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Document Creation Date: 
November 3, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 26, 2013
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February 7, 1945
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PDF icon CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3.pdf24.07 MB
? ? ? 41, ? 16 C-9000Z?001-00n11-0000X?1-dCl-V10 9Z/60/?1-0Z eSeeiei .10d panaiddv pue Pe!PsseloeCI . ? ??????? - ' ? 1-1.tup -??????? ?????????????????4., ? C-9000Z?001-00n11-0000X?1-dCl-V10 9Z/60/?1-0Z eSeeiei .10d panaiddv pue Pe!PsseloeCI ? E-4 , ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 it \ ? , 6 ) Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ? 9 FEB 1945 Mr. Cheston: Herewith a oopy of the Rendon notes which were prepared by Mr. M. Halperin. 7.44 1$41041irfov-.4.,,- 4 ?? ? , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 4411-fi, StOti a ? Declassified and A?proved For Release 2013/09/26 : CIA-RDP13X0000 TJ - 2,a-A t' l'AiNialf 4 ? Co 000100320006-3 TO: Brig. Gen. John Magruder Dr. W. L. Langer FROM: Maurioe Halperin SUBJECT: Interview with Mr. Joseph RendOn -tatA (0, % iqtAi (11m- ctrwu MOST glidiktp,"-)it titi...ututtedi,m, ck 144 , Cv16c. Cqf rlettioe.* 7 February 1045 Acoording to your instructions I interviewed Mr. Joseph Ren66n during the afternoon of 3 February 1045 and found it desirable to continue the interview during the evening of 6 February. Mt'. Renadn gave me a typewritten dooument signed by gen. Federico Ponce, Provisional Provident of guatemala, whose government was overthrown by an armed revolution on 20 October 1944. Mr. Rend6n obtained theme documents from General Ponca In Mexico City where the General and his wife now reside. Mr. Rend6n is a young man of neat appe*rance, probably in hie late 20's or early 30's. He describes himself as a news- merman, 4 writer, an artist, and a person of independent means. He nays that he is ft native-born New Mexicen but for sevtoel years hao made his residence in Mexico City. He 414011.R tains that he became interested in the Guatemalan situation as it newspaperman end that hin effort to present the 0444 of General Ponce to the government of the United States stem solely from patriotic motives toward the United States. He olaima to have obtained the sympathetic interest of several members of Congress, including Mrs Ploeser of St. Louis, MP* Luther Johnson of TOM, Mr. Jonkman of Michigan, And Mr. Wadsworth of New York. The documents turned over to me include copies of telegrams sent by general Pone') on 0 November 1044 and 03 December 1944 to Preeldent Roosevelt and of a telegram sent to *resident Vargas of Brasil on 7 November 1044. These telegrams express the pathies of GORIVAi Ponce for aemocracy and the United Nations, deolare that the overthrow of his goverment was sponsored by the Nests, and offer to provide the U. S. and Braxil with evideno, to that effect. Mr. Rend(in stated that ho persontlly believes these telegram were not permitted to leave Wi0Ot , S. MOST 8b;Citer ? . - rr Pease 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X000 1R00 006-3 :1 S !' 4 a Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R0001003200063 ___ SECRET (ntui. Pit'r tIooumnt, 1nt.t }4exioo City, J*nu*r'y 9, it*ki th tol w1n ttonit 1. 111 ovvnmnt w overthrown by ii&try pLot anc not by the tii o1 the peopis whoee oo ft4enoe he 'tt11 hie. 2. Th derhip o the inoveiaent *ainat ii?r*J Ub&oo, wto w toroad to resiign n June i44, is ow ov.rnent whiolt suooantst thftt or (enrL 1bioo in t oonntitutton1 tanner. oonsieted o:V members oi the reottonry Cons.rvtive Party workthi o oeLy with th Ct.ho1io oiory or Gu*te*ii. 3. ()tJtr enent ljmvQivei ftnct whioh *euniet the main role in ovot'thiwin h govemnent on 2U October' 144 thol4e4 Nfti?, itailf4n 1oits, Fgt, entine N*i F*soistN, Cornnnmi8 ti. 4. Junong t;ht Nttzt nc F otte n&me4 ro Cpt. 3#oobo Arbiin, of th Gut*ln Army, "of 1erm*n origin who lived tn,ny yeris in t'niany", anti Jorge Tor1eLio, one of the le*4ers of the 4ovoiuttonaty movement, nt "eon of N politn fhmntomhLun womnn nl w.. th trly Foi t tiot ." F. A?1tne nn .tton wtth the rvoiution *ro rttri- butet tQ the "Arut4t.ne Nhi ot 4et, Jwtn 4Toee ArVi*," now Preti ctent of flueteiiut1, 6, 3eotai ttent.ton i given to the i*d ie In the revo.ut1.on of "mor of t;ti flermn t't' who by tt nnie of Lwiw kemt, but; whoie re1 nme ? 1rQn Von (oeenn, h'ut?dnnt of the Ltin (s) C &ttee of Gnni in Nnxtoo, Pt kitoi 4,ti who opertee i1r**eiy in 1ts Mtix.1on Ripuh.Lic n1 who h* jt been In Oubi. . .in 0m14,t1 to pt'ovoke gttion u tntit the ovemment of Gm'*u Sn Ljrttn. It; ti known thnt thit inivInnni. eent vrtous N*t agents to Coiomnbia, Vntsu&ta, nd the Wnt of Santo 1)omingo. .." 7 in the evotton is attributed to Aon Dentoom'tUoa Coutmerioana, with ha quarters in ?7? n. ??_,t??___ Mexioo (ily, snd undeL' Ut m*ied proteotton Of 14o. s.q4a pa(tlLa, iintmter of Foroin t1on, an of Lie. Al.mit, Mthiter or Interior And Jut1o., who m*Intlrts nttuts cntot with the oV.i.nt lmhy by men of hi* p*'tvte secretary, the ?a- UQ3T SECR1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP 1 3X0000 1 R000 1 00320008- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ? ? is 4r, -Or ? ? -3-I MOST SUM Nicuaraguan, Lie. Rogelio de la Solve." Baron VoilOoelsenau is also declared to have intimate connections with Jodi% Democratioa Centro-Americana. General Ponoe also states in a special addendum that Col. H. Honing of the U. S. Army, attaohed to the Military School of Guatemala, also partioipated in the revolution which overthrew him. In addition, General Ponce claims that in the "night or treason", 2M-20 October 1944, the leaders of the revolt met in the Amerioan Embassy and used its telephone facilities in order to communicate with other members of the insurrectionary group. Mr. Renddn stated that much more information and fuller documentation could be obtained directly from General Ponce, He also stated that Goner41 Ponce told him that he was pre- paring an armed movement to oust the present Guatemalan govern- ment and regain power. Ho would give Mr. RendOn no further details. Mr. Rend6n expressed the opinion that General Ponce would perhaps be willing to give such details to a representa- tive of the U. S. government. Mr. Rend& stated emphatically that General Pomo only wished the U.S. government to be informed of his mide of the 0400 and his intentions and is not asking for more than a sympathetic understanding. According to the information in our files and from what wo know about the information in the possession of other agencies of the U.S. government, including the State Department, the charges of olerlcal, Nazi, Fascist, Falangist, Argentine, and Communist participation in the leadership of the revolution which ousted General Ponos are probably unfounded. In any ones they would requira further substantiation in view of in- formation in our possession to the contrary. Nevertheless, further investigation of the charges is recommended inasmuch RR they may reveal unknown factors in the revolution and serve to check upon the veracity and sincerity of General Pones. It is further recommended that effort be made to ascertain the exact plans of General Ponce to overthrow the present government of Guatemala. ? mom slaw ?-? For Release 2013/09/26 . CIA-RDP1 000100320006-3 . ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ?Sr. Cheston does not wa to Trrite anct her letter in re to this matter but wondered if you could not mention the matter orally sometime when you are over inthe Stet e Departasnt. ? PP Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 OFFICE OF STRAT WASHINGT IC SERVICES anuary 1945 ? The Honorable Nelson Rockefellar Assistant Secretary of State Department of State Washington, D. C. Apar Nelson: I am writing with regard to General Donovan's letter of 16 December concerning a possible reliable informant on Central America. I will be iLterested in getting your reactions to the possibility of using this Sincerely, Charles S. Cheston Acting Director kAlhk. atAA.A.. Ali (iv, lokt? I:Ai 1. A404 SvvitincA Ott) aio.4404 PkA+ rkk LiLk .saik it. 1161 kik>. tN01\1\?M"t "k"ak *4 I a.?) 4AA io 1410 0 0,J. II 41 t1 A1t"Ne)l L /31 tk.t4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ; ?) 9rozzi re41.114.z.ClkuLh rcok.,?, C t (0-06, aitkAA c 040., As. iN DEIDAM'T'MENT Or STATE A C., WASH I NOITON December 27. 1944 6 Thank you very much for your letter of Deeember sixteenth transmitting II memorandum regardinq a posaible r?liable Informant on Central Amorioas I 1411 1ook imto this and let you know prompt4. POP.84^ '4 011, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 /ON 10401 44044e The attached letter and rondum to Mr. Neloon Rookete14. r/ were prepared *t your request. 4d4ob(4),CLAAkce.44 Aft W. Auohlnoloss 1st Lt., XAGD Sooretarlat Office of the Secretariat (.W) .???????"9"--q. ? 44" Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 4c ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Nr. Nelson A. Rockefeller Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs Commerce Building 14th Street & Constitution Avenue, N.V. Washington, D. C. Dear Nelson: I am enclosing a memorandum which I think will be of interest to you. Sincerely, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 v4;,"-11:?? "?.q" ? ? I. ? r?, I ?*4-, . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 A SA.4 hilialORANDUS - There is wtsilable posmible informant on setters i* Control Merle'. This individual'is a eolored woman epproselv. in middle age, edueoted at Columbio University, an antbro4. polociot and writtar by profession. She is hichly skilled t* her profeselln, ht done considerable field work in the west India*, and hea received substantial researoh fellowships from very reputable foundations. She is about to embark o* * two-ye$r field e: edition to Honduras and )%es boom *worded * fellowmhip for this purpose. In order to rucilitoto problamo or transportation oil living, she la endow/0rin4 to purehstso a boat. She hos le- ostad a tasnws)rty 000t whiah sun be purchsood for 0,000. She hu o carsday rrisold 11500 spa thus requires Woo to Imo. plots the purchaaa. it this amount wore turnished to her, she might agree to send poriodic reporta on politioal and woo-, =mite develoomonta in lioneunks *ad other Control Amerieon countries. he nicht well be &las to provide firsthand intork? metion th$t ecnAld not be obtained in ony other feohlon. There Is believed to be no prIbles of eommunieetlose, end it i* *mid that plans for the purehose aid us* of Um boat ore reascaable end practieal. It io thouelt that the lammat is entirely reliable and well qualified tor the work, am4 the financiel trensoetton con. be handled In such a way es to provide exoellent cover. 14,(. k aft, " .4"1"?"Vr""'""rign*Ill"k Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26 ? CIA -R 00 ? ? ? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 WO Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 /'-"N Dr. W. L. Langer Maurice H 4alperin (4. Poneible informant in Central America. have Jut returned from New York where I interviewed the person whom Mr. Edwin Merrill of our New York office had proposed to us as a possible informant in Central America. I believe that the subject is well qualified for the work, that excellent cover can be provided and that she would probably be willing to be of service. In terms of the noeda of the Latin America DiViNiOn, she could be exceedingly offoo- Woo in providing first hand information whia could not be obtained' in any other fashion and which no other agency of the government could obtain. There would be no problem of communications. IIth respect to general OSS policy at thin time, I suggest that ths3 matter be referred to General Donovan. The eubject is a colored woman approaching middle ago, educated at Columbia Univereity, an anthropologist and writer by profession. She is highly ektlled in her pref0001,011, has done considerable field work in the Went Indiee, and has received substantial research fellow. ships from very reputable foundationo. She is about to embark on a two-year field expedition to Honduras and has been awarded A follow- shiF for this purpose. In order to facilitate problems of transportation and living, oho is endeavoring to purchase a bout. She has located a imaworthY boat which can be purchased for $5,000. She has already raised $1500 and thus requires $3500 to compl.eto ,he purchase. It is proposed that we auprly thin amount in return for which nhe would furnish us with periodic row:lite on political and economic developments in Honduras and other Central American countries. Since this area is now seething with unrest and revolt, Lheye report would be or great value for purposes of evalua- tion and analypie of the current Central American scene. Both Mr. Merrill and I have checked into the background of the subject and believe her to be entirely reliable. Mr. Merrill, who has had some experience with boats, is of the opinion that her plans for the purchaee and use of the boat are reasonable and practical. Mr. Morrill, who is known to the subject only as a director of the Phelps Stokes Foundation, can handle the amino transaction in such a way as to provide excellent cover. ralrrmlr"Pellik"1"WIWI""' mrAcagaior0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ?1$ itiortram 61,tiPlAir friM00440,01FAirrok its V040' 40:00.11ANY efF 614111i V/01044INfeTt1041 Hi el Ob. Thank*, for yew( letter ef the fourteenth with the enoleeed nem. I shall leek fmrsard with a great deal of inter;:et te disoussing this with yeu Ispen your return. Sinoerelb nrigadier Clews' William J, Donovan Director, Office of Strategic Servioes Weshington, D. 0. I Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 A - Mr? Nelson Roekefeller, Coordinator Offiee of the Coordinator of Inter-Aaerieen Affairs Cameros Building Washington, D. C. Here is the aesorendua. to wake the m I discussed available to you if you are interested. Also, I think you might wish to have our man in charge of Research talk with you. vier Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ? 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 .0 ir .44414esta.61 144.048,4 .414104.41161 I a ( 6 48 4 ,!I, ta-1 rolt LI.;111.; 1 Ttt Lawn: 1 rt 1444c3 lang '..1/1-Qe4H" walligialbolINININsli41?00 Itl 01101?1111X11140111 The poeition Lilo Utattid Antos in Lktin Alhertsa is ri.,1 d ;et t 're t is ir untitir tho attlieth t ultrp-nationa tot itiover- :rants epearheeded by Argentina c.cnd supported sy surviving A4s ROlitioql ad economic interest:Is Ovetint: inie nvieles the United Astos is gravely h,ndlomppod ivy its Luah of a *ell ?oribenlmedf alort seerst intalw 1 tromp, tservice for 1 :Ain k '1001401:0 )tfrtntLtt.d in phut, ii,ontbn III Soul irk: 4,1 It the) r tint I t nit t*T tvis4n reitiJueu. Nazi 0044001111SAS h014110ia nd iUlati Gresnirtitiona tissvelorisse. throuthout Letin kterloa detftonstrate tho noest tor at4ch aerviee? l'endine comprehensive solution of the intelligeOSO rtr, 1.:ire.tvilit,e or t.he tittoti Luting irt Ltth ...1611,414, a trort. shAagi Wo Ludo at onov to obtaIll Iloclre find full date OA aortpan urigehe pleviii *oat a,; rgantlar t. I t. try rropirst tonal inaltrat.1.40 int* 1$31Liibo,riglig Gotintelwa, nd tho z.gt.ntt Lindforgrosiubdi (M) 14iintitt? tuttion of,,xis g?srugsf ;isr,onnI and funds anti dertdrittrot ion qf shannelas Lotel cloitking rultrwatotit.a 1 it ins usgvd. %q I ? 44 t',4, Y (41? .1 C mitION1114.111. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 . 4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ?rieN p 3 IA, 11,4J I Aloft among the NOW vewere, the United Btatee has failed 14 develop tin intelligens* wan lees noomeary ha beak its peellide Ai a woad posers This failure pavehabli isloot eonapiesese in Whim Moriai sphere ths naintemase .t tb. Sairisios patsitics noder the SW Weightier p.2ti depend* upon volitieal NM somata 4iplest.7 booed wen atisquete re akijiluguadimuidaki Ai the war in iAlrope aram to a elms, the hardpans partial etabilitp of Latin Awls%) shish gnaranteed* amour* and predJ healapherei is ravid4 and risiblip diaintegretiog* The Um ted Steles I s tbme treed tir the pared= at aehiering striking memos in the theaters it Isar while at the same time lie position in the weetern NeeimOhore bosom* inermeloglip 'miserable. A Zs resent month* there has been an alarmiogpu or oaten- nationalist and anti-Uoited Aosta* nativity ?ftempd 4, it tsetse* earthier eeomemio distress; teem that the defeat of the Axle memlid femme ell limitations upon the predomimme of the United Natio in this temies phere and would eneoerage the outbreak of metal rerolatime aod the deliberate efforts of still powered Ada nod pram-Axis intermits In the Iteetern Hemia04114 Ultro-oatimalist and nati-Uoited 9tatee movemoke bace Wee able to esquire a elemeiderable degree of mem a.pest, esal Moe bees obis to owborn s1poitiean4 somber* of room am A* 4 remitium there hap arisen a new vhememmoon in the reeternsholiagime* the tartan mop "parried out Axisrnimelemeed amp effieme* Thee* etleopt to etiraet mem support by, the was of PM4*U111 antimeavitalis4 sal antimferaige elegane, and oppXy, the tasMiqws epsdhv earepeao feats* for *antra of the state* Them mreral revamlime he differed oisnifisantly from the traditional Latin *prima petters it U.. palaee meat. The moot premisiont and dangerous example of tide 40111 sent is is the military leeeramemt in Apgmntinas 'hash hes bsessm the pounaa head of the nttaek upon the Intermiemovieen hoot* It hes flamotei sod centimes to foment similar soups in mighberimg emotriee with the eke it establishing an Argentine dominated Mee1 venereal mem to ebellage the United *steel, It is now arming with the &mime lotookiee it mill Wiliturir fires to earn' ant HA P14104 mumaimmucaadiajami, The endow hardships imelleted wpm Latta aoarieme bp' moths memmie disleeatim hare breught about a me* feeling it reembemot and desperation* As molts there me mists 4 reeernehr arraiplages usr%hi* sen he harmemed tool:44r baftwassis titAttisk, riist or emtremo leftist eature* tiltrah-eationalistoe seioing the lead thee far base been direeliog this mem sweet ageism* their 4144111441611141 4nd againot the United ittatee. Portherooreo the demprowe pebeetiaLiky it an extreme leftist me it this unreel at ones fobs,* date eeensi be overiechod6 ? e,-IccifiC1arr1 Anrrovedor ran. .? lease 2013/09/26? CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ? a Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/26 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 ? r.! r .1 co Diaffikaajfijkigjaadjugan Pacertal CSersan aossereial 004 sommilostoring letereete. sereildly integreted into the esoneer of Latin Anarioei hove heat able to feriftio sith rslativa1.7 littls &sago, MSc blaoklist end eWher terms at MIMI asoosolawarturo. They are in a position to emerge leis the OM el the and 0 the war and sewn* their rapid pregrese of the premolar period, eensieteat4 mottled advise sod eeeistemee to asioNsolto to the United AMA* and govereemete seegowatieguith ea? nie ~dial of thee* interest* poseemte an eves peeler =min that they provide an *Meisel aeoluentan ter the roompties aid leaSt refugee Nati reads and pereennel* githeut effeshise sesster? measuree, there ssmoll be eseeted within war ova bootaptors a earvisteg osatar of Nail iaI2asss.. gogisogjaiegjamadliditaildmagigaistom The develepammt of the Latin anorioas oriels hass bow 7:1:4been unweliideble4 Higher and mere ptomaie n eemaideratiess 0 4 apply, Sr examples have distated the largemeemlo divorolus of shipping sod switos to other areas. oa the other hand, aortas prehleme oak 4,6 the *Motive sleeking ot MIA essmoade leiereets. might have hese handiedmesh mere etteetivally it the gaited **tee hut a wellmergesieedo alert eseret intelligens and 1n4e111gemee aealysie eerviee ter Lakin AM0,1014. thieh a movies, in additieqr 14r todegiiiis aim sidsvskilf the ssienti direstion and prebehle ettest ofduovolopbs tendemeles, weeld permit this government to antieipate the tell est** ot the prehlame it spot dall With. The averisnos of the past three yews hoe aulgirtamaaotrotail the need for a United tate', secret intelligens* servile* in Latin meriem4 a. The 4 Amos 1943 eonp estat ifi Argentina eft.' 66 10166140, Lankleg fsoilities rapid); to &tombs, the mature of the new reg$Nos this government extended recognition, eirieh it is. famed to id.tildrompasour later. The interval of a year enabled the military regime to istreash itself and to anhiliss support in eaislibaring seentriee. be .10mi1arly, altheogb Allied reports ot ma impendift tinemispassered eon', le Saida ~bed beildsgben awe seas bellernr. numbor 1944 the Umited Apates bed rawourtisisat sow to sheik the validity of these reports. As a melt. ora1iq otter the imp MO a hasty lagwoviostlas. and Wilted Motes eatered4 postiesies4 beesuse an Allied gevernsent hed bees sd se easily iith A$ M. 6 United Aides attempts to laroditatto Moat oimassiolualitme in Latin Ame;iaa nave been eaemikered to it large ahem( smosousell. eleakimg titivates shish ear leek et admgmehe seen* lattollismobledio. eve as from foreetalith&Ohme, of approaliatolyThOok)sromourlAiso La Latin Almeria*, fewer than ten per east him bums elimieeted. AM, three peer* of ear is *an mar ommetee the femerel PUN, et Glom deomminseeuress we Cs sot knew $al nottirw do our loft the *mut eitemt and odors of sawriving Qemme esseemie ebremOths Iluto La ems of the meet dmpaertas gaps in our imialligemmes ? A Pnr Release 2013/09/26 *OW 4, ? - _____ CIA-RDP13X00001R000100320006-3 11. ? ? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/261 CIA-RDP13X00001R00010032000o-i NA*