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Document Creation Date: 
October 25, 2019
Document Release Date: 
October 31, 2019
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October 31, 1956
.dr,�jor e ,:e : . . ,- ' � ,Approv ed for Release: 2019/10/24 1711#72'd �.."1- 431_14A.9.A..C.1 .11 4/ 31 October 1956 3.5(c) /;t or./ ei er../ ,,, ref Copy Non I ! ) 3.3(h)(2) �20 ,./ ,./ I/ f1 /1 /1 , CURRENT ,ocw4.40.einGLP5s� r'ss ./J ff erJ or,/ BULLETIN INTELLIGENCE n DectAssIFtED cos_ . vrtivaGE0 TO: 'TS t4sossVIEW WEI ----- AUT" I*11�- Fe41001 ,f 60 60 'APO .o, 4, el) erf eri Ird, Pi Pi 60 /1 /1 OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE 60 "f 6, ��,/ ey, CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 'Jo r jr 4/ 400 ' 0 ,1 Zr/r led Pi ' Pi 'I /1 ,./ ,J /1 r/ii PZ Pi Pi Pi Pi Oej ,./ /V ez 1 4, oryi 4/ eV 7/ 6" / e, /V /9 :71 ora/ ,,, oe1 /0/ '40 ,1 5,4 cek;k157,AW TOP. SECRET rif.,00,5WA Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 03178 83 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 lift Agit AM Alt Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 _ Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 yew vow 411110 CONTENTS 1. THE NEAR EAST CRISIS _ V 2. THE SITUATION IN HUNGARY (// (page 3). (page 6). 3. POLISH RADIO SAYS ROKOSSOWSKI PLANNED SWEEPING PURGE (page 9). 4. EAST GERMAN REGIME INCREASINGLY APPREHENSIVE: page 11). 15. SOVIET DECLARATION ON RELATIONS WITH THE SATEL- LITES (page 12). 6. TITO URGES HUNGARIANS TO SUPPORT NAGY (page 13). 7. WESTERN EUROPEAN COMMUNIST REACTION TO HUNGARIAN REVOLT (page 14). -8. JAPANESE TO RAISE EUROPEAN ATELL1TE ISSUE AT (page 15). 9. ASIAN SOCIALIST CONFERENCE novERNMENT PRESSES ITS ADVANTAGE IN SINGAPORE (page 16). 10. SECRETARY GENERAL OF NORTH VIETNAM'S COMMU- NIST PARTY OUSTED (page 17). 31 Oct 56 THE ARAB-ISRAELI SIT UAT ION (page 18) Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 2 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 201 C03178383 Nor woe 1� THE NEAR EAST CRISIS (information as of 0200 EST) s of 0200, British military authorities ere maintaining a news blackout on the rogress of the operations against Egypt orecast by Prime Minister Eden. An fficial statement issued in London said o information would be released before 0400 EST. Press reports, however, in- dicated that a landing operation was taking place0 The main objectives are presum- ably those stated by Eden--the Suez Canal centers of Port Said, Ismailia and Suez. The political objectives of the move, as reportedly stated to the French parlia- mentary foreign affairs committee on 30 October, are to overthrow Egyptian president Nasr and to install British and French troops in the canal zone for an indefinite period. � 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 3 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 1 OGl..-.11,E. mar New" an estimated armored group began leaving the Giza encampment outside the city early on the mornine of 30 Octo- ber. a T 34 tank regiment was observed moving north in the canal zone,, presumably toward the Firdan bridge across the canal, on the night of the 29th. Israeli statements have also asserted that a movement of Egyptian forces across the canal into Sinai was taking place. Israel has officially stated that its forces are 18 miles from the Suez Canal, although it claims that the Israeli objective is not the canal, but the occupation of terri- tory from which fedayeen operated. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 4 IDP-sEefter Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: F07970/24 C03178383 vw, Noir Nov Ned LEI I2:1 0 I=1 1321 FC SG Al xandrio; Infantry Airborne Infantry Armored Infantry Cavalry Armored Cavalry Armored Field Artillery Antiaircraft Artillery National Guard Palestine Home Guard Frontier Corps Security and Guard Army Corps Division Brigade Regiment Battalion Company or Battery z rnFe CAIRO 110A IsA 0.4 47.r� El ORT 13 MORT 1W4 C. SG cll. SG i SG 97# 'WE' ANAL HOej gISG 112. Cg3SG 2 'N ( (CYPRUS (U K ) ISRAELI MOVES ON 29-30 OCT. 956 SELECTED ROADS POSITION WHICH ANGLO-FRENCH FORCES INTEND TO OCCUPY HO ,i11" .11-1 ea rish NAKI-IL FC t; Haifa. r , ISRAEL 'QLI rt c'rn'r TeI Aviv,' SINAI PENINSULA NLOCATED )3 GUI_ F:\ SILF7'-'011 Ot,L, t 1,_ S SThrb..4, c5k Horns .Tripoli BEIRUT� LEBANON E: I. . OFTSAMASCUS �Ban " , Al Qunaytirah SYRIA , L:2 4.1 .Nablus WOO 11-1 rffojSIG '�AMMAN Jerusalem 2 , k�ASharm al Shaikh Nltion Guard �:( ',VLSI BANK Br..r; LAST BANK .JORDAN British �Maar, SAUDI ARABIA Tabuk. b. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 5 60828 B Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 20119/10/24 C03178383 *we Noe 20 THE SITUATION IN HUNGARY (information as of 0200 EST) Reports from reliable eyewitnesses in Budapest indicate that as of 1400 (Budapest time) on 30 October Soviet forces were withdrawing from the city, but apparently only to the outskirts. At noon Soviet tanks withdrew from the Kilian barracks, which were still occupied by armed nationalist insurgents. Later in the day, at 1820 hours, the Hungarian defense minister announced that agreement had been reached with the command of the Soviet forces in Budapest that all Soviet troops in the city would com- plete their withdrawal by dawn of 31 October. The job of main- taining order, according to the announcement, would be taken over simultaneously by certain units of the Hungarian army, the police, and the national guard. On the other hand, the American army at- tach�n Budapest, referring to Shepilov's statement of 29 October that "no Soviet units have arrived in Hungary in the last 24 hours, in fact last 64 hours," observed that a Soviet column was seen arriving in Budapest at 1100 hours on 30 Oc- tober, with obvious signs of a long trip. Numerous reports of reinforcements by large Soviet forces over the Czech- r7arian border are not borne out by Hurig Coincidental with these developments came the announcement of the formation of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Hungarian Army. This council stated it approved all the demands that had been made on the government by the workers' councils, that it had decided to disarm immediately those secret police formations which still remained armed, and that it had dismissed a number of high officers including General Toth, armed forces chief of staff, and Generals Hazai, Hidvegi 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 6 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383� :=Z-4=-11tt_r, 11-, AIM 11".Fri Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 New' Now NNE, NIS and Szabo. Later announcements indicated that the council would be responsible for maintaining order in Budapest and throughout the country� The announcement that the Soviet troops would be withdrawn from Budapest contrasts with the earlier Soviet statement that the insurgents in the city must lay down their arms prior to any Soviet evacuation of the city. Although Premier Nagy's attitude has been vacillating in regard to this question, he clearly implied on 30 October that the insurgent forces in control of the provinces should retain their arms. He added that he expected these forces to become part of the regime's newly organized national guard. There are still no clear indications from any source whether and how soon Soviet troops may be with- drawn from Hungary. In a speech the afternoon of 30 October, however, Nagy repeated an earlier statement that he was nego- tiating this question with the USSR. Moscow's announcement on 30 October that it is "ready to enter into relevant negotia- tions . . . on the question of Soviet troops in Hungary" sug- gests that agreement may be reached soon concerning this matter. The announcement by Nagy last night that "the Revolutionary Military Council shall operate until the new government to be formed through general and secret elections takes office" meets the other major demand of the insurgents. Along with the announcements concerning the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Budapest, it suggests that the Nagy regime is moving toward complete capitulation to the rebels. Earlier in the day Nagy revealed that the one-party system in Hungary had been abolished and that a coalition government consisting of representatives from the Communist Party and from the other parties existing in 1945 (presumably the Smallholders, National Peasant, Citizens' Democratic, Radical and Social Democratic) would be formed. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 7 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Nal valve Niso'' An appeal was issued simultaneously for the reorganization of these parties. Later Budapest announcements stated that the Social Democratic, National Peasant, and Smallholders parties had re-formed in Budapest. If the Social Democrats should join the government it would be a clear indication that the Nagy regime has given in completely to rebel demands. So far, Nagy has been unable to gain Social Democratic partici- pation in his government because of unwillingness to satisfy their demands. Unity of purpose among the rebel forces-- who have no central authority and who remain only in tenuous contact with one another--appears to be confined largely to the question of Hungarian independence and the need for an immediate Soviet troop withdrawal from the entire country. Since actual fighting in the countryside apparently has ceased, and since the present moves of the Nagy regime may have caused some confusion among the rebel groups, political maneuvering is probably already under way between various insurgent factions, particularly between Communist and non- Communist elements. The Communist insurgents apparently �retain their confidence in Nagy--insisting, however, that he � must implement his promises before they will actively support him--, but non-Communist rebels Probably remain suspicious of both Nagy and his intentions. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 8 rOP-S-Ere-RE-T Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383- Approved for Release: 2-6T9/10/24 C03178383 Nol vow, "lart' 3. POLISH RADIO SAYS ROKOSSOWSKI PLANNED SWEEPING PURGE According to a Warsaw radio broadcast on 26 October, a pro-Soviet group, led by Marshal Rokossowski and several politburo members, attempted to arrest large numbers of liberal Communists shortly before the recent central com- mittee plenum. The broadcast quoted a speaker at the meeting of the Gdansk Provincial Committee of the Polish United Workers (Com- munist) Party as stating that the pro-Soviet group issued orders to the army to arrest 700 liberal Communist leaders on 18 October, the day before Khrushchev arrived in Warsaw. The move was unsuccessful because of the actions of "pro- gressive elements" in the army, security policy, party, and among the workers who alerted those scheduled to be arrested and seized control of key positions in the city. The speaker named Marshal Rokossowski, Zenon Nowak, Klosiewicz, Berman, General Witaszewski, Joswiak-Witold, and Zawadski, as members of the group, known as the "Natolin group:' Comment This information probably has some founda- tion in fact and provides an explanation for for the unexpected arrival of Soviet leaders in Warsaw on 19 Oc- tober and the coldness of their reception. In view of its publi- cation, Rokossowski can hardly retain his posts as deputy premier 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 9 SECR-ET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Nor New Nio and minister of national defense. He is now "on leave" and reportedly has gone to the USSR with no date set for his return. Most of the other listed members of the Natolin group have already been removed from office, along with eight provincial first secretaries, but Zenon Nowak still holds the post of deputy premier and Zawadski retains his posts as chief of state and politburo member. The publicizing of the activities of the Natolin group also suggests that some members of the group may not only be deprived of their positions but may be sub- jected to criminal prosecution as well. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 10 SE C-14 ET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 4.E EASINGLY APPREHENSIVE The East German regime is becoming increasingly nervous over the dissatis- faction with internal conditions and the mounting tension among the population caused by the upheavals in Poland and Hungary. Military, police, and secu- rity forces have been alerted. The orders issued to them, together with public state- ments-by government and party officials, show that the regime is determined to crush the first signs of hostile activity. crowds have been gathering in several areas ana are MS- cussing Polish and Hungarian developments. Many people are asking why East German governmental policies are not under- going a liberalization similar to that in Poland and Hungary. Student discussion groups in several localities have posed em- barrassing questions to party agitators sent to give them the correct line. Local and university officials have been warned to keep a watchful eye on student activities. Party first secretary Walter Ulbricht and Premier Otto Grotewohl, appearing on a radio and television "round-table discussion" on 27 October, gave the first detailed presentation of the regime's views on the recent developments. They emphasized the "differences" between conditions in East Germany and in Poland and Hungary, implying that workers in East Germany really have no grounds for discontent. Grotewohl categorically rejected any "liberalization" in East Germany on the grounds that it would mean a return to capitalism. Obviously referring to widespread de- mands for Ulbricht's ouster, Grotewohl said, "We are not go- ing to change the government'because it is the fashionable thing to do." Realizing that concessions on a few issues would in- evitably lead to demands for further concessions, the regime appears determined to hold the line. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 11 TOP-SEC-RE T Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 CONFIDENTIAL 'low' .110,. Noe 5. SOVIET DECLARATION ON RELATIONS WITH THE SATELLITES The Soviet government's declaration of 30 October on relations with the Satellites is an attempt to regain a position from which the USSR can begin to exert control over the too-rapid development of Satellite independence without compromising its self-initiated "liberal- ization" program. The declaration attempts to cancel out the serious loss of prestige and leadership which the USSR has suffered, both within and outside the bloc, because of events in Hungary aqd Poland. In a key paragraph, the declaration em- phasizes that Soviet units are stationed in Hungary and Rumania under the authority of the Warsaw pact, and carefully establishes that Soviet troops in Poland are there on the basis of the Pots- dam four-power agreement as well. East Germany and the Soviet forces there are pointedly omitted from the statement, a tacit reaffirmation of the Soviet position that withdrawal of any of these troops is dependent on withdrawal of Western forces from Germany, US fOrces from Europe, and a change in the orientation of West Germany. While the declaration holds out the promise to the Satellites of greater internal independence in economic affairs and withdrawal of Soviet advisers, it also places great emphasis on the Warsaw pact as a unifying system necessary to protect and maintain Communist control. In stating that it "is ready to examine with other socialist countries" the sta- tioning of Soviet troops on their territory, the declaration as- serts that this should take place only with the agreement of the state concerned as well as agreement between participants in the pact. In its specific references to the Hungarian situation, the statement also implies that withdrawal of Soviet troops is subject to negotiations with "other participants of the Warsaw treaty" as well as the local government. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 12 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved-fo?Rei7a;e72-61-970724'603178383 NISO NOP, 6 TITO URGES HUNGARIANS TO SUPPORT NAGY Tito, in a letter of 29 October addressed to the Hungarian Communist Party, calls for the Hungarians to stop further blood- shed. He says that the recent measures taken by the Hungarian leadership show that the policy of the Hungarian party and government and the "genuine socialist aspirations of the Hungarian working people have been merged into one!' Tito regrets the "wrong and harmful policy" pursued by the past Hungarian regime which produced the present crisis, but calls on the Hungarian workers to avoid - "undermining the faith of workingmen in socialism and the essential development of socialist democracy!' The letter says the Yugoslav leadership does not wish to interfere in the internal affairs of Hungary, but out of a feeling of solidarity with the "progressive social- ist aspirations" of the Hungarian people, appeals to the people to make every effort to end the struggle, "which could have unforeseeable consequences not only for Hungary but for the international labor movement." Comment Tito's remarks closely parallel the line now being pushed by the Nagy regime it- self as well as a Polish statement to the Hungarians sent by Gomulka and Cyrankiewicz. The Yugoslays are apparently worried lest a continuation of the present Hungarian rebellion lead to either a non-Communist government in Hungary or to Soviet imposi- tion of a Stalinist-type regime. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 13 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 tUfP1D1Y11AL NINO' Mee: '4,41119 �1011 7. WESTERN EUROPEAN COMMUNIST REACTION TO HUNGARIAN REVOLT Communist reaction in major Western European countries to the Hungarian revolt ranges from rigid support of Moscow by the French to an increas- ingly anti-Soviet position in Italy. The American embassy in Paris reports that on 29 October the French Commu- nist press surpassed itself in defending the Soviet Union and gloating over the "defeat" of the insurgents. The London Daily Worker, on the other hand, has walked a tight rope in both ab- horring the "necessity" for the intervention of Soviet troops against the counterrevolutionaries and in speaking of the Hungarian workers' "just demands." The official Italian Communist Party paper Unita has abandoned its earlier support of the Soviet line blam- ing counterrevolutionaries for the violence. On 29 October party leader Togliatti criticized Hungary for its failure to de- velop its Communism on an adequate national base and to make reforms quickly enough. The leadership of the Communist- dominated labor organization and the fellow-traveling Ii Paese have condemned Soviet intervention in Hungary 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 14 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Relea�s�e: 2079/10/24 C03178383 %Imo Nu* ,�asiv Nip/ 8. JAPANESE TO RAISE EUROPEAN SATELLITE ISSUE AT ASIAN SOCIALIST CONFERENCE Japanese delegates to the Asian Socialist Conference to be held in Bombay from 1 to 10 November have decided to raise the is- sue of the Soviet Satellites and to call for self-determination of all peoples oppressed by colonialism, The draft of the formal resolution will be determined alter the attitude of other delegates to the conference is known. The Asian Socialist Conference is corn- posed of Socialist parties representing Burma, India, Indo- nesia, Japan, Israel, Pakistan and Lebanon. South Vietnam and Nepal have ob6erver status. The present chairman is Burmese premier Ba Swe, but he will probably be replaced by either an Indian or Indonesian at the forthcoming meeting. The Japanese proposal is likely to strike a responsive chord at the conference since the organization took an unequivocal anti-Communist stand when it was formed in 1953. The Praja Socialist Party of India already has de- clared that the use of Soviet forces in Hungary and the threat to use them in Poland was "most reprehensible." Although the Japanese proposal is critical of Soviet policy toward the Satellites, the Japan Socialist Party does not appear to favor restricting relations with the Commu- nist bloc. The party reportedly intends to submit a report on trade with the bloc at the conference which will stress the ur- gent need for such trade for the well-being of all Asian nations, particularly Japan. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 15 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 %re NOV %OP .4411, 9. GOVERNMENT PRESSES ITS ADVANTAGE IN SINGAPORE Rioting in Singapore has ceased and the curfew and other emergency restric- tions are being lifted. The government is in complete command of the situation and the police and army are on the alert to meet any new outbreak. Documents captured during raids on pro- Communist labor union headquarters conducted during the riots contain evidence of a Communist conspiracy to over- throw the Singapore government. Political and union lead- ers who have been arrested will be held at least until the screening of these documents has been completed. In addi- tion, legal technicalities are being exploitetito continue the detention of Lim Chin Siong, a member of the Legislative Assembly and probably the colony's leading Communist. The government is pressing its advan- tage, despite protests from some highly influential Chinese. The Council of Ministers has rejected a so-called compro- mise proposal by Tan Lark-sye, a Peiping-oriented business- man who speaks for some elements of the Chinese community which have opposed the government's action. Chief Minister Lim has delivered a strong radio address blaming the pro- Communists for the disturbances and appealing to all Chinese to support his "indigenous" government. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 16 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Nor NO IA SECRETARY GENERAL OF NORTH VIETNAM'S COMMUNIST PARTY OUSTED Truong Chinh, secretary general of the Lao Dong Party (Communist) and its predecessors since 1941, and heretofore regarded as probably second man in the Viet Minh hierarchy, has resigned after criticizing himself for the "mistakes committed in land re- form," Peasant discontent over the land reform program, heightened by famine conditions resulting from poor crops since 1954, culminated recently in open violence, according to Radio Hanoi. Chinh has been replaced by Ho Chi Minh, who retains his post as party chairman. Although Chinh has been made the scapegoat for land reform failures, he remains a member of the politburo and the secretariat and is appar- ently not marked for discard. Ho Chi Minh's assumption of the post of secretary general suggests an effort to use his great popu- larity to gain wider peasant support for the land reform program. To conciliate the peasants, the change may also lead to a slowing down and modification of the program. 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 17 _SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 �-ro Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383 Now, iwoo4 THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (Information as of 02009 31 October) The Iraqi chief of staff has stated that Iraq will not move its troops from their present positions until it is absolutely essential; and that they will not take part in any opera- tion where they would be under either Egyptian or Jordanian com- mand. Iraq is willing, however, to fulfill its obligations toward Jordan if its forces are given a proper sector and a logical sys- � tern of co-ordination. According to the American army attach� in Baghdad, the chief of staff appeared to be not unhappy over the possibility that Egypt might be trounced. As of 30 Qc_fcle.) r, the American attaches in Tel Aviv estimated that Israeli mobilization was 90-95 percent complete. They reported a substantial dislocation of normal services and distribution facilities, especially in the cities. A complete countrywide blackout had been ordered to begin that night. Twenty Mystere jet fighters with what ap- peared to be French markings have been observed parked at Lod airfield in Israel. Eighteen French let pilots arrived at Lod via oit (For another article bearing on the Arab- Israeli situation, see item 1, p. 3.) 31 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 18 �SECRET� Approved for Release: 2019/10/24 C03178383