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November 16, 2016
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March 17, 2000
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July 27, 1955
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Approved For Release Copy; No, SECRET " Intelligence Report No, 6888 T MLIiN CUiviPATijNTS ORGANIZATIONS DEPARTMENT OF STATE ooauVINr No. GNA141 in ? noctASSr~I~p CLASS. OHAIIGED 70e ,,. NEXT DEVIjW DAZi: Wife 118 104 DA re Office of Intelligence Research July 27,E 1955 State Dept. declassification & release instructions on file Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 TABLE OF CONTENTS PEe Abst ract . . . . . . . . ... . . I. Introduction, ... . . . . . . . . . . ? 0 'q 1 II. Veterans organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . 1 A. ACI -- Association of Italian Combatants . . . . . . . 1 D. ADCF -- Association of those Decorated with the Iron Cross . . {. Co AIR -- Italian ',troops in Russia. 2 D. ANAL -- National ""Arditi'" Association of Italy . . . . . 3 E. ANCPIA -- National Association of Combatants,, Refugees, and Italians of Africa . . . . . . . 3 F. ANCR -- National Association, of Combatants and Veterans . . . . . . . . . . 4 G. AJJCR -- iational Association of Republican Combatants. . . 6 H. ANCS -- National Association of Combatants of Spain. . . . 6 I. ANGIG -- National Association of Those Seriously Invalided by War . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . 7 J. ANIG National Association of Former Internees in Germany. . . . , . . . , . . . . . ? . . . . . 7 K. ANNiI.G -- National Association of Disabled and Invalids of Tjar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ? . 8 L* AMP -- National Association of Prisoners of War . . . . . 9 N. ANVRG -- National Association of Garibaldian Veterans. . . 10 No CNCI -- National Confederation of Italian Combatants . . . 10 0, GNOV -- Gold Medal for Military Valor Group. . . . . . . 11 Pa INACDVM -- Institute of the Blue Ribbon for Combatants Decorated for Military Valor. , . . . . . . . . 11 Q. Hill -- Veterans of the ""Monterosa" Division. . . . . . . . 12 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-EPP 62T-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 S1 CRET ii TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) Page R. UCI -- Union of Italian Combatants . . . 13 S. UNIRR -- National. Union of Italian Vetorans of Russia. 14 T. UTT S -- National Union of Tho se 1,1utilated in Service : . 14 IIIe Partisans organizations. . . . 16 An ANPI -- National Association of Partisans of Italy . 4 : 0 16 1. PCI "Garibaldi" partisan brigades. 18 2. PCI "Justice and Liberty" partisan brigades. . 18 30 PCI "Red Flag" partisan brigades . , 19 4. PSI -- "Matteotti" partisan brigades , . . 0 . . , . 19 5. ANCMtGPL -- National Association of Those Killed, Mutilated, and Invalided During the Partisan Liar of Liberation . . . . . . . 19 6. ANPIE -- National Association of Italian Partisans Abroad. . . . . . . . . . . . , . . 19 7. CARS -- Corrimittee of Assistance to Veterans and Soldiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 UPPA -- Union of Former Anti-Fascist Political e'er secutee s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 B. ANPPIA -- National Association of Political Persecutees and Interned Anti-Fascists . , . . . . . . . . 19 Co FIAP -- Italian Federation of Partisan Associations. . . 20 1. AS?iI -- Association of Italian "Mazziniani" . , , , . 21 2, ARDP -- Association of Partisan Divisions. . . . . . 21 3. MGAPI -- Anti-Fascist Partisans Movement "Garibaldino" of Italy. . , , 21 !i.. NP -- The Partisans Movement 21 D. FIVL -- Italian Federation of Volunteers of Liberty. 21 1. AAL -- Autonomous Association of Lombardy. . . . . . 22 ApproVed For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-R6~62= 865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03: CIA-R[MGIb865R000300290003-7 iii TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) Page AFAP --Association of Autonomous Piedmontese Formations 22 34 AFV -- Green Flames Association. . . 22 4: AGI Association of Independent Garibaldians . . . 22 5. ALPI - -Association of Free Italian Partisans. , , . . 22 6, ALPIC Association of Free Partisans of Central Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 7. ANVL -- National Association of Volunteers of La berty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 8.. APAI -- Association of Autonomous Ligurian Partisans 23 9. APAS -- Association of Autonomous Partisans of Sicily. 23 10q APAV Autonomous Partisans Association of Valle d; Ao sta. . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . 23 11o APB Association of "Bisagno" Partisans. . . . , , , 23 12. APBP Association of Partisans "Company of the People". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 13, APC -- Association of Christian Partisans. . . . . . . 23 24. APG -- Association of Partisans of Gorizia . . . . . , 23 15. APGC -- Association of "Gruppo Cosa" Partisans , . . . 23 16. APT -- Association of Italian Partisans, . . . . . . . 23 17. APO Association of "Osoppo" Partisans . . , . . . , 18. ARPAD -- Association of Partisans "Alfredo di Dio" . . 23 l9. AVLICN1 -*- Association of Free Volunteers of Southern and Central Italy . . . . . . . 23 20, AVLT -- Association of Free Tuscan Volunteers. 23 21. AVLV -- Association of Volunteers c Venetian Liberty. 23 E. UNP -- National Partisans Union. F. UPI Union of Italian Patriots , . . , . . . . , . . , 23 , . . . . , ? , , . 24 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-F9R. _1-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RD6Z-65R000300290003-7 TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) Page IV. N1litary Associations . . . A. ANA -- National Alpinists Association. . . . . . . . . . , 24 B. ANAL National Cavalry Association . . . . . . . . , . 2~ C. aNAFV -- National Alpinists Association "Green Flames" 25 D,, ANAL National Artillery Association of Italy, . . . , , 26 E. ANB -- National Bersaglieri Association, . . . . . . . . . 26 F. ANCC -- National Association of Retired Carabinieri. . . . 27 Gm AID' -- National Infantry Association . . . . . . . . . . 27 H. ANFC -- National Association of Retired Finance Guards . 27 I. ANGI -- I ata, Association of Grenadiers of Italy. . . . 28 J. ANGS -- National Association of Grenadiers of Sardinia ? 28 K. AIY1I -- National Association of Italian Mariners . . . . . 28 L, ANTSIC -- National Association of Retired Non--Commissioned Officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Mo ANSMS -- i'Jational Association of Retired Non-Gorrriissioned Officer Seamen. . . . . . . 29 N. ANUA National Association of Aeronautic Officers. . . . 29 Oo ANUPSA -- National Association of Officers Retired from Active Service. . . . ? . . . . . . . . . . 29 P. ANUR -- National Association of Reserve Officers . . . . . 29 Q. UNUCI -- National Union of Retired Italian Officers. V. Welfare Organizations ? 29 O p o e ? r . 30 A. ANFCG -- National Association of Families of War Casualties .. . . . , . . . . . . 30 B. ANFCMA -- National Association of Families of those Killed or Mutilated in Airplanes . . , ? . . . ? ,31 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDMOV1=65R000300290003-7 TABU OF CONTENTS (continued) C. ANFIMCLP -- National Association of Italian Families of Martyrs Fallen for the Liberty of the Fatherland : . . . . . , e . . . . . . . 31 Do ONC -- National Combatants Foundation, . . . . . , 32 Ea ONIG -- National Foundation for War Invalids . . . . . . 33 This report was prepared by the division of Research for Western Europe at the specific request of an IAC Agency and is based on information available through June 1955. SECRET Page Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET INDEX TO ABBREVIATIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES DC DemQcrazia Cristiana (Christian Democracy) PRI - Partito Repubblicano Italjano (Italian Republican Party) PLI - Partito Liberate Italiano (Italian Liberal Party) PNM - Partito Nazionale Monarchico (National Monarchist Party) MST - Movimento Sociale Italiano (Italian Social Movement) PSI - Partito Socialista Italiano (Italian Socialist Party) PSDI ., Partito Socialista Democratico Italian (Italian Democratic Socialist Party) PCI - Partito Connunista Italiano (Italian Communist Party) Approved For Release 2000/05/03: CIA-i9-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 I. INMErhODUCTION Italian combatants organizations may be divided into four categories: veterans organizations, partisans organizations, military associations, and welfare organizations 4 .The total nie,:ioership of all combatants organizations has been estimated at 3,000,000, (!n exact estimate of the number of organized individuals is impossible since many combatants belong to several organizations, ) epite the large number of organizations and the lack of unity among theme Italian.combatants'have considerable influence"o.'1the policies of the Italian Government, Hoviever, the number of really influential and effective organizations is small. There is no situation in Italy analagous to the unified position of the Amer.can Legion or Veterans of Fore ,~atese an Tars an the.Ui ited s Until ?J-orld ar I there were no organized veterans ;groups in Italy. ''During the war' and the immediate posttirar period several hundred groups were formed; most of which 'disappeared by 1920. The groups that survived were taken over by the Fascists after 1922. After i4oi ld ar II a large number of veterans groups' Uiere' again founded. The ones that have survived are either affiliates of political parties or are dependent on subsidies from the Italian Govertment for their existence, Several of the pre- .orld ar.II organizations also have survived, including the :lar4 est veterans group in Italy, the National Association of Combatants and veterans (dMCaa - Associazione Nazionale Combattenti e leduci) 0 After Jorld . far II the 7iCi and other pre-war associations were purged of Fascist elements, but other political parties are stillatteinptingto infiltrate them. The Communists have successfully penetrated the 21C?, and the National =association of Disabled and Invalids of tiJar (iu\4TMIG -- Associazione Nazion.ale Nutilati e zn alidi di Guerra) .. and. the neo-Fascist N I has had some success in penetrating the Gold Medal for Military Valor Group (GMOVMI - Grin o hiedalie d10ro al Valor Militare) and the Institute of the Blue hibbon for Combatants Decorated for Military Valor (INACDVMvi .. Institute Nastro Azzurro fra Combattenti Decorah al Valor Iili.tare) . The I%SI has also been very active in establishing organizations for veterans of the Republic of Calb, who are not allowed to join the iiI?CA.. A. ASSOCT.AZICNE COIM,.< TTENTI Dl ITALIA (ACI -- Association of Italian Combatants) Membership: 5,000 (est,) Secretary=general:Enzo Benedetto di Saverio SJ:.Cl4'JT Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 II ? Vi T: t }I S OhG LNI'ZATiOIS Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Organized in April 1951, the ":CI is a veterans ;pressure group.and welfare association of the ii. The ACI is primarily composed of former supporters of the Republic of Sale. Its platform is to unite all those. who remained loyal to Russol.ini in 1943, :fought with him against the Allies, the royal government, and the partisans, and today rededicate, themselves to the worship of the Fatherland and combativeness," The ACI is the most important veteran? s group, linked with the .i SI. Its close identification with the 1431 is.evidenced by the fact that many. ?il3i leaders are also heads of local sections of the AC . On June 1, 1952'the ACI held its first national convention. 1darshal Rofolfo Graziani, who led the Italian armies in'Africa until 1943'and later on commanded the troops of the Republic of Sa16,, was elected first president, He served until his death in 1954; Since his death the ACI has been administed by the, secretary general, Unzo Benedetto di,.Saverio, and by Siro Persichelli. and Augusto Castaldo, As.. the latter two. are prominent in Itajl,;an masonry, it has been rumored that the ACI was initi-- ated? in the masonic movement. This .aLle; at on has not been substantiated. News of the ACI?s activities appear in newspapers and. periodi- cals, f particularly the MOI vateran.s publication, a' Le lone (The Legion). 8SOCIAZIOM'i DECOI11..Cr CiIuC1 D1 FU"r U (A:i)CF - Association of those 'Decorated with the Iron :Cross). Membership: 1,000 (est.) The ADCF is composed of veterans of the I~epublic of ;;ale who were 'decorated with the Iron Cross by the German Government, The organization is closely alignc,d with the iiol and the .r.UI. ?It is 'believed that :unzo Benedetto di Oavcrio, secretary &aeral of the AC 1) also. handles. the adnin- istrative 'duties. of the ADCFo C. ARM&TA ITALL,NA IN RUSSIA (AIR ,-'Italian Troops in Russia) Address: 13 Via Savoia, Rome Membership: 1,000 (est.) The 'SIR is a PCI controlled organization of former Italian prisoners in the Soviet Union. After the war it was quite active but the `PCI has allowed it to become practically dormant. The membership is composed of PCI members, many of whom were trained in Communist schools in the Soviet Union in 1943-45 and returned to Italy as i'CI activists. Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 1). ASSOCIArZIONE NAZTOiv.18 sR;D~ TI C "'Irf :. (ANAl -: National 1 Association. Of Italy) Address: 187 Corso Vittoria .Jmanuel'e, Rome Membership: 5y600 (est.) President: Roberto M'ieville During World .far I the original "Arditi" (Bold mien) were infantry- men, under the command of Gabriele .'Annunzio, who served as assault troops in difficult tactical operations. Many of them remained with, D'Annunzio after the war and accompanied him when he occupied Fiume in 1921. D-Annunzio's "Arditi" were disbanded in 1925' but the name was perpetuated by the Fascists, They applied it to volunteers of the blackshirts:,noted " for their "daring and taste for danger. diti" or anization was reconstituted y.hArsh4l th "A r e In august 1943 Badogl;o under: the name Reparti krditi dtltalia ("Arditi" Division of, Italy) and existed until the war was over in 1945. 1947 the "Arditi" organization was set up under its p'r'esent name I n by Vittorio ?mbrosini, a left-wing Fascist during Mussolini's regime Since 1949, when Mieville became president, the ANAL has been almost ,entire- ly under the control of the MSI. Mieville is an deputy in Parliament. Adherents of the are almost entirely drawn. from veterans of the _Republic of Sale, and former members of the Fascist militia and police forces. .Activities of the id'" I are regularly carried in publications.i :-;` particularly La Le.?ione, and it is believed to receive a large part of its funds from 1,131 coffers. E. ASSCCIAZIONi NAZIONACAE CUIu RTT ivTl PROF, UGHU E IT. J,IAi I h1 C _` (,ANC :CA - National Association of Combatants, ~ efugees, arid. Italians of i Africa) Address: Rome membership: 1,000 (est.) Honorary President: Valerio Borghese President: Augusto Ugolino The ANC'I2. is a constituent association of the ACI. It was organiz- ed in 1949 to bring pressure on the Italian Government to grant war pensions, Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 indemnities, and other benefits to Itali ans.who.wero expelled .from Africa following Italy's loss of its colonial possessions. As far as is knotm, the association has been unsuccessful., in its:.Pfforts. and : its lxLfluence is negligible. It has had no success in attracting non Fascist Italians who formerly resided in Africa, F. A3SOCIAZIONF, iuA ICiiit:~, C01vit3 LLT`TT` 'I L RLi7UCI (?~NCt~'; . National, Association o ff Combatants and Veterans) Address*: -5 Piazza. Graziolip Rome Member. slv.p: 960,10Q0 President., Ettore Viola Vice,,Presidents Renato Zanataro,.. 3ebastiano, De ;Oonato, Mario, The ANCR was founded in December 1913 .4nd chartered as, an,er....e morale (non-profit society) in 1923 TYie 19,23 law gave the AUCR the exelusi've . right. ,to .PPrepresent the material and moral interests of ex-com- batants of, all warm. Its aims, are::. '1) love of country, 2) to -glorify -servicemen: who died in combat, in prison, and in internment camps, 3 to. d0fe zd the moral principles ,of Italy and its institutions `w defend justice and the maintenance' of eace amon ,rld" p g peoples of the woorld, 5) to actively participate in,.solving problems of .Italy, 6) to str ;ngthen.the. bcsnds of brotherhood among, members and ) to assist members in :overcoming, the, difficulties of .daily. life so that they. can discharge their ob3ie at.ipx~s,. bothin Italy and;,abroad. These. aims are included in the new bylaws of the ANCR, which were approved ;y' the Italian Parliament in June 1949. As an ente morale under the "rioraunal" siperviion of the .,'residency of the .Council of i'iinisters, the l~NCi..receives a subsidy from the Italian Government. The budgeted amount is usually about 150 million. lire (US$240,000), In addition, an extraordinary subsidy has been given for the past several years. In 1952, this amounted to 112,500,000 lire (US4"180,000). The Ai'CR also receives funds from various government and semi-- agencies. The 014C normally contributes about government 5 to the ANCR, the Ministry of Labor and Social , Security ~i the tassists tse the USpE~ ~~.uCAti ~ s veterans vocational training schools, and the TUnistry of.the Interior gives money to the Feminine Committee of Assistance of the ANCP for its orphanages. The'association also receives money frcm~dues, donations, and bequests, Most of this money is used to run the extensive welfare program of the organi- zation;In a.dditi.on;.too.the orphanages and vocational training schools for vet,erans,.. assistance is :rendered in, the form of. subsidies, food, clothing, and medical aid for needy veterans. SEC. ,T Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 is originally established in 1918, the. ,'Ch was apolitical. However, when the Fascists seized power, they also .seaz_ed control of the ANICh and utilized it as a vehicle for controlling all Italian veterans'. In addition to gi')ing to the association the ,exclusive right, to speak for-Italian veterans, the Fascists made it difficult for.the. rank and file to challenge the :ANC'.) s leadership. The 1923 charter provided fer a resident and a central directing council. They were elected every t%ro years by' the national .congress; The national congress consisted of the presidents:of the.provin federations, of which there are 96 (93 in Italy,and.3 abroad). Provincial presidents were elected by the presidents of the approximately 8,500 communal sections, In effect, the Fascists planned that through their control of the funds of the, association, the.natioxial officers would. control the communal and provincial. presidents, who. in .turn elected them. The 1923 charter is still in effect :and because of this the ,'UNClt has been controlled by a narrow oligarchy of a: few inen since it was reorganized in 1944., Foremost ,among these is !'resident Viola, He returned ? to Italy in 1944 from voluntary. exile in . Chile and assisted in reorganizing the ruNGYt. He was elected president of, the association. in 1944 and has remained in office virtually the entire time sir ce then. The government removed him from office in May 1953 on the grounds he was conducting political activity pro- hibited to the .NCI4 in its statutes..__ In n:ctober. 1953 he was reinstated and during the same month he was reelected president of the iiNCi. Since World (Jar II the APPPCrt has been a primary target of virtually all of Italy's major political parties. At the present time, it is believed that there are 4 major political currents in the association: the..eCI-PSI. the DC~ the 1,1SI, and the Independents. The PCT has been reported to control .approximately three of the 11 seats in the central directing council,.. three provincial federations, and a number of communal sections. The r 3I controls three provincial federations and 'several communal sections. The DC has not made .a serious effort to capture control of the Y~NCh. 1t dominates a. numbe'r 'of communal sections, particularly in Venetia and Piedmont. t but it is believed to have little influence over the policies of -tfie association. Since 1951, the I'51 has attempted to play a larger role in the:.i.NCL... It has captured control of a number of communal sections in southern and central Italy, and it has e.certed considerable pressure on 4UNC! s leaders to admit veterans of the Republic of baps to the ~Li'Ch I's ranks. It ? appears. that this pressure has had some effect, for in the 1;ay 1,. 1955 issue of Informazioni, President Viola was reported to have announced that veterans o t e 7epuGiic of Sa16 can join the Ah\Ch if approved by the central directing council. The Independents in the AwCit appear to have little influence. For the most part they are veterans of 'Jorld i1ar I. Violats political ideas are -not clear. In 1944, when he returned to Italy, he.-becavie a member of the DDC and represented it in the Cha}.iber of Deputies,: from 1948. to,. 1953. Prior to the. national elections of June 1953 he Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 broke with De Gasperi over the issue, of the electoral law, He then ran for the Chamber -as a. candidate of the 'Pi I,vt and was reelected. He is believed to be extreinely:::bitter? toward Scelbs,,'-,o3.din him responsible for his disco ssal as, presider,it of the ANOR frog -Ma.y`to October 1953. Yet, he does not appear to be ojn;...particu1ar y,.,goad -terms With the leaders of the PMki.. Known to be extremes y nationalistic, sorde `be'lieve he will eventually poi n the hSI. In Tway 1955.; it vaas: reported that, he told the head of, veterans affairs in the tiSI is ,a conrstituent as9'odiat ans. orgariizat:ot, its.~adherent's' are almost entirely veterans who fought for the Republic of .Sal :.. The, association c4rrd'tjcts a 'Very modest welfare pi:ogram for .ita meribers:, but its ;major purpose is the` dissemination of propaganda favoring: the:; .sari rights for k~ 'ublie of ,Sa16 veterans, ,as for other Italian H. (ANC:- 'Iational Association of Combatants of ,3pain), Address,-. .,51 Via :ATV Maggio, Rome Membership: 5,000 (est.) President: Arconovaldo Bonaccorsi The ANCS was established in January 1949. It is intended to represent the estimated 50,000 Italians who fought for Franco during the Spanish Civil Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : (;1jP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 War, One of its major aims is to raise funds for the return of the bodies of Italian soldiers who fought in Spain, It also demands that the same Pensions, allowances and other benefits be given to veterans, of the Spanish war as to other Groups of Italian veterans. The ANCS is considered to be' an adjunct of the hSI and is closely allied with the AC.L President Bonaccorsi is an' ex-officer of the Fascist militia and served in Spain. In 1950 he was ikprisonedfor ?a'short time for threatening PSDI leader, Giuseppe Saragat, I, ASSOCIA,LIUi NA I0! 1:T,, 1).iial Gi. iif)I 11\1y, LI1,1 1)I GU tiA (ANGIG National Association of Those Seriously Invalided by War) Address: 2 Via Caposile, Rome 1embership: 4,000 (est,) President: Niccardo helodi.a Commissioner: Rosario fl'Amwoo The ANGIG was founded in 1947 and was officially recognized by the ,Italian Government on September 16, 194 , The purpose of tree a.NGIG is to assist its mezilbers financially, culturally, end medically. The :aNGIG considers itself an apolitical organization. Its leaders are prominent anti-Con unist officers, but no attempt is made to deprive adherents of benefits because of their political orientation. It has been reported that the SCI is attempting to penetrate the AijGIG, particularly in Turin, where the organization operates a cooperative for members. No infor- mation is available as to the success of the 1'CItS penetration. Funds for the welfare activities of the ANG1G are. ' primaril ' y derived from dues, donations, and bequests, It has been reported that the AihGIG also receives a subsidy from tie Italian Government but the.amount,is not known, ..SSUCIP11ON NAZIUd 3Lfll Ei--Z11'1~1`?rL`1'x IP G l (ANIG -, National Association of former Internees in Germany). Address: 200 Via Giovanni Lanza, home Membership: 40,000 (est,) President: Paride eiasenti The AIIG was organized in Turin in 1945. In ,April 1948 it was charter- ed as an erite morale and placed under the nominal supervision of the Approved For Release 2000/05/03 r,G ~t -I P62-008658000300290003-7 aL 1-~ , r? Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Presidency of the Council of It'iinisters.. The purpose of the ANIG is'"to provide moral and material aid to ., civilians and servicemen who were interned in Germany or in areas controlled by the Germans after September .1943 or worked for the Germans or Fascists ir involuntarily. The administrative 'organs, of the AN1G are the president and the national directive council, provincial councils, and section councils. A section may be organized in any commune or portion of a commune if it has at least 30 members. National and provincial.officers are elected indirectly by ,section.deleate,s. In 1951, the last year for which reliable information is available, the APIG had a budget of 5,291,923 lire (US, 8,467), ?4he Ah'IG aids needy members with gifts of food, clothing, medicines, and allowances. It also maintains an orphanage. Funds come from dues, gifts, and money raising projects.. It is also believed that the association receives a subsidy from the Italian Government. There is no evidence that the XUi4IG 1:s-.i4' adjunct, of any political party. The president and. several of . the.. national councillors are members of the -DC-' but! the party appears to have no voice in the direction of the /u:IG's activities. K. Aa ~CIasGI(tiii NAZI0XiAL MU`'I::.TI IiPPV...i Ii)I i)I GCi xt%R (ANhIG - National Association of Disabled and Invalids of War) Address: 3 Piazza Adriana, Rome Membership: 400,000 (est.) President: Pietro Ricci The ANiMMIG was founded in 1917, and was recognized as an ente morale in 1929. It was placed under the nominal supervision of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers in 1.943.-' Anew statute for the association was approved by the Italian Parliament in May 1950. The 1929 law which chartered the ANVMIG gave it exclusive representation of the moral and material interests of war invalids. The law provided that all members of the association who received a pension had to contribute two lire monthly to the association's welfare fund. This money was withheld by the government. In July 1947, this amount was increased to 30 lire monthly. In addition, ANKIG was given the monopoly of manufacturing and selling all motor vehicle license plates in Italy. All profits from the sale of these plates were to be retained by the association, It is not known if the ANMIG still retains this monopoly, Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : C~E2?62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 In 1951. the idi KIC' had revenues of 258,000,000 lire (US$ 412,800). Of this amount, 171,250,000 lire (US$,,278,800) were.used for welfare activities. The AN%siIGt s income is derived from investments, dues, contributions of pensioners, contributions from the Italian Government, and contributions from other government-supervised veterans organizations such as the. ONC and the ONIG. Administrative organs of the AWMIG are the president, the executive commission, regional delegations, provincial sections,. and local subsections. Supreme authority of the ANMG is vested in the national congress, which meets annually. Composed of elected delegates from each province, the national congress elects the president and the executive commission. The ANhhIG was established as an apolitical organization, and it has remained relatively free from political control at the national level. At the local level, however, there have have been numerous reports of attempts at penetration, particularly by the PCI. In Trieste, the Communists have succeeded in dominating the ANhhiI( organization, and since 1953 they have made a concerted effort at taking over the organization in Turin. In October 1953 the situation in Turin became so critical that representatives of the association requested financial assistance of the American i mbassy in Rome. It is known that the M6l has also attempted to capture control of several Aifh1G locals, particularly in southern Italy. The president of AN1hiIG, Pietro Ricci, is alsd.a.member of the executive committee of Call, the -BSI labor union, and at one time was president of INAC, which in 1951 was reportedly captured by the .I,SI. . La 1: S >G 0lt:.u DAZ (Jl`Gx +,? I,,.DUCI J .a :u Li'C7ERbki DI LI,3E1tAI,I0NTF .._ _ .~. (AN EP -National Association of Prisoners of War) Address: 1 Piazza kincio, Rome I,ienibership: 350,000 -(est.) President: Elio Nicolardi The ANN P was organized in 1944. as the hationa.l Conunittee,of. Veterans of Prisons; in 1946 it assumed the name of National Veterans i,ssociation; and in 1946 the organization :took its present' name. ' It was chartered as an ente morale in May 1949 and placed under the nominal supervision of the Presidency of the Council of Hinisters, The purpose of the ANRP is to "keep bright the memory, of those who have fallen in the service of their country and to aid our members and their families." Funds for the welfare activities of the .a Jit1' are obtained from dues, gifts, bequests, and a subsidy from the Italian Government, Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 The association is adralnistered by a president and central directive council. `An office.. is located in each provincial capital. Tie lowest unit is t he^ section, why c1 iaay be organized if it ; has . at least 25 members. The sovereign body o the xI' ! ;is the national congress 'tirh3:ch is formed of elected dele;ates rpm each brovince. T1ie Congress elects the president and central directive_courici. The ANk.P:is Basically apolitical, although it contains elements from every political.persuasi.on. It works as a pressure group on the governzaent to get increased benefits for its members. There is no evidence that the national office has been Penetrated by extremist elements., but it is, believed that son,e -of: the. l,85.2 sections are dominated by I' CI and rbI members, However, their influence g the iUltP has been reported to be negligible`. N. ASSOCIAZION:E NA2IONALE V:ET:EI'~ANI E HEDUCI QARI?t LDIN (AMG ?- National `association of Garibaldian Veterans) Address:. 129 Via Sardegrla, Rome Membership: 2,000 (est.) President: Aide Spallicci Vice President: Giuseppe Chiostergi, The A1:MRG was chartered in 1944 as a veterans welfare organization. In March 1952 it was approved as an ente morale and placed under the nominal supervision of the Presidency of the Council of I iinisters. The main activity of the .IgTRG is assisting needy and hospitalized members and maintaining a rest home at Gaeta. Revenues are derived from dues and a subsidy from the Italian Government. Then fandolfo x'acciardi was LSinister of Defense it was reported that the, A:h:VRG received funds from the ministry, but it is believed that this aid was discontinued when Pacciardi left office. The ADVRG is closely identified.with the &E, most of its members being drawn from this party, President Spallicci represents the il-li in the Italian senate, N. CONFEDkRAZIONE NAZI Al DJ. I CON BATT'ENTI D' 1TALIA (CNCI -? National Confederation of Italian Combatants) Address: Rome Membership: 2,000 (est.) SJa .LtiL Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 ,SCR. ~T Presidents .ixconovaldo Bonaccorsi 11 The C ,SCI was originally organized in 1947 by a group of fora er officers of the Fascist militia to bring.pre`ssure on the National _ssociation of Combatants and Veterans to let veterans of the lyepublic of 3a16 and the Spanish Civil -Jar into its ranks,, t3onaccorsi is also president of ijCS. However, because of little funds and the greater interest shown by the ~,1SI in promoting the iXI, the CNCI has become practically defunct and its influence is negligible? 0. a 'W. 20 i i ~J GLI Ia 1 OhO AL VALOii. ; -iILITA H: (G.L11OVN Gold Medal for -.iilitary Valor Group) Address: 38 Piazza della hinerva, Rome Memberships nqa, President: Antonio Ciamarra Secretary General: Gaetano Carolei The GMOVR was founded in 1923 as a voluntary association of holders of Italy's highest military medal,. The group was chartered as an ei?te more in 1927. As such, it receives a subsidy from the Italian Government. In 1954 this amounted to 5,000,000 lire (USi8,000). The GNOVM is considered one of the most influential military pressure groups in Italy because of the prestige of its members. It has been a target for penetration by the 11SI since 1950 and may already be dominated by that political organization. P, INSTITUTO DEL NASTRO ' ZZURRO FR1! COi,Il3i'.TTE3.VTI DECO. ,TT AID Vi LOR NILMR (INACDVM Institute of the Blue Riboon for Combatants Decorated for Military Valor) Address; 47 Via Barberini, dome Membership; n.-a. President: Eugenio Spiazzi Vice President: Angelo Parona Secretary General: Carlo Siromba Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 The INACDVM was founded in 1920. In hay 1928 it was chartered as an ente morale and placed under the nominal supervision of the presidency of the Council of kinisters. The institute receives a subsidy from the Italian Government; for the past several years it has been 4,000,000 lire (USyp6,400), The BACDVi also receives income from dues, gifts, and bequests. The institute was established as a welfare organization to aid decorated servicemen and ;their families, but it is believed that it does not have enough incorre to carry out,a,very extensive program, A number of political organizations attempted to penetrate the INACDVNi was reorganized in 19449 but it remained essentially apolitical until 1951 when the YSI captured a majority of the executive board. At that time the Italian Government dissolved the board and appointed a special com mdssioner? General ''chille iiiartelli, to manage the institute until- the board could be reconstituted with democratically oriented members. General Martelli relinquished control in 1952 when apiazzi was elected `president, Spiazza is a member of the DC and it is believed that the Christian Democrats now control the executive board, The VI3I, however, still has considerable strength among the members,, and it has been reported that it has begun a campaign to regain control of the institute when elections are held for the national officers in 1956, Q. R:i;DUCi kUivTa~~S11 (RDNI .- Veternas of the "i onterosa" Division) Address: 1 Viale Corsica, 1H lan I'Iemb er ship : 3, 000 (est.) ? resident: hario Carloni Secretary General: Bruno Gaetano Licitra The RDI was founded in December 1952 by former members of the "Nontero-WI division. Its mission is to provide welfare services for former members of the division and their families. The 11JN does not receive financial assistance from the government: Its income is derived from dues and gifts o The hDPI claims to be apolitical but most of 'its leaders are members of the hSI and a majority of its me~jibers are veterans of the army of the hepublic of Sa16, Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 13 President: Giovanni T-esse Formation of the UCI was announced in March 1955 by i-iarshal Giovanni Messe. It was organized by a group of anti-Communist veterans and combatants who felt that the AhCb., Italy's largest veterans organization, did not speak for all of Italy's combatants because it had been subverted by the PCI, a problem which Ettore Viola, the i.iNCR's president, refused to do anything about. UK'0!.4 Cui:o: TTY ! TI D Y ALIA (UCl = Uni?h of Italian Combatants) Addross:. Rome Membership: n~aa The announced purposes of the UCI are to "destroy the barriers raised between Italians by the tragic events of September 1.943, reaffirm national solidarity and honor,. end contribute decisively to the moral reconstruction of Italy' 11arshal 1viesse has stated that the UCI will be politically independent but not.-politically inactive. In a speech on hay 27, 1955, the Marshal made clear the intention to use the UCI as an anti-.Comiaunist political instrument. "We itt'end to activate an interparty relationship to face up to an adversary that-it 'closely united through totalitarian ideology and organization." The committee of sponsors of the UCI includes representatives of all of Italy's political parties except the extreme left, but the union appears to be domin- ated by the DC. It has been reported that the union is being financed by Count Vittorio Cini, wealthy industrialist, with DC leaders lImintore Fanfani and Emilio Taviani serving as intermediaries between him and Messe, However, the entire directorate of the DC does not appear to solidly behind the new organization. It was reported on May 2, 1955 that the left-of-center group in the DC directorate was afraid that the UCI. was too "rightist inclined." HSI veterans are not excluded from the union. On May 5, 1955 Hesse reported- ly met with Carlo Fettarappa-Sandi,, head of veterans affairs of the i-tDI, who announced he was pleased with the UC11s objectives, Since the announcement of the UCI's formation, the union has been under constant attack from the rCI. The union has been labeled as "fascist inspired," "an agent of foreign imperialism,"" and "a trick to destroy the ~dicR, the legally constituted veterans spokesman," It has been reported that the PCI is greatly concerned about the union's possibilities and has been trying to raise money to fight it, Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 14 It is too early to know whether or not the UCI will be a success. Provincial federations have been established throughout Italy and in many communities, but there are no reports as yet of how many members have been enrolled It was reported on ivay 24, 1955 that Count Cini was discouraged over the slow progress of the union so far, and Luigi Gedda, president of Italian Catholic Action, has been reported as saying that the UCI is to be discounted. S. Uvliui~s I~A7:IUii .T ='ILI M, itaOUCI jzLj'_tUSSIEi (UNfl& - National Union of Italian Veterans of Russia) Address: 34 Via dei Cestari, Rome Membership: 7,000 (est.) President: Ugo Rampelli Secretary General: Gabriele 1,lfieri. The UiuIi was founded in 1947 by Generals Ugo Rampelli and "Imilio Battisti. Its members are primarily drawn from Italian veterans who return- ed from Russia and relatives of those who did not return. The union is apolitical but is avowedly anti-Communist. In the 1953 national elections its leaders campaigned actively against the PCI. General 13attisti ran for Parliament on the P1,I ticket, and General Rampelli ran on. the DC ticket, It has been reported that the UN LILZ has asked the P hiiii for financial support. The union does not receive an annual government subsidy and appears to depend entirely on dues and infrecuent donations from the hinistry of Defense. When the UCI was organized in the spring of 1955, the UNIRtR was invited to join but refused. No reason was given but it has been reported that there has been personal animosity between General battisti and General i?iesse, the head of the UCI, since World War II? T. UNIONE NAZIONALE XUTIL.,':TI P. ~ S ,,VIZIO (UNhS - National Union of Those Mutilated in Service) Address: 99 Via E. Q. Visconti, Rome Membership: n,a, President: Giovanni Quaglictti Vice President: MarioCostantina. The UNM3 was chartered as an ente morale in June 1947. In April 1953 the union was recognized as the representative of the interests of those mutilated or invalided as a result of military service who were employed Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : g'~- 9P62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 in government offices or institutions which had as their function the care of war orphans. The union receives funds for its work from the hinistry of Labor and Social Security and the Ministry'of the Interior. It conducts a modest welfare' program of its own, but its primary function is to aid mutilated and invalided servicemen in finding jobs and in becoming adjusted and responsible members of society. The UNNS is apolitical and there have been no reports that it has been infiltrated by either left-wing or right-wing political organizations. The union is organized nationally into provincial and communal sections. Delegates from the communal units elect the national officers, DC members predominate in the union, but the DC has not attempted to take it over. President cuagliotti ran as a Christian Democrat in the Rome administrative elections of 1952, a ~Cit.6T Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET III. PARTISiNS ORGANIZATIONS 16 As the Italian: peninsula was being freed of the German armies there arose in central ahd,northern Italy numerous partisan " fight on , the side of the Allies. The activities of these ;coups were coordinated by the Committee 'of National Liberation in Upper Italy .(CL1\AI - C.omita~ta di T .be azi0as Naziona le Alta Italia). In October 1944 the partisan groups were united into a single nonpolitical organization, the National Association of Italian Partisans (ANPI - ssoci ziane AT zionale Partig3ani d t Italia ). From its beginning the ANPI was dominated by the PCI and PSI. When these attempted to use the ANPI as a sounding board for Communist propaganda, a number of the more moderate partisan units, mostly member's of the ' DC ' and PLI, rallied around General Raffaele Cadorna, broke-' off from the ANPI, and established the Italian Federation of Volunteers of liberty (FIVL - Federazione Italiana Volontari delta Liberta) in early 1948 This schism split the Italian partisan movemeinto two mutually antagonistic groups, one dominated by the PCI and PSI and the other by the DC. In 1949 the third major partisan organization, the Italian Federation of Partisan Associations (FSAP Federazione Italians. dell Assoc3azioni Parti&ene) was founded by Ferruccio Parris who hoped to exploit the split between the ANPI and the FIVL by attracting partisans who desired to belong to neither of the other two organizations. Parri has had slight success, however, and his organization has negligible influence compared with the other two organizations. Neither the monarchists nor the neo-Fascists have had any success in establishing a partisan organization because of the close association of the center and left-wing parties with the resistance movement. For the same reason, there are no apolitical partisan associations in Italy. A. LSSflCTAZIOE NbZZONALE .RTIGTE;NI IT TALIA (ANPI - National Association of Partisans of Italy Address: 13 Via Savoia, Rome Membership; 350,000 (eat.) President: Arrigo Boldrini Vice President: Francesco Bulgiari The ANPI was organized in Milan by a group of partisans under the auspicies of the Committee of National Liberation in Upper Italy (C,omitato di Li.beraziox a Nazionale Alta Italia) while the war was still raging in October 1944 In April 1945 the ANPI was chartered as an 2ntte morale and Approved For Release 2000/05/03 SCCRWP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET 17 placed under the nominal supervision of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. According to the charter, the ANPI was "to unite in a single association all Italians who have participated by direct and personal action in the war against :nazi--fascism both in Italy and abroad, to glorify those killed in the war of liberation and perpetuate their memory, affirm the right of partisans to participate actively'in the reconstruction of the nationq to create adequate forms of assistance in order to provide moral and material aid to members and to families of those who were killed during the war of liberation. The annual income -of the ANPI is not known. 1onth]y dues vary from 20 lire to 100 lire;, depending on the economic condition of the member, In 1953, it was estimated that the association collected approximately 180,OQ0,000 lire (US$288,000) in dues,, The ANPI receivesa subsidy from the Italian Government of approximately 8.9000,000 lire (US$12,800)annually. The ANPI also receives funds from the PCI and -PSI for special purposes. For e:ample, in 1952 the PCI gave a donation of 35Oa000 lire (USp556) to the ANPI office in Milan to enable it to pay back social security payments for its employees. The ANPI carries out. an extensive welfere program for members and non--members if they are ex-partisans. It. maintains'vocational schools for ex-par -Asans in Venice, Milan;. Novas., Genoa, Reggio, E iilia, and Turin, The school in Novara is established for-physically handicapped ex-partisans. The association also maintains a legal.:aia~office for-ex-partisans, The national organization of the-ANPI is;under a 10--man executive board, headed by President Boldrini.,a PCI deputy in Parliament, The board is elected by a 34..member national committee, which in turn is elected-by a congress composed of regional delegates. 'A communal eection may be organized if at least 20 partisans request it. An office of the ANPI is also located in each provincial capital. This office has the responsibility of passing on all requests for membership. The ANPI has been controlled by the PCI, with PSI participation, since 1946., The party considers the association a one of its most important fronts. The ANPI is important because of its patriotic over- tones and its at least theoretical military potentials The,fact that anti-Communist ex-partisans have not belonged to the ANPI for several years is studiously ignored by the PCI, which exploits the L.NPIts association with the wartime resistance movement for propaganda purposes and tries to attract non-Communists by stressing the anti-Fascist nature of the associati..on? Also, in some areas 'the relatively good organization of the, ANPI is. useful to the PCI in events of a political nature. An example is the large number of ANPI members among municipal transport workers in Nilan who are of service to the PCT whenever a general strike or political demonstration occurs. Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CI P-62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA6j2-00865R000300290003-7 Of the estimated 350,OOO members of the ANPI, approximately one- third are believed not to be partisans. most of these are youthful PCI mlitants.who~are tooayoung'to have been partisans and a few are women who have; joined. as '(Friends of ANPI." As .de from the ANPT Bu7.letin, which is. intended only for internal ci.rculation9-the` ANPI had no Official press organ until'-l'iarch 1952 when it .began;publishing arbiweekly-, Patna Iac~ependente,.designed to appeal to allpartisans. The publication is the responsibility of a 5man committee headed., . nilio Lus u, a PSI Senator. The publication appears to be primarily aimed at fostering suspicion of the United States and Italy's role in NATO,, The ANPI disseminates most of its propaganda through the Natiooaj; Cammit.tee for the Defense of the Values of the Resistance, thxrough.conventions.that extol peace and anti-fascism, and through various act3,vi;tiea'. carried on in cooperation with other. PCI fronts. ..rpr.'some tame after the split in the ANPI in I94E, the PCI practically abandoned the ANPI to its own devices, and the association beggn'to:progressively decay. However, when the DC-dominated FIVL began to..aoheve some success in attracting ex-partisans, the FCI began inten- sive efforts in an attempt to restore the ANPI and to reinforce PCI control of it, This control is exerted through the election of FCI leaders, as leaders of the ANPI. Communist, ox-partisans are members of the:,ANPI on direct orders from the party, and since the Communists have absolute preeminence in na4bership, ANPI exists at the indulgence of the ?CT and obeys its dictates. Since the association is so closely identi- fied with the party, if the PCI was to withdraw its support, the ANPI would probably deteriorate in a short time. The character of the'ANPI organization and its paramilitary potential varies widely among the various regions of Italy. In the north, particu- larly .,,in Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna, where a large number of people were. organized in partisan units during the resistance, the ANPI is well organized. In the regions south of Rome, where partisan activity was relatively slight, the ANPI is little more than an organization of Resistance sympathizers. In these southern regions, activities of the ANPI sections are infrequent and attendance at meetings is light.. Participation often amounts to no more than obtaining'a membership card and attending commemorative functions. Nevertheless, even in Southern Italy the ANPI sections have a paramilitary potential owing to their connection with the PCI. For example, it was reported from Palermo,, Sicily in Narch 1950 that the police had unearthed a spy organization which was using the ANPI headquarters, Police were reported to have found in the"headquarters documents coat .ping classified information on the ,Italian'armed forces and an arms cache. The name of all the partisan groups that are affiliated with the ANPI are not known, but the followin ,are believed to be the most important. 1. The PCT "Garibaldit" partisan brigades 2. The PCI "Justice and :Liberty" partisan brigades Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 3. The PCI "Red Flag" partisan brigades 4 The PSI "Matteotti" partisan brigades 5. As socia zio, e Nationale Caduti Mutila_ti ed Tnv~ zlidi per, la Coarse Pat.,~,iana di Lzberazione NCNIGPL - National Association of Those Killed Mutilated and Invalided During the Partisan War of Liberation) 6. AssoCl2 Ln Ong N zigalep Par. t1 yian ItaJ iane Estero (ANPIF Natiotial lssociation of Italian Partisans Abroad 7. CCa i; ato kssistenza Red.uc e Soldati (CARS - Committee of Assistance to Veterans and Soldiers) Uniane cemli ex,,Perseritat Poli~tici Antfascisti (UPPA Union of Former Anti-Fascist-Political Persecutees) B. A S,S'QCASJO N Z ) I .1 R GUIT OLI' SC E P F. `SCI (ANPPIA National Association of Political Persecuteies and Interned Anti-Fascists) Address: 29 Piazza Rondaniniy. Rome Memberships neap Secretary General: Umberto Terrs.cini Vice-Secretary General; Guglielmo Mencirii The ANPPI1 was-organized in June1952s A. PCI front organization, the ANPPIA has attempted to hide this fact by constant references to "protecting political persecutees"'and similar sloganso Moreoverp ANPPICOs claams_of complete political freedom,to members has won the-support . of some non-Communists, Another effective propaganda technique has been the promise to help construct homes for political persecutees who lost them during the war, This technique appears to have achieved considerable success in Milan and has received the support of numerous moderate elements. On the other hand, ANPPI0s leaders have usually parroted the propaganda slogans of the PCI. The ANPPIA appears to have been in financial difficulties since. its inception. With the exception of dues., its only revenues appear in the form. of donations from the PCI. In 1953 the ANPPT41s headquarters were transferred to the offices occupied by the provincial committee of ANPI in order to avoid double rent payments. Approved For Release 2000/05/03: Cl B2-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET 20 Umberto Terracini, Secretary General of the LNPPII_, is also a PCI senator, In 1954, he represented the ANPPIA at the Vienna congress of FIR, the international Communist front.. veterans organization, and in January 1955 represented the ANPPIA at the FIR coxi ress`3n'Warsaw. C. FEDERAZIONE ITALIATDELLE A OC-TAZIONI PART ICLIAN.E.,% (FLAP .: Italian -Federation of. k'artisan ssociati o Iviembership: 3,000 estj Secretary General: Marco de Meis The FLAP was organized in 1949 by Ferruccio.Parri to- attract parti- sans who did not desire to belong to either the DC-dominated FIITLor the PCI-dominated ANPI. Parries announced aim was to form a partisan association of a non-political nature and free from political control. The organization has been largely unsuccessful, however, because of a lack of finances, the small number of members, and the fact that its principal exponents are all politicians whose time is generally taken up elsewhere, FIAPts members are largely drawn from the ranks of the PSDI, the small autonomous Socialist parties such as Cucchi and Magnani's, and the PRI. The primary consideration that holds the federation together is the common fear of a resurgence of fascism, The FLAP is unalterably opposed to granting benefits to veterans of the Republic of Salo and members of NISI veteran organizations* The FLAP has also advocated the forming of an united partisan anti-Fascist front with ,ANPI and FIVL, but there is no unanimity of opinion regarding the federation Ps connections with ANPI or FIVL. Many .of FTAP ?s members have veered away from ANPI because of its PCI orienta- tion. Others, however,. including Parri, have looked with favor on joining with ANPI in a common anti-Fascist fronts So far, this front has not materialized, although ANPI and FTAP have occasionally united in celebration of the anniversary of the resistance movement. Many moderates in the FIAP fear that ANPI will evenutally absorb their organization owing to its greater size and its financial strength. Recently a few of these moderates have been attempting to attract ex- partisans who are opposed to fascism and at the same time are not sympathetic to the PCI or PSI. So far, their attempts have been unsuccessful, Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : gl~ ,P62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 The following organizations are .believed to be among those af- filiated with the' 'FTAP. 1.:. Asp 'ssoci.azziioone Priazzini ni Italiana (411 ?- Association of Italian "i azziniani") . 2. A socia? azzio,,,,e Raggrun~~mento 'visio i Partii lane (ARDP Association of Partisan. Divisions).. 3, NJovim ent~ Garibaldino Antifascista Partian1 d s Italic CAPI - Anti.-Fascist Partisans Movement "Garibaldino" of Italy. 4. Niovimeto Parti`.ani (The Partisans Movement). ~a . 4Z 0 X IT!ij VOLONTARI DEW LIBERIA (FIVL , Italian Federation of VQ1utoers of Liberty) Address: 160 Via. del Corso, Rove Membership: 1,00,OQO (esto). President: Raffaele Cadorna Vice Presidents: Enrico Mattei Enrico Matrini - Mauri Secretary General: Aurelio-Ferrando The FIVL was formed in '.Nisrch 194 by a. group of partisan or aniza- tions opposed to the Communist domination of ANPI. The "schism was led by General Cadorna, Mattes, and I'Iario Argenton, all prominent members of the DC. The organization was made an ento mor le in April 1945 and placed under the nominal supervision of the iresidency of the Council of Nii.nisters. The founders of the FIVL announced in 194 that it. was the intention of the federation "to fight in the spirit of;Mazzini, Garibaldi, and Cavour for the independence of Italy and liberty from all forms of totalitarianism," The federation does not appear to enga_;e,i'.an exten- sive welfare program for its members. Most of. its income is used to support'federated associations, for press and propaganda activities, and for demonstrations and meetings. A smallpart:of the .FIVLtsincome is derived from dues,, The federation: receives an annual government subsidy from the Treasury which varies from year to year. In 1954 it amounted to 6,500,000 lire (US'010,400). As the FIVL is closely aligned with the DC it also receives money from various miscellaneous funds of the ministries and from the Presidency of. the Council. The Presidency, for example, supplies funds to make up the deficit incurred in the publishing of the federation taeel P tria e _RW e - ' 65h~s7reported this Approved For Release 2 Ol/b5W3"""eT Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET subsidy :amounted to 12,000, 000 .lire (?US$19,200) :: It is,-Also known that the Piinistry of the Interior financially aids the federation in putting on its summer camp program. Of the total expenditures in 1954 of 51,000,000 lire.(US 1,600), it.was reported, that. approxim.Wtely 70 percent of this sum came from funds available to the Council of 11inisters. The FIVL also receives funds from private organizations, such as Co nfindustria and AGIP (General. A,ency , for Italian Petroleum). AGIF! s president ,s Enrico Mattei, a vice president of the FIVL, '1'~~e,';FIVL .s.,stron ;ly .ants-,Com unist. Because of. its political af- filiation ''it: 'has had little success in attracting -individual adherents of ANPI, although several small organizations which broke with ANPI over the PCI issue have joined the FIVL. The leadership of FIVL has also refused to join with the ANPI ;in partisan ae1e;brations,And has, been unwilling to acknowledge the ANPIts claim that it represents the majority of Italian partisans. The 'IVL1s relations with the FIAT? have also been marked by discord, because of the latter's willingness to cooperate with ANP I, . The FIVL is administered by an executive council. composed of the president, vice presidents, secretary general,'and eight members. They are elected by the national council which meets annually. Council members are selected by the various organizations which belong to the FIVL. The following list is believed to represent the organizations that belonged to FIVL as of January 19550 Also included is the name of the geogrsiic area where the membership is concentrated, 1, AAL - i- ss, eiazi Autonome lombarde (Autonomous Association of Lombardy) - Lombardy of /'utonomous Piedmtntes4 FormationsY - Piedmont AFV - i4s zioye Fu me Verdi (Green Flames Assoc anon) - Bres ia AGI Assoc? azio o Q1baldini Indipendenti (Association of t1hdeperdent Garibaldians ) - Imperia ..5. ATM - s ci .zira Liberi kart? ia, . I alia n' '(Association ' ? : of Free Italian Partisans) . Emilia ALPIC As ociazi ie Lberi Pa 3Max i Ita.l, is Centrale (Association of Free Partisans of Central Italy-Tuscany ANVL - As? ociazi?c e Nss .o ale Volo t ri della Liberta (National - Association of Volunteers of liberty) Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CD6uu62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03: CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET 23 8. APAI - Assoc' az' one Part gia i Autonomi ' Li urri (Association of Autonomous Ligurian Partisans) - Liguria 9. APAS - Associazione Partini Autonomi Sicilians (Association of Autonomous Partisans of Sicili T Sicily 10, APAV -. Asspc .azione Paarttia; ani 1,utonomi Valle d 4Aosta (Autonomous Partisans Association of Valle dtAosta Valle dYAosta 11. APE - Associazione Y?arti iani "Bisa o'" (Association of "Eisagno'f Partisans - Iaguria - 12a APBP kssoc az one Par ,i aan ; 'Bri;ata del Poloolo'l (Association of Partisans "Company of the People") - Milan 13, APC -- Associaz one Part aan Cristiezzi (Association of Christian Partisans) Lombardy 1 4., APG - Assoc~Raz one; Partiriani - Cur zia '(Association of Partisans of GoriziaT 15, APGC - Apsoci one Part, guns "Grunt Cosa" (Association of "Gruppo Cosa" Partisans ). - Cuneo 16, API - Assgc:i azio. P ti.,~ia a d' Italia (Association of Italian Partisans) .- Trieste 17. APO - Asaciaz,ono Paris;~i, ai "ps-, oa~~o" (Association of "Osoppo" Partisans)- Udine 18. ARP - Ass, _oo j: agine R agg~ai amento Parts. iano "Alfredo di Dio" (Association of Partisans "Afrcdo di Dio?' - S'lilap 19. AVLICN - Assoc, azio Volontari T,iberta Italia e };tro Mer r o e (Association of Free Volunteers of Southern and Central Italy) - Lazio 20. AVLT A soci ions Volont_ar3 Iabert' Toscana (Association of Free Tuscan Volunteers) - 'T'uscany 21. AVLV - e, s~ca c ne V .lp, tax deb L' btert~ Vene+to (Association of Volunteers of Venetian liberty - Venetia E. UTRIOENA ~JNALEPRT,T~GLNI (UNP - National Partisans Union) Address: 67 Via Palerma, Pome Membership: 1200 (eeto ) ApprovgdlFl? R*IW(b@70 &* i,.gl ~g?2 65R000300290003-7 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIAS2-00865R000300290003-7 24 F. ,MIONE -fi TRIOTI DtITALIA (UPI Union of Italian Patriots) Address: 59 Via Giulio Cesare, Rome Membership: 1,000 (est.) Believed to be controlled. by the NISI. IV. MILITARY ASSOCIf.TIONS There are 17 significant military associations operating in Italy. Composed of career officers and enlisted men, the associations have been organized in order to help needy members, perpetuate the traditions of the armed forces, serve as a clearing house for information on former and present service friends, and provide recreation facilities. The associa- tions also function as pressure groups on the government and Parliament by working for higher military pensions and higher salaries for the members of the armed forces. Most of the military associations are believed to be apolitical.. Those that have been penetrated by a political party are for the most part favorable to the PNNi and MSI. This is probably because the officials who dominate these associations served in the armed forces during the Fascist regime when Italy was still a monarchy and have maintained their loyalty. The PCI has only one all military association of negligible influence. A. ASS0CIONE N ?"ONAI.E 4PINI (ANA -- National Alpinists Association Address: NJilan Membershipt 520000 (est.) Delegate= Francesco Galli The ANA was organized in 1919 as an apolitical. association. It is dedicated to perpetuating the traditions of the "Alpini," Italyts famous mountain troops, and provide welfare services for present and former members of the "Alpini," As most soldiers in the "A1pini," are drawn from the provinces of northern Italy bordering the Alps, the strength of the ANA is concentrated in the same geographic area, The Italian Government does not exercise control over the ANA but, as the organization has been recognized as a public society, changes in its structure and administration must be ap- proved. There is no evidence to indicate that the ANA has been penetrated by any political organization. Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET 25 Funds of the ANA are derived from dues, gifts, and bequests. It is not known if the organization receives a subsidy from the Italian Government? In August 1954 it was announced that the ANA had received a substantial donation from,the large Montecatini company, but the amount donated was not disclosed* $. .SSOCIA?TONE NAZIOW.LE ARNA DI CAV ARIA (ANAC - National Cavalry L.ssociation Addressg 142 Via Quattro Fontane, some Memberships 6,000 (e st, ) The ANAC was founded during World War I by a group of cavalry of- ficers who desired to perpetuate the traditions of their branch of the service and provide aid to needy cavalry officers and enlisted men. to Prince Fabrizio Colonna, president of the Rome federation of-the ANA:CQ the organization had little financial means in 1954. The prince stated that the entire income of the Rome federation in 1953 was 4004000 lire (US'1'640), The ANAC has been trying to get a subsidy from the Ministry of Defense. In 1954 the president of ANAC, Carlo Ceriana Mayneri, was suspended for irregularities, His place was taken by a commis si.oner appointed by the Ministry of Defense. This com- missioner, in consultation with ANAC officials, was charged with drafting a new set of regulations for ANAC. When these are approved, it is likely that ANAC will receive an annual subsidy from the government, The ANAC claims to be apolitical, and there is no evidence that it has been penetrated by left-wing political groups. In 1954 Prince Colonna stated that a slight effort is made to direct the political orientation of the members away from the PCI, It is also possible that the member ship is directed toward the monarchist parties. Prince Colonna, for example, was a member of the directing committee of the Democratic Monarchist Union (UrDemoc~ face Mc;ax?ehica) in 1953. 0. SSOCIZOI~TET7,OSlLE 11;LPII per,-ice (ANAFV -- National Alpinists Association "Green Flames" Address: Milan Membership: 40)000 (est.) The ANAFV was founded in 1919 to "maintain the traditions and pride of thep3 n, The orb anization attempts to remain free of political pressure. However, in 1952, when Falmiro Togliatti, head of the PCI, SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA11R -00865R000300290003-7 applied for membership, he was turned dour. A number of the sections in the fNAFV have associated themselves with the DC partisans organization, FIVL. Funds for-the ANAFV come primarily.from dues and ?, donations.. It is not known if the organization 'receives a subsidy from -'th6,'Gov6rnment* D. S50Ik2IOVE AZIONALL ARTIG,~,,T~C.+RI_DtITAIA (ANAI - National Artillery Association of Italy);... Address; 25 Via Aureliana, Rome Membership: 7,100 (est.) President: Augusto De Pignier -'VicePresideint: Oscar Fiorentino The ANAI was founded in 1921 as a welfare association f6rorrrier and present members of the artillery compcnont of the Italian, Army. Its funds are derived from dues, gifts, bequests, and an annual subsidy :from the 'Ministry of Defense, The total income of the ANAI' is, not 'known, .but it is'believed to'engage in a very modest program of welfare The ANAI claims to be apolitical and there is no evidence to indi- cate it has been deeply penetrated by any political orge.nization-o However, the leadership of the ANAI is believed to be sympathetic to'.'the. monarchist cause. President De ran on the PN4 ticket in the Rome a4nini'stra- tive elections in 1952 E. hS > ,2,IONE NAB I ~~L BLRS LIERI (AND - National Ewe, s=leri Association) Addresss Porta Pia, Rome lviemberships 12,500 (est.) President: Alfredo Baccari The ANB was founded during World War I as a welfare association for the Bsrs_ ag1 exi, one of Italyrs most famous military units. The ANB claims to be apolitical and there is no evidence that it has been penetrated by a political organization. Funds for the associationts welfare activities come from dues and donations, and it is believed that a subsidy is received from the h4nistry of Defense. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 S`:jCRET 27 F. ASSOCIAZIONE NAZIONALE DEL ,ABA INIERE IN CONGEDO (ANCC - National Association of Retired Carabinieri) Address: 43 Zungotevere Niellini,g Rome Membership: 39000 (est.) President: Gen. Crispino.Agostinucci Secretary General: Colonel .Pasquale Battaglia The ANOC was founded in 1926 as an apolitical welfare association for the Carabinieri,q the elite corps of the Italian army. The association derives its funds from dues. gifts, and a subsidy from the Ministry of Defense,. There is no evidence that the ANCC has any political orientation. During World i:Iar II General A= gostinucci commanded Italian forces in Albania, After the war. the Albanian Government requested his extradition as a war criminal, but the,. request was turned down by the Italian Goverriinenta G. S OCIAZE IvUIIONA.LE DELwolr Q3 TE i~s~Yit ti~,~w+Ma-vr~w (ANF a- National Infantry Association) Address: Milan Membership; 20.OCO (est.) President: Gen. Edoardo Scala The ANF was founded '.during World Idar Z as a military association for retired infantrymen. Its aims are "to encoura'e patriotic sentiments and render economic assistance to its members." Funds are derived from duesp gifts, and bequests. It is believed that the organization also obtains a subsidy from the Ministry of Defense. Available evidence indicates that the ANF is apolitical, H. ASSGCIA?TOVE NAZIONA LE FINANZIERI IN CONGEDO (ANFC - National Association of Retired Finance Guards) Address;; Via dell'Olmata. Rome Membership: 20,000.(est.) President: Stanislao Muratori The ANFC was founded in 1927 and chartered as an ente m_o,~raLe in 1929, It is believed to be apolitical. Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET I. ASSOCIAZIONE NA IONALE. GR1 TATIERI D7ITALIk ? (ANGI - National Association of Grenadiers of Italy) Membership: 1,500 (est.) The ANGI is believed to be apolitical. J. ASS2C ZIOPIE NA.?.,IONALE GRANATIERI DI SARDEGNI. (ANGS - National Association of Grenadiers of Sardinia) Address: 7 Piazza,S. Croce, Rome tbershipz 1?,200 (est.) ' sident: Catlo Melotti It has been reported that the ANGS is dominated by the MSI. K. kSSOGTAZIONE NAZIONALEM .FiI,NAI DIITALIA (ANNiI - National Association of Italian Lariners) Address: 23 via Giulio Cesare, Rome Memberships 13,500 (est,) President: Luigi Spallice The ANMI was founded in 1914 as an apolitical association for Italian sailors. There is no evidence that it is still not apolitical. L. ASSOC UiZIONE NAZIONALE SOTTUFFICIALI DIITALIA IN CONGEDO (ANSIC - National ,f-ssociation of Retired Subofficers) Address: 51) vialo dell: Piilizie, Rome NNiember ship s 2j.000 (est.) Presidents Pietro Bouvet No information is available on the political complexion, if any, of the ANSIC. Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : Cl - 2-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRRT 29 M. ASSOC7 ZIONE NAZIONALE S,,-OTVUFICIALT ~ ARInTO FUORI SERVIZIO (k~7SIiS '?- National .' ss?Fiation of Retired ;Address.a 2 vi~V 'Domiata Ronne Membership: 19500 (est.) Subofficial Seamen President: Tancredi Anghexa The ANSMS is. believed to be dominated by the PNM. N. A,SSO, EI;aIOE NAZION_ A:LE UFFICIILTDEVAERONC.UTICA (ANUA -- National Association of Aeronautic Officers) Address: 73 via dej Mills, Rome Membership: 1,000 (est.) President: Arnaldo Sabatini The ANUA is b`l1QVed .to be' apolitical. 0. ASOCIAZIONE lVA$IONAL UFFICIALI PROVENIENTI DEL SERVIZIO ATTIVO (ANt1PSA National l~ssociation of Officers Retired from Active Service) Membership; 1,000 (est., ) The ANUPSL is 'comp'osed of career Italian army officers discharged after World War II, Both the ANFI and the Communist-controlled Italian General Confederation of Iabor have attempted to influence this organ3,za- :tion. ? The degree of success they have attained is not known, PQ 1 SSOCIF~7IONE ~N _7,IONAIE UFFICIALI RISERVA (ANUR - National Association of Reserve Officers) Membership: 2,000 (est.) The ANUR is an affiliate of the ANPI, t?NIONE NL~ZIQNA7,E UFFICIALI IN CONGEDO D t ITALIA (UNUCI - National Association of Retired Italian Officers) Address: 313 via Nosmentara, Rome Memberships 9,000 (est.) President: Tito Zaniboni Appr ycl 8t jZe q 0ep J85/Oo3 bQ IapRo4Pt6 ~0a 865R000300290003-7 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-%0865R000300290003-7 V. WELFARE 0ROfI-UZATIONS 30 A number of organizations have been either established or chartered by the Italian.GoV.ex en t since World -War I r to provide aid and assistance to needy veterans and partisans and their families They very largely. depend on gov&xl-neit subsidies, but, they are. relatively free, from govern- ment control. Because of the prestige they enjoy?and'the 'considerable sums they have at their disposal, they have not been free of attempts at penetration by Italian political parties,, A. ASSUCIAZION1a N11ZIONAF~ M11IGLIiL DLI CADUTI IN GUERRA ? (ANFCG - National Association of Families of War Casualties) Address; 2 Lungotevere Castello, Rome Membership: 300,000.(est,) Presidents Giulio Sansonetti Director General: Francesco iviorfuni The ANFCG was organized in 1917 and chartered as an ente morale in 1924 and placed under the nominal supervision of the Presidency of Council of 1'iinistersc A new statute for the organization was approved in. April 1951. The of, the ANFCG are ; 1) to eulo size the sacrifices of those who died for "the Fatherland"; 2) to sponsor ceremonies and honors in their memory; and 3) to promote and effect means to alleviate and raise the spiritual and material conditions of the families of the deceased. The association is composed of three types of members: effectives, adherents, and honoraries. The parents, widow, and chl.ldren of a deceased soldier or'partisan are considered effectives; also the brothers and sisters of the- deceased if there are no effectives in the other three categories. Any other blood relatives of the deceased may be adherents. Persons or organizations who aid the AI\iTCG through money, gifts, or labor are given honorary memberships. Administrative agencies of the ANNFCG are the national president, the central committee, a provincial committee in each provincial capital, and section committees in communes and districts of communes. Provincial and national officers are elected by delegates of the sections. The 1951 revenue of the ANFCG was 253, 987, 678 lire (Usk M6080), Of this amount,, ?5q million came from the I?iinistry of the Treasury and the Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-I$ 00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET 31 remainder from dues and gifts. During the same year, 18I.,500,0Q0 lire (UStJ'295, 200) was spent for welfare activities. The A1\TPCG is considered an apolitical organization. It does how- ever, operate effectively as a pressure group on the Italian Government. It has succeeded in.having,its subsidy raised twice since 1950, B. ASSOCIAZIONE NAZIONALE FMIGLIE CADUTI E MUTILATI DELL? AERONAUTICA `(ANFC51A: - National Association of Families of Those Killed or Mutilated in Airplanes) Address: 24 Via Carrara, . Rome Membership: 28,000 (est.) President: Alberto Fabretti The ANFCNA was chartered as an ente- morale in 1937. in 1951 a new statute was approved which placed,the association under the nominal super- vision of the liinistry of Defense. The scope, of, the A14FCMA is to assist the families of those who were.killed Or`mutilated in airplane accidents while in the service of their country, The association is administered by a president and.a national committeew The'latter is elected by the national council wrii,ch is ,composed of representatives from the 62 provincial federations..- The national committee, in turn, elects the president, The income of the AN CMA is derived from dues, gifts, and an an- nual subsidy from the Iiinistry of Defense.. ..This-- subsidy varies in amount from year to year, although it is'generally about 13500,000 lire (US.$2,L00). In 1950 the association .received, 9,?7i ,309 lire (US"~15,639) and spent 8,094,788 lire (US'l2,y 952 ); of the latter amount,. 5, 398,1.89 lire (Us a8, 638 ) was used for welfare activities, The association serves as a pressure group on, the government to get benefits for its members; -aids needy members with money, cloth ng, and medicines; runs summer camps for the children of members; and maintains a rest home for aged members in Treviso. The as- sociation claims to be apolitical anad there is no. evidence that it has been penetrated by subversive elements. C. A S QQIAZI01VE NAZIONALE TRA LE FAMIGLIE ITALIANL DEI MARTIRI CADUTI TRM T-MR-IX-JUTEEMEA75 HA (AP?FII~ICLP - National Association of Italian Families of Martyrs Fallen for the Liberty of the .Fatherland > Address: 11 Via lei Iontecatini, Rome.... Membership: 49000 (est, ). President: Leonardo Azzarita Sec&p ?yed -rft4eal, 0a5I(Ro:sg f,DP62-00865R000300290003-7 Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET 32 The A] FIINiCLP was organized in 1944 as a welfare agency by a group of families who lost relatives in the "Massacre of the Ardeatine Caves." .After the war the association was expanded to include "anyone who con- spired or fought for the liberty of Italy after September 8, 1943." The association was recognized as an ente morale in 1951 and placed under 'the nominal supervision of the ??residency 3? the Council of %iinisters. Administrative' organs of the ATIFIPMCLP are the central committee, regional committees, and local councils. Regional committees are in operation only in Venetia, Liguria, Tuscanyj the Marches, Lazio, Abruzzi e Idolise, and Sicily. Regional committee members are elected directly by the members in the region; in turn, the regional committees elect the national officers. The annual income of the ANFIN'iCLP is approximately 3s0O0,OOO lire (USSj4,800). Of this amount, approximately 2,000,000 lire represents a subsidy from the Italian Government. The remainder comes from dues,, gifts, and investments. The association gives food, allowances, clothing, and medicine to needy members, helps them find work if they are unemployed, propagandizes for increased pensions, and runs two building cooperatives - in Rome and Chieti - for members. The ANF'I;"CLP is considered to be apolitical. President Azzarita joined the Fascist Party in 1123 but there is no record of his activities as a. member. After Udorld War IT he became a member of the PLI and in 1953 he ran for the Senate as a Christian .Democrat. He is very actiye'in the National Press Federation. (ONC - National Combatants Foundation) Address: 11 Via Ulpiano, Rome President: Oddo Warinelli Director General; Enrico Di Pietro Secretary General: Emilio Sica The ONC was established in 1917 as an autonomous agency under the Italian government, During the Fascist regime it was placed directly under the chief of government, Since 1947 it has been under the nominal supervision of the Minister of Agriculture and Forests. When the ONC was. established in 1917 it was contemplated that its primary function would be to assist veterans of World War I in finding farm jobs and to draw up plans for rural public works projects as a means SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 `R'ef Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : G'" -RQP6,2-00865R000300290003-7 S.~~CRsX of reducing urban unemploymnat, Under the Fascists,. however, its scope was greatly broadened, It wos-put in charge of developing and carrying out land improvement. and reclamation plans,-and land distribution programs. With funds from the Italian Government, it was authorized to construct rural villages, schools, and libraries, and supervise technical aid pro,rams for those given land. One of the best known projects of the ONC during the Fascist regime was the reclamation of the Pontine Marshes and the distribution of the reclaimed.lando Similar projects were undertaken in the province of Foggia and in the valley of the Volturno River. The ONC stayed within the scope of its original charter in that most of the work on these projects was performed by veterans and most of the land that was distributed went to veterans, Since World War IT, the ONC has been primarily concerned with the establishment of agricultural cooperatives and in participating in the government's land reform program. In February 1951 a special section of the ONO was given the task of expropriating, reclaiming, and distributing land in the provinces of Caserta and Salerno. The foundation also is responsible for executing some of the provisions of land Reform law Number 841 of October 1951 When t1;e ONC was given these responsibilities it was expressly stipulated that, at Ishould take advanta.e-above all of the labor of those who have fought for the liberty.of the nation.'' Wheal it was founded in 1917, the ONO was iven,300,QC0,0OO lire by the Italian Government, This was supplemented during the Fascist regime by ggvoi nmort graQa fo ^ so h.0fio pro jvctan. Afte, World. tar IT the ONC was given one billion lire (V$ l,6C0,.0Cp) to establish .a; _rieultura.l cooperatives and agricultural . education_progrs s.for former combatants and ve,orans. The foundation annual subsidy from the Italian Government for administrative and personnel expenses. In addition, the ONC receives income from the more than 15,000 hectares of land it owns outright. The ONC is administered by a president, a director general, and an executive council of 10 members, They are all appointed by the Italian Government, The present president is a member of the PRI. The other officials belong either to the PRI, the DC, the PIT or the PSDI. E. OPERA NAZIONAI,E PER GLI INVALIDI DI GUERRA (ONTG -- National Foundation for War Invalids) Address: 2 Piazza Adriana, Rome President: Antonio Noreen Director General: Nicola Fortini The ONIG was chartered in March 1917 as the National Foundation for Protecting and Assisting War Invalids. In August 1942 it assumed its Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R000300290003-7 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : C18118 31H present name and was placed under the supervision of the Presidency of the Council' of Ministers. By law the OFIG has the function of assisting all Italians invalided by war regardless of sex or age. Assistance is rendered in the form of vocational training, cash allotments, hospitalization and therapy, employ- ment services, and legal services. The ONIG also has responsibility for ensuring that war invalids are not discriminated against and that other public'and private agencies which render assistance to war invalids do so "equitably and charitably." The foundation is administered by a president and an administrative coup-oil nominated by the President of the Italian Republic on the advice- of the Council of ministers. The administrative council is composed of the'president of the foundation, representatives of the aesidency of the Council: of Ministers, the Ministry of Intterior$ the ministry of the Treasury, the Ministry of Labor and Social Security, and three representa-. tives from the ANNIG, Offices of the foundation are located in each provincial capital. In some sections of Italy the ANAIIG has been delegated the responsibility of carrying out the functions of the ONIG. For per- fouling this service the ANMIG receives 18,000,000 'lire (U&,p28,000) annually-a" The ONIG is financed by an annual subsidy from the Ministry of the Treasury. This siun varies from year to year. in 1951/52 it was 5,090,000,000 lire (US~',8,1::0,4OO), The" foundation also receives income from investments, gifts, and donations. In 1952/53 non-state revenues' were 2'73, 000, 000 lire (US$..4,36, 800) a The national organization of the ONIG is dominated by the DC.' There is no evidence of PCI penetration, However, in the areas where the ONIG has delegated its authority to ANNIG it is possible that the PCI and the MSI have been successful in infiltrating to the extent that they have some control over the ONIG!s activities. The ANMIG organization in Triesto, which is controlled by the PCI, officially represents the ONIG in that area, SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/03 : CIA-RDP62-00865R00030029009tAa a-FD, Wash,, D. Co