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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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March 18, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15772442].pdf421.67 KB
2r /I // � Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 // // // // // // // // // // // // // // 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2)E40 18 March 1958 Copy No, 3 7 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN- DOGNMI7f..4IN!(..). NO CLIANi.:;:iT ; NEXT DATE; AUTH:I 70- -- DATE. 10P-SECRET- REVIEWER: Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 4pproved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 ANL. -T-eip-SEGRET- Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 -TOP 18 March 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR apparently engaged in construction activity, possibly missile-associated, it. northern Urals. 0 II. ASIA-AFRICA Indonesia - Government forces again control Medan. Okinawa - Leftists win only 5 of 29 seats in Ryukyuan legislature. Chiang Kai-shek threatens to break relations with Japan if Peiping trade mission is per- mitted to fly flag in Tokyo. Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 \ \\ Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779' TOF SU:NET tere CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 18 March 1958 DAILY� BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR - New missile installation: Missile-associated con&cruction acuity in the northern Urals apparently was in progress in late 1957 and is probably still continuing. Transfers of senior special construction personnel associ- ated with Klyuchi, and rail construction and in the northern Urals area, suggest a major construction effort, Available information does not permit identification of the type of construction under way. Prepa- ration of a guided-missile launching site or instrumentation facilities are possibilities. (Page 1) (Map) d-k 49fr II. ASIA-AFRICA Indonesia: Although the central government has regained control of Medan, North Sumatra, the dissident troops with- drew intact and are headed westward toward the Tapanuli area, where they will probably link up with other antigovern- ment forces. They apparently felt compelled to vacate the city because expected reinforcements failed to appear. Mean- while, government forces have occupied Rengat, the Stanvac oil center in Central Sumatra. (Page 2) (Map) E4- Ryukyu Islands elections: Unofficial returns from legisla- tive elections in the Ryukyus show that conservatives have gained a majority of the 29 seats. Leftists, who won five 7t). seats, apparently were unable to gain significant support Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 TOP SECRET outside the capital city of Naha. As a result of the con- servative victory, Ryukyuan Chief Executive Thoma may be able to form a new party which would ensure that the legislature continues amenable to cooperation with the US administration. (Page 3) Taiwan - Japan: Chiang Kai-shek emphatically stated on 16 March to Ambassador MacArthur, then in Taipei, that he would sever relations with Japan if Prime Minister Kishi allowed the Chinese Communists to fly the flag over their trade mission premises in Tokyo. The Chinese Nationalists have already broken off trade negotiations with the Japanese. Previously, they had indicated they would confine diplomatic action to -withdrawal of their ambassador to Tokyo. (Page 4) 18 Mar 58 DAILY BRIEF 11 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 '411r1 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Possible Guided Missile Construction Activity in Northern Urals Missile-associated construction activity in the north- ern Urals was indicated by the transfer to this area, dur- ing the latter half of 1957, of A. G. Kochetov� a high-level military construction official, and at least four of his prin- cipal subordinates. All were formerly associated with the supervision of construction at Klyuchi, terminus of the pres- sent USSR ICBM test range. At his new post at Polyarnyy Ural, Kochetov was in- formed by his superior in Moscow that a PX facility would be opened there by the Northern Fleet, indicating the pres- ence at Polyarnyy Ural of at least 500 men. The figure may be low�some 2,000 military construction personnel were transferred from Eastern Arctic and Far Eastern areas in late 1956 and early 1957 to unspecified destinations. Further indications include the identification of another military unit (this one connected with railroad construction and/or survey activity at Polyarnyy Ural since August 1957) and the identification of a high security communications link between Tyumen and Salekhard, near Polyarnyy Ural, in January 1956. Available evidence does not permit a conclusion on the exact nature of the construction. The location of Polyarnyy Ural on an established rail line on the northern periphery of the Soviet Union suggests possible construction of ICBM launch facilities, and the Polyarnyy Ural area is a favorable location for early monitoring of the orbits of earth satellites launched from Tyura Tam on either 65-degree or Polar orbits. The former relationship of Kochetov and his associates with preparation of monitoring installations at Klvuchi lends weight to the latter possibility. TOP SECRET 18 Mar 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 'Nue ATJ� g ,jillsIGAPORE .22V1s../ i..Tandjuag Pinang RIAU ISLANDS Pipeline . 4- Railroad Mlles LON -Pnkittingg Pariaman � Yadang� Pain4a Road 200 ,AILAHrt. -kOUTH VIETNAM MALAYA ..RN.. SARAWAK PHILIPPINFS T.T&- SUMATRA � I NDONESIA NE-r" TER, or G=EP PAPUA ausigai_oi BORNEO 24929 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 New, II. ASIA-AFRICA Situation in Indonesia The anti-Djakarta troops which seized the city of Me- dan, North Sumatra, on 16 March have withdrawn from the city, the airport, and the nearby port of Belawan, and:govern- ment forces are in control of the area again.. During the struggle, government forces were reinforced by paratroopers, presumably detached from Central Sumatra. Failure of this dissident action seems to have resulted from lack of support from other forces, including the local artillery unit and Darul Islam units fronl South Atjeh, that had promised cooperation. The dissident troops, about one battalion, are believed to be moving westward toward Tapa- nuli, where two battalions are reported to have defected to the Central Sumatra government. En ,route, however, they may engage government troops stationed at Siantar. The American consul' in Medan has recommended the evacuation of all American dependents. The central government is involved in clearing opera- tions against the dissidents in the Rengat and Link areas where Stanvac has oil fields. Caltex, which operates to the north of Stanvac, was authorized by Djakarta on 17 March to resume normal operations. Lt. CoL Barham, commander in South Sumatra who has so far remained neutral, publicly reiterated his plea to both sides on 17 March for a negotiated settlement. At the same time, however, he ordered his troops "to prepare for all possibilities." Barlia,n had advised dissident leader Hussein that he had now decided to make use of weapons which he earlier received from Hussein. The revolutionary leaders interpret this as evidence that Barlian is leaning more to- ward their side. 18 Mar 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 Approved idr7R-eiel-s-e7-2-5'170-8/26-003177779 Conservatives Victorious in Ryukyu Elections Conservative candidates won a majority of the 29 seats in the Ryukyu Islands legislative elections on 16 March, mak- ing possible the continuation of a relatively harmonious rela- tionship between the legislature and the US administration on the islands. The results are regarded as a setback for the leftists who, although winning five seats compared with the one they had in the previous legislature, apparently failed to win sig- nificant support outside the capital city of Naha. Conserva- tives running as,Democratic, Socialist Masses, or independ- ent candidates appear to have won at least 18 seats, according to unofficial returns� The results of the elections may give Ryukyuan Chief Executive Thoma, who supported many of the winning candi- dates, influence which he could use in organizing a new par- ty of conservatives and moderate Socialists. There are in- dications that Okinawan political rivalries may be concen- trated in two major parties, a conservative party headed by Thoxna, and the already organized Okinawa Socialist party,, headed by leftist Naha mayor Saichi Kaneshi and affiliated with the Japan Socialist party. Leftists remain in control of the Naha administration and assembly and can be expected to continue their agita- tion on the issues of American land policy and Okinawan reversion to Japan. Popular feeling on these issues re- mains high and may tend to restrain full legislative coopera- tion with existing US policy. -60-NFIDEAT-1424- 18 Mar 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779 ��� 4. .1�� 411,41.1, AM.. 1 Iii�osa NOOPI \IP� Chiang Kai-Shek Determined to Break Relations With Japan Chiang Kai-shek stated with "great feeling and emotion" in a 16 March conversation with Ambassador MacArthur, in Taipei for the US chiefs-of-mission conference, that he would "haul down his flag" in Tokyo and "sever relations with Japan, if Prime Minister Kishi allows the Chinese Communists to fly their flag over their trade mission premises in Tokyo," Chiang said he was willing to gloss over trade and other con- cessions included in the recently signed agreement between a group of private Japanese traders and Communist China if the flag issue could be resolved. The Chinese Nationalists broke off trade talks with Japan on 13 March and indicated that their ambassador in Tokyo would be withdrawn if the Japanese Government officially ap- proves the agreement. Foreign Minister Yeh is aware of the seriousness of a complete rupture of relations, and will probably attempt to calm Chiang Kai-shek. In the dispute over the entry of Outer Mongolia into the United Nations in 1955, however, Chiang demonstrated a willingness to ignore all advice and carry through his intention. The Japanese Government has not yet approved the trade agreement. -60INFIDENTIAL 18 Mar 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03177779