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April 3, 2019
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April 12, 2019
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May 31, 1982
ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE bts Approved for Release: 2018/10/01 C05776492 THE WASHINGTON POST 31 May 1982 kik ANDERSON Falklands Crisis Reveals Strange �Deadfellows The Falklands crisis has produced some strange criss-crossing of dip- lomatic wires. Consider this Machiavellian mix-up: � Argentina supports the clandes- tine U.S. effort to undermine the Sandinista government in Nicar � But the United States is bac Britain in the Falklands dispute. � Yet Nicaragua has come out on the side of Argentina against Britain. � Still, the right-wing Argentine junta is dedicated to the proposition that the Sandinista government is a nest of communists that must be destroyed, by military means if nec- essary. The incredible fact is that the Ar- gentine government, for all its new public embrace by Nicaragua, has done nothing to halt or even cut back its anti-Sandinista military plotting. For the past 18 months a small but important group of Argentine soldiers has been conspiring and col- laborating with anti-Sandinista ex- iles in the southern province of Hon- - duras. The latest count of Argentine military officers in the Honduras hinterland is 50. That's more, not less, than the number who were op- erating there before the Falklands eruption. Nor did the Argentine military advisers slip off to Honduras behind the backs of the ruling junta. The clandestine operation in Central America has the blessing of the jun- ta. Sources told my associates Bob Sherman and Dale Van Atta that the Argentine advisers appear to have settled in for the long haul. The roots of the Argentine enmity for the Sandinistas run deep. They feed on the bad blood between the military leaders and the leftist guer- rillas. Their vendetta has turned Ar- gentina into a land of assassinations and kidnapings and fear in the night. One of the principal reasons for the junta's coup in 1976 was the de- termination to seek out and destroy the underground Montonero move- ment and People's Revolutionary Army (ERP). The excesses of this "dirty war" have been well- chronicled: thousands of innocent civilians tortured and killed in the frenzied search for communists and sympathizers. The bloody campaign largely suc- ceeded. The Montoneros and their ERP allies were either killed or driv- en into exile. Some took refuge in Nicaragua. - One Montonero leader, who was implicated in an assassination plot, subsequently became a Nicaraguan government official at Managua's Sandino Airport. (The assassinatjon attempt, incidentally, missed ;the high Argentine official who had been marked for death and killed his irj- nocent daughter. instead.) - A The Argentine military consider the leftist exiles " still dangerous. They point to the clandestine radio station the Montoneros set u in Costa Rica in 1979, for example: It beamed anti-junta messages throughout Central America and could be heard in Buenos Aire& � "Finally," one source explained, "the 'Argentines believe the Mim- toneros and the ERP, will be coining back to Argentina some day, JO time with logistical support from the Cubans and the Sandinistas." Footnote: An Argentine Embiesy spokesman flatly denied to my: re- porter Jon Lee Anderson that. Ar- gentine mercenaries are operating in Central America. Headlines and Footnotes:: AM- bassador Max Kampelman, U.S:.der- egate to the suspended Madrid talks on the 1975 Helsinki human rights accord, predicts a new headache when the talks resume: Rev. Billy Graham's naive statements ebout religious freedom in the Spviet Union. Graham's gaffe could be "a gift to the Soviet system and a major blow to the cause of human ,rights and religious liberty," Kampelmitn wrote in a memo to his staff, adding: "We will have our hands full in:Ma- drid as the Soviets quote his :suite- ments back to us." Approved for Release: 2018/10/01 C05776492