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Document Creation Date: 
October 25, 2019
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October 31, 2019
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October 23, 1956
rff/.77,1;,7);74.f7 for Release-019/10/23 /21r 0/0 y CURRENT / INTELLIGENCE /4''� / BULLETIN Zr /11Z e . 1 017 1:19. d 23 October 1956 Copy No. DOC tAO 4.3 DECLASS.; CLASS. CHANGED 10: TS S NEXT IREVIEW DATE.: AUT14: 70- DATE: BEVIEWES OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY TOP SECRET 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2),' 7,/7/1/141 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 sh,oApproved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 I (Jr EUTCL'�i Itriordie %eye CONTENTS 1. POLES RALLY TO SUPPORT GOMULKA (page 3). 2. REACTION TO POLISH DEVELOPMENTS (page 4). 3. EAST GERMANY READY TO MEET RESISTANCE WITH FORCE page 5). J 4. FRENCH SEIZE FIVE ALGERIAN REBEL.LEADERS (page 7). 6/. JORDAN'S LOWER HOUSE ELECTIONS 6. PROSPECT HONDURAS (page 9). (page 8). NEW MILITARY JUNTA IN 7. JAPANESE REACTION TO MOSCOW AGREEMENTS (page 10). 13. PHILIPPINE COURT RELEASES 43 HUKS 23 Oct 56 THE ARAB-ISRAELISITUATION (page 12) (page 11). Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 2 �--T-efa-79E-e-RE-71 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved ior-Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 lime+00" .fterviS 1. POLES RALLY TO SUPPORT GOMULKA Widespread popular support for Gomulka has been publicly expressed throughout Poland in the wake of his reported defiance of the Kremlin. Rallies, especially of youth groups, have demon- strated the popular enthusiasm for Gomulka and his program of continued liberalization. Some meetings called for the ouster of General Witasewski,,, political commissar of the Polish armed forces, and Wiktor Klosiewicz, head'of the Pcilish trade unions, as well as other leaders identified with the pro-Soviet m n e olish hierarchy, A rally at the military technical academy in Warsaw attended by officers, soldiers, students and workers stressed the unbreakable unity of the soldiers, the working class, and the nation. Other rallies condemned anti-Semitism and ariti=intellectualism. However, the regime has reaffirmed its friendship with the USSR and its solidarity with other socialist states. Trybuna Ludu, organ of the Polish central committee, has carried an editorial warning Western nations not to interfere in internal Polish affairs. It reaffirmed the Polish-Soviet alliance as the cornerstone of Polish policy and added that democratization of internal life and further political and ecOnomic reforms do not mean a departure from socialism or a weakening of solidarity with other socialist countries. An attempt to turn a Krakow student rally into an anti=Soviet demonstration was defeated, according to Warsaw radio. The American embassy in Loildon . reports that developments in Poland have produced a "terrific impact on the Poles in exile" and that even the most anti=Communist among them do not conceal their pride as anti-Russian, patriots. General Anders, leader of the Poles in exile, remarked to a friend, "What a courageous little man Gomulka 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 3 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 � Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 -I. 11-4-L I AL AL-LTA= kraiirele '4.1�000010 2. COMMUNIST REACTION TO POLISH DEVELOPMENTS Yugoslavia and one Soviet Satellite-- Hungary--have come out openly in favor of the new and independent Polish regime of Wladyslaw Gomulka. Communist China has taken no public position on develop-. ments in Poland, but Gomulka has reportedly received a telegram of congratulations.for his appointment as Polish party first secretary from Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse-tung, The official organ of the American Com- munist Party has lined up in support of Poland. The Hun- garian-party, which has remained only a step behind Poland in liberalization, undoubtedly feels that Gomulka's return facilitates its own drive for "democratization and independence." Nationalist-inclined student and writers' groups in Hungary, already restive and making demands on the regime, are stepping up their proliberalization, proindependence agitation. Hungary's counterpart to Gomulka, ex-premier Imre Nagy, seems certain to return to power. The Yugoslays have devoted heavy and enthusiastic coverage to the Polish events. They have given full play to the Polish replies to the Pravda attacks and restated the Trybuna Ludu comment that these discus- sions are not "anti-Soviet attacks" but efforts to develop a friendship on the "principles of equality, sovereignty, and genuine brotherhood." In their press coverage of the Polish developments, the East German, Czechoslovakian, Rumanian, and Bulgarian parties have adopted the entire Soviet line and have featured Pravda's blast at the Polish press. DiS- sidence in Czechoslovakia, which flared during the spring but which has been extinguished by the heavy hand of the Moscow-oriented Czech regime, may, however, be rekindled by the fast-moving events in Poland and Hungary. 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 4 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Al A./ Lol 11 a. EAST GERMANY READY TO MEET RESISTANCE WITH FORCE Comment on: East German officials are jittery over the prevailing uneasy situation in the country which they blame on RIAS broadcasts and Western press reports of strikes and disorders at Magdeburg and other places in East Germany. They have alerted the security forces, the Kampfgruppen�armed workers' militia--and in at least one instance, army troops to put down any overt resistance quickly and ruthlessly. Special duty offices o_perating on a 24-hour basis have been established at re- gional party headquarters throughout East Germany0 the situation is seriouE. "Tomorrow we may have to shoot those who lay down their work." the East Germans would not handle the situation as the Poles did at Poznan and would not wait for a "few thousand of us to be slaughtered first and then have the tanks come and open fire...." there had been a minor work stoppage at the Karl Marx plant about two weeks ago, but it was quickly settled without difficulty or violence. The tense situation in Poland has undoubtedly increased apprehension in East Germany and 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 5 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 kir LL1tE 1 Iriormir probably influenced the decision to order all security forces to be on the alert. The riot-control capabilities of the East German police and security forces have been improved since the riots vi 17 June 1953, and it is clear that the regime will use force ruthlessly to stamp out any opposition. 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 6 TOP�SEeRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 CALF/ Yr /LP ,.n-1-7E717M iturrians, Namorgole 4. FRENCH SEIZE FIVE ALGERIAN REBEL LEADERS The capture of five Algerian rebel leaders by the French on 22 October, while giving the French an immediate advantage over the nationalist movement in Algeria, will add new complications to France's relationship with Tunisia and Morocco. The Tunisian government has al- ready protested the arrests and reportedly has warned that the action has "produced a situation approaching iwar:" The five leaders, among them Mohamed ben Bella, have long been sought by the French. Most(df them have lived in Egypt in recent years. They were on their way from Rabat, Morocco, where they had conferred with Sultan Mohamed ben Youssef, to Tunis, to participate in further conversations between the sultan and Premier Habib Bourghiba. Their plane apparently vas intercepted over the Mediterranean and forced to land at Algiers. The French ran be expected to play up the arrests in their efforts to pacify Algeria. However, the real leaders of the resistance movement are believed to be inside Algeria and probably are not among The five ar- rested. Algerian resistance is likely to increase, and L chances of a negotiated settlement have been further re- duced. The French may try to induce Ben Bella to indicate the basis on which negotiations might be undertaken with rei3istanc leaders inside Algeria. October to consider the situation. The cabinet mr in Paris early on 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 7 CONFIDEALMAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Nuirtme 5. JORDAN'S LOWER HOUSE ELECTIONS The elections for Jordan's 40-seat Lower House on 21 October strengthened the position of extreme nationalists on both the left and the right. Anti-Western can- didates are reported to have captured more than half of the seats, and the majority of those elected advocates abrogation or modification of the Anglo- Jordanian Treaty. Less than half of the 400,000 Jordanians who were eligible actually voted in the elections, which passed without incident. The moderately anti-West National So:- cialists have emerged as the largest single party with at least 10 seats. The pro-Communist "National Bloc" coali- tion won at least three seats, giving the extreme left its strongest parliamentary position in any Arab state. The leftist, proEgyptian Arab Resurrection Party, which was the most active in the campaign, won two seats. The far right is represented by two supporters each of the Moslem Brotherhood and the Liberation Party. The largest bloc of seats continues to be held by independents most of whom are anti-Western. The new parliament is to convene on 25 October. King Hussain has been urged by conservative interests to dissolve the legislature ,if he should find it:: actions objectionable, to suspend the constitution and estab- lish an authoritarian regime. Such a move could provoke serious unrest and threaten the position of the monarchy. The election was hailed by the Egyptian press and radio as a victory for Arab unity and a defeat for Britain and Iraq. Egypt mounted a major propaganda effort to impress the Jordanian public before the election, and will send General Amer, commander of Arab joint Amman this week to conclude a military pact. 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 8 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 A �lip/Nloe' 6. PROSPECTS OF THE NEW MILITARY JUNTA IN HONDURAS The military junta which seized the Honduran government on 21 October condemned the "shameful" acts of the ousted Lozano regime and pledged it- self to transfer power after "a short time" to a civilian government repre- sentating "true democracy, peace and justice." According to an unconfirmed report, the junta has already nullified the 7 October constituent assembly election, which the former regime had won by force and fraud. The members of the junta, General Roque Rodriguez, air force chief Colonel Hector Caraccioli, and Major Roberto Galvez, probably acted mainly from patriotic motives. Ex-president Juan Manuel Galvez, the father of Roberto Galvez, retains the loyalty, of top army and air force officers and will probably be an important behind-the-scenes figure. The cabinet cliosen by the junta contains respected and capable men, including at least one member of the opposition Liberal Party. In attempting to oversee the return to constitutional government, in abeyance for almost two years, the junta will face the same dilemma which bedeviled its predecessor--a free election would probably mean victory for the Liberal Party, The Liberals, out of power for over 20 years, are distrusted by many entrenched political and military figures and there is some evidence of Communist infiltration in the party. The junta apparently consolidated its position quickly, and immediate challenges to its authority are not expected. 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 9 SECRET- Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 tat..".1. TA AAJFAjl. / Ilaervime, 7. JAPANESE REACTION TO MOSCOW AGREEMENTS Initial Japanese reactions--as reflected in the press�to the Moscow agree- ments restoring diplomatic relations between Japan and the USSR are cool but acquiescent, according to Ambassa- ison. notes that a large majority of the ruling Liberal-Democratic Party executive board supports the agreements, apparently reflecting a conviction among party members that no feasible alternative is possible. Allison observes that business leaders appear doubtful that trade with the USSR will expand significantly, but they hope for increased business with Communist China and other bloc countries. The Socialists hailed the signing of the declaration and have pledged their support for the ratification of the agreements. Comment A majority of Japanese political leaders and the public probably feel the agree- ments Prime Minister Hatoyama has concluded are the best that could be achieved under the circumstances, and support for the accords appears sufficient to prevent a major schism in the government party. Socialist support for the Moscow agreements would assure ratification even should a considerable number of Liberal-Democrats withdraw from the party in opposition to the settlement. 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 10 -CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 %.-' A 1.100.1111.1 *11.10 MEI" 8. PHILIPPINE COURT RELEASES 43 HUKS The granting of bail to 43 former Commu- nist rebels in a Philippine provincial court is a further setback to the govern- ment's efforts to eliminate the local Com- munist threat. The court's action was based on a Supreme Court ruling in July' nullifying the charges under which most of the Huks were convicted, and probably foreshadows the release of more than 100 other Huks now petitioning for bail. President Magsaysay fears the eventual release of up to 4000 and has stated this would "put the country back where it was in 1949." Attempts by Magsaysay and ranking mili- tary officials to force a reversal of the .Supreme Court action and to tighten the laws on rebellion have tended to antagonize the Philippine-Congress. Some congressmen, including the chairman of the House Committee on Anti-Filipino Activities, favor amnesty for Huks now that the threat of armed rebellion is substantially removed, and resent the army's role in non- military aspects of the anti-Communist campaign. The release of the imprisoned Communists may substantially enhance Communist capabilities in the party's present "legal struggle," particularly should bail be extended to the former politburo leaders. Philippine security officials consider the greatest danger to be the possible en- couragement of rural sympathizers, who had previously been fearful of supporting the Communist cause. 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 11 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157 1 LIU Edil,UtEd I �ftriple THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (Information as of 1700, 21 October) A squadron of British 'Venom jet fighers is now based at Amman, according to US air force headquarters in Europe. This squadron may be the 249th RAF squadron of 15 aircraft which moved out of Jordan to Cyprus last August at the height of the Suez crisis. Et _ he Soviet freighter. Smela was sighted at the Yemeni port o alif unloading crates whi to contain arms. Mili- tary officers were present. 23 Oct 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 12 SECRETTOP Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03179157