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April 3, 2019
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March 3, 1977
Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908 - Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908 Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908 � LATIN AMERICA 3 March 1977 CONTENTS 3.5(c) NR Southern Cone Reaction to US Policy Moves 1 NR This publication is ,prepared'for regional special isti-in the Washington community by the Latin America Division,: .Office Of Regional and Political Analysis with oc- casional contributions from other offices within the Directorate of Intelligence. Comments and queries are weltbine, They should be directed to the authors of the individual articles RP ALA 77-018 3 'March 1977 Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908 Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908 3.5(c) SoUthern-ConeeactiOn_to US Policy Moves. US efforts in support of human rights and against nuclear proliferation are arousing deep resentment in southern South America. The US stance on these problems seems certain to add to, the already pronounced tendency of Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, and to some extent Brazil to draw closer together in response to shared problems and common perceptions of the outside world. Washington's decision to scale down aid to Uruguay and Argentina because of human rights abuses has produced angry reactions in Montevideo and Buenos Aires. Both governments have announced their Intention to refuse even the reduced aid Still aVaiIablAto them. Uruguay called the move by WaShihgtitin unjustified interference in its internal affairs; both countries claimed the ac- tion could only aid the Ceuse,of subversion. Brazil, already smarting over US pressures to limit its access to foreign nuclear technology, is taking a dim view of the aid, cuts. Though not directly affected, the Brazilians undoubtedly see the reductions as another example of US "intrusion" in the area's affairs. More- over, the military-backed government in Brasilia may be- lieve that it too could come in for serious US pressure on the human tights is Sue at some point. Army Minister. General Sylvio Frota has reportedly said the latest move indicates the US is "writing off the military governments of Latin America as its friends 6" Us efforts to influence the Brazilians on the nu- clear issue also are having an unsettling effect in Buenos Aires. Instead of Applauding a move that could conceivably arrest the nuclear progress of traditional rival Brazil, the Argentines are expressing solidarity with their neighbor, in the face of external pressure. The, Argentines obviously realize their own imports of nuclear equipment could take' them susceptible to similar pressures. RP ALA 77-018 3 March 1977 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908 Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908 Argentina tny see an opportunity in the present situation to rebuild its regional influence by capitali- zing on the resentment of US efforts. NR The physical isolation that has always cut off Southern Cone countries from the rest of the world has in recent years been accentuated by the growing distaste in the US and Europe for the kinds of governments that hold sway in the region. The latest US actions cannot fail to increase this sense of isolation. All of the Southern Cone countries are administered by like-mindedu conservative regimes run or at least dominated by their respective military establishments. Most came-intell5eing in response to real or perceived threats from the left and all justify their methods of operating by citing the continuing, if diminished, threat of communism. The leaders of these countries genuinely believe they are being abandoned by the US, which has consistently warned them of the dangers of communism. It seems almost certain that the Southern Cone nations will feel even more keenly the need to look to one an- other for support and approval. 3.5(c)- --2- RP ALA 77-018 3 March 1977 Approved for Release: 2018/10/02 C06627908