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December 22, 2016
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August 9, 2011
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September 11, 1974
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Approved For Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09T00207RO01000020121-9 11 SEP 1974 Chilean generals unfazed by report of CIA aid In Allende ouster But disclosure causes furore in Washington By James Nelson Goodsell Latin America coiTespondentof The Christian Science Monitor One year after seizing power, Chile's military leaders have settled in for a long stay. But they celebrate their first an- niversary in office Sept. 11 amid a sudden mushrooming of evidence that the United States Central Intelligence Agency, contrary to previous denials, spent millions of dollars from 1970 to 1973 to "destabilize" the government they ousted. One of the reasons they cited for the overthrow of President Salvador Al- lende Gossens was the escalating political and economic. chaos in Chile that Dr. Allende seemed unable to cope with. Now, it appears that at least part of that chaos was sponsored by the CIA. Authorization reported CIA director William Colby, in testimony to a House subcommittee, reportedly confirmed that his agency had been authorized to spend as much as $8 million in an effort to make it impossible for Dr. Allende to govern. The Colby testimony went counter to sworn testimony of senior State Department officials, and spokesman Robert Anderson reiterated Tuesday denials that the department was in- volved in attempts to subvert the Allende regime. But there have been no denials of CIA Involvement Suspicions of such involvement have made the rounds over the years. Although the Colby testimony made hardly a ripple in Chile after its disclosure Sunday, it is causing a furor in Washington. There is a feeling that the testimony may only be the tip of the iceberg - that more disclosures will be forth- coming and that they may well impli- cate a variety of Nixon adminis- tration officials. Already, there is question over Secretary of State Henry A. Kis- singer's role in the CIA activities. As a key member of the National Secu- rity Council and the head of its "Forty Committee," he apparently played a role in approving the use of funds for the "destabilization" program in. Chile. Yet, in various statements, Dr. Kissinger has over the years been quoted as saying, in connection with Chile, that "we prefer democratic governments and attempt to exercise our influence to that end; but we also know we cannot impose our political and legal structures on others." It is precisely this point that is put in doubt by the disclosures of CIA Involvement in Chile. Until the Colby testimony was dis- closed over the weekend, the only confirmed anti-Allende activity by Washington was a United States- sponsored credit squeeze on the part of both Washington and international and hemisphere lending agencies. That squeeze made it hard for Dr. Allende's Marxist-leaning govern- ment to obtain credit. But in a way, Washington could argue effectively that credits to Chile had dropped significantly in the last two years of the government. of Eduardo Frei Montalva, which immediately pre- ceded that of Dr. Allende, due to a feeling on the part of President Frei and the international lenders that' Chile needed to expend already granted credits and begin repay- ments before a large new influx of credit was granted. The Colby disclosures came in a confidential seven-page letter from Rep. Michael J. Harrington (D) of Massachusetts asking further con- gressional hearings on the CIA's role in the. Sept. 11, 1973, military coup that toppled Dr. Allende's government. That coup ended Dr. Allende's ef- forts to nudge Chile along the road to socialism and also ended Chile's long tradition of democratic government. Moreover, it was accompanied by a massive roundup of Allende suppor- ters, escalating reports of the murder of thousands of Chileans, and imposi- tion of a broad military dictatorship. On the eve of. the first anniversary . of the military take-over, for ex- ample, Amnesty International, the London-based human rights organiza- tion, alleged that widespread torture and executions were continuing In Chile. "The death roll of victims is un- precedented in recent Latin Amer- ican history," the. organization: charged. Moreover,it said, "there is little indication that the situation Is improving or that a return to normal- ity is intended." Amnesty International estimated that between 6,000 and 10,000 political prisoners were still being detained without trial in Chile. It added that, k they represented every sector of society from former Allende -min- isters' to '., doctors. lawyers, trade unionists, and actors. Worldwide reaction to events in Chile, as mirrored in the Amnesty International report, has been largely negative, prompting the military leaders headed by President Augusto Pinochet Ugarte to claim that a leftist public opinion campaign has been mounted against Chile. But General Pinochet and his fellow military officers have indicated that they are worried about their image. And it is reported that the Chilean Government has hired the J. Walter Thompson agency in New York to start a public relations campaign designed to improve Chile's Image. That image may be hard to Im- prove, however, until the military relax some of the curbs placed on Chile and Chileans in the past year - dissolution of Congress, ban on Marx- ist parties and the shutting down of all other political activity, the censorship of the press, and the abrogation of many civil rights. 00856 Approved For Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09T00207RO01000020121-9