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December 22, 2016
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August 9, 2011
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September 12, 1974
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09TOO207ROO1000020118-3 STAT 00846 cc i.1, x.74( THE NEW YORK TIMES, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBL Senator Church to Press C.I.A. Issue By SEYMOUR M. HERSH State Department officials, Government officials have con- special to The New York Times Charles A. Meyer, former As- firmed that the still4ecret testi- WASHINGTON, Sept. 11- sistant Secretary of State for mony includes a detailed dis- Latin-American Affairs, and cussion of the C.LA.'s goals and Declaring that deception of Edward M. Korey, a former strategy in alloting the $8- mil- Congress has become "a habit," Ambassador to Chile, testified lion cash payments. Senator Frank Church said to- that the United States had "Apart from the question' of day he would turn over any maintained it policy of nonin- whether perjury was commit- misleading , testimony in the tervention toward Chile. ted in a legal sense," Mr. hearings on policy toward Chile The two officials also' refused Church added, "there's no to the Justice Department for on a number of occasions during question but what the com- investigation into possible per- their testimony to answer spe- mittee was given to believe jury, cific gpestions about what they that our policy was one ? of I'm not going to let this said were p}~vileged communi- nonintervention." matter slide by," Mr. Church cations on sited States policy toward Dr. Allende. This is clearly what they said in a telephone interview [the witnesses] wa ed us to today. "I'm very much incensed Mr. Church, who returned believe, even though the truth l by this." late yesterday from a lengthy was a very different, -matter," 2 High Aides Testified campaign trip to Idaho, said he he said. had authorized the subcommit- It 'Vietnam Syndrome' Seen was the Idaho Democrat's tee staff to review testimony of first public comment on the Government witnesses who Mr. Church, a liberal who subject since it was reported knew of the intelligence was one of the early critics of Sunday that the Central Intelli- aagency's cundestine activities, the Vietnam War, characterized gence Agency had been secret- If the staff review' determines the misleading testimony as ly authorized to spend more that there were contradictions "part of the Vietnam syn- than $8-million between 1970 in their testimony, the Senator drome." and 1973 in a covert attempt said, "in my judgment the ac- "There's become a pattern to make it impossible for Presi- tion that would be c>Illed for of deceiving the Congress that dent Salvtdor Allende Gossens would be to refer the testimony I think began cropping up dur- to govern in Chile. to the Justice Department for in14 the Vietnam war," he said." Mr. Church is chairman of investigation of possible prejury. It became a habit with testi- the Senate Foreigi3 Relations TTi is the reason we swear mony on all sensitive matters. subcommittee on Multinational in witnesses," he said. If so, It's a habit the Congress Corporations, which held highly Details Given by Colby is going to have to break." publicizzed hearing last year Along with the study of pos- into the . International Tele- To aid in the staff review, Mr. sible perjury, Mr. Church said phone & Telegraph Company's Church said, he will formally he would formally request the attempts to urge United States request a copy of the testimony full Senate Foreign Relations intervention against the Allende on the agency's Chilepn involve. Committee; headed by Senator regime. Mr. Allende was over- ment given to a House of Rep- J. W. Fulbright, now in China, thrown by a military junta in resentatives Armed Services to review "the ? propriety" of a bloody coup d'etat one year Intelligence Subcommittee in clandestine, activities against ago today. April by William E. Colby, Di- constitutionally elected 1eederc Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09T00207RO01000020118-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09TOO207ROO1000020118-3 'AZ -lot -4 _10e 44 IN THE NATION BX Tom Wicker . On the very day that President Ford extended preventive pardon to Richard Nixon, another high crime of the Nixon Administration was being disclosed in The New York Times. Public outrage because of the pardon must not be allowed to obscure this sordid story of indefensible American intervention in the internal affairs of Chile, in the years just before the violent over- throw of the Allende Government and the death of President Salvador Ali lende Gossens. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger appears to have been a principal force in this covert intervention, and is be- ing charged once again with not hav- ing told the whole truth to a Senate comtttittee. Demands are.being heard for a reopening of the hearings which recommended his confirmation as, Sec- retary. The Times story, by Seymour Hersh, was based on a letter from Repre- sentative Michael Harrington of Mas- sachusetts to Chairman Thomas E. Morgan of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. The Harrington letter gave an account, from memory, of testi- mony to a House Armed Services sub- committee by William E. Colby, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Mr. Harrington said he had twice read a transcript of the Colby testi- mony. As he described it to Mr. Morgan, Mr. Colby said that the Nixon Administration had authorized about $8 million to be spent covertly to make it impossible for President Al- lende to govern. Specifically, $500,000 was authorized in both 1969 and 1970 to help Mr. Allende's election oppo- nents, and $350,000 was later au- thorized for bribing members of the Chilean Congress to vote against rati- fying Mr. Allende's election. Later $5 million was authorized for clandestine "destabilization" efforts in Chile; and in 1973, $1.5 million was provided to help anti-Allende candi- dates in municipal elections. The au- thorizing body for all this C.I.A. ac- tivity was the so-called "40 Committee" of the Nixon Administration-a com- mittee chaired by Henry Kissinger. But Mr. Kissinger told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during his confirmation hearings that. "the C.I.A. had nothing to do with the coup, to the best of my knowledge and belief." While that may have been true in the narrowest sense, it was at best one of those torturous non-lies in which gov- ernments specialize and at worst a concealment of the true nature of U.S. policy toward the Allende Governmen and the scope of American activities Similarly, Edward M. Korry, ambas- sador to Chile during most of the period in question, denied under oath to a Senate subcommittee that there had been Anerican- attempts to "pressure, subvert, influence a single member. of the Chilean Congress." Charles A. Meyer, a former Assistant Secretary of State for Latin-American affairs, also swore that the United States had scrupulously followed a policy of non- intervention in Chile. No wonder, then, that Senator Frank Church, to whose subcommittee this sworn testimony was offered, was re- ported to be outraged upon learning of the Colby testimony. He has prop- erly raised not only the possibility of perjury charges but the question of comprehensive hearings by the full Foreign Relations Committee on the intervention in Chile. If such hearings are held, or.if Mr. Kissinger's confirmation hearings should be reopened--as they already have been once, to inquire into charges that he did not tell the whole truth about wiretaps on reporters and some of his associates-the inquiry should Press much further than the candor of official testimony, important as that question is. But as one Government official pointed out to Mr. Hersh, if covert ac- 'tivities against another country are au- thorized, Government officials-some- times including Secretaries of State and Presidents-have to lie about them. Lies are part of the business. The real questions are whether this supposedly peace-roving and demo- cratic nation has any legal or moral right to conduct covert operations abroad, and whether any Administra- tion of either party has the constitu- tional authority to order taxpayers' money spent for clandestine warfare against the legitimate government of a sovereign country. These questions are long overdue for full and open debate; the Colby testi- mony, for example, said the first in- tervention against -Mr. Allende was ordered by Lyndon Johnson in 1964. Congress, the press, Presidential can- didates-all have consistently shied away from this subject. Supposed liberals have pled the supposed need to be "hard-nosed." The real need is to face the fact that gangster schemes of bribery, violence and even assassin- ation are being carried out,' in the name of the great American people. The C.I.A. may be only an instru- ment, but it seems to have its own sinister vitality. The Chilean efforts, in fact, were authorized by the lineal 'descendent of a body set up by the Kennedy Administration to "control" the C.I.A. Isn't it clear at last that such "control" can be achieved only by a Government with the political will to cut the C.I.A. in half, or kill it 41 to undermine that Government. together? Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09TOO207ROO1000020118-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDPO9TOO2O7ROO100002O118-3 flnna AIte'r a Year: Unrelenting Dictatorship surrender. But the campaign star to "extirpate the Marxist. can- Gen. Augusto Pinochet at the 'time of the coup and after it-including Dr. Allende, who, according to the junta,. committed suicide rather than ties. More than 2;500 people died By JONATHAN KANDELL $peelal to The New York Thnel SANTIAGO, Chile, Sept. 12- A year after the coup d'etat that overthrew the freely elect- ed minority Government of President Salvador Allende Gos- sens, a Marxist, the military junta that took power has strengthened its hold over Chile and appears determined to con- tinue its repressive, authoritar- ian political style and conser- vative, austere, economic poll Chileans who celebrated the an- niversary Wednesday in the streets of Santiago; and other cities were a reminder that the armed ;:forces received ample political backing and, goading from the, anti Marxist majority -particularly middle-class peo- ple who felt most threatened by the Allende Government. But if the coup was the broad civil-military movement that Pinochet Ugarte, and the three other.' members of the junta. The uprising against the Marxist coalition Government was not the usual palace coup. The scores of thousands of cer" remains a clarion call for the chief of state. Gen. Augusto civillatfa.or prepare a quick re-' turn to elective politics. "The recess for political par- ties must- continue for several more years and can ol!ly be re- sponsibly lifted when a new generation of Chileans, with healthy, civic: and 'patriotic, habits, can take over the lead- ership of public life," said Gen-' eral Pinochet r ary The three A1lenae years were an almost unmitigated econem- ic disaster of declines in Indus :trial production, agrarian chaos and raging' inflation. The Government brought about a Continnn_d nn Pn 11-1 rnl,,..,? I I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDPO9TOO2O7ROO1000020118-3