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Document Creation Date: 
August 14, 2020
Document Release Date: 
August 27, 2020
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Publication Date: 
February 22, 1961
Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 vol *01hilkilikE I 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 22 February 1961 Copy No. C CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 --TUV-56C114-T__ -Tiff-SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 IJOP SECRET *00 22 February 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS USSR: New 2,000-nautical-mile IRBM has been un- dergoing extensive file t testing since last June. (Page t) 2. USSR - West German: Moscow's 17 February mem- \ orandum to Bonn repeats call for free city in West Berlin and a German peace treaty. (Page t) 3. Congo: Tshombe labels UN resolution a "declaration of war" against Katanga and announces mobilization. (Page i) 4. Laos: Cambodia declines to participate in neutral nations commission; Souvanna Phouma visits Xieng Khouang. (Page it) 5. Portugal: Defense minister, gives Salazar virtual ultimatum calling for reforms in Lisbon's African colonies. (Page ii) 6. Saudi Arabia: Rivalries within royal family weaken position of King Saud. (Page tit) 7. Burma: Leftist led riots may lead to further demon- strations. (Page tit) 8. Watch Committee conclusions. (Page iv) TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 �70/5�SteRET Moscow. StahngrodRangehead Nopostin Yor� MISSILE RANGE FACILITIES EMPLOYED IN FLIGHT TESTING OF SOVIET SERIES-v65"1RBM Kapustin Par missile test range 1050 n.m. Impact area Sory Shogan Purnorsaiy Kray 22 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELJI1IENCRBIJLLETIN Map Page TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172\ . � SECRET- CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 22 February 1961 DAILY BRIEF USSR: The Soviet series-"65" 2,000-n0m. intermediate - range ballistic missile (IRBM) has been undergoing intensive flight testing since last June. There have been 21 test opera= tions to date�six of them in a recent three-week period--with only one known failure. The high priority apparently accorded to development of this new missile suggests that Soviet author- ities have placed a premium on the development of a missile system which can be deployed in more secure areas within the USSR and can reach all the wartime targets on the Eurasian periphery. (Map) USSFt-Germany: The Soviet memorandum of 17 February to Bonn probably is a reminder to the West that the Berlin and German questions remain unsolved. It may have been timed to influence Chancellor Adenauer's talks with Prime Minister Mac- millan on 22 February. Although the memorandum asserted that negotiations cannot be further deferred, it avoided estab- lishing an explicit deadline. Moscow makes no new proposals and reaffirms its long-standing positions on establishing a free city in West Berlin and concluding a German peace treaty. The memorandum does not exclude the possibility of an interim solu- tion of the Berlin question under a definite time limit, and re- peats the general threat to conclude a separate peace treaty. Congo: Tshombe. has reacted immediately and vigorously to the UN Security Council's 21 February resolution. Charging that the resolution was a "declaration of war by the UN against Katanga and the whole former Belgian Congo," he announced the ECKE/ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 AO SECRET mobilization of the province's population to "defend lives and property menaced by the United Nations." He said that the UN � would be responsible for any, bloodshed as a result of the reso- lution. Laos: The Cambodian Foreign Ministry has informed the Laotian ambassador in Phnom Penh that Cambodia would be unable to participate in the neutral nations commission (NNC) requested by King Savang. In its note, the Cambodian ministry explained its position as due to the "unilateral" character of the proposal and its belief that such a commission could be estab- lished only after an international conference. An earlier report that Burma had accepted membership in the NNC now appears to have been erroneous. As yet, there has been no independent comment from the bloc on the neutral nations proposal, although Hanoi and Peiping have rebroadcast Souphannquvong's bitter denunciation of this concept. Former Laotian Premier Souvanna Phouma' accompanied by his wife and two Pathet Lao emissaries, left Phnom Penh on 21 February aboard a Soviet plane reportedly dest` rebel government headquarters in Xieng Khouang. Souvanna apparently planned to remain in Laos for only a few days. Soviet Ambas- sador Abramov has been urging Souvanna Phouma to go to Xieng Khouang. This move will strengthen the bloc's claim that he rep- resents the "lawful government," and Souvanna will be encouraged to speak out against the neutral nations commission proposal. Portugal: Defense Minister Botelho Moniz claims he has given Premier Salazar a virtual ultimatum that immediate eco- nomic and social reforms must be undertaken to alleviate the deteriorating situation in Angola and the other African provinces. Moniz told Salazar a few days ago that action had to be taken be- fore the UN General Assembly reconvenes on 7 March and that 22 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF ii -TOP-SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 riste SECRET volv � his ministry would "take the matter into its own hands" if Salazar did not comply. In northern Angola the leading non-Communist Angolan nationalist organization, which is based in Leopoldville, re- portedly plans to launch a terror campaign about 15 March in an effort to focus world attention on Portuguese Africa while the UN General Assembly is in session. Saudi Arabia: Rivalries within the Saudi royal family continue, and several princely factions, including backers of Crown Prince Faysal, have combined against King Saud. The King has already been forced to send two of his liberal advisers out of the country as ambassadors. A showdown over the King's "progressive" cabinet and its "liberal reform" policies is likely. However, dissension will continue and will weaken the family's hold on the country. This development would give further encouragement to anti-monarchical ele- ments, which include some army officers as well as dis- gruntled younger Saudi "intellectuals." *Burma: Press reports of yesterday's rioting in Rangoon are essentially accurate. They were the most violent anti- American demonstrations ever held in Burma; well planned and directed, they probably have set the stage for further dis- turbances. The leaders were leftist students from the Com- munist-dominated Rangoon University Student Union and the All Burma Federation of Student Unions together with representa- tives of the pro-Communist Burma Trade Union Congress and the National United Front. They intended, to provoke police interven- tion. Haying succeeded, some students returned to the Univer- sity campus to pass resolutions condemning the "police brutality" --a move which traditionally precedes expanded student strikes and 22 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF iii TOP-SEeRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 \ \ . Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 1111116P�SEeRET IS , \ \ \ demonstrations. the demonstrators had obtained a permit to march in protest against the murder of Patrice Lumumba and against the supply of American materiel to the Chinese Nationalist ir- regulars in northeastern Burma. They had been denied, how- ever, authorization to approach the American Embassy. As \ of nightfall, the demonstrators in front of the embassy had been dispersed by Army troops called in to assist the police, but continued to agitate and demonstrate in smaller groups . throughout the city. Although a number of police and demon- strators,have been injured and one death has been reported, � thus far no Americans have been injured and property damage � has been limited to smashed windows in the emb2qgv ivii Mina and at the Pan American office. N WATCH COMMITTEE CONCLUSIONS On the basis of findings by its Watch Committee, the United States Intelligence Board concludes that: A. No Sib-Soviet bloc country intends to initiate hostilities against the United States or its possessions in the imme- diate future. B. No Sino-Soviet bloc country intends 'deliberately to initiate direct military action against US forces abroad, US al- lies, Or areas peripheral to the bloc in the immediate fu- ture, C. Communist forces in Laos continue the active defense of their base area in the Plaine des Jarres. The bloc shows no inclination toward a political settlement except on its own terms. The Communist forces in Laos retain the 22 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF iv � P SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 1 /I L.F UI I I dt�L L.4 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor The Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172 ---TOP-SEC-RET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03184172