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June 1, 1984
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Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 United States Department of State /$.- June 1984 _ ~G JL.'btA~cY Mexico host Report Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Table of Contents 1 The Host Country 1 Area, Geography, and Climate 1 Population 1 Public Institutions 2 Arts, Science, and Education 3 Commerce and Industry 4 Transportation 5 Communications 6 Health and Medicine 9 Employment for Spouses and Dependents 11 American Embassy 11 Mexico City 11 The Post and Its Administration 12 Housing 13 Food 13 Clothing 14 Supplies and Services 15 Religious Activities 15 Education 17 Recreation and Social Life 20 Official Functions 20 Special Information 23 Consulate General (Ciudad Juarez) 27 Consulate General (Guadalajara) 31 Consulate General (Monterrey) 35 Consulate General (Tijuana) 39 Consulate (Hermosillo) 43 Consulate (Matamoros) 45 Consulate (Mazatlan) 49 Consulate (Merida) 53 Consulate (Nuevo Laredo) 55 Notes For Travelers 55 Getting to the Post 55 Customs, Duties, and Passage 55 Firearms and Ammunition 57 Currency, Banking, and Weights and Measures 57 Taxes, Exchange, and Sale of Property 57 Recommended Reading 59 Local Holidays Preface Mexico City has been a world capital for centuries. To drive from the Cathedral in the Zocalo situated on the site of the an- cient Aztec Temple, through the last vestiges of the colonial city, and up Avenida Reforma to Chapultepec Park, is to experience one of the world's great ur- ban environments. Mexico City's Zona Rosa has moderately priced, first !rate restaurants. Shopping in both Mexico's small towns and major cities offers buyers a wide variety of handmade goods. Mex- ico is one of the world's few countries which has not only preserved its handicraft industry but is expanding it. The climate in Mexico City, Guadala- jara, Tijuana, and Mazatlan is delightful. Mexican beaches are world famous. Its colonial cities are unique. and its pre- Columbian ruins are unmatched. Mexico is a tourist paradise that surrounds the everyday lives of Mission employees. An assignment to Mexico can'be ex- citing and rewarding and a high point in a Foreign Service career. DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLICATION 9128 Department and Foreign Service Series 187 Foreign Affairs Information Management Center Publishing Services Division For sale by the Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402 Cover: Popcatepetl Volcano, as viewed from Tialmananco, State of Mexico. Photos on Cover and pages 2, 17, 18, 19, 24, 28, 32, 38, 42, 50, 51, 53, and 54 appear courtesy of the Mexican Government Tourist Council. This is the official post report prepared by the post. The information contained herein is directed ' to official U.S. Government employees and their families. Any other in- formation concerning the facts as set forth herein is to be regarded as unofficial information. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Area, Geography, and Climate Mexico, about one-fourth the size of the U.S., is Latin America's third largest country. The terrain ranges from low desert plains and jungle-like coastal strips to high plateaus and rugged mountains. In the high plateau of south-central Mexico lies the Valle de Mexico, called "Anahuac" or "Country by the Waters" by the native Indians because of the area's many lakes during the pre-Hispanic period. Plateau regions are temperate; moun- tain temperatures are cool; and seacoast temperatures are hot. The country ex- periences a rainy season from June to Oc- tober and a dry season from November to May. Southern and eastern Mexico receive the heaviest rainfall. The longest of Mex- ico's few rivers is the Rio Grande, known in Mexico as the Rio Bravo. Small boat harbors are numerous, but few are of ma- jor importance, and many first-class natural harbors are undeveloped. Veracruz, on the gulf coast, is the main seaport. Since June 4, 1976, Mexico has enforced a 200-mile maritime economic zone. Although Mexico shares a 2,000-mile border with the U.S., its history, people, customs, and way of life are distinctly its own. Population Mexico has a population of 68 million (1980 census). It has the second largest population of any Latin American coun- try and is the world's most populated Spanish-speaking country. Nearly 50% of the population live in the central plateau region (14% of the national territory). About two-thirds are mestizo (mixed In- dian and Spanish blood); Mexico has avoided the division of other Latin American countries by proudly consider- ing its population a distinct Mexican race. Mexico began an aggressive and far- reaching national family planning effort in 1973 to reduce the population growth rate from its all-time high of 3.5 % in 1973 to its current 2.7% level. Mexico is one of The 'Host Country This map of Mexico shows the location of the Embassy in Mexico City and the other nine constituent posts which make up U.S. representation in Mexico. the most successful in reducing its popula- tion growth rate. The target population growth rate of 1 % is to be achieved by 2000. Spanish is the national language, but in some areas only Indian dialects are spoken. The literacy rate is about 72%. Mexicans are generally friendly and courteous and usually act more formally on social occasions. Handshaking is the minimum greeting among both men and women; more often the warm "abrazo" is exchanged among close friends. Public Institutions The country's official name is the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mex- icanos). The Mexican constitution of February 5, 1917, provides for a Federal Republic composed of 31 States and the Federal District, where the capital is located. The constitution provides for in- dependent executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Federal government. The executive branch is dominant; its power is vested in the President, who pro- mulgates and executes the laws of the Con- gress and also legislates by executive decree in certain economic and financial 'fields. The President is elected by univer- sal adult suffrage for a 6-year term and may not be reelected. In the absence of a Vice President, when an incumbent Presi- dent is removed from office, or dies, Con- gress elects a provisional President. However, if this occurs within the first 2 years of a term, new elections are held. Congress is composed of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. Sixty-four Senators (two from each State and the Federal District) are elected to 6- and 3-year terms. Under constitutional and legislative reforms adopted in 1977, the Chamber of Deputies was enlarged to in- clude 300 Deputies to be elected in single- member districts by a plurality system and 100 Deputies to be elected by proportional 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 representation from the minority parties. This guarantees minority representation in the Chamber. The judicial system consists of local and Federal courts, including a Supreme Court. The President appoints Supreme Court justices, upon Senate approval. The Mexican judicial system is based on Roman civil law. State governments are headed by an elected Governor and have unicameral legislatures. The Governor serves for 6 years. Gubernatorial elections are not held concurrently with Federal elections. The President appoints the Regent who is chief executive officer of the Federal District. Local government is on a municipal level. Mayors and city council members are popularly elected for 3-year terms. Arts, Science, and Education Mexico City is also Mexico's cultural center. Mexican people have a high degree of cultural awareness. To some extent this is due to both official and private efforts to foster and popularize Mexico's cultural heritage. Several foreign cultural exchange institutes and numerous. museums, galler- ies, and other cultural centers support in- tellectual and artistic activities. Public and private efforts have been made to bring cultural presentations to areas outside the capital. Most cities have facilities for performances of traveling theatrical and musical groups. Fifteen U.S.-Mexico binational cen- ters promote friendship and understanding Scientific research is pursued at the univer I sity level. Shown here is the Laboratory of Cosmic Rays. between Americans and Mexicans. Call- ed "institutos" or "centros," these self- supporting, nonprofit institutions ac- complish cultural exchange through teaching English (more than 30,000 Mex- icans learn English annually); teaching Spanish to foreigners; maintaining a library; and sponsoring concerts, art ex- hibits, lectures, and seminars involving the leadership and youth of their commdnities. The oldest center is located in Mexico Ci- ty at Hamburgo 115; the newest center is also in Mexico City at Colonia del Valle, Xola 416. USIS has information on these centers. Benjamin Franklin libraries, spon- sored by USIS, are located in Mexico Ci- ty and Guadalajara, and, under special ar- Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 rangement with the Binational Center, in Monterrey. They are U.S.-style libraries with free public services. The libraries also sponsor cultural activities similar to the Binational Centers. Personnel at border posts can take ad- vantage of cultural activities in U.S. border towns, particularly in cooperation with nearby universities, colleges, and second- ary schools. They and their dependents often attend these schools. The National Autonomous Universi- ty of Mexico is one of the oldest institu- tions of higher education in the Americas. It shares a prestigious reputation with the Colegio de Mexico, the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico, and the Ibero-American University. Because in- struction is in Spanish, Americans prefer the University of the Americas where some classes are taught in English. The univer- sity's main campus is in Cholula, near Puebla. A branch campus is in Mexico Ci- ty near the Embassy. Dependents often at- tend universities, private colleges, and junior colleges in the U.S. Commerce and Industry Mexico's economy has undergone a period of unprecedented crisis, resulting from 4 years of excessive government spending. Although government spending generated an economic growth rate of over 8% for 1978-81, it also created inflationary pressures and an economically unhealthy reliance on external borrowing. The new administration's 10-point "Immediate Program for Economic Recovery" includes a reduction in the growth of public sector spending, en- couragement of production programs, and the maintenance of a mixed economy, par- tially state-owned or -dominated and par- tially privately owned. The President also supported negotiations for a 3-year stabilization program with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The plan, ratified in December 1982, includes a $3.9 billion loan to Mexico over a 3-year period. For the first time in 39 years, real economic activity declined (by 0.2%) in 1982, and the 1983 output is also expected to decline. To complement adjustment programs, a new exchange rate became effective on December 20, 1982. A dual exchange rate system was introduced. A third exchange rate, established to cover the payment of dollar-denominated debts within Mexico, was abolished on March 14, 1983. The dual exchange rate consists of a "free" rate and a controlled rate, the latter for the payment of principal and interest on the public sector external debt, interest on the private sector debt, and for improved exports. In order to ease the expected rise in unemployment, the administration an- nounced a job-creating project in December 1982, which expects to provide some 500,000-700,000 public works jobs for both the urban and rural unemployed. Public sector overall spending is pro- jected to decline in real terms in 1983. A reduction in real expenditures is expected in all sectors, including the petroleum in- dustry, which is a marked departure from earlier spending patterns. Severe shortages of foreign exchange have characterized Mexico's economic crisis. The government is arranging $2 billion in official credits to facilitate needed imports of food, spare parts, and basic in- du'trial inputs. The U.S. will provide 50% of `e khcredits. The Mexican Government has received trade-related loans from the Wo ld Bank. It is also seeking additional Wo ld Bank and Inter-American Develop- met Bank funds. Mexico has also suc- ces ully negotiated a $5 billion commer- cial bank loan from the country's external creditors. inflation soared in Mexico, as reflected in the national consumer price in- dex, ~ by 98.8% from December 1981 to December 1982, compared with 28.7 % for the same period a year earlier. Such infla- tion rates were unprecedented in Mexican histo6. The dramatic change in the peso's value'(which was devalued 83 % in dollar terms during 1982) helped push prices up. This also affected net financing in the banking system, as banks were unable to attract new depositors and private sector demand for funds dropped steeply. Mexico's balance of payments was altered dramatically in 1982, due principal- ly to the high costs of imports resulting from the depreciation of the peso against the dollar, higher tariffs, and from August onward, the scarcity of dollars. Imports fell 39.7 % from 1981 to 1982, and the trade balance registered a surplus for the first time in 39 years. Although a sharp drop in imports was responsible for the marked shift in the trade balance, the lower import volume has severely affected the country's productive capacity. Shortages of imported goods are forcing slowdowns or stoppage in many industries. The short- ages, in turn, aggravate the unemployment problem. Foreign exchange earnings have been affected by a decline in world oil prices, as petroleum is an important Mex- ican export. Foreign tourists (a major. revenue source) declined by 6.7 % in 1982, in light of the unsettled economic situation. On the other hand, the decline in Mexican tourism to the U.S., brought on by the peso/dollar parity change, has adversely affected the U.S. border economy. Mexico's economic outlook for the next few years will reflect the administra- tion's ongoing measures to adjust current economic imbalances. The most dramatic change resulting from the economic crisis and adjustment program has been in Mexico's external ac- counts. The sharp decline in imports in the second half of 1982 has continued. Imports in 1983 are projected at $1-$2 billion less than the $14 billion 1982 total. The government is planning a significant im- provement in nonpetroleum exports in 1983, to generate foreign exchange and maintain production levels in the face of declining domestic demand. In order to encourage foreign invest- ment, the administration has granted ex- ceptions to the 1972 Foreign Investment Law, which limits foreign participation in a given enterprise to 49% of the equity. Foreign investment could offset the sharp decline in the level of domestic savings and the decline in public and private investment. The former administration national- ized the Mexican banking system on September 1, 1982. Legislation passed in December 1982 permits up to one-third of the bank's shares to be bought by the public, although no one person or company can hold more than 1 % of a bank's equity. Mexico has been the third largest market for U.S. imports in recent years. The $10 billion decline in total Mexican imports from 1981 to 1982 is estimated to have cost thousands of U.S. jobs. Accord- ing to U.S. Department of Commerce data, U.S. exports to Mexico declined 32% from 1981 levels to less than $12 billion in 1982, In addition, the scar- city and sharply higher cost of dollars have meant payment arrears which have hurt revenues and profits for many U.S. firms. Mexican imports are expected to continue to decline in 1983. Due to a severe drought, food imports are expected to sur- pass $2 billion in 1983, implying that food will have a historically higher share of total imports. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Transportation Automobiles An automobile is desirable at all posts. Air- conditioning is recommended for lower altitude posts where year-round temperatures reach uncomfortable highs and in Mexico City to filter pollution. In the more temperate climates, like Guadala- jara, air-conditioning is optional but desirable. GM, Ford, Chrysler, American Motors, Datsun, Renault, and VW cars are made in Mexico, and adequate repair serv- ices are available for these makes. Good auto service, especially for power steering, power brakes, and automatic transmissions is hard to find and expensive. Many peo- ple find that the simplest cars get the best service. However, traffic and parking make power steering and automatic trans- missions desirable. Costs for parts are high, and Mexican products are not up to U.S. standards; parts for late model American cars (even though the same model is manufactured in Mexico) often cannot be obtained in Mexico and must be ordered from the U.S., which delays repair work. Install a locking gas cap before com- ing to Mexico. Some cars, especially large ones with optional equipment, can lose up to 25 % of their power at Mexico City's altitude; such cars should have 8-cylinder engines. Many single people and employees with small families prefer compacts or midrange models. To insure efficient operation of your car in Mexico City, have it tuned for high altitude either before or after arrival at post. Gas is sold only by the government monopoly "Pemex." Keep tanks full when traveling cross country, since gas stations are not as numerous as in the U.S. How- ever, enough stations on major routes can supply most gasoline needs. Two grades of gasoline are available: Pemex Extra, in a silver pump, is 94 octane unleaded; Pemex Nova, in a blue pump, is 81 octane and leaded. Extra is becoming scarcer, especially outside metropolitan areas. Although diesel fuel is available, it is hard to find away from the main highways. Driving is on the right. Major U.S. border points and Mexico City are linked by hard-surfaced roads. The best route to Mexico City and points south is Highway 85 which begins at Nuevo Laredo and pro- ceeds south through Monterrey, then con- nects with Highway 40 to Saltillo and Highway 57 to Mexico City. However, the road is mostly two lane, and traffic, especially commercial, is heavy. Average time from Laredo to Mexico City is 14 to 15 hours of hard driving; a good midway stopping point is in Matehuala, which is almost exactly halfway. A more scenic route south of Monterrey but more time consuming and arduous is via Ciudad Vic- toria on a continuation of Highway 85. Toll roads (cuota) are designated by the let- ter "D"after the highway number and are safer and faster than free (libre) routes. Another route leaves the U.S. at Nogales, Arizona, and reaches Mexico Ci- ty via Mazatlan and Guadalajara. The road from El Paso, Texas, through Chihuahua, Hidalgo de Parral, Durango, Zacatecas, Leon, and Queretaro is also good but not as scenic. Good overnight accommoda- tions exist on all routes. The Mexican Department of Tourism provides a reliable highway emergency assistance patrol, easi- ly spotted by its green service truck. When the Embassy receives your assignment notice, detailed driving direc- tions will be sent to you. Wandering livestock is a serious nighttime driving hazard on all highways. For this reason, and as a security precaution, employees on official travel are prohibited from driving after sundown, and personal travel by car at night is not advised. City police officers often stop cars with out-of-country license plates for minor traffic violations. All personal vehicles can enter Mex- ico for the first time on a tourist basis by obtaining a Mexican temporary import permit at the border. You will need a U.S. car title or other proof of ownership as well as a valid drivers license. Upon arrival at post, the Embassy General Services Office (GSO) will document the car thrbugh the Foreign Ministry. You must have third- party liability insurance issued by a Mex- ican company. This requirement must be enforced since Mexican law requires the driver of a vehicle involved in an accident to show proof of financial responsibility. In the absence of such a guarantee, a driver may be held, pending court settlement. You must carry proof of insurance in your car. Several insurance companies offer plans which automatically cover you for 30 days after crossing the border. Contact one of these firms before entering Mex- ico, to alert them to your travel plans. All incoming personnel receive information on liability insurance. Comprehensive and collision in- surance is available from both U.S. and Mexican companies. The Foreign Service Lounge has brochures of U.S. companies. The Embassy assists employees and dependents (minimum age 18) in acquir- ing Mexican driver permits. A valid license, regardless of origin, will suffice until a Mexican permit is obtained. Dependents aged 16-18 with a valid U.S. license must take a short drivers education course and have written parental approval to obtain a valid Mexican license. The GSO has further information. The Mexican Government closely regulates importation and operation of privately owned motor vehicles and applies special rules to personnel of foreign diplomatic and consular establishments. The following rules apply to all American employees and dependents assigned any- where in Mexico: ? The Mexican Government regulates automobile manufacture and assembly in Mexico, and diplomatic and consular employees can import only those makes and models similar to those made or assembled in Mexico. These acceptable cars are labeled Category A and are listed for model year 1972 and later; all unlisted makes and models, assembled in Mexico or not, may not be imported. No car over 10 years old may be imported. A list of cars acceptable for import is pouched to all incoming personnel upon receipt of assignment notice at post. ? Diplomatic and consular officers and all members of the technical and ad- ministrative staff of the Mission, including constituent posts, may import only one Category A vehicle during their tour, regardless of the length of tour or transfer within Mexico. All employees may purchase, without limitation, cars manufactured or assem- bled in Mexico or fully eligible for sale in the country, but they are expensive. At times the Mexican Government has interpreted its rules in different ways. GSO must approve importation of any vehicle before entry into Mexico. Cable approval requests, including the vehicle's make, model, and serial number. Local and Regional Air transportation is good between major Mexican and U.S. cities. Seven U.S. airlines, two Mexican, and several others provide service from Mexico to the U.S. and other countries. Service among the Mexican cities where American Consulates are located is acceptable. Railroad service within Mexico and between Mexico and the U.S. is slow but adequate, and fares are low. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Traffic congestion adds to Mexico's severe pollution problems. Shown here is Paseo de la Reforma on a smoggy day. Mexico also has an extensive bus system providing service throughout the country and to and from the U.S. However, buses are often overcrowded and accidents are numerous. Alternate ways of traveling are recommended. Daily flights are available between Mazatlan and Mexico City, as are several flights each week to Los Angeles, Denver, Tucson, Phoenix, Dallas, San Francisco, Seattle, and El Paso. Mexican rail lines connect Mazatlan with other cities in Mex- ico, as well as with the border at Nogales, Arizona, and Mexicali, Baja California. Also, Route 15, an all-weather road, con- nects Nogales, Arizona, with Mazatlan. Bus transportation within Mazatlan is adequate. To enjoy the post fully, as well as many nearby beautiful mountain resorts, you need a car. Communications Telephone and Telegraph Local and international service is good, and both national and international calls may be dialed directly. Long-distance calls are accepted in English. Rates for local service are lower than in the U.S., but long-distance rates (domestic and interna- tional) are higher. Telephone credit cards are accepted. All employees are eligible for the 35 % tax exemption on long- distance calls. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 At certain posts, including Mexico City, obtaining a telephone for new residences in suburban areas can be dif- ficult and may involve a long wait. If possi- ble, rent quarters with a telephone. Domestic and international telegraph service is good. Telegrams are accepted in English and may be billed to home telephone numbers. Mail and Pouch Letters may be sent by open international mail, by Department of State pouch, or via the post office box in Laredo, Texas. Transmittal time by all three routes be- tween Mexico City and Washington, D.C., averages. 10 days. The fastest, most reliable service is through the Laredo, Texas, address. Department pouch facilities are recommended when sending important documents. Parcel post, periodicals, and letters can be sent through either the pouch facilities or the Laredo post office. Addresses are as follows: All mail via Laredo Full name U.S. Embassy, Mexico City P.O. Box 3087 Laredo, Texas 78041 Letter mail via pouch Full name (Agency) Post Department of State Washington, D.C. 20520 Packages and periodicals via pouch Full name (Agency) Post Department of State Washington, D.C. 20521 Parcels weighing up to 2 pounds are sent via air pouch, as are all properly iden- tified packages containing prescription medicines, prescription eyeglasses, hear- ing aids, batteries, prosthetic devices, or- thopedic shoes, and other emergency items for health and welfare, regardless of weight. Packages sent via pouch cannot weigh more than 40 pounds, be more than 24 inches in length, or exceed 62 inches in length and girth combined. Items cannot be registered or insured. Liquids, fragile items, perishables, explosives, and tobac- co products are prohibited. Domestic postage must be paid to Washington, D.C. Customs declarations are not required. The Department of State will accept no respon- sibility for loss or damage to mail via Department pouch facilities. In addition, mail sent through Laredo can l?e registered and/or insured only to Laredo, Texas. No insurance or registration is possible once. it crosses the border into Mexico if it has been addressed to Laredo. Merida. Address magazines and peri- odicals from the U.S. as follows: Full name AmConsul, Merida P.O. Box 3087 Laredo, Texas 78041 Radio and TV Radio VIP, affiliated with CBS, is an English-language FM radio station in Mex- ico City. It provides music and world news coverage 18 hours daily. Guadalajara's English-language radio station also offers music and major network coverage.; Both color and black-and-white TV programs are broadcast in Mexico and, although most programs are in Spanish, a few U.S. productions (mainly movies) are broadcast in English with Spanish subtitles. Cablevision is available in many parts of Mexico City; a fee for installation is charged and a monthly subscription costs about US $180. Cablevision carries. most- ly U.S. programs and broadcasts about 12 hours daily. Consular posts near the U.S. border can receive U.S. TV broadcasts. U.S. TV sets (both color and black and white) can be used in Mexico and are of better quality than those available here. Mexico City has converted completely to 60 cycles, but voltage regulators; protect TV's, stereos, and fine AM-FM equip- ment against periodic current surges. Voltage regulators are available locally. Newspapers, Magazines,; and Technical Journals U.S. newspapers are sold in most large Mexican cities, although prices are higher than in the U.S. The News is a daily English-language newspaper with adequate world and local coverage. Most U.S. magazines can be pur- chased in local stores at higher than U.S. prices, or may be subscribed to through either the Laredo address or Washington, D.C., at domestic rates. Each issue arrives 1-2 weeks late. Most people prefer to buy weekly news magazines locally. Several bookstores in Mexico City sell books in English (mostly paperback) at a 15%-20% markup over U.S. prices. USIS maintains Benjamin Franklin Libraries in Mexico City, Monterrey, and Guadalajara with books in Spanish and English. Some people belong to U.S. book clubs. Health and Medicine Medical Facilities The Embassy Health Unit, staffed by the regional medical officer and a Foreign Service nurse, provides routine office care and examinations and assists in emergen- cies. An American contract staff psychol- ogist works on a part-time basis. Medi- cines and miscellaneous first-aid supplies for treating minor illnesses and injuries are available. All required immunizations, ex- cluding yellow fever, are given at the Health Unit. An office laboratory and a regional psychiatrist are being added to Health Unit services this year. Each post maintains a list of English- speaking doctors and dentists (most U.S. trained). The regional medical officer for Mexico and Cuba periodically visits each Consulate and gives medical advice con- cerning ongoing medical problems there. Each post is familiar with recom- mended local hospitals, clinics, and laboratories. Consular posts have only first-aid supplies. Local doctors provide medical care unless the illness is.serious enough to warrant medical evacuation to The American-British-Cowdray Hos- pital (ABC Hospital) in Mexico City treats emergencies and is used for hospitaliza- tions. Most major medical and surgical problems are evacuated to Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, Texas. Border posts use the nearest U.S. medical facility. All medical evacuations to the U.S. are coordinated through the regional medical officer. Drugstores in all post cities carry a complete line of drugs at reasonable prices, but spot shortages have occurred. Most drugs available are made in Mexico and many. are manufactured by subsidiaries of U.S. drug firms. Bring a sufficient supply of any prescription medicine you regular- ly take. Refills from your local pharmacy may take a long time. Determine the pro- cedure for obtaining refills before leaving the U.S. Check with the Health Unit about drugs prescribed locally to insure that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration con- siders the drug safe. Ciudad Juarez. General practitioners, specialists, dentists, oculists, optometrists, and medical and surgical treatment ob- tainable in El Paso are excellent. Services 6 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 of William Beaumont Army Medical Center are available under the Department of State emergency medical treatment pro- gram. Army facilities at Ft. Bliss in El Paso are also used for routine State Depart- ment medical examinations. The William Beaumont Army Medical Center does not handle Consulate General personnel for routine medical treatment as this is not covered by the agreement between State and Defense. However, with numerous hospitals and medical specialists available in Ciudad Juarez and El Paso, this presents few difficulties. Staff members normally locate a family doctor and dentist from services are adequate. More sophisticated medical advice and services in all fields of specialization are available in Los Angeles (a 2-hour flight from Mazatlan) or in Tuc- son, Arizona (a 11h-hour flight from Mazatlan). Mazatlan can be an unhealthful post, particularly during hot, humid summers, when food contamination and spoilage can cause digestive upsets. More difficult in- testinal problems, amoebiasis and Giardia are common, especially among children. Occasional outbreaks of dengue fever and other tropical diseases occur. Medicines to treat these diseases are available locally. among those already used by people at Merida. Merida is an unhealthful post, post. . and although no salary differential is al- Guadalajara. Several well-equipped hospitals and clinics and numerous English-speaking physicians, many U.S. trained, provide adequate medical care. Despite the latest diagnostic and treatment equipment, laboratory and nursing care do not meet U.S. standards. Several good, English-speaking dentists are available. An American nurse is contracted for 4 hours biweekly to administer shots and offer medical advice. The post also has contract agreements with two U.S.-trained doctors for exams and referral. Hermosillo. Local medical facilities, which include several privately owned hospitals, are fairly diversified, reliable, and adequate. Many doctors studied in the U.S. Most medicines are available and are of good quality but expensive. More sophisticated medical services in all fields are available in Tucson or Phoenix, Arizona. Aeromexico Airlines has daily flights to both cities. Matamoros. For emergency treat- ment, house calls, etc., several well-quali- fied, highly competent doctors are avail- able. However, hospital facilities are poor. Medical facilities in Brownsville are ade- quate but overcrowded. Excellent dental care is available in Brownsville. Specialists and excellent hospital facilities and diag- nostic equipment are available in Har- lingen, Texas, about 25 miles from Brownsville. Harlingen is becoming a recognized medical center with superior facilities. Mazatlan. Local medical facilities available to Americans are inadequate by U.S. standards. Several private hospitals and clinics are adequate for routine requirements. Several U.S.-trained doctors and den- tists practice in Mazatlan, and diagnostic lowed, time-and-a-half is counted toward ret.1rement. Amoeba and other digestive up ets are common and care should be talon to prevent infection from hepatitis and are are tors are similar diseases. Although mosquitoes numerous, malaria is rare. Local doc- are competent, but medical facilities inadequate. Several good dentists, oculp'sts and opticians, and other specialists practice here. However, postoperative care is p or and evacuation to the U.S. is reco ended for all but emergency Burg ry. Monterrey. Many of the city's general practitioners and specialists are highly recoiT. Good train ended; many are U.S. trained. dentists, some of whom are U.S. , are available. Two large, modern, well-equipped hospitals are used for emergency care. Diagnostic labs are ade- quate or ordinary requirements. Medical services are usually adequate, except in difficult and unusual cases which may re- quire LIT. S. treatment. Nuevo Laredo. Medical and dental facilitie in Laredo, Texas, are reasonably good, and employees at the Consulate customarily consult doctors in the U.S. However, dental clinics abound in Nuevo Laredo, with many providing excellent treatment at reasonable prices. Tijuana. Many capable dentists and doctors are in the San Diego area. Employees and their dependents needing hospitalization usually go to one of the many first-class hospitals in the Chula Vista and San Diego area. An American contract medical adviser performs medical examinations in Tijuana for the post. Re- quired immunizations are provided free by the Public Health Service in Chula Vista, California. Community Health Air pollution is severe in Mexico City. However, based on available information no cause exists to suspect that exposure during a tour here will increase the risk of chronic disease or future illness in healthy individuals. Pre-existing cardiopulmonary disease, however, is aggravated here. Tapwater is not safe to drink. The treated water becomes contaminated dur- ing distribution due to the antiquated pip- ing and overuse. Boil water before drinking. A high incidence of tuberculosis is' found in the general population. TB detec- tion and treatment are in cooperation with the World Health Organization. But, because many people are not reached by the program, screen all servants for TB before hiring them. Malaria has been eradicated from most urban areas, but some rural areas are still a risk. The Health Information Booklet for International Travel lists these areas. Before traveling to tropical parts of Mexico consult with the Embassy Health Unit about the need for anti- -malaria drugs. The combination of aridness related to the altitude and the long dry season and severe air pollution causes irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Upper respiratory problems such as rhinitis, sinusitis, and bronchitis are the, leading causes of medical attention in Mexico. People prone to these problems suffer greatly because of the ever-present irritant environment. Vaccination- for yellow fever is re- quired by Mexico; however, the Embassy Health Unit does not have the vaccine. Intestinal parasites are prevalent in Mexico. Exercise caution in selecting food sources. Carefully clean and treat fruits and vegetables with iodine or chlorine before eating them raw. Most dairy products are considered safe. Drugs of all types are readily available in Mexico City. Mexican laws are strict with those who use and traffic in narcotics, and teenagers are tried as adults. Most drug-related offenders are jailed for lengthy periods. Preventive Measures Due to the complexity of medical prob- lems in Mexico City, all persons assigned to post should report promptly to the Health Unit for a medical briefing. All adults assigned to Mexico City must receive pulmonary function evalua- tion before coming to post because of the Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Popular Mariachi folk music is performed throughout Mexico. Shown here are Mariachis a la entrada del Fuerte de Loreto, Puebla. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 post's high altitude. In addition, anyone with a history of cardiopulmonary disease such as asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and/or valvular heart disease should have a thorough medical evaluation of any of these problems before proceeding to post. (Report the history of any of these problems to M/MED and Personnel if Mexico is be- ing considered as a possible assignment.) Routine childhood diseases are more prevalent here due to inadequate vaccina- tion programs. All dependent children should have the usual inoculations com- pleted in the U.S. Contaminated food and water supplies cause an increased inci- dence of hepatitis, typhoid, paratyphoid, amoebiasis, Giardia, and intestinal worms. Pregnant women should not smoke. Potential adverse effects of smoking on the fetus are increased by the altitude and air pollution. Cigarette smokers increase the risk of developing cardiopulmonary diseases at Mexico City's altitude and should greatly reduce the amount smoked, or quit altogether. During stagnation conditions when there is an expected or obvious accumula- tion of air pollutants, residents should be cautious and avoid strenuous outdoor activity. Despite government efforts to con- trol the source, i.e., stray dogs and other rabid animals, rabies is prevalent throughout Mexico. All pets require health certificates and immunizations cer- tified by a Mexican consular official resi- dent in the originating area. Parents should consider having their children immunized against rabies before coming to Mexico. The Health Unit stocks the vaccine (a human product). Joggers and individuals who may work in rural areas should also receive the anti- rabies shots. Adults should have current immu- nization status for typhoid (every 3 years), diphtheria, tetanus (every 10 years), and yellow fever (every 10 years). Gamma globulin is given every 6 months to everyone over age 12 to pre- vent hepatitis. Because of Mexico's high altitude, newcomers should allow for acclimatiza- tion. Avoid overeating, alcoholic beverages, and undue exertion for the first few days and until you do not suffer from lightheadedness, insomnia, slight hea ache, or shortness of breath. I.The Health Unit will provide newcomers with helpful do's and don't's regarding your health. Employment for Spouses and Dependents ~i. Employment opportunities are limited because Mexican law prohibits foreigners from holding jobs which Mexicans can fill. Spouses have successfully taken positions in the fields of education and English instruction. Finding other employment is almost impossible. Spousos and dependents at border posts may choose to work in the U.S. The Embassy and some Consulates hire a few dependents temporarily, most often in secretarial positions. These posi- tions require at least 40 wpm and almost always ~ working knowledge of Spanish. The Embassy liaison officer would like to emphasize to dependents that if you want to work in Mexico, you should brush up on your secretarial skills. They are often in demand. No employment opportunities are available in Juarez. However, some employment can be found in adjacent El Paso, Texas. Often, in summer and at Christmas, the Para Consular Assistant (PCA) pro- gram operates in the nonimmigrant visa unit (NIV). Student/teen employment programs provided limited employment for students during the summers of 1980, 1981, 1982, and 1983. If funds are available, the program will again provide limited employment next summer for high school and college-aged students within the Embassy. Matamoros. Although dependents cannot currently work on the Mexican side of the border, job opportunities do exist in Brownsville. Particularly noteworthy are positions in retail marketing and real estate, two of the area's most important industries. Profes- sional career opportunities are more limited. A wide variety of community service and volunteer organizations exists as well. Merida. Only on rare occasions is Consulate Merida able to provide tem- porary employment. Monterrey. The Consulate General in Monterrey hires spouses to work on a part-time, intermittent, temporary (PIT) basis when the workload is very heavy, and the Department authorizes such hiring. Nuevo Laredo. Employment oppor- tunities in Nuevo Laredo are limited to one seasonal (1-2 week) PIT position in the NIV unit, during the peak season. A variety of employment opportunities is available in Laredo, Texas. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Mexico City Mexico City is a cosmopolitan capital: The glass-walled skyscrapers lining the Paseo de la Reforma, the stunning archi- tecture of the Museum of Anthropology, the elegant restaurants of the "Zona Rosa," the numerous deluxe hotels, the Lomas residential area with its palatial homes, and up-to-date supermarkets are all signs of a world metropolitan center. But underneath all this surface glitter re- mains the capital of a developing country. Mexico City lies in a long valley high in the mountains of central Mexico. Many of the peaks encircling the city are extinct volcanoes, including the spec- tacular "Iztaccihautl," (iss-tak-SEE- wattle) or "Sleeping Lady," and "Popo- catepetl," (po-po-ca-TEH-petal) or "The Warrior. " Although Mexico City is only 19? N. of the Equator, the high altitude (7,349 feet) creates a fall-like climate all year. The two seasons are the dry and rainy seasons. The latter lasts from June until October when 2-3 hours of rain fall every day. The weather is coolest December through February when nights and early mornings can be quite cold, but daytime temperatures are warmer. March, April, and May are "summertime," but because of the altitude the nights remain cool; it is also especially dusty as these months are at the end of the dry season. Average temperature is 60?F, relative humidity is 54%, and annual rainfall is 29 inches. Air pollution is a problem in Mexico City. Traffic congestion in the city also makes driving hazardous. Fender benders are common and defensive driv- ing is an absolute must. Pedestrians must exercise great care in crossing streets. Mildew is not usually a problem although some houses are particularly damp and care should be taken when stor- ing books. Bugs and insects, including mosquitoes and flies, may be a problem during the rainy season. Few homes have screens. American Embassy About 46,000 of the Mexico City consular district's residents are registered with the Embassy. Around 44,000 of the district's residents live in Mexico City. Smaller colonies of British, French, Ger- mans, Lebanese, Spaniards, Japanese, and other nationalities are also present. The Post and Its Administration The Embassy in Mexico City is one of the world's largest diplomatic missions, due principally. to the enormous amount of tourist, official, and commercial inter- change between the U.S. and Mexico. The Embassy and constituent posts employ over 1,100 people, some 60% of Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Mexico City's famous "Angel" on Paseo de la Reforma. The American Embassy is the white marble building on the left. whom are Mexican citizens. In addition to the diplomatic relations between the two governments, the Mission offices foster closer relations through economic, cultural, informational, commercial, and agricultural activities. Agencies within the Mission besides State are Agriculture, the Battle Monuments Commission, Commerce (U.S. Travel and Tourism Administra- tion, Weather Bureau, and U.S. Trade Center), Defense, the U.S. Information Service (USIS), Justice (Drug Enforce- ment Administration, Immigration and Naturalization Service, and Legal), and Treasury (Customs and Internal Revenue Service). Most offices are in the Chancery, an eight-story building with marble facade and inner court completed in 1964. The Chancery is at Paseo de la Reforma 305. The mailing address is: American Embassy Apartado Postal 88 Bis Mexico 1, D.F., Mexico The telephone is (905) 553-33-33. Hours in most offices are Monday through Fri- day, 8:30 am to 5:30 pm. A general duty officer and a consular duty officer are on duty after hours. The switchboard is always open, and a Marine Guard is on duty at all times. Upon Arrival at Post. Most persons arrive by air or car. New arrivals travel- ing by plane or train are met if they in- form the Embassy in advance. Employees are encouraged to arrive during office, hours to streamline the settling-in proc- ess. If you arrive after hours, call the Marine Guard to find out whom to contact. Mexico City has an active Embassy Liaison Office (ELO) which provides direct personal information about hous- ing, schools, shopping, dependent employment, etc. The Embassy liaison officer is a dependent of a U.S. employee at post, and serves the Embassy com- munity, as well as assisting new arrivals and their families. All employees should report to the ELO on the third floor by 9 am for orien- tation. Immediately following is in- processing at the Personnel Office. Housing Temporary Quarters Many hotels near the Embassy are ade- quate for a temporary stay. Although most housing is found within a month, most new arrivals stay in suites or fur- nished apartments with housekeeping facilities. Very few accept pets. Mexico City is 'a mecca of tourists and most hotels fill up early, so give the Embassy as much advance notice as possible of your arrival time and temporary housing needs. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Permanent Housing The Ambassador's residence, owned by the U.S. Government, is a modern, two- story house. The DCM and Defense at- tache have government-owned housing. As circumstances dictate, the Ambas- sador assigns housing for one other senior officer. The State Department pro- vides U.S. Government-leased housing and major appliances (but not stoves and furniture) for counselors of Embassy. Senior representatives of other U.S. agencies are provided housing, major appliances, and furnishings according to agency policy and directives. The Em- bassy will provide detailed information upon request. Most employees live in government- leased housing; in the near future, hous- ing assignments will be made prior to an employee's arrival at post. Any special housing needs should be made known to the General Services Office (GSO) as soon as possible. Most single people and some families live in apartments. Be prepared to spend up to 6 weeks finding permanent quarters and then to invest in light fixtures, cur- tains, and perhaps rugs. Furnishings Household furnishings used in the U.S. are suitable here. Bring basic items you own. People without furniture may wish to wait until after arrival to decide whether to buy items locally or order from the U.S. Upholstered pieces (sofas, easy chairs, etc.) and wool rugs are expensive here, and quality and selection are limited. The same is true for upholstery fabrics. However, upholstery work is reasonable and satisfactory, so some buy fabrics in the U.S. and have the work done here. Some colonial-style fur- niture is sold, but buy only from reputable outlets that guarantee their work and use quality materials. A variety of inexpensive drapery material is sold, and curtains can be made at reasonable prices. Contact the GSO for more infor- mation concerning the post's policy of procuring draperies for newcomers. Win- dow sizes vary, so do not buy draperies in advance. Many new apartments in- clude carpeting and curtains. Household linens and kitchenware may be expen- sive, as is fine china. Local pottery is attractive and inexpensive. If you have them, bring plenty of wool and/or electric blankets; homes are poorly heated, if at all, and nights are cold. Thick wool In- dian blankets in a variety of colors are available locally and are popular among handicraft enthusiasts. Some household Hospitality Kits are available on a first-come, first-served basis. These kits contain basic items needed to set up housekeeping-dishes, pots and pans, bed and bath linens, etc. They are not intended to replace air- freight, but merely to enable an employee to move into permanent quarters before airfreight and effects arrive. Employees are responsible for loss or damage. Utilities and Equipment Houses and apartments have electricity and hot and cold running water. Water pressure varies and is often low during the dry season; most residences have reserve storage tanks-don't rent a house without one. Expect to be without water occasionally for several hours or, more rarely, for several days. Electricity is expensive, especially if you have electric heaters, and service is sometimes uncer- tain during the rainy season. Gas is cheap, so use gas stoves and clothes dryers. However, most apartments and houses have stoves; if not, the GSO will provide one. Few Mexican ovens have thermostats; bring an oven thermometer. All gas appliances should have automatic safety pilots. The Embassy has refrigerators and washers and dryers for State employees. USIS usually furnishes a refrigerator and washer and dryer. Lamps and light fixtures are not pro- vided. An interesting selection sold by local merchants can be expensive. Elec- trical current is 1lOv, 60-cycle, single phase. Central heating is rare and many homes do not have other provisions for heat (except perhaps a fireplace that may heat one room). Electric heaters are quite useful on cold winter nights but are somewhat expensive to operate. Portable gas or kerosene heaters are useful and can be purchased locally; but exercise care in their use. Try to find a home that gets some sun. Food A wide variety of locally grown and im- ported fresh fruits and vegetables is reasonably priced. Supermarkets stock a variety of meat and fish, dairy products, fresh produce, and canned goods. Fresh foods are measured and sold in kilograms or fractions thereof. Several large markets have unusual fruits and vegetables needed in foreign dishes. Most foods are obtained at prices much lower than those in the U.S., but imported items are expensive. Locally produced packaged mixes and canned foods are becoming more available, but they vary in quality and are expensive. Ham, fresh pork, eggs, and milk are comparable in price and quality (although only certain brands of milk are con- sidered safe). Poultry and seafood are good and plentiful. Beef is reasonable but not aged and quality is lower than in the U.S. Strained baby foods are expensive, and of lower quality. Mexican beer and rum are excellent and reasonable in price. Most bottled soft drinks are sold (not diet sodas, however, nor diet foods of any kind). Frozen foods are practically nonexistent. Although current food prices are generally reasonable, due to inflation, food prices are rising steadily. Because of the lack of quality control, foodstuffs of all kinds-fresh or canned, meat, dairy, or vegetable-can vary from excellent to inedible. The Embassy U.S. Employees Association's small commissary stocks alcoholic beverages and wines, tobacco products, a selection of groceries (dried, canned, and frozen foods), and personal items which are not readily available or are expensive locally, including dog and cat food. Individuals may order in case- lots from a wholesale grocer in south Texas through the commissary. A Chancery cafeteria serves break- fast, lunch, coffee, and snacks on workdays. Clothing Clothing needs in Mexico City do not vary a great deal during the year. Some winter clothing is useful for cold spells; be sure -to bring sweaters, raincoats, and umbrellas. Light summer clothes are essential for travel to low-altitude areas where the climate is hot, but are only needed in Mexico City from March through May or June. Clothing of all kinds is sold at prices comparable to or less than in the U.S., and quality is generally lower. Bring U.S. swimsuits and underwear for children and adults. Mexican-made stockings and pantyhose do not generally fit taller women. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Mexican shoes are stylish and well made. However, lasts often do not fit American feet. They do not go beyond American size 8 for women and 10 for men, and narrow sizes are scarce. Children's shoes of satisfactory price and quality are available. Men. In Mexico City men wear light- to medium-weight business suits. At least one dark suit is needed. A light-weight suit is comfortable in April and perhaps May and for traveling to lower altitudes. A light- weight, all-weather raincoat is convenient during the rainy season. Bring informal sportswear (sport shirts, sweaters, slacks, etc.). Bring or order from the U.S. shirts, shoes, ties, pa- jamas, underwear, and socks. They are sold here but not in U.S. quality or vari- ety. Several good tailors are available, and some men have had suits made from im- ported materials. Hats and shorts (except for sports) are rarely worn. Mexican Government officials wear dark suits to all functions; Mexican Government functions never require black tie (tux). However, Mexican and American business representatives and diplomats sometimes specify black tie for their dinner parties, so middle and senior officers should bring such attire. Women. Wool, polyester, knit, and cot- ton suits, jacket dresses, and pantsuits are recommended for comfort and versatility for changes of temperature and occasion. A light-weight coat is needed for chilly nights and early mornings. Bring a rain- coat for the rainy season. Bring an evening wrap; a fur stole or cape is good for dressier evenings. Full-length furs and heavy coats are rarely worn. Except for March, April, and May when it can be quite warm, Mexico City has a fall-to- early-winter climate; "layered" clothing is best because temperatures may change rapidly. Long-sleeved blouses, sweaters, and jackets are useful. Suits are very popular. Remember, homes and public places are rarely heated. Required dress for receptions, cocktail parties, dinners, etc., varies according to rank and representational activities. Most Mexican women wear current U.S. fashions for both afternoon and evening social events. Evening dresses may be short or long; currently, fewer long dresses are seen. Shorts are not generally worn except for recreation and at resorts. Women's readymade clothes, including sweaters, are expensive. Some people have purchased At street markets, shoppers can buy clothing, food, colorful baskets, and art objects. attractive locally made dresses, some knit- ted and crocheted, and some which are representative of the Mexican culture. Dressmakers charge medium to high prices. Good Mexican textiles are available but often are not preshrunk, colorfast, or drip-dry. Bring favorite materials, espe- cially knits and miracle fibers which are expensive and inferior here, for sewing or for tailoring. Order fabrics from catalogs and fabric clubs in the U.S. Patterns sold locally cost twice those in the U.S. Selec- tion of sewing accessories and notions (particularly thread) is limited, and quali- ty is often poor. Well-crafted silver, brass, and copper jewelry is less expensive than in the U.S., although prices are rising somewhat with inflation. Native semiprecious stones such as turquoise, opals, and topaz in silver or gold mountings are reasonable if you shop carefully. Children. Children's clothes are expen- sive. Most parents bring a complete ward- robe for each child and order future needs from the U.S. Dress is similar to that in the U.S. Older boys and girls wear Levi- style jeans and cords with appropriate tops; girls occasionally wear dresses. Grade school children dress as in the U.S. Levis are available, but the selection of sizes and lengths is not as wide. Some schools re- quire uniforms. Bring diapers and baby clothing. Supplies and Services Electricians, plumbers, and service people are unreliable; sometimes several appoint- ments are needed before anyone shows up. Supplies Most U.S. supplies and services are available but quality varies. Imported items are expensive. Many American firms have branch factories in Mexico but the mer- chandise is priced higher than in the U.S. and is often inferior in quality. Some employees bring their favorite cosmetics, toiletries, special drugs, and other items and restock during trips to the U.S. Most medicines and drugs can be filled at local drugstores at U.S. prices. Some popular brands of toiletries and cosmetics are sold, but quality may be questionable. Hygiene supplies are available. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Many U.S. toy companies are represented here by local manufacturers; a variety of U.S. name brands is sold. Quality varies, but it is generally acceptable. Film and local developing are avail- able. Engraving and printing can be done locally. Cocktail napkins, English greeting cards, stationery, birthday party supplies, gift wrapping paper, and ribbons are sold, but selection is limited and quality is often low. Small hardware and repair supplies are hard to find. Bring clothes hangers with clamps. Basic Services Drycleaning is adequate and cheaper than in the U.S. Commercial laundries are few as most washing is done at home. A few Laundromats can be found. Beauty and barbershops are numerous and compare favorably with those in the U.S. in price and service. Reasonably priced shoe repair is available. Radio, TV, and phonograph services on some brands are satisfactory. However, some parts are scarce, and repair work may be costly. Auto service and repair on U.S. makes is fair. Parts, if available, are ex- pensive but can be imported from the U.S. Catering is available for large parties. Domestic Help Most U.S. homes have at least one maid. Most speak no English. Maids are fre- quently hired on a part-time, live-out basis for laundry and cleaning. Families with small children need maids since babysitters are few, and a house should not be left unattended. Most homes and many apartments have separate servants quarters. All live- in servants expect 1 day a week off, and the law requires they have 6 working days off a year with pay. Many people grant servants 2 weeks off with pay. Employers provide food and uniforms. Religious Activities Mexico is predominantly Catholic. Serv- ices are usually in Spanish, but several are in English. Other English-language serv- ices include Baptist, Christian Science, Church of Christ, Episcopal, Jewish, Latter-day Saints, Lutheran, Methodist, Quaker, Seventh-day Adventist, Union Evangelical Interdenominational, and Unitarian. Church announcements are printed regularly in The News and Esta Semana. Education Dependent Education Almost all American children attend private schools. The caliber of education is generally good, but acceptance standards can be inconsistent. No child is guaranteed admission to any school in Mexico City. About half the Embassy children at- tend the American School Foundation. More and more Embassy families are us- ing Greengates School. Colegio Junipero, Lomas High School, and Sierra Nevada are other choices. Some high school-aged children attend U.S. schools. The American School Foundation at Calle Sur 136 No. 135, Colonia Tacubaya, is a bicultural, bilingual school which offers coeducational programs in preprimary, elementary, junior high, and high school. The school is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. It receives some support from the Office of Overseas Schools of the Depart- ment of State, but the American School is not affiliated with the U.S. Embassy and Embassy children are not guaranteed ac- ceptance. However, under the terms of our grant to the school, it must accept all dependent children who meet admission standards. It has 2,500 students, about 40% Mexican, 40% American, and the rest other nationalities. Classes in the grade school are conducted half day in Spanish and half day in English through the fifth grade, after which Spanish is taught as a second language. The school year starts in early September with a 2-week vacation Christmas and Easter, and ends late in June. Uniforms are not required. Most children must take a preadmittance en- trance exam. No remedial facilities are Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 available, nor are special provisions made for gifted students. The school tries to pro- vide a bicultural education, but its program does not duplicate U.S. schools. Greengates School is a private, coedu- cational school based on the British system for kindergarten (age 4) through high school. Its address is Av. Circunvalacion Pte. 102, Balcones de San Mateo, Edo. de Mexico, Mexico. Applicants are tested for acceptance and placement. The school year is from early September through late June; it is divided into three terms. The fall term ends at Christmas and the winter term ends at Easter. Classes are taught in English; Spanish is required as a second language and French is offered beginning with grade 6. Uniforms and black shoes are current- ly required and are available in Mexico Ci- ty, though the gray pants for boys are of better fit and quality in the U.S. About 30 nationalities are represented in the student body. Expenses at Greengates fall within the education allowance. Colegio Junipero (Juniper School), at Calle Bondojito 238, Colonia Tacubaya, is the only Catholic bilingual, parochial school in Mexico City. Affiliated with St. Patrick's English-speaking Church, it ac- cepts pupils from kindergarten through grade 6. Classes through grade 6 are taught half day in English, half day in Spanish. Its vacation schedule is similar to that of the American School. Locally sold uniforms are worn. The Lomas High School, at Reforma 1530, teaches in English; Spanish is a foreign language. It is coeducational from grades 9 to 12. Uniforms are not required. The schedule is similar to the U.S. system. Except for Greengates School, most schools must conform with Mexican Government requirements that all elemen- tary grades be taught in Spanish at least half of every schoolday and that the ap- proved curriculum be observed. Special Spanish classes are provided for the non- Spanish speaker. In addition Montessori, French, Ger- man, and Mexican schools are available, as are several small schools teaching the Mexican-American curriculum. Many nursery schools and kindergartens are available. Most schools have bus service. Special Educational Opportunities The University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, or UNAM) has an estimated enrollment of 100,000 (including 50,000 in the "preparatorias," equivalent to the last 3 years of an American high school) and of- fers many degrees, including economics, law, medicine, architecture, dentistry, engineering, and the humanities. Most classes are in Spanish. It has a school for foreigners offering master's degrees in dif- ferent Latin American specialty subjects. Undergraduates can transfer credits to U.S. colleges. The National University of Mexico, the National Polytechnical Institute, the Ibero-American University (Jesuit directed), and the graduate-level Colegio de Mexico and Anahuac are among the city's leading institutions of higher learn- ing. However, most students receive graduate training abroad (largely in the U.S.). The Colegio Nacional offers a free high-level lecture program by leading Mexican intellectuals and scientists. The University of the Americas in Cholula, Puebla, near the state capital ci- ty of Puebla, is an American-run college with an American curriculum which trans- fers credits to U.S. colleges. Tuition is low and dormitories are available at reasonable cost. Cholula is about a 2-hour drive over good roads from Mexico City. A small branch of the university is located in Mex- ico City. U.S. International University in Mexico City is a branch campus of U.S. International University of San Diego. It is U.S. accredited and all classes are in English. About one-third.of the 100 en- rolled students are American. The univer- sity grants associate (AA) degrees in vari- ous subjects, with a BS/MS/MBA business program and a BA/MA psychology program. Post Orientation Program On arrival U.S. employees assigned to Mexico City are processed through the Embassy's Personnel Office and receive an informative welcome kit. A check-in pro- cedure provides for interviews and orien- tation in various Embassy offices. In ad- dition, the ELO offers assistance with housing, shopping, and finding your way around Mexico City. Periodically, the Embassy has an orientation program for new American personnel and their adult dependents to brief them on U.S. objectives in Mexico, host country conditions, and the Embassy's organization. The Aztec Calendar, the Embassy's news bulletin, is published weekly. It con- tains official and unofficial an- nouncements, information on the American Embassy Association (AEA) ac- tivities, and classified ads. Submit newslet- ter material to the Personnel Office. The American School Foundation offers a bicultural, bilingual, coeducational program. About 40% of those attending are American. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 The AEA hospitality committee members provide additional assistance to new arrivals and their families. The Embassy and consular posts of- fer Spanish-language classes at govern- ment expense to official personnel and adult dependents of agencies with agreements for language instruction with the Foreign Service Institute. The Person- nel Office coordinates the Embassy program. The Embassy issues photo ID cards to all U.S. employees who need them. ID cards are issued to dependents over age 13. Photographs are taken on Mondays. Recreation and Social Life Sports Several private country clubs operate in Mexico City, but diplomatic memberships are limited and dues are high. Consequent- ly, few members of the Embassy com- munity belong. A few sports clubs offer swimming, tennis, soccer, and jai alai. Among these are the Reforma Athletic Club, the Cen- tro Deportivo Israelita, Club Arturo Mundet, and the Junior Club. Limited diplomatic memberships are available, and some accept applications from other em- bassy employees. However, dues are high, and many are far from downtown. A YMCA, about 1'h miles from the Embassy, has facilities for all racquet sports, swimming, weight lifting, basket- ball, and volleyball. Exercise classes are also held. An initial membership fee and monthly fee must be paid to use the facilities. The Maria Isabel Sheraton (near the Embassy) also has some athletic club facilities, including exercise classes., Runners must adapt to Mexico City's high altitude. Heavy traffic and air pollu- tion dampen some runners' enthusiasm, but Chapultepec Park and other locations provide pleasant settings. Bowling is popular. Over 100 people compete in the Embassy Bowling League, which meets weekly almost year round. Other sports include swimming, bicycling, and horseback riding, but facilities are limited. Although sports equipment is sold in Mexico it is usually higher priced than in the U.S. As in most Latin countries, soccer is a favorite spectator sport. Others include horseracing, jai alai, American football, baseball, softball, basketball, and polo. Bullfights are held almost every Sunday in the world's largest arena. Riding is popular among Mexicans, and many riding clubs are available in Mexico City and its environs. Some allow hourly riding, but most require "pension- ing" or owning a horse which is expen- sive. Horses may be rented to ride "Mex- ican saddle" in the country around Mex- ico City. Mexico offers quail, dove, duck, and big game hunting. Good bird hunting is found near the capital but bigger game is too far away for weekend hunting. The Mexican Government requires special per- mits to possess firearms or to use them for hunting or sport shooting. The regional security officer will obtain necessary firearms and hunting permits for assigned personnel (see Firearms and Ammunition). Freshwater fishing for trout and bass is good, and some of the world's best deep- sea fishing is off Acapulco, Mazatlan, Los Cabos, and Guaymas on the west coast and Veracruz and Tampico on the gulf. Mountain climbing at nearby Popocatepetl and Iztaccihautl is popular for the hardy and those accustomed to high altitudes. Touring and Outdoor Activities Touring and sightseeing possibilities are good. The Mexico City area has several archeological ruins, excellent museums, glass factories, old cathedrals, and color- ful markets. The Museum of Anthropology is world renowned for its anthropological tour of Mexico and displays of modem In- dian cultures; the building's architecture is a real treat. English-language courses and guided tours through the museum are offered several times a year. Chapultepec Park is a popular lagoon- centered woodland, several miles square, located in the heart of Mexico City. It of- fers a zoo, bridle paths, picnic areas, playgrounds, a miniature train, botanical gardens, rental bicycles, boating, and a colorful amusement park. Mexico City's central location makes weekend trips to lower altitudes and to scenic resorts and towns possible. Car, train, or plane travel is relatively easy. Hiking and picnicking amid impressive scenery can be enjoyed 30-90 minutes from the city. Summer activities for children are limited. Summer jobs are unavailable for high school- and college-aged students, so most families spend a few weeks travel- ing during summer. The following are among the better known tourist spots in Mexico: Acapulco. An hour by air or 7 hours by car from Mexico City, Acapulco's scenic bay attracts visitors from around the world. The climate is tropical, and swim- ming, boating, skindiving, deep-sea fishing, - and water skiing are favorite sports. It is expensive and crowded in season. Yucatan Peninsula. Chichen Itza, the most extensive archeological' zone un- covered on the Yucatan Peninsula, is 77 miles over good roads from Merida and can be reached in about 1'h hours by car. The ruins of Uxmal are 48 miles from Merida on the road to Campeche, about a 1-hour car trip. The island resorts at Swimming is a popular sport in Mexico City. Shown here is an Olympic swimming pool. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Leisure time activities can include scuba diving near Puerta Vatlarta (above) or touring such sites as the San Juan de Ulua Castle (below). Cozumel, Isla Mujeres, and the new resort at Cancun are beautiful and offer many of the same sports as Acapulco. Cuernavaca is about a 11/2 -hour drive from Mexico City by four-lane highway. The 5,000-foot altitude makes it a pleasant getaway. Oaxaca, situated in a valley about 5,000 feet above sea level, is a day's trip by car or an hour by air from Mexico Ci- ty. Archeology buffs find it fascinating since the ruins of Monte Alban and the temples of the ancient Zapotecan civiliza- tion are nearby. Taxco is a 3-hour drive from Mexico City and is a colorful stopover en route to Acapulco. Taxco, an old mining town where Jose de la Borda mined 40 million pesos of silver when a peso was worth half a dollar, is now a national monument. By law its cobblestone streets may not be changed and new buildings must conform to the old architecture. 18 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Chapultepec Park offers bridle paths, botanical gardens, and an amusement park in downtown Mex- ico City. Shown here is the Flower Market (above) and the impressive umbrella-type ceiling of the park's Museum of Anthropological History (below). Other interesting places are Guan- juato, a charming mountain mining town with cobblestone streets and red-tiled roofs; Puebla, a town of colonial Spanish architecture which provides a good view of "The Warrior" and "The Sleeping Lady" volcanoes; and San Miguel de Allende, one of the most famous places in Mexico for its atmosphere, art, and climate. Several of the consular posts are also popular vacation spots. These include Guadalajara and Mazatlan. Entertainment During 1976-82 First Lady Carmen Romano de Lopez Portillo placed unusual emphasis on the plastics and performing arts and Mexico City became one of the world's most active, culturally vibrant capitals. It is assumed that the arts will con- tinue to flourish under the new administra- tion, but perhaps not at the same intensity. The National Institute of Fine Arts (INBA) provides audiences with a broad range of cultural activities at its numerous concert halls, theaters, museums, and other facilities. World-class symphony or- chestras, modern dance companies, chamber ensembles, opera companies, jazz groups, and ballet companies periodically perform at INBA's Palace of Fine Arts. Superb art exhibits, both Mexican and foreign, frequently are held at the Palace. Mexico's famed Ballet Folldorico also per- forms each Wednesday and Sunday. The National Autonomous Universi- ty of Mexico (UNAM) administers an ex- tensive cultural program which often in- cludes first-rate American orchestras, soloists, and dance companies. Most of UNAM's activities are held at their new Centro Cultural. Tickets for INBA and UNAM programs are moderately priced. Mexico City also boasts one of the world's foremost museums: the National Anthropological Museum. Inaugurated in 1964, this handsome building houses the world's most extensive collection of pre- Columbian art. Lecture tours spread out over several weeks are available. The Anahuacali Museum, which contains Diego Rivera's pre-Hispanic collection, has a smaller pre-Columbian art display. Near the Anthropological Museum, in Chapultepec Park, is the Museum of Modem Art, which provides an overview of 80 years of Mexican art, as well as numerous excellent, rotating foreign and Mexican exhibits. Closeby is the Rufino Tamayo Museum, inaugurated in 1980, which displays a good collection of paint- ings and sculpture by 20th-century artists Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 from Mexico, the U.S., Europe, and elsewhere; Other fine museums include the San Carlos, the Pinacoteca Virreinal, the Frida Kahlo Museum (where she and Diego Rivera lived for many years), Chapultepec Castle and, in nearby Tepozotlan, the Na- tional Museum of Religious Art. For those interested in Mexico City's active art scene, the city offers over a dozen fine commercial art galleries which periodically show the best of Mexican- and, to a lesser extent, foreign-artists. A few of the most outstanding include the Galeria de Arte Mexicano, the Galerias Ponce, del Circulo, Arvil, Pecanina, and Juan Martin. Mexico City has many modern movie theaters which offer recent foreign and Mexican films. U.S. films are in English, with Spanish subtitles. Prices are con- trolled and inexpensive. Cablevision pro- vides programing of all three major U.S. networks for a moderate monthly fee. A broad range of restaurants and cuisines is available. Several restaurants offer dancing, and a few good discotheques are available. Prices are moderate. Social Activities Within the Embassy. The Embassy has an independently managed social club/bar, open Wednesdays and Fridays after work in the Chancery cafeteria. The Marine Guard Detachment periodically holds open houses at the Marine House, located several miles from the Embassy. Among Americans. The American Em- bassy Association (AEA) is active. Monthly meetings feature programs oriented toward a wider knowledge and ap- preciation of Mexico. The group raises money to provide scholarships for Mex- ican students. It also keeps a list of charitable organizations requesting volunteers. Some senior Embassy members belong to the University Club, primarily a luncheon club. Well-known organizations with branches in Mexico City include the American Legion, Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, Daughters of the American Revolution, Junior League, Kiwanis, Knights of Columbus, Lions, Navy League, Rotary, Shriners, and various U.S. college alumni clubs. International Contacts. Although Mex- icans are friendly when met socially, close personal relationships are hard to establish. A good knowledge of the language and a real effort to make friends, as in most of Latin America, help to develop friend- ships: Business contacts and official social occasions offer chances to meet the local people. The Newcomer's Club is open to all English-speaking women who have lived in Mexico City 2 years or less. Monthly coffees feature speakers on all aspects of life in Mexico, from the practical (legal responsibilities if involved in an automobile accident) to the colorful (traveling the Pacific coast). In addition, the club sponsors numerous interest groups-book club, bridge, tennis, tours, gourmet cooking, etc.-which are open to all members. Official Functions Nature of Functions Official functions in Mexico City follow the pattern of most large embassies. Most entertaining is at home with receptions, cocktail-buffets, dinner parties, or lunch- eons. However, more restaurant entertain- ing is used for a working breakfast or luncheon. The size of the Embassy staff makes it impractical to include all commissioned officers on the diplomatic list. Inclusion is limited to the Ambassador, the minister- counselor, counselors of Embassy, mili- tary attaches, and heads of agencies with diplomatic titles. Officers with consular titles are put on the consular list. Standards of Social Conduct Protocol generally follows the rules in Social Usage Abroad, published by the Department of State. The following pro- cedures are adhered to by officers of all agencies assigned to Mexico City with diplomatic and consular titles: The Ambassador does not require use of calling cards. Cards for the Ambassador are left with the Ambassador's secretary soon after arrival. The Personnel Office makes appoint- ments for new officers of their sections to meet the Ambassador. Employees invited to representative functions of the Ambassador and other senior officers should arrive 15 minutes early and assist in all ways to make the gathering a success. Officers should bring an initial supply of calling cards with them; 200 in the offi- cer's name and 100 "Mr. and Mrs." cards for married personnel are sufficient. Cards can be engraved in Mexico City. All personnel will find a supply of "informals" useful for invitations. Special Information Overland Surface Shipments For personnel assigned to Embassy Mex-, ico City, consign and mark shipments as follows: American Embassy Warehouse 620 Logan Street Laredo, Texas 78040 Mark for Full name American Embassy Mexico, D.F. Shipments via Sea Since the Embassy uses a customs broker for shipments entering at Veracruz, Tam- pico, Acapulco, Manzanillo, or Mazatlan, consign and mark all sea shipments for personnel assigned to Embassy Mexico City as follows: Villasana y Cia., S.A. Av. Independencia 848 Veracruz, Ver. Mexico Villasana y Cia.,,S.A. Edificio Luz Tampico, Tamps. Mexico Villasana y Cia., S.A. Edificio Alvarez Acapulco, Gro. Mexico Villasana y Cia., S.A. Venustiano Carranza 12 Mazatlan, Sinaloa Mexico Villasana y Cia., S.A. Juarez 236 Manzanillo, Colima Mexico All shipments must be marked Full name American Embassy Mexico, D.F. Unaccompanied Baggage Small lots of unaccompanied baggage, which must consist solely of clothing and minor personal effects initially needed by the traveler, may be cleared at the port of entry or at Mexico City with a free-entry Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 permit. Otherwise, passport and keys are required. Do not include such items as TV sets. Address airfreight as follows: Full name American Embassy c/o Agencia General de Carga Aerea, S.A. Aeropuerto Internacional Mexico, D.F. See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further information on shipping effects. U.S. Defense Attache Office The Defense Attache Office (DAO) is located in Room 465 on the fourth floor of the Embassy. The Mexican Secretariats of National Defense (for Army and Air Force) and Marine Affairs (for Navy) are the primary host country military contacts of the DAO. Uniforms for Military Officers Attaches and assistant attaches wear uniforms for appointments or calls on the Secretariats of National Defense and Marine Affairs, when making calls to Mexican military installations, and on cer- tain other official occasions as prescribed by the Defense attache (DATT). Dress uniforms are required for some social events. Authorized ribbons/medals and aiguillettes are worn, and a set of miniature medals is required as directed by service regulations for the uniform worn. Light- weight uniforms are suitable, but not mandatory. Army. The Defense/Army attache and assistant Army attache need at least two Army green uniforms, one Army blue uniform, and one field (fatigue) uniform. The Army blue and white mess uniforms are optional`, and neither the Army eve- ning dress nor cape is required. The Army warrant officer needs one Army green uniform, and the dress blue uniform if already owned. Air Force. The Air attache (AIRA) needs two combination 1 uniforms and a mess uniform with both black and white jackets. Navy. The Naval attache (ALUSNA) needs the full bag required by U.S. Navy uniform regulations. Formal dress uniform is not required and tropical dinner dress B uniform is not worn. Marine Corps. The assistant Naval attache (USMC) should have the full bag required by USMC uniform regulations to include dinner/mess dress uniforms. Uniforms for Enlisted Personnel Enlisted attache personnel are rarely re- quired to wear the uniform but should bring those indicated below. Light-weight uniforms are suitable but not mandatory. Army. One Army green uniform, with both a green and a white dress shirt and both standard and black bow ties are needed. The Army blue uniform should be brought if already owned. Navy. One service dress blue uniform and one summer blue are needed. If you already own a full dress blue uniform, bring it. Air Force. One combination 1 uni- form and a white shirt and black bow tie are needed. Civilian Attire Duty Wear for All Personnel. Civilian business suits; slacks, sports coat, and tie; or appropriate dress are worn for duty in the Embassy. Female personnel may also wear appropriate pants/blouse combina- tions for duty. Evening Wear for Attaches/ Assistant Attaches. Civilian clothing (suits, sports coats and slacks, or appro- priate dress) are worn to most informal receptions and social occasions in the home. A tuxedo or formal gown may be worn occasionally but is not required. Evening Wear for Warrant Officer and Enlisted Personnel. Business suit, sports coat with slacks, or appropriate dress will meet all social requirements. Dependents of All Personnel. See Clothing-Mexico City. Calling Cards and Invitations for Defense Attaches and assistant attaches need some calling cards and invitations which may be purchased locally at reasonable cost. Call- ing cards for other personnel are optional. Defense Housing The DATT occupies a government-owned and furnished four-bedroom house, and all other personnel occupy privately leased houses or apartments. Defense Household Goods/ Unaccompanied Baggage The DATT has weight restrictions imposed since government furnishings are pro- vided. Detailed listings of the items fur- nished are on file in DIA/ATT-7 and should be consulted prior to sorting items for shipment and storage. All other per- sonnel should bring a complete assortment of furniture and appliances, as no items are available from government sources. In- dividuals should read the Personal Proper- ty Consignment Identification Guide (PPCIG) carefully and insure that all shipments are handled as directed therein. You are encouraged to either telephone or cable the DAO as soon as you learn of a pending assignment. A DAO sponsor will be assigned and will give you a copy of the Mexico portion of the PPCIG and other documents to facilitate planning for your assignment. Travel and Transportation Travel to Mexico is either by privately owned car or commercial air. Individuals arriving by air are met with government transportation if the DAO has advance notice. Individuals arriving by car should, upon reaching the outskirts of Mexico City, call the Embassy switchboard (555-33-33) and ask for the DAO (exten- sions 3775/3776) to get directions to the Embassy and/or to the hotel. The DAO also has a direct line (525-2845) during normal duty hours. If you arrive on a weekend, holiday, or after normal duty hours, ask the Embassy switchboard for the DAO duty officer. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Ciudad Juarez Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Ciudad Juarez With a population of over 750,000, Ciudad Juarez (commonly called Juarez) is Mex- ico's fifth largest city and the largest of all cities along the U.S.-Mexico border. Juarez is a blend of old and new, is tourist oriented, and has strong cultural and' economic ties with the U.S. Yet it is proud of its Mexican heritage and its history as chief city of the State of Chihuahua, "Cradle of the Revolution." Consulate General personnel find opportunities to make close and lasting friendships among the bankers, lawyers, doctors, manufac- turers, and merchants, many with close family, business, and educational links with the U.S. Under Mexico's border industrializa- tion program, designed to raise the stand- ard of living along the entire border, several industrial plants, many of them wholly owned subsidiaries of American firms, have been established here to take advantage of low labor costs. The "twin plant" concept, with plants in Ciudad Juarez performing labor-intensive work in cooperation with mechanized operations in their counterpart plants in the U.S., has developed industrial links between this city and El Paso, Texas, just across the border. In recent years the national frontier program (PRONAF) center with its his- torical museum, convention hall, nation- wide arts and crafts display, private shops, and modem hotels has added much to the city's cultural and tourist attractions. The large Chamizal Park along the border op- posite El Paso, Texas, is being developed into a beautiful area of gardens, playgrounds, and parkways which are transforming the northern approaches to the city. Ciudad Juarez is situated 3,700 feet above sea level in an and desert region sur- rounded by treeless mountains. It is a region of cloudless days, low humidity, and an average rainfall of under 10 inches. The climate consists of four seasons: sum- Consulate General mer is long but its heat is tempered by low humidity; fall is brief but pleasant; winter temperatures fluctuate from below freez- ing to moderate with infrequent light snowfall; and spring is brief and pleasant. Duststorms, which can occur any time of the year, are the weather's most unpleas- ant feature. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate General is a two-story building located just off the PRONAF center at Avenida Lopez Mateos 924. The telephone number is Juarez 3-40-48. A recorded message gives the telephone number of the post's afterhours answering service. Postal addresses are: P.O. Box 10545 El Paso, Texas 79995 Apartado Postal 164 Ciudad Juarez Chihuahua, Mexico The U.S.-postal system is used for most incoming/outgoing mail. Work hours are from 8 am to 4:45 pm all year, with 45 minutes for lunch. Ciudad Juarez operates on central standard time throughout the year, but El Paso operates on mountain standard time during winter and daylight saving time in summer. can normally expect to move into perma- nent housing shortly after arrival. Post housing is normally centrally heated and air-conditioned. Electrical cur- rent in Juarez is 120v, 60-cycle, AC. Public utilities are adequate, but gas pressure may fall and electrical current fluctuates during high use periods. Some water pressure loss may occur during peak usage periods. Local and long-distance telephone service is good, and calls are easily made to the U.S. All types of household appliances and furnishings are available in El Paso furniture and depart- ment stores. The post can include in an ini- tial free-entry request items bought in El Paso. Furnishings The principal officer's home is complete- ly furnished. All other personnel are issued a refrigerator and washer and dryer. You must either ship all other furniture or pur- chase it here. Free entry can be obtained for furniture purchased in El Paso after arrival. Food Modern supermarkets are numerous in both Juarez and El Paso, and shopping for food presents no problems. Food costs are somewhat less than in the Washington D.C., area, especially fresh fruits and vegetables which are often plentiful. Many Americans prefer to buy these items and some meats in Juarez. Housing Temporary Quarters Newly arrived personnel may stay in one of several hotels either in Ciudad Juarez or El Paso. Most recent arrivals have stayed at Hotel Plaza Juarez, a comfortable motel just 2 blocks from the Consulate General. Permanent Housing The principal officer is provided government-leased and -fin-nished housing. All other employees are provided government-leased, unfurnished housing. Housing quality is good, and employees Clothing A seasonal wardrobe is necessary in Juarez with emphasis on light-weight clothing in view of the long summer. In winter, medium-weight suits. for men are ap- propriate as are knit or woolen skirts and dresses for women. Although subfreezing temperatures are rare, penetrating winds make lined coats, hats, and gloves com- fortable. Formal wear is seldom worn. Because of infrequent rain, little rainwear is needed, but bring umbrellas. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Theater is popular throughout Mexico. Here is the Juarez Theater in Guanjuato. Fashion trends in Juarez follow those in the western U.S., except that shorts are rarely worn in public. Women's slacks and pantsuits are worn for home entertainment, as are long dresses and skirts. El Paso has good department stores and high-fashion specialty shops. Religious Activities Both Protestant and Catholic churches are in Ciudad Juarez and El Paso. All services are held in Spanish in' Ciudad Juarez. El Paso has a synagogue and temple. Education Dependent Education At Post. Americans with school-aged children may use El Paso's good public or private schools. The post's education allowance is based on the cost of tuition at El Paso public schools, plus daily transportation costs to and from Juarez. Currently, the post has three children at- tending public junior and high schools in El Paso, and two younger children attend a private school. Schools in Juarez offer instruction in Spanish with English taught as a second language. Several good Mexican private schools, mostly church operated, are available. The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), with an enrollment of 10,000 day students, grants bachelor of arts and sciences and master of arts degrees, with night and summer school courses available. Tuition for out-of-state residents is expensive. Away From Post. Currently, no children are studying away from post. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Recreation and Social Life Several public golf courses are in the El Paso area. Bowling, tennis, and horseback riding are popular. Bullfights, greyhound races, and "charreadas" (Mexican rodeos) in Ciudad Juarez, and horseracing in Juarez and nearby Sunland Park, New Mexico, are seasonal. attractions. The El Paso YMCA, YWCA, and Museum of Art offer various evening and weekend classes (swimming, arts and crafts, music, etc.) for adults and children. Concerts, plays, and other cultural offerings are frequent in El Paso and, to a lesser but increasing ex- tent, in its sister city. The Consulate General currently obtains free guest memberships for officers at the Juarez Country Club. The country club offers two swimming pools, several tennis courts, golf, racquetball and handball courts, and a weight room, in addition to restaurant facilities. Juarez has many good restaurants. El Paso restaurants are good, with steaks and Mexican dishes the specialty. Several restaurants offer Chinese, Italian, French, and other cuisines. Prices range from moderate to expensive. Alcoholic beverages are served in many popular establishments. Reception of Juarez's two TV chan- nels and El Paso's five, in both black and white and color, is excellent. Nearby touring attractions include the state capital of Chihuahua, about 4 hours south by rail or car. The Big Bend National Park and Davis Mountains in west Texas, Carlsbad Caverns, Elephant Butte Lake, and the Ruidoso-Cloudcroft Highlands (with excellent skiing facilities) of southern New Mexico are destinations for a weekend or longer. Your social life depends largely on your initiative. Official functions are few, except for the principal officer. Consular personnel need at least some calling cards. Special Information Your household effects will remain in the hands of the shipping agent or customs broker, depending on origin of shipment and packing instructions, until you find permanent quarters in Ciudad Juarez. Household shipments should be addressed as follows: Full name American Consulate General c/o Armstrong Moving and Storage 5A Zane Grey El Paso, Texas 79906 As this is the shipping agent's warehouse address, send GBL's and other documents to: Armstrong Moving and Storage 3800 Buckner El Paso, Texas 79906 Unaccompanied baggage and small shipments suitable for handling by railway express should be addressed to the ship- ping agent's warehouse address above through the El Paso customs broker. For shipments originating outside the U.S., the U.S. Despatch Agent in New York or San Francisco will be used, depending upon point of origin. Cases should be addressed:. Full name American Consulate General c/o Armstrong Moving and Storage 5A Zane Grey El Paso, Texas 79906 See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for more information on shipping effects. 25 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 .nom A~GIILO Li " Li nnaa o[n oo oo r ^ nnn .o A a Q AEfOAMP oa~Qosoooon~nangnnnmC7 '~ -~ o o nn DP ~n C LJ 0, nnnnnnnnn^ oo^^o?a ^oo^a0U an o EJ anC.l Ln U EE1EL , =g5= m C7 .m= ratio Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Guadalajara Guadalajara, with a population of over 2 million, including 8,000 resident Americans, is on a broad tableland almost surrounded by mountains cut by deep gorges. Its people, the Tapatios, are proud of their city and its history and traditions. The climate is temperate year round. At 5,092 feet, Guadalajara is high enough to escape the coastal heat and dampness in summer. Average temperatures are similar to Los Angeles. The atmosphere is dry ex- cept during the mid-June to October rainy season, when brief showers occur daily. From mid-April to mid-June daytime temperatures are often in the low 90's. The many varieties of flowers and trees which bloom all year in Guadalajara contribute to allergies and upper respiratory prob- lems. Increasing air pollution also ag- gravates these problems. The altitude is high enough to require adjustment and to cause temporary fatigue, shortness of breath, and lack of energy. The city has been modernized: widen- ed and paved streets, new water and sewage systems, new parks and buildings, shopping malls, etc. The Post and Its. Administration The Consulate General is a large, two- story, air-conditioned building at Progreso 175 in the Zona Rosa section of Guadala- jara. Office hours are from 8 am to 4:30 pm, Monday through Friday. The telephone number is 25-29-98 or 25-27-00. A recorded message gives the number of a paging service which contacts the duty officer after work. The staff in- cludes members of USIS, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Social Security Administration, Drug Enforcement Ad- ministration, and Department of Agriculture. All offices, except that of the USDA, are in the Consulate General Consulate General building. The Consulate General also has a support agreement with the binational Screwworm Commission. The post office address is Apartado Postal 1-1 Bis, 44100 Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. The post's Community Liaison Office (CLO), staffed by a volunteer, encourages arriving staff and families to write to the community liaison officer or administrative officer for additional information. Housing Temporary Quarters Guadalajara has many hotels, motels, and furnished apartments adequate for a tem- porary stay. Incoming personnel are nor- mally offered accommodations in one of the furnished apartments called "suites," which usually include a furnished kitch- enette. Most have play areas for children and swimming pools. Very few allow pets. Notify post immediately of your arrival date, as suites and hotel rooms are scarce during the winter "high season." Permanent Housing The principal officer has government- leased housing with major appliances (stove, refrigerator, upright freezer, and washer and dryer). The house is a four- bedroom, ranch-style with a swimming pool. The administrative officer has more detailed information. All other employees are notified of housing availability through Personnel (State) or parent agency chan- nels when the post receives notice of assignment. Most families live in single-family houses, but single employees often prefer apartment living. Adequate housing is usually found within 6-8 weeks. Furnishings Guadalajara is a full shipment post. Bring most household furnishings. The Depart- ment of State provides refrigerators and washers and dryers. Some houses and many apartments are furnished with stoves. Furniture and appliances are available locally but are not of U.S. quality and are more expensive. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved Utilities and Equipment Electric service is I lOv, 60-cycle, AC, as in the U.S. Dryers and other heavy ap- pliances should be 110v as 220v lines are not common and are expensive to install. Bring converters to convert natural gas ap- pliances to bottled gas (liquid propane). Voltage regulators to protect TV's and stereos from electrical surges are available here. Domestic Iielp Maids are available, though good ones are increasingly hard to find. Salaries have in- creased along with the inflation rate. Some personnel employ part-time maids mainly for cleaning. Maids do not speak English. Food Supermarkets, "tiendas," and specialty food stores are available in the Guadala- jara area, in addition to independent butchers, fish and chicken markets, bakeries, and open markets. Kosher foods are not available. Food stores stock a wide variety of items, including many U.S. brands manufactured in Mexico. Quality is uneven, however, and items are sometimes out of stock. Very few food items are im- ported from the U.S. Frozen foods are nearly nonexistent. Sugar substitutes, low- calorie foods, and sugar-free items are also practically nonexistent. Certain baking in- gredients are hard to find. Dairy products must be purchased with care; not all brands have been pasteurized and if not, are un- safe. Also, processing and preserving techniques differ from those in the U.S., and foods often spoil faster. Fruits and vegetables should be soaked for at least 20 minutes in chlorinated water or iodine water. The Consulate General has iodine tablets. City tapwater is safe for bathing and clean ing but not for drinking. Bottled water, necessary for drinking and most cooking, is sold from neighborhood trucks. In order to obtain grocery items not found in Guadalajara, personnel place cooperative duty-free, caselot orders from wholesalers in Texas four times a year. Personnel also buy smaller quantities of such items on visits to border cities (about 600 miles away). Clothing Clothing needs in Guadalajara are seasonal. Heavy winter clothing is not needed. Light-weight materials are com- fortable from April to August, medium- weight from September to November, and medium-weight with an added sweater or light topcoat from December through March. Even in cooler months, Guadala- jara is warm by midday and then even medium-weight clothing is uncomfortable until sundown. Bring raincoats and um- brellas for the mid-June-October rainy season. Very light summer clothes are necessary for travel to low-altitude, hot areas. Bring a plain dark suit or appropriate dress for official occasions. Formal social occasions are rare, but a white or black tuxedo jacket is appropriate at some func- tions. Cocktail dresses are useful. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 L!AII Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 PIP Guadalajara is the city of beautiful fountains and year-round flowers. Religious Activities In addition to the many Catholic churches (one has services in English), several Prot- estant churches offer English-language services. A Jewish congregation offers services in Spanish and Hebrew. Education Most children enroll in the American School, located in a good residential area. It offers a coeducational program from prekindergarten through high school, with bilingual instruction in the first six grades. It is a nonprofit, nonsectarian organization with an American school director. It is ac- credited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Schoolbus service is available. The school year begins in ear- ly September and ends in mid-June with 2-week vacations at Easter and Christmas. Prekindergarten, elementary, and some high school-level courses have summer sessions. No uniforms are required. The John F. Kennedy School offers instruction from kindergarten through grade 6. It is incorporated with the State of Jalisco and is bilingual with English one- half of the day and Spanish the other half. Bus service is available. riculum equivalent to most U.S. schools. It is built on Christian principles, with mandatory 15-minute devotions each morning. Classes are in English with Spanish lessons provided. The grades are prekindergarten through high school. No bus service is offered. Recreation and Social Life The climate encourages a wide variety of outdoor sports. Swimming pools, tennis courts, horseback riding, and bowling alleys are available. Four 18-hole golf courses and several 9-hole courses are in the Guadalajara area. Greens fees are about the same as at better U.S. courses. Both private clubs and city recreation facilities offer swimming, tennis, racquet- ball, basketball, and other sports. Special interest clubs such as bridge, American Society, and Pro-Musica are ac- tive here. Special Information Mail Facilities Three methods are available for sending letters and packages to post. The official international postal address is: Full name Apartado Postal 1-1 Bis Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico Letters may be sent by mail to this ad- dress. The Mexican postal system is effi- cient and reliable for letter mail, but do not send packages to that address. For packages the post has two other mailing addresses. The Department of State address is: Full name American Consulate General Guadalajara Department of State Washington, D.C. 20521 Full name American Consulate General Guadalajara P.O. Box 3088 Laredo, Texas 78041 Shipping Effects Surface Shipments. All surface shipments should be consigned and marked: American Embassy Warehouse 620 Logan Street' Laredo, Texas 78040 Full name American Consulate General Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico Shipments of household and personal effects arrive by truck via Nuevo Laredo. Do not send any shipment collect. Since some loss from breakage or pilferage oc- curs, insure and itemize everything on the packing list. In order for the Embassy GSO to ob- tain free-entry permits for household and personal effects, submit the following information: ? Name, title, and address of ship- per(s). ? Mexican port of entry and means of shipment to that point. . ? Specific number of trunks, suit- cases, liftvans, cases, cartons, barrels, and crates or packages and detailed list of con- tents. It is imperative that this information be supplied as soon as possible to prevent unnecessary delays in importation of per- sonal and household effects. Unpacked household effects arriving by van are described as a "lot," but the number of pieces contained therein should be specified. If information is not known, overestimate rather than underestimate. Documentation. The correct mailing address for documentation papers is dif- ferent from the addresses and markings for surface shipments. All documentation, i.e., waybills, including letters, etc., must be airmailed to the: American Consulate General P.O. Box 3088 Laredo, Texas 78041 See Notes for Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further shipping information. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Monterrey Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Monterrey Monterrey, with a metropolitan area population of 2,116,000, is Mexico's third largest city and second most important in- dustrial and financial city. The area's geography and history have given the peo- ple of Monterrey, "Regiomontanos" as they call themselves, an individual character. Although the city is heavily in- dustrialized, the surrounding area is primarily agricultural and pastoral. The area's diversity provides an interesting tour of duty. Monterrey is in a semiarid valley at an altitude of 1,765 feet, surrounded on three sides by rugged mountains. Southeast of the city is one of Mexico's most'impor- tant citrus-producing areas. Most of the surrounding area, nonetheless, is semiarid and covered with growth. Most rain falls from September to December, accompanied by high humid- ity. Summer often begins in early March. Winters are short and not too severe, lasting from December through February. Dust can be a problem, especially in the dry season. The city has developed a serious smog problem; some limited ef- forts are being made to control pollution. Respiratory ailments are common. Monterrey has grown rapidly during the last decade. Its rapid expansion has placed strains on public utilities. Much construction is now underway, including a 6-block long pedestrian mall downtown. The city is credited with contributing more than 10% of Mexico's industrial produc- tion. It is also headquarters for nationally prominent insurance and banking con- cerns. As ' a result, the atmosphere is noticeably different from that in other areas of Mexico. The tone-setting business com- munity is conservative in its politics and religion; advanced in its approach to technical innovation and?economic oppor- tunities; closer to American than traditional Latin concepts in business practices; and devoted to the family, hard work, and the expansion of the family, enterprise. Consulate General Thousands of U.S. tourists. visit the city annually. This creates heavy work- loads for the Consular Section. Every offi- cer can expect to become well acquainted with visa, protection, and citizenship prob- lems during a tour. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate General has its own two- story, air-conditioned building located at Constitucion Poniente 411. Housed on the ground floor are the Consular. Section, USIS, and the Immigration and Naturaliza-' tion Service (INS). On the second floor are, the offices of the consul general, the Economic/Commercial Section, the Legal Office, the Drug Enforcement Administra- tion Office, and the Administrative Sec- tion. A modern auditorium/projection MM= room in the basement seats 100. Office hours are Monday through Friday, 8 am to noon and 1 pm to 5 pm. The telephone numbers are 43-06-50 and 43-06-59. The mailing address is Apartado Postal 152, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, 64000 Mexico. Housing kTemporary Quarters Monterrey has several hotels and motels which are adequate for a temporary stay, but they lack kitchen facilities. Furnished apartments with kitchenette facilities are not available. Permanent Housing The principal officer is provided government-leased, furnished housing in- cluding major appliances (stove, refrig- erator, upright freezer, and washer and. S 31 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 dryer). The BPAO is provided an unfur- nished house. No other government hous- ing is available for Consulate General employees, although nine officers now live in government-leased quarters. While suitable housing is available, it may take,4-8 weeks to find, and rents are high and continually rising. Since most apartments and houses require the tenant to furnish stoves, refrigerators, space heaters, kitchen cabinets, hot water heaters, washers and dryers, air- conditioners, and light fixtures, be prepared for substantial initial expenses. The government currently provides all new arrivals with refrigerators, washers and dryers, and stoves. Furnished housing is hard to obtain and is expensive. Since lengthy delays in telephone in- stallation are common, rent quarters with a phone. Make sure that the owner will not remove the phone during your tour. Furnishings American-style furniture, at prices much higher than in the U.S., is sold locally. In- expensive, durable wicker and reed fur- niture and custom-made furniture by local crafters are also available, particularly of the Spanish colonial influence. Stoves, hot water heaters, light fixtures, and household items can also be bought here. A complete range of furniture and major appliances can be bought at shops in U.S. border towns. Piped natural gas or bottled gas is commonly used for cooking, water heat- ers, and space heaters. Electric fans or air- conditioners (220v models preferably) are used in at least one room. Electrical cur- rent in Monterrey is 1lOv, 60-cycle, AC. Occasionally blackouts last several hours. In addition, the voltage fluctuates. Voltage regulators, although not absolutely necessary, are good to have for sensitive stereo equipment. Water is cut off sometimes for several hours a day, especially during drier periods. Food Some American foods are sold locally, but frozen foods are rare and expensive. Most fruits and vegetables familiar to Americans, as well as tropical and semitropical fruits, are available. Meat prices are generally lower and the meat tougher than in the U.S. Better cuts of meat are expensive here also. A freezer is useful, especially for large families. Strained and junior baby foods, canned by U.S.-affiliated firms in Mexico, now sell at nearly twice U.S. prices. Clothing Generally, clothing worn in spring, sum- mer, and fall in Washington, D.C., is worn in Monterrey. Clothing may be pur- chased here and on trips to U.S. border towns. Men. The consul general (and perhaps others to a lesser extent) may occasional- ly need a dinner jacket (tux, black or white). If you own these, bring them to post. Hats are seldom worn by men in the city except with informal outdoor wear for protection against sun and rain. In summer men often wear guayaberas (white cotton shirts with handsewn tucks). Local readymade men's suits are inferior to equally priced U.S. products. The style differs from that worn by Americans. Shirts and other accessories are sold locally. A trenchcoat or light overcoat is, appropriate for the short winter. Women. A variety of women's clothing is worn-pantsuits, woolen suits, cocktail dresses, full-length informal dresses or skirts, knits, cottons, and linens. Light- weight dresses are the most practical for the mild climate. Bring a winter coat, spring coat, raincoat, and umbrella. Although Mexican shoes are stylish and reasonably priced, narrow feet and heels are difficult to fit. Attractive sandals for summer are available. Religious Activities English-language services are held in the Chapel of the Franciscan Convent (Roman Catholic) and the Union Church (nonde- nominational Protestant). A synagogue and an Episcopal Church (Holy Family) are also available. Education Dependent Education Most children attend the American School of Monterrey, a private coeducational school offering classes from nursery through grade 12. Instruction is in English with intensive Spanish courses for Americans and intensive English courses available to Mexican children. The school is a fully accredited member of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and of the Texas State Department of Education. Course material is based on Texas educational standards. The school year runs from mid- August to mid-June. Current enrollment is about 1,400, including 228 U.S. students, 1,125 Mexicans, and 42 children of other nationalities. Elementary (kindergarten through grade 6) enrollment was about 948 and secondary (grades 7-12) enrollment is 447. Most Mexican high school students leave after grade 9 to attend the local preparatory schools, and others transfer to the Bachillerato system, leaving grades 10-12 with a total current enrollment of 42 students. Recreation and Social Life Sports A tennis club at the military camp on the north side of town (about 15 minutes from the Consulate General) offers I1 clay courts. Two public courts are on the edge of downtown Monterrey (V. Carranza and Aramberri) and two are in the suburb of Fuentes del Valle. They are cement and free. Public soccer fields, tennis courts, and basketball courts are located in a several mile-long section of a dry riverbed. Also, on a par course you dan jog and follow a marked pattern of suggested exercise. Several stables in the area offer horseback riding. The Circulo Mercantil, an organiza- tion of office workers and professionals, run somewhat along the lines of the .YMCA, has bowling alleys; billiards and Ping-pong; two gyms; basketball, volleyball, and handball courts; swimming pool; steam baths; etc. Dues are minimal. Two members must sponsor your application. Bass fishing is available in a few public lakes and many ponds. In order to fish in most ponds you must know some- one whose club has fishing rights. You can fish from banks or in a boat, but rental .boats are scarce. Fishing and hunting licenses may be obtained gratis through the Embassy. Nearby attractions include: Chipinque Falls (picnic area, small zoo, hotel, swim- ming pool, scenic view); Horse Tail Falls (picnics, waterfall, hotel, pool); Presa de la Boca (picnics, fishing, boating, water skiing); Garcia Cave (cave tour); the city of Saltillo (higher elevation, cooler climate, cleaner air, nine-hole golf course); Huasteca Canyon (hiking, camping, pic- nics); and Bustamante Canyon (hiking, Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved camping, and spelunking nearby). Addi- tional pools are found at Balneario el Allamo, a restaurant with three pools which is about 25 miles away on the old road to Mexico, and at the Restaurant Rodriguez, some 12 miles from the city on the road to the airport. Horse shows and rodeos (charreadas), presented by Mexican cowboys (charros), are announced in advance in the newspaper. Bullfighting is one of Mexico's favorite spectator sports. The Plaza Monterrey features big name "toreros" as well as "novilleros." During the season (October-May), bullfights are held on ,Sunday afternoons and holidays. Monter- rey has a Mexican Baseball League team, For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 The consul general often attends these For shipments entering through Vera- functions personally and sometimes sends cruz, Tampico, or Acapulco, the follow- a representative. ing marks are used: Much of the social life of the junior officers revolves around informal dinners, barbeques, etc. A few official calls must be made. A supply of 150 official calling cards is adequate. Special Information Mail Facilities Letters and periodicals may be received through international mail, which is often the fastest, or through the Consulate similar to the AA class in the U.S. Games General's post office are played at night and on Sundays. Monterrey has several bowling alleys and roller skating rinks. The Consulate General has a men's softball team and a women's volleyball team, both of which compete in leagues. Educational and artistic activities in- clude live music and dance concerts. Several modern movie theaters (many showing year-old U.S. films with subtitles) exist, as do good restaurants. Local tourist attractions include the Cathedral, Obispado (Bishop's Palace), several museums, and tours of the brewery and crystal factory. There are some art galleries. Monterrey has five TV stations and U.S. TV is available by cable in several neighborhoods. One of the local stations televises U.S. college football games and professional football games each Saturday and Sunday during the season. Six Rotary Clubs in the Monterrey metropolitan area meet on different days of the week. An American Society, a square dance group, and a choral group are also active. The Monterrey consular corps (of- ficers of the U.S. Consulate General be- ing the only resident career consular of- ficers in the city) was organized in 1946. Its social program has been limited to monthly dinners and annual conventions. box in Laredo, Full name American Consulate General Monterrey P.O. Box 3098 Laredo, Texas 78041 Pouch facilities are also available for letters and parcels: Full name Monterrey Department of State Washington, D.C. 20520 (for letters) and 20521 (for parcels) Shipping Effects Shipments from the U.S. are usually crated and forwarded to Monterrey via Laredo, Texas. Shipments originating in Europe or Africa generally enter through Tampico, sometimes through Veracruz. Shipments originating in the Orient generally enter through Acapulco. If shipped from a pre- vious post, autos should be consigned to the Villasana y Cia. at the port of entry. Most cars are personally driven from the U.S. to Monterrey via Laredo, which is 150 miles away. Consign and mark all overland shipments to Monterrey as follows: U.S. Embassy Warehouse 620 Logan Street Laredo, Texas 78040 For Full name American Consulate General Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico Tampico Villasana y Cia. Edificio Luz, 2o. Piso, Desps. 204-207 Tampico, Tamaulipas For Full name American Consulate General Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico Veracruz Villasana y Cia. Landero y Coss 31 Veracruz, Veracruz. For Full name American Consulate General Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico Acapulco Villasana y Cia. Edificio Avarez, ler. Piso For Full name American Consulate General Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico Upon shipment of effects, send all shipping documents and bills of lading to either the American Consulate General for Laredo, Texas, entry or to Villasana y Cia. for entry at Tampico, Veracruz, or Acapulco so that they may begin the clearance. Submit a detailed packing list and inventory to the Consulate General and to the Embassy. If you desire early entry of unaccompanied baggage or household effects, give the following information to the administrative officer at this post: your full name and title; type, date of issue, and number of passport and visa; your estimated time of arrival and port of en- try; contents' value; the port of entry of the shipment (for Monterrey this is usual- ly Nuevo Laredo); and means of shipment. See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further shipping information. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Tijuana d states of America Benito Calle a United i'States Mexico Mexico_ Hipodromo Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Tijuana The city of Tijuana, whose principal economic activity is tourism, lies just south of San Diego, California, and the natural vegetation and physical environment is vir- tually identical to that of southern Califor- nia. The city is 5 miles from the Pacific Ocean at about 75 feet above sea level. It is built in and around a group of rather large hills which are part of the Pacific Coast Range of mountains. Tijuana's estimated 1 million people live in a modern city. Recently, however, a tremendous influx of new residents from other parts of Mexico has severely taxed its municipal services. The climate is identical to that of San Diego, with no temperature extremes. Winter temperatures can drop to 40 ?F at night and remain in the 50's during the daytime in winter months; temperatures seldom reach freezing. Summer tempera- tures rarely go above 80 ?F. Sunny days and the lack of perceptible humidity help maintain comfortable conditions year round. Rainfall, which normally occurs only between October and March (the main rainy months are December and January), averages 11 inches yearly. Un- fortunately, vegetation is sparse on the slopes surrounding the city, resulting in year-round dusty conditions in the city. This lack of vegetation also leads to problems during periods of heavy rain with minor mud slides, sudden appearance of deep ruts and potholes in streets, and clogged gutters. The population of the Tijuana consular district is mainly Spanish-Indian, and Spanish is the common language. How- ever, English is widely spoken and under- stood. More than 25,000 Americans reside in the consular district, apart from the many thousands of tourists who cross the border every day (some 14 million a year). No other large foreign colony exists. Although Baja California seems to be a geographical extension of the U.S., the Consulate General border definitely exists. There can be long lines of cars waiting to enter the U.S. at rush hour (many Mexicans live in Tijuana and commute to work in the U.S.) and dur- ing weekends and holidays, when many tourists return from various sporting events and outdoor activities. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate General is located at Tapa- chula 96 and is a modern, two-story build- ing. Consulate General office hours are Monday through Friday, 8 am to 4:30 pm. The telephone number is 86-10-01 (from the U.S. dial direct 706-686-1001). The Department of Agriculture (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service), maintains offices in the Consulate General. The Consulate General's postal ad- dresses are: Apartado Postal 68 Tijuana, B.C. Mexico and P.O. Box 1358 San Ysidro, California 92073 U.S. employees receive their mail through the San Ysidro box number. New employees may safely send regular sized packages in advance of their arrival and mark them "hold for arrival." However, please note that the post office forwards packages shipped by UPS to a UPS storage facility in San Ysidro. Therefore, incom- ing personnel should be prepared to pay for storage of their packages or to reim- burse the administrative officer for any storage fees paid by the Consulate General in advance of their arrival. Housing Temporary Quarters Temporary quarters are available on both sides of the border. Many motels and hotels on the U.S. side have kitchenettes and connecting rooms. Some will permit pets. Temporary lodging in Tijuana is most convenient at the Country Club Hotel, which is a block from the Consulate General. The hotel does not have cooking facilities, but it has a restaurant on the premises. Pets are not permitted. Pleasure boating is a popular pastime in Mexico. Cabo San Lucas is a favorite spot for boating. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Permanent Housing The principal officer is provided a short- term, government-leased furnished home. The administrative officer provides details on request. The post also has other unfurnished houses on short-term government lease which are assigned by the post according to family size and availability. The Consulate General's goal is to provide short-term government-leased housing to each officer on arrival to avoid possible lengthy periods in hotels while searching for permanent quarters. Houses will be supplied with refrigerators, wash- ers, and dryers. If necessary, household furniture, including stoves, may be pur- chased in California and imported duty free into Tijuana. Security can be a housing- related problem in the city. Many houses have high fences and window grills. Burglar alarms can be installed to forestall would-be thieves, but the Consulate General currently does not supply them. Food Most foods available in California are also sold in Tijuana, but most personnel shop in California supermarkets. Milk spoils quickly, and you are advised to carefully wash most produce and any leafy, green vegetables purchased here. Tijuana is developing new and attractive shopping centers, such as the Rio de Tijuana shop- ping center, which offer a wide variety of shops and services. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Clothing Because it is chilly in winter, persons un- familiar with the area are advised that warm sweaters and other layered clothing are necessary, particularly because houses are frequently colder than outdoors and not all houses have heating. Light- to medium- weight overcoats are also advised. Raincoat-weight overcoats are ideal, especially for children. Formal wear is seldom needed and can be rented, if required, inexpensively in San Diego. On rare occasions a dinner jacket or other formal attire may be worn. Suits and sports jackets and ties are worn in the evenings. The women of Tijuana are very fashion conscious and closely and tastefully, follow latest styles. Mexican women wear dresses for official daytime events and all evening affairs. Occasionally, official functions, such as those hosted by the U.S. Navy in California, may require cocktail dresses. Formal evening gowns are seldom required. Children wear casual clothing such as jeans and slacks, casual skirts, and blouses. Everyone needs at least two heavy outdoor sweaters for cooler months. Religious Activities Although Mexico is predominantly Catholic, Tijuana has several Christian denomination churches and a Jewish synagogue. No English-language services are held in Tijuana. Timely access to churches in the U.S. is uncertain due to crowded weekend conditions at the border crossing in San Ysidro, California, after 10 am. Education Dependent Education All American children are normally en- rolled in U.S. schools in Chula Vista, California. The Consulate General does not provide transportation beyond the daily busing service. As a result, parents nor- mally spend many hours shuttling their children to and from afterschool activities. Recreation and Social Life Because of Tijuana's nearness to Califor- nia, most consular officers spend much of their leisure time enjoying the myriad recreational activities on the U.S. side of the border. Consequently, home entertain- ing (for other than recreational purposes) is infrequent, compared with other Foreign Service posts. The Tijuana Country Club, with an 18-hole golf course, swimming pool, ten- nis courts, restaurant, sauna, racquetball, etc., offers courtesy memberships to U.S. employees of the Consulate General and their families. Nonmembers may use the golf course for a reasonable greens fee. Camping, fishing, hunting, ocean bathing, and sailing opportunities exist on both sides of the border. San Diego also has many public tennis courts. Tijuana of- fers such spectator sports as horse and dog- racing, jai alai, and bullfights. San Diego has professional football, basketball, baseball, tennis, and soccer teams. A new cultural center, currently under construction in Tijuana, will offer the full range of theater arts, art galleries, exhibits, and musical events. The new Rio de Tijuana Plaza is a vast complex of depart- ment stores, boutiques, restaurants, Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 bakeries, and specialty shops located near downtown. Both Americans and Mexicans shop there. Other recreational facilities include the San Diego Zoo, possibly the world's finest, Wild Animal Park, and Sea World, not to mention Disneyland, which is an easy 2-hour drive from Tijuana. Numerous movie theaters and fine restaurants are in Tijuana, San Diego, and vicinity. Radio and TV reception in Tijuana is good and includes San Diego channels. Cable TV is also available for a small fee, making Los Angeles channels available as well. Near- by Chula Vista boasts an excellent library. Senior Consulate General officers, particularly the consul general, hold of ficial meetings on both sides of the border with government officials, business and professional people, and military command officers. The principal officer will need about 700 calling cards during a 2-year tour. Engraved cards are available in San Diego with prices comparable to those in Washington, D.C. Section chiefs and pro- tection officers require business cards, printed locally at reasonable prices. Other officers rarely need them. Calling cards are rarely used by junior officers. Special Information Pets There is no difficulty in bringing pets into Tijuana. Proof of shots is required. Veterinary care is available on both sides of the border. Many families have large dogs to discourage burglars. Shipping Effects No special packing, marking, wrapping, or limits on liftvan sizes are necessary for the shipment of household effects. Since you must live in Mexico to receive the housing allowance, the ultimate destination will be Tijuana. Consign your airfreight and household effects shipments to either of the following addresses: Consulate General Tijuana c/o Sullivans Van and Transfer Company (United Van. Lines) 4660 Alvarado Canyon Road San Diego, California Consulate General Tijuana c/o Hutchinson Brokers 330 Calle Primero, Suite L West San Ysidro, California 92073 U.S. storage and transfer companies are not licensed to haul into or unpack shipments in Mexico. The Consulate General will arrange with a Mexican firm to pick up from the storage company and haul effects to Tijuana. Residence-to- residence shipping should not be used for shipping effects to Tijuana. The Ad- ministrative Section will arrange for customs clearance into the Tijuana free zone after you arrive. Because of Tijuana's unique free-zone status, free-entry clearances from AmEm- bassy Mexico City for personal effects destined for Tijuana are unnecessary. Therefore, contrary to Notes For Travelers in this post report, you do not need to pro- vide the detailed information on your household effects and airfreight shipments. Automobile Shipment. Special information concerning importing private- ly owned vehicles to Tijuana, which dif- fers substantially from the Notes For Travelers section, is forwarded to incom- ing personnel immediately on receipt of the assignment notice. See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further shipping information. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Hermosillo Hermosillo is a "pretty little place," as its name implies, and a modern city with a population of about 350,000. It is located in the middle of a semidesert, nearly 800 feet above sea level. It is 180 miles south of Nogales, Arizona, and 60 miles from the Gulf of California. Hermosillo is the hub of a small transportation network which provides the city with excellent bus, rail, and air transportation north to the U.S. and south to Central Mexico. Air traffic, served at an international airport 7 miles west of town, offers daily flights to Mexico City, Guadalajara, and the U.S. Thousands of Americans pass through the city en route to and from points farther south. The small American colony is so integrated into the local community that it is not recognizable as a group. Hermosillo is the capital city of Sonora, the second largest state of Mex- ico, which is part of the great southwest desert of the North American Continent. Geographically, it has the same soil group and climate as southern Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas, and the desert regions of California. The climate is hot and dry, yet healthful. Summer, from May Consulate to October, brings daily temperatures of 100 ?F or more; rainfall averages 8 inches a year with a rainy season in July and August and some rain in December and January. Winter months, from November to April, are cool and spring-like. The consular district has grown rapid- ly with respect to both population and out- put. The economy is farm based in the large irrigated lowlands of western and southern Sonora. Cotton and wheat are the most important crops. The region is also a major producer of copper, cattle, shrimp, poultry, and winter vegetables. The district has traditionally had close economic ties with Arizona. Eradication activities. The post office ad- dress is: Apartado Postal 972 Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico Housing Temporary Quarters The northern approaches to Hermosillo have several motels suitable for temporary quarters. Among these are the motels Valle Grande, El Encanto, Gandara, and Bugam- bilia. If you prefer a more central location, the Hotel Internacional and the Hotel San Alberto are only 2 or 3 blocks from the Consulate. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate is on the third floor of the ISSSTESON Building on Boulevard Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla No. 15. Telephone 2-20-36, 2-20-97, or 2-21-95. Office hours are Monday- Friday, 8 am to 4:30 pm. Representatives of the Drug Enforcement Administration are located in the Consulate. The Depart- ment of Agriculture is represented by a district supervisor in charge of Screwworm "Popocatelpetl," the "Warrior," as seen from Mexico City on a clear day. Permanent Housing Most houses for rent are single-family type dwellings with three bedrooms. Fur- nished houses and furnished or unfur- nished apartments are not available. All employees are currently in government- leased housing. The Embassy GSO provides housing details upon request. Employees are notified of housing availability through Personnel (State), or parent agency chan- nels when the post receives assignment notice. Furnishings All State employees are furnished a refrigerator, washer, dryer, and some win- dow air-conditioners. Most houses for rent do not come equipped with water heaters and stoves, but lessors will usually provide them after negotiation. Space heaters are useful during winter months. The electrical current is the same as in the U.S., l lOv, 60-cycle, AC. Electrici- ty is expensive here, especially during summer. Other furnishings and appliances may be purchased easily in Arizona after you arrive at post. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Food Foods of all types are available in Her- mosillo. Meat products are good, and fresh vegetables are safe to eat. Fresh milk and baby foods are also plentiful. Several supermarkets in Hermosillo are similar to those in the U.S. In addition, you may shop in Nogales, Tucson, and Phoenix. Clothing Summer clothing is worn most of the year with fall suits, sweaters, shawls, and coats .needed only in evenings in December through February. Dress is generally informal. Men rarely wear jackets during hot months. Dress at social functions is business suits and simple cocktail dresses. A tuxedo or formal dress is needed for the annual Black-and-White Ball. Wash-and- wear materials are recommended. Religious Activities Several Catholic churches have Spanish services and several small Protestant churches are available. There is no synagogue. Education Hermosillo has one school for kindergarten to grade 6. All classes are given in English and Spanish. After grade 6 students must attend school away from post or study through Calvert correspondence courses. The educational allowance almost covers costs 'of away from post schools in U.S. border states, Guadalajara, and Mexico City. Recreation and Social Life Swimming, water skiing, skindiving, and scuba diving are among the water sports available at beaches at Kino Bay and San Carlos and Guaymas near Hermosillo. Hunting and fishing are popular, with excellent game fishing in the Gulf of California and freshwater fishing in, Sonora's mountain lakes. A free public sports complex in Hermosillo offers ten- Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Opposite-Mexico's beautiful architecture is represented by this cathedral in Zacatecas. Above-Mexicans and tourists enjoy "charreadas" (rodeos) and bullfighting. nis, volleyball, and an Olympic-size swimming pool. Country club members can play the nine-hole golf course. To become a member, you must purchase a share. An athletic club also offers swim- ming, tennis, racquetball, jogging, track, sauna and steam room, Jaccuzzi, etc. Memberships, available from 1 to 30 years, expensive. Special Information Shipping Effects All unaccompanied surface shipments of effects originating in the U.S. or routed through the U.S. should be addressed as follows: Agencia Joffroy, For American Consulate, Hermosillo 158 Bankard Avenue Nogales, Arizona 85621 Employee's full name Sea shipments are handled by the Em- bassy in Mexico City. See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further information. Small packages and magazines may be addressed: P.O. Box 1090 Nogales, Arizona 85621 Mail for the Consulate is picked up at that address every 2 weeks. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Matamoros Y/( }~O /\/ / Gateway /Bridge International Bridge , Golf Course 42. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Matamoros Matamoros is located on the south bank of the Rio Grande River about 20 miles in- land from the Gulf of Mexico. With Brownsville, its sister city in Texas, Matamoros forms a metropolitan area with almost 425,000 inhabitants. Matamoros, the larger of the two cities, has over 350,000 residents. The climate is tropical but tempered by gulf sea breezes. Temperatures at mid- day in summer can range well over 90 ?F with high humidity. Spring and autumn days are mild and brilliant. Winter is sun- ny and warm except for an occasional "norther" when temperatures can drop suddenly to near freezing. Matamoros developed principally as an agricultural processing center, and "agribusiness" is still the area's largest employer and income earner. Recently, some 50 "border industries" have been established here, ranging from electronics, chemicals, and plastics operations to tex- tiles and garment plants. Large-scale heavy industry is still lacking, but further development of the city's potential as a processor, distribution center, and com- munications hub for the region is expected. Matamoros also has a thriving tourist industry, providing facilities to American winter visitors and retirees coming in ever- increasing numbers to the Texas Rio Grande Valley. Several high-quality restaurants are among Matamoros chief attractions. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate, one of the oldest, con- tinuously active U.S. Foreign Service posts, occupies its own modern building at Avenida Primera #232, Colonia Jardin, a residential/commercial area near the In- ternational Bridge. The Consulate is open Consulate to the public from 8 am to noon and from 1 pm to 5 pm. When the office is closed during lunch, personnel are available to handle emergencies. Consulate telephone numbers are 25250 (answering machine), 25251, and 25252 (direct line). The post has two post office boxes: P.O. Box 633, Brownsville, Texas 78520, and Apartado Postal 451, Matamoros, Tamaulipas. The Brownsville address is used for all mail originating in the U.S. Housing Temporary Quarters Hotels, motels, and apartments are available in both Matamoros and Browns- ville, but rooms become scarce during the winter tourist season. In Matamoros, the El Presidente, near the Consulate, is usually preferred. Brownsville offers many motels of similar quality. Brownsville has some rooms with kitchenettes. The tem- porary living quarters allowance applies to either side of the border. Permanent Housing Both the principal officer and the vice con- sul are provided air-conditioned, government-leased housing with major ap- pliances. The principal officer occupies a four-bedroom, three-bath house with some entertaining space. The vice consul has a three-bedroom, two-bath apartment. Both are within easy walking distance of the Consulate. The Embassy GSO provides housing details on request. All other employees receive notice of housing availability through parent agency channels. 43 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Furnishings Climate conditions do not require special furniture, but special care must be taken of any goods stored, as the climate pro- duces rapid deterioration due to rust, mildew, etc. Only air-conditioned facilities should be used for storage. American fur- niture is available in the Rio Grande Valley, but selection is somewhat limited and prices are above average. Corpus Christi, 3 hours from Brownsville, and San Antonio, 6 hours from Brownsville, offer a wider selection of furniture. Food All food needs can be met at modern supermarkets in Brownsville, and some goods are available in Matamoros. Local produce is of excellent quality, but usual precautions for the tropics should be taken. U.S. produce is abundant in Brownsville and virtually all vegetables are available fresh, year round. Seafood, especially Gulf shrimp, is also of high quality. Matamoros city water is not potable, but sterilized drinking water is inexpensive and available. Clothing Usual business dress is informal; sports- wear is acceptable year round. During summer the "guayabera," an open-necked shirt/jacket, is popular. Light spring- and fall-weight clothing is worn 'during the short winter season, although occasional cold spells make heavier clothing practical. Few social events will require black tie or formal; black tie dress can be rented in Brownsville. Religious Activities Most faiths are worshipped in Brownsville, which has many churches and a synagogue. Although Roman Catholic churches predominate in Matamoros, small congregations of Evangelical and Protestant denominations are also available. Education Except for some special language classes, all instruction in Matamoros schools is in Spanish. Consular children usually attend public or private schools in Brownsville. A full range of classes and subjects is available to more advanced students at junior and 4-year colleges in Brownsville. Brownsville has a modern, medium-sized library with an excellent selection of periodicals and journals. Recreation and Social Life Social life at post is international in character and includes events on both sides of the border. Official functions are fairly frequent and most ceremonies are brief and pleasant. Most other social activities revolve around civic organizations, business luncheons, Rotary, Lions, etc. Although the State of Tamaulipas has little to offer in tourist facilities, it is ex- tremely popular with those who enjoy its excellent hunting and fishing, especially in the Lake Guerrero region, about 200 miles south of Matamoros. The Texas Rio Grande Valley is becoming famous as a recreational area for winter and summer tourists. South Padre Island, about 25 miles from Brownsville, offers excellent swimming, surfing, sail- ing, and deep-sea fishing. Golf is popular here, and it can be played year round at the numerous public and private courses. The Rio Grande Valley also offers restaurants and first-run movies. The Con- federate Air Force, an impressive collec- tion of World War H aircraft in flying con- dition, is a favorite tourist attraction in nearby Harlingen. Matamoros and Brownsville are served by five TV channels, including all three U.S. networks and two Spanish- language stations. The Public Broadcasting System also now broadcasts in Brownsville. Special Information Travel Frequent service by several airlines is available from three airports in the Rio Grande Valley to Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio. National and international con- nections are good from these points. Matamoros to Mexico City flights are available twice a day. Shipping Effects Competent packing and shipping services are available in Brownsville, where several large American moving companies are represented. Shipments to Matamoros from the U.S. are usually sent by truck for entry to Mexico at Matamoros. Shipments from overseas should be sent to a major U.S. port, such as Houston, for transship- ment through the U.S. by truck to Brownsville and Matamoros. This is safer and quicker than sending shipments through Mexican seaports. See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further information. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Mazatlan Mazatlan is an old, Mediterranean-style port city on Mexico's west coast. Located 780 miles south of Nogales, Arizona, it is situated on a peninsula surrounded by water. At the harbor's entrance, the highest recorded lighthouse in the Western Hemisphere rests atop one of Mazatlan's few hills. The city's history goes back to the beginning of the 19th century, but its growth is recent. The population numbers around 350,000 full-time residents, in- creased by large numbers of Americans and other visitors who come throughout the year. The weather is excellent, particularly during winter, November through March. In these months the temperatures range from 85?F in the daytime to 65?F at night. The tropical summer, lasting from April to October, is hot and humid with frequent thundershowers. Mazatlan's economy is influenced most directly by the commercial fishing dock, which makes it a shrimp capital of the world, and by the Pacifico Brewery. Agriculture is also an important industry; the northern part of Sinaloa has become the chief supplier of winter vegetables for the U.S. Since Mazatlan is the biggest and busiest seaport between San Diego and Panama, U.S. Navy ships call every year. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate is located at Circunvalacion #6. Office hours are from 8 am to 1 pm and 2 pm to 5 pm, Monday through Fri- day. Telephone numbers are 1-26-85, 1-26-87, and 1-29-05. A recording device connected to 1-26-85 and 1-26-87 gives the telephone numbers of the consul and the vice consuls when the office is closed. Three means of sending mail to post are used. The Department of State pouch is the slowest. Using the Laredo ad- dress averages 10 days transit time. Inter- Consulate national airmail arrives in a week or less. The Laredo address is: AmConsul Mazatlan P.O. Box 3087 Laredo, Texas 78041 U.S. Consulate Apartado Postal 321 82000 Mazatlan Sinaloa, Mexico Drug Enforcement Administration representatives are located at Calle Rio Baluarte and Arroyo Jabalines. Postal ad- dresses are the same as for the Consulate. The Department of Agriculture is represented in Mazatlan by a group from the Screwworm Commission. The Screwworm Commission's offices are located at Rafael Buelna Airport. The postal address is: Apartado Postal 265 82000 Mazatlan Sinaloa, Mexico U.S. personnel may also use the Con= sulate's address. Housing Temporary Quarters Several hotels and motels along the beach front are adequate for temporary stays dur- ing your search for permanent housing. Costs are covered by temporary quarters allowance. Some excellent beach-front hotels are good for vacation visits but they are more expensive. A few one-bedroom furnished apartments with maid service are available. During the heavy tourist season (mid-November to mid-April), make res- ervations as far in advance as possible. Permanent Housing The principal officer is provided government-leased housing with major ap- pliances (stove, refrigerator, upright freezer, and washer and dryer). The Em- bassy GSO will: provide housing availabil- ity details through Personnel (State) or parent agency channels when the post receives notice of assignment. The Consulate also provides government-leased quarters for the post's two vice consuls. One is a two-bedroom apartment, about 1 mile from the Con- sulate. The other is a three-bedroom, two- story house with some yard space appro- priate for a family with small children. The post provides a gas stove, refrigerator, freezer, washer and dryer, and air- conditioners in each bedroom. Food Most foods are available, and prices are less than or compare favorably with U.S. prices. Very few diet foods are available locally, so bring what you need. Fish and seafood are abundant. Drugstore items are, generally, not expensive, but some items cost more than U.S. equivalents and some cost less. Bring any special brands from the U.S. Clothing Light-weight clothing is worn year round. Coat and tie or formal dress are not usually worn at the office, but are needed for periodic trips to Mexico City. Casual wear is popular. Religious Activities Five Catholic churches and several Protes- tant churches hold services. The Christian Church has services in English from December through April. Education Mazatlan has no American schools, but one school, Instituto Anglo-Americano (grades 1-12), teaches in both English and Spanish. Enrollment is small, and American students are often the children of American citizens who are part-time residents during winter. Before planning to enroll children in a school in Mazatlan, Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 write to the Consulate for current informa- tion on the particular school or schools. Most American children in Mazatlan at- tend U.S. boarding schools. The four schools which American children have at- tended in Mazatlan are ICO (Instituto Cultural de Occidente), a private coeduca- tional school run by Italian Catholic priests for grades 1-12; Colegio Remington (girls only) run by nuns for grades 1-9; Colegio El Pacifico, a nonsectarian school for grades 1-12; and Instituto Anglo- Americano. Recreation and Social Life Mazatlan's beaches are beautiful, and ocean temperatures seldom dip below 65?F. The surf is well suited for swimming and surfing. Fishing for marlin, sailfish, and other large fighters is popular. Hunters may march through the nearby foothills in search of duck, dove, goose, and quail. Mazatlan means "place of the deer" in Nahuatl, and deer still abound near here. The. Club Campestre and El Cid both have beautiful golf courses, and paid memberships are available. El Cid also has a swimming pool and tennis courts. The city itself is more than 300 years old, but. it was not incorporated until 1837. A few remnants still remain of the old colonial section which you may find on a walking tour of the town's streets and alleys. Mazatlan has several air-conditioned theaters, a large baseball stadium, and a bullring. Three TV channels and seven radio stations provide news and entertain- ment in Spanish. Social activities are in- formal, but both the American and the Mexican official communities are active. Mazatlan has several Beta-format video- tape clubs. Formal calling cards are not used at post, but bring about 200 business cards for courtesy calls and exchange with callers of professional standing. Special Information Shipping Effects Personal effects are shipped to post overland from the U.S., via the U.S. Em- bassy Warehouse in Laredo, Texas. Free-_ entry permits can be solicited from post before the officer arrives to expedite the 6-week process. Once the free-entry per- mit has been approved by the Mexican Government and received in Laredo, ship- ment of effects to post takes 2-3 weeks. Have your car rustproofed or under- coated to prevent corrosion by the sea air and mist. Do not bring brass, chrome, and metallic furnishings as these are also affected. See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further information. 47 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Merida Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Merida The Yucatan Peninsula is noted for the friendliness of its inhabitants and its im- pressive archeological zones. Home of the ancient Mayans, it is strewn with ruins and relics of their culture. Merida itself is built on the site of the old Mayan ceremonial center of T'Hoo. The city has a long tradi- tion of separatism which is reflected even today. The Yucatan habits, culture, and outlook differ widely from those of the rest of Mexico. Merida's population of 500,000 is mostly of mixed Mayan and Spanish descent. Foreign colonies are small. English is widely understood. Several thousand American tourists visit the district annually. New resorts on the peninsula's east side have become very popular with U.S. tourists. Merida is about 19 miles from the sea and 25 feet above sea level. The climate is tropical with three seasons: rainy season, early June through September or later; cool or winter season, through the end of February; and the dry season, March, April, and May. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate is at Calle 56-A No. 453. Taxi drivers recognize the address as Paseo Montejo No. 453. Phone numbers are 5-54-09 and 5-50-11. Office hours are 8:30 am to 1 pm and 2 pm to 5:30 pm. Postal address is Apartado 130, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. Housing Temporary Quarters Merida has several modern hotels suitable for a temporary stay. Permanent Housing The principal officer and deputy are pro- vided government housing in the same compound as the office building. The principal officer's house is ample with basic furniture, stove, refrigerator, Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Consulate freezer, and washer and dryer provided. Dishes, glassware, and kitchenware are adequate. The deputy's home also has basic furniture, stove, refrigerator, freezer, and washer and dryer. The com- pound has a small swimming pool. Electricity is 1lOv, 60-cycle, AC. Use voltage regulators with expensive elec- tronic equipment. Food Food is adequate but below U.S. stand- ards. Fish, pork, chicken, and turkey are of good quality and are readily available. Fresh beef is sometimes scarce, and lamb is unavailable. Excellent fruits and vegetables are available locally in season. Supermarkets carry a complete line of foods and staples. Specialty foods sold in U.S. supermarkets are expensive. Fresh milk is unsafe, though reconstituted substitutes are good and readily obtainable. Baby foods are expensive. You can get limited food orders from the Embassy commissary, but orders generally take 2-3 weeks to transit from Mexico City. Most food is expensive by U.S. standards. Clothing Coat and tie or formal dress are rarely worn at the office but are needed for periodic trips to Mexico City. Men wear slacks and a guayabera, a casual shirt/jacket common to the region. Although formal wear is rarely used, a summer-weight tuxedo or formal may be brought. Women wear cotton or light- weight dresses and pantsuits like those worn in the U.S. Bring all clothing and shoe needs for the entire tour, except shirts. Guayaberas, which are worn to work and most social occasions, are manufactured locally. Ex- tra care protects winter wear and leather goods against damage by vermin and mildew. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 In Las Monjas, Uxmal, the Yucatan (facing page)-an artisan working with clay molds. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Religious Activities Many Catholic churches and several Prot- estant churches are in Merida. Some have services in English. Education Merida has no American schools. Most private primary and secondary schools are run by Catholic religious orders. All in- struction is in Spanish. Although the level of instruction is considered excellent, note that class size ranges from 30 to 50 students. Teaching methods vary from U.S. schools in that more emphasis is placed on memorization, tests, etc. Although students may need private Spanish tutoring initially, parents and students are satisfied with progress when language fluency is achieved. The major difficulty encountered is finding a school with space available. Almost all private schools in Merida have waiting lists. If possible, register children in March or April for the September term. Personnel assigned to Merida should quickly contact the post for assistance in enrolling their dependents. Recreation and Social Life Bring tennis racquets, fishing tackle, shotguns, rifles, golf clubs, and other sports equipment. Boating, fishing, and hunting are quite good. The Club Campestre has tennis courts and a swim- ming pool. La Ceiba Country Club has an 18-hole golf course. The beach at Pro- greso, where cottages may be rented, is about a 30-minute drive. The archeological ruins are the principal points of interest for sightseers. Scuba diving and snorkeling are popular at Isla Mujeres, Cancun, and Cozumel. Merida has many air-conditioned theaters, a large baseball stadium, a bull- ring, and a small museum. Four channels of color TV and two FM stations also operate. Social life is informal and not strenuous. You may belong to the Club Campestre, the Golf Club, the Rotary Club, and the Lions Club. New Year's Eve dances and dances at carnival time in February call for black tie. A hundred calling cards are enough for a tour here. Business cards can be printed locally. Special Information Shipping Effects Sea shipments of household effects to Merida enter Mexico through Veracruz. Overland shipments from the U.S. enter through Nuevo Laredo, where an Embassy agent is in charge of clearances. Mark shipments as follows: Nuevo Laredo American Embassy Warehouse 620 Logan Street Laredo, Texas 78040 For Full name AmConsul Merida Villasana, S.A. Landero y Cosa 31 Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico For Full name AmConsul Merida, Yucatan, Mexico See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further shipping information. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Nuevo Laredo nde Rio Gra 1g de Bravo Junio MEk/ F Victoria C~ \ S~ Market idal o Te~- \+@r gv ~~A es Dr. Mier M 0 Federal C Building Canales Mina Gutierrez Railway Inde end encia Station Avenida erne de Nacat az Plaza d e Torosr F Bolivar m C ? ,? m " V o N ? F - a a u m D v u m a g ? o E c Stadium ? m m O Q 5 de Feb o r o Nuev o Leon C ? a N m I Chihuahua Sonora m Cam he m Z u Oaxaca m N Guanajuato 0 tF 4 m Q0~ m E b Consula te ? Q Paseo IF cc i Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Consulate Nuevo Laredo Because of its border location, Nuevo Laredo offers a challenge not normally found in the Foreign Service. Americans at this post are in the unusual position of serving abroad and yet being part of the official and social community of Laredo, Texas. Nuevo Laredo combines the con- veniences of shopping in the U.S. with the attractions of living abroad. Nuevo Laredo is the most important port of entry on the U.S.-Mexican border for shipping and travelers to the interior of Mexico. Of its estimated 240,000 in- habitants, 10% speak English; the rest speak Spanish. It is located on a gently roll- ing plain with mountains skirting the southwestern boundary of the consular district. Brush, cactus, and scrub desert vegetation abound. The city itself is 342 feet above sea level, and the climate is hot, sunny, and semiarid. It is hotter than Washington, D.C., but much less humid. High temperatures are usual from March through October, although occasional high temperatures in winter are not uncommon. The rainy season is not well defined, but May, June, and September usually have the greatest precipitation. The Post and Its Administration The Consulate occupies its own office- residence compound located at Avenida Allende 3330, Col. Jardin, near the southern end of the city, one block west of the main-highway into Nuevo Laredo (Ave. Reforma). Official Consulate hours are Monday-Friday as follows: ? Regular-8 am to 5 pm with lunch from 12:30 pm to 1:30 pm. ? Summer (April-October)-730 am to 4:30 pm with lunch as above. A Mexican Christmas tradition, the children's pinata party. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Telephone is 40512 or 40618. The men often wear, sport shirts and slacks, and U.S. postal system is used for most mail. women favor airy cottons. For more for- The address is: mal occasions, men wear white or black American Consulate Nuevo Laredo P.O. Box 3089 Laredo, Texas 78041 Housing Nuevo Laredo has two modem, air- conditioned motels which are comfortable for a temporary stay. Laredo, Texas, also has numerous motels and hotels which newcomers may use. Temporary allowances apply only in Mexico. The principal officer's official home is supplied with all major appliances, fur- niture, furnishings, and tableware. The vice consul's home, an integral part of the office complex, is equipped with major ap- pliances (stove, refrigerator, freezer, washer and dryer, and central air- conditioning) and basic furniture. All furnishings are available in Laredo, Texas. Electrical current is 1 lOv, 60-cycle, single-phase, AC. Natural gas is used for cooking and central heating systems. Food Adequate food supplies are available local- ly and at chain grocery Laredo. Clothing During the hot season, light-weight clothing is a must. In the office men usual- ly wear the traditional Mexican guayabera or light summer suits. The guayabera doubles as informal evening wear for men. Women wear cotton dresses. At parties dinner jackets and women wear cocktail dresses in washable fabrics. During winter, custom occasionally requires for- mal, attire-dinner jackets for men and gowns or very dressy cocktail dresses for women. Fall- and spring-weight suits, dresses, overcoats, and rainboots are used during winter when temperatures can drop into the 30's. All wearing apparel needed for this climate is available in Laredo, Texas. Religious Activities Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in both Laredos. Most Christian denominations are represented in Laredo, Texas, and services in English are available. Education Schools in Nuevo Laredo are overcrowd- ed and instruction is in Spanish. For these reasons most persons prefer to enroll their children in public and private schools in Laredo, Texas. Laredo Junior College and Laredo State University in Laredo, Texas, offer full curriculums for undergraduate and some graduate-level degrees. Recreation and Social Life Swimming pools;, public tennis courts; bowling alleys; golf courses; and rifle, pistol, skeet, and trapshooting clubs are available in Nuevo Laredo and Laredo. Laredo has excellent hunting and fishing for dove, gamebirds, deer, and a variety of freshwater fish. Entertainment in the two Laredos is similar to that in any small American town with occasional cultural programs, fairs, Little Theater programs, etc. The usual form of entertainment is a cocktail party with buffet supper to which both Americans and Mexicans are invited. Calling cards are useful. The principal of- ficer should have 200, which can be printed locally. Special Information Shipping Effects Shipments entering Mexico from other countries via the U.S. should be addressed as follows: Full Name,, American Consul c/o U.S. Despatch Agent (U.S. Despatch Agency address) For forwarding to American Embassy Warehouse 620 Logan Street Laredo, Texas 78040 Shipments originating in the U.S. should not be loosepacked and should be consigned as follows: Full name, American Consul American Embassy Warehouse 620 Logan Street Laredo, Texas 78040 Bills of lading should show Laredo, Texas, as destination. Mail regarding ship- ments, including copies of government bills of lading, should be sent to: American Consulate P.O. Box 3089 Laredo, 'Texas 78041 Inform the Embassy immediately of shipments scheduled to enter Mexico overland from Central America or by sea at Mexican ports. Additional instructions will be issued for such shipments. See Notes For Travelers, Customs and Duties, for further shipping information. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Getting to the Post Normally employees travel to posts in Mexico via commercial airlines or per- sonal automobile (See The Post and Its Ad- ministration: Upon Arrival at Post). Notify your post of your travel plans, including date and means of arrival, so that temporary housing may be arranged and,. if appropriate, you can be met. See Special. Information for each post for specific ship- ping information. Customs, Duties, and Passage Customs and Duties Most American personnel, excluding resi- dent employees, are entitled to duty-free entry of personal belongings, household ef- fects, and automobiles for their personal use. These privileges, are designed to enable employees to furnish their homes adequately; under no circumstances should personal property be imported for sale. Effective June 1, 1978, the Govern- ment of Mexico instituted a new require- ment for detailed information regarding the contents of shipments before it will authorize free entry. You are now required to attach a detailed list of the contents of shipments to the request for free entry before it can be processed. Therefore, ,those assigned to any post in Mexico should send a detailed, legible packing list as soon as possible to Embassy Mexico, Attention: GSO. This information is re- quired for both airfreight and household effects. Clothing, books, records, kitchen utensils, etc., may be listed as one box of books, two boxes of records, etc. Since the Embassy must translate lists and since free-entry permits take 4-6 weeks to process after being submitted, supply this information as soon as possi- ble to prevent unnecessary delays in im- portation of personal and household effects. Make sure no discrepancy exists be- tween the address on the vans or cases Notes For Travelers shipped, the bills of lading covering the shipment, and the information given the Embassy to effect free entry. Any. discrepancy means that free entry will have to be requested again from the Mex- ican Government. Shipments must be ad- dressed in English. The correct mailing address for documentation is different from consign- ment address shown for surface and sea shipments. All documentation, i.e., way- bills, including airway bills, packing lists, personal letters, etc., should be pouched to the Embassy, Mexico City. Automobile Shipment. Employees coming from a tour of duty in the U.S. are reminded that Foreign Service regula- tions require personally owned vehicles be driven rather than shipped, since a connecting all-weather, hard-surface highway is available. However, the Department of State will usually amend orders to authorize shipment of the vehi- cle when a hardship would result (e.g., a person driving alone, a family with small children traveling in the heat of summer, etc.). For cars to be shipped, send the GSO in advance full details of routing a com- plete description of the vehicle (make, model, year, type, serial number, and motor number) and a list of all extra equipment (radio, heater, etc.). The Embassy has no storage facilities for vehicles that arrive before you do. Any storage expenses incurred are your responsibility. Household and Personal Effects. Shipments arrive by truck via Nuevo Laredo or by sea via Veracruz, Tampico, Acapulco, Manzanillo, and Mazatlan. All shipments must be in liftvans. Itemize and insure everything on the packing lists since loss from breakage or pilferage may occur. The Consulate warehouse in Laredo is not a long-term storage facility, nor can it accept "loose-pack" shipments. It is neither pest nor moisture controlled, and goods are shipped to their final destina- tion as soon as possible. For the Embassy GSO to obtain free- entry permits for household and personal effects, the following must be airmailed or air pouched to the GSO: ? Name, title, and address of ship- per(s). ? Mexican port of entry and means of shipment to that point. ? Specific number of trunks, suit- cases, liftvans, cases, cartons, barrels, crates, or packages. If information is not known, overestimate. Passage You and your family should have valid official or diplomatic passports with cur- rent official or diplomatic Mexican visas. Tourists may enter with a tourist card instead of a visa. If you or your family members cannot obtain Mexican visas before leaving the U.S., you can enter Mexico as tourists and be issued proper papers later, but this is time consuming. If a child is born in Mexico, contact the Consular Section and State Department concerning special documentation prob- lems which may arise. Pets Your pet will need a veterinarian's cer- tificate of good health and evidence of antirabies sots within the past 6 months. These papers must be certified, for a fee, by a Mexican consul. Bring your pet with you by car or as "excess baggage" if you are traveling by air, to avoid duty fees, excessive customs brokerage fees, and the need to leave it in customs overnight or longer. Even for a big dog, it is cheaper to pay excess bag- gage than customs fees. If you must ship the pet, notify the post of its arrival date at least 3 weeks in advance so free entry. may be secured. Firearms and.Ammunition Firearms must be included with house- hold effects, and ammunition is limited in quantity as noted below. A special permit from the Mexican Government is re- quired for use of firearms in Mexico. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Procedures to follow when applying for the permit are available from the regional security officer. The following quantities and types of nonautomatic firearms and ammunition may be imported by each person over 18 years of age: Maximum Caliber Item Quantity Limitations Pistols and 2 Not to exceed 38 revolvers caliber special (.357 magnum not authorized) 1 Not to exceed 30 caliber (30 cal. M-1 and M-2 carbines and 30 cal. Garands not authorized) Shotguns 2 Not to exceed 12 gage (barrel length must be at least 635 mm-25') Ammunition: Pistols & revolvers 100 rounds Rifles 100 rounds Shotguns 1,000'rounds Currency, Banking, and Weights and Measures The monetary unit in Mexico is the peso, and at this writing, the value of the peso has been fluctuating between 140 and 150 per US$1. Each peso contains 100 cen- tavos. The mark used to designate pesos is the same as the dollar symbol, except that is has only one upright line. Banking facilities compare with those in the U.S., except that canceled checks are not returned with monthly statements. The First National City Bank of New York is the only American bank with a branch in Mexico City, and it has an office in the Embassy. The First National City Bank office in the Embassy performs all banking accommodation exchange. A U.S. check- ing account is recommended. Some employees also have local checking ac- counts. Cashing checks locally is more complicated than cashing them in the U.S., so cash them at the Embassy branch. Travelers checks are almost universally acceptable, and they are sold at the Embassy bank branch. Most American credit cards (e.g., Sears, Diners Club, American Express, Visa) are accepted in Mexico. Gasoline credit cards are not accepted. If you are driving, buy enough pesos at the border to get you to post. Dollars and travelers checks are accepted at motels and hotels, but a service charge is often levied for the exchange. The metric system of weights and measures is used and distances are fig- ured in kilometers. One kilo (kilogram) is equal to 2.2 pounds; one kilometer is .62 miles. Taxes, Exchange, and Sale of Property In late 1982, the Mexican Government increased the Value Added Tax (IVA or VAT) to 15 % on most goods and serv- ices, and the Embassy's efforts to obtain an exemption for Mission personnel have not been successful. . All employees can obtain an exemp- tion from the tax on long-distance tele- phone calls by applying through the Communications Programs Office once permanent quarters have been rented and telephone number is known. The sale of reasonable amounts of personal property, such as old items you are replacing or items you want to sell when transferring, is permitted. Recommended Reading These titles are provided as a general indication of the material published on this country. The Depart- ment of State does not endorse unofficial publications. Economics Bancroft, H.H. Resources and Develop- ment of Mexico. Golden Press: New York, 1976. Camp, Roderic A. The Role of Econo- mists in Policy Making. Univ. of Arizona Press: Tucson, 1977. A comparative case study of Mexico and the United States. Glade, William P. The Political Economy of Mexico. Univ. of Wisconsin Press: Madison, 1963. Greene, Graham, Another Mexico. Vi- king Press: New York, 1981. Looney, Robert E. Mexico's Economy: A Policy Analysis With Forecast to 1990. Westview: Boulder, 1978. Mancke, Richard B. Mexican Oil and Natural Gas: Political, Strategic and Economic Implications. Praeger: New York, 1979. Meyer, Lorenzo. Mexico and the United States in the Oil Controversy, 1917-1942. Univ. of Texas Press: Austin, 1972. Mosk, Sanford A. Industrial Revolution in Mexico. Berkeley, 1950. Reprint 1975. Ross, John B. The Economic System of Mexico. Calif. Inst. of International Studies: Stanford, 1971. Thompson, John K. Financial Policy, In- flation and Economic Development: The Mexican Experience. Vol. 16 Edward I and Walter Ingo, eds. Jai Press: 1979. Vernon, Raymond. The Dilemma of Mex- ico's Development: The Roles of the Private and Public Sectors. Harvard Univ. Press: Cambridge, 1963. . William, Edward J. The Rebirth of the Mexican Petroleum Industry: Devel- opmental Directions and Policy Im- plications. Lexington Books: Lex- ington, 1979. Fine Arts Cranfill, Thomas. The Muse in Mexico. Univ. of Texas Press: Austin, 1959. History and Political Science Bazant, Jan. A Concise History of Mex- ico: From Hidalgo to Cardenas 1805-1940. Cambridge Univ. Press: New York, 1977. Brenner, Anita and George B. Leighton. The Wind That Swept Mexico: The History of the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1942. Univ. of Texas Press: Austin, 1971. (New ed.) Brunhouse, Robert Levere. In Search of the Maya: The First Archaeologist. Univ. of New Mexico Press: Albu- querque, 1973. Camp, Roderic A. Mexico's Leaders: Their Education and Recruitment. Univ. of Arizona Press: Tucson, 1980. Cline, Howard Francis. The United States and Mexico. Rev. ed. Harvard Univ. Press: Cambridge, 1963. Cline, Howard Francis. Mexico From Revolution to Evolution. Oxford Univ. Press: New York, 1962. Condon, John C. Interact: Mexico - United States. Renwick, George W. International Cultural Press: Chicago, 1980. Cumberland, Charles C. Mexico: The Struggle for Modernity. Oxford Univ. Press: New York, 1968. . Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 'Fehrenback, T.R. Fire and Blood: A History of Mexico. Macmillan: New York, 1973. Gyles, Anna B. Of Gods and Men. Harper & Row: New York, 1980. Hansen, Roger D. The Politics of Mex- ican Development. Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, 1971. Hellman, Judith Adler. Mexico in Crisis. Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc.: New York, 1978. Hibben, Frank Cummings. The Lost American. T.Y. Crowell: New York, 1968. Hill, Larry D. Emissaries to a Revolu- tion: Woodrow Wilson's Executive Agents in Mexico. Louisiana State Univ. Press: Baton Rouge, 1974. Johnson, Kenneth F. Mexican Democ- racy: A Critical View. Allynard Bacon, Inc.: Boston, 1971. Leonard, Jonathan M. "Ancient America." Time: New York, 1967. Meyer, Michael. The Course of Mexican History. Oxford Univ. Press: New York, 1979. Newlon, Clarke. The Men Who Made Mexico. Dodd, Mead & Co.: New York, 1973. Prescott, William Hickling. The Con- quest of Mexico. Modem Library Inc.: New York, 1931. Scott, Robert E. Mexican Government in Transition. Univ. of Illinois Press: Urbana, 1964 Shapira, Yoram. Mexican Foreign Policy: Under Echeverria. Sage:! New York, 1978. Simpson, Lesly Byrd. Many Mexicos. Univ. of Calif. Press: Berkeley 1961. Smith, Peter. H. Labyrinths of Power: Political Recruitment in Twentieth Century Mexico. Princeton Univ. Press: Princeton, 1979 Smith, Peter M. Mexico: The Quest for a U.S. Policy. Foreign Policy Associa- tion: New York, 1980. Smith, Robert F. The United States and Revolutionary Nationalism in Mex- ico, 1916-1932. Univ. of Chicago Press: Chicago, 1972. Starr, Frederich. Mexico and the United States. Gordon Press: New York, 1976. Tannenbaum, Frank. Peace by Revolu- tivn: An Interpretation of Mexico. Arno Press: New York, 1972. Reprint of 1933 ed. Thompson, John Eric Sidney. The Rise and Fall of Maya Civilization. Univ. of Oklahoma Press: Norman, 1977. Taxco, 3 hours by car from Mexico City, is a colorful old mining town. ("Taxco" an oil painting by Colleen Sussman, Bureau of Public Affairs.) Vaillant, George C. Aztecs of Mexico. Rev. ed.. Penguin: New York. Wilkie, James Walle. The Mexican Revolution: Federal Expenditure and Social Change Since 1910. Univ. of Calif. Press: Berkeley, 1970. Wilke, James E. and Albert L. Michael, eds. Revolution in Mexico: Years of Upheaval, 1910-1940. Knopf: New York, 1969. Sociology and Social Literature Azuela, Mariano. The Underdog. Tr. by Enrique Munguia, Jr. New American Library: New York, 1963. Calderon de la Barca and Frances Er- skine. Life in Mexico During a Residence of Two Years in That Country. AMS Press: New York, 1955. (rev. of 1913 ed.) Davidson, John. The Long Road North. Doubleday: New York, 1978. ? Fogel, Walter. Mexican Illegal Alien Workers in the United States. In- stitute of Industrial Relations. Univ. of Calif. Press: Los Angeles. Gonzales Pena, Carlos. History of Mex- ican Literature. Southern Methodist Univ.: Dallas, 1968. Harmon, Mary. Efren Hernandez: A Poet Discovered. Univ. Press of Miss.: Jackson, 1972. Lewis, Oscar. The Children of Sanchez. Random House: New York, 1964. . Five Families. Random House: New York, 1964. Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3 11 . Tepoztlan, Village in Mexico. Holt,. Rinehart and Winston: New York, 1960. Reprint of one of Lewis' earlier works and reputedly his most scientific. A study in depth of a small town near Cuernavaca. ,Northrop, F.S.C. The Meeting of East and West. Macmillan: New York, 1946 and 1963. Chapter II, pp. 15-65. An interpretation of Mexican civilization and culture. Paz, Octavio. The Labyrinth of Solitude. Tr. by Lysnader Kemp. Grove: New York, 1963. Paz, Octavio. Early Poems, 1935-1955. Tr. as elsewhere from Spanish and pref. by Muriel Rukeseyer. New Directions: New York, 1973. (Original title: Selected Poems, rev. ed.) Ramos, Samuel. Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico. Univ. of Texas Press: Austin, 1962. Ross, Stanley R. Views Across the Border: The United States and Mex- ico. Univ. of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque, 1978. Wilson, Irma. Mexico: A Century of Educational Thought. Greenwood Press: Westport, 1974. Miscellaneous Fodor's Mexico 1982. McKay: New York, 1981. Franz, Carl. The People's Guide to Mex- ico. John Muir Pub.: Santa Fe, 1975. Robinson, John. Camping and Climbing in Baja. La Siesta: Glendale, 1978. (4th ed.) Simon, Kate. Mexico: Places and Pleasures. Rev. ed. T.Y. Crowell: New York, 1971. Toor, Frances A. A Treasury of Mexican Folkways. Crown: New York, 1947. 13th printing, 1973. Wilhelm, John. Guide to All Mexico. 4th. ed. rev. & enl. McGraw-Hill: New York, 1973. Regional Stevenson, M. "Capital of Underdevelop- ment." Harpers. May 1981. "Discovering Mexico Again." Business Week. October 1, 1979. Casanova, P. Gonzalez. "Economic Development of Mexico." Scientific American. September 1980. "On Mighty Mexico." Town and Coun- try. November 1980 (an entire issue). Benson, Elizabeth P. "Mexico: 100th Century B.. C. - 20th Century A.D." Smithsonian. May 1978. "Mexico." Current. History. November 1981 (special issue). "Mexico." Fortune. May 1981. "Mexico-A Profile." Department of State Bulletin. March 1979. "Mexico City: Omens of Apocalypse." C. D. Geo.- May 1981. Street. J.H. "Mexico's Economic Devel- opment Plan." Current History, November 1981. Bizzarro, S. "Mexico's Oil Boom." Current History. February 1981. Alisky, M. "Population and Migration Problems in Mexico." Current History. November 1981. Gordon, B.F. "Tamayo Museum." Ar- chitectural Record. September 1981. Local Holidays The following Mexican holidays are observed by the Embassy and consular posts: Anniversary of Mexican Constitution Feb. 5 Juarez's Birthday Mar. 21 Good Friday Friday before Easter Mexican Labor Day May 1 ,Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla Anniversary of the Proclamation of Mexican Independence Sept. 16 All Soul's Day Nov. 2 Revolution Day Nov. 20 Declassified and Approved For Release 2012/10/22 : CIA-RDP09M00049R000600340012-3