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October 25, 2019
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October 31, 2019
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November 3, 1956
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15742008].pdf646.41 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN ea.r-/IL..11.11 ro,r - 3 November 1956 Copy No. 112 ) 001001114. 0 LAGS _vv1/414*,114 140 '....1s0.05FIE0 ,o, CI u 04010E0 ' -- 1497 vt 70-2. twressii 71.05411" ,o/A 3.5(c) 7 3.3(h)( e/ 0�1`5 OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY ("/ grefft.fffl/fA TOP SECRET A Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Nor and Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Nome Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 TJ?Ef1L /4.P/119' CONTENTS 1. THE SITUATION IN HUNGARY 2. HOSTILITIES IN EGYPT ( (page 3). ) (page 5). 3, USSR TELLS EGYPT FURTHER AID DELIVERY IS IMPOS- SIBLE (page 8). 4. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN JORDAN AND SYRIA page 9). ICISM OF EDEN INCREASING IN BRITAIN (page 11). 6. PINE CRISIS 7. FRA/sT LIBYA LINES FRENCH-BRITISH OBJECTIVES IN SUEZ (page 13). XPECTED TO WITHDRAW TROOPS FROM (page 14). SITUATION IN POLAND, EAST GERMANY AND CZECHO- SLOVAKIA ) (page 15). 9. SOUTH KOREAN DEMONSTRATIONS TO PROMOTE "FORCEFUL" UNIFICATION page 17). 10. HANOI ANNOUNCES "LIBERALIZATION" PROGRAM (page 18). * * * * THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (page 19) 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 2 TOP-SEelkt Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 'tape Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 CONFIDENTIAL -.4mormo 1. THE SITUATION IN HUNGARY (information as of 0100, 3 November) The reinforcement of Soviet units in Hungary during the past three days, coincident with the movement of Soviet troops already within the country and a recent switch in the USSR's propaganda line concerning Hungarian political devel- opments, indicate an imminent Soviet move to block Hungarian efforts to sever virtually all ties with Moscow. These developments also suggest that the USSR is now prepared to resume hostilities if the present show- of-force fails to "correct" what Moscow has already called an alarming situation. that the USSR is sending heavy Soviet troop reinforcement into Hungary. t least 600 Soviet tanks have recently enterea Lne COWILI from the USSR and Rumania. The USSR, probably reacting to Hun- gary's sudden and unilateral withdrawal from the Warsaw pact and its request to the United Nations to guarantee Hun- gary's neutrality, has apparently deployed Soviet forces throughout the country in strategic areas and has surrounded or occupied key urban centers. According to the American army attache in Budapest, Soviet troops in western Hungary have in effect sealed Hungary's border with Austria and thus have severed all contacts with the West except for existing electrical com- munications facilities, The attache also reported the begin- ning of sporadic firing by machine guns and heavier weapons 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 3 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 4,00, L, V/ Yr ilfir4/ 1+ 1111.. Noe Nasormoe in Budapest, beginning at 1830 hours (Budapest time), and noted that present Soviet troop dispositions in the area render the situation "critical for the nationalists:* Hungarian forces under control of the Nagy regime and insurgent forces in the provinces are reportedly preparing for action, but indications of hostil- ities have been limited to the attach6's report of firing in Budapest. The Nagy regime has pressed its fight for United Nations action--sending three notes to that body on 1 and 2 November--but is not yet ready to assume that the USSR has committed "an act of provocation." Hoping for the best� the new first deputy minister of defense; insurgent hero Major General Pal Maleter, informed the press on 2 Novem- ber that Soviet first deputy premier Mikoyan promised in Budapest on 31 October that Soviet troops other than those stationed in Hungary under the Warsaw pact would be with- drawn from the country. Possibly in preparation for a new Soviet move in Hungary, broadcasts from Moscow during the eve- ning Of 2 November stated, in thinly-veiled language, that the USSR views with alarm the present "tense" and "chaotic" situation in Hungary and warned Budapest "against a wrong step:* Condemning Hungarian declarations of neutrality and asserting that "reactionary counterrevolutionaries" � strengthened by reinforcements arriving from Austria with American connivance--have scored at least partial successes, the broadcasts pointed out that such events are not questions which concern "only a single socialist country." 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 4 tttVHDEN--T--IAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 NOCall* Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 TOP ECRET 2. HOSTILITIES IN EGYPT (information as of 0200, 3 November) The Israeli victory in eastern binai has been consolidated by the surrender of Egyptian garrisons at Gaza, El Arish and at several other major points of re- sistance bypassed earlier in the drive toward the Suez Canal. Israel has claimed capture of 15,000 Egyptian troops, 100 tanks and 500 "guns," and announced that its advance units are now within 10 miles of the southern end of the Suez Canal. The Israeli advance is moving toward the three key Suez Canal cities of Suez, Ismailia, and Port Said. An Israeli spokesman has declared that there will be no Israeli activities west of the canal. He expressed the belief, however, that Israel would hold the conquered territory in Sinai until "peaceful relations" were reached with the Arab world, and until Israel was free to use the canal. A new Israeli move to seize control of the shore along, and entrance to, the Gulf of_e_n_ahn_ixtmeh_leads tn the Israeli port of Eilat, is indicated 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 5 TOP-STeRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Iv* Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Lem,' 410, I lir-5re1tgE--1- Egyp- tian naval vessels were warned to be vigilant, and to explode charges under the surface of the water periodically. On 2 November Syria announced through its embassy in Washington that it had "decided to implement the joint Syrian-Egyptian defense pact" and that all of Syria's forces would be placed under Egyptian command, as a result of the government's decision to help Egypt against Israel. If Syrian troops enter Jordan in order to attack Israel, Israel may attack West Jordan with strong armored formations, 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin :Page 6 TOP-SEGRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 16...A. 1.A...4 A V1,0' \mitiMUe , f CYPRUS (U.K. +ffai EGYPTIAN MOVES 2 NOV. VoeS, ISRAELI MOVES 2 NOV. SELECTED ROAD 4.:�*0 REPORTED SYRIAN TROOP MOVEMENT /Th POSSIBLE EGYPTIAN HOLDING :POSITIONS- CAIRO 20 3 Nov 56 E Suez, ISRAEL CLAIMS 15,000 CAPTURED 1 I -.Shaun al Shaikh E Hat Current Intelligence Bulletin BEIRUT!. yrripm ?LEBANON z 0 Raniyas .AI Qunaytirah S I A AMMAN DEAD SEA JORDAN I-121 British /46 Maan BR IT I $H REDEPLOYMENT A-- REPORTED ritish Aqabah SAUDI ARABIA Tabuk� Page 7 60828B Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for. Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 'UOi Nkwf 3. USSR TELLS EGYPT FURTHER AID DELIVERY IS IMPOSSIBLE F-4 was impossible for the Mit in present circumstances to send any further arms, fuel, or experts to Egypt because of the Ando-French air-sea blockade. The USSR apparently desires to mini- mize the risk to itself of direct military involvement in the Middle East. Despite rumors of the imminent arrival of Soviet war materiel and "volunteers," there has been no firm evidence that the USSR is preparing to take an active part in the fighting, and Soviet statements of support for Egypt have been noncommittal. Despite the absence of any new Soviet promises, some Arab leaders had expected the USSR to come tel their. aid 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 8 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 _ ',err Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 tir I 4. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN JORDAN AND SYRIA tf, Israeli radio announcements that Syrian and Iraqi forces have entered Jordan, and other fragmentary evidence suggest that moves to involve Jordan in the hostilities with Israel and to partition the country are under way. the consensus was that Iraqi troops were being moved to various frontiers rather than across the border into Jordan. Iraq is reported to have de- ployed one division about 40 miles from the Jordan border in western Iraq. British troops were evacuating their bases at Aqaba and Mafraq in Jordan, and that Saudi Arabian troops were expected to oc- cupy Aqaba. an airlift of Saudi troops to a point near the Jordan border may be underway. The Syrians expected the � to cm_Iract.tern Jordan. the British ;urned over to the Jordanian army the supply base at 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 9 TO12-sEeRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Noe .00., I U1- LC- I Aqaba, together with all British items required for complete mobilization of the Jordanian forces. All British personnel of the Aqaba base and British military advisers with the Jor- dan army have been evacuated to Mafraq. (See map, page 1.) the French had agreea to attempt to persuaae grime minister Eden to ap- prove the partition of Jordan, with Israel to occupy all terri- tory west of the Jordan River. Under the plan, the British were to occupy the rest of the country, probably through the Iraqis. If the proposal were turned down by Eden, the French were reported to have agreed that Israel would occupy the west bank unilaterally. been raised the situation in Syria might deteriorate during the next 24 hours to the benefit of Egypt. Ph p nnssihilitv nf a ntin in Syria hag Turkey was concentrating forces against Syria, and was preparing to begin operations against Alenno Turkey had joined with Britain, France and Israel in joint planning against the Arabs. Reports for the past several months have in- dicated that both leftist and rightist groups were preparing for coup action in Syria; Turkey, among others, has indi- cated its conviction that something would have to be done to counter the leftist drift there. 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 10 TOP SECRE'i Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 ur/ Ave Twie Nmenel 5. CRITICISM OF EDEN INCREASING IN BRITAIN The American embassy in London has the impression that the average Briton is "not at all happy" over British interven- tion in Egypt. It is not even clear whether the Conservative Party as a whole supports the government's action, according to the embassy. The Express, a firm government supporter,, reported on 2 November that some 30 "discontented Tories"' could probably not be held in check over the week end. A Conservative member of the House of Lords reported a definite move in the party to replace Eden. A member of the Labor Party's shadow cabinet expressed disappointment to American embassy offi- cials because no Conservatives deserted the government in the House of Commons' policy vote on 1 November. He thought, however, that "not a few" older Tory members who are dis- turbed by the government's actions are probably awaiting de- velopments. The Labor Party will immediately launch mass protest meetings to be addressed by top party leaders. Some trade union members are urging protest strikes, but union leaders have announced that the Trades Union Congress will not countenance unauthorized strikes. Labor Party leaders, including Gaitskell and Bevan, expressed appreciation to the embassy for Amer- ican action at the UN and strongly urged that Washington main- tain its firm opposition to the "Eden-Monet folly" in the Middle East. Gaitskell scoffed at the idea that strong American action in the UN would strain the Anglo-American alliance. He insisted 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 11 TOP-SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 -*woo that continued firmness on the part of the United States is the only way to heal the injury being inflicted on the alli- ance by Eden. The British government's formal posi- tion is that the UN cease-fire resolution represents an im- proper application of the Uniting For Peace resolution of 1950. According to the American embassy, � Eden's personal spokesman told a "selected group" of American reporters off-the-record on 31 October that despite the "great damage" done to the Anglo-American alliance, Britain belieyes the situation can eventually be restored. Categorically denying any collusion between Britain and Israel, the British spokesman indicated that quick action was necessary because of imminent Egyptian plans to "knock off" Jordan and then Iraq. The spokesman implied that the "actual decision" to use force was reached in talks with French premier Mollet and foreign minister Pineau the afternoon of 30 October. a A well-informed British diplomatic cor- respondent told the American embassy on 2 November that the Israeli embassy had told him "as background" that Israel, before attacking Egypt, had been assured of Anglo- French "protection" in the Security Council and additional "hardware" from France. if action in the Middle East continues for several weeks, the USSR might attempt to furnish Egypt pilots, technical advisers. additional armament, and ammunition. 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 12 T-0-12-SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 r,/-41n_v__T Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 NW(41..i marque PINEAU OUTLINES FRENCH-BRITISH OBJECTIVES IN SUEZ CRISIS French foreign minister Pineau told Ambassador Dillon on 1 November that the ultimate French-British objective in Egypt is the convocation of a confer- ence with a carefully picked membership including the Soviet Union. He felt that the conference might arrive at an Arab-Israeli peace treaty, and settle the status of the Suez Canal, and the future status of Jordan. According to Pineau, the immediate Israeli objective is the total destruction or capture of all Egyptian forces east of Suez, and the immediate French- British goal is the occupation of the canal zone Pineau said France and Britain would leave the question of Nasr's future to the Egyptian people and hoped they would get rid of him. Pineau said that following the 13 October UN Security Council meeting, the Israelis approached the French and expressed their determination to move against Egypt in self-defense. The matter was then taken up with the British government and final decisions regarding the present course of action were taken during the 17 October Eden Lloyd visit to Paris. Pineau added that discussion of the proposed entry of Iraqi troops into Jordan served pri- marily as a smoke screen. 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 13 --SEGREF Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 or- Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 4,00" *Normior Nor' 7. FRANCE NOT EXPECTED TO WITHDRAW TROOPS FROM LIBYA Ambassador Tappin in Tripoli, follow- ing his three-day tour of the Fezzan in western Libya, has concluded that France has no intention of withdrawing its troops rom e ezzan by the 30 November deadline provided for by the French-Libyan treaty of 1955. Tappin noted that the French instead are reinforcing their garrisons, increasing ammunition supplies, stringing barbed wire, and generally "digging in." Prime Minister Ben Halim told Tappin on 31 October that British-French reoccupation of the Suez would create an "impossible situation" for Libya. He said his government might not be able to maintain law and order, or the security of the American air base and other installa- tions in Libya. Comment France has been determined to keep its 1,500 troops in the Fezzan to combat the smuggling of arms through Libya to Algeria. Anti-British- French demonstrations and sabotage have already occurred in Libya as a result of British and French action in Egypt. An oil installation serving the US air base at Wheelus Field was blown up on 1 November. 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 14 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 vise 8: SITUATION IN POLAND, EAST GERMANY, AND CZECHOSLOVAKIA Renewed popular pressures are caus- ing fear among Satellite leaders that further demonstrations and riots will occur. .PQ1ancl� On 2 November, Warsaw radio broadcast an appeal of the party central committee to maintain calm and disci- pline. The party stressed that the situ- ation with regard to the presence in Poland of Soviet troops is different than that in Hungary, since Soviet troops are in Poland to protect the country's west- ern frontier against German militarism, and added that the USSR is the only ma- jor power which has recognized the pres- ent Oder-Neisse line. Cardinal Wyszynski appealed to the peo- ple for "national unity and calm" in a letter read in all churches on 1 November. The appeal closely followed an accord between the regime and Wyszynski which specifies that the state will in theory hold ultimate control over church appointments; but not exercise it, and that a number of Catholic social groups--but no Catholic political party--will be allowed to organize. East Germany: Student unrest in East Germany appears to be mounting, with some professors re- ported joining students in their demands for "a free intellec- tual life." Students also are demanding a new youth organiza- tion, claiming that the Communist-dominated Freie Deutsche Jugend no longer has anything in common with German students. Although one leading Communist functionary has reportedly threatened to "break the students' heads if they start any trou- ble," other leaders fear that some concessions to student 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 15 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 demands will have to be made. Early this week, university and local authorities were warned to be alert for any signs of overt student demonstrations, since the Hungarian troulble started with the students. Premier Grotewohl told the East German parliament on 2 November that he would no longer "tolerate unrest"inthe universities. Czechoslovakia: barring a drastic change in the world situation, no radical shifts are to be expected in Czechoslovakia, in view of loyalty of the entire top leadership to Moscow, the higher standard of living, the departure of Soviet troops in early 1946, and the absence of a liberalization campaign in Czecho- slovakia. Unusual security precautions, particularly in �Slovakia, indicate fear of disturbances in that area, possi- bly among the large Hungarian minority of 400,000. 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 16 TOP ET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 41.01 9. SOUTH KOREAN DEMONSTRATIONS TO PROMOTE "FORCEFUL" UNIFICATION nationwide demonstrations are planned aver the next few days "to free the North Korean people and obtain the forceful unification of Korea the "South Korean people feel that the anti-Communist movements elsewhere ." offer an opportunity to rise up and rescue the people of North Korea from the yoke of Communism:' Comment In the past, President Fthee has indi- cated an appreciation of the imprac- ticality of military action without American support. Several of his military commanders have recently noted, however, that he is becoming impatient on the unifica- tion issue, and he might attempt to take advantage of the present international tensions to instigate renewed fight- ing in Korea. 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 17 SteRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Noirel." vearimo," 10. HANOI ANNOUNCES "LIBERALIZATION" PROGRAM A communiqu�ssued by the Viet Minh Council of Ministers on 2 November announces major changes in the regime's Internal policies, apparently in response to growing discontent. Acknowledging that mistakes in land reform had created "many difficulties" for the regime, the communiqu�rders all land reform com- mittees deprived of the "rights of leadership" and the spe- cial people's tribunals abolished. Participation of the popu- lace in the "management of the state and control of the ad- ministration" is to be carried out by people's council elections In 1957, and "democratic rights" are to be ensured by im- provements in the regime's legal system. Hanoi has admitted that peasant dissatis- faction in North Vietnam culminated recently in open violence. Although Viet Minh leaders have previously endorsed the Com- munist bloc's "liberalization" policies, this is the first an- nOuncement of a program of their own. The example of East Europe may have been a factor prompting the Viet Minh to adopt a "liberalization" policy at this time. In addition, the Viet Minh, which has held no elections since 1945, would like to counter the propaganda advantage enjoyed by the South Vietnamese, who held popular elections earlier this year. The communiqu�isclosed that the vice minister of agriculture and forestry and the vice minister of interior--whose powers in the party were recently reduced-- have now been deprived of their government positions. The position of Premier Pham Van Dong, director of the now dis- credited National Agrarian Reform Committee, may also be threatened. He did not preside over the last meeting of the Council of Ministers. 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 18 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 tir arA..-rtE, .ftriv THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (Information as of 0200, 3 November) The Egyptians have sunk at least seven ships in the Suez Canal and appear to have successfully blocked the waterway. Anglo-French headquarters on Cyprus reported that the Egyptians had sunk five additional vessels in the canal on 2 November after partially blocking it with two ships on the previous day. The American consul in Port Said reported on 2 November that the Egyptians had sunk two large floating cranes, one salvage vessel, and one dredge, directly in front of the con- sulate, in a position to block the canal. Oil sabotage operations by Egyptian agents appear to be faltering. Banrein rennery's native employees are on strike, but the plant is being operated by non-Arabs. The British Foreign Office has stated Bahrein was quiet on 2 November, and that some troops may have gone ashore under normal rotation. Oil movement by pipeline from Saudi Arabia to Lebanon, via jor- dan and Syria, was normal as of 2 November. Saudi Arabia it- self was reported quiet. Indian prime minister Nehru is considering flying to New York for meetings on the situation in Egypt Approximately 14 American-built F-84Fjet fighters of the French air force with French markings are operating 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 19 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485 1.4.4e-40E-C-Itt-1 out of Lydda airfield in Israel, according to Ambassador Lawson in Tel Aviv. Investigation by the American air at- tach�ndicates that other F-8411's may have been repainted with Israeli insignia. The Israelis are reported to be very careful to prevent contact between Americans and French air force pilots and ground crews at Lydda. the USSR, was at present waiting to come out with "the most suitable means of assist- ance and that which would do the least harm." the USSR. would assist Eavut. "even if it should lead to war." 3 Nov 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 20 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/23 C03180485