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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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September 16, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15777435].pdf420.87 KB
Approved v for (51se: 2020/01/23 C03172474 No0 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 16 September 1958 Copy No. C CENTRAL 59 INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 1 i ( DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS.y , i DECLACSIRED CLASS. CI-P.HCZT TO: IS NEXT REVIEW DA rE: _ REVIEVVEn: -TOP-SECRET XpProveclfcr Rele .. s .. : 202C7/0-1/53-003172474/ - - - 401Ik Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 . ,111, II INV _w � OM difik 9retri Cre�OCT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 � Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 Nior0 �11110 � 16 SEPTEMBER 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait - Indications mounting of logistical build-up north of Matsus. cD Ithrushchev back in Crimea. IL ASIA-AFRICA India will again raise question of Chi- nese Communist membership in UN. 0 Iraq - Regime attempting to rally public opinion behind Premier Qasim. UAR - High-level military meeting in Cairo. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 � Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 r-0 *40 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 16 September 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait situation: Increased Chinese Communist shipping to the area north of the Matsus strengthens other indications of a logistical build-up there since 1 September. (Page 1) (Map) USSR: Khrushchev apparently resumed his vacation in the Crimea on 12 September instead of returning to Mos- cow, as previously thought possible. His aircraft, which was origLaally thought to have returned directly to Moscow from Stalingrad, actually flew first to the Crimea- TASS an- nounced that Khrushchev received the chairman of the Japa- nese Council for Prohibition of Nuclear Weaoons on 13 Sep- tember near Yalta. II. ASIA-AFRICA India-UN: New Delhi will again raise the question of Chinese Communist UN membership in the General Assembly. Krishna Menon, who will lead the Indian delegation, has been instructed by Nehru to give the issue only routine emphasis. (Page 3) Iraq: The regime is attempting to rally public opinion behind Premier Qasim following Deputy Premier Aril's re- moval as deputy commander of the Iraqi armed forces. Qasim, 0 assuming a more public role, delivered two speeches on 15 September appealing for "national unity" and promising a plebiscite to determine the country's system of government. --Teia-sEGRET ,Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 . Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 Ss, Minister of Guidance Shanshal, reported to be opposing the Arif faction, has exhorted the ' close ranks behind "our leader remier asim " UAR: The commander in chief of UAR armed forces and the commanders of UAR troops in Egypt and Syria met In. Cairo over the past week end. The recent movement to Cairo of an Iraqi military delegation and several exiled Jordanian nationalist leaders suggests that UAR intentions with regard to those hr countries may be under review 16 Sept 58 DAILY BRIEF TOP SL AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474r Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 Nue Noe I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Taiwan Strait Situation At least 14 Chinese Communist merchant vessels arrived in the port of Wenchow during the period 1-6 September. Pre- liminary analysis of subsequent reports indicates that this high rate of shipping activity is continuing If this rate is pro- jectedit amounts to a monthly rate of 70. nearly douhlp thp normal port activity for Wenchow. This is a sig- =cant southward shift in operations of the Chinese Commu- nist merchant fleet and appears to be directly related to mil- itary operations in the strait. At least 16 jet fighters flew from either Canton or Huiyang to Chenghai on 15 September. These probably were the aircraft which flew from Nanchang to Canton on 14 September. Ten military transports of the 13th Air Division, an air transport unit, flew from Hsuchow (northwest of Nanking) to Huiyang via Nanchang on 14 September. The number of air- craft involved in this moveme t is in exePss nf that normally associated with a unit move. The Chinese Nationalist LST which made the supply run to Kinmen on 14 September off-loaded 17 amphibious tractors from several miles off the island. The tractors successfully unloaded 43 tons of food and engineer supplies, but the LST was unable to recover the tractors because of a mechanical failure in the ramp. The Nationalist Air Force dropped 10 tons of food and other supplies on ICinmen on 14 September. Another air drop of 20 tons was scheduled for Lieh Hsu (Little Quemoy) later under cover of darkness. One thousand tons of supplies were unloaded at Matsu on 14 September. -TOP�SE�RET 16 Sept 5P r=kITD AI IkITcl I ieftekir-0 el II I r-rikj Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C031724741 Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 603172474 T1JUor-i...AlLit 400% 000 Communist troop strength 000 Nationalist troop strength 1-1. Piston fighter � Jet fighter I+ Piston light bomber 4- Jet light bomber Ground-attack SELECTED AIRFIELDS INDICATED IN BOLD TYil Hengyang, 80806/80916 Hankow NANCHANG - 'Nanking CHONSIEN Foochow' 23,f - MANTA LUNOTVIN HENS+ NUIAN TAIWAN CHINGYANCLOt MACH14.4G 117 STRAIT / UNGCNI WEITOU PEN. KAOCKI � KINN N IS 4 86,t,)0 Amoy r:43AN AO IS Wencho SOUTH CHINA SEA EAST CHINA SEA ISTATUTE MILES 300 419117SEeffir Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 'NW �RSPi Nationalist Vice President Chen Cheng, was satisfied with the cooperation it had received from the United States to date, but that the Chinese Nationalist press and public, not realizing the extent of American cooperation, was inclined to be critical. Although Chen planned to stress to the legislature when it opened on 16 September the government's satisfaction with US assistance, the press has reported the in- troduction of a resolution which noted the ineffectiveness of the convoys and called for "immediate and effective" US and Nation- alist air attack on guns shelling Kinmen. Chen also said that he had refused a request from the chief of the General Staff to use the Nationalist Air Force to attack the Chinese Communist artillery positions when the bombard- ment began on 23 August. He said, however, that the supply problem was already critical and that, if it reached the point at which there was no other alternative, Nationalist air strikes would have to be made against the Communist artillery. Peiping apparently sees prolonged negotiations as favor- able to its aims of reducing Chinese Nationalist morale and prestige while building an image of Communist China as a great power requiring international acceptance. Kuo Mo-jo, Peiping's leading "peace" propagandist, stated in a speech on 15 September, "We do not mind even if the talks go on for five or even ten years," but added that Communist China hopes to "settle questions as quickly as possible." TOP SECRET 16 se" r rt ������ A I IL orr�I I 1....11.14,-. IIIP6 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474' II I Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 SP*. IL ASIA-AFRICA India's Attitude on UN Membership for Peiping New Delhi intends to raise the issue of Chinese Commu- nist membership in the United Nations when the General As- sembly meets on 16 September, even though it foresees another defeat. It has sponsored this cause for the past two years and requested inscription of the item on the UNGA agenda last July, before the Chinese forces began shelling the offshore islands on 23 August. India presumably feels it cannot now abandon this stand, especially since it does not believe that Communist forces actually intend to invade the islands. Nehru on 15 September once more outlined to parliament his long-held view that Taiwan and the offshore islands should become part of Communist China. His government is apparently embarrassed, however, over the fact that the Communists con- tinue to shell Nationalist positions almost daily, while the National- ists take no strenuous retaliatory action. The Indian UN delega- tion has been instructed to raise the membership issue only rou- tinely,/ New Delhi apparently has no plans for a diplomatic initiative seek- ing settlement of the Taiwan issue. India's cautious attitude seems to stem in large part from a recent reappraisal of the long-range capabilities and inten- tions of the Sib-Soviet bloc. Nehru, particularly, now seems to doubt whether the Communist system can survive without the suppression of individual freedoms--an approach he himseLf cannot accept. He is also concerned over Chinese activities along India's Himalayan frontier and plans to visit Bhutan later this month. � The first secretary of the Soviet Embassy in New Delhi recently expressed anxiety over the "hardening" of India's at- titude toward Communist China. SECRET 16 Sept &Approved for Release: ciciic.:TitH�co�iii477-41N Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474 CUIVI'IVhNTIAL THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 003172474 9140/7/. /ZrZi 77//// � Approved for Release. 2020/01/2:3 UU31 /24 / 4 TOP SECRET 7 '701/jo II r/7 Ii VA 0/ ,01/10 fJjj7JApproved proved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03172474WZ�WirrAWZryrd