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Approved For Release 2001/09/07 : CIA-RDP33-02415A000200350078-5 U. S. Seriously Concerned Cold War May Spawn Weather-Control Race By Nate Heseltine Staff Reporter The next hot fight on the Advisory Committee on; cold-war front may well shape,Weather Control. The 4-year-i up into an all-out seientifIceld'special committee Roes out; race between this country and of existence on Der. 31. Russia to work out ways to The committee. headed hs,' ,control the world's weather. Capt. froward T. Orville. USN; American scientists are seri- ously concerned that the So- viets may win the race, gain- ing a fair-weather monopoly for themselves and weather extremes for this continent. retired. is not expected to ask; its own continuation. It will most likely recommend that :its functions he turned over to the National Science Foun- dation with increased powers. The report, still under wraps, may not even mention Russia, but its warnings will be clear that if the United! See CONTROL Al, Col. 1 The gun to alert the United' States that the race is on is expected to be fired at the end of this month in the swan- song report of the 11-member Approved For Release 2001/09/07 : CIA-RDP33-02415A000200350078-5 For Release 2001/09/07 : CIA-Rop33-02415A000200350078-5 race toCoith.l Weather Seen as Next Cold-War Move tea is to gain any mastery United States, leaving a trail Other, perhaps even more'er, or favorably alter the cli-, gen bomb scientist, bet( r weather this country of heavy storm damage. Later t pour money and brains detailed studies of the hurri- meteorological research, cane's course showed that it :scenting some mild bene- followed a normal pattern, and reported from eloud.seed, that the cloud-seeding, if any, techniques to induce rain- . this country lacks ltd not le bcitanged its course earch bases to backup the `'"` nittedly wild conjectures Knowledge "Abysmal" weather control more itely called weather roodi- 'he- weather :,,:control Ames range from methods break up burrkanes nd nados to others designed proposed to control or modify change whole climates weather- As Reichelderfer ry include: says, man's knowledge of the Spraying vast areas of basic mechanics of weather ar snowfields with lamp- is abysmal, and, he said, this ek that would absorb is as true in Russia as it is her that reflect sunshine torn this country. It the icecaps. The Weather Bureau chief Spreading c he in lc els said he has had as much if The incident illustrates that the present state of the sci- ence of meterology is unpre- pared to tackle the seemingly wild schemes that have been dire effects of man-made weather changes, such as those which might change the patterns of prevailing winds over earths surfaces, are un- known for lack of basic infor- mation of the mechanics of at- mospheric motions. A weather change that might transform present des- erts into farmlands also might desolate present world bread- baskets Although the special Ad- visory Committee on Weather Control spent most of its time and attentions on evalu- ating rain-seeding efforts its final report is, expected to recommend that the Govern- ment, through the National Science Foundation, promote basic research in meteorology at a much greater rate than eat over surfaces of the,not more contact with Soviet current studies. ..ibbean Sea and the Gulf of meteorologists as any weather- More specifically, the re- xico to better induce eva- ation processes and help sun pull mountainous kid!, of moisture from these t ers. Cutting off mountain tops I otherwise leveling whole iges of present peakS, a pro- ious task that would change ole climate patterns. Towing Arctic ice fields ithward in the oceans to It and change ocean teen- -aturts known to have im. tont influences on the rld's weather. Heating up the polar fee- ls with atomic oven heat trees. The Antarctic is the rid's present icebox, and if doors were wedged open li atomic heat world wind man this side of the Iron Cur- tain. Today's only cause for concern, he said, is that Russia is speeding up and expanding basic research in meteorology, training tar more new mete- orologists today than are be- ing attracted to the sciente in the United States. "The Rutstein, like us, have carried on some modest cloud- seeding experiments, with just about the same results as we have gotten," Reicheiderfer said. "Neither they nor we have any actual experiments underway to drastically modi- fy weather or weather pat- terns." The chief deterrent to ac- tual attempts to change cli- mate patterns is, of course, e- real fear that such chant port will undoubtedly call the Nation's attention to the ur- gent need for support of long- term weather study projects. Such studies, some requiring years if not decades to com- plete, are needed before man can sensibly tamper with cli- mate control. Along these lines, the com- mittee will likely ask that the National Science Foundation be given a free and liberal hand to promote studies on such subjects as: ? What natural processes are involved in rain or snow formation and precipitation? ? How do disturbances on the surface of the sun affect earth's weather? ? Which weather factors do, a-- Sc ire' ?s, S Weather Bureau sci- Ms next spring or fall. It ild Involve spraying fuel on the ocean surface along side of a hurricane's move- -it, and setting the oil on he heat of the burning fuel, ording to Francis W. Reich- 44g kther bureau;'rnight alter fury or at least change the irse of the hurricane. Reich- crier said he would recom- nd a test of this idea on a .size hurricane scale. suits Uncertain "ae ultimate. benefits of a steeP away rn ne said, curdy jus- such tests. hief Reichelderfer s a -I d is some scientific' basis dtering the beat pattern( ;iiirrleanes would draw airi ulation from it s inner; ill actually break up th es. Whether this effect il Tirane, or slow it down, or; nee its course remains to, shown by the proposed a. onceivably. he admitted,11 burning fuel oil might In. st,. a hurricane's forces, or resulta might be too tin. lictable for practical use. cattier scientists still go at reminders of the T officially admitted hur-1 le-seeding experiment of tortIkrafteix that attempt! .reaktip It Oita raft itoryo e Cille nly veered Inta'Abei Gulf Stream, whose warm waters benefit both this coun- try and the British Isles, is at least theoretically possible. But, as one meteorologist put it, it would make no one happy If in that diverting Washing. ton got London's weather and London Washington's. Similarly, man's attempts to entirielee won't at- tempted until scientists can forme with reasonable ac- curacy what the overall ef- fects of that melting will be. One already estimated effect Is that if all the ice around both poles were turned to water the ocean levels would rise some 100 to 200 feet, inun- dating coastal cities all over the world?without and within the Iron Curtain. --weat/3 ,111F Whit 'give. dos and hurricanes, and why, do they behave as they do' The answers to all of these questions cannot be obtainedi without basic research. It would not be unreason- able for the Committee tol bolster its final report with re- cent statements by a number fpfaantiat: States to go all out in weather control studies. Vannevar Bush. now chair- man of the corporation of the Massachusetts Institute o f Technology and wartime head of the Office of Scientific Re- search and Development, on Dec. 2 stated: "We do not know whether it will be practically feasible for man to control the wrath mate in which he lives , is entirely possible, were he wise enough, that he could' produce favorable effects, per-I haps of enormous practical. significance, transforming his environment to render It more salutary for his purposes. "By all means let us get at it." Says Control Essential Henry G. Houghton, MIT, meteorologist, speaking on the' need fo come up first with thel answers to weather control, told the First National Con-I ference on, Applied Meteorol-: ogy: "I shudder to think of theI consequences of a prior Rus- sian discovery of a feasible method of weather control International control of eather modification \Ail] be essential to the safety of toe world as control of nuclear energy now is. "Unless we remain ahead of or abreast of Russia in meteor- ology - research the prospects for international agreements on weather control will be poor indeed." Perhaps ,the Advisory Com- mittee will remind those it seeks to influence of the words of Edward Teller, the hydro Approved For Release 2001/09/07 : CIA-RDP33-02415A000200350078-5 Ncv. 25 session of the Military Preparedness Said Teller' 'Please H 55, or al in which the RI can control weather ir scale ?there they can be rainfall over Russ that?and here I am a .)out a very definite c, --might very well in -he rainfall in our coo an adverse manner. Th say, we don't care. sorry if we hurt you. ' mcre:y trying to do need to do in order to people live " The late atomic mai clan, Johi. von Neu roar diseus!.ion f,n the fart, fects could be I); 'it cuanging climate p ,declared "Pronab,v irte!,(4.,;) tnnsi horn. and ,11rnate will come Ir. fey, and will unfold 'iii ticult to imagine A 1 o Such ,ntervention would merge each affairs with those ro other more thorough; the threat of a nuclear other war may &tree( done." lhe next war truly atmospheric.