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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ , ~ ~ , i ~ ~ Arl tic 1 Ocean _ i - ~ ~ � �O . A E ~ ~ � q - SE ~ID E~1 o . _ ~ , - r�,! C1';~ . , ~ ' .c.,~. - . , _ ~ ~ ~1C1~?L ,t..,:.~..- , . S T~p~J`~'~A R ~ 0 oQ ~ �o , ~ 1 I ~ / _45 ~ Q-' 0 V' ~ ' ~ 4' a J ~ , ~ ~p ~ Pacific _ Atlantic Oc�an Ocean ~ 15 ~ 0 - , ~ � o' ~ . o . E T OfT � ob a~~ yF : O ~ . o P ~ 'ym ~ ~ . ` A ,V - A \ ~ I 1 ndian � _ F ~M1!?q . ,o p Ocean - Atlantic - I ~ - Oceon ~ ~ ~ ~ -45 nete S ates Bo r o~ Geo hic ~a ~ s ~OUNDARY RLIRL~LNTA710N - NO7 NLCLSlAR/LY AUTNORITAT/VL ~ I I APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDPO'I-00707R000200020009-6 UNITED STATES BOARD ON GEOGRAPHIC NAME3 _ A. ~oseph Wraight, Chairman Meredith F: Burrill, Executive Secretaiy Department oF $tate� . . . . . � � � � � � � � � � � � ~ � � � � � � � ~ � Robert D. Hod9so~, ~ember Elvyn A. Stoneman, eputy - ^c~;..?nnentoftheAsmy.....������������������� JohnP.Mack,member Cyril Barsky, deputy , _ Department oF th� Navy . John C. Martin, member . Charles D. Rouse, deputy Postal $ervice . . . . . . . . Roy Chefets, member Patricia Harris, deputy Department of th� Int�rior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A~thur A. Bak�r, member William B. Overstreet, deputy Departm�nt of Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Richard F. Droege, mem6er _ Myles R. How!�tt, deputy Department of Commerce. . . . . . . . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � A. Joseph Wraight, mem6er Albert A. Stanley, deputy Governm�nt Printing Office.... . � . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � Charles M. Killens, mem6er Henry R. Henson, deputy Library of Congress. . . . . . . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � C. $umner $palding, mem6er John A. Wolter, deputy D�partment of the Air Force... . . . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � David Bodycombe, member William J. Emanuel, deputy Department r~f Defense. - . . . � � � � � � � � � ~ � ~ � � � � � � � � Merrill R. Brown, member Raymond Gornitzky, deputy Cenhal Int�Ili9ence Agency DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR _ Rogers C. 6. Morton, Secretary Communications should be addressed fo the Executive Secrefary, U.S. Board on ~ Geoqraphic Nam�s, Departmcnt of the Interior, Washington, D.C. 40440 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDPO'I-00707R000200020009-6 SECOND EDITION r n ersea ~ ~ rQs.. . . _......_..~~x OFFICIAL STANDARD NAMES approved by the . UNITED STATES BOARD ON GEOGRAPHIC NAMES ~ i- ~ Prepared in the Geographic Names Division, U.S. Army Topographic Command Washingtan, D.C. 40315, December 1971 ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 ~ ' ~ F--- ~---t- ~ r c r i c 120 1 99 i 80 ~~~~~~0 -_~--30 A R C a 1 C 80 ~ ~ 120 A N 160 180 I ~ .~-3`'r~'~ �s�r`~: s'.. ar I .^aIP` ; I .9] ' 0 C I E A N~ . I e~ni'.~`~'~ Gy ~~.-7 .I~,r;~.,_ . ~~F I L ~ l. 4~ ~ ~=r`y�~" ~ S~ ~ , , Sc~ l ' 1 y'~.- ~ ~ �~.C~.:r- _ ~ ~ 91- 91 "~~'~9~ w~-~'92 92 ~::93 95-- 96-r~ 97 98 . ~E+w_ 98 _ I ' , ~.~t ~L~"~. s."~J,..~-~-- I. ~ � ` _ l. ~,,,,N ~ c'!' ci ~;.1'"` I ~ ' ~ ~ ~ , .~y n~ ~ y ` r �..3. i ~~.JF ~ :%:J~ ~i t'~ . ~ 'l_` ' r-- ~~ir';`'`~^~ ~ L' ~ .r,.~,r~ i '~,'t T ( i ~ -AO e I,~~'~ " � t1 ,i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ .3.~ ~'S`*S ~ w ~r , 'Y .S~'w Z C. ~ J ~ J ;t: I ~i~ -98-- -101 '.r~~~-113-- -115-.~,,;`~.. ~ y" --125 N 0 R T H ' ~Z'S"~{ ? { f N 0 R T'N S ~~O N 0 R T H S 1~.7 ~ - P A C 1 F I C ~ 8 ~ -_.t'--,--I- + r�� A C 1 F 1 30 - 30 - ~ 0 C E A N ~ 1`~ T L A N T C ' I, , ` Y ~'l, ~,5~ ' i~- 0 C A N t. ~~~~i::d- e O C~ E A N \ J 130 - -133 - 134'" -137 --142 - i42 - = 1 " ~t ` ~-151- 154 I ~ ~ , =~143 1~~ ' ~ '144 ~ i ~ i 1d2^, , 143 ~ ' _ o . ! ' o s o u r N ' -f 'i_. ' ` I ':;~~~i~. r j~,,.^;'~�~ I - ~ I C A C 1 F 1 C I 1.,\~ ~ I ~ ~6~ I_`-';n .~-...i~~c~~( ~~a; I ~ 0 ' 156 - -158 -o - ~ N 158 - -159 ~159 ---160 -160 ~ r-~ ~ N o62 ~A N - ~ 63 - ~ ~ 16:7 1 I I ~ s o~ u r N � I ~ ~ ~ / ` . ~ ~ i j O C E A N ~C 30 ~ f~ ~ A l L'A N T C 2 ~ ~ ~ r-~~ ~ 30 ~ i i ~ - I } ~ ~ I ~ ~ ' ~ ~B9 ~7O ~7O i O C~ E A N ~ _ . . . 71 _ _ _ - 172 _ _ _ 172 ----174 - --175 -175 11ib' - 177 ' t - I ~J' ! i ~ South of BO� S., pape 180 ~ ~ ~ ~ � I 15u 120 90 II~ 80 3U I 0 ~~M~~:��~~;~::30 M~~nrr I 80 9U 120 150 160 J~~! ~ 1--- ~ � . 1--+. . . . 1- . .4 Title index to listing by 3G� quadrangles. The number in each coordinate - block indicates the page on which the listing for that block begins. 0 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDPO'I-00707R000200020009-6 FOREWORD Introduction because no c~.ames of such features had been approved as of its date are indicated by an asterisk This gazefteer contains ~a$out 2,800 official standard names *arclzipelagic apron^-a gentle slope with a generally smooth for undersea features of the world approved, as of December 1, surface'on the sea floor, particularly found around groups 1971, by the Board on Geographic Names ( BGN ) and the Secre- of islands or seamounts. , tary of the Interior for use by th~ United States Government. bank-an elevation of the sea floor located on a shelf and About as many unapproved variant names are cross-referenced over ~vhich the depth of water is relatively shallow but to the approved names. It is the second cumulative listing of sufficient for safe surface navigation. t standardized undersea feature names published by the BGN for basin-a depression of the sea floor more or less equidimen- use in officia~ publications. Although binding only on the United sional in form and of variable extent. States Government, the names are being given the widest possible borderland-a region adjacent to a continent, normally oc- circulation to facilitate communication within the oceanographic cupied by or ~ordering a shel f, that is highly irregular with community and by the public at large. depths well in excess ~of those typical of a shelf. can~on-a relatively narrow, deep depression with s~eep How the names are listed slopes, the bottom of which grades continuously downward, - *continental rise-a gentle slope with a generally smooth sur- : The first section of this gazetteer is an alpl~abetized, cross- face, rising toward the foot of the slope. referenced list of all the names included. Unapproved vaziant cordillera-an entire mountain system including all the sub- nlmes are cross-referenced to the approved names by use of the ordinate rai~ges, interior plateaus and basins. ~ word "see." Users of the gazetteer should always refer to main escarpment-an elongated and comparatively steep slope of entries for approved names. The second section lists the names the sea floor, separating flat or gently sloping areas. ~vithin blocks boi~nded by parallels and meridi~ns at 30-degree f an-a gently sloping, fan-shaped feature located intervals shown on the frontispiece. near the lower termination of a can fon. fracture zone-1n extensive linear zone of unusually irregular Designations topography of the sea floor characterized by large sea- mounts, steep-sided or asymmetrical rid~es, trot~gl~s or -~~j The second column of the gaze~teer contains designations that escarpment not necessarily of transform fault origin. ~ identify ihe kind of topographic feature to which the name gap-a steep-sided depression cutting transversely across a applies. The designator term is usually the generic term in the ridge or rise. approved name, but ~vill differ when a generic that is not properly knoll-an elevation rising less than 1,000 meters ( or 500 descriptive under I3GN definitions is retained as part of a name fathoms) from the sea floor and of limited extent across the in establisheci usage. In names of features that constitute dangers summit. to surface navigation, generics have been changed ~vhere neces- *levee-an embankment bordering one or both sides of a sea- s~ry to make them properly descriptive and emphasize the danger. cl~annel or the lo~v-gradient seaward part of a can~on or ~ +~alle~. The following are the designations and definitions currently moat-an annully depression that may not be continuous, used by the BGN. Designations not appearing in this gazetteer located at the base of many senmoi~nts or islands. i APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 plain-a flat, gently sloping or nearly level region of the terrace-a bench-like structure bordering an undersea feature. - sea floor. tongue-used only once, to designate Catoche Tongue, a plateatr-a comparativcly flat-topped elevation of the sea lateral protrusion from a slope; this term has not been in- floor of considerable extent across the surnmit and usually corporated in the BGN list of standard terms and definitions. rising more than 200 meters (or 100 fathoms) on at least trench-a long, narrow and deep depression of the sea floor, one side. with relatively steep sides. ~ prouince-a region composed of a group of similar bathy- trough-a long depression of the sea floor, normally wider metric features whose characteristics are markedly in con- and shallower than a trench. trast with surrounding areas. Term used once in this gazet- valley-a relati~~ely shallow wide depression with gentle . teer as a designation for Guadalupe Arnigado, an area slopes, the bottom of which generally grades continuously charlcterized by subdued corrugltions on a scale previously downward. This term is used for features that do not have ~ unreported. Arrugndo has not been incorporated into the canyon-like characteristics in any significant part of their ~ BGN standard term list. extent. ree f-an offshore consolidated rock hazard to navigation with a depth of twenty meters ( or ten fathoms ) or less. NOTE: In the case of reef and shoal, 30 meters (15 fathoms ) ridge-a long, narrow elevation of the sea floor with steep ~vill be the critical depth in those areas ~vhere deep draft vessels sides and irregular topography. transit. rise-a long, broad elevation that rises gently and "Deeps," which were really deep soundings rather than physical smoothly from the sea floor. features, were once given names with "deep" as the generic term saddle-a low part on a ridge or between seamounts. indicating the class of thing named and commonly with the ship's seachannel-a long, narrow, U-shaped, or V-shaped, shallow name as the specific term identifying the individual thing within depression of the sea floor, usually occurring on a gently the class. Deep soundings are now identified on charts by a sloping plain or fan. notation of the ship making the sounding, the sounded depth, seamot~nt-an elevation rising 1,000 meters ( or 500 fathoms ) and the year rather than Uy name. All names including the word or more from the sea floor, and of limited extent across the "deep" have been dropped, ~vhether or not they are listed as summit. cross-references. shelf-a zone adjacent to a continent or around an island, Extensive changes in terms and definitions have been made = and extending from the low water line to the depth at which in the light of experience and discussions since the first edition ~ ther~ is usually a marked increase of slope to greater depth, of this gazetteer, most of the changes being in the direction of ` shoal-an offshore hazaru to navigation with a least depth simplification. The terms fishing area, section of sea, shelf ed~e, ~ of twenty rneters (or ten fathoms) or less, composed of spit and strath were dropped and not replaced. While shelf edge unconsolidated material. does not appear to be needed in proper names, this does not = sill-the low part of the ridbe or rise separating ocean basins prejudice its textual use 1s a common noun in lower case letters. from one another or from the adjacent sea floor. The identity of a shelf edge of continental extEnt is generally slope-the declivity sel~vard from a shel f into greater depth. clear from context and the reference value of sections of a long spt~r-a subordinate elevation, rid;e, or rise projecting out- shelf edge would vary with the subject under consideration, and _ ward from a larger feature. hence can be handled by specific reference in text better than by - tablemount or gu~ot-a seamount having a comparatively name. Furthermore, as defined, it would not equate to the smooth flat top. Norwegian egg or egge which, as found in nlmes, apply to the ii APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 upper part of a slope where fish abound, often a zone of some on small maps in journal articles; still others have yet to appelr 300 meters. Features to which the term strath had been applied in published material. It is not f~asible to cite all the sources, have been redesignated valleY, and that term has also been used nor to indicate ixi which category individual names fall. Current as the generic term in the names, The definition of valley was textual and map or chart literature is examined and names appenr- amended to say that it "generally" grades continuously downward. ing there are acted upon, but as the backlog of published names The term continental has been deleted from continental border- is reduced the emphasis is shifting to pre-publication assimilatior. land, continental shelf, continent~l slope; the simple term sea- and international exchange of new names. ~ mounts has replaced seamount chain, group and range as the generic and the designation in all cases. The term ~uyot is recog- P R E F A C E nized as a permissible alt2rnative to tablemount. The definiti~n of � * frachire zone was modified by stating that it is not necessarily AlI of the decisions by the Board on Geographic Names on these - of transform fault origin, and plateau now need only have #he Llndersea names have been approved upo;~ the recommendation _ more than 200-meter rise on one side rather than on all sides. of its Advisory Committee on Undersea Features. The present members of the Advisory Committee are Charles D. Rouse, A~ in the case of shelf edge, simplification of the terms for use Chairman, and Fredrick Edvalson ( Naval Oceanographic Office), in names in no way precludes the use of longer terms in textual A. W. Anderson and John 0. Boyer ( National Oceanic and reference, as for instance in referring to Patton Seamounts as a Atmospheric Administration), Ned A. Ostenso (Office of Naval seamount group, or Sohm Plain as an abyssal plain. Research), Jack VG. Pierce (Smithsonian Institution), Joshua I. Tracey, Jr. ( Geological Survey ) and Meredith F. Burrill, ex- _ Latitude and longitude offic?o. The members serve as individuals with special knowledge, The third and fourth columns indicate geographic coordinates, not as representatives of agencies. Others who have served on the with the longitude based on Greenwich. Coordinates serve only Committee since it was first constituted late in 1962, with their to identify the features named. Government conn~ction while serving, are: John V. Byrne (Na- tional Science Foundation Joe S. Creager ( National Science Locational references Foundation John B. Hersey ( Office of Naval Research Harry Features such as reefs, shoals and banks can usually be iden- Lad~ ( Geological Survey), John Lyman ( National Science Foun- tified on nautical charts published by official government agencies dation/Fish and Wildlife Service H. W. Menard ( Executive in various countries for navigational use. Index maps showing Office of the President.~), Harley D. Nygren (Environmental 1 the area cavered by each chart are available in catalogs available Science Services Administration Roger S. Reveile ( Department from the publishing agenciPS. For bathymetric features, however, of the Interior), Harr~s B. Stewart, Jr. (Environmental Science ~ it is usually necessary to consult relatively recent special charts Services Administration Lorne G. Taylor ( Environmental - issued by both government and private agencies. One that will Science Services Aciministration Miller j. Tonkel ( Environ- be useful in locating many of the larger features named in this mental Science Services Administration), I. Eugene ~JVallen - volume is: H.O. Misc. 15,254, TheWorld,l2 sheets, Naval Ocean- (Smithsonian Institu#ion). ographic Office. With the rapid accretion of new knowledge of The Committee has met more than 130 times. Research assist- the oceans, new features are being identified and named faster ance l~as been provided by, successively, staff geographers rred than charts can be revised to show them. Some are shown only G. Alberts, Wil~iam Lloyd and Boyd D. Peterson. Record main- - iii APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDPO'I -00707R000200020009-6 tenunce und gnzetteer prennration nre done by the Geogrnphic of the lrea in which they lie, e.g., Mnrinna Trench, Names Division of the United Stntes Army Topogrtiphic Ninetyeast Ridge. Command. (1) In some cases, this can be accomplished simply by using the same specific term in the names of uc~join- Undersea nAme policies ing features, e.g., Aleutitin Ridge, Aleutian Bnsin, BGN policies applied in the official standardizt?tion of the Aleutian Trench, Mnrilnu Ridge, and Marinna npproved names in this gnzetteer are ns follows: Trench, Bellona Plateau, Bellona Reefs, Bellona 1. The Board will consider Appropriate name proposals by Shoal. United States nationals for undersea features in international (2) In some cases, the specific term may indicate direc- � ~ waters. tion from a 11rge well-known associnted feature, e.g., South Honshu Ridge, West Caroline Basin. Y 2. The Board will consider name proposals for fentures under United States territorial wuters on the same basis as other (3) In cases where extent of a long linear feature needs domestic names, to be identified and the extremities can be identified - 3. Prior to the nnming of a feature, identification of its char- by named geogrlphic features, the names of those acter, extent and positior, shall have been estaUlished suffi- features may be hyphenated ns the specific terms, ciently for identificltion. Positions shall be given in terms e.g., Azores-Gibraltnr Ridge, Peru-Chile Trench. of geographic coordinates. If it is necessary to refer to a (4) Canyons, since they usually extend close to the feature before such full identii~iability has been estaUlished, shore, are n~~rmally given as specif:c terms the names it is suggested that the reference be by coordinates and of rivers, puints or other readily identifiaUle named generic term with the nddition of (PA) after the coordinates land features, e.g., and Barrow Canyon, 5cripps if the position is not ~dequately established and after Canyon and Ascension Canyon. the generic if the nlture of the feature is in some doubt. C. Specific names for other features can be derived from 4. Undersea names in the immediate vicinity of the coast of ships or other vehicles utilized in the discovery of the another country will be treated as names in that country. feature, from expedition names, individuals associl!ed 5. The Board will ordinarily approve names of undersea fea- with the discovery, org~nizations and institutions sp~~n- tures beyond limits of the United States that are bestowed, sori~g the expedition or from individuals who ha~~e or approved, by other countries or nationals of o:her coun- specificaIly been involved in the recognition of the tries unless there is some conflict or other question. Generics uniqueness of the feature through the interpretation of ! in English, if appropriate to the feature, will be accepted; the data. those in other languages will be translated. (1) Names of ships may be applied to features such as 6. Guidelines for selection of specific terms. seamounts, knolls, canyons, tablemounts, etc. The A. It is Iong-established BGN policy to favor short and ship name to be used should be that of the discover- simple names as the most efficient, other things being ing ship, or if that has been previously used for a equal. similar feature, it should be the name of the ship B. Specific terms in the names of major undersea features verifying the feature, e.g., San Pablo Seamount, should, wherever feasible, indicate the general location Atlantis II Seamounts. iv APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 (2) Specific names of vehicles utilized in the discovery ~lectricfa?is Scamot~ntc: Volta Senmount, Ampere ~ of a feature mny be used, as in the Kiwi Seamount Seamount, Gulvani Seamount from the geomagnetic survey plane "KIWI" under Ursa Minor Ridge and Trough Province, Kochab _ Project MAGNET which discovered its existence Ridge, Polaris Trough, Suhail Ridge _ through a magnetic anomaly. E. Descriptive names will be acceptable if not duplicated, ( 3) Espedition names may be used, e.g,, Northern Holi- particulurly when they refer to distinguishing charac- day Seamount, teristics, e.g., Hook Ridge, Horseshoe SeAmounts. ' ( 4) Names of individuals associlted with the discovery F. Names considered inappropriate include; of a feature may be used, including any of the (1) Names applied to similar features elsewhere. ~ following: (2) Full names or unwieldy titles of individuals, insti- a. The captain of the ship. tutions or organizutions. b. Expedition leaders, or survey party chiefs. (3) Names of commercial products or their manufac- c. Individuals in charge at the time of discovary turers. and recognition of the feature. (4) Names of individuals proposed because of relation- _ (5) Individuals involved in the interpret~tion of data ship or friendship with the proponent. leading to the recognition of the unique character 7. Existing names that have been applied for many years may of a feature, e.g,, bathymetrists, oceanographers, be accepted even though they do IlOt coincide with the geologists, hydrographers. above policy. ( 8) Persons who have made important contributions to Name proposal form knowledge of the oceans, including the interpreta- tion of oceanic dAta, or the preparation of charts Undersea name proposal forms are provided in this publication of the oceans such as historical hydrographers, to facilitate submittal and expedite approval and promulgation oceanographers, and scientists, e.g., Maury Channel, of names. Anyone may propose a name for an unnamed undersea Ewing Seamount. feature that has been adequately identified as to type and geo- ~ graphic location. (7) Organizations and institutions involved in the study of the seas, such as Scripps Canyon. Use a separate form for each name proposed, copying the form ~ if necessary, and filling in all the blanks that are pertinent. Give (8) Names of persons prominent in the past history of coordinates of latitude And longitude ordinarily taken at the . the nation. approximate center of the feature and read fine enough to D, It is permissible to name groups of features after specific identify the feature, ordinarily the nearest degree for basins, categories of historical personages, mythical figures, or the nearest minute for smaller features such as canyons. stars, and constellations, fish, birds, animals, ete. Such For "kind of feature," use the appropriate tern? from the list groups could be as follows: of designations and definiHons in the current edition of the BGN Musicians Seamounts: Bach Seamount, Brahms Sea- Gazetteer of Undersea Features. This. terrn will ordinarily Ue mount, Schubert Seamount used also as the generic term in the name. If the feature is of a v APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/20: CIA-RDP01-00707R000200020009-6 - kind not co~�~~rc~d b) thc~se tc~rm~ t>r ~l~~finitic~ns, exl~l