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December 9, 1958
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'Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 � -TOP-S-ECRET- � 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 9 Deceinber 1958 Copy No. C 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN' DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS. y. DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: W)i NEXT FiEviEw DATE: AUTH. I -0 "' DATE. bio REVIEWER: _ -TOP-SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 TOP SECRET -TOP-SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 1 � 9 DECEMBER 1958 L THE COMMUNIST BLOC Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 TOP SECRET USSR - Removal of secret police chief Serov underscores Ithrusbchev's con- trol. IL ASIA-AFRICA Iraq - Qasim regime arrests leading figures in UAR-backed plot; possibil- ity of action against Iraqi Government remains. Cairo radio blames plot on United States. Jordanian Government unable to meet army payroll for December. Sudanese requests for American aid may come to several hundred million dollars. UAR delegate, with support from bloc individuals, trying to dominate All- African Peoples' Conference now meet- ing in Accra. C.) ..r . � �e. � , IIL THE WEST 0 Adenauer to confer with Macmillan in London on 12 December. 0 French scientist claims nuclear device ready for testing. 0 Number of Cuban military officers re- ported defecting. �Venezuela - Betancourt presidential election victory may increase possi- bility of coup attempt. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 .7 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 0 -4U bLLhL'J � // 9 December 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC *USSR: The removal of General Serov as chief of the Soviet secret police is apparently intended to head off the growth of entrenched power outside the Communist party and to underscore Khrushchev's control in preparation for the upcoming party congress. Although there have been no recent signs of friction between party and police, Serov's re- lease will pave the way for a reduction of police power in line with Khrushchev's statement ,to *Senator Humphrey last week. (Page I) II. ASIA-AFRICA Iraq: Two of the leading figures in the UAR-backed plot against the Qasim regime were arrested on 8 Decem- ber and other participants were under investigation, Baghdad radio announced on 8 December that a "serious" plot engineered by "foreigners" had been uncovered. Cairo radio has blamed the plot on the United States. The possi- bility still remains that disaffected army and tribal elements might act against Qasim regardless of UAR support. (Page 2) Jordan: The government insists that it will be unable to trneet the army payroll due on 27 December unless it either draws on its reserve funds of about $20,000,000 or obtains further budzetary sunoort from thp Trnitpri Rtats TOP SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 (no t � Sudan: Foreign Minister Khayr has asked the United States for a $43,050;900 long-term loan to "help complete" cotton acreage expansion schemes. He has also inquired about military aid, the availability of Export:-IMPOrt Bank loans, US agricultural surpluses, and other forms of Amer- ican aid. On the basis of projects discussed by Khayr thus far, Sudanese requests for US aid may come to several hun- dred million dollars. It appears that the new government is no closer to an agreement with Egypt on the Nile waters ques- tion than the Khalil government. (Page 3) All-African Peoples' Conference: Nasir's chief repre- sentative at the nongovernmental meeting of African nation- alist movements now in session in Accra is making a vigorous effort to bring the conference under UAR control and secure the adoption of extremist resolutions. He is being helped by individuals from the Sino-Soviet bloc, but opposed by Ghana's Prime Minister Nkrumah, who is trying to steer the confer- ence along a more moderate course. (Page 4) III. THE WEST West Germany - Britain: In response to an urgent request from Adenauer, Prime Minister Macmillan has agreed to meet the West German chancellor in London on 12 December: appar- ently- to discuss Berlin. (Page 5) France: A French Atomic Energy Commission scientist says France has a nuclear device ready, but the government is awaiting the proper psychological moment for a test. Al- though recent reports have indicated that the French have had some difficulty in separating plutonium into usable form, it is estimated that enough fissionable material now exists to permit explosion of a crude device should the government, for political reasons, decide to do so. (Page 6) 9 Dec 58 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 0 Y- 0 0 TOP SECRET � Cuba: Mounting discontent in the Cuban armed forces has reportedly resulted in the defection of .*,,8 officers, fol- lowing the government's preventive actions against a military conspiracy on 27 November. Some officers have sought asylum in foreign embassies and others are said to have joined the rebel group operating in Las Villas Province. MeanWhile, the rapidly expanding rebel movement is again reported proceeding to establish a provisional _government in rebel-dominated Oriente Province. Page 7) *Venezuela: Romulo Betancourt's apparent victory in the presidential elections--based on an unofficial count, as of 2300 hours EST on 8 December, of about 85 percent of the estimated total vote--may have somewhat increased the possibility of a coup attempt because of the traditional military hostility toward him and his party, the leftist Democratic Action. Such an at- tempt, however, does not at present appear to have the backing of the majority of the armed forces necessary for its success. Demonstrating students, who favored the candidacy of runner-up Larrazabal, have touched off disturbances in the capital which might lead to armed forces intervention. All candidates have stated they would respect the outcome and not include Communists in the coalition government which they have agreed to establiM. (Page 8) 9 Dec 58 VA DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 iii Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 � I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet Secret Police Chief Removed The removal of Ivan Serov as Soviet secret police chief, announced on 9 December, appears to be another move on Khrushchev's part to prevent the growth of entrenched power not completely responsive to his control. The announcement stated that Serov was to be transferred to other work but gave no indication of his new job or his successor as chairman of , the Committee of State Security (KGB). There have been no good indications'of friction or dis- � agreement between Khrushchev and Serov. In his conversa- tion with Senator Humphrey on 1 December, however, Ehru- shchev stated that he intended to reduce the tole of the secret police still further and Serov's removal will probably pave the way for new moves in this direction. There have been some suggestions that the new criminal code slated for enactment in the near future--possibly at the 22 December session of the Supreme Soviet--will limit secret police Powers in criminal proceedings. There has been no information to suggest, however, that the party and secret police have come into conflict over this issue or in connection with the current campaign for vigilance against "capitalist spies." The question of Khrushchev's own power, rather than policy dispute$, seems to be the basic consideration in Serov's ouster. SECRET 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 SECRETTOP � i II. ASIA-AFRICA � �L,.aqi Situation Iraqi Prime Minister Qasim announced over the Baghdad radio on 8 December that "a serious plot" to overthrow his regime on the night of 9-10 December had been uncovered. Qasim accused local "corrupt elements and foreigners" of being at the bottom of the plot. Qasim said nothing about the nationality of the foreigners, but Radio Cairo quickly charged they were Americans. The Iraqi prime minister added that the "evidence, and the money and the arms" used to carry out the plot "are now in our possession." Qasim moved against suspected elements about 7 December when he ousted the director of police and forced the resignation of the director of military intelligence. On 8 December two of the plotters' principal contact men with UAR agents in Baghdad were arrested On 7 December Qasim had a long conference in Baghdad with the commander of the 2nd Division, stationed'at Kirkuk. Several weeks ago this officer expressed his uneasiness over the increasing Communist direction of the government and intimated that he and the other divisional commanders would take action to remove Qasim around 10 December if Qasim did not crack down on the Communists. About an hour prior to the Baghdad radio announcement, UAR agents in Baghdad informed Cairo that the conspiracy would pro- ceed as planned; despite the arrest of the two contact men. It is still possible that disgruntled elements in southern Iraq may pro- ceed with a tribal revolt as planned. It is also possible that an attempt may be made to assassinate Qasim, whose office has ap- peared to be infiltrated by antiregime elements. TOP SECRET 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 CONFIbENT1AL � � Sudan Seeks Broad American Aid Program Foreign Minister Khayr has based his application for a loan on projects whose scope talietttes .that _Sudanese . requests for US aid may ultimately reach several hundred million dollars. Khayr requested an initial $43,050,000 long-term loan for projects which over the next seven years would add over two million acres to the 600,000 already planted in long- staple cotton. He also inquired about the possibility of mil- itary aid, the availability of Export-Import Bank loans, US � agricultural surpluses, and other forms of American aid. Khayr explained that Khartoum had discussed loans for these projects with the International Bank but had become dis- couraged by the bank's insistence on a Nile waters agreement with Egypt as a precondition. He said he was not sure such an agreement could be achieved soon and was fearful that fur- ther Sudanese delay on Nile River developments would permit the UAR to encroach further on Sudanese water rights. Khayr's approach to the United States at this time may be designed to test Western support prior to the possible visit of a *Soviet eco- nomic delegation, previously scheduled for last month and now temporarily postponed. Since the total cost of the cotton expansion projects is about four times the loan request, Khartoum presumably would consider this only a first installment. CONFIDENTML 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 � � UAR Pressing for Control of AU-African Peoples' Conference Mursi Saad al-Din, Egyptian member of the Afro-Asian Solidarity Secretariat, who appears to be Nasir's principal rep- resentative at the current meeting of African nationalist organ- izations in Accra which ends on 12 December, is making a vig- orous effort to bring the conference under UAR control and to secure the adoption of extremist anti-Western resolutions. Al-Din, with the help of a Pravda correspondent and other Sib-Soviet bloc personnel present in Accra in various capacities, Is endeavoring to persuade the delegates to pass anuncoutpromis- ing resolution "guaranteeing" to expel or destroy all "colonialists." he has lined up the del- egates from all French African territories--most of whom, how- ever, are apparently not representative of dominant political elements in their homelands--in support of his position and against the more moderate stand favored by Ghana's Prime Min- ister Nkrumah, who promoted the gathering. Nkrumah seeks a resolution recommending Gandhi-style passive resistance and nonviolence. Al-Din has approached at least one African--fa moderate nationalist observer from Angola�with an offer of arms, other supplies, and trained leaders to assist in an armed uprising against the Portuguese in Angola. Al-Din made this approach. with the assistance of Felix Moumie, exiled leader of the Com- munist-influenced Union of the Cameroun People, which has been waging guerrilla warfare in CameroUn since 1955. Both - Al-Din and Moumie, who is financed by the UAR, are reported to have sharply criticized Nkrumah and predicted.the .ear1y end of his career as a pan-African leader. Nkrumah, who hopes the conference will enhance his own prestige but not alienate the West, has restricted the Solidarity Secretariat's delegation, including a Peiping representative, to observer status, largely excluded extremists from the steering committee, and apparently blocked the seating of Moumie as an official delegate. In his opening address, Nkrumah pointedly warned against a new colonialism !tin a different guise"--a ref- erence presumably aimed at the USSR. 9 Dec 58 SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 � Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 � SECRET � III. THE WEST Adenauer-Macmillan Meeting � In response to an urgent request from Chancellor Ade- nauer, Prime Minister Macmillan has reluctantly agreed to a 12 December meeting in London, probably to discuss Berlin. A high-level Foreign Office official feels that the meeting is "premature," and Macmillan fears such a meeting might create an impression of undue anxiety. British officials feel that Adenauer is motivated by his suspicions of British "softness" on Berlin. Adenauer is at- tempting to determine to what extent London might make European disengagement the basis for high-level talks with Moscow. The chancellor has apparently taken a new position which calls for a solution of the Berlin question without linking it to broader negotiations on the German problem of European security. He will probably attempt to enlist Macmillan's sup= port for this approach prior to the 14 December meeting of the British, American, French, and West German foreign ministers in Paris. Adenauer's preference for separating Berlin from any general East-West talks has led to the collapse of the limited bipartisan policy with the Social Democrats in Bonn. In his 6 December Berlin election speech Adenauer was sharply critical of SPD leaders for their advocacy of European secu- rity plans. The SPD, however, will probably interpret its West Berlin victory on 7 December as a mandate to proceed with its disengagement proposals. British officials feel that Adenauer has gone too far in his criticism of West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt. Brandt --may follow up his election success with further attacks on Bonn's "inflexibility" in opposing negotiations on Berlin with- in the context of a German and European settlement. SECRET 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 SECRET � Early French Nuclear Explosion Rumored A French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) scientist who spent the week of 25 November at the modern-weapons testing ground at Colomb Bechar in the Sahara reportedly said on his return to Paris that France now has a nuclear device ready for testing but that the government is waiting for the proper psychological moment. He is under alert to return to the Sahara on 24-hour notice. Another CEA offi- cial, however, is reported to have stated recently that France would definitely not be in a position to explode an atomic bomb for at least another year because of fissionable material short- ages, and a similar view was expressed in mid-September by a CEA scientist who said an early test was not desirable from a scientific point of view. Because of technical difficulties in operation of the chem- ical separation plant facilities, France is not believed at this time to have enough usable plutonium to explode a 20- to 40-kiloton deViCe.but.it is ettimatedAo.hav_p�enough..fis.sionable...'material perinit.explosion.of.2a.tcrude..deV.Ice, Political considerations might lead De Gaulle to press for an early explosion, regardless of its scientific merits, as soon as the responsible technicians consider it practicable.. One pri- mary, consideration would be to anticipate the intensifying world pressure for a cessation of testing. De Gaulle also might hope to use a test to silence army opposition to a relatively liberal Algerian solution, to reinforce his demands for a more authori- tative voice in Western councils, and to achieve a position of greater prestige in East-West negotiations. SECRET 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 006830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 SECRET � � Situation in Cuba Continues to Deteriorate The rapid deterioration of the Cuban Government's posi- tion has become increasingly apparent since the discovery of a military conspiracy on 27 November. Mounting discontent in the armed forces caused more than 65 officers to defect between 4 and 6 December. Some of the officers reportedly have joined the rebel group operating in the mountains of Las Villas Province in central Cuba, and others have sought asylum in foreign embassies. Some 30 or more junior officers were previously arrested for participation in the conspiracy. Maj. Gen. Martin Diaz Tamayo, former Cuban Army G-3, who has beentonsidere'd a likely leader:of a .military .junta should President Batista be ousted, was relieved of his command and subsequently resigned from the army after the conspiracy, although he was apparently not directly involved. The expanding rebel movement, which has consolidated its control over almost all of Oriente Province and has drhallen.ged the government's position in two other eastern provinces, is again reported planning to establish a provisional government in Oriente. Previous plans to constitute a government failed to materialize--most recently in late September--but the rebels have so improved their position that the attempt may now actually be made. Manuel Urrutia Lleo, Fidel Castro' s choice for president, is reported to be en route from Caracas, Venezuela, to Castro's headquarters in the Sierra Maestra. President Batista extended the suspension of constitutional guarantees for 45 days on 7. December and requested additional powers under a "state of national emergency," which is expected to be approved on 9 December, SECRET 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 --.SEeREar- � Venezuelan Election Results Unofficial Venezuelan election returns- -based on about 85 percent of the total estimated vote as of 2300 hours EST on 8 December--indicate that Romulo Betancourt, chief of the left- ist Democratic Action party (AD),has won the presidency by a substantial margin over former junta president Admiral Wolf- gang Larrazabal.. Rafael Caldera, the Christian Democratic candidate, ran a weak third. A preliminary count also indicates that the Venezuelan Communist party, one of three supporting Larrazabal, will poll only about 4 percent of the total vote. Pro- Larrazabal students demonstrated in Caracas on 8 December, � in protest against Betancourtis lead. The three presidential candidates formally agreed on 6 De- cember to respect the election outcome and to establish a coal- ition government with a minimum reform program which would include: extension of control over the foreign-owned oil industry and an increased government share in the existing 50-50 profit shar- ing folqnula With the oil companies; a similar revision of govern- ment relations with the two US-owned iron-mining companies in Venezuela; development of a national oil enterprise with its own tanker fleet; and establishment of diplomatic and commercial rela- tions with "all nations." The last provision, publicly voiced by each of the three candidates, clearly suggests that formal ties will be considered with one or more Soviet bloc countries. The declaration is probably designed to reassure the public that multiparty unity remains intact despite electoral competition and to remind dissident military elements of civilian strength against a coup attempt. Betancourt's victory reportedly may somewhat increase the possibility of a coup attempt because of the traditional military hostility toward him and his party. Such a move, however, ap- parently does not at present have the organized backing of a ma- jority of the armed forces necessary for its success. Neverthe- less, disturbances such as those touched off by the pro- Larrazabal students in the capital could get out of hand and lead to armed forces intervention. SECRET 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 8 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 � .ECRET � LATE ITEM Bedouin Coup Reported Imminent in. Jordan an attempt by the important Bani Sakhir Bedouin faction to seize control of the government appeared imminent�possibly as early as 9 December. The coup re- portedly would involve the arrest of Prime Minister Rifai and officers of rival factions in the army and the installation of Bani Sakhir leaders in key government positions. Reports are in conflict as to whether King Husayn would be retained. Until now the Bani Sakhir faction has formed the main source of King Husayn's support in the army; it controls the army's armored brigade, several infantry units, and tribal auxiliaries which it has trained and armed. The commander of the armored brigade on 5 December moved two tank regi- ments from their camp in East Jordan into the Jordan Valley, and possibly to the eastern outskirts of Jerusalem, without proper coordination with the army headquarters staff. Deputy Chief of Staff Shara, a member of a rival officer group, ex- pressed misgivings on 8 December, adding that the tanks might be used to intimidate the population in West Jordan in conjunc- tion with a Bani Sakhir move in Amman. Although the Rani Sakhir group has been the chief prop of the monarchy, its key role has increased the ambitions of the leaders, who may now fear that their power is destined to be reduced by the lifting of martial law and proposed reforms in the army. On 4 December the King admitted he was disturbed by reports that this previously loyal group was plotting against the regime in conjunction with unidentified elements in Syria and Saudi Crown Prince Faysal. Increased Saudi activity among the Bani Sakhir has been reported in recent months. The Bedouin may also want to see Amman disengage it- self from West Jordan and its burdensome refugee population. Any significant change in the status quo in this area could in- vite an Israeli advance into West Jordan. 9 Dec 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 9 A Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 CONFIDENTIAL� THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Special Adviser to the President The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Adminigtration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense � The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air. Force' Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670 � 7/./7/Release 2>22,"'"37 � -TOP-SEGRET � - 0 -TOP-SECRET- w� � Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C06830670