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SECREr S2A /GS/ E Yemen 6aWaj April 1973 NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE SURVEY SECRET APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200100026 -7 NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE SURVEY PUBLICATIONS The basic unit of the NIS is the General' Sf,r which is now published in a bound -by- chapter format so that tames of greater per- ishability can be updated on an individual basis. These chapters� Country Profile, The Society, Government and Politics, The Economy, Military Geog- raphy, Transportation and Telecommunications, Armed Forces, Science, and Intelligence and Security, provide the primary NIS coverage. Some chapters, particularly Science and Intelligence and Security, that are not pertinent to all countries, are produced selectively. For small countries requiring only minimal NIS treatment, the General Survey coverage may be bound into one volume. Supplementing the General Survey is the NIS Basic Intelligence Fact book, a ready reference publication that semiannually updates key sta- tistical data found in the Survey. An unclassified edition of the factbook omits some details on the economy, the defense forces, and the intelligence and security organizations. Although detailed sections on many topics were part of the NIS Program, production of these sections has been phased out. Those pre- viously produced will continue to be available as long as the major portion of the study is considered valid. A quarterly listing of all active NIS units is published in the Inventory of Available NIS Publications, which is also bound into the concurrent classified Factbook. The Inventory lists all NIS units by area name and number and includes classification and date of issue; it thus facilitates the ordering of NIS units as well as their filing, cataloging, and utilization. Initial dissemination, additional copies of NIS units, or separate chapters of the General Surveys can be obtained directly or through liaison channels from the Central Intelligence Agency. 1 The General Survey is prepared for the NIS by the Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency under the general direction j of the NIS Committee. It is coordinated, edited, published, and dissemi- nated by the Central Intelligence Agency. j WARNING This document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States, within tho j meaning of title 18, sections 793 and 794 of the US code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by on unauthorized person is prohibited by low. CLASSIFIED BY 619641. EXEMPT FROM GENERAL DECLASSIFI� j CATION SCHEDULE OF E. O. 11632 EXEMPTION CATEGORIES 1 35 (1), (2), (3). DECLASSIFIED ONLY ON APPROVAL OF THE DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE. i 1 i I APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200100026 -7 Y a 1 i t i t f i WARNING The NIS is Noional Intelligence and nway not be re- leased or shown to representatives of any foreign govern ment or international body except by specific authorisation of the Director of Central Intelligence in accordance with the provisions of National Security Council Intelligence Di- rective No. 1. For NIS containing unclamified material, however, the portions so marked may be made available for official pur- poses to foreign nationals and nongovernment personnel provided no attribution is made to National Intelligence or the National Intelligence Survey. Subsections and graphics are individually classified according to content. Classification /control designa- tions are: (U /OU) Unclassified /For Official Use Only (C) Confidential (S) Secret a APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200100026 -7 This chapter was prepared for the NIS by the Central Intelligence Agency. Research was sub- stantially completed by lanuary 1973. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200100026 -7 YEMEN JSAN'A'J CONTENTS This General Survey supersede, the one dated June 1870, coyies of which should be destroyed. A. Economi appraisal Dependence on agriculture; slow development of 1 a money economy and of governmental economic control; increase in foreign assistance. B. Structure of the economy 2 Sectoral distribution of the gross domestic product. I. Agriculture, fisheries, and forestry 3 a. Agriculture 3 Land use, irrigation, size and ownership Of farms; farming practices, credit, and marketing; development ;projects. (1) Major crops 5 Production statistics, 1965 -70; cereals, fruits, and the commercial crops: cof- fee, q(zt, cotton, and tobacco. (2) Live6tock 7 Type, numbers, and value, ;ECliET APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200100026 -7 C. Economic poilcy and do- elopment Page b. Fisheries 7 'traditional guild organi=tion; promising prospects. c. Forestry 7 Limitations of area and type. 10 2. Fuels and power 7 a. Fuels Dependence 7 on imports; oil and gas ex- 11 ploration and prospects. I I b. Electric power 8 Installed capacity, use, and transmission, 12 3. Metals and Pjnerals 8 Exploitation of rock salt; some copper, 13 gems, gypsum, and asbestos. 13 4. Manufacturing and construction 8 a. Manufacturing Increase in output of textiles, construction 8 materials, and soft drinks; facilities and 14 ownershi handicrafts; investment incen- 14 tives. b. Construction 9 Effect of war and influx of foreigners. 15 5. Domestic trade 9 Importance of village bazaars. C. Economic poilcy and do- elopment Page 9 I. Policy 9 Factors limiting govenyment action. a. Budget 10 Failure to reflect actual financing; sources 10 of revenue; statistics for FY70 -71. b. Banking developments 12 Currency regulations; exchange rate of rival; role of the 'YBRD and foreign banks; 11 interest rates and money supply. I I 2. Development 13 Plans for an economic plan; financing of efforts. 12 3. Manpower 13 Estimates on labor force and employment. 13 D. International economic relations 13 1. Foreign trade 13 Composition, direction, and government con- 15 trol of trade. 14 2. Balance of payments 14 Deficits, foreigu exchange reserves, and ex- change rate of rival. 3. Foreign aid 15 Sources, amounts, accomplishments, and the debt service burden.. FIGURES Page Fig. 1 Selected economic indicators chart) 2 Fig. 2 Agricultural production (chart) 3 Fig. 3 Land utilization map) 4 Fig. 4 Terraced agriculture photo) 5 Fig. 5 Growing millet (photo) 6 Fig. 6 Yemeni fishermen photo) 7 Fig. 7 Selling dung for fuel (photo) 8 Fig. 8 Village market photo) 10 ii f Fig. 9 Estimated government revenues Page and expenditures (chart) 10 Fig. 10 Financing of current and develop- ment budgets table) 11 Fig. I I Exchange rate for riyal chart) 12 Fig. 12 Commodity trade (chart) 14 Fig. 13 Estimated balance of payments (table) 15 Fig. 14 Economic aid table) 16 i a APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200100026 -7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200100026 -7 The Economy 1. 1;_` ics