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August 14, 2020
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August 27, 2020
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April 8, 1961
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15815555].pdf527.81 KB
'A pproved for Release:.00.0 iii;i551//7/71/171 I/7 40P SECRET � 8 April 1961 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Copy No. C Ed' CENTRAL 11111:4111 I BULLETIN -TOP-SECRET A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 -Tela-SEGRIMO -TOF2,-SIECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 0-SECRET- � CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 8 April 1961 DAILY BRIEF *Laos: Llements of the two airborne battalions north of Muong Kassy are reported to have reached the town's outskirts and to be planning an attack. To the south of Muong Kassy, enemy artillery, and automatic weapons fire has halted one column of government groups moving to- ward the town, while another apparently is making some progress (Backup, Page 1) (Map) 1)-9- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Banar a Brazzaville Matadi Kitona INDONESIA Luanda � � Republic of the Congo Gemena Lisal Scattered SUDAN 400 TUNISIA 3,200 NIGERIA 409 INDONESIA 280 MOBUTU 7200 Scat tell-rle ces E Leopoldvi ysville MOBUTU B 800 � Boende Ikela. uluabourg Bakw nga GHANA 1600 Approximate area nominally controlled by: lJ Kasavubu-Mobutu Gizenga EJ Kalonji Tshombe Ej United Nations Forces (Service Forces -Selected road not included) Selected railroad Selected airfield o STATUTE MILES 400 Luputa GIZENGA 7,000 MALAYA 750 LIBERIA 1�4% ETHIOPIA 1,500 ETH10P1 INDIA IRELAND 350 Kongolo Kabal0 Albertville NIGERIA �Manono TSHOmBE 7.000 isab NIGERIA Usumbura IRELAND 300 SWEDEN 650 8 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 PA IA �SECRET� 8 April 1961 � CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Situation In Laos. (Page i) 2. Congo: Leopoldville lifts river blockade of Orientale Province. (Page it) 3. West Germany: Defense Minister Strauss fears possi- ble Soviet-US nuclear agreement would leave NATO no nuclear capability to maintain own security. (Page it) 4. Communist China: Evidence of strained Sib-Soviet relations revealed during Sino-Canadian grain nego- tiations. (page tt) 5. India: New Delhi acts to secure its position along Sino-Indian border. (Page tit) 6. Africa: All-African People's Conference omits denun- ciation of Peace Corps in final resolutions. (Page tit) SECRET ,41777#7, f/ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 � BURMA A CHINA NAM1THA � tyluong Sai ; e Nam Bac �I \ - 1 SanT Nseua Phong Soly I 1PHONG SALY NORTH VIETNAM ,Dien Bien Phu / � 1 ( < LUANG! PRABANG %., Luang Probang 1.."?�.. -- -- ,,,,,. ....- .,-..a. -***"..6�, -......"�') . .......-.- "14� t SAYABOURY �-�"" XIENG KHOUANG N.. Mua9 Soui Bon Ban Xieng Khouan Phou Khoun Muont Kass Bon Ta Viong, ..."..,,,.Tho Thom Vong VIENTIANE ,Borikho4 Puk Sane ..i f A Vientiane T H A I L A N NORTHERN LAOS 111111 GOVERNMENT Forces in KONG LE - PATHET LAO Contact itisp KONG LE - PATHET LAO AREAS ROAD � -TRAIL 0 50 100 a ax�$ STATUTE MILES 0 ROUTE NUMBER 61,3if 01111.1MOR3.00.110~4111111N.IllialgaNIMMONOMPI AM NEUA � ����� Kam Keut ak KHAMM u UANE Thokhek 8 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 --- -SECRET *Congo: Leopoldville Economic Affairs Minister Deri- coyard announced on 7 April that the river blockade of Orientale Province has been lifted. He stated IIIJhat the Ileo government was willing to permit all supplies except aviation fuel to be shipped to Stanleyville. The first upriver shipment probably will leave'Leopoldville early next week. The blockade, in addition to producing virtual economic col- lapse in Orientale and Kivu, had weakened the Leopoldville government financially through the loss of export duties on cotton and other agricultural products. Its removal is a fur.. and Stanleyville. Resumption of river shipments to Orientale will also weaken the position of bloc Red Cross groups which � are seeking to send relief supplies to Gizenga through the Sudan. The bloc and someAfrican states mav now attempt to 7 shin aid to Gizenea through Leopoldville. (M ) west uermany: L./e'en/se 1V11111bLei DIA cLUbb) fears that the United States wants to reduce its European commitments and seek some kind of understanding with the USSR on-nuclear-disarmament. Possi- bly exaggerating his position on the assumption that his views would be communicated to American officials, Strauss said he had always felt that an American "retreat from Europe" would occur "not too far in the future" and that he is concerned NATO will be left without any nuclear, capability to maintain its own security. Strauss said West Germany. would feel particu- larly threatened if the United States negotiated with the USSR over regional, disarmament or a reduced armaments zone. He plans to urge Adenauer to make a strong case. in Washington that NATO could break,apart over, the nuclear disarmament question. While Adenauer's views are probably more moderate than those 'of Strauss, the chancellor told General Norstad on 26 March he intends to discuss with the President the need for NATO to have a voice in the use of nuclear weapons for the de- fense of EuropeZ (Backup, Page 3) 8 Apr 61 DAILY BRIEF SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 ii Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 � INDIA 'UNCLASSIFIED . I 0 _MILES_ 300 30942 � SINO-INDIAN BORDER AREA BURMA ' -- 8 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 � SECRET e Communist China.- USSR: (Firsthand. information recently made available provides evidence of the tense state of Sino- Soviet*relations at the time the Chinese were negotiating the shipment of Canadian grain early this year. In response to.re- peated Chinese requests for earlier shipments of wheat, the Canadian representatives explained that the USSR had suddenly decided to take up its option to buy 200,000 tons of Canadian wheat soon after the news broke that the Chinese were discuss- ing purchases of Canadian grain. When the Canadians sug- gested that China might ask the USSR to delay taking up the option, the reaction of the Chinese was "icy," leaving little doubt that such a reauest was unthinkable.1 India - Communist Chin* ar_New Delhi Plans to return trobps _ to a number of its important outposts on the Sino-Indian bor- der early this spring before Chinese forces move forward from their winter quarters, Indian troops are already reported moving toward the _lborder area northwest of Nepal to occupy Bara Hoti by for,ce _ if necessary. This remote upland pasture, inaccessible In win- ter, is in an area which is claimed by India but which has been occupied alternately since 1954 by Chinese and Indian troops. The Indian Government, frustrated. in discussions with the Chi- nese to resolve the border problem, is apparently more than everdetermined.to secure its position along the border even at the risk of possible small-scale clashes with the Chines , Africa: First reports on the All-African People's Confer- ence�iii�Caro indicated that one of the resolutions issued by the conference had denounced the Peace Corps. This report was based on advance releases made available to our embassy and the press in Cairo. Final texts of the resolutions as actually 0 A: passed by the conference make no mention of. the Peace Corps. It is apparent that more moderate elements at the conference� disapproved of the extremism in the first draft of the resolutions. 8 Apr 61 DAILY BRIEF �SEeRfr- / , // / � � - � / ,J� / 111 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 �1 SECRET Laos all units not to be fooled by "Phoumi propaganda about a cease-fire, as this is probably a trick to give him time to strengthen his forces during negotiations." Phoumi's forces are "demoralized and useless," and orders all front-line units to continue at- tacks on government troops in their respective areas. fighting in progress about 10 miles northwest of Ban Ta Viang, where recently reinforced Kong Le - Pathet -Lao forces are trying to reduce a stubborn -pocket of mixed Lao and Meo troopfl an discussing Laos with the UK ambassador on 6 April, Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Pushkin raised the problem' of Laotian representation at an international conference. However, expressed the belief that the USSR was merely trying to maintain its position of support for Souvanna Phouma rather than attempt- ing to sabotage the prospect of a conference with new demands regarding the Lao representation. Pushkin did not raise the question of a cessation of arms supplies into Laos and, while expressing some doubt as to the suitability of Phnom Penh as a site for the conference, alluded to Prince Sihanouk's sensitivity on this mattei:3 In a press commentary on 7 April Peiping took pains to depict Laotian developments as a demonstration of US weak- ness, with the US pictured as having been forced by military defeats to agree to a Laotian settlement. Commenting on US reluctance to have an international conference convene in Phnom Penh, Peiping quotes a Cambodian broadcast stating that "the time in which the fate of Asian peoples was deter- mined in the_capitals,,of....Western..p,owers_has.gone..41 . A 7 April broadcast by the Xieng Xhouang "government," summarized by Peiping radio, contained further reflections of aversion to a cease-fire before the convening of an inter- national conference. The broadcast insisted that only an 8 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 international-ccmference-would-provide-a-ureliable-fotmdation"--- for a cease-fire. In addition, the broadcast suggested that the US immediately-halt military aid to Phoumi. Soviet airlift flights into Laos continue without change, One Soviet IL-14 is en route to Hanoi from the USSR, possibly to replace the IL-14 shot down by Meo tribesmen on 17 February. After leaving Moscow on 5 April it landed at Kazan, where a large aircraft engine plant is located, before continuing on to Irkutsk. It may have picked up a cargo of replacement parts for the planes involved in airlift operations. 8 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 � --steRET-- � Striuss Stresses European Need for Nuclear Weapons [Strauss' statements repeat in stronger terms remarks made to American officials in Bonn on 6 March in which he stated "again and again" that all West Germany must be covered by a nuclear deterrent. Strauss has repeatedly in- sisted that West German armed forces should possess weap- ons comparable to those of the USSR-3 EStrauss had welcomed the Eisen- hower proposals last December to make NATO a fourth _ atomicItower,by providing;American nuclear and retaliatory weapons in substantial quantities to the European. powers. This, he felt, "would enable the Europeans to have and to use their own deterrents and to make threats with them." This ability would reduce Europe's dependence on American re- taliatory power--which Strauss fears is not likely to be used except in a conflict directly involving the, continental United Statei-.3 EStrauss asserted that he believed the new American ad- ministration was not interested in giving the Europeans Their own separate deterrent but wanted to have "the last word" regarding the scope of any conflict. Strauss warned that failure to recognize European security requirements could lead "the Europeans" to take the same course taken by France --huilefincr un thpir own nuclear nntpntial on side of NATE33 i SECRET 8 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695 � CONFIDENT-IA& THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Invesqation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director CONFI Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C06788695