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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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June 7, 1958
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� � ////////////////////// 'Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 7 June 1958 opy No. 140 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN -TOP SECRET DOCUMENT N NO CHANCZ �iN CLASS. 1 i DEECLf,,7.7..S;rT7.0 CLA3fl. (SiK-IGED TO: Tittit NEXT REViEV: DATE: AUTEI. DATE NE:VIEWER: A Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 ifeS #11 TOP SECRET 111111111MMIIMIIIMIll Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 0 TOP SECRET 7 JUNE 1958 L THE COMMUNIST BLOC i`Radipactive" Soviet ship in Pacific - captain was ordered to re- main near US test area, and r activity is below danger level. USSR preparing facilities for fu- ture marketing of large quantity of. petroleum in Western Europe. IL ASIA-AFRICA Lebanon - New series of rebel mil- itary attacks apparently under way. Government rejects Arab League compromise proposal. Iraq seeks larger share in Iraq Pe- troleum Company oil revenues. 0 Pakistani Government may exploit local agitation on Kashmir issue in preparation for next round in UN; Incidents possible. �French military in Tunisia expect De Gaulle offer shortly on troop evacuation. Proposal not likely to be acceptable to Tunisia. IODe Gaulle's efforts to curb public safety committees may lead to early showdown with French extremists in Algeria. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 VI 631.A,Itt, 1 ��we litav `1".. � \ , - 5,NA st.1 TOP SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 7 June 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet propaganda on nuclear tests: The USSR appears to be planning to make a cause celebre out of its hydro- graphic survey ship, Vityaz, which, Moscow alleges, was put out of action by radioactive rain during the current US nuclear test series. The ship has been making surveys in the South Pacific for several months. the captain of the Vityaz expressed fears about coruucLLng ujerations near the US testing area, but he was ordered to adhere to prescribed plans. Tokyo, is preparing for the ship's arrival in Nagasaki on or before '9 June. the level of radioactivity is well within accepted safety limits. (Page 1) (Map) Soviet oil: The USSR, which may have an estimated 620,000 barrels per day of crude oil available for export by A 1965, is beginning to prepare facilities which will put the Soviet Union in a favorable position to sell its petroleum in Western Europe. (Page 2) (Map) II. ASIA-AFRICA *Lebanon: A new series of military attacks by anti- government forces seems to be under way. Support from Syria continues to arrive. After rejecting a compromise 47, AY-$ , Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 . . Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 CO3194450 i 'Jr6.)C#1,1A.E. I %Of JP, rt.) rt� proposed by the Arab League Council, Lebanon has pre- sented its complaint against UAR intervention to the United Nations. (Page 3) (Map) Iraq and Middle East Oil: The Iraqi Government is pressing the British-dominated Iraq Petroleum Company for a larger share of oil revenues. This action is in line with other recent changes in Middle Eastern oil conces- sions, changes which favor the local governments. (Page 5) Kashmir: The Karachi governme nt may exploit mounting agitation by ICashmiri leaders in Pakistan for "peaceful" marches into the Indian-held part of Kashmir as part of a campaign to put pressure on Western countries during the next round of UN deliberations on the Kashmir issue. Pakistani authorities state they will try to suppress the "peaceful" marches, but they fear incidents. (Page 6) Tunisia-France: The French military in Tunisia ex- pect De Gaulle will shortly make a "liberal" offer on the evacuation of French forces in Tunisia on a "take it or leave it" basis. If Bourguiba rejects this offer, French forces plan to leave for Algeria "with flags flying, even if this means fighting their way out." It is doubtful that De Gaulle will make an offer which will be acceptable to the Tunisian Government. Algeria-France: De Gaulle's move to restrict the role of the public safety committees to the promotion of inter- racial unity in Algeria may lead to an early showdown with the all-Algeria committee. (Page 7) 7 June 58 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET \ Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 wz .?"Awilitv PIA 40 100 .120 1A0 /REPORTED 'POSITIONS 'OF SOVIET RESEAR H VESSEL! VITYAZ; USSR ERING EA I TM . E A OF vicidiv0A ARRIVAL ABOUT 20 JUNE FA OF 4.4 Al CHINA � . A PA N 'I 7 ." KOREA i.lagasoki, ARRIVAL ABOUT 9 JUNE 20 4- � 5 JUNE /3 -I LpH ILI P PI N ES A99 MAY A4 JUNE AL A3 JUNE , 0 C E A N 140 US NUCLEAR TEST DANGER AREA AREA OF SOVIET DEEP-CURRENT STUDY 1000 STATUTE MILES NAUTICAL MILES -TOP -SECRET 7 JUNE 1958 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 WI I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Moscow Claims Radioactive Fallout on Soviet Survey Ship The USSR has given new impetus to its propaganda cam- paign against American nuclear tests in the Pacific with the claim that radioactive rain fell on its hydrographic survey ship--the Vityaz�beginning on 23 May. Moscow alleges the fallout occurred 1,800 miles west of the testing base and caused a "threat to health" which forced the ship to stop its IGY obser- vations. Moscow radio reported on 6 June that the radioactiv- ity "exceeded the normal dose by several hundred times," and Soviet propaganda charges that the US tests are a menace to the health of many people over a vast area of the Pacific. rain on that day registered 40,000 impulses of radioactivity per litre, which is several hundred times normal background count. the Vityaz indicated a maximum reading of "60 impulses per square centimeter" in places on deck. The time period of one min- ute ordinarily used in such readings is apparently the one used in this case, and the level of radioactivity is therefore well within the accepted limits of safety. Even so, decontamina- tion of the ship's personnel is being carried out. the captain of the Vityaz expressed doubts about the safety of operating in the vicinity of the area closed for the American tests, but was or- dered to adhere to prescribed plans. The Vityaz, which has been making IGY observations as well as studies of radioactiv- ity in ocean currents, was ordered sometime after 23 May to change its itinerary to include a stop at Nagasaki, where its arrival now will have special propaganda impact. The ship is in contact with the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs and with the Soviet Embassy in Japan, which is prepar- ing for the arrival on or before 9 June at Nagasaki. Moscow may be able to make the Vitvaz a vivid example with the impact of the "Lucky Dragon." �,I TOP SECRET 7 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Q46S4.514 SELECTED 'bk. 'PIPELINES PLANNED OR PROPOSED IN CENTRAL EUROPEAN USSR , � 11 7' / C 1 J roposeed\\. i oil base 735nernjs.Panev'Tzhis CZECH. Oil pipeline under construction (original-Sixth Five-Year Plan? � Oil pipeline planned (original Sixth Five-Year Plan) Oil pipeline proposed Crude oil region I 24978 5 JUNE 1958 MILES 4?0 PoloIsk ; ---,Masco S -,41(remenehug 49/ -SECRET- Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 "gee USSR Plans Pipeline to Baltic and Poland The USSR apparently hopes by 1965 to supply a larger share of northern Europe's rapidly expanding petroleum require- ments. It plans to construct an oil base at Klaipeda (Memel) on the Baltic Sea and has asked a Swedish firm to bid on a pipeline to connect the oil-rich Urals-Volga area with this port and with satellite refineries. Exports of petroleum from the bloc to Western Europe increased from an average of 4,580 barrels per day (B/D) in 1950 to about 108,000 B/D in 1957. Further expansion, however, is restricted by limited transportation and process- ing facilities. Northern European countries presently re- quire about 1.7 million B/D, most of which comes from the Middle East. They are expected to need 2.9 million B/D by 1965, when the USSR will probably have 620,000 B/D (net) available for export. The original Sixth Five-Year Plan included a sizable program for construction of oil and gas pipelines, which probably represented the USSR's maximum capacity for con- struction. This may account for the invitation to the West to bid on the projected line to Klaipeda. 7 June 58 SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 4111111 MEDITERRANEAN Beirut Baniyas � Halba Al Harmal. Nabi Uthman�lx \�Balabakk LEBANON cb Tripoli Bayt ad Din� \./ Sidon � Rashaya -inch pipeline. Selected Roads 12-inch pipeline 0 20 40 60 TO JORDAN & TI_SS \SAUDI ARABIA, Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 110 I Crisis in Lebanon II. ASIA-AFRICA UAR-supported antigovernment forces appear to have launched a series of new major attacks aimed at seizing con- trol of northern Lebanon and the Biqa Valley. The initial attacks developed in the vicinity of Halba, northeast of Tripoli, where a force estimated by govern- ment officials at about 2,000 men went into action on 6 June. the rebels had warned villages around Halba against attempts to interfere with rebel attacks. The rebels had also warned inhabitants of Halba to evacuate by 6 June. In the Biqa Valley the hard-pressed progovernment irregulars, who have carried the burden of the fighting there, are reported without reserves and low on arms and ammunition. They were reported considering withdrawal from such exposed Biqa points as Al Harmal Nabt Trthman and Rashaya. Another rebel force has gathered in the Shouf area sputheast of Beirut, reportedly in preparation for an attack to cut the Beirut-Damascus road and to attack the govern- ment forces at Bayt ad, Din. Further south, rebel activity has produced a "very tense" situation in Sidon, terminal of the Trans-Arabian pipeline, while the large rebel force re- ported gathering in the hills of southern Lebanon has not yet moved. Earlier, the increasingly aggressive attitude of the Leba- nese Army in Beirut and Tripoli, prime targets of the rebel- lion, appeared to have taken some initiative from antigovern- ment forces in those cities. 7 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 In Beirut, extreme opposition leaders are reported to have prepared an ultimatum which, according to an uncon- firmed report, would demand the immediate resignation of President Chamoun and renegotiation of the "National Charter,'. which provides for distribution of government offices among various religious groups. New opposition demands may well be aired on 7 June, when coordinated rebel military moves are reported scheduled to move into high gear. After rejecting the compromise agreement submitted by the Arab League Council, Lebanon on 6 June presented its,com- plaint against"increasing" UAR intervention to the UN Security Council. High Lebanese Government officials are convinced that the heralded rebel offensive is under way, and that un- less the Security Council is able to deter Egypt, Lebanon will be compelled to call for Western intervention. SECRET 7 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 br.A-nn Nor "%we Iraq Seeks Higher Oil Revenues Iraqi government officials have begun a concerted effort to persuade the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) to increase Iraq's share of oil revenues. Government circles have criticized IPC for not being sufficiently aggressive in expanding Iraq's oil production and for failing to recognize that a change from the 50/50 profit-sharing principle is only a matter of time. At a recent meeting Prime Minis- ter Nun i Said told American and British representatives of IPC that they might see a repetition in Iraq of the events which led to the nationalization of Iranian oil concessions if the company "failed to assess the needs of the moment." Iraq's Minister of Finance Pachachi has called on the company to adjust the profit-sharing terms toward the 75/25 percent recently agreed on by an American company and the Iranian Government. Pachachi has already asked this com- pany to make a proposal for rights in Iraq's offshore areas. While the present trend appears to be toward rewriting the profit-sharing arrangement in existing contracts through- out the Middle East, this pressure can probably be resisted at least until one of the newcomer companies makes a major strike. A substantial success for the Japanese venture in the offshore waters of the Kuwaiti - Saudi Arabian neutral zone might well be the signal for the beginning of a general over- haul of existing concession agreements. There is now some evidence that the major Saudi Arabian offshore field of Manila extends for a considerable distance into the Japanese con- cession area, which would increase the probability of an early Japanese strike. SECRET7 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 6.."1.416,1 %La I *me Indo- Pakistani Tension Over Kashmir The threat by certain Azad Kashmiri leaders to stage a "peaceful" march across the cease-fire line into Indian- held Kashmir seems designed to increase pressure for stronger American and British support of Pakistan in the coming deliberations on the Kashmir dispute in the UN Security Council. Former President Chaudhri Ghulam Abbas of Azad Kashmir--that portion of Kashmir held by Pakistan�has declared that a "volunteer" march across the cease-fire line would take place during the third week of June. A fi- nal decision is to be made at a meeting on 14 June. The current president of Azad Kashmir has opposed the cross- ing as a political stunt, which suggests that it may be a move by Abbas to regain political support. Tension between India and Pakistan has been increased recently by a series of minor frontier clashes and belli- cose statements. On 6 June the West Pakistan chief min- ister accused India of cutting off the water for some of Pakistan's canals and severely damaging 2,000,000 acres of crops. � Pakistani authorities state they will suppress the pro- posed march across the cease-fire line, but express appre- hension over their ability to prevent serious incidents. As in the case of similar threats during the past ten years, Karachi probably will control any mass action as long as opportunities remain for exerting pressure on New Delhi through international channels. Increasing frustration and political instability in Pakistan, however, provide greater opportunities for irresponsible elements. SECRET '7 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 %..A.ALIVILFEAVILPIL. 10 De Gaulle and Algerian Extremists Possibly Nearing Showdown Premier de Gaulle's attempt to crack down on the Al- gerian public safety committees and to buttress the con- stituted authorities, which the extralegal committees ap- pear to have largely superseded since 13 May, may lead to an early showdown between the general and rightist extremists in Algeria. De Gaulle's 6 June demand that the committees limit themselves to promoting inter-racial unity, and his ap- parent determination to separate the army in Algeria from the political role it has assumed, pose a direct challenge to the military and civilian extremists who so far have seemed to dominate the pace-setting all-Algeria: commit- tee. During the premier's 4-6 June visit to Algeria, these elements, supported by popular demonstrations, exerted strong--but apparently largely unsuccessful--pressure on De Gaulle to adopt their views on Algerian policy, to eliminate from his government "leftovers" from '.'the old regime," and to recognize the committees formally as virtual partners in his mission of "national renovation." Earlier, these extremists, for whom paratroop General Massu appears to be the principal military spokesman, had succeeded in eliciting from General Salan a statutory declaration explicitly conceding to the all-Algeria commit- tee the right to "participate actively in the elaboration of decisions." A statement by a committee spokesman on 6 June as- suring De Gaulle that he had the committee's support "with- out conditions and without reserve" suggests that a split within the committee is likely should a real showdown ma- terialize. On 5 June, Leon Delbecque, the organization's vice president and leading civilian extremist, took an almost menacing tone toward the general and declared "we shall go CONFIDENTIAL 7 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 LAJAV/IJLIN 1 /AL all the way in what we undertook on 13 May." Delbecque is reportedly scheduled to go to Paris on 9 June, possibly for the purpose of soliciting support for the Algiers die- hards among rightists there. Insany ultimate test of strength, the bulk of the army and especially the local high command, which is most anxious to regularize its role with legitimate French authority, would almost certainly be loyal to De Gaulle. Top military leaders, concerned above all with preserving the army's unity, may nevertheless continue to be confronted with strong pressure from influential younger officers who participated in plotting_for last month's take-over and who share the present disappoint- ments Of local ektremists. In addition, the American consul general in Algiers be- lieves the psychological impact of the insurrection on the army--especially the weeks of fraternization with resident Europeans--may have been such as to practically preclude the use of many of these troops to control any demonstra- tions the extremists might organize to "influence" De Gaulle. III. THE WEST No Back-up Material. 7 June 58 CONFIDENTIAL CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 8 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 003194450 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450 .1.1.#1.4L1 11411.., DISTRIBUTION THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget � Office of Defense Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Operations Coordinating Board Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194450