understand a continued French will- ingness to sell military equipment. The British told Mrs. Moir that they are no longer suggesting territorial sacrifices by Israel in order to reach a settlement with the Arabs, and gave her the impression thstt they would sell Israel half-tracks and two small submarines. (Page 5) 26 Aug 58 DAILY BRIEF iii TOP SECUET /AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521r ; � z Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 "INIW 26 Aug 58 A-p�PrOTie-d for .14eTe�:--2.567-071/n-6ci3716-6621 Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 003169521 0 Shihshih Tungan Anhai Shuitou o Chimei Kaochi AMOY KU LANG HSU -FERRY DOCK AMOY HARBOR Kochi Airfield Machiang Airfield Lienho Ao ou HS I AOTENG AMOY Hotso LITTLE QUEMOY (Lieh Hsu) 5&TATAN _ - � EHRTAN TATENG -"QUEMOY Houkou s (Chinmen) oHuhsia Shuitou 4:3TUNGTING r Airstrip Liaolo Aotou WE IT OU BAY Weitou THE QUEMOY AREA Motorable roads 5 0 II 5 10 5 0 10 STATJTE. S 6010 3 A 80825 3 Glilte=��796111,.11,6,-,LICPMM, 169111M2dii.L.13111.01.12.11. Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 003169521 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 A V A Nar, NNW' I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait Situation (as of 0100 EDT, 26 August): Chinese Communist artillery bombardment of the off- shore islands has continued into the fourth, day, A barrage, beginning 32 minutes after midnight on 26 August, followed slackening of artillery fire on 25 August and was directed against Chinmen (Quemoy). The Chinese Nationalists claim that in air action on 25 August, Nationalist fighters knocked down two MIG's out of a flight of 48 over the Strait. This claim is unconfirmed. e umnese Nationalists claim more than 300 artillery pieces, including 152mm and 122mm guns, participated in the artillery attacks against the Qeumoys on 23 August. Two unidentified Chinese Communist naval vessels, pos- sibly motor torpedo boats, made a rapid movement southward to the Santu Bay area on 25 August In the last three weeks, four auxiliary ships and four other units, probably motor torpedo boats, have also arrived in the Santu Bay vicinity from the Shanghai-Choushan Island area. an additional auxiliary vessel is enroute to Santu Bay. As of 25 August, two new Chinese Communist naval base stations may have been activated in the bays im- mediately north and south of Amoy. In its broadcasts to Taiwan, Peiping thus far has not stepped up appeals for defection, which were prominent in the 1954 "liberate Taiwan" propaganda. A 24 August commentary por- trays the United States as an unreliable ally in stating that Chiang Kai-shek is not getting sufficient aid because he is 'not as useful as before:' -TOP-SE6RE�F 26 Aug 58 a...01.114N A I 11..ITC1 I irtckir= RI II I CTIM Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 mew' we. 11. cDc) .41 SANTU BAY � d L.or.� 9.y � Yuchi klsietiyu Chirtchiang Machiang . , Weitou Peninsula QUEMOY (;, 4 Chiangyin es Meichou 25 50 Nautical Miles 114 "Del Nanjih WUCHIUS KAOTENG 4 .ePeikantang 153 MATSUS �CIP Ha itan WHITE DOGS Yinshan IMMO 14 70627 808 26 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 UUi'lt1Vt1'4 11/IL Noe' %.01 Sihanouk Concludes Visit to Communist China Cambodian Premier Sihanoukts Peiping visit ended on 24 August with statements indicating that the Chinese Com- munists have probably been successful in deepening Cam- bodia's commitment to pro-Communist neutrality. Sihanouk, following up Cambodian recognition of Peiping in July, announced that the two governments will establish diplo- matic representation on the ambassadorial level. He re- marked that Cambodia would not give up neutrality "for all the riches in the world." Sihanouk had one talk with Mao Tse-tung that lasted six hours. His itinerary suggests that the Chinese Com- munist leaders concentrated on impressing him with Communist China's industrial achievements. In the joint communique issued at the end of the visit, Peiping stated Its readiness to extend economic assistance, including gifts of small iron and steel works, in addition to the $23,000, 000 granted under the 1956 aid agreement. No reference was made to military aid, and the Cambodian planning minister told a US official in Phnom Penh on 22 August that Cambodia would not seek a "mil:- itary alliance" with Peiping or Chinese Communist mil- itary equipment. In the communique Chou En-lai merely expressed "regret" tnat Cambodia's territory was frequently "invaded and blockaded" by neighbors�an ob- vious reference to South Vietnam and Thailand CONFIDENTIAL 26 Aug 58 rrkrroe I ikITPI I it-zpkw-F RI II I FTINI page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 'ftwo, Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 tir azuntL, II, ASIA-AFRICA Algerian Rebels Plan to Assassinate De Gaulle This Week guerrilla elements, apparently inside Algeria, have sought and received permission from the National Liberation Front's (FLN) top- level Coordination Committee in Cairo to assassinate French Premier de Gaulle, who is to wind up his African tour with a three-thy visit to Algeria from 27 to 29 August. The'attempt will presumably be made in the eastern Algerian city of Con- stantine, where De Gaulle complicated security arrangements during his June visit by mingling extensively with the Moslem crowds. security precautions may be sufficient to dis- courage an attempt, particularly since other grandiose proj - e Even an unsuccessful attempt, however, would almost certainly have k rave repercussions in France. In conjunction with the new wave of FLN sabotage and terrorism in metro- politan France, it would strengthen rightist elements and re- solidify the rightist-military ties which launched the 13 May Algiers coup and brought De Gaulle to power. A successful attempt would probably precipitate an outright military seizure of power in France, possibly with Information Minister Jacques Soustelle as civilian premier and "front" for the army. TOP SECRET 26 Aug 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 NOINO NIS II I. THE WEST French and British Relations with Israel French Premier de Gaulle, assured Israeli Foreign Minister Golda Meir during her early August visit to Paris that France "would honor its com- mitments to Israel," but said France would not enter into a formal alliance. The full extent of French-Israeli military agree- ments, based on close cooperation during and since the Suez crisis, is said to be unknown even to French Foreign Ministry officials normally concerned with Israel. De Gaulle has previously been reported as wanting to soft- pedal the French-Israeli relationship to facilitate his policy of rapprochement with the Arab states, which is based on the conviction that the West "must come to terms with Arab natio7- alism." Britain, promised Mrs. Meir to sell Israel half-tracks--plus two small submarines at $1,400,000 each. This is consistent with information previ- ously received from the British Foreign Office that Foreign Secretary Lloyd agreed "in principle" to furnish naval equip- ment and half-tracks and to give careful consideration to Israel's further requests, which included tanks and planes. London has stated, however, that many technical steps are required before such equipment can be made available. According to press re- ports, an Israeli representative arrived in London on 25 August to engage in further arms talks. During the London talks, Foreign Secretary Lloyd endeav- ored to give Mrs. Meir the impression that he was taking her into his confidence and explained that London no longer had any intention of suggesting that Israel make territorial sacrifices in order to reach a settlement with the Arabs. R T 26 Aug 58 CENTRAL INTFI I inFtsirF RI III FTIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 �eattrf/DEVErkit *mu, THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169521 / ,relz / / / �i4Hr/v / / / ffe/ / / / / / / 44,�17 / / o/7Z / / / #7Z / #orrZ / / / / / / / Vft, V,4 #07,4 / 0 r71/, #7,4 (/) '72 TOPSECRET ri�,7zo TOP,,�,,A,0�efor SECRETRelease:2020/01/23 C03169521, � � �