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August 27, 2020
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June 15, 1961
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15 June 1961 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Copy No. C 81 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN VOP SECL3E7 ZAETroved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640V Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 tor I --Tala�grranr�T� Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 //r7 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 CO5973640 0 TOP SECRET � CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Laos. (Page t) 15 June 1961 2. Congo: American ambassador reports signs that some Belgian industrial interests beginning to favor rapproche- ment between ICatanga and Leopoldville. (Page t) 3. USSR: New class ship, possibly�new version of missile- launching destroyer, in series production in Leningrad. (Page tt) 4. Arab League: King Husayn assesses proposed "General Headquarters of Arab Armies" as contrary to Jordan's interest. (Page it) 5. United Nations: African states and Nationalist China headed for confrontation over admission of Mauritania and Mongolia. (Page ttt) 6. Zanzibar: Security situation now under control; resent- ment still strong between Africans and Arabs. (Page itt) 7. USSR: Soviet ICBM test this morning successful. (Age itt) 8. Watch Committee Conclusions. (Page iv) TOP SECRET Syligfigg="55276-65,16, 1.�..\ Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 - - CHIHA BURMA / Narn NAMITHA .1 A.:11.rond Sol � Ban Houei � LUANGI PRABANG 1. ong Soly oun Neu IPH.ONG SAL Y Sai Muong Heim. Luang Prabang ... SAYABOURY e!e7 sr/ MuoniKasy .�". ...... ___,.. Pa Dong '""png N.9�"11 ---/ Vang Vitng ...�,:z...t. The Thom \qrNa'rnone .(1 0,.. t74. VIENTIANE Borikhonf� Pak Sane j J Kam Keut Ban MnHeup Vientiane tz4VeloIng Khai THAI I. AnD 4=3, GOVERNMENT 4�10 KONG LE - PATHET LAO :KONG LE - PATHET LAO AREAS o GOVERNMENT (MEO) BASE AREAS ROAD 0 � -TRAIL a 0 ROUTE NUMBER 610614 OD Lat�Chau 0 IT II T A t'.1 A Dien Bien Phu I/ \- Sam Nzua \;),-.? AM NEUA 011% KHOUANG Muon.O. Sou/ ,�Khan� hay hifng Sayan NORTHERN LAOS Forces 50 I STATUTE MILES Nam Bac ou Khoun xieng KhcraTig nh Lek Sao-. KHAMMAUANE hommerat Thakhek Mahaxay � ep � Ph� Lone / _Tchepene avannakhet Mucing Pkine / SAVANNAKFIET Dong Hal ""--,����` SOUTH Houe; Sane VIETNAM 15 June 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 0 TO SECRET 0 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 15 June 1961 DAILY BRIEF Laos: Both in the speeches of its foreign minister at Geneva and in editorial comment on the conference, Commu- nist China is denouncing formulations that would provide for any international supervision over the manner in which Laos would practice neutrality. Peiping clearly wants no form of international scrutiny that might inhibit Pathet Lao activities in the event of a Laotian settlement. The Pathet Lao, in line with the general Communist ef- fort to limit the present and future role of the ICC in Laos, has launched a strong drive to exclude the ICC observers from sessions of the Namone peace talks. No new reports of fighting in Laos have been received. Bloc airlift operations continue to be scheduled through 15 June. ) (Backup, Page 1) (Map) [The Watch Committee at its meeting on 14 June reached the following conclusion on Laos: [The Communist forces in Laos will continue their efforts to eliminate pro-government forces operating in Communist- dominated areas, and to improve their already strong mili- tary position. At Geneva, the Communists continue to de- lay implementation of an effective cease-fire. They ap- parently believe that these tactics will eventually result in the establishment of a "neutral" Laotian government satis- factor to them. Belgium-Congo: Ambassador MacArthur at Brussels reports lie is somewhat encouraged by recent discussions with the directors of various Belgian firms having interests in the Congo, particularly ICatanga. From his discussions, the ambassador got the impression that these firms, which oot TOP SECRET A,9212,25tf,21�212M2,3,9,3,91M12 292,73640 A Approved for Release 2020/08/12 C05973640, Pointe Noire CON GO Brazzaville' .0" Kittina Republic of the szzs LIBERIA 200 TUNISIA MOBUTU -7.200 ElrEM =Ea OMB B800156011 Gemena Use Scatted jog MORO U 3.400 s CoquIlhatville i � Boonde ETHIOPIA I 200 MOBUTU 800 ctn. EQOATEUR (.0 . Scat ttF,rces GHANA .1.600 � ( Approximate area nominally controlled by: Luanda (=I Kasavubu-Mobutu Gizenga .. Kalonji Tshombe MI United Nations Forces (Service Forces � Selected road Selected railroad r Selected airfield. 0 I 'STATUTE MILES not indluded) Luput MALAYA 900 � IBERIA Congo SUDAN ETHIOPIA I 1,500 4TALE Kindu 4ts ETHIOPIA 800 MALAYA 500 INDIA 300 IJ Bukav Kongolo #� Kabalo#U � Lake Albert UGANDA IGERIA 500 RUANDA URUNDI NIGERIA 600. .Manono Elisab thville. FEDERATION OF RHODES! AND NYA AL�AND Usumbura TANGANYIKA Lake Tanganyika IRELAND 650 SWEDEN 870 � -f�-;--t� .-.7 15 June 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page-, Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 Approved for Release 2020/08/12 005973640 Pointe Noire Banana CONGO � d Kitona Luanda Atlantic � Ocean �6i0,19 nef-ou:oEilic .Dhe C�ng� LIBERIA INDIA TUNISIA � Gemena Scat feeid MO8U1U ETHIOPIA Bangassou �Mbriga � Bondo Butar--' Lisa Aketi MOB UTU 800 M7�017 '...-...*'Scat�t:7Z8s�1�Rorces EOPOLDVILLE tFrancqui Leopoldv. ysville � A uluabourg Bakw n GHANA 1,600 Approximate area nominally controlled by: Kasavubu-Mobutu Gizenga � Kalonji � Tshombe 4 , Luput GIZENGA 7.000 ETHIOPIA RIE '4TALE MALAYA 900 LIBERIA ETHIOPIA MALAYA 500 INDIA KATANVA -;���� = United Nations Forces (Service Forces � Selected road not included) Selected railroad �7� Selected airfield STATUTE MILES I I 400 INDIA 2,900 Bukavu Kongolo Io \ Albertville INIGERIA 600 �Manono TSHOMBE 7,000 Elisabethville \ NIGERIA Usumbura a IRELAND 650 SWEDEN 870 � , 15 June 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 AnApproved for Release: 2020/08/12 00597364,2st U TOP SECRET ? implementation of Israel's Jordan River diversion project.3 (Backup, Page 3) United Nations: Mauritania, whose application for UN membership was vetoed last December by the USSR in a move which tied its admission to that of Mongolia, is now supported by 11 former French African states. They have generally maintained that if Mauritania fails to gain admission because of an anticipated veto by Nationalist China of Mongolia's ap- plication, they will break relations with Taipei and vote for Peiping's admission to the UN. [While aware of these threats, Nationalist China's foreign minister has said Taipei is deter- mined to prevent Mongolia's admission "no matter what the cost.1 (Backup, Page 5) Zanzibar: [The security situation in Zanzibar is now under control, but the British Resident believes that suspicion and resentment between the African and Arab groups will remain and for a long time pose a substantial security problem. He ak. considers that it will be necessary to retain a battalion of troops or police in the protectorate until all trials and other legal actions arising from the recent disorders have been com- pleted. Thereafter, one company will be required as a perma- nent garrison until the local police have built up an adequate striking force. The opposition Afro-Shirazi party, which draws its membership from Zanzibar's African element (some 80 per- cent of the population), has decided to boycott the legislature and has warned that the party "can no longer be held responsi- ble for whatever repercussions take, nlare. 7;7 uopzi,; ern iiiivi LesL venicwwas iauncnea irom lyura lam to the Kamchatka impact area at about 0545 GMT (0145 EDT) this morning. the vehicle successfully reached the Kamchatka Peninsula. This is the 16th Soviet ICBM launch this year six of which --probably failed in flight 15 June 61 DAILY BRIEF iii VA PAl AApproved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 A ver CurOP - 4Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 WATCH WATCH COMMITTEE CONCLUSIONS [On the basis of findings by its Watch Committee, States Intelligence Board concludes that: Ek. No change from last week.] --E13. No change from last weekj LAOS: Carried on Page i of Daily Brief3 15 June 61 the United DAILY BRIEF iv TOP SECRET JApproved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 awl &JI 1.0 %La , C_ The Laotian Situation The French draft protocol proposing a strong ICC function in Laos was condemned by Peiping's People's Daily on 14 June as an attempt to infringe on the sovereignty of Laos. Echoing the theme of Foreign Minister Chen Yi's 12 June speech at the conference, People's Daily stated that the Laotians should su- pervise their own neutrality--"there are many countries in the world pursuing a peaceful and neutral policy which have differ- ent political forces internally. This, however, does not put them in need of international control." While People's Daily declared flatly that the "socialist countries" are not going to accept any supervised neutrality in Laos, the Chinese are portraying them- selves as businesslike and reasonable--both Chen Yi and People's Daily avoided vindictive language and expressed cautious opti- mism that"there are all the conditions for our conference to reach an agreement." At the 14 June session of the Namone talks, discussions inthe political committee degenerated into a dispute over whether the ICC should be represented at future meetings. The govern- ment denied that it had assented last week to a Pathet Lao motion excluding ICC observers from the Namone talks and insisted that representatives of the ICC be seated as in the past. No ICC rep- resentative was present. In the military subcommittee, where the ICC was represented by Indian General Singh, the Pathet Lao took the position that the ICC should be allowed to inspect only the forward positions of the opposing forces on Route 13 south of yang Vieng and not such "liberated areas" as Pa Dong. When Singh asked each side to name a point the ICC could visit on 16 June, the Pathet Lao challenged his right to speak at sessions of the subcommitteej Souvanna Phouma, in a speech to the Geneva conference on 14 June, also sought to downgrade the role of the ICC. He stated that the cease-fire should be regulated by a committee of the three major forces in Laos--his group, the Pathet Lao, and the Boun Oum government--with recourse to the ICC being limited only to "difficult questions." Souvanna said that the commission's SECRET 15 June 61 CENTTP A T "INTR. T .T Tap:m(7R "MIT :LE TIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 �N-� a main functions should be to supervise withdrawal of foreign troops and check on the shipment of arms into Laos; he spe- cifically excluded French troops, who would be allowed to stay under the terms of the 1954 Geneva agreement. He added that the ICC might be called upon to supervise the next elec- tion in Laos, but in any event, the ICC should "act in agree- ment with local authorities in the respect of our sovereignty." 15 June 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 .06, � sod � 11..0 King Husayn and the Arab League's Palestine Proposals Lime approaching implementation of Israel's Jordan River diversion project--the Israelis say the first stage will be com- pleted in 1963--has prompted .a series of attempts to develop a coordinated Arab policy toward Israel. The Arab League Coun- cil considered the problem at its February meeting in Baghdad and decided to refer various military questions to the Arab states' army chiefs of staff. The latter conferred in Cairo in April.. In late May and early June an Arab League "Palestine Experts Committee" also met in Cairo and by majority vote rec- ommended the reinstitution of the old "Palestine Government" which was formed in Cairo in 1949, following the Arab-Israeli war, but which was never effectivej ELike the proposal for a "General Headquarters of the Arab Armies," the revival of a Palestine political entity poses an im- plied threat to King Husayn's regime. It appeals to the Pales- tinian majority of Jordan's population, over 600,000 of whom are refugees from what is now Israel, and by inference the proposed "Palestine Government" would at least aspire to having jurisdic- tion over the West Bank area of Jordan. The West Bank, the largest remaining Arab-controlled portion of the old Palestine mandate, was annexed by Jordan in 1950) Husayn believes the "Palestine Government" proposal, as wel as the projected unified Arab army command, is part of. a new program Nasir has instituted to weaken and gain control of Jordan. The King now feels that the recent exchange of letters he initiated with Nasir has placed him at a disadvantage in at- tempting to cope with the courses of action Nasir may follow. Husayn expects the UAR President to present a facade of mod- eration toward Jordan in conjunction with subversive activity designed to exploit any relaxation of internal security measures in Jordan or any uncertainty among the Jordanian people. Th_e3 15 June 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 CKing has decided to postpone a decision on the nature and timing of Jordanian elections until the issue of reviving the "Palestine Government" is "clarified."3 .1.1:1usayn's suspicions reflect a fundamental problem of his re- gime: it remains dependent on the economic and political support of Britain and the United States, whom all Arabs regard as sup- porters of Israel. As Ambassador Macomber points out, this makes the King, in Arab eyes, "the friend of the Arabs' most bitter enemy." Husayn's predicament, on the other hand, is al- leviated by Israel's tacit approval of his regime so long as it is free of control by NasirD 15 June 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 005973640 C./ �-� rine Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 Developments on Admission of Mauritania and Mongolia to UN The USSR's veto of Mauritania was an attempt to curry fa- vor'with Morocco at a time when Moscow was negotiating an arms deal with Rabat. Morocco claims the former French ter- ritory and attempted to delay its independence. The USSR has repeatedly proposed Mongolia for UN membership and has linked its admission to the admission of other countries. After the veto, the 15th General Assembly passed a resolution spon- sored by the 11 African states endorsing both Mauritania and Mongolia for UN membership. The Security Council will prob- ably meet on this question shortly before the opening of the 16th General Assembly next September. Nationalist China considers Mongolia a part of China. In 1955, despite numerous representations from its Western allies, Taipei vetoed Mongolia's admission, thereby precipi- tating the Soviet veto of Japan and causing considerable resent- ment among UN members. Taipei's sensitivity about this issue and its awareness of the gloomy prospects for maintaining the General Assembly moratorium on Chinese representation seem to have hardened attitudes in the Foreign Ministry. Mie foreign minister indi- cated to the US ambassador on 5 June that the Mongolia prob- lem--particularly the US decision to investigate the feasibility of establishing diplomatic relations with Ulan Bator--and other developments are propelling the Nationalist leadership psycho- logically toward a decision to leave the United Nations despite the advantages of UN membership:3 15 June 61 CENTRA T INTET ,T JGE NC F1 MILLE TIN Page 5 Approved for Release 2020/08/12 C05973640 4 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Counsel to the President The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Under Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director Opproved for Release: 2020/08/12 C0597364b uvvr ii ur.iv i IHL CONFIDENTIAL - Approved for Release: 2020/08/12 C05973640 T - /,�,%%,