Document Type: 
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Document Creation Date: 
November 26, 2019
Document Release Date: 
December 10, 2019
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Publication Date: 
March 7, 1989
PDF icon NID HUNGARY DISCUSSING [15743451].pdf37.55 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/10/29 C06826733 HUNGARY: Discussing the Possibility of Neutrality General Secretary Gorbachev's recent qualified endorsement of Ifungary.'s decision to introduce a multiparty system will stimulate the discussion o Hun arian neutrality already evident in official circles in Budapest. \Hungary wants a relationship with the USSR similar to that of Finland´┐Żfriendly but outside the Warsaw l'act amci economically integrated with Western Europe. Budapest has permission from senior Soviet officials to withdraw from the Pact and CEMA. Gorbachev said publicly last week that Moscow has "respect for and great confidence in" Budapest's decision to introduce a multiparty system. adding that he hopes Hungary is ready for it I Gorbachev's cautious endorsement follows controversial comments by his adviser Oleg Bogomolov allowing for the possibility of Hungarian neutca1iixnnients that Bogornolov later said were not authoritativc.LJ Comment: Several Hungarian officials recently have publicly expressed thcir ho s fcr the eventual elimination of both NATO and the Pact, Hungary's ultimate ob'ective is the elimination of both alliance systems Although the l'act has always called officially for the dismantling of both alliances. Moscow almost certainly would not condone a Hungarian move to leave the Pact or CEMA under current circumstances. Nonetheless. Gorbachev himself has alluded to the eventual dissolution of the Pact and NATO as part of a protracted process of European disarmament. He probably would view Hungarian neutrality only as part of such a process. Some in Budapest may be testing the limits of Hungary's tics to the USSR by raising the neutrality issue. Many Hungarians. including some in the leadership, want Hungary to become a neutral social democracy and believe that the Soviets would not intervene militarily to stop this evolution. The statements of Bogomolov and Gorbachev and the announced partial Soviet troop withdrawal from Eastern Europe are leading some Hungarians to believe the forrierly unthinkable is now possible. .-.10171Stffej,. TCS 27SNSY 7 March 19S9 4a 6.2(d) 6.2(d) 3.3(b)(1) 3.3(b)(1) 3.3(b)(1) 6.2(d) 3.3(b)(1) 6.2(d) 3.3(b)(1) 6.2(d) 6.2(d) 6.2(d) Approved for Release: 2019/10/29 C06826733