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February 27, 2020
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June 23, 1959
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/171 //I WZ/ZZ/ZZZA (I 7 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 TOP SECRET NNW 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 23 June 1959 Lopy No. c 62 CENTRAL INTELLIG-FNCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS)( ). DECLASSIFIED OLASa CHANGED 'TO: TS S CA NEXT REVIEW DATE: 1206/ COP IDUATTFE'it4r3 lEVIEWER: TOP SECRET for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554r Approved for Release: 2020/02/24_C03191554 Alek, 1 NJ I- EA, Approved for Release: C03191554 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 6/11.A.AtL4 I 23 JUNE 1959 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Bad weather and floods threaten Chi- nest Communist agricultural program. II. ASIA-AFRICA Cairo's consultants reject Soviet con- struction plans for Aswan Dam; Moscow indicates it will proceed with any plan ap- proved by UAR. India�Nehru% pacification efforts ham- pering opposition campaign to force Communists out of Kerala government. Friction growing between Dalai Lama and New Delhi; his recent press state- ments made over Indian objections. III. THE WEST Labor party under some pressure to advocate renunciation of nuclear weap- ons by Britain. West Germany--US Embassy comments on Adenauer-Erhard breach. - _r+ rve�Nr, rim Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 0 Caribbean--Haitian armed forces placed on alert amid rumors of invasion; pos- sible additional landings in Dominican Republic. LATE ITEM @Belgian Congo--New outbreaks feared. ritt7, China, is in danger of inundation. The flood follows bad wealer which hampered the wheat harvest in Central and North China. These setbacks and the failure of some of Peiping's "leap for- ward" agricultural programs are compelling the regime to back off from its extravagantly optimistic forecasts for this year's crops. (Page 1) II. ASIA-AFRICA UAR-USSR: The Soviet construction plans for the Aswan High Dam have ben rejected by Egypt's international High Dam Consulting Boards according to an American member of the board, A major portion of the Soviet plans was dismissed by the board as "untried and unsafe." Cairo now must decide whether to follow the consultants' recommendations or accept the Soviet plans. In a recent press announcement the USSR, apparently anticipating a rejection, claimed Moscow was pre- pared to implement the project in accordance with any plan the UAR experts approve. The USSR claims its plan Would be the most economical and the least time consuming.) India:- The Communist administration of India'd Kerala State continues under pressure from united opposition groups seeking its downfall. Demonstrations are occurring almost daily, although the opposition attack appears to have lost some of its momentum. High leaders of the Congress party, includ- ing Prime Minister Nehru, are visiting the state to investigate the situation. The Congress party high command apparently is --%.;%.;"�?=; Wer 04 rif://Z/7,7/7/7",:///AApproved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554/3/7/77,07ffilf74 frxtz,ezz,z/zzzz/A/zox-, -7/7 zz,�/"-rzzza/z,m/zirzz, zezg-zzzrzywyz,z/z/z/zzzwwze, r Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Awir V. ,10 O not strongly backing the local opposition campaign. Nehru's pacification efforts could result in further weakening the cam- paign and making it more difficult to force the Communists out of office. The national leaders of the Praja Socialist party-- the Congress' major ally in Kerala--are concerned over this possibility and are meeting on 25 June to consider a course of action. (Page 2) Dalai Lama: The references to Tibetan autonomy and in- dependence made the Dalai Lama at his 20 June press con- ference were made against the wishes of the Indian Governmen which made last-minute efforts to have them withheld. This may increase friction between the Lama and New Delhi regard- ing his future activities ks from Peiping/ (Page 3) III. THE WEST Britain: he Labor party and trade-union leadership meets on 23 June to onsider how to deal with the growing pressure within the Labor movement, including pressure from tradition- ally right-wing trade unions, to advocate unilateral renunciation of nuclear weapons by Britain. Although party leaders, includ- ing Bevan, are not expected to make any major change in their policy of opposition to unilateral nuclear disarmament, a tactica shift that would not tie the hands of a possible future Labor gov- ernment may become necessary to preserve party unity before the coming general elections. Such a tactical Labor shift would increase the already considerable pressure on the Macmillan government to achieve an agreement to suspend nuclear tests) (Page 4) *West Germany: The US Embassy in Bonn believes that Adenauer in continuing his bitter attacks on Economics Min- ister Erhard, is intent on destroying Erhard's, standing in the Christian Democratic party and eliminating him as a possible successor. Erhard's weak defense has cost him support, and 23 June 59 DAILY BRIEF ii 11 54'4; SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554W7/77:1/7/7"77,W7A r=-c/f/rr:,czf,/-irfTrr/0;/02-f(4/-/)Cizzzr:,/5/5z://z-7-//z/z/7//zzzzzzzz/p 0 0/ :# 1 forces on a full nationwide alert. This move was prorrp ted by 0 Caribbean: The Haitian uovernment nas piaceci tne armed 0 an explosion and fire at army headquarters in Port-au-Prince 0 on 21 June and by rumors of imminent landings on e north r the through Haiti or by Haitian exiles attempting to take advantage 0 coast. The landings might be made either by Dominican rev- olutionaries attempting to invade the Dominican Republic of the situation. (Page 5) I 0 0"//// /0/ his strongest supporter, Bundestag President Gerstenmaier, has ruled out any reconciliation. Despite party efforts to re- store harmony, Ambassador Bruce believes the dispute has "left permanent scars" and that, although Adenauer can con- tinue to dominate the party, it will be with dimipished author- ity. LATE ITEM *Belgian Congo: Nationalist-inspired disorders may occur in Leopoldville withilrthe next few days if the Belgians do not satisfy African demands for the early establishment of a regional "Republic of Central Kongo," The Africans are led by Joseph Kasavubu. who Waved an important role in the riots last January. the native city is tense and that "whole- sale violence" against the 20,000-odd whites may result) (Page 6) 23 June 59 DAILY BRIEF IIJ SECRET for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554WZZZZZZ,Wjr/ZA iii Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 ./Ammu ANS KASHMIR WTNTIls IN OHM/ - iNDIA kiNik UT MNOMOUS G. REGION � SINKIANG UIGHUR AUTONOMOUS REGION NCSIA SHANSI TSINGHAI. Lanchoilts Hsia KANsur--r) HO SHENSIA � TIBET I NOIA COMMUNIST CHINA WEATHER CONFIDENTIAL / HEAVY RAINS & FLOODING -- HAIL & WIND S Z E C H W A N J HUPE HEILUNGKIANG *t" ,"A.NITING KIANGS11,,,�, Litang Taocheng ti -4 AGSI 'CNA*N. KIAN I� KWEICHOS TO CHUANG NNAN A / RAILAND NORTH VIETNAM CA ,ITON HONG KONG CHEKIANG SOUTH CHINA SSA TAIWAN PHILIPPINES - 0622 2 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Bad Weather in China The rich, rice-producing Pearl River delta in Kwangtung Province is threatened by what Peiping says is a "once-in-a- century" flood which may also engulf Canton, South China's largest city. Excessive rains have already caused floods and loss of property and crops in the province and in neighbor- ing Kwangsi and Fukien. Flooding in low-lying tidal areas-- such as the Pearl River delta�will be aggravated by the abnormally high tides accompanying the summer solstice. Mil- lions of peasants have been mobilized to raise and reinforce dikes. Military and civilian aircraft, naval and merchant vessels have been pressed into service to carry relief supplies and rescue those marooned by high waters. Earlier in the month Peiping was complaining of damage caused by hail, rain, and windstorms in important winter wheat regions of Central and North China and by persisting drought in Manchuria. It is still too early to assess the damage done by bad weather to crops and food supplies. The leadership has good reason to overplay the extent of this year's natural calamities as a hedge against failure to reach overly ambitious farm targets. Even be- fore the present run of unfavorable weather started, it was ap- parent that some of the regime's farm policies were not yielding anticipated results. At least two important agricultural provinces have acknowledged that production goals set early in the year would not be reached. Although Peiping has not yet retracted on its target of producing 525,000,000 tons of food grains this year, it has admitted that early grain crops will be no larger than last year's. 23 June 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 IL ASIA-AFRICA The Situation in Kerala The campaign led by anti-Communist political and religious groups to bring about the fall of the Communist government of India's Kerala State appears to be approaching a point of crisis. Demonstrations are occurring almost daily, with some 32000 persons arrested to date, and two deaths were reported over the past week end. Prime Minister Nehru apparently is not strongly supporting the Congress party units in Kerala, however, and his doubts concerning the constitutionality of the agitation may cause the campaign to lose much momentum. This could result in the Communists' continuing to stand firm, as they have to date. It could also discredit the Congress and Praja Socialist parties, which have led the political agitation, and make it difficult for them to initiate another "all-out" effort against the Communists in the future The state elements of the Congress party and the younger national party leaders are still firmly convinced of the need to oust the Communists by all possible means while feeling is run- ning high. Nehru, however, arrived in Kerala for a three-day visit the day before a new round of agitation was to have begun. His publicized plans to talk to members of the Communist admin- istration, as well as rumors that he may ask the Congress party to call off its agitation in favor of a round-table discussion, may delay further agitation while people wait to see what his visit pro- duces. National leaders of the Praja Socialist party�the Congress' major ally in Kerala--apparently fear that the Congress may let them down; they plan to meet in Coimbatore, Mysore State, on 25 June to discuss the situation. PSP leader Thanu Pillai said on 18 June that if the Congress party withdrew from the direct-action movement, it would only help to perpetuate Communist "misrule" in Kerala. If further violence does not occur, and if the anti-Communist campaign loses additional momentum, Nehru would find it diffi- cult to institute President's Rule--direct rule from New Delhi-- in Kerala on grounds of a breakdown of law and order. SECRET 23 June 59 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO3191-5-541 Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 a.r.,t,rai, Dalai Lama's Statement Disturbs Indian Officials 6everal references in the Dalai Lama's statement on Tibet at his press conference on 20 June were considerably more out- spoken than Indian officials had recommended and may create friction between him and New Delhi cone rning the duration of his stay and his future activities in India,.) The Dalai Lama had prepared three different texts for the press conference statement, and not until 19 June did he choose the final version. His condemnation of Peiping and his proposals regarding the future of Tibet were less strong than the Lama desired but were far stronger than New Delhi wished. The ref- erences to Tibetan autonomy and independence and to the Chinese Communist "reign of terror" were particularly objectionable to the Indian Government, The Indian liaison officer was forced to yield following a last-minute, three-hour meeting with the Dalai Lama's brother, an interview with the Dalai Lama, and a final meeting with the Dalai Lama's advisers. The Tibetans emphasized that while they had respected New Delhi's advice up to that time, they could not further modify a stateme5t which still did not paint a true picture of the situation in Tibet. Should the Dalai Lama and members of his goverament con- tinu press an anti-Peiping line or reiterate the Lama's state- ment that he considers himself head of a "government-in-exile," the Indian Government might become sufficiently embarrassed in its relations with China to request the Dalai Lama to leave the country. The Dalai Lama's statement that he does not intend to stay indefinitely in India or "embarrass the Indian vernment" suggests that he already has this possibility in mind Peiping may feel compelled to attack the Dalai Lama's state- men I although it would have preferred to remain silent about him and his activities. 23 June 59 CENTRAI wan inprsu-F RI III FTIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 SECILT IlL THE WEST British Labor Party Reconsidering Nuclear Policy (To avoid a Labor party split before the general elections ex- pected this fall, party and trade-union leaders will meet on 23 June to seek ways of dealing with the growing pressure within th Labor movement to advocate a unilateral renunciation of nuclear weapons by Britain) (The meeting is being held a month earlier than originally scheiiiiled,primarily to meet the threat posed by a resolution passed on 4 June by the powerful right-wing National Union of General and Municipal Workers, the third largest British trade union. This resolution calls for "the next Labor government" to stop the manufacture of nuclear weapons in Britain and pro- hibit their use on British territory, The Labor leadership ap- parently hopes to stave off a similar resolution frozn the Trans- port and General Workers Union�Britain's largest) ('The present party policy, formulated in March 1958, merely call n the government to press for an international agreement on the suspension of thermonuclear tests and to adopt a unilateral British test ban for one year. While Gaitskell, Bevan, and other party leadei's continue to oppose any unilateral British nuclear disarmament, they are searching for measures which, while not limiting a future Labor government's freedom of action, will of- fer a contrast to the Macmillan government's policy. Bevan, for instance, favors a proposal that Britain should offer to give up its nuclear weapons to help form a non-nuclear "club" of all nations except the US and the USSR. He privately acknowledges, however, that Britain would not have to make goo on its offer since France is unlikely to accept such a proposal. Even a slight shift in Labor party policy would bring addi- tiona pressure on the Macmillan government to achieve a test- suspension agreement. The government has continually shown its sensitivity to public opinion on the issue by seeking compro- mises for Soviet-Western differences on the subject SECRET 23 June 59 IseRRk. leRR I r-11.1k1 ApproVeTrol:ReleLe: 2020/02/24 C03191550 Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Haitian Armed Forces Alerted Against Possible Invasion The Duvalier government has placed the armed forces on a full nationwide alert. This move was prompted by rumors of imminent landings on Haiti's north coast, and by a large explosion and fire at army headquarters near the presidential palace in Port-au-Prince. Landings might be attempted either by supporters of exiled opposition leader Louis Dejoie or by groups hoping to over- throw Dominican dictator Trujillo by means of an invasion through Haiti. This is the first time the government has alerted all mili- tary personnel since the abortive seven-man invasion attempt last 29 July. Opposition groups in Haiti, principally supporters of Dejoie and exiled former Provisional President Daniel Fignole, have recently stepped up terrorist activity against the weak and un- popular regime. President Duvalier's heart attack on 24 May, which has removed him at least temporarily from the political scene, has further encouraged opposition groups and intensified the long-standing hostility between the regular armed forces and Duvalier's repressive civilian militia. Haiti's internal difficulties are further complicated by revolu- tionary activity throughout the Caribbean area. Revolutionary ele- ments hoping to unseat Trujillo have long regarded Haiti as a con- venient point from which to launch an invasion of the Dominican Republic. The Dominican Government has warned that it would send troops to repel any invasion of Haiti. Public disorders caused by an invasion of either anti-Duvalier or anti-Trujillo groups or by an increase in internal opposition to the Haitian Government could provoke a popular uprising serious enough to topple the Duvalier regime. Haiti has specifically re- quested the United States to establish air and sea patrols and may also ask the Organization of American States for aid in preventing an invasion. 23 June 59 CFKITPAI IMTPI I inpkirr RI iiirrim Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 SECRET � 3-_,/,:..37B ITEM Nationalist Diriorciers May ,c)ccur Soon In Belgian Congo Nationalist-inspired 6isorders, possibly degenerating to who esale violence aui/ist the 20,000-odd whites, may break out in Leopoldville withiL Efaa next few days, He reports that the native city is ense and awaiting a statement from Minister of the Congo van Hemelrijck, who is du k back in Leopoldville on 24 June follow- ing a tour of the colony.) The Africans are led by Joseph Kasavubu, who played an important role in the violent riots last January following his return from the All-African Peoples Conference at Accra. They are demanding that a regional "Republic of Central Kongo"-- to include only the southwestern part of the Congo from Leopcid- ville to the ocean--be established by 1 January 1960. Kasavubuis plan calls for the election of a president in mid-December 1959, with the election campaign to begin next month. Brussels, how- ever, is believed very unlikely to accept any such program.) Kasavubufs activities suggest that Brussels has failed in its effo'its. to win his cooperation to a program of orderly but rapid political evolution for the Congo, and that the Belgians are now likely to encounter increasing difficulties in implementing their reform program. Kasavubu has indicated complete lack of con- fidence in all Belgian officials excpet Van Hemelrijck, and he be- lieves that the forthcoming council elections will be rigged. His scheme for a separate tribal republic is incompatible with Brus- selW plans for a highly centralized Congo state. 1 -SECRET 23 June 59 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Page 6 r`cl/0171r1/71`1714 1 1 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 Now Nor/ THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director rilIVPIT)PAITI A I Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 -4/000771:40/700,171W/7/197.4097:6074/Z/77.19774077,007/17717/7/ Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554 _40 oide for Release: 2020/02/24 C03191554zjrzzArzzzzzfdrj'Z4efey