Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
August 9, 2011
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
September 8, 1974
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP09T00207R001000020130-9.pdf309.42 KB
Approved For Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDPO9T00207R001000020130-9 8 SEP 1974 C.I.A. Chief Tells House $8-Million Campaign Against Allende in'70-73 .By SEYMOUR M. HERSH-. 5Dedat to The New YorkTlmn WASHINGTON, Sept. 7 The director of' the Central Inteili . gence,Agency has told Congress ''that the . Nixon Adniinistratiotia authorized more than $8-lnillioti., for covert activities--by; the agency in Chile' between ;197a and 1973 to make it impossible for President Salvador Allende. Gossens to gbvern..._ The ' goal of the clandestine C.LA:` activities, tht director,. WilIiaar E:' Colby, testifted at a top-secret' bearing.. last.-` April; was to "destabilize" the-Marx-.' ist? -Government of President Allende, who was electeid in. 1970. < l' ' The Allende Government was overthrown in a- violent. coup d'etat last Sept. 1I in which the President . died. The military junta that seized power say he committed suicide but his sup- porters maintain that he was slain by the soldiers who at- tacked the presidential palace in Santiago. Intervention In '64 ' In his House testimony. Mr. Colby also disclosed that -they Central In teiligence Agency.first intervened' against Dr. Allende in 1964, when he was a presi- :~ ~_wwine against Eduardo Frei-Montalva of the Christian , Democratic narty, which had;the support, of the United Stan:.,. - . The agency's operations, Mr.{ Colby testified, were considered Ia test of the technique of using heavy -cash payments to bring down a (government viewed as antagonistic toward the United ISta?es. However, there have been many allegations that the C.I.A. was involved in similar. )activities in other countries be- fore the election of Dr. Allende.. Mr. Colby also maintained. that all of the agency's opera- tions against the Allende Gov- ernment were approved in ad- vance by the 40 Committee in Washington, a secret high-level intelligence panel headed by The New York Times reported then, that the "United States; lacks political, economic or mil- itary leverage to change the course of events in Chile, even if the Administration wished to do so." However, Mr. Colby testified that $500,000 was secretly au- thorized by. the 40 Committee in 1970 to help the anti-Allende forces. Another $500,000 had been provided to the same forces in 1969, Mr. Colby said. Bribe Attempt Reported Mr. Allende's victory was ra-1 tified by the Chilean Congress in October, 1970, and the State-. Department later declared that'; the Administration had "firmly( rejected" any attempt to blockl his inauguration. ; But Mr. Colby testified that; $350,000 had been authorized! by the 40 Committee in an un- successful effort to bribe mem-1 hers of the Chilean Congress.; The bribe. was part of a much' more complicated scheme in tended to overturn the results' of the election, Mr. Colby tee-I tified, but the over-all plan, at-' though initially approved byi the 40 Committee, was later rejected as unworkable. Whilethe Central Intelligence Agency was conducting these clandestine operations, there were reductions in United States foreign-aid grants to Chile in development bank loans and in lines of credit from American commercial banks. Commodity credits for vitally needed grain purchases also were restricted. United States officials have declared that there was no over-all Administration pro- gram designed to limit eco- nomic aid to the Allende Government, but critics have noted that large-scale loans and aid are now going to Chile. President Allende repeatedly complained about what he told the United Nations in Decem- external pressure to cut us off our economy and paralyzetra , from the world, to strangle our economy and paralyze trade and to deprive us of access to sources of international fi- nancing." Colby Declines Comment Mr. Colby acknowledged in a brief telephone conversation this week that he had testified before the Nedzi intelligence subcommittee about the C.I.A.'s involvement in Chile, but he refused to comment on the Har- rington letter. Mr. Nedzi, contacted in Mu- nich, West Germany, where he is on an inspection trip with other members of the House Armed Services Committee, also declined to comment. ing to say anything about it. Mr. Harrington noted in his "On this kind of covert ac-' letter that he had been permit- tion," the official added, "it's ted to read the 48-page tran -, up to those asked to do it to do. script of Mr. Colby's testimony l' it secretly." two rimes, appaienuy wlulVUL taking notes. "My memory must serve here as the only source for the substance of the testimony," he wrote. A number of high-ranking Government officials subse- quently confirmed the details of the C.I.A.'s involvement ash summarized by the Massachu-i setts Representative, a liberal's who has long been a critic of the agency's policies. Companies' Help Rejected In 1964, Mr. Colby testified, some American corporations in Chile volunteered to serve as conduits for anti-Allende funds, but the proposal was rejected. A similar proposal in 1970 led to a widely publicized Senate hearing las tyear. The C.I.A. director also said that after Dr. Allende's 'election, S5-million was authorized by the 40 Committee for more "de- stabilization" efforts in 1971, 1972 and 1973. An additional, $1.5-million was provided to aid anti-Allende candidates in mu- nicipal elections last year. Some of these funds, Mr.; Colby testified, were provided to an unidentified influential anti-Allende newspaper in San- tiago. In his summary of the Colby testimony, Mr. Harrington noted that "funding was provided to individuals, political parties and media outlets in Chile? through channels in other coup i tries in both Latin America and) Europe " "Mr. Colby's description of these operations was direct,, though not to the point of iden tifying actual contacts and conduits; ' Mr. Harrington added. One fully Informed official, told of The New York Times's intention to publish an account of the clandestine C.I.A. ac- tivities in Chile, declared,, "This thing calls for balanced reporting to put the blame where it should be laid." "The agency didn't do any-; thing without the knowledge and consent of the 40 commit- tee," he said, pointedly adding that the committee was headed by Mr. Kissinger, who was then serving as President Richard M.; Nixon's National Security Ad-, viser. Secrecy called Necessary Another Government official similarly defended the C.I.A: s role in funneling fund into Chile and the agency's subse- quent denials of any such ac- tivities. "You have a straight out policy that the United States conducts covert actin on an officially authorized ba ,sis," he said. If you do suc things, obviously you're not go-1 continued 00 Approved For Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09T00207R001000020130-9 A3.,.dsM rrw William E. Colby and equipped by the agency' failed in their invaiion of Cuba in 1961. o A Special Hearing Details of the agency's in- volvement in Chile were first' provided by Mr. Colby to the House Armed Services Subcom- mittee of Intelligence, headed by Representative Lucien N. Nedzi, Democrat of Michigan, at a special one-day hearing last April 22. The testimony was later made available to Representative Michael J. Har- rington, a liberal Massachusetts Democrat who has long been. a critic of the C.I.A. Harrington wrote other members of Con- gress six weeks ago to protest both the agency's clandestine' activities and the failure of the Nixon Administration to ack- nowledge them despite repeated inquiries from Congress. A copy of a confidential seven-page letter sent by Mr. Harrington to Representative Thomas E. Morgan, chairman of the House f Foreign Affairs Committee, was made available to The New. York Times. The testimony of Mr. Colby. indicates that high officials in the State Department and White House repeatedly and deliberately misled the public and the congress about the extent of United States involve ment in the internal affairs of' Secretary of State Kissinger. Chile during the three-year) "nroittee was set up government of Dr. Allende. ~? ?- Shortly after Dr. Allende` by President Kennedy in won a plurality in the presiden-I (tempt to provide Admiristra- tial elections in September,' Ition control over C.I.A. activi- 1970, high Chilean officials lienitrh in Approved For Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09T00207RO01000020130-9 Mr. Kissinger, altnougn iuuy :wuwnL , i ui+ccL uuli.CU1 Vongcaaa a+. a?y -.?,c ....- unformed of The Times's ac~ States role the overthrow. ! tire four years of my stay. count through an aide, did not) "On most of those you have, hard line toward Chile was car- respond. to look at the language very' ried out at any time." A number of officials whose carefully," one official said of; Charles A. Meyer, former As- information about such activi the denials. State fort ties has been accurate in the Shortly after President Allen-' sistant past declared in interviews this des overthrow there were un tinSecretary ec of of State fort ,week that there was a sharp confirmed reports" that the ly testified that the United: split between some State De truckers' strike, which was a States scrupulously adhered to s' stri over the 40 Committee' key element in the social chaos a policy of nonintervention. Chile policy. that preceded the coup, had "We bought n(> votes, we fund-' ed no candidates, we promoted Kissinger's Comment been financed, at least in part, no coups," he said. In his only. public commen by the C.I.A. Senator Frank Church, Dem- on the Allende coup, Mr. Kis At a closed hearing on Chil ocrat of Idaho, who is chair- singer told the Senate Forei before a House Foreign Affairs fnan of the Subcommittee on Relations Committee last year: subcommittee last October, Mr. Multinational Corporations,:, "The C.I.A. had nothing to d Colby refused to rule out the could not be reached for com-I; with the coup, to the best of possibility that some anti- ment. The subcommittee's chief my knowledge and belief, ands Allende deipnstrations in Chile counsel, Jerome I.. Levinson; ex-p I only put in that qualification may have been assisted through pressed anger today on hear-I in case some madman appears) subsidiaries of United States ing of Mr. Colby's testimony. down there who without in- corporations in Brazil or other "For me," he said, "the funda-; 'structions talked to somebody.) Latin-American countries. mental issue now is who makes I have absolutely no reason to He was sharply questioned foreign policy in a democracyA suppose it." . , about that possibility by Mr. and by, what standards and by In his July 18, 1974, letter to Harrington, who emerged dur- what criteria?" Representative Morgan, Mr. ing Congressional debate as Mr. Levinson said that the Farrington quoted Mr. Colby , leading critic of the Adminis- "de-, testifying that the 40 Coat tration's Chilean policies. subcommittee had been liberately deceived" during its'; mittee authorized an expendi- Representative 'Harrington, ture of $1-million for "further reached yesterday at his Mas- public hearings last year. political destabilization" activi- sachusetts office, refused to in his letter to Mr. Morgan,. ties in August, 1973, one mont discuss ..his letter to Mr. Mor-i Mr. Harrington said that he before the military junta seiz !:gan, which he termed confi- had turned to the Foreign Af- control in Santiago. dential. Nor would he discuss fairs Committee chairman "as "The full plan authorized i other 'aspects of the possible alast resort, having despaired August was called off whe of the likelihood of anything the military coup occurred less American involvement in the; as a re Mr. Har fall of President Allende. productive occurring than one month later," salt of the avenues I have al- rington wrote. He added, how In his letter, Mr. Harrington! ready pursued." ever that Mr. Colby had testi, complained about the "inherentl Mr. Harrington noted that Pied that $34,000 of the funds limitations facing members of the subcommittee on Inter had been spent-including a Congress in uncovering the' American Affairs had held five payment of $25,000 to one per-~ hearings on human rights in: son to buy a radio station. facts of covert activities such; Chile since the junta came to A specific request earlier In as those in Chile." from the summer of 1973 for $50,000 He also expressed dismay! power, with testimony that the Administration had; only one State Department wit- 4rs' strike nabiwas pruck- authorized the covert expendi-; ness with full knowledge of the the s rike that was crippling) clandestine C.I.A. activity. the Chilean Government tore of $1-million in August,; And that witness, Harry W. turned down by the 40 Com- 1973, "without any apparent; .mittee, Mr. Harrington further deterrent being posed by the re-1 Shlaudeman, a Deputy Assist quoted Mr. Colby as testifying. cently completed hearings intoi ant Secretary of State for Inter- I:T.T. [International Telephone; , American Affairs, refused to A Difference of opinion & Telegraph] involvement in; (testify about agency activities, "In the period before th e1 Chile and the Senate Water Harrington wrote. coup," one official said, "the gate committee's disclosur of 141r was a pretty firm view on the; C.I.A. activities related to I He urged Mr. Morgan to call for afull-male public investi- part of the 40 Committee ---~ Watergate." which is Kissinger and nobod A Senate Foreign Relations 1 gation of the Nixon Adminis- else-that the Allende Govern (subcommittee concluded hear-! Itration's involvement in Chile. ment was bound to come to de~ ings last April into what I.T.T. i j Mr. Morgan could not be struction and had to be thor reached for comment, nor officials acknowledged was an] oughly discrdited." attempt to contribute'$1?miilion could it be learned whether he The State Department su had responded to Mr. Harring- to the United States Govern- r ported this, but in a differen ton s letter. way," the official recalled. ,I ment for use by the Central In- i ~ The Foreign Affairs Commit- wanted to stretch out any clan. telligence Agency to create eco- l tee will begot sessions next destine activities to permit the nomic chaos in Chile. Testimony week on the Administration's regime to come to a political) showed that the offer was re- I foreign military-aid requests, I end. 1 jetted after discussions that ap- committee aides said. Amend- "The argument was between) i arentl involved Mr. Kissinger merits have been offered calling those who wanted to use force) sand Richard M. Helms, then di- for 'the halving and for the and end it quickly rather than complete elimination of the to play it out. Henry was on . rector of the agency. number of hi h State De- Administration's request for the side of the former-he was; A partment officials g testified un- more than $20-million in mili- for considerabl obstruction." ; der oath at those hearings that tart' aid and training for Chile. All of the officials inter-i the United States was not mak- viewed emphasized that the. ling any attempts to interfere Central Intelligence Agency with Chile's internal politics. was not authorized to play any; Edward M. Korry, former direct role in the coup that: Ambassador to Chile, declared: overthrew Dr. Allende. It was 1"The United States did not seek also noted that most of the, to pressure, subvert, influence subsequent denials of agency a single member of the Chilean iinvoh?ement in the internal of-. ,fairs of Chile were made in the 00877 Approved For Release 2011/08/09: CIA-RDP09T00207RO01000020130-9