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August 14, 2020
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August 27, 2020
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March 31, 1961
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15815743].pdf819.14 KB
I7///////////.///////////////ZZZ/Mmezzzrnmzi / � Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 yr- 4.&%.�ft& Allme Ner 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 31 March 1961 Copy No. C CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN- -TOP-SECREr A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 *pproved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 �rur-5-evner �TOP-SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 . Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 SS TOP SECRET Noi 31 March 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Situation in Laos. (Page t) 2. Warsaw Pact communiqu�(Page i) 3. Congo: Contacts between Leopoldville and Stan- leyville; sea-lift of Indian troops now scheduled to begin 1 April. (Page tt) 4. Sino- Soviet economic talks, probably concerned with Soviet aid, may have hit snag. (Page it) 5. USSR: At least 16 Soviet scientific research ships currently operating in various areas. (Page tit) 6. Israel-France: Paris reportedly agrees to pro- vide aid for military inchicitrial �velopment in Israel. (Page tit) Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Dien Bien Phu / NAM1THA (""' � I .�"*.�:,.-� Muong Sal Nam Bac 14, LUANG: PRA Luang Prabang SAYABOURY NORTHERN LAOS GOVERNMENT Forces in 4OP KONG LE - PATHET LAO I Contact KONG LE - PATHET LAO AREAS ROAD 0 � � TRAIL I 0 ROUTE NUMBER 10331 2 50 STATUTE MILES � Sam Neua (1 LANG SAM XIENG KHOUANG\ Muon Nam des Ban Ban �) Soul Jarres Xieng Khouan VIENTIANE Pak Sane Vientiane Kam Keut ak KHAMM�UANE Thakhek avannakhet 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 WA ss TOP SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 31 March 1961 DAILY BRIEF *Situation in Laos:rv_iPntianeAsreaclirw�mdthc oncern to unconfirmed reports of a Pathet Lao drive developing earea-and to the south, designed to divide the country at Thakhek, on the J Mekong River below Vientiane. So far, US military sources have tended to discount such reports, although they believe ,A) company-size guerrilla units with some Viet Minh advisers are operating in the area.1 the Soviet reply to the British proposals on Laos would be "generally favorable." Remarks made by the Soviet ambassador in Paris to Sou- vanna Phourna provide a further indication that Moscow will not agree unconditionally to the UK proposa13 ( (Backup, Page 1) (Map) � *Warsaw Pact Meeting: The communiqu�ssued by the Warsaw Pact meeting in Moscow on 30 March was cast in a moderate tone and confined largely to routine generalities, suggesting that it is intended as a gesture of restraint. The communiqu�ontains only a passing reference to Laos along with the Congo, Algeria, Angola, and Cuba as examples of areas where the "imperialists" have resorted to "direct mil- itary strength" in an effort to check the "growing liberation movement" in Asia, Africa,and Latin America. Since the Warsaw Pact meeting appears to have been timed to provide a demonstration of bloc strength and solidarity in the event of any decisions by the SEATO conference to increase mili- tary assistance to the Laotian Government, the omission of any warning addressed specifically to the Laotian situation probably is designed to appear responsive to the moderate TOP SECRET r// �7 / , 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 #643proved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 PIA Banana Brazzaville Matadi Rona INDONESIA 300 Luanda 1,0331 INDIA 1711 SUDAN 400 TUNISIA MALAYA 210 INDONESIA MOBUTU 7,200 Leopoldvi le ysville public of the Congo MALAYA 150 � emena Sc ttered �Coquilhatville at. Scati.treci orces Approximate area controlled by: Kasavubu-Mobutu Gizenga Kalonji Tshombe DTI United Nations Forces - Selected road Selected railroad *T"Selected airfield 4,� Katangan moves against Manono STATUTE MILES 400 � Boende Aketi 13psok9,- MALAYA 400 nleyville e, Francqui KALONJI 1,500 L luabourg LIBERIA Bak nga 230 ETHIOP Luputa MOROCC Kamina u av NIGERIA 500 ongolo Albertville NIGERIA 1,300 .Mono Usurnbura Piana Mwanga Mitwaba SWEDEN 650 TSHOMBE 7,000 hville 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 , 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 NS TOP SECRET at:.' tement on Laos contained in the SEATO communiqu�The Moscow communiqu�oncludes on a conciliatory note by ex- pressing the bloc's readiness at any time to "support the im- plementation of the widest measures coordinated with other states" to secure peace and security. The only substantive issue raised by the communiqu�s a reaffirmation that a Ger- man peace treaty and creation of a free city in West Berlin remain "extremely necessary." The Chinese Communists were represented by their am- bassador to Moscow. This is the first time that observers representing Communist China at a Warsaw Pact meeting were not special high-ranking officials from Peiping. On four of the past five occasions, the Chinese were represented by officials of politburo rank. In addition, the communiqu�isted no representative from North Vietnam. It is not clear whether � these departures from past practice reflect current policy differ- pne.AR hntween Moscow and Peiping Congo: dIncoordinated and so far inconclusive contacts between officials of the Leopoldville and Stanleyville regimes apparently are continuing. Several leaders in Orientale, in- cluding Gizenga, are reported to have been in correspondence with Leopoldville, often without the knowledge of their associ- tes. Mobutu announced on 29 March that some of his officers were meeting with representatives of General Lundula in the northern part of the country. This suggests there is at least a possibility that some form of modus vivendi may still be worked out between the Stanleyville and Leopoldville leader, The sea-lift of 2,300 Indian troops is now scheduled to begin on 1 April, even though the situation at Matadi is still unresolved. The Indians will arrive off West Africa about 20 April. If at that time Matadi is still closed to military traf- fic, they are to off-load at Lagos, Nigeria, from which point they will be airlifted into the Congo. (Back- up, Page 3) (Map) k USSR - Communist China: According to a brief Chinese Communist press announcement,the Soviet delegation which 31 Mar 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET 11 .7,7,77 � �77/,',/ ,Y Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 TOP SECRET has been holding "preliminary discussions" on economic rela- tions between the two countries, left Peiping for Mongolia on 27 March. No mention was made of the outcome of the talks or of plans for additional negotiations, although it had been announced earlier that the preliminary phase would be followed by further talks in Moscow. This suggests that these negotia- tions, which were probably concerned with Soviet aid to China, have hit a snag. (Backup, Page 5) USSR: A high number of Soviet scientific research ships --at least 16--are currently operating in waters throughout the world, including the north and south Atlantic, the mid- Pacific, the Indian Ocean, the Antarctic, and the Gulf of Alas- ka. These ships are carrying on the USSR's extensive oceano= graphic research program,which has expanded rapidly during the past decade and which now far exceeds that of any other nation in both numbers of research ships and scope. The So- viet effort has important economic, scientific,and military applications. An example of military interest in research op- erations was noted in late February and early March when the USSR's leading authority on the military applications of under- water sound research personally directed nnprAtions by two new research shins in the south Atlantic. Israel-France: France has agreed to execute "five plans," to be completed in two years, as part of a ten- year program for military industrial development in Israel. This agreement was reportedly worked out by an Israeli mil- itary mission recently in Paris. The agreement calls for construction and equipping of a chemical factory, an electro- metallurgical laboratory, a factory for "isotopes," a central military rese rch laboratory, and an artillery and rocket factory. Although the report is inaccurate in some of its de- tails and may be sensationalized, it probably reflects a new development in Franco-Israeli military cooperation which 31 Mar 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET iii /4 , Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 TOP SECRET eventually would provide Israel with facilities for increasin and centralizing its military industrial activities. (Backup, Page 6) SELECTED INTELLIGENCE REPORTS AND ESTIMATES (Available during the preceding week) Outlook in Mainland Southeast Asia: Conditions Affecting Internal Development and International Orientation, Stability of the Governments in the Area, and Probable Effects of Com- munist Gains in LaosanLSouth Vietnam. U. S. I. B. NIE 50- 61. 28 March 1961. 31 Mar 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET iv Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Nvirer- Situation in Laos EPreliminary accounts of a 29 March cabinet meeting in Vientiane indicate that while unhappiness was expressed over Vientiane's weak position in any political settlement because of its military disadvantage, no decision was taken to oppose a negotiated settlement/ "2,000 North Vietnamese � troops" at Kham Keut, and a heavy mortar battalion and ar- tillery battery at Lak Sao, to the east. Reports from Ameri- can military sources indicate that the enemy is employing only company-size guerrilla units in this area with some North Vietnamese advisers,D the Soviet ambassador in Paris said the USSR, as co-cnirman of the Geneva conference, could not order a cease-fire and suggested that this was something Souvanna should do as "head" of the Laotian Government. Souvanna has stated that the Soviet ambassador responded favorably to his view that reactivation of the ICC should precede a cease-fire in order to ensure that the cease-fire is observed and foreign inter- vention is terminated. In view of the bloc's apparent desire to avoid a commitment to a formal cessation of hostilities prior to an international conference, the Soviet leaders may see a strong advantage in adopting Souvanna's position in their reply to the British note �a position which corresponds to the Soviet proposal of 18 February that a preliminary meeting of the ICC be held in New Delhi before the international confer- ence opens. [The generally moderate tone of Soviet propaganda on Laos, following the publication of the Pravda "Observer" arti- cle on 27 March, provides additional evidence of Moscow's desire to avoid exacerbating the situation at the present time. The Warsaw Pact communique of 30 March contained only a passim reference to Lao6,3 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 �Awsoi iDuring Souvanna's current "private " visit to London, the British are planning to give him red-carpet treatment, includ- ing dinner with the foreign secretary. London's long-standing support for Souvanna is based on the belief that he can maneuver for the support of both left and right from a neutral position. The British will stress the importance of not jeopardizing this neutrality by commitments to the Soviets during his subsequent Moscow visit.� _ Soviet transports continued to be scheduled for airlift operations into Laos through 31 March. Three Soviet LI-2 transports flew on 29 March to a recently reactivated airfield about 50 miles northeast of Hanoi. Three more were sched- uled there on 30 March. the 1L-18 now en route to Haiphong from Moscow refuel "since Hanoi has no gasoline." Since the IL-18 is a turboprop aircraft using jet fuel, this particular aircraft did not arrive in North Vietnam in need of jet fuel, which is apparently not available there. The level of airlift activity into Laos does not indicate a shortage of aviation gasoline used by the IL-14s and LI-2s. At least one of the two Soviet AN-12s scheduled for North Vietnam arrived in Peiping on 30 March and is scheduled to con- tinue to Hanoi on 31 March. The sentence in the Central Intelligence Bulletin of 30 March referring to flights of these aircraft should have read "from the USSR into North Vietnam." ---T-OP-5EeltEr 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 TOP SECRET Situation in the Congo The meeting announced by Mobutu may be the one referred to Pcontacts between Leopoldville and Stanleyville officers were taking place in a town near Aketi and that the local civilian ad- ministrator had been excluded. These efforts by Mobutu re- portedly have Kasavubu's blessing; however, many of the feelers which have been put out from Stanleyville appear to be attempts by Congolese leaders acting as individuals to make their peace with the opposite side. The Leopoldville government's announcement that the next meeting of Congolese leaders will be held on 5 April at Kamina, near a concentration of UN troops, apparently is a further at- tempt to initiate official contacts with the Gizenga regime. Gi- zenga might agree to attend such a gathering if his security were guaranteed by the UN; however, his regime still insists publicly that a convening of parliament and elections under UN supervision are a. orereauisite for a reconciliation with the op- posing regimes. Gizenga is becoming dis- illusioned with his Cairo mission, whose leader, Pierre Mulele, has been trying to halt the drift toward rapprochement between Leopoldville and Stanleyville. The most recent cause for dissat- isfaction is the alleged theft in Khartoum of $380,000 which was being sent by courier to Stanleyville to pay Gizenga's troops. Gizenga apparently is becoming increasingly annoyed with Mulele, who has been sending him wordy. vague reports but has so far produced no results. Tshombe's troops planned to attack the airport at Manono on 30 March. The white officer in charge of this operation reported- ly contended that his force was too small to accomplish its ob- jective, but he nevertheless planned to go ahead. In this opera- tion, African troops allegedly were to lead the advance with the South Africans backing them up from behind. The Katangla) TOP SECRET 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Nr.., TOP SECRET EiniMary leaders reportedly believed that this plan of opera- tion would be more successful than the earlier vrocedure of integrating whites into African un1t_s3, TOP SECRET 31 Mar ,O1 CENTRAL( INTELLIGENCE.BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 NeeTOP SECRET Sino-Soviet Economic Negotiations May Have Hit Snag The Soviet economic delegation headed by Vice Chairman of the Committee for Foreign Economic Relations Arkhipov and also a trade delegation headed by Vice Minister of For- eign Trade Kumykin arrived in Peiping on 8 February for separate meetings with the Chinese. When the trade delega= tion left to return to Moscow on 2 March, a "press commu- niqu4" was issued both in Peiping and Moscow stating that negotiations had proceeded smoothly and a satisfactory agree- ment had been reached. At a banquet in honor of the departing trade delegation, Chou En-lai toasted the "success already' achieved" and Foreign Minister Chen Yi expressed confidence that the economic discussions would be equally successful. The general theme of economic talks as opposed to the trade negotiations was long-term Soviet economic assistance for China's industrialization program, the status of which was called into question with the departure of Soviet technicians in August 1960. The discussions in Peiping probably centered on rescheduling Soviet deliveries of capital equipment, a possible resumption of some Soviet technical assistance, and other aspects of Soviet aid disrupted during the past eight months. While the continuation of these economic talks well beyond the completion date of preliminary trade talks may be only a reflection of the detailed substantive work involved, the absence of comment such as that which followed the trade talks would seem to imply that difficulties arose during the past month. The trade talks have entered the final phase of negotia- tions in Moscow on the 1961 agreements. Recent informa- tion on deliveries of Soviet petroleum to China reveals that the quota for April is at an all-time high, exceeding the high level of deliveries in this same month last year. This sug- gests that at least the petroleum protocol in the 1961 trade agreement has been concluded and is being implemented. TOP SECRET 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 �444P�Steltrr France Reportedly Will Provide Israel With Military Indus- trial Facilities The machinery and equipment for the "five Plans" will cost $6,400,000, posed electrome At the pro- posed laboratory, all material to be used for military purposes will be inspected. The plant for "isotopes" reportedly will produce "spare parts" for Israel's nuclear reactor--an illogical function for such a factory--as well as supplies and equipment for handling, controlling, and measuring radioactivity. The description of the intended pur- pose of the military research laboratory is also erronPours in its details. The arms factory, manufacture heavy, medium, and light gun barrels, as well as French-designed anti-tank rorkpfq in anprirrinnno with au- thorization from France. {yrael already is the largest and most efficient producer of arms in the Middle East. Its munitions industry has grown from a small clandestine operation during the British Mandate in Palestine to a highly flexible, government-controlled com- plex which has made the country almost sell-sufficient in light armaments. As the variety of military goods manufactured has broadened to include more complex and specialized items, there have become available for export outdated types of weap- ons and ammunition. Earnings from export sales of small arms and ammunition have offset to some extent expenditures of foreign exchange for the heavy arms and aircraft Israel has procured abroad. West Germany, which along with France has supplied Israel with military good importer of Israeli light arms. West German purchases have include -mm. submachine guni.) The Israelis also have sold locally manufactured arms to the newly independent states of Africa, in competition with the UAR, as part of their effort to develop political and economic relations. For these sales, liberal credit terms are extended TOP SECRET 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Nu., TOP SECRET to the recipient state. In the recent case of Mali, which is also acquiring weapons from the UAR, the terms amounted virtually to a gift. srael also has ordered 40 Mirage III jet fighters from France, but apparently has not yet received any of the air- craft. These advanced jets, which have been in production for only a few months, are si nerior to the Missi n MIG-19s the UAR recently acquiredD TOP SECRET 31 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 �411109' CONFIDENTIAL Noe THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012 oipproved for Release. 2020/08/11 C0318.60,12 TOP 5ECRET /J f -TOP-SEERET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C03186012