Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 23, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 5, 2013
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
January 24, 1958
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STAT Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05: CIA-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9 Al# V - 0 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Denied .4* Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05: CIA-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05 : 5A-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9 MIF Defense Subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee Mahon, Goorge H. (D.. Tex.). Chairman Skeppard, Harry R. (D.. Calif.) Wigglesworth. Richard B. (R.. bias 4 * Thomas. Albert (D.. Tex.) Scrivner, Errett P. (R.. Kane.) Norse11. W. F. (D.. Ark.) Ford. Gerald R. Jr. (R.. Mick.) Whitten. Jamie L. (D.. Wee.) Miller. Edward r. (R.. hid.) Andrews. George W. (D. Ala.) Oetertag. Harold C. (R.. N. Y. ) Sikes. Robert L. F. (D.. Fla.) ? Badge. Hamer H. (R.. Idaho) Rilay. Jobs Jacob (D.. S. C.) ? Laird. Melvin R. (L . Wig.) Flood. Daniel .7. (D. ? Pa.) it ? Boyla. Charles A. (D.. Ill.) * Recently made members of the Subcommittee ? ReceaUy made a member of the full Committee Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05: CIA-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05 : dIA-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9 low NIP 654 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ? HOUSE meat who orders less than an all-out effort in these critical areas fails in his (Cduty. Now, how did we get ourselves into a situation of this kind? I am not going to try to assess the blame, although that is becoming a popular pastime Just now. What is more important is for us to pull together and get our ox out of the ditch. . I want to state very positively I ant dis- appointed with the delays in Pushing ahead after the present eituation became known. I am seriously concerned with what appears to be a lack of information In the high places in our Goverrunent on what is happening in the world. We have a very costly intelligence system. Its ex- penditures have almost no congressional screening or control. Yet it apparently has not been capable of obtaining com- prehensive, up-to-the-minute informa- tion for our Government on world events. On every major crisis we appear to be the last to find out what is going on. Mr. MAHON. Mr. Chairman, will the gentlemen yield? Mr. SIKES. I yield. Mr. MAHON. I think the gentleman might agree with me that perhaps there Ii certainly more than a grain of truth In what appears to be the assertion of Mr. Allen Dulles. the Director of Central Intelligence. It is indicated in the morn- ing Paper that he has reported many things to the Government with respect to the peril which has confronted us, but the people responsible for decisions have net been willing to listen to him and take action as a result of what he has reported. That was the import of what I read in the morning paper. seems to me there is a lot of truth in that, because I think the Intelligence Service has made many reports which have gone unheeded. and therein lies a danger. I understand Mr. Dulles in the future is to polish these presentations up and add charts and red arrows indicating the danger areas. Maybe that will enable us to interpret his reports more carefully. I believe the ? CIA has done a better job than it has ........ received credit for. Mr. SIKES. I do not know whether -the major crises that have occurred in recent years have been reported to the people in high places in our Government or not. I have evidence they were not. But if our officials knew of those grave conditions, then they failed to impart their knowledge to the Congress and to the American people, and they failed to take advantage of repeated assurances that the Congress will give all the help it can by legislation or by appropriation. I cannot believe that has always been the MM. If they knew of these things I say again there was no inkling to the Con- gress from the agencies of the adminis- tration of the impending breakthrough by the Russians in the satellite and mis- sile ilelds as late as August 30,1957, when the Congress was still in session. That was just a little more than a month be- fore the first sputnik was launched. Yet even after it was launched there ap- peered to be little apprehension among Government officials of the seriousness of Soviet progress. I call attention to the fact that 45 days after the first sputnik was launched. when this committee met to seek the facts on the missile program, the full go- ahead on our missile and satellite pro- gram still was entangled in the Penta- gon maze. The services then had not been told to go ahead and expedite this program as fast as they could. Now, 3 months later, we have this moderate re- quest for funds. The Pentagon tells us that the state of the art will not permit a proper and orderly use of additional funds. That does not speak very well for the state of the art in this country when you consider that all we hope to do at the moment is cut down the lead which the Russians appear to have; when you con- sider that Congress repeatedly has voted the money requested for_researchsend de- velbeepentsend that leswhefisknow-how originates. Mr. FLOOD. Mr. Chairman, will the gentleman yield? Mr. Silt-ES. I yield. Mr. FLOOD. Of course the gentleman Is aware of these fantastic and sometimes arbitarary and absurd performances at the Bureau of the Budget, getting in the way of the Secretary of Defense and of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, even exercising what amounts to a veto over the acts of Congress. Mr. SIKES. I am fully aware that the Bureau of the Budget has frequently Impeded congressional attempts. to bol- ster the national defense. You have already learned what this bill contains and I shall not detail it again. I de not need to tell you in the House of Representatives that morale Is down in this Nation, or that our Pres- tige is down abroad. I do not need to tell you that America must move ahead, must recapture the initiative; cannot afford to be second best. The race is to the strong. Russia knows our weaknesses. The world knows our weaknesses. Perhaps the American peo- ple know them least of all, but the Ameri- can people want action today. The Congress today must base its ac- tion en the information giren to us by those who rare Considered experts. We have depended on these sources of in- formation in the past and sometimes they have been inaccurate. We have no other choice but to follow the best ad- vice we can get. We can however insist that every possible step be taken without interservice bickering and jealousy to put America out in front in the shortest possible time. I said this is not a crash program. I believe there should be a crash program where there is a sufficient knowledge to justify working around the clock to im- prove our defense posture. This appro- priation bill will help. It will not do all of the Job or even a substantial part of it. This much is sure, we cannot match Soviet military forces man for man or even weapon for weapon. Theirs is a controlled economy which can ignore domestic civilian needs: our economy cannot and would not, except in direst emergency. We must therefore rely principally upon one or more major deterrents to war which the Soviets fear so greatly they will not risk conflict We must follow through to the per- fection of those deterrents to aggression ias fast as we can with every action and January every dollar that is needed to insure that America goes out in front and stays in front just as long as danger threatens. Mr. WIGC;LESWORTH. Mr. Chile - man. I yield 30 minutes to the gentle- man from Michigan Mir. FORD). (Mr. FORD asked and was given per- mission to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. FORD. Mr. Chairman, as we all will recall. last May there was a con- siderably different atmosphere in this Chamber when we were considering the fiscal 1958 military appropriation bill. The atmosphere, in my opinion, is in- finitely better today than it was, for ex- ample. on May 29 of 1957. Perhaps the situation is something like the oft- quoted comment in reference to the weather: if you do not like the weather, wait a minute. If you do not like what the Congress did in May, June, July. and August of 1957 in reference to military appropriations. if you will wait a minute I think perhaps some errors may be remedied and changes made. It is not often I disagree with my very good friend and extremely able col- league. the gentleman from Florida, in reference to military appropriations, but I think it is fair and proper to say in light of what he said just a minute ago that in this supplemental appropriation' bill for the Department of Defense, there is over a billion dollars for ballistic mis- sile detection systems, the acceleration of the Atlas, Thor. and Jupiter ballistic missiles program and the acceleration of Use Polaris ballistic missile submarine program. This bill does provide for the urgent acceleration of those programs. I think it is also fair and Proper to say that within the last week or two deci- sions have been made which give to the Army the authority to proceed more rap- idly with their Nike-Zeus program, which Is an anti-missile missile Program. In addition. the Air Force has been told to proceed in the same way with their Part of the anti-missile missile program, the radar detection system. 'personally feel these programs are Proceeding well and rapidly. Mr. SIKES. Mr. Chairman, will the gentleman yield? Mr. FORD. I yield to the gentleman from Florida. Mr. SIKES. I have the very greatest respect for my able and distinguished have worked very closely together for Colleague from Michigan. He and I years for a stronger defense and I re- spect him in every way. However. I do want to quote to the gentleman a state- ment by Secretary McElroy supporting my position. I refer to a statement on page 2 in the report which accompanies this bill. The report says: This is not In any way a trn ISSO dup- plemental. It does not rapremst resubmis- sion of requests for purposes heretofore budgeW and dented either in fiscal 1958 or any prior year. At the same point Secretary McElroy Is quoted as saying: The Programs covered by the imppiemen. tel request are all part of the IMO budget kit have been advanced Into nasal year 1988 In order to get them underway as quickly as possible. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05: CIA-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9 50X1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05: CIA-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9 R Next 8 Page(s) In Document Denied Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/06/05: CIA-RDP61-00357R000100290038-9