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October 25, 2019
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October 31, 2019
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June 24, 1956
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15740221].pdf355.61 KB
.,Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 �V#44 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY CCW 24 June 1956 Copy No. 103 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) NO. _ IN CLAS3, 1 DLA5SIFIED CLASS. CHANCED TO: TS S C 2/01 NEXT REVIEW DATE-- AUTH: HRali -2 CATE12,7h 'Of REVIEWER: Pe-II-SEC-REF P Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 *m1 CONTENTS 1. SHEPILOV AND NASR CONCLUDE MEETINGS (page 3). 2. PINEAU STRONGLY CRITICIZED IN FRANCE (page 4). 3. COMMUNISTS MAKE FRIENDLY OFFERS AFFECTING BERLIN (page 5). 4. POLITICAL TENSION IN VENEZUELA (page 6). 5. TITO REPORTED CONCERNED OVER FUTURE DEVELOP- MENTS IN USO (page 7). 6. NEW SYRIAN CABINET REPORTED DISINTEGRATING (page 8). 7. BRAZILIAN COMMUNISTS BREAK WITH KUBITSCHEK REGIME (page 9). 24 June 56 THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (page 10 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 2 -SECRET- Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: v2019/10/21 C03185118 Litkr *qpi L SHE PILOV AND NASR CONCLUDE MEETINGS The week-long visit of Soviet foreign minister Shepilov with Premier Nasr in Cairo ended on 22 June with a bland joint communique reaffirming friend- ship, professing agreement on political, economic and cultural co-operation and voicing a desire to promote international peace. The communique, which probably reflects Lgyptian arming and which the Egyptian foreign minister re- portedly hoped would not be received badly in the West, does not, however, alter the significant aspects of the meeting. Shepilov's visit leaves no doubt of Moscow's appreciation and approval of the Nasr regime as the undisputed leader of the Arab world. Regardless of how general or specific Shepilov's offers may have been, they are giving Nasr new confidence in his ability to pursue an independent course. Egyptian business circles are reported continuing to speculate on the possibility that new economic arrangements might have been made, including one on the Aswan High Dam. They are fearful that additional Soviet bloc deals will further disrupt their traditional commercial ties with the West. Ambassador Byroade has been given the impression that Nasr is actually now becoming more moderate and is anxious to keep relations with the West from becoming any worse. Regardless of whether or not Nasr has concluded extensive new deals with the USSR and is merely awaiting the appropriate timeto announce them, the Shepilov visit is another step in the process by which Egypt is being drawn into closer alignment with the Soviet Union, 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 -e6P1INLEH/E�VHAL 'gam, 2. PINEAU STRONGLY CRITICIZED IN FRANCE The reaction of Frenchmen to Foreign Minister Pineau's East-West policies and to the views he expressed in his Washington visit has been highly un- favorable, according to the American embassy in Paris. Many ranging from Socialist Party to conservative deputies, strongly oppose actions which might weaken ties between France and NATO and especially with the United States and Britain. In some quarters, Pineau is regarded as the worst French foreign minister since the war. Pre- mier Mollet, whose popularity continues high and who is believed aware of the growing dislike for Pineau, is un- likely, however, to risk breaking up the cabinet by remov- ing him. Comment The French probably regard the high- lighting of wide differences between Secretary of State Dulles and Pine4u on East-West prob- lems as untimely and unwise, particularly since France now wants more than minimum American support for its position on Algeria. Pineau's views will also be consid- ered as giving unnecessary aid to the French Communist Party's popular-front efforts. The growing conservative opposition to the Mollet government may now crystallize against its foreign policy rather than such domestic issues as increased taxes. 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 11/E1N 1 ./AL New, %.01 3. COMMUNISTS MAKE FRIENDLY OFFERS AFFECTING BERLIN The Soviet embassy in East Germany informed the West Berlin government on 21 June that the USSR was prepared to return the Rundfunkhaus radio sta- tion in the Western sector, which the Russians have held since the end of the war. He said there were no strings attached to this offer. The embassy also hinted that per- mission might be granted for the West German airline to use West Berlin's Tempelhof Airfield rather than Schoene- feld Airfield outside of East Berlin. On 22 June East German interior min- ister Maron disclosed to the press that measures would soon be taken to ease control and travel regulations throughout Berlin. Comment During recent years the Soviet Union has refused to participate in the four-power administration of the city and has, in fact, declared that Berlin is the capital of East Germany. It has never, how- ever, actually disclaimed Berlin's quadripartite status. By these friendly gestures the Soviets may wish to ensure a preservation of the quadripartite status of the city and hence their own interest in the affairs of West Berlin, 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 5 CONFIDENTIAL. Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 SEICIFt4411:111 *4141011 NU, 4. POLITICAL TENSION IN VENEZUELA The present political situation in Venezuela is believed to be serious, but not critical, , there is an unusual degree of tensions with "the possibility that significant devel- opments may take place." The tension is ascribed to discontent among the military over recently announced promotions, increasing popular vexation over large-scale government graft, in- efficiency throughout the government, and "disaffection of National Guard commander Tamayo Suarez." the possibility of a developing "opposition front" with some military support, or of a palace coup sparked by Tamayo and exiled Colonel Moreno. President Perez Jimenez believed that the ti June rumors of a revolt led by armed, forces chief of staff Fernandez might have been a premature revelation of a real plot. As a result, the president immediately put into effect a successful emergency plan, including effective con- trol of all strategic installations and direct contact between the garrison commanders and himself. Venezuelan exiles may see in the tense situation an opportunity to make a push now for a return to power of the outlawed Democratic Action Party. They prob- ably believe that the assasination of high government offi- cials, particularly President Perez Jimenez and security chief Pedro Estrada, would be sufficient to bring about a popular revolution. The Venezuelan exiles can also probably count on at least moral support from President Figueres of Costa Rica, who has begun again to inveigh against "the colonels," in which category he places Perez Jimenez, Pres- ident Somoza of Nicaragua and Generalissimo Trujillo of the Dominican Republic. 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 6 SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 5, TITO REPORTED CONCERNED OVER FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN USSR Yugoslav president Tito has consid- erable doubts as to the future course of events in the USSR, I he is by no means sure the "younger gen- eration in party leaders, such as Shepilov, Suslov, Saburov and others" are serious in their intention to continue the present course of liberalization in Soviet internal and for- eign policy. Tito fears that when they supplant the older members of the Soviet presidium, who he feels are sincere in changing Stalin's policies, they may "perhaps unconsciously revert more to the Stalinist methods in which they have been uniquely trained." Soviet attempts during the visit to present Yugoslav relations, particularly in the military field, as closer than they actually were had been re- sented by the Yugoslays and that Tito was concerned by the possible effect his visit would have on his relations with the United States. Comment Tito has often disclosed in private con- versations with Westerners his suspicions regarding the intentions of certain unnamed members of the Soviet hierarchy. He has emphasized, however, the need to encourage the present Soviet policy changes, maintaining that any strong public criticism would only strengthen the Stalin- ist faction in the Soviet leadership. 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 7 . Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 �WMID-E-Nff-A-fr ifte 6. NEW SYRIAN CABINET REPORTED DISINTEGRATING The new Syrian cabinet headed by Prime Minister Sabri al Asali, which was formed on 15 June, probably will be short-lived and may not even last ong enoug o o stain parliamentary confirmation. The onservatives initially agreed to a "national" cabinet rep- resenting all political groups. They are now opposed to iving the Foreign Ministry and National Economy port- olios to the left-wing, anti-Western Arab Socialist Resur- rection Party and to its proposal that the ministerial state- ent include advocacy of some form of Syrian union with gypt. The conservatives are reportedly now considering ithdrawing. On the other hand, powerful army spokes- men are demanding that proposed minister of defense Raslan be dropped. The army, if not satisfied, may force the for- mation of a cabinet amenable to its wishes. The dominant officer group in the army is strongly nationalist, opposes collaboration with the West and any association with Iraq, favors a tough policy toward Israel, and desires close co- operation with Egypt. The embassy has a report that the con- servatives were trying to prevent the formation of a respon- sible cabinet at this time. In this way they planned to make it impossible for Soviet foreign minister Shepilov to nego- tiate an agreement while in Syria. However, even without any planned disruptive tactics, the deep-seated differences in the cabinet, which includes archconservatives and out- right leftists, suggest that bickering and disintegration will be inevitable. 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 8 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 *awl Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 �SW/Ur/4 %ad 7. BRAZILIAN COMMUNISTS BREAK WITH KUBITSCHEK REGIME The central committee of the Brazilian Communist Party on 20 June decided to "break com- pletely" with the regime of Presi- dent Kubitschek, the Communists have decided their policy of attempting o gain party objectives through in- fluencing members of Congress and by means of public demonstrations has been a failure and that emphasis should be shifted to penetration of government ministries and agencies and the labor unions. President Kubitschek has taken some strong measures during the past month which have probably caused this change in Communist policy. Through his in- fluence a broad amnesty measure which would have benefited the Communists was narrowly defeated in Congress; Kubitschek publicly blamed the Communists for the recent student riots in Rio de Janeiro; the federal courts have revived the trial in absentia of leading Communist leader Prestes; and the admin- istration has closed down two important Communist fronts. Ambassador Dunn on 21 June commented that these anti-Com- munist actions are noteworthy in view of Brazil's strategic position in the East-West struggle and the importance the Com- munists are known to attach to their operations there. In spite of these measures, Kubitschek's success in controlling Communism will depend on the economic conditions in Brazil. Should the economic position deteriorate further, the Communists would probably gain both in numbers and in influence, particularly since many of Kubitschek's oppo- nents�including conservatives and ultranationalists�have been willing to go to any extremes to embarrass his administration. 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 9 ERE Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118 Nfte THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (Information as of 1700, 24 June) An Israeli army spokesman said two Israeli soldiers were killed on 24 June during several hours of fighting on the Israeli-Jordanian border about 12 miles northeast of Tel Aviv. Jordan claimed Israel was trying to burn Arab crops and said the incident was a fight between Israeli and Jordanian farmers. (Press) During a recent Israel-Lebanon Mixed Armistice Commission meeting concerned with incidents on this border which presumably resulted from a family feud, the Israeli representative truculently criticized the Lebanese for not controlling the border villagers and threatened "official" re- taliatory action by Israel if incidents there continued, accord- ing to the American army attach�n Beirut. The attach�e- lieves the Lebanese, aware of their military weakness, will "bend over backwards" to prevent further incidents. 24 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 10 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 C03185118