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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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May 3, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15772503].pdf347.02 KB
/ Approved for Release: 20 777/777/77 � �TOP�SECRET � � 3 May 1958 Sc No. Copy No. 140 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUN NO. _ NO C i' CLAS . TO: IS NEXI I VIEW L)) AUTH: I, 7J)2 DATE. � R E r� (55 T0C Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 � -TOP-SECRET- � Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 -,SECRE � � 3 MAY 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR likely to maintain unilateral nuclear test suspension in effort to improve summit bargaining position. 0 IL ASIA-AFRICA Indonesia - Political and military leaders in Djakarta state they are seeking peaceful settlement with North Celebes dissidents and plan- ning new cabinet free from Commu- nist influence. They have not yet approached Sukarno. Iraq - Government intimidation of opposition in 5 May election may increase antagonism toward Nuni Said regime. I I L TliE WEST British thermonuclear test on 28 April estimated at about two mega- tons. Adenauer has strengthened position for state elections by stealing op- position thunder on disarmament Issue. Colombia - Attempted military coup crushed on eve of presiden- tial election. SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 TOP SECRET � CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 3 May 1958 DAILY BRIEF THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet tactics on nuclear test issue: Reacting to the first shot in the current British test series, Khrushchev stated on 30 April that "our policy remains unchanged." This declaration is somewhat ambiguous since the USSR need not use the British tests as a pretext for renouncing its own unilateral decision to suspend tests. On the other hand, the USSR has already declared that it will "act freely in the question of testing" should the other nuclear powers resume testing. In view of the Soviet insistence that the test suspension issue should have top priority in summit talks, it is unlikely that the Soviet leaders will at this time revoke the commitment to suspend tests, an action which would weaken their bargaiting position. Khrushchev also said that the USSR "will hardly agree" to send representatives to observe some of the tests in the current US series in the Pacific because this action would offer "a sort of moral support" for the position of "cold war" advocates on developing "clean" bombs. . ASIA-AFRICA Indonesia: Anti-Communist political and military leaders in Djakarta itate they are trying to arrange a peaceful settle- ment with the dissidents in North Celebes, to be followed by the formation of a new central government cabinet dominated by the army and free from Communist influence. As yet TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 � TOP SECRET these leaders have apparently not sought Sukarno's support; should he actively oppose, their plans would be seriously jeopardized. Dissident air attacks on government instal- lations and shipping in East Indonesia continue. ernment's six corvettes. (Map) loss of one of the gov- (Page 1) Iraq: All but 20 of the 145 seats in the Iraqi parliament will be uncontested in the 5 May elections. The wholesale withdrawal of nongovernment candidates, largely as a re- sult of government pressures, and the boycott by antigov- ernment elements suggest that. there will be growing frus- tration with and antagonism toward the Nun i Said regime. (Page 3) III.. THE WEST British thermonuclear.: test: The Joint Atomic Energy Intelligence Committee (JAEIC) announces that the Atomic Energy Detection System has obtained the following data on the thermonuclear test conducted by the United Kingdom on 28 April 1958 near Christmas Island: The explosion occurred at 1.900 hours, 5 minutes and 7 seconds GMT. Preliminary estimate of the yield range is one half to 5 megatons, with a best estimate of about 2 megatons. A rough estimate of the height of burst is about 10,060 feet above the sea. This is the 17th test conductif by the UK. and is ore of a series still to be completed. 3 May 58 DAILY BRIEF ii TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 TOP SECRET � West Germany: Adenauer seems to have considerably strengthened his political position for the five: state dlections scheduled for this year by his new emphasis on disarma- ment as the main topic of a summit conference and by his handling of the recent Mikoyan visit. The American Em- bassy reports that the opposition Social Democrats, who had hoped to exploit the nuclear weapons issue in the state elections are furious because Adenauer has stolen their thunder. (Page 4) �:*Colombia: Loyal troops in Bogota on 2 May quickly put own an attempt by military followers of former dictator flojas Pinilla to stage a coup initiated by the kidnaping of our members of the ruling juniA and the leading candidate in he 4 May presidential election. Civilian and military ex- tremists will probably continue efforts to instigate violence in an attempt to keep the military junta from turning over con- trol to the elected president on 7 August. (Page 5) 3 May 58 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 INDONESIA M. Ts. 1M 51;bol? ) � rPol�rn,..)...! BuIRINinfig h� Packing.* SUMATRA Po "am 101.X411 110 South Chula Sea -r JAVA vatral. ' VOWNSO , e.outisr td Messedo., _ ecsissicri . I k.__..ks�- kdikpapon. Pala, CeLift'F'S _Umbers* � III "1-" -v�P" fiushds.,s JP;Kg_:zt, .1 V r / OR I" PACIFIC OCEAN HALM AMSOA Banda Sea man= LAND'S NV./ CSUlPIRA Angulo Sw2 �tottU.111THALIA.,,,c 1 % 115- ." � CODE WORD MATERIAL ON REVERSE OF PAGE � s- -0 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 A TOP SECRET � L THE COMMUNIST BLOC No Back-up .Materitl.. IL ASIA-AFRICA Situation in Indonesia Political and military leaders in Indonesia have conveyed to American officials within the last few days their thinking on how Indonesia should stop continuing Communists gains. Both groups are thinking in terms of a new nonleftist cabinet, led by the army if President Sukarno should refuse to cooperate in curbing Commu- nist strength. Foreign Minister Subandrio admitted to the American ambassador on 30 April that President Sukarno is not yet convinced that positive action must be taken against the Communists, but that he and others are "working on" the President. Subandrio said the Indonesian masses are be- coming more and more subservient to Communist organ- ization and that Indonesia now faces its last opportunity to curb Communist strength by democratic means. The non-Communist political parties have put up little or no effective opposition to the Communists, and the only ef- fective weapon within the democratic framework to which the masses have always responded is the voice of Sukarno. Without Sukarno, Subandrio said, the army remains the only answer. efforts are under way to stop the fighting in North Celebes. rebel leaders will be informed that a new cabinet dominated by the army and free from leftist influence is definitely planned. Army Chief of Staff General Nasution, wants American support and American weapons but will act to form a new cabinet even if this sup- port is not available. He intends to run the country for the TOP SECRET 3 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 TOP SECRET � next five years. Sukarno would either be in agreement with army plans or the army would be in a position to influence him. The army's attack on North Celebes has been post- poned pending the outcome of talks with the dissidents, according to the South Celebes officer. Should the talks fail, however, military action is set for 15 May. Dissident air strikes continue against government in- stallations and shipping in East Indonesian areas. The Ambon harbor and airfield were bombed and strafed again on 30 April and 1 May. the Hang Tuah, one of the government's six cor- vettes, was sinking in Balikpapan harbor as the result of damage from air attack on 28 April. 'TOP SECRET 3 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 � SECRET Iraqi Elections The Nun i Said regime has assured itself of a landslide victory in the 5 May election of the new 145-seat Iraqi par- liament which will approve the constitution of the union with Jordan. Wholesale withdrawals of nongovernment can- didates, in large part due to government pressure, and a boycott by antigovernment groups have left only 20 seats contested. Additional withdrawals may occur. The elections are being tightly controlled by Prime Min- ister Nun i Said. One Kurdish candidate told the American consul that he was waiting for "instructions from Baghdad" before even making the caOdeposit required of each can- didate. There are no national issues and no campaigning, and the government is discouraging handbills, speeches, and political rallies. Public reaction is apathetic, and frustration and antagonism toward the present regime are growing. The new parliament, which will be subservient to Nun, will consist largely of conservative businessmen, tribal sheiks, and landowners. Although the new parliament ostensibly will elect 15 cof its members to ,the 40-man Arab Union "super-parliamenk" Crown Prince Albd al-Illah is reported to have in effect made the appointments some time ago. Five 'additional deputies td the Arab Union legislature will be picked from the member- ship of the palace-appointed Iraqi Senate. While the outcome of the elections will have little direct effect on US security interests, such rigged elections are basically damaging to Western interests over the long term since the resentment they create locally is directed toward Britain nd the United States as well as toward the pro-West- ern aqi regime. 411/1- a- SECRET 3 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 0-69NFLDENHAL III. THE WEST � Adenauer's Improved Domestic Political Position Chancellor Adenauer's new political initiative�stress- ing disarmament as the major topic of a summit conference and de-emphasizing German reunification--seems thus far to have been an effective move against the opposition Social Democratic party (SPD), which has been planning to use the nuclear weapons issue against him in five impending state elections. Since the SPD itself has insisted for some time that the immediate problem is to make some sort of progress toward disarmament, it cannot effectively attack the chan- cellor's new position. The American Embassy in Bonn reports that the SPD is furious that Adenauer has undercut its active "fight against atomic death." Adenauer has now initiated a ma- jor government publicity campaign stressing a Bonn cab-. met declaration that it will "fight against atomic death all over the world" by attempting to bring about a world-wide disarmament agreement. SPD leaders may now feel that their whole election campaign argument against the govern- ment's decision to accept nuclear weapons will be less ef- fective. The public response to the May Day "atom death" demonstrations staged by the party did not come up to its expectations. Adenauer has also weakened the SPD's argument that the government is too inflexible to negotiate seriously with the USSR. The West German public has welcomed the new treaty with the USSR, particularly the repatriation aspects, and there has been considerable favorable publicity on Adenau r's handling of the recent visit of Soviet Deputy Pre er Mikoyan. CONFIDENTIAL 3 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387 � Colombian Preelection Violence Increasing The attempted military coup d'etat in Bogota in which the leading presidential candidate and four members of the five-man junta were kidnaped was put down on 2 May by loyal military units. Earlier, troops were sent to crush an armed revolt of traditionally conservative peasants in the northeastern -provinces. The revolts cccurred just two days before the presidential elections, in which the joint candidate of the bi-partisan Liberal-Conservative National Front, Lleras Camargo, is virtually certain to be elected. The attempted coup was instigated by military con- servative extremists, followers of former dictator Rojas Pinilla who hoped to oust the junta before it turns over its control to the Liberal leader Lleras. The disturbances were probably welcomed by extremist civilian elements of the Conservative party who feel that the National Front candidacy of Lleras is a sell out to the Liberals. This dis- sident minority, has nominated Jorge Leyva, a longtime foe of bipartisan government, as the opposition candidate and will probably continue to foment violence in an attempt to encourage further political instability in order to bloc Lleras from taking over the presidency on 7 August. -CO2NPIDE?7T1AI- 3 May 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C06805387