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May 22, 1978
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STAT Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Denied Iq Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 PUBLISHERS WEEKLY 22 May 1978 Washington journalist and CIA expert John Marks was responsible for much of the investigative reporting that re- vealed the CIA's experimentation with mind altering drugs on unsuspecting participants. Times Books promises that "plenty more will be uncovered" with the publication of Marks's "The Search for the Manchurian Candidate" ($12.50), scheduled for October. The book opens with the CIA's launching of the quest for the "great truth serum" in the late 1940s, and proceeds to uncover how the agency recruited respected ci- vilian doctors, university professors and Communist defectors to cooperate with the covert psychological experi- ments. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 PUBLISHERS WEEKLY 22 May 1978 UNCLOAKING THE CIA Edited by Howard Frazier. Free Press/ Macmillan, $12.95 ISBN 0-02-910590-0 ,Based on a conference held at Yale i University, these accounts of the CIA gone "rogue" make a clear, forceful, no-punches-pulled case for dismantling the CIA. or at least its covert opera- tions. Although some of the book's rev- elations have been aired in the journal- istic media, there is enough new, ur- gent material here to make this a blockbuster. The contributors fall into three main categories: former insiders, such as Victor Marchetti, John D. Marks. L. Fletcher Prouty; domestic critics like Kirkpatrick Sale and Rep. Michael J. Harrington (D., Mass.); and Third World figures. among them Sal- vador Allende's widow. Even liberal and left-wing readers will be dismayed at the extent of CIA activities revealed in these pages. Covered are William Colby's Phoenix program. responsible for over 49,000 killings in Vietnam; the backing of Lon Nol's coup in Cam- bodia; infiltration of U.S. universities; and the development of mind-control technology to deal with dissidents. Some of the most eye-opening sections examine CIA interference with the AFL-CIO and penetration of foreien trade unions. Comprehensive, com- pact, well documented. [June] -- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Denied Iq Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 BALTIMORE SUN 2 June 1978 Cord Meyer Carter Gets' Tough With Soviet Spies If.conciliation were his chief aim, Pres ident Carter would have quietly deported the two Soviet spies. It is significant, therefore, that he decided to indict them after a sharp debate within ithe adminis. tration. The conciliatory option had strong ad- vocates, inclu u Qua Director Stansfield 'Turner and representatives-of the State - Department. The debate that preceeded? the FBI's announcement that the Soviets had been arrested marked another move by the President to deal in more steely fashion with the Kremlin. ' The facts, are not in dispute. As the re- sult of the loyal cooperation of a. U.S. na- val officer and effective counter-intellig- ence work by the FBI and naval intellig- ence, three Soviets were caught. in fla- grante as they tried to bribe the naval of- ficer into supplying them with secret data on our most advanced. anti-submarine warfare technology. . One of the Russians was an attache at the Soviet mission to the. United Nations who enjoyed immunity as an accredited diplomat. Having violated his status, he will be declared persona non grata and forced to leave, if the Soviets do not with- :draw him. The other Russians, both U.N. employ. ees, have no diplomatic status. Although they- carry Soviet diplomatic passports, the U.S. government has not accepted :them as accredited diplomats, so, they :have under law no immunity. The debate :raged over what should be done with them, once they had been caught in the act .of spying. -o- . Surprisingly, Turner took the lead in arguing that these two should not be ar- rested and brought to trial. He wanted to let them leave the country without punish. ment because he feared Soviet retaliation against American citizens in Russia. Tra- ditionally anxious to avoid confrontations, the State Department supported Turner. . Turner and the State officials main- tained the Soviets might retaliate by ar- resting American officials in the U.S. Em- bassy, in Moscow. They also voiced fears . that private U.S. citizens traveling in Rus- sia might. be . arrested . on trumped-up charges and held as hostages against the release of the two Russian U.N..employ-. These arguments were stoutly opposed. by Attorney General Griffin. Bell, speak- ing for the Department of Justice and the FBL He pointed out that hundreds of Sovi- et citizens are without diplomatic status in .this country, either in transit or on perma- nent assignment, whether they are U.N. employees, members of visiting delega- tions, exchange students, or sailors on leave from Russian,ships in U.S: ports. Bell contended it would be a mistake to make it easy for these non-diplomats to engage in espionage by letting them leave the country with impunity. Prosecution, and punishment. under the law, Bell argued, was a far more effective deter rent in helping die -FBI to cope with the Soviet.espionage operation in this country, which Sen. Daniel Moynihan, D.-N.Y. re- cently described as "massive." Bell went on to maintain that as attor. - ney general it was his responsibility to en-' force the laws, and that he would have to answer to the American people if his fail- ure to do so led to the loss of vital secrets. -o- The President quietly came down on Bell's side. He may have been motivated as much by domestic as by foreign policy concerns. Failures after World War II to mpve against Soviet espionage opened. a Pindora's box of paranoid suspicion. The 'late Sen. Joseph McCarthy, R-Wis., gained his stprt as a demagogue from the hesitan- cy of the Democrats in moving against So- viet spies. Fear of Soviet retaliation may make discretion the better part of valor for small- countries such as Finland in the ' shadow of Soviet power. But if the U.S. is intimidated in this way, the credibility.of the American campaign to persuade the ; Western allies to act decisively against proven Soviet agents will be destroyed By his firm decision, Mr. Carter has taught the Soviets that spying in the U.S. is a dangerous game. This counry cannot let fear of Soviet 'provocations determine whether or not its laws are to be enforced.- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT a_ N, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _d- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE 17 ?owland Evans and Robert Novak ~Carter's Evidence on U. Intercepted coded messages to Fidel Castro's Africa corps in Angola "cover- ing a period of several days" before the invasion of- Zaire's ' Shaba province make up part of the evidence to sup.. port President Carter's, charge ? of; Cuban complicity, in the invasion...'. ?In addition, the CIA has possession of "human intelligence" reports-possibly from Cuba,'possibly from Angolan sour ces-that corroborate the intercepts. That : background explains Carter's cold anger in totally disregarding. .Castro's personal protestation of inno- cence in a' Carter-Castro confrontation that may have' wide-ranging interna- tional impact. Challenged by Sen. George McGov- ern, (D-S.D.), to prove his accusation against Castro, Carter ordered CIA Di- and House Intelligence committees, probably next week. Turner labors under a heavy burden .of responsibility' to protect American intelligence agents and sources. A leak from a member of Congress could de- -principal communist coordinating. role for intelligence and "security matters" in Ethiopia Mozambi ue An ola a d . , q , g , n several others states targeted by the v LOLL LVSL1 Lj161j'Vf1 G111JY 1111116 handle that task, and oversee supplies Minister Olaf Palmein a letter that he of arms, was created in the early 1970si ' would .withdraw 200 Cubans .a week under East Germany's deputy foreign f ' 'from Angola. The letter indicated that trade minister. In those Soviet-targeted; Castro :,would :send-. no Cuban troops countries, East Germany., is credited; elsewhere in Africa, 'adding; "I do not with having more on-the-scene agents wish to become the _ crusader. of the ' than any country, except the Soviet 20th century. ' 'Union itself. i In May 1977 Castro"told interviewer ' Special targets are the "liberation"- armies-now poised outside Rhodesia's frontiers under Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo and the "National. Peo-. pies' 'Armies" of Angola, Ethiopia and .Mozambique: Barbara Walters he:would send neither advisers nor troops to Ethiopia, where today some 17,000 Cuban troops are in' residence.' Against that record,'Carter.and Brze-'_ Early this month, in a speech in' : When Castro summoned U.S.'diplomat' Addis Ababa, Lt. Col. Haile-Mariam . Lyle F. Lane in Havana to deny any' Mengistu, the Ethiopian strongman, 'Cuban role. in the invasion of Zaire., boasted that "progressive comrades" Castro's word is not highly . regarded in' with us and. die with us."When the How. the CIA will handle, the evi speech was broadcast later in English, "deuce in supposedly. confidential brief I' that'phrase was deleted. One year ear- ings on Capitol Hill is not yet known. it .. t be 1..... liar a Western Eurnnaan intelligence N .. h r LL l ' e - ca wn w e e e bo d th L11e11, could leave e p esidelnt open LV town of Mutshatsha durin the first renewed :challenges from: McGovern g pally lead. What is clear is one fact and other congressmen: Supply proof (1977) Angola-based incursion into , 'Jimmy Carter., knows he has been lied, Zaire. to nncitiva that rastrn was lvino when he Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 UCiuC4 4LV l.uuau 1 V,C- :ILal. UVw LYr disposal, Carter's charge of non-African disturb Carter. He is certain that Con- gress will take his word over Castro's or sion of Zaire is beyond dispute. But ad- Soviet Foreign'.:- Andrei: ding to the White House use of harsh Gromyko, who infuriated the president rhetoric is the president's anger at the with his May 27 statement on the White Cuban denials that led McGovern to House lawn that Carter's information demand that the president, in effect, was faulty. ,.prove it ,. Indeed, evidence now being collected Carter was made to look ridiculous to prove the complicity of Moscow, 'when he 'volunteered on Fe b..16, 1977, Havana and other Soviet satellites in ? that he had received "information .the murderous rampage of the Angola. from indirect sources" that Castro had based Shaba invasion force leaves no "promised" to remove his Africa corps possibility of doubt. A central element (then numbering about 15,000) from An i h b S f E as een ov et use o communist ast Germany. In his hard-hitting "Meet the Press" appearance on May 28, Zbigniew Brze- iSnly obliquely. In fact, the record of , East Germany as a chief Soviet agent in! . 'gola. Instead of withdrawal, the force TICi,E Ai ;P _Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 , ;r- inn nuuNuiql3l ON PAGE 27 1`iay-2 June 1978 Foreign policy I African jungle , The recent fighting in the Shaba province of Zaire; formerly Katanga, has lit up unresolved differences of opinion within the American government about its Afri- can policy, and, more generally, about American. readiness or reluctance to in- tervene with troops abroad. The "gov- in the administration, from the White House at least. , Cuba On Friday; May 19th, the White House planes would help in the airlift of French thought the scheme broke the spirit of he administration might have a tendency to exaggerate the strategic importance .of Cuban troops in Africa - Next day, to add to the mounting sense United States must stand up, somehow, to the Cuban presence in Africa. But. also reveals that the long debate, over_' African policy as a whole is unresolved Mr Young and the state department; who have had the upper. hand so far,! have come under' test with their view that"';. steady pressure ..for majority:.'rule in southern Africa is the United'. States' most urgent task. That was broadly the. message of President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia whose visit to Washington coin cided' with the 'Shaba . fighting.' Vance's public role far not been very definite, one way or the other, and could be influential..There is almost no evidence of public ;support for American :military adventures abroad. Thosc : in, ,, search of it-could do worse than;look to l of confusion, Mr Young said he did share .i the president's concern with congression- ,! al restraints, but felt there was enough support for Americans to do openly in Africa whatever was needed. Meanwhile ! the state department had, released an eight-page list of congressional restraints on military action abroad; Chief :among. those of which Mr Carter complained 1: gress of covert operations conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency and'the Clark amendment to the 1976 Arms' Ex. port Control Act prohibiting any sort of military help, open or covert,. for oper- ations in Angola. . . The events of the week have convinced the- author of that amendment, Senator. Dick Clark of Iowa, that the- United. States ki c see ng to_ be omingTinv_olved again in AngolaJit is believed that the zone. It is far from clear that they were .j. 17urner, and Mr?Brzezinski'a d-'Aty Mr ever really meant to be dispatched in the David, Aaron, proposed to. him a? way first place. But the alert was the first round his amendment for. ing arms to. signal of a more assertive line being taken opponents of the, Angolan government' the turn of events., On Sunday, May 21st, Mr Andrew Young, the American ambassador to the United. Nations, and hitherto a reliable. spokesman for the United States's,policy in Africa, said on television that he doubted whether congressional restraints on the president were unduly onerous. He returned -to'his theme,, supported inside the state department; that ; the:.' totally =disrupted ?thecopper' mining industry', In that-key Zaireaa,province at, .least . temporarily and driven the foreign technicians, to;flight,Simonet replied ? "It's very difficult to''assess. -I have contradictory reports.' I've been try. ing to ' check them .but when you t to dig into what people say then: you ..,,., 7' A roved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ua;: it dence'is'? pp put on. alert- These soldiers, as it turned out, were not needed, after all,.to help non. Indeed, the running debate of the week got started when President Carter complained in a meeting with leading members of congress about congressional restraints on the president's ability to take military actions abroad. About the same time units of the 82nd airborne division. stationed at Fort Bragg in North. Carolina, a "quick-'reaction" force, were { ernment", for these purposes, includes ' were the amendment to the foreign aid congress, as well as a divided administra- bill obliging the president to inform-con- dimmest observer that the White House towards Mr Brzezinski's advice that: the By this stage it was plain to even the 'last. It shows that Mr Carter is leaning Iowa where Mr Clark. is running?with no evident difficulty so far, for re-election to k the senate. Congressional opinion about ;foreign entanglements has, since.Vietnam,jbeen '. hostile. As' for, any shift, the first signs. might come from anew committee called. for on Monday by the house speakcr,Mr Tip O'Neill, to look?'into congressional..- restrictions on foreign actions. ?Thc sen- ate's influential majority leader, Senator.,,; , Robert Byrd, does not think congress has. need changing:. American weapons nor combat troops . This is only the latest episode in the were involved. The White House, all the 'unfolding of the Carter administration's same, called this a "military" mission. African policy. It is unlikely to be the ;~. was trying to make a point. The day before Mr Fidel Castro had. sent an unusual, personal message to the presi- dent, denying Cuban involvement in the attack from Angola on Shaba province. The administration insisted that Cubans had trained the former Katangan rebels 11 in the invasion force which was armed with Cuban-supplied. Russian weapons. .The . stiffer American response was the sort for which Mr Zbigniew Brzezinski,. the president's national security adviser, -has sought for some time. Though' he himself was out of the country, on a trip in China discomforting the Russians, his immediate staff was, plainly delighted at -~ .,,a+.?~ gv uc,wia?`Gna>:~or-iris' ~auie=iG?GCI Gana OII?iTS'Own lni3`is'LneA time being." essential purpose, he said, of the pro? The Carter administration, _and 'es- posed economic centered. "conference pecially presidential- national securi- scheduled ;'in' Brussels June:.13.14.: to ty affairs adviser' Zbigniew Brzezin- attempt . to'salvage ,the Zairian ;eon ski, has ? been sounding increasingly omy from: looming, disaster`, with the alarmed about': the "destabilizing' 1. help ' . of_ Western, ;nations- and..'the:? Soviet-Cuban danger across Africa Worid''Bank and International 'Moa- r. rou tnird countries. Their idea was to tie down Cuban troops who' are helping the regime of Mr Agostinho Neto. Mr - maure cneir-sovereignty and ndepend ence'' Heexpressed support for the ~ .Soviet i Union's latest disarmament proposals .andi..; I was.- applauded by.,.both`.the; Soviet bloc] and .the. majority `of: smaller- third-world) ` countries, which,. like Cuba;'regard them- elves as politically nonaligned I, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 adequate technical skills. - ' It was learned from other diplo- matic sources that spokesmen for the major Western nations were dissem- bling on Tuesday when senior officials described next Monday's emerg- ency meeting on Zaire as primarily an economics-centered conference. Authoritative western sources said the meeting to be held in. Paris next Monday by. representatives of the. .United States, Belgium, France,,.Brit ain and West -Germany is actually' centered .on military-political.' prob- lems. Ttie.. reasons for describing it last Tuesday as "a preliminary meet- ing" for long-planned economic talks was 'primarily for, American purposes, informed sources said, to relieve the Carter administration of the political pressures upon ? it ifit was overtly committed to exploration of a new African defensemechanism..- ." "?" The western foreign ministers':' pre=, occupation with Africa has been tak=' ing place on the edges of the NATO; summit conference in Washington, during the last two days. The sug-. gestion that,.i was better fo public. .consumption,, to put; the.; emphasis in the Paris 'meeting on econqu~ics.. was: first reported to; have been: made'by French '.Foreign .'.Minister, is de,. Guiringaud, whose nation.-* a prin- cipal advocate,; 'along, .with Belgium, of the need for a pan-Africansectirity force...,. Guiringauds -.suggestion .was reported -to:.hav'e -been :swiftly ' em- braced by Secretary `of 'Stafe yrus Vance and fellow: ministers... At a.. State., Department press . con- ference Tuesday night,. Vance, shifted the public emphasis on the. -il ar meet- ing from defense to,economics, while. other ministers did the sari brief- ing other reporters. Simonet ryin' yesterday's . interview duly ; complied- But , numerous. other sources, sai& there is. no question; in private'. about the central objective. in the Paris meeting, . which i . to ' be followed .. by;, other'`'Westerr discus- sions on a potential pan-Atdan de_ fense force. ' r . Unlike Vance, howevei, Simonet yesterday-openly 'acknowl'efged ithe need for the allies?to prolide backing 'for an African defense foke'In! the form :of-, what he calle(f.1d le Istics support from- the "West:`--Trio er source said;. tWe really..rrieg'n 1 gis- tics-but in . the .broadest sens ~~of that Simonet:''-said:- that "at:least for Belgium". his nation is?. talking;.a'boit "solely - a .logistic force." r yesterday. 4hattpresi- It was learned dential.?national 'security affai~sl ad- viser Zbigniew ' Brzezinski - addressed the?,NATO- - council in Its : closed' ses- sion on Tuesday-an unusuah;if.not unprecedented' appearance by.a~White House adviser ,_in such a fr ruiil. The primary reason. ' for Brzezinslti's ap- pearance before the summit sneeting, sources said, and- the subjgct .of his Initial commentary .was. a. report on Brzezinski's recent. trip ta, 4.C' PP. Brzezinski, however, also took the floor later, sources said, to sfress the danger of. the use of Soviet-supported Cuban troops across Africa Brzezinski, the sources said, expanded bri;Carter's theme that Cuba cannot'-be -rorci"Prel a: nonaligned nation because__ t_.ia "a surrogate" for Soviet military penetra- tion of Africa. - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 ARTICLE AFXEAFXal) DAL TT "TTAT MORE THE L IkA . cl ~), zialf-C rll I W = U Ulu . By GILBERT A. LEWTHWAiTE Washington Bureau of The Sun - Washington With the international controversy over Soviet-Cuban involve- ment in Africa growing increasingly in- tense, dm. Stansfield Turner, director of .central intelligence, yesterday- scheduled. testimony on Capitol-Hill for next week. Admiral Turner will appear at closed- door sessions of both the Senate and House foreign affairs committees to outline the evidence on which President Carter bases = his current hard-line statements. Mr: Carter's, assertions that the Cu. bans, supported by the Russians,. trained. and supplied the Katangans who invaded the Shaba province of -Zaire. two weeks ago, have been denied in Havana and have provoked angry. Kremlin reaction? plung- ing detente to a recent low. ; . .... . The State Department yesterday reaf- firmed that the administration had "good and sufficient" evidence of the Cubans' ac- tive role, and a CIA spokesman said Admi- ral Turner would present the evidence he has already delivered to the President and other policy-makers when- he.appears be- fore the congressional committees- But at the same time, the administra- tion's, assertions of Cuban responsibility came under new. attack from the third world at the United Nations in New York, and its general approach to African af- fairs was treated here to an unexpectedly. patronizing assessment by Prime Minister James Callaghan of Britain.: " '` :. Mr. Callaghan, in town for. the North Atlantic Treaty Organization summit con- ference, was unusually blunt in pinpoint- ing U.S. shortcomings in. an area .of. the world where.the post-colonial British eon-? sider they have much more experience,; He said he feared that "a'lot of Chrth` pher'Columbuses'are setting out from discoverAife first time.>.. N; .; . British. sources said Mr. Callaghan's outspokenness, reflected..; his 'genuine;, anxiety over. ancient tribal conflicts in Af-, rica being-:conceived-? latter day,. East-West trials of strength:.:::; Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 1 1 I I 1_. . _L-.. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ORTMk,E A !RP ON PAGE - /. _ 28 MAY 1978 WHITE HOUSE TALKS MAKE LITTLE ` PROGRESS.ON' SALT;: ;':;1....aoout a nuclear wennnns feet ban end h man) . u L~ II,. and Soviet officials disagreed The controversy focused on possible Cuban in- s iarply yesterday over the' Soviet volvement in the invasion of Zaire's Shaba pro and .Cuban role in - Africa during,1 . ince by Katangan rebels two weeks ago. 1 lengthy discussions that failed to On the broader question of superpower relations make much progress. on strategic arms limitations. President Carter and senior for- eign policy and defense aides spent four hours talking to Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko.; at the' White House -double the scheduled time. Gromyko - later lunched ' with Secretary of State CyrusR.Vance at the State Department. -After the apparently , tense:: and tough White House meeting, Carter's national security adviser,. Zbigniew Brzezinski,leaked the. results of his. recent visit to China.% ; Brzezinski's timing'irimakingg pub- lic the similarity of U.S and Chinese. interests in opposing the Soviet Union seemed intended to bring pressure .on_ Moscow 'to be:'-more flexible in its Africanpolicy'and in negotiations for, a new strategic. arms limitations' treaty, SALT II.',In the : past. the' Kremlin has reacted angrily to such -pressure. r:. y - s nvasion. played a key role in ----- --- training and equipping-- the attacKers, Carter SALT. But said, and Cuba knew o their plans but "obviously cnical and did nothing to restrain them. ." ,priefer talk I The administration's evidence for this has note been:. disclosed. The Senate.: Foreign.. Relations Committee has called) CIA` .Director,Stansfield- ( Turner to testify this week-on it: Gromyko seemed to be deliberately entering this dispute, although he did not:specifically refer.;i to it. w, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 there would be a confrontation. "We have no intention of grabbing either the-, whole of Africa or its; p he' said. "We.don't need it." Gromyko emerged from the White House and said that he and Carter had held a "useful and essential" discussion on Africa. "We do have' our differences" on what is happening there, he said, "I think notably that the information. that the president has at his. disposal is not correct. This is i GROMYKO'S REMARK followed administra- tion statements that the Soviet Union. and Cuba have been stirring up 'trouble in Africa and endan- f ering detente. Carter has repeatedly, warned pub- cly, and he. repeated privately to Gromyko, that i Soviet activities are making it difficult to win American support for new arms control agree ments with Moscow Cuban President Fidel Castro. has denied that his country had any'direct or indirect involvement in the Shaba. invasion. But. Carter -saidThursday that Cuba shares "a burden and a responsibility ' It .i for the i forces " Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE 1. 11 LOS ANGELES TIMES 25 May 1978 N Big, Jil-S 'fficials 'i c H huo ou us U i Arms Aid to Angola Rebes; WASHINGTON-High Adminis-.1 tration officials have discussed-the! possibility of.. resuming . U.S. arms shipments to anti-Communist guer- rillas in Angola, the White House said Wednesday. . Press Secretary Jody Powell said that President Carter has not yet made a decision on the matter.. Powell .. said that ; CIA Director'! Stansfield Turner.-and David Aaron,` President Carter's deputy assistant for national security affairs, had dis- cussed possible U.S. action in Angola with Sen. Dick Clark (D-Iowa), au- thor of the 1975 law banning any di- rect or indirect U.S. military involve-'.! ment.there. Neither Turner nor Aaron, meeting separately with Clark, attempted to promote any specific plan, Powell said. Clark,. at a press conference of his own, said Senate rules prohibited .him from discussing matters- told him in confidence by the Executive Branch.: : However, a : source familiar with the meetings told The Times that Turner in-talking to Clark said-the `Administration would like to provide assistance to forces, led by Jonas Sa- vimbi, that are opposing Angola's' Marxist government. The purpose of the aid, the source-!' said, wou!d be to occupy the estimat- ? ed 20,000 Cuban troops stationed in Angola, preventing them from under-' taking new adventures in Africa, par- ticularly the possibility that they might enter the Rhodesian conflict. By helping . Savimbi, the source !1 said.. the Administration . thinks it could "make itless attractive for the Cubans to involve themselves else- where." ' .The Proposed U.S_ aid to Savimbi ..The be channeled through a third. caid. try, probably France, the source However, for any aid to Savimbi to be legal, repeal of the Clark amend- went would be required, and Press Secretary Powell said the President had made no decision with regard to the provision. . . . Times Staff WrMsr Clark told his press conference that : he would strongly bppose repeal but that he did not know what Congress would do if,the President asked that the eliminated..... . In an interview Tuesday, Clark had said-that Carter's repeated criticisms of::legislative restrictions on foreign policy had convinced 'him, that the President had decided "to reinvolve the United States in the Angolan Civil war" ....... l This was disputed Wednesday by Powell, who rejected suggestions; "that the President has made some'. sort of decision to plunge us into the Angolan civil war.".. "I can assure you that ..:: it's not the case, " Powell said. Powell said Carter had no knowl- ' edge of the visits to Clark by Turner and Aaron. In fact, the press secreta- ry called it, "a reasonably routine thing" for an Administration official with a problem to confer with. "a sen- ator who is. well known as a nexpert in. this area and in addition had a par- ticular interest in a particular mat- tor, " . Meanwhile, the Senate Foreign Re- lations Committee, of which Clark is a member, released a study challenging; the impression generated by some Administration -officials in -the. past week that the President's foreign pol- icy flexibility is sharply limited-by.a -host of congressional restrictions.... "Applicable statutory restrictions; on military involvement have pre-. sented no obstacle to the achievement of publicly announced United".States objectives in Africa," the study said. It noted that the only- African I countries where U.S. military volvement is expressly barre law! ate Angola and Ethiopia. There are, however, restrictions on economic assistance to some African nations, i notably Angola, Mozambique and Uganda. :.. ~: ~. -T Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEMED THE WASHINGTON POST 414 PACE. . 28 May 1978 ;By-llurrey. Marder ' Washington Post Staff Writer President Carter and ' Sov iet For-. eigri. 'Minister Andrei A. Gromyko.,' sharply-disagreed over African policy:' yesterday, but the. Russian diplomat expressed hope that the discord would not derail completion of a new nuclear arms limitation pact. A public clash - more severe than strategists on either side anticipated -developed after Gromyko, emerged -,from four hours of discussion at, the White House, sounding '. 'relatively optimistic about the 'grinding 'strate- gic arms limitation talks (SALT). C' When reporters ~. turned the ques- nmg to African' issues, : however, . . omyko said: Of course.we do have differ- ences, and I-think - - that the infor- mation which the president has at his disposal is not correct-that is our as- sessment.-., "We. have no intention of grabbing either the whole of Africa or its parts. ."\We don't need it." ? press secretary Jody White House PoN4l1 firmly countered; after consul-tation,-that :".thez.president wishes to :make it completely clear that there is ".? no doubt in, his' mind about the accu- racy of the 'information which he has .:received and which he has conveyed publicly to the American people and privately to the foreign minister." Powell was referring to Carter's statements in his Chicago press con- ference on Thursday that Marxist An- gola "must bear a heavy responsibility 'for the deadly, attack' *.into Zaire's copper-mining Shaba :.Province, . and. the -responsibility. , is . "shared, by Cuba." The Carter administration has charged.that Cuba trained the invad- ers, who were armed with Soviet Weapons. Carter added on Thursday that unless the Kremlin leaders "show dome constraints" in Soviet-Cuban ac- '` f ' th t c uld "make it ions in Arica, a o much more difficult to conclude a SALT agreement Secretary of State Cyrus'R. Vance, with Gromyko at his side at the con elusion of talks at the. State' Depart- , .ment yesterday, said somberly:' "I feel' I must take exception to the statement that was made [by Gromy- ko] following the meeting with the president this morning.: where it was indicated that the president did not. have accurate information with re- 'spect to the situation in Africa. -is- full and- accurately.; informed,', 'and I want to- -make this very clear.". Gromyko, asked at the same time if the United States and the Soviet Un- ion are on a confrontation course over Africa, replied,: ; "I would not think that that should happen. Both sides should [an Aineri- can said the Russian word Gromyko employed was more precisely translat- able as "must"] conduct themselves in a responsible way in that area of poli- tics as well. ' "I would add to that, that there is information-and information. And sometimes' conclusions are. drawn from incorrect and inexact informa- tion. And that is bad." Closing _ the exchange, `Gromyko- added, with a strained chuckle to re- porters, "And please don't involve me in any more politics," as he. waved off. the press, saying, genially, in. English, "Goodbye, ladies and gentlemen." Vance. announced that., another meeting, with Gromyko will be held in-- New Yorks Wednesday "to carry on discussions." There had been no ear- lier hints of such a meeting.. This sudden scheduling has all the diplomatic earmarks of a" " damage-re- pair meeting to try to soften the sting of yesterday's encounter.'. It. will re- quire Vance to break into the sched- ule of a major summit conference for heads of government of the 15-nation North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which opens here Tuesday. Vance said the Wednesday meeting "would be more on the political side than on the technical side". of the nu- clear arms control talks:;:,, ::...... ?. . - oOfjT-11. While Gromyko did ' his ' utmost to -sound upbeat about the nuclear por- tions of yesterday's talks, saying they helped to "narrow down the differ- ences" and produced "some headway on some parts of some of the ques- tions," the attitude on the American side was generally gloomy:- '.. Gromyko said the, Soviet Union ini- tiated "certain proposals .and sugges- tions " to try to break the impasse on unresolved points in the four-year-old negotiations, and "we-the Soviet Un- ion, the Soviet leadership in general- are certainly in favor.: of. an agree- ment." "We certainly stand for"peace in .general, and for .peaceful' relations %?with the United States ..'. ," Gromyko stressed.' Vance, however, bluntly said to re- :porters immediately after his farewell .to Gromyko that "I can't say that we made much progress today, but we . have to keep at it ... " Asked if the latest Soviet sugges- tions can overcome the remaining bar.', riers for concluding a new ,limitation on intercontinental missiles and bom bers, Vance said Gromyko' "did make :,"some new proposals" and '"some of ..them were substantive. - But Vance. hardly sounded optiniis tic. He said, "We've got to take a look and see what 'these' suggestions are that are on the table." Powell said he would' concur ` in .Gromyko's comment that the talks.on' -nuclear issues showed "some narrow- ing of differences in some areas." But? -he declined to enocurage any'optim- ism about the long-projected summit conference in Washington,, this sum- mer between Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev and Carter to sign a nuclear :pact. f .,?? .. ''. I He reiterated that "we are Willing:! to sit down at any point," while "the :i Soviet Union has maintained that they. are not willing to sit down until some. I sort of an agreement is reached: Disappointment clearly registered at the White House after the' talks;. which began. there at: 8 a.m. and con= tinued to 12:15 p.m. with a brief inter- . _ruption for. Carter to chat with Rose' Kennedy, mother of the late president John F: Kennedy, and to introduce Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 Powell told reporters "the discus- sions were full and very frank"-a diplomatic . euphemism to signify blunt, or tough talks; he repeatedly employed the symbolism "frank" or, i "very frank." The discussion, he said, "covered a number of important issues, including SALT, comprehensive test ban i [meaning a ban on all nuclear testing, which would seal off the underground testing permitted by the Soviet Union and the United States since their above-ground testing ban in 1953], Af- rica and human rights." Powell pointedly said that "the dis- cussion on human rights was very di rect and frank" and mentioned "exist- ing cases ." -Carter on Thursday said that con- tinning Soviet "abuse" of human rights and punishment of citizens "monitoring". Soviet compliance with human rights pledges can rebound, along with - So viet-Cuban . adventur- ism in Africa, against the sensitive nuclear negotiations. The recent Soviet conviction of dis- sident Yuri Orlov, and pending pros- ecutions of Alexander Ginzburg and Anatoly Scharansky,, are weighing. .heavily on the Carter administration. For months. the administration and the Soviet Union have engaged in what amounts' to a semantic, diplo- matic charade about whether this means these issues are "linked" to a new nuclear treaty. The charade was continued yesterday, although at the 'same time it became almost totally 'transparent. Gromyko, speaking of SALT and Africa,. told ' reporters on the White House lawn that "I think the sec- retary of state would agree if I say that neither side is linking these two issues." "That is correct," Vance said. At the end of Powell's press brief- ' ing, however, he added a more real- istic statement "just so there is not any misapprehension or misunder- standing about the question of my response on, [similarly . disclaiming] `linkage.' " Powell said: "As you know,-we have consistently maintained that there is no. reason to link those [subjects] directly in` terms of refusing to reach agree- ments that are in the interest of this country in one ' area because' of dif- ferences in.another. "However, we have also said that these differences in other areas can have, and do have, an impact' on. the, attitude of the American people to-? ward the bilateral [American-Sovietl relationship and its tone . . And that point was also made in these discussions. So although the answer to the question [on linkage) is accu- rate as we have said, I would riot want-to mislead you that the other. impact of these differences was - ig- nored" National. Security - Affairs. Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski, who participated in yesterday's talks, is one of the strongest advocates of what could be more accurately described as officially unacknowledged linkage. Some admin- istration sources said the Carter-Gro- myko meeting was timed to enable Brzezinski to attend it after his recent trip to China. . Defense Secretary Harold Brown, who had been regarded to be almost as wary of. the hazards of linkage-as Vance is known to be, also partici- pated in the White House meeting, which Carter left without making any comment to the press. -r, . -- - - - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 x.Citing ~'?n dicti?ns '.Senators Ask For Evidence . of Cuban Role in Zaire By John M. Goshko public assertion that the rebels were flected doubts among committee! Washington Post Staff Writer given Cuban, training and ,.Soviet members about Carter's charges. The Senate Foreign Relations Com- weapons. Asked. when the training McGovern said: "I don't want to say mittee asked the director of the Cen-' took place, Reston said, "The time I'm skeptical of what the president is tral Intelli ence.A frame was directly leading up to the saying. But. I recognize a contradic- ~ .:. invasion.'.. ... . ;., .. ,... ,- - g gency.yesterday for tion when I see one, and- I think it the evidence that prompted President . However, some department officials should be cleared up." ~.; . Carters' charges of"-Cuban involve-' are known to still have' doubts about McGovern, who met with Cuban ment_in the rebel invasion of 'Zaire. . the reliability of the administration's Vice President Carlos Rafael Rodri-?= The committee's request to Adm'-evidence. Some reportedly have said guez at the United Nations last week," Stansfield Turner :-came against a?- ? privately they believe Carter made his said the Cuban had assured him "in background of confusion and*some= public charges as part of a White the strongest possible terms" that his skepticism about the accusations made House campaign towin.;a loosening of country had "absolutely no involve- by Carter on Thursday.' ? _ ' congressional restraints on actions the- 'went" with the Zaire invasion. At a. Chicago press conference, the executive branch can take to counter "He. told me," McGovern added, president asserted that Cuba had Soviet and Cuban influence in Africa. ? helped to train. and equip. the-Angola- The confusion that these contradic- `.`is as Shakespeare said, `Much ado based - rebels who. ,invaded Zaire's tions have caused became evident yes- .: - about nothing."' ? Shaba' province. terday when Vance -testified at. - a : The senator said he and Rodriguez Administration officials have said' closed session of the Senate. Foreign also had discussed Cuba's military. role in, other' parts of Africa. Accord- Carter's charges were based. on new Relations.Committee. intelligence received by the White . ' Sen. George McGovern (D-S.D.) said ing to McGovern, Rodriguez said House on Wednesday. However, . dur- afterward. that he called attention to . Cuba, which aided Ethiopia in its re- 'ing the 'past few days, different- ad-' official- Cuban government denials of cent conflict with Somalia, would not ministration sources have given con- involvement in. Zaire and asked Vance ;take part militarily in Ethiopian ac- flicting versions of the Cuban role in about the Carter charges. . . tions .against :rebels in Eritrea. prov- the Zaire invasion. - Vance referred to new evidence," ince^`unless other foreign powers in= THE WASHINGTON POST ARTICLE APPEARED 27 May 1978 ON PAGE A-13 /T1 terday, is that Cuba helped train the rebels. However, it.'is. known that some factions within the' department contend . that this assertion is grounded in inadequate and unrelia- ble intelligence. -.On Wednesday night, a senior de- partment official, in a background briefing for- reporters who accompa- nied Secretary of State - Cyrus ? -R. Vance to New York, said he was not .aware of any recent training provided. the rebels by Cuba; ' In response to questions yesterday .about 'whether that contradicted the president's charges,-. . A . 'department spokesman, Tom Reston, said the offi-- cial?had not.seen the new information in; the. possession of the White House when he 'spoke , to reporters Wednes day night. Reston said this fresh intelligence .havkpcj. un. the, department's earlier. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 motion asking, for a written report on McGovern 'said Rodriguez took a this evidence, according to McGovern different line in regard to Rhodesia, and 'other committee sources, Vance where rebels operating, from neigh.. broke in to say that the new intelli- gence had originated with the CIA . and added: "I'd' prefef that you - get the information-from Adm. Turner. Rodriguez said "if - Anglo-American_ The committee: then agreed ,unani mediation efforts - produce a. ' solution mously to call -Turner to testify after to the "front-line":-African states sup- the Senate returns from the . coming porting the. guerrillas, (tuba_will.-ac- 'week's recess. I i : announcing the ac- ' cept that result. Otherwise; he-' added, tion, ' committee'::. Chairman:.. ,John . Cuba "reserves' the right' to help its. Sparkman : (D-Ala.) denied that it. ze= friends" among the guerrilla forces. transitional government moving Rho-' desia toward black majority rule. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 it POLITICAL CIRCUIT By ROBERT HEALY THE BOSTON GLOBE 26 May 1978 The Carter Administration is beginning to make noises ` Henry Kissinger on its African policy. But the talk appears to be just that - talk of the cold war nature with- out any clear substance. On the one hand the President told congressional lead- ers last week that restrictions on emergency U S assis- tance to friendly foreign countries hampered the Admin- istration's efforts to aid nations.such as Zaire. Later, to a ::group of editors, the President. said he favored a lot of ,;'those constraints placed on him by the Congress. It was revealed on Wednesday in the Washington Post that CIA director Stansfield Turner earlier this month :met with Sen. Dick'Clark "(D-Iowa) about possible covert .'US military aid to rebels in Angola through a third coun- `:;try. The rebels are fighting the troops of Angola's leftist 1central government. Clark is the author of an amendment in 1975 which i;restricts the President's use of covert operations in Ango- :la without the express consent?of Congress. White. House Press Secretary Jody Powell said Y; Wednesday that the President had no knowledge Turner. ;.was meeting with Clark. I Finally,.there was the TV appearance on Sunday of UN ,''Ambassador Andrew Young on "Face the Nation" where he said that congressional constraints have not hindered i. the Carter Administration's efforts to provide limited aid ,`-to Zaire and other countries fighting Communist-backed troops in Africa. It's no wonder columnist Robert Shrum referred to the, Carter Administration as the Ted Mack hour.' In 1975, when Kissinger was urging thin' President Gerald Ford'to fight the imposition of the Clark amend-? ment restricting the President's right to engage in covert operations and for a temporary commitment of aid to the !"group the United States supported in Angola, everyone ",'knew clearly where Kissinger stood. And Kissinger him- self was angry 'at the President for not making what he considered a more'effective fight on Capitol Hill for they \LL-~/ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE 23 Finally, by the end of last week, a Pentagon spokes- man said there were "less than 100 Americans" on the: ground at three airports in Zaire coordinating landings of, American planes there. Earlier, Jody Powell had talked in terms of a dozen or less people at one airport in Zaire. foreign policy. For some time now the President's foreign policy adviser, Zbigniew Brzezinski, has been talking freely with members of the Senate about the need to coun- ter Soviet influence in Africa. Specifically, American esti mates put some 15,000 to 17,000 Cuban troops in Ethiopia where they are, or could become involved in the 10-year= old secessionist guerrilla war in the province'of Eritrea, which borders theRed 'Sea, across from Saudi Arabia. Further, the rebels who invaded Zaire from Angola t, 'challenge the Western-supported Zaire government are believed by U.S.-intelligence experts to have been trained by Soviet-supported Cuban troops. . Brzezinski, -T-cold warrior much like Kissinger, would, like to counter' this Soviet influence. Just how far h :would go is not clear as the actions of the Administration .have shown during the last week.' President Carter; during the campaign, was critical of *the secret commitments of Kissinger and he promised "there would be none. . Further, it is the, broad position of Ambassador Young that. any kind of military involvement; either by the Sovi ets or the US; is a. losing proposition. But one gets that uneasy feeling'that the Administra- tion isn't sure what it is doing in Africa. I Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 APP AR Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 l1RTICIE 27 MAY 1971 ON"r- '.SENATORS ASK PROOF THAT CUBA HAD ROLE: IN INVASION OF ZAIRE y r w e speewtoTn.ieew"MInaa !connection with: their 'aid , to.'Angolan ; ministration,: in keeping with its practice WAS May 26-The Senate I forces, and give them Soviet 'arms; of protecting intelligence sources, refused Foreign Relations Committee asked the I f But the Administration, in pact to.justi- to divulge how its information was: re- -' GWERTZMAN: , .::._ if a, newspaper had even one or two of By train some Katangans sometime, ago; in th 'reorts " + ou'd un ith " Th Ad agreed to a request by Senator-George' yesterday that Cuba.had played a behind- the-scenes role in the, recent invasion of. i Zaire by rebel forces'Angola. In a closed-door hearing with Secretary of State Cyrus R.' Vance, the committee . Administration today to produce'evidence to back, up President Carter's contention,. rMcGovern, Democrat of South- Dakota, for a full.. airing .of the President's charges. Mr. Vance was asked about Mr. Carter's statement that Cuba had . trained and equipped . the invaders". knew about the invasion and 'did. nothing to prevent it. The Secretary reportedly said the com- - mittee should address its inquiries, to the,. Central Intelligence Agency, the source of the irronnation For the last .week, the Carter Admims- Administration Accuses Cuba As a result, the committee decided to hear testimony from Adm. Stanfield Turner, Director of.Central Intelligence, after the Memorial Day recess. any. direct or indirect involvement Reston, said. today that.fresh information con- Senator. McGovern, who just returned f rm deethe Adm nistrationesdn''s . contention from the opening of the United Nations-, earlier . that the Cubans had recently special. session on disarmament, said that trainecland equipped the Katangans: ; ?,,.. Vice . President . Carlos Rafael. Rodriguez A highly placed official said, however, rrauon nas oven acV smg %.UD6 VT Piny"ug 1 ;porters covering Mr. Vance's. trip' were a substantial role in the invasion, even ! told that he had no specific information though President. Fidel Castro and other. linking the Cubans to events in Zaire. Cuban officials have emphatically denied But a State Department spokesman, Tom of Cuba had: told New'York yester-?. day -that there was 'no Cuban involve.:. ment', Earlier, Mr McGovern' had -been told the same thing by Cuba's senior dipo lomat? in Washington, '.,Ramon : Sinchee, Parodi. Mr. McGovern said he was raising the issue because it was crucial for the com- mittee to know.Cuba's role in.Africa.and to find.'out whether Cuban :offi6als:,or. the Administration was.telling the truth.: He said it, was important because several. public figures, including'tormer President Gerald R. Ford, were urgina.that the talks "on strategic arms be sitspended.,beeause, of Cuban ,and Soviet involvement in Afri- ca. Other members of the committee were concerned that the President was seeking more freedom' of action in foreign affairs and was using the Cuban issue to argue for changes in the law...:, , . The question of Cuban, involvement in the Zaire fighting has been hotly disputed within the''Administration. Some officials A staff study by the Foreign Relations Committee found that economic aid; was barred for only two countries in Africa,, Angola --and Mozambique. Some other countries can receive aid if the President 'declares. be in -the , United States' national interest:' Mr. Vance-would- like all prohibitions by .country removed so The : stack of papers is three inches contend 'that: 'it' is impossible to:' prove that the Cubans did anything more than' high," one source said, contending that y merican participation in the French ceived. ., and Belgian airlift to Zaire, has suggested - / A "C.I.A. spokesman said there'. `was a direct Cuban role. Mr. Carter, in a' news ~"very.., hard, recent' evidence that :the conference in Chicago, said the Angolan 'Cubans have been both - training and Government bore "heavy responsibility'; equipping the'Katangese." for the attack launched from its territory- __-Another', official said there was' no and it's a burden and, a' responsibility specific new evidence but that an inten- shared by Cuba" sive C.LA. review of previous intelligence 7 ' f "We believe that Cuba had known-of tne- naianga.ns; mat me Kussians nad the Katangan plan to invade and obvious- equippd t em and that the Angolans had sanctuary. ly did nothing to restrain them from given them "One has to assume that they a61 knew !'crossing the border," he said. "We also th h n ' e Katanga at t s only goal in life was know that the Cubans have played a key to go, across. the border and shoot up gaps role in who training atttacked.edd" equipping the Katan- Shaba Province from where they all; had Mr. McGovern, when asked by report- originated, the official said. era about Mr. Carter's comments, said: In his news conference, Mr. Carter'also "I don't want to say I am skeptical of complained about Congressionally.:; im- what the President is saying. I recognize posed "limitations on his power. The a contradiction when I see it." issue came up during Mr. Vance's appear- Mr. Vance, who is having critical talks ance, and the Secretary reportedly sug- with Foreign Minister- Andrei A. Gromyko gested that the :Administration needed a of the Soviet Union on limiting. strategic coniiingency fund for military 'assistance arms, was before the committee to brief to.friendly countries in emergencies. them on' the negotiations and` said noth- Outlook for Change ing to. reporters about the controversy ~ngress in recent ' years has provided over the Cubans.'` funds for an' onom tin f d ec is con n en un b cy Administration Denials: but has. insisted.upon specific. advance In New York on Wednesday night, re- authorization for military help. to different interpretations and that theft* legislation: that if a country such-as Angola changes policy;.,"i- 'can; .be rewarded ' quickly .by the President.. without..:waiting, for new was no evidence that: the.' Cubans had instigated the attack. ' ? The the: Foreign Relations Committee for, evidence of Mr. Carter's allegations provoked denials that the Ad-' ministration: had. manufactured the con- cern. Although ? some officials remained unconvinced, others-with more complete access to intelligence information insisted that the cumulative impact of the data was- ".overwhelming"- in indicating that the 'Cubans had 'strongly -abetted the Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ' ATICLE APPEARED SLWSWEEK ON PAGE June 1978 (ID n a convoy of stolen cars and trucks, the Katangan rebels pulled out of Zaire last week, crossed through neighboring Zambia and returned to their sanctuaries in Marxist Angola. Back in Kolwezi, the, shattered Zairian mining town, French Foreign Legionnaires and Belgian para- troopers wound up their rescue mission and began to withdraw. But Jimmy Carter was still on the offensive. "The govern- ment ofAngola must bear a heavy respon- sibility for the deadly attack which was launched from its territory, and it's a bur- den and a responsibility shared by Cuba," Carter declared at a press confer- ence in Chicago. "We believe that Cuba had known of the Katangan plan to invade and obviously did nothing to restrain them from crossing the border. We also know that the Cubans have played a key I role in training and equipping the Katan- gans who attacked." Some Administration officials still .questioned the extent of Cuban involve- nt in the Zaire invasion. But in Kol- last week, NEWSWEEK's Arnaud de hgrave interviewed two Katangan prisoners who said that Cuban advisers had accompanied them into Zaire's Shaba Province (page 53). Carter insist- ed that he needed a freer hand to "com- pete peacefully" with the Cubans and their Soviet sponsors and ordered a study of Congressional restrictions on military and economic aid to African nations. An- other study under way at the State De- partment and National Security Council foreshadowed new forms of U.S. pres- sure on Cuba. Alarm over the. Cuban thrust was not confined to the U.S. Last week, in re- sponse to ' Cuban activities in Africa, Canada discontinued its program of aid to Havana, which has totaled nearly $15 million since 1972. In Paris, French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing held a summit conference of twenty Afri- can leaders-including Zaire's Presi- dent Mobutu Sese Seko-to organize a pan-African peace-keeping force for Zaire. Giscard then met with Carter in Washington and pressed for more U.S. help in Africa. HORROR AND HOSTAGES in Zaire, the retreating Katangan in- I t)ers left behind a trail of death and ,.,iastation. Casualty figures were far from complete, but an estimated 1,000 Africans had died, and almost 100 whites 11 had been massacred. And when the reb- els withdrew, they took as many as 60 European hostages with them. No one knew when Kolwezi's vital copper mines would be back in production, and there was strong doubt that Zaire's inept army could protect the region. But the French- inspired African peace-keeping force was slowly taking shape; a vanguard of Moroccan troops had already arrived. On the Zambian side ofthe border, Bill Campbell, a free-lance photographer on assignment for NEWSWEEK, watched loot-laden Katangans race toward Angola. "Near the town of Ikelenge we came upon four Katangan rebels, " Campbell reported. "The leader wore a brown pin- stripe jacket, and around his neck hung a radio-cassette player loaded with a Ray Connifftape.'Do you have hostages with you?' asked a reporter. 'Many men, wom-_ en and children,' replied the leader. 'They are behind us and will be traveling to Angola.' Thousands of Zambians. turned out to cheer the Katangans. Said one villager: 'They are good fighters and have much magic'." In Kolwezi, fear and death still.; stalked the city. Black townspeople be- gan to return to their homes, but few whites were left. The French command- er, Col. Yves Gras, complained they had been driven away by "a psychosis of fear." But at least some of the fears were justified. "I had to take refuge in the Kolwezi airport one night because Zair- ian troops had gone on a drunken ram- page in town," NEWSWEEK'S James Pringle reported from Kolwezi. "At! dawn the next morning, the Zairian troops guarding the airport opened up with a fifteen-minute barrage of gunfire against attackers who existed only in their imagination. A French officer had to hit them on their helmets with the butt of his rifle to get them to stop firing-which they had been doing with their eyes squeezed shut. 'Kolwezi is finished,' the officer told me. 'Two days after we leave, all hell will break loose'." MOSTLY JAWBONING ' In an effort to hold Zaire together, Giscard presented Carter with some spe- cific proposals at a dinner meeting late last week. The French President wanted the U.S. to support the pan-African peace-keeping force and to contribute to two economic-development funds, one for Zaire itself and another, totaling $1 billion, for Africa as a whole. The Admin- istration's response was noncommittal in detail, but Carter promised some form of "concerted action" with the French. So far, U.S. policy on the Soviet threat in Africa was mostly a matter of jawbon- ing. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gro- myko visited Washington last week for further talks on a second-stage strategic arms limitation treaty, and Carter said at ; his news conference that he did not want to abort that process by "linking" SALT to Africa. Instead, he issued another warning that the Soviet thrust in Africa "will make it much more difficult to conclude a SALT agreement and to have it ratified once it is written." Despite .Carter's verdict on Cuba's-1 role, U.S. officials still disagreed on the extent of Havana's responsibility for the Zaire invasion. Some State Department officials insisted there was no evidence of recent contact between the Cubans and the Katangans. And at a United Na- tions conference on disarmament last week, Cuban Vice President Carlos Ra-, fael Rodriguez told Sen. George McGo- vern: "I give you my word, on my honor, that our forces had nothing to do with the Katanga operation." In blaming Cuba, the Administration seemed to be relying in part on French intelligence reports which came, NEWSWEEK learned, from agents of UNITA, the anti-Marxist guer- rilla movement in Angola. Hard-liners in Washington, including national-security adviser , Zbigniew Brzezinski, wanted the U.S. to act vigor- ously against the Cubans. \earl;?: a~ monthago the directorofthe . FGI Stans- Du. I. t. aI o '' o~Vdi 'i e' u ~e l p ani Or* Administration, led by Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and U.S. Ambassador An- drew Young, favor what Young calls "a ; steady, quiet approach" involving eco- i id t Afri th ti t nom c a o can na ons a might be weaned away from the Soviet- ---~~+ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 PRESSURE ON HAVANA Carter rejected any use of UNITA to stir up trouble for Cuba in Angola. But he seemed on the verge of putting more pressure on Havana through economic actions. Vance, for one, believes that cutting off the flow of American tourists to Cuba could be a first step. And al- though the U.S. already has an embargo on trade with Cuba, its allies could exert still more pressure. "We didn't exactly discourage the Canadians from cutting aid to Havana," said an Administration aide. Beyond that, the study being pre- pared by the State Department and NSC suggests that other allies could be asked to reduce their trade with Cuba, halt aid programs and limit technology transfers. "The way to get at the Cubans is through the Europeans," said a high State De- partment official. Such policy decisions were still to be made, but it was clear that Jimmy Carter has had enough of Cuba's armed challenge in Africa. -ANGUS DEMING with JAMES PRINGLE in Kotwezi, SCOTT SULLIVAN in Washington and bureau reports ~,----- - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 - ARTICLE AP Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 IX 27 MAY 1978 Hill Pane9 Asks Proof Of Cuba We in Zaire cided yesterday to demand CIA evidencevthat I would back up President Carter's.'claim of Cuban involvement in the recent invasion of Zaire :by Katangan rebels. 'i.: The committee , requested such proof from Secretary. of: State Cyrus Vance'during'a' closed- door meeting on the U.S: Soviet arms limitation talks. But Vance told the senators it`was the CIA, not the State Department, which had the evidence.. Sen. George McGovernD-S.D., who disclosed the committee action to. reporters, quoted Vance as having told the. panel he "would prefer that. we'd interrogate them (the CIA). ,; He.said_the senators agreed to call of CIA Direc tor Stansfield Turner for an explanation. W -did not say 'whether an actual vote was. taken, but there was "no question that the entire' committee supported the request.'.'. Cuban officials, including President Fidel Cas tro, deny that Cuban forces in Angola had any.role in the invasion of ' Zaire's Shaba' province by Katangan rebels operating from Angola. '. Dozens of Europeans and many African"resi- dents of Shaba were. killed, injured or left home- less before the invasion: was quelled by French and Belgian paratroopers.. , McGovern told reporters he personally had been assured twice by the Cubans - first by the chief of their diplomatic-interest section here and again on, Thursday by Cuban Vice President. (Carlos Ra- fael) Rodriguez at the United Nations'-.that there .was no Cuban involvement in the Zaire episode. In addition, McGovern' recalled that Castro last week the senior,. U.S. diplomat in Havana,. Lyle Lane, to deny Cuban involvement in Zaire. Carter said Thursday': that the United States knows that "the Cubans. have played a, key role in training and equipping` the RKatangans, who at-` , t k d .... ,, ace . .::... ,; Asked whether he 'personally believed' the Cubans rather than Carter;` McGovern !replied "I'm not passing judgment.. But I know a contra- diction when I see. one..I think it's time for, the Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 o - &el Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 :qw Llil. i a' `p Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ON AG-.~S-A~t D ON PAGE ? NEW YORK TIMES 1 JUNE 1978 ress Is Accused of Laxity on-C:I A By. SEYMOUR M.,. HERSH Some members of Congress and Wash-: ington officials are .openly expressing concern about what they.`say are weak=' nesses in the Congressional control a'nd', monitoring . of the Central Intelligence Agency's covertactiviities.ove'rseas. . ? They cite . as evidence the willingness,:: of the Senate and House-intelligence com- mittees to approve clandestine operations---- in such sensitive regions. as the Middle . East and Africa .without serious question- At least three" such operations involving.. the shipment of communications equip- ' ment to Egypt and. the Sudan and an anti-, Cuban, propaganda program in'the Horn' of Africa, were approved by the commit- . tees last fall, according to well-placed sources Some legislators were known to have had subsequent misgivings about at least one operation, .but no, objections were voiced at the time, the same sources said." There is no.legisllation barring the C.I.A. from engaging in covert activities abroad, ,but the quick endorsement by 'the Senate and. House intelligence committees last ,year of the three covert operations dis- concerted some members of Congress who' had 'already raised questions about Cl11r vario us command-and-control . mech--? sms set up in the wake of the C.I.A. omestic c spying scandals, The Times's sources said. The C.I.A.'s operations were approved, as they must be before being submitted to Congress, by President Carter and the Special Coordinating Committee, his new Cabinet-level group that reviews and ;as- sesses all clandestine activity. The coor= dinating committee is-headed by Zbig- niew Brzezinski, the. onational security adviser.: . ro Cover the Waterfront';: Members . of the. - Senate ;. Intelligence Committee acknowledged in recent inter. views . that the . process. of ' gaining the 'right to complete oversight . over the C.I.A: s . activities was- a slow one and not yet been completed. But they insisted, as, one senior` aide said, that "in every area of intelligence activity. the commit- tee will . be. able to, cover.the waterfront from tap to bottom." ....::... The broad question of Congressional control 'over the C.I.A.'s covert activities has been raised repeatedly since the spy- ing scandal. One immediate solution was. to expand to eight the number of Con- gressional committees entitled to briefings on such activities. In practice, however; an inquiry by The, Times -showed that while the full membership.of the Senate and House intelligence ' committees was briefed,, only a few. members of the other ix committees. were informed of the ,'overt operations and usually after, the, act. ? Because of the past controversy over the agency's' involvement in Chile and l elsewhere,. some -members, -of Congress and Administration officials are known to believe, the security for such operation is all the more fragile and thus, the ac tivities riskier. Covert Activity For example, the existence-of the clan- destine, operations in the Middle East and Africa was disclosed as President Carter and key Administration aides are becom- ing involved in an increasingly public debate over Congressional restrictions and prohibitions' on foreign involvements. ".New U.S. Role in Angolan War Seen.. ', 'Senator Dick Clark; Democrat of Iowa, told reporters last week that he believed the Carter. Administration was consider- ing a re-entryinto the Angolan civil war by clandestinely supplying arms, through the French, to a pro-Western faction there: 'And the President was quoted as having made clear to some senators that he would support a repeal of legislation barring the .United' States from aiding a 1 pro-Western faction in Angola.:,,. . . .? .,The covert. operations, all approved sometime last fall, included the delivery of clandestine radio and other 'communi- cations equipment to President Anwar'el Sadat of Egypt and to President Gaafar al-Nimeiry of the Sudan..:.: , ? In ' addition, the C.I.A.: organized an anti-Cuban propaganda operation during intensified fighting between Ethiopia and insurgents In Eritrea. ...., ' ' As 'explained by Administration `offici= als, the equipment' provided to Mr. Sadat last year was part of a continuing C.I.A. project to: supply him with a _ personal communications system for safety. ' - The Administration- officials .,said that, Mr. Sadat had requested. th e.equipmenti so he could communicate - with liis per . sonal aides without others -presumably. `I ' In' the Egyptian militarybeing able.'to eavesdrop. . . , . _ . . .. The equipment was ? said to have cost ;less than $500,000 and perhaps as little as $350,000. It was described as part of a five-year or six-year multimillion-dollar communications program, now in its final stage. ? ' Similar equipment" 'was' 'reportedly provided earlier to leaders of the Israeli Government Administration officials explained that Mr. Sadat considered the C.I.A. equip- ment as "very personal" and it wag at his direct request .that it was provided' secretly. CONTINUED -TIM Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 One-well-placed official expressed dis- may during an interview over the fact that the Senate and House intelligence committees, .which investigated the C.I.A. scandals in 1975, had now routinely ap- i dulum is swinging back," . he said. A .Loophole Was Found how effectively the Senate and House' intelligence committees have been,'. in monitoring -covert-C.I.A. activities is. A procedural dispute that- is now under study by the-National Security Council 'According to a number' of .. Adminis tration officials. and members -of . Con- -greys, a .,basic!-' monitoring tool :? 'for Congress is . the . 1974 Hughes-Ryan. Amendment,. which states-that no covert `C.I.A. operation can `be carried out unless the President makes."a finding -that :the operation is important to' national secu- rity. The 'proposed activity then ms sub- mitted to the House' and .Senate' intelli: gence . committees for approval. before being carried out : " What some members .of Congress are' known to consider, z as a loophole . ;was quickly found: In January 1975, less ? than a month after the' amendment was approved: by Congress, 'President. Gerald ;:R. Ford issued a:-series of secret "world- widefindings" that determined in' ad- vance that any C.I.A.'clandestine opera- tion dealing with narcotics, terrorism or counterintelligence was prima facie nn portant to national security. President Carter endorsed that inter- pretation shortly after taking office last year, well-placed sources said. In other-words, the' sources said, the C.I.A. did not'. need formal 'approval to begin overseas' operations in those three categories of clandestine, activity. Some members of Congress, inter- viewed in recent weeks complained that the' worldwide findings were ? "vague and "open-ended end insert a pu2lgraf "Complicating..: insert b cia sub for grafs 27-30 strtg "Anytime..."'. One legislator noted, 'for. example; that under the 'current' interpretation'.-the C.I.A. theoretically could mount a propa- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDPO5SOO62OR0005O1240001-9 ance from Congress-in . connection wittz:_ ~a narcotics'investigation - Another legislative official conceded( that the worldwide findings were-.vaigue,i ^but cotddhlehhe nene, nonetess, tat te Sn-: ate, and House. intelligence' committees, confronting the committees was one` of. , wide finding, the legislator'added, should not deter th e ? committees.. from fulfilling I gate -the C.I.A. '. overseasr to insure that: `'s' no: improper activities were taking place. ;..,' As of today; a' number of sources"said, ? 'has the largest staff for such work:in ~. signed to that area Because of some corimplaints, .:the sources said the National Security Couna j; .. cil is now ,.trying to : rewrite. the world ; wide findings into a. -more specii'ic.:j "Omnibus" : finding. -It-.would `specifically; cite, the kinds of terrorism,.narcotIcs:4r. counterintelligence "activities 'that wiiiiiir s tional'securit ' and, thus; woulo'not Congressional approval. The new findi:i is expected to be proposed imnf miney, .. sources said 4 _ Another potential- Hughes-Ryan 1o'dj hole cited by some members of Congres dealt with language 'ii he' legislat or ,. that-specifically exempts:C.I.A.."activities., ;on. tneir assets. 'doing: intelligence'.colhw_ n:~, FgI A secretly. ;was .being told by the :briefings as'merely conducting ".intelii; Bence. collection"-an. activity outside.; menL. ~:.w "Takes C LA, asset-In-:the'. field." arie-a -you #'::,counterintelligence:..:: informati9p;r;'. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 29 Nlay 1978 Rigid clamps placed on secretU.S. in-' telligence operations by a fearful Con- gress- forced . the Central Intelligence Agency to 'reject a top-priority. request for help from Italy in that nation's agony during, the abduction and. murder of Aldo Moro by left-wing terrorists. The request,was delivered to the CIA by CESIS, a secret liaison arm of Italy's., .'intelligence service. It asked assistance from the CIA in dealing. with the men- ace of the Red Brigades, Christian Dem-' ocratic. leader Moro's kidnappers and later murderers. . In an earlier era, such a 'request to be helped by what used to be the Western) world's most effective, intelligence ,or-1 ganization. would have been instantly and routinely met. Not so today. Bur- dened with restrictions' imposed by }ongress and targeted as enemy No. 1 y. some of. its own former operatives, the CIA was finally compelled to say no to CESIS CIA Director Stansfield Tu r and; 'his legal advisers wrestled with the re- quest for two weeks.before rejecting. it. Theoretically,, they might have ruled the 'other way, without running afoul of the law. I -.Theirfear, however went-:deeaer than 'the. cold print of the law. They feared; probably- rightly,-- that even if CIA's clandestine help to Italy in a mo- ment of extreme agony had been ruled technically. legal, the chance of dis- covery , by unfriendly congressional sleuths could have fanned, it into an- .other political expose- That this was neither, subverting a legally elected government nor another country's election made no difference. The law is clear. Signed Dec. 30 1974, it prohibits all`undercover' "operations in foreign countries," other than rou- tine intelligence gathering, "unless and until the president finds that each such operation is important to the national security. of. the United' States." Each clandestine operation must be reported I to .. literally dozens of congressmen: )nembers of. the Senate Foreign Rela- tions and House International Relations committees; as well as the two intelli- gence committees:: Despite softening of the anti-CIA mood in Congress, fear of political attack that might . damage President Carter, Adm: Turner and the CIA itself dictated ex- treme caution in replying to Rome. An affirmative reply, had. it. come, would have required days or, even a week more in a situation where speed was imperative if Moro was to be saved. I The 1974 law, written by former sena- tor Harold Hughes (D-Iowa) and Rep. Leo Ryan, (D-Calif.), requires a full- fledged meeting of the National Secu- rity Council and, a specific presidential.; directive to the CIA before any clandes- tine operation can be . started. Then I comes notification of the four congres- sional committees. - The only exception is a. "generic"1 presidential finding that permits clan- destine CIA help in dealing with "inter- national" 'terrorism. The ::-president made that finding months ago. But CIA] ` ' lawyers, agonizing over Italy's request for help,. could not . absolutely. prove that the. Moro-Red.. Brigades: volved "international" terrorism... "Sure,' one administration. official told us, "we know that the, Red Brig- ades are 'armed : with. communist-bloc guns, but that isn't easy to prove. Sure, we are pretty.. certain they get training in Eastern Europe, but.we,?don't have, absolute proof." Lacking proof of inter- nationalization, the, witch-hunt atmo- sphere that-, has dominated Capitol Hill's handling of the CIA the past few years called for extreme cautton With great reluctance, Tutner said no to his Italian counterparts.' Insteadl: of gaining access. to the: CIA's expertise,' the Italian. government accepted overt assistance from a single State'Depart- ment psychiatrist, who went to Rome and performed creditably in advising the Italian 'government 'on psychologi- cal aspects of the case- ,.: . Tliese tragic overtones of 'CIA impo=tence in a matter' of extreme urgency . . to Italy go far beyond Italy alone. In the; past, U.S. intelligence would have been. on the scene helping, to unlock the! secrets of the Red Brigades; it would] also .have been the .beneficiary-?of in-i valuable, on-the-spot information about the Red Brigades and about methods of Italian intelligence. Exposure to such details is the heart and soul of the intelligence game,*per- : mitting the .U.S. agents to compile] a record that some day could be essential ,in uncovering future terrorist oper'a. tions-perhaps in the United- States it- self. But the CIA's hands were tied in a case demanding speed, courage and pow litical support. The result: a costly de- I feat in the war to preserve democratic Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 STAT a_ N, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _d- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 APPS D Soviets Bud . U.S. Embassy In Moscow Associated Press WASHINGTON STAR (GREEN LINE) 2 JUNE 1978 mats were concerned that the bug ging equipment could have been monitoring the neighboring central wing. That section houses. the highly sensitive offices of Ambassador Mal- colm Toon. Thomas Reston, the State Depart- ment's associate spokesman, said earlier that the devices were found May 25 and that a protest has been lodged with the Soviet Foreign Minis try in Moscow. Reston, however, declined to give details about the devices or. how they were found. The electronic gear was discov- ered ,during one of the routine se- curity searches conducted regularly because of the history of Soviet espio- nage activity involving the embassy, one official. said. .. . . The microphones, discovered by a wrecking crew after U.S. suspicions had been aroused by several clues, were found on the embassy's 8th, 9th and 10th floors and lower apart- ments. An administration official said yes- terday that the chimney runs through the embassy and added that the antenna was located in the upper part of the building although he was uncertain where the rest of the equip- ment was discovered. AFTER FINDING 'the equipment,. American embassy officials followed a cable down the, chimney and. through a tunnel that led to Soviet property, he said. "There was regular physical pene- tration of the embassy by Soviets without the knowledge of the United States," he said. "They would come through the tunnel and up the chim- ney." U.S. officials have built a barrier in the tunnel near the embassy's. property line to "keep the Russians out," he said. Although the exact nature of the equipment was unknown, the official said it apparently was not limited to eavesdropping devices. "WE'RE. STILL trying to figure this puzzle out," the official said. "We're doing a technical assessment of the problem right now. But it might take some time to determine. precisely how it (the equipment). works." . He added that the.. equipment might. be linked to. the mystery of why the Russians have frequently beamed low-level microwaves at the embassy. . . Authorities have been concerned that excessive microwave radiation could result in health problems for U.S. personnel serving in the embassy. Some officials have also specu- lated that the microwave bombard- ment could be connected with intelli- gence. gathering activities, possibly supplying power to spy equipment concealed in the embassy. In a similar case, the State Department. disclosed on May 19, 1964, that i at least 40 microphones. were found hidden in the walls of the U.S. 1`T--- 1 - - - - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 Electronic devices of "an intelli-` gence gathering nature" were dis- covered in a chimney of the U.S.. Embassy in Moscow last week, ad ministration officials said last night. One official, who asked not to be named, said the espionage equip ment represented a "fairly serious penetration of our embassy." . He said the electronic gear was apparently regularly maintained by Soviet technicians, who entered the embassy by crawling through a tun-:, nel and then climbing up the chim- ney. The official said the electronic equipment, which included a large antenna, was being analyzed. He added that a "damage assessment" of possible information obtained by the Soviets was under way. U.S. officials in Moscow said a Soviet agent was discovered before a bank of electronic equipment moni- toring information from the device when wiring from it- was traced through the tunnel to a nearby apart- ment building. When discovered, the man fled, officials said. . THE CHIMNEY is adjacent to the embassy's south wing,, which houses I junior employees and does not have a high security rating, but U.S. diplo- ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE 1,3 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 THE WASHINGTON POST 2 June 1978 Secret Bugging Shaft Found in Il. S. Mission; in Mosco'Nv By Dan Fisher Los Angeles Times MOSCOWV-A secret shaft contain- ing sophisticated listening and trans- mitting devices was discovered in the south wing of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow last Week by workers doing some remodeling, it was learned here. [State Department spokesman Tom Reston confirmed last night that "electronic devices. of an intelligence- gathering nature" were discovered in the embassy May 25 and said that an official protest has been lodged with the Soviet Foreign Min-. It could not-be learned' yesterday) whether the gear discovered in the! .Secret shaft might be connected with the microwaves. The principal piece of equipment retrieved from the shaft reportedly was a dish-shaped instru- ment believed to be _a` transmitter- receiver. The south wing where the vertical shaft was discovered is composed mostly of apartments for embassy secretaries and other staff personnel. No apartment there Is assigned to high-ranking embassy. officers. The offices of the mission's science section are on the first floor of the wing. They were moved there after a fire last summer that gutted most of the floors in the key central section of the building and severly damaged two more. The top floor of the south wing also contains the headquarters . for diplomats assigned to oversee con- struction of a new U.S. Embassy for' 'which preparations are under way. The secret shaft extends from -the basement all the way to the seventh and highest floor of the wing, it is understood. Whether the electronic- instruments in the shaft could have compromised security in the embassy's central wing depends on how sophisticated they, are, one source suggested. With the proper equipment, this source said, it may even be possible to duplicate a letter or memo based on the sounds that the different typewriter keys make as they strike the paper. According Ito' one report, work- men have now blocked off the tunnel and removed' .the listening: ;devices from the shaft. ? While it, was, open, however; the tunnel apparently gave the Soviets secret access at least to the embassy's south wing.. It is apparently unknown how long the tunnel and secret shaft have ex- ;isted._ The_ building that houses the embassy was originally an apartment house. Soon after completion, it was converted by. a Soviet military con- struction battalion and turned over to the Americans in 1952. In 1961 more than 40 "bugs" with pin-sized microphone heads were. found to have been imbedded in the walls behind the upright fins of hot-water radiators in the building. The location guaranteed that they, would not be sealed by any of. the five coats of paint. put on bsi U.S. secur- ity officials, since ' they 'Were in a' place virtually impossible for the painters to reach. ..i In the mid-1950s, the Great Seal; of the United ' States that hung on, the. wall behind the ambassador's desk was found to have been fitted with a microphone and miniature ra- dio transmitter. _ . _ The shaft is connected to a pre- viously unknown underground tunnel beneath the wing which leads in the. direction of. neighboring Soviet apart- ment and office buildings, according to reliable embassy sources. - When an embassy security employe crawled into the tunnel to investigate it, he reportedly encountered a Russian who scrambled swiftly toward the oppo- site end. It had been speculated that the Eintruder was in the process of remov- ng wires and other' electronic gear from the tunnel. Discovery of the secret shaft and tunnel comes at a time when U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union is un- der its most fundamental review inl several years. The continuing military buildup within the Soviet Union and! in Eastern Europe coupled with So-i viet and Cuban activity in Africa have caused a noticeable negative shift in American attitudes toward the Krem-' lin. The discovery also comes during a critical stage in negotiations toward a new strategic arms limitations treaty (SALT). Soviet Foreign Minister An- drei .Gromyko and Secretary' of State Cyrus? Vance concluded the latest .round of SALT talks in New York on Wednesday._ This newest evidence of Soviet eavesdropping here follows the reve- lation early 'in 1976 that the Soviet were beaming microwaves at the em bassy in an apparent effort to liste in on conversations. There was also Soviet speculation at the time that the radiation beams were'intended to disrupt U.S. equipment on the em- bassy roof that was designed to pick up radio transmissipns. >' It is believed, that radiation is still iamed at the embassy's tops floors, although at low.. levels. ? - r-T___; - - -- ____ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 -ARTICLE A? AYZD --'GE NEW YORK TIMES 2 JULIE 1978 U. S. Embassy in Soviet Finds `Bugs' By RICHARD BURT Speceal to The New York Tdmei WASHINGTON, June 1-United States officials have again discovered electronic intelligence devices in the American Em- bassy in Moscow, Administration aides said today. The officials declined to provide details of the discovery, but a Stat Department official said that'on May 23 "electronic listening devices of an intellience gather- ing nature" were discovered it the em- bassy. The officials would not say how many of the so-called "bugs" had been found. The United States has delivered a for- mal protest to`the Soviet Foreign Minis- try, officials said. The discovery occurred on the day that Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance met in New York with Foreign Minister An- drei A. Gromyko to discuss Soviet-Ameri- 'can relations. 'Officials' are irritated by the episode and it is said to have reinforced tenden- cies in the White House to take a firmer line in dealings with Moscow. Electronic monitoring devices have been found in the American Embassy be- fore, on one occasion in large numbers. Also, a "bug" was found in the nose of a wooden image of the American eagle that had been presented to the embassy 1 by Russians. The most recent incident of monitoring at the embassy involved radiation beams directed at the building, apparently for picking up conversations and also for jamming American listening devices. Mr. Vance met with Mr. Gromyko in New York yesterday, but it is not clear whether the issue was raised in their five- hour session. A Time of Growing Tension The disclosure comes at a time of growing tension between Washington and Moscow, and some officials have linked the Soviet action to other issues, includ- ing Moscow's policies in Africa and its According to a White House :official, i Zbigniew Brzezinski, the national securi- ty adviser, had the incident in mind when he strongly criticized Moscow in a tele- vised interview on Sunday. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDPO5SOO62OR0005O1240001-9 l4Rp4-. AP~~ U.S. finds Soviet buys Penetration called fairly serious at ~'l,. legation in.Moscow From Wire Services Washington-United States officials have discovered electronic listening de- vices in the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, ad- ministration aides said yesterday. Officials said the devices were not mi- crophones and that specialists have not yet been able to determine their exact function. However, it is thought that they. were related to the large amount of mi- crowave radiation that has been detected in the vicinity of the embassy since 1976. Thomas Reston, the State Depart- ment's associate spokesman, said the de- vices were found May 25 and that a pro- test has been lodged with the Soviet For- eign Ministry in Moscow. ' Mr. Reston, however, declined to give details about the devices or how they were found. ' While 'the State Department' officially declined to provide details of the discovery, one official told the New York Times "electronic listening devices of an intellience-gathering nature" were discov- ered. Another State Department official, who asked not to be named, told the Associated Press that espionage equipment repre- -sented a "fairly serious penetration of our He said the electronic gear' was appar- ently regularly maintained by Soviet tech- nicians who entered the embassy' by crawling through a tunnel and then climb. ing up a chimney. ' .. .. The official said the electronic equip ment, which included an antenna;' was being analyzed. He added that a "damage assessment" of possible information';ob- tained by the Russians was under way. The electronic gear was discovered during one of the routine security searches conducted regularly because of the'history of Soviet espionage activity involving the embassy, one official said. ; 1 .AAfter finding the equipment, U.S. Em bassy officials followed a .cable down the BALTIMORE SUN 2 JUNE 1978 knowledge of the United States," the offi- cial said. "They would come through the tunnel and up the chimney. . A barrier was built in the tunnel near the embassy's property line to "keep the Russians out," he said. .' Although the exact nature of the equip- ment was unknown, the official said it ap- parently was not limited to eavesdropping devices. "We're still trying to figure this puzzle out," the official said. "We're doing a tech- nical' assessment of the problem right now. But it might take some time to deter- mine precisely how it works." ' He added that the equipment might be linked to the mystery of why the Russians have frequently beamed. low-level micro- waves at the embassy. , ;Authorities have been concerned that excessive microwave radiation could re- gift -in health problems for U.S. personnel serving in the embassy. ' Some officials have also speculated that the 'microwave bombardment could be connected with intelligence -gathering activities, possibly supplying power to spy .equipment concealed in the embassy. , The discovery of the devices is said to have irritated U.S. officials and to have reinforced tendencies in the White House to take a firmer line in dealings with Mos- cow. The disclosure comes at a time of growing -tension between. Washington and Moscow, and some officials have linked the Soviet action to other issues, including Moscow's policies in Africa and its treat- ment of domestic dissidents. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the President's national secur- ity adviser, was referring to this incident in mind when he delivered a strong blast at Moscow in a televised interview Sun- day, a White House official said. Another, official said.. the discovery "surprised a number of Soviet specialists" in the State Department and weakened the arguments, of.. aides, there who had at- tempted to restrain the 'new, coolness in White House :presentations on relations with the Soviet Union.. .The .American Embassy is run` under tight security,, conditions and is always guarded by U.S marines. Officials carry out routine sweeps for listening devices. However, in a fire on August 26, 1977, it was' penetrated by Soviet firefighters who are said to have. had access to, large portions of the old building.' But embassy officials ref used to allow the firefighters to enter the communica- . tions center, preferring to let the equip. ment and secret documents in that section be destroyed.'.. The State' Department disclosed. on May 19, 1.964, that at least 40 microphones were found hidden in the walls of the U.S: Embassy in Moscow..:., The microphones,' discovered by: a wrecking crew after U.S. suspicions had been aroused by several clues, were found on the embassy's 8th, 9th .and 10th floors and lower apartments.. ' : ? : ` ",, : ! The. U.S. ambassador's office-.was on I the 9th'floor'and the offices of the military attaches were on the 10th floor:. `.:;::, .', An administration official said yester- day that the,chimney runs through the em- bassy and added that the antenna was lo- cated in the upper part of the building al- though he was. uncertain where. the rest of the equipment was discovered:: . : Soviet property, he said. "There was regular physical'.penetra- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT a. Ij Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 o - &e, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 :Iw Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE r4AXt:D ON IIAGE J1 0 28 May 1978 CIA Menlo ConffrmnsH U.S. Offer to Fund' '71, Viet Candidate By Charles R: Babcock Washington Post staff Writer - The Central Intelligence Agency has confirmed in court documents something, government' officials have long denied: that Ellsworth Bunker; when he was ambassador to South Vietnam, offered to fi- nance the campaign of an opposition candidate in the. Vietnamese presidential, election in 1971. The revelation-based on tape recordings-is con-. tained in a CIA memo.quoted from: during a pretrial deposition in the civil"suit against: former CIA'.offi- cer Frank Snepp. Snepp wrote that Bunker offered Gen. Duong Van (Big) Minh $3 million as a bribe. to. keep him in the race as token opposition to incumbent Nguyen Van Thieu "for appearances' sake:' Alinh withdrew from' the campaign, however. The White House "flatly denied" earlier reports as denying the reports. But in the deposition of CIA officer Norman Jones, a Justice Department attorney read from a CIA document:- "Blank listened 'to the tapes, blank, in which Ambassador Bunker offered to finance, 1 blank, race for -the presidency. Blank noted that the amount of $3 million was not mentioned in the con- versation, although the basic report by Snepp is true." (Blanks are the CIA's deletions.) Bunker, now ambassador-at-large at the State De- partment, and CIA officials declined comment yes- terday on the agency's confirmation of the financial offer to i\Iinh or the taping of 'the conversation, which took place in Minh's home. ' - Snepp, who is being sued because he refused to submit his book for review by the agency, said in a phone interview yesterday that "$3 million" proba- bly wasn't mentioned the conversation because "the pitch was made in piasters [Vietnamese currency], not dollars." Snepp also said lie was not surprised to -learn the meeting between Bunker and Minh had been taped. "There could have been' a bug-,iii his home, or: Bunker or his aide might have been carrying a -rec- orderin a briefcase: They tried- that once with Ky [Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky]but it didn't work." It has been disclosed that- the"United. States "bugged" Thieu's presidential palace during the Minh, a .retired general who stayed in Vietnam . when Thieu's regime was defeated by the. North Vi- etnamese in the spring of 1975-,, 'was urged to run against Thieu in the 1971 election, sources said at the time, because the United States wanted to en- sure a genuine contest.. Bunker allegedly made the offer of aid to Minh after returning from a trip to-Washington in Au- gust, 1971. Snepp said he first heard rumors .of the $3 million offer during an early tour as a CIA officer in Sai-: gon. His book, "Decent Interval," is highly critical of, the American withdrawal 'from Vietnam. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 aRTICLE AP -. QX,L4GE A Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Gr NJU 17r~ . Sne Char a of AAttemted tribe In Vietnam Is Backed by U,., .Tile By ANTHONY MARRO WASHINGTON,' May 26-Frank W. Snepp. 3d' was essentially correct in his assertion that' the United States tried to :bribe.Gen. Duong Van Minh to run for President of South: Vietnam in51971, ac- .oording to a document made public today in connection; with' the. Government's -breach of . contract suit against Mr. Snepp. Mr. Snepp,'whois`being shed for a1? legedly having violated the secrecy oaths that he signed upon. joining and leaving ,the Central Intelligence Agency, had made. the charge in his book,, "Decent Interval,"' which detailed the last days of the Vietnam War. - . - . In the book, he said that after-,other .opponents of President Nguyen. Van Thieu had.withdrawn from the race, Ells- worth -Bunker, then the United States Ambassador to South Vietnam;.."decided to bribe the moderate opposition figure, Gen.. Duong Van 'Bie.Min.h. to-stay on the slate. for the sake of appearances." Mr. S?nepp went on to say that Mr. Minh eventually refirsed, after concluding that "the $3 million offered him for his ,campaign. was' less compelling than the prospect of assured defeat." The materials concerning Mr: Minh, who.-is now in prison in Vietnam, were described by a United States Government attorney-during a deposition taken in the case, and apparently came from a C.I.A. review of a recording made of the 'meet- ing between- Mr.: Minh and Mr. Bunker. Names Left Blank' Although the names of the participants were.. left blank, the material clearly refers to. the allegation by i Mr..:.Snepp about the attempt to persuade Mr. Minh to remain"in the campaign. Reading from a C.I.A._-.document,,, -Elizabeth; Gere Whitaker, a-.Justi ce Department>lawyer in the case, : said that : it contained the following information: tapes (blank) in which: Ambassador Bunk- scheduled fort rial on June 20. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 er offered, to finance (blank) race for the presidency.,;- (Blank) noted. that the' amount of, $3'million was. not mentioned in. that conversation, althoughthe basic report by Snepp is true." Reported $3 Million Offer` Last Nov. 20, In[ a segment of the CBS. television network's "60 Minutes"- pro- gram, Mr.. Snepp said, that Mr. Bunker. had offered Mr. Minh. $3 million .."if he would run as a straw horse, candidate.". At the end of that broadcast; Mike. Wal- lace, who. had interviewed Mr.,.Snepp, noted, "Ambassador Bunker denies hav-] ing offered..General Duong.Van Minh. $3' million to run for the- presidency against. General Thieu.". ,Asked about the matter again today Mr. Bunker, who is now an arnbaisador at-large, said through on' aide that he would have "no comment -on.. a. matter which is pending before the court.". . Mr: Sneno. who servedtws- separate tours:. of duty in Vietnam' in his eight. years... in the C.I.A., left. the agency. in . 1976 and then spent 18 months writing, his-book, which is. highly critical of the United States Government's handling of the" evacuation of Saigon ; which is now ' known as Ho Chi Minh City: The Justice Department, filed. a civil suit against him last February, charging that' he had violated his secrecy oath by not submitting the manuscript -' for. prepublication review.''Although. it is not accusing him:.of-disclosing any classified information that-the C.I.A. itself had' not previously made pubic. ft 1a asking the court to restrain him kin *psaking pub= licly about the agency for the rest.. of his life, and : to. award the Government damages . that :would include-any profits, from the book.: Last week, Federal District Judge Oren R'Lewis refused a motion by Mr. Snepp's attorneys, Mark H. Lynch of. the. Ameri-:. i4RTICLE APE Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 OIv CE 27 MAY 197 pp p un er rye eposmon proceedingin the govern- feted). noted that.- the amount . of $3 to "bribe" the moderate- opposition ; ment's civil suit against Snepp, a for- million was not mentioned in that figure, Gen.-Duong Van "Big" Minh, mer CIA analyst in Vietnam, over his conversation, althou?h the. basic. re. to stay in the presidential race, so . evasion of CIA censorship in publica- port by Snepp is true. ' that war critics-could not say that -'tion of his book... The excerpt from the -memo ap- President- Nguyen.. Van.. Thieu had A government attorney, Elizabeth peared in a transcript of the deposi- won re-election without `:a fight. 'Whitaker, was resisting efforts by tion that was filed in U.S.. District Snepp . put,; the - amount:. of money. Snepp's lawyers to `obtain all or most Courtin Alexandria. p g p date:. yesterday apparently through inad=- g vertance. confirms the "basic re- The CIA memorandum` that be? Gen. some Minh's words name: blacked out, includin ort" of the incident by Frank Sne came public , yesterday disclosed, .. "For instance (deleted)` listened to i n his, controversial ook, ''Decent however, that Bunker's meeting with the tapes (deleted) in which Ambas- Interval.'Gen. Minh was tape recordedsador Bunker offered to finance (de- The matter came, up at a recent feted)' race for the presidency.,. (De- . re orted that n k t d d ` offered money to a South Vietnamese published: The U.S. embassy in Sai- politician to try to, persuade him to gon likewise had denied Minh's state- remain in the. Saigon presidential ment in 1971 that he had rejected an race. - offer by Bunker of an -undisclosed A CIA memorandum made nublic amount of money to remain a candi- After more than six years of offi- cial denials, the CIA has verified that -Ambassador .,Ellsworth Bunker IA Reveals oetna offered-at $3 million and said Minh BUNKER DENIED Snepp's report of the lengthy memo, a CIA appraisals of various allegations in the Snepp L.--,- ATTEMPTING TO SHOW - that most of. the memo was irrelevant to the lawsuit, she said, "I'll read you one of the sentences." - record the following assa e tN 1=71- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 STAT Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 o - &el Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 RADIO TV REPORTS, INC. The Question Of The Day STATION WRC Radio Live News-98 May 25, 1978 7:19 P.M. CITY Washington, D.C. BILL STABLER: The "Question of the Day" on the WRC Direct- Line was: "Did recent CIA investigations and disclosures damage security?" Here's a sampling of some of our listeners comments. WOMAN: The badgering and persecution of the CIA by axe- grinding politicians and others of similar strife has certainly damaged our national security. I'm thoroughly disgusted with this endless ringing about our freedoms and the open society. Unless we have a strong CIA to help us to protect both, we may end up having neither one. MAN: Certainly the congressional investigations of CIA has damaged our national security. WOMAN: I think our security has been badly damaged by the attacks on the CIA. WOMAN: Continuous hounding of the CIA's mistakes by the press and the so-called liberals has certainly hurt the security of our country. One would think the CIA has done nothing right in this world of subversion. How can we maintain our security without intelli- gence? WOMAN: I think we have been overdoing it on the CIA and the FBI and making it difficult for our security. However, there may be some checks and balances that could be put into effect, but we are overdoing it right now. MAN: Recent CIA disclosures did not damage the national se- -r-T- , - - - - - -- ---- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 0 curity. They merely exposed the fact that we have no national se- curity. In this wide opened society where liberty is mistaken for license and the threats to promote treason, it's done with a mistaken interpretation of the First Amendment. MAN: The long investigation and disclosures of the CIA have definitely hurt the security of the United States. STABLER: In all, 85 percent of our callers said "yes," recent CIA investigations and disclosures did damage national security while 15 percent disagreed. Listen each morning for the "Confrontation" between Tom Braden and Pat Buchanan on the "Question of the.Day," then it's your turn. WRC Washington is the station that listens to you. - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 - 1 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 30 May 1978 Former Members `Dishonor' Agency 14NDREI TALLY WASHINGTON _ I hate to give the creep any publicity, but how can anybody in my trade ignore the adolescent whimperings of"John Stockwell, who quit the CIA so he could tell all in a book? . First, one must note that Stockwell didn't desert until our spy shop trouble. He'. joined the CIA in 1964 and. bade it. graceless farewell in 1976 when everybody and his uncle was trying to get rich - or headlines - by exposing what they perceived as the agency's naughtiness. .,- BY THAT TIME, of course, it was also socially and politically chic to kick the CIA in the teeth, and never mind that you'd sworn an oath of secrecy on what - in Stockwell's case -'' is euphemistically described as. his "honor." Stockwell's book. tells a lot ' of stories about CIA's covert activities; notably its paramilitary . involvement in the Angolan war. He may even be telling the truth.- But that's not the point. The 7CIA had taken him at his word that he would not reveal any agency secrets. Let the 'buyer beware., I'd expect. change from a thin dime. if. I bought that guy's "word:. OBVIOUSLY, Stockwell knew he was dabbling in.the illicit. He wrote the book in secrecy because- he knew the agency would try to stop him from doing so if it found him out. He claims in the media that he is now a "liperal," converted by the fact that "at least 12 jour- nalists knew about my book while. I. was wrkting it and not one of them exposed me was joining. And if he says If that's true, the only suddenly-it doesn't tum out possible comment is "Some journalists!" ' to be the Boy Scouts, I think Now we have Stockwell he was. asking :a little claiming that he'll feel "un- much." I. In. any case,' of comfortable" if his book course, Stockwell 'had not been released from his makes him a lot ? "I think it would be an' in- "word of honor... : " . appropriate thing," he says. ' COLBY PROPERLY put .THIS. WOULD seem' to Stockwell in "-his place among --the draft dodgers suggest. that Stockwell and violent demonstrators would reject any, self- of the 60s.'. "I believe. you promotion of his work. Not, can't run an army if every him. He wants it both ways. lieutenant decides. which He wants to be seen` as a -A- Ft fnllnw " aai " but also "moral hero; wants that big dough. He not only shoots off his mouth to every reporter he can,corner,he-succ"ededin getting himself interviewed on CBS' "60 Minutes," which is, not:` a secret operation. = "All my friends agreed that '60 Minutes' would be the' best way. to present (read promote) the book," says the "moral hero." I'm surprised the guy didn't br- ing along some of the call girls he accuses the CIA of foisting on foreign officials. Topless, of course. FORTUNATELY for fragile truth, the. "60 Minutes" episode. also presented Bill Colby, , the_ director. And Colby calmly .and -neatly-- dissected . Stockwell's moral. posture. Stockwell has said he felt freed' from his oath of. secrecy because,. the CIA, didn't""act the way" he was told it would when he joined up in 1964. ,Well, that's- a great rationalization," said Colby quietly. "Because I'm sure ..: that he knew. roughly.. what kind of organization he telligence service if every junior officer decides which secret to keep." . Indeed, thanks'to the ',money-hungry John `Stockwells, the CIA can't run the kind of intelligence agency it should. Foreign spy shops," notably :the British and French, have reduced. the amount of in- formation they're willing to. give the CIA. As a British operative put it: Damned if I'll trust- my 'neck .to the tender care of a chap like ,Stockwell.". ,., , 1 , , Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Colby. "You can't run an in- e Course For .CI But Turner has pledged to stop short .of '.'emasculating" the CIA's capabilities by placing an absolute ban on such intrigue. National security in the future may still demand that the CIA not only report on events abroad , but influence them as well. As emphasized by the director,' however, ,- and -.reaffirmed by President Carter in, his recent news` conference-, such activity. must be . Authorized by : the... President himself and the proper committees of Congress must _bei advised. . . 4 Turner,_ who has been given expanded power and. authority) over all intelligence operations,i recognizes the temptations that! challenge his department. He4~ 'also'' has 'demonstrated the)I toughness in personnel handling) that indicates temptation will, be] 'resisted. ?.? : . "This organization," he said,; "must be under control at . all! times." Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 The new; focus of. 1the+"Central Intelligence Agency will be precisely what the name, implies, according to ,/Directors;) Stansfield Turner, suggesting a'i determined. effort, to win back global: respect . .and public.: confidence.. The agency will reduce its::: "political action,". the director said,- referring 'to ' the! interference in the governments of other nations that has brought "criticism upon, the. CIA.: Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 TERRE HAUTE STAR (INDIANA) 11 MAY 1978 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE 44 NEW YORKER June 1978 .~.~., Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT a. 1" Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _d- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ID T Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ..ARTICLE APPEARED By Charles R. Babcock THE WASHINGTON POST 31 May 1978 . Two Soviet employes at the United' Nations were charged formally withl. espionage yesterday for their allegedi part in a scheme that had ? its begin- nings on,a Caribbean cruise. According to a federal 'grand jury. :`.indictment filed in Newark, N.J., an ...unidentified U.S. Navy officer who, is! the key government witness in: the -case took a one-week trip from ~ New York to Bermuda last summer. aboard the MS Kazakhstan, a. Soviet-owned ship. It was on-that trip that the alleged Soviet spies apparently first made { contact with the American officer and; set up the elaborate plot whereby! -they would trade :$20,000, ! according to the indictment-for anti- submarine-warfare secrets. The two Soviets, Valdik A. Enger, 39, an assistant to the-under secretary general at the United Nations, and Rudolf P. Chernyayev, 43, a personnel officer at the U.N. Secretariat, were arrested May 20 in -a Woodbridge, N.J., shopping center when they alleg- edly retrieved film of defense docu- ments the Navy officer dropped off in an orange juice carton. They 'have been held 3n 'lieu of : $2 million bond: A .third Soviet citizen, Vladimir P.) Ziziyakin, 39, also was picked up at the scene,' but was released . because he is .an ' attache at the Soviet mission at the United Nations and has diplo- matic immunity. He was .named as unindicted cocon- spirator in the federal charges,.'and ON PAGE A-6 Two Russians Are Indicted; In Espionage has left the country.. .'_,. Yesterday's indictment adds what has been made public in' the de .'tailed complaint that was the basis for arrests in the case. It specifically did not explain what the Navy officer was doing on the Soviet cruise ship in the first place;' Robert J. Del Tufo, the US. attor- ney in Newark, . said yesterday "he could not:comment beyond the' speci. fits of the. indictment. The indictment mentions-, only one Navy document that; was turned 'over to the Soviets: a 1971 "confidential" report on' a. Navy antisubmarine heli- copter called LAMPS..: the Navy, officer-who cooperated from the beginning with the FBI-hasi ,.been cleared by intelligence officials! so important secrets would not. be given to the Soviets, authorities have said. -- The Navy officer and his contacts would communicate by calls to pre-ar-. ranged public phone booths and notes in containers disguised as' discarded t trash. In one instance, according- to the indictment, one of the Soviet offi- cials hid $5,000 a car radiator hose for-the Navy officer.....,.: 'If convicted the two men"could. re- ceive sentences of up' to life in prison.. l TLCL A. . !?NP WASHINGTON STAR (GREEN LINE) 2 JUNE 1978 T^W In That , deaTesi Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 By Henry S. Bradsher WaAbujtm sLarstan writer South Africa has begun disman- tling the structures in the Kalahari Desert that caused international apprehensions last summer of a nu- clear weapons test. The South African government still has not signed the international agreement banning non-nuclear na- tions from acquiring nuclear weap- ons, as the United States and other Western nations have been urging it to do. . But negotiations on international nuclear safeguards are still under way with the Carter administration. It has held up the shipment of nu- clear fuels to South Africa pending acceptance by that country of con- trols that would insure the fuels were not used for weapons. 'CIA PHOTO interoreters have yesterday that the negotiations are not being very actively pursued at present. A key U_S. official called the dis- mantling of the desert structures a hopeful sign that South Africa might be moving toward greater coopera- tion with the West on nuclear mat- tern. "It's a powerful step in the right direction that we're seeing," he com- men ed. clear device: It has continued since then to contend heatedly that it was being falsely accused - but the pur- pose of the desert structures was never explained. Within recut weeks. South Africa has begun totace down the tower and raze some of the support structures. But it still has not explained to the outside world what is going on. CARTER SAID ON Aug. 23 that South Africa bad told Western na- tions "that the Kalahari test site which Jias been in question is not de- signed for use to test nuclear explo- sives." While Western experts were convinced last August that they were, some uncertainty later de- veloped in the: West about just what had been izoine on in the Kalahari. Carter also said that "we will, of course, continue to monitor the situa- tion there very closely." It was that monitoring that detected the disman- tling of the structures. "We'll also renew our efforts," Carter said, "to encourage South. Africa to place. all their nuclear power production capabilities under. international safeguards and inspec- tions and encourage them along with other nations to sign the nuclear non- proliferation treaty." There has been "some improve- ment" in prospects for getting safeguards and inspections, accord. ing to informed sources. But South Africa'still has not accepted the con- trols of the International Atomic Energy. Agency, which inspects nu- clear facilities of non-weapons states. Because of the delicacy of the ne- gotiations, the administration refuses to discuss them openly. An offiicial of the South African Embassy indicated reconnaissance of es o the ese note nonce the Soviet Union raised th last August that South Africa was preparing for a nuc ear es `^'Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev sent a personal message to President Carter on Aug: S. It said the test was ~g secretly prepared in the Kala- Satellite photos then showed a tower of the kind that would be used for mounting an above-ground nu- clear device.:tupport buildings and .. an apparent command post_ . The United States, France and other countries joined in urging South Africa not to "go nuclear." In answer, South Africa insisted that. it had no intention, of detonating a nu- DESPITE THE improvement, however, it is unclear whether South Africa will eventually agree to the' controls. And it still appears doubtful to some officials here that it will sign the nonproliferation treaty. That treaty, which went into effect in 1970, seeks to limit the number of countries with nuclear weapons to those which then had them: the United States, the Soviet Union,'Brit- ain, France and China. Since then only one nation, India, has exploded { a,nuclear device. A' number of countries besides South Africa have refused. to sign. They include India, Israel. Pakistan - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 NEW YORK DAILY NEWS ARTICLE APPEARED 2 June 1978 ON PAGE 12 a- g: KGB led1 . a narskjold . ? Former United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, who was killed in a plane crash in the Congo in 1961, was murdered by Soviet KGB spies, Penthousemagaz ine reports in its August issue. The magazine quotes CIA sources as saying that the Russians killed Hammarskjold because of his opposi- tion to their scheme to _ install a "troika" or three-man tribunal to head the United Nations. A secret report prepared. by the CIA for President Kennedy- in 1962 stated that there was evidence that the explosive device aboard. Ham- n.arskjold's plane was "of standard KGB incendiary design," the maga- zine says. It_ reports that Kennedy kept the report secret so as not to., endanger the 1963 nuclear test ban agreement with the Russians' The troika proposal was turned down after Kennedy made an emotional ap- peal for the UN to honor Hammarsk- jold's memory by rejecting the. Rus- i sian scheme. . ,.~,,. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 1 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 I CLE EARFI3 ON FAGS-~ THE BALTIMORE SUN 1 June 1978 Nelms regrets not ending C IA-Mafia tae. New York (Reuter)-Richard M Helms, the former director of the Central Intelligence Agency, said in a television interview broadcast last night that he was -wrong in letting- the CIA stay involved. with the Mafia .in plotting: against Fidel Castro. - Mr. Helms, in the interview with David Frost, also denied that the CIA's now well-. publicized assassination plots against the Cuban leader ever got out of. the laborato-- ry planning stage. In the interview, televised by NBC, Mr. Helms also said he had never tried to blackmail then-President Richard M.. Nix- on into making him ambassador to Iran and that his successor at the CIA, William E. Colby, and former President Gerald R. Ford weakened the agency. - _The interview provided Mr. Helms's first public answers to allegations of agen- cy misdeeds during his years as head of the CIA. - Co. Cuba, he said that the so-called as- sassination' attempts against Mr. Castro,' including sending him lethal seashells, were "pipe dreams ... the things never left the laboratory." "Nothing was ever done about them," Mr. Helms added. But Mr. Helms went on . to 'say that one -of his biggest regrets was that he did.not stop the CIA's involvement with the Mafia. in working against' Mr. Castro, even- ',though he denied there was any evidence ..~ to show any assassination attempt was' made. . . I I. He was" referring to-.a plot, supposedly hatched in the 1960's in- which gangland figure John Roselli was alleged to have been involved in a plan to use poisoned pellets to murder Mr. Castro. .., Of the involvement with the Mafia, Mr., Helms said, "When I found out about it; I. should have corked and stopped it right then and there, and I am genuinely sorry that I didn't.... It was a mistake. It was a case of poor judgment. "On the other hand, let's not exagger- ate what was involved there. There never j was the slightest evidence produced, that I know of, that any poisoned pellets ever even got to Havana.; -. ... .-w l'. ' "We have the word of a gangster that they did, but we have no record, no evi- dence, no nothing, and I don't believe it," he said. Mr. Helms said that all he ever author- ized was an attempt by Roselli to see if any Mafia contacts still were working in Havana. "I shouldn't have authorized even, that," he said. Questioned further by ? Mr. Frost as to whether the CIA or any American agency should consider assassination as a politi- cal tool, he said: "Assassination is not a way for the American government. It is not a way for the CIA. " "I was never in favor of it. Murder will out. It': will ' always, eventually, leak around in some fashion that it was done." Mr. Helms vehemently denied reports that he blackmailed President Nixon -into appointing him ambassador to Iran. ,: "I was never one of those presidential" appointees that thought he had an entitle- ment_to a job...'. I never, by word, deed, action or innuendo, threatened President Nixon with anything; ever." ' The former CIA director blamed for.' mer President Ford and Mr. Colby, who ' has since'retired from the CIA, for weak- ening the agency by allowing too 'much material about its covert work to-be made' Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 THE WASHINGTON STAR (GREEN LINE) ARTICLE APPEARED 1 June 1978 ON PAGE A -2 Helms. Confides''Witk- Frnct . ;. Former' CIA' Director=R3chard Helms says his ,.;successor'. William Colby;' and former President. .,Gerald Ford. weakened the agency by opening up secret documents to the public and Congress. He FBI acting Director L. Patrick'the: time of the Watergate; break-in-that thebur-` glars "may have some connection with -(John Ehrlichman." He;;says, the CIA's decision to en- list the Mafia in a plot to assassinate Cuban: Premier Fidel Castro (poisoned pellets in his food) is one of the greatest regrets of my life"-All of this was nn a 0 . view with. David: Frost on NBC. When- Frost sug= ,gested Helms -`'blackmailed"' Richard Nixon into ;=naming: him. ambassador -to Iran, Helms said thei whole theory is laughable." Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 I II I.1. ~~ 'X I TICLE APES ON PAG . (D Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 D ATLAS WORLD PRESS REVIEW Foreign reaction to disclosures of media.-Manipulation V nng ong Liu , Ls A D"uM) Off f79F2 P~ PATRICK BROGAN CREIGHTON BURNS The following exclusive "Atlas Dialogue" was conducted by the Editor in Washington, D.C., with Ruy Barbosa, correspondent Jot the in- dependent "0 Estado de Sao Paulo" of Brazil; Patrick Brogan, chief Washington correspondent for the independent "Times" of London; and Creighton Bums, Washington correspondent for the independent `Age" of Melbourne, Australia. How have your countries reacted to revelations of attempted CIA manipulations of the foreign press? BARBOSA: In Brazil there was quite an uproar. A whole New York _Times series on the subject was reprinted, and many editorials'tepeated what we have always heard-that the CIA runs our country, that we are at the mercy of the U.S. intelligence, all of which I personally think is an exaggeration. CIA intervention worries a lot of Latin American publishers, editors, and reporters. The recent allegations that the CIA has successfully infiltrated the Inter-American Press Association is causing concern. The Association has a fine record and has helped to free many newsmen jailed by totalitarian governments. Many good people are active in it and they do not want to be part of a government operation. These people are journalists. BURNS: In Australia we have just been through a minor imbroglio over allegations, denied in Canberra and Washington, that the CIA was involved in activities beyond its charter in Australia in the Sixties. Australians have pretty much accepted that CIA activity isn't restricted to enemy or unfriendly countries, that it also operates in the territory of allies, partic- ularly those like Australia that have American military establish- ments. So the recent revelations about the CIA and the press have been received with philosophical resignation. I wrote a story for my paper about a former Australian journalist who resigned as Editor of Business International because its management acknowledged, after a New York Times report, that it had indeed provided cover for CIA agents during the 1960s. But on the whole the Times series was not given much prominence in Australia. BROGAN: The public outcry in Britain hasn't been terribly noisy, but newspapers do think the CIA should stop trying to hire Reuters correspondents. This has been said in leaders-editor- ials-but in a rather convoluted way, because to say the CIA should stop employing or giving retainers to British foreign correspondents would imply that this does indeed happen. This would be an admission no paper is going to make. Has your country's press been victimized by stories planted by the CIA? BARBOSA: I can't speak for other publications, but 0 Estado is very careful not to accept any stories that may have links with foreign officials. The USIS-USIA operation is quite large in CUNTINUB 1 C -1.~ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 South Ana rica, and it h:utcis out exclusive stories by prominent bylincrs. We won't touch even this material. fit ;RNs: The consensus in Australia is that whatever influence the CIA might have on news stories generated there is through Australian intelligence organizations-particularly the Austra- lian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO) and the Austra- lian Security Intelligence Service (ASIS). A number of reporters and columnists admit to getting preferential briefings in some cases from Australian security sources. There's a general feeling that in exchange for information they get briefed in a way that nobody else gets briefed. So they write stories that nobody else writes, because they have access to sources of which they're sometimes not that critical. I have seen no allegations that the CIA has, in fact, directly influenced stories about the U.S. in Australia. There has been more concern about unverified allegations of CIA contributions to an Australian political party and interference in trade unions. BROGAN: The most blatant example of CIA involvement with the British press was when the CIA set up an agency in London called Forum World Features, which some very right-wing journalists were brought in to run. These writers claimed to be absolutely astonished to discover that financing came from the CIA. They wrote newsfeatures and commissioned people to write newsfeatures-all of which were rather favorable to the U.S. and to anti-Communism. But it wasn't obvious propaganda. For a few years they successfully placed articles and pictures in a lot of newspapers, including The Times. It was a rather loosely veiled front. The thing folded before its cover was blown. I think everybody knew by then, and that is why the CIA withdrew. This is the type of thing Congressional committees are concerned about because American editors will see an article published in The Times and say, "This is very good," and then they'll carry it. So with one move you could have the CIA "I don't want spies on my turf. .. 99 producing material for both the foreign and American markets. I think if the CIA is going to be in the business of propaganda it should stay in America and leave the British alone. BURNS: A documented case of direct intervention in Austra- lian publishing was a quarterly magazine called Quadrant. According to Congressional testimony in the late Sixties-which has yet to be denied-it was partially financed by the CIA. Similar publications with CIA financing also existed in Indo- china and the Philippines and, I think, Malaysia. But my understanding is that this stopped some years ago. BROGAN: Another famous instance came out about ten or fifteen years ago: A foundation called the Congress on Cultural Freedom dispensed largesse to various organizations, including Encounter, an excellent, rather right-wing magazine, and various student groups in England. When it became known the Congress was a (:IA front, the student organizations and Rnniuntrr had to survive without its financial assistance. The magazine did continue, apparently independent of CIA money, but the taint remained. Would your newspaper knowingly employ telligence agents? BROGAN: I assume it wouldn't. There was an allegation in the Washington Post a couple of years ago that one major English newspaper employed a number of spies as correspondents, and we carried a very indignant attack, saying that the Post was endangering the lives of honest British correspondents who might 6 We suffer from a paranoia about it .. ?' -Ruy Barbosa be mistaken for spies and be mugged as a result. The most sensational case in Britain, of course, was that of Kim Philby, whom the British intelligence service, in a move never really satisfactorily explained, sent to the Middle East as a correspondent for The Observer. Did The Observer know he was a spy? Did it know that he was a double agent working for the British and the Russians simultaneously-and that.everybody knew this? We don't know. Very recently David Holden, Chief Foreign Correspondent for the Sunday Times, was murdered in Cairo. His paper, which is related to ours by ownership and is otherwise independent, made a curious assertion that he may have been murdered by an intelligence agency. It didn't go any farther, and it left hanging the question of whether it referred to a Western; Eastern, or Middle Eastern intelligence, agency. Generally speaking, spies' only murder one another. So perhaps the hint is there. Holden was a very good journalist and an honest man. I don't think it likely that he worked for the British Secret Service. But I don't know. The whole spy business is so convoluted and complicated that you can never be sure of much. BARBOSA: My newspaper would not employ intelligence ? agents, but I believe some Brazilian newspapers would. The CIA. hasn't been an enormous problem in Brazil. Our big problem with respect to the CIA is that we suffer from a paranoia about it that is very common throughout Latin America. BURNS: It is my belief that for the past ten years and more, under its,present management and editorial leadership, The Age would certainly not have employed either an Australian in- telligence agent or a foreign one. I couldn't be absolutely certain that there haven't been times in the past-the confrontation with Indonesia, for instance-when it would have sympathetically considered propositions to provide cover for Australian in- telligence organizations. But now there is no comparable emotional setting. And the whole atmosphere has changed as a result of revelations about the CIA's activities and a shakeup in Australian intelligence organizations. When the Labor Party. came to power, wide circulation was CONTINUED' Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 given to allegations that ASI(.) had extended its charter to investigating and even bugging leading members of the party when it was in opposition. The present Government has carried out actions which would imply there were reasons for tightening its control over the organization. The feeling that the ASIO was involved in domestic politics reached a peak, of course, during the Vietnam War, when it was alleged to be gathering dossiers on people engaged in absolutely legitimate protest activities. . Has there been any change in attitudes recently about intelligence activities? BR(x:AN: Probably less in Britain than in the U.S. The British have a less exalted view of their Secret Service than the Americans do of the CIA, and therefore haven't been dis- illusioned. There's a very funny debate in Britain at the mo- ment, however, There is a British fiction that gentlemen do 66CIA involvement in domestic politics concerns us...!111 not open one another's letters and that we do not have a spying organization. Everybody knows this is not true. But because there is this fiction, and in theory the name of the head of Secret Service is not publicly known, the Government is not allowing Secret Service papers from the 1920s to be published. Do Americans seem to be too exercised over matters like this? BROGAN: I see things two ways. As a reporter, I am as exercised as anyone-I don't want spies on my turf. But the American feeling that an intelligence agency should never tell a lie or that foreign policy can be openly arrived at does seem extremely naive. The CIA obviously got enormously inflated in size, in budget, in self-importance. We learned that its new director, I Adm. Turner, has sacked 800 secret operatives, who are said to )represent 20 or 30 per cent of the spy personnel. This is a 1grotesque number-these are not secretaries but people who sneak around with manila envelopes stuffed with money. A couple of dozen, I should think, would be quite enough. The CIA's record isn't public knowledge so we can't tell what its great successes were. But the people who know about it and write about it cautiously all tend to say that the CIA's great achievements are in analysis. They get very bright people who sit down and look at evidence, of which they have a great variety, and, then come up with the answer. Given its need for information, then, is it realistic to expect the CIA to change its mode of operation? BROGAN: The journalist's credo is: What I rind out, I put into print. All my best secrets have appeared in The Times. The CIA doesn't even have to buy me a. drink to find out. They can just subscribe to the paper. To some extent in Paris and to a great extent in places like lluems Aires and Cairo, aiid so on, all the: reporters hang otu in the saute place, and if'vou're a CIA agent you go to the bar and listen, or introduce yourself. I don't think you'd get very much that won't he in the newspapers the next day, but you don't have to pay reporters retainers to get them to talk. They're indiscreet by definition. How have recent revelations affected the credibil- ity of the American press abroad? BURNS: I think the influence of the CIA on the press has probably been exaggerated. In Australia the important thing is the feeling that the U.S. press has come out of Watergate fairly well. It is much more self-critical than the Australian press. American newspapers run self-critical articles; they run col- umnists who criticize their policies; they criticize one another. The American press is much more open than the Australian press, to the same degree that America is a more open society than Australia. I don't think this recent flap has done the American press serious harm. BARBOSA: The American press has a great influence in Latin America. Most major publications carry stories from the Los Angeles Times as well as from the New York Times and other papers. If I were back home editing a section of my paper right now I would be doubly careful about using information coming from American publications. BURNS: The thing that probably concerns most Australians is evidence of involvement in domestic American politics. If you assume it isn't a perfect world and the CIA is an intelligence organization, then it is ludicrous to be shocked or surprised that CIA agents act as spies in other people's countries. That's what they're paid for! It's when they act as spies in their own country that you start asking questions about the consequences on domestic politics)This is particularly true of countries with an alliance relationship with the U.S. How closely Australia would want to be allied with the U.S. would depend, in the last resort, on the functioning of the American political system. BARBOSA: For me the whole matter of espionage, of snooping, is immoral. But so is man. So, in consequence, are the nations that man builds. There is no way that the U.S. could have achieved - . - c.ONTINtJ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 the CIA. through covert operations has neither greatly added to nor subtracted from. the success of the U.S. in the world. The gathering of information is obviously necessary.. BR(X;AN: You can't have it both ways: Either you do nothing amount of faith, not the Chief Executive and people abroad at all, you justobserve foreign governments; or you admit ' -. immediately associated with intelligence, but in the director of. that, yes, we can attempt to liquidate Idi Arnin and putpoison in the CIA. It would-seem you. need at the top a man who will be Lumumba's toothpaste and things like that-. One would think it ' concerned not only with actually running the organization; but wasn't necessary to get involved' in'Chile: Gen. Pinochet'was with keeping a' check on it. I wonder whether .,a more effective quite capable of taking over the Government and shooting '.way of controlling CIA activity might not be, for e)iample;, to. everybody. I would guess that, on balance, since World War 11, appoint somebody from outside the organization and outside you're left with a substantial investment and a substantial print.a story'through me: BURNS: No matter how gdod'ar'supervisory system is set up, that the CIA does., I would resent it if they tried to hire me or ' ` intelligence apparatus. I'm not saying that I condone everything trust their discretion. the position it as achieved in the world without a very effective If anyone in (origress knew, 'Are present efforts to improve the CIA's account- ability succeeding? BROGAN: If it's a question of gathering information- by-technical means,or. by spies, then you don't need to oversee anything, really. You can'leave the technicians to get on with-it and judge by its results. Ifyou're going to have covert operation's, politics, somebody with long, and well-publicized experience, say, in the law-a judge whose training would have given him some. experience, in saying,."Look, given the defined tasks of this organization in its charter, this is legitimate,- this is not legit- imate, thiis is gray...". If you.bring in the organization's activists at the top then professional enthusiasm is always going to drive them toward "excesses.". Do' you have any'advice for-Americans on this? BRb(AN: The CIA is in the midst of an immense reorgamza tion and we won't be able to judge its effects until it has bets concluded.' But if ypu,.want-a,piece of candid advice, it's riot worry. The CIA isn't.that important. There are more serious things in this world at the moment: For example, I'm much more have covert operations. If I were' going to. risk my life to make Fidel Castro's heard fall off I would not tell anyone. in Congress. however, the fewer people who know about it .the better. If it is necessary before -any sort of covert operation to inform half a. dozen Congressmen then this in effect means you're not going to worried about the activities of the Federal Reserve Board.. ? . i ;w Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT a. 1" Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _d- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 DES MOINES REGISTER 5 May 1978 BY'RUSSELL RELY Register Staff Reporter About 50 Iranian students carrying neatly-lettered: signs ' and. chanting .slogans Thursday. night protested the :appearance: of :former 'Central Intelligence; Agency Director Willi n .'Colby , on= the University of_:"" South Alabama campus: -The- protests s organized;. by,the Iranian StudenEassociation a newly=. organized. campus group: ISA. spokesman AmirAzad said the protest ' was to focus attention on the.involve rnent of the CIA";and the U.S. govern- -rent; in Iranian activities. '--Colby spoke in the University Center as part of'a series.n addresses by. public figures-.on, the campus... Most of ,the students involvediatheprotest'in dicated (hat, Colby should:-'not have. been per?rruttedLto speak at- USA: Doug ;'#aylor" -a' member.- of an.. organization kno `'as="Equality` and- Econoiirie zTc". ai!YSA sym- pathizier;:'said. " &olby Arid others like. him' do not. deserve that kind of plat4r .form.,, . " :... ''When' asked about the former. CI director's rights - of free speech; a Taylor said Colby could not be: con-j sidered in "abstract: terms" andhaci< no moral speak on campus, than "other', criminals, 'mass" murderers and subversives.". Azad said the protest and others like it sponsored throughout America ISA chapters-. !,.,:.inform ""the American people the involvement. of their governrnent.?in the:regime of,:' the Shah of Iran." Azad said American support of the Shah has resulted in*-' assassination.=. incarceration of., "at;: least 100,000" political prisoners; ands other: ' alleged :: violations of human., rights.:.. " the kind of thing Amerlcaii3 are supporting," Azad said. He mew tioned President Carter's 'stand' or 'human. rights as running counter Ur. 'the position in supporting. the, current Iranian government-"-_:,__.` ,, We - `don't understand' how the' American government, which is th ? focus. of: democracy can support- tha, '. .kind of governmentAzad:said:: ccording to Dr; David Curry, the?, ISA's faculty adviser, and a. member oL.the; USA :sociology departmenie. ."faculty 'the organization has had dill ficultji?. Witt} obtaining recognition,. by..; the u;riversity:administration: He:said .a protest of Colby's appearances earlier Thursday was :halted becaus A .one,pf many:.participating' student, "happened not to be registered durin4 ;'the current quarter,'; - ;! ad ministrationhas .eyed posed:txtraordinarv requirements' .recognition;=such as the snpport'of'1 ;registered students iircontrastfo-star fdard`_procedure which requires::onlyc five' tudents?.trr form: a' recognized' 'orgaiaionrry'said_ The students' said they.:intend cor>`~, tinued efforts'to',expose "the Shahan. hid .regime for what; it truly is,'even - though wemust.someday return?toour coua&ntry7.and.face''their oppressiorr,"-' rotester gong bf normal Untveraity:Cente , ae~ 'a1Vit ' ;: ry .F-1 __ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 IIW - &el Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Assessed by U.s. . Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ug .91 ' ' fficials By,Robert Parry equipment could have been monitor- ? Associated Press inc, the neighboring Central Wing.l U.S. officials, after discovering so- That section houses the highly sensi- phisticated electronic spy equipment Live offices of Ambassador Malcolm in a chimney of the Moscow embassy, Toon.. are assessing the damage 'it did to Since the discovery of the -bug, 'em- American security and 'puzzling over bassy officials had reinforced their how the gadgetry works- One official called the Soviets' use :Marine guard on the building's roof' of the espionage equipment a "serious the at a point along the tunnel, said penetration of our embassy," but said the embassy source. A cat?and-mouse the electronic gear would have to be game involving the tunnel began with analyzed before deciding if. it had U:S. officials removing a brick from caused a major security breach. its. wall at night only to find it re- The offi i l h THE WASHINGTON POST 3 June 1978 oscodv Embassy cians, who sneaked 'into the 'embassy named, said the equipment was, appar- ently maintained by Soviet ?techni c a , w o asked not to be placed the following morning, the source'said. . However, another official said the originated in a nearby apartment tenna-was discovered during a rou- building', and then climbed up 'the tine security search. "There was regu- chimney: lm' physical penetration of the em- In Moscow, an embassy source said - -' "x OVVze witnout ,me the cable leading frnm rt,o .ae..a?e ... -edge ,Y the United States, .the offi- ing where a Soviet agent was- discov- ered before a bank of equipment, monitoring signals from the bug. He fled when U.S. officials entered, said the source, who - asked not . to be . The discovery. of the device also raised: questions about the equip- ment's possible link to- .other myste- ries involving-the Moscow. embassy- g never have been found if spe- such as why the Soviets have 'beamed cial? American -crews had not bee; at the building for years -n worrying U.S.- officials about. possible own to Moscow to repair-damage to the embassy caused by a fire on Aug:?- `health hazards.. .,a , (,,,, . ?mom auu. . we re glaa ding Carter yesterday said the device .. they did," the source said. ; ..~. was discovered May 23 d th an t stiff' protest"' was deliver?'d +>, a The discovery has also raised new - -- -- tea..& t.=c ouvi- wasnington said a link between the ets have not replied to the protest, fire and the spy equipment was re. Carte aid " ..... r s the: gene tem" could not have been used for mi-. , The official -said a connection be=-' crowave radiation a sin t th bassy and its personnel. The lev e em- el of leveln micro ave m thata the the Soviets; radiation from "exterior sources h re- ave beamedt th e . ,, aembassy- wa mains at about two microwatts he ' mor lik l e e y . said. Some officials have speculated that The chimney is adjacent to th m e e the mi bb -crowaveomardment could be' bassy's South Wing,.which houses jun- connected with intelligence gathering for employes and does not have a high , activities, possibly supplying power to security rating, but U.S. diplomats spy equipment concealed in the em- were concerned that the . bugging bassy; ,' ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-8 Although the exact nature of the said it apparently was not limited to eavesdropping devices. "We're doing a technical assessment of the problem right now. But it might take some time to determine. precisely how it. One source said .the- equipment; mi ht ApprovedApproved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 i1VUED ~~r? Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Arrow shows U.S. embass ~chimn p nd Y e9 where electronic spy e4uiment was found. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _~___ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 APTICT,E A EAR ON 'PAGE_?____,. THE NEW YORK TIMES 3 June 1978 J.S. Imposes Information Blackout, On Bugging of. Embassy in Moscow Special to'rne New Yorle rime, By CRAIG R. WHITNEY a planning center for a new embassy, building. The concealed antenna was apparently not related -to high levels of. microwave radiation. detected in the embassy in, 1976. That was continuing at lower levels; today,. one official said, possibly because i of monitoring devices situated outside the embassy..... _ I Ambassador Malcolm Toon is in Wash- ington,' and his deputy, Jack F Matlock Jr., issued Instructions .to embassy, em- ployees not to divulge anything to report- ers about the incident. -'It -is- notAmown?- what measures are= being taken to improve embassy security; or to assess the effects of the chimney, "andr. The embassv-is'understood to haves made a formal protest to the Soviet For , ^F.?n Ministry.... i It is :not clear how long the tunas; hac' Pone undetected. The embassy. origi-.; nally built to be an apartment building] for Russians of high position, is on Cha-- kovsky Street, part of a boulevard , cir- cling central Moscow. The building was turned over to the United States early' in the 1950's with the" purpose of getting the Americans away from their original. embassy overlooking the Kremlin. - 1 State Department security experts and the marines who guard the building make regular checks for monitoring devices. American correspondents inspecting the apartment building beside the south wing of the embassy today found a repairman { busily connecting and rewiring what ap-1 peared to be a communications box built: into the embassy's rear wall. . Soviet policemen quickly' arrived tot stare at the reporters and they left. When I an embassy officer was asked about the! box, he said, he had never seen it and; later relayed word-that a security expertI had been sent out to find out what its was. -and staff personnel, a science' office and discovery of electronic intelligence de- vices in the American Embassy last Sun-: day-all American diplomats.were or- dered to keep. quiet about the incident." Asked about the secrecy. which: was . imposed following: the disclosure .,In Washington yesterday- that the devices had been found, ,a high .embassy official said: "All I can tell'.you is that we're not trying to protect the Soviets." "Maybe," he= added :with a smile. "It's, :because we also-have'an interest in find- ing out what the Soviets' are tin to in 'their embassy in Washington.".-. . The continued mysteries here included what the Russians might have overheard cr peered into.' how. long. they had an espionage tunnel from ? an, adjoining -apartment building into';a chimney at the embassy'and what.kind of electronic de- vices they. had planted there. A Surprise. Encounter Despite the official silence, many unof- ficial accounts circulated today. One was- that. the tunnel had been discovered by a nited States Navy Seabee. or con- struction worker, who surprised-a -Rus= 'sign crawling: in' from the apartment building.' The' Russian fled, the account said, and the Americans then sealed off the passageway. Another version was that before the tunnel was sealed off, American security officers clambered through and surprised a Russian seated in front of an electronic monitoring console full of bugging equip- ment. -- ' ' Still. another report, which could not be verified, said that at least one dish shaped radio antenna had been found in the chimney. . The chimney rises at the rear of the part.of, the,three-section embassy build- ing containing apartments for secretaries 1; i --; Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 l~1R,T1CT"F' APP AR'E ON PACE 3 JUNE 1976 ,. Navy. Seabed `F?llO ied Wire . Startled Russian .,- MOSCOW ='.A. U.S. Navy Sea- bee's sudden ennfrnntntirin with n Associated Press By Barton Reppert. the wires from the . mtelhgence gathering devices down the :verti American -investigators .traced'. climaxed the latest round in the American' Embassy's long: war ,against Soviet electronic snooping, sources reported yesterday.. The._'surprise .meeting-An' , the basement.of'a nearby. building - rompting.the startled Russian to. flee? in surprise came , after'; American securitofficers disco'v ered: an .array, oyy :Soviet. bugggingg equipment;. hidden: in:an .air shaft ' in the embassy's soutltiwing;?.,...: i `.In Washington, State Department spokesman' Thomas Reston said the United States had lodged a formal protest with the Soviet Foreign Ministry. Russian manning 'a secret room' There was no immediate comment on. tne mci-; packed with surveillance . gear,1 dent by the Soviet government or news agencies. An official in Washington, who asked not to be .,named, said there was regular physical penetra- tion of the embassy by Soviets without the knowl edge of the United States: "We're still trying to figure this,'puzzle out," he :,.said;' "We're doing a -technical assessment 'of the- problem right now. But it might take some time to determine precisely how it works." He'said the equipment might. be linked. to the mysterious Soviet microwave bombardment of the SINCE THE EARLY 1960s, the Soviets have been aiming microwave beams at the embassy's 'cal shaft to. a tunnel leading into an apartment building ~6 { diplomats and a variety of electronic intell gen e- adjacentto i gathering equipment: further intrusions:. ' AMERICAN OFFICIALS 'Jn,:. .'Moscow-'and. Washington. were re-' ported :examining.,,.the'::sophisti='> sated surveillance Jdevices :and: " trying.,,to_ assess the..-degree to which the embassy's security had beenbreacheti.; k wh n t the embassy, the sources said. .:.. signed The peak strength. of the radiation has been fo- Finally; one of the Navy ' andl -. i cased in the vicinity of the ambassador's office on :.'construction' wacti the embassy classified handle s the ninth floor, located about 80 feet from the shaft was sent et into o thin. e tunnnn ei,el;a annd 'areas had a where the bugging gear was discovered. face-to-face showdown ? with ::the Earlier speculation about the purpose of the mi- Soviet :.eavesdropping `specialist crowaves has included possible use of the beams to monitoring operation ofthe bugs energize Russian bugging devices or to try to foil Embassy. personnel.i ater I U.S electronic eavesdropping efforts. i,.;?40,x:. ?n +ha *?nnet *n nrawanf.;, The sources here said the latest bug-hunting epi- security, men wee e sode began. late las running a routine check spotted a suspicious wire behind a radiator, in one of the apartments on the fourth or fifth floor of the embassy's south wing:.-- The telltale wire led into the ventilation shaft where the bugging devices were secreted. Near the top.of the shaft, the sources said, investigators found a dish-shaped antenna connected to the sur- THE INVESTIGATORS followed the shaft down to an underground. tunnel; The tunnel passes under a' room. where Soviet. employees.,who clean the embassy, are allowed' to change clothes, and then into the basement of ..the- adjoining apartment building: Y . { . is It appeared the bugging devices inside the shaft had been maintained regularly by Russians com- ing in via the tunnel, the sources said..,.;, .:. ! There have:been several previous; efforts in.. the history of the present American Embassy to ferret out Soviet bugs. The embassy was originally built as an apartment building and turned over to. the United States in 1952. In 1960, a'.microphone was found beneath the beak of the eagle on a U.S. seal on an embassy offi- cial's office wall. Later, U.N. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge displayed the carved-out and wired seal during. a U.N.' debate on the U-2 spy plane incident. In May ,1964,.. the. State Department disclosed that tearing apart of walls within the embassy had disclosed at least 40 hidden microphones, planted. on the eighth, ninth and tenth floors."':,.:'? veillance gear: --T17771- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Denied Iq Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDPO5SOO62OR0005O1240001-9 Q3 THE WASHINGTON POST 7 June 1978 Brushing' aside protests ,that' most. M ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-1.11 members had-no Idea, what: they -were; doing, the.: House- overwhelmingly. ap-? proved-a $. (deleted) authorization-.bil1i yesterday for.=the:nation's intelligence; community.. The. vote war. 323- to; 43r-F1veother members, voted. "present,". apparently- followingthe' example of Rep.-John F ..Seiberlisg'(D-Ohio), who complainedIt -that: the bill authorizes a "blank amount; so I. intend to vote,blank."... The ? Souse Intelligence Committee? insisted on secrecy for' the multibil- lion-dollar spending measure on the: grounds- that disclosure of 'even the to- tal.would'. generate pressure for more.< details. The bill, however, is believed to au- 'thorize more than $10 billion in direct' and indirect'intelligence,expenditures? for the Central. Intelligence Agency, . the National Security Agency and the rest ofthe intelligence community, in- cluding segments of the FBI and -the Drug Enforcement Administration. Intelligence, Committee. Chairman Edward P. Boland (D-Mass.) described the =measure '.as. an important, al=, though. , imperfect, first step. He pointed out that the House has. never., before adopted -a separate authorize tion . bill" for. intelligence' and has a1-: ways hidden the- money in' other ap - propriations. The 13-member committee had -pre-' ,pared an_83=page "Classified. Anne" for' House' colleagues'-who wanted ?tb ; know-some details'of the bill , includ :"; ing the- overalltotal. But .Rep: James P. (Jim) dohnson_. (R-Co1o.), one of: the;. few House members to,read.the confi.. dential annex, said it was; virtually use- less. 5 _ . "The Classified Annextells ?usabso-.f lutely nothing about what the lhtelli- Bence community : is doing,' he-pro. tested. Johnson a former member of the.,' Intelligence: panel' who emerged yes-.: terday as; the.. most forceful. opponent: of the , authorization; bill, said: he? feared--that- Congress 'was "returning, to the- days when an elite few mem-' hers exercised~'oversight over= the in telligences-eommunity"-and- kept, too; many secrets to.themselves: ""8e"said',the ?:coin~tilttees `:classified; 'eportr for-;example;: was crammed. ,,with ~ -impenetrable acronyms. .that.' made -the proposed 'expenditures vir. tually "mdaningless:'': Meanwhile,'' he said :lawmakers keep. coming: across, supposedly classified information': and "leaks to columnists in:r' pers almost'every day:of--`the week.- " We :don't even 'trust. elected offi: oials with`: even, the t are-' outlines,'.'. Johnson said adding that he resented;. the notion that:. appointed- officials in. the;.executive branch.;.were;somehow: safer repositories :.of,, government se-v Greta. Rep: Bill D Burlison? (D-Mo.),. chair- man of the;. Intelligence subcommittee assigned- to the bill, 1 said- that it- had made ``very.. substantial" cuts' in the administration's requests: "We have-' not servedeas. a rubber stamp,": he as- sured the`House. - In facetious. , tones, Rep. ' John L. ` Burton- (D-Calif.) 'wondered how in the: world he could offer an.amendment toi restore,the money-the.: administration wanted. when. even the. cuts were clas sified. Boland indicated -his committee: would' try to- make more` information. available to. the House next year, but observed that "there are some people who will never be satisfied" with any amount of 'secrecy.' : . . , . Rep. J. Kenneth Robinson, (Va.), a: ranking Republican on the committee,. agreed=that the", panel'-should try' to.: avoid- "excessive use. of acronyms" in future reports: But-%6 also pointed`-' out that only eight House members' were curious en6ugh about the "Class- ified Annex"- to visit the committee . offices 'and glance at it during. the. three-legislative days- it -was.' avail-, able.. ' Over..the'prolonged protests of some House: liberals, the Intelligence Com- mittee 'also won authority in the bill to-require reports next year on "ex-. clueiab ,aliens admitted- to this: country against .the, recommendations= :- nand said_the State De-:. partmeut has; been;:: pr`evailing- oa the attot ieyr general toy overrule the ' FBI ' repeatedly in : such - matters: He 'said. that the ' committee: wants the reports, to'determine how much of, a' "problem of counterintelligence" ' this firs ;created for the _FBL.- ,, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 o - &el Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED Jack Anderson..., THE WASHINGTON POST 4 June 1978 Toppling Infla'tion' . The Central Intelligence Agency has sent the White House an economic re- port that contains ominous news for all Americans. For the first time, the United States has overtaken the six leading industrial nations on the .CIA's inflation charts. This has brought an urgent warning from President Carter's chief economic adviser, Charles Schultze. "Additional federal action is essential," he told the Cabinet behind closed doors, "to avoid ra recession." The CIA has recorded. the trend in weekly charts, comparing the eco- nomic indicators for * Britain, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, West 'Germany and the United. States. In'November? 1975, the U.S. inflation rate started to gain on the cost of living in the other industrial nations.' President- Gerald Ford began passing out "Whip Inflation Now" buttons and threatening to in- voke wage and price controls. . Now Carter is trying totighten the federal pursestrings as an example to the nation. He. has named Robert Strauss as his special anti-inflation fighter. It is Strauss's heroic mission to persuade corporations,. unions. and families to tighten up. A rueful. Strauss was obliged to ac- knowledge the other day that "the 'score is: Inflation 100 percent, Strauss zero." This has. caused quiet despair in the backrooms. of the White House, where Carter has. questioned "whether the country has the'will to combat in- flatio ... , Without voluntary restraints, the president won't be able to keep the lid on the economy. His economists have found no government elixir that will had met with Kreps, Labor Secretary I Ray Marshall, Treasury Secretary Mi- chael Blumenthal and White House do- ; ensure prosperity, without inflation. mestic adviser Stuart Eizenstat. In De- Schultze has reported to the Cabinet: ember, Schultze began attending! "No substantially different. approach.) regular Cabinet meetings. has emerged that could satisfy, .tlf - s of holding down the deficit whilq o al g also stimulating the economy, creating "Z' new jobs and containing inflation. It will take sacrifices by everyone,{ It the presidenyhas told associates, to pre- vent the economy from going intoa stall. But he made it emphatic that;thr sacrifices should begin with the gov- ` ernment. The best way for the governme.nftd` fight inflation, he stressed, is . to`'cbtt' back spending. "It is sound political;'a5 well as. substantive, strategy to oppose' excessive spending bills," he said...: It was Marshall who suggested on 1 Dec. 5 that the federal government+ should set an example for the priyat sector. Otherwise, he. warned, ."tberg. will be escalating demands for wage^ and price controls or for a tighter mon- etary policy,- both of which proposal's are fraught with severe practical'gti political difficulties.?' The president, quickly agreeing; asked each Cabinet member to reasses . the spending habits of . his or h' agency and seek ways to hold down ins flation. He urged the Cabinet "not to let constituency groups dominate an agen cy's handling of issues that have infla- According to the confidential-i tionary impact." minutes,.,he emphasized "the need to. Schultze volunteered that his eco:; 'th hold the line against increases id.. WI nomic experts would review 15 to.20 budget"'and* announced his1determina' key government regulations each year 1 tion "to take a'firm stance against.aay; to determine how government activi-? additions proposed by the Congress.". ties and the regulatory process eoulci; The confidential Cabinet minutes, in;. be used to combat inflation. "Wli6,' dicate that the Carter. crowd didn't'. demanded Blumenthal, "would make begin to wake up to the economic !fan the tough decisions when the regula-I ger until last November. Commerce;: tory analyses revealed large inflatian?J Secretary Juanita Kreps kept warming; ary effects?" Schultze said he woulit that the gross national product,. they call upon government officials to-pro;' measure of how well the nation s duce alternatives that would cost less- doing economically, would be. disap- pointing. She called for regular meet- ings with the president's chief eco- nomic counselor. . By. the end of the month. Schultze Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT ?_ IWO Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _LILIJ .LL Tt1RTICLEP EAR U.NN-...V...., 1 ~.,.,..,.,~ ~., . vu. .{. .,.,v.,.,.~., .., ., .,. ., . rith the alarm or the worry.` ,~ The U.S:. Africa ; policy has .been `loosely based ona presidential'direc )ive that arose from last year's study: of the, worldwide, Soviet-American, ,relationship, known as PRM-10 It recommended that the United ttates .work to-: resolve Carter'administration is, scheduled';to Africa .J est^. ? { xw?n~ } a ': Once President' Carter, has consid- ,ered its `;`conclusions ;,and -chosen among: the 'alternatives.-~,offered ,`the' administration?rnipht. speak twithz4? of reacting ;to the.Soviet challenge: ;speech,:Annapolis'yesterday~;tor' unify the discordant chorus. of official:: comments :'that', has have ` argued for; years tha t the CIA s estimates are :too low. The. CIA estimate was between 6{ `and 7 percent until 1976; Then,:after :long skirmishing with;, the Pentagon. over the figure;' it raised its estimate to 11 to 13 percent. The United States,, is now devoting 5.6 percent of GNP to defense. Since 1976 Soviet military.spending is believed to have-grown faster than, ;the growth of the overall economy, sod ,that the percentage, would have to` ,creep up. But,: despite. some studies` that suggest, it should now be, in, a.'. range. of 13 to 14 percent, andsome' Pentagon : contention that' an even higher. figure is ? now' required; the. :CIA has : officially, stuck to-.11to:13. percent. ? CARTER. WAS AWARE',of that rrange, officials said. Theywereu I -able,to say why he used the -higher, ;figure or whether Defense Secretary: ;Harold Brown; one of his advisers.on: the speech, had recommended it ties,. .in AfricaFroii3ai ;Pentagon4 0=?l ED THE WASHINGTON STAR (GREEN LINE) 8 June 1978 ....r.i~ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _...; Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 The speech repeated a theme that ;the administration has used before to :try to offset what it considers alarm- ;'ist views of Soviet military strength. Carter said that, ':"although the Soviet Union has more missile :launchers, greater: _ (missile-war- head) throw-weight and more air de- I .fense, the United States. has more ,warheads, generally greater accu-' racy, more heavy. bombers, :a more balanced-. nuclear: force;. better mis- :'sile submarines and superior anti- ."submarine warfare capability." Without challenging that present situation, critics outside the adminis ;?;:'tration point with alarm to the Chang- ing relationship. The United States used to be ahead in virtually all those measurements, they say, but now it has lost some advantages and many .':.Of. . those Carter still cites are fast wasting away as=the Soviet"n~litary -'buildup continues. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 :.ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-1,16 Photos,' Reports Said To Back U.S.'.,Charge of Zaire Involvement :By'John 11ti.Goshko and Mary Russell The Carter,: administration,- yes-:'~ terday showed: Congress- some of the .evidence-sate to :-';, graphs and reports :,from .:diplo- _.' mats. and.: prisoners--on ?:., which.'. President, Carter based" his 'charge. that Cuba assisted the rebel" inva aion of Zaire last month. presented by Central :Intelligence: .'Agency. Director Stansfield.Turnerto' a closed session, of the. House ;:Intelli- gence Committee, consisted mostly of . information collected. from rebel,pris-, oners, diplomats .and persons An coon; : ? Turner displayed,., various.:: satellite photos. that he: said showed rebel en-, campments' near the- Zaire- botdet and; ? a. Cuban ship. being::,An ,,;Bola, the neighboring Marxist countiyr. from which the rebels launched their-'. attack on Zaire's Shaba Province:. t; Although` :;the `'evidence was .' de- ;scribed by the. sources: asaagely cir ward P. Boland (D-Mass.) said,."I' ~isfied,and the committee itself is satis-' 'fied, that:' the.' president's' statement :. was correct." His words' added the 'committee's: - backing to the support given Carter last: week 'by'. the top: 'leadership :'of. ;'.Congress:.; Senate' Majority Leader' .'Robert C.: Byrd' (D-W.Va.). and= Minor` Tenn.), 'House `= Speaker.' Thomas- P. (Tip) O'Neill Jr. '(D-Mass.} -and Minor ity Leader John J. Rhodes (R-Ariz.) 'Turner, at.theWhite House on Friday, However, it was .sot immediately: sional Support will' end the questions- THE WASHINGTON POST 6 June 1978 .,:.and doubts'that have, beenexpressed . about whether the administration has charges against, the Cuban govern- ment of President Fidel Castro .These doubts have come from some members of Congress, most notably. Sen. George McGovern (DS.D.), . and I asked not to be identified.' have said the- evidence appears. too circumstan- tial.and too susceptible to differing inn terpretations to be conclusive: Turner, speaking to reporters after_ his two-hour session with, the commit tee.. yesterday, tried, to address that "To sum up, we. have made a .very' careful-~ and objective'-'evaluation', of .this evidence. In intelligence; nothing can: be black' and -white: But. from the preponderance` 'of. the- evidence: and s,the variety of sources. over a`period- of time, we -can only come. to the conclu `sion that we did' Almost certain to add 'to the contro- versy was the, revelatiori'by'adminis- tration sources yesterday that none of the ,evidence., will: be declassified and made public-at least not under pres- ent White House plans. The: sources said.::;public; disclosure l ad.been. considered.butwas rejected outof fear it would reveal the CIA' sources and methods of collecting in- formation. As a result, they added, current' plans call only for the evidence to be gives to the Intelligence and Foreign Relations committees :of Congress on a restricted, nonpublic basis. That ' de cision, one source said, seems certain to be,adhered to even "if it means. a credibility gap" a :`. Despite a statement yesterday by House Speaker O'Neill that :the ad ministration had evidence of Cubans in Zaire, the administration has said, only that. Cuba' helped. Ito train and' equip the. rebels': in. Angola and that; Havana knew of the plans for the in-' vasion and did nothing to stop it.. Turner, underscored that point anew ,yesterday. "This government, made no statement that Cubans were in Zaire :or they, were not. The evidence is not .'clear one way or the other," he said. - Among those who Have men or been briefed on some of~ the evidence;. the biggest argument involyes.thereliabil-;: ity of the sources from? whom the'CIA,? obtained its information. Persons present at yesterday's, com? mittee. briefing. said: Turner referred to sources: only `in 'such general terms as "an African -diplomat" or a "man believed to have of.the rebel-.. invaders who.was: wounded'and inter-;=.' viewed,while.a hospital;prisoner.";.; A source who has seen one of the intelligence reports in question noted, that it contained 'a CIA nota ?~ thou h , g tion- that the African diplomat' who provided the' information had. never been used before and was therefore of One committee member said the l most detailed identification givenl by Turner yesterday involved- a Belgian national. who was taken prisoners by the invaders and transported to a rear area, apparently in Angola, for execu- said, the man spoke Spanish and used that language to plead' successfully with 'persons in ' command over his captors for his release. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 THE WASHINGTON STAR ARTICLE APPEARED 8 June 1978 ON PAGE C-1 T v T NIGH' Commentary Carl Rowan (WTOP-TV): Mr. Car- ,,ter will have to decide whether proving his ,charges (about Communist involvement in Zaire) is important, enough to.compromise an intelligence breakthrough. ;A more dif- ficult situation could be that, a high-level Cuban official is a U.S. intelligence agent who has revealed: what Cuba, Russia and East Germany have been doing It is be- yond asking that the U.S. betray a source in Havana:. . ,____T __ - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE AP ARL Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ON? PAGF,f 6 ,TUNE 1978 [leaders have denied oily recent involve- ?use'Lea went with the rebels;..who' had fled to f Angola from Shaba: Province, formerly 1; called Katanga.. :: . ;: in 81!.UUU' Ui i - L4.U &U3 in rinni, oe- i cause much of the Administration's Afri- ays He A CCep? ~s J .'can policy in recent weeks has., been based on the assumption that the Cubans Imat~::~ C b s and Russians were causing trouble for . denied by Cuban leaders.' ;. f McGovern Tells Can Version `'Representative. Edward ` P . Boland, D S S M G s)eeN1 Tha Now YaeV Ttmn ,, to :bear.a heavy responsibility for-the WASHINGTON, June 5-Adin:::Stans- "deadly attack" on Shaba, , "and it is .a field Turner,.the.Director of Central. Intel. burden and a responsibility, shared. by ligence;. presented evidence to the House Cuba." Intelligence Committee today .that ap- ` "We believe," the President said at that ;;geared to have satisfied its chairman that time, "that Cuba. has known of.;the President Carter was justified In,assert- Katangaa plans to invade and obviously ing that'Cuba had trained and equipped did. nothing to restrain them tom cross... Katangan,:.rebels..:and knew in`advance ;ing'the border. We also know thatthe '-'of their attack :on Zaire'f a Angola' last Cubans have played a key role in training month. The ;and equipping: the; Katangaas who at- ehwge has, repeatedly been tacked " :..s, _._.. ,,,_..:....::_ :.. . _: .. - Mr, Carter said at a news,' conference By BERNARD GWERTZMAN. :in' Chicago . on May 25 that Angola had x Admiral Turner; peaking to reporters, An' Administration official said that it was cautious in describing .the evidence' had been decided to brief !hie Senate for, ~> eign Relations Committee last, on; .the It is my considered opinion, he said; ground that. that.' group would. , be the ,that we -have sufficient evidence to, draw _ most critical The firs! brietsng-was att the conclusion tha there:must;have been the White House last Friday and involved ' Cuban dnme t in? the -t ?'.arid Congressional leaders such as the Housdf 'equipping of ,these insurgent forces which Speaker, Thomas P. O'Neill Jr., Democrat attacked the, Government of Zaire' last of Massachusetts, who commented toda May 13 ' r F, J 'I would say that the proof is there. that "We Midi a CRreful,:objecGve evalua . Cubans Zaire.": He also said he understood that the Central-Intel- tion'. of : this-no;~ 14 JUNE 1978 ssreDo~te }se V o -return ~~__ 44 - L E N I N G A A D? NPI1-Bernoe F:. tion concerntag. the inter -workings of three times this year n ask about legal questions regarding possible- prosecution Mitchell, a cryptographer at. the' super-.: the agency.::, secret United States National Security NSA, the-most secret amertcan intelli-: fo?P (espionage if he returned- to the *.. Moscow : 18 ? pence aaaacvs is concerned mainly with;:,, United States: - _~__: de ecta d f i r- -~... -.. y gn :.._ ~ ? ore yeear's' ago. _ evident y Wants W.1?comv breaking. according- i to informed'SD~Ces ; = Americas codes. It. also. intercepts: for-, visits- there Were:: substantial communications with sophisticated, sinus but. on the, third: visit, Mitchell Mitchell.. 49,-4nd- 8 colleague, Allan eigA communications I: Martin - 47, were employri as...jtmior- monitoriii equipment who had to wait. a few minutes until the t l dd , en y go ma consular official War free. su in, the NW-3 cryptogra . thematidatts A I.enio- , U.S CONSULATE, official. In. hy: department at. M Meade,:; a; up and eft: ' -' ,; t- `- .. ? _':.r. d confirmed- that Mitchell, of Eure.r detected S??iet Union 5 ka, Cal., has.. contacted American offs ii . .THE. SOURCES aid the' fact that* why they in.the summer.. of 1960:; :' > ~ +r. s; the possibility of return.- Mitchell got:] past.: the: Soviet militia After tmming.up vials. egg' In. MOSCOW= Se fect . mg to the United States:. guard outside:. the consulate indicated 1960:,thiy,,told'reporters-they ~..~ ..94Mitchell -has visited the consulate. the visits were. carried out, with. the.. ed "for~,moral and: nchante reasons, two.times`tis year.: to talk to a_ ?consular" knowledge of Soviet, authorities: saying'they were. dice heated: witb U:3: U4. , r, .._, .. two. ime . .his the American 'diplomat. Mitchell lives in-Leningrad and. teach- intelligmcamethodc.a talls'were mostly exploratory: ;t es at Leningrad. University: Martin;, of Their-. defection csus an i U.S..dedme r circles- beca cause 1Cwa. be-. Informed sources said Mitchell`visited .Ellensburg. Wash." also lives and works in. lieved .they. carried: wittt:themt: ittt4rma the American consulate in Leningrad ? Leningrad. D Mitchell . want ed:;ta leave this : Sopietr.U .ion, : "got: very, angiy sand= has= bees ? try ing to talk:.hsa> out`;o-.ic'~:+` ---rr Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 AR'ICLE APPEARED __Lff ON PAGE THE WASHINGTON POST 14 June 1978 li'UT' ..S ' U ~` `-/'?~{- - `.` T ' pI'. Yi.Cs~`rar~c ty +.~dtt.j ' ` ~ilf!z lletector es Keturm ome LEN NGRAII'_(UPF?-Berson+ possibty ;. of'.- returaiag:: to th Mitchell,;. 'a cryptographer :at the-. -United States ' super-secret ?U.S:. Yatfonal` Security- ; '.: ' Informed . sources said-Mitchell Aeency'who'. ` visited the, American Consulate Mitchell,,:48 L andr: 'a-:colleaue; garding.. Possible prosecution .for: William'-.1L Martin,"'~47,"-were`' em- --espionage if. he returned: in the`NSA's:cryptography: depart- visits::there' were substantial dis- is 1960 r` ,= ' ~ : visit,. MitchelI;''who had' to wait? a theydefected- few., After "tuttin - ,up= is OMM minutes until the: consular ' they saint they bad. defected "for official-: was. free, suddenly: got up moral and .political'feasons;'_",and and left':iwithout meeting the that.. they were diseachantedwith diplomat:":'~?L ~. ? s U.S. intelligence#:methods.,,;, .; m Te~sources'said=the fact that' 3 ._ _ ___ .. t the: Soviet guard , : i h ll t" pas l d a M tc e go i - A s .. _. t,;,r? ' z ) .s. w .. '..inforIIIaIIOA about.,2.1 S wor ~Y ` . Mitchell Ilves in eninSrad and': . breaking,forei codes;:and:Pro-r ylart iu;;'of Ellensburg,~tashc,,also*/i letting",-Americaa:::codes:-It::?alsQ liv~es.aad;w.orks is Leningrad, A U:S' CoasuIafe:: ofSMal'- in :;that.-,Mitchell: might:. leave=.. thee. L i g~ en Eureka. :Calif,:".had .contacted' has_been_trying to,.talk?.him out., f " T Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _d- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-22 States bent the rules last arresting; publiciz- the Soviets will continue to enjoy enhanced-.opportuni ing and holding for trial on high bail-,rather than qui- ties. to collect intelligence. here, then it-is the task of etly expelling-two accused Russian spies: The Krem- U.S.= counterintelligence to limit the damage. There is lin quietly warned that "two . can play at this game.' no particular benefit, we feel, in breaking the tacit When, soon, further publicity. was given to "discovery' rules by which these activities go on. The rules not only of. a Soviet-operated electronic listening post in. the regulate. intelligence operations. They also prevent in- U.S. embassy in Moscow, the Russians publicly protest- telligence activities from souring the climate in which some American officials privately. accept,. the United - worth the stress and risk of conducting. If that means not been equal That s why the air has been unusually.. side. Experience should have shown what sort of. opera' -In recent months, at course,' political things have ._ supplement to intelligence operations carried on out- THE WASHINGTON POST 16 June 1978 HE PROCESS .OF' ..Soviet-American. relations- ...In quick sequence they disclosed that they had quietly comes down to a continuing quest to draw rules ousted an accused American spy last July, and they to keep competition. within. bounds-The pursuit of pulled an American businessman out. of his car on a. rules is acknowledged in regard- to strategic arms. It. Moscow, street on a reported smuggling charge. Ap- Is tacit in regard to espionage: Both, sides long ago de- parently he was arrested to be. exchanged for the ar. cided to spy-but within limits.-.Though they surely rested Russians regardless, we do not think.his.,com- know or suspect who most of each:other's agents are,.- pany,.International Harvester, should do normal busi they grant them entry and let them operate-while ness with the Russians until he is free.. yy : ; keeping an. eye on them. The two-governments shy. If the-United States were prepared to forego spying- from doing physical. harm. to each other's, agents. Po- there, it would be in a position to crack down hard on litical things beingequal, each hesitates to embarrass- Soviet. spying here. But espionage. conducted inside the other's intelligence service by exposure.",_ Russia remains an attractive and presumably useful ed this "artificial aggravation oLEast-West relations. rules on more important matters are pursued. -.,., Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 1KRTI(~L` PPE ED PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER ON PAGE- 15 JU~YE 1978 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Arrest jars.. executives in Xoscow Associates- Preis MOSCOW - Stunned by the arrest of an -Alabama' salesman, American businessmen working here said after a meeting yesterday at the U. S. Em- bassy that they were: worried about where the Soviets might strike next. More than 40: industry representa- tives gathered at. the luncheon with high-ranking members . of the em- bassy to discuss- what'had happened to Francis. J. Crawford; : the Moscow representative for. International Har- vester, who was dragged from his car by police Monday night. The. po- lice took him- away,- leaving behind his fiancee, who'sought in vain to see him in prison yesterday. Crawford;' 38, of Mobile,.'Ala., was charged with smuggling and held in Lefortovo prison.. U. -S. Embassy legal experts said they believed he would be accused of - smuggling cur rency, an offense punishable by up to 10 years in. prison. Western observers here expect -the Soviets., to try to trade him for two Soviet U.N. 'em- ployes who are on trial as spies in New Jersey. Crawford was arrested: only hours after the Soviet. newspaper- Izvestia had reported that a CIA agent for- , merly attached to the U. S. Embassy here was expelled last July ;for spy- ing. Izvestia said the agent,:. Martha D. Peterson?.had-provided-,poison to an accomplice who used it to kill "an innocent '. Person'. who-stood ' in his way.-"r 'The Soviets had threatened to ex- pose U. S. espionage activities in re- taliation for the accusations against Valdik Enger and Rudolph Cher- nayev, who are being tried in New ark, N. J., on charge of conspiring to' pass U. S.-Navy secrets to Moscow, and because of recent U. S. charges that the Soviets- bad- bugged the i Aernrican Embassy in Moscow. ' The luncheon yesterday, one of a] series of. monthly gatherings organ -ized for businessmen by the' U. S. Gmmercial Office here, reportedly was devoted almost'. exclusively to Crawford's arrest. . . One businessman said that. those at:- the. meeting, virtually all the Ameri- - can' executives here, agreed to for- mally ask their corporate headauar ters what. action, -if any, should. be taken as a result of Crawford's. ar-.. rest. ".The business source said some par- ticipants suggested telling the Soviet Foreign. Trade Ministry "something. to. the effect that if you want good re-- lations, you can't have businessmen. yanked, out of their cars." Embassy sources said that Craw- ford's'' fiancee, Virginia O1brish, 32, who is from Philadelphia, was barred" from seeing him yesterday but did not argue with officials. It was hoped that the couple could meet later this week. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 'ARTICLE APPEARED NEW YORK TIMES 15 JUNE 1978 matador Malcolm Toon had asked for secre- _cv about the incident and that the Soviet Union had "found it possible to keep the incident from public knowledge." ? But the article said that, instead of treat ?T' ussiansj fellowiarg this practice, the- United States sources said today 'that- Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko:'warned Secretary' of State Cyprus R. Vance two-..weeks. ago that?the.Soviet Union would.soon`retali ate- against American. in-. Moso- unless. scw the United- States released two?Soviet em- --ployees of. the, United Nationsc`b'eing held; on espionage charges: According- to . an.authoratative:account of? the ;Vance Gromykor-meeting;- which' vas in New. York` oa May:31.,.Mr.. Grosny- ko raised strong: objectiona%,1 trhdt; he; tion of an unofficial understanding in re- cent years that alleged espionage activity committed by., each against the other would' not be subjected. to excessive piib licity. Gromyko said, according to the account made available, today. that..the United`; States, in -~:keeping. with -recent practice; .should allow:the. Soviet citizens to" leave the Unitett States, of at the mini- mum be freed on reasonable-bad pending -,-Otherwise--l' he-,reportedly cautioned ta:at 'caa plays tfie'sam game," ; As a f result.- American: officials had been wait- ing-..,f om the?retaliation to occur, and? it apparently began orr Ivtonday in Moscow in . two_episodes and may not be over 3oviec espionage."' -1 his was similar to the tine of argument used by Mr. Gromy? DSO-.a......~_._...__. _ .. -......_.._ _.__ _. -... Officials said that despite Mr. Gromy- ko's warning nothing. was done to alert Americans in Moscow becasue it was not ]'snown precisely what the Russians might do. 'The second development was the arrest on Monday night by the Soviet. police dR F. Jay Crawford, a service representa- tive of International Harv'ester' a farm 4nd : construction -equipment .t company. with a' long 'and 'active&tade-relationship \vith the Soviet' Union. Mr. 'Crawford was arrest4 while he wasp in his car with his .fiancee and stoppe, at a 'traffic-light.?'He?was- pulled -from the car and `taken 'by..the police cbrectly to prison, reportedly on currency vidtation charges. -The arrest of Mr. Crawfortfwas regard- ed by officials here as directly related.11 to the continued detention of:.:the-4woi .Soviet- employees of the : United 'Nationsi ,The harsh manner in- which he was seized.i was also seen here as a signal-to Wash-" yet.:-: [ington ? that the Soviet Union - was ready The last incident the disclosure by Iz to -respond in a tough manner... vestia, the Government newspaper; of the Officials_ here -said.-thaG_they-had no detention nearlya*-year`. ago.of:Martha idea why Mr. Crawford had been singled Peterson,, a vice -consul of the Amercan out : r :.. Embassy; on espionage; charges. _-,..There was an assumption by State De Mrs.- Peterson, who .was said offi partment officials that the ruling given by burn of the Communist Party had given cials hereto be. an employee of the Cen4 the Soviet security police, the K.G.B., au-1 trai- Intelligence Agency;., was-. permitted thority to arrest Americans not having: to leave the Soviet Union without publici- diplomatic immunity as direct retaliation oc thearrest of their citizens. ty. In the article, Izvestie said .that Ambas- ' Link to U.S. Arrests Is Seen - One? officiel said-that he doubted that either the Soviet Foreign Ministry or the I Foreign Trade Ministry.had a. choice as to which, American would-be-'rested. t--- "If-- they had,_Vm sure! they wouldn't have 'picked International. Harvester,, o of the strongest voices for Soviet-Ame'i- .can trade-in .tliis,_countrq.' the- official. said.. - ,..:.- .~.: Some officials said' that:they. expected that the:Soviet Union mightarressone or more 'additional ' Americans-"They also said' they expected . further; :revelations soon about other.-American espionage in- cidents in the past to counter. the publici- ty given not only to the- arrest of the two Russians but also to the .discovery late.last month of 'elabora'te Soviet listen- ing- dieyices 'in .the-American..-Embassy.- The two Soviet employes under deten- tion are Rudolf P. Chernyayev and Valdilc A. Engel,- who. were arrested- on Ma ' 20 in a shopping center in-Woodbridge; I.J. As employees of.'the United: Nat ;pns Secretariat,.-neither Mr.. Chernyayev nor. ' Mr. Enger, is.. entitled: to diplomatic im.. with them;: Vradimir P. Zinyaldn,.wasjl- sion to -the- United Nations-and' as, sucIjg had diplomatic immunity Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 WASHINGTON, June.. 14. Authoritative-' and other Russians charged was. a viola= Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-20. THE WASHINGTON POST 15 June 1978 Groinyko Said Oslo, U ns Arrest ,.? y, -., = ovlcn Enger and Rudolf Petrovich Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Chernyayey-pleaded innocent to .: A. Gromyko' ~ toe -'Secreta the charges and were ordered held . . .. -'Secretary, State inlieu of $2 Million bail each. Cyrus: R:: Vance lateIast Gromyko ?was reported to be es. government that his government was in pecially upset by. the unusually ceased by . the; highly publicized high. bail set for the two Russians. arrest-of=two`Russian nationals on. He pointedly advised Vance that spy.. charged and-might retaliate the Soviet Union .was: capable of: against Americans, a U.S..,official' retaliating against Americans in Moscow, said one official disclosed last night.:, = The apparent Soviet retaliation "Two can play at this game," surfaced Monday when Izvestia, . Gromyko was ''reported to have the Soviet government newspaper, warned Vance in New York during claimed d that Martha D: Peterson, discussions which d'eaIt rimariI IA agent posing as a U.S. em- p y bassy official, was expelled last . with efforts to. conclude a treaty July after she allegedly was limiting strategic. nuclear weapons, caught planting espionage devices. said one official who asked not to ` On-Monday ni rawfo-S: business. be identified.. man Francis J. Crawford, the blos. cow representative for Interna. The'Russian nationals who were tional. Harvester, was arrested on employed at the United Nations smuggling charges. Secretariat were arrested in New "It's clear the Soviets telegraph- Jersey on May. -20.- and charged ed their punch," a U.S. official w 71.7 ith espionage...,-i said, referring to Gromyko's warn- The Soviets=Valdik: Aleksand- ing and the following arrest. -71M Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 THE WASHINGTON POST ARTICLE APPEARED 15 June 1978 ON PAGE A -20 Nies Under G1~s, Washingt .... On . MOth In a Dramatic Departure From the Past, Espionage Cases Get Wide Publicity ? :..near "+` .. agwo Pont scuf.Wrner::.. ;;_,';,: The -. State:. Department acknowl` edged yesterday that the Soviet Unio .. .and-the United States .have-secretly handled:'..a-;`great many'":;espionage cases of. the sort .; that are' being publicized by both sides ,_ .:The. acknowledgement 'bolstered yvhat'government. sourcesh"ave -said privately for the past week:-,that.the `unwritten rules" of., spying;., which dictated mutual discretion,. are break- ing `The- approach has accom- panied a deterioration. in Soviet-Amer. f'an relations over-the past year. Govl ernment experts. said they expect fur. t5er splashes of publicity about espio- nage cases in the coming weeks. rt-The latest of?these'.came. Monday, when the Soviets revealed that nearly a year ago they detained and then ex- pelled Martha; D. -Peterson,::- a ..CIA agent posing. as=a' diplomat in,Moscow, after they caught her allegedly plant- ing espionage devices on. a bridge crossing the Moscow River. The U.S. ambassador in Moscow re- portedly asked the Soviets at. the titn to avoid publicity about .the incident, .which. they did until this week. Sources have; .speculated that 'the 'Soviets:: brokeitheir_silence.because the United States made public two-So- viet spying incidents, including the ar rest last month of two Soviet U.N . em_ ployes- who had allegedly paid. $20,000 for secret' American:..antisubmarine~. warfare documents.;;-. That arrest;' said one knowledgeable source,. probably would- not have oc- curred two .ears. ago, when ; Soviet- American relations were more calm. "It clearly changed the rules of the game," the source said, and going ahead with it "was clearly a major and serious decision-made at: the high-. est levels." ....t>.: State Department spokesman Tom Reston declined to -comment on. whether there has been as conscious change of policy in handling such cases.- Responding to a question about the Martha' -Peterson case,. however,. he said that "over the years, many of these cases have not become public." Later be. added that "a ? great. many . of them just do- not crop up." ~~ Government statistics show .a signi=l ficant.increase in U.S. prosecutions of espionage activity over the past three years. Tea defendants have been pros- ecuted:since:=June 1975, according to the.- Justice Department, more than during,- t1ieA=ai1 of the- previous 10 ,In recent months, the government-) has moved-'publicly against the two U.N.. employes,- a third Soviet dipla mat stationed at the United Nations and an alleged Washington-based spy- ; li ing ring designed to: funnel informa lion to Vietnam. . Recent- newspaper 'stories revealed the-existence of a secret Soviet-oper- ated electronic listening post In the south wing of U.S. embassy in Mos- cow. All this activity is in sharp contrast to the way things were generally done.. during the 1960s and much - of the 1970s. With a minimum of publicity, if any, the Soviets and Americans would cite "circumstances" or "inappropriate behavior" on the part of the other side and declare the offender persona non. grata. A lively debate- within the adminis tration - preceded... Preside ii Carter's - decision to approve prosecutionof the.=, most recent case of alleged Soviet. es- pionage-the arrests of - the- U.N... em--x ployes-according to sources:,;; State Department and' CIA officials-, argued against: arresting the. two So? viet: officials because they-- feared- re== taliationbythe Soviet Union,.=' But `Attorney, General Griffin B. Bell took: the'. position that-the case should be tried because it was a clear violation of law by Soviets not cov- ered by diplomatic-'immunity;' Justice= Department sources. said.. Though Carter finally 'sided'."with Bell, Justice-, officials said they did not - .view the decision as. a major shift in U.S. policy, toward -Soviet. espionage cases. "It's.; all being handled on: a - ! case-by-case basis," one Justice. official. said- . , f Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-20 THE WASHINGTON POST 15 June 1978 Soviet Harac?Q Vk7me,&% t a *By Kevin Klose. r s' Washington Post Foreign service, MOSCOW - In the. past "o-"year- as relations between: the United States and the Soviet Union have- gradually gradually deteriorated from the hey- ?day of detente six years ago, incidents of harassment and intimidation of American diplomats, businessmen and journalists. here have - increased in.'. number and severity,.: There is no? doubt in- the minds of. seasoned observers that the incidents, constitute-'a - rough barometer - of Kremlin feelings toward Washington. In the past :two 'days; two incidents have underscored this notion . On Monday, the : Soviets accused a former U.S. diplomat here- having been involved in a CIA plot, allegedly involving a murder, to "stop detente" by espionage. The following day, it' was revealed that. Soviet police had. dragged an American businessman from his car in downtown Moscow and had detained. him-on a reported... smuggling charge. Both acts are virtually unprece- dented. Never before have the Soviets directly accused the CIA of killing a Soviet citizen ??as part' of a spy plot. While businessmen have occasionally been searched at customs points;, no one here could remember an incident of such crude intimidation'as the seiz ing of,F. Jay Crawford. - ,' There are more than nano dozen. American companies-with: representa- tives here and the arrest of Crawford sent shock waves-through this group Many of them gathered at the-..em- bassy commercial office yesterday-for. ?a briefing by U.S, officials "They're upset and some' are'scar- To a degree, the two incidents' must be seen as separate examples of the tensions between the two-superpowers.. Relations between the Garter adminis tration and the Kremlin? are in.a pe- riod of extreme difficulty. as the two governments attempt to find a suc- cessful way to address each other's .concerns and conclude: a-nuznbez of important agreements involving- both .nuclear weapons and.. conventional forces. _ s ies The case'=of the diplomat; Martha D. Peterson,.. whose connection, with the CIA:-has ?been..confirmed, seen- by many' sources. here as a: straight ,So- viet retaliation 'against the =revelation two weeks ago by the U.S. ? Embassy that, .it.-.had;. found Soviet eavesdrop-'. ping equipment on Embassy grounds. Both governments in the past have sought to blunt each. other's allega. Lions- of espionage activity with reve- lations of their own. But the serious- ness of the. charge in ,the :Peterson case hints at a new intensity in the Kremlin's. approach. ":Similarly, . the Incident involving Crawford a. representative of Interna- .tional Harvester, a company with tensl ? of millions of dollars in contracts here and run by`-an outspoken-advocate of :closer.,'U.S Soviet _trade+ties,' evokes ghosts.. of the, cold, war Stalin- era. Not?Inng1 ago,.such' incidents would shave :tieen unthinkable.., That was: i the days. when: Soviet leader LeonidI Brezhnev,:and President Nixon hadl found responsive notes .,of trust and! understanding that- shaped and softl ened?".Soviet-American relations from the 1972 summit through.'the firsi months of the Ford administration. In the spring of -' 1976,S'with' Presi- dent. Ford, beginning. to find political? troubles.. itlydetente following Soviet' ?involvement ; in 'Angola,:' harassment ,began.=-anew for. - .Americans living :here. Several:US. diplomats were?jo tied and spat upon and warned that "worse.could' -happen" AL demonstr 'tions against, the Soviet Union in the :United- States by the Jewish Defense League did'---notes. cease. When the :league ceased: its protests' against So- 'viet treatment of Jews,. the harass- ment also stopped.. As events have-unfolded since, how. ever; the'. for Ameri- can :correspondents and diplomats es- pecially has been. marked by renewed pressure. The .'principal -cause hasi been Kremlin. alarm;-at the- increased contacts between the small; scattered groups of'hiimanrights,.,activists here and the reporters. This alann.'turned to fury when President Carter made human rights a major issue of his-new administration and publicly supported the dissidents, ? The KGB secret police neutralised the embassy's - specialist.: in:: human rights activities by heavy-handed sur- veillance. The state-controlled press began denouncing several American I correspondents working here at the time: George. Krimsky of Associated i Press, Alfred-W. Friendly. Jr. of News-' week, Christopher Wren of: The 47ew York Times, Peter Osnos. of. The Washington Post and Robert. Toth :o The Los Angeles Times. Krimsky; Friendly and Wren were- accused of working for the Central In- telligence Agency, the first' memory that journalists had been di., rectly accused of working for the CIA. Krimsky was expelled on alleged cur. rency irregularities and Toth was later seized and questioned, allegedly! for possessing confidential state docu ments...-.,.::._.:-=:::.,.:?:? ........ :.: ,:: The press campaign against these{ five has continued, although none) works here ' any-longer., Krimsky, Wren and. Friendly recently were la-1 beled as CIA- agents in a half-hour tel- evision show that was -a clear warning! to viewers to' avoid 'contacts with] American corresporidedts:-Tice-"cam- paign against the reporters has been combined with`aioves against'the dis. sidents, including arrests, intimidation, and-involuntary emigration. ::a5 - ? 'In the year since. Toth. was seized, i the KGB has repeatedly stopped jour nalists. from taking photos of'hews? events- and on several occasions has. 'seized film. CBS correspondent..Bler-' nard Redmont has . been interfered with three times. Another correspond-, ent was detained for almost five -hours by Soviet border guards as he drove back from Poland and many, of his notes and research files. were--seized and not returned. :. ,4,,.. . A' Soviet newspaper recently= de- pounced another reporter -and 'othe similar incidents have occurred to cre- ate : an atmosphere of frustration within the small community of report- ers. - - ? The recent spate of harassments?$is in part caused by the unfolding of events: a major trial of ..dissident leader Yuri - Orlov, which -triggered many incidents; a series-of demonstr a- tions by dissidents-and Jews. seeking, The Soviet reaction to these events leaves little doubt in the minds: of many about how- the Kremlin cur rently feels about some of the. forei Prq it findi_irpcidins?in sky midst:-.-,,,.- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ART1OE r^. 4PPr ARE. NEW YORK TIMES 67757! ~GE 15 JUNE 1978 y n~? l s liar 'With NewVi or By NICHOLAS_:M , HORROCK WASHINGTON, June 14-Suddenly:.this .spring it was,atl back in. the' headlines: ;secret agents,:'double agents, rnail drops, code books-and invisible writrng'.There: has been more public- attentian,: to inter national espionage'in the last sikmonths than at any time iii ?.a dec- ade. A. eold?.war espionage: News.. ''' apparatus that many: Amen- - Analysis cans. thought had-; been rele- gated, to the py noveL and the- movies again. seems to .be in ? place; and- flourishing..: What:-is :not clear-is: Why this sprtng?~~ _ ';:;,:_ one possible-.reason-for the:-latest flurry is--the. Soviet, contention;; expressed :": to Secretary of State Cyrus: R:. Vance by Foreign Minister Andrei?.:?A..Gromyko two weeks ago,. that. the: United: States; had violated an. informal- understanding. of re- cent years-by its highly publicized arrest of two Soviet empioyees-of':the- United Nations and. the. refusal' to lower.the.ex traor?dinarily high $2 million bail on each. i At that time,: Mr.-_Gromyko::'threaten Soviet retaliation: ; _-agains:. Amen n agents, -According to seaio.r-diplom`stic.sources; expelled a' consular offier here in -a fur.- intelligence officers and `present and for- Cher act of retaliation.. njer counterespionage experts, several, .In which the id next two months officers several-casee .1 violated unwritten diplomatic protocol by 1 unrelated, kept the kept th eye one are vin widespread public eye on spio-+ . g publicity.?to. thearrest nage.The United . States arrested, tried t other factors may have contributed to the and convicted two men of giving national developments.. security secrets to. Vietnam and expelled At. the -highest level, they;: maintain; its-chief -delegate:,: ,to the United Nations. are deteriorating diplomatic relations be- The. Canadian- Government,--: chose tween the Soviet Union and the-United. counter-espionage activities are,:-closely states.. They say this means that''deci- 1'coordinated-:with. those in the. United sions for arrest, expulsion, on? exposure States; ordered, II Soviet diplomats-and of spies in both countries. maybe, made other personnel home. after an undercov- fpr diplomatic reasons as well as on? the ?er man identified them as part of a con- facts of the particular case. , _;.` : spiracy to :get secret, information about t.c Another factor, one source-said. is that operations of-the Royal.Canadian Mount= tfie-United, States concluded: last fall that ed Police. t .. ;. Soviet. espionage activity here;'+had. ' bgot- - In April,. Arkady' N. Shevchenko,. hi ten out of-hand'.'. in the sense that.So- Soviet citizen employed at the 'United veet intelligence officers were undertak- Nations Secretariat, quit his high-ranking lag injudicious operations that were vii- post , and elected, to stay in the United tjially, a-'Arov_ocation. States. Intelligence sources said he had On Dec. 23, the United States expelled told them he could give the United States a:Soviet:diplomat in what one top-:intelli- information on the - activities of the :gtnce officer called a clear-cut case of K.G.B., the Soviet intelligence service, in espionage. .;However.- the United States the United States........ abided' by a tacit diplomatic agreement Last month, agents of the Federal Bu= vuth theSoviet. Union that restrains pub- reau of. Investigation arrested two Soviet lication ,of-.Information when one or the employees of the United Nations and other's spies get caught "with their hands charged i6.""~,?.;,-,-.,y ;~:... ..- . -,. .. ,~,~~,,, _ them with stealing secrets 1 Expelled From Canada about United States submarine defenses. 1 ,. I _..p The State Department ordered the Soviet S venal weeks' later the Soviet Union, Union to recall a third man who was 'iii retaliation,. expelled an American dip- released because he had diplomatic im- lomat?who United States officials said munity. was not involved in intelligence work One key source said the arrest was T:re' United- States,' several key sources a'- deliberate effort' to send the Soviet said, felt "this threw the whole thing Union the message that-its espionage ac-. oa of'-balance"- and --in late January it tivities in the United States be . curtailed ' his source and several others said that the vast increase in-Soviet citi zees on--official duty here and a treaty arrangement allowing Soviet ships to call at 40 American ports .had sharply. in- creased Soviet espionage efforts. This week the Soviet newspaper Izves- tia published details about what it said' was a Central Intelligence Agency opera- tion in Moscowt;last, July. Also this week the Soviet police; ' in' what may be, a fur-: ther card in the same diplomatic game, detained an American- employee, of the International Harvester Company, _,......' Beneath. the . diplomatic. level, several other currents are at work; according to interviews. Both the- United States and Canada have stepped"'. up their counter -pionage activities, and. the United States' particularly. has enlarged. the number of agents working on Soviet bloc intrusions. Soviet agents, on the. other hand;' seem more bold, less restrained by. the dangers: of exposurd. In one instance;, Soviet offi- cials made a direct contact with 'a- senior United States Government official, *on. source said. In the naval secrets case, one former intelligence. officer said, the: Soviet operatives seemed to move far more quickly-than they did in 'the'past .and were less concerned that they might' be dealing with a provocateur, working for the F.B.I....: , :.._,,..:.,.. Moreover, several sources said, Moscow seems to be playing to American public opinion by publicizing' 'spy stories it deems to be harmful- to the C.I.A.'s inter- ests. The Izvestia article was the second time in a- year-that a Soviet publication had talked in detail about espionage and Counter-espionage. ,. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 BALTIMORE EVENING SUN 14 JUNE 1978 rft Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ? ARTICLE AP EA ON j'AGE f PRILADELPSIA INQUIRER 1l JUNE 1978 is arrested in Moscow MOSCOW An Alabama business- man working, here was.. arrested by: Soviet authorities-. after- being- drag-C ged from' his. car at. a traffic signal and driven- Soviet police, the= U. S. Embassy reported yesterday. It-~ is believed that a violation- of. Sbviet" currency laws maybe involved. The embassy sent; a- . formal> letter to the Soviet: Foreign -,Ministry' pro- testing' the- behavior - of : the offic ' who arrested. Francis: J... Crawford, 38, a Moscow representative of Inter national Harvester; an: agricultural-, equipment. firm And U. S. State-De- partment spokesman- Thomas Reston said in Washington that the: matter had beem raised with Anatoly' F. Do=" brynin, the Soviet ambassador. Crawford's..arrest. came less: than. 24 hours after the Soviet newspaper Izvestia reported that MarthaD. Pet- erson, a former U. S.-Embassy.staff- member, . had - actually been- expelled.. for espionage when -she- left the coun ;~ try- last summer A well-informed Soviet source-said he did not believe that there was. any; connection between: Crawford's:. case and that of two Soviets, who- arebeing-. Soviet source said that iin.curre'ncy t ied'in New Jersey for alleged espio= matters "there is nd leniency." sage. Consular officials reported that put Western diplomatic sources.. they had met late yesterday with Crawford, but declined to divulge his said there was, "The Soviets have a condition or. to 'comment on the teadition, when their. hand is, caught charges against him, citing. U.S. and laws. ttwas dis~ is t7te cookie jar, of trying to possibly clSoviet osed v hriv e he aIbeing held, but get something, in return, _a: Western informed sources: said officials met diplomatic source said.: with him at Lefortovo Prison. The source; said that'; he' thought`;;. Crawford's,' fiancee, Virginia 01- C~twford might be- "an innocent vic :: brish; 32, was with him when he.was tho' of deteriorating U. S:-Sovlet.rel arrested. She is a secretary in: the _ U.S. Embassy's commercial section Legal. experts at the- embassy .said,. however; that they believed currency violations. were- involved in Craw- fgFd's. arrest. He was charged under- Artide 78 of, the Soviet criminal code, .,vfttch.: carries' a 3.. to. 10-year prison teat. The. article refers to smuggling or. t hp: illegal transfer of goods. or other valVMes-across the Soviet border..--A and'immediately- notified her office; officials said. The two planned to be.married this stammer, according' to- a friend.. Crawford; who is from Mobile, has been working.. in-,? Moscow for two years. An Internatiohi I Harvester 'spokes man in Chicago, Harry. W. Conner, . said that Crawford had-a good record and- was- unlikely- to have been- in- volved. in -currency wrongdoin& - Miss Olbrish refused . to talk with. reporters._.: :.: : : - Sources said that the two had been- ` on their way to a- diplomatic- party Monday. night- when uniformed mill- - tiamen? stopped their car at a` traffic signal on a downtown street. - Police- pulled Crawford. out: and. drove him away the sources said, They tried to detain miss Olbrish, but- she claimed - diplomatic- i ty~. and went to the embassy; the sources. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 4RTICLE APPEARED terminal' not far from the center: of; a : red light..: neat.: the .:Kiev railroad about two-: years;: ?.wa&_, apprehended':; smuggling; statute; . an American: Em-- bassy spokesman said Tuesday:. The, charge= carries"a prisarr: term: of from 3 to' 10.Years: :- Live'of':t o CMeago-based7Internation al HarvesterCw was dragged:, from. his car b* Soviet. police: Monday, night and charged. with-., violating an : anti- CHICAGO TRIBUNE 14 JUiIEE 1978 }MOSCOW--The Moscow'repiresenta-. ~Crawford's: finances- : Virginia: _O1d= ;. . brish, 3Z< of: Philadelphia, an employe; cial section;*. was..-. him'. at the Francis`Jay: Crawford A CONSULAR.oificer,fromtheem- spying charges basisy me ,.*ith- Craw fordtuesdaY.:-'TAE 'ARREST COivtES.'.at a tlaee and a rani g ' diplomat'1n . the. em when` relations :between the two su- baesy's Political: section' delivered a*, perpowers:;:are?rapidly' souring:: The- Soviet': United. States-::recently .accused: the,: Soviets of having' installed listening' The !foreigm:.ministry said-Crawford: devices in tom. American ?Embassy. was: being. detained,' under.: Article. 7i '`.. here.. The +Soviets- have accused ele- of the;criminai? code-of, the.Russian.: meats: in. the' United. States of treat- republic,; which deals with the. illegal ing a... The: iaeident; partia>larIy the method of. arrest;: was viewed-. by. diplomats as part of-an intensification: of. official. Pres- sure against Americans: residents,.one re- sult-of worrsening.-Soviet-American rela- lion Unthec::"revelations" of American . eapio? In decent weeks,' President Carter and his national .security adviser, Zbigai . Brzezinski,;. have-' focused sharp accuse tions . at' Moscow over. Soviet: and. Cuban military involvement In Africa, a continu. ing Soviet: arms buildup,. Soviet vialatimm of . hum~a~i ..: riiwghts,, and other. aspects:. or, .S behavior.- o r f ":+Cy'~ Mole latitudefor.. Soviet Yolin: : Such ~ increase.. in tenstoir.. usually gives, greater . latitude:. to the. police in the Soviet Union and Americans in. Mos. cow often become-targets;......... Many. foreigners.. have. long suspected that.Soviet police authorities-are behind the - activity of some of the young men outside: tourist. hotels offering black-mar. het deals of, rubles for-dollars or.exorb taut.- amounts in rubles- for- Western clothes - and records, The assumption ? foreigners, who, live here Is, that Iftl of the. offers, and' perhaps most,: are. in. tended to: entrap: Westerners. and. st" title- policeevidence, to :use. against them it desired;... '.:.! It?.is not clear. why the Russians-would want to. make, a case against Mr. Craw. ford.-He directs-.International Harvester' off! ~., rid; the fast machinery com... puny does. important business:-with: the Soviet ;The -company has sold large quantities of agricultural equipment to the Russians. at'a time-when some American. concerns have become doubtful about the, potential of- the Soviet: market. in the. midst of political strains with- the West It would seem-illogical, some. observers comment. ed, for the Russians to scare off business- men by police maneuvers, - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED THE BALTIMORE SUN ON PAGE .7L 14 June 1978 ;' posing spycase3 9 ~_ F ', K. But there:Was.ammediate_speealation here that Soviet authorities had something more. complerin mind with' the. arrest of- Mr.. t rawrora Lacking' diplomatic im.. munity;' he could.: be?' seen as a?. political'- Counterpart: to:, two -Soviet -citizens now-, : awaiting triaLin=NeW:Jersey for.: buying: ?U.S,militarysecrets: ?^---.~ -:- -.The. two Soviet citizens:'.Vaidik A En : ger, 39,.. and Rudolt P..,Chernyayev, 43;. have. been .held: ins lieu of $Zmillio. n bond for obtain secrets: regarding antisubmarine:warfare:: Both:.employees'. :.of the United Nations;. they were arrested:: -last' month: W4. :Woodbridge-1 " "shop ping center:.. As U.N. employees, they lack diplomat- ic, immunity.: They were seized with a third Soviet citizen, Vladimir-P.: Zinyakin,.. 39, a diplomat:who since has _left tlieUpit charged an American': businessman with violating currency-laws, the latest ie.a se- .. ries of episodes.:aniAmerican diplomat: termed ,.symptomatic of deterioration" in superpower relations. r Francis.. J.~ ;Crawford;`` M"- of Mobile. Ala.; was takwn,'forcibly'! from: his car in : Moscow at 7`. P1 L: Monday.; a=State- De partment, spokesman-: said :'; The= United State s' protested:"the-behavior of~arrest- lag author ities'" even before =consular officers gained access to Mr Crawford yesterday. ';zY s_+ -j tike Mr: Crairford:was desciibed'as the lun-? ior-- representative:.oLIuternational'. Har- -.; wester Company,in'.Moscow. His arrest oc . curred 'shortly:: after. Soviet officials re- ..ported, the expulsion last July of as Amer- ican woman diplomat, Martha, D.. Peter-'... son, for espionage'thatincluded.comptci- ty, in murder. rN::.... _ ' American.: diplomats judged( that-the announcement, concerning Mrs: Peterson, ? : 32, then a third: secretary, was retaliation' for Americaa:publicity regarding. recent-_ bugging of the:.U.s. Embassy. Soviet offi- cials' had ' warned: publicly; in fact;: *that they would adopt a tit for tatpolicyin ex -,- .- American=officials suspect that the So- viet government may be attempting to in- fluence.: the News Jersey: case by- demon strating. through. the arrest of Mr. Craw- ford, the vulnerability of non-diplomats. Andrei A. Gromyko, the Soviet Foreign .?-Mlnister, voiced his displeasure over "the matter in New Jersey" directly to Cyrus :'-R:-Vane the Secretary' of State, one -dip Iomat'reported:.''Mr' Gromyko; -who: re- portedly felt'the United States was?violat- ingunwritten rules of. espionage, was said to have warned about possible-retaliation "Of'? course. he Could have been refer.- ring -to the Peterson case .,.the diplomat remarked. 'But the Crawford case seems,-. M durectly':applicable= because of -the absence of diplomatic immunity Neither- side was linking: publicly :the publiechaiit of: arrests: and. spying reports' ; toe worsening. U:S: Soviet, relations .gener- ally::'Nobody .want& to.admit; one offi-- ciai said; "that individuals are. being. used. as, pawns:,Bntit's;impossible: to-.separate ?smalI. and, large, events- entirely, because,- of these. things:.x never would have seen: the light of day is a better... atmos phere.'r Alarmed-over Soviet and Cuban inter-' Africa; President.Carter has be- come increasingly-critical of. the Soviet Union.- Both'- governments;;' however, ap- parently have= attemptted' to? hold arms confrol. negotiations apart from their oth- er diffeiences"" U.S. officials refused to discuss details .. of.intelligence operations yesterday;-They :;'specifically refused to comment: on .:the:' ,'case :of. Mrs...Peterson beyondsaying that.` -she had been expelled last July after Sovi- 'et authorities. accused her.of `'engaging:m `. inappropriate activities." In fact;.:Izuestia, the?:Soviet govern meat newspaper,. reported.. that. she had "`been-Caught hiding espionagemateiial :: including a camera'and ampules of poison..:: Heraactivities; for. the Central Intelligence: :'Agency, the newspaper said, had :contib- uted to the death of one unidentified pee` SOIL :... Americad offfcialsi':privately treated Mrs: Pet er son's.employmenvby._the CIA as.. a: fact::-She-.bad... been. 'reassigned in Washington,' spokesmen .said but is "cur rently on leave.::. Mr. Crawford?:is accused of:yiolating Article.78'sof the-Soviet criminak.code,\a State Department'spokesttn an' deported related'to"illegal'currencydealings' ?.: The spokesman; Tom Reston, said Mr Crawford's car was stopped by Soviet. lice'dn-a'Moscow street Monday nights W was "forcibly: taken' away;': Mr.. Reston 'added; leaving. behind his companion:-Miss: Vugu ia- Otbnsh;, a.-U.S;Euibassysecre-- _? '~?l .-a-.'Z .~F,_ i - tary..Ar .~ . E She immediately-notifi d the embassy of. the episode,.-Mr.-Reston said: and;U.& diplomats begaa;seeking' an: official : ex- planation: George W. Vest;. assistant sec- retary ' of: . state:-#or, European,. affairs.. "raised- the matter,.. the spokesman" re- ported; is a conversation- late Monday with Anatoly-F: Dobiynin, the Soviet am- :bassadorin Washington: A spokesman :for International Harves- . 'ter Company said Mr. Crawford has been in` Moscow about two years. The law he is accused:of.violating.providesa penalty of 3 61 0 ;ears in-prisozr plus confiscation of. ": property and internal'eztle_ .. x.:~ _71111 ; Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO0626R000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-1. 15 BY Kevin- IUose .. ?_ :. washinsta PoatPoreign serriee MOSCOW--The' Soviet'governtnent','yesterda, accused' an' American posing- _as.'a diploniat?-in Moscow of involvement in the murder,oL n "inn cent Soviet citizen who stood in, the, way!". .._of an ' espionage ring, run :here- by the Central: Intelli- gence Agency. The charge, was leveled at Martha Jb Peterson;: a former. vice eonsul in the U.S. Embassy here. who was. described "-a CIA- agent who transmit- ted the poison used' in the, killing. The= alleged- ; victim or the 'spy .who . carried' out the execution were:.not identified.'" '[Sources * in. Washi'ngton- confirmed that Peter `son,.33, wad employed by the CI.a-,The State. De=- partment: confirming- she was= expeller,"iss-ueit_a :statetrient. 'saying "it: was alleged -that `she; engaged in inappropriate act'ivities."-It added , that-?sh ~? s .;r:;.:;?._ on leave.]` The accusation- iii the government -newspaper Izvestia alleged that ?.:'Soviet.- counterintelligence - rcepted- Peterson as .she- was. about, to :transfer) led inside a fake rock to her unidentified con graphic equipment and money. , "It'was -found. out-during. the?investigation that the poison, transmitted to the spy earlier had been used to kilt-'an innocent Soviet citizen ' who stood in the way of the spy's cri- minal activities," Izvestia said While U.S. Embassy sources refused to comment on the' allegations, ' they, said that Peterson worked in the em- bassy-from autumn-1975 to July /1977: and:that following her departure'she. was declared persona non grata by the Soviet 'government. ' Officials- refused to provide any additional' details ex- cept.-to. say that she-'had been "de- tained briefly" by Soviet police before her departure.. j: :: -? a. The extraordinary accusations pub- lished. on. the. front page of Izvestia' appear :'to be 'a response to recent American disclosures. '.that Soviet eavesdropping gear had been dlscov e'red. secreted within the U.S'. Embassy chancery here. They also seem to be linked to the arrest'in ,New Jersey of two Soviet citizens 'accused of espionage. Izvestia clearly; `indicated that, its' velations came after the "American THE WASHINGTON POST 13 June 1978 side":' violated an' . unwritten under.-~ standing under which the two sides) refrained from publicizing each -nth, [Sources in Washington said it. was .true; that the current charges- back and forth between Moscow and Wash= ington represent a:: departure from past practices in which. espionage-:op-1 eratives using diplomatic or- quasi-dip. lomatic cover were.- 'expelledquickly and without publicity.] :' Izvestia's harsh language under-~ scores the growing distrust now per- meating meating relations between the two l capitals as the Carter administration scrutinizes. its basic attitudes toward- Moscow and sounds repeated notes of.' warning to the Soviets both about the terms of a new strategic arms limita- tion agreement and Soviet military in- volvement in Africa.. Over the years, both -governments have accused each other of harboring j spies among their- .'diplomats and many diplomats have'fbeen expelled on espionage groundsi-* A trial is now under way in Newark, N.J., involving the two Soviets ac-, cused of conspiring to pass U.S. Navyj secrets to Moscow..,_ Izdestia's'accusations of CIA poison-' Ing are.virtually without precedent. It tied "'therallegation to an attack oni CIA Director Stansfield Turner's con- gressional testimony saying the CIAI no longer condones or supports politi- cal assassinations. ' .How to tally. Turner's public state-I ment with the practical -work of his agency?" Izvestia asked... The. long article, mixing sarcasm and contumely with purported facts,' leaves many major questions unan= swered in a confusing pastiche. It was written by Yulian Semenov, this noun-j try's most famous spy novelist and au-~ thor of a recently widely hailed televi- sion series about how Soviet agents: prevented the United States from,: The article said Peterson was iii-! volved in an effort to obtain informa tion and falsify it "to stop detente." It said she was seized last July' 15 after elaborate efforts by her to evade surveillance - and deposit the espio- nage rock in an arch of a well-tray.; eld bridge over the Moscow-River so -: it could be retrieved by the anony- mous SPY. . ' It said. that when she was appre- hended "she started shouting, `I am a foreigner.' Obviously the vice consul was shouting . so loudly to warn the spy who was coming to the appoint- ment place about the danger." The newspaper published two pho-, tos, one showing what it described as' t?e contents of the hollow rock and the other of Peterson and U.S. Consul Clifford Gross sitting at a table with items from. the rock spread before l July 15, Peterson drove herself to'thei center of Moscow; changed from aj white dress to black trousers 'in a' poorly lit placer and took a bus, trol-i ley, subway and taxi before she: "finally hurried to the bridge" span=; ning the Moscow River at Lenin Hills' "and put an ordinary-looking stone in a loophole in the arch. It was there that the vice-consul was detained." The rock' was opened in -the 'pres- ence o?. Peterson and- Consul Gross.. It "proved to -be a cache, containing cameras; gold [a] large sum of Russian money and a ' phrase book, micro- phone- and instructions."- The two poison capsules "and special instruc- tions on how it should be used also were found.""' ' The following day,' Ambassadors Malcolm Toon was summoned. to they, Foreign Ministry, and handed a: `pro-': test note, said izvestia,' alleging that U.S. "special services were pursuing' subversive pictures on Soviet terri~ tort', using the diplomatic cover of the embassy, and using such means- as poisons." - `" After the meeting, said the paper, `the ambassador said the U.S.. would', be grateful if what. happened would! not be made public. The ambassador: assured that he would do everything he could so that this kind of incident should not be repeated. Considering.] AI TINITED ~., Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 the man representing the U.S gov- ernment could not be irresponsible about what he was saying,.the Soviet side did not make the affair public.- "But now it has become clear thxA the U.S. has not taken any steps to stop that kind of activity. The scan- dal concerning 'Soviet spying' has 1 been authorized." Izvestia also named Robert Fulton; Jay K. Gruner and. Serge Karpovich as "implicated in . the . espionage." Sources here said Fulton was a poli- tical officer. from July 1975 to July 1977 and routinely reassigned to Wash. ainton. The other two made 'a brief visit here. in November 1975:`- Peterson; whose husband was killed over, Laos five years ago; while serv. ing as. a. Navy pilot, has been assigned to Washington.. Officials., said. she isj currently-on leave. While linking -Peterson' to the al~ leged.-death' of a Soviet citizen,' Izves- tia' did not identify her. accomplice j but : left- the- impression that he was a Soviet citizen who provided. in- formation to the CIA. 0 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 r r } t o t Tees ale hedbele( Pr6ss Photograph published by Soviet newspaper shows accused agent Mullin r elcrson with U.S. consul Clifford Cross and alleged espionage equipment.. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 24RTIC AP DE NEW YORK TIMES oAx,p~GF,, i~c'' 13 JUNE 1978 T D .Soviet, Retaliating, Publicizes Case! Against :Woman Linked - to C.I.i the arrest in Woodbridge, NJ. of two benkment; walled along an alley near Soviet employees of the United Nations a tennis court, waited until no one was caught in the act of picking up Navy around who could somehow be alerted documents on antisubmarine warfare. to her, and hurried to the bridge. The two did not have diplomatic immuni- There, the paper said, she put her cache ty, and; are in custody on $2 million into a chink in the stone of the bridge. awaiting. trial. A third:.Russian, a diplo- She was.caught in the act and seized. mat, was expelled from the United States. "I'm a foreigner!" she exclaimed.. "What Izvestia identified several other Ameri- are you doing?. I'm a foreigner." . can-officials as C:I.A. agents, including` ...The American consul, Clifford H. Gross, Robert M. Fulton, who worked in the was summoned to the interrogation,.Iz- political section from July 1975 to July .vestia said. He is shown in the published 1977, according to the embassy spokes- photograph seated' next to. the young man, and Jay K. Groner and Serge Karpo- woman. lowed-out stone for-pickup-later by a f:vich; who had been in Moscow on tempo- A subsequent Soviet protest listed the Soviet citizen working for: the Centrat raty duty in November 1975; the spokes- cache, contained in a milk carton, as in. Intelligence, Agency, the paper said. man reported. cludstg . "spy instructions, a miniature I_vestia accused tile-American, Martha In? 1976, =an- American woman named camera, various valuable articles, a large D. Pttesson, of complicity ut the poison- Martha Schneider identified Mr. Karp; seen cf soviet-currency, two am At, ing and murder of an unidentified Soviet vich as one of: the officials who pursuad=. dead) Fula` citizen. It said she was an agent of the- ed her to rent- an apartment in_Salzburg, y poison and special instructions for' C.I.A., but had been allowed to leave the" =Austria, for the C.I.A. - its use. ' Soviet Union because she had dipiomatic Izvestia said that Miss' Peterson had immunity. An embassy spokesman said Incident Is Described in Detail refused to say for whom the-poison vas; -that Miss Peterson, who arrived in the According to the Izvestia account, Miss destined, and. that. -similar poison .1tad' fall of 1975, had worked for the embassy's Peterson drove toward the center of ,Dios- j.bcen passed on by her previously to-=j economic section and then as a vice ccn- cow on a warm evening last July 15,. unidentified Soviet agent, sul, before being expelled, but he declined parked her car in a dimly lighted area. ~. further comment. changed from her white dress into a U.S. Embassy Used as a Cover Izvestia said the publicity, in the form black jumper and slacks, locked her car. ! sbee i roTaexe.Yatraee "? `.`=~ By DAVID K. SHIPLER . Sptial to The ?AA Yo ft Timer. :.? :: MOSCOW, June 12-The Government newspaper Izvestia - said today- that an American woman assigned to the United States. Embassy here had been arrested, last July as she planted a cache. of spy equipment,. including-.?ampuls3of a.aethal poison, on a bridge over the Moscow River. _~__ ~_._._,.... _"_-?? - The packet, containing miniature cam- eras, gold, Soviet currency and ,written instructions, was- hidden inside= a hol- ered with alleged spy paraphernalia, had down into the subway, and only arter been authorized because of "the new that took a taxi, the paper said. round of anti-Soviet hysteria" in the "What then?" Izvestia continued. '"The .United States, specifically in response to vice consul lef+t..the._taxi on the river em- of an article with a picture of Ness Peter- and got into a city bus. After two stops; WASHINGTON;. June 12-Adininistra2 son in interrogation, behind a table cov- she transferred to a street car, then went ton officials had no..fort7tai comnwnt today on the Izvest:a report, but. they.: said privately that Miss Peterson ;,.33- years old,. was a C.I.A. employee h ? w had used the United States Embassy? i.4 Moscow as a cover. - Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APP 9x G.E Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 13 JUNE 1978 S.I%so publHA with By Seth Mydans"::;-' w'*` "-,"?_'? was,~used. to=kill'; an: "innocent"who /` had come ?to -respond, "it said. taaxatsd Proa~ " " stood .in the way- of the CIA: The Izvestia article appeared just MOSCOW The: Soviet. Union; `... Neither the embassy nor the State : .over= a week after the United States. :carrying out. A. ..threat to publicizes",, Department ?.'shington. had any" reported the _ Discoveryin its Mos details- of ?U^ 9 -spg activities; .?ac r~;^?omment"yesterday -But"informed"7 cow Embassy of secret Soviet 'elec cused the C1;A;' :yesterday of an; ources in -?Washington said Miss elaborate undercover operation here' .?eterson was_,a'CIA. employe who_- trenic equipment believed to be"lis- involving caches of gold, secret'.` had, been working; in a-cover job in ' teeing`devices dropoffs of instructions and an Amer.- :,'the embassy's :' consular section. A ranking Westerndiplomatic" ican woman.. spy ,purveying. poisons'.":r_Izvestia? leveled::the charges:in; re- source here said yesterday that the The government .news papec Izvestia?:--=- sponse to. U.. S'.accusations that, the equipment. was of a kind never before said. U.. S: Embassy Third Secretary, Soviets are soving on 'the American seen by security specialists and that Martha D. Peterson, who. left Mos Embassy in .Moscow and to- an es-. it needed further analysis.,.. .. cow last July, was in fact expelled.-:` pionage trial now under way in New In response to these allegations of for" espionage and, that" Ambassador. Jersey that involves two Soviet of- eavesdropping on the embassy, the Malcolm Toon had requested at the:; ficials of the United Nations. Soviets had warned they might re- time ,that ahe. matter be. kept quiet; .Now that the United States is try The newspaper.": charged- that poison " ing to build up a . "scandal" ? over supplied to. a spy by Muss Peterson. . alleged Soviet spying, the time veal documentary proof. of.-U. S. es- pionage here. Izvestia described - in detail the case of Miss Peterson ands said' it was just. one. of a network' of cases "uncovered' by the Soviet counter- intelligence..service.''.-......, ....._ :......_ :: On the evening of July 15, 1t said, Miss Peterson parked her car in a poorly lit place, changed her dress and took a series of buses;' to a- bridge over the Moscow. River; where she put "'an ordinary-looking stone into an archway. . She was detained there; ;,`the' "stone".' was opened, and it- "proved to be a cache containing cameras, gold, moneyand instructions, as well as ampules with a poison,," Izvi estia :. said. Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 $ZT! 2 2PP E oGE Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 13 Jt NE 1978 L a Yi:6 >'01 Moscow (AP)-The Soviet Union; carrying out. a threat to divulge details of alleged U.S. spy activities,.. accused the Central Intelligence Agency yesterday of elaborate undreover operation here involving caches of gold, secret dropoffs of- instructions ands an- American. female agent ' The government ,newspaper Izvestia .made the chargey"iL-=response to U.S. accusations that the Soviets were spying on the American: Embassy in Moscow and to an espionage: trial. now under. way in, New Jerse , j ?Time to.Respond'?," Izvestia said that. details of the U.S. activities had: been kept quiet at Wash- ington's --request,. but'. that the United. States was now trying -to build-. up a "scandal"' over alleged'-Soviet spying, and the time had come to respond. . Izvestia . said: that Martha- 21). `Peter- son, an embassy employe who- left . the Soviet Union last -July, was in fact, ex- pelled for espionage; and --that U.S. Ambassador Malcolm.Toonhad request- ed at the time that the matter: be kept way of the CIA. Neither the 'embassy- for the 'State Department in- Washington had any. comment yesterday. But.- . informed sources in Washington, who asked not cache containing cameras, gold, money' and instructions,. as. well. as ampules with a poison," Izvestia said. The Soviet counterintelligence serv. ice established beyond a- doubt that the poisons taken from the-cache had been sent to Moscow by the Central Inteili- gence Agency not for the first time,' the newspaper said: - - Izvestia described the Newark. N.J., espionage trial of two Soviet United Na- tions employes - Valdik Enger, 39, and Rudolf Chernyayev, 43 - as theatrical ! buffoonery." The two pleaded innocent last Tuesday to charges they conspired to pass U.S. Navy- national defense se- crets to Moscow. ; ~.`, ?,~ . rte, . to be identified; said that Peterson was a CIA employe.-,who had' been working in a cover job in the embassy's consular The Izvestia. article appeared just over a. week after the United States re- ported the discovery 'in its Moscow- embassy:. oL secret Soviet. electronic. equipment believed- to be listening de- vices." In. response to' allegations of eaves- dropping on the embassy, the Soviets had warned-they might offer documen- tary proof of..U.S. espionage here. On the evening of July 15, it said, Peterson-parked her car in.a poorly lit.. area, changed ..her dress and took a. series. of - buses- to a bridge over the - Moscow -:River,. < where - she put - "an ordinary-looking stone" in an archway. She was detained there,- the stone" was opened, and it proved to be a Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ;ARTICLE APPEAR M WASHTNGTOY STAR (GREE LITIE) ON PadGF 13 JUNE 1978 Soviets Name 3 'Accomplice?l In J.S. Espionage MOSCOW (AP) - The Soviet gov- ernment newspaper Izvestia says at least three other persons are impli- cated in the espionage for which Martha D. Peterson, a Vietnam war widow who was third secretary of the U.S. Embassy.., here, was expelled last July. The United States has made no reply so far. to yesterday's Soviet charge of spying and complicity in murder against Peterson, identified as a CIA agent who for two years was on the embassy staff. - Izvestia said Potarsnn maa olr- she supplied poison io an accomplice iaentuiea as CIA agent ...,.... .J ..._ as-- Peterson was not declared persona non grata until after her departure. Sources in Washington who asked not to be identified said she was a CIA employee who had been working in a cover job in the embassy's consular section. Izvestia said the charges against Peterson had been kept quiet at the request of the United States. It said they were being made public now be= cause the U.S. government on June 1 made public . its :- charge'`. that the. Soviet government bugged the U.S... Embassy and because of the espio- nage trial in New Jersey of two Soviet employees of the United Na- tions. The government paper gave this,- account of Peterson's arrest:- - On the evening- of July_ 15, she son who stood in his way." 'The accomplice was not identified, al- though presumably. he was a local Russian. _ "ALSO IMPLICATED in this espionage," Izzvestia said, was Rob- ert Fulton, the first secretary of the embassy's political section from mid- 1975 to mid-1977,, and two visitors from Washington in 1975, S. Karpo- vich and J. Gruener. Neither the embassy nor the State Department had any comment, but Western sources in Moscow said - aca a.aa .,~ a ywrLy in. place in oscow, changed her dress and took a series of buses to a bridge over the Moscow River, where she put "an ordinary-looking stone" into an arch- way. SHE WAS DETAINED there, the "stone". was opened, and it "proved to be a cache containing cameras, gold, money and instructions, as well as ampules with a poison. "The Soviet counter-intelligence service established beyond a doubt that the poisons taken from the cache had been sent to Moscow by the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency and not for the first time. "It was -discovered . - that the poison. that was given to. the, spy earlier was used by him against an innocent person,-. who stood. in his way." . Izvestia said Peterson's -case was one of a network "uncovered by the Soviet counter-intelligence service." - The paper ; termed the Newark.: espionage trial of Valdik Enger and Rudolf Chernayev "theatrical buf foonery.... directed by the CIA and FBI -.. , to justify in the eyes of their superior the failures that took place in Moscow,"" . The two U.N.--'employees pleaded innocent a week ago to charges that ,they conspired to pass U.S. Navy se-, crets to Moscow...... . Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 trio DLtL1111VRL. JUiN ARTICLE PEARED 13 June 1978 soviet aeges C1A spies ran o eration in Mos~oW ~ D eavesdropping :gn_the:embassy, -the Rus- The Izvestia article appeared just over a week after the United States. reported the discovery in. its- Moscow. embassy of secret Soviet electronic. equipment be- lievedto be listening devices... , r Yesterday, a ranking. Western diplo matic source here said that the equipment was of a.kind never before seen-by securi- ty specialists. and that it needed.further analysis. In responses to these allegations of Moscow' ? (AP)=The -Soviet.-.Union,. carrying out a threat to divulge details of American spy activities, accused the Cen- tral Intelligence-Agency yesterday of an elaborate undercover:operation? here in- volving caches of gold, secret drop-offs of, instructions and an American woman-spy purveying poison...::, The government newspaper~1zvestia.; leveled the charges in response: ta' United States accusations that the Russians are spying on the American Embassy in Mos- cow and to an espionage trial now under way in New Jersey.. It said that the details of the U.S. activ- ities had been kept quiet at Washington's request, but that the United States was now trying to build up a "scandal" over al- leged Soviet spying and the time had come to.respond..:.......,.: Izvestia said that Martha D. Peterson,. .third secretary-of the U.S: Embassy, who left the Soviet Union last July, was in fact expelled for espionage!and that American Ambassador.Malcolm_.Toon had reouested at the time that. therzrtt;zi btrkept quiet- The newspaper 'c +:rged that poison supplied to a spy by'Miss Peterson was used to kill an "innocent." who stood in the way of the CIA. Neither the embassy nor the State De- partment in Washington had any comment yesterday. But informed sources in Wash- ington who asked not to be identified said that: Miss Peterson was a CIA employee who had been working. in. a cover job in the embassy's consular section._ sians had warned they. might reveal docu- mentary proof of U.S. espionage here. Izvestia described in detail the case of Miss Peterson and said just one 1. of a network of cases "uncovered. by the' t Soviet counter-intelligence service." - On the evening of July 15, it said, Miss Peterson parked her car in a poorly lit I place, changed her dress and took a series of buses to a bridge over the Moscow Riv- er, where she; put_ "an ordinary-looking. 11 stone" into an archway. She was detained there, the "stone" was opened, and it "proved to be a cache containing.cameras, gold, money and in= structions, as well-as ampules with a poi- son," Izvestia said. _ "The Soviet counter-intelligence ser-. vice established beyond- a doubt that the poisons taken from the cache had been sent to Moscow by the Central Intelligence Agency, not for the the first time," it said. "It was discovered-in.the process of in- vestigation that the poison that was given to the spy earlier-was used by him against an innocent person who stood in his way," Izvestia said. By "the spy," Izvestia ap- pai?ently was referring to the intended re- cipient of Miss Peterson's material. After Miss Peterson was seized, Izves- tia. said, Ambassador Toon was sum- moned to the Foreign Ministry and told she must leave the. country, the paper said. Western sources said, however, that Miss Peterson.was declared "persona non grata" only after her departure last sum- mer. . . The Izvestia account, headlined "Who Needs It?," included two photographs, one showing a table covered with alleged evi- dence of espionage, the other showing Miss. Peterson sitting at a table with U.S. -Consul Clifford Gross. "Also implicated in this espionage," Iz- vestia said, were Robert Fulton, first sec- retary in the embassy political section from mid-1975 to mid-1977; and two men who visited briefly in 1975-from Washing- ton, S. Karpovich and J. Gruener. Izvestia described the Newark (N.J.) espionage trial of Valdik Enger, 39, and ! Rudolf Chernyayev, 43, two Soviet em- ployees of the United Nations, as "theatri- cal buffoonery." The two pleaded innocent last Tuesday to charges of conspiring to pass U.S. Navy national defense secrets to Moscow.- . . "One can see with-thnaked eve that this show, directed by the CIA and FBI, ! was only staged to justify in the eyes of their--superiors the IU.S. espionage) fail- I ures that took place in Moscow," Izvestia said..: Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 paTICLE APPEARED CHICAGO TRIBUNE ^OIi?AGE--- 13 June 1978 a s~3' was liwoived death plo: MOSCOW [API-The Soviet, Union ac-: atrical buffoonery" designed to divert cused a former-American employe of attention from U.S. espionage failures.. the U.S. Embassy Monday of engaging Izvestia said Miss Peterson was de- in espionage before she left Moscow last clared "persona- non grata and was summer_ The. Soviets charged, among sent out of the Soviet Union by the em- other things; that she transmitted poison, bassy after she was. apprehended last used to kill an "innocent" who was an July 15 as she left a cache of espionage obstacle to CIA operations.: - material at a. secret niche on a bridge The government.. newspaper . Izvestia over the Moscow River.: said the- woman, Martha. Peterson, took- The Izvestia story. was the, first report part in an elaborate' espionage plot in- that espionage charges,were involved- in volving the planting of. cameras, gold, Miss Peterson's departure. - money, instructions,' and poison: i ' Izvestia said U.S.. Ambassador Mal- In Washington, informed 'sources who colm Toon was called in to the Foreign asked not to be identified said Miss Pe- Ministry after she was caught, and he terson was a CIA employe who had been was told she was no longer welcome to working in a cover job in the embassy's remain in the country. consular section. A State. Department AT A FEDERAL court trial in New- spokesman.. declined. immediate com- ark N:J., two Soviets employed at the Iflent, and the embassy here maintained United Nations, Valdik Enger, 39, and official silence. Rudolf Chernyayv, 43, pleaded not THE SOVIET newspaper also charged guilty last Tuesday to charges they con- that a trial of alleed Soviet spies cur- spired to pass U.S. Navy national de- g rently under way in New Jersey is "the. fence secrets to Moscow. ---~1 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Jr,RT1C_T"P AP?' AR17D WASHINGTON STAR (RED LI E) (J=7N 1 13 JUNE 1978 s The Soviets informed the embassy pull gna; , an to u Y s e ed them from the vehicle...: parked her car in a poorly lit place in that Crawford, who: has lived here` A well-informed Soviet source said Moscow; changed her dress and took; about two- years.i~ was being held he believed it, would be stretching'a'.: a series of buses to a bridge over the under article 78 of the Russian crimi- . point to connect Crawford'sarrest:'( Moscow River; where she put "an with the report earlier :yesterday in ordinary-looking stone" into an arch- . Izvestia, the government newspaper, way. _ sentative of International Harvester, ,:s:me wor s rcial In the: section. U.S. She alerted Embassy's S; nffi com ='?. THE GOVERNMENT . :.. paper gave and a U.S: official. The meeting was;- cials, saying ;authorities stopped:: -this account of. Peterson's arrest- set later in the day.` :, their, car` at.'a traffic si 1 d On the evenin of la t J I 15 h 'I s y, spo esman. said the . Crawford was .arrestedwith his nape trial in New Jersey of two. Russians . will allow a:.'meeting. be fiancee , 'Virginia ,.;Olbrish, 32, ; who Soviet employees of the United Na tween Crawford ; 38, who is a repre k Lions :ge currency viola resented: a formal written protest Soviet government bugg p bugged the U.S. k .over Soviet behavior in the casEmbassy and because of the espio- pn ` embas VIETS-.ARREST _. U.S.Use, BUS1NESSMAN By Seth Mydans-::,:; nal code, referring to :smuggling .. _ luav.w aca wa grata until after her departure. COW..-' The Soviet govern, . nog rata Soviet border. Conviction could Som.ces in Washington who asked not ent arrested an American business=:- harry a 3- to 10-year' rison term.'.: man : here . a few:. hours after it; :'_. . tQ: be identified said she was a CIA charged an American woman forA WESTERN diplomatic source in -iVlo who had been working in a merly. attached tp the U. S. Embass ';;Moscow who asked not to be named. Cjob in the embassy's consular with. espionage' and murder-by-poi-. said it is possible the Soviets might section.. estir said the charges- ac inst son.. .want to. trade.. Crawford - for two, at Soviet United Nations em toYee Peterson had* been kept quiet at the Embassy legal experts,formally trial in New Jersey." ' . s ony request of the United States. It said notified today of last night's arrest,; y' they were being made public now be- said they believe Francis Jay Craw The spokesman said embassy oftl cause the?U.S: government on June 1 ford of Mobile; Ala:, was detained o- : c'als spent last night and early. today. made public ? its .charge that .the charges of all. A trying to~ locate Crawford the-- [ne u.b. ltmoassy.: :+ .. _ :: ? Martha D. Peterson,' a Vietnam war, widow, the embassy's third secretary,-was expelled last July for espionage, Izvestia reported, adding she. allegedly supplied poison to an accomplice 'who.used ~it to kill "an innocent/-person who.stood: in..his THE ACCOMPLICE! was-not iden tified, although presumably he was a .local Russian.. But Izvestia said "also Implicated, this ? espionage was Robert Fulton, the first. secretary of the.e embassy's political: section from mid-1975 to mid-1977, and two visitors from. Washington in 1975, S.. Karpo= -j vich and J. Gruener; .:: _ :.._,... Neither the embassy nor the State `Department" had any 'comment, but Western:. sources , in Moscow'. said to.; be a cache containing. cameras; gold, money and instructions, as well as ampules'with?a poison.- ? . .".The Soviet counter-intelligence service established beyond a doubt that the poisons taken from the cache had been sent to Moscow by the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency and not for the the first time. - "It was discovered ... that the poison. that was given to the spy earlier was used by him against an innocent person who... stood : in his } way." . . -, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 U.S..Yubucly? l~narges ., with electronic spy devices within:. the - . U:S: chancery .building: c State. Department spokesman John Trattner, said: the::lstening. Post: was.. discovered in- the chimney . of- the. chancery.- building, and: was, linked to: an . underground ...tunnel;- "extending considerable distance through the em. THE WASHINGTON POST 10 June 1978 soviets le 101x,.1 ! ss1on.:::... t N :By DI sko Ded@r::,;=ar.i. The Soviets charged that .the. United wsmaswasaaawnser w,.; y States is using its Moscow embassy.) The United States p ly accused for espionage activities and thaiU-9 the-Soviet .Union: yesterday of ."crude embassy staff hado penetrated intrusions' into-:the:: compound of the neighboring Soviet: apartment U.S.. Embassy--in- Moscow ands. setting ing, destroyed its heating facilitup a "secret-listening p- ost? emupped damaged - a ""protective - system A by- the Soviets"to? counte signs was: con- The. underground. tunnel: nected to a "neighboring. Soviet apart ment building" and. "Soviet ; Personnel had been- observed : to- enter : and .. oe . cupy the tunnel'from the end connect-, lug to the Soviet apartment building," Trattner said.::' . Trattner. said. U.S.: security person-- net discovered electrical- cables: to be "energized;" .adding; "There can be? ab- solutely no, doubt-that this. listening post. had, been actively operated by.' the Soviet side.'. ,--- . y, The U,&-charges- were contained. in,,: . a summary- of'. an. earlier t American .;. protest Trattner offered after dismiss. .ing as "absurd" Soviet public charges..... State Department officials.said tae .that U.S. Embassy personneI.had'pen. disclosure of details.. about. the .em trated into the-neighboring. 81111aiaa hussy -:;bugging incident : bad been apartment building: "' .... prompted byr.- Tass charges; Thursday The Soviet charges-were-contained about alleged U1.S. espionage activities in a' note So vletAmbbsdador-Ahatoliy isMoscow:'-?:,' Dobrynin - delivered, of . , Trattner said that it: was;' expected State Cyrusr..Vance..yesterday after- here -thatr the. Incident would not:-have noon. The contents of, the Soviet note-:.'- :: any -lasting effects on. Soviet.America'h had been released.Thursdajby'the of- relations.. "We don't intend that it ficial Tass now agency. will," he added.: ' Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-10 intelligence operations. U.s.. Officials,: said: the Soviets, < ?in an earlier- note, had. claimed: that. the chimney shaft was.not _ within the U.S. Embassy compound... "This."- : officials said,."was too far-fetched to answer.= writing" and the note was.rejected as, "totally erroneous." Yesterday's charges suggested. that U.S. security officials- have known .fon some. time about the existence of tbq. underground tunnel "we watched. be. fore we blew.the.whistle," one. sou said. But it has yet-to be "determined how long the underground tunnel' and, the eavesdropping' installation j in : ''the- south .wing- of -the embassy; buildiu; have been-in exdstence. f . The' embassy buildingu was on nally a Soviet apartment building con- structed after the end of..Worid ? Wb II It' was converted by - Soviet ArmX engineers in 1931. and .the -` U.S Enn: ~ bassy was established there in 1932.' . Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 STAT a_ N, Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _d- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APP^ARED NEW YORK TIMES 77E , /n 16 JUNE 1978 By BERNARD GWERTZMAN_ Sp.etai to.2L Now Serf Times WASH]NGTON, -.June 15-The Admin- istration has added a new dimension to its efforts. to substantiate, President Car- tees assertions that, Cuba was. deeply in- i volved in training. the Katangan rebels who invaded Zaire last month from bases 4n-Angola. !?' _ Faced with repeated`deaials by Fidel Castro, the. Cuban' leader- that Havana was involvedin-any way and expressions of skepticism by some members of Con- gress about - Mr., Carter's- evidence, the White House-. has. been:. concerned that Mr: Carter's-credibility-was being chal- lenged, officials acknowledged. today.. reuse to ma public anv documenta- tioH or Ine arses. agars Cuba. But yes er y,. ody Powell. the Presidents memorandum by Herbert E. Hence ' the central nce Bence Agency's hen pib Information. summarizing the Ad- minis rrat'ion s position, The or mi n .is .dated June -A-spokesman said today that Mr.. Hetu had not actually drafted the materi- C a but 'had only conveyed it in. memoran- ~Q form to th e. White. House,' at. its said the White House had ' wanted sanitized" statement about the intelli- gence information and it was the White Wide-Variety of Sources' ' The- memorandum 'flatly -asserts. that '.evidence from a wide- variety of sources over the past two yews refutes. Castro's denials .of. any d act Ior ndirect: involve- But the document. lacks details out the sources. of the C.LA..'s information.. It has has produced the most criticism o Capi tol Hilly,'.:, -J- One Democratic member-of the House, who requested:: anonymity-,-- said today that' on the basis of a briefing' from the for lack of evidence.",, ,sue Ar?, The Katangans,.members of the Lunda" 'Angola and southern Zaire;. crossed into Shaba -Province in southern; Zaire from Angola, via Zambia. on May 13 and over.. ran the town of Kolwezi, -which they left a few days later. In March 1977,'-the. Katangans also crossed into Zaire and were-driven out two months later.- In the first days after the latest-Katan- gm invasion. the- Zaire Government charged that the Cubans were behind' it, but,-,the, ,Administration. said repeatedly. it. could. not. confirm that until. May 19, when:: Tom Reston, a .State Department spokesman, said new information had be- .come available-- showing "recent'.'-. Cuban ktrazning of the rebels: :--Castro Admits Cuban Training Role tp,b;?.. i. t had been kaown.that Katangaa :had received Cubaii; training in 1975,_-some- thing'admitteddby' Mr. Castro: but the Cuban= leader ira`:meeting with the chief American diplomat in Havana on May 17. speck xca113r denied any recent Jnvoly- rn'm Since Mt; Reston s statement. enliriW. upon by-Mr, Carteron May 25 and again yesterday,- the: Administration has-been -engaged in, trying to prove its case..- : The C LA. memorandum said that there wasp,"no.: Independent - information to confirm-: press. reports that Cubans had accompanied'; the Katangans into Zaire. But ? they: evidence, it said, does "contra. dict'"Mr_.Castro's other disclaimers..:. _ . Among:the assertions in the memo are the following:. . . ' QAs early as the summer of 1976"Presi- dent. Sovi- et and Cuban advisers requested: Agostinho Neto, of Angola '.'to sup- j port incursions by Katangans into Zaire. No source=was listed for the information. In mid-1976,- Cuban and East German officials provided military training to the Katangans at Sarrimo Air Base in Lunda Province, No source was given. - - _ 9The invasion of Zaire in March 1977 :was supported by Cuban troops in Lunda { Province . who -were - with the Katangan troops before and at the time of the inva- sion. No source was given. - 9After the first invasion, military, :training for the. Katangans continued .in northeast: Angola;-:,"with the- active sup- port of Cuban isstrrrctoces." Over?the susn- mer-, the guerrillas had established train: ing bases in at least five Angolan: towns: Caxomba4 Nova Chaves, ChicapaSauri- mo,. and Camissombo No ? source-.: was given. .,,. qin August-197T;.5,000 Katangan re- crufts- and: -1,500 . veterans of` the first Shaba invasion were reported to be under the control of Cuban and East, German instr uctors' and: in addition "Cuban and Angolan?.troogs tr2mpoeted large quanti- ties of .weapons from; Luanda to a camp near Cazombo for the.- use of. Kataagaas around blots time:'& qn early 1978 theKatangan leer,: Natharsiei MBumbo, announced his inten tion to invade Zaire and said that Cubans were providing' aiins?and' iraining. It was ' t reported elsewhere that. this was done in . a letter to. the Zambian. Government. 9At - the same time,-Cubans were re- portedly organizing' the- movement of a large number of Katangan.troops 'from. northeast Angola toward, . the Zambian border, and the Cubans accompanied the force as advisers.. No source was given for the information 3 Major Conclusions Listed. The memorandum listed three major conclusions: . -' .... J . . . "I' The, Cuban.--presence in Angola is pervasive. Little of importance< is. done. without their involvement ? s:. 2.. - Katangan insurgents. have -been :trained and armed by the .Cubans and possibly by the East Germans for several 'Years. Thi sassistance ha had. the active upport of the Angolan,, government. The Soviets- have- been - indirectly . involved in this, activity. "3.?? The May 1978 invasion of Shaba province. as well as the March 1977 at" tack took place with. the cooperation or the'-Angolan, government and . the Cubans. Several senators,. when advised of the C.LA. memorandum, said that it was a close summary of what they had been told in. a- briefing by Adm. ' Stansfield Turner, Director of Central Intelligence. But they said that despite rather exten- sive questioning. he did not provide the sourcing. information' they: had requested. Traditionally; the intelligence com- munity has been extremely reluctant .to m ov d details about the sources of infor- The members of Congress were told that the material had come from Katan- gan Prisoners and African and European diplomats, but they were not told much more than that, senators said. -ri , Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE A-1,17 . ta?_4. ~r.. By John. M: Goshko and Edward Walsh In a ..;reaction to continued questioning,,. 'of President Carter's charges of. Cuban complicity in. the invasion of Zaire, the White House yesterday made ..available ?: a sum- mary of the evidence on which:: the president based his accusations:`,;. This intelligence summary draws a ncture of Cuban troops In Angola [Draining the Katangese"rebels and ins point for their invasion on. the Angola-Zaire border.. The rebels in- vaded Zaire's, Shaba Province.-last month..--,, tains a number of specific assertions about Cuban involvement in the iala sion, it does -not. contain -any.. backup, official, who described the summary as a' "sanitized" selection of" informs= made public without. revealing intelli. Bence. sources.. :~, - A=?^ s As a result,, -the White ? House sum- mary seemed unlikely to resolve what troversy about Carter's ' - charges- whether the administration's evidence comes from sources that are suffi ,prove Cuban involvement.:,.: The White 'House official insisted that the' information in the summary. ing, from a, variety of sources-Euro- pean, African- and'. what. he 'called tion that was not. included in the. sum mart becauseit was regarded, as less? reliable byU.S. intelligence analysts; THE WASHINGTON POST 15 June 1978 :For example,' he said, none?"`of.`'the :material in. the summary came, from Zairian sources: However;' several members-of.Con- .gresa; and.', some. State .Department. seen-it react sources, who have part of the backup=data, have continued to insist. that it'appears too circumstan- ' tial and too dependent- on' sources. of questionable'- reliability to'., establish the J.adminictration's?: case:; convine- ingly~fa~tx: Duringj1recent` days;' `these -?so urces have-given 'piecemeal accounts of the evidence that has been. made available on a selective basis to Congress. They have'?described - it 'as: consisting, . in large measure, of data 'collected . by the! CIA from African .diplomats, cap- tured Katangese- rebels and agents of 'European-governments.;,...:., But, the' 'sources have- noted; much of it Is clearly identified: in' CIA re= ports as information received : at: sec- ond'or:third hand or from persons of unproven reliability. Some of ? the spe. cific data has been described by these sources as a report of a conversation with: a Soviet- diplomat. in' a third country. or accounts of persons :who appeared to be ' speaking - Spanish working with. the rebels.:' ? ? The- sources' concede'that the- evi dence does point to some kind of Cu= ban, involvement' with 'the rebels-;at least in the past=and provided an a& equate intelligence basis for Carter's; policy.decision? to..assist..the_airlift, of French and Belgian paratroopers to Zaire. Instead,.'these''sources say, they *question; whether the evidence was strong 'enough: for justify. the adminis- tration's attempts to influence world :opinion by. making public accusations against another government.- '''President Fidel- Castro' has denied. .thee U.S.. charges- vehemently;: 'and some State' Department. officials -are known to fear privately that.. Washing: ton 'doesn't 'have 'the I ammunition to win its escalating war of rhetoric with 'Havana,. particularly -where-the atti- ?tudes of-Third World countries are in- -volved. _~ .The main- points of the White use summary allege that Cuba may have equipped and reorganized the Katang ese forces in Angola as early' as 1975, provided planning and training for invasion of Shaba. by. 2,000 Katangesef in 11Iarch 1977, and, following the fail-( ure of that -foray, continued to, aid the' rebels until shortly before their latest ;,invasion attempt.last month.. I The summary charges thAt- and and: Soviet advisers asked Angola's Marxist government In 1978 to perm! -raids, into Zaire ~ and that Cuban and -East. German: personnel; trained the rebels at Saurimo air base in. Angola's. Lunda Province. Following-' the ` 1977 invasion, _thel summary says, Cuban-instructors ' pro- vided training for the rebels at fiv bases in northeastern- Angola--Ca- , zombo, . Nova ' Chaves,' Chicapo, ~ Se- . remo and ? Kamisfomo. :... , , . By . early.this , year,.. the summary .continues;'the Katangese leader, Na. thaniel M'Bitmba, was declaring his intention. to topple 'the Zaire govern. ment and : asserting he -had the sup- port-of the Angola regime. NBC News reported last night that this claim was ~ made in a letter asking permission) from neighboring Zambia'to cross its territory in order - .to: 'enter- Shaba' Province_ :,...; ? .. Throughout this' period, the ? sum- mary says, Cubans were involved in i organizing the?4ogistics of - the rebcis' movement toward the Zambian border ' and' accompanied'' them to the point 'where they left Angola to-enter Zaire through a small strip of 'Zambian ter- ritory. The summary added that the United States has:'no'proof that.Cu- bans went with the rebels into Zaire. ,..In the upper righthand .corner of .the \v1'iite. -House _. summary, : there 1 :appear the : initials H.E.H., ,; which' stand 'for Herbert' E,' Hetu,. the pub-1 ? lit information'" director at the Cen-1 tral Intelligence, Agency who. super-i vised production 'of.' the document.I .The summary, dated June 2, was thei last of ..several draft:. summaries! written to back - up Carter's allega-+ _tions_ against the 'Cubans .in. Africa, ! Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED THE WASHINGTON POST ON PAGE- _.... 14 June 1978 sertions. that his troops ini.Angola had aided:'the-xata igan, rebelswho myad ed Zaire.:",:,s~..raG-~"$i to Amerlcari?ieperters;:= >souglit5 to,counters:charge font charge the as-: uage-was. eloquent, frequently impas 'sioned :Fidel'-Castro- had--been ehalw. :'lenged;,bx.the Whtte'House For weeks; he: had, heard his denials; of Cuban, in- forceful:''ab times subdued,; The:lang-, ?can'charges:?:, ayie*onday.An his?spaeious?~* ce'at Havana's,: Palace : of ,the:-: Revolution; .Casts made, his..ease-He+:satiaad he: paced H'e-puffed.,his-::cigar",;;;raid-tt~e+: words .tumbled forth~ : '' may.,-be-private>about-. some things? becsaid.zRte;,maYL discreet:: But. we. never- have;?_Iied-We:-never made use. of. lies .as: aa;instrument;of is :.President, Carter:,.wha.: has,, been 'confused -,and' deceives'- by;-, his' ad lying; Castro declared,:. but. rathel~ it.; many: stormy-moments;; but therecent Id, 3Ainericanuban:.relatfons=have liad ? ::."Iiowtwould:Iilie:toi:f~N'~:Arabass~'. ,- am- I-going''.to-tell.a.lie to: [Secretary., to..a-priyate. which. he sanomade, ax of State- ...C,yrus] Stan :when he has : poin ts. r ..: had' a=constructive -..ta,~respectfUI at Casts `said lie told Lane "there :were= no Cubans titude-to the~problems"'bettween Cuba ot:oft Cuban soldier-involved in. Shaba;. that we ,,. and'the anitediStates?' Castro. said'-.he`: had asked; hunself ;before:,' :' -~ :.~ many-.: times:,iarecent' weeks, fi"How Caastra;nvited US. interests section chief Lyle Lane: don]- Andreir'Youfg, who- has been respectful and.' I Idnd to ust, How: would I lte to [Se$.] George ; McGovern,'who has been interested in improvement of : relations with". Cuba?"' lie. to The answer C-astro,said he was-thab. he had not. went on="Historywil prove someday that we-were telling' the .truth: and'ithat.the.. charges against-.-us: ' ....-...~..; { _ _ _ _ ... ..lla, strugglge fromAngolan bases Relations With Angola. The State= Department's- African:- team:. would like- to ? establish diplomatic' rela- tions with-Mr. Net's Government. which insists that' it-will remain nonaligned de-, spite its Marxist ideology.' and'the~ large- scale Cuban and: Soviet Presence in Ango- la. But strong' opposition:- from. Congress and, elsewhere make formal :reoogintion of Mr: Nees impossible for. the' Carter, Admiriistration~- at: present; - particularly' after- the, President's charge of'-Angolan Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 THE BOSTON GLOBE ARTICLE gPPEAM 13 June 1978 ON PAGE -t -2 InteiijnceO~ Africa. the: invasion and that: Cuba,. which. has a: substantial . military presence: in.Angola,."shared."?,:_that responsi able quality of-courtroom evidencedeserves aplace is bility:Fidel,Castro denied the-assertion and his.deni any ensuing debate. al drew the interest of members; of. Congress:: To sup-- Yet there are substantial dangers to the whole . port the Administration charge .CIA Director Stans- affair. By focusing on the degree of. reliability.of: CIA field,. ;Turner appeared before': two :congressional; , information on . Cuban involvement: in Zaire-.a focus.. committees, to outlinethe intelligencg.:information on. which the larger questions of the Cuba and which it was. based- ;..~,, the Angolan capital. Several senators who attended. .....the. committee::. hearing Friday ;expressed skepticism 'about Castro's: veracity, . but added that they. were disturbed by the fact that.Carter_.had*-not `bothere& to inforar: them of the Lane.cabie:,:=z..~:...,_-. 'The.point is that the adminis- tration. never told:=us.-::about it," ,.said, ones senator:; who. asked noV -talenamed. Rrobert?.C: Byrd;.D W.Vm,. the Senate; inajontyl leader,.. in. a .J riefinga for nawsmem yesterday.: said that regardless:; of the=new disclosure,, %the Cubans area actr ing as. the. cat's; paw of, the Sgvi _., and are in: control in-? Angola. the-troops which- invaded Zaire did come from: Angola, and.; the Cubans:~have trained Katan ganese: ands supplied- them with .equipment-"' Byrd added:-: "Who knew what=and some- whatperipheral. United States' interest section in Havana, following. a:? meeting. on May 17 .with Castro. ... =:.~-+ McGovern,.D-S.D:; Friday read a secret State Department cable to. the Foreign' Relations: Commit tee; giving. Castro's. description of the evolution of the' rebel at-: tacks and, his purported efforts to stop them The cable was:. sent to.Secre tary of State Cyrus. R.. Vance by The;. ':statement=attnbuted . 1 .to Castro, :"raisedfr new?' ' uestiox about.:Presiden s--asser-.. tion eight:-daysom May 25:. 'that- Cuba""'obviously-`did:" noth-> ing to hold back the invasion by` 2,000 or more, insurgents;ooerat- ing. from. ? be- lieved: to:. have 18,000 t6 20,000 troops in Angola . Sen. Dick-,;Clark;-. - owa chairman of the.:?Foreign Rela= tions, subcommittee- on,.-African. affairs,, said in'a telephone inter- view that while he did'not.regard-' the disclosure. of new information 'about' Castro's_:position - as "all that t central.,, .her" felt:"that-:"it: would have been?useful in the dis- cussion., of the Cuban role' if- the. president had made this clear." i:. THERE` HA&` BEEN= coiitro versy between- severaL senators and- Carter. over the. connection between Cuban forces.' in` Angola andi? the-. Katangan insurgents since the invasion-of Shaba prov ince began: ` Carter has'insisted:: that.-Cuban . officers-, `armed-_ trained and prepared tbeKatan i gans . for, their raid on. the, mining- center of Kolaezi.,, in: which hun dreds were killed.-,.t..` Clark, said. that Sen. George S".. ADM S T A-N. S FI'ELDr- TURNER, director-- of ' Centrah? Intelligence, last weeek briefed : . four: Senate- and House commit tees-:on the information and ports- assembled: by.- the :.Central:: Intelligence Agency':.whiclx. prompted Carter. to~-fsalce.}us as- sessment of the.Cub rote: ----ri Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 WASHINGTON STAR 10 JUi4S 1978 By;VernonA.Guidry I ~" volvement. based on its, intelligence' there is enough circumstantial evi vabfngmastarstafarkr regarding the Katangese. dence to=. bring an indictment, they, ~ppreliminary report to the Senate Prreessident = Carter;: has, said the would never gets conviction. Intelligence Committee says .there is Cubans trained- and _equiped the ?no: l hard. concrete:evidence" of .?amaders:,The; Cuban. government has .:. - THE KATANGESE rebels invaded ;Cuban involvencrete d am- any" involvement.;:. direct: or--=:-Zaire from :.:neighboring;,. Angola en' Zaire's Shaba ent c `e bather Katan .invasion es of indirect where Cuba has' a very ...large; Ares rebels. Sccorhaba uig tonpersons familiar Senate- Foreign Relations.- pence,. Including, some 0,000. troops w bell. . -w - Committee yesterday received one of`, After-the invasion;; Cuban. President The =classed. repo ttie-1aben,c&bnefinp igivie^evidence:;has'been ztIade available only to Congress oar-l restricted u- "thorized#. disclosure;,a and= administra- tion sources say they, do not- intend,. to. makeraayof:it public.:; ~; 't Ia?thatthe< admini'atjoa- e, ven won- then.-backing._of :McGovesa,::who said her didwtbelieve? tlie.inlorm~ation could'be elassified.: without: revealing . the CIA's sources and. methods . of ?01- -Iecting,information.;~ Administration. sources- concede this exposes -them. to possible; charges of a "credibility- gap;"'However;;1he3v add, the White.-House has decided,to?Aake that risk and hope. either that a. yua- jorityrof Congress. and public opinion will acceptithesadministration's.:Kiord or: that the :controversy!~simp!3 H blow. over. and - be- forgotten: in-a. short time- --,-i Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 STAT a_ aj Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 _a- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE Parade 23 t r` ra . t 'r c u M' `~.ri' - ..awe.' =~ .~. ""_. ..-..: :: ?` ~.,/'.` ^ ".'~ UIL W I!l111'!! GI does days come-1985.. How accurate' are the?..CIA. ; energy in!ormatioa2 How- CTA. forecast of'=?their oil dent: Carter' -is -formulating-. b ` ` can_he,, e sure _there=_fs: or productioa a apacity is:= ia--This;domestic. energy po1.~ ,world,.. _sev' `director..~of the - s-aa oil glut; fa the:- :=IM. a- TP appearance??ii April ,.:.Carter-reveered = Institute:,of World. Economy` world.How, Tong.. will it .that: his- energgestitastes , came at,=least pmt _ from_ the,_CentraZ~"IritelU- gence .Agency :`6vhose-ea-== -perts. predi;cted`.that-~the Na -) oil producer:, ; hey;- 'stand al_ quaatsties: "' The Sa` IIaioa;'would`be Russians insist that?they ii I; I I Ling. as manyr asr 3 5 z have Large untapped oil,:-_ aclarss _ _ "Are are going to, a. Following the energy ' _ THE WASHINGTON POST 11 June 1978 a; :egport._-in :rather.:sab_ ;A number' oF' independen 11GE1liCEREP-ORT 1L -. ._ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH 8 June 1978 dUftorials ,1 ne Mani Lheck--. The House has voted, by 323 to 43, to approve budgets for all U.S:; foreign intelligence agen- cies, although most House members did not know what they: were voting for, how much money: was involved, or how it would be used. This, overwhelming example of . studied igno. ranee raises a question. What-did Congress, or at least the House, learn from years of investigation of intelligence abuses? Repeated congressional investigations after the-Vietnam war showed that the intelligence agencies had gone far beyond the mere gather- ing of intelligence. They had considered foreign assassinations, managed foreign interventions, started foreign wars and conducted their own foreign policy. They were able to get away with this conduct because of Washington's intense belief that secrecy was in the national interest. To the contrary, though, the congressional investigators found that secrecy often was opposed to the national interest, and that the way to overcome it was through direct congres. sional oversight. If. Congress didn't watch the espionage apparatus, who would? So Congress established new oversight committees and the Senate begarrto-t:onsider reforms'of the intelli- gence system. And the key to reform was over- sight: after all, Congress could hardly knew whether intelligence was operating as expected if legislators did not check on the results. Now, as some House members frankly say, the House has. given the intelligence system a blank check. Few members even studied the budget information given them fora three-day review, and these who did found the informa- tion confusing . and useless. It is. 'as though the long inquiries and public outrage concerning intelligence abuses never happened. If that is to be the House response, then the public must rely on the Senate to uphold Congress' responsi- bility for both the. budget and conduct of U.S. intelligence agencies. { Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 HARTFORD COURANT 25 May 1978 The future role of the Federal Bu- reau of Investigation and the Central Intelligence Agency is still a national issue and has not yet been clearly de- fined by the president and. Congress. Nonetheless, there is? an effort, spon- sored by federal funds, to train'local -police in the kind' of.- tactics that brought so much discredit on the FBI, CIA and other.federal,intelligence Crime- and Intelligence- Branch,-:with CIA are being .considaedin the after some funding from the federal Law math of revelatioi.of abnseby these' Enforcement Assistance Administra- and other intelligecce agencies. It is tion. So far; the school has taught such disturbing to learn that while the de- things:. as electronic"- eavesdropping bate over abuses continues at the na- and domestic spying to. more. than tional level, local police are apparent 4,000 police officers from 30 states;. ly, being trained 114 usecdiscredited' .including, Connecticut, and from sev- tactics by former.` nemliers. of the, charferi Department: of.:.Justice's Organized New for the FBI- and the? in Sacramento is run by the California p n ,The training. at the-W, Region- telligence force- nujike any. other seen. agencies:. eral foreign countries.. FBI and the CIA. Students are instructed to investi- The Sacramento`-sclio of should be _ -gate and infiltrate noncriminal Con gress~:I:egislators groups like anti-nuclear protest or. and the publicthey"-. serve.. need to ganizations, as. well,. as criminal know all about. ,the , kindd of= training groups. They are instructed in operat- being gives locale police` to increase ing under legitimate fronts such . as' proficiency in domestic spy book stores, law offices, assemblies The last thingthe:country needs is a and even parades, and are taught how national- ~ intelligence;.:. police force to plant a variety of eavesdropping using such illegal .and immoral tactics .devices and take long-range photos, as opening mail,:,breaking and enter including. the use of infrared cameras ing, wiretapping without court orders, at night., forging documents, infiltrating.. busi~ Some of - the instructors are former ness and political, organizations and. government.' intelligence agents, in- fomenting unrest :as happened in the. cluding those who investigated politi- late-1960s and early 1970s when some cal and college groups in this country radicals were encouraged by- under- In years past. : cover agents toaake to`t e `streets The school appears to have set a and, in some cases, instructed in the _ oat of duplicating the FBI and CIA use of incendiary. devices:_ operations on the local: leveL. As one officer of the school put it; "The fact . that the.feds have been; burned on their... intelligence. work -means it (then). spilled over to the local level. When the CIA types got into: trouble, they couldn't,anyffiore, some - took to training ourselves And another official said: a "major. fringe benefit of the school' is the cre- : ation of a- de facto" 'national olice i - ~I~ Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 LITTLE ROCK DEMOCRAT 23 May 1978 Turn- them loo's'e FBI Director-William Webster said the other day that "we're about out of the internal security business." A day or so later, former CIA director Richard Helms told a Senate Committee that a proposed new congres- sional charter for the agency would cripple it. The FBI is responsible for internal security and the CIA'for our security abroad.. What's happening? Are things so bad? Well, everybody who hasn't been asleep for the past several years knows that Congress has hauled the FBI.and CIA over the. coals and rifled, tumbled; . tossed and..pilloried them: to the point that many must wonder-whether-these agencies are being' purified of their '( confessed) sins or destroyed. The FBI, for instance,. isn't being hit only by Congress. Its top boss, Atty. Gen. Griffin Bell, has ordered trial of some of its former high administr tors and punishment for hundreds of agents. Bell saysthat the grumbles about his trying to "run" the FBI underline a fact that he wants acknowledged-that he IS the boss. He is-at second hand-which is where most attorney generals prefer-to be found.:,- The CIA has been in an uproar for over two years, beginning with the Senate Church Committee's investi- gation of its excesses (most of them acknowledged) and ending most recently with the suspended imprisonment and fining of its. former chief Richard Helms-who'is asking the Senate Intelligence Committee not to use the new charter to drown the CIA in paperwork and leaks. That shouldn't even need saying. But as Sen. Barry Goldwater remarked in response, a sizable segment of both Congress and the press doesn't want any intelli- gence at all. It was left, however, to Sen. Daniel P. Moynihan to tell it. like it is: "We indict more intelli- gence officers than Russian spies,"- Moynihan says. While the Russians spy onus, the government fires away. at the FBI and CIA.. That's as good asummary as any.of what's been happening for too long..- Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05SO062OR000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 VALLEY MORNING STAR HARLINGEN, TEXAS 15 May 1978 -ANDREW T4:A14 "icklish Situation~ nil ic, WASHINGTON -ief -us toy. relations firm to "monitor". the . pharaceutical means{. to pent.... were possible for the United _ bunch Japanese Colby; of course; insetting no "States goverment to hire. the businessmen: In his new job,. precedent. His predecessor, former boss: of Moscow's spy Colby will be registered with the Richard Helms, worked for a- shop as an adviser on the Soviet . Justice Department under- the group of. Iranian businessmen Jpolitical: scene:;:.. j; a= Forei gn Agents Registration: 'after leaving: the CIA. and the ,:'.The : jobs would involve, fie "`Act : :, .:?. :.. ;~ ; as Ambassador to Iran. quest communications between - Well now.. My admiration for That was risky, too, and one can. Washington and its- new consul. Bill Colby lmows practically no only hope that Iranian spooks tant.: Employer would summon.,' bounds. His integrity is unques-..didn't learn anything- interest! -employe to the, U.S forface-to== : tioned:- He behaved. with grace ing from. that relationship. face consultation., From=time to. before Congressional inves--. - 'However, it's time to do'some? time, an emissarywould bedis-' tigators of the agency and-even thing about a ticklish situation.... patched to shoot the breeze with-," managed to protect:: some>.im Bill Colby is not a rich man, and the former espionage chieftain -..portant. CIA secrets from: the.: he draws only a relatively mod on his home turf: That's the blabbermouths on Capitol Hill. I. estpension. He still has children routine: - .... ;, would trust Colby with my wife, to educate In short; he has to. its agents failed to take advan' But Colby is also human. And ? What is required, then, is ac- tage of such a juicy situation: U. Japanese intelligence' while no 'lion by Congress so that Bill would expect CIA spooks to se*` more is engaged in the chore of Colby, an honorable man, need every opportunity to brainwash' digging. up. national secrets not go to work for any foreign ': our government's new hired :. wherever they can be found.-:: government That can be donee hand with a view. to obtaining: from friendly as well as inimical . only by bestowing on all former = pages of hot stuff on how- the.: governments. We spy- even on;:: CIA directors. a more substan- Soviet KGB operated, what, it; the British and French, and vice. -. tial measure of financial sec..-,. knew about our own. secret. versa.- urity. As men whose headsare. .mischief- making; and, how if-.:- Onlya fool would suggest that.-.-. crammed' wi th vital secrets--.. acquired said intelligence::; ; a Bill Colby in his normal state: they should be protected against : , I assume that as a Russian :-, ofmindwould.leak any secrets: overtures from:. the .foreign patriot the. lobbyist would.'re- ? to his new employer. He didn't:.: marketplace. sists such Machiavellian im por.-.: leak any even to hissmost ag--_:, ..`.: :~ ...` :..I tunings.:But so-called truth;., gressive-.. Congressional' in- A- lifetime job as a well-paid, drugs can be. administered quisitors. To me, he was they consultant to the CIA? Bill Col- without. the, subject's know most dedicated leader: everof by's experience and expertise ledge. The, guy has. to eat..and-:, the CIA..: would be valuable to the agency, drink-.,.: ,?,:.:...... But: there are:-those truth he once headed. Or perhaps . My fantasy is prompted by the, drugs. And'Colby has to eat and,, ex=CIA bosses, could be insu- news -that William. Colby; :drink' too: The Japanese gov lated by, say; a $100,000-a-year,. former director of the: c13. is : ernment would be derelict in its- tax-free pension. After all, they going to work fora Tokyo public duty. if it failed-to employ some. know too much to be set adrift . (9) imeJo: Take Action Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 Approved For Release 2009/04/20: CIA-RDP05S00620R000501240001-9 SAVANNAH PRESS 15 May 1978 J) ence continues. On_ top.: of all its the trendy and twisted. "revisio =Mother troubles in recant years, the ist theory"' that.blames the Unit CIA has 'suffered aA rash. Of dis- ea States and not the Soviet Un gruntied_ former agents who have ion, for starting and perpetuatin -"With-. the prodding :oEIpromotion.= who-: hold. these-- views will.. ni and fees; these malcontents have ; doubt have plaudits: and stars fo shown all. and. told all`about their 5 PA uauLamy assns ui rue: wA..: They for sure` will ignore th The latest: of .these`revelations; - fact -that he violated his sol