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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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May 16, 1958
y/rir pproved for Release: 2019/08/20 CO z TOP SECRET 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 16 May 1958 Copy No. 140 CENTRAL IYTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS. I 1 DEC1 A3S:17;ED CLASS. CHANCED TO: NEXT REViEVV DATE: AUT HR 0-2 DA TOP SECRET TS tet4.6 REVIEWER A Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 "NA Alk -TOP-SECRET 111110111111111111111111111111111 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 16 MAY 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Farther report by Guided Missile Intelligence Committee on third Soviet satellite. (See page 1.) � Activity in Polyarnyy Ural area in- 7, dicates ndissile-launching or in- � strumentation site construction. Communist allegations of US inter- vention in Indonesia suggest new initiatives by Moscow and Peiping to support Djakarta. II. ASIA-AFRICA UAR orders arms distributed to Chamoun's opponents inside Leba- non for march. on Beirut. Indonesia - Djakarta aircraft bomb installations in Menado; four dissident planes destroyed, two damaged. De Gaulle's declaration will strengthen Algerian rightists who may now have General Salan's support. _ -TOP SECRET /7 � _ - ---0-Moroccan premier demands an end to French military activity and presence in his country. 0 Tunisia under special security measures with French troops ordered not to move. � Joint communiqu�n Nasir's Mos- cow visit reveals no new develop- ments. 1 III. THE WEST France - Pflimlin seeking broader support for government; De Gaulle announces readiness to�return to office. West Germans make major tactical concession by agreeing to official talks with East Germans on Berlin barge-toll issue. Venezuela - Military reported pre- paring take-over of .government as aftermath of recent rioting. Guatemala - US ambassador con- cerned over possibility of demon- strations during Dr. Milton Eisen- hower's visit scheduled for next month. �Bolivia - Siles government suppresse 14 May revolt in Santa Cruz Province Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 LI ,'\�N" , , \�. Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 fter a WA k-01..41,-.41.1Ld 1 SMIOr CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 16 May 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet earth satellite: The Guided Missile Intelligence Committee issued a statement on 15 May with further in- formation on the launching of the USSR's third earth satel- lite vehicle. (Page 1) Soviet missile activity: New activity in the Polyarnyy Ural area in the Soviet Arctic strengthens previous indica- tions that an ICBM launching site or an instrumentation site for missile test activities is being constructed there. Helicopter flights to two new points in the area follow a pattern similar to ones noted in the early stages of con- struction of the Tyura Tam - Klyuchi "missile test range. (Approved by Guided Missile Intelligence Committee.) (Page 2) (Map) Communist bloc - Indonesia: Statements by Moscow and Peiping alleging "American intervention" in Indonesia may presage new Communist initiatives to strengthen the central government's stand against compromising with the dissidents. (Page 3) II. ASIA-AFRICA Lebanon: distribute arms inside Lebanon�in the Biqa Val- ley and in northern Lebanon--in preparation for a march on -TOP SECRET � .���....,21.11.i.� �3��.��, Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 vi Nore Noe Beirut to support antigovernment elements in the city. On 14 May, UAR officials in Damascus were notified that op- position elements in Beirut and dissident tribesmen were in "dire need" of more ammunition. The focus of military activity in Lebanon has shifted from the towns to the countryside, but bombings and snip- ing continue in Beirut. The government intends on 16 May to ask Parliament for "special powers" to deal with the security situation. (Page 4) Watch Committee conclusions�Middle East: A de- liberate initiation of hostilities in the Middle East is con- sidered unlikely in the near future. However, serious in- cidents are likely to recur. In Lebanon, where the cur- rent crisis represents a severe threat to the continued existence of the state as presently constituted, the opposi- tion to Chamoun is being exploited by a number of neu- tralist and anti-Western elements, including the UAR and the Lebanese Communists. There is no evidence available to indicate -militkryj participation by the Soviet bloc or by Israel. There is evidence of considerable intervention by the UAR, including armed irregulars, but military dispositions do not indicate an intention openly to inter- vene in force. Indonesia: Three central government B-25's and two F-51's on 15 May bombed and strafed the dissident air- field, town and harbor at Menado, destroying two C-45's, one PBY, and one F-51. Two other F-51's and the air- field runway were slightly damaged. (Page 6) (Map) Algeria: General de Gaulle's declaration on 15 May will probably have the immediate effect of strengthening the determination of rightist elements in Algeria to main- tain pressure for a change of regime in Paris. A majority of the 1,200,000 resident Europeans appears to support the 16 May 58 � DAILY BRIEF ii TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 a 1.0 LI 'V Vara a INNIPP *4110 41XNX. actions taken so far. The Pflimlin government has ordered regional military commanders in Algeria to report directly to the Ministry of Defense rather than to Algiers headquarters, where commanding General Salan appears to be identifying himself more closely with the position of General Massu and the Algiers "committee of public safety." The local military have assumed control throughout Algeria. Their reaction to Pflimlin's order is not known. Page 7) Morocco: In reaction to developments in Algeria, the Moroccan premier has summoned French Ambassador Parodi and told him that the evacuation of French troops cannot be longer delayed; French air activity in Morocco must cease forthwith; and military airfields near the Algerian border must be closed down. All French units stationed in Morocco-- numbering about 46,000--are reported to have been confined to their bases. The premier indicated to Parodi that Morocco would prevent French forces in Morocco from aiding those in Algeria, and would assume responsibility for public order and the protection of the 300,000 French nationals resident in Morocco. He added that all meetings and demonstrations would be banned. Tunisia: The situation remains quiet throughout the country. Special security measures imposed by the Tunisian Government after the civilian-military coup in Algiers are now in force throughout the country. General Gambiez, commanding some 22,000 French troops in Tunisia who have been confined to their bases since 8 February, is reported to be loyal to the Pflimlin government and has ordered his forces to make no moves. (Page 9) *Nasir's Moscow visit: The joint communiqu�arking the eria of Nasies visitIto the USSR, while giving the impres- sion that his Kremlin talks have solidified Soviet-Egyptian relations, reveals no new developments. The communiqu� carefully avoids any reference to decisions reached in the top-level discussions, and addresses itself to such obvious 16 May 58 DAILY BRIEF iii TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 \\ Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 1 WE IL.i A flAS %1110 \ \ a." lk \ '*\\ , &\. topics as colonialism, Algeria, Yemen, and nuclear tests. Nasir and Ithrushchev call for an end to foreign "inter- ference" in Indonesia, and give their full support to the "legitimate rights" of the Palestinian Arabs. The cryptic approval of "nonaggression treaties between states" aS me'and of reducing international tensions may foreshadow future action between Moscow and Cairo. The Soviet leaders' acceptance of Nasir's formal invitation to visit the United Arab Republic suggests that the m Egyptian-Soviet relations will be maintained. III. THE WEST *France (Information as of 0200): Prospects that the Pflim iThri-Tvernment can soon reassert control over French authorities in Algeria were dimmed on 15 May when Pflimlin was unable to broaden his government by obtaining full Inde- pendent party supports and rightists, particularly those in Algeria, were encouraged by De Gaulle's statement that he was "ready to assume the powers of the republic." The gov- ernment admits that it has little solid information on the at- titude of the military, even in France itself. Thus far, how- ever, there has been-little public reaction to De Gaulle's bid. (Page 10) Be rlin: Bonn's decision to hold official talks on 16 May with'st ministerial representatives on the new tolls imposed on barge traffic to Berlin is a major tactical concession. (Page 11) Venezuela: Minister of Defense Castro Leon and the chief o! the general staff, the two leading senior officer holdovers from the Perez Jimenez regime, seem to be con- sidering a take-over of the government as a result of serious 16 May 58 DAILY BRIEF iv TOP SECRET � � ihn�I''� TT T" " Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 \ Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 CO3185639' tfrie_ 1 VI' .)1AACE. vow Nurf' military dissatisfaction over the recent rioting. the governing junta is already finished. (Page 12) Guatemala: Ambassador Mallory is concerned over the possibility of anti-American disturbances during the sched- uled visit of Dr. Milton Eisenhower next month. President Ydigoras has been weak and vacillating; Communists and pro-Communists are becoming bolder; and the political atmosphere is tonduc1ve3 to demonstrations of extreme nationalism. (Page 13) Bolivia: A revolutionary outbreak in the province of Santa7UFHappears to have been suppressed without blood- shed by the government's action on 14 May in dec1arin a state of siege and sending troops to the area. 16 May 58 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET \-$ Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 21019/08/20 C03185639 1 WE aal..4%..111,1-4 71111/ Noe I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Statement of Guided Missile Intelligence Committee of 15 May 1958 1. The USSR announced the launching of its third satellite on 15 May 1958. a probable satellite/space vehicle was launched at 0301 EDT (0701Z). 2. At about 0900 EDT, 14 May 1958 (1300Z), opera- tional traffic was first observed on the Tyura Tam end of the Tvura Tam missile test range. The countaown proceeaea � with little delay, culminating in a launching at about 0300 EDT (0700Z). 5. It is expected that more details will be announced by the USSR and that additional information will be derived TOP SECRET 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 014 I %71 6.21.A.,nr., Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 1114 Moscow 7 ACTIVITY IN ''� r uKAL AREA FRANZ JOSEF LAND - BARENTS SE Arkhangelsk Gorki), Kuybyshev Stalingrad IC A 1? 0 elushya Gobs Amderi rca-Th�,^ Vorkuta. _ Polarnyy Ural Obskay sai Sverdlovsk --T-GP-sECRET Po s akha Tobolsk Ty men Tatarsk msk cd4' Karaganda. Baykonur Saryshagan 'LAKE BALKHASH L 70 80516 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 N.1 A IV /1..4 %LI 1 Activity at Possible Missile Site of Polarnyy Ural Since late April six or possibly seven HOUND (MI-4) military helicopters to two isolated Arctic locations, Porsyakha and Poluj, from Obskaya, the closest airfield to Polarnyy Ural. Both destina- tions appear to be illogical for development as radar sites or airfields; hence the flights probably indicate an expansion of the possibly missile-associated construction activity in thp Po- larnyy Ural area. the Obskaya helicopters may also be associated with the missile program. Mis- sile -associated construction activity in the Polarnyy Ural area - was indicated by the transfer to that area in the latter half of 1957 of construction personnel formerly associated with supervision of construction at Klyuchi. termi7us of the Soviet BM test range. ---TOP-SECRETI 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 I WI a..11�A...JAW ma" Sino-Soviet Political Support for Indonesia Simultaneous statements by Moscow and Peiping de- nouncing "American intervention" in Indonesia may presage new Communist initiatives intended to stiffen the Indonesian Government, by a display of bloc support, against any pos- sible willingness to compromise with the rebels. The bloc,.in Its effort Ai) discredit the US for its "interference" in Indo- nesia and for its alleged violation of the UN Charter, could be laying the groundwork for a move to raise the issue in the United Nations. The concerted attack, which follows the pattern of charges during the Turkish-Syrian "crisis" last October, is designed to draw world attention to the central govern- ment's charges against foreign aid to the rebels. The state- ments contain carefully phrased "warnings" that the Com- munist bloc will stand beside legitimate and independent Afro-Asian governments. Unlike previous Chinese statements, Peiping's formal declaration warns that the American - Chi- nese Nationalist "intervention" will give rise to "very danger- ous consequences." The declaration reassures the central government of Communist China's "full support" and hints at readiness to send other than economic aid "as may be requested." The Chinese Communists have sent no military aid to Indonesia, although bloc aircraft for the central government have been crossing Communist China. � Peiping's assistance thus far has been limited to a $20,- 000,000 loan including timely shipments of food, textiles, and other consumer goods to meet Indonesia's emergency needs. The USSR, in addition to granting economic development and arms loans, has sold ten cargo ships to Indonesia and is now sending small tankers to replace Western vessels on inter- island runs. At least one small tanker now en route will ar- rive in early June, and others probably will be provided. TOP StairT 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Aft Baniyas MEDITERRANEAN SEA Tripoli � Beirut Bayt ad Din� Sidon -30 inch pipeline Horns Al Harmal Damascus 31 inch pipeline 12 inch pipeline 16 inch pipeline Selected Roads TO JORDAN & 0 20 40 60 \\SAUDI ARABIA 14 MAY 1958 80514 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 CJI" JILLAL yaw, VOW Lebanese Situation II. ASIA-AFRICA According to unconfirmed reports of other UAR inter- ference in the Lebanese crisis, 20 :busloads of Arabs in "tribal dress" have been sent from Homs into northern Lebanon, and Syrian army commandos are now operating in Lebanon from different points along the border. Syrian Communists are said to be cooperating with Syrian Baathists in a temporary united front to assist the Communists and opposition in Lebanon, Sev- eral small ships from Gaza carrying arms and fedayeen have been intercepted off the southern Lebanese coast. Although bombing and sniping is still going on in the cities, the arena of military activity is shifting to the coun- tryside, where government forces and progovernment ir- regulars are beating back opposition elements. The forces of anti-Chamoun leader Kamal Jumblatt were driven off from Bayt ad-Din and are thought to be retreating into the Biqa to join up with opposition bands heading south from the al-Harmal region for a move on Beirut. Lebanese army commander General Shihab is said to have a battalion and a tank squadron in the Biqa to meet such a threat. Moun- tains between the Biqa and Beirut also impede any such 1 TOP SECRET � 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 I Ur JEA.fir, _ movements. Lebanese air force planes are patrolling the Syrian border on the lookout for armed bands coming over the frontier. Early on 15 May Shihab was reported to be optimistic about the situation. The government on 16 May intends to ask Parliament for "special powers" to deal with the secu- rity situation. 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 A i_AK RTA _s_ Suraba J A Ilk' Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 1.1.-.� NNW' Name Indonesian Situation The dissident capital at Menado, its airfield and harbor were bombed and strafedon15 May by three government B-25's and two F-51's, The govern- ment destroyed two C-45's, one PBY, and one F-51 and dam- aged two F-5I's and the airfield runway. The dissidents! B-26 aircraft apparently were not damaged. The government air strike presumably was made in an effort to neutralize the dissident air force before proceeding with amphibious attacks on dissident targets in Celebes, Morotai, and Halmahera. Dissident air activity continued through 15 May, however, with bombings of Ambon on 13 and 15 May and of the Palu area in North Celebes on 13 May. Although the Indonesian Army is reported to have pro- hibited the holding of a mass "anti-intervention" rally in Djakarta on 16 May, the three major non-Communist parties as well as the Communist party have committed themselves to participate. The American Embassy comments that it will be significant if the army follows through on its reported ban in view of the endorsement of the meeting by all major parties. The renewal of charges and countercharges between the Philippines and the Djakarta government appears to have fur- ther strained the relations between the two countries. The Philippine defense secretary has charged recently that the USSR is assisting in Djakarta's operations against the rebels and has warned of a Communist take-over in Indonesia. On 14 May, Philippine President Garcia publicly supported the statements of his cabinet minister. The Indonesian Govern- ment has repeatedly accused the Philippines of assisting the rebels, and the Indonesian leftist press has recently claimed that 2,500 Philippine volunteers are fighting with the dissidents. Japanese Vice Premier Yamada has indicated to Ameri- can officials Japan's willingness to help stabilize the Indone- sian situation by trying to persuade President Sukarno to com- promise with the dissidents. Yamada said Japan also hopes to strengthen economic ties with Indonesia through the repa- rations program and thereby undercut Sino-Soviet offers. -SECRET 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Pr Noe Situation in Algeria General de Gaulle's statement has apparently encouraged dominant military and rightist civilian elements in Algeria-- among whom indications of disunity had begun to appear--to maintain pressure for a change of regime in Paris. The army's tightening of security controls on 15 May helped fore- stall new disorders but tension remains high, especially in Algiers,where a crowd of several thousand Europeans greeted De Gaulle's statement with a lengthy ovation. A military spokesman for General IVIassu's "committee of public safety" in Algiers said De Gaulle's declaration was "decisive for our action" and would allow the "rapid de- velopment of the situation." He also announced that repre- sentatives from 129 "public safety" committees through- out Algeria would meet in Algiers on 16 May to set up an Algeria-wide committee, which could formulate political policy until De Gaulle can take over in Paris. However, the spokesman's evasiveness as to the committee's course if Be Gaulle does not gain power suggests that at least some of the present leaders in Algiers want to keep a path open for reconciliation with the present Paris regime. A tenuous link still exists between Paris and the Algerian committees in their mutual recognition of General Salan as the titular authority in Algeria. New strains were imposed on this link when Salan, at the conclusion of a brief public speech prior to De Gaulle's pronouncement, specifically acclaimed De Gaulle. Salan's action appears to have momentarily reassured civilian ex- tremists whose suspicions of Salan's real intentions had been aroused. At the same time, the Pflimlin government, de- spite its earlier statements implying Salan's complete loyalty to Paris, ordered regional field commanders in Algeria to report directly to the Ministry of Defense in Paris rather than to Algiers headquarters. Clashes between French army elements and National Liberation Front (FLN) guerrillas appear to have tapered SECRET 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 ; off considerably since the 13 May coup. French troops have been pulled back into the cities. giving the guerrillas more free- dom of movement. the FLN would take full advantage of this situation to move troops and supplies into place in preparation for a future offensive. SECRET 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 8 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 act-nr, 'vree - � Tunisian Reaction to Developments in Algeria Tunisia remains quiet, the Tunisian Army is on an alert basis, and other special security measures are in force throughout the country following the 13 May coup in Algiers. Nevertheless, the Tunisians are closely observing all French military activities, and continue to fear the intentions of these French forces which have been con- fined to their bases on Bourguiba's order since 8 Feb- ruary. .MOlikadern,. informed the American Embassy in Tunis that reports of activity early on 14 May at the French air base near Tunis and at a nearby radar instal- lation turned out to be false alarms. Members of the Neo-Destour party and other public organizations are on emergency call in the event of trouble. A Neo-Destour leader claims that' he fears an attempt by agents of the United Arab Republic to stir up trouble in Tunisia and authorities are being "par- ticularly alert" to the possibility. 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 9 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 a LKIL.J Noe III. THE WEST French Political Crisis (Information as of 0200) French Independent party refusal to let party leader Pinay participate in the government, as requested by Premier Pflimlin, jeopardizes the premier's ability to rally a more broadly based government in time to re- impose Paris' authority over the defiant military and French settler elements in Algeria. A top Pflimlin aide admitted to an American embassy official on 15 May that the government has "very little solid information as to what the military is up to," even in France. General de Gaulle's 15 May pronouncement of readi- ness "to assume the powers of the republic" thus far has apparently aroused little positive public reaction in France itself, where most political elements have rallied to "de- fend the republic." The embassy notes that there is also a widespread determination that means must be found to avoid the secession of Algeria at all costs. The growth of pressure in Algeria for De Gaulle's return to power seems unlikely to be affected by the measures Pflimlin has asked parliament to approve on 16 May--declaration of a state of emergency and dissolution of several extreme rightist groups. The Communists are trying to use the threat of De Gaulle's return as pressure for the formation of a popular front to "save the republic." The Communist-dominated General Labor Confederation is reported calling for sym- bolic work stoppages, possibly with a view to broadening themzinto a general strike. CONFIDENTIAL 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 10 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 LA.J1Na JIL�Laav ar-a,...� West Berlin Waterways Question Bonn's cabinet decision of 14 May to send ministerial representatives to negotiate with the East Germans on the Berlin waterways question is a major tactical conces- sion reflecting Bonn's reluctance to apply effective counter- measures against the new East German tax on barge shipping. Bonn has previously refused to negotiate above the tech- nical level. In a similar situation in 1955, negotiations with the East Germans were conducted by a Hamburg water- ways office. Preliminary talks on 9 and 10 May this year were conducted by the interzonal trade representatives,who are also technical experts. Now Bonn's representatives will include a department chief from the Ministry of Trans- portation. The East German regime has thus made some gains to- ward its primary goal of establishing government-level re- lations with Bonn. The East Germans can be expected to exploit the meeting to the fullest as evidence that the two Germanies'are equal, in the hope that other Western coun- tries will then find it feasible to establish closer relations with East Germany. Having achieved a meeting at the minis- try level, the East Germans will probably be amenable to reducing the barge toll in return for a satisfactory compensa- tion by West Germany for flood damages East Germany ex- pects to result from the projected deesthacht Dam on the Elbe ver. CONFIDENTIAL 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 11 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 4.)i.;1 S La I Nair Coup May Be Imminent in Venezuela The recent rioting in Caracas has strengthened the faction of the Venezuelan military which apparently op- poses civilian control of the government. Minister of Defense Castro Leon and Chief of the General Staff Perez Morales, the two leading senior officers held over from the Perez Jimenez dictatorship, have already assumed dominant roles in the Venezuelan Government as a re- sult of a power shift late on 13 May, A second source reports that Castro and his ad- eren s were about to take over the government on 13 May but at the last minute decided against doing so because of Vice President Nixon's presence in the country. Castro and Perez apparently still hope to supplant the present junta which is partly civilian. Junta President Wolfgang Larrazabal's public statement that he would not order the shedding of Venezuelan blood contributed to the extent and violent nature of the recent rioting. Admiral Larrazabal has consequently suffered a serious loss of prestige among the military. Establishment of a military dictatorship in Venezuela at this time would occasion bitter criticism of the United States in most Latin American countries. The Communist- inspired rioting has recently given wide circulation to the popular Latin American chargf that thp itrted States sup- 'ports dictatorial government. SECRET 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 12 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639 aGt.....nr, I Nwi Leftist Trend in Guatemala Considered Threat to Visit of Dr. Milton Eisenhower The political atmosphere in Guatemala is conducive to continuing Communist gains and to the development of extreme nationalism and anti-Americanism. American � Ambassador Mallory fears that Communists and other anti- American elements, such as leftist student groups, may ,feel encouraged to instigate disorders during the scheduled visit of Dr. Milton Eisenhower, tentatively set for 15 to � 19 June. President Ydigoras has made no effort to control or euunw- act the activities of returning exiles and other Communists and pro-Communists, who are daily becoming bolder and more active. The President lacks well-organized political support and has failed to develop a program with popular ap- peal. Although a conservative by background and tempera- ment, his actions and statements during his first two months in office suggest that he probably hopes to gain the support of at least some leftist, non-Communist groups. Apparently impressed by the ability and growing strength of the leftists, he will probably go out of his way to avoid offending them. Pro- and anti-Communist factions of the fast-growing leftist Revolutionary party are already maneuvering for control 4t the party convention scheduled to begin on 25 ju:7 SECRET 16 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 13 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03185639