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Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES Research and Analysis Branch R & A No. 2915.1 CHRONOLOGY OF PRINCIPAL EVENTS RELATING TO THE USSR ART I. From American Re6ognition of he Soviet Union to the SoViet-German Conflict 10 October 1933 ?21 June 1941 Washingt 25 September Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES - Research and Analysis Branch R & A No. 2915.1 CHRONOLOGY OF PRINCIPAL EVENTS RELATING TO TEE USSR Part I. From American Recognition of the USSR to the SoViet., .German Conflict, ' 10 OctOber 1933 -- 21 June 1941. Washington 25 September 1945 Copy No. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 . FOREWORD Scope, - This Chronology corers tho erio from the establishment of _diplomatic relations betWqen the United States and the Soviet Union to the end of World War II. .It is divided into,twojoaris; Part T. From American Recognition of the Soviet Union to the, Soviet-German Conflict, 10 October 1933 -21 June 1941; and Part II. USSR in the War, 22 June 1941 - 2 Septemir 1945. Work is already - - in progress in the preparation of a third Part; covering the post-- . war period. ,Arrangement Part I: For reasons of colvenience to the users and economy .of space, Fart I lists the events of a given day alphabetically under descriptive captions assigned' to each item. -Events involving the relations of the.Soviet Union with other ? countries are generally ntered.under the names of countries involVed. -International...con- ferences and conventions- have been listed under their offidial designations :wherever possible, _Soviet internal affdrs have most frequently. been placed under the caption Soviet Union. or under convenient catch-word titles. Part. II: -While the above arraagement app3ared adequate to cover both internal and external events during the years of in- creasing Soviet participation in .international affairs, the com- plexities of the war years .seemed to make a more elaborate- arrange- ment'advisabIe? A four- column division was made. In the first column are listed the. military.highlights of the war. To the second column were consigned the,general-international events- in- which the. Soviet Union participated Or had an interest. Thethird column records the developmentof Inerican-Soviet relations, Occasional. use was made of the device of spreadingsome interna- tional gatherings or undertakings across' columns two and. three. In the fourth column tho tore important Soviet internal develop- ments, and. speeches. by leading Soviet officials (including those . on the war and world events) are. indioated.' Sources A large variety of sources has been used in compiling the data for this Chronology, For all parts the Bulletin of Interna- tional Hews, the Department of State Bulletin, the Research Bulletin of the Soviet Union-Tuith its various continUations); A. J. Toynbee?. Survey:of:International Affairs, and J, W. Wheeler-Bennett, Documents on International Affairs, were basic references supplementd as, needed from Soviet and other sources-. For the war years- in Part II extensive use was made of the Offi- cial Soviet Compilation on foreign relations, Vneshnyaya politika Sovetskogo Soyuzav period otachestvennoi voiny, Volume I, to 31 December 1943. This was suppleMented for 1944 and 1945 by chronologies issued in War and the. Working Class and its successor, New Times. Among non-Russian,compendiums steady us a was Made of -Facts on File, the issues - of the New York Times, and the volumes on The War. Tirst Year through Fourth Year) iTalished by Edgar McInnis, From time to time several other publications and mono-- graphs were Consulted for special topics,'controversia/-items; and dates in dispute. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Limitations ? In this. Chronology special attention was devoted to the for- eign relation's Of the Soviet Union. ?For the great profusion oP domestic developments 4 selective approach had to be made. The criterion used generally was the impact 'ofa given internal event upon the outside world. ? Lack of time andpersonnel precluded the :preparation of an Index for the Chronology. It is hoped that the introductory words at-the'beginning of most entries will serve as a substitute, although recognizably inadequate, for an Index. Despite the care-and.time. expended on this Chronology, the participation of several individuals in the work?of compilation and the lack of time for thorough. editing made it impossible?to achieve a-complete consistency in the style of presentation. ? .It has been occasionally necessary to include references to .? unverifiable press accounts of events affecting diplomatic' history. The words "report" and "allegation" have been-used to-note this condition. As far as possible; events are listed under the exact date of their occUrrence. When this could not be established with cer., tainty the event was entered Under the date of its publication, this distinction being made clear whenever possible. In' alllikelihood there are ;missions and errors in this com- pilation, in spite of considerable efforts made to achieve accuracy. The supplying of omissions- affd the-correction-of mistakes would be Welcome. . Future Installments Should the publication 'ofthese two parts of the-Chronology result in a significant extension of the considerable use to which ? it has already been put in manuscript form, the ? publication of - further parts will. be possible, covering. the period beginning with 3 September .1945 and based .upon-a Chronology of daily events which. is. currently being .compiled. This continuing-Chronology, revised and edited in accordance with the lbnger perspective then available, . could sUbseouently-be brought together into a?third Part at an appropriate time.. In preparatio4:fortbis, the compilers would be glad tO receive any suggestions for improvement :which users of the first two parts may wish to make.- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1933 CHRONOLOGY OF PRINCIPAL EVENTS RELATING TO THE USSR Part I, From American Recognition of the USSR to the Soviet-German Conflict, 10 October 1933 21 June 1941 October 1933 October 10 United' States: President Roosevelt asked President Kalinin to send a representative to the United States for the purpose of negotiating normal relations betweep the two countries. 12 White Russians in Manchukuo: Exodus of White Russians from Shanghai to Manchuria reported as a result of call issued by Gen. Semenov, who said they would fight .-the Soviets if Japan would furnish arms and supplies. 13-? Manchukuo: The Russian government issued statements to the press showing that the Manchukuo authorities had arrested further numbers of of- ficials of the Chinese Eastern Railway, as a result of which great disorder was reported to prevail on the line. United Stares: President KaliniP's telegram to President Roosevelt was published. Kalinin ac- cepted?the invitation and went on to say that there was no doubt that difficulties between-the two countries could be settled if there were direct relations between them. 21 : Poland: An official of the Soviet, consulate in -Warsaw was shbt dead by a-member of the Ukrainian National Organization who' was arrested. 26 Turkey: An official.Soviet delegation, headed by .voroshilov, arrived in Constantinople en. .route for Ankara for the celebration of the tenth anniverSary of the republic. 30 Germany- ?It was understOod that, following conversations' between the ? German Foreign, Minister and the Soviet:Ambassador, agreement had been reached to allow. the Soviet press correspondents .to resume their work in'Germany.and to readmit- GerMan correspondents into the USSR. The -repre- sentatives of Tass and Izvestiya were to be ? allowed to attend the Reichstag fire trial again. 31 ,France: ._?Litinov,--who? stopped in Paris on his ? 'way to the UnitedStates and the .French Foreign Minister, Paul-Boncour, discussed thequestion of ? close' collaboration .between France and Russia. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 193 2 ,?-? November 1933 November ' 6 Japan: Conversation on outstanding questions, including the Chinese Eastern Railway, between Japanese Foreign Minister, Hirota, and the Soviet Ambassador in Tokyo. Japan; In an address at the celebrations in , connection with. the 16th anniversary of the Revolution Molotov spoke of Russia's desires for Peace, but that one had to reckon with events in Manchuria and the fact that agreements with that country had been violated by it. He placed responsibilit for that and for plans to seize Siberia squarely on the shoulders of Japan. 7 Germany: The Russian government protested statements made by Goering at the Reichstag fire trial. USA: Litvinov arrived in Washington where he made a statement-to the press in which he referred to the "artificial :nature of the estrangement" between the American people and those of Russia.. He was making the first breach in the barrier, he stated.. 8 UnitediStates .NegotiationS_botweenLitvinov , and President :Roosevelt concerning the relations of their countries -began and continued throuh_ 16'NoVemberi 10 United State: Following a conference between the President end Litvinov a statement was issued to the effect -that they had reviewed questions between the two countries which _had previously been discussed between the Secretary of State and Litvinov. Conversations nith the President and the State Department were to continue. Japan iirota proposed that the U3?,DR and Japan mutually undertake to put an end to military activity along the Siberian-Manchukuo borders, thus extending provisions of the-Portsmouth Treaty to this border. 16 Persia, London Convention: Ratifications of the London Convention f'or' the definition of an aggressor, signed by the Shah of Persia, were-de- posited ent the Foreign CoMmissariat by the Persian Ambassador., United States; Exchange of notes effecting recognition of the Soviet government by the United States. Official relations established 11:50 p.m. 17 United States: Document4ssued to the American press letters dated 16 Lovember in -"vbich Roosevelt announced his decision to establish normal dip- lomatic relations, Litvinov replied that his gov- ernment was glad to take the complementary steps. Amongst other things the Soviet government made a pledge to abstain from propaganda in the United States. Announcement that William Bullitt would be the United States Ambassador to :ioscow.- - 18 United States: Troyanovs1 appointed as Soviet Ambassador to 'iiashington. B. Skvirsky to serve as Charge d'Affaires till Troyanovsky's arrival. Thereafter he would become counsellor of the Embassy. 27 Manchukuo. It was stated in Moscow, that the Consul-General at Harbin had made an energetic Protest to Manchukuo authorities concerning the arrest of thirty-three Russian Workers on the Chinese Eastern Railway, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1933 7.3 - December 1933 ?.December 2 , Italy: Litvinov arrived in Rome. 3 Italy: Litvinov and Mussolini discussed pos- sibilities of improving the general political situation in the spirit of the Italo-Soviot Pact of Friendship recently concluded. Latvia: Trade agreement with Latvia signed in Moscow. Communist Youth; The 15th anniversary of the Communist Youth Organization was celebrated. Italy: Litvinov made a statement to the press in Rome stating that his meeting with Mussolini had sought to continue and to consolidate re- lations already existing and that the two gov- ernments had derived what was useful from their economic and political cooperation. 9 Internal control: Kalinin issUed a decree placing responsibility for quality and efficiency of work and workers on executives. The latter would be made liable to criminal prose'cution and prison,sentencos for lapses. 11 Far East: A decree was issued exempting the peasants of Eastern Siberia from grain deliveries, with a view, to stimulating the flow of migration to the Far East. The pay of employees in Eastern Siberia was increased including that of soldiers stationed there. 13 United States:. William Bullitt presented his credentials to the President of the Soviet Union. Far Eas.t: The Communist Party opened a cam- paign in connection with the-decree of 11 De- cember, describing it as an epoch-making event designed to strengthen the defenses of the Far Eastern frontiers. 14 Manchukuo: The Consul-General reported that the Manchukuo authorities had appointed a manager to the Chinese Eastern Railway. Lithuania: Ratifications were exchanged in Moscow of the Convention regarding the definition of an aggressor in the Non-Aggression Pact between the USSR and Lithuania. 15. Italy: Litvinov and the Italian.Ambassador exchanged ratifications of the Pact of Friendship, Non-Aggression and Neutrality, signed on 2 September 1933. 16 France: J. Paul-Boncour invited tO Moscow to discuss USSR-Franco Alliance. 18 Military Preparedness: It was announced in? Moscow that a new drive was to be made to increase the military preparedness of the civilian population by a series of measures. to be carried out by the Youth Communist League and the Osaviakhim. -The latter was to' recruit another two million members, and an additional 500,000' young men were to start military training; also 1,000 new gas detachments were to-be raised before the 16th birthday of the Red Army in February. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1933 4 December 19 Finland: Ratifications exchanged between USSR and Finland of the protocol Prolonging the Non- AggreSsion Pact of 21 January 1932. 20 Siberia conscription: Classes of 1921-26 registered in Siberia in preparation for con- scription. 23 United Sta'cas: First contract to make films by Americans in the USSR signed between the Soviet Kino Trust and i. Field, Jr., L. T3iselow, and 'V.. , Withrow, Jr. 28 Japan: At the opening of the session of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union in hoscow, -olotov accused Japanese militarists of provoking the USSR, because they feared the union of the Ua)F. and the United States in the .Par East. 29 ?. Japan: Speaking at the meeting of the Central Executive Committee, Litvinov called Japan's policy in Manchuria the darkest and most threaten- ing loud on the international horizon. Man- chukuo. he .called an "agency of .the Japanese gov- ernment and Japanese coMmand," He went on to say that negotiations for the sale.of the Chinese Eastern Railway would not, be resumed while ar- bitrary acts on the railway continued. Japan should :prove her peaceful intentions ? by signing a pact of non-aggression with the Soviet govern- ment - a 'Germany: LitVinov continued and spoke of his dissatisfaction with the course of 'Russo-German relations, and cited Hitler's demand that Germany shoUld acquire territory in the East; and Rosen-. berg's alleged intrigues with .the .Ukrainian .counter-revolutionaries. " League of Mations:. He referred.tbthe League b-y-sayinRussia had never refused international cooperation and that it was willing. "to use some of the existing er projected internatioal com- binations and organizations" in the interest of peace. 30 Five-Year Plan: Politburo approved the program for completion of the Second Five-Year Plan, under which-total'industrial production was to increase 240% over 1932 by 1937. 31 Latvia: Ratifications exchanged between Latvia and the USSR of the Commercial Treaty of 4 De- cember 1933 to come into force 1 January 1934, together with economic agreement of the same date. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 -5 January 1934 January 1 Soviet Union; CoMmunistTarty: StrUctural ? changes in the organization of Communist Party, entailing alterations in the government, were approved. 2 Soviet Union (Tadzhik SSR): N. Maksum, presi- dent of the Tadjik Pepublic, was dismissed- on grounds of bourgeois-nationalist -deviation from party line. 5 Baltic States: It was reported that diplo- matic representatives of Poland and the USSR had discussed with representatives of Finland, Latvia, Estonia, .and Lithuania, a suggestion that a guarantee of security for the 4 Baltic States should be entered into. Finland refused , on grounds that a Treaty of Non-Aggression al- ready existed. Proposal for joint Russo-Polish guarantee of security of Baltic States had emanated from the USSR. Soviet Union: The Session,of the Central Execu- tive Committee closed after r.pproving the budget for 1934, which showed revenue at one billion rubles more than expenditures. 7 Afghanistan: Commercial treaty with the USSR signed. 8 Japan: The Soviet Ambassador in Tokyo requested Japanese Foreign Minister'sgood offices. in reviv- ing regotiations. for -sale of Chinese Eastern Rail- way, and stated his government might reconsider the price. He. also suggested that six Russian railway officials arrested at Tiarbin be released.. Soviet Union: Official figures wero. published of the record grain harvest of. 1933; 90000,000 tons. United States: Soviet Ambassador Troyanovsky accredited to President Roosevelt.. 11 France.: Commercial agreement with. the USSR signed at Paris (Cf. 9 December) 14 League of Nations: Reports were -current in Moscow that Litvinov and Molotov -have represented to Stalin the importance to the USSR of its ad- mission to membership in League of Nation's.. -15 Japan: Resumption of conversations in Tokyo regarding sale of Chinese Eastern Railway. Switzerland: Manager and five members of .foreign staff -of a Swiss firm operating in USSR arrested, together with. 20 Russian employees, on Charges of economic espionage. ? - 16 France: In Senate, M. Paul-Boncour.expressed satisfaction at the improvement of relations with the USSR and praised the ?Eastern Locarno pacts" cencluded by Russia. 21 . Soviet. Union; Far East:. Speechin Khabarovsk .12Y LaVrentiev,,Party Secretary for the Far East Deported in Moscow; it revealed that Japanese construction of strategic roads and airfields in Manchuria. was .being. countered by double track- ing the.TransSiberian, Railway and the' construction of the new Baikal-Amur Turkey: Protocol signed providing.8 million dollars credit to Turkey for industrial machinery. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 January 22 Japan: A spokesman from the Foreign Office stated that the Soviet statements alleging that Japan was preparing to attack Siberia were Great- -ing an unjustified fear that war impended. Soviet Union; Fbreign relations: Kaganovich, at a party congress in Moscow, was reported to have stated that the relations with Japan were growing worse, that the USSR would be Willing to ,re-establish relation's with Germany on pre-Nazi .basis, that the League of Nations might, be useful. Soviet foreign policy mobilize all anti-war forces abroad, at the same time helping any re- volutionary Movement "which is the only serious way of opposing IMperialistic sehemes. 24 United States: U.S. Treasury rescinded order's against the receipt of Soviet gold shipments, and anti-dumping orders on lumber, pulpwood, and matches. 25 Soviet Union: The 17th CongreSs_of the Com- munist-Party. opened in 1.1ogeew. 26 Soviet Union: Stalin in his report to the ? opening sessions of the 17th Party Congress noted the establishment of 200,000 new collective and 5,000 new tato farms. Industrial production was ? satisfactory although transport lags existed and stating that the party line preyed victorious, Stalin said that -.1arxism,did not mean levelling of all wages and indicated the necessity of a ,more effective ?arty Control Commission than the ? Workerst and Peasartpf Inspection (RKI). Soviet Union; Foreign po1icya Stalin in his ? report to the 17th party congress on the state of the nation outlined Soviet foreign policy as one of preservation of peace and development, of trade with all countries. He said the 'unfriend- ly change'' in Germany was largely responsible for the improvement of relations with Poland and France. Anglo-Soviet relations were less satis- factory, while relations with Japan were bad, the USSR standinG ready to return blow for blow. United States: Stalinfs speech to the 17th party congress stated that resumution of relations with the United States would not only consolidate trade relations, but also marked the end of period when the United States was regarded in various countries as stronghold of all anti-Soviet tenden- cies. 28 Soviet Union; Foreign policy: The full text of Stalints report (26 January) published. Stalin predicted a second war against the USSR 'hieh would lead to the complete defeat of the aggressors in Europe and Asia followed by the destruction of their bourgeois governments. February 1934 February 1 Finland: Ratification of convention defining the aggressor deposited in lescow by Finnish minis- ter. United States: President Roosevelt reported studying a proposal to create a banking corporation to serve as an intermediary in financing of trade with the USSR, South America and the Balkan countries. (Cf. 12 February). Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 7 February . ? 3 Soviet Union; Defense: Commissarafor War and Marine Voroshilov told the All-Union Communist Congress that the Soviet army was well-equipped, increased in size and would defend the country. 4 Japan: in speech before 17th Congress, Commis- sar of War used expressions regarding Japan's policy in Manchuria .which were interpreted as accusation that she wished to seize Maritime Provinces. He said he refused to Give Japan the pleasure of finding Siberian borders defenseless. 5 Soviet Union (Far East): Pay of army in Siberia increased; Far Eastern districts built up and army morale strengthened. A decree provided for special concessions to settlers in the Far Eastern region. ':lest Si- berian peasants were exempted from delivery of agricultural products, following the policy of strengthening the Soviet position in the East in the event of war. with Japan. 6 , Hungary: Treaty signed establishing diplomatic rolations with the USSR. Soviet Union:' The'main objectives of tho Second Five-Year Plan were outlined .to the Party Congress by M. Molotov. ? Improving transport was mentioned as the most important task. Soviet Union; Eastern Siberia: A decree was issued extending to the inhabitants of Transbaikal area, including Buryat-Mongolia, the privileges granted to those of ,the Far East by the decree of 11 December, 1933, including exemption of peasants from compulsory grain deliveries and pay increases to soldiers and workers. ' 7- Soviet Union: The Communist Party Congress Unanimously ratified the Second Five-Year Plan. 8 .Italy: Ratifications exchanged with the USSR of the tariff agreement with the USSR of 6 May 1933. 9 . Germany: Moscow. office of Metallgesellschaft ? of ,Frankfurt closed; staff of. Russian nationality arrested. . 10 Soviet Union; The Party Congress closed after electing new officials. The Politburo was now composed of Stalin, Molotov, Lazarus, KaganoVich, ? Kalinin, Voroshilov, Ordzhonikidze, Kuibyshov, Kirov, Andreyev and Kossior. Kaganovich and Yezhov became chairman and vice-chairman of the Party Control Commission. ? Soviet Union (Far East): In address to 17th Congress, General Blucher, Far Eastern Army Com- ? mander, stated that Japan was feverishly preparing for war and had 130,000 troops in Manchuria, and 500 airplanes there. According to him USSR, if necessary, could concentrate more planes than Japan. 12 Sinkiang; Former Chinese Governor of South Sinkiang, supnaorted by Tungans, assumed control in Kashgo,r on behalf of tho Chinese Republic. United States; It was announced that a cor- poration to be known as the Export-Import Bank of Washington was being formed to finance trade with the USSR. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 8 February 13 Poland: Foreign Minister arrived in Moscow on official visit. 14 Sinkiang: Inkushgar, Andijanis and Kizghiz were attacking the Chinese-backed Tangans; the British Consulate was involved in the fighting. 15 Poland: ?Foreign Minister left Mos6ow. Joint Polish-Russian announceMent stated that both governments wore in full agreement as to many. problems and exPressed wish further to improve relations between the two 'countries. Polish- Soviet pact of definition of 'aggressor, already basis of Polish-Soviet relations, should be of a lasting character. Pact extended from 3 to 10 years. 16 Germany; Soviet Embassy in Berlin applied for release of Reichstag fire prisoners, Dimitroff,. Taneff, and Popoff, following grant to them by Soviet government of Russian nationaligy. Gt. Britain: Temporary commercial agreement with the USF, signed at London (Cf. 21 March). 17 Five Power Convention on Definition of Aggression (London, 3 July 1933). 19 Japan: Fpreign Minister received Soviet Am- bassador, who presented proposals for filling posts of six Russian officials of Chinese Eastern Railway who had been arrested by Manchukuo author- ities on 24 September 1933. Soviet Union: Troops reported as being sped to .Manchurian border daily. 20 Japan Dispute over fishery rights occurred at Vladivostok owing to local authorities declaring Japanese auction bids invalid because they were accompanied by deposits calculated at rate of exchange of one ruble to 32* son instead of 75 sen. 21 Soviet Union; Foreign policy: Notes from Soviet government received in Paris and London expressing -view that conclusion of regional pacts was an essential element in organization of security in Europe. 22. German,T: USSR threatened ?reprisals unless Germany released 'Reichstag fire defendants. 24- Soviet Union: M.- Bukharin was appointed editor of izydstiya to replace M. Gronsky,-, who retired.. .25 Japan: News reaches Moscow .of release of six Soviet officials of Chinese Eastern Railway. Arrangements being discussed in Tokyo .for appoint- ment of New Soviet nominees- to replace them. ' 27 Germany: The 3 Bulgarians, Dimitroff, Taneff, and Popoff, arrayed in Moscow, on deportation from Germany, after Reichstag fire. Soviet Union: The Central 'Committoe of the Party and the Sovnarkom issued a decree on the remission of arrears on 1933 grain deliveries, and granted three years! delay in the repayment of grain loans. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 March 1934 March 1 Gt. Britain: Mr. Runciman stated in Parliament that the central feature of the Soviet British Trade Agreement was the Russian assent to the principle that after 1938 their exports to Great Britain should equal their imports. 3 Gt. Britain: Foreign Secretary signed ratifi- cation of Commercial Agreem&nt of 16 February (Cf. 21 March. Soviet Union; Communist Party: The Central Committee decreed a reorganization of primary party organizations. Cells were abolished and responsible oarty instructors wore to replace the system of sectors and sub-sectors. Japan: Official Soviet statement, outlining causes of dispute with Japan over fishing rights points out that paper yen of 1934 should not be considered equal to .gold yen of 1931, and that the agreement concluded 1931 with Japan shoUld be re- vised. 16 Soviet Union; A decree provided for measures to restore the principle of personal responsi- bility of leaders in industry and to combat in, efficiency through strengthening of the one-man system of management, reductions in the number of trusts and liquidation of "collegiums" attached to the Peoples' Commissariats. 17 A decree of the Central Committee of the 'Sovnarkom on the .calculation of wages in accordance with the quantity and quality of production abolished the minimum wage guarantee in cases of personal negligence. ?? Reform of organization of agriculture planned by Communist Party Congres6: cooperation with industry keynete; simplification of system decreed. 19 Soviet Union:- Foreign. trade returns for 1933 , showed in export surplus of 147 million gold rubles; ? imports valued at 348 million rubles and exports at 495 millions.. The total for imports was only half that of 1932 and,6ne third that of 1930 and 1951.. - 20 ? Postal Conventions, Cairo: ?USSR signed two of seven agreements: universal postal convention, and cohvention on insured letterS,and.-bo5ces. 21 bt. Britain: Temporary commercial agreement , with-the-USSR (16 February) ratified, , 23 Japan: Government was informed by the Soviet Ambassador that USSR had agreed to satisfy application of Japanese fishing firm for additional bids at Vladivostok and -be-accept payments, dur ing first half of 1934, at rates of exchange. . 4. 26 Austria: It was announced in Moscow that Austrian concession "RATAD" has been liquidated by mutual agreement. Germany: Commercial agreement with the USSR regulating questions of foreign exchange, signed (Cf. 8 August). Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 10-- March 26- Soviet Union RAilwayS; Decree issued pre- scribing new rules for all railways in USSR, abolished number of ineffective organizations.. Provided for-stricter enforcement of individual responsibility. Managing direetor were to ap- point other directors of.other lineS and were to be:influenced only:by considerations of training and efficiency. 28. Baltic States, Germany: M. Litvinov proposed to the. German Ambassador in Moscow that Germany should take part in protocol guaranteeing inde- pendence of Baltic States (Cf. 14 April). Soviet government proposed to the three Baltic States;___ Finland and Poland that validity of the Treaty of non-aggression to be extended for 10 years after its expiration in. 1935. Consent of Latvia had been received. ? Soviet Union; Communist Party: Elaborate. Central Committee instructions were issued on the. structure and .functions of party organizations in the Red Army in peacetime. - April 1934 April' 3 United States:. The first Soviet ship, the motorship Kim, arrives in New York. - 4 'Estonia: .Protocol signed with the USSR pro- longing non-aggreSSion pact of 4 May 1932, for ten years, (Cf. 26 June). . ?? ? Latvia: ',Protocol signed with the USSR pro- longing the non-aggression pact of 5 February 1932. (cf.-2 June). ? Lithuania: Protocol signed in Moscow prolong- ing ? the non-aggressioh pact of 28 September, 1926, ? for ten years (Cf.-4. June). ? Soviet 'Union; Agriculture: A campaign was launched to bPing the remaining individualist ? farmers into collective ? units-. Coercion was barred., Finland: 'Protocol signed with the USSR prolong- ing of the non-aggression pact of 21 January 1932 (Cf. 19 December),. Soviet Union; Foreign policy: , In the. course of signing of the Soviet-Finnish protocol., Litvinov- stated that the USSR did not intend to demand revision of existing treaties, did not support_ racial or national prejudices, and did not desire expansion of territory or stimulation of military spirit, but only re-alisationof th ideal of a Socialist organization' of society, in which it saw the whole meaning of its existence. He also pointed out that international relations were becoming more acute, and hardly anything was heard of Means. of averting wAP'threat. ?United States: San Francisco Chamber of Com7 ? merce recbgnized the 'first Russian-American Chamber of-CoMmerce on WestCoast. ? Chinese Eastern Railway: Soviet manager of the Railway in his annual report for 1933, stated that there were 11 intentional train wrecks, 39 attempts at wrecking, 38 armed raids on trains, 19 cases Of ,arson, 60 murder of employees, 1.97 other cases of robbery and assault, 400 People had been kid- napped on or near lines.. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - 11 - 1934 April 9 United States: American-Russian Chamber of Com- merce announced trade promotion tour of Russia. 10 Disarmament Conference: The Conference reconvened, after a recess since November 22, 1943. .At the pri- vate session of the Bureau, ?M. Stein (USSR) and other delegates of the principal powers reported to hold the view that the best that could now be hoped for from the Conference was regional arrangements for limitation of armaments. These could be ? systematized within the framework of the League of ? Nations. ? 12 Soviet. Union: .Rescue of tYle ChelyUskin Party 'completed ,with American aid. . ? Soviet Union: New title, hero of the Soviet Union', created for seven aviators who reScued Chelyuskin expedition; Order of Lenin and year's salary awarded to them and mechanics.; Order of Red Star awarded to re.s,cued persons. . 14 Baltic States, Germany: Soviet proposal of 28 March for agreement or preserving independence and integrity of Baltic States rejected by Ger- many. (Cf. 25, 26 April) 16 Soviet Union; ?Finance: Central Executive Com- mittee announce& the issues of a domestic loan of 3,500 rubles. 17 Soviet ?Union; Defense: The Trade Union auth- orities reported to have come to an agreement with the Aviation and Chemical Warfare Society (the Osoviakhim) whereby 300,000 workers and peasants would be trained as sharpshooters, to form an organization called "Voroshilov's Sharpshooters." 19 Gt. Britain: Parcel post convention with the USSR signed. ? United States: The Commi,ssariat of heavy In- dustry informed the State Planning Commission of the USSR,that import plans,: recently altered in favor of the United States would have to be revised because, under the -Johnson Bill the Washington ' Export-Import Bank would not extend credit to the USSR until the latter agreed to pay its debt to the United States government and American nationals. 20 Soviet Union: Kalinin asked for militarization of rural districts. 23 Austria: Socialist refugees nuMbering about 350 reported to have entered USSR from Czechoslovakia with the permission of Soviet authorities. Soviet *Union; Education: A decree of the Central Committee of the Communist,Party forbade overburdening school children and pioneers with civic and political training. It Was ordered to stop immediately study of the 17th Party Congress resolutions and Marxist-Leninist Theory because they were beyond the understanding of children and made them antagonistic towards phenomena of social lifp which they could understand. 25 Baltic States, Germany: The Latvian telegraph agency had issued a statement on the German refusal to join the USSR in a protocol guaranteeing in- dependence and integrity of Baltic States. (Cf. 14 April). 26 . Baltic States, Germany: An official German statement connected Latvian report (25 April) of German refusal to join the USSR in guaranteeing Baltic independence, and reiterated the official ? position. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 12 - -28 . Soviet Union Komsomol: It, was announced that _the League of Young Communists was to receive military training. May 1934 May 5 Baltic States: Soviet proposals of guarantee of security by Poland and the USSR turned down by the Baltic States on the ground that it was useless without the inclusion of Germany and that their non-aggression treaties with USSR were adequate so far as USSR was concerned, in Baltic viewpoint. Poland: Protocol signed with the USSR pro- longing the non-aggression pact of 25 July, 1932, for 10 years (Cf. 16 June). United States: The At;torney General, refer- , ring to the Johnson Act and the USSR, stated ?that he was "alTara of no principle in law under which Previously existing default is waived or overcome because of the mere pendence of negotiations... although...the matter might be affected by the out- come...." 7 Soviet 'Union: Birobidzhan was declared the Autonomous Jewish Region. United States: Attorney General Cummings rules that the Johnson Act applied to the USSR and therefore made impossible the functioning of the Export-import Bank. 10 Soviet Union: Karakhan and Sokolnikov relieved of posts as Deputy Foreign Commissars. Litvinov in future to have only two deputies. 11 Soviet -Union; Defense: Commissar Voroshilov appeals to men to participate in intensified physi- ? cal training. 14 Manchoukuo: Commissioner for Foreign Affairs protested to the Soviet Consul-General in Harbin against action of Soviet troops who were alleged to have fired on a Manchoukuo steamer on the Amur on 13 May. 15 Soviet Union; Education: The establishment of common types of general schools throughout the USSR was decreed in order to secure "a clear organizational system .and order" 4 year elementary schools, 7 year incomplete secondary schools and 10 year secondary schools, methods of appointment and qualifications of teachers were provided for. 16 Soviet Union; Education: Decrees ordered the revision of teaching of geegraphy and history in the schools. Only the study of historical and chronological sequence (with names and dates) could lead to the Marxist conception of history. Elimination of dry statistical and economic geographical data and return to the "traditional" memoriz,ing of geographic names was ordered. New text books were to be compiLed in both subjects. 17 League of Nations: ' Litvinov arrived in Geneva and had conversations with M. Barthpu and M. Aghnides. The Soviet version of 13 May incident in Amur accused the Japanese of photographing _shore de- fenses in the Russian side of the Amur. Blank shots fired as a warning were ignored by the steamer. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/04 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 13 May 18 East European Pact of non-aggression and mutual assistance: meeting between M. Litvinov and M. Barthou at Geneva initiating the project of building Eat-European Pact to include provision's of mutual assistance in case of unprovoked aggression. Litvinov was understood to have initiated the idea. 13arthou suggested as alternative that USSR join League. Litvinov reported to have intithated that this step might be arranged.if the pact went through. 19 Japan: Agreement concluded with the USSR on Kamchatka fisheries. 23 Japan: The Ambassador to Moscow reported to ? have protested to the Soviet Governffient in connection with tWo cases of firirt in front of the Consulate at:Khabaro/sk. 24 'spain: Foreign minister stated that Spain would warmly welcome, entry of USSR into League. 25 ,Finland; Convention signed with the USSR re- garding fishing and sealing in LakesLadoga (Cf. ? 21 Ivovember). 29 . Disarmament Conference, Geneva: In a speech 'at the Conference, Litvinov reaffirmed the,original ? Soviet doctrine that the total abolitibn of arms was the only true guarantee against the,war. He said there was complete lack of agreement on any ingle concrete proposal, and even oi .general formula. Conference should devise workable system of guarantees of security, after-which they might reconsider disarmament in more favorable circum- ? stances.' General renunciation of war cannot be effective without complete renunciation of armaments;sb long as armaments exiat the peace is only an armed peace, an interval between wars*. 30 Manchoukuo:kieports ware received from-Khabarovsk confirming firing by Soviet guards on Manchnukuo steamers in Amur (cf. 14 May). It was also re- ported that these steamers had gone up the Saya river several times, in Soviet territory, taking photographs of shore. June 1934 June 1 Disarmament Conference; At-the meeting of the Ueneral Commission-, Litvinov stated that he was in favor oft permanent disarmament commission; he thought it better to make the Conference permanent, and not a commission, which would be. an offshoot of it. It could deal with security and guarantees of peace, and a limited disarmament comission could not do that. "2 Latvia: Protocol of 4 April, prolonging non- aggression pact; ratified in Moscow. . Disarmament ?Conference; Differences over the the Bureau split the delegations into two*greups, those which put security first (France, Russia, the Little Entente), and those which wished first for an agreement on disarmament with German collaboration (Gt. Britain, the U.S., and the powers represented by the Swedish delegate). Litvinov pro- posed the appointment of a drafting committee to harmonize the views of the USSR, Turkey and the small powers, but the proposal was defeated. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 14 - June 4?' _.-Lithuania.:'.AatificatiOnS-ekchanged at Kovno of Protocol signed 4,Apri1 prolonging for 10 years thb non-aggression pact with the Disarmament Conference: Soviet proposal for a permanent conference ( 1. june) waS to be referred .to the governments concerned, by a resolution sub- mitted by Mr. Henderson, and accepted by Mr. Eden, but opposed by the.l'rench. League of Nation:' The Chairman of the Committee of three dealing with the Chaco dispute invited the ? governments of the USSR and Japan to take part in the embargo on the export .of arms. (Cf . 8 June). United States: Tydings resolution introduced in the Senate to empower and'direct the President to enter into negotiations "with those Governments .,_owing to the United States obligations contracted during or immediately after the World War, for the purpose of accomplishing tho settlement of such ? inter-governmental oblitmtions,with the United States on a lump sum and final basis." 8 Disarmament Conference:, Compromise resolution adopted by the General Commission recognized that the Soviet proposals for a permanent conference .(1 ? june).called.for careful study,.and requested the Presidenttp submit that proposal to the govern- merits. i1r. Litvinoy did not oppose the resolution, but stated that it did not go far enough., and hoped the proposal to transfohn the conference into a permanent peace conference would not be pigeon- holed. ? Greece: Commercial exchanges agreements signed with the USSR, in force from ,10 April to 31 De- cember 1934. League of Nations: The Soviet Government in- formed the Committee on Gran Chaco dispute that it agreed to associate- itself unconditionally with the arms embargo...,-(Cf .6 June) Soviet 'Onion:, The Central Executive Committee issued a decree altering Criminal ('ode so as to make the relatives of traitors liable to punish- Ment. Czechoslovakia: 'Exchange of notes with the USSR establishing diplomatic relations. ' Rumania: Exchange ct'notes with the USSR establis,hing diplomatic relations., 10 Rumania: The ?resumption of diplomatic*relations with .the USSR was Welcomed .by the Rumanian press 'especially because of the .undertaking given by both ,partiesi which. definitely established the right of. ' Rumania to.Be-ssarabia. 11 ? Disarmament Gonference: In the course of the General Commission 'meeting to set up various Committees, Litvinov stated that the Soviet Govern- ment did not regard European regional agreements as a final solution, of the problem 'of security, but thought that the way should' be kept open for the ,extension of pacts of security to other parts of.the World. 1hr. Henderson 'said in 'a, dosing ? statement he, would submit the, Seviet proposal to convert the Conference into a permanent conference. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 15 June 13 Disarmament Conference:.-, In the Course of the meeting' of the Committee to study guarantees of execution, Japanese delegate pointed out that the several reservations made by Mr. Sao in November, 1932, would apply to guarantees of execution. Soviet Delegate Stein stated that the Soviet gov- ernment, though willing to. be represented on the Committee, considered, that. all undertakings re- 'lating to supervision and guarantees of execution must be Universal, and they.. could not 'accept them unless they were accepted by their neighbors in- eluding Japan. They were, however, strongly in faVor of automatic Control of the most.strngent character. 'Germany: Baron Von Neurath rejected Litvinov's offer to Germany of mutual assistance pact. 16 Poland: Ratifications exchanged of 5 May protocol Prolonging the.non,aggressiOn pact of 19324 20 Little Ente.fte Conference: At the final meeting the conference noted with satisfaction the resumption of diplomatic relations between the USSR, and Rumania and Czechoslovakia, decided to support the organization of-security and take part in the regional conventions for mutual assistance. Soviet Union': Abolition of Revolutionary ililitary Council and the reorganization of Department for Defense. Name of Commissariat for War and Navy changed to Peoples' Commissariat for Defense of -USSR. Power centralized in hands of Gen. Voroshilov and two deputies. - 22. - Poland: Exchange of notes with the USSR con- cluding customs' agreement. 23 Gt. Britain: The First Lord of the Admiralty in a. speech at Spetchley Park quoted figures to show that while during the past eight years Britain had.decreased her armament expenditure by 16 percent, the USSR had increased them by 197 percent. 25 'Soviet Unien; Foreign policy:, In speech of. National Peace Congress at Birmingham,;M.'Maisky, Soviet Ambassador -referred to insistent "peace - 'offensive" of Russia, whose people .did not believe that war was inevitable, ,but was the result. of defedtive organization of society. The Soviets ' did not .harbor" any aggressiVe.intentions, and.had neither motive nor inclination for aggression. The government would make its decision as, to entry 'or 'non-entry into the League of Nations solely and exclusively according .to the measure in which the - League in existing conditions 'could play the part .of a real factor in reinforcing peace._ 26 ? Estonia: Ratification exchanged of protocol 'prolonging non-aggression pacts of 4 May 1932. (Cf. 4 April). 29 France: Trade agreement .With the 'USSR ratified by the Chamber of Deputies. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For 'Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 16 - July 1934 ? July '? 7 Germany, Comintern: The Executive Committee of the Comintern issUed a manifesto,. "Program of EmancipatLon for the German working class"I'pro- theintention to destroy Hitler's State ?Nachine, create a"GermanSoviet' Republic under ComMunist leadership fraternally allied to the USSR, and create a German Red Army linked with :the USSR. and revolutionary elements in Poland, France, and other countries. United. States: It was reported that the State :Department had declared that negotiations by Litvinov for a non-aggression pact.had.been terminated by U.S.. refusal. ? Baltic Pact: A conference at Kovno between representatives of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania reached an understanding on the principle of a Baltic Pact. (Cf. 29 August and 12 Sept.), United States: It was reported that theSoviet government had denied that Litvinov had proposed a non-aggression pact to the United States. 10 Soviet Union: OGPU was abolished and merged into the new Commissariat of Internal Affdirs (NKVD) with control of the entire police, frontier guard services and labor camps. E. Yagoda, chief of the OGPU was appointed Commissar of Internal Affairs. All cases of treason were'transferred to the juris- diction of military tribunals while ordinctry criminal cases were to be handled by the regular courts. .13 League of Nations: Sir John Simon declared in Parliament that in the British government's opinion the entry of the Soviet Union into the?League,of Nations was an essential partof the scheme fer. European security Which included the project for an Eastern Pact, and that the United Kingdom would welcome an application for membership. by Russia. 15 .Soviet Union: The Council of People's 'Commissars and. the Central Committee of the Communist Party jointly decreed a .10 percent increase in wages paid at "works having military importance." 18 ,Eastern ?not: The. Seviet Ambassador Communicated to the British Foreign Office the Russian govern- ment's Agreement with the views expressed by the British on the proposedEastern.Pact and fts will-. ingneSs to give guarantees,of security to Germarly? as well as to France. ? Sinkiang: General Ma chingying, Tungan Chief and leader of reiVolt in ChineseTurkestan reported to have 'been forced after defeat to cross the Soviet' frontier, where he was,disarthed and interned.- 21 Eastern Pact: The SoViet Ambassador in Berlin informed the German government of his government's willingness to become a co.-guarantor of he Locarno Treaty., and that the French guarantee under the proposed Eastern Pact should extend to GerMany's Eastern frontiers. ' ? ? 23 Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Minister to Turkey , and the Soviet envoy signed a proposal for the open- ing of diplomatic relations between the two countries (cf. 5 Aug.). Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 17 - July' 23 Poland: Two Polish warships left for Leningrad on an official visit to the Soviet Navy. Soviet Union; Purge: One hundred railway workers were tried and sentenced on charges of neglecting their railway duties and sabotage on the railways between Euroncan Russia and the Far East. 25 Convention for mutual protection against dengUe fever (Athens): The USSR a signatory. United States: Negotiations between Secretary of State Hull and Ambassador Troyanovsky began' on the debt and commercial situation. 26 Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Communist Party decreed a ruthless campaign against 'coating in weighing and measuring and infringe- ments of regulated retail prices. 27 Soviet Union; Purge: During the trial of "wreckers," begun at Sverdlovsk the chief charge was made against a "foreign machine-making company," alleged to have worked for destruction of the Ural machine works. Neither name nor nationality of the firm was announced. 28 Poland: An air squadron left Poland to return the 1933 visit of the Polish Air Commander-in-Chief to Moscow. 29 Eastern Pact; Baltic States: Litvinov received both from the Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs and from the Latvian Minister statements on the Eastern European Pact, which were released to the press on the following day. 30 Eastern Pact; Baltic States: The Estonian Foreign Minister issued a'declaration in Moscow declaring that the ;Estonian government was favorably disposed toward the Eastern fact project but that it re- served the right to suggest amendments to the text. An identic statement was issp.ed by the Latvian Minister. 31 - Eastern Pact; Lithuania: The Lithuanian Foreign Minister left on an official visit 'to Moscow to discuss the Eastern European Pact. 1 'Soviet Union; Purge: All the accused in the Sverdlovsk "wreckers" trial were condemned to death. August 1934 August 1 Soviet Union: Rakovsky, formerly Soviet Am- bassador in London and Paris was apoointed to his first post since his re-admission to the Communist Party in February. He was appointed head of the Soviet delegation to the International Rod Cross Conference to be held in Tokyo in December. Eastern Pact; Lithuania: Lozoraitis, Lithuanian Foreign Minister visited Moscow and had an interview with Litvinov, during which both statesmen expressed the conviction that the proposed Eastern European Pact was the best method of preserving peace. Bulgaria: Text of the protocol establishing diplomatic relations between Bulgaria and the USSR was published simultaneously in Moscow and Sofia. France, Italy: Soviet military 'planes left for Rome and Paris to return visits paid in 1933 by Marshal Balbo and Cot. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 18 - August 6 Soviet Union: The Council of People's Commissars issued decrees cancelling promises made in January over the signatures of Stalin and Molotov, that if peasants cultivated more. land than was provided for in official plans, the additional area would not be taxed. New decrees, signed by Molotov, ordered collection of a State levy from these newly cul- tivated areas. 7 France: The Russian air mission .arrived in Paris. . Germany:. . Further .protocol of ,commercial agree- ment between the USSR and Germany signed. (Cf. 26. March). 10 , Chinese .Eastern Railway:. The Soviet Ambassador - in Tokyo. communicated to the Japanese Foreign Office -the final decision of the Soviet Government not to accept_ the Japanese offer of 25 July, regarding the transfer of. the Chinese Eastern .Railway to. Man- chukuo. .The Soviet government. resubmitted for the - consideration of Manchukuo authoritias the counter- proposal it had made 3.1 July. , ? Soviet Union Union.Republic commissariats of local industries were established. 15. Japan: Tw'enty Russian employees of the Chinese Eastern Railway were arrested on charges connected with recent attacks on trains. They were also accused of taking part in an anti-Japanese and anti- Manchukuo c amPaign. , Provisional agreement reached on -payment by Japan for fishery rights in Russian Waters. Soviet Union: The First All-Union Congress of the Union of Soviet writers opened in Moscow, unit- ing all "loyal fellow travellers", condemning the forceful "proletarianization" . of art in the preceding period, proclaiming Stalin's slogan of.'social realism" and accepting Stalin's formula to become "engineers of the human soul." 16 , Chinese Eastern Railway: Soviet.authorities stated that they had authentic information that the military forces at Harbin had begun preparations for proclamation of martial law along Chinese Eastern Railway, as preliminary to seizure of the railway, 18 Chines.? Eastern Railway: The Soviet government - issued a statement giving particulars of negotiations for sale of the Chinese Eastern Railway to Manchukuo. 20 Convention on tha unification of certain rules concerning international air transport (Warsaw, 12 October 1929); Ratified, by the USSR. Turkey: Provisional commercial convention con- cluded. by exchange of notes. 22 . Japan: The Soviet government sent ,-note to Tokyo protesting. against the continued arrests of Soviet employees of . the Chinese-Eastern Railway. Actions of Manchukuo. authorities were called a "rude infringement of treaty.; rights of the Soviet . " Manchukuo claimed that attacks on. the railway were the result of Soviet instigation.: -25 :Japan, Manchukua:. Reports. were. re calved in the USSR of arreSt of nine more Soviet employees of the Chine se Eastern Railway, some of. whom were . ill- ? tr.'ated with a view of extracting confessions from them. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09:02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 19 August 26 Manchukuo: A joint Soviet-Manchukuo Commission reached an agreement regarding navigation of the Amur, Sungari, Ussuri, and Argun Rivers. 29 Baltic Pact: An agreement for the formation of a "Baltic States Union" was initialled at Riga by representatives of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia. (Cf. 9 July and 12 Sept.) September 1934 Soptember 1 Japan: The Foreign Commissar of the USSR handed the Japanese Ambassador a note protesting against the ilinhuman,tortures" to which Soviet citizens, ?arrested in lianchukuo, were alleged to have been subjected. Those allegations wore stated to have ? been confirmed by the Soviet Consulate at Harbin. ? The Japanese government was asked to take steps to stop practice adopted to wring confessions from prisoners that they had organized attacks on the Chinese Eastern Railway. .Italy, Turkey: - The USSR welcomed Turkish and Italian military missions as an aid to peace pros.- pects. Manchukuo: Agreement concluded between Manchukuo and the USSR regarding river buoys. Japan: The Japanese Foreign Minister replied to the Soviet note of 1 September and said that the men concerned had issued directions to bandits for blowing up the Chinese Eastern Railway and furnished them with the necessary explosives. Japan: Tass stated that the bandits who had attacked the Chinese Ef':stexm train on 30 August had been armed with Japanese rifles. 8 League of Nations: The Soviet government made a declaration to the Secretrry-Genoral of the League of Nations Council, contained in a note sent to the British, French and Italian governments accepting the principle of arbitration and the minority clauses by which Poland was bound (Articles 4,5 and 7 of the Treaty of Riga in 1920). 10 Germany, Eastern Pact: The 'Germans were under- stood to have declined to participate in the East European Pact and to have communicated their views to the governments of Franco, Gt. Britain, Italy and, the USSR. 11 League of Nations; Ukraine, Georgia: The Secre- tariat of the League of Yations mceived protests from deputations from the Ukraine and Georgia, against the admission of the USSR to the League, unless it should have first withdrawn its troops from the Ukraine and recognized the independence of Georgia. The Ukrainians claimed their country should be permitted to reconstitute its nationality. 12 Baltic Pact: The Treaty of Understanding and Collaboration, concluded in Riga on 29 August, be- tween Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia,' was signed in Geneva. It was to remain in force for ten years. (Cf. 9 July and 29 August) Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 .- 20 - September 12 League of Nations: private letter from the Council ?of the League to the Soviet government inviting it to become a member of the League was sent to Litvinov. 14 League of Nations: Letter of invitation ap- proved by Litvinov. Draft for Litvinov's reply approved by the signatories of the letters of invitation. 15 League 'of Netions: Thirty nations signed a formal invitation for the USSR to join the League of Nations'. Litvinov accepted saying: "The Soviet government, which has made the organization of peace the main task of its foreign policy, and has never been depf to proposals of international cooperation in the interests of peace considering that...this invitation represents...a recognition of the necessity of cooperation with the USSR A is become a member of the League. 17 Albania: Exchange of notes in Rome establish- ing diplomatic and consular relations. 18 Lengue of Nations: The Soviet Union was formally received as a member of the League of Nations. The Assembly approved the Council's resolution to award 'the USSR'a permenent seat on the Council. 21 Chinese Eastern Railway: Agreement reached for the transfer of Chinese Eastern Railway from the USSR to Manchukuo at a price of 170 million yen, this price to include 30 million for retiring Soviet employees. 23 Comintern: The World Congress of the Comintern was postponed from October or November to the be- . ginning of 1935. 27 Soviet Union: A government money tax on private farms, applicable only to individualist peasants :".was decreed to speed collectivization. 28 United States: Tho U.S. government initiated two lawsuits to gain possession of funds held in New York banks in the name of Russian insurance companies which had been nationalized by decree in 1918. 30 Soviet Union: The Central Executive Committee restbred.the franchise to Kulaks who had repented. October l34 October 3 Japan: The Soviet ambassador in Tokyo handed a note to the Japanese Foreign'Minister stating that the Soviet government was lodging fresh protest against arre'st' and tortures of Soviet workers on the Chinese Eastern Railway and was demanding the release of all guiltless Soviet employees under detention. , Turkey: Protocol signed with Turkey prolonging frontier conflicts convention of 6 August 1928. Japan: Reports were published"in Moscow that Japan had arrested (1 number of Soviet employees of the Chinese Eastern Rnilwny and had occupied premises belonging to Soviet citizens. 11 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1934 - 21 - October 13 Soviet Union (Moldavian ASSR): The 10th anni- versary of the creation of the autonomous republic of Moldavia was celebrated. 18 Spain, Comintern: The Executive Committee of the Comintern, and the Young CommunistsInternetional were reported to have decided to continue to give "concrete assistance" to Spanish rebels against the Lerroux government. 22 Germany: The Military Collegium announced the dis- covery of a plot by a German organization for mi1itart7 and economic espionage in Leningrad and Murmansk. The chief organizer, P German, was sentenced to 8 years at hard labor, an Austrian to 6 years. A Soviet citizen was condemned to death., 31 . Estonia: A trade agreement with _Estonia was signed to supplement the agreement of 1929. It was to remain in force for 3 years: November 1954. November 1 Soviet Union; Elections: DurinR November 90,000,000 people participated in the elections ? to local Soviets. Molotov, in an election speech, said: "There could be no question of any opposition party trying to sheW its face." Soviet Union; Army: Soviet commanders were ordered to le-arn dancing and other social accom- plishments. Gt. Britain: Agreement signed in Moscow set- tling the dispute between the USSF:and the Lena Goldfields, Ltd., of Gt. Britain. The company was to receive 3 million pounds for the mines and the whole of its businebs in Russia. 5 , Soviet Union: Death sentence imposed in absentia on S.V. Voronkov for desertion from the battleship Marat. His relatives faced prison terms under a now hostage decree. 11. 'United State-a: American,manufacturers in Moscow conferred' with Soviet officials for possible accord on credits. 21 Finland: Ratifications exchanged between Finland and the USSR of convention on fishing right. (Cf. 25 May) 23 Soviet Union; Defense: Advisory Military Council formed, to be attached to Commissariat of Defense. It was to be known as the 1:ar Council, with Voroshi- lov as chairman. 28 Soviet Union; MTS: A decree authorized the reorganization of the Political sections in Machine Tractor stations into regular party organizations. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 p1934 December 1934 December 1 Soviet Union: Kirov, Politburo member end secretary of the Leningrad branch of the Communist Party, was assassinated. This precipitated arrests and trials throughout the whole country. Subsequently A. Zhdanov was appointed to take Kirov's place. 0 Soviet Union; Purge: Kirov's murderer, L.V. Ni- kolayev was arrested. ' Others were a,-rested in hos- cow and Leningrad as class enemies who were connected with terrorist plots against Soviet officials. 3 Soviet Union; Purce: Leningrad officials of the Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) were removed for alleged negligence in connection with Kirov's murder. The widespread purge was begun. 4 Soviet Union: A decree was Published amending the criminal code, to provide for immediate trial and execution without right of rppeal'for those ac- cused of terrorism. 5 France: Loyal, and Ldtvinov signed r declaration by which both countries undertook not to enter rny bilateral agreements without consulting each other So long as the question of the Eastern Prot remained undecided. , Soviet Union; 2urge: It WOS announced thrt 66 persons had been executed during the previous few days for "counter-revolutionary" activities. No mention was of any connection with Kirov's mur- der. 8 Czechoslovakia: The Czechoslovak. government announced its adherence to the Franco-Russian agree- ment of 5..December. (Cf. II December). ? 9 France: Commercial agreement signed in Paris. 11 Czechoslovakia: According to a statement of Loyal made on 18 December, Czechoslovakia receded to ?agreement of 5 December as of 11 DeCember (QC: 0 December). 22 Soviet Union; Purge: Seven "old guard" communists, including Zinoviev, Kamenev and Safarov, were arres- ted by the Commissariat of Internal Affairs and banished: the evidence against them was insufficient for trial. Eight others arrested were being examined by the Commissariat. 23 Hungnry: A, Beksaldion, first Soviet minister to Hungary in 20 years was received by Regent Horthy. 25 Soviet Union: The Central Committee issued a decree on the procedure of reinstatement of purged Party members and candidates. 26 Soviet Union: The indictment against Kirov's mur- derer was published im-olicating the consul of a foreign country :ho WPS alleged to have promised aid to "an underground counter-revolutionary ter- rorist group" of former followers of Zinoviev. 29 -Soviet Union; Purge: The Supreme Court of the USSR pronounced sentence on Kirov's assassins. Fourteen persons charged with complicity were officially stated to have been shot. The official Indictment described the prisoners PS guilty of working for foreign powers proposing to change the regime 'in the USSR by armed force from abroad. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 . January 1935 JanUry - 1 . Germany Agreetent initialled on 26 'September 1934,'regarding export of'wheat'and flour to Germany :.came into farce.. ? .Soviet Union (Secret Ballot, etc.): Congress of Soviets of All-Russian Republics adopted the secret ballot, equal repr'esentation of town and city voters, and direct elections. Afghanistan: Commercial treaty with signed. Soviet Union: Stalin elected member of Central Executive Committee and head tional committee, to frame amendments. 15 Soviet Union: Congress of Soviets of All-Russian Republics opened in Moscow. the .USSR of Presidium T of constitu- 16. Eastern Pact: French note present6d in Berlin in ? reply to German memorsndum of 10 September 1934 on Eastern Pact proposal. Conversations at Geneva be- tween Laval, Col. Beck, and Litvinov. ' Soviet Union ,(Purge): Soviet Government published formal indictment of Linoviev, Kamenev, Yerdokimov and 16 others, charging them with complicity in anti-Stalinist and terrorist plot, includinc murder of Kirov. 17 Soviet Union .(Purge): Zinoviev, Kamenev and other "Old Guard" Communists sentenced to imprison- ment for counter-revolutionary activities and "moral ? and political re'sponsibility' for murder of Kirov. 47 people banished to remote regions of the USSR. 18 Soviet Union (Purge): Safarov and 76 others "tainted with the Zinoviev mentality" banished ? from central regions pf. the ,USSR. 19 Eastern Pact: Continuance of conversations at Geneva between Laval, Col. Beck, and Litvinov. 22 Japan: Negotiations for the sale of Chinese-- Eastern Railway concluded. Management of the line to be taken over by the South Manchuria Railway. Soviet Union; 1935 Budget: Budget estimates for 1935 gave the total for the unified State Budget as 65,700 mIllion roubles for revenue and 65,200 millions for expenditure. 23 Soviet Union (Purge): The head of the secret police in Leningrad at the time of Hirovls murder and eleven of his assistants were sentenced to prolonged terms of imprisonment in concent.ration oamps, after a secret trial. 25 Soviet Union; Obituary: Death of V:Ve Kuiloyshev, Vice-preOident of Council of Commissars and a member of the Politburo. 28 Eastern PEct: Speaking at opening of 7th Ail- Union C?ongress, Molotov said that relations with Great Britain were satisfactory. Judging by Germanzis reluctance to join the Eastern Pact, USSR must d-raw own conclusions that policy of territorial - conquest on the east formulated in Mein Kempf remain- ed in force, and take their measures accordingly. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 January 30 Soviet Union; Defense: Vlce Commissar of Defense, Tukhachevsky, announced that the strength of Soviet armed forces had been increased from 600,000 to ? 940,000 men. The Red Army had almost doublEd its fighting power in the last 4 years. .Regular defense budget for 1934 was 1,665 million roubles. 5 million had been already spent, and a further 6,500 million were to be spent in 1935. This expenditure was necessitated by situatioh in the Far Last. The air fleet had been increased. by 330% during the 4 years, and tanks by 760%. In the army, 'machine gun'sections n-d been in- creased by 700%. In the navy, submarines by 435%, and torpedo craft by 370%. 31 Japan: At the 7th Congress, Molotov discussed the Portsmouth Treaty and Japanese intentions with regard to the USSR and, especially her actions re- garding the Sovict-Manchurian frontier. United States: Breakdown of negotiations be- tween the two countries concerning pre-Soviet debts and other financial claims announced by the State Department. February 1935 February 1 Soviet Union; Politburo: Mikoyan and Chubar ap- pointed members of the Politburo in place of Kirov and Kuibyshev. Soviet Union; Secret Ballot': The Central Commit- tee of Communist Party decided to alter the elector- al law and introduce the secret ballot with direct elections. Peasants and workers were to have equal representation. United States: Secretary Hull announced end of' talks and breakdown of negotiations concerning the debt question. 2 Soviet Union; Heavy.Industry: Ordzhonikidze's report to the 7th Congress on the state of Heavy Industry said that as a whole the past year exceeded the 1933 plan by 26.7%. However, railway transport remained an impediment in the general progress. Greater stress on consumers' - goods' was, to be given during the coming year. 6 Soviet Union: The All-Union Congress ended after electing Stalin as chairman of a committee. for drafting reforms of the constitution,. to be - compoSed of Molotov, VoroshiloV,. Kaganovich, .Chubar and Litvinov. Molotov 'in Introducing the measure commented that since. the class system had been completelytiestroyed certain changes in the constitution were out of date. The USSR; he said, emphatically disapproved of. government by terrorism, which.was being adopted in bourgeois countries. United States: The State Department announced that the Consulate-General. in Moscow wasto be - abolished and a number of other officials in the USSR withdrawn. 14 Manchukuo: It was officially announced that the Rivers Navigation Agreement concluded 27 December 1934 in Hsinking was reached between the Amur River State Shipping Company of the USSR and the Harbin Water Department of Manchukuo, and not 'between the USSR and Manchukuo. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 - 25 - February 18 Soviet Union (Collective FarMing): "Model Statute" published regulating tenure of land, and ownership of live stock and machihory. All land was State-property and could not be bought or sold even by collective farms, but their land would belong to them permanently on. those terms. 19 Eastern Pact: In a speech in London, Soviet Ambassador Maisky made a plea for collective planning of world peace, and said that equal security was needed for all parts of Europe. It was, therefore, unfortunate that Germany arid Poland did not welcome the proposal of an Eastern Pact., 20 Gt. Britain: The Soviet Ambassador tendered a note replying to the British communication in which the Soviet government Was advised of the results ? of the Franco-British conversations in London. Soviet note expressed general approval of the pro- pOsals and hoped that full acceptance of all points would help to consolidate peace. Veterinary Conventions relating to (1) campaign against contagious diseases of animals; (2) transit of animals and animal products; (3) import and ex- port of animal products (other.than meat and dairy). Geneva: USSR a signatory. _ 23- Soviet Union: Mordvinian and .Udmurt Republics established as autonomous,. 25 Gt. Britain: Invitation conveyed to the British government to send a representative to visit Moscow. 28 Soviet Union: Kaganovich appointed Commissar of Communications, with a view to carr7ing out a thorough reorganization of the transport system. March 1935 March 4 USSR (Transcaucasia): M. Yenukiaze appointed President of Central Executive Committee of Trans- caucasian Republic. He is succeeded as secretary of Central Executive Committees .of USSR and RSFSR by M. Akulov. Greece: Commercial exchanges agreement signed with Greece to remain in force until 31 December 1935. 7 Germany:, Parcel Post agreement signed with: Germany. 11 Japan, Manchukuo: The agreement for the purchase of the Chinese Eastern Railway by Manchukuo was initialled in Tokyo. The document contained no ? mention of recognition of Manchukuo ,by the Soviet government. The Japanese Foreign Office spokesman said Japan was content to let international lawyers a decide whether the Soviet's -action was tantamount to recognition. ? China: The Chinese government p?otested to the Russians against the sale of the Chinese Ecstern Railway. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 - 23 March 14 Japan: Litviriov, referring to the agreement for the sale of the Chinese Eastern Railway, objected to talk of the "demilitarization" of the Soviet- Manchurian frontier. He considered that friendly discussions between Japan aid the USSR could lead ?to good results in the withdrawal of some of the forces on both sides of the Soviet-Manchurian frontier. 17 'United Front: The,Executive Bureau of prof intern (Trade Union International) published a document dated 7 March, ordering Communist agents abroad to organize non-Communist trade unionists for united onslaught on the 'common enemy, Fascism. 18 Soviet Union; Purge: Over 1,000 persons were re- ported to have been arrested in Leningrad, some of whom were to be tried for anti-Soviet activities and. for working on behalf of foreign states. A large number were sent to? Siberia for being in the privi- leged zone (around Leningrad) without Passports. ?22 Gt. Britain: Soviet People's Committee confirmed the agreement of 4 November 1934 with Lena Goldfields, Ltd. 23 Japan, Manchukuo: Agreements signed between Manchukuo, Japan and the USSR regarding transfer of Chinese Eastern Railway to ownership of Manchukuo. Manchukuo Minister handed the Soviet Ambassador a check for one-sixth the purchase price. 24 ,Czechoslovakia:. Conventions signed with Czecho- slovakia regarding commerce, navigation, and in- dustrial property. Ratifications exchanged 8 June. '26 Gt. Britain: Pravda published an interview with Sir Austin Chamberlain wherein he said there was no doubt about the necessity of cooperation of Soviet Russia in any complete system of European security. Soviet Union; Foreign Trade: Publicsation of foreign trade figures for 1934 showed exports to be valued at 418 million gold roubles and imports at 233 millions. 28 Gt. Dritain: Eden arrived in Moscow and was met by LitvinoV. He subsequently discussed with the Soviet Foreign Commissar and Maisky the four points set out in the London Declaration of 3 l'ebruary and gave an account of the Berlin discussions. Litvinov outlined the progressive deterioriation of Russo-German rel-.tions during the pa st 2 years. Later he described Eden's visit as a milestone in Soviet-British-relations. 29 Gt. Dritain: Eden was received by Stalin who was accompanied by Molotov and Litvinov. 31 Gt. Britain: Eden left Moscow for Warsaw. A joint Anglo-Soviet communique issued referring to conversations hold stated that represenatives of the two governments were confirmed in their opinion that the cboperation of the two countries in the general work for collective organization of peace and secur- ity was of 'primary importance for furtherance of international efforts to this end." Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 -.27 - April 1935 April 1 Gt. Britain: Russian press praised Eden,s visit and said it had achieved most important results. Eden had convihced them that the British method, of seekind information by personal contact with Britain, was sound. Lithuania: Economic agreement signed between Lithuania and the USSR. 2 Germany: Representatives.of several German ? steel companies expelled from ,the USSR. 7 Trade Union International: The Executive Bureau ? of the Trade Union International (Profintern) de- cided to transfer one of its chief departments to Paris, where the general activities in Europe would be directed. S. France:: It,was understood that agreement had been reached with the Soviet government PS to the terms of a proposal for a Franco-Prussian system o?f mutual guaranties within the frameworkeof the League. Le Journal stated that the plan contem- plated controlled limitation of armaments simul- taneously with guaranties of mutual military assistance. Germany: Signature of a commercial agreement between Germany and the USSR in Berlin; The. USSR to place new orders in-Germahy (in addition to their normal requirements) tattle value of 200 million marks. 10 Baltic States: Soviet government is understood to have sounded the governments of Letvia, Lithuania and Estonia on the subject of a mutual assistance pact, which wOuld be' on the lines of the one just arranged with France and might be linked with it. 11 Baltic States: Representatives of the govern- ments of Estonia, Latvia, ?and Lithuania met in Riga to discuss the Russian governments sugtestion. 15 Manchukuo: The River Navigation Convention of 25 December 1934 came into force. - ,21 France: A communique published in ,Moscow stated that negotiations with the French government had been temporarily interrupted, and Litvinov had been called to Moscow to make a report to the Council of People's Commissars; .26 Postal conventions (Cairo 20 March 1934): Conventions of the Universal'Postal Union and on insured letters and boxes ratified by the USSR. 27 France: Further discussions in Paris between the Soviet Ambassador and Laval. Fresh Soviet pro- posals were submitted and the French saLL-estions were transmitted to Moscow. It was understood that satisfactory progress had been made as a result of the new start. 28 Comintern; Clermany: The Comintern decided to supplement Litvinovis policy of p6ace pacts by a chain of "proletarian pacts" encircling Germany. ? Instructions issued to Comintern's gections in certain countries bordering on Germany- (except the Netherlands and Switzerland) to organize anti- German committees. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 :7. 28 April .29 France: After TU'rther 'discussion between LaVal and the Soviet Ambassador it was stated that ,the ? mait-points had been settled. .Final 'conversations ...were being directed. towards achieving agreement up0-1, a text capable of only one. interp.retation. -? - May, 1.935 May 1 May Day:' May- Day demonstration in Moscow was signalized by formation flying of 660 military planes over Red Square. War planes and tanks took part in the parades in Moscow and other cities'. 800 planes demon'stra'ted. in the Manchurian frontier zone. 2 France: Franca?Soviet mutual as'sis-tance pact was signed in Paris. It was based on articles 10, 15, and 16 of the Covenant Hlhey invelved.the obliga? tion of both parties to' consult together in case of a-danger of aggression or give each other mutual 'assistance in 'case of- unprovoked azgr6esj.on. 5 Soviet Union; Bond Floatation: The issue of 3,500 :million rubles as an -internal loan was announced, with ten years as the period of redemption. 6 ' Soviet Union; Air Force: The Aircraft Yearbook, published by the U.S. Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce, gave USSR combatant strength in planes as 3,000. Spitzbergen Convention: Acceded to by the USSR. 13 France: Laval arrived in Moscow and was met by Litvinov and a number of other officials. In speeches, both,Laval and Litvinov emphasized that the pact of .2 May aimed solely at reinforcint_ peace and said the door remained open to all those who sincerely sought the same goal. 14 France: Stalin receixed Laval to study appli? cation of the E,?stern ELI-rope Pact, including the question of pronaganda by the 3rd International. 15 France: Laval left Moscow for Warsaw, after further discussions about which an official state? ment said that the statesmen had expressed their satisfaction about the East "European Pact. Hungary: The Regent of nungary authorized creation of a legation in Moscow. He appointed Dr. Jungerth?Arnoldy_as Ministur. Soviet Union; Communist Party: The Central Com? mittee of the Communist Party divided the cultural and propaganda department ,into 5 divisions to in? crease control.- Czechoslovak?Soviet mutual assistance treaty signed at'Prague. 17 Communications and Transit Conventions (Barcelona, 20 April 1921): Acceded to by the USSR. 23 Germany: Pravda described Hitler's speech of 21 May as a collection of fairy tales about German neacofulno'ss. and Soviet aggressiveness. Hitler's objection to collective pacts was due to his hope of separating the Powers and destroying them singly. His program was not one of peace but of war; war both'in the East and in the West,. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 '???? 29 - Ma -31 ? -Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Com- munist.Party decided to disband the'Seciety of old . :June .1935. June' 3 .' Czechoslovakia: An agreement ,was signed in - Prague by:Which a group of banks.eXtended credit of.' 250 mill:ton browns to the Soviet government to finance exports to the 'USSR.- 6 Finland: Shifting of population of Finnish extraction from the Finnish border to Central Russia neared completion. The Finnish government ordered an investigation into Soviet policy concerning this. Bulgaria: The USSR government protested to Bulgaria against alleged anti-Soviet activities by Russian refugees. Soviet Union; Purge: The Central Committee of the Communist Party deprived-Yenukide, an "Old Guard" Bolshevist, of all his party posts and ex- pelled him from membership for :"political degener- acy and rotten liberal habits." ? Czechoslovakia: Benes arrived in Moscow and exchanged ratifications of the Mutual Assistance Pact, and of the Trade Agreement signed on 25 March. Czechoslovakia Conversations between Benes, Stalin and Molotov. 10 Czechoslovakia: An official statement acknowledged that the pacts and the agreements concluded by both Governments created a firm basis for continuation of collaboration, as well as'successful development of economic relations. Finland: The Soviet government rebuffed Finland's inquiries into the deportation .of Finnish born inhabitants near the frontier. Belgium: Diplon.atic relations' established be- tween Belgium and the USSR. Japan: 'The Soviet government demanded from the Japanese government the release of several Russian 'soldiers alleged to have been captured on the. Manchukuo frontier. 15 Italy: Export credits agreement concluded_be- tween Italy and the USSR. Telecommunications Conventions' (Madrid, 9-10 December 1932) ratified by the USSR. 22 Gt. Britain: A Soviet government spokesman in- formed the foreign press that he believed English public opinion was being deceived by certain moves represented as steps toward international collabor- ation and security. He Said the English must understand that bilateral agreements which wero in- compatible with the League were a screon for the principle of localization of war which was pro- claimed by Hitler and was being put into practice by China and Japan. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 - 30 June 26. Japan: The Japanese Foreign Minister received the Soviet Ambassador in connection with his government's protest on 11 June against the shoot- ing of a Russian soldier near Lakc Khanka. Mr. Hirota was understood to have received his proposal for the establishment Of a joint commis- sion to deal with frontier disputes. Soviet Union: The Society of Political Ex- Convicts arid Exiles was disbanded, according to a government decree. The society had been formed after the Revolution by revolutionaries condemned by the Tsarist regime. July 1935 July' .1 Japan: Protests-to Japan regarding incidents On . the-Amur of 27 June. ? Manchukuo gunboats alleged to have intruded into Soviet territorial waters. 3 Road Traffic Conventions (Paris, 24 April 1926; Geneva, 28-3 March 1931) acceded to by the USSR. 5 Japan: The Soviet government was understood to have accepted the proposal of the Japanese Foreign Minister that a joint Soviet Manchukuo-Japanese commission should be set up to deal with frontier incidents. 7 Soviet Union: The Constitution Committee, es- tablished by the Congress, began its work of framing anew constitution. Two sub-committees out of twelve were placed,under Stalin's personal supervision. Japan: The Soviet Ambassador informed the Japanese Foreign Minister that his proposal' lor a frontier disputes commission. was acceptable in principle, but, the commission should not deal with boundaries, as these had already been fixed, but only with incidents. Its membership should be dual, i.e., Russia and Japan, or Russia and Manchukuo; not Russia, Japan and Manchukuo. Obscene Publications Convention (Geneva, 12 September 1923) acceded to by the 'USSR. 10 Bulgaria: Parcel post agreement signed by Bulgaria. 11 United States: Exchange of notes (July 11-15) regarding value of goods to be purchased under reciprocal trade agreement of 13 July 1935. 12 Belgium: Exchange of. letters providing for recognition of the Russian government by Belgium. 13, United States: Reciprocal-trade agreement signed in Moscow, :to remain in force one year. The Russians undertook to purchase Americcm goods to a value of 30 million dollars, in return for which the U.S. undertook to extend to Soviet goods all tariff concessions resulting from recip- rocal trade agreements with other foreign countries (except Cuba). 19 Soviet Union; Defense: Infantrymen dropPed from planes in war games near Moscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 - 31 Jul y- 20 Japan: The Japanese Foreign Minister replied to the Soviet note of 1 July about frontier vio- lations. He categorically denied all charges and said no Japanese armed units have ever crossed the frontier. Soviet Union: All property of workers' cooperd- tive organizations which had been nationalized was ordered to be returned to owner. 25 Comintern: The 7th World Congress of the Comintern began at Moscow, and was scheduled to last through 21 August 1935. It was the' firstsince 1928 and was attended by. some four hundred dele- gates from fifty countries. 29 Soviet Union; Amnesty: A decree cancelled all civic disabilities for peasants resulting from penalties for counter-revolutionary crimes and premeditated failure to carry out obligations, if such peasants had since become useful collective farm workers. Another decree proclaimed an amnesty to persons imprisoned in 1932 and 1933 for crimes against socialist property. All trials for such offenses were to be stopped. United States; Communist Party: Ambassador Troyanovsky denied connection of the U.S. Communist Party with the USSR. Browder reported to the Com- intern on the activities of the Communist Party in the U.S. August ?1935 August 2 Comintern: The Congress Voted to formulate basic policies which, however, would avoid interference in the internal work of independent parties. Plans were made for the training of new leaders. A united front with moderates was approved to fight Fascism. 3 Manchukuo: Moscow Foreign Office denied a re- port from Darien that 160,000 troops had been moved to Irkutsk ready to advance on the Mongolian border should any trouble arise out of Manchukuo's demands to Outer Mongolia. 7 Germany: Ratifications exchanged between Germany and the USSR of the Parcel Post Convention of 7 March. Soviet Union; Foreign Irade: The government an- nounced that in the future foreign business will pass from the Commissariat of Foreign Affairs and Soviet trade agencies into the hands of ordinary export, import and transport,organizations, which were empowered to make contracts and to give and recaive bills of exchange. 14 Soviet Union; Amnesty: Amnesty announced to 'ex-prisoners, chiefly, wreckers, who had joined collective farms. The order was issued by the Central Executive Committee in order to stimulate :Grain harvest- workers.., 19 Gt. Britain; Comintern: Complaint made to the USSR by the British klmbassador regarding propa- gandist speeches made at Comintern Congress. _Italy, Latvia; Comintern: Italy and Latvia pro- tested to the Soviet government against subversive activities of the Comintern in their respective countries. Soviet Union: Moscow correspondent of Gazeta Polv,ka expelled owing to article in which he 1inkBrest and Toulon riots with Communist ac- tivities in Moscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 - 32 - liugust 21 Comintern:- .Comintern Congress closed in Moscow. 22 Comintern: The New Executive Committee of Comintern announced the appointment of Dimitrov as the first general secretary of the political secretariat. 23 Czechoslovakia: 'Russian military delegation arrived in Prague to attend the Czech army maneuvers. 24 Iran: A commercial treaty was signed with Iran. 25 United States: Ambassador Bullitt presents a note from the State Department on propagandist speeches made at the Comintern Congress protesting them as violation of :Jnti-propaganda pledge made at the time of negotiations for diplomatic recognition November 1933. 26 Gt. Britain: it was learned that the British Ambassador had protested verbally on 19 August , against the subversi've activities of the Comintern in Great Britain. 27 United States, Gt. britain: Reply from the Soviet government to the U.S. and Great Britain regarding their protests against propagandist speeches. The Soviet government declared that no pledge had been violated and declined responsibil- ity for any actions by the Comintern. 31 United States: Mr. Cordell Hull issued a state- ment regarding the Soviet reply and reiterated the charge that the Russians had violated their pledge of non-interference in hmerican internal affairs. He emphasized that friendly relations between the two countries depended upon Russian adherence to the pledge. September 1935 September 5 Belgium: Provisional commercial treaty signed by Belgium, the USSR, and Luxembourg. Italy, League of i\lations: Litvinov in speaking before the League Council affirmed that he could not approve the attitude of the Italian delegate who suggested that the council should dissociate itself from the Italo-Abyssinian dispute, for in so doing he invited other states to violate their interne.tional obligations and the Covenant. 6 Japan: Protest to Japanese government against the arrest of Soviet citizens in Manchukuo. Manchukuo: The Manchukuo government was re- vealed to have lodged over 100 protests with the Soviet government over frontier incidents; 91 of these were still unsettled. Road Traffic Conventions (Geneva, 28-30 march 1931): Agreement between customs authorities regarding undischarged or lost triptychs signed by the USSR. Belgium: A commercial'agreement w5as signed with Belgium.' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 -33 - September 14 League of Nations: Litvinov made a plea at Geneva for the establishment of a permanent peace conference and for fresh consideration of his proposal for total disarmament. He regretted the lack of-universal recognition of what constitutes aggression. 22 Soviet Union; Army: An officers' corps cretittod for the first time since the Revolution. Commanders received individual ranks. The title of Marshal was introduced. 25 Young Communists International: The 6th World congre6s of the Young Communists'. International . opened in Moscow and was addressed by Dimitroy. The last congress had been held in 1928. October 1935 October 7 Soviet Union: OG?U re-titled State 6ecur4ty Department. Its officers were accorded ranks similar to those of the Red Army. 13 Japan: ?Protest to Japan against violation of the Soviet frontier ,by Japanese and Manchurian troops several times since 1 October. On 12 October fifty soldiers had attacked two Soviet frontier guards in Soviet territory- near Pogranichnaya, with loss of life. Manchukuo: Reports reached Harbin that during pnevious week three Russian cavalry detachments had crossed frontier into Manchukuo and attacked ?Manchukuo troops. 16 Rumania: The Rumanian Foreign Office,issued a statement denying that any negotiations with the USSR for a pact of mutual assistance were or had ever been in progress. 25 Japan: The Japanese government handed a note of protest td the Soviet 1-mbassador about frontier incident of 12 October'. - It alleged, that a Soviet patrol had fired on and killed six Japanese and Manchukuo -scouts. the 28 Italy, League of Nations: It was understood that the Soviet government had informed the League Secretariat that it accepted all proposals for sanctions against Italy. *31. Opium Conference, 2d (Geneva, 19 February 1925): Convention only, acceded to by the USSR. Manufacture and Distribution of Narcotic Drugs Convention (Geneva, 13 July 1931) acceded to by the USSR. November. 1935. November . . 7 ? sTurkey: ProtOCO1 'signed by turkey and USSR prolonging until 1945 .the friendship aadneutrality treaty of 17 December'1925, together with protocol of 17 December 1929 and. naval agreement of .7. March 1931. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ' 1935 . November 12 France: Ratifications exchanged with France of comtnercial agreements of 11 January 1934. ? International Exhibitions Convention (Paris, 22 November 1928) ratified by the USSR. 14 Soviet Union: Lecree issued abolishing payments in foreign currency in the USSR. Torgsin. to be 1iquidated 1 February 19$6. Ilfter .tht date every? thing to ?be paid for in roubles at new fixed rate of exchange of 24 roubles to the sterqing. 16 ezechoslovakia: Consular convention signed with C echoslovakia. " United States: Second anniversary of recognition of USSR by U.S. 19 Italy: USSR protested against anti?Soviet demonstrations in Italy. ?:? 22 italy: ?The Soviet government transmitted reply to the Italian government of its note of 11 November, stating that Russia had ho hostility towards Italy and no interest in the italo?Abyssinian conflict but "all members of the League must enjoy full equality in the event of attack, regardless of racial and other distinctions Similarly, "no member of the League, with all its sovereignty, has the right to evade obligations resulting from hrticle 16." December 1936 December 18 Sinkiang: The Ti.uvh leader, 'Ma Chung,-ling, who was .in Moscow., received a d-eiputation'. of :five Tungan representatives. 19 Japan, Manchukuo: Reports reached Moscow tha,t Japanese?Manchukuo forces' had attacked a frontier post near Dolonor Lake and killed the vice? commandant in Mongolia. 22 Japan: Reports from Urga, capital of Outer Mongolia, stated that troops responsible for the incident near Dolonor were Japanese, .not MonEolians. They had crossed frontier and made an unprovoked attack on the post. This was stated to have fol? lowed breakdown of negotiations to create a joint commission to settle frontier incidents on the spot. Japanese were accused of being responsible for breakdown by insisting Mongolia admit Maftchukuo agent to protect interests at Ura. Mongolia had refused. = 25 Manchukuo: The government of Mongolia protested to the government of Manchukuo against frontier incidents, warning it that consequences might be serious unless steps were taken to prevent them. Full responsibility would fall on Manchukuo and Japan, since Japanese troops were taking a most active part in the attacks. 7 Uruguay: The Uruguayan government st,vcred diplo? matic relations with the USSR ?on the ground', that Soviet diplomatic representatives had been connected With Communist activitieS", both in Uruguay and elsewhere in South limerica (cf. 5 Jrnurry. 1936). Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1935 - 35 - December 28 Uruguay: The Soviet Minister to Uruguay pro- tested against the decree severing relations with his government. He stated it had been based on unproved Brazilian allegations and on speeches at 7th Congress of Comintern in Moscow. He denied that the Soviet legation had helped to finance Brazilian rebels. Uruguay: The Foreign Minister of Uruguay re- jected Soviet note of 28 December on the ground that the mission of the Soviet Legation was terminated. 31 Uruguay, League- of Nations: The Foreign Commis- sar of the USSR sent a. complaint to :the League - Secretariat that. Uruguay, s action. in ? severing rela- tions was a ?violatien of 1-rticle. 12 of the Covenant, The, Soviet governMent orclered-,reprisals*, forbidding trade organizations to make purchases. from Uruguay, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 36- - Januar v: 1936 January _ - . ? ? , 1 ? Convention on the publication of customs _ . ' tariffs, Brussels, 5 July 7 1890: .acceded to--py- the USSR Witheffect 'frpM 1 January- . . Comintern:, The Executive Committee 'published .,an announcement of the degradation of Torgler, Taney, and Popcv.for unworthy behavior during, the Reichstag 'trial. League of Nations, Uruguay; Soviet note to the League protesting agatnst the action of Uruguay (27 j:Jec'ember1935). 6 ? France: Agreement concluded prolonging corn- mercial agreement pf 11 january 1934 (cf. 11 Janu- ary, 17 December). Soviet Union: New regulations to control the movement of all foreigners put into effect. 10 Japan: Soviet Ambassador lodged a protest with the Foreign Minister against eight cases of trespass by Japanese military aircraft across the Soviet frontier. - Soviet Union: The Chairman of the Council of Commissars Molotov, at the meeting of the Cen- tral 7,xecutive Committee of the Communist Party stated that the threatening war danger on the 7:astern and the ',astern frontiers caused by the aggressive policies of Germany and japan de- manded an augmented military budget for 1933. 11 France: Additional agreement prolonging commercial agreement of 11 January 1934 (cf. 6 January). Japan: Soviet Ambassador discussed with the Foreign Minister Hirota the rumors of a secret ' Japanese-German alliance. Soviet Union: Construction begun on sixteen new giant planes, successors to ill-fated 'Maxim Geri:7." 12 Soviet Union: Tests made of glider-aeroplane capable of carrying tons or sixteen passengers. Soviet Union Announced standing army for 1936 increased to 1,500,000; military budget for 1936 14 billion rubles. 14 Greece; Comzierciol agreement signed with USSR with effect from 1 January to 31 December. 15 Lithuania: Trade agreement concluded. Soviet Union: CentraliT3xecutive Committee (Communist Party): Vico Gompunissrlr of Defense reported that the hod Army consisted of 1,300,000 men (77 percent with completed training and under arms). Commissar of Finance reported a surplus of 700,000,000 rubles of revenue over expenditures at the end of the fiscal year. 16 Soviet Union: Budget figures 'for'1936 Pub- lished; of mi11ion.S-rubles1 148'millions placed for defense, as againZst 6.5 millions in 1935. Foreign Trade: Council of People's Commissars approved a decree forbidding all exports to countries wha-se currency restrictions prevented the receipt of full pa,rment. 'Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 -37 - January 18 League of Nations: The Secretariat circulated, to all members of the Council the correspondence between the Soviet and Uruguay Govornments which attended the broach of diplomatic relations. (cf. 27 December 1935, 5 January). Mongolian hepublic; Hoilumoto in Manchoukuo reported captured by outer Mongolian troops (cf. 20 January). 20 Mongolian Republic! Exchango of protest and warning between governments of outer Mongolia and Manchoukuo. 22 Loaguo of Zations, Danzig: Following Mr. Eden's roeort on Darzig, Soviet and other dole- gates pointed out that the responsibility for the normal working of the Danzig Constitution lay with the Council. 23 League. of l'Jations, Uruguay: Litvinov's speech on the dispute with Uruguay; answored by the Uruguayan delogate with instancos of Soviet interference in the domestic affairs of other countries, and averring that the Third Inter- national was not indeeendont of the Soviet government. 25 Japan: Fivo allogod Japanoso agonts son- . toncod to death by Sovict authorities in Khabarovsk for espionage. 27 Mongolian Republic: ManchouhUoanzovornment ?domanded withdrawal of troops from its territory. 29. Japan: anchurian troops reported socking refuge on oviet sido of frontier after mutineer- ing. Mongolian Republic: Urga reports of frontier incidents on the Earkhoukuo border every day since 23,January. 30 Japan; Frontier incident on Soviet territory noar Pogranichnaya. 31 Czechoslovakia! Ratifications exchanged of parcel post ai7reomont of June 1935. Came into force 1 March. Japan: Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs protested to the Japanese Ambassador in Moscow against the frontier incident of 30 January. February 1936 ? February ? 1 Soviet Union; Now rate for rublo of five to the dollar wont'into'effect for intornal trade; State bank closod out accounts in-foroign cur- rencios. Soviet Union: Decree closing Torgsin shops wont into effect. Japan, The Kwantung headquarters 'alleged that 'Soviet influences ,were behind tho mutiny of the .Manchoukuo soldiery (29 January). Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 -38 - February 4 France: Agreement concluded regarding tax on importation and transit of Soviet products. Soviet Union: Staff of Spacial Far Eastern Rod Army offered to give fullest aid to any unbiased commission inquiring into recent in- cidents on Sovict-Manchurian border. Franco: The Financc Minister, in the dis- cussion of a proposed credit to the USSR, re- vealed that tho Minister of Commerce in tho Laval cabinet had promised an 'insuranco'credit" of 300 millions to the USSR, but that tho Caisso des Depots et Consignations had refused to ad- vance the funds. Assistant Commissar of War, Tukhachovsky, reported in Paris consulting on military cooperation between Franco and t4c Soviet Union. Soviot Union: Trial of thirty-nine p4sons accused of carrying on private trado operi'd in Leningrad. Soviet Union: Yaroslvshy, Pro.;;. nion of Militant Atheists, spoke at tenth anniver- sary of the organization; announced seven million members, two million of school age, operated from fifty thousand ?cells." Soviet Union: Communist Academy merged with Academy of Scioncos. 9 Estimated 25 percent of 1936 films to be for children. It was disclosed that the doubling of the track of tho Trans-Siberian Railroad had boon completed as far as Nhabarovsk.. 10 Soviet Union: Progress reported in construc- tion of Black Sea-Caspian Sea Canal. United States: Senator Pittmanys speech in tho Senato; seen as saying in effect that Tokyo could not afford to count on U.S. neutrality in the event of a war with China or with the'USSR. 11 Finland: Protocol signod modifying railway transport convention of 10 Juno 1924 (cf.N13 France: Debato in the Chamber on the pact with the USSR; Flandin asked for its rat3lpa- tion, made it clear that the pact would apply only to unprovoked attack. Japananchoukuo): 2rotost,froM thc-i(n- 'chouuo government asking for satisfaction for frontier incidents,' charging Moscow with sub- versive activities in Manchuria. Sovict Union: Bukharinl-N; chiof. of .edi- torial board of Izvestiva, attacked in_Pravda editorial for ?ntatemont oblenoviSm most charac- teristic trait bf Russian ?pooplo in pro-revolu- tionary days. 12 Belgium: Trade agreement with the USSR ratified by the Senate. , France; The Moscow press, referring to the French Pact; stated that European peace and system of collective security rested upon it. Japan (idanchoukuo): Breakdown of conferenco at Harbin. Kwantung Army reported driving out 200 Outer Mongolians occupying Olohodka near Buirnor. Roports froM Hailar of Soviet :bombing of Japanese troops. Declassified and and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 0 ? 1936 - 39 - February 13 Japan (Manchoukuo); Foreign Office spokebman described the Buirnor incident as "tantamount to an act of war without a formal declaration." The Foreign Minister of Japan instructed the Am- bassador in Moscow to propose that a joint com- mission bo sot up to investigate the incident. Soviet Union! Government increased price to be paid for grain delivered to State by collec- tive farms. 14 Japan (Manchoukuo):s A Soviet version of the Buirnor incident, accusing Japanese of violating Mongolian frontier. 15 Japan (Manchoukuo): Soviet Consulate General in Mukdon closed. - Rumania: Clearing convention concluded. Came into force I March. Soviet Union: Bukharin, N., in a signed article in Izvostiva rejected views attributed to him, and apologized for having used Phrases ? which could be misconstrued. Press attchod,"'Leftidt art"; Shostakovichls ballet "Limpid Stream" removed from repertory of Bolshai Theater. 16 Japan: The Asaki suggested that the proposal of a non-aggression pact with Russia be revived. Soviet Union: National advertising campaign started as part of movement to improve State- controlled retail stores. -17 Japan: The Foreign Office denie,d that the Government. were considering a non-aggression pact with the USSR.. -Rumania: Trade, agreement signed in Bucharest; provided for a system of barter. .19 'Comintern The Exccutive'Canmittec issued a progress report ,on. the realization in various countried of the. program adopted by the World Congress' in August 1935. France. led in member- ship increase, degree of control in the.tradc Unions, and establishment of party schools. 21 Soviet Union: Pravda editorial attacked ? kitchenless apartments as "LeftiSt attempt' artificially to introduce communal living". and termed entire Leftist school of architecture' as "monstrous trick architecture." 22 Japan (Manchoilkuo): It was reported that the. Soviet Government had abandoned its claim' for neutral _representatives on the commission to inquire into the fighting on the nanchukuo frontier on 30 January. Japanese Affibassador Ota informed that the Soviet Government viewed with serious concern the frequent clashes on Outer Mongolian-LIanchoukuoan border. Soviet Union ,Mizhlauk, Chairman Gosplan, awarded Order of Lenin. Now operas "And Quiet Flows the Don" and ?Komarinski Euzhik" opened. Defense: Pravda editorial on the lath anniversary of the Red'irmy stated that the country was ready to fight both Japan and Ger- many, and claimed that even the railway system was ready to handle, all strategic problems. 23 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 0 e 0 1936 ?40 - February 24 'Mongolian Rapublic, Japan: Vice Commissar for Foreign Affairs 'was understood to have sug- gested to Tokyo the setting up of? a second frontier commission to investigate tho incidents on the frontier of Outer Mongolia, and to have stated that the Soviot Union was obliged to nro- toct the Mongolian People's Republic. 25 Franco: Debate on the Franco-Soviet pact continued; chairman of Foreign Affairs Committee pointed out the pact was a link in a chain of colloctivo security. Japan: Military' coup d'etat in Tokyo (cf. 1 March). 27 Franco; The Soviet Pact ratified by the ChaMbor, 353 votes to 164. SOvict Union: l'ew school of propaganda es- tablished - connected with Communist University of HoscOw. 23 Franco: The Soviet press (Izvcstiya), pointed out that the Pact with Franco was only a moans 'of making Germany disposed to join the collective system; Pravda stated frontier incidents in the Far East had boon provoked in order to prevent the ratification of the pact by the Fi-onch. March 1936 Harch 1 Japan: Soviet pross stated the Tokyo events (25 Fobruary) woro likely to hasten the begin-. ning of a war in Asia, described Gen. ?'raki as a bitter enemy of the USSR. ? Soviet Union: Reported that largo numbors of' submarines shipped across Siberia for assem- bly at Vladivostok. ? Gold ruble abolished and paper ruble stabilized for external and internal trade at five to dollar as of 1 April 1936. School gave course on Communist propaganda -. Important in transition period ?"toward Communism." ':ford "competition" to describe Soviet enter- prise banned - word moaning "friendly contost" to bo used. , League of Nations Eden stated that the British Governfliont favored the imposition of an oil ombard'against Italy; Potemkin intimated that the USSR agreed with Mr don's proposal. Soviet Union; Report Moscow greeted with relief defeat of militarist group and triumph of more moderate elements in Tokyo insurrection. Standard of living reported decidedly above past winters. State Bank ordered by docrec to recalculate the rublo on the value of all foreign currency in its possession. 3 Poland: Tariff 'agreement signed. ? Soviet Union: Soviet ,statistics showed avbracc wage in 1935 fpr industrial and office .workors incroased 22.6 percont over. 1934. ' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 March 4 Franco Soviet Pact approved by the Sona to Commi ttoo . Soviot Union: Stalin's intorviow with ? Roy '7. Howard. Stalin stated that Mongolian ? Republic would be defended in the case of an attack by Japan; that although -Poland had pro- tested her unwillingness to permit any foreign troops to usa hor territory as a basis for operations, this would be no barrier to an aggrossivo state; intimated the possibility of Hitler' s invasions in Europo; denied oxpansi on- 1st ambitions on the part of the USSR, or any plans for bringing about a world revolution. Soviet Union: High trade union officials in Ukraine dismissed; be be trio6 for om- bozzlonont. 5 Japan: Litvinov stated to havo boon assured by the Japanese Ambassador that t'oLo ovonts in Tokyo would have no effect on Japanese foreign policy. Soviet Union: Decree ora'nizod now adminis- ? tration for highway work. in -ITT); peasants ro- ? quirod to contributo six days labor annually On highways. Reports of troop concontrati ons in the VolTa Basin and no Soviot Far :ast. 7 Germany: Hitler donouncod tho Treaty of Locarno, and announced that the Treaty had practically ceased to be, by roason of tho con- clUsion of the Franco-Soviot Pact France: Pareel post agroamont signed (cf. 30 ,Juno). Gorman7 2 Soviet interpretation of Hitler's Reichstag speech was that it clearly showed his aggressivo designs in Thstorn Europo. Japan:- Soviet communication containing con- ditions for frontier mixed commissions (cf. 17 March) .- 10 . Gt. Britain: Lord Cranborno told by the Soviet Ambassador that the USSR could not re- gard the Gorman denunciation- of Locarno as an isolated action; the -occuoation of the- Rhein- land zone was viewed as one in , a chain of aggressive acts, and should not bo condoned; tho danger of war might -bo proventod if a resolute stand wore mado now. Soviet Govern- ment was strongly opposed to negotiations., and at Genova it -would recommend, and suopOrt to the full, a most resoluto action. ? . Soviet Union: Serious spoilage of cotton crop. (1935) due to early picking;- investigating committee sent to Uzbekistan. 11 France: S9-nate Foreign Affairs Commission reported favorably on the Franco-Soviet troaty. 12 Franco; Soviet Pact (2 Hay 1935) ratified by the Sonato. Germany; Reports that Soviet Government had intimated that the negotiations for the credit of 200,000,000 for Soviet purchases of German goods 1,-ore at an end. Japan: Protest to the Japanese govornmont against the arrest of Japsnoso employees of the Soviet Embassy. Mongolian Republic; Mutual assistance oro- tocol signed. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1933' March 16 Mongolia,Manchoukuo:_ .Publication of notes setting uip,a mixed commission to investigate border incidents. . Soviet7Union;. Pravda published official figures to sho7 higher standard. of*_living among individual colloctivo'farm. members.. Turkey; Ratifications =changed. of protecol of 7 November, 1935; prolonging friendship and neutrality treaty of 17 December 1925... -17 Czechoslovakia .Prague denied that the Soviet Union was preparing for the establishent of air bases in Slovakia. ? Japan: Soviet Government. welcomed Japanese. Proposals for frontier commission in Tanchoukuo_ (cf. 9 March); inquirod:whether such coLlidlssions , 7ould be sot Up for the.Mengol-Manchoukuo fron- tier. League of Nations: Litviney critic izod severely the violation: of Locarne, disclaimed the idea. that Germany 7as being. encircled, and stated the USSR 7as ready to take part in all measures doCided upon. ? Soviet Union; Communist Party and, government loaders demanded strengthening Stakhanov move- ment; threatened serious consequences for dirac- tors sabotaging the movement implied. 19 Soviet Union; Cossacks, now 7.",ovictizd, pledged support to Soviet State. 24 France: 72Litor. of Le Temps,..1!iolotov Franco would be aided =67 T77-7ssR if attacked by Germany.' . Japan; :.mbassador in Moscow instructod that Japan accepted the Soviet proposals, of -a =ad frontier commission, but only for. the ? section of the frontier of iiianchouhuo.between Lake Yharka and tho Here= frontier. ? ? Soviet Union; Commissariat of. Foreign Trade figures showed Soviet grain.oxports. increased; 1934 - 760,400 metric tens, 1035 - 1,516,400 metric tons. ? 25 Japan Primo .Minister stated that Japans policYwas still .based on the Imperial Roscript of 27 ijarch? 1933, .Japan expecting te cultivate friendship 77ith the USSR, the. US, and Great BritaiP. Vladivostok rePorted .frontior incident in the Hunchun area near .the frontidr of:.Horea, where firing was. begun by Japanese troops. Soviet Ambas.sader in Tokyo instructed to lodge an energetic protest with the Japanese govern- ment. 26 France; USSR. Central TlxCeu.tive Cemmittoe ratified mutual assistance' treaty. Soviet. Union Railroads completed ten-day . Stakhanov test with great success. . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 March 27 Franco: Ratifications exchanged of mutual assistance treat? of 2 May 1935. Came into force 20 Mar-ch. japan: Three further frontier incidents at Buirnor; Soviet patrol also attached on the --,rgun River; Soviet Government protested to the Japanese ../labassador, averring that thesconflicts wore being engineered by certain Japanese ele- ments in Manchoukuo. Soviet Unions Decision of the Council of People's Commissars appropriated 2,500,000 rubles for now factories for food and light in- ? dustry plants; increased output rePortdd. 28 Mongolia; Mutual assistance pact with the ? USSR reported ratified. Soviet 'Union: Income from Internal State Securities for 1936 predicted at 1,800;000,000 rubles; more than 50 million bondholders re- ported. 29 fghanistarm Agreement signed-with:1=R pro- longing'ncutrality and non-aggression troaty of 24 June 1931, for ton years, Ratifications ex- changed 3 September. 30 To border violations by the Japanese reported. 31 China: Sovereignty claim ever Outer Mongolia reaffirmed by China, in connection with the Soviet-Mongolian pact (cf. 7 -pril). Japan; Soviet govorn2K,nt protested against the detention two Soviet steamers in the of Minaya. Japan, Mongolian Republic: stating that a Japanese Poland: Harbor dues -USSR. Soviet Union; Resolution of directorate of the Communist Party rebuked a 1r,cal leader for discriminating against the daughter of an ex- iled Urga roport force had invaded Outer Port arrangement with the 1936 pril 1 ? japan; ;.mbassado to Moscow informed of tho Outer Mongolian-Soviet protocol. of 12 March. Japan, Mongolian Republic: I.kInchoukuoan troops':sont to investigate, an air raid by Outer Mongolian forces' bombed by Mongolian planes. ' Soviet Union; L.nnouncement that 4,000 miles of new airlines wore to be added in 1936. Belgium; Caamercial agreement with the USSR ratified by the Chamber. Manchoukuo:. 'rIarning to i'cease provocations" reported sent to the Cuter Mongolian 'government. Soviet Union Institute of Labor of the .Commissariat for Light industry, designed to set production norms, abolished as bureaucratic. PraN'Tda.scored illegal privileges of Party rdelher students and their relatively poor scho- lastic training. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 44 ... 4 International Institute of :i.griculture: Convention on the 0Toation of (7 June 1905), and Protocol (5 October 1926) acceded to by the USSR. Soviet Union: Heavy industry production for first quarter of 1936 increased 40 percent over first quarter 1935. :_vorage planned in- crease for year 26 percent. Soviet Union: Two collective in Volga region sentenced to two nont for renting land. ' Jane managers in Donets Basin replaced by Stakhanovito worker sults. farm officials years imprison- coal fields wth good re- 6 Germany: Rado?:, in Izvesti-ja, advocated connote equality for Gornany and a strong col- lective system of security under a strengthened League of Potions. Nonchoulmo: Foreign Office spol,:calan stated that Soviet Mongol nact of 12 :larch ropresentd a strengthening of Rod influence, which increased greatly the menace to I:an- choukuo. 7 China; Tho government protested to the Soviet gcverucliont against the Soviet-Mongol mutual assistance pact, claiming that it violated the agreement between China and the USSR of 31 May 1924, whereby idongelia was recognized as Part of China. Chinese of Foreign Iffa",rs assured the Japanese Con- sul General in'Hanking that no secret or other understanding existed with Moscow regarding Outer ;Jongolia. Japan; Local press reported that had concluded a secret agreament with Moscow against Japan. Soviet Union ..greenent signed between USSR, Czechoslovakia, and Rumania for new airline from oscolr to Pra'rue via Rumania. Mongolian Republic: Details published in USSR of the Protocol of Mutual -ssistanco of 12 March. ' Soviet Union: Teachers, Parents, play- writes not to discuss plays suitable for children. 10. 'China: Litvinovls reply to Chinese govern- mentls..protest (7 :pril) declaring the Sino- Sovict,Lgr.Cc:fient:.of. 1924 as'unvic.51ated_ond binding, and that. the Russo-Mongol Pact did not signify any, Soviet territorial pretensions.' ?League of Nations: The pros s stated that the Soviet stood for the reorganization of the League into ?a real international organ for defense against aggression, stated Germany'offered a new defense , system on strict basis of equality. Mongolia Premier Gendun. arrived in Moscow. 11 Japan:- Patrol. attacked on the UsSuri by the Soviet forces.. Soviet Union; 10th Congress of the Komsomol opened in Kremlin. Decree- provided\raise in teachers :Solari-es as of 1 Npril 1936. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 45.- - 12 Soviet Union: Komsomol Congress set as immediate objectivo training of every member in specialty useful for military defense. ? Doom? abolished State subsidies in several branches of heavy industry and timber industry. 13 .nland: Ratification of protocol modifying railway convention (cf. 11 February). Came into force 12 June, Soviet Union: General Secretary of the Kan- sonol announced 46 porcont of Soviet population born since Revolution of 1917. Moscow's twenty-eight remaining churches fillod by 7orshippors colebrating Eastor. - 14 Soviou "Union:. Kamsomols urged to train 8,000 aviators in 1936. 15 , ? China: Ronowed protests to.Uoscow against the Soviot-Mongolian pact: 16 Turkey: Soviet pross.roportod.that the USSR would support Tnrjf..o,71s plea bolero the Council of the League for the right to fortify the Straits. ? 17 Soviet Union: Litvinov predicted growth of foro,ign travel by Soviet citizens. 18 Soviet Union: Enrollment of new --lonbors in the Communist Party rosumed aftor three year lapse.. 19 Soviet Union: Reported at Railway Conference service and officioncy steadily improving; sys- tom may begin earning dividends. / 20 Soviet Union; First flight to Franz Josef Land complotod. ? The Central Exocutivo Committee formally ? removed the disabilities attached to Cossacks serving in the Rod 21 Sovict Union: Industry to sot asidc 4 per- cent of ordinary profits to improve worhorsi? _ living conditions; 50 porcont_of profits abovo plan to go to fund mainly for housing. 22 Japan: The Hochi attached the Soviot Em- bassy by accusing it of maintaining a spy net- work for preparing war on Japan. Japanese employees of the Soviet Embassy were accused of planning to reconstruct the Japanese Cnoinunist Party. Soviet Union: Secretary Central Comuittoo of tho Communist Party statod that in 1936 98.5 percent of all production socialized; hgriculturo almost complotoly colloctivized; only one class in Soviet Union workers; Soviet State largely achieved first goal of march towards Communism. 23 Soviet Union: Flow rules issued for the Kom- somol provided for compulsory training cf mem- bers in somo branch of tochnical military know- lodge, for denunciation of all disloyal persons, and for "patient? anti-roligious.propaganda. Decree giving namosto various Cossack divisions issued by Commissar of Defense. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 -46 1:ern 24 Italy: Moscow reports indicated luher!arn. Soyviet attitude toward sanctions against Italy, -unless offective sanctions wero to bo applied against any aggrossor in tho future. 25 Soviet Urdon: Transportation of blood to aid wounded on battlefield annnuncod as eractical possibility by the Cg:Inissariat of Health. 26 Japan:- Soviot military officials invited to oxchango visits uith the Japanese, by :.nbassador Ota, at a banquet An the Japaneso :J:nbassy. 27 Baltic States: Estonian and Latvian general staff officers reported in Moscow. Visits soon as Soviet atpzipts to rovivo the 'lastoris Locarno projoct. Japan: Foreign Ministor inforned by the Soviet Anbassador that ii0SCO7 had accoptod hissugges- tions as to the two joint co...LAissions, one to in- vestigate frontier disputes, another to rodomar- cato the frontier. 28 Soviet Union: -Propbsoct draft of new marriage law included a tax on divorces and further re- strictions on abortion. . 29 Bulgaria; Ratifications exchanged of parcel post agreement of 10 July 1935. 0allo into force 29 May. Germany": Convcntion concluded regarding trade and clearing during 1036. Cane into force the sane day. Japan; ,:-..:-.-Ibassador'-_furenov requested that moasuros be token to control the activities of White Russians in hanchoukuo. 30 Great Britain': L,oviot _.-nbassador informed the Govermont that the USSR was :ready to dis- cuss naval questions. cop of the naval treaty had boon carlicr supplied the Soviet Goverment. Soviet Union: Census of. the Soviet Union to be-takon 6 January 1937. Lc) questions were to be asked 61-1 "social origin for first May 1936 May 1 Soviet Union: 'May Day parade demonstrated latest type military eqUipn.ont, including 750 :planes .of diver's? type, and 30,000 troop. 9 Soviet Union Ordjonikidze, C=issar of. Heavy Industry, .announced meeting of L.11-Union Conference of EngineorS7 Wives tc discuss in- p!rovement of camTanfty'liVing conditions. 'LH-Union and Ukrainian VOKS societies sent .60,000 books abroad and receivod? 137,000 in ? 1935.' 10 SoviotiUndon: Commission for Liouidation of Child Vagrancy announced plans to encourage adoption by collective farms of orphanages and honelass children. 11 Japan: Har Minister was reported to have ad- mitted at a secret session of theDict that the 1.-rmy had rejected a non-aggrossion treaty with the USSR. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1036 -47 - May 12 , Vatican; Tho Popo, opening an exhibition of the Roman Catholic press, lamented the absence of the USSR and Germany whoro by an artificial confusion and identification of religion and politics, the existence of a Catholic press is undesired.1? 13 Japan: Provision made for six months ex- tension of Soviet-Japanese fisheries convention expiring 27 May. 15 Gt. Britain: Soviet .:.:Ibassador Moisky spoke to the .Lnglo-Russian Parliamentary Culmittco; declared that the Soviet Government believed that collective security was the best and cheapest system of defense; stated that although tho USSR had no objections in principle to ne- gotiations with Germany, they believed that Hit- lor's peace plan could not -be regarded as pro- mising real peace. Soviet Union: Nineteen former executives Ukrainian Trade Union Council accused of em- bezzlement of 5 rubles of social insur- ance fund. 16 Gt. Britain: Soviet Union announced its policy for the negotiation of the bilateral naval treaty with Groat Britain; stated unwill- ingness to accept limitations thich were not also binding on Germany and Japan. Soviet Union: Moscow celebrated first an- niversary of subway; carried nearly 77 million parsons during year. 17 Manchoukuo; Now incident on Soviet frontier reported. Soviet Union: Draft of now Constitution of USSR completed. 18 Japan: Firmer policy toward China attributed in Tokyo to the rumors of a secret treaty be- tween China and the USSR. 4 Gt. Britain: Naval nagotiations with the USSR opened in London. 22 -Japan: Soviet Government protested the ar- rests of Soviet Enbassy e-mplo,joes in Tokyo, and the anti-Soviet campaign in the Japanoso press. Soviet Union Izvestiya censured consumers' goods industries for poor quality of production. 23 Czechoslovakia: Ratifications exchanged of consular convention of 16 November 1935. Came into force 6 June. . Soviet.Union: Pravda attacked tipping as fostering servant and master psychology; blamed trade unions for failure to prevent 'ft. Plans revealed to construct 250 planes capable of transporting'entiro division with equipment. ? 24 Soviet Unionl, Simonchuk, ex-chief of 1:frangel ? Island polar station, sentenced to death on charges of murder, banditry, and wrecking Soviet prestige in the '_rctic. 25 Japan: Soviet Government reiterated that it must preserve freedom of action as regards building of its Far Eastern navy until an agree- ment was reached with Japan. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 - 48 May 26. 26 Soviet Union: Projected law on family, marriage, and divorce put up for_discussion by workers and farmers. 2,bortion was to be made a criminal offense, and promiuris were to be offered ?for large families. 27 Japan: Soviet vessels refused landing per- niits Forliosa; Japanese fishery inspection ships barred fro:e a Siberian port. 28 Soviet Union:. Nation-wide discussion of projected fa-aily 1.-Telfare law raised various objections; bill expected to b modified in- accord with public .criticism. Juno '1936 ? June Gt. Britain: SoViet Government ,refused to exchange inforiation on naval building plans for fear that japan might obtain this knowledge. 2 Soviet Union: --r2aouncorient that new Con- stitution was to provide reorganization of judicial systc.-.):-: to protect civil rights and personal dignity of Soviet citizens. 4 China: The Toky-o Nichi Nichi Shirthun pub- lished a report that a Russo-Chinese alliance had been concludc.:d. early in the year by which Soviet interests in Outer Mongolia and Sinkiang were recognized In return for Russian support of China against Japan. Soviet Union: - The Central Corn-_ittoo, of the Communist Party ended its session in Moscow - after deciding to sumilon the .:11-Union Congress of Soviets to cons:Lder the draft of the reformed Constitution. 6 International Labor Organization: Soviet Government informed the Organization that it was sending a worker-delegate to the annual con- ference in Geneva, in addition to usual govern- ment delegate. 8 Iran; Ratifications exchanged of conventions of 27 ;,ugUSt:1935 regarding (1.) co),:rierce, tablishment and ? navigatien; (2)-plent diseases .and insect post; (3) locusts; (4) veterinary regulations.-- ? Soviet ijoscow began. anti-noise can- naign in face of now construction and 30,000 automobiles. 10 L.-fgh.anistan: Report of a trade agreement with the Soviet:Trade., L.gency providing for the barter of col-lmoditios.. ,Switzerland: L. metier' to resume diplomatic relatiens with the USSR defeated in Parliament. United ,States,: - Large shipments of aviation gasoline .from California to Siberia reported. :11 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 - 49 - June 12 Soviet Union: Text of now Constitution ap- proved by Presidium 'c,,f -:d1-Union Central -Cxecu- tive'Committoe, and published. Special session of Congress -of Soviets convoked to meet 25 November to pass on Constitution4 14 C-t. Britain Compromise reported in .,nglcY- Soviet naval talks, whereby USSR agreed not to exceed British tonnage unless Japan increased uresent fleet. Soviet Union: Public discussion of proposed new Constitution began with publication of text throughout the USSR. 15 . ov le t Union: rinf.'unc ?me nt that c a rl oadi ng doubled in past eighteen months; in first five months-, of 1936 as against 1935 consumers' goods increased 29 percent, heavy* industry 37 percent. 16 Soviet Union: :.nnounce:ient that substantial? increase in credits ,:;ore to be Soviot Housing Corporation to aid private home bulletins. 17 Soviet union: :-nnouncement of the intention to reduce bank credits from 6'1)-8,c.,;' to 15-45 in- terest, savihgs accounts from -8,(1J-37,, interest. This understood to foroshado,' conversion of in- ternal State loans to long-torn bonds and pos- sible es babl sh: lent of ruble on. international exchange. 18 .. Soviet Union: MaxIn Gorky died at ago of 68 in his. country house near Moscow.- - - United States: Imports of 35,000,000 Lomeri- can goods since July 1935 revealed by the Soviet Government. 21 Soviet Union: Gorky's funeral in Red Square .attendod by highest officials ? and-thoUsands of Soviet citizens. 22 Geode,tic convention of Baltic States of 31 December 1925: Protocol renewing the Con- vention signed by USSR. Montreux Convention regarding the regime of the Straits opened (cf. 20 July). 23 Convention for mutual convention against dengue fever, ..-thens, 25 July 1934: Ratified by: the USSR. ? Montreux Convention: Litvinov stated that Russia should be free to transfer her naval forces at will from the Black Sea to the Medi- terranean and that free passage must be assured in order to permit the carrying out of decisions of the League of Nations. ? 25 Montreux Convention; Litvinov issued a statement on the Soviet proposals concerning the Black Sea. Soviet Union: Barrier between Volga and Moscow Rivers blasted for Moscow-Volga Canal scheduled for completion' in Suring of 1937. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 - 50 - Juno .' 27 Soviet Union: Family law approved by Central Executive Committee; law, including prohibition of abortion, passed, without change (cf. 26 May). 28 'Soviet Unien Seviet Gold .Trust anneUnced? first ? half year program completed-ahead:Of 'schedule; produatiot:up 25 percent oval- 1935! ? Extensive salvage nrogram.announced.for. . raising sunken vessels in. USSR seas, rivers,. lakes--?including?some. from Russo-Japanese War. - 29 ' Denmark: .Parcel post agroomont with the USSR si,gfted*?- Japan:. ? Soviet press angered by a provocative -Speech by the .Japanese delegate Ms2kiyama at the Interparliamentary Union meeting in Budapest. Soviet Union:.. Ordzhonikidze, Ocnnissar of Heavy Industry; stated heavy industry expected to complete second Five-Year Plan in December 1936, attaining level fixed. for end of 1937 by that time. - The head cf?the aviation industry stated at the :111-Union industrial Congress in Moscow that the Soviet aircraft factories wore now bigger than any in.L'uro-Po or Lmeriea. 30 France: Parcel post' agreement of 9-Larch ratified. .Came into force 1.4 Soviet -Union: . Bukharin,-in IzVostiya, sug- gested government convert internal loan bonds to now issuewith lower interest and twenty year rather than ton year 'maturity. July _1936 July' League of Nations .The neutral powers issued a statement reserving the ?right to refrain from applying sanctions .until steps had boon taken, towards disarmament. Litvinov defended the Covenant, stated that. ,Jfhat was necessary was , confidence that in all cases of aggression sanctions would be applied by allmember states. - Soviet Union: Now consolidated internal loan bonds totalling nineteen billion rubles announced for. ussue .1 September 1936; interest rate ..4 per- cent, maturity 20 years. The conversion of all existing 10 year leans made compulsory. The ? Commissar of -Finance explained that a temporary sacrifice had to be made, since the armed forces required a very large expenditure for?udefense against the alert capitalist countries.0 9 ..Japan: Soviet Government demanded that japan stop fishing vessels from poaching off the coast of Kamchatka. Montreux Convention: Soviet delegates ob- jected to the Turkish desire to limit tte. right of passage of Soviet warships through-tho.Straits., Soviet Union: Central. Council of Trade Unions issued notice that holiday and recreation privi- loges hitherto available to only certain workers to be extended .to rest of employed population. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 51 July " 5 Japan: jap6mosc :_nbassador protested tho arrest of ,a Jap,anoso cavalry patrol on Soviet territory near 1:ianchouli; statcd that the Tsitsikhar Troaty of 1911 was not recognized by Hanchoukuo. ' Soviet Union: Central Committee of the Com- munis Party and Soviet pross launched attach on pedagogy as "pseudo-scionce, and hamful influonco in elementary education. 6 liontroux Convention: The British draft of a now convention to replace the Lauzanno Con- vention of 1923 discussed. Scivot dologatos objected to ,tonnago limitation as too high. Soviet Union: ,Hass sports demonstration in Rod Square, lioscm:t. Soviet Union: 'Coorgi Vassilycvich Chichorin, forrier C=isscr for Foreign ffairs, diod in Kremlin Hospital, iloscow,' of diabetod. Japan: It was .stated officially, as regards the now Straits Convention, that Japan .sought equality with the Russian Black Soo Picot in tho passage of tho Straits by warships. Soviet Union:' New internal loan of 4 billion rublos subscribed 07 percent in first five days; reported savings accounts totaled 3,106,000,000 rublos with 14 million holders. 11 13 Franco: -French ir Hinister, in the Chamber of Deputies, explained communicating plans of aircraft guns to the USSR as application of "princiPlos of technical collaboration to all states participating in collective, sccurity." . United rAatcs: EXchangos of notes of 11 July and 9/13 July regarding prolongation of com- mercial agrecmont of 13 July 1935.. Soviet Union; .Lcadonician Bogacaolcts pub- lished in Pravda an attack on "traditions of sorvility" referring to undue deference of some Russian scientists to foreign scientific authorities. 15 . Czechoslovakia: Soviot ."-ir Force mission, headed by the commander in chief of the Red .."dr Force, arrived in Prague. 16 Soviet Union; Commissar. of Food -Industry Milroyan announced avorage production of all Commissariats increased 33 percent during first five months of 1936 as against 1935 - same period. Recommended that the USSR study -meri- can marketing and advertising 17 Rumania: - statcmont by Titulescu said that a rapprochement with Russia was the best way of enabling Rumania's cxisting alliances to have their full value, but denied that permission had been given to Soviet troops to cross Rumanian territory. Soviet Union; Litvinov awarded Order or Lenin on 60th birthday for "outstanding merit in struggle for peace.'.' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 - -52 - July - 18 Hontreux Convcntion: Unanimously adopted, as England compromised on the Straits control issue. ? Soviet :Union; Coal deposit, osticiatod to ? contain 7,500,000 tons oponod near Chclyabinsk in eastern Ural Lountains. 19 Soviot Union: .:Icadony of Sciences discussed in dotail dovelopnont of now Ural-3nba oil field in Kazakhstan; production to be incroased greatly. 20 ITontroux Convention regarding tho rkgino of the Straits:, Signed (cf. 9 November). Soviet Union: :,,stronomers criticized for unnocessar: ovidoncod b; publication of renorts in foreign scientific journals bc- forc -80vict publication. 21 SOvict Union: Criticism made of food short- age in Uoscow ria.e in largo part to bad marketing and distribution. 22 Czechoslovakia: Gon. chief of Rod dir Force, visited Czech airOraft factories. 24 Soviet Union; Non-stop .irctic flight from KoscoY to Nikolaovsk, Siberia. 25 Finland; Helsinki Dross reported removal _ of Finns in Northern ingria to Soviet areas more distant from the Sovlot-Finnish frontier. 26 Sovict Union; Public Prosecutors Office reported. making now drive' on private specula- tors charged with buying goods from State stores and reselling at a profit. Commissariat of Finance to provide facili- ties for holders of now internal bonds to borrow up to 30 percent of bond holdings from savings banks. 27 Gt. 'Britain: USSR Commissar for Foreign ? Trade revealed that a credit offer from Great Britain had. been received, but added that the Soviet had no intention of lessening. restric- tions,on imports. . - 'Japan; Two frontierincidents on USSR boundary reported., 28 Soviet Union; Curtailment of. Soviet purr, chases from abroad announced by the Commissar for Foreign Trade. Reduction of foreign debt to 75,000,000 reported. . ? . 29. ? S,oviot.U.nion: increasod production ordered of champagne, wines, liqueurs, as step provid- ing 1more abundant life" for pcololo. 30 Canada: -Early renewal of SOvict-Canadian re- lations,seen'as result of?conforonco,,in Moscow between, Minister of-Trade'and the Soviet Foreign Frade Commissar. Gt. Britain:. The terms of ?Lnglo-Russian naval understanding reached during the current conver- sations in London wore-communicp.ted to foreign ? represontativos.. ? Gt. Britain; Lord RuncIman revealed that the Export Credit Guarantee Dopartmorit of the Board - of Trade had agreed to'provido guarantees up to :Gen million pounds in connection with Soviet orders for British goods. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 .Lugust 1936 ugust 1 Gt. Britain: -nbassador Maisky, speaking in Oxford, said the principles of Soviet foreign ? policy were self-dotormination of nations and peace; described pacts with France and Czecho- slovakia as additional buttreSses to non-ag- gression pacts; stated USSR needed peace; claimed League Covenant should contain the definition of the aggressor. 3 levy on the wages of all employees of USSR announced, to form a fund for aid to tho ? Spanish.governmont. 4 Spain: Soviet Dress published many articles ? in support of Spanish Communists; trade unions organized demonstrations of solidarity through- out the USSR. 5 Spain, Franco: .USSR Foreign Comissariat, answering French reprosontations that the USSR should accept the principle of non-interference in Spain, stated that the USSR vias ready to take ? Dart in the proposed agreement, but do sired that ? Portugal should join also, and that certain States should immediately discontinue ai'ding the rebels against the legal govoi=ent of Spain.. 7 Spain: 'State Bank of USSR to nand to the Spanish government 36,435,000 French francs col- lected for the Defense of the bpanish, People Fund. 10 Soviet Union; The chairman of the Soviet of the Far Eastern territory stated that the Far Eastern Rod -.-ray and Fleet were now ready to re- ? pulse the enemy, if they attack the USSR fron- tier. Largo roadbuilding campaign in the area announced. Sloodn, France: USSR Government info mod the ? French government that they were willing to give their adhesion to the text of the French proposals regarding non-intervont3ic,n in 11 Franco: ...,groonent signed regarding trans- mission of judicial and notarial acts and execu- tion of rogatory commissions (cf. 8 October). Soviet Union: Decree lowering the draft ago from 21 to 19 years. It would not take fall effect until 1939. '13 japan: ambassador Ota returned to Tokyo, stated to the press there was no motive for either Japan or the USSR resorting .to wCr. 14 Finland: Reported to have protested to the USSR Government against Soviet Dress reports alleging that Finland, by building airfields, was proDaring to assist foreign aggression against the USSR. The Soviet Foreign Commis- sariat declined governl-ionti s _responsibility ? for press comments.. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 a Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 ? 54 August 16 Soviet Union: Leon Trotsky, in Norway, issued a statement branding Soviet press accu- sations that he was the leader of a "Zineviev roup" responsible for?tho death of Kirov as one of the greatest fakes in political history." 19 Soviet Union: Trotsky, follnwing the seizure of his papers by Norwegian Nazis, exonerated by Norwegian Police of his complicity in political activities. In Moscow, the trial began of Zinoviev, Kame- nev, and 14 others charged with leading a ter- rorist group. An accused revealed the compli- city of the Genian Secret Police. 20 Soviet Union: Moscow trials: Statements :lade by the accused implicated Sckolnikov, -1,rcus, Bukharin, tykov, Radek ond Tousky, some Cf vholl were reported under arrest. ?In his ovidohce Zineviev declared that Trotsky was the organizer of the plot. 21 Volgiun: Ratification exchanged with USSR of provisional coiriercial convention (including Luxembourg) of 5 September 1935. Cr-le into force the sreic day. Soviet Union: Moscow trials: The press re- ported the arrests of leaders of the alleged, terrorists in many cities_, ,, including Tiflis, Baku, Datum and -:]rivan. .1any-Goorgian Menshe- viks and i:hite Guards were among those arrested. 22 'Soviet Union: Moscew trials: Death penalty for all the accused demanded by the Prosecutor. Suicide of Tolisky revealed. 23 Soviet Union; Moscow trials: All the accused sentenced to death by shooting. ,25 Japan: Government informed by the Soviet Ambassador that the USSR agreed to the Japanese proposal for setting up of a joint commission for the settlement of disputes on the :]anchoukuo frontier. Soviet Union: Moscow trials; The death sentences were carried out. The press -reported the apprehension of numerous groups of wreckers, described as Trotskyist, and arrests of loaders throughout the country. Spain, France; Notes exchanged with the French Charge, dl_Lffaires in Moscow, providing for Seviet adherence to the French non-Inter- vention plan, subject to the adherence of Ger- many, Italy, and Portugal. 26 ilaritime Law Conventions (Brussels, 23 Sep- teuber 1910) (Collisions at sea; Assistance and Salvage) acceded to by the USSR with effect from this date. Opium and other Drugs: Convention for the suppression of the illicit traffic in dangerous drugs (Genova) signed. 27 Soviet Union: Moscow trials; Military _.-Ltach(?) in London, Gen. Putna, rccallod to ITOSC21:- and arrested. A number of Finnish- born Communists also arrested. Spain: Russian Ambassador arrived in Madrid and was warmly welcomed by the nress. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100610001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013108/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 August 28 League of Nations: -Soviet proposals for the reform of the Covonant transmitted to Genova. Norway: Trotsky interned following his re- fusal to accopt more stringent conditions for his continued stay in Norway. 29 Norway: Soviet noto asserting that Trotsky had organized terrorist activitios on Norwegian territory, and stating that continued permission of asylum for him would damago friendly? relations between the two countries.' Soviet Union: Moscow trials: "Trotskyist nests" reported discovered in the State Publish- ing Office and ?in the Commissariat of .griculturo. 30 Germany: Law increasing the period of mili- tary service denounced as a provocative act in izvestiva. Norway: Foreign Hdinistorfs statement on Trotsky, defending 'the principle of asylum and stating that Norway liwould not be overawed by anyone." 31 Soviet Union: Moscow trials: Further Trotskyist nests discovered in the State Bank, in the Komsomol in Tiflis, and in the trade unions in Kiev. ' September 1936 September ' 1 , Japan: :4-.1bassador to Eanchoukuo Gen. Nyoda, assorted that a secr9t understanding between , Chtang and tho Chinese Communists was being fos to red by the USSR. Soviot Union was accused_ of sending war materials to China by way of Outer Mongolia and Sinkiang. Norway: Department of Justice announced that Trotsky would be interned in a villa. , Soviet Union: Soviet officirls uncondition- ally doni-id report of Ryazan mutiny which had appeared in Voolkischor Boobachtor. Defense: 1914 class and half of 1915 class called up together with all mon who ?I been exempted in 1935. 2 Afghanistan; Ratification of agroomont of 29 March. Germany: Gorman press rcports of a mutiny in Ryazan denied by -Soviet officials: ?Rumania: :intonosculs statement on foreign policy averred desire to continue to maintain friendly relations with the USSR. Soviet govornmont expressed anxiety over the =oval of Tituloscu from office. Soviet Union: Komsarlol staged largo parades to celebrate International Youth Day. Director of State Bank Tumanov and Vico- ' Commissar of .Igriculturo Huralov dismissed from office. 7 0 Norway: :_idc-monoire to the Soviet Govornment on Trotsky deploring the unfriendly tone of the note of 29 ugust, and pointing out that Kirov had been murdered in'1934, .vthercas Trotsky ar- rived in Norway in 1935. 4 world Youth Congress, Geneva: Soviet delegates stressed the importance of race equality as a basis for world peace. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 56*? September 5 Japan: Soviet Government fornally notified Japan that the intolerable situation oh the Soviet-Manchoukue frontier was endangering peace, and that Japan weuld be held strictly respon- sible in the event of future border incidents. . Soviet Union IlosCoW trials: Tunanov.and. .MuraloV arrested -(cf. 2?September). Further Trotskyites apprehended in Gorki trade union. council, also?in-OMEk, TOMBk' (Political Police), Rostov, and in Leningrad factories. 8 -?Soviet Union; -Commissar of Light Industry Lubinev attacked- laggin'output and inferior.. quality of consunors goods; dismissed numerous factory managers., Yugoslavia: Belgrade rumors. saw anti-Soviet move: in Stoyadinovichis visit in Rumania, which might be directed-aflainst thb CzechSoViet pact; this was soon as the success of. Gorman attempts to weaken the Little Entente. German-y; llessl speech attacking- the USSR, Soviet. Uniell! Soviet. :--rny announced holding gigantic nal-louvers in BolorusSia to demonstrate defensive powers; -British, French, Czechoslovak observers reported. Chief Prosocutorts office announced Buhharin, editor of Izvestiza.and Ryhov, -.L., Commissar of Co=unicatIons, exone'Pated of any complicity in Trotskyist conspiracy. Spain: The International-Committee for the ap:)lication of the agreement regarding non- intervention in-Spain' not in London and waS attended by representatives of 26 countries, including the USSR. , 0 ,Germany:- Goebbeisi speech attacki USSR,. 11 . .Finland :? Jinnouncement of denunciation of. teleph.ene agreement of 13 Juno 1924, with effect from 30 September.. ? .Germany: Violent attaCl(s on: the USSR in. speeches by various German efficials;.assor- tions that the-USSR government was controlled by Jews were seen by the. London Til7108-as a delib&rato Nazi attempt to German- Soviet relations. Soviet -Union: 36-Rofrir.rerator-Trust employ- :ees reported On trial charged with. wasting : 1,700,000 rubles of State funds.: .12 -. Germany: Hitler's two addresses attacking tho USSR. Soviet 'Jar Conriisswr Speaking to. the. troops engaged in maneuvers in the 'Jest, - stated that "t're?invinciblo-Red my is ready at any moment to destroy the enemy in his own to 13 Germany: .Eitler's Speech attacking ,Sovict Union. ? Norway; The Government received from. the Soviet governn!ont a.note oxpreasing dissatis- faction with theyorwegiah reply of 3 September. Soviet Union; Lovanovsky and Levchenko Dieted 12,000-Miie flight from Los =.1g.goles. to Eoscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 - Soptenbor 14 Canada: Resumption of trade with the USSR; as ombargo on Soviet goods, imposed in Fobruary, 1931, was cancelled. - similar action was taken by the USSR which undertook to limit anthracito exports and to fix the price at tho world level. . Germany: Aitler's -speoch at the Closing of the Party Congress at which he reiterated his dotormination not to negotiate with Bolshevism or ontor into any kind of bargain with the Bolshovist outlook. Moscow pross usod violent language in its references to Hitlerls state- ments. 16 Soviet Union: Pravda contrasted "Ionbs, bullets and poison ga-sir-sont by Fascists with ? Communist Party's open sponsoring of nation- wide campaign among i:doviet women to provide relief for Loyalist Spain women and children. Thr Caamissar, speaking at army maneuvers in Kiev, stated that the capitalists yore proDaring war against tho Sovict Union, but that tho USSR was ready for war. 17 .Soviet Union: Publication of Soviet import figures rovoalod Soviet purchase of cotton de- clined from 26,000 tons in first sih months of 1935 to 12,000 tons in samo period of 1936. 18 Gt. Britain: Note of proposals to hola a five-power conforonco, not including tho USSR, handed to various western European diplomatic representatives in London. 19 Soviet Union: Over-zealous Party leaders .ordered to desist from oxpollinrSmembers for trivial or .imaginary reasons. in connection with Trotskyist Durso. - 20 Soviet Union: ? Capt. Lj:dell Hart, in dispatch to New York Times, commontod on significance of parachute maneuvers of the Red rny.? Spain: -Gorman Dross report that. 200 Zoviot planes, manned by Russians, had arrived in Barcelona. -Gen. do Llano .stated that 47-Soviet planes had landed in Spain, 37 of then at -Valencia. Now diplomatic roprosentativo ap- pointed to Moscow to ropla,ce tho Minister who had resigned. ? United States: Hcarst pros accused the USSR of taking an active part in tho Prosidential campaign on .tho sido of the Now Deal. Soviet Union: :ainouncemont that Rod. :..rmy officials in Gorki,,sceno,of autumn-maneuvors, 'urged moro careful teaching of CoDnunist theory to soldier-candidates of Party; reported about 50 percent of .Lrmy personnel Party members. ' .It was announced Party may again accept now members. Yaroslavsky, head of tho League of-Militant theists, apDrovod Constitutional grant of ? suffrage to priests. 22 Rumania* Minister in Borlin?protostod Ger- man allegations that a railroad Was being built to transport Soviet troops to Czechoslovakia. Spain: Pravda revealed tho dispatch of food- stuffs via Odessa as a first installment in aid of Spanish mon and children. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 .1936 - 58 September .23 - :Convention concerning tho uso:of.broadcasting .in the cause of peace,. Geneva: Signed by the USSR with reservations.-. t, , Czechoslovakia; Chtrge.'dffairoS in Berlin :0-retested against Gociebels? allegatidns concern- ing Czechoslovak airports:for the Soviet ir Force. Gt. Britain: Reports that Groat Britain had ,decided plans for a new Locarno pact with France and GermanTi-in-Order not to jeopardize the ? Franco-Soviet pact.: . ? Soviet Union: Red .r7-.17, during maneuvers near Moscow) dropped by parachute behind "opposing forces" 2,200 non with fighting equipment. , 25 Nations: Gorman and anti-govern- ? ment French presses charged the USS13. with do- liberate fomenting of confUsion in the._Loague .Issembly in connection with lIthicpia's:presence and Italys?abserce. Seviot-Unlon: Trade unions urged by.the ? Central Committee to facilitate easing of house hold duties for wo&crsr wives.' ZarShal Voroshilov stated at army manouverS In 1.1oscow that:the'Red .Irmy Was intended :solely , for defensive purpeses;,RUssia might at any moment become the object of.military assault, ? but was ready to moot the enemy. 26 Soviet Union: J.G. Such, .Oklahoma oil pro- icor, recently returned from visit to Soviet oil fields, stated Seviet.oilf)reduction de- veloping rapidly but exports decreased duo to higher:domestic need-S.- United States: Secretary of the Treasury Lorgenthau revealed Soviet State Bank offered a million pounds atoning in Now.YorL, in- ?pliod that this was a raid against the Three ? Towor.Eonetary..1grooment. 27 -Soviet Union: KKV.D2-.GommisSar of the - Interior Yagoda succedded by P.1. Yezhoy.; - - Yagoda,.made Coml.lissar of .Communications in place of Rykov (cf. 20 ..luust). ? United States: Commissariat of Foreign ffairs denied?1-Illtheut explanation, Secretary Idorgonthau's charges (cf. 26 September). OQ - League of Nations: Litvinov.deprocatod a -postpona,:-.1ent:in the discussion of League re- form. _,Thore was no need for new -blocs.Quos- tion of Covenant application should not wait - on universality and referred to the appropriate committee,;- while individual 'members should no- zetiate bilateral or regional pacts of mutual assistance. :7.01ained, Soviet adherence to tho non-intervontion agreement because.a friendly country feared the possibility of an inter- national conflict. ?Soviet Union;. Foreign experts in the _Soviet Union calculated 1936 grain harvest just below ? 1935 level, far below, calculated level. United States; Soviet tress revealed that the sale of pounds sterling in. New York (c.f. 20) 27. ugust) was a routine:business transaction for the.' purpose of making a dollar statement to Sveden,-. C. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 - 5.9 - September 29 Germany: Izvostiya editorial alleged that Germany was sche,ling to obtain Swedish, Finniah, and Polish cooperation. Soviet Union; Baltic and Pacific Fleets hold simultaneous maneuvprs to test defenses of . Kronstadt and Vladivostok naval bases. October 1936 October. 1 . Gt. Britain; Provisional draft of the now Soviet-British naval treaty agreed Upon in Len,. don. . Soviet Union: .Central Committee of the Oczl- munist Party issued instructions for acceptance of new members into Party; ban on admissions since Decomber.1932 terminated. . The Commissar of Timber .Industry and the Chief of Radio Broadcasting roplacpd. Spain; DiSpatch of further food supplies from Odessa .revealed. 2 Snain; Gon. Franco7s the ?New Snain" which would maintain friendly re.7 lations with all countries except the USSR. 3 Japan L.greement reached on the main points and text of a now fisheries convontion. The establithmont of a Soviet-Nanchoukuo frontier colission pressed by the USSR. . -Soviet'Uniong Record wheat harvest reported in the Ukraine. - Soviet Union; Two for,ler.Tsarist officers reported brought to. trial in ,..shhhabad, accused of involvement in the execution of twenty-six Baku Cou,Assars in 1918. 5 Soviet Union: Three year task of renovating and restoring St. Basil's Church in Rod Square begun. , 6 Soviet Union: Pravda editorial indicated USSR embarking on large naval building progran. Liquidation of -:larly state farms reported because of had management. Land was distributed among the collective farms. Spanish Non-intervention Cr=ittee: Soviet note suggesting a committee of investigation be sent te the Spanish-P.,rtu7,ueso frontier. 7 League ofations; Funds voted to send a mission to the Far East to study the problem of Russian refugees in China; the proPosal ,-.!as on- posed by 'the USSR delegate Stein. Soviet Union; 1,,ioscovi trials Chief.Y'rose- cutor Vyshinsky revealed :Earl Radek arrested; ' to be tried for involvement in a counter-revolu- tionary plot. Criminal prr;ccedings also begun against Sokolnikov (former ...mbassador to London), Pyatakov, and Serobryakov. Spcmish Eon-Intervention ?Committee bovict Charge dl.iffaires in London handed a letter to tod)Chainian of the 3=ittee referring to the Spanish protests against the violation of the :.grecuent addressed to Germany, Italy, and Portu- gal; and warning the CianKiitteo that if the viola- tions were not discontinued, tho Soviet Govern- ment 'would consider itself re)_eased from obliga- tions under that agreement. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 -6O October .8 France: Ratifications exchanged of agreement of 11 August regarding transmission ofjudicial ? and notarial. acts'. . 11 Spanish Non-Intervention Cgi..-Iittce; Soviet conramications (cf. 6,7 October) presented at the meeting; the Committee decided that no action should be taken. League of dations : Committee to study the question of the application or the Covenant sot up; Litvinov opposed a Hungarian proposal that the Co,inittce should so oh the aiC of nal-no-Thor states. Japan: Lzroomont signed with representatives of the ComiSsariat of Heavy industry extending Japanese. prospecting rights for five moreyears. 1.1anchoukuo: T':Jo clashos on the Soviet fron- tier (1',IUcheng River and. near Hunchun) between Japanese patrols. r).:n(i Russian frontier police.. 13 Germany: -Objections raised to the Soviet reservations: in. the draft in the 2:n:7,10-Soviet naval-treaty. -1danchoulcuo- japan; Soviet statement on border clashes assorted those occurred on the Soviet territory. Japanese Charge d?,Iffaires handed a pretest. - ? Spanish - Non-Intervention Committee:. FUrther note cf brotest.. from. the Soviet government, dc,, tandin7-that -control be established. aver Perth- 'cups() ports. 14. Poland: Litvinov conferred in '7arsaw with. the Soviet -;.,-,:lbassadors to Poland and Germany. Spanish Non-Intervention Committee:. Chairman - visited by the Soviet -L-mbassador to London, who insisted or a full meeting of tho Committee to consider tho?Seiet rot? (13 October).- ? 15 Spain: Stalin- telegraphed to. the Spanish Com- Klunist Party, declaring that the wo'rkers of the USSR would merely fulfill their duty in render- ing- the revolutionary masses of Spain every pos- sible assistance. Spanish Hon-Intervention ComMittce Rcply_by the Chairman to the Soviet note of. 13 October, stating no further meeting would be.publihed at that stage, as no reply, had been receivedfrom the Portuguese government. 17 ? Japan: Soviet 'oposal for settling the bor- der disputes on nchoukuo frontier presented to japan. - ? Spain:. Hooting and demonstrations in many' Soviet cities in support of the Spanish workers; ? resolutions passed demanding to stop aid to ? Franco, or enable the Loyalists to acqUirc arms and munitions. ? SpaniSh-Hon,.-Intervontion Committee: Soviot press published a statement emphasizing that the Soviet government ,would ? not be reconciled to the -Position -adopted by tho Ca=ittee, and urging- .5=cdiate application of international measures against the aggressor state. Vatican:. ?ovict,reports that anti-Soviet movement throughout' the world actively organized by the .Vatican.. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1036 - 61 - October 10? Germany: Exporters reported seeking incroas.- ing markets in tho USSR despite the anti-Soviet drive of political loaders.- 2 0 S ovie t. Union: -Bukharin completely exonerated of complicity. with Trotskyite-Zinovievite cen- ter; resumed active direction of Izvestiya. 22 Balkans: Premier Tatarosou of Rumania visited Belgrade in purported attempt to per's-Li:Ade Yugo- slavia to join in an anti-Soviet policy. Snanish.Non-Iqervention Committee2 No to from Gorman Charge d'L.ffaires alleging Soviet violations of the agreement.. 23 Czechoslovakia; Foreign Minister reaffirmed his loyalty to treaty obligations to France tl.n.O. the USSR. ? Spanish Non-Intervention ? Committee: British and Italian allegations of Soviet violations of the ? agreement examined. letter from the Soviet ?delegate statod. that the Soviet government could not consider itself bound by the agreement to any greater extent than any of th..c.) remaining parti- cipants. 24 Spanish Non-Intervention Committee:Mat sky asked to obtain from Moscow an explanation of the Soviet statement (23 October). 25 Soviet Union :I I':?ostow factories reported making 6 million rubles worth of Christmas tree deoorations for New Year celebrations. : ? Mectilags in many factories .ondor sing the ? firm stand made by. Mai sky in. London, demanding that Fascist. intervention in Spain be stopped. ? Spain: Reports. from Turkey alleging the passage of 12- Soviet vessels carrying war mate- ? rials for Spain. 27 Finland: . Two border incidents reported from Moscow. Finland accused of hindering; the in- ? ve.stigatioh. Germany: .:Ippecti to Groat Britain to join ?Germany in fighting CmmunisM understood that Germany wants Britain.' s support in case of a war with the. USSR. . 28 Franco: Soviet decree revaluating, tho ruble in terms of devalued French franc to maintain ratio of ruble- to .dollar. ? Portugal: Notes to the Non-Intorvention Com- mittee, alleging Soviet interference in Spanish war, released in Lisbon and London. Spanish Non-Intorvention Conaittoo 2 Haisky read Soviet Government's explanation of 23 Octo- ber statement; until guarantees of control wore forthcoming, Soviet Government was ilmorally en- titled to consider themselves no more bound by the ,..greement" ,than those governments which violated the agreement. Further Soviet viola- tions alleged in a note from Italy. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 -62 October 29 Soviet Union: Reported relay march in gas riaSks to make people air and gas defense con-- scious to take place 'in 1937 along southern and eastern frontiers from Baku to Leningrad. ? Spanish Non-Intervention Committee: Mr. Eden stated in Parliament that Soviet allegations of Portuguese violation had not boon verified. 30 Spain: Destruction of tanks of Soviet manu- facture on approaches to Hadrid announced bp. the rebel headquarters. 31 ?? Hongolia: Premier Foreign Minister .Lmor ar- rived in Moscow bn a mission to strengthen the ties with the USSR. November 1936 November 2 .Ge many : Berlin, banks announced_ that a now export credit of 300,000,000 marks to the USSR was' impending. ? Spain: Tho capture of four Russian tanks announced by, the rebels.. 3 Switzerland: Decrees 'suppressing Communist 5 Rumania: Iron Guard manifesto to the King threatening with death any politician who brought Rumania into a war with R-assia. 6 Gt, Britain: Secretary Edon pledged adherence to the-Lea7ue of Nations; commenting on German desire to exclude the USSR from European pacts, suggested that Germany should enter the League if it feared Soviet aggression. Soviet Union: Largo mass meeting hold in Bolshoi Theater in Moscow oened celebration of 19th -Inniversary of Revolution. 7 Soviet Union: Traditional parade and military display marked celebration of 19th :..nniversary of October 'Revolution. Report stated USSR had launched shipbuilding program to create greatest defensive navy in world -.mainly submarinos, torpedo boats and destroyers. 8 Catalonia: The Soviet Consul' in Barcelona pledged the-USSR aid to Catalonia in case of foreign intervention by Rascist nations. Montreux Convention regarding the regime of the Straits, 20 July, ratification signed in Paris by the USSR, France, Great Britain, Turkey, Rumania, Greece,, and Yugoslavia.' 10 Japan: - new eight-year fishing agreement concluded with the USSR (cf. 22 November). Soviet Union: Maxim Litvinov awarded Order of Lenin in a ceremony at Kremlin. Soviet Foreign Office announced several Ger- mans, -Lustrians and a Swede arrested for parti- cipating in an anti-Soviet plot. 11 Germany: Termination at the end of too year reported of the Russian-German Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 .1936 - 63 r. November 12 Germany: Government proteSted to the Soviet Government against the arrest of German citizens in connection with the "Fascist" plot in Russsia. Soviet Unien:,, :..rrosts of foreigners impli- cated in an anti-Soviet plot revealed in the press. Spanish Non-Intervention Ca-Ilittec: Charges against the USSR examined; it was decided that the charges were not fully established. 13 Soviet Union: First train run on now railroad line fra.-1 Volochaevska to Komsoolsk in 7astern Siberia. 14 Germany: Formally denounced parts of the Treaty of Versailles. Soviet Union: Telephones in Moscow, numbering 110,000 to be increased by 17,000.within year. 15 United States: Decline of cotton exports to the USSR during the coming year expected, duo to exceptional cotton crop in thc USSR. 16 Germany; Soviet goverrnent's reply to the, note of 12 November regarded as unsatisfactory in Berlin. japan: German-Japanese pact ratified at a plenary session of tide Japanese Privy Council, 17 Germany; Litvinov report-.)d to have informed the German .Lmbassador that the majority of the arrested Germans had confessed. Japan: Moscow reports that the Japanese For- eign Minister had informed the Soviet ilmbassador that the 5apanese Government and a "third party had boon discussing moons be combat Communism. L.nti-Communist agreoment soon in Moscow as a .screen for thc rear agree:lent providing for the coordination of action by Japan and Germany in caSe of war. 18 . Japan, Germany: Tokyo deniod.military alli- ance with Germany had been signed; admitted anti ;- Communist pact, but stated it was not directed against.Soviot Russia. Soviet Union:. Announcement that Komsomol opened a. school to train wOmen machine-gun in- structors. . Japan: Soviet Government informed Japan that it considered unsatisfactory Japan's explanation of the character of the agreement with Germany. Soviet Union: German engineer and eight Soviet executives and technicians, on trial in Novosi- birsk, pleaded guilty of sabotage. 21 Germany: Protest to the Snviet government against another arrest of a German citizen. Soviet Union: Stickling, German engineer, gave testimony ?which revealed German Consul in Novosibirsk directly involved in alleged sabotage in Siberian coal mines. Nino accused in Novo- sibirsk condemned to death. , . United States; Joseph -.1]. Davies appointed :zibassador to Moscow to succeed 'Alliam C. Bullitt. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1036 November 22 ;,.nti-Communist 2,ssociation formed, at a meeting attended by the Minister of the Interior. Germany: Gorman -mbassador. to Moscow pre- tested against the arrest of ,Stickling, asked for clemency. Germany; Moscow arrests described in the Berlin press as an "intornati enal Japan; Negotiations for the renewal of the Fisheries Convention reported broken off by the Soviet Government. , .Germany; Report of arrests of 'four more Ger- mans in Russia. Gt. Britain, Germany; British Government re-' ported using all its influence to prevent the breaking-off of diplomatic relation. t7icon Germany and the USSiZ. 25 Bills of 2xchan:m Conventions and Protocols (Geneva, 7 Juno 1930) providing a uniform law for bills of exchange and pr.onissory notes; for the settlement of conflicts of las and on stamp laws, acceded to by USSR. Japan, Germany: rgroement against the Com- munist International signed in Berlin. Japanese Foreign Office statement on the Comintern, ac- cusing it of anti-Japanese activities in China. . Soviet Union: Stickling sentence commuted fro-_-1 death to Len years imprisonment. - Opening of the Extraordinary Congress of So- viets convened as a constituent assembly to pass the new constitution. Stalints address suggest- ing amendments, ,and rebutting various criticisms of the projected draft. 26 Czechoslovakia;. l'ho 'press denied German al- legations about Soviet airbases in Bohemia. Japan: Moscow reports of a Japanesc-Eanchou- huoan violation of Siberian territory, with several casualties. Soviet Union: Ukrainian Premier accused Ger- u; many and Japan of preparing a , crusade against the 'Soviet Union. 24 27 Soviet ,Union: N61: railroad construction in ? the Far Eastern region announced. 28 Italy: Litvinov, speaking' in the Extraordi- nary Congress of Soviets, reported that Italy had Proposed to Jamm the conclusion of an aa-roonent similar to that between Germany and Japan. Ja-oan: 'Moscow filed a strong protest over the frontier violation (26 November). Japanese army in ManchciJkuo reported a Soviet cavalry attach into Manchoukuo. Soviet Union: Extraordinary. Congress: Li t vi- nnv accused the Fascists of plotting against the USSR. Cay-lander in Chief of the Navy, Orlov, stated the increased naval armaments in Germany, Italy and Janan compelled. the Soviet Union to strengthen its fleet; disclosed sevenfold in- crease of the submarine fleet since 1933. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 ? -65-. November ? 29. Soviet Urion: Extraordinary Congress: L.ssis- tant Commander of tb ir Force stated that thc force was the most powerful in the world. ? The head of the Leningrad Coununist Party warned the little countries against allowing their territories to be used by ?ugr at advon turcrsu against the Soviet Union. .)ocember 1936 December 1 Soviet Union: Cong_oss of .Seviets adopted the proposed draft of new constitution as basis, ap- pointed Committee of 200 under Stalin to revise draft. 2 Latvia: Foreign Hinister asflurcd by the Soviet Ministor that the speech in Leningrad (29 Novem- ber) reflected no aggressive intentions towards the Baltic States. , :Soviet Union: Congress of Soviets adopted the finaldraft of new Constitutin; 5th December do- :clarod. *national holiday. 6 Germany: Litvinov rejected the request of the German :Imbassador to pernit German officials to see Genlans arrbsted in the USSR. Spain: Soviet vessels reported detained by insurgent warships when passing through the Straits of Gibraltar. Japan: New Japanese .Lribassader, Shigemitsu, accredited in Moscow. Spanish Non-Intorvontion C t tc Soviet delegates proposed that the obligations of the ,Igreemont should be extendecl to include the sending of volunteers. 8 Soviet Union: Pravda reported Stalinogorsk- Moscow high tension electric lino in regular use. Spain: Tass agency denied the presence of Sievict troops in the Spanish rmy. 9 japan: In Privy Council, Soviet Governrlentts refusal to ratify the Fisheries Treaty was at- tributed to the Ger la n-Japano s pact. Soviet Union: Orders published on organiza- tion of the new Commissariat of Justice ' of the USSR. Spanish Non-Intervention Committee: Von Ribbentrop stated that 35,000. Russians wore fighting in the Spanish Government ranks. 10 Soviet Union: Members of Kazan militia charged with violation of now Constitution for arrests without sanction of _court or procurator. N.V., Krylenko .bcgan work as the CommiSsar for Justice. _ _ Spanish Non-Intervention Committee: Soviet Government; replying to the French and British proposals, stated that the USSR was prepared to take part in mediation in Spain, denied that it had broken the ,:.,grooment, but expected guarantees. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 -66 December 11 Germany: TUrther representations to the . Soviet Government regarding the arrosts of Gor- man citizens. ; Rumania: Foreign Minister :,,ntonescu assured the Parliament of the cordiality of Soviet- Rumanian relations; asserted that Rumania shared Litvinovvs viewpoint, expressed in his recent Geneva speech. 12 Soviet Union: Soviet gold nroduction official- ly estimated to excood 1935 figure. ? 3 China: SoViet press declared that the Soviet had no connection with the kidnapping of Chiang Kai-shek. Japan: Litvinov reported notifying the Japa- nese -mbassador that the USSR would delay Fish- eries ...grooment and re-demarcation of the flan- choukuo frontiers Spain: Farther detentions of Soviet snips by the rebels disclosed by the Tass agency. Steamer Komsomol sunk by Spanish rebels. 15 Soviet Union' Announcement of a campaign to insure observance of now rights granted under Constitution; action taken against officials who continued to discriminate against persons because of class origin. 17 France: Additional agreement prolonging com- mercial agreement of 11 January 1934 (cf. 6 Janu- ary) signed. Soviet Union:- Pravda article criticized poor production records on now typo automobiles. 22 Soviet Union: Construction started on five now bridges over Moscow River. 23 Soviet Union: Railway transport reported falling behind schedule; stern measurcS taken to improve service. 'Spanish Non-Intervention CommiLteef :laiskyvs attack on Gen. Franco. 24 Germany: The 1936 trade agreement with Ger- ? many in regard to credits extended. through 1937. ? Spanish Non-Intervention Committee: Dinlo.- matic representatives in Moscow, Berlin, [tome, and Lisbon instructed to impress 'upon their governments the urgent need of stopping the flow of foreign volunteers to Spain. 25 , Soviet Union: Second L.11-Union Congress of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists opened (closed 30 December). Vatican: Popels message on-the civil war in Spain containing strictures on some oPponents of Communism. 26 Soviet Union: Pravda announced" .details of plan to enlarge the size of Collective farms by taking land. from State.farms. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1936 -67 - December 28 Japan The PrijI Council ,approved a propocol extending for a -,izear the Fisheries Convention with the USSR. It was subsequently announced that the PretocOl had. been signed in-lioscow." Soviet Union ; Heavy IndustryC ommi s sar oft announced drive to improve efficiency .of factory organization by introducing changes along .'rriori7. can linos.' ? ? -- Spanish,Non.rTntervention Committee; : Litvinev informed. the British and French :zribassaders that the USSR was' prepared to accept .the .ban on forh-i eic.f,n volunteers in Spain- (24: December) .subject to certain conditions.- . 31' Germany; Further reports of -.1.rrests of Gor- man citizens in Leningrad', and elsewhere,. Soviet Union New Year's Celebration re- ported gayest since Revolution; kovi 1,1:earls trees used extensively for decorations. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 . _ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 - 68 January 1937 January' -Gosplan'report'showed increases for 1936. over 1935; in-number of workers in4ndustry (9') average monthly wage in industry(22$)4 and tbtal industrial g'eduction (30%)." .Pravda said that the "band of Trotsky; ,Zinovyev and Pystakov hoped-tO'destroy sociaiismand restore capitalism but no ferceTheuld stem the march of the People Pravda attacked Radok, Sokolnikov, and .Pyatakov; and another treason trial was foreshadowed. 6 . Preliminary returns 'on the censusindicated a population near 1804000 persons, of whom 43cA were born after the Revolution 11 Soviet Budget: The total proposed exnenditures for 1937 amounted to 97 million rubles with 20 ? * billion for the military costs, and ' billion for new construction in heavy industry. The mili- tary costs were increased one-third in order to acquire large reserve supplies for the Soviet army. 13 Soviet Budget: The Central Lxecutive Committee unanimously passed the 1937 budget, balancing at approximately 98 billion rubles. 15 Soviet Union: The Congress of the RSFSR met in Moscow and adopted a constitution, which WES iden- tical with that for the USSR. Spain: The Soviet note in reply to the proposal for banning volunteers to Spain immediately, WPS handed to the British ambassador. 19 Purge: It was learned that 17 Old Guard Leninists were to he placed on trial for conspir- ing against the government. They included Radek, Sokolnikw, Pyatakov, Serebryakov, Marolov, and Drobnis. Bukharin was relieved of his post as editor of Izvestiya, and he and Rykov were described as in disgrace, though not arrested. 23 Treason Trials: Trial of Radek, Sokolnikov, Pyatakov and 14 others began in Moscow; all the accused pleaded guilty. 26 Purge: The arrest was reported of Beloborodov, an old Party man, who was believed to have ordered the execution of the Tsar and his family in 1918. , 27 Purge: Trotsky's son, Sergei, was reported to have been arrested at Krasnoyarsk on a charge of Upoisoning Soviet workers". Personalities: Yagoda, General Commissar of State Security, placed on reserve by the Central Executive Committee. Yezhov, People's Commissar of Internal Affairs, made General Commissar of State Security. N. Orlov named AssiStant ieople's Commissar of Defense for the Navy. 28 Ukrainian SSR: NEW constitution adopted. 29 Treason Trials: Thirteen of the accused were sentenced to death, including Pyatakov, Serebryakov, Muralov, and Drobnis, while Arnold, Radek and Sokolnikov were sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 69 February 1937 February 1 . Treason Executionsz The death sentence was -carried out on the 13 men.convicted in the Trotskyist trial. 5 Foreign Trade:. Preliminary figures for 1936 foreign trade showed increase of 46 million rubles over 19.35. Total trade was estimated at 2.0712,000,000 rubles with an export balance of 6 .million rubles. Spain: The Non-Intervention Committee received a reply from the Soviet government relative to the scheme submitted-to. all the governments on 28. January for controlling the Spanish sea and land frontiers. The ? Russians stated-that Soviet war- ships should be allowed to share in the suPervi- sion of the coast and that there should be a unified control of the whole coast rather. than a ?sectional control by the various fleets. ? Foreign Trade with Germany: Reported Russian de- liveries of raw materials. to Germany fell far below expectedjevels under the 1936 trade agree- ment, while Soviet purchases of German machinery continued. Finland Hoisti, the Foreign Minister of - Finland, arrived in Moscow on an official visit, ? the first since the establishment of independent ? Finland. ? 10 'Finland: -Holsti left Moscow after conversations ? with Litvinov. A statement was issued mentioning that the discussions had resulted .in an amicable exchange-of views on Finnish-Russian relations. 11 ? Copper: Announcement that. a large smelting plant was to be opened in March in estern Kazakhstan. 13 Georgian. SSR: New constitution adopted. 15 Trans-Siberian R.R.: Announcement that the double tracking of the Trans-Siberian Railroad was within 400 miles of completion. ? 16 Sovkhozes: Announcement that State Farms pre- viously attached to factories and other enter- prises would be administered henceforth by local government. 18 Obituary: Gregori Konstantinovich Ordzhonikidze, People's Commissar of Heavy Industry, died in Moscow. 19 Spain: Announcement that Rosenberg had been recalled as Ambassador to Spain and was being succeeded by Gaikis. Naval Treaty of 1930: It was learned that the Russian government in a note to the British dated 16 February had signified its adherence to ? the provisions of the Naval Treaty of 1930 which governed the action of submarines against merchant ships. 23 ?Spanish Volunteers: The Council of People's Commissars approved the decision taken on 20th February to forbid the departure of Soviet citi- zens for Spaim, the enlistment of volunteers in Soviet territory, their transit through the USSR, and their embark-ation on board Soviet vessels. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 ?"70 Febi"uary 25 Personalities: Mezhlauk, President of Gosplan, was appointed Commissar_of Heavy Industry. Germany: It was announced that ten Germans, who had been under arrest since early in November, had been expelled from the USSR. 27 Greece: Commercial e)?changes agreement signed with Greece. .28 .?Kolkhozes:-: A decree of the 'Council:of People's COmmisSars announced theetransfer ef an additional 2,250,000 acres from State. to?cOlIective farms. The State farms were to assume the functions of large scale nurserieS?and experimental farms. March 1937 March 2 Religious revival: Pravda reported outbreak of religious revival in the form of local sects in Ivanovsk district. U.S.: . Davies, U.S. Ambassador, returned from a survey of industry in the Ukraine. He was impressed by increased production, but asserted much could be learned by the Russians from American industry. ? Expulsions from Party: Bukharin .and Rykov were expelled from the Party. Communist iarty: The Central Committee of the Communist Party passed a resolution pi"oviding that the secret ballot should take the place of open voting by show of hands in the Party. Holders of office within the Party were to be elected on a democratic basis instead of being appointed by superior organs as was the practice. 8 Communist Party; The Central Committee of the Communist Party decreed that International Women's Da-3 to be marked by mass political cam? paigns to attract women of the Soviet Union in greater numbers to Socialist Construction. 10 Religion: Izvestiya reported decline in forces organized to diScourage religious propa? ganda and deplored efforts of religious'groups to stage comeback under puotection of freedom of worship guaranteed under the newt constitution. 11 Secret ballot: A speech by Zhdanov, assist? alit secretary of the Party's Central Committee, which he had made on 26 Februtry in the Central ? Committee of the Party, appeared in the press, wherein he expressed fear of the secret ballot as a means of introducing Trotskyites and went on to say that the Party would have first to weed out its own unsuitatae and unpopular candidates. 13 Re 1-inti?Comintern Pact: isky specking in ? London, considered that the danger of the war in general, and against Russia in pierticular, had increased during the past 15 months ? the German? ? Japanese rapprochement amounted virtually to a military alliance against the USSR ? but Russia ? had the ?satisfaction of knowing that her prepared? ness and power of resistance had also increased. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 71 .7. March 14 Caucasus: In memory of Gregori Ordzhonikidze the name of the North C&Aicasus region was changed to Ordzhonikidze Territory. Citizenship:. Citizenships rights restored to thousands of disfranchised according to provisions of new constitution. 20 Pravda editorial attacked Party and Lovern? ment leaders in southern regions for laxity and delay in spring sowing. 21 Decrees published freeing collective farms ? and individual farmers from grain delivery ? arrears and making concessions by reading pay? ments to MTS from ten to thirty percent. 28 A speech devoted in its entirety to the struggle with Trel:skyism was published that Stalin had made 3rd March before the Central Committee of the Communist Party. They were apt to forget, he said, that fivesixths of the world were made up of capitalist countries and that so long as this environment continued, the Soviet 'Union would be full of spies, wreckers and assassins. Led by Trotsky these enemies were still of great power to do harm. He mentioned several times that Germany and Jpan as the countries working hand in hand with Trotsky and the Trotsky organization. .30 A decree was issued by the Central Lxecutive Committee of the Council of People's Commissars, outlining the economic Plan for .937, and criticizing defects in the economic work during 1936. .31 Turge: Reports were current that among TrotskyiSts, recently :arrested was Rakolisky, formeriAmbassador to London and 'Paris. April 1.937 April 4 Purge: It was learned that Yagoda, ex?chief of the Security Police, had been dismissed as Commissar of %mnications for criminal activity. 5 Personalities: Khalepsky was appointed in place-of Yagoda as Commissar of Communications. Purge: Yagoda's deputy, Prokofieyev was dismissed as Assistant Commissar of Communications. Spain, Foreign Trade: Figures were cublished of the trade with Spain, showing that exports to that country in the ,past four months were valued at over 40 million rubles. In January Spain had imported 32,000 tons of Soviet coal, 317,000 tons of oil fuel, and 1,000 tons of motor lorries. Anti?religion: Bezbozhniks began campaign to rebuild organization by establishing anti? religious schools. 10 Class war: Report that since Yagoda's removal as Commissar of the Security Police emphasis had shifted from incessant -'whr against the class enemy" to a campaign against disloyalty to the Party and against sabotage and espionage. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 ?.72 ? Anril 12 Trade Unions: The function of trade unions was seen as changing since they appeared no longer to take an active part in the upward revision of production norms. 14 Reports of Ural exile of Mrs. Litvinov de? nied officially. She was said to be teaching' Basic English at Sverdlovsk University. 15 Anti?religion: Kosarev, general Secretory of the Communist Youth League, in a Pravda article, celled for a revival of militant atheism. 16 Unofficial estimates placed 1936 total grain harvest at about 15% less than average,for pre? ceding three years. 17 Gold production: League of Nations monthly ? statistics bulletin stated that Russia had nearly doubled production. 18 Submarines:. :Britishkdmiralty estimate of Soviet submarine fleet to be:between 125 and 175 submarines. .German Naval handbOok reported 151. 19 Red Army potential: European experts reported ?to consider the Red Army as the most formidable in the world, but potentially weak in transport. They were generally agreed that Russia could not ? be invaded successfully. 20 Education: Decree abolished model schools" ? and ordered their reorganization along usual lines of secondary schools. 21 Wrecking: Molotovls March speech was pub? lished. It revealed that serious re eking acti? vities had hindered industrial development. 24 Purge: Reports were current that some 300 more arrests had beQ.n made of men in or connected with the former GPU. '25- Purge;. CaMPaign was launched against bribery and graft, as_eVidence of 'their existence in - important -industrial establishments was revealed. Five Year :Plan: Arlilouncement that the Second Five Year Plan had been completed 1 April, nine Months ahead of s6hedule. 27 Turkey: It 'as learned that the Soviet Minister had Presented his letters of recall and had left Ankara. NKVD: It was rumored that the People's Com? missariat of Internal Affairs (Securit:y.Police) had been drastically reorganized by its new Commissar (Yezhov). . . 28 Trade Unions:: :Editorial in 'Trud rebuked the . Trade Union Council. for methods . and charged it with erribezzlement and misuse of funds.. ' ? , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 -73 - May .1937 May . . , . ,.. . . 1 May Day.:celebratipn included Cossack cavalry for the first time, Over 250 tanks and more than 800 airplanes. - Third Five-Year Plan: The Russian government decreed the preparation of a third Five-Year Plan, for which provisional plans were to be ready by 1 July. Religion: 50,000-persons were reported to have attended Easter services in Moscow. Far East: A decree was i,ssued by the Far East- _ ern Executive Committee offering extensive privi- leges to former soldiers, sailors and border guards desiring to settle along the Soviet Far Eastern frontiers. Germany: It was learned that the Civil Aviation Department had informed the German Lufthansa that it considered it undesirable to negotiate a new agreement for the air service between Moscow and Berlin to replace the agreement which expired 30 April. 8 Anti-Religion: Communist...Par.:by made known its disapproval of eXcesses in the fight against' religion, -suggesting that intensified propaganda : should- be used instead of. overt coercion. 9 Five-Year Plan: *Addressing heads of heavy industry, the industry's Commissar, Mezhlauk, stated that the:Third.Five-Year Plan would pay more attention to smaller and more manageable plants and that the policy of building up in- dustry at the expense of agriculture would be eliminated. . 11 Marshal Tukhachevsky,:Vice-Commissar of Defense, was.demoted to an insignificant post. He was succeeded by Yegorov, Chief of the General Staff.' 15 Purge: State Prosecutor Vyshinsky intervened in the over-zealous hunt for "wreckers" by local authorities which had resulted in many unjust dismissals and prison sentences. 16 Manchukuo: It was understood that the Russian government had notified the Manchukuo authorities that it intended to abrogate the Waterways Agreement of 1.934 regulating navigation on the ,Amur River. 17 Purge: Eight trade union leaders were an- nounced arrested as "Trotskyite enemies'. Red Army: A decree was published regarding changes in the organization of the Red Army which would increase the Communist -earty's con- trol over it. Thirteen military councils were to be sat up. Political commissars would be given greater power. The councils would consist of a triumvirate composed of the Army commander of the district, and two appointed members, thus insur- ing control from Moscow. 18 ? France: After Li-bvinovls conversation with Blum and Delbos, a statement was issued affirm- ing the friendship of the two countries and their common desire to maintain p.3 ace by 'means of collective security. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 ? 74 ? May 20 Purge: Reports reached moscow that 43 persons charged with railway wrecking had been shot at Svobodm6 near Khabarovsk. 21 Purge: Directorate of the Academy of Sciences recommended Bukharin's expulsion for.counter? revolutionary activities. 22 North Pole: The Soviet claimed thc Nnrth Pole because it was first to establish a settle? ment in its vicinity. 23 Purge: The press reported further arrests of TrOtskyites in 'several places, for crimes connected with the railways. 28 Spain: The Russian government replied to the British proposal for =a truce in Spain for the withdrawal of volunteers agreeing in principle, but stipulating that the insurgents should cease ? hostilities first and withdraw all foreign troops incladinR the Moors. Money: Statement to the effect that Rupsials currency circulation had increased in less than two years by 43. The gold reserve was valued at 6378,000,000. 31 Purge: Gamarnik, head of political adminis? tration of the Red Army, committed suicide after being accused of anti?Sovict activities. June 1937 June 3 Purge: General Eideman, President of the Osoaviakhim, was removed from his post. Purge: The- Commissar of Defense signed a decree removing a rumber of leading generals commanding on the Iestern frontier. They in? cluded General Uborevich, formerly of the Minsk command, General Yakir, who had recently been transferred from Kiev. to Leningrad, and Marshal Tukhachevsky. Purge: A nuMber of high officials of the Co=issariat of Internal Trade were arrested, and ? orders were issued for the arrest and Droncrmtion ? of Korotky, head of the Moscow and Leningrad cotton industry, and Sosmin, director of the Leningrad Cotton Trust. Spain, Non?Intervention Committee: The chair? man of the Non?Intervention Committee received a letter from tne Soviet delegatc complaining about the unlawful. loombing of the Deutschland and the unlawful seizure of merChants ships be? longing to the USSR and a number of other countries. He suggested that all negotiations for guaranteeing the patrol vessel's safety ought to be undertaken only after the whole question had been discussed by the Comitittee. 11 Purge: After a secret ,trial the Mili&ry Cellegium sentenced to death Marshal Tukhachevsky, General Putna, Yakir, Uborevich, Feldman, Kork, Primakov, and Eideman, "habitual and base . betrayal of military secrets to a certain hostile Fascist power and working as spies to compass the downfall of the Soviet state and to restore capitalism." All were reported to have ? Pleaded guilty. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 - 75 - June 12 Purge: The government announced that the eight condemned men had been shot.? 13 Purge: The .linister of Defense, in a special "command to the Army", said that the "military Fascist organization" had existed and functioned for a long time. It went out to describe its activities and said that in return for foreign aid to overthrow the government it had agreed the surrender of the Ukraine. _ 14 Purge: Rozengolz, the Commissar for Foreign' Trade, was dismissed froM his post. Reports reached Moscow of the shooting of 28 more people at Svoboda,, near Khabarovsk. They were desbribcd as "Trotskyite and pro-Japanese wreckers employed on the Amur Railway. The head of the political police in Leningrad announced the discovery of foreign spies working for German firms in Russia. Defense: A new Vice-Commissar of the Defense ? Industry was 'appointed. 15 Internal reform: A decree was issued granting the collective farms and individual peasants new pi-qv-lieges, which included reductions in taxation, a 'remission of unpaid ?taxes, an increase of credits, and .a small rise in the prices paid for grain. Purge: Arrests of several officials were re- ported from Minsk, including Goloded, Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars, Latvia: Speaking at a. reception to Mentors, the Latvian Foreign Minister, Litvinov said that since people were ?now thinking of the length of time that separated them from the ncYt war, countries must think not only of their own fron- tiers, but also of the security of the frontiers of other countries. Owing to the geographical position of Latvia the Soviet Union could not help being interested in the maintenance of her complete independence. 16 Purge: Announcement that Kruttor, chairman ? of the Far Lastern Executive Committee, and ' larin, chairman of the Rostov Committee, had been relieved of their posts for "inefficiency and lack of Bo/shevist vigilance." Purge: Chernyakov, chairman of the Central LxecutiVe Committee of Byelorussia, committed ? suicide at Minsk "for personal and family reasons." He had been blamed by the local party committee for allowing General Uborevich to carry 'on his wrecking work. Latvia: Molotov entertained the Latvian For- eign Minister at a lunch,1 which was attended by Stalin, Voroshilov, Kaganovich and Yezhov. 17 Purge: The dismissal was announced of Tsylko, Vice-Commissar for Agriculture, and of several party officials at Rostov-on-Don. 20 ? Purge: Nine Communist Party oN-icidls were sentenced at Odessa to prolonged terms of am- prisonment as 't-.:aicultural wreckers." Spain Non-Intervention Committee: The chair- man of the Non-Intervention Committee received a letter from the Soviet Ambassador, who stcted that the four Powers had no authority to act in- dependently as ;t?hey had in making the agreement of 12 June,'and that they had created a precedent which might endanger the work of the Committee, for which the Soviet government disclaimed all ? responsibility.. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 - June , 23 Purge:. The Premier 'and luny of the higher officials of the Uzbek SSR .were removed for ? anti-goVernMentactivitics. ? 27 Purge: Ruports from Khabarovsk stated that more arrests had been, made of "divcrsionist ? spies", alleged to be emissaries' of "P neigh- boring country dreaming of seizinA the Soviet ? Far East,'' and 37 of them werc executed. Japan: The headquarters of the Kw_ntung Army; at Hsinking reported Soviet seizure of two small islands on the Amur River. Protests lodged with the Leviet consul at Harbin. 29 Japan: Litvinov received the J-panesc Am- bassador, who protested against the occupztion of the islands on the Arnurl River. It was re- ported that the Japanese-had undertaken to withdraw their troops a certEin distp-ice from the bank of the river, and that the Soviet govern- ment agreed in principle to evacuate the two islands. ? 30 Japan: The Russian,s protested the sinking of one of their. gun-=boats on the. Amur River, July 1937.- ? July 1 Defense Loan: The Russian government announced the floating:' of a.four billion defense loan, bearing interest at .4%. It wasto be redeemed 1957. 2 Japan: The Commissariat of Defense gave orders to the -4)rmyin the Far East to withdraw all prmed patrols and cutters from the dis.- puted?Islmds on the Amur. 6 Purge: It was reported that 22 railway nen had been shot in the Far East, and that groups of "Trotskyist wreckers and spies" had been discovered disorganizing the Moscow transport services, synthetic rubber factories, lorry 'construction plant, and other branches of industry. 7 Purge: The Director-General of Toss, Doletski was denounced in the press as an enemy of the people. Japan: Complaint lodged with t Japanese Embassy that Japanese troops had been landeg on one of the disputed islands on the Amur. The Embassy was reported to have that as the islands belonged to Manchukuo taere could be no pledge-that soldiers would not be- stationed on them. 8 . Purge: Reports were current that among other persons.arrested.for treason were KoMinsky, Rudzutak, s11-Qzhlaulc, KaraddianKrestinSky, Rozengolz, Ossinsky,'Unschlicht;. and Stern. 9 Administration: The Ccntra;1 Executive Commit- tee of the Soviet Union passod\unanimously the law for electing a new Supreme Council of the Union, to consist of two ?chambeTs, the Union Council, and the Council of Nationalities. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 - 77 July 9 Purge: Aron Soltz, a judge of the Supreme (cont.) Court, was reported to have been arrested. Personalities: A1exej Gorkin appointed secretary of Cent?ral Executive Committee replac- ing I.P. kkulov, who resigned because of ill health. 12 Turkey: The Turkish Foreign Minister and ' the Minister of the Interior arrivEd' in Moscow. 13 Purge; Reports? reached Moscow of the shooting in the Far East of 61 persons accused of espionage for Japany and Germany. The. Communist Party organ' at Tiflis reported the shooting of seven Georgian "old 8olshcviks? who had, pleaded guilty of being spic s and wreckers. 14 Purge: Arrest's reported of the Commissar of Education, Bubnov, and the writer Filnyak. 15 'Amnesty: With the opening. of the Moscow-Volga Canal to navigation, 55,000 prisoners, who had , worked on its construction, were liber.ateA. 17 Decollectivization:,? The Presidium' of the Central Executive Committee passed a reolution declaring "decollectivization" to be a crime and ordering the punishment of persons who began the movement and of local bfficials who failed to' prevent it. The peasants of some districts understanding that the new Constitution gave them freedom to belong to collective farms or not as they chose, had liquidated the collectives and distributed the live-stock, machinery, etc. Personalities,: Yezhov, Commissar for Internal Affairs was awarded Order of Lenin for effectively suppressing counter-revolutionary and anti- government activities. Gt. Britain: Naval agreement signed with Great Britain. Text published 19 July. - Ratifications exchanged 6nd bathe into force 4 November. 19 Turkey: The Turkish Foreign Minister left Moscow. A statement was issued that the inter- ests of both countries demanded the preservation of ' friendly relations. 21 Personalities: Procurator Vishinsky awarded the Order of Lenin. Germany: The new Ambassador to Germany, Yurenev, presented his letters of credende to Hitler at Berchtesgaden. Personalities: Mikoyan appointed Vice President of the All-Union Council of Peoples Commissars. Bulganin appointed President of the Council of Peoples Commissars for RSFSR.? Yurkin appointed Commissar of State Farms for all of USSR. - 23 Personalities: Timoshenko named commander of the North Caucasus military area. 29 Spain, The Non-Intervention Comrrlittee: The Russian governrilent refused to grants bLiliE,erent rights to General Franco. 30 Spain, The Non-Intervention Committee: Maisky said the question of' belligerent rights was ir- relevant to that of non-intervention. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 ? 78 ?. ) - August 1'937 August 1 Gt. Britain: Izvcstiya blamed British dip? lomacy for the non?intervention deadlock. - Purge; The preAs recorded the discovery of groups of wreckers' in the Commissariat ofJus? tice in the Ukraine, the central committee of the Komspmo1s, the Commissariat of Agriculture, the Don Basin Coal Trust, and the centr-1 com? mittee of the shipbuilding industry. Arrests ? were reported of Bela Kun, the former dictator of Hungary, Chernov, Commissar of Agriculture, and several members of the Foreign hffairs Commissariat. Japan: The Russian government handed a note to the Japanese Foreign Minister pr ?testing a raid on the Soviet Consulate in Tientsin, exe? cuted by White Russians on the previous day. Finland, Germany: Izvestiya protested against an invitation e)?-tended by the Finnish government to a Gefman flotilla of submarines to visit the military port of Abo. the paper claimed that 'Germany was attempting to establish air bases in North Finland under the pretext of fishing conces? sions. , Purge: Three of eight officials of the food industry were sentenced to death at Novorossiisk. Purges carried out among Tadzhikistan high officials. ? United States: Exchange of notes with the United States, constituting a commercial -gree? ment, which came into force 6 August. Purge: Vishinsky condemned severe penalties imposed on peasants for trivial offences and blamed anti?government groups. sle Purge: Arrests reported of high officials in Tashkent, Tadzhikistan, Armenia, some priests, . scientists, and industrial leaders. 11 Purge: Reports reached Moscow that 72 rail? way officials had recently been ?shot at Irkutsk, and th:.A a thorough purge had been carried out in the administration of Turkmenistan. 12 Purge: Reports that several hundred foreign-7 ers, including 58 Germans, had been arrested. 13 , Germany: The Russian government received from the German Ambassador representation concerning the arrests of German nationals. 19 Purge: Reports reached Moscow of the exe? cution at Irkutsk of 34 members of a spy ring accused of working for the Japanese intelligence Service. Japan: Pravda attacked the Japanese Ambassador for circulating to foreign newspaper correspond? ents in Moscow a statement' denying that the Japanese army or police were responsible for the raid on tae Soviet Consulate at Tientsin on 1 August. 20 ,Sinkiang: Kashgar repOrted taken by the . Tungans. ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1.937 79 August . 21 China: A five?year non?aggression pact signed in Nanking by which each party ?renounced war as an instrument of national policy and undertook not to assist any aggressor attacking the other. 22 Industry: The Comissariat of Heavy Industry was split to.forma'Commissariat of Machine Building headed by Valery Mezhlauk end. a Commis? sript of Heavy Industry headed by L. Kagcnovich. 25 Communist Party: The first of the neii official Communist history of 'Russia for schools indicated a considerable chanEe of emphasis in the treatment of Russia's past and particularly of such subjects as the Tsars, the nobility and Christianity. September 1937 September 1 Manchukuo: Reports that the Soviet JI.overnment had closed all Russian consulates except those at Harbin, Manchuli and Tahiho. Purge: FolloWing the Court?martial and shoot? ing of ton officials of the Leningrad Red Dawn telephone and telegraph factory, a British sub? ' ject, Mr. R.U. Bell, formerly employed in the same factory, was arrested on a charge of'espion? age. Numerous collective farm officials and seven Georgians were sentenced to death. 2 Purge: It was officially announced that Lynbchenko, chairman of the Council of Peoples Commissars of the Ukraine since 1934, committed suicide to escape arrest on a charge of anti? government activities.. Boudarenko was appointed as his successor. Gt. ritain: It was learned that the British Embassy had requested that the British Consul? General in Leningrad be allowed to see Mr. Bell, who had not been allowed to communicate with anyone. Purge: Fourteen 4Trotskyists", found guilty of poisoning the food of Red Army units, were . reported to have been shot.. Italy: Following the sinking of'the Russian steamer Blakogey, off Skyros, the Soviet Journal Pravda declared that Italy was responsible for. the attacks on Russian shibs in the Mediterranean., Italy: The Soviet government sent a stronEly? worded note to the Italian Foreign Office ,,ccus? .ing Italy of responsibility for the sinking of two Russian vessels in the Mediterranean, claim? ing inFlemnities, and dertiandIng punishment of the _guilty persons. The Italian government repudiated responsibility fe-.2 the attacks and- rejected cn bloc the demands for indemnification and punish? ment of the guilty persons. Mediterranean Conference: Russia accepted the Franco?British invitation to the Mediterranban Conference, but enquired why an invitation was sent:to Germany, which was not mediterranean power and demanded that Spain be invited. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 September 8 . Japan: A rdpor't from Siberia stated that an armed Japanese cutter, anchgred in Sovi,t waters had been detained by the Soviet frontier author- ities.. Italy: The Soviet Charge d'Affaires handed to the Italian Foreign Office a second note stating that the Soviet government did not find the Italian reply to their first note satisfac- tory and maintained their accusations. 10 Japan: The Russian governMent received and rejected a vigorous, protest from the Japanese Ambassador concerning Soviet apprehension of Japanese end ,Lorean fishing boats. Nyon Conference: TheiNyon Conference was opened. Litvinov in his remarks referred bitterly to United States which had not cope and said that although Russia had her own methods for looking after her shipping, she was reedy to help in protecting other ships if a scheme was involved. He deplored the fact that thc Spanish government had not been invited. 12 Italy: Stalin and Molotov took ths, salute at a mass demonstration in Moscow directed primarily against the "Italian pirates. ? 13 Japan: It wa's announced that the Russians had informed the Japanese government that the Japan- ese consulates at Odessa and Novosibirsk would be deprived of consular privileges on 15 September, inasmuch as the Russians had but six consulates in Japan, while Japan had eight in Russia. 15 Purge: Krylenko dismissed from his office as Commissar of Justice of the)RSFSR.. 17 The Central Lxecutive .Committee approved the Council of People's Commissars on the reorgani- zation of the State Planning Commission. 18 All-Union Soviet for Commercial Economy, attached to the Central Lxecutive Committee was abolished. 19 Purge: 'Reports reached Moscow of executions of railway officials in the Far East, accused of working for the Japanese, and of the arrest of party officials in the grain region near ?Rostov- on-Don. A purge was also reported to be taking ? place. 24 Purge: Reports current in Leningrad that Admiral Ivanov had been court-martialcd and shot for having."demoralized sailors of the Red Flcetou Japan: A. dispute WCS stated to have -risen over the Japanese oil and coal concessions in the Russian part of Sakhalin owing to the dismissals of large num,ers of Russian emplowees and the virtual suspensi-n of boring -and 'mining operations. 25 Japan: The Russian government warned the Japanese that they would be held responsible for all the conseciaences if any harm came to the ? Soviet Embassy or Soviet citizens by the "unlaw- ful air bombardment of Nanking." Census: Methods used in census of January I were declared unscientific and its results were officially nullified. A new census was ordered for January 1939. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 ?81 ? September 28 Reports reached Moscow of the dismissal and degradation'of several p.rrty leaders and higher officials in Armenia. Shakeups continued in Tadzhikistan, Uzbokistnn and some, of the pro? vinces. The tendency was to replace older men by younger ones. 29 Purge: Reports reached Moscow of the execu? tion of many officials at Kharkov, Rostov?on?Don, Sverdlovsk, Tiflis, and other places and in Leningrad 16 persons were shot for conspiring to murder members of the government and. wreck the chemical works. They were described as sPies of the German Secret Police. 30 Personalities: Admiral Viktorov, formerly commander of the Far Eastern Fleet, ecceme Com? mander?in?Chicf of the Sovict Navy,replacing Admiral Orlov. Purge: The former prcSicent of the Adjer Itcpublic and seven other officials were executed at Batum for spying. October 1937 October 2 Treason sentence : The Central Executive Com? mittee, of the Union issued a decree confirming death,by shooting as the supreme penalty for spying, wrecking, arson, and other offenses against the regime, but increesing the maximum armed imprisonment for less serious offenses from ten to twenty?five years, with n view to giving the Courts greeter imposinL sentence's. Spain,ion?Intervention Coramittee: The Russians stated that the abandonment of naval supervision must make the continuance of any form of control impracticable. 3 Far Est RepOrts that the headquarters of the.Far Eastern .ismy was being transferred from Khabarovsk to Irkutsk. 'Purge.' At Leningrad twenty persons described as "wreckers" weresentenced to twenty years im? prisonment under the new decree. In the - Krasnoyarsk district of Moscow province nine party officials were condemned to death for attempting to ruin farming. Purge: The President and the Premier of ,Daghestan were removed from office as "bourgeois nationalists. Naval Maneuvers: The Soviet Baltic Fleet tested its ability to withstand aerial attacks. Turkey: Agreements signed with Turkey regard? ing (1) commerce and navigation: (2) exchange and payments. Maneuvers: Combined Red Army and Navy maneuvers were held at Vladivostok. Spain Non?Intervention Committee: The Russians in a note.dated 29 September stated thnt as the naval patrol had ended thby saw no useful purpose in maintaining the systems of observers in ships. The not went on to say that "the abolition of the naval patrol and of observers on board ships inevitably involves the abolition also of control on the land frontiers of Spain.0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 ? 82 ? October 10 Purge: Zelonsky, chairman of TsentrosoyuZ, ? was denounced DS an enemy' of the people. Pravda declared that, the organization was overrun with grafters, Twenty-six members Of the Presidium of the Central Lxecutive of the USSR aere stated ? to have been removed since the purge began. Rakhmanov, President of the Azerbradzhan Council of People's Commissars, was dismissed. 12 Purge: Announcement that Bubnov had been relieved as Commissar of Eduction in RSFSR and succeeded by Tyurkin; also that Admiral Ko7hcnov had been replaced as commander of the Black Sea Fleet, by Admiral Smirnov. Communist Party: MeetinE of the Plenum of the Central'Committee of the Communist Party was Yezhov; Commissar of internal ffairs, was Ilected as cin alternate,member of the Politburo. 15- Purge:. Rukhimovich was relieved of his office of Commissar of Defense Industries and .succeeded .by Kaganovich, .a.-brother,of the Commissar of Heavy Industry. 17 Purge:- Veitsev, Commissar of Internal Trade, was dismissed and succeeded by ,Smirnov. Military Strength: A foreign authority estimated USSR's defense strength: regular army 1,300;000, reServes - 10,000,000, first-line combat 'planes - 2,900, naval tonnage in five principal categories - 270,000. 18 Purge: Sudin, Acting Commissar, of Foreign Trade, was relieved of his post. Ovseyenko was relieved as Commies,,r of Justice and succeeded by Dimitriyev, President ?of the Sup'eme Court of RSFSR. 19 Purge: News ?reached Moscow that 54 persons had been shot at Ulan-Ude for spying in behalf ? of Japan. Mezhlauk relieved as Commissar of ? Machine Industry in which he was succeeded by Bruskun, and was reappointed chairman of the State Planning Commission. Industrial production: A comparison of pro- duction showed 1936 increases over 1926 were as follows: stool -400%, coal - over 300%, oil - 240%, electrical power - almost 600%. total industrial production - 900%. 20 Outer Mongolia: The Japanese press published reports, stated to have reached Shanghai, that Moscow had decided to return Outer Mongolia to China. The Mutual Assistance -Protocol of 1936 was to be cancelled, end Outer Mongolic to place ? its forces at the disposal of Nanking. 27 Spain, Nm-Intervention Committee; The Soviet Ambassador handed a note announcing the discon- tinuance of Payments by Russia towards the ?Contra]. Scheme. 29 ? Foreign Telations: The Russian government ? announced its decision to accept' the invitation to the For Eastern Conference at Brussels. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 -83 - November 1937 November 4 Gt. Britain: RatificF:tions?were exchanged. in London of the -Anglo-Russian Naval Agreement signed 17. July. The 20th anniversary of the Russian Revolution was celebrated throughout the Union and Voroshilov addressed a parade in Moscow, extolling the prog- ress made. This i^ould have been greater still, he declared, but for enemies inside and outside the country, Trotskyites, spies, wreckers, and Fascist agents. 8 Comintern: The Executive Committee of the Comintern issued a manifesto to the world urging the masses in both Fascist and democratic countries to follow Russials example in carrying through a revolution. It extolled the united front as the most effective weapon against Fascism. - 9 Italy: Count Ciano received the Soviet Ambas- sador who informed him that his government con- sidered the terms of the Anti-Communist Fact to be contrary to the Italo-Russian .Greement of 20 September 1933, and regarded the gesture as an unfriendly act. Purge: Reports reached Moscow that ten senior officials in Abkhazia had been executed for plot- ting the assassination of Stalin and three had ? bpen sentenced to terms of imprisonment from ten to twenty years. The execution of nine officials of Azerbaidzhan was also reported on a similar charge. 10 Purge: The Ambassador to Poland, a?vtian, ,was reported to have been arrested and the Minister to Lithuania was summoned to moscow. 11 Purge: Arrests reported of the Ambassador to Germany, and Turkey and it was rumored that the German Consul-General in Leningrad had been ordered to leave the country immediately. The Ambassador to Germany was alleged to have been in close contact with Nazi leaders and to have failed to report the imminence of the Anti- Comintern Pact, 13 Purge: The Military Attache in Helsingfors was recalled and the Minister to Finland was re- ported to have been arrested. Reports. also current of arrests among the clergy in Kazan, Orel, Minsk, Orenburg, Samara and Omsk. 15 Purge: The Minister to Latvia Was reported to 11,-ve been arrested, and the Minister to Estonia, whose death had recently occurred, was believed in some quarters to have committed suicide. 16 Spain Non-Intervention Committee: Soviet accopte'd the British plan for non-intervention in Spain without any qualifications. 17 Purge: The arrest was reported of the Prime Minister of the Ukraine on a charge of maintaining treasonable contact with Ukraine Separatists and with an anti-Soviet center in xerlin. Germany: Announcement in Moscow thatthe German government had decided to cloae the Consu- lates-General at J-,eningrad and Tiflis 'and the Consulates at Vladivostok, Odessa, and Ehnrkov. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 - 04 - November 21 Elections: The official list of candidates for all constituencies in the General-Election was published, -and showed that there was only one candidate for each. Reports were current that attempts to put forward candidates in op- position to the official ones had been summarily dealt with. Many of the candidates were senior officers of the State Security Police and of the Army. - 23 'Purge: A 'military court at --Leningrad sentenced to 25-.yeare',imprisonment two Germans convicted of espionage on .behalf of the German secret ?service. 27 Foreign Relations: A meeting held in Moscow between representatives, of the International Feder- ation of Trade unions and of the Soviet Trade Union Council ended with the signature of an agreement, the terms of which were not published. ? The object of the conference was to elaborate the ? conditions;on which Russia's Trade Union organiza- tion would enter the International FederLtion for the purpose of unity to "fight Fascism throughout the world." 28 Japan: The Foreign Commissar, in a reply to a Japanse protest about the "trans-settlement of Koreans living in Russia, was understood to have replied denying ?Japan's right to interfere in the question, as the Koreans were citizens of the USSR. 29 Purge: Reports current that among officials ? arrested were Ozerski, formerly chief trade delegate in London, and Bron, his predecessor and former director of 1-imtorg. Also that the Premier and Commissar of Education in the Ukraine, the Consul-General in New York, and the Minister to Finland were in custody. Foreign relations: Litvinov peaking 'as the ? unopposed candidate fora Leningrad constituency, attacked the aggres-sive methods of the totali- tarian states and condemned the weakness of the League and of the Brussels conference. Japan, he declared, was not only ravaging her present victim but preparing for another war. The Soviet. Union was strong and depended on its own fight- ing services. It had joined the League to ascer- tain its worth as an instrument of peace, but unfortunately other states were not willing to cooperate effectively to combat aggression by states which flouted all international law. -beoember 1937 ? December '2 Tannu Tuva: -visit by the President took -place In..Moscow. ? , Poland- Border incident, when Polish guards .interfered With Soviet..railroad employees. -rediction made that the large 1937 Soviet cotton crop Would entirely-eliminate the purchase of cotton from the United States. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA7:RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1937 December - .5 Purge': Barmin,"Charge d'Affaires of the (cont.) Soviet Legation in Athens, arrived in France and yvas reported to have reqUested the French ? govennment to allow 'him to stay as -a political ? emigre. He had received an order to return from Athens to Moscow, and had refused to comply. ? He was also reported to have addressed an acoeal to the Central Committee of the League for the Defense of the Rights of Man for action to save the lives of numerous Soviet diplomats stated to be in prison in Moscow, and also on behalf of those abroad who risked being imprisoned if they returned to Russia. 11 Germany: Ambassador kontantin Yurenycv will not return to Berlin, according to an offi? cial announcement. _Repprts were-current that he had, been arrested. 12 Elections Elections - were held throughoUt the Soviet Union.for.choosing members for the Supreme Council. 15 Ambassador Troyanovsky declared the -verdict of innocence by the Trotsky Defense Committee was only an effort to whitewash Trotsky. 17 Japan: Protested against alleged illegal detention of Japanese citizens by the Soviet Union. 19 Poland: A Soviet note accused Polish rail? road.offioials of burhing a Soviet train. (Ste 28 Janu ry 1944). Purge: The trial and execution for high treason, terrorism, and espionage of eight officials were officially announced, including Karakhan, Ycnukidze, Zuckerman, and Steiger. Trums?Siberian R.R.: Trans?Siberian double tracking announced as completed. -20 C.? 21 ' japan: .Fishing?agreement signed with Soviet Union after some delay. The ,5ovict press said this.was'cauped by.Japanese the anti?communist pact. - 23 Lithuania: Trade agreement for 1938 signed with the Soviet Union. 27 Export lAanagers Club (New York) was dissatis?, fled with conditioris for the shipment of goods to the Soviet Union; wanted a -stand',rd order form ta eliminate friction. (See 8 January .1938.) ? 30 China: Tass declared that the Soviet Union would continue to send war supplies to China, ?but admitted that the amount was insignificant. Establishment of a People's Commissarict of Navy as distinct from thb People's Commissar? iat of Defense. 1i. Smirnov appointed cs-its first Commissar. 31 Pla.n figures for first year of Third Five Year Plan published for Industry and Transport called for 84,300,000 ruble output in 1938, 15.3% greater than for 1937. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - 86 January 1938. January 2 -China; Soviet Embassy in Nanking reported destroyed by fire. 3 France: Soviet-French provisional trade agreement prolonged to 31 December 1933. Soviet-Union? (Armenian SSR): 0 Armenian officials sentenced to death. Among these was the president the State Bank, the Rector of the Universit7 and two Vice-Commissars for Agri- culture. ? 1938 . 4 ? United. States Experimental tests of radio- tolePhone coMmunications between Moscow-New York. ? began, . They were to continua throughout January. 7 United States 2 - Embassy in Moscow delivered . formal -note, to Soviet 'ForeIgn Office asking in- formation on Mrs. Ruth Rubens, an American who disappeared. on. 9 December 1937 while traveling under the name of Mrs. Donald Robinson. - ? 8 Soviet Union Births in Moscow for 1937 given at 135,848, a conSiderable increase over 1936. United States: ' Soviet official in the United States declined- to prepare a standard -order form for American exporters.. Competing European firms. -use forms now available- in the United States. (See 27 DoceMbor 1937.) ? 9 Soviet Union; Purges: -rrest'was reported- of seven Church dignitaries., as enemies of .the people, traitors to the Union, and spies. They included ? the Metropolitan of Moscow, the former head of the ;?Living. Church' and. several- Bishops.. The press claimed that together with the acting Patri- arch of -Russia they wore. agents of a Trotskyist organization' working for .the German Gestapo. ? 10 Soviet Union; Purges:. ,Altogether 21 bishops: were claimed to have boon arrested?on similar charges since .November. , 11 Rumania: -Sovic Minister, Mikhail .0stroysky, reported askingteo recalled to Moscow because ? of. strained relation's with. ?the:Goga government. - No-successer.was named. (See 22, 29 January.) ? ?. Soviet Union: The Supreme. Soviet opened its ? first sessibn. 12 Gt. Britain; Tho Soviet government informed the Briish that it. wished?the number of consular. .posts the territory of the- ?;: -other to be oqual,:atd:aS.,:thero vcs only one in . Great Britain,-It'sUggestod the -closing of the -consulate in Leningrad,. Similar representations were said to have been made to LatVia, Norway, 'Sweden, Estonia and Fin- land. . ?: :' ? Soviatqinion: .A new .passenger .airline was opened hettiebn Krasnoyarsk and Dudinka.. . . 13 !Gt. Britain 0p-17)Osed a Soviet close its Leningrad.consulate. (See_23 January..) United States: Sec-rotary ? of State Hull asked Ambassador Troyanovsky4gain.for information On Mrs. Rubens, believed under investigation as sp.-7 in Moscow.. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 'Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 ?07 ? January_ - 14 - Soviet Union: The Creation. was annauncod of. a General Staff of ..the Navy; under-dmiral Galler, a former Tsarist-officor. ? 15 Italy: It was announcod that the government had suspended all diroct payrilonts duo to Italian firms for goods supplied, on the ground that Soviet organizations had not-paid for -goods pur- chased by Italy, particularly oil, for about a Yoar. Soviet Union:, Supreme Soviet affirmed de- cision to o.stablia Commissariat of Navy.? joint session Of the Suprome Soviet adopted unanimouslY an amendmont to the Constitution giving the Presidium power to doclare martial law throughout the country wherovor and whonovor Sovict territory was "throatoned by a foreign foo. Molotov announcod that larc, warships would be built; owing to the refusal of Italy and Japon to 'limit their floats. ? Reports-that 23 Moscow journalists had 'boon arrested and one shot; also that the former Minister to Estonia had boonbanished to tho north for 10 years as a.Tretskyist. 7, japan; Zhdanoy urged more determined aetion in dealing with Jap_nese provocations, and of those from Hanchoukuo. Soviet Union; Tho:Suprome Soviet elected M. Kalinin as President. -Other mombors wore Marshals Budonny and Bltcher,,Mme. Krupskaya, Taganovich, and Zhdanov:, Molotov resigned and was at once asked to form a new government. 18 Soviot Union; Purgcs? decroo was issued ordering the cessation of expulsions'from the Communist Party without investigation, the ex- ? amination and reinstatement of many thousands of poople recently oxpollod, and the punishment of malicious informers. - 19 Estonia; Sovict guards killed on the border. Soviet Union: Molotov was unanimously re- . cloctod,Chairman of the. Council'of Comniscars, 'as wero the ot:lorb except who was roplaced as Commissar of juctica by. Ryslikev. Chubar was succeeded Cortlizsar of Finance by Zverov, "but- remaineda ViccQ,chairilan of tha*Council. . Molotov denounced certain foreign Consulates engaged in hgstile anti-Soviet spying activities on Soviet territory", warned Japan that the Union would know how to dofend its'interests.and "end- Japanese hooliganism on the Far Eastern frontier, and accused Franco "of harboring individuals on- gaged in anti-Sovio'c activities. -Supremo Soviet adjourned. Roport that Mozhlauk, former director of the Gosplan, had been shot as a Trotskyist. _ Sun Fo arrived in :Moscow accompanied by a delegation of Chinese administrators and had conversations with several Soviet loadors. 20 China;'' Hankow'dispatch stated that the construction of a highway between China and the Soviet Union, via Sinkiang, was progressing rapidly. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 -88 - January 22 ? - Rumania; Soviet Minister M.S. Ostrovsky re called (cf. 11, 29 January). United States: Soviet authorities refused to permit U.S. Embassy officials to ' isit Hrs. Rubens until their questioning of her had been.completed. 23 Gt, Britain: Statement that Russian visas will be issued only at Leningrad: (Soo 13 Janu- ary.) Soviet Union: :,.ccording to Ja-oanesc press tho.USSR's Pacific squadron had 90 submarines. 24 China: Soviet Embassy. in Ilankow reported destroyed by fire. Gt. Britain; Branch consulate at Moscow closed. 25 Finland: -Russian request reported that-Fln- ? nish consulate in Leningrad bo closed. , Soviet Union; .:,.ccording to London reports fortifications and shipbuilding activities at , Leningrad have been greatly intensified and that ? the district is to become a groat naval base. This is believed to be the reason for the clos- ing of foreign consulates at Leningrad. Turkey: Turkish and Soviet consulates, except one, to be-closed on each other's ter- ritory. United States: State Department declined to accept USSR's refusal for permission to inter- view Mrs. Rpons and charged it to be a violation of Litvinov-Roos-evelt agreements. of 1933. ? '27 Japan.; Temporary suspension of: postal ser- vice-between Japan and the Soviet Union. - .Donmark: *agreed to close its consulate in Leningrad on 1 Poland:. Lgreed to regulate the railroad, in- cidents at the Soviet border. (See 3, 19 Decem 'ber 1937.) ? Soviet Union';' .Lgricultural plan for 1933 was . published. Completion of the foundation' for the Palace of Sov.iets was announced. League of Nations; ? Foreign Ministers Eden, Delbos and Litvinov reported conferring with Dr. Moo on be submitted to League Council for aidtb China.. ? Rumania: -The RuManian ambassador was re- called from Moscow. . (Sce?11 Jairdary.): ? Soviet Union: The clearance of inhabitants from treas along Soviet borders for-military - reasons was .reported. Vyshinsky, Procurator of USSR, reported that 25 percent of criminal'casos brought to court in Moscow were without foundation, and condemned thb tendency to mass accusations. .30 Soviet Union: PeOpleis,Commissar of Heavy Industry, Ka7anovich, issued an order on.tho 1938 plan for heavy industry and the measures to be taken to insure its fulfillment. 31 Soviet Union; Baltic Fleet held tactical exercises. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 - 89 .4 February 1938 February 1 Soviet Union: Smirnov, Peoples' Commissar of the Navy, stated :that the USSR's coast defenses had tripled during the last five-yearS, and that the Navy's old pre-war battleships had been modernized; Taiznetsov was announced to be the new commander of the Pacific Fleet.. Soviet Union; Plenum of the Socioty of Mili- tant Atheists met. 3 Soviet Union; A decree was issued providing for the reorganization 9f the State Planning ? Commission. The-start of construction on a new railroad from 'Ulan Ude (capital of_Buryat Mon- golia situated on the Trans-Siberian railroad) ? to Kiakhta on the. Outer Mongolian frontier was announced. 'Soviet :Union: Bezbozhnik (Atheist) publica- tion to be resumed. United States: Soviet authorities agreed to? allow a U.S. representative to interview Mrs. ? Rubens. 6 Soviet_Union :,?decree was issUed reorganiz- ing the system for financing Machine Tractor Stations. -Rumania: Soviet .legation Informed. Rumanian, foreign office that the charge d'affaireS,. Butbnko, had diSappeared.thc.ovening before and could-not be found. (cf, 10, 16 FeiSruary.) _ Japan.. .rar minister, Suiyana, said Soviet armament expansion required that Japan should also build up its armaments. The Soviets had 1500 airplanes in the Far East. - Estonia Second._ border clash with Soviet guards. Rumania Emphatic Soviet protest over dis- i appearance of the Soviet charge, Butonho. 10 Rumania: soviet Univa sent a note of pro- test on the disappearance of-Butenko. (cf. 16 February.) United States; Charge d'Affairez Henderson interviewed Mrs. Rubens, who made no request for aid from State Department. 12 - China: USSR. reported refusing further aid to China, but permitting plane purchases and en- listment of volunteers. 14 .Sovie't Union; Stalin's. statement in sPravda on home and foreign a:'-4-airs. Stalin declarEd?there were two problems before them: internally, over- coming, their own bourgeoisie, and building a com- plete socialiSm, and externally, of securing the country from the dangers of foreign intervention. The first had been solved, although ua victory of Socialism in our country is no.t.yet final.' The second problem had not yet been solved. Soviet Union; -ir Force; General Loktyonoff appointed Commander in Chief of the Red Air-Force in place of General Alksinis. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 , 1938 February 15 United States; Smit of Soviet government to recover one million dollars from rational City Bank 'of Now York was dismissed by Now York Su- premo Court. Although money was deposited in 1918, the Court held that all Russian claims against Atherican nationals were assigned to the U.S. government under Litvinov agreement of 1933. 16 -Rumania; The .allagod missing Butenke, in : Rome, denounced Bolshevism and .the Soviet govern- ment,. (c f. 7 February.) 17 Germany; RecortS-frem Berlin indicated -measures were being taken by German governmentto remove from no,country all Jewish.Sovi,et citizens (about . 1,000 or 8(i' SoViet. citizens resident in Germany). Jran. Ambassador to Moscow denied.roport that Iran, Turkey,-Afghanistan andraq,were,.negotiating to amend Four-Power Treaty between them to include ? anti-Communist provision. Rumania; Foreign Commissar Litvinov protested again over the 'disappearance of Butenho, as all. efforts to sec,him?in Rome have been refused to the Soviet Embassy. 18 , Gt, Britain: Opinion in Moscow official cir- cle's considered that Eden's resihation and Groat Britain's "capitulation" to aggresser nations - had increased. danger .of Nar. ? 19 ? Rumania: Bucharest .nowspaperh reported USSR about to begin construction of fortifications along the Russo7Rumanian frontier and_additional air base's and coast defenses along the. Sea Coast. '20- China; Sun Fo and to other members of the Chinese MissiOnleft Moscow. after a 5-week visit. The mission presumablyfailed to secure a promise of military aid to' China-. 21 Japan;,. Port authorities at Hakodate were re- ported to :have searched. a Soviet survey ship and :to have arrested the captain. 22 Soviet Union; Purges; Speaking on the occa-7 sion of the 20th anniversary Of the fled Army, .flarshal Voroshilov said that-Admirals -Orlov.? ,,iiv- kov and Ludry had ,been shot as enemies of the people-. I-1'e also said the Army was.not-intonded for aggression, but was ready to fight all ono- nics. . . .23 . United States Ambassador Davies returned to Moscow ?to stay there till late:spring, when he - , would go to Brussels, - ? -26 . Estonia; The Soviet-Estonia Trade Agreement signed., ? .27 Soviet Union; PurgeS; The State ?Prosecutor announced that 21 prominent men wore tobe.tried for treason,. including.-Bukharin, Rykov? Rakovhky, Grinko, Krestinshy, Rosengoltz, Yagota, Chernov and Ivanov. Three doctors were. accused .of murdering Kuibyshov, Menzhenski and Gorki. , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ? 1938 -..91 - March 1938 March .1 Denmark, Estonia: Consulates to be closed. Germany: The German-Soviet Trade Agreement extended for 1938. Soviet Union; Foreign Policy: The press pub- lished a statement explaining that the article in Pravda of 14 February had boon misunderstood. SoviOT foreign policy was not directed against any peaceful foreign state, but only against Fascism. The Union had two enemies, the im- perialism of Japan and the Fascism of Germany and Italy, and both the Union and the Comintern wore cooperating loyally, with all other countries ? against Fascism. It was certain- that an armed clash will come with Fascism, i-Thich 1111 develop into a'great war in which one of the sides will bc destroyed.' Soviet Union; Purges: The trial of the 21 accused men, including Bukharin, Rykov, Rakovsky ?and Yagoda, opened. 'Tho indictment included charges that Trotsky, in cooperation with some of the accused, had boon a secret agent of the German govermient since 1921, and of tho British government since 1926. All the accused pleaded ? guilty except Krcstinsky. Soviet Union; Purges; Krestinshy withdrew. his statement of the previous day and pleaded ? guilty. China; Communist press in China insisted that ?Moscow trials would disclose plots by Trotskyists to aid Japan. Germany: Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to close all their consulates on each other's territory. (Soo 9 March.) Soviet Union; Purges; During the trial, Rakovsky declared., that in 1924, While Ambassador in London, he had boon forced into the British Secret Service, and had spied for Britain and for Japan up to 1936. Ho also Said that Trotsky had told him that ho was a British agent, too. Statements made.during tho trial incriminated two Ambassadors: Bogamolov, Ambassador in China until autumn of 1937, and'Yuronyov, in Japan till Juno 1937., ? Japan: The USSR protested against the deten- tion by the Japanese of two Soviet steamers and ono mail plane. 9 Iran, Latvi4and Sweden;' 'Agreements reached by the USSR with these countries to close most of their consulates,' 11 Japan: Eight Japanese, earlier arrested as suspected spies, held by the.Soviet government as hestages for to Soviet ships and crew held by the Japanese. . 13' Soviet Union; Purges:. Eighteen of the prison- ers were?cendomned-to death, Pletnev was sentenced to 25 oars. imprisonment, Rakosky to 20 years, and 15 years.. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R0001000110001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 - 92 - March 15 . Soviet, Union: A government spokesman 'in Moscow told the press that the USSR would go to the aid of Czechoslovakia if she wOreattacked,.proVided France did likewise. 17 Austria, Germany: Litvinov's statement to ? the foreign press saying that Hitler's seizure of Austria was a menace to all states, and that Russia was prepared to participate in measures ? either within the League or without that would aim at checking any further aggression. 18 Gt. Britain, Franco, United States; The Rus- sian government transmitted notes to the British, French and U.S. governments proposing that states- men from the four countries convene and see what could be- dene.collectivoly to prevent further aggression. 21 Soviet Union: An.ord_or was issued for the improvement of potato' production, in order to se- cure local self-sufficiefic7 in every region of the USSR. - - Soviet Foreign Trade for 1937 chewed a favor- able balance of V77,000,000. 23 / Japan: Russia's request tc.closo consulate at Vladivostok refusedby Japan. (See 2 May.) 27 -Japan: Japan and Manchoukuo .stopped payments on the Chinese :'astern Railway, 28, Soviet Ullion (Kazakh SSR):' The execution was announced of 19 senior officials of the Republic of Kazakhstan, including a former President. 30 Manchoukuo: Reports from Ksinking from Japa- nese sources stated that the Outer Mongolian government with Soviet help had stationed on the frontier semc 50,000 infantry, supported by ether units. Also that largo'forcos of Soviet troops were concentrated at Urea and Sanbeis in ? Outer Longolia. April 1938 April, 1 Soviet Union; Religion:' H. Platonov, former Metropolitan of the Living Church in Leningrad, renounced the churc-h and proclaimed his adherence to Soviet doctrines. 4 Japan: The Foreign Commissar received a pro- test from the Japanese Ambassador against the 1111itary assistance which he asserted the govern- ment was giving to China. Litvinov replied that ? their attitude in selling arms to China was in ? complete accordance with international law. ? Soviet Union; Purges; Krylenko, the former Commissar of Justice; was denounced as a 'des- picable traitor" by the State Prosecutor. 5 Soviet Union: L. Kaganovich was appointed to replace A. Bal:ulyn as Ccomissar of Railroads while continuing his present post as Commissar of Heavy Industry. 6 Bulgaria: F.F. Raskolnikov, Ambassador to Bulgaria, reported recalled. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 - 9 ' o April 8 Soviet Union: N. Yezhov, Commissar of Inter- nal Affairs was also named Commissar of 'later ? Transport, ,replacing N.I. Pakhomov. 10 Soviet Union (Tatar ASSR): The executions of Commissariat of Agriculture officials in the ? Tatar Republic was announced. ? An announcement was made that the 1938 Trade Union budget ?amounted to 2 billion rubles. 11 Finland: An agreement is signed with USSR regulating parcel post arrangements. - Japan: The USSR protested the alleged flight of eleven Japanese planes over Soviet territory. Soviet Union;. Army: Editorials in leading newspapers pointed to the increased power and prestige of nolitical officers in the Red Army; who educate 17677:17i5Tmen in Soviet ideology. 12 Soviet Union; Education: An order extended the amount of time for independent study for uni- versity students; requiring a four grade system of grading and eliminating physical education in the middle of the day. 13 Soviet Union; Navy: American naval officials estimated Soviet submarine strength at 150 sub- mersibles.' . 15 United States: New York Stabe AppelDte Divi- sion rejected U.S. Government claim to Moscow Fire Insurance Company surplus under Litvinov- Roosevelt agreement. 16 ?telgium: Parcel post agreement signed be- tween Belgium and the USSR. 17 Soviet Union: Construction of the Kazan- Yegorlyk. Canal, joining thn,Kuban and the Don, was started. Completion Was projected for 1940. 18 Greece; Soviet-Greek trade agreement signed for 1938.. . Japan: Japanese sources reported the deten- ? tion by Soviet officials of a Japanese plane forced down on Soviet, territory. 20 Soviet Union; Purges: Decrees'were issued ? orderinR the.cosation of the purge of.colloc- tive farms. ? 23 Soviet Union; Religion: It was reported that Mo-scow churches were crowded for Easter service. 24 Gt, Britain: Ambassador to Moscow informed the ? Foreign Commissar that his Government took a grave ? view over.tho arrest of Rose Cohen, foreign editor ? of the TIOSCOV Daily News. She was a British sub- ject who married a Russian who had recently been convicted of espionage. Soviet Union; Purges; The press reported the arrest of 25 clerics, including an Archbishop and a Bishop of Moscow, charged' with espionage for ? Germany, Poland and Japan, and with organizing secret churches and monasteries. At Kirgiz SSR 9 mon were executed for spying and wrecking. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 April 26. United States.: Supreme Court reversed the Circuit Court of. Appeals' decision admitting U.S. Government's right to sua for funds hold for the Kerensky Government. 27 Japan: The, 'Tass Agency stated that the govern- ment had been trying to reach an agreement With Japan over .10 issues- outstanding, and that Tokyo ,,had.made counter proposals.. 28 Finland: A protocol- signed between the USSR and. Finland defining the border. 30 Soviet Union; /Purges: General P.E. Dybenko was removed from his post as commander of the Leningrad Military District. May ? 1 Comintern: ;Jay Day manifesto urged U.S. work- ? ers to demand arms embargo against Japan. Soviet Union: The Commissar for Defense, speaking at the May Day celebration in Moscow, warned the nation that it must be kept in a state ? of mobilization, as the. world wa now an armed camp; our numerous enemies...prepare open war against us." The military section of the parade revealed better equipment than previously seen. 2 Japan; Japan refi)sed Soviet request to close its consulates at Khabarovsk and Blagoveshchensk. 4 Japan: 'laming to the USSR against aid to , China reported. 5 Japan: Re Japan's protests against Russian aid to China, M. Litvinev replied that many countries were, sending arms and volunteers to China, but the Ambassador answered that volunteer- ? ing was impossible in Russia, and that the Soviet government would be responsible for any situation that ight arise from their aiding China. Germany: A.T. Merokalov reported appointed Soviet Ambassador to Berlin. International Peace Eovement meeting, Geneva: Shvernik, Secretary of the :al-Union Council of Tracl.e Unions, urged international cooperation ? for peace. 8 Turkey: The Soviet-Turkish Trade Agreement ? unanimously ratified by the Turkish government. 'Czechoslovakia: The British government in- formed the Soviet government of steps taken in Prague, in conjunction with the -French government, to promote a peaceful settlement of the Sudeten German problem. Ethiopia: In the League Council, Litvinov led a debate on Ethiopian representation; insisted that the Council should abide by the League's es- tablished principle of refusing to recognize the results of acts of violence committed in contra- vention of the Covenant. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1930 95 - May- '11 ' Japan: The Soviet government rejected a. note .from Japan dated 11 May protesting against -a _speech Made by the Naval Commissar at Vladivostok on 1 May, wherein he is reported to.have said, . 'The Japanese imperialists, .like bloodthirsty. mad dogs, tear to pieces the living body of China." The Soviet reply pointed out that ?a campaign of slander and propaganda against the USSR has been systematically carried out by Japan...frequently with participation of official institutes. and- personsou * Soviet Union; Purges: Bolshevik reported the arrest of several clergymen .in Leningrad on charges of espionage and debauchery. 12 Ethiopia: In the League debate following the Emperor's speech, Litvinov supported Ethiopia, took issue with Lord Halifax on his contention that peace would be best served by the course which Great Britain was proposing. ?14 Soviet Union; Budget:. The social insurance budget, amounting to more than 6 billion rubles, was published. 16 Japan; The USSR rejected the Japanese protest against a speech made by Cam-AsSar of the Navy VladiVostok bn May 18 Soviet Union; Pinance: Announcement Was 'made of a 20-year internal loan to be issued -on 1 Juno,_ amounting to 600 million rubles and accompanied by a conversion of loans for 1929, 1930, 1932 and 1935. Soviet Union; Navy H.I. Dqshenov, commander -of the Northern Fleet, announced that the naval base near Murmansk was strong enough to prevent blockading.of.the?Sovict northern sea route. in time of war4 19 International Federation of Trade-Unions: The general council of.thc Federation rejected :the conditions proposed by SoVict trade unions for affiliation with the I.F.T.U. United States: The Soviet iimbassador speaking low York said that though Russia did not appear to be menaced by immediate danger, it could not wash its hands of the present Europeansituation. It would be faithful to its' principles and its treaties; uwo are ready tip defend France itself. We ?hq11 perhaps be summoned to defend other Great Powers. We do not want to be 'isolated in international affairs. Afirin stand.against the aggressors la the fundamental.solution of the present international tension.? Tho press published articles on the same theme. 26 Spanish Uon,Intervention Committee: ?Thc Soviet representative voted against the British plan for withdrawal of foreign voluntcors'in Spain. - 28 Afghanistan; The USSR signed an agreement for cooperation with Afghanistan in combatting insect poets detrimental to cotton.and other crops.: 31 Spanish Non.-InterVention-Committee: The Soviet government offered to pay her share of expenses in preliminary count of foreign volunteers in Spain, but still refused to contribute to .the cost of their actual evacuation. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ,?? ,96 June 1938 1938 Juno 1 China: The Russian nross reported that Dr. Sun Fe, when he had been in Moscow, had concluded a "9-point agreement" by which Russia would enjoy a privileged position in China in exchange for ' extending the natorial assistance already being gfvb.riand, in particular, strengthening the mechanized land forces and the air force. Soviet Union; Elections: During thc month of Juno elections wore hold in Union and 4-utonomous Republics for tho delegates to their respective Supreme Soviets, Spanish Yon-intorvontion Committoo: Tile Soviet Union agrood to the plan for withdrawal of foroign troops from Spain on condition that intornational observers wore permanontly stationed in Spanish ports. China: Conclusion of a 5..yoar non-aggression pact with China signed on 21 August 1937.was an- nouncod by the Foreign Commissariat. It was also bolievcd that Sun Fo had signed an undertaking guaranteeing the Soviet Government most-favored nation Voatmont in China.. Soviet Union; Industry: Plans for the total ,industrial production for the third (mortar of 1938 averaged 20 porcont above the output for, the corresponding period of 1937. ? United States: :,mbassador Davies had inter- views with Kalinin, Molotov, and Stalin on his departure from FoscoW to take up now post in ? Brussels., United Statos: Litvinov, speaking aV a dinner for Ambassador Davies, said that there was "a la- tent, unbroclaincd, mutual sympathy and respect between the peoples of both States." Mr. Davies said he admired the achiovoments and policy of the Soviet Government in the upbringing of young, talented people, and also admirod the countryis oconomic achievements. 12 China: 'TohyO press revealed' Sine-Soviet pact _ terms. Soviet Union: Elections to the-Supreme Soviet (cf.'24, 26 Juno).. 17 Soviet Union: Purges: Tho G.P.U. announced the discovory and liqUidation'of a numbor of religious groups in Moscow, Leningrad, Gorki, Knzakhstan and other places. 21 Comintern: Tho Socretary-Goneral of the Comin- tern issued a 4-point'anti-Fascist program, call- /? ing on the workers of the world, espocially in ? Fance, Britain, and the U.S.A., to bring effect-1 ive pressure to boar on their governments to join ? the USSR in destroying tile existing regimes in ' ? Germany, Italy and Japan.' ? ?Spanish Non-Intervention Caumittee: The USSR agrood to the closing of the Spanish frontiers tO munitions delivories, under the terms of the general plan for tho evacuation of foreign troops from Spain. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 June 23 Soviet Union: Litvinov's speech at Leningrad demanding a firm stand against aggression. Soviet Union; Savings: Here than 14 million depositors had savings totalling 5.3 billion rubles in 23,604 savings bank offices in the USSR. 24 Soviet Union: Further elections to the S preme Soviet (cf. 12 June). .25 Soviet Union; Foreign policy: M. Litvinov, speaking at Leningrad, declared that Germany in- tends to achieve her pre-war borders and to de- mand return of her colonies and that without firing a single shot Germany had succeeded in nullif?ing the results of the World War. With respect to Czechoslovakia, Russia was desirous of seeing that her disputes were 'settled peace- fully. United States: Foreigh Commissar Litvinov expresseddoubt that the United States would ? take active steps- to combat Fascism On the Euro- pean continent; 26 Soviet Union: F'urther elections to the.Su- ? prone Soviet (df. 12 June). ? Spain: Three Soviet:ships, ?the Haks Gelt, the Lensoviet, and the Ahademik Pail-67, which had been seized by the'SparirSE-rebers, were re? leased. ? 29 Japan: The USSR charged that Japan violated the Portsmcuth treaty by detaining a Soviet ship in Laperouse Bay. Jul 1938 July 1 Japan: Japan countered Russian claims of :Japanese arrest of General Lyashkov, head of ? the in the Far East, who had presumably crossed the hianchoilkuoan .border on 13 June, as protective custody requested by: the General ? himself.' Soviet Union: During 'July the Supreme Soviets ? met for the first time undertheir new constitu- tions.- 'Soviet -Union; Finance The government do- creed the iSsue of a new 20-year -loan of 5 bil- lion rubles. for ?economic and cultural needs in 1938 and reinforcement of tho country's de- 3uilse-6. Half would bear interest. at.4% and the other i.f wou]d be a lottery. . Soviet Union; Purges.: In a signed statement to the. Japanese press, General Lyushkov declared that Leninism- was- dead in the USSR, that Stalin waS liquidating his rivals on fictitious charges. 'He declared that the Red Army cast of Lake Baikal .consisted of 400,000 troops, with 2;000 aircraft, and 90 .submarines at-Vladivostok and other ports. Spanish Non-Intervention Committee: England, France, Germany, Italy, and the USSR finally agreed on a plan for the evacuation of fereign ? troops from Spain. The plan was to be submitted to Barcelona and Burgos. United States: President Roosevelt conferred with Ambassador Davies. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 -98 - July 6 - Gt. Britain: Tho USSR and Groat Britain signed. a naval pact to bring their agreement of July 30, 1936 into accord with'tho 45,000-ton limi-t for battleships set by ,Groat Britain, the United States and France. The pact did not ap- ply to forces in the Pacific, since Japan had not agreed to the limit. 9 Finland: The Soviet Union protested a viola- tion of its border by a Finnish airplane. ? 11 Manchoukuo-: :Soviet troops occupiod,Changhu- ? feng Hill on Hanchurian border (cf. 31 July, 10 August). 12 United States: Howard .Hughes landed in Moscow on his round-the-World flight. ' . 13 Latvia: The Sovi0t Union protested a viola- tion of its border by a Latvian airplane. Soviet Union; Purges: General Lyushkov (see , 1 July) told a mooting if foreign press corros- pondOnts ih 'To:Icy.? that the various purges in Russia had affected over 10,000 ?Senior military officers and political leaders, as well as at least a million civilians and soldiers. In tho army nearly 'all the_ officers who had' taken part ? in the fighting betWepn 1917 and -1921 had been .rmnoved or executed. 14 Germany:, Soviet Ambassador A.T. Vierekalov reported accredited to Hitler. 15 Japan: The USSR rOlected a Japanese demand that Soviet border guards evacuate Changkufeng on the Soviet-Korean-Hanchurian border. Soviet Union: ?Spvnarkom ordered the indus- trial commissariats to increase production of consumers' goods. 17 Japan: ,Communique issued in Moscow,stated that "from 11 July not a single Rod soldier crossed the frontier into Manchoukuo territory. The ForeignOffice demonstrated this to the ?7 Japanese Charge d'Affaires by snowing him the Chung Ching Treaty -of 1869 betweeh Ritfissia and China and the map. attached to it. This does not permit any doubt that Lake Hanka, west of which it is alleged that the Soviet incursion occurred, lies entirely inside Soviet territory." 18 Japan: Two reiSresentativeS of Japahese-Man- choukuo authorities were sent to Soviet Commander to request evacuation of Changkui'eng, a hill on borders of Manchoukuo'and the USSR. 19 ??Poland The Soviet press criticized the Polish Foreign :linister's visits to the Baltic capitals. Pravda..declared that the so-caled "block of noutral countries extending from the Black Sea t6,.the Arctic Ocean,which he was trying to Create, was really a Fascist Organi- zation which would be wielded ?in good an instrument ?against Russia. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : bIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 - 99 July 20 Japan: Shigemitsu, Japanese Ambassador to Moscow, in an interview with Litvinov, demanded that Soviet troops evacuate,Changkufong.and threatened use of force. .Litvinov rejected the demand, stated that the territory was Soviet under terms of the Hunchung Agreement of 1886. 22 Poland: The USSR protesfod to Poland on the usurvoirlanceir to which its embassy employees were subjected in Warsaw. Soviet Union; Census: Sovnarkom issued an order for the organization of an All,Union cen- sus in 1939. 23 Japan: Foreign Office claimed that 160 Soviet soldiers had crossed the border and sot firc to several Manc.houk?o villages before idanchoukuo troops forced them to withdraw. The Hanchoukuo government filed a protebt with the Soviet authorities. 25 Japan; It was reported that 2 representatives of the Japanose-Aanchaqkuo local authorities who had boon sent on 18 July with a note to the So- viet Commander at Novoheisk requesting the evacu- ation of Changkufong had returned without a reply. 27 Soviet Union; Purge of Pacific Fleet officers reported. 29 ,' Japan: Serious fighting between Soviet and Japanese troops took place near Changhufeng. 30 'Soviet Union: Tho new electrified railroad lino from Moscow to Stalingrad was uDoned for regular service. 31 Japan; Protest to Japan re Manchoukuo clash. Soviet government said that -fa incident at Changhufong had boon caused by Japanoso-lianchou- kuo detachments crossing into Soviet territory. Manchoulazo: Korean Garrison Command .stated that Japanese had reoccupied the disputed heights of Changkufeng Hill after heavy fighting (cf. 11 July, 10 August). 'Aupust 1938 ? *August 1 Japan: kcommunique issued in:liospow claimed that a Japanese attach had boon repulsed with enormous losses, 'and that Soviet troops were -holding Changkufeng Hill. United States; Communication from American Charge (Kirk) to the Commissar of Foreign Affairs (Litvinov) concerning the amount of purchases which USSR intended to make in the U.S. during the next 12 months. 4 Japan: In an interview with Litvinov, thc Japanese Ambassador in idoscow expressed his de- 'sire to settle the dispute without further fighting, and asked for the cessation of Russian attacks on Japanese positions. United States: Litvinovls answer to the com- munication of 2 August, stating the amount to be at least 040,0000000. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 -100 - august United States: ?Ic;Lontic Notes exchanged bo-, tween the U.S. Chargo (Kirk) and. the Foreign ?-Commissar .(Litvinov) confirming the eXtonsion until 6'AuguSt 1932 thc commercial agreement of 4-6:August 1937. 7 Soviet Union': Last Lutheran church. in ;loscor roportpd closed. Constantine Stanislavsky, founder of the ilos- CO7 Art Theatre, died at the age of 75. Japan: Articles in the Soviet press accused tho Japanoso "militarists" of deliberately trying to force japan into war with the USSR and said that if their Provocative activities continuo, a serious war must inovitably ariso, since the So- viet govornmont was determined not to let the killing of frontier guards continuo. Soviet Union: .,merican oxports to the USSR in Juno, 1930 wore twice as groat as those of ? Juno, 1037. 10- - Japan; - truce between Japanese and Soviet forcos at Changkufong to begin noon, 11 -ugust, arranged. A commission of two Sovict-and two Japanese roprosentativos designated to rcdomar- cat? the bbrder (cf. 11, 31 July, 10 -ugust). Soviet Union: Tho second session of the Su- premo Soviet of the USSR clot. 11 Soviet Union: Report that the Supreme Soviet had begun discussion of a Budget for 1.938 which includod an increase of military expondituro by 7 billion rubles - i.e., 30% -over the" 1937 figure. 14 Japan; Shooting incident on the Soviet-Japa- noso border on Sakhalin. 15 Gt. Britain: ,Sir 'Tinian Seeds appointod British Ambassador to the USSR. ? Soviet_Union: L.J. Kaganovich was appointed Vico-Chairman of the Sovnarkom. ? I.G. Kabanov roplaccd A.L. Gilinsky as Com- missar of tho Food Tndustry. 16 Rablania: The building of roads across Ru- mania to connect the Soviet Union with Czecho- slovakia was reported. - Soviet Union: NOW Judicature Act adopted. 17 Jar an: The Japanoso govornmont reported that tho truco at Changkufong was fully in effect. Further quostions arising out of the truce to be handled by tho'commandors at ?tho scone. 13 Soviet Union; Aviation; In celebration of "Aviation Day", the Chief of tho,Russian Air Force published a statement that, -Liao USSR had attained ?indisputabic world supromacy of the . air, with the nightipst air fleet in the world.? 21 Soviet Union: The sccond scssion of the Su- premo Soviet closed, after approving the 1930 budget, and passing now laws on the election of judges and citizenship.. Soviet Unions Defense: ? The Pooplosi Commis- sariat of Dcfonso.callod the plassos of 1917 and part of 1918 to thair period of military service, beginning 1 Se-otonor. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 V_ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 - 101 .:,ugust 22 Czechoslovakia, Germany:. German,-mbassador had an interview with Litvinov. 24 Sevict Union; Purges; Ton loading officials of the Azerbaidzhan Commissariat of A'griculture wore sentenced to death for plotting the over- throw of the Soviet Govern:lent and ?vrocking cattle feeding. 28 Soviet Union; Navy: l'ew naval program, con- centrating on capital ships, announced in Krasny Plot (navy newspaper). 30 Soviet Union; Purge s : The Naval C mli s sariat announced that -dial Orley, Commander in Chief f the NaVyl.dmiral Si vkov, c-y.imander of the Baltic Fleet, and ...411airal Ludry, Chief of the Naval _.cadomy, had been shot as traitors some time previously. 31 Germany; .Editorial in Journal. do Lloscow warned that German aggreasion in Czechoslovakia would be dangerous for small states as. well as for Great Britain. and Franco. It further . stressed the need for concerted practical measures by the great pOWers .and yeasserted USSR s ' pledge to live up to its obligations un- der the mutual assistance pact with Czechoslo,- vahia. September 1938 September 2 Japan: Tokyo reports state.d that secret plans ? of the Japanese cabinet wore to increase the ? strength of forces on the Soviet border, after consolidation of gains in China. Soviet Union: izveStpra called for the purifi- cation of Soviet -art from decadent modernistic influences, urging return to the great painters of the Renaissance as models, and Soviet humanism to be the basis of Socialist art. 5 Czechoslovakia:. Litvin6V reported to-have said to the German Ambassador, YrThe Soviet Union has proMised to help Czechoslovakia. She will keep her word and do her best." ? , Soviet Union; Jews: .The Society for Jewish Farm Settlement. in Russia,. an American organiza- tion- having worked. for ' seventeen .years in .set- ' tling 250,000 Jews on collective farms in.Russia, terminates its work there as being no longer necessary. United States: German-AMerican Bund urged the severance of diplomatic relations with the USSR. ? '6 China: Gen. Yang Chieh reported appointed Ambassador to :loscow. Czechoslovakia: :loscow press repeated the assurances reported to have been given by U. Kalinin to a Czechoslovak delegation on 11 :lay that the USSR would fulfill its treaty obliga- tions. Soviet Union; Youth Eovement: 750,000 youths marched in the _International Youth Day celebra- tion; slogans urged solidarity, of youth through- out the world against war and Fascism. . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 - l02 September 9 Rumania; Litvipc v and Rumanian Foreign Minis- ter Pctroscu Comnen reported discussing the pos- sibility of Russia's being permitted to move troops throUgh Rumania' to CzochoSloval-.ia in the ?vont of ?a Gorman attack on the -latter. Soviet 'Union: ?ravda began to print in full the text of the now -Short His_t2Iy_pf the Commu- nist Party. 11 Sevict Union: The second branch of the Mos- cow sub'way was oponed to normal traffic. Rumania: It was reported that an agreement had boon reached between 'tho Rumanian Foreign Mini star and Litvinov that in the event of an aggression against Czechoslovakia- noither country would remain neutral. 12 13 Japan': The Japanese government protested to the Soviet goVornment against Rillogal penotra- tien'.1_ into,Japneso territory' near -Handazawa, by Scviot :front io r guards on four oc- casons in 14 Sovioc Union, 1' Navy : The. Dolt.Lc, Black. ,Sea -and' 'Pacific '0"co.arr?Fle-cts of the Soviet .navy began theirautumn:tact i cal maneuvers. 15 Gt. Britain; The RusSian press exprossod dis- approval of Chamberlain's visit to Germany and claimed that ho honed to sacrificc Czechoslovakia to make a bargaln.With 16 Czechoslovakia: Izvestiya's Genova ?corrospon- dont?reportod that ' Hi tl s purposo in Cze cho- -SloVakia was to ..forco hor to abrogate her French 'and--Soviot pactS substitute .a four ,powor agroomont of . England ;. France, Germany and Italy, 'and thus to 'isolate t he :USSR. - ' Soviet Union Rod Army stroop concentration in Ukraino reportod.: 17. Gt. Briton t- P.ravda regardod ChaDborlain 2 s yisit, to Germany as a deliberate betrayal of Czochoslevakia and' urgod Franco to :'s tand more i?fE, . ? _- 20 Japnn Larioru ShigeMitsu, Japanose. Ar4bassador 151C.Scaw-, tranSterrod 'to London.- .? .LOagUbcf. Nations.: '.Tho Soviet -delogation at GemYa b'',6 at cd- thatit Prasup govcrn- me nt in reS pOnso to s their quo ry ! on the n ro ceding ,day that RuSSia -would carry out her obligations to Czechoslovakia. .21 Czechoslovakia: ?. The Soviet Press denounced the Anglo-French plan of having Czochoslovakia yield the Sudoton area to Germany. Litvinov in a speech .before tho.Lcaguo Assembly defended Czochoolovahia and the prosorvation of peace through Lo-aguc mat hinory , but said that at the momont '71-1on a further list ,of sacrificos to the god' of aggression was being drawn up the Soviet govorniliont disclaimed all rosponsibility for the cvonts taking placo and their consoquoncos. ,Soviet Union: An order was issued- forbidding resale of industrial goods in collective farm markets at highor prices than thoso prevailing in government stores. Declassified and 'Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - 103 - September 22 Leaguo of Nations: Litvinov stated:readinoss of the USSR to support Czechoslovakia if ,France did likewise. 23 Poland: The Soviet Foroign Office warnod Poland that tho Soviet-Polish non-aggression pact of 1932 Would be donounccd if Poland at- tomptod to invade Czochoslovahia. Lcaguo of Nations: Soviot officials at Geneva reaffirmed Russials willingness to aid Czechoslovakia; France had boon told the exact amount of military aid the USSR was propared to give. 24 Poland: Large Russian forces, estimated at 30 divisions, with 3,000 airplanes, were reported to havo concentrated in tho western areas within striking distance of Poland. 25' League of Nations: Geneva reports stated that Litvinov would appeal to tho League to put pros- . surc on' Groat Britain and France on behalf of tho Czechs. 27 Germany: The Russian press described Harr Hitler's spcoch as ?political blackmail and ?bluff." It also expressed doubts as ?to tho military proparednoss of Germany and her capa- city to faco-a Pretractod Europoan war. Soviet Union; Defense: 100,000 in Moscow participated in defense af-:ainst an imaginary air raid, with blackout. United States: AMbassador Troyanovsky ro- portod roauesting withdrawal from his American post. 28 Soviet .Union: 100,000 in Moscow participatod in an air raid practice drill, including a black- out. 29 Loague of Nations: Litvinov in a speech be- fore the political commission dofondod Loyalist Spain, stating that the latter was entitled to the benefit of self-determination. Soviot of- ficials at Geneva also condemned tho Munich conference, now underway. Munich Conference: Izvestiya doscribod tho inclusion of Mussolini in tho Munich conference as "monstrous" and accused Chamberlain of .strengthening the aggrossor by adding anothor aggressor. It complained that Russia was not invited, but should have been, as his inclusion would have balanced the nations. United States: The toxt of Prosidont Roose- velt's appeal to the Soviet Union to exert her influence to avert war in Europe printed in the Soviet press, along with the Soviet roply, pledging its support. 30 France: A Moscow radio broadcast announced that "France has lost her greatness" by partici- pating in the Munich Conforonco. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 ? 104 October 1930 October Poland; Pravda, referring to the Teschen question, said that "acting under instructions from Hitler, Polish landlords are strengthening Fascist aggression in Centrale.Europe, thereby digging a grave for Polish:independence with their own hands.? is well known that in Po- lish territory are, areas whiCh German Fascism has long coveted." 2 France; The Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, USSR, denied that Daladier had been authorized to represent.the USSR at Munich,eas reported by the United ? Press. Gt, Britain; The British embassy is reported to have protested Russia's alleged seizure of three British trawlers in the Arctic. 0 'Munich Conference A semi-official statement issued in Tioscow declared that Groat Britain and France had acted without consultil the Soviet government in the matter of the Munich dis- cussions,. Munich Conference; The Commissariat of For- eign Affairs denied the Stories in the Foreign press that the USSR was informed of steps taken by other governments leading up to the Munich Conference. France; In an article in the Journal de lios- cow, the value of France's word as pledged to Czechoslovakia and the USSR was questioned. Soviet Union; An order provided that workers on State Farms might own cattle for their own use. 8 Soviet Union; At Monchegorsk-the nickel- copper combinat's first section was placed in operation. 10 China; Large Chinese army, equipped by the USSR, ..reported formed in Sinkiang.? Gt. Britain.; Lord 77interton, speaking at Shoreham, ? said that Russia had not offered real help in the Czech crisis, but ?Only made vary..? vague promises owing to her military weakness.' United States; Eleven leading ?Soviet aviators denounced Colonel Lindbergh cts spreading lies about the weakness of Soviet air power in order to procipitate? the surrender of Czechoslovakia to Germany. ? 11- Gt. Britain; 'Ivan Maishy, Soviet Ambassador to London, pretested a statement made by Winter- ton to the effect ? that the USSR had: made only vague promises of aid to the Czechs, due to her? military weakness. jbanich. Conference; The Moscow Journal stated that the policy of capitulation to Germany was continuing after the Munich Conference, France was _losing all her political 'positions in Central and Southeast Europe, and the Little- Entente- had been betrayed by France. She had also sacrificed the possibility of ?restoring her former relations with had provoked the mistrust of the Soviet Union, and gall this in order to follow the policy conducted in England." Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 - 105 -- October 15 Soviet Union: It, severe drought was reported in some areas; the 1038 harvest decreased below that of previous years but was still above pro- , , war level. The Arctic Instituto of? the Northern Sea Route Administration planned to organize fuel basos at known coal and oil deposits in the Arctic. 18 Soviot Union; Amy: Two ne- military awards ostablishod: "For Bravery". and "For Hilitary .Scrvices." 21 Czochoslovakia: The Ozochoslovak Foreign ijinistor informed tho- Soviet :anister that his government was no longer interested in the pact with the Soviet Union.. 23 Soviet Union: All ontorprisos on collective farms not directly connected with farming wore disbanded and turned over to departmonts of local industry. Soviet Union; Purges: The Russian press ro- ported that several senior Army the Far East woro in.disgrace, and that Choromin, the head of tho military and political police at Volga, was under arrest. ,26 Gt. Britain; A Soviet newspaper accusod Prime Hinister Chamberlain of trying to foment war against the Soviet Union, saying the ilunich Pact was a stop toward involvillg her in a war with Germany and Japan. 27 China A group of prominont Chinese reported derdanding that Chiang Hai-shok sock cooperation of the USSR and continuanco of rosistanco to Japan. Soviet Union; Botween 27-29 Octobcr, 6,000 awards and decorations wore given to partici- pants in fightinr! at Changhufong. Soviet Union: An order was issued for meas- uros to be taken to insure a stable harvest in the southoastorn regions exposed to drought. 29 Soviet Union: The Twentieth nnivorsary of the founding of the Young Communist League was celobrated. 30. China: A trial radio-tolophono connection . was established between Hoscow and China. November 1938 November 2 thiopia: Chamberlain, in thc House of Com- mons, proposed that the agroemont should be completed by a British recognition of Italian sovereignty ovor Ethiopia, and.rocallod that besides Groat Britain, USSR was now alone in according Italy' in 2thiopia nothing more than a recognition de facto. 4 Soviet Union; ?A woman- locomotive engineer was appointod director- of the :JoseOw circular railway, bocominR the first woman to hoad-a . . railroad in the USSR. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100040001-4 1938 106 November 6 Soviet Union; Premier Holotov, on the eve of the Twenty-first Anniversary celebration, re- -stated the fact that, his country was fling to fulfill its obligations to Czechoslovakia, and accused Germany of instigating the Japanese at- tack at Changkufeng. ? Soviet Union; Navy: H. ?Frinovsky vas appoint- ed Crmmissar fOr the Navy, in sucCession to ". Smirnov, who had been removed. 'United States; Soviet Charge d'Affaires, Constantin Oumansky, laid the cornerstone of the Soviet pavilion at the New York Ijorld's?Fair. 7 Japan; Soviet Defense Commissar 1Toroshilov, speol-ing at the Twenty-first Anniversary cele- bration, warned Japan against military adven- tures in Siberia. He claimed, that the Japanese threw in their best forces at Changkufeng, but nevertheless were defeated. Soviet Union; Tho Twenty-first Anniversary Of the Soviet regime was celebrated with a military parade and a two-million member demon- stration. United States; President .Roosevelt sent a message of good?will to President Kalinin on the Twenty-first ;.nniyersary of the October revolu- tion. 9 Soviet Union la)lotov, addressing a meeting of the iloscow Soviet, warned foreign enemies of the danger of attacking Russia and urged his audience to remember that the whole of the Soviet people must regard themselves as in a state of permanent mobilization, permanently alert. 15 Soviet Union: ?The Central Committee of the Comunist Party decreed an intensive campaign to teach the principles of Harxism.and Leninism on a broad scale. . United States The fifth anniversary of the recognition of Soviet Russia by the United. States marked by numerous Soviet newspaper articles com- menting on the value of friendship between the world's two giants, and stating that both coun- tries are targets of Fascist intrigue. 20 Germany; Tho Soviet press denounced the anti- Jewish campaign of Nazi Germany. 21 Soviet Union; A Komsomolshaya Pravda article condemned moral laxity.among.young men and women. 23 Soviet Union; Purges; :,.V. Kosarov and four others were removed from leadership in the Kom- somol. 24 China: Shanghai reports that the Chinese government had decided on a pro-Soviet national policy and that new bases were being built in 'northwest China near the Soviet border. .26 Poland; Conversations between Foreign Colvlis- sar Lityinov and the Polish Ambassador Grzybowski led to a Polish-Russian declaration on mutual relations emphasizing the peaceful intentions .of both countries. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938, - 107. - November 28 Japan: Japanese Vico-ilinister of vlar told Japanese munitions makers that -armaments mu-st be sufficient for a two front war. - against the Soviets and the Chinese. Soviet Union: lioctings were hold throughout the Soviet Union protesting the persecution of Jews in Germany. 29 Turkey: The Turkish i.iinistor of Foreign 2_f-, fairs in an interview with the Soviet press stated that friendship between his country and , the USSR was not a political fiction, but "a real fact.0 December 1938 December 6 Finland: delegation of 25 Finnish govern-, ment officipas, headed by the Hinistor of Rail- ways, arrived 'in :Ioscow, and was received by the Commissar of Heavy Industry and the Commissar for Foreign Trade, both of facm Politburo members. Soviet Union: Vast colebratinp; marked the second anniversary of the Stalin Constitution. 7 Soviet Union: B.S. Stomoniakov, Vico-Commis- sar of Foreign affairs since 1926, ,was reported removed from his post. . China; Wang Ching-woi reported announcing that Chinese -.3.mbassadors to the U.S., USSR, Great Britain and France would seek four-newer policy against Japan. Soviet Union: innouncement that. Li. Yezhov had resigned as head of the G.P.U. and -ICInistor of the Interior. Ho retained the post .of LIlnis- ter of ':fater Transport. He was succeeded by , Boria. 15 ' Poland: Trade Delegation arrived in :loscow (cf. 20 December). 16 Japan; Litvinov was said to have informed the Japanese _--mbassader that, for strategic rea- sons, the Soviet Union would withhold 40 fishing rrounds from any new convention15 1 17:1-C_I might be concluded with Japan. They were about 10% of the area covered by previous conventions. It was pointed out in :Ioscow that tho Japanese Vice-:Iinistr for Foreign :.ffairs had recently said that Japan was preparing to wage war against the USSR. 17 ? Bulgaria; Tolstoy reported nozaod Soviet ;.-iinister to Sofia. 20 Poland; 2_ trade agreement with Poland was concluded, providing for large increases in the traffic between the two countries, and the regu- lation of the balance of trade by the clearing system. 21 Soviet Union; decree was issued introducing 'work. books u for all Soviet workers. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1938 December 23 Japan Prince. Konoye reported listing peace Conditions. for China apioroved by the Imperial Conference.' Uhe8o included China !s adherence to the .4iti-Colninten Pact, daSignation Of Inner Liongolia as. a'SpecialThnti-Cormunist area. (cf. 28 December.) 26 Italy: Soviet Consulate in :Tilan to be closed. 28 Japan, China; Chiang reported rejecting Fonoyo's peace plan (cf. 23 December). Soviet Union: :inoticenent was made that worlaors who met high standards of production would be awarded medals. - 29 Soviet Union; Now labor regulations were introduced to improve labor discipline and to reduce labor burn -over. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 - 109- January 1939 January, 3 Chile: An early recognition of the ,USSR and the establishment of diplomatic and consular services foreseen in Santiago (cf. 11 December 1944). Soviet Union: Commissariat of Light Industry divided into Commissariat of Light Industry and Commissariat Of Textile Industry., S.G. Lukin appointed Commissar of Light Industry. ?A.N. Kosygin' ppointed Commissar of-Textile 'Industry. ? 1" Soviet Union: It was announced that in Feb- ruary a new oath would be taken by tie Red .hrmy when the pledge of loyalty would be to the Soviet gover:nment.i: and-not before the "workers of the whole world.' Tho men would swear as ?citizens of the Soviet'Union", instead of sons of thc working class. ' ? , , ? . . . Soviet Union: The-goVernment was. understood to have:giVenspermission for. the reopening of the Polish Roman Catholic:ChUrch in Moscow. 8 Soviet Union: An order raised individual pro- ? duction norms and lowered price;work rates in the machine building industry. 11 Czechoslovakia: Protest-to Prague government from the Soviet Minister of the leader Of the Tsarist Cossacks, N. Popov, who was reported to be'supporting the German scheme for a Greater Ukraine. ? 12 Soviet Union: The Commissariat of Defense Industry was split into Commissariat of Aviation Industry headed by11,1.14. ?Kaganovich; Commissariat of ShiPbuilding I.T. Tevosian; Commissrriat of Munitions - I.T. Sorgeyev; Armaments - B.L. Vanenkov. 13 China: Domei reported that Soviet arms and munitions had been reaching Chirtese armies in ?increasing amounts via China' northwest. 15 Soviet Union,? 'A new labor code caalc Into force, providing for the introduction pX"lfocour cards', indicating full particulars conc6rning the worker. No one could be employed for more than 5 days without such a card. All workers wishing to change their place of work were re- quired to give one month's advance notice. 17 United States: The Journal de Moscou called President Roosevelt "the only statesman in the bourgeois world aware of fascism'suthreat and courageous enough to express himself. . ? 29 United States:. New York World's Fair: M.I. Kalinin broadcast Russia's salute to the Fair as the Soviet flag was raised over the Russian Pavilion. 30 ? .Japan: The Japanese Ambassador protested to Russia's announcement that the fishing .grounds in Far Eastern territorial waters would be let by tender or auction on 15 March. -lie alleged that the Soviet government had violated: the spirit of the' Portsmouth Treaty a.nd complained that the fishery question was being converted into a political problem. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 - 110 -? January 30 Soviet Union: The outline of the Third .Five- (cont.) Year Plan covering 1938-1942 inclusive, , was 'published:-% ? February 1939 February 1 Japan: It was announced that a stern protest had been made td: the Japanese government against ? the action of Japanese troops who had occupied an island on the Argun River, and fired on a sentry. They were dislodged:after seven had been ? killed or-wounded. ? 2 Hungary: M. Litvinov informed the, Hungarian Minister that his government,had decided to sever diplomatic relations with Hungary owing to the latter's adherence to the anti-Comintern pact. Manchukuo: Protest to-Soviet government against an incident on 31 January when some 100 Russian soldiers were alleged to have crossed the frontier near Mingkosili, some 65 miles north- east of Manchuli, and fired on the border station. Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Communist PartTissued orders curtailing the powers of the political commissars over officers in the Red rmy. Yemen: ,.. Treaty of Friendship and Trace with ?the USSR extended until April 24, 1949. 7 Italy: Signature of Trade Agreement with Italy. Japan: 'A communique issued in Mascow reported further clashes with Japanese.troops on the Argun River, and :accused. the Japanese ?ofa-ttackino, an island frontier post on February 6 and 7. They landed on the island, but were driven off with ten casualties. ? 9 Japan: Soviet press comments on.the 35th anni- versary of the Russo-Japanese vjar, warning Japan that she no .longer faced an "utterly rotten Tsarist.statel, but a firstn-clasg military power. Turkey: Foreign Commissar Litvinov, in the course of a luncheon given a week earlier by the Turkish Ambassador, made a suggestion that a Black Sea Pact be discussed by the pertinent countries. ?, 17 United States: New York vvorld Fair: A Soviet steamer with USSR exhibits arrived in New York. 19 Poland: A general trade agreement with Poland was signed -in Moscow, based on most-favored-nation treatment, and providing also for an equal ex- change of goods on a clearing principle. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 March 1939 March 1 Anti-Comintern Agreement.: A joint Polish- Italian communique, 'Reaffirming that order and justice are two essentials of Italian an0 Polish policies', seen as -Polandts substitute for the A.-C.A. 4 Non-Intervention Committee: Announcement made that the USSR formally.withdrew from the Committee as of 1.March. . United States: Lawrence A. Steinhardt, U.S. Ambassador to Peru since 1937, named Ambassador to the USSR. 7 Soviet Union: Report that the heads of the GPU had been removed in the Ukraine,ahite Russia, the Moscow and Leningrad districts,and many towns, as part of a purge of the higher ranks of the police. 9 Soviet Union: The 18th Congress of the All- Un-ion Bolshevik Party opened in Moscow. ,5talin in a speech on foreign policy said that PILissir wonted peace and sought to strengthen trdc tics with other countries. Russis,, he said, would fight with double blows any attempt to violate her frontiers. ? 15 Gt. Britain: Ambassador M-isky speaking in London, said there were three fundamentals govern- ing Anglo-Soviet relations; first, that the for- ? eign policy of the Soviets had alwa:yz been a policy of universal peace; second, that by reasons of her geographic position the USSR was most particularly Late-rested in the preservation ? of peace in Europe and Asia; and, third, ti-zt ? the two countries essentially were no comp,titors in world markets. He looked forward to a mater- ial expansion in their mutual trade. Japan: Preliminsry auctions of the Far Eastern Fisheries was held in Vladivostok (cf. 3 April). Soviet Union: The Commissar of Defense in addressing the Congress of the Communist Party said the size of the Army had been more than doubled since 1934 and the Air. Force had increased 130%. ? 16 Germany: Tho Russian government received a note from the German Ambassador announcing the changes in Czechoslovakia. Soviet Union: M. Molotov in his report to the Congress in the Third Five-Year Plan claimed it would be one of the most important stages in the transition from socialism to complete Communism. However, the Union needed at least anOther two or three five-year plans to overcome international competition. 17 Germany: The German Ambassador handed in a second note informing the Government of the est&blishment of a German protectorate over Bohemia and Moravia. 18 Czechoslovakia, Germany: In 9n exchange of notes with the German Ambassador in idoscow, Commissar Litvinov informed the German govern- ment that the Soviet government Cie not recog- nize the incorporation of Czechis and Slovakia in the German Reich, in one or another fore as legitimate and corresponding to the generally recognized standards of international Lw and justice or to the principle of self-determination of nations. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ,_LUJV - 112 - March 21 Czechoslovakia; The Soviet government announc- ed that it had proposed to &reat Britain a con- ference between France, Great Britain, Poland, Rumania, Turkey, and the SoviEt'Union to discuss the situation following the absorption of Czecho- slovakia. Great Britain reported to have rejected this proposal as ',premature". Soviet Union: The Communist Party Congress ended, after electing a new Politburo. 22 Poland, Rumania: Tnss issued an official denial of the reports that Poland and Rumania had appealed to the Soviet Union for protection against aggression. 23 Great Britain: Mr. Hudson and the members of the British trade mission arrived in Moscow. Mr hudson then had a discussion with Litvinov, M. Potemkin, the Assistant Foreign Commissar, and M. Mikoyan, the Commissar for Foreign Trade. Soviet Union: Army, exercises began along the whole western frontier from Leningrad to White Russia, Marshal Voroshilov proceeded to Minsk to direct operations. 26 Soviet Union: The result of the Census/of 1939 was published .uad, shoWed a total population of 170 millions 27, ? Spain: Anti-Comintern Pact signed by Gen. .Franco. 28 Gt. Britain: Following the conclusion on the preceding day of the conversations concerning British trade relations, a Russian communique said that they revealed a number of differences which would be "reduced to a minimum during further ne- gotiations in London." April 1939 April 3 Japan: Announcement of the conclusion of a new fisheries agreement between Japan and the USSR for 1939; further Fisheries auctions were 1-E1d in Vladivostok (cf. 15 March). 4 Soviet Union: Pravda accused France and Great Britain of plotting to induce Germany to go to her doom through the Carpatho-Ukraine and said, The threads of espionage and intrigue which ' enmeshed Carpatho-Ukraine leade not only to Berlin, Warsaw and Budapest." Soviet Union: in a speech to the Communist organization of the Red la-my. at ,Adev, the Army's political chief said they had no need to seek allies and carry out a mobilization in conditions of panic as others were doing. The alleged plan for annexing Soviet Ukraine to Carpatao-Ukraine was, he said, like 'sewing a coat to a button." 8 France: Pierre Cot, former Air Minister, pleaded for definite military agreements with Russia, stated that "Russian aid is vital to democracies." Soviet Union: 'Four warships were reported to have left the Black Sea for the Mediterranean. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 113 - April 10 Soviet Union: More warships, reported to be destroyers, left via the Bosporus. The press and radio'expres's'ed satisfaction thnt.the Soviet view of the necessity for col- lective defense against the "two highwaymen", Hitler and Mussolini, was gaining ground in London and Paris. A broadcaster said that Turkey, Rumania, and above b11,' the Soviet Union, must be enlisted to form a defensive bloc capable of damming the tide wherever it might seek a destructive path. 11 Gt. Britain: Foreign?Secretaiy, Lord Halifax, -conferred with the SOviet Ambassador Moisky on the question of the anti-aggression front. United States: The Court of Appeals ruled in ' the matter of tae Modcow Fire'insurance Comeany Funds on deposit in New York. 12 ,Gt. Britain: David Lloyd Georgelpleaddd for a definite mil-itary understanding,. -stated "u9ity with USSR can-save. _ 13 Soviet 'Union: An official denial was issued in Moscow,of the reports that warships had left the Black Sea. United States: Soviet Charge d'I.,ffaires C. Ounfansky called-the guarantees offered by the democracies to smaller Eurppean countries liorsatz decurity:c! 14 Gt, Britain: Ambassador Maisky called on ecretary Lord halifax-in London and Ambassador Sir i11iam Leeds called on Foreign Commissar M. Litvinov in Moscow to discuss an anti-aggression front including the USSR. Soviet Union: It was announced that the Baltic Fleet would begin its spring exercises in and about the Gulf of Finland on April 20. Soviet Union: Semi-official statements made in Moscow .re Russian attitude towards the policy of guarantees explained the reserve shown as due largely to the fact that neither Poland or Rumania' had sought her help in any form. Turkey, Italy: Trss officially denied that Soviet naval vessels passed through the Bosporus into the Mediterranean. ? 15 Gt. Britain: M. Litvinov received the British Ambassador. United States:. Charge d'Affaires in ffioscow, Alexander C. Kirk, transferred to Berlin. , 16 Soviet Union: The nress gave brominence to the full text of Mr. Roosevelt's appeal. United States: E.O. Kalinin's telegram to President Roosevelt expressing approval of his message to Hitler and Mussolini.. AcIcnowledged 22 May. 17 Gt. Britain, Poland, Rumania: British offi- cials were reported to have been assured that. the USSR would send fighting planes and war material to Poland and Rumania if their inde- pendence were threatened. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 ?114-. April 18 Czechoslovakia: Former kresident E. Bens stated that the-USSR was adequately prepared for war at the time .of the Munich crisis, was ready to fulfill its pledge of military assistcnce oven if the other Powers failed to cl3 so. 20 Gt. Britain: Soviet proposals for an anti? aggression front were reported sent tithe British Foreign Office. Poland informed Great Britain that she had a Elnegative attitude toward permitting SJviet troops or planes to march or fly over l'olish territory." 21 Gt. Britain: Soviet pranas'lls repaEtedly accepted as ?,a ''basis for negotiations. 24 ?Gt, Britain:, USSR Ambassador Maisky left Moscow for London after reporting to the govern? ment on the British reception of Russian propos- als. Turkey: Vice Commissar 'of Foreign affaIrs Vladimir Potemkin left for Turkey on a special mission. 26 Gt. Britain: Neville Chamberlain refused to give information on the 1-')ro:Ixess of the Anglo? Soviet negotiations in the HJUSC of Commons, 27 France: USSR Ambassador Maisky, in his way to London, conferred with Foreign Minister Bonnet and USSR Ambassador to France ,J. Sauritz; stated to press, "Russia's Position is clear. Ilue are going to assist Eurapc in case of egres? sion. Poland: The Polish Nationalist Party pub? lished a resoluti)n edvoc-Iting Poland's closer collaboration with the S3Viet 29 Gt. Britain: Ambrssadar Maisky.c lief at the British Foreign Office. It was reported that he offered on behalf of the USSR e military alliance with guarantees against ag,ression in both Europe and the Far Last. Soviet Union: admiral Kug,netsov was app)inted Minister of Ilcrine, in place of M. Frinovsky. The Commissar for the -Navy issued an order stating that the Union was buiring "a big sea and ocean fleet, which is worthy of our greet causeou In a message to the Red army Marshal Vorashilov stated that the "Soviet Union stands for supporting nations who are the ?victims of aggression and are fighting for their independence." He also - declared that Russia would not embark on any mil? itary adventure, but it .was fully Prepared for a great war. May 1939' ? May. 1 Turkey:. .President inonu visited by Vice Commissar V. Potemkin. 2 Gt, Dritain: Neville Chamberlain again re? fused information to the House of Camm..ns )n the progress of Anglo?Soviet relations. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 May ' 3. Gt. Britain: evi11 Chamberlain announced to the House of Commons that British government was ready to consider an excl5ange non-aggression - pledges with Germany; the Gallup poll found 92 pErcent of British voters in favor of a Soviet alliance. German government offered non-aggres- sion pacts to Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia and Latvia. Soviet Union: An official communique announced that M. Litvinov had been released from the Office of Foreign Commissar at his own request. His duties were temporarily assumed by ii. vialotov. ? 4 Latvia accepted a non-aggression poet with GQrmany. 5 Gt. Britain informed the Soviet Union that their proposal for a direct military alliance with Britain and France was unacceptable. Bulgaria: Vice-Commissar ?V. Potemkin inter- viewed King Boris and Premier Kiosseivanov, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania: A Washing- ton. (?) report current, but not officially confirmed, that the Russian government had told the Great 2overs that Russia would send her troops into Estdnial Latvia and Lithuania imed- iately to protect her own position, in the event of a German-Polish clash. 8 astern Europe: Reports from Bucharest stated the Soviet. government had offered all the smaller states in Eastern,Europe defensive guaranties on the lines of -those given by Britain and France to Rumania and Greece. Gt. Britain: Ambassador Sir William Leeds conferred with Foreign Commissar Molotov. Poland: N. Sharonov transferred from Athens to Warsaw, to serve as Soviet envoy to Poland. Rumania: Vice Foreign Commissar V. ?Potemkin conferred with Foreign Minister Gatenko. Vatican: Pope Pius XII invited the Foreign Ministers of Germany, Britain, lerance, Poland, and Italy to confer on the international crisis 9 Gt. Britain: A Soviet cammunique was pub- lished-characterizing the British proposals as one-sided, and outlining the proposals. Poland announced "complete normalization of Polish-Soviet reliations"; Vice Foreign Commissar V. Potemkin arrived in Warsaw. 11 League of Nations.Ceuncil- agreed 'c.c.) the USSR request for postponeent of its May 15 meeting until May 220 'permitting further Anglo-Soviet . . . negotiations. German-Italian military alliance discussed in Izvestiya; Britain was again accused of asking a "one-sided agreement. Soviet Union: Izvestiya said it was a complete mistake to hold that the German denunciation of the agreements with Britain alr)d 'Poland and the conclusion of the German-Itali.n. alliance had not changed the situation for the woYse. There was now no chance of Rome standing ap,art from Berlin; It went on to say that Britain oassed over the question of a triple pact of immediate assistance to Britin and France should they be involved in war in fulfillment of their obligations in hast- ern Europe, but made no mention of any a6sistance -fthe USSR would receive should it be involvd in hostilities owing to its guarantee to states in Eastern Europe. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - .116 May 13 Turkish-British provisional agreement, cover- ing "any act of aggression leading to war in the Mediterranean" announced. 16 Soviet Union: A decree was issued raising the term of service in the Navy from four to five, and providing that men who had had secon- dary and higher education should serve the full five years. . 17 Gt. britain: Ambassador Maisky characterized British proposals as "inadequate". Reports cur- rent that Britain-and France would offer the Soviet Union a guarantee of support in event of aggression. 21,, Great britain: Secretary Halifax ane Ambassador Maisky conferred at Geneva, where both were attend- ing the League of ilations meeting. 22 Germany and Italy signed a ten-y3-ar alliance in Berlin. Gt. Britain: It was reported that an agree- ment for an Anglo-French-Soviet alliance would be presented for approval to ,the British Cabinet. 24 Finland had asked Soviet coolEration at the League of Nations council for approval of a plan to fortify the Aland Islands (Toss report). - ?Gt. britain: It was announced that the British Cabinet agreed in princiPle to a mutual agreement pact with France and the Sovlet Union against further aggression. 25 Finland, Sweden: Soviet Union reported' seek- ing assurances that the fortification of the -land Islands would not be used against -the USSR. Soviet Union: The Session of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union opened in M,,scow. The budget for 1939 was brought up. Forty billion rubles were devoted to defense. 26 Gt. Britain: h draft of the mutual assistance peace-front pact submitted. USSR Commissar of Defense Voroshilov invited to attend British irmy maneuvers. 27 Finland, Sweden: No decision reached by the League of 'lotions council on the question of the refortification of the Aland Islands. Gt. britain, France: M. Molotov received the British and French Ambassadors, who handed him memoranda ctntaining identical proposals for mutual assistance by Britain, France and Russia. 28 Turkey: Tess denied that a Soviet-Turkish military alliance had been concluded. ?29 Germany: T,ss denied that German-Soviet trede negotiations were being carried on in Moscow. Soviet Union: The Premier of White Russia, speaking in a joint session of the Supreme Council, condemned the acts of aggression perpetrated by Germany, Italy and Japan against peaceful states which had made it necessary for other peaceful .countries wishing to survive to speed enormous sums on defense. 31 Soviet Union: Foreign policy: V.M. Molotov mode an important speech on foreign affairs before the Supreme Council outlining Soviet requirements ? for tile establishment of an anti-aggression pact. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - 117. - e' June 1939'. June 1 Polaad: Trade Agreement with the USSR ratified in Moscow 2 Gt. .britain, France: Formal reply delivered on the SSR to the-latest British proposals for .a threa+power mutual assistance pact. The note ?.includdd Soviet demand for--a guarantee of the Baltic States. ?Gt. Britain, Brltic States: The Foreign policy committee of the-British Cabinet refused to extend guarantees to the Baltic states bordering on Russia. 6 Germany, Baltic: The German-Esto'nian and ? German-Latvian non-aggression pacts signed. ? Soviet Union: Pravda stated that the Russian government had presented four demands to London and -earls as the minimum required for a defensive organization: 1. Conclusion of an agreement by the three countries for effective mutual assist- ance against aggression; 2. An agreement for the USSR to give assistance to states guaranteed to Britain arid France, particularly Belgium, Greece, Rumania, Turkey, and Poland, inc ase they were attacked; 3. A guarantee by the three countries to assist the three Brltic States should their neutrality be violated; 4. I. concrete,ngreement about the methods, the form, and the extent of help to be given. 13 Baltic States: Pravda editorial reiterated the Soviet view that the independence and security of the Baltic States of hstonia, Finland, and Latvia must be guaranteed as the only safeguard ? of a peace front. ? 15 Gt. Britain: William Strang (Chief, Central ? Division, ?Fordign Office) arrived in Moscow on ? the previous day far further negotiations of a mutual assistance pact. Molotov and fotemkin had a prolonged discussion with him and the British and French Ambassadors. 16 Soviet Union: The press and radio said that the five representatives had discussed the chief divergences of opinion between the Russian and British governments and that "in the circles of the Soviet Foreign Ministry- tie results of the first talks are regarded as not entirely favorable.", 18 "Japan: Report of protest to Tokyo against . the seizure of the Soviet consulate at Tientsin by White Russians styling themselves the "White Russian Anti-Comintern Commission." Soviet Union: The ?press stated that Tientsin was Only an excuse utilized by Japan for the creation of a conflict with Great Britain. 21. Gt, Britain: Toss denied that the negotiations regarding a British-French-Soviet pact were being delayed by questions regarding the gliarmtee of Far Eastern frontiers. 22 Soviet Union: Tess said, that no progress WS apparently being made in the discussions between the USSR and Gt. britain and France. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 -118 - June 23 Gt. britain: Ambassador Maisky and Lore Halifax conferred inLondon in an effort to speed up the negotiations on a three-power mutual assistance pact. Manchukuo: Report of air fighting on the Manchukuo border. 24 China: Announcement that a trade treaty with China had been signed in Moscow on 16 June, based on the 'principles of equality and reciprocity. 27 Japan-Manchukuo: The Soviet-Mongolianair force reported an air battle on the Dianchukuo frontier in which 110 Japancse-Manchurian machines took part. They were engaged when about 80 miles inside Mongola and seven of them were destroyed. 29 Gt. Britain, brance: Andrei Zhdanov (Presi- dent of the, Foreign ffairs Commission of the Soviet) stated in a signed article in Pravda that the British and French governments had no real pact with the Soviet Union. ? lyk 1939 July 1 Gt. Britain and France: Molotov received the -British and French Ambassadors and Mr. Strang, who communicated to him further suggestions for overcoming the difficulty of guaranteeing the Baltic States. Soviet Union: The press published full reports ? of Lord Halifax's speech.on British foreign policy in a prominent position. 3 Gt. Britain, France: Molotov again received the British and French Ambassadors, ? Soviet Union: The Vice-Commissar of the Navy speaking in Moscow, said that Russia held one of the first places in the world for sub- ? marines and in the event of war, we will beat the enemy in his own waters.' 6 Japan-Manchukuo: Tess reported that the Japanese-Mf,nchukuo forces had forced their way ? into Scviet territory on 2 and 3 July southeast of Lake Buir, and that the Outer MongoliLn forces had than counter-attacked and driven them back again, destroying 50 of their tanks, with the loss of 25 of theirs. Claim that 45 Japanese planes had been brought down in three days with ? a loss of Lonly nine. ? ? . 9 Gt. Brltain, irance: Molotov and Potemkin had a long discussion with the British and French Ambassadors. 14 Japan-Manchukuo: The Soviet-Mongolian Head- quarters issued a report on the frontier fighting in the week 6-12 July, claiming that the enemy had lost20000 killed and 3,500 wounded, with 61 plane's, four tanks and, 15 armored cars. The num- ber of planes destroyed stnce 20 ,:May was given as 189, while the Outer Mongolian forces had lost 52. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - .119 - July .17 Gt.Britaini France:A.Prolonged discussion took place between Molotov and the British and French Ambassadors. British Embassy, issued a statement that there was no fundamental change in the situation. . 18 Japan: An official communique stated that on 16 June the Foreign Commissariat 1.-Lad received ? a note from the Japanese Ambassador "raising ? questions in connection with the inequitable ac7 tivities of the Japanese petroleum and coal con- cessions in Northern Sakhalin, and disputing the decision of the Soviet Law courts rev.ordinL., -the unlawful actions of the Japanese concessionaires ? in the island. The Jaoanesse had demanded an answer by the 18th of July at the latest. The Vide-Commissar on behalf of Molotov had rejected ? the document on the previous day without exami- nation because of its threatening character. 22 Germany: The Foreign Trade CommiSsariat issued a communique announcing that negotiations with Germany had been renewed about trade and ? credits. 23 'Outer Mongolia: Army Headquarters in Outer ? Mongola issued a Communique _stating that in air fighting on 21 July 14 Japanese plaaes had been shot dbwn, with the loss of three; also that a ? Japanese infantry battalion had been annihilated in fighting on 12-13 July. 24 Japan: The Vice-Commissar of Foreign .4ffairs rejected the-Japaneseipotest against the Lnposi- ? tion of a fine of 37,i1000 roubles on a Jaoanese coal mining company. Russians claimed that the Japanese had violated every article of the con- vention agreement of 1922 regarding housing and conditions of work protecting their Russian employees. Soviet Union: Navy Dry was celebrated throughout the Union and the press stated that in three or four years Russia would be fa first- class naval Power. Seventy ships of the Baltic Fleet were inspected by the Commissars of the .and Speaking in Moscow, the Commissar of the lavy warned Japan to'stop violating the Soviet fron- tier, and announced that Russia had over 100 warships in the Far Last not counting small units. She also had more submarines than any other country, and more than Germany and. Japan together. ? 25 Soviet Union: The Session of the Supreme Soviet of the .1-6FSR opened in Moscow. 28 ? Outer Mongolia: The Far Eastern Command reported that 74 Japanese airplanes had been brought down in 3 days? fighting -- 23-25 July -- east of the Halka River. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 - 120 -- July 30 Soviet Union Izvostiya published an ar:ticic concluding with. the following note "They (the Bolsheviks) stand for the crea'Qion of a general peace front capable of halting the further de- velopment of Fascist aggression - a peace front founded on full reciprocity, full equality of rights, and, an honest sincerity, and repudiation of the disastrous':policy of Ynon-intorvention.v They are ready at any moment, at the head of 170 million strong Soviet people, to crush utterly any Fascist incendiary who ventures to bring the con- flagration of the second imperialist war to the frontiers of the land of the Soviets." 31 Soviet Unien? Travda, writing on the 25th Anniversary of RuS'sia's entry into the 7ar, do? clare2d-that the Second imperialist war had begun, and that war against the aggressors in defense of national indopendenco was El.-just war.- It attack- ed "bourgeois isolationists" and said that "the Soviet pooplo:know that the onslaught of the Fascist aggressors can be stopped by an. effect- ive front of the peace-loving States,. and are ready to take part in the organization of a genuine Peace Front." - .It included the sentence, "The SOviet people aro defending tho -frontie'rs of the Mongolian People is .aeublic as if they were their own....? ? --urmst 1939 ? August - 1 : Soviet Union Stato---loan of - billion- rubles for industrialization and defehso. _Soviet Union ,The-11-Unior.:t.gricultural ITlx- hibition was .opened -in Lloscow." Tass reported '.in-reality?the difference.- is not whether to en- croach or not to encroachon. the independence of the, Baltic- States, because both. sides stand for guarantoding this independence, but that no loop- hole should-be left inthe formula jindirect aggrossionl for aggressors making an.attempt on the independence of the 'Baltic States.'' 2.'United States Renewal of Soviet-American Trade :.Lgreemont for one year. The USSR Would. .buy a minimum ofvV10,000;000 north of-merican ? goods during" the year, while the-U.S. would give Russia- the same tariff i'eductions as countries with which the U.S. had trade-agreements. ? 7G Gt. Britain .Lr. Strang left HO'SCO7 by air,_ to return to his post in London.. Japan: according to a dispatch from Moscow, final agreement- had been reached between the '11os- cow representative of the I:forth Sal(hlin Petro- leum Company and the Chairman of the Soviet Trade Union in the Far East on the conclusion of col-- 'lective labor contracts--one Of the outstanding difficulties in the Sakhalin dispute-. ? 10 France; Gt. Britain: The French and British military missions arrived in-Leningrad. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939. --121.-, .,ugust 12 France, Gt. Britain: Staff talks between, the British, French and :Snviet military missions be- gan. Japan: .greement signed in lbscow, providing that the Japanese-owned North Sakhalin Petroleum Company should-increase the wage of its Soviet rerl,:ors by 15 percent. Simultaneously it gave pormission to the cotpany to import 480 Japanese workers. 15 Soviet Union: The 6 billion ruble loan for the second year of the third 5-Year Plan for in- dustry and defense issued on 2 -ugust was stated to have boon over-subscribed by ever one billion rubles. 21 Egypt: 'The.Egyptian Government decided to recognize Russia, p?ovided'it refrains from Com- munist propaganda in the former country. Finland: The Finnish-Minister of Igriculturo, accompanied by a Deputy of the Finnish Parliament, arrived in Moscow to visit the agricultural ex- hibition.- . Franco, Gt. Britain: -? Staff talks between- the British, French andSoviet military missions v resumed ,after a break. of three days. . Germany: Ribl4entroplz.announcement of Russo- German Non-Aggression Pact. 22 Germany: Tass issued an announcement con- firming that Ribbentrop would arrive in Moscow in a few days for the conclusion of a non-ag- gression Pact with the USSR. Soviet Union: Tass, commenting on the forth- coming Non-Aggression Pact, stated that uaftor the conclusion of the Soviet-German trade and credit agreement there arose the problem of im- proving political relations between Germany and the USSR.' - 24 - Germany: Yon-ggressipn Pact signed in il-/roscow. ? 25- Gt. Britain:. ?? -Anglo-Polish treaty of mutual assistance. signed, with secret protocol. (See, .5 .Lpril-1945.) 27 Soviet Union: 1:arshal Vornshilov in an inter- view with izvestiya claimed that tho British and French missi-ns had rejected :Russia's argument that 4;c, render them effective aid, Soviet troops wouad have to enter Polish torritery, and that Poland had declined military assistance from Russia. Ho insisted that the Soviets had con- cluded the Hon-_-=ggressimn Pact with Germany be- cause of the ircpasse-n the military conversa- tions, and not vice versa. 28 Franco a The French Ambassador left Moscow by air. Soviet Uniona -L special session of the Supreme Soviet opened in Moscow. 29. Soviet Union: Tass announced it had been do- ?eided to strengthen the garrisons on the 1-lectern frontier ?because of the, aggravation of the situ- ation in Eastern Eur-pe.? It refuted a renert / that the Army Command had withdrawn ?001.000 to 300,000 troop s to reinforce the Eastern frontier. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 ugust 31' - SoViet Union; Molotov, speaking in the Supreme Soviet on the negotiations with Britain and France, said: Is a pact of mutual aid possi-la if we. are informed beforehand that Soviet aid is not wanted? The Eftglish-n-ench?proposal.for definition of in- direct aggrossion_would have provided them with, means of backing out The English-French po- _sition wab shot through with contradictions. The? most fundamental of those was that th(ly feared. aggression and sought a pact in order to strengthen themselves. But at the some tine they feared to. strongthenus, and this fear becamo-the-uppermost- consideration. We _signed a pact with Germany when it as ovident?nothing would come of the negotiations. Tho Supromc Soviet than ratified the Pact 7M_th Germany. September 1939 SeptoMbor 5 - Soviet Union: Tho Government -announced that a further one and a half classes of conscripts would be called up for training between 15-Sop- tomber and 15 October (those born in 1919 and in the second half of 1918), about l Million. In addition, 145,000 of the 1920 and 1921 classes would be called up, and 1:arshal Voroshilcv also ordered the soldiers of the 1937 class serving in the Baltic, Polish, and Ukrainian frontier districts to remain with the Colors for 'mother month. 6 Poland: Russians said to have informed the Polish-government that they hoped to maintain norMal co:-.21ercial relations with Poland during the war. Soviet Union: 71ie Rod Star wolcomed the Pact with Germany because it put and to "hostility between two of the greatest 21.urepoan States, fo- mented by agents ProvocatourS." National Youth Day emphasized that the Soviet Union was an island of peace amid a warring capi- talist world. 9 Soviet Union: Tho Foreign Trade Commissariat was empowered to rostriCt or prohibit the export of goods to counties which created conditions unfavorable for Soviet trade., was given the power to prevent the shipment ,f goods abroad un- loss paid for in advanco. Soviet Union: Pravda, in a long artfclo on Poland, ascribed the basic causes ofthe Polish defeat not to German superiority and lack of assistance from Britain and Franco, but to "tho inner weaknesses and contradictions of. the Polish state, which is a multi-natlohal state. It de- clared that the policyof the ruling classes in Poland has. been charaCtorized by the suppression of national minorities. The paper made reference to tho'lossos sustained by Poland and said the government machine --fas falling to pieces. . 16 Japan :Armistice with Japan concluded in Mos- : ? .? ? Poland: Molntov handed the Polisb-:.mbassador a note saying. that Soviet troops would enter Polish territory. The latter refused to accept it, but informed his government of its contents. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 J -123 September 17 Poland: Soviet forces crossed the Polish frontier at 4 a .n. at many points between Polots17_ and Hamenetz-Podo1s7r: Soviet Union: Tiolotov broadcast an address to the people explaining the action taken against Poland. 18 Lithuania: Molotov received the Lithuanian Ambassador, Poland: In a joint declaration the Soviet and Gorman governments announced that their troops in Poland would not pursue aims contrary to the in- terests of the two governments. 21 Soviet Union: .1. short version-of Hitler's speech was released. for publication, omitting his assert-ion that he. no longer wanted the ' Ukraine and his .remarks about the Russo-Gorman agreement on the future of Poland.? 22 Poland: ,:. .joint German-Soviet connuhique wa6 issued in-Moscow announcing the lino of demarca- tion between the Goicnan and Soviet armies. 24 Estonia: .The Foreign Minister, of Estonia ar- rived in Moscow. Soviet Union: The press published a manifesto issued by Gencral.Timoshenko just before he led his troops into Poland. Ile appealed to "my brothers and sisters" in 17esterr Ukraine to "fall upon Polish gentlemen with firearms, scythes, hay- fork_s, and axee, and to follow Iltho example the Russian people save under Lenin's and Stalin's leadership in paying back. the enemy." 25 Finland; The Russian government withdrew the rights of Finnish ships, to travel from the Baltic to Lake Ladoga by way of the River Nova. 27 Bulgaria: Lavrentiev was appointed -mbassador to Sofia (Post had been vacant for nearly 2 years) Estonia; Tho Estonian Foreign Minister re- turned to Mcs'cow. Germany: Ribbontrop arrived in Moscow, accom- Pani'ed_by. the Soviet Ambassador in Berlin and Herr Fnrster,.the Danzig Nazi leader, as well as by legal and economic experts. Rumania: Tho Russians. wore understood to have made representations to the Rumanian government . about an "aggressive". 'military- concentration in Bessarabia. 28 Germany, Poland; .:. treaty was signed with Germany partitioning Poland and establishing friendly relations based on the common interest of protecting their territorial gains against third parties. 29 Estonia:' A Pact of Mutual Assistance with Estonia was si,gned in Moscow. October 1939 October 1 Turkey: The Turkish Foreign Minister had a four-hour conversation with Stalin and Molotov. 2 Latvia: The Latvian Foreign Minister arrived - in Moscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 , October _ Latvia ;' rolotev had: a -se c end conversation.' i th tfle Latvian Foreign Minister. ? - ? Lithuania; The Li thUanian ? 'Foreign Minister arrived _Mose ow and' S,c1W? Molotov.. ? Turite. Molot ..saw the.- Turkish - Germany ln .additional protocol- to the -Soviet- Ge man treaty as signed in Mose ov,T; .setting up a mixed commission to demarcate ,the frontier be? tween the: two countries* Latvia.; mutual assistance pact waS signed in .,-flosd ? Soviet Union ; press prominently published a, statement .of the British Communist.Party rging the Government to make peace -MeSto7 broadcast offered Latvia and' Estonia trade; 'routes through the- 171.-rite. and Black- Seas. Soviet Union; The MoSco,:.7 radio announcod that ?? Faced by the -refusal of the. Government or Fin- land to-send tho 'Finnish Foreign Minister to negotiate. a trade agreement' in 1.1osc-o7.7,- the Soviet government reserves to itself the - right to take decisions it thinks 1 - Finland Finnish, C011Emani qu rienti one d Rus si s invitation to Finland to send a repre- sentative to discuss political and econo'.-mic matters. ? -Ge many ?; oerMan. -.0 c ononi c mission, led by , the head "of ?-t-h;e '17.c.Onomi c' Department -of the For e gn. -Office, -arrived ,in. Moscow. ? .Lithuani a ; lot o-v- had. two :.c.onvc rsations 7.v ith the Li. th:o_andan -Foreign ? ..who had arrived in Mos c Ow. the provi ouS day, ace c.',Mpanied :by the Li thuani an Cer.liaando-r-in-Cli le f and tho Vice -P re s dent of the . Council of Ministers. . ? Soviet Uni oh ; rIzvestiya declared' that s prepos.als can - serve as a real practical basis for negotiations for the early ConclUsien of peace." Following the 'dissolution of -Poland, the re was no Lenge any. justification.for co n- tinuinc ? the war. ? 9 .Geianyu L. statement was issued to the effect ,that 1.1elotov?had'undertalzon 'bat the Soviet ? Union' should 'begin supplying raw materials to . -Germany at "once,- and had-received-an?asstrance of corresponding deliveries of Garman industrial .goods. . Poland; The Polish limbassadei' and staff left Moscow for Finland. . ? Soviet Union; .1zvestiya-said, "Ono cannot destroy any idblogy by fire an sword., ? One may .respect er'hato Hitiorism just as any ?other sys- tem of political views-. This is a matter of taste. But to understand wa-r.for lannihilation of Hitlerismi--=ans to commit criminal folly in politics.? . _ 10 Lithuania; The Lithuanian Minister returned to Moscow to sign a mutual assistance pact with Russia. 11 Finland; Paasikivi arrived in Eoscow. Gt." Britain; trade pact was signed with Groat Britain providing for' the 'exchangeof lum- ber forrubber and Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 7939 125 ? October 12- inland: TansiLivi with Stalin and Molotov. . .Scandinavia:. Tho Russian: government received from -the Danish2?Swodish,?and Norwegian govern- . Dents idontic note stating that the Northern 1-overm-iacints were following with interest the no- gotiatLens taking place ?between Russia .and-Fin- land and wore expressing the hope that nothing would be done to imPinge oft- Finlnndis neutrality. 'United States: the Lnicrican _Imbassador was . understood to havc?=prossod the hope that -nothing Would. ac-cur t jure tho peaceful relations be- tween .Soviet Russia and ?Finland. ' 13 Soviet Union:. Tass? annotmcod.'that the COMDiS* sariat of 'Fuel and Industry had boon. divided into two--ono for coal and Slate Mining, gas,, and the manufactUre? of coal-mining machinery; the other for?pil producing?and refining., the manufacture of artificial fuel.and of machinery for the -oil industry. K?aganovich was appointed Com- missar-of Oil. Finland: Tore mooting tack place between Stalin, Nolotov and ,the Finnish delegation.? . . 16 - Turkey: long discussion took place' with . the Turkish Foreign -Minister. 17 Turkey; Tass announced that the stay in Mos- cow of the Turkish Minister provided the opportu- nity-for a series of c,omprehonsive talks which confirmed the 'Iinvariablo and, friendly relations? between the two governments.. Both .,,ivernments reached. the conclusion that it would be desirable to maintain contact in the future fon joint dis- cussion of questions of mutual interest. . Germany _L fourth Go man mission arrived in. MoSco to-arrange for tho? transfer to Germany of Germans living in the Russian part of Poland.. Turkey: The Turkish Forcin Minister and the - Soviet :LmbasSador to -Trkoy left for :,nkara at midnight. United States: Publication of 1Ctters changed.between Kalinin and President Roosevelt.. 19 Soviet Union: The Presidium of the Supremo ? Council of the Soviet Union ratified the. Soviet- Gorman Treaty of Friendship and Frontiers and the additional protocols of 4 .October (defining the Ifrontior of intorests'i of the two -countries). 20 'Soviet Union: The Russian radio announced the conclusion of TurThe778 Treaty with "the without comment. 22 China; Pravda denied a report that Moscow had -demanded from -E177 Chineso'overnment the right to establish 'Red -rmy garrisons in Sinkiang and Inner Mengolia, and thatNorthwest China- was to be Sovietized. '23- Finland; 'The Finnish dcleation arrived in loloscow and resumed discussions:_- ? Poland: Pravda said that the elections in the -two provinces annexccL to. the USSR were proceed- trig' under the conditions of class warj and there- fore are a form of class .warfare." Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939. --126 October 211 Gernany ?? An ag 1'0 CI lent was repo/I-bed ( from-Gor- man sources) to have been signed in lioscow for the export of l'nillion tons to Germany, delivery -to be completed within two months. A trade delegation of 45, headed by the Com- missar of the shipbuilding industry, left Moscow for Berlin. _25 Gt.-Britain; 7,11-o Government issued a reply to The British Notes Rf 6 and 11 Seetelober regarding. contraband and handed it to the British and French Ambassadors. In their reply the Russians refused to recognize the validity of either note and said they would seek compensation from the British goverment for losses caused by the British measures. ? Soviet Union ; Announcement of re sults of the, voting in rfestern 1lifte Russia and 7e stern Ukraine. The voting was over7ihelmingly in favor of Bol- shevik candidates. 29 United 3-bates; Izvestiya, referring to the U.S. neutrality Bill, accused the U.S. Government of reactionary conduct, involving the persecution of the Communist Party. 31 Finland; In an address to the Supremo Council, Molotov said that Russia wanted a mutual assist- ance pact from Finland, but this Finland had re- fused. Russia wanted some minor land concessions -around Leningrad for which she would be fully compensated. If the Finns continued in their failure to moot the Soviet; requirements, it would be harr.-iful to the cause of Finns and t the Finns thomselves. ? November .1939 November 1 Gernanv; The Gorman -Ambassador left ?Moscow for Berlin. - Soviet Union; .The Supremo Council absorbed the _;11Jostern Ukraine''. into the Soviet Union in the persons of 65 new Deputies elected on 22 October. 2. - Finland: The Finnish delegates arrived hack in Hoscow. _3 .Soviet Union ? Pravda published an attack on Finland. and accused the ?Finnish. press of dis- torting completely the essenceof the Soviet pro- posals. ^ 4 Finland ; Stalin and inolotcv had an hours talk with the Finnish delegation, whicI) then ? referred certain points to Helsinki. 50 Linuania; The Russians were understood to have proPosed to the Lithuanians that 100,000 ? Lithuanian(nationals in Polish 11hite Russia near Vilna should be exchanged for an equal number of Polish 17hite Russians and Jews living in Lithuania. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ,1939 - 127 - November 6 Comintern The Comintern issued a manifesto declaring that the ruling circles in Britain, France and Cermany were conducting a war for world domination, the first two to preserve their "slave empires", and Germany to redistribute those in her favor. The manifesto, went on to de- clare that the task of the working class was to unite, not only against the "imperialist" bour- geoisie, but against its Social Democratic leaders, without. whose "treacherous holp" the bourgeoisie could not have started nor carried on the war. The workers in oil 'those countries were said to draw inspiration from the peace policy of the USr;11. 7 Soviet Uni en The annual military Parade was hold in Moscow, and Fla roha 1 Vo ro shi 1 ov 1 addre ssing the troops, declared that the ovic,t s pnlicy was neutrality, but being surrounded by capitalist countries, the Union nut remain vigilant and ready for everything. Finland: Discussions with the Finnish delega- tion were resumed in the Kremlin. 11 Finland: Tass broadcast a statement that the Finnish attitude had stiffened. 12 Finland: Moscow papers declared that the Finnish politicians wanted war and that the Soviet government was dissatisfied- and. would now have to find ways and moans of obtaining what they required... ? 13 Fi n1 and The Finni sh dole ga t an lc ft Mos c ow ? for hone.. . ? ?' ? . -Finland: .Pravda -published a Tass,;mossage ? from Mb 1 s nh i to the effect that. Finland' s war measures were so burdensome that she c ould not stand. the strain longer. than 4 to 7 months, Soviet Union: The Rod. Star, referring to the - "decided rejection"- ofe. BelgoDutch, appeal 'by Britain-T1nd 'Franco, protested against:: 'French and British attempts to involve ? neutrals, in tho war ,by Scaring Belgium and Holland with the bogy of German invasion and by inciting Scandinavia and Finland against' the. Soviet Union's peaceful policy; . ? It also said that-Britain and Franco were ex- ploiting the Turkish Pact 'in order- to.' force the Balkan neutral countries into a bloc oriented on theMsolves, and attempting to obtain Rumania ' s - signature to a ,mutual assistance pact. 15.. -Poland: . Lvov broadcast attachad Sikorski. . 20 Japan :-IItinouncement of an :exchange_ of views with the. Japanese Which had disclosed "sem . points of accord" upon the principles of a trade treaty. . Mongolia -Tbe conclusion was announced of an agreement on the Mongolian Frontier Commission. 1,4 21 Finland: Izvestiyo., in an article by the Commander of the Baltic Fleet, said that the Soviet demand for .a lease of Mango was vital. The Soviet fleet was ton large to be crowded into a small, far-away corner in the Gulf of Finland. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 123" ? November 23 Japan: ilnnouncomont of decisions to open trade discussions with Japan. Soviet Union: .11ravda, in an article about what it described as the peace movements in Britain and Franco, said it hoped this would. con- vert the war of nations, into a class war within the nations. 26 Finland: Nolotov handed a note to the Finnish Minister, demanding that Finnish troops should be removed 12 to 15-milos fro: the frrontier, point- ing out that Soviet troops had net returned the Finnish fire, being under strict orders not to allow thensolvos to be provoked. -Innouncement in Moscow that at 3:30 p071. Finnish artillery on the Karelian Isth:Jus had fired, 7 rounds which fell on Soviet territory, killing four and wound- ing nine Red Finland; Tho Finnish govern:lent rojoctod the Soviet protest and denied that shots ha: been fired fro -La the Finnis- side. It refused to with- draw its troops, but said it was -)Ailing to-en- gage in talks loading to a mutual withdrawal of troons. It claimed that the shots vie-re fired fro-.-1 the Soviet side and proposed a mixed con- 7.1ission to investigate the incident. Moscow prom and-radio, referring to the Finnish note, de- clared that the Soviet Union had reached the end of its patience an: would be satisfied only with decisive measures. 28 Finland: The Russian government denounced the Hon-L.ggrossion Treat:: signed in 1932,6n the ground that Finnish troop- concentrations near Leningrad were an act of hostility to the Soviet Union. The Russian radio?ci:airiod that another incident took placo on the outskirts of Leningrad. 29 Finland: The Russian government handed a note to the Finnish Minister breaking off relations, and the latter, -:ho had reccivcd_a note from his ? goverment, was not allowed to present it. Soviet Union: Molotov broad6,nst a statement in which he announced that his government had severed diplomatic relations with Finland, and declared that the Red Army must be prepared for any eventualities. ? Pravda published a statement by Stalin, ac- cusing Franco and Groat Britain of being respon- ? sible for the war with Germany. 30 Finland Russian troops crossed the, Finnish loordor at. several points and Russian aircraft bombed Helsinki and Viborg. ?United States: The Russians received Presi- dent Roosevelt's offer of good offices at 12:45 after hostilities-had begun. ( ? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 3.29 64-? Doconbe 1939 Decoliber 1 Fin1and2 Tho Russiansclainod that a now ovorn-lent had boon fornod at Torijohi the pro- ? vious day, headed by Kuusinon, which the Soviets ? considered as an Iriportant factor in clarifying tho situation and bringing about oaco. United States ; _^,.ccording to official broad- casts, Molotov recoied the U. S. L-nbassador and t91d hill that tho Soviot ir Forco had n: inton- tion r'f bonbinc the civil population of Finland. Tho- had brnbed 0 Finland; The Moscow radio annoUnced the con- clusion of a troaty of nutual assistance with tho "People's Governnont" of Finland. Finnish cam:uniqu& that Potsano had boon re- captured. Russians roported it had boon rotahon. United States i. connuniquo iosued in Moscow Statod that Molotov had told the U.S. -Lnbassador that the -Russians' had not bonbod-any towns. 3 Finland: Jho Finns haltod the Russian-inva- Sion around Suojaorvib. Gapturo by tho Russians of the islands of 'Hogland, 'Tytarsarri, Lavansaari ? and Soishari in 'the bastorn end of tho Gulf 9f ? Finland. 4 Finland Russians refused an arnistico and peace negotiation proposal fr-A Pronior Ryti, preferring Kuusinon's government as one tnoy would dol with. ' League of Nations z r_L'he Moscow radio broad- cast :.rlotcv's reply to tho Socretary-General of- the Loa,::;u-e. This said that tho crnvocation Of tho Council was unwarranted, as Russia was "not at war with Finland, and 09os not threaten - it, o that the reference to ,:rticio 11 of the Covenant is hicrrrect." 6 Finland Russian forces continued their penetration of Finland to the west and north. Rdnania: Connuni8t- International. clained oppression- of nationalities ? and atrocioUs ex- ploitation of the passos in the Runanian prov- inces of Bukovina, Dobruja, Bessarabia and Transylvania. - 7 Denmark and other neutrals: Notified by the Russians that Finland's coast and the adjoining waters would be blockaded from noon of the next day. ' Finland; The Finnish Minister and Legation staff left Moscow for Stochholn. 8 Finland The Russians took Suonussalni. 9. Finland; Finns recaptured Suonussalni. 11 Sl9vakia Tisso arrived in Moscow as Minister of Slovakia. - It was reported that the. Russians had recog- nized the German jprotectorate. of Slovakia over a month previously. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1939 - '130 Dec orabor 12 Estonia : General La i d one r C ortian(or-in-Chiof of the Estoniandror, arrive( in T.osc ow . nl and : Tho Russian r n rc o s fought their way across Finland, os t to yes t, by 3 separate routes. Capture of tho village of Lae rkaerjaorvi put then a third of the -Fay across. .Le ague of rati ons : The Russians declined t take part in tho discus si n s On Finland for tho reasons given in their to le gran of 4 Dec=bor. 14 Loagur of H'Itions: Russia expelled ?on the League. 15 Finland : Report concerning disnissal and di s - di sgraco of O. "Cuusinon by tho Sovie governuont for alleged ni s.inforziati on on the strength of his Poll , Broadcast offer to rosuc nevtiations by the Finnish Fflreign TjnisLDr. 17 , Finland7 In t'o north, tho , Russ i ans colloto col-Ives t of Finlan( ? s strip of .2..rctic territory. . ? ? ," ? ? . 18 . .Japan;-.?ilolotev said_to_havasteld the Japanese basse.dir)r -that before any ? fi shery' treaty ;.could ? be concluded, -Ilanchoukuo, or Japan. for her, :Just pf.-ly the final ins taThont of the purchase price of the Chi 3.10 aa stern lway , aDounting t c . 5900,000 yen.. . . ? 20 ? .F.1 n1 and Jn r the rn Pin 1 a rid the ?Rus s drive was stalled ? by blizzards and tblirooraturos ? 25. de gre,-.)s boldTT zoa. . ? . ? ? , 21 S 071 t 'Uri en ? ?. Lose ow celobra4ted ,Stalin s ? COth .b :r.thday. ITe. re cc o. ti t le of. Ts . . S o c al'i?st? Lab r. ? . . ? , . . 25 .FiPea Elnni?sh trns celebrated? Chri s tins by invading Rus s an to rritory east Of Loks a ? ? 120 idles no'rti;1_ of?,Lake ? Lc.d...ocsa , . , -28 ? Finland ? ,Rncnnan t To op s cut- t hr c?'ugh tho ?? ? -nor thorn s trip, to ? Solid jaervi on the ..Tlcrvrgian frontio r i ? T? _ ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 131 - ' January 1940 January. .. - 1 _ ? Finland; Jyyt-iskylii : Russian aircraft_ dropped leaflets demanding fall of Cajandu government. Half iainuto:_later this was followed by bombing and strafing of the city. ? ? 2 Finland:-- Tho' - Finns 8tated they had surrounded and -trapped -55,000, Russian trooP-s and - had salted. a Russian supply base at -Littajoki, on the eastern border.-- - 4 Finland; Lake Hianta; Finns reperted, that in their victory they had captured largo .sums of money, including -92,000. Finnish marks 4 . Japan; 2. trade delegation arrivc:;d' in -1-.Iosco w. 5 . Finland; Isthmus:. Russians stated to be ding in opPosite liannerhadia? line. ? Finland; Turku,: Tuopie bombed by Russian air- craft. 'Russian losses sine() the war asti:'ziatod by 'neutral -observers at 50,000 killed and in wounded more than-_. that number .? ? Norway: ii0SC07.7 radio 'warned Norway not. to allow ?herself to become a tool 4n the hands of England? and Franco iy assisting Finland or by ? allowing war materiel to pass over Norwegian territory. 8 .stated that a .trade .agreement with China had been 'concluded and ratified by both parties. Soviet Union; ? P.ravda ,,,,b..rne?d the Soviet 75' enepic.?>s that mulch -had -changed since the 'civil war; . the Rad rriy in personnel and arm= nt7and by, virtue. of its. training, ? had' become -a gigantic force which had.,1?provod its strength and invinci- n .battles n orgol?a, ir the Ukraine, and in '-thite Russia. 10 Finland; Suoi:-.iussalmi:' Finnish tr-oops -threw back Russians over the frontier to. Russian soil. Saila and Lake ?Hianta; Russians -reported to have. concentrated larg,a masses of troops and to be making a-fresh attempt. ,to cut Finland in two ? .by an advance -from Salla towards .railway terminus ct...Hou5. ji-Irvi .Soviet Union: Kaganovich relieved as People. iS C Orini S S r of the viatton industry and supposedly transferred tb 'another .post. ? SbakbUrin had ? taken :over* Kaganovich's post. 11 evict 'Union.; Conscription: Non of 1921 and ? 1922.61asses liable to service under ?tho 2.r2;1y . ? . ? law off.1939 were called up in Hosco. 12. 'Finland; 1;_andalak_Sha to Hurmansk railway 0. reported to have boon repaired by the 13;,issians. - Soviet. Unionj -Conseription:. Swedish sources stated . that large' numbers of officers and DO- - 1.1 ti commissars' had boon dismissed during -- previous few days, including commander of the ir Force at Baltiski,EsthnIa. 13 - Finland; .Leningrad comMand issucd a communi- que denying "foreign reports of Finnish successes. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 132 - January 14 Swee:ni, Norway: loscow protested against matorial help to Finland and moral support in tho pross. Soviet Union: :loscw-- wireless said that capi- talists and other hostile elonents found no sup- port among largo masses of population. Thor? was no mod to use military force for their sup- prossion; the work could be dono by punitive Yorcos after intclligonco had done its work. 15 Norway, Swodon: 'Pass stated that the Govern- pont considered not quite- satisfactpry the re- plies of those two countries to thc notes of protest regarding aid to Finland. Objections wore rai sod to non-supprossion of influence of "thoso Powers which strivo- to involvo Norway and Swodon in war against the USSR." 16 Sweden: -111 ,paper 6 in Moscow published a re- port from Stockholm saying that Sweden was solv- ing her unomploymont problem by persuading mon to onlist- in Finland. 17 ' Finland: Joutsijarvi: 40,000 Russians re- ported entrenched oast of Joutsi Lake. Helsinki : 2loscow broadcast denied bombing of Helsinki. 18 Finland; Saila front: Finns'claimed to have pushed the enemy back nearly 30 miles on the Saila front to lidrkHjarvi. Iran :.,ranouncoraont that work had been begun on a rai3way between Julfa and Ninjovan on the frontier of Iran. -Sweden:. .?pology to that country for bombing near Lulea duo to snowstorn. 19. Finland: Lake Ladoga: On tho',nerth shore Russians reported to have abandoned attempt to roach Kitola and to have retired to Pitkaranta. Norway apology to Norway for violation of its arctic frontier by 'Russian aircraft. .20 Franco:-,Pravd?dcalinc, with si4)Pression of thc Communists ii Franco,. said that Fonch rulers were wholly responsible for tho fact that 'Europe was involved in an imperialist war. In such a situation the Soviet Union's policy was to se- cure the overthrow of icaperialist governments by revolution. 21 Soviet Union: Shorbakoff, socrotary of the lbs cow Committee of the Communist Party, speaking in Stalin's presence at a demonstration, said that tho struggle between the capitalist world and USSR would progrossivel,- bee one m.-)ro and more acute. Lc warnoC that the prosent state of the Rod Army would nac intervention very dan- ' gorous. 23 - Bessarabia: :Ioscov announcod a road was being built from Stalingrad to Tiraspol on the .Bessarabian frontier. It was hoped to it in 50 days. 24 ' Germany; Gonoral Todt arrived in Moscow vith a -party of engineers and road bxports. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - .133 - January ? 26' ? , Finlandt Mannerheiu tine: turning point ? in the war was rbached when the Russian forces ? -broke the third line *-and strongest defchses of ? the ilannerheim;aine at SIAM?, ? . ? . ? . Gt. Britain:- Izvestiya attacked 1.'1r. Churchill the greatest ..enO:ny .,of the Soviet ?Union..;1 * 28 Finland; Northern .Front: Russian reinforce-. _ nents sent 'from ,..rchangel, wore believed to .have ? brought the strength .of the troops on tl4s .front .to-about 50,000 men. Finland: Fighting Was resumed on the north central 'front around Maerkaerjaorvi and in -the -.Kulimo region., . Germany:. A.'L Gorman ililitary. mission was -re- ported to be in Mas.c-ow.. ? Japan: SpvoraM. artiCles appeared in. the press very critical, of japan., which ,also rcfc-rred to Vang Ching-wei as a traitor, and said that Japans plaee was to ?enslave China, through the Chinese, - Vfang chinG-wei and his gang being used for this purpose.`! ? . ? 31.. ? Soviet Union; ?Purges.: Moscow radio announced that another purge had. begun.' February 1940 Fbbruary 1 ? Finland; Sunna: Afte,r prolonged artillery preparation, the- Russians, launched 'an attack on Surrila in the riiddlo of the Liannerheir.i. lino with aircraft,- tanks, armored sleds and smoke screens. 5 Finland; Helsinki said -that during -tho pre- Vious veek t)-..e Russians had bombed 141 locali- ties, some nine times in one day. .Lbout 6_,800 bombs wore dropped and 145 civilians killed and 179 wounded. ,Six hospitals were attacked. ? United States: Chamber of .Commerce office in roscow was closed, and the resident _secretary loft for the U.S. 11 ?inland; Russian losses: Helsinki gave as an official estimate the number of Russian tanks, destroyed or captured as 641, and of airplanes as 333. ? 12- Soviet Union; 18th Party Congress of the Fleet: The Naval Commander in Chief, addressing the Congress, ?declared that Black Sea forces had been doubled, and were now "mighty." United States: Trud, referring to President ?Rooseveltls moves regarding Europe, said that llellese trip was significant, that although the U.S.. had not joined in the second inporialist ? war, it was only biding its ? nerican capitalists were waiting and. in the meantime selling munitions n.nci. gaining enormous profits. Their aims in both 1914 and p.017 were identical. They were working to create a world-wide con- flagration of the present war. ?. 13 Finland; Su:Aa-ia: In SIE-1111a sector alone the Russians had fired in a single day 300,000 ? _shells. This bombardment had been Going on for several days. S11::12.ia itself was reported taken. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 134 - February ' 15 Soviet Union'; IzveStiya accused Turkey, Iran and t...fghanistan,of'gress ingratitude, since "thcv! achieved their independence Of. British inparial- iSD only owing to Soviet Su?pport.R. 17 Finland; Sunwa In official statment, Hel- sinki Said that Russian penetration into the ilannerhei]). Line had been'aehieved by a terrible wastage of hullan lives. It was added that the situation had taken a illore serious turn for the Finns in the last 24 hours. 18 Finland; SuHr.-ia ; Red -r-..ily comunique stated that the advance on the isthuus was continuing successfully.; 20 .Poland; Repatriation: The -last batch of 35,000 Russians arrived frol::.1'the German'?Govern,- ? rent-General' in Poland. Therest,-nul-abering - over 450,000 had refused to leave. . 21 Finland: The Russians shifted their: offensive to Taipale, which previously had---boon?concentrated around Sup7la and Lake IJuela in the west and had forced the Finns. to withdraw- to .new , ? - 22 Gt. Britain; Ivan laisky presented to the British Foreign. Office Russials proposals to and the Finnish 'Tlar.. Tho British,after studyinr,.the - tors, declined to sero as an interpediary. ? 23- Finland; Viipuri Russians. wad a succession . of attacks toward.-Viipuri with. forces esti-:lated at 250,000, as the beginning of anattellpt to ?. carry the second ?Finnish?lines of-defense.- 24- Estpnia, Latvia and Litnuania:oscow radio denied that Russ ia had I'Jade-denands of these countrio0-for the cession of =re naval baseS, ? and increases in the garrisons .in the ceded basbs. - Finland: J:Ioscow announced that the Russians had occupied ? the lines .of Koivisto, TiurfUsaari and Piisaari, 'fortified with iron and concrete .? fprts. . 25 Soviet Union: HonsoDelskaya Pravda declared that. the Line- of. Lenin and Stalin would load to the victory of Cnw'iunisn all over the world. A 27 ?Finland: Pets=o front; 2, Russian col= ' Doved 15 Lines down the highway Hoyhinjarvi to Nautsi, the first break in the front since just before Christilas, when the Russian drive fro :i. the :,.rctic Ocean was stopped. 28 ' Finland; l!crnern front; The first Norwegian and Swedish units were reported to have joined the battle line. 99 Soviet Union; Connissariat of Foreign 2,ffairs: ilescow radio announced that 11. PotoT.07in had- boon relieved as :,ssistant Ca=isbar for Foreign 2,:f- fairs and -would be appointed 01=Jiissar for Edu- cation'. - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 ONO March 1940 :larch 4 Finland; Viipuri; Swodish-sourcos said 3- Russian divisions were closing in on Viipuri. Finland; Scala; -nnouncomont that the Swodish voluntoor corps had begun operations on Salla front'. - Finland; Finnish delegation, consisting of Paasikivi, General I'lalden d, LI. Voionmaa, left for Hosbow-to conduot poace.nogotiatiOnS. 8 France Pal,i?s announced the exteAt-Of Fronch and EngliSh aid to Finland; Pending armisticc conferences, Russian troops have occUpied several islands .and"towns in the Viborg Gulf area. 12 Finland: Ltrotty. of poaco was signed in Moscow by dologatos from Russia and Finland at ?11 p.m. French LLid to Finland; Daadicr, in a do- bate in the Chambor onutho Finnish tragedy and -the part played by France in those oventsrl, men- tioned that 50,000 French troops were awaiting - Finnish green light at onbarkation ports, but that those never left port because tho Finns never gave a dofinito answer. 13 Finland; Cessation of hostilities to occur at noon -- troops to nova to now frontier by 10 a.m., 15 .:larch-. Qt. Britain Mr. Chamborlain in Parliament quoted figures of what the Lllics had been will- ing to furnish in non (100,000) and material, provided Finland made a direct request and Sweden pormittod passago of troops over her territory. He also gave data as to what was actually sent to Finland. Finland: Field-Marshal Diannorhoiu broadcast an order of the day in which he mentioned that a hard peace had boon concluded. He said that 15,000 VFinns and 200,000.Russians had boon killed. ? 15. V Finland; Tho Finnish,Parlianent ratified the peace treaty by 145 to 3. Tho Prime Minister . made a statement which included the following: "We believe that by choosing peace we have acted in the best way for the mememt.' 18 V Soviet Union; Izvostiya published a warning to neutral countries that if they acceptod ,guarantees from the liios they were entering a perilous courso. 20. Finland;. Exchange of instruments 6f ratifica- tion of the'treatT. with Russia.- Scandinavia; The Tass agoncy issuod a-state- ment donying that it had objected .to, the conclu- sion of a defensive alliance between Finland, Norway and Sweden. 22 Hang8 handed over to the Russians. ? 25 Iran Russians sign trade treaty with Iran at Teheran. . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 136 - March 26 France: Moscow wireless announced that Suritz, the Abassado to France, had been recalled, after a demand of theFrench govern- ment. 29. Soviet Union; Foreign policy: Mr_. Molotov in a. speech addressed to Saprome soviet said that there had been many instances of Franco-British hostility to the Soviet Union.and-that the Russians had boon fighting not only the, Finns, but theCombined forces of the-imperialist countries, .including those of England apd-Ji'rance. He gave his estimate ? of cas-ualties as 48,745 Russians killed and . ? 158,865 .wounded; that of Finns as 60,000 killed, and not loss than,250,000,f7Tounded. The Soviet Union would maintain its non-,agres- sion'treaties with. Turkey and Iran, :but that the Union had no such treaty with .Rumania because of .the um-attic:d controversy on Bessarabia. 'However, .Russia had no intentions to regain it by force. Japan must ...realize that the Soviet Union would not tolerate any violation, of her interests-. _ Ho concluded that Russia, must maintain her position of neutrality and refrain'from. partici- pation in the war between the 7estern Powers. 31 Finland: The Supreme Soviet adopted a pro- pesal to incorporate the Karelian Isthmus in the -Yarelian Republic to form the 'IKarelian Finnish. Union Republic." April 10 April 1940 Finland: Russians evacuate Petsamo. 15 Baltic states:. Trud stated that, the Soviet Union T7ill aid the Baltic countries' in caSe of attack. ? -29 Soviet Union; ? 1030 census figures published, showing a population'of 170067,186.? Flay 1940 ay 3. Sweden: Moscow radio broadcast a- statement , -that. both Russia. and Germany wore' interested in the proServation of Sweden's neutrality.. 0 Soviet Union: .Voroshilov reported by.Tass to have boon relieved of his duties and appointed -Assistant Chairman of the Council of Peoples,. Commissars and Chairman of the Committee of De., .fonse. . Also to be Molotov's deputy.- . Timoshenko appointed Defense Commissar. 11. 'Yugoslavia: A trade and navigation.troaty with Russia-signed in Moscow. 21 Gt: Britain: Molotov sent a note in reply to. -a British memorandum On trade negotiations in which he said that Russia had been trading, and would continue to trade, with, belligerents and ' .noutrals on the Principle. of- equality. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940, 1,57. ? ? 1.1ay 26 Yugoslavia; Publication of treaty with Yugo- slavia. It included agroomonts on thc most- ? favored nation clause, and a protocol providing for the ostablishmont Of trade delegations in ? Moscow and Belgrade. Jun6.-l940 Juno ? 4 ; dt. Britain.; Russian radio announced that , its goVornmcnt had accapted Sir Stafford Cripps as British Ambassador to theSoviet Union.: 8 . Lithuania:. Lithuanials-Promier.and Chief of Staff arrived in Moscow, United States; 'Pravda advised tho United' - StateS?not to'ontor the war. If it did so, the Float would havo to be mOvod into the Atlantic, .thus leaving Japan. a free hand in the Dutch East Indies and .possibly the Philippines. 12 Gt. Britain, Franco: Sir Stafford Cripps and the new French Ambassador, M. Labounc, arrivod in 1:Io.scow. 14 Lithuania: Ultipatum..prosontod to Lithuania, expiring at 10 a.m.-the next day, domanding resignation of. the Government.' It required Lithuania to form a now Government which would onjoy Moscow's confidoncc and to allow the pas- ? sage of Soviet troops. 15 , ? Germany: Agroomont with Germany for sottlo.:. mont of frontier 'Incidents. ? Lithuania; Lithuania Occupied by Soviet troops, although that country had agreed to Soviet demands. 16 Baltic countries; 'Latvia and ,Estonia received notes frbill ]:folotov, requiring an immediate change .pf govornmont and free passage of troops to oc- cUpy-important centers. Both governments, accepted the domands. 24 . Yugoslavia: Announcement that diplomatic re- lations with Yugoslavia had boon rosumod_ and Arlbassadors had boon appointed by both govern- ments. 26 Rumania; T:olotov at 10 p.m. handed the Rumanian Minister a note demanding ilnodiato cession of Bossarabia and Northern Bukovina, giving Rumania till 10 p.m. on 27 Juno to reply. 27 Runania accepted demands of 26 Juno. 28 .Rumania: Soviet aircraft landed-at Corno:uti,. Kishinov .(Chisinan), Akkprman (Betatea?Alba) and Dalti. 30 Rumania Tass announced that theRod Al advancing to occupy Bessarabia and Bukovina, had bdon assisted by parachutists, and that the ad- vance was procooding-"according to plan.;! Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 138 - -July 1940 July 1 :Estonia Tallinn radio announced the dissolu- tion of the Fascist military organization, the Hungary: Government protested to Rumania against frontier accidents. Rumania -; Foreign Hinister reported to the cabinet on the evacuation of Northern Buhovina and BesSarabia; defined the reorientation of ? -Rumanian foreign policy as determined by the Now European order in the course of establishment; renounced the Anglo-French guarantee of April 13, 1939. The Council unanimouslyapproved. Soviet Union: An. eight-billion ruble, 20 year loan at four percent interest was announced.? 2 Germany: A-Swiss-correspondent in Berlin was expelled for 'spreading lies about Russo-German relations." ? Rumania: The ? Foreign ilinister told the For- eignAffair..i Committee Of-Parliament that Russia, ineits two ultimatums, demandedeunconditional- re- turn of the two territories; regardless of the advice of Rumania's friends and allies to accept the ultimatum,. a Note was sent to .loscow, sug- gesting negotiations.. The Soviet's reply termed this Note evasive and set a,time limit for ac- ceptance of the demands. . -Soviet Union The Baltic Fleet completed maneuvers. o - "7 \ Germany, Rumania: Tho German .1.anister arrived back in Bucharest from Germany with instructions to toll the Goverment that Germany for the pre- sent was unable to offer Rumania a treaty of alliance or Military assistance. . Gt. Britain:. 1.1r. Churchill ?received the Soviet-L.mbassadork 4 Germany Four foreign press correspondents expelled for reporting that Russo-German. rela- tions had worsened., ? . Rumania Government resigned; E. Gigurtu formed a cabinet with 11. lIanoistescu (a member. of the Iron Guard) as Foreign.lanister. Soviet Union; harl7anovich 'released from his duties as.Commissar.fer Heavy. InduStry and succeeded by Sedin.-- Defense C=issar Time- shenTho and the Secretary of the Uln'ainian Com- munist party.Khrushchev reported in Bessarabia. Rumania; A Government statement tnnounced that in foreign affairs they intended to follow a policy of the fundamental integration of Rumania with the Axis system, simultaneously intending to maintain the most cordial -relations with all her neighbors. .Turkey : German.accusatiors alleging that Turkey had conspired with Britain and France to .bomb Baku oil fields, denied in official circles, and also in an official communique. ? ' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 139 - July 6 Germany: It was announced that Germany and Soviet Russia had agreed to reopen three con- sulates at three cantors in each country. Rumania: The Prime Hinister said in a broad- cast that "the directing of Rumania's foreign policy within the framework of the Axis combina- ? tion is an accomplished fact." Soviet Union; Izvestiya published the docu- ments in the Goman vihi-EF?nook of Juno 29, asserted that they revealed direct plans, for an insidious attack on Transcaucasia. Lithuania: The Government had ordered the confiscation of Church real estate property (Finnish report). Turkey: ?The Soviet Ambassador had a long interviow with the Gorman Ambassador. 8 Turkey: The Soviet Ambassador left for Hoscow. 0 Soviet Union: i= HoldaVian SSR was formed, com- posed of Holdavian ASSR in the Ukraine and Bess- arabia. 10 Soviet Union: P.F. LoDaho was -neled Commissar of Non-ferrous Hotallurgy, replacing Samokhalov. ? 1 Gt. Britain: Jr. Butler, in a reply to a Parliamentary question about the German vihite Book's allegations as to the British plans against Russia, stated that the Government's policy had been to improve and strengthen their relations with the USSR. Success in this ap- peared more likely since Ziarch, when the USSR made a friendly-Proposal for the resumption of the trade negotiations (first departure from the unfriendly attitude since the breakdown of DO- litical negotiations in August 1939). Hope_ was expressed that the discussions going on in dos- cow might remove the danger of Russia?s.working either economically or militarily against Bri- tain in the interest of Germany. ,!'dmitted, that since Russials most valuable form of help to Germany would be oil from the Caucasus, it was the duty of the General Staff to examine whether in certain eventualities it would be possible to interfere with the output of oil there, but averred that no attempt was made, to enlist the cooperation of either Turkey or Iran in these hypothetical plans. Rumania: Government announced withdrawing from the Lea-me of Fations. Turkey: _rY'ass denied foreign press reports that Soviet Government presented Turkey with an ultimatum demanding territorial concessions. 13 Rumania: Partial demobilization announced. 14 Baltic States: :iescow radio stated the pro- grams of a Labor-Peasant-Army front in the 3 Baltic States included: Alliance with the USSR; Democratization of the Army; supnrcssion of the Fascist organizations; land refor.a; moratorium on peasant debts; free speech, organization, right to strike. Estonia: General election 1,61d, to decide on the future status of the country-. Russian reports stated that over 90% of the electorate voted for the new popular party. Latvia: General election resulted in over 90% voting for the new popular party. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 19/10 140 July 14 Lithuania: General election was held; 90% of the electorate voted for the now popular party. 16 Bessarabia: Forier 'Ionastory lands in Bess- arabia have been distributed to landless peasants. 19 Finland: It was reported that the Govern:lent had bben asked by the USSR either to derlilitarize the aland Islands, or give Russia an equal share in their control and occupation. Finland had de- cided to dollilitarize. Gt. Britain: Tass stated that :Ir. Churchill's stataziont about Groat Britain having consulted the USSR Govornlaont on the subject of the Buma Road was an 'inexactitude, but :Ir. Butler, had acquainted :kubassader :Taisky with the British Governziont's decision. Soviet Union: n ordor was issued providing penalties for workers who loft ilachine Tractor Stations without due cause. , 19 Latvia:- Popular demonstrations in favor .of ? joining the U$SR-roported'in Russian press. Prine KirchonStoin Concluded 'a speech: "Long live the Rod Amy. Germany: Hitler's ?speoch to the 'Reichstag: on the position with regard to the USSR he said. that a Clear definition.of-GerUan-Russian in- terests had been followed by a new basis for the relations between the two countries.- ? United States Chicago?Tribune correspondent in Riga ordered to leavo??tho'colatry. 20 Gernany: Idoscow radio broadcast in.7,nglish nado no Uention of Hitler's speech.' , 21 Estonia The new National Assenbly -voted unaniDeusly in faVor ef the .country beconing a _.Soviet Republic and joining the USSR. The now National Ilssoubly Voted .unanimously to join the USSR. -.Former Foreign Ilinister I.lunters- arrested by the Soviet authorities. 0. . '.Lithuania, The now National ssoubly voted unanimously to join the USSR.. Soviet Union:. Stalin attended a parade in ?-lioScow of' 30,000 athletes chosen frm 6,000,000 young people frou all over the USSR. 23 GerUany: A delegation arrived in .1.1oscow to arrange the evacuation of Gornans fron Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina. - Latvia: The new Parlianent had decided to nationalize all land, banks, and large business concerns (Swedish -report). United?Statos? SuKiner 7,elles, in a state- illent? for the press, expressed syrapathy with the three Baltic Republics being "deliberately an- nihilated', declared that the U.S. Governnent would continuo to recognize the diplonatic representatives in.Thshington of the Baltic States now living "under duress," ' Yugoslavia Tass agency correspondent. in Belgrade, in a speech, said that the .USSR rp- gardQd Dr. Ilachek-as the guide and leader of the Croatian people. - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 A 1940 July 24 141 Iran; Two,d.e,logations loft for lioscow, one to discuss raL1.1-1a: traffic, the other agrioul- tural and industrial questions. Unitcd States; The State pcnaii,tnont, withdrew the -linistors and Military :'1:tachos from Estonia, -Latvia, and Lithuania. 26 Finland; --?groonont with the USSR reportedly signcd in Moscow; Finland undertaking not to code thc :3.aland Islands to any third nowcr, and to denilitarizo thcp; also giving Russia tho right to transport troops' and war natorial across Finland to Hang. Sdvict Union; The Peoples' Comnissariat of Navy announced 160 warships to be added to Soviet Navy during the yoar. United States; Tho lic2ritino Conlission ap- proved thc chartering of an oil tancr td a Soviet organization to load gasoline for Vladi- vostok. ? 27 Estonia: The State bank, 102 other banks, 500 industrial undertakings and about 100 print- ing works reported nationalizcd. Latvia; iderchant ships forbidden to visit ports outside the Baltic without nermission (Finnish reports). Gt. Britain Soviet :-nbassador protested to ? tho Foreign Office against the tcnporary freezing of balances hold in British banks for the, crodit ? of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. 28 .1fghanistan; Trade agrconent with USSR, signed ? in Kabul, announced by Tass. Soviet Union; Davy Day celobrated; Kuznetsov, the Co:laissar of the Navy, roported on the additions to thc Foot in 1939 (112 units) and 1940 (168 now shins to bc built). 29 Iran: .:, dclogation arrived in Moscow to dis- cuss questions of railway transport. ? ?Rumania; No satisfactory reply had yet been received in Lioscow to the deriand under the toms of the 26 Juno agrconont for the return of loco- notivcs and rolling stock re-loved from Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina. 30 Latvia; The Minister to London, Zarins, and the Minister to Washington, Bilmanis, deprived of their citizenship and property for their re- fusal to return hone, Poland (London); Foreign nnistor stated that in spite of their pretended hostility Moscow and Berlin worked in a perfect agrooDont. 31 'Baltic States 1-oprosontatives of the i.'ssera- blies of .the 3 Baltic States arrived in Iloscpw for the mooting of the Suprono Soviet of the USSR. Estonia; iderchant fleet reported nationalized; Civil Guard arms and funds stated to have boon handed over to the C=unist Party. , United States; The Government issued orders freezing the holdings ef"Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Mr. Sumner 'Jones told the Pro ss that.ussia had protestcd through the U.S. Eh- bassy in Moscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 12.;,2 .tugust 1940 ugust ? 1 Finland; _Lbassador.Paasikivi loft Moscow for Helsinki. Japang Cabinet's doclaration on foreign pol- icy reforringAo a new order in .greater T]astern Tho Foreign Jinister told the press that the policy that Japan should be friends with -Dowors who assisted her in china, and should ro- _ ject those. who obstructed her, /as still the policy ofthe Govermont. Soviet Unions Foreign Relations;. Foreign C.o-4issar V.I.. Molotov's speech on the inter- national situation; at the? 7th session of the Suprome ScViet. Molotov ro-affimed-.4ussia's neutrality?in.the war, and. defined Russian policy towards the?belligorents'and.othor states. He stated that the Geman-Soviet?Hon-aggression grow in importance; saw Sir Stafford Cripps' ap- pointment as an attempt by Great Britain to im- prove relations justified the absorption of three Baltic Stats by the ?failure Of the bour- geois groups controlling the?goVernmonts of applying honostly the mutual assistance pacts with the USSR. United States; -Molotov, in his major foreign policy speech, declared that :,.;:lerican authorities were withholding gold recently bought by the USSR State, Bank fro:.'. the banks of the Baltic States. The U.S. Goverment bore responsibility for those illegal acts.- The U.S.' was also de- veloping imperialist ambitions. in connection With the pending redistribution of colonial possessions of holland, Belgium, and Franco. Finland;- Taos - report. that,a meeting sponsored by the u?Socioty for Foriends'ilip,and.Pcaco with the Soviet Union' had boon violently interfered with by thc.police, donicd,by tho 'Finnish sources." - Soviet Union ? .:, bill providing for the forma- tion of a .1.1oldavian Federal Soviet ?Republic passed in the Supreme Soviet. . 3 Lithuania The Supramo Soviet of the USS, by an unaniLlouS vote, granted .Lithuania's appli- cation to enter ? the USSh as the 14th Ficpublic to join the Union. Turkey! ,.1gonce _.-n_atolio accused the German Ncws .1gency of nisquoting,:lolotov's speech in using a phrase about the 'highly unpleasant attitude of certain Turkish high personalities." Thc press as a whole expressed satisfaction at Molotov's assertion that Soviet relations with Turk,a7 romc_ined unchanged. 5 Po1aiacl Ji1itary agreement with Groat Britain. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013108/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 -1940 - .143 ao August 6 Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania: The Supreme Soviet of the USSR unanimously granted the ap- peal of these countries for incorpnratinn in the USSR. Gt, Britain; The British Ambassador was re- ceived by V.M. Molotov. Switzerland: The Federal Council issued a decree banning the, Communist Party, the Trotzky- ists, and the anarchists. United States: Renewal of the 1937 Commercial Agreement with the USSR until 6 august 1941 signed in Moscow. A 7Iashington massage stated that the agreement did nottouch on the problem of the Baltic States, or on the freezing of their funds in the U.S. Soviet Union: It was reported that the Soviet Navy was holding maneuvers in the Pacific. 8 Brazil: Latvian ChargC d'Affaires Olins sent a message to Dr. Aranha, the Brazilian Foreign Minister, expressing gratification that Brazil had prevented two Latvian steamers from going to the Soviets. Rumania: New Minister to the USSR, Gatoneu, left for Moscow. United States: Mr. Sumner 7elles was reported to have described the results of a two-hour talk on outstanding problems With the Soviet Ambassador as Uencouraging.? 9 Finland; The Government issued a statement ? on the police incident on 6 August involving the ?Union for Peace and Friendship with the Soviets." ? Soviet Government pretested the killing of a member of the Union by a Finnish volunteer from Canada. Latvia: The Bank of Latvia ronorted Proclaim- ed a branch of the USSR State Bank. 10 Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Minister to Mnscow, Stamenov, arrived in Sofia to discuss with the Bulgarian Government the difficulties created between Russia and Bulgaria by the negotiations to return Dobrudzha to Bulgaria. Soviet Union: Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov attended a reception in Kremlin in honor of the delegates from Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina, Lithuania, Latvia,? and Estonia. 11 -Buliraria: A manifesto by the Bulgarian Com- munist PQ.rty described the Bulgarian Government ts a ?Fhscist Dictatorship? and alleged that it had refused Russian proposals for the conclusion of a pact of friendship and mutual assistance; was equally hostile to the Axis b.nd towards British imperialism. ? Rumania: Now Al-bassadnr Gatoncu arrived in Moscow. ? Soviet Union A decree was published provid- ing punishment for larceny in industry. United States: :fr. Herbert Hoover issued a statement at Colorado Springs with regard to the feeding of the population of the GCCUTACd coun- tries; advocated permitting imports Of food from USSR and the Baltic Countries. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 144- - Azugust 13 Baltic States: The. Commissariat for Foreign .11ffairs in '-Moscow sent a Note to foreign orabaso, sies and legations in. 1.-Ioscow asking them to -Close all diplomatic and consular establishments in. the Baltic States ,by .25 ugust.. Soviet - Union: Decroe ?abolishing political cOr.r.Iiissars in the ,:r-f.ry and Fleet. ? 16 Soviet Union ; Goiiara1K.i. Mc.,,retskov was appointed ,Chief of Staff of. the Red?i'irmy. Sweden: Tho .Swedish Legations in the Baltic .States wore -clrsed .and ? the Lithuanian, Estonian and. Latvian Legations in Stockholm handed over to a Seviet representative. .In-a review of foreign 'policy, before the Rikscia..g stated that trade negotiations with tho USSR were in DrogreSs, in an. effort-to extend trade within the blockade barrier. ? , 19 Bulgaria, Rul:iania Delegates met in Craiova to negotiate- the transfer of Southern Dobrudzha. 20 Gt . Britain :? churchi 11 I s speeeh in Parliament (survey of the first year of the war) .includod promise of far larger. .operations in the Middle , East, and a ?statement - that the ?British had large . armies and the moans of reinforcing them., and complete sea command of ?the Eastern Mediterranean ( cf.' 21 - 21 Bulgaria, Rumania; grcenent for cession of Southern Dobrudzha by Rumania. ? ? Gt. Britain: Soviet. presS reported Mr. Chur- chill's speech: of 20. :,.ugust omitting the, refer- ence to :the E):)lack 'Sea and the Middle East. Mexico; Leon Trotsky.?.died. 22 - Gt. Britain: :-Mbassador to Moscow received by the Foreign Trade Commission.. Norway; - Communist Party banned by the German aUthorities; some of the leaders. arrested'. ? ?- ? .? . a 23 Ge rmany . The anni vo rs a ry of the Pact vati th the USSR lauded by the German; the Deutsche Diplomatischo ,Korrespo,ndeng Said that apart from its exbelient political, results, ? the Pact had opened ?u.-o prospects of successful? economic Co- operation: ? 25 Rumania; Rumanian planes L-1.tiacir.ed by nod :dr forces oVer? Rumanian territory in rEoldavia. Frontier sltirmishes also reported. ? ? ? 26 .Ja-nan: joint cumm,inique is-sued by the 'Government of ?ManchUkuo. and 'Outer. Mongolia stated that. the linked commisSion appointed. to fix a boundary had reached an ?agreenent covering the No).11onlian: Sector, ? and the ? C oMmi ssi oners had loft Chita .for the frontier. . --.United States; Mr. Martin Dies- declared that Germany., Italy-, and Russia were carrying on what seemed ?te be a e amM-on campaign of sabotage and intimidation. FLumania:: Report ori 'cicshes 17th ?Rumanian aeroplanes c.nd.troploS.2in Liio],davi.a ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 145 - :lugust 29unania: linistor to :loscow, Gatoncu, ro- calved by ;Iolotov, who gavo hin certain assurances concorning Soviotunanian relations. Vico Ce: nissar for Foroign ffairs handod tho I&Imanian Ilinister in :Joscov a Not? conplaining of hostile actions by 7oamanian frontior detach- monts and the violation of Soviot territory by aimanian aircraft, and placing the responsibility for any consoquoncos of these actions on the iZumanian Govornuont. iinistar Gatoncu handed over a iumanian reply to a Soviot protest ro- . calved on 19 -Iugust. Tho reply contostod Soviet allegations, stated that iZumanian frontior do- tachLiont had boon fired on. The Vice Commissar statod that Gatoncu's infornation would be von- fled, but reiterated that the Soviot Govorniont noodod an "carly and satisfactory answer ?3 to the frosh protest. , ? ? 30 -7or1d 'far II: Tho ILed Star, referring to tho air attacks on ngland, statod that Gornan claims of groat successes in air raids on Britain yore untrue, as roll as tho statonont that Germany had won mastory of the air over Britain. Soptombor 1940 Septomber 3 Soviet Union; :Lutumn ma.nouvers of the..ed :Lruy. it .'Hungary: - Trade Treaty with tho USS1-1 signod in Hoscow. Soviet Union; :alitary draft: Classes of 1920, 1921, 1922, with certain exceptions, called up for 2 years military training. 5 Gt. Britain; Lord Halifax,,roviowing tho war situation in the House of Lords, referred to tho ? dotrimontal activities in L',111-.1ania since the,ro- nouncomont of tho British guarantee. 6 l'aluania King Carol abOicatod in favor of Prince Ilichael. Soviet Union; - Peoples' Co=issariat of State Control has boon established, to bo headed by Lov Jekhlis. 7 riunania: Gonoral :_ntonoscu entrusted with forming a Cabinet. Soviet Union: Y. Vyshinsky nariod first Vice-Commissar of Foreign .,...ffairs. 8 Soviet Union: L.Y. Vyshinsky, Corner State, Prosecutor, appointed Vice Culmissar for For- eign :.ffairs. Sweden: L. Trade and Credit -agreement with the USSIL signed in Iloscow. 11 Germany: Somi-official reports current in ilos- cow stated that the Deputy Commissar for Foreign :Lffairs had rocoived the Gorman ...mbassader and confirmed him that tho Soviet could not in different b.o questions of tho control of shipping on the Danube, and that the Soviet, as a state bordered on the Danube, must. participate in tho decision of ,questions concerning the Danube. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 146 - September 12. - Poland Large numbers of Polos. fro::. the Vilna district being deported to the interior of i.ussia. 13 uiania Tho Soviet Goverment wore understood to have protested to the iZumanian govern:lent, for the second tine, regarding the firing by Junanians on a frontier patrol, ?to have ronindcd the ilullanian Minister that no reply had boon received to the previous protest of Al.iust 29. A ca-ip was colipleted in Belgrade to accomnodabe 120,000 Germans leaving Bessarabia and Bukovina for Ger- many ? ' -14. ? 1-umanic.,.,:. 1-ibports worc.current that the Soviet Government -had askbd flumaniato?rolinquish all the rolling Stock. which had been in Bessarabia and Northe-r,nBukovina.? ? 18 ania - report fron the alssian sources stated that the Soviet Legation had received an appeal frm. the inhabitants .-f Northern Dobrudzha begging for Soviet protection. It was stated in :8ucarost that Minister Gatencu had boon sharply cress-examined in :Tosco-a about the nature of the enemy against whom :Lunania had accepted theaxis guarantee. Denmark:. Trade agreellent with the USS1-. -signed in Tlescow. ? 20 icunania! :rticlos in the Bukaresti Tageblatt attacked Soviet rule in Bessarabia. 21 Balkan States The iied Star stated that the USS-J:Z, 'faithful to its 157---TiTT-77f peace and neu- trality in the present war, is staying out of the imperialist struggle in the Balkan pcnin- sula."- (cf. 26 September.) Bulgaria Caljunist members of the Parliament protested the anproval of the Craiova _Igreement with icumania, accusing the G',wern:lent of pur- suing a pro-German-policy which would load Bul- garia to disaster. Gor-:lany The StUrner published a cartoon vilifying the Jews, as Bolshevists and destroy- ers of civilization. This was the first nress attack on Dolshevisla since July 1939. 24 United States The Nor York Tines published a no=randun stated to co,ntain Gornianyts war aLas; according to it, in tho Sprin-- of 1941'Gc=any would ncve into the Balkans and attach ,Zussia, to restore the Brest-Litovsk Trpaty frontier. 26 . ? Balkan States: The I-,od Star ropudiatod a statement in its issue 7772T-7ptember suggesting ,that theSovict Union was disinterested in the fate of th:o Balkan Peninsula. Turkey; - Tass :,,goncy issued a, denial of a foreign report that the Soviet Goverment wanted i. Sarajeglu (Foreign Tanister) removed. United States V.olotev received the U.S. Ambassador, .who had just returned to iloscow after 4 months' absence. ?- ? 27. -Axis: ?Pact-between Germany, Italy and Japan signed'in'Berlin-,, article 5 stated that the throe Powers "affin.i.that,thc aforesaid terms (Art. ..1-4) do* not in any way affect the political .status which -exists at present as be- tween each ef-the three contractingparties and Soviet Russia.0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 -147.- Septe ibor 29 Gernan-:.; ladio bulletins, referring to the axis Pact, stated that l'Political circles in the Soviet Union who, of course, were inforned of thc signing of tho, pact, nnte ,7ith particular attention the fact that it will in no way change the rolaticns between the three Powers and the Soviet Union. On the contrary, the pact pro- vides for a further development of these re-' latiens.;1 Japan: The Nochi Shinbun recomended the negotiation of a pact of non-aggression with flussia as a counter arrange:lent to,the U.S.-. attitude in the international situation. Japan: Tho Hoscow radio, in a review of develnpuents in Indo-China, made no reference to the :_xis Pact with Japan, but su]:rlarized fincri- can and other press statopents on the Japanese operations against Indo-China. -...:Icrican resent- ;aent against the Japanese novo was referred to, and the review onded with the words: "Tensidn in the Paciric is grnwing 700k by week." Pravda stated that the Pact uth Japan cane as no sur- prise; "lanrcever, infonaation.about the proposed signing of the Pact had boon forwarded to T.losoow before the signature. The cla,use rogarding the Soviet Union expressed respect for -flussials neu- trality, confinicd the strength and significance of the Snviet-Gernan non-aggression pact. Tho paper attributed the conclusion of the Pact to th.., increasing cooperation between Britain and .Lorica, and to an.agreacient for hanCing over further bases in .:ustralia and the Far East, wilioh it stated had boon concluded. It was true that the U.S:11.. had not yet entered the war, but this was not L-Aportant, as. she was 'already in one of the warring October 1940' October 2 Soviet Union: decree establishing a syst= for State Labor 1:eserves. 3 ,Soviet Union: decree eli-:Iinating stipend for a:iost students and establishing tuition foes for study above the seven-year-school level has been passed. 6 Soviet Union: Defense C onni ssar Tinto shenko reviewed fled ?-rciy :laneuvers in Leningrad r.-iilitary -district.. 8 Soviet Union; L.I. Zaporozhets was appointed Chief of Political ,..,,:'.Liinistratinn of the fled 12 Soviet Unions Pravda, cainenting on :Iilitary tactics, called for changes in tactics, training,, etc. to conforiq with realities eperienced in Finland and the Far East. . 13 Black Sea: The :tissian gover.irdent was under- stood to have issued orders a for days earlier, forbidding navigation by foreign vessels in the waters of the Soviet Black Sea. Soon afterwards a Yugoslav steaner was sunk near 5ulinal and the -1-12.1anian nonitor Tirasnol, on the way fran Odessa. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 October 13 ,111-1an1a; Strong concontratirns of troons re- ported in Bukovina and Bessarabia, and Cornauti stated to have been largely evacuated by civil- ians in order to be converted into a largo military center. 14 Soviet Union; Foreign o1icjm5 rticles pub- lished in press reaffirming that neutrality re- mained the cornerstone of Soviet. foreign policy. Goniany:, Dr. Schnurre, deputy head of the Economic Depart-lent of the iLoich Foreign Office, arrived In Moscow loading tc trade delegation. ' iituwnia Tass denIod the report of the Berlin correspondent of the Danish paper Pclitiken in which ho said that the Soviets knew in the objects and the numbers of Gernan troops sent ? into ilu_aania. ? Turkey: lIelotev received the Turkish ,lubas- sador. 17 Go many, Jaan: ThDlotov received the German and Japanese -nbassadors Soviet Union: Portuguese sources stated the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, at its last meeting, had decided to ask for a credit of 57,000 rubles for national defense, representing almost 32% of the, Thole budget. ? 20 Soviet Union: - decree was issued authorizing the' transfer from their residences-to any place whore their services wore needed of all engineers, designers, technicians, economists, accountants, and skilled workers of all kinds. ...11 such lion transferred wuld receive a bonus of 3 tc 4 monthsl wages and other benefits. 22 Gt. Britain, Baltic States: Sir Stafford Cripps handed a nate to Deputy Foreign Coniiissar Vishinaky containg the following proposals as a basis for discussion: (1) a do factd recognition' of the incorporati,m of the 3 Baltic States into tho Soviet Union; (2) a British pledge not to ? join any anti-wussian military coalition; (3) an undertaking to give iussia a voice at the peace cOnforence. In return, the British asked aigsia to observe neutrality in the war and to undertake no anti-British propaganda in British' territory. Vishinsky was reported to have suggested that the undertaking about propa- ganda would be ono-sided, to ihich Cripps had replied it would bo reciprocal.- 25 Danube Conference: Delegates left Moscow for the Danube Conference. Japan: Molotov received the now Japanese ---m- bassador, General Tatokawa. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 , :- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 - 149 - Novel:Thar 1940. hovonber. ? 3 Gt. Britain; ,^.n official.lioscow compunique rejected the British protest against the Soviet participation in the :,xis :love for control over tho Danube, claining their participation in tho ferning of a Danube- Connission restores the jus- tice which was violated by tho Treaty of Ver- sailles. . Soviet Union: Non-connisqionod Officer ranks created by an order to fill zaps in the ..Ced. .lrny between officers and troops. Soviet Unianr The 23rd anniversary of the. October lievolution was?celebrated in iod Square with' vigilance in light or present world affairs stressed 'by CaaAssar of Defense Tinoshenko. Soviet Union: Ex-chief of the ....dr ,Force Loktionov appointed Cannander of tho Baltic :Iilitary District. 10 Gornany: Molotov loft 7loscow for K.tImigsberg and Berlin, accompanied by the Deputy Foreign Conmissar, the Cmmissar for the Snelting In- dustry, tho Deputy Calnissars for Internal fairs, Foreign Trade, and aircraft Production, the head of the Central European Departnent of tho Foreign Office, the Deputy General Secretary, and the Chief of the Diplonatic Protocol. 'Soviet Union; Lt.-Gonll V. Kachalov =led Conmandor of the .Lrchangol Ililitary District, and Lt.-Gonfl Cherevichenko nanod uonmander of tho Odessa 31ilitary District. 11 Soviet Union: Pravda reported severe damage in Bessarabia and Tart of Ukraine due to earth- quake in i'tunania. 12 Gernany: Pronier and Foreign Coanissar :iolotov had a three-hour conference in Berlin with Hitler, in the presence of Goraan Foreign Tanis-ter von labbentrop and. vicc-Coolnissar of Foreign ;.ffairs V.G. Dokanasev.. 15 Japan, China: Tass ClefliCCI_ a report that Japan had reached an agreement with-.Aissia outlining tho respective spheres of influence of tho two countries in the Far East, and including a .Soviet undertaking to cease aiding China. 16 Germany: Gorman consulates at Leningrad, Vladivostok, and Batun were opened, indicating reaffinaation of Ger:Ian-Soviet friendship. ussia also recognized GernanyTs protectorate of Slovakia by publishing the two-year old treaty between the 1Zeich and Slovakia. Soviet Union; Lad -my reservists aged 19-49, non 40-49 lacking previous military service, and women 19-49 in defense industries requi'red to register during December 1940." 20 Slovakia: Slovak Trade lassion arrived in ..Tioscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1940 ' 150 Novoilber 22 Ge many: Tass announced the appcintmont of V. G. Dohanasov, Soviet Vice Cainissar of For- eign ffairs, replacing ,..-lexandor Shhhartzev, as :.=_Ibassadnr to Geniany. Hungary; Tass donied'a report in the Han- burger Frendonblatt assorting that Hungary in joining the -xis had had the approval of ussia. 23- ' Gornany: -Innnunconont that Dekancsov, De- puty Foreign Connissar, had replaced Shuartsevas, nbassador to Germany. 29 Bessarabia: IZUssian sources deny the report that a 'revolution had broken out in Bessarabia because of scarcity and high prices of food, fuel, and nodicinos. United States: The Departnent of State an- nounced that it will open a U.S. Consulate Gen- eral in Vladivostok after receiving approval fral the Soviet goverment. 30 Soviet Union: Kalinin's speech liade public, declaring that Plussia was like a "besieged fortress", occupying one-sixth of the world no- posed on principle by the other five-sixths. ' December 1940 December ' 5 China: Constantin Snotanin, iLussian --_-.1bassador to ,Tanan, advised Japan that iLussian policy towards China had not changed despite the Japanese recognition of the Nanking regi-.:1e. 6 Slovakia: Gorman reports announced the sig- nature of a trade agreement between the Soviet Union and blovakia, fnr the exchange of lussian cotton, chemicals and leather for cables, elec- tric apnliances and artificial silk. 9 SoViot Union; Tho Supreue Economic Cotincil decreed rationing of gasoline for passenger and goverment autonebiles. 12 Poland; Ger-lany:, Announcement of final de- limitation of frontier between Germany and i'iussia. ? 15 Soviet Union: Town and District Soviets elected in the first local elections in Soviet 1-lestern Ukraine and Karolo-Finnish SS, despite some local opposition. 21 LIoscow protested to 1-mnania against the arrest of "so-called Comnunists. 25 Germany: Growing tension between liussia and Ge many indicated by the USSIZ's sudden withdrawal from the nixed Danubian Co]=1:lissirn, and increas- ing pretests to lcunania over the anti-Ca,lanist activities of ion ...ntonesculs Iron Guard. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 151 January 1941. January 1-- Soviet Union:-: Stalin's New Year's Message stated that the,USSicvas prepared for every eventuality, and was in a state of total Gt. Britain: Tass denied British reports that Stalin had conl'lented on thc international situation in thc Soviet press. United States: British objections to U.S. rubber and cotton exports toussia, constituting a leak in the British blockade of Germany, re- ported in 2zAcrican press. ;:lartin Dies' stated that he had proof that ):.1.(ley was being trans- ferred fraa thc Soviet accounts to the accounts of Germany,- and that the USSh was using its po- sition in the U.S. to aid the Axis. Bulgaria:, Sofia radio revealed thousands of petitions wore being received by and the Goverment urging that Bulgaria stay out of the war and that a pact be signed with the USST, to insure peace and neutrality.- ? , China: Second part of a general Soviet- Chinese Trade Pact signed (cf. 11 December 1940, 12 3Ylnuary 1941). Soviet Union: TiIipshenc, Defense Colraissar, ordered strict cconony in-usc of gasoline and oil by the hod .1,rny in order to build up reserves. Balkans; Soviet ;Iinisters to Bulgaria, Yugo- slavia-, ..aumania, and TIungary loft for a confer- one in linscov on the Gorman penetration of the Balkans. Bulgaria: 'Reports that the Soviet Govermont ? had'agrced to .a Gorman occupation of Bulgarian erritory verc:currcnt in Belgrade. Soviet Union; Lai' Force: Period of service increased from .3 to 4 years. 'Bulgaria: The Director of the Centrai?Euro- pcan Division.of the Soviet Coianissario.t Of For- eign ffairs arrived in Soria as 'first counselor of the Soviet Embassy.. Gernany: :Existing agreements with the Soviet Government covering paynents for commodities ex- changed reported extended to ,I.I.gust 1942. Runania: Tass denied runers that the :Iinister to akInania had boon recalled t, :loscov. _Talaania: Tass denied that the, Soviet.TTinistOr to Bucharcst.had been recalled. United States: Bureau of Hines revealed that tho Soviet Union had 'Decal? the third largest' ? purchaser, of .,1morican copper since thc outbreak of the war. 8 Lithuania: Council of People's Conmissars of O the Lithuanian SS1Z decreed to exempt peasants and agricultural workers from arrears in taxes, levies and fines as of 1 JcCnuary 1940. United States: Conversations between Soviet nbassador K. Dumansky and Under-Secretary Welles. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 a - 152 - January 10 ,:lrgentina: Soviet Trade Mission reported on route to Buenos Lires.' Germany; Throe accords sighed with the Soviet Union:. Trade ar;reement extending for. one .year the agreement signed on 11 February 1940; an agreement on the settlement of mutual property claims concerning Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia and on the .exchange of nationals; .o. Treaty on . the Soviet-German frontier from the River Igorka to. the Baltic Sea. . United States Presidential proclamation on the licensing system (cf. 3 February). ' 11 - Soviet Union; lzvestiya editorial protesting that leading political personalities in Groat Britain and U.S. accused. 'USSR of infringing the laws of neutrality by selling 'grain to Germany whole condoning, U.S.' selling, warships to Britain; predicted' that in 1941 USSR-would conclude now trade agreements with neutral, and belligerent. powers, ignoring the ?strictu'ro's of or powers of Soviet ?dealingS wi'i7rh'Germany. 12 Bulgaria: Tass agency-denied: that the Bul- garian government had approached the USSR with the question-whether the Soviet Government ',con- sentod. to _Tho arrival of German troops in Bul- garia (cf. 5 January),. Latvia: Council of People's Ca=issars of the Latvian SSR. decreed to cancel old debts and taxes against farmers. Soviet Union; Supreme Soviet of USSR; 130 de- :iputies elected from Latvian, Lithuanian, Estonian, Tioldavian Republics and the izmail and Czornowitz regions of the Ukrainian SSR. Docree.for reorganization and expansion of, 'local industries to inorease-productionof con- sunors"goods and food products. 13 China: Third part of a. General?Soviet-Chincse Trade pact signed (a hurter agreoment providing for exchanging 100,,000,000 worth of tea for military ,supplies, and'minralS for;machinory) (cf. 11 December 1940,',4 JaruarY. 1041). Soviet Union; Food'; Decree for tho- decentrali- zation of food and. conSumers' goods. industries, ostablis:ftliont of smaller plants utilizing local raw materials. ? 14 Germany: 7stimatod 57,000_120001e to be re- patriated from the. Baltic States under, the terms of the Soviet-German :pact (cf. 10 January). - 18 United States; Secretary Hull stated in a press.conforence that.?ho'doubted that any substan- tial supply of goods was going from South :,.merica to Soviet Pacific ports for possible reshipment to Gernany. r - .11n executive order -was .drawn up freezing all foreign a'ssots_in the U.S; and was awaiting the President's Signature. . -paL_; Bxt?nsion of the fishorioagroonont signed; Tass stated this was ua stop forward in the cause of liaprovement in Soviet-Japanese rela- tions,u Switzerland;' Trade delegation arrived in Moscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 153 ?? January 21 Japan: Foreign Tanister Yosuke Tiatsuoka, in a review of foreign policy before the 'Japanese Diet, declared that Japan dosirod to ronovo Japanese- Soviet mipunderstanding; stated 'sone of those pending issues are now well on the way to settle- ment. United States: State Department announced the lifting of President Roosevelt's unoral obargou on the USSI, 2,11 the articles covered by the 0:Margo (airplanes, etc.) were still subject \to export license system. 1,041 . 28 Finland: Kuusinen, in 'a speech in Potrc- zavodsk, stated that the Finnish Government was persecuting the Society for Peace and Friendship with USSR. - Gt..Britain; :Iinistor of Econonic Warfare Dalton told the House of Co=ons that he had a.:1- ? plc evidence that the usni-z was exporting goods from Gemany, replacing then in the U.S. ' United States: Socrotary Hull questioned F. Dalton's figures, stated U.S. cotton exports to the USSR were comparatively snail; declared that the. 'lifting of the Iloral onbargou. was done largely for psychological effect. .30 Bulgaria: :grarian and Conmunist Deputies in 'Sofia urged ? a treaty of friendship and mutual. assistance with the USSR. ? ' Soviet Union; Pravda announced that duo to ..organizational changes, hod Army?training and - -activity reached 1--toximuai approatkon to real Hconditions of warfare. 31 Gt. Britain: ---lbassador Ilaisky protested to 'the British Foreign ?Moo against the detention and sequestration by British warships of cargoes bound for Vladivostok. Soviet Union: Press published short outlinos, without c.mient, of Hitler's speech of 30 January attacking Dcriocracy and British Empire. \ February 1.941 .Fobruary ? ? 1 United States: .Treasury Department liberal- ized the frozen fund control, permitting larger remittances. ? Latvia,. Lithuania and Estonia af- fected by the. ruling. -3 Japan: Japanese7Soviet Cmnission appointed to work out anon fisheries convention. Soviet Union Supremo Soviet decree dividing the People's Commissariat for Internal :..ffairs into People's Conmissariats.for internal ,Iffairs Ben) and for State Security- ,(17. i'derkulov). L. Boria also appointed Vico-Chair:Ian of the Council of Peoplo'S Cmmissars.. United States; ,Copper, brass, bronze, nickel, potash were added- to the licensing system (cf.. 7,10 January).- UnderSecre:tary 'Aellos discredited 1:Texico City ,reports that the USSR: was -planning on attack on .Llaska. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 -1041 154 February 4 Turkey: Tass Agency denied that a'socrot Turko-Soviet agroomont had boon onncludod under which the Soviet Union undertook to supply armamonts to counteract possible Gornan activity in the Balkans. United States: 'Oil- woll.drilling and refining machinery, calfskins, radium and uranium to coma under the licensing systo (cf. 10 February) to prevent transshipment to Germany via USSR. Soviet Union: President halinin sent congratu- lations to president Rnosovelt on his inaugura- tion for a third torn. -.United States Lend-lease Bil1-azi.endmont., to exclude. USSR from receiving aid, .defeatpd in the House. 1:aritime. Commission approvod the charto ring of two ,..,.morican cargo ships by the Lmtori:: 'Trading Corporation, , .- 8 Poland:. -Tho Polish Information Center. in Yew York ostimatod that 500,000 inhabitants of Russian-occupied territory -in Poland had been oxilod to Siberia. Of those 70% were Pes, and the rest Ukrainian. Soviet Union; Pravda called the floxican re- Dort of an invasion of :daska by the USSR.- a case of udolirium tromons.;1 - 9 Japan, .ianchoukuo- Japan reported acceding to alleged Soviet demands that lihite Russian and anti -Soviet organizations be curbed in ::anchnukuo. Soviet Union: ambassador Dodd's diary quoted by Tass to the effect that the former William C. Bullitt i'scomingly approved unlimitod aggrossinn against the Soviet Union in the- last as well as in the West', and that. several at- tempts had been made. by .Lmorican and British politicians to provoke a clash between Germany and the USSR. 10 Bulgaria: Soviet Special Envoy, _^rkady Sobolov, roDorto'd infnrylin[s- the Bulgcrian Govern- ment that the USSR would not interfere if Germany demanded passage of her troops through Bulgaria. 11 Belgium: trade delegation of throe Gorman and five Belgian officials arrived in :loscnw to regulate the Soviet-Belgian exchange of goods. ,Soviet Union: General Zhukov named Chief of Staff of the Rod -rmy and Vice-Comnissar of Defense, replacing K.R. :torotskov. 12 United States; Export lipensing?system:. large metal drums and containers for transporting crude oil and -gasoline added; effective 15 Febru- ary.. 13 Sweden: R SwoCish n to negotiate for the settlement of property claims in con- noction'with the Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian Republics arrived in :loscow. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 19 1 - 155 - Feb ru a ry 14 Bulgaria: Sofi report that the Soviet Tini s - ter *had_ stated Soviet policy vi s -a -vi s the Ge man- Bulgarian relations was one of peace and non- interference in tho internal affairs of any other country. Japan: New thass ad or to G iany stated that close Soviet-Japanese relations were a losical consequence of nvi c t -Go rl 'an re ti ens , and ? necessary to.the construction of a new world order. 15 Soviet Union; The -18th. -Uni on Conference of the C onmuni s t Party ? opened: in I.Ios c 17 ? Balkans: 'Turk? -=B-0.1,7)?ari,an. non-aggro s s ion pact signed in :zil-cara;. Turkish sources quoted saying that other. Balkan countries and probably Great Britain, Germany - and USS-Ji were consulted before the Bulga-ri an -Turki sh t re t y Was s 18 Gt.. Britain; Sir Stafford Cripps ,arrived in Istanbul froi?i Noscovr, Soviet Union; 2i rmalient s : The _C ss ar for the State i Plan, addressing the 18th :..11-Union Conference in :.I0S c ow, stated ikussia must spare no pains for. the greater production.. of tanks, aircraft and warships, so as to keep the country in a state of readiness for war. ? Turko -Bulgarian pact; ? 'los c ow radio , stated. that the pact was signed " through. -the interven- tion of iZussia , Greece, and England., that Ger- many' would have to fight for the right to march thr ough more neutral countries, arid not forgot the Turko-Britishpact- .of friendship. 19 Soviet Union ; Vznoonsky, Chairman of Council of Defense Industry and of Gosplan re- ported to the _Party -Conference on -1.-nd.ustry and production of 1940 and- plans for 1941. C ommuni s t Part7 mo,:ibershi p was 2, 515, 481 with 1;361 , ,.104 candidates, an increase of. 1,399,31.9 in the two categories since Parch 1939. 20 ? China: Chungking denied that the Soviet Government had demanded .that the Chungking Goya =lent s ? -atti tude -toward the Chinese C Om- nuni sts be ,defined. Germany 'Soviet' .LallbasSador Dekanos ov added to the Central C omit te e of the C ommuni st:- Party in Gt.. Britain.: Soviet :4-.1bassador Liaisk'y also added to the Central C t tee of the 0 ommuni st Party iii Moscow. Soviet Union; Communist Party ; 18th Confer- ence ended (cf.. 15 February).IC.aganovich was reprimand.c.,,d for bad ? work. ? Thai land: I.iontri, dsslstant Minister Education, arrived in-Moscow: said to be negotiating diplomatic and commercial ons United States Post 'Office DeDartment dis- closed seizing and -burning 15 tons of printed te r ia 1 comma large] ,fr 01:1- Germany. and the Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 - 156 February 21 China: Foreign Tanizter 7ang Chung-hui state( that Soviet -ii?ussia's aid to Chiang Kai-shek would continue unabated; that he doubted the USS'IL would sign an agreement with Japan that would Modify Soviet relations 7ith China. Soviet Union Voznesensky,: Shcherbakov and Malonkov were made alternate members of the Politburo. ? Changes were announced in the membership of the Central Committee of the Cam:munist Party and warnings were issuc('to members important administrative posts. Uaxirj Litvinov among several others was dis- missed from the Central Com_littec of the Communist Party for. 5Inabilit7 to discharge oblic:ations'.0 United States 'i?he Department of Commerce ro- Dnrtcd that I4.issian 'impOrts from the United States In 1940 tota1cd?U861943,0001 making her this ccuntrY's third largest customer. U.S. imports from-Jussia were valued at 22,274,000 as com- pared to 45,023,000 in 1939. 22 Netherlands: ?British protests alleging that Dutch. vegetable oils may be reaching Germany via Vladivostok answered by authoritative Dutch sources statin. that export permits allowed the ? USSIi oily enough oil for Soviet domestic needs. Soviet Union; The Central Committee of the Communist Party charged Gosplan.with the task of, laying out a general fifteen-year plan. Turke-Bulgarian Pact (17 February): Tass de- nied Basle ?report that the pact was concluded with the .active assistance of the Soviet Union. 23 Soviet Union; Defense: Emphasis in ?Toeches commemorating 23rd anniversary of od -rmy on Soviet preparedness against any fee. Tlarshal Timoshenko said the ;led :-1-.117 was ready to uan- nihilatb any one violating our sacred frontiers.' 24 Switzerland: Two-year trade agreement with the USS1, signed; elect-Meal appliances, dynamos, other precision machinery?to be exchanged for grain; timber, oil, and cotton worth 262.4 million Swiss francs. United States: 'Tlashingten press reports al- losing that the diplomatic discussions were not pro7ressing-well, owing largely to the Soviet's inability to purchase machine tools, etc. in the U.S under the expert licensing system. ' ? 25 Soviet Union;.Budget: .1?1c Supreme Soviet ? voted a 26% increase in the military budet? and, doubled the peasant's income tax to pay for 'arms - production. ? Tho. 1941_bud7et totalled . 215,400,000;000 rubles, compared to' 179,000,000,000? rubles in 1940. -Soviet Union; Defense:, Supreme soviet met; budget presented by the Finance Commissar contain- ed defense estimates totalling 70,900 million ? rubles. 26 Rumania: Two-year treaty- of commerce and navigation with the USSR, wheriby ikulania will ship 4,000,000 worth of high test gasoline, :mineral oils, and industrial products to ilussia ? the first year, and will receive an equal amount of cotton, manganese, and other materials. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1.57 February 27 Balkans; H.,-asnaya Zvozda ca-liented that a stru-glo was being wagedibeTroon Tlernany and Britain for the renaining neutral Balkan coun- t,. tries. Japan; Through tickets to "]uropo via Siberia from Japan reported being linite_d by the USSR authorities. United States:- Diplomatic conversations be,- twoon _LnbassaJor Ounansky and 'Under-Secretary, hellos resumed (cf. 0 January)i 28. ? United States: Former -mbassador to the. USSR, Willian C. Bullitt,. attacked the USSR in a speech before the, Overseas Pross ? --2.arch 19/11 March .1 BUlgaria: Soviet. reProsontativo informed that the goverment had agreed to the entry ,of German.treops into Bulgaria for the purpose of conSolidating peace in the Balkans. : United States:. Soviet -nbassador Oumacisky informed the :Issistart Secretary of?Stato, , Ifelles, that all goods bought by Russia in the U.S.. wore-for the exclusive use of.her 'domestic industryo Protest also' nado to the State Do- partnent against the seizure of nail to the U.S. from .the USSR (cf. 20 February). 2 .1Tungar: agreement .with the USSR establishin direct rail comnunication he 1.10 scow and _Budapest, signed. Bulgaria: jiinister in iloscow -informed by. the ' Vico Foreign ?Commissar protesting Bulgarian at titude on the entry of. German troops (cf. 1 March) and refusing Soviet Support. to Bulgarian policy. United States: State Departnent.announced that it had protested to the Soviet Government against the alleged pillaging of the Jr-norican 'Catholic Church in Moscow. Soviet authorities promised an investigation. - :Finland: Soviet-Finnish relations declared brought back to normal; in the annual report to the Finnish Parliament, by the Foreign Tanister. Gt. Britain: - :.mbassador Sir Stafford Crips returned to Moscow.: Rumania: Belgrade report that as a result of 'a Soviet ultimatum to Rumania for cession to the USSR of naval bases on the Black Sea, Pre- mier .:.ntonescu left for Vienna to, confer with Goering. Bulgaria, 'Turkey: a3d Star stated that the entry. of Gorman troops into Bulgaria i=ediato17-)t after her adherence to the Tri-partite Pact had shown the real 'neaning of the act of 'larch; declared that diplonacy was obviously aimed at neutralizing Turkey. 7 Rumania: Tass denied Soviet Union demanded Black Sea base's (cf: 5 March). 8 Ru-lania: Premier :litonescu revealed that Hit- ler, Mussolini and Gearing had been given veto power overall Rumanian oconn:lic agreements with foreign countries. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 19,a. - 153 - Liarch 9 Turkey :Soviet forces :Jas.sed on the Turkish -- border a Ge man dive b ea:the rs landed on the Isle- . f Nhodos. 11 ? r.Gt. Britain: ? ;,:libassador CriPos received by the Vice -C ormissar for Foreign ::_ffairs i',.;_ilbo.ssador to 1.1o.sco,..7 assured. by . Llolotov - that Turkey would not be attacked by the USSli if it entered the war (unoffici-al -Inkt-.!_ra - report). 12 Thailand.: Notes establishing di plo:,-lati c 1,0.7 lot i on s exchanged - in :.iosc (-3w f 28 ) 15 - Soviet Union: Decree :Jaking growing of silk obligatory in certain. regions in order to increase 1005'silk productin in _the next five years. 16 ? - Soviet Union ;- _Stalin Prizes awarded to Shfllokhov, -Tolstoy, -Shostakovich and Ei son- stein. 17 Turkey 1,?i.bas sad_or in Tii.o,sc ow conferred with . Vice C o-zr.eri ssar Vy shin sky 18 ? Soviet -Union-: Transit. of war 1-iaterials banned unofficially; ban put in effect ( cf. 29 L,pril). - ? United States 0-L?Ell.issi on' re j ected the Soviet application._ 'GO charter an :---ilerican ship to carry a ? cargo- to Vladivostok. 19 United - States; .--:1130..ssador Steinhardt inf orrJed by the, Soviet Foreign Office of the arrest- of .thieves re spf.-.)nsi ble for the robbing of the :.11-1.eri-; can Catholic Church in Liosco'o ( cf. 4 1.Tarch) . _ 20 Hungary Tho oviet Union returned flags cap- tured. in 1840. S ()Viet Uni on * Isakov ro Chief of Staff of tl-le "Navy ( replacing Gallor, who was appointed Vi co -0o-zErei ssa r nf Navy), - China ? (Occupied) z TJSSTL C onsulai-,o, to be re- opened _in Shanghai ? France ( Vi ch-T ) Charge (17,...ffaires Bocr- nelev prcnoted to the rank of L.:fbas sador-. 22 .Turkey 41n1.'cara Goverment' reported assured by the Soviet Govern-lent :that they would do . nothing to enbarrass Turkey should he r_ rolati on s ..-with any third -.power grow rapidly worse. . 23 ? Japan: Japanese foreign -.I11-lister Ilatsucha arrived in T.loscow. United. States; Gorin, conviCteC. _of buying c infory-ri.atinn on Japanese activities on the Pacific Coast, left for Vladivostok, his sentence :having boon suspended on the assurance that he would leave the country Lir:16(j ? 24. .? Jap . -Foreigns to r suoka received by Ve L'iolotov,i_n the presenbe of J. Stalin.. ? Tur7.ey ; ? Tu -vire and tile ?USSN exchan?ged st at e to their relations in the event that one of the two countries became involved in the war; .neutrality and full undo rstandinc,, predli sod ? by.beth. ? .? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 - 159 - March 25 United States-:_ Undor-Secretary 1Jal,les ex-- pressed U.S. satisfaction with the Soviet stand vis a vis Turkey (cf. 24 1-1arch) r:ashington sources reported that the U.S. Goverment was looking with nore favor on trade with the Soviets, in view of their position in relation to Balkan developD.ents and their assur- ance that purchases in the U.S. were intended exclusively for doDestic use. ? Yugoslavia: Yugoslavia signed the Tri-Partite Pact of 27 Septerlbor 19/1Q. .11Inister to Moscow, . Milan Gavrilovich (Leader of_the-grarian Party), resigned fra-.7, his: post in. protost.-(cf. 19 July). 27 YugnslaVia: .Prince Paul dopes 06 -assuiled newer. Peter 28, .YugosIavia Events of 25-27 January. 7iven? ,great prorainence in Soviet press. 29 Soviet Union; C=issariat of 1-1Ubber Industry was estcblishee by T. I. -atr-khir. Yugoslavia: .Linister to Moscow Gavrilovich agreed to retail-1 This pot under the new g:worn-' uent. dpril 1941 dnril 1 . Soviet Union: SuproI:Ae, Soviet of in:PSTi. opened its fourth session. -71-tgoslaviaz. Pravda denied a report that the Soviet Gover=ont had -congratulated the new ? BelgradeiGoverment, but stated that have -been notnino. extraordinary in this if it had been the case. . France (Vichy): 71-11.1. Labonno succeeded by Gaston -Berzery as nibassador to McSenw. Yugoslavia : Fivoyear Treaty of friendship. and non-aggression with no USSh signed in Moscow; cane into force on signature. GerLiany: ,Gemany invaded Yugoslavia and Greece. Japan: Mr.. Matsucka arrived in Moscow and had a. long discussion with V. TTolntov; told the ',Dress that the Yugoslav-Soviet pact would not affect russials relations with Germ /any of. 23, 24.March). United States: Secretary Hull, in a press con- ference; declared the Soviet-Yugoslav pact (5 .Lpril)-?ilencouraging.' 8 .Japar; Mr. ...tat-suoka?was no guest-of the U.S. .:zabassador in Moscow. 9 Gt. Britain: Priz-e Minister Churchill stated in the House of CoLy,ns that 'there are liany signs which point to an abtoldlyt to secure the granary if the Ukraine and the nil fields ,of the Caucasus. 10 ? TEstcnia: Suprale Soviet opened with 1941 State budget as nain business. Norway: Norway signed a -rode agree:lent with the USSIL. United States; U.S. Government sued the Curtis- riright Conpany for clai'is against it, assigned to the U.S. by the Soviet Gove-r=ent. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 -160 oril 11 Sovict Union:- Council of Peoplels-Cmaissars ordered a restriction on the indiscrininate colo- . bration of anniversaries. Yugoslavia: .1inister to Bulgaria :Iilanovich reported about to leave for Moscow. 12 Hungary, :Yugoslavia:. Hungarian Minister Kristoffy.called,en the Vice Ca:lnissar Vyshinsky, and interned of the occupation of the.Yugo- -slav'territory north of Belgrade. Vyshinsky de- clared bad dnpression.was produced by. the -attack coninr,:.only 4 nonths after the signing of the YugoS1av-Hun7arian pact of porflanent friendship.. 13 Japan; ,:,. Pact of neutrality .with.the USSiwi signo in iloscow, to run for ? five years (cf. 24, 27 pril). M joint statenent -declared that the territorial integrity, and inviolability-of Mongolian Peoplc2s :iepublic would be respected by Japan, of the Enpire of ilancheuhuo by ,ilussia. 14 China:_ Chungking reports that the .USS:;. Gevernr.iont had assured the- Chinese Gevernnent that its policy of te China was not altered by the pactwith Japan. Japan: Pravda Stated that the developnent of both countries -nada it imperative- for them to be good neighbors.; that in signing the Pact the Soviet. Union and Japan assUmed "aortain obli- gations which they willcertainly fulfill.' United States: Secretary Hull declared that the significance of the.aisso-Japancse Pact . (13 -.1pril) overestil.latod", the pact being merely "descriptive: of a situation which: has in effect existed...for ?se-,-le time past. The U.S. -policy was declared unchanged. ? 15 Hungary: Issued a statonent on its occupation of part of Yugoslavia, stating that .1joscowls criticisn indicated that the Sovict?Governnent iwas not correctly infornod. of the facts. MengelianTcople's?Ilepublic: .Congratulated Stalin and 1.1eletcv hn the conclusion of the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact (of. 13 - United States: ,Secretary Kncyjc stated in a broadcast that the ]iusso-Japanese agreement was. the latest link in chain ofeneirclenent-of the U.S. by antagenistic'powersr served no useful purpose to IZussia, ar7ainst 16 Bulgaria: I'Leported invading Grecian Thracej Bulgarian-Yugoslav relations reported severed. .Gt..Britain:- Secretary -Eden reported con- versing with :,.-nbassador naiS".y in an.attanpt to improve Soviet-British-relations. -Yugoslavia: Yugoslav aviation- offic-ors and men reported arriving in Hoscew. 17 United States: hiaritine Co=ission .approved . a charter for a tanker to carry oil to Vladivos- tok or Nogayevo. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 - 161 18 Turkey; --inkara reports that the Soviet ? Govornnent.had c:loarly indicated to the Turkish Gevernnent their d..:Jire that Turkey .should re- fuse concessins. to Gern.any.? , United States Dopartc:Iont of CaaJorce re- leased February 1241 ficures for trade with the USS-.C1 (U.S. exports, ?09,342,000; inports, 1515,000). 19 Iran:- Soviet-Iranian friction denied by Iranian Sources in Uoscow, Japan, Gornany; ?Pravda denied that the Zcasse-? Japanese pact was either directed a[?:,ainst Gernany or sined.under Gornan pressure stated liussials Policy as that of naintaininapoace and avoidinc an extension of the-;-war. -20 Iran; ,Leports were current that the US-1 was donandinoc the richt to .nccupy the northern prov- inces and an outlet to the Persian Gulf. Japan: ?-.2nt-iy of foroicners by way .of. :anchuria banned hp.. the USn between -pril 17. and Nay 3. Japanese rep62ts attributed this action to -1-uss1an _troop :::Loven.ents. In -iianchuli? r. Tatsuoka-Statod that the condlusion of the pact with the UPS Ii was beyond Japan's fondest oxpoctations. 21 Finland: Hew Soviet envoy, Pavel Orley, ar- rived in Helsinki. United States: Secretary Hull, in a press conference, nininized the inportance of conver- sations with .Lmbasador Chimansl, statoci the7 had boon desultory and concerned only ninor natters. 22 'Iran: Iranian trade representative, in -nerica issued a denial" of Soviet-Iranian-friction. . Japan Pact with-lbassia (13 ,-eriI) ratified by the Priv.:? Council. 26 8oviet Union; 500 nilo autonobilo Th.ihvay was conploted:fron Stalinabad to. KhoroC? on the ..'..Zhanistan border. 27 Gt. Britain' Prino 1/1inister_Chilrshill, in a spee-ch stated that. Gornany nay seize for a tine the Ukraine and tine Caucasus. ? 28 Soviet Uni on; Foroicn.Trade Connissar !likoyan pronulf;atod a decree ferbiddinc the shinnent of war naterial throuh the Soviet Unicn, listinc especially nuni tions, airnlano part s, and nachinc tools. 29 Baltic States; internal.passport syston was - instituted in .the Baltic 1,2:publics to ronove persons not oncacod in Productive :Labor fro cities. Foreicn-Office ratified an exchanco acroenent .whoreby.the Soviets would receive oil. in return for cotton anf. notal. Soviet Union Connissariat'of Ferein Trade decreed a ban on 'Ce shipnent'of all war nate- rials the Soviet Union. Tadzhik 12,500,000 rubles-woro_voted to the IZepublic to repair danace caused .by earth- quake. Collective farriers affected were exonpt of 1941 taxes.. 30 Finland: Pravda, stated that 12,000 German troops had landed on 26 April at the Finnish port of Abo and proceeded to Tammerfors in the interior. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 -162 - Islay 1941 May -/ .? Soviet Union;. Annual May Day parade on Rod Square displayed .new motorized artillery and now long rango guns in addition to familiar equipment. Dofonso Coimissar Timoshonko stated in his 'lay Day' proclamation the readiness of Rod Army to re- buff any encroachment on Soviet territory; de- clared that the country was "in a capitalist encirclement.? ? ? 3 Iraq Government proeosod through Ankara, to ostablish rolati ons with the USSR without making any.conditions (cf. 12 :iay).Plovious loroposals, - at the end of 1,94Q, included a suggestion that Moscow should publish a declaration recognizing the indepondonce of the Arabian countrios as a whole. Poland; Purchase, -of Y,100,000 worth of food Products in the -USSR by the Commission of Polish Relief, for children in Gorman-hold Poland, ro- por'cod by the American Red Cross. .Iran Reports from American sources that 6000 GerMan htourists'' arrived in the country. ? Rumania The Soviet Government announced that it had offected the releases from a Bucharest prison of. Anna Paukor, Rumanian labor loader* She will .rasido in the ?USSR., ? - Soviet Unlonz. Stalin- addrossod-graduates- of Rod Army Acadamies-i- announcing that the Rod. Army had boon rebuilt and rearmed. , Docroo,was issUed to mobilize 700,0.00 boys and girls 'between l4 and 17, for enrollment in trade schools. ? Press reports of Hitlor/s speech omitted his references to Turkey or to Lir. Churchill. 6- ' Soviet Union; ?Stalin roplaccd. Liolotov as. Chairman of tho Council of "Peoplo1.2 Commissars of the :USSR. 1.1olotov became Vice_Chairman, United States - A Soviet citizen, G.B. Ova- kimian, -arrested on charges of failing to regis- ter as a foreign agent. .United States Ma-!port Control Administrator, _ Brigadior Goncral fllaxwell, stated that machine- . tools wore being withheld from the .USSR as sontial to. U.S. defense needs. United States; State Department reported socking an exit visa from Soviet Poland for U.S. citizen, Dr. H. Putkowsl:i; Socrotary Hull ,stated that failure to obtain one would be 'regarded with concern.' Maritime Commission refused permission to American oil firms to charter tankers to carry oil to the USSR. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 - 163 - :May 8 Seviet:Union Toss denied that troops- wore . moved from ..the Far East to theKiev Military District and that submarines and destroyers wore sent from Baltic bases to Caspian and Black Seas. Sweden: Legation in_ilashington issued a 'statement by. Foreign Minister Christian Guenther ? stating: YNot only. we, wish to. maintain fT,0,00, re- lations with a..Russia,which. has friendly inton- tions as to the northern countries, but. We wish also to deepen and broaden those relations. .? 9 Belgium, Norway, -Zugaslavia: Legations no Longer recognized bySoviet Government, owing to their countries? loss of -sovereignty."' ?Soviet Union Presidium of the. Supremo Soviet decreed introduction of ranks in the diplomatic - ,service: Extraordinary-and Plenipotentiary Am-. - basSador, T]xtraordinary and: Plenipotentiary Minister and Charge dy'Affaires. ? United States: . Ambassador Steinhardt effected. the release from Soviet prisons' of an American ? boy and girl. - 'United States Department of Commerce released ? March, 1941, figures for trade withthe USSR (U.S. exports, $31590,000, including .,:1,058,000-worth - of sole loather; U.S. imports, 41264,000, largely undressed furs). 11 JP1Ariland: The Central Mixed. Frontier .Commission ? completed the work ofdemarcation of the Soviet-: Finnish borders established by the peace. treaty of March 12)- 1940... 12 Germany 'First Vice Commissar of Foreign Trade 1.rui,-ikcv loft for Moscow after a visit of several weeks .in Berlin discussing transport problems... Iraq:. Diplomatic relations?wth USSR ?stab- lisd (cf. 3 'lay). - 14 United States; Export licenses for-1,000,000 - worth of.. machi-ne-ools to the USSR granted during the woe.k-(cf. 6 May). - Soviet-American trade, discussed by Ambassador ,.0umansky ;and Secretary'Hull.. 16 Iraq: In Ankara notes exchanged between Russian and -Iraqian representatives establishing diplomatic, trade, and consular relations be- tween the two countries. United States: -Ambassador Oumanshy protested an American seizure of a Russian cargo of wool and hides aboard the Swedish merchantman Columbia in San Francisco. a7 Iraq: Ex-premier, Hikmat Sweiman, released from prison, appointed Ambassador to the USSR. In Moscow, Toss denied thatUSSR Government ? permitted recruiting volunteer pilotsto fight with the Iraq army. Soviet Union: Commissariat of Foreign :?,ffairs. issued regulations restricting travel'ef foreign. diplomats in border- zones and certain key cities.. . Soviet Union; Defense: 250,000 civilians took- part in' tactical defense exercises held in the. Moscow region.: Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 ? 16/1 ? May ' .18 ? China:. Chung Official papar reported that China and- RU.tElia had decided'ilin principle to prolong thoir_barter agreement. ? Soviet Union; Government announced a 15 year .plan to drain and cultivate. 10 million acres of swamp laud in Byelorussia. - United Statos;? ,-rabassador Steinhardt visitpd by Vice Commissar of Foreign Affairs Vyshin- sv 21 Danmark n= barter agreement ? with USSR gno Finland: Le gat i on in 17asbingt on denied the pre- sence of 5- 'German 'divisions in Finland,. .Ge many ;. Large- German ? army concentrations along the Soviet border reported (from Istanbul) . 22 United States ..:,.ssistant Secretary Berle stated. in ,.tlantic City that the. .Lxis armies wore trying to got control of Russia by guile or force; intimated they would not ste-,p at the .Ltlantic shoulder 24 Gornanyr Berlin denied arrangements had boon ' made for trans it' of military mat e ri a 1 s through tile USSR and Iran for uso against the British in , the Middle East. 25 Germany Pravda declared .that the report that ' the USSR would lease the '7.7:rai10 to Germany- was 'Holitical nonsense and an idiotic 11.0.11 Soviet Union:-11 -Uni on Z.,gricUltural Exposi t i on opened- for the third .year. . . 27 - Latvia:. L.. hirchanstein, -Chairman of the , Latvian Supreme Soviet, announced that landless peasants received 2,373,000 acres of land and 25 milli on rubles of State credits. The; tion received 143 million rubles for medical needs. 28 Thailand; Establishment of diplomatic and ? trade relations 7Ith tho US SB proclaimed in tho official Bangkok Gazette; relations. wore in of- feet since 12_1:Larch. - :United States Export licensing system ex- tended to, cover the, Philippines. 29 United States 7 Soviet press .publi shod short versions of President, 1-oesovolt s speech of . 27 1.1ay, with no reference to the mention of Dakar.' Juno 19/11 June 1 Finland: Retiring Envoy to 3..IoScow, Paa ikivi .received by Stalin. Germany ; Soviet press reported border viola- tions in the region of Lwow. 2 Slovakia Tani stor to Hose ow Frank Tisso re- placed by Julian Simkho Sweden: . :grooment with USSR signed, settling SwedenY s. financial claims a7ainst the Baltic ' States when thay bocame a part of the USSR, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01: CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 -l65 -- June 3 Belgium: ilinistor to :(-;scol-T left for -mcric,a. Grocce: USS-'_ Government withdrew their recog- nition on the ground. that Greek sovoroignty vas ? lost and that there was no Soviet representative in -then?. Japan: Food shipments to Germany via USS7,. reported in Tokyo. -Jugoslavia; Linister to Moscow loft for PaIestino. 5 Ge rmany .sInkara rep ort s that Go many , with the aid of 2amaniai? Vas Planning to invade the, Ukraine. , ? United States: John Scott,. an -,meriean writer, ordered bY ;Soviet aUthorities to leave' 2ussia im- modiately- for .publi shins: scandal ousi' matorial about no Soviet- Union in an 7nglish newspaper.. St . Britain; :mbassador Sir Stafford Cripps loft for London- for consultation with. the, Foreign Secretary. g reaL-ilant. reached. ,London for. the repatriation of 250 Baltic seamen -stranded in :ngland; ships wore not released by. -Groat Britain. Rumania nLoncscL do ni ed ot wrs tha t 2umani a was going to war during the next few days. Hungary ; -,-Prr.nrrorlionts were being. -compIotod u - for a 1..lussian free port .in the Danubian- wharves .arca- in ?Dudapost. 17 8 ? Finland: Soviot Government shipped 20,000 tons of grain above 15,578 tons proviously de- livered, because of the. Finnish,food'shortago. , 10, 1'0:I:mania: Throe Germany.:irmy Corps reported .to have arrived to join the forces on the .Bossarabian frbntier;'.all.roads from Bucharest to the 2ussian border were stated to be filled .with military transport. Soviet: Defense Commissa B. Ustinev?I for failure to fulfill his duties. 11 Gt. Britain: ?Lmbassador husky assured fae British Government that the Soviet Union was not entering any new military', political or economic agreement with Germany. 'Germany:, Stockholm reported 10,000 German troops had arrived in Finland. London heard that .Nazi soldiers wore concontratod along the Soviet Border. Japan:. :.L.commorcial agreement with the USSR was initialed; provided for the most-favored nation treatment on both sides and for the barter of goods up to 30 million yen a year, for five- :years. 12 ' Gt. Britain: Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in London for consultation with the Bi;itish Govern- ment. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4 1941 Juno 13 Germany; Tass issued a denial that Germany had presented domands to tho Soviet Government; declared that both Russia and Germany were abid- ing by tho provisions of the Soviet-Gorman Non- gression Pact; stated thab the, call-up of i.ussian reservists and an announcement of maneu- vers wore in keeping with usual annual procedure. alegations That Soviet isussia is carrying out acts hostile to Geridany aro absurd.0 Iran; Smirnov named Soviet .:.mbassador, to replace N. Filimonov. aamania: General mobilization (according to London reports). 15 United States-; Baltic Froodom Rally in Now York adopted a resolution calling for the sever- ance of 'diplomatic relations with the USSI'L. 16 Japan: ...,grooment with the USSR on the demar- cation of the 1:0ngolian-lianchoukue border in the vicinity of Nomonhan announced. The 1-iorl: was to begin 27 ,June. United States Freezing of funds of'all_coun- trios Of 7]urone, including the USSR ordered by tho U.S. Government. Provision was included that a general license could be issued fnr Russian funds, if the S-vie.t. Gnvernmont gave assurances that they would not bo used for anti--nerican pronar:anda. 17 Finland Soviet troops reportedly being re- moved from Potsamo. Gt. Britain; -London report that the British had stoped giving navicerts for shins going to Potsamo. 19 Hungary; Repatriation of 13,000 .1,1agyars from Northern Bukovina revealed in Budapest. ? . Turkey, Germany; Non-aggrossion Pact signed between the two countries. . Finland; Called un all reserve officers..- , Germany, Rumania ; Rumors emanating from Tur- key that ultimata had:beer.prosented-to.?tIle Soviet Union by Germany and Rumania., . Rumania ; Lobilization ordered of new. grades of -s1,-)ocialists and technicians; 25 divisions re- ported in arms along the SOvict border'. ? 20 Finland; General mobilization was ordered'. 21, Germany; Ribbontron's note to the Soviet ,...cabassador listed- hostile acts by the USSR. It was delivered on the 22nd../ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/08/01 : CIA-RDP09-02295R000100010001-4