Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 22, 2004
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1.pdf4.31 MB
19a2 Cong ress Public Amount of property d use of property P Con- eider- ation Consideration given as result of formula Citation Bill No. Law Involved ropose pro- ro- ges- i No. p on S 30 l Training the National (Iuard__ 0 50 percent of the appraised fair 98 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 7817. 6 p pt 82 2 S. 2959 I () acres----- y A roximate PP 0 market value. Senate receded from its own . , . 98 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 82 2 II.R.2190 544 Approximately 11acres_____ Road ---------------- ..__________ amendment in conference (H. pt. 7, pp. 9063, 9689. 0 Rept. 2496). 50 percent of the appraised fair 98 CONGRF.eSIONAL RECORD, 82 2 MR. 3368 O A toximately17.76acres___ Pp liatchingfish--------- _--------- 0 9 market value. raised fair market value----- A pt. 1, p. 488. C 98 r.SOIONAr. RECORD, 82 2 ILR. 7317 525 Approximately 263 acres ---- llriiling of water wells and general town expansion- 5 $1, = pp Amendment rejected by Senate pt 7, p 97 CONGRE28[ONA?. RECORD, SZ 1 II.R. 4808 229 Approximately 150 acres---- Easement for a public road--.--- 0 on floor. ercent of the appraised fair 50 pt. 10, pp. 13541-1.3542. 96 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 81 2 II.R.2783 520 Approximately 0.143acre____ City use- ______.-_______--_-__--- p market value. con- ected r dment p pt. 4, p. 5348. ECORD, CONGREq 96 81 2 H.R. 4569 868 Approximately 640 acres---- Nt0mporary hous g. veterans 0 3 a (II. Rept 3098) ` foren ercent of the appraised fair 50 pt. 11. pp. 14708-147 0 95 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 81 1 ILR. 164 54 Approximately 10.11 acres- School purposes _______________ - ) ( p market value. confer- dm Am e pt. 4, p. 4254. IONA1. RECORD, CO 95 81 1 H.R. 3751 4208 Steel fire tower n~mati ion tower r foOarde. r the In- 0 0 Ce f llg3)in e Re ercent of the fair market 50 pt ~ 8013 IONAI.RECORD,pt 95CO GRES 81 1 H.R. 6230 412 Approximately 0.18 of an acre I street construction______________ 0 p ercent of 50 n S ~Nnr. RECORD, 94 1 80 2 S. 2676 822 . Approximatcly5.17acres University expansion ------------ 0 mp own its te recede S pt. 6,p 793 RECORD, COlqGRESSIONAL 91 80 2 I3.R. 5734 831 Approximately 430.91 acres-- , Public park and golf course --- tional d 0 a am r. endment on the oo t of the appraised fair 50 c pt. 7, pp. 8718-8710, 9011. 242.NAI RECORD, NGn C 94 80 2 H .R. 6448 803 Approximately 32acres recrea Fairgrounds an value. mar e p 8 7 use. i Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, I think my record on the Morse formula, as shown by the foregoing, needs no fur- ther clarification or elaboration at this time, I am very proud to stand on this record of a one-man economy" drive in the U.S. Senate, a record which I be- lieve has resulted in a saving of at least $900 million in 14 years. But, more im- portant,. I am proud to stand on the record of the formula, because, in my judgment, it also has involved a matter of political ethics, for I have felt that turning surplus property into a political grab bag cannot be very well reconciled with good political ethics. So I have pro- posed the formula and have fought for it because I felt it would also make a con- tribution to cleaner government. I am perfectly willing to be judged on whether that has been accomplished by my in- sistence upon the formula. Mr. President, I yield the floor. WHY NOT USE FOREIGN AID TO STOP TRADE WITH CUBA? Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, in a few days the Senate will consider the foreign aid appropriation bill. One of the very controversial aspects of the bill involves the efforts by the House to pro- vide limitations on foreign aid to coun- tries whose ships are used to transport goods and materials-particularly war materials-to Cuba. I believe this question deserves very thoughtful and careful inquiry before the Senate rejects those amendments. __ _ __ ___..._,........ rti les indicate that a c it is assumed that the Senate will act On September Iii, it was po..-,,u uuL, -- not only to those which give aid to Cuba, quickly to reject those amendments or to an article published in the New York but also to those whose nationals trade replace them with language to make such Times that- with Cuba. I think we should give every action discretionary, with the result that The use of allied ships for ordinary goods- consideration to such a proposal. our Government will take no action to which I have before me di Mo. Prest'ens trade: releases Communist-bloc shipping for muni- shot that has trade with Cuba by some of Press" ident, program,` the yesterday, Chon the ance Wincellor r of "Meet a, continued in 1962, as com- the Mr. the Exchequer of Great Britain, Reginald This is true; and, of course, it is also pared with 1961. Unfortunately, the Maudling was asked by Mr. Spivak why obvious that any kind of goods which go State Department and the Department Britain continues to trade with Cuba. to Cuba-whether war goods or other of Commerce cannot provide the com- Approved t e 6WA/p0W iCRDgP W#46R000200140044-1 19349 The Morse formula amendments and enactments between 1946 and 1952, inclusive Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 or. s To be fixed by the Secretary of the Inter 4 Private law. Mr. Maudling's answer was the very logical one that he recognized the harm- ful effects on freedom and the benefits to communism that the Cuban situation now represents; but he said that they feel that trade with Cuba should depend on the initiative of the United States of America. He said they feel they have the responsibility in some areas of Africa and Asia, and that they hope the United States would respond to their initiative, but they do not have any knowledge or understanding that the United States wishes them to desist and cease in their trade with Cuba. industrial raw materials from Canada, Mr. President, ever since February 3 diesel motors and chemicals from West of this year, we have had an embargo Germany, and machinery and chemicals on all trade with Cuba. It has been at from Britain. The Netherlands and considerable expense to American buse, France have also exported goods to Cuba. nece but, I think it has been a wise, The title of the article is "United economic and effect on the desirable embargo. Communist satel- The States Fails To Halt Supplies to Cuba economic in Allied Vessels." lite in Cuba has been clear; but, unfor- TRADE NATIONS WITH WHOSE NATIONALS CUBA? tunately, the economic effect has not SHOULD VVE a AID been nearly as strong as it would be if we obtained cooperation from our Allies. Mr. President, I feel that it is perfectly Judging from Mr. Maudling's statement appropriate for Congress to consider ty- of yesterday to the panel on the "Meet ing strings to our foreign-aid program the Press" program, it seems that this is and relating the foreign aid that we give because the British Government has not to our allies to their willingness to co- been informed, or, at least, requested to operate with us in the struggle against reduce or eliminate their trade with communism, especially against commu- Cuba. nism in this hemisphere. This is a far Mr. President, this is not simply a mat- cry from asking for a military embargo ter of allied ships transporting arms to on Cuba. It is a far cry from calling Cuba. Obviously, we are . opposed to for an invasion of Cuba. It seems to that, but the fact is that any trade with me it is a modest and defensible pro- Cuba assists the Communists and con- posal, and I believe we might seriously stitutes a growing threat to freedom in consider including in the foreign-aid bill this hemisphere. a proviso to the effect that foreign aid -h co ntries-- _._,_, ___ i t ve o t be g goods-are beneficial to a buildup of the Communist economy and of the Communist strength in this hemisphere. The article also points out that fully one-third of the Soviet deliveries to Cuba are said to be in ships chartered to allied countries. At a recent press conference, President Kennedy is quoted as saying that- Our friends in NATO must realize the im- plications of their engaging in the Cuban trade. Nevertheless, according to the article, Cuba has been getting machinery and 19350 Approved For ReleVM ? gLA P&B003ti~pQ E 0140044-1 Septem be~% 24. poete figures. However, it is interesting It is expected that Japan will buy less 3. And further, I do hereby direct the to note that during the entire year 1961 than 200,000 tons of sugar from Cuba Secretary of Commerce, under the provisions the United Kingdom exported $13 million this year. of the Export Control Act of 1949, as worth of goods to Cuba; and in the first Japan's central bank export-Import amend.ed. (50 U.S.C. App. 2021-2032), tobon- 4 months of 1962 the United Kingdom statistics deviate from the Commerce pints to carry out the States tes to ion Cua, of all and I I exported to Cuba $3,170,000 worth of Department information we have; they herbyr~authorize nhimsun.derthat act, to goods, or at an annual rate of approxi- show Japan exporting $12 million to continue, make, modify or revoke exceptions mately $9 million--a reduction, it is true, Cuba in 1961, while importing $21 mil- from such prohibition. but not really a very substantial reduc- lion, over 90 percent of this in sugar. In witne,s, whereof, I have hereunto set my tion, in view of the fact that since Feb- My source is the Japanese Embassy: hand and caucad the seal of the United ruary 3, 1962, we have had an embargo Washington; New York. States of the to be a Wash. on trade with Cuba. Furthermore, the Incidentally, in 1961 Mexico had sub- day Done at the city of Washington this of d- United Kingdom has increased her im- stantial trade with Cuba, but this was ence of 'then'Unit d 2States o of the America ethe ports from Cuba, when considered on an because of transshipment of American 186th. annual adjusted basis. For the fill' year goods d an to >__ gdo~~~ Rua- eluting iron, steel, and pump replace- Secretary of state. Ported $5,560,000 worth of goods from merit parts. Cuba. On an adjusted annual basis, There were other substantial ship- Mr. PRO:ln. Mr. President, I ask that means that the United Kingdom merits from South American countries- unanimous consent that the entire text was importing in early 1962 more than for example, $3,400,000 worth from Chile, Of an article entitled "United States Faris $16,500,000 worth of goods from Cuba- and' there was additional trade. sel Halt Supplies to Cuba in Allied Ves- or an increase in her imports from Cuba. I ask unanimous consent that a co fls, from the Sunday New York Times West Germany in 1961 imported of the proclamation by the President of of t hi e r 16, 1962, be printed at this $1,900,000 worth of goods and products the United States on February 3, 1962, la~m r':e the RECORD. from Cuba. But in the first 4 months of declaring an embargo on trade with was There bei'.ng be printed in, the ECORD, 1962 alone she imported more than Cuba, be printed in the RECORD at this ordered to be prnted in the 7RE R that-$2,150,000. This represents a point. as follows: threefold increase. West Germany im- There being no objection, the procla UNITED - CVBAA in AArLLIED V saZS---E oRTS 1.ra CURB ported three times as much in the first 4 mation was ordered to be printed in the CHARTERING OF SHIps CARRYING CARGOES months of 1962, at an annual rate, as she RECORD, as follows: PROM REPS ARE LAGGING imported in 1961. A PROCLAMATION-EMBARGO ON ALL TRADE WASHINOToN, September 15-The United It is true that West Germany has WITH CUBA BY THE PRESIDENT Op THE States has had little success thus far In sharply reduced her exports to Cuba, but UNITED STATES or AMERICA efforts to perr;:uade Its allies to do less busi- she still exported in the first 4 months Whereas the eighth meeting of consul- Hess with Cuba and withhold ships being of this year $1,650,000 worth, which, on tatiol of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, serving chartered to carry Soviet supplies to Cuba. an annual basis, wouldamount to $5 mil- ' as organ of consultation in application of Moreover, U.S. officials do not expect much ter-American Treaty of Reciprocal are not especially worried to Cuba for the full yeaP 1961. Assistance, in its final act resolved that the at present. A high-ranking Government offi- UnfortunateIy, with respect to the present Government of Cuba Is incompatible cial expressed the administration feeling that COUnfo unite traded most respect tol a with The principles and objectives of the the Cuba problem Is less threatening this y inter-American system; and, In light of the year those It was last year. 1961 with Cuba,-Canada-the Com- subversive offensive of Sino-Soviet com- merce Department and the State Depart- munislu with which the Government of Cuba critti 1 ca attention to the incrn ubcal econ onoEconomic situation reported in C Cubaa. . ment have made no figures available. is publicly alined, urged the member states He also mentioned reports of an increasing These figures would be very interesting, to take those steps that they may consider loss of popular support by the government indeed, if they were completed. appropriate for their individual and collet- The Premier Fidel Castro. On the basis of information acquired tive Self-defense; e Governments were Britain, West bGer e- during the basis of n of Sep- Whereas the Congress of the United States, many, and Norway were reported to have be-quir -tember 21, 1962, On telephone with the Department section 620(a) of the Forei gun eir couns Into the chartering of -bloc of Ac of (75 445) as an Assistance In their countries to deliver Communist-bloc Commerce, American Republics Division, aut o zed the Pres. esident , to amended, has supplies to C'utba. I am informed that the Canadians are maintain an embargo upon all trade lb tween willing to deal with Cuba, but they have the United States and Cuba; and However, therinquiries were regarded here arrested the transshipment of American Whereas the United States, In accordance as polite responses to diplomatic pressure goods. Canadian disposition to trade has with its international obligations, is pre- from the United States. There was little been quenched by Cuban bankruptcy, pared to take all necessary actions to pro- expectation that they would result in any For example, Canada has closed the com- mote national and hemispheric security by serious prohibitions. mercial section of its Embassy in Cuba. Isolating the present Government of Cuba The inquiries were believed to be centered Mr. President, so far as trade with and thereby reducing the threat posed by its chiefly oil the question whether allied. ships Japan ea so the trade With alinement with Communist powers; are engaged in delivering arms to Cuba dur- Japan is has informed Co o that the Now; therefore, I, John F. Kennedy, Presi- ing the current military buildup there. United States has acquired a me dent nd relayed Foreign athiorty oftse ctiof America, on 620(a) pftthe United States sources have said that they the Japanese a has acgn document show- unreign the a Assistance of 1961 c io (2 Stat. f the not alhEd ships. arms are being troted ported the hod ships. However, i i was not ing that sugar production in the imme- as amended, do- that the use of allied ships for ng or diate future will be insufficient to meet y proclaim an embargo upon trade' releases Communist-bloc shipping foryaun s Cuba's commitments to the Communist 1. Hereby the United States and Cuba in ac- trees deliveries to Cuba. bloc. This, coupled with U.S. efforts to cordanbe with paragraphs 2 and 3 of this According to one highly placed Govern- divert Japan's sugar purchases, indicates proclamation. meat thofficial, en Co .,he fact thaoccountries Union have mun that Japanese-Cuban trade will b 2. Hereby and other id to resort ce use of allied prohibit, effective , 12:01 the been compelled to resort ve the use of allied sharply off the .volume reached in 1961. eastern standard time, February 7 7, 1962, the shi Although ply off Cuba has sent a sugar in 1961. importation into the United States of all to pp the gCommun sts. sFully cone- hirdloof lion to Japan, the Japanese are securing from orrthrobugh origin and andlhe hereby authorize ships charte:'edsIn all edacountries. be in an increasing part of their sugar from and direct the Secretary of the Treasury to President Kennedy declared at his news India, Thailand, Natal, the Philippines, carry out such prohibition, to make such ex- conference this week that the United States and Formosa. . eeptions thereto, by license or otherwise, as was disturbed, by allied commerce with Cuba is attempting to buy back its he determines to be consistent with the effec- Cuba. "Our friends in NATO must realize sugar-futures-from the bloc in order tive operation of the embargo hereby pro- the implications of their engaging in the claimed; and to promulgate such rules and Cuban trade," he said. to meet its offer to sell Japan 400,000 regulations as may be necessary to perform United States officials indicated that they tons during 1962. such fup.ctions; would like to see further reductions in allied Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved For Release 2004/03/31: CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 T 9 CONPRESSIOOA. RECORD - SENATE trade with Cuba, although it has dropped When the Castro regime took power in January of 1959, 80 percent of its trade was with the United States- Today 80 percent of its trade is with Communist-bloc coun- tries. Nevertheless, Cuba has been getting ma- chinery and industrial raw materials from Canada, diesel, motors aid chemicals from West Germany,, and machinery and chemi- cals from Britain. The Netherlands and France also have exported goods to Cuba. According to figures available here, North Atlantic Treaty Organization countries sold Cuba about $138 million, worth of goods in 1959 and purchased goods amounting to $79 million. In 1951, NATO exports dropped to $86 million and imports from Cuba to $32 million. In addition, Japan conducted a $16 million annual trade with Cuba, exchanging light machinery for sugar. Chile was the only country in Latin America reported to have an appreciable trade with Cuba bartering various foodstuffs for sugar. TWO ALLIES INCREASE TRADX Two allied countries increased their trade with Cuba during the 2-year period, 1959--61, contrary to the general trend. Canada was the biggest allied trader with Cuba in 1961, exporting $31,800,000 worth of goods, slightly more than double her 1959 exports. The Netherlands increased her trade total with Cuba from $8,275,000 to $10,920,000. The United States, which ended all im- ports from Cuba and limited sales to food and medical supplies, is now sending less than $50,000 worth of such supplies to Cuba each month. SOVIET SAYS UNITED STATES FAILED Moscow, September 15.-..The Soviet Union asserted today that the United States had failed to persuade its allies to bar their ships from carrying Communist goods to Cuba. Moscow. maintained that the United States had sought, within the framework of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, to com- pel NATO members, to withdraw their mer- chant ships from chartered service In trade between the Soviet Union and Cuba. Viktor G. Bakayev, Minister of Sea Trans- port, said that shipowners fix many countries were eagerly seeking the lucrative contracts for carrying goods on a charter basis. He added: "Lately the Government of the United States has been using NATO to bring crude pressure to bear an Britain, Norway, France, Italy, Greece, and other countries to force them to stop carrying goods to Cuba." "But Washington has been,unable to im- pose its will on its 'allies,'" the Minister said in an interview published by Tass, the So- viet press agency. President Kennedy said at his news con- ference on August 28 that the United States was consulting its NATO allies on the ques- tion of the use of their ships in the Cuba trade. His remarks followed after the pub- lication of a Tass report that five ships of West German, Norwegian, Greek, and Italian registry had been chartered to carry Soviet commercial cargoes to Cuba. ADDRESS BY SENATOR ROBERTSON BEFORE NATIONAL BANK DIVI- SION, AMERICAN BANKERS ASSO- CIATION During Mr. PROxMIRC's speech on trade with Cuba,. Mr. SPARKMAN. Mr. President, will the Senator yield for an insertion in the RECORD? Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that I may yield to the Senator from Alabama with the un- derstanding that I will not lose the floor and that his remarks will appear else- where in the RECORD. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. Mr. SPARKMAN. Mr. President, earlier today the dist iguished and very able chairman of the Senate Banking and Currency Committee, the junior Senator from Virginia [Mr. ROBERTSON] made a speech before the National Bank Division of the American Bankers As- sociation at Atlantic City, N.J. As every- one knows, the Senator from Virginia has been a member of the Senate Bank- ing and Currency Committee ever since he came to the Senate. He was put on the committee in January 1947; About 3 years or so ago, he became chairman of the committee. He is a very able and fair chairman. He is forthright in his views. In his speech to the National Bank Division of the American Bankers As- sociation he set forth many points in which the bankers and the banking in- dustry are interested. I commend the address to the reading of fellow Sena- tors, and I ask unanimous consent that it may appear at this point in the RECORD. There being no objection, the address was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: BETWEEN Two WORLDS (Remarks of Senator A. WILLIS ROBERTSON, of Virginia, Before the National Bank Di- vision of the American Bankers Associa- tion, Atlantic City, N.J., Sept. 24, 1962) It is a coveted honor to appear before this distinguished group of financial leaders here in Atlantic City. It is also a personal pleasure to be on the same program with a Comptroller of the Currency who is unusually able and energetic, and who is dedicated to improving the somewhat antiquated laws under which our national banks operate. If I am expected to tell you today what the present administration is planning to do for-or to-the Nation's financial institu- tions, I would have to beg of for lack of a proper New Frontier crystal ball. Perhaps the officials of the administration who will appear later on this program can be more helpful. But future actions by the execu- tive branch will depend in part upon the course of yet unrevealed future events as well as the decisions of the legislative branch, So, too, future actions by the legislative branch will be subject to similar degrees of uncertainty. I would like to take this opportunity to say that I think highly of the job that the Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Douglas Dil- lon, has been doing. His staff-including Robert V. Roosa, Under Secretary of the Treasury for Monetary Affairs, who is an outstanding expert in his field-merits our respect, If such men had full charge of the administration's economic policies, I feel that we could rest better assured that our dollars would remain as good as gold and our economy as sound as our dollars. Unlike these dedicated public servants, there are some extreme economic planners in Washington who would like to Influence the administration to follow the mood of the Persian poet, Omar Khayyam, who wrote: "Ali love, could you and I with Him conspire To grasp this Sorry Scheme of Things en- tire, Would not we shatter It to bits-and then Remould it nearer to the Heart's desire." I, for one, would prefer to take the counsel given by President Woodrow Wilson in his first inaugural address, when he said: "We shall deal with our economic system as it is and as it may be modified, not as it might be if we had a clean sheet of paper to write upon." You will recall that some of the admin- istration's financial experts predicted that our national economy would be operating this year at an average rate of some $570 billion, with the slogan of "upward and on- ward" flying from the masthead of every business establishment. It is true that we are now turning out goods and services at an unprecedented rate. Our national in- come has reached an all-time high. Yet our gross national product-which registered a record seasonally adjusted annual rate of $552 billion in the second quarter of this year-was well below the $570 billion antici- pated. As a result, some of our more extreme eco- nomic planners are dissatisfied. They claim that we are on an economic plateau, al- though many indicators point upward. These economic planners cannot point with pride even to a plateau which, if it exists, would be the highest one in history. The varied prescriptions of these planners may leave many bankers and other business- men in a quandary about what may happen next. Most Americans may, indeed, find themselves in the fix of the English poet, Matthew Arnold, who wrote of wandering be- tween two worlds, one dead, and the other as yet unborn. As a Virginian, I cherish the thought that my colonial ancestors helped to cradle and defend the infancy of a nation dedicated to the principles of private enterprise and con- stitutional liberty. I would be the last to repudiate the philosophy of Patrick Henry, who said that "I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience." Many other nations have experimented first with one government and then another. Meanwhile, we have maintained our allegi- ance to what Benjamin Franklin said the framers of the Constitution in Philadelphia in 1787 had given us-" a Republic if you can preserve it." We have enjoyed the same form of government for a longer period than almost any other nation. Under our Government we have been the freest, happiest, and most prosperous country in the world. It has been no coincidence, I believe, that we have made our remarkable record while operating under a written Constitution which created a Federal Government of strictly limited and delegated powers, and which left all other powers to the States and the people thereof. Those of us who believe with Patrick Henry that experience Is the only lamp unto our feet agree with Thomas Jefferson, an- other great Virginian, who said: "In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution." We who share that philosophy frankly admit that in return for a system of private enterprise implicit in the Constitution is the willingness to accept a poor reward for an inadequate performance. But some of our more extreme economic planners feel otherwise. Although more workers are now gainfully employed than ever before, these planners are disturbed by the fact that some unemployment persists. Yet they fail to recognize that our method of keeping unemployment statistics tends to overstate the problem by including persons looking only for parttime employment, per- sons transferring from one job to another, and persons content to be on relief and only casually looking for work. The measures that these planners have In mind for the future remain uncertain, but Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved .For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 19352 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE Septem,bee-24 they may well involve some further departure from constitutional principles and some further step toward socialism. In that event, I shall oppose them in the spirit of Robert Louis Stevenson, who said: "To travel hope- fully is a better thing than to arrive." Whatever the case, let us look forward to next year as a time of significant banking anniversaries and of significant action in be- half of modernizing banking laws: 1963 will mark the 100th anniversary of the permanent dual system of American banking. I applaud the American Bankers Association for its leadership in establishing a centennial com- mission to celebrate this event. I under- stand that the centennial, with the theme of a century of banking "Progress Through Service" under the National Bank Act, will include both State and National banks in the celebration. I believe that it is particularly appropriate to recognize State as well as federally char- tered institutions in this way. The intent of the National Bank Act of 1863, of course, was to bring all bank charters under Federal authority so that State banks would he superseded by National banks. But experi- ence did not justify that plan. Today, State banks outnumber National banks by about two to-one, and many State banks predate National banks. The year 1963 will represent the 50th anniversary of the Federal Reserve Act, and the 50th anniversary of the Senate Bank- ing and Currency Committee. The Federal Reserve Act was signed December 23, 1913, by a great President, Woodrow Wilson, whom we in Virginia are proud to claim as a na- tive son. Earlier in the same year, the Senate Committee on Banking and Cur- rency was itself established for the pur- pose of considering the proposed Federal Reserve Act. This act had been sponsored In the House of Representatives by another great Virginian, Carter Glass, who was my predecessor in the Senate. The Senate Banking and Currency Committee is now studying a number of suggestions for mark- ing its 50th anniversary in an appropriate way. Next year will witness the 30th anniver- sary of the Banking Act of 1933, in which Carter Glass also played a notable part, This act, among other things, established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, It is fitting that the new headquarters office building of the FDIC is scheduled for oc- eupancy in time to mark its 30th anniver- sary. The year 1963, in other words, will be an occasion for commemorating a number of events which have helped to shape the bank- ing world we know today. Next year will also be an occasion for reexamining today's banking world in the light of important reports recently completed or soon to be finished. The last time the American Bankers As- sociation met here in Atlantic City, I had the privilege of addressing the State bank division. I referred to my Financial In- stitutions Act, which had passed the senate in March of 1957 and was then pending on the House Bide. The bill passed the Senate unanimously. If it had been brought to a vote in the House, I believe that it would have been passed easily by that body. But the bill was strangled in committee. Even so, many of the banking reports and most of the significant banking laws since that time have been the outgrowth of the studies and recommendations embodied in my Financial Institutions Act of 1957. In February of this year, our distinguished Comptroller of the Currency, Mr. Saxon, ap- pointed a splendid advisory committee to help him make a comprehensive study of the functioning of the national banking system. This study was completed only recently. I am sure that any recommendations for amendments to the National Bank Act and related. statutes that may be submitted by monetary policy from undue control by other Mr. Saxon will receive careful attention by governmental agencies or by the Congress. the Congress. Being a creature of the Congress, the Fed- In March of this year, President Kennedy eras Reserve should continue to operate ulti- appointed a Special Intragovernmental Com- mutely 'under congressional direction. Yet mittee on Financial Institutions. This Com- the System was deliberately established to be mittee was charged with studying the pro- less subject to political influence that the posals of the Commission on Money and usual independent Federal body. In fact, Credit as a starting-point for a complete re- the report of the House Committee on view of legislation and administrative prac- Banking: and Currency, submitted by Carter tices relating to the operations of our finan- Glass in 1.913 on the proposed Federal Re- cial intermediaries. The Committee was di- serve Act, emphasized that "it cannot be too rested to report to the President by Novem- emphat.icaily stated that the committee re- ber 30, 1962, what changes, if any, in Gov- garde the Federal Reserve Board as a dis- ernment policy toward private financial in- stinctly nonpartisan organization whose stitutions could contribute to economic eta- functions are to be wholly divorced from bility, growth, and efficiency. politics." Besides these reports, the Securities and The independence of the Board stems from Exchange Commission has underway a' study a number of legislative provisions. It re- and :investigation of the adequacy of the ports annually to the Congress rather than rules of the nationional securities exchanges to the executive branch of the Government. and national securities associations. The The Secretary of the Treasury and the Comp- final SEC report :to the Congress on its study troller of the Currency--both representa- of the stock market, together with recom- tives of the executive branch-no longer are menclations for legislation, must be sub- ex officio members of the Federal Reserve mitted to the Congress by April 3, 1983. The Board as the act originally provided. The SEC report may well contain a number of seven members of the Board of Governors recommendations affecting banks.' There are now all appointed for 14-year 'terms by may be some consideration, for example, of the President with the advice and consent of over-the-counter trading in bank and other the Senate, and can be removed from office stocks, including the question of financial re- only by impeachment. ports. There may also be some consideration I believe that bank supervision, examine- of whether regulation U-dealing with re- tion, chartering, and regulation should be quirements on loans by banks for the pur- undertaken by banking experts rather than pose of buying or carrying listed stocks- by nonbanking agencies or departments. might be extended to cover other designated Bankers as well as the public have a right financial institutions, or to cover unlisted to expect a, uniform banking policy to be fol- securities. lowed on mergers, branches, holding com- I should like to take this opportunity to panics, and other important supervisory pledge my cooperation during the 88th Con- matters, They also have a right to a speedy gress to appropriate legislative recommen- decision on matters submitted to the discre- dations forthcoming from each of these tion of the banking agencies and in all anti- studies and reports. trust proceedings. I hope that all proposals to create a bet- As the Financial Institutions Act of 1957 ter financial world will be proposals within proposed, many Federal banking statutes the framework of our Constitution and cal- should be modernized if banks are to meet dilated to improve the working of a system today's Industrial and commercial needs. of free competitive enterprise. Preservation Similarly, a great deal needs to be done to of the soundness of the dollar should be the simplify some of the voluminous banking keynote of our banking and fiscal program. regulations and to bring them up to date. The record of the Federal Government in Under present conditions, the banking that behalf in recent years has not been good. system continues to,. evidence its ability to We closed the last fiscal year with a deficit fulfill changing credit needs and new credit of more than $8 billion. We are now con- requirements. Our exports are being stim- fronted with a substantial deficit for the ulated by widening bank lending under the current fiscal year. Its ultimate size will new export credit insurance and guarantee be'' determined first by whether or not the program of the Foreign Credit Insurance the President spends all of the emergency Association. This program has been de- funds made available to him, and second, veloped. under legislation (Public Law 87-311, by whether or not the Congress passes a bill S. 2825) reported to the Senate last year by to cut taxes. If the President uses all of the :Banking and Currency Committee. Our his spending power and 'if we have a tax cut small businesses are being benefited by the of as much as $10 billion, we could possibly new joint program recently announced by run up the largest peacetime deficit in. our the Small Business Administration and the Nation's history. In that event, great pres- American Bankers Association to provide sure might be brought to bear on the Fed- terra loans for small businesses through the eral Reserve Board to hold down interest cooperation of both Government and banks. rates by creating easy money to hide from The recent upsurge in savings deposits in the public the inflationary results of deficit banks has given rise to renewed interest in financing. However, it is my belief as well real estate and other higher yielding invest- as hope that the Federal Reserve Board will meats. According to the Office of the ,Comp- not yield to that type of political pressure. troller of the Currency, real estate lending By next year, as I have said, our dual sys- by national banks increased significantly term of National and State banks will embody during; the first half of. 1962, as time de- the results of 100 years of uninterrupted posits of national banks rose 13 percent experience under the National Bank Act of while demand deposits declined 8 percent. 1863, and 40 years of earlier experience under Only recently, a bill, which I supported, the First and Second Banks of the United was considered by the Senate Banking and States. This dual system will also repre- Currency Committee (H.R. 7798) to provide sent the outcome of 60 years of experience national banks with greater encouragement under the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. to meet real estate credit needs for real That tested dual system, with Its freedom. estate and construction loans. of choice for the public and for bankers, Banks a.s well as the public have bene- should remain free of Government regula- fited greatly from the adoption of Federal tion to the greatest degree consistent with deposit insurance. By the end of last year, sound banking and the protection of deposi- deposits in insurance banks totaled $281 bil- tors. We must work not only to preserve lion. Of this total, an estimated $164 bil- that dual system of banking, but to improve lion was insured under the limit of $10,000 it. for each depositor. It is also essential to maintain the free- To preserve the integrity of this insurance dom of the Federal Reserve in its conduct of program as well as to maintain public con- Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved For Release 2004/03131 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 `CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE The net cost after allowing for net Commodity Credit Corporation stock re- ductions of 425 million bushels, for which there would be compensation, would be reduced to about $595 million. That is why I say the program is working well. The cost is moderate in terms of costs in the past. The program is reducing the surpluses. Under the 1963 provisions with partici- pation in the program and acreage diver- sion payments as estimated above, acre- age diversion payments would be $550 million, price support payments would be $573 million, resulting in total payments of $1,123 million, or $103 million higher than the total estimated cost of the 1962 program. But that would be only the beginning. With 9 million additional acres planted to corn and grain sorghums an additional 400 to 500 million bushels of feed grains might be produced compared to the re- sult if the 1962 provision had been con- tinued. If yields in 1963 are as high as in 1961-62, there would be no net reduction in CCC stocks of feed grains, and the net cost of the program would approximate $1,123 million, or almost double the net cost of the 1962 program, more than half a billion dollars higher. The farmers would be no better off, and the taxpayers would be $600 million worse off. The pressure would be on us next year, when the Congress considered the bill,`both in the Committee on Agri- culture and Forestry and in the Senate, to proceed with a mandatory program, Which the farmers do not want and which probably "they would vote down. The pressure would be on us to adopt that kind of program, and it would be a very heavy pressure Indeed. Mr. President, the difficulty is that the farmer under the conference proposal would get almost as much payment for diverting 20 percent of his land under the new proposal as he was paid for di- verting 40 percent under the old propo- sal. With thi- kind of payment, we would not get the reduction in acreage needed to reduce production. Now the payment this year under pres- ent law is $1.20 a bushel for cooperators, for those who divert acres, plus 50 per- cent of $1.20 on normal production of the first 20 percent of diverted acres, or 60 cents. Then, in addition, it is 60 percent of $1.20 on normal production of the next 20 percent of diverted acres, or 72 cents. Therefore, the farmer now has an incentive to divert not 20 per- cent but 40 percent of the acres, because he gets 72 cents per bushel for produc- tion on the second 20 percent of acres diverted. Furthermore, thesniall farmer could divert his entire production. Many of them have done so. The statistics which I have put into the RECORD show a result with respect to corn of more than 45 percent of the base acreage diverted. That, Is a tremendous diversion. The program has been a gl'eat success. INCENTIVE FOR DIVERSION GONE IN CONFERENCE Under the new program these incen- tives vanish. The confplier who diverted only 20 percent of the acreage still would get an effective $1.20 a bushel-including an 18-cent cash payment-while the noncomplier would get $1.02 a bushel. There would be a difference, though. There would be no extra payment over the 50 percent for diverting more than 20 percent of the acreage. In addition, the base upon which the 50 percent would be figured would be $1.02, and not $1.20, so the payment would be 51 cents, half of $1.02, and not 72 cents. Furthermore, after the reduction of 20 percent, the cooperators would get 18 cents a bushel on all production; hence, there would be only a 33 cent incentive for not producing, compared to a 72 cent incentive under the old program. That is why I think my estimate that there would be a 25-percent diversion instead of a 45-percent diversion is realistic. Under the new plan the total payments would be almost as good-benefits over 90 percent as high-for diverting 20 per- cent of the acreage, as under the old plan for a40-percent diversion of acreage. Mr. President, I must say that this is an exceedingly difficult vote for me to cast, because I think that one can make some argument that the conference re- port possibly would provide a better in- come for feed grain farmers, for one year, but the situation in 1963 would be almost impossible for those of us who want to represent the dairy farmers honestly and well in the U.S. Senate. We would be placed in the position that if we did not act the farmers would get 50-percent price supports for feed grains with no controls voluntary or mandatory. This would result in a terrific overpro- duction of milk and a terrific overpro- duction of hogs at very low prices, per- haps 9 or 10 cents-but if we do act the administration would be in a position, with a veto power, to require that we take the mandatory controls the admin- istration wants. CHRONOLOGY OF U.S. RELATIONS WITH CUBA FROM 1957 TO 1962 Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, early this year, I asked the Department of State to prepare for me a chronology of U.S. relations with Cuba from the time we suspended arms shipments to its Fascist government to the time when the Com- munist government of Cuba openly em- braced the Sino-Soviet bloc and became an ally of it. I had asked the Department of State to prepare this chronology because I have often been disturbed by the misguided opinion frequently heard in this country that Fidel Castro turned to communism because, in effect, the United States was not nice enough to him. For myself, I think it would be hard to find any new government which has come to power in the Western Hemi- sphere in this century with more interest, support, and sympathy from the United States than which the Castro govern- ment enjoyed. In my opinion, there was at the time an enthusiasm for Cas- tro in the United States that was itself totally blind to the excesses the revolu- tion committed against its own people. I well recall the abuse I received myself from segments of the press when I called September 24 for an end to the bloodbath of mass executions that marked the early months of that new government. How anyone could find more to admire in summary execution and murder per- petrated by Castro and his cohorts than the same crimes committed by Batista and his cohorts is beyond my under- standing. Nonetheless, we offered the hand of friendship to Castro from the beginning, including the offer of financial assist- ance. Moreover, our purchases of Cuban sugar were continued for some time after "Che" Guevara declared that American purchases of Cuban sugar have meant slavery for the people of Cuba. I am pleased to place this chronology of events in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD as testimony of the good faith effort the United States put forth for many months to maintain friendly relations with Cas- tro even in the face of many provoca- tions. I ask unanimous consent to have this chronology, with its covering letter and memorandum, printed at this point in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD. There being no objection, the chronol- ogy, letter, and memorandum were or- dered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, D.C., June 20, 1962. Hon. WAYNE MORSE, U.S. Senate. DEAR SENATOR MORSE: I refer to your let- ter of February 20, 1962, and to my interim reply of March 6, 1962, concerning a chro- nology of the important events in our rela- tions with Cuba since 1957. Enclosed Is a "Chronolgy of Important Events in United States-Cuban Relations, 1957-1962," which responds to the points raised in your letter. With regard to your inquiry as to the pres- ent whereabouts of two Cuban citizens, Mr. Manuel Antonio de Verona is now located at 1034 Michigan Avenue, Miami, Fla., and Mr. Ramon Prendes is at 624 SW. 14th Ave- nue, Apt. 11, Miami, Fla. Both are now in opposition to the present Communist regime in Cuba. Please let me know if I can be of fur- ther assistance to you. Sincerely yours, FREDERICK G. DUTTON, Assistant Secretary. Enclosure: Chronology of United States- Cuban relations. CHRONOLOGY OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN UNITED STATES-CUBAN RELATIONS, 1957-62 SUMMARY The attached chronology for the period 1957-62 records, on the one hand, U.S. Gov- ernment attempts to get along with the Castro regime in Cuba, and on the other, that regime's hostility toward the United States and betrayal of the Cuban revolution to international communism. As early as 1957 the U.S. Government ex- pressed its concern over political unrest in Cuba. In 1958 we suspended arms ship- ments to the Batista government which, in disregard of an agreement with the United States, had used them to combat the revo- lutionary movement headed by Fidel Castro. When the Castro regime came to power in 1959, the United States looked upon it with sympathy, recognized it almost immediately, and welcomed its promises of political free- dom and social justice for the Cuban people. We made clear our willingness to discuss Cuba's economic needs, Despite our concern at the Cuban regime's mounting hostility to- ward the United States and its growing Corn- Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1j Approved For Release 2004/03/31'`: CIA-1 DP64B00346R000200140044-1 1962 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE Needless to say, I am upset by these de- velopments. I had hoped that we could lower the cost of the voluntary program and that after 1 more year feed grain stocks would be down to desirable levels. Now, unless the weather is unfavorable next year, carryover stocks will continue to be excessive. WIDE-RANGING STUDIES. OF ALTERNATIVE FEED GRAIN PRICE-SUPPORT PROGRAMS. NEEDED Mr. President, I hope a number of the Members of the Senate will join with me in urging the Secretary of Agriculture to undertake wide-ranging studies of al- ternative feed grain programs for the years following 19,63. As our distin- guished chairman knows, I am unhappy with the provisions in this conference re- port for feed grains after .1963. The Secretary of Agriculture is given author- ity toset feed grain price supports within the range of 50 to 90 percent of parity, but at such a level as will not result in a buildup in stocks. This is entirely in- adequate. It is my understanding, how- ever, that the Secretary of Agriculture willmake recommendations to the next Congress for a long-term feed grains program to be effective beginning in 1964. Next year our feet will be to the fire. Those of us who want to maintain in- come for dairy, beef, and hog farmers will be in a far different position than we were this year, because the alterna- tive to doing nothing will be 50-percent price supports, which means a further cruel income drop for our farmers. It means .50 percent of parity price sup- ports without controls, which means devastation, not only for the feed grain farmers, but for the dairy and beef farmers, too. As a basis for these recommendations I want to urge that careful studies be undertaken of a wide range of modifica- tions in the 1961-62 voluntary feed grain programs as well as studies of modiflca- tions in the provisions for 1963. I have heard nothing from the staffs, or the experts, except that the admin- istration will insist on putting into effect mandatory controls for 1964. It is go- ing to use the provisions in the bill to get them, and we will not be able to fight for the maintenance of the present program on any basis, regardless of the merits of the voluntary program. FEED GRAIN PROGRAM SHOULD BE FAR DIFFERENT THAN OTHER PROGRAMS We must all recognize the very great difference between the cotton program, or the tobacco program, or the wheat program., on the one hand, and the feed grain program on the other. Eighty to eighty-five percent of the farmers who grow feed grains feed them on the farm. For that reason, controls are extremely difficult to establish and maintain. In my view, a long-term feed grains program should have as its goal the balancing of supplies with disappear- once at prevailing or moderately higher market prices and at no greater cost to the Government than the 1961-62 pro- grams. I think we were in sight of achieving that end. I think if the bill which passed the Senate this year had been accepted in conference, we would have had a sur- plus so low that balanced production and consumption would be possible. We would not have had to worry about man- datory controls. We would not have had to worry about 50-percent price supports. But the conference report changed the situation drastically, and the result means that we are not going to get the kind of 'diversion we had last year and this year. As a result, next year, those who favor mandatory controls will have a great advantage. Mr. President, somehow there seems to be a phobia on the part of some power- ful people that, merely because there are mandatory programs for cotton and for tobacco, therefore everyone must be put under exactly the same kind of pro- gram, regardless of how inapplicable it may be. This is a most unfortunate situ- ation. This attitude In the administra- tion has caused it great difficulty this year. Those who have reflected upon it have recognized that we who oppose the mandatory controls for the feed grain farmers have been proved correct on the basis of what happened in the tur- key referendum and in the wheat ref- erendum. It is mortally certain that if a mandatory feed grain control program had passed the Congress this year the farmers would have rejected it by a ma- jority vote, whereas it would have re- quired a two-thirds vote to accept it. The result of this rejection would have been chaos on the farms. I should like to document this point a little bit more before I conclude. BASIC DATA UTILIZED IN MAKING ESTIMATES OF COSTS AND ACREAGE DIVERSION COMPARISONS UNDER PROPOSED 1963 FEED GRAIN PROGRAM Total base acreage, base acreage on participating farms and intended acre- age to be diverted in 1962 for corn, grain sorghums, and barley are shown in tables 13, 14, and 15 of the feed situation, USDA, May 1962, which I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD at this point. There being no objection, the table was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: Grain sor- gbum Total base acreage (million acres) ----- Base acreage on par- ticipating farms (percent) __________ Percent of base Orr Participating '.. farms to be di- verted -------- _____ 95.3 43.3 39.3 Total acres to be, di- verted (million;)---- 22.0 6.7 3.1 Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, one of the reasons for the high percentage diversion on the participating farms is the provision that small producers may divert their entire acreage, up to a maxi- mum of 25 acres. The conference report provides that for 1963 feed grain producers who divert at least 20 Percent of their base feed grain acres may receive an acreage di- version payment equal to 50 percent of the value of the crops produced with the loan level at $1.02 per bushel for corn and corresponding loan levels for other feed grains. Participating producers 19325 would also receive 18 cents a bushel for corn, about 15 cents a bushel for grain sorghum and 13 cents a bushel for barley on the normal production on the remain- ing base acreage. Although producers would receive diversion payments at the 50-percent rate for diverting up to 50 percent of the base acreages, there would be no economic incentive to divert more than the minimum 20 percent required to be eligible for the price support loans, price support payments and acreage di- version paylrients. There are several reasons why the di- version sought will not be achieved by the conference proposal. SMALL FARMER DIVERSION DISCOURAGED BY CONFEREES The small farmer, the farmer with 25 acres, will have far less Incentive to re- duce acreage below 50 percent, whereas it was feasible to take out of production the entire acreage under the provision passed by Congress last year. Since the economic incentives for di- vertingg a minimum of 20 percent of the feed grain base acres is substantially higher under the :1963 provisions, a rea- sonable estimate Is that 75 percent of the corn and barley and 85 percent of the grain sorghum base acreage would participate in the 1963 program. Allow- ing for the diversion of a substantial number of entire base acreages of less than 25 acres it is estimated that 25 percent of the base acreage on all par- ticipating farms would be diverted. If this occurs--I think it is optimistic-- acreage diversions in 1963 would com- pare with intended diversions in 1962. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent that the table showing the com- parison may be printed in the RECORD at this point. There being no objection, the table was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: Intend- ed di- version Est- mated diver- sion. Differ ence 1962 1965 C7om___.... ..___million acres__ 22.9 16.2 -6. 7 Grain sorghum-____ _..-._do____ 6.7 4.4 -2.3 Barley---------------_- co-.___ 3. 1 0 Total ------------ do____ 23.7 CONFERENCE RECOMMENDATIONS DOUBLE COST OF FEED GRAIN SECTIONS OF PROGRAM Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, I wish to show why I think the conference report on the bill would result in a cost twice as high for the taxpayers as the cost would have been under the bill which previously was passed by the Senate. The cost of acreage diversion pay- ments under the 1962 program have been estimated by USDA at $900 million. In addition, the Commodity Credit Corpora- tion may take over 600 million bushels- corn equivalent;---of 1962 feed grains at $1.20 per bushel while selling an equal amount at $1 per bushel, resulting in a net additional cost of $120 million. The combined acreage diversion payments and CCC losses on loans at $1.20 per bushel for corn for the 1962 program will approximate $1,020 million. Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved For Release 2004/03/31 CIA-RDP64B00346R0002001.40044-1 1962 CONGRESSIONAL' 1 :ECGRD - SENATE 19327 munist tendencies, we attempted patiently and consistently from early 1959 until late 1960 to negotiate differences with the regime. Elements in the Castro movement engaged in anti-American activities during the revo- lution against Batista. Soon after it came to power in 1959, the Castro government turned away from its previous promises, per- mitted Communist influence to grow, at- tacked and persecuted its own supporters In Cuba who expressed opposition to commu- nism, arbitrarily seized U.S. properties, and made a series of baseless charges against the United States. It ignored, rejected, or im- posed impossible conditions on repeated U.S. overtures to cooperate and negotiate. In 1960 Cuba established close political, eco- nomic, and military relationships with the Sino-Soviet bloc, while increasing the pace and vehemence of measures and attacks against the United States. We did not take defensive measures until the last half of 1960. The United States terminated relations with the Cuban Government in January 1961 because of Cuban demands which placed crippling limitations on our ability to carry out diplomatic and consular functions in Cuba. The adoption by the present Cuban Government of a totalitarian Communist system and its alinement with the interna- tional Communist movement, which were al- ready clear at that time, have become more complete since then. These developments culminated in December 1961, when Castro openly espoused Marxism-Leninism. July 25, 1957: U.S. Ambassador Earl T. Smith, upon presentation of credentials, states that the American people are sad- dened and concerned over the political un- rest which has led to bloodshed in Cuba. March 14, 1958: U.S. suspends arms arms deliveries to Cuba. June 22, 1958: Raul Castro, rebel com- mander in northern Oriente Province, issues a military order for the detention, effective June 27, of all U.S. male citizens for the pur- pose of "stopping U.S. military shipments to the Batista government." Pursuant to this order, starting June 26 Cuban rebels kidnap 43 U.S. citizens, including 30 sailors and marines, from the U.S. Naval Base at Guan- tanamo Bay, Cuba. The last of those kid- naped are released July 18. September-October 1958: Cuban rebels set up a system for levying taxes on both Cuban and United States enterprises operating in rebel-occupied territory in eastern Cuba, and harass several U.S. companies in an attempt to collect funds and acquire supplies and equipment. October 20, 1958: Cuban rebels kidnap two Americans employed by the Texas Oil Co., and release them 3 days later. January 1, 1959: President Batista flees Cuba. January 2, 1959: Fidel Castro proclaims provisional government headed by Manuel Urrutia as President. January 5, 1959: President Urrutia ap- points Jose Mirb Cardona as Prime Minister. January 7, 1959: The United States recog- nizes the Cuban Government, noting with satisfaction the assurances given of the Cu- ban Intention to comply with international obligations and agreements, and expresses the sincere good will of the Government and people of the United States toward the new government and the people of Cuba. January 7, 1959: The Communist Party daily Ploy ' appears in Havana for the first time since 1953. January 9, 1959: Ernesto Guevara, com- mander of La Cabafia fortress in Havana, says that many members of the Communist Party lost their lives fighting Batista while the Batista government was receiving weap- ons from the U.S. Government, and that the Communists have earned the right to be just another party In Cuba. January 13, 1969: by this date, almost 200 persons have been "tried" by revolutionary tribunals, found guilty and summarily shot. By the end of 1969, the count is over 600. January 27, 1959: Nine U.S. companies op- erating In Cuba have made advance payments of $2,560,000 on taxes which are not due until March 30. February 16, 1959: Fidel Castro succeeds Miro Cardona as Prime Minister. March 2, 1959: U.S. Ambassador Philip W. Bonsai presents credentials. He brings cor- dial greetings and heartfelt good wishes from President Eisenhower for the happiness, pros- perity and progress of Cuba. He states to President Urrutia: "We wish you every suc- cess in your announced objective of raising the standard of living of your country. I shall devote particular attention to all op- portunities of increased cooperation in the economic field which may present them- selves." March 4, 1959: the Cuban Government In- tervenes the Cuban Telephone Co., the first intervention of a U.S.-owned firm. March 18, 1959: Cuban Ambassador Ernesto Dibigo presents credentials. President Eisen- hower expresses hope and desire for ever closer relationship between Cuba and the United States. March 22, 1959: Prime Minister Castro charges that U.S. authorities were lax in keeping track of arms purchases and other activities in the United States directed against Cuba. United States denies charge on March 23. April 13, 1959: Ambassador Bonsai tells Prime Minister Castro that the United States considers Castro's forthcoming visit to the United States very important, and offers to help in any way required. April 16, 1959: During lunch given by See- retnary of State Christian Herter for Prime Minister Castro in Washington, Assistant Secretary of State Roy R. Rubottom, Jr., in conversation with the president of the Cuban National Bank, FelipePazos, arranges further conversations for the following day with Cuban officials. April 17, 1959: Assistant Secretary Rubot- tom gives Minister of Economy Regino Boti, Minister of Treasury Rufo Lopez Fresquet, and Pazos friendly welcome and invites them to indicate Cuba's needs. He says the U.S. Government desires to be helpful. The Cubans rebuff offer. Later the same day Prime Minister Castro, In a speech to the American Society of News- paper Editors, says he has not come to the United States to ask for money. May 17, 1959: Cuban Government approves agrarian reform law, providing for taking of agricultural properties, payment to be in 20-year bonds, at 4?/2-percent interest, May 27, 1959: Assistant Secretary Rubot- torn tells Ambassador Dihigo that the United States understands that the Cuban revolution is deep and meaningful for the Cuban people, that its eventual course is matter for their decision, and that we un- derstand the desire and need for land reform. June 1, 1959: Ambassador Bonsai, in in- formal conversation with Minister of State Roberto Agramonte, states that the United States supports sound land reform, and rec- ognizes Cuba's right to expropriate private property, provided just and prompt compen- sation is made. He states that it is in the In- terest of both Cuba and the United States to work together, to get along amicably, and to afford each other a full hearing before tak- ing actions materially affecting the other. June 11, 1959: Commenting on Cuban agrarian reform law, United States expresses sympathy for the objectives of agrarian re- form; recognizes the right of a state to take property for public purposes, coupled with an obligation to pay prompt, adequate and effective compensation; expresses concern as to the adequacy of the law's provisions for compensation to U.S. citizens whose prop- erty may be expropriated; and expresses hope for further exchanges of views. June 12, 1959: Ambassador Bonsai urges on Prime Minister Castro the importance of close relations between Cuba and the United States because of the interrelated economies and the proximity of the two countries. June 20, 1959: In Washington, Assistant Secretary Rubottom offers Cuban Minister of State Raul Roa full cooperation in re- turning problems of United States-Cuban relations to normal, nonpublic diplomatic channels, as advocated by Roa. June 22, 1959: In Washington, Under Sec- retary of State C. Douglas Dillon tells Min- ister of State Roa of the sincere desire of the United States that Cuba grow and pros- per, and expresses the hope that the mutually beneficial traditional relationship between the United States and Cuba continue. June 25, 1959: Cuban Government seizes three U.S.-owned cattle ranches in Cama- guey Province, first such seizures subsequent to the agrarian reform law. June 27, 1959: Cuban Government seizes U.S.-owned cattle ranch in Oriente Province, July 1, 1959: Maj. Pedro Luis Diaz Lanz resigns as head of the Cuban Air Force, charging Communist infiltration of the armed forces and Government. July 12, 1959: Prime Minister Castro de- scribes reported appearance of Major Diaz Lanz before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee in executive session as an un- friendly act and as U.S. interference in the internal affairs of Cuba. July 13, 1959: President Urrutia, appear- ing on television, states that communism is not really concerned with the welfare of the people, and that it constitutes a danger for the Cuban revolution. July 14, 1959: Major Diaz Lanz testifies publicly before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee on communism in Cuba. July 14, 1959: Acting Minister of State Armando Hart denounces Diaz Lanz appear- ance before Senate Internal Security Sub- committee as blatant intervention in Cuban Internal affairs. July 17, 1959: In television appearance, Fidel Castro resigns as Prime Minister and accuses President Urrutia of treason because of July 13 speech. Urrutia resigns. July 23, 1959: Ambassador Bonsai expresses to Minister of State Roa the general sym- pathy of the United States for the objectives of the Cuban revolution and our support for agrarian reform programs of a sound nature. States that in connection with the Diaz Lanz case, U.S. policy has been correct and faith- ful to our highest principles. Expresses con- cern over the deterioration in Cuba-United States relations as a result of anti-American statements of principal Cuban Government leaders. Expresses wish of U.S. Government to cooperate in any way in obtaining infor- mation on various incidents. July 26, 1959: Fidel Castro announces that he will resume position of Prime Minister. July 31, 1959: On at least six occasions during the month, Cuban Government offi- cials seize or place cattle on land owned by U.S. citizens. August 15, 1959: Prime Minister Castro charges complicity of U.S. officials in permit- ting planes participating in counterrevo- lutionary activities against Cuba to take off from the United States. August 21, 1959: Assistant Secretary Ru- bottom emphasizes to Ambassador Dihigo that he believes that the United States and Cuba urgently need to sit down together and talk over various problems to arrive at an understanding. August 31, 1959: On at least three occa- sions during the month, Cuban Government officials seize or harvest land owned by U.S. citizens. September 2, 1959: Deputy Assistant Sec- retary of State William P. Snow, in conver- sation with Ambassador Dihigo, expresses re- gret at the continuing attacks on the United States by Cuban Government officials, con- Approved For Release 2004/03/31 CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 19328 Approved For Re toQP4 61ALC BOO QJ9k0200140044-1 Septembciry,2: cern at the failure of. the. Cuban Govern- or strafing, and that deaths and injuries January 26, 1960: President Eisenhower re- merrt to hear the views of U.S. business in- from the incident must have resulted from affirms the adherence of the United States to terests before the passage of laws affecting Cuban antiaircraft fire or bombs thrown by the policy of nonintervention in the domestic them, and the hope that the Cuban Govern- terrorists. Rejects implication that the affairs of other countries, including Cuba; ment might arrive at a better understanding United States approved the flight or was in explicitly recognizes the right of the Cuban of the U.S. position in defense of democracy any way responsible. against the world Communist conspiracy. October 27, 1959: Ambassador Rnn. i f n~ G?vernmen.t and people to undertake social, s -J- -5 by Prime Minister Castro our general sympathy with the objectives of the revolution, con- cern at anti-American statements made by Cuban officials and at insinuations by Cuban officials that our relations have not been straightforward and correct, at the treat- ment received by American Interests in Cuba, and at the failure of the Cuban Gov- ernment to see the implications of interna- tional communism, September 10, 1959: Assistant Secretary Rubottom tells Cuban representative on Inter-American Economic and Social Coun- cil, Enrique Perez Cisneros, that the United States is still disposed to carry out a policy of friendship and fairness toward Cuba de- spite considerable provocation during the past 9 months. September 21, 1959: Ambassador Dihigo informs Assistant Secretary Rubottom that President Osvaldo Dorticos and Minister of State Roa are completely receptive to the Idea that Cuba and the United States begin Immediately to discuss their problems and endeavor to arrive at mutually acceptable solutions. He requests that the United States compile a list of the general and .specific problems now troubling the United States in its relations with Cuba, and pre- sent the list to the Cuban Government. Rubottom indicates his pleasure at this re- quest and says that we will immediately give consideration as how best to meet it. September 30, 1959: On at least eight oc- casions during the month, Cuban Govern- ment officials seize water system, forest and other lands, and place cattle on land owned by U.S. citizens. October 6, 1959: Ambassador Bonsal tells Minister of State Roa that the United States is generally in sympathy with the stated democratic social objectives of the Cuban revolution, but also is perplexed and in doubt about Cuban attitudes toward the United States and the free world. October 12, 1959: United States presents note to Cuban Government reaffirming our understanding and sympathy for the goals which the Cuban Government has declared to be the purpose of its agrarian reform. October 19, 1959: Maj. Huber Matos, a rebel army leader during the revolution, resigns as military chief of Camaguey Prov- ince, charging Communist penetration of the Government. Matos is arrested and on December 15 is sentenced to 20 years in prison for conspiracy, sedition, and treason. October 21, 1959: Major Diaz Lanz makes an Illegal flight from the United States over Havana. Prime Minister Castro charges that the plane bombed and strafed Havana re- sulting in deaths and injuries. October 26, 1959: Prime Minister Castro accuses the United States of tolerating air incursions against Cuba and of threatening Cuba with economic strangulation. October 26, 1959: Cuban Government passes law imposing confiscatory taxes upon the Nicaro nickel facility, owned by the U.S. Government, in violation of a binding in- ternational agreement. Subsequently the Cuban Government intermittently embar- goes the export of the product and contin- ually harasses the operation by delaying or failing to approve the exportation of the product and the importation of critically needed supplies and replacement parts. October 27, 1959: Referring to October 21 incident, United States states that the plane distributed leaflets over Havana, that it was impossible for the plane to bomb or strafe, that the Cuban police reported no bombing States awaits a resolution by the Cuban V11?' s w, i,uey may timnlc desirable; and peo- of the issues involved on a basis expresses the sympathy of the American people. Government f friendship and observance of Internation- ple e for es for the 27 tpirati0ns of the Cuban ple. al law which have traditionally characterized Eisenhower's Januarystatement President of January 26, Pr Presi- negoti tions between Cuba and the United dent Dor-iicos states that the Cuban Govern- States.' Bonsai also expresses the hope that ment is fully disposed to discuss differences normal negotiations will not be distorted to between Cuba and the United States through obscure the deep sympathy with which the diplomatic negotiations, and will hear and entire United States views the efforts of the consider complaints and claims regarding in- Cuban people to achieve their social, eco- dividual cases raised by U.S. citizens, in ac- nomie, and political aspirations, cordance with Cuban and international law. October 31, 1959: On at least 12 occasions January 51, 1960: On at least 11 occasions during the month, Cuban Government ofli- during the month, Cuban Government offi- cials seize lands, cattle and equipment, order cials seize a marine dredge, land, stores, cat- cattle moved, deny access to pastures, order tie and horses? and brand cattle owned by cutting of timber, open fences and plow up U.S. citizens. land, and place cattle on land owned by U.S. February 4, 1960: Soviet First Deputy Pre- citizens. mien Anartas I. Mikoyan arrives to open a November 6, 1959: Cuban Ministry of State Soviet exhibit Lan. distributes brochure entitled "Cuba De- February 4, 1960: Charge d'Affaires Brad- nounces Before the World." Brochure re- dock states to Minister of State Roa that peats allegations about October 21 plane in- the United States is disposed to take Pres- cident and charges that the United States is ident Dorticos' statement at face value and providing political asylum to Cuban fugi- is prepared to return to diplomatic norms. tives from justice. Braddock mentions the desirability of lead- November 9, 1959: United States protests ing officials of both Cuba and the United November 6 brochure as disregarding facts States working within the traditional spirit on plane incident. Also states that Cuban of United states-Cuban friendship, main- Goverment has never requested extradition taining an atmosphere free of public re- of alleged fugitives from justice under ex- criminations, and observing standards of in- tradition, treaty with United States. ternational and domestic laws applicable to November 24, 1959: Daniel M. Braddock, each other's nationals. Minister.-Counselor of American Embassy, February 10, 1960: United States states Havana, states to Minister of Economy Boti that it considers the January 27 statement that although various individual matters of President Dorticos consistent with a de- have been discussed between Cuba and the sire for a return to normal diplomatic chan- United States, little or no progress has been nels and welcomes the readiness of the made on them. Braddock says that some Cuban Government to negotiate pending American companies in Cuba fear that the problems. Ultimate intention of the Cuban Govern- February 13, 1960: Prime Minister Castro ment is to take them over. and Deputy Premier Mikoyan sign joint November 30, 1959: On at least nine occa- Soviet-Cuban, communique describing their sions during the month, Cuban Government conversations as "carried out In an atmos- ofiicials seize land, cattle and equipment, and phere of frank cordiality." place cattle on land owned by U.S. citizens. February 13, 1960: Cuba and Soviet Union December 4, 1959: Ambassador Bonsai re- sign trade and economic aid agreements. views for Minister of Economy Boti the prin- Soviet Union to buy 1 million tons of Cuban cipal events in United States-Cuban relations sugar in each of ensuing 5 years. Soviet since October 12, noting the deterioration Union extends $100 million credit for pur- that has' occurred in the meantime. He re- chase of equipment. fers to the Cuban offer of November 13 to February 15, 1960: Replying to U.S. pro- continue negotiations on pending questions, test of January 11, Cuban Government slates and asks if Boti is disposed to resume these that no property has been confiscated under discussions. Boti indicates assent. the agrarian reform law; that where agrarian December 31, 1959: Cuba and Communist reform officals have occupied property, steps China sign trade agreement under which are being taken for their fair appraisal; and Cuba is to sell Peiping 50,000 tons of sugar. that if the 'United States considers that Cu- December 31, 1959: On at least seven occa- ban Iaws have been i l t v o a ed, U.S. nationals sions during the month, Cuban Government have the right to appeal through appropriate officials seize land, equipment, property, re- channels. move timber, borrow equipment (most of February 15, 1960: Commerce Minister which is not returned) and use repair shops Cepero Bonilla, states that the United States owned by U.S. citizens. pays a, premium price for sugar in order to January 11, 1960: United States protests bolster "inefficient and expensive" domestic seizure of U.S. property in recent weeks by sugar producers who cannot compete With Cuban officials in violation of agrarian reform "efficient and cheap producers such as Cuba." law. States that without court order or any February 20, 1960: Cuba signs trade and written authorization, lands and buildings payments agreement with East Germany. have been seized and occupied; equipment February 122,1960: Cuban Government an- has been confiscated and removed; cattle nounces that it has decided to name a com- have been taken; wood has been cut and sold; mission to begin negotiations in Washing- productive pastures have been plowed under ton, under the condition that the legislative without the consent of their owners; and and executive branches of the U.S. Govern- fences and boundaries have been arbitrarily ment will adopt no measure considered pre- moved. judicial to the Cuban economy and people January 21, 1960: Prime Minister Castro while the negotiations are in progress. says that notes from the U.S. State Depart- February 14, 1960: Armed ForcesMinister ment and statements by U.S. officials en- Raul Castro blaxnes the United States for courage counterrevolutionary activities exploitation of Cuba since the beginning of against Cuba and indicate that a policy of the century. hostility against Cuba is more evident every February 29? 1960:. United States tells day. He implies that the United States ex- Cuban Government that it wishes to seek a plotted Cuba for 50 years. solution of outstanding problems through Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved For Relea 3 CAA RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 19330 a"ENONAL RECORD S4NATE September" 24 Cuban Government lass takeal disori to mina- nounces United States intervention in Latin 1960 and that Soviet bloc arms provided to rt' actions against the property of U.S. America, accepts offer of assistance from the Cuba amount to at least 28,000 tons. citizens in Cuba valued at ovex-3850,million, Soviet Union, and denies that the Soviet and that no, effort has been ,ln ,de_by the December 2,1960: Cuba and North Vietnam Union or Communist China have inerven- establishecemberdiplo9ma1960tic Cuba relations. and Outer Mon- Cuban Government to assur, thelu any- tionist intentions In the Western Hemisphere. D, thing approaching adequate compensation, States Cuba will establish relations with the golia establish diplomatic relations. August 6, 1960: Under authority of the Chinese People's Republic. December 11, 1960: National Bank Presi- nationalization law,- Cuba nationalizes September 12, 1960: United States offers dent Guevara expresses wholehearted sup- through forced expropriation the properties to present its charges for examination by the port for the December 6 statement of the of 26 companies wholly or partially owned by good offices committee created August 29, Congress of 81 Communist Parties which met U.S. citizens. The United States protests this and express the hope that the Cuban gov- in Moscow, and states that Cuba "should action on August 8. ernment will cooperate. follow the exam le of August 6, 1960: Armed Forces Minister September 15, 1960: Cuba and Hun ar p peaceful development Raul Castro says Cuba is grateful for Soviet sign trade and payments agreements. y set Dec by ." the Soviet Union ember support, and that U.S. aid always has strings September 17, 1960: Under r authority of the establish diplomatic om,plomatis c relations Cunand Albania . attached, while aid from the Soviet Union nationalization law, Cuba nationalizes 3 December 16, 1960: President Eisenhower is disinterested. U.S.-owned 'banks through forced expropria- fixes the Cuban s August 7, 1960: Prime Minister Castro tion. United States protests on Septem- first quarter of 1981 quota at zero for the justifies the confiscation of the investments ber 29, December 17, 1960: Cuba and Hungary es- of U.S. citizens In Cpba by accusing the September 18, 1960: National Bank Presi- tablish diplomatic relations, United States of "economic aggression" in dent Guevara accuses the United States of December 19, 1980: Cuba and the Soviet reducing Cuba's sugar quota. aggression and genocide. Says that Cuba has Union sign joint communique through which August 10, 1960: UiVted States issues 23- received arms from Czechoslovakia and Is Cuba openly alines itself with the domestic page document containing evidence of the expecting many more from any power that and foreign policies of the Soviet Union and aggressive intent of the Cuban government will sell them. indicates its solidarity with the Sino-Soviet in its discriminatory trade and financial September 23, 1960: Cuba and North bloc. policies, and its confiacption of the property Korea establish diplomatic relations. January 2, 1961: Cuba holds military of U.S, citizens. Estimates the value of con- September 26, 1960: Prime Minister Castro parade. Many Soviet and bloc arms dis- fiscated U.S. property at about $1 billion. makes series of untrue and distorted allega- played, including tanks, assault guns and States that the backlog of payments due to tions against the United States at the U.N. field guns. Prime Minister Castro says this U.S. exporters because of the failure of Cuban General Assembly. authorities to make the. necessary foreign September 30, 1960: Communist Prime which represents Cuba only has a "small received all partfroM" th hf the arms exchange available is. over $100 million. Minister Chou En-Iai states that "in the e bloc. States that about one-half of U.S. Invest- event of necessity the Chinese government demands January demands t 1 the he U P,Srime Minister avana ments had been seized before any change and people will give all possible support and d to U.S. Embassy in Houa r 48 hours. was made in the Cuban sugar quota. be reduced d 3, to 196111: officials United t States within terminates aid to the Cuban people." January Document states that property seized under October 7, 1960: Cuba and Bulgaria sign diplomatic and consular relations with Cuba nationalization law of July 6 covers only the trade and payments agreements. most recent cases of tla arbitrary taking of October 12, 1960: United States submits win of 's mand 2, hich view a dastipp inng lim of January the such property without prompt, adequate, and document to the U.N. Secretary General ability placed Unit States tt o ons carry out arry out effective compensation. , In prior cases, start- entitled "Facts Concerning Relaions Be- normal of the tic an Scoter consular cfunctions. hug in June 19?9, the Cuban government has tween Cuba and the United States," reply- Cuba tuba t diplomatic and p m tic consular shown little or no consideration for the ing to Prime Minister Castro's allegations of rns over its diplomatic and Czechoslovakia rights guaranteed property owners under the September ae. affairs to the Embassy of Czechoslovakia in laws of Cuba,, It has,selzed and occupied October 13, 1960: Unidentified men raid Washington. Fey , 1961: lands and buildings of U.S. citizens, confis~ the Cuban consulate general in Miami. R u lbCastro2declares t h tetheoChinesenPen- cated and removed equipment, confiscated Cuban Government states that the attack pie's Republic has sent Cuba hundreds of and removed cattle frpm the pastures of was permitted with the "suspicious indiffer- machineguns. owners, seized ,timberlapd resources, plowed ence" and the "manifest collusion of the March 31, 1961: President Kennedy fixes under productive pastures without the con- American authorities" and that the identi- the Cuban sugar quota at zero for 1981. sent of, owners, and arbitrarily moved fences ties of those responsible are known to the April 3, 1961: The United States issues and boundaries. In many cases no inventory authorities. was taken at tie time of seizure nor receipt October 19, 1960: United States prohibits "Cuba" pamphlet, expressing determination provided, nor indicationgiven that any pay- exports to Cuba except for nonsubsidized a support future democratic governments ment would be made. The value of American foodstuffs, medicines and medical supplies, freedom, Cuto help the and Cuban Social al jus ce, and owned property affected by such acts is esti- to defend the legitimate economic interests alling democracy, Castro s, oa to see, and mated at $350 Million, of the people of the United States against links with the regime to rover ist h the international Communist August 13, 1960: Commerce Minister the discrriminatorY aggressive, and injurious movement. witovement. Pero Bonilla declares that for .the coming economic , g Cepero policies of the Castro regime, April 3, 1961: that sine mid-states ore year "it would be much, more advantageous October 24, 1960: Under authority of the to Cuba if the United States did not buy a nationalization law, Cuba nationalizes 30pamphlet tf arms, since mian es more value single grain of sugar." through forced expropriation 166 properties ,000 tons of awith ve estimated value August 16, 1960: Cuban press reports on wholly or partially owned by U.S. citizens. of $50 million, have arrived in Cuba from message from . Prime Minister Castro to United States protests on November 19. armed beyond r ohs Iron Curtain; that the Cuban Premier Khrushchev, expressing thanks "for. October 26, 1960: Cuba and Rumania rces ma dependent on the Soviet the support of the Soviet people, which is establish diplomatic relations and sign trade power; bloc for that the m Soviet and of their armed irrefutable proof that the peoples fighting and technical assistance agreements. and Czech military ode v1sers for their independence are not alone in their October 27, 1960: United States rejects flow and technicians have accompanied the of arms; that Cubans have gone or "emphatically and categorically" the Cuban Czechoslovakia August 24, 1960: Prime Minister Castro protest of October 13. States that the United training as jet pad the Soviet nten for charges the United States with supporting States does not condone the violation of its crews, a d , ground maintenance counterrevolutionaries and states that Cuba laws by anyone, that It makes every effort xe and artillerymen; Sad that Cuba has, will be friends, with the Soviets and the to prevent such violations, that an investiga- except d for the United misph the la least Chinese People's Republic. tion into the incident is continuing and that 10otim forces large the hemsphere, n least August 29, 1960: The Foreign Ministers the United States has told the Mimi police 10 times us I G as most maintained by of the American Republics, meeting at San of the need for special police protection for previous Cuban Governments, including that Jose, Costa Rica, approve Declaration of San the consulate general of Batista. Jose, stating that the acceptance by an October 28, 1960: United States reiterates April 16, 1961: Prime Minister Castro de- America.n state of extracontinental interven- September. 12 offer to cooperate with good scribes his regime as socialist. tion endangers American solidarity and se- offices committee and expresses hope that April 17-19, 1961: Cuban patriots fail in curity, They also create an ad hoe good committee will carry out its mission attempt to redeem the independence of their officea?committee to help. settle controversies promptly. homeland. between governments in the Americas. November 14, 1960: Cuban Government re- April 20, 1961: President Kennedy states August 29, 196': Prime,Vinister Castro re- jects the United States statements of Octo- that any unilateral American intervention peaty charges of United States aggression her 27 as "mendacious and detrimental" and would have been contrary to our traditions against. Cuba anti says he will not renounce refers to an "alli " ance between the execu- and to our international obligations, but that Soviet support. tioners of the Cuban people and the United we do not intend to abandon Cuba. September 2: In reply to the Declaration of States Government. San Jose. Prime Minister Castro April 21, 1961: Cuba votes with the Soviet t reset N s ovember 18, 1960: United States states bloc on almost every major international "Decimation of P Iiabana," which bitterly at- that at least 12 Soviet ships have delivered issue during the 15th General Assembly of ks ? a United States and the OAS, de- arms and ammunition to r?bo Approved For Release 2004/03/31' : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 19329 62 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE negotiations, but cannot accept the condition May 17, 1960: National Bank of Cuba in- July 3, 1960: Agrarian Reform Director proposed by the Cuban Government that no forms U.S. oil companies in Cuba that each of Nufi.ez Jimenez states, in East Berlin that measure of a unilateral character he adopted them will be required to purchase 300,000 Cuba desires relations not only with the So-all Soci by the legislative or executive branch of the tons of Russian petroleum during the bal- vi et gni but U.S. itCo ngrcialist countries , U.S. Government, and wishes to explore the ance of 1960. Ju 3, 1960: .s subjects to be discussed before initiating May 17, 1960: Minister-Counselor Brad- authority to reduce, import quota on Cuban negotiations. dock reminds Cuban Under Secretary of State sugar. March 2, 1960: National Bank President Fernandez Pont that Minister' of State Roa July 3, 1960: Jose Mira Cardona, Arnbassa- Ernesto Guevara states that the 3 million told Ambassador:BOnsal that Roa would be dor-designate to the 'United States, resigns, tons of sugar which Cuba sells annually to soon getting in touch with Bonsai to resume stating that "the ideological differences be- the United States "at supposedly preferen- discussions on the possibility of negotiations tween mtheopla s of t eeeGove smbn to ref tial prices" have meant and mean slavery on pending problems. and for the people of Cuba. June 4, 1960: 'United States reviews the solve." He takes asylum in the Argentine March 4, 1960: French munitions ship record of the Cuban Government's campaign Embassy. La Coubre explodes in Habana harbor. On of slander against the United States, and the July 5, 1960: United States protests seizure In- March 5 Prime Minister Castro identifies the efforts of the United States to maintain its of U.S.-owned ad contrary il efriie es as Cuban axi law and United States as the responsible agent of traditionally friendly relations with the peo- expresses equitable, tan a toe Cuban Govern- the explosion. ple of Cuba. The record includes Cuban con- p March 7, 1960: The United States cate- fiscation and expropriation of U.S. property, meat will rescind these .actions, gorically and emphatically denies the charge failure of the Cuban Government to com- July 6, 1960: Cuban Government passes na- by Prime Minister Castro implying involve- pensate U.S. property owners, payments due tionalization law, avithorizing nationaliza- ment of the U.S. Government in the La Cou- to American exporters, Cuban attacks on V.S. tion of U.S.-owned property through expro- bre disaster. sugar premium, air incursions, and the La priation. Authorizes payment to be made March 1960: Secretary of State Herter Coubre and Sea Poacher 3ncidenty, from fund to be derived from receipts from states at press conference that "we have been June 7, 1960; United States objects to annual purchases of Cuban sugar r over cents 3 mil a s 5 a hopeful throughout that the atmosphere of "fallacious" and "offense" Cuban Govern- lion t Pa eri to be to a tye 7 bonds our relationship with Cuba would allow us ment pamphlet containing thinly veiled pound. ay et rest. to settle through diplomatic means such dif- charges implying U.S. Government involve- 2-percent 6, i ter President Eisenhower, "with ferences as we may have with Cuba". ment in La Coubre disaster. July March 15, 1960: United States expresses June 8, 1960: Antonio Nufiez Jiminez, Di- the most genuine regret," orders a cut of shock and dismay at Prime Minister Castro's rector of the Agrarian Reform Institute, says 700,000 tons in Cuba's .960 msugar en g qut ,for ised attributing responsibility for La Coubre dis- in Moscow that of all the Latin American grounds aster to United States; rejects Castro's sug- countries, Cuba Is "the Soviet Union's great- So ious et goods with Cuban sug r have raised est Prime Minister Castro, refer- States can depend on Cuba as a source of Cuba gestion that the June 9, 1960: loyal oppress to Cukeep ba; uba; defenseless In United order States wants states that t it it is prepared to various ring to the United States, says that powerful sugar. Cuba d to discuss cus 1960: Prime Minister Castro says on Castro interests Which anted to destroy the which. through has normal been lution provoked:: he La Coubre Incident Te He that t e United States acted in a "frenzy of critical other matters, and States t the sugaad qin fit des es rage" and continues calls this type of disaster "criminally con- impotence communication; through channels s of the United to hope that the United States and Cuba ceived and executed." in cutting and says quota, ta his revolution fies can settle their differences through diplo- June 10, 1960: Cuban Government seizes Unite t triumph States te matic means. four U.S.-owned hotels in Habana. will . March 20, 1960: National Bank President June 10, 1960: Cuba signs 5-year trade July 9, 1960: Soviet Premier Khrushchev Guevara states "Our war < < * is against the and payment agreements with Czechoslo- states that the U.S.S.R. Is "raising its voice vakia. and extending a helpful hand to the people great March 2 power of the north:" June 10, 1960:: Prime Minister Castro states of Cuba * * '. Speaking figuratively, in dam- that U.S. officials participated in a plot to case of necessity, Soviet artillerymen can March leaves Fort LaudsPlane from and the is dam- United States Cub u it lands an invasion attempt in Cuba against support the Cuban people with rocket fire." high- Nicaragua under the leadership of a Nica- July 9, 1960: President Eisenhower says way aged in n Cub Cuba an gunfire the u next nfire as day. . la U.S. grand on a jury later indicts William J. Shergalis, a U.S.S. citi- raguan exile, for the purpose of embarrassing that Khrushchev's statement underscores the zen, and Hector Garcia Soto, both of whom the Cuban Government. United States al- close ties that have developed between the arranged for the flight, for acting agents legations are false. Soviet and Cuban Governments. b of the Cuban Government without filing the June 10, 1960: Cuban Minister of State July 10, 1960: Prime Minister Castro de- registration statement required by law. Roa says in Montevideo that Cuba decided votes an entire speech to expressing satisfac- March 31, 1960: Cuba signs trade and pay- "to break the structure of its commercial tion at the support offered Cuba by the So- relations with the United States." viet Union and to attaching what he de- ments agreement with Poland. June 15, 1960: Cuba and Poland establish scribes as the e,ggressive policies of the Apr 11, 19 if United States ews Cuban diplomatic relations. United States. Bank ent r the March 2 views sugar rep- Na - June 18, 196;0: Joint Cuban-Soviet com- July 10, 1960: National Bank President Governm reseal the official President Cuban position. on sga reply munique in Moscow notes the fruitful de- Guevara states that Cuba is defended by the ever received oven. ntreply velopment of trade, economic, and cultural Soviet Union, "the greatest military power, ever from Cuban Government. ties between the Soviet Union and Cuba. in history." that the e9, .1960: Prime S. Government takes Minister Castro states June 18, 1960: Agrarian Reform Director July 10, 1960: President Dorticos hails "the that the Uor Govern confusion with advantage Nunez Jiminez states "The Communist Party message of solidarity spoken by the Prime of every opportunity St create ban relations. of Cuba is the party whose members Minister of the Soviet Union and coming to respect to United U.S. GCuan fit seare receiving the benefits of the revolution." us in our most difficult hour." to aveeathat the U policy used seems June 27, 1960: United States explains the July 16, 1960: U.S. protests nationaliza- hvo adopted the policy used in the past unusual precautions it has taken against il- tion law of July 6 as discriminatory, arbitrary to encourage fascism. legal air incursions from U.S. territory af- and confiscatory. Sov of Soviet April la crude oil arrives Soviet tanker fecting Cuba. !States that the Cuban Gov- July 21, 1960: Cuban press reports Armed arrives in The Cuba first on the n shipment Vishinsky, ernment has sIhown no recognition of these Forces Minister Raul Castro stating in Mos- May 6, 1960: Cuban Coast Guard patrol efforts, has continued to picture the United cow that Cuba "is grateful for political and vessel fires without warning upon U.S. sub- States as permitting and encouraging these moral support from the Soviet Union." marine Sea Poacher on the high seas 11 miles incursions, and has never provided the July 23, 1960: Cuba signs a 5-year trade United States (with data which would aid in and payment agreement with Communist from the Cuban coast. investigating the incursions. China, calling for Chinese Communist pur- Mby 8, 1iplo aric Cuba and the Soviet Union June 27,1960: United States submits mein- chase of 500,000 tons of Cuban sugar in each estaaysh 1960: Prime Minister orandum to the Inter-American Peace Com- of the next 5 years. May 13, 1960: her Incident Castro, states mittee on provocative actions of the Cuban July 30, 1960: National Bank President ring to Std Poacher inciGuard cutter Oriente' of May 6, states Memorandum mentions La Guevara states that the U.S.S.R., Communist that ed a Cuban Coast ns the incident, Sea Poacher incident, air in- China, and other Socialist. countries are Cuban coast. submarine 5 miles off fro cursions, and false Cuban allegations of U.S. Cuba's friends. states that 3 mIniles is the the same limit speech of Cuban ter- Castro complicity in plot to invade Nicaragua. August 1, 1960: United States submits doc- ritoriitori tal waters. June 29, 1960: Cuban Government seizes ument to the Inter-.American Peace Com- May 14, 1960: United States expresses as- Texaco and Esso refineries, on grounds that mittee entitled "Responsibility of Cuban tonishment and protest to Cuban Govern- they had violated Cuban law in refusing to Government for Increased International ment over Sea Poacher incident and requests refine Soviet cirude oil. As of this date, the Tensions in the Hemisphere." Document explanation. On June 11 Prime Minister oil companies' had voluntarily financed over deals principally with the relations between Castro says that no explanation will be given. $50 million worth of crude oil imports for Cuba and. the Sino-Soviet bloc, and the emergen May 16, 1960: Cuba and Czechoslovakia which the Cuban Government had refused to cent of ce Cubdict triiaall pattern t states political that establish diplomatic relations. release dollars. In . Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64BO6346R006200140044-1 ;1,9332 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE surplus mijitary equipment that was left over, from World War II. The War As- sets Administration estimated that the property requested ranged in value be- tween $275 and $300 million. The chairman acted promptly and in- troduced Senate Concurrent Resolution 31 of the 80th Congress, requesting the military departments and the War As- sets Administration to delay the disposal of surplus lands and permanent struc- tures and to report their locations, de- scription, and fair market value to the Armed Services Committees of the U.S. Congress. As a result, the chairman set up an investigating committee composed of myself, senator Robertson, of Wyoming, and Senator BYRD of Virginia. We held hearings on February 16 and 17 and March 2, 3, and 8, of 1948, and after we had heard the evidence, wrote a report and made recommendations to the Sen- ate. Our report recommended, on the basis of our study, that the Surplus Property Act of 1944 be amended to require the following : First. That conveyances to States and local governments for public parks and recreational areas shall be at at 50 per- cent of fair market value. Second. That conveyances for histori- cal monuments of Federal property shall be without monetary consideration. Third. That the United States reserve valuable rights in connection with this property, such as reversionary and other interests as conditions upon any trans- fers. Our recommendations were in the farm of a bill, S. 2277, which became Public Law 616 of the 80th Congress on June 10, 1948. This legislative for- mula became accepted and was extended in 1949, to the General Property and Ad- ministrative Services Act, section 602 (a) of Public, Law 152, 81st Congress. Therefore, this formula which was de- vised by our committee, was enacted into law and applies to every transfer of property which is undertaken by the General Services Administration, or any related agency concerned with either the Surplus Property Acts, relating to mili- tary property, or the General Property and Administrative Services Act, relating to Government property generally. From time to time since 1948, ques- tions have arisen as to why it is neces- sary for the Senator from Oregon to take the floor and apply or insist on compliance with this formula, if it is already part of legislation and has the force of law. The answer to this is that every piece of special legislation relating to the con- veyance of land stands on an equal foot- ing legally with the original legislation. No Congress can bind its sucessor and therefore a bill to provide for the con- veyance of land would and does override the General Property Act or any other legislation that can be put on the books. In addition to the estimate that in round numbers the Morse formula has made a saving of $500 million for the taxpayers, in respect to 888 square miles of land, or 568,811 acres, plus the esti- mate of an additional $150 million al- ready refered to by the senior Senator from Oregon, many more millions of dollars have been saved to the taxpayers as a result of the fact that the principle of the Morse formula became a part of the Federal Property and Administra- trative Services Act and is binding, as far as departmental action is concerned, on the General Services Administration in carrying out the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act. We have no way of knowing how many millions of dollars of savings have re- sulted from the adoption of the amend- ment to the General Property Act which I authored and which was supported by former Senator Robertson of Wyoming and the Senator from Virginia [Mr. BYRD]. It was added as an amendment to the Surplus Property Act and was adopted in 1948. However, my estimate is that well over a total of $900 million has been saved to the taxpayers of this country as a result of my insistance upon the application of the Morse formula to so-called special legislation and the application of the formula now as a part of the General Property Act by the agen- cies of Government that have the admin- istrative responsibility of carrying out the provisions of legislation over which they have jurisdiction. Also, I may say for the benefit of the Library of Congress and Its Legislative Reference Service, and for the benefit of the Senator from California [Mr. Kucs- EL] and my other colleagues in the Sen- ate, that there has never been a bill passed by the Senate while the senior Senator from Oregon has been on the floor of the Senate, that violated the Morse formula to which I did not ob- j ect. I have already referred to the 11 bills that the Library of Congress reported to the Senator from California [Mr. KUCH- ELl as allegedly having passed the Sen- ate, as not including the Morse formula, when the principle of the Morse formula was, in fact, involved. I have already stated that the Library of Congress was dead wrong and it listed six of those bills as having passed the Senate without the Morse formula, when in fact the Morse formula was involved. The RECORD and the September 1962 memorandum by the Legislative Ref- erence Service shows that in the case of six of the bills there was a discussion of the Morse formula, in which the senior Senator from Oregon made clear that the Federal Government was getting value equal to the 50 percent of the ap- praised market value in connection with each one of those bills. As to the other bills, it is not the fault of the Senator from Oregon if he is away from the Senate on official business when a bill which violates the Morse formula is called up, and the Senator from Ore- gon is not even aware of either the bill or the fact that it will be called up. I merely say that, in my judgment, the leadership of the Senate, knowing of the recor4 that the senior Senator from Oregon has made on this very important principle of protecting the economic in- terests of the taxpayers, should not al- low a bill to come up if it knows that the bill violates the Morse formula. I repeat, for the benefit of the Library of Congress, the senior Senator from September 24 California [Mr. KUCHELI, and other Sen- ators, that I have never knowingly or in- tentionally permitted a bill to pass the Senate on the Unanimous Consent Cal- endar or on motion, in violation of the Morse formula without arguing against the passage of such a bill. When a special bill which violates the Morse formula is called up, it becomes necessary for me to take the floor of the Senate when such a bill makes its appearance and take action to make certain that the formula created by our committee is written into each of the special bills. During the 80th Congress there developed more or less of an un- derstanding among us that the then junior Senator from Oregon would fight this battle on the floor of the Senate, and I have been doing it ever since, for 14 years now. During this decade and a half, the formula has developed and been refined. Its basic tenets have been expanded so that now in addition to the provision for the free conveyance of property for historical monuments and the provision for payment of 50 percent of fair market value by the State and local govern- ments for public parks and recreational areas, there is added a provision that conveyances to Government units for commercial operations or any convey- ance to private individuals or organi- zations for profitable purposes, shall re- quire a payment to the Treasury of the full 100 percent market value, of the property at the time of the conveyance. In addition, provision for such inter- ests as mineral rights, rights of concur- rent use and other valuable legal inter- ests have become part of the formula. It has not always been easy to stand up in the Senate and oppose bills em- bodying projects which have a great deal of interest for the residents of a partic- ular State or locality and the sponsor- ship of esteemed colleagues in the Sen- ate. These measures are often extreme- ly popular within the State or locality, since there might be exceedingly valu- able property which would be enjoyed free of compensation if one of these bills became law. However, the Senator from Oregon is one person who believes that the prop- erty belonging to the U.S. taxpayer wherever he is situated is deserving of protection. It does not matter that in many of these bills the amount of prop- erty involved is quite small. In the words of Robbie Burns, "many a mickle makes a muckle." As we have seen the "mickles" have added up over the past 14 years to an area more than two-thirds the size of Rhode Island. If this property had been transferred away from Federal ownership without compensation, it is quite likely that there would be even more legislation intro- duced to confer similar benefits on other localities, and the amount of the tax- payers which would. be given away in this fashion, might soon reach dizzying proportions. In recognition of this, a good many Members of this body have extended the utmost cooperation in introducing legis- lation with the Morse formula already written in. In other cases, after the applicability of the formula is brought Approved Fqr Release ;,004/0:W3#- (IA R 64B 0346800'0200140044-1 1 962 Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE tember 20 to December 20, 1960, and March 7 to April 21, 1861. April 30, 1961: Minister of Industries Ernesto Guevara declares that the Castro movement was "the first socialist revolution in Latin America." May 1, 1961: Prime Minister Castro speaks of "our socialist revolution" and says that a new "socialist constitution" will be pre- pared for Cuba. July 26, 1961: Prime Minister Castro an- nounces formation of Integrated Revolu- tionary Organizations (ORI) as the precursor of the United Party of the Socialist Revolu- tion, to be the only party in Cuba. September 20, 1961: Soviet-Cuban com- munique proclaims "identity of positions of the Soviet Union and Cuba on all the in- ternational questions that were discussed." October 2, 1961: Chinese-Cuban commu- nique proclaims complete agreement between the Cuban and Chinese Communist regimes on "the current international situation and the question of further developing friend- ship and cooperation." December 2, 1961: Prime Minister Castro states: "I believe absolutely in Marxism ? * * I am a Marxist-Leninist and will be a Marxist-Leninist until the last day of my life." He admits that he hid his true political ideology during his revoluntionary struggle because he felt that "if we, when we began to have strength, had been known as people of very radical ideas, unquestion- ably all the social classes that are making war on us would have been doing so from that time on." December 6, 1961: United States submits document to the Inter-American Peace Com- mittee entitled "The Castro Regime In Cuba," containing information on Cuba's ties with the Sino-Soviet bloc and her threat to independent governments in the Western Hemisphere. December 20, 1961: Cuba votes with Soviet bloc on 83 out of 37 major issues in 16th session of U.N. General Assembly. January 14, 1962: The Inter-American Peace Committee reports that Cuba's con- nections with the Sino-Soviet bloc are in- compatible with inter-American treaties, principles, and standards. . January 31, 1962: The Foreign Ministers of the American Republics, meeting at Punta del Este, declare that as a consequence of its public alinement with the international Communist movement, the present Marxist- Leninist government of Cuba is excluded from participation in the inter-American system. March 27, 1962: United States states that Sino-Soviet bloc has furnished about $100 million worth of military equipment and technical services to Cuba and that several hundred Cuban military personnel have re- ceived training, including pilot training, in the bloc. Arms include 5 to 75 Mig jet fight- ers; 150 to 250 tanks; 50 to 100 assault guns; 500 to 1,000 field artillery; 500 to 1,000 anti- aircraft artillery; 500 mortars; 200,000 small arms; and some patrol vessels and torpedo boats. No evidence of missiles, missile bases, or bombers. MORSE FORMULA Mr. MORSE, Mr. President, as many of my colleagues in the Senate know, I have, since my first term in the Senate during the 80th Congress, steadfastly at- tempted to protect the public interest in the disposition of surplus Government property through adding to proposed leg- islation what is generally termed "the Morse formula" amendment. I am frank to say that I have not al- ways been successful in my efforts, but I think the record will show that I have tried hard to achieve success. On August 9, 1: engaged in friendly col- loquy and debate with the distinguished senior Senator: from California [Mr. KucnE1.7 about, the Morse formula in connection with its application to a bill he was then pressing to have adopted. During that discussion he cited certain bills which passed the Senate without having had attached to them this provi- sion. He had 'obtained his Information from the Legislative Reference Service of the Library of Congress, as is per- fectly proper. That is the reason why the Service was established. The tabu- lation showed' 11 bills approved in the Senate without the Morse formula. The full summaries of these bills prepared by the Reference Service on September 4, 1962, further indicate that as to 6 of these bills, I took the floor to announce my judgment that the legislation fully complied with the Morse formula, and that the Government and the taxpayer received fair value for the property which the bills sought to convey. It is regrettable that the Legislative Reference Service did not see fit ap- parently in Its August 9, 1962, report to take note of what the record and its own September 4, 1962, report fully showed in regard to those 6 bills, name- ly that in 6 of the 11 cases there was a floor discussion and explanation of the fact that the Morse formula require- ments were achieved. I have also used the Legislative Ref- erence Service to obtain information many times in the past and I hope to do so often in the future. But, since I believe that for the sake of future dis- cussions in the Senate when this question may again arise it will be helpful to have available a full compilation of Morse formula legislation, I asked the Legisla,. tive Reference Service of the Library to compile for me a memorandum of all legislation from the 80th through the 86th Congress to which the Morse for- mula would be applicable. This tabulation indicates that since 1947, the Morse formula has been ap- plied to 436 pieces of legislation which sought to convey real estate or personal property belonging to the Government and the: taxpayers of the United States. The history of these 436 bills does not tell the whole story, however, since they are only the bills which eventually were enacted Into law. The Library of Con- gress memorandum does not go into the area of bills which were withdrawn or were never offered because of the pres- ence and potential application of the Morseiormula. At any rate, it is inter- esting'to do a little arithmetic with re- gard to these 436 bills. As to real estate alone, these bills sought to convey real property of the United States estimated at approximate- ly 564,811 acres. This amounts to about 888 square miles or more than two-thirds of the total area of the State of Rhode Island. Included within this 888-square- mile area has been land of modest value- such as 462 acres of Alaskan land valued at $1.25 an acre. There has also been (9331 some extremely valuable land, such as .86 acres of land at Palm Beach, Fla., which was valued at $18,750. Some of this land has contained valuable Improvements such as observation tow- ers, lighthouses, and 'pumping stations. In 1960, during the 86th Congress, it was necessary to apply the Morse formula to a bill which would have granted 41/2 acres in the most expensive section of Washington, D.C., opposite the British Embassy, to the Congressional Wives Club for a clubhouse of their own. After I .Insisted, on the :Floor. of the Senate that the Congress should require payments of the full rental value to the U.S. Treasury, this bill was withdrawn. Consequently, this 41/2 acres remains part of a beautiful Federal park which all the taxpayers of the United States can enjoy when they come to Washington, D.C. The so-called Morse formula, pus it has evolved, has come to apply to all prop- erty interests, real, personal, and mixed, which belong to the Federal Government and the taxpayers of this Nation. Re- cent application of it has even extended to a fishing vessel which is the property of the U. Government. Getting out my pencil and doing a little calculating on the basis of this Legislative Reference Service memoran- dum, it appears that averaging on the basis of the stated value of acreage in the memorandum, the Morse formula has resulted in a return to the U.S. Treasury of at least $439,706,000. Again this does not tell the whole story. In 98 cases in this memorandum, neither the value nor the acreage of the property involved is stated, so Interpola- tion is required. Further, there is no accounting of the: legislation which has been rejected, or not offered because of the possibility applying the formula. If I were pressed for an estimate of the addi- tional amount involved, I might, on the basis of my '[8 years of experience in this body, estimate it to be in the neighbor- hood of $159 million, although this can- not be stated with exactness. Scores of these bills have been intro- duced in Congress every year. They pro- pose to give away Federal land, or in some cases Federal buildings, Federal equipment and Federal property. Near- ly always, the property in question is not being used at the time by the Federal Government. But this does not make it 'any the less valuable. If the Government has no need for it, and the local community or State agency or private organization does have a need for it, then I am perfectly favorable to its transfer, but certainly not for no price at all. We do not expect owners of valu- able private property to give what they have away for nothing. Why in the world anyone expects the American tax- payers to give away their property for nothing is hard to understand. The origin of applying the so-called Morse iorniula is quite illuminating. Back in 1947, the chairman of the Sen- ate Armed Services Committee received word from the War Assets Administra- tion that that agency had received more than 100 requests for the free transfer of Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 1962 Approved For gg29"AV I 64 000200140044-1 19405 terest in strict compliance ],with safety A~ nupbgr of Government. agencies each violation" for both the motor car- regulations. have r in this case involy- rier:and the driver. I ant concerned about tlljs evidence, ing the evidence of falsification of re- Watkins said: indicating as it does, a broad pattern of ports by Western Transport Co. drivers. E.1lective at once, your logs must be made violations of the ICC regulations by These drivers have been diligent. out properly. Western Transportation Co. ,and Its em- They have called the problem to the at- ployees. Griggs illustrated the violations: I am concerned over reports tention of the National Labor Relations GGri copy of the Western Transporta- firm indicate this z ay not be the only Board, the Chicago regional office of the ion payroll o the Western involved in a rather massive dis- ICC, and the Justice Department. Lli sheet for last September paid on that day be- regard for safety regulations. The FBI is the only agency that has 18 showed ay Chicago p id Davenport, Clin- However, I am even more concerned given the matter any more than routine driving from h from to over d y for the lack of a fast and ificient fol- attention. FBI attention. did exhibit an ton, ttal Ottumwa, Newton, and Des s Moines, lowthrough by the ICC after the corn- inte of 485 miles. fol- a plaints were called to the attention of extensivelyand . est, Hodidwequestion the drivers $ yet, the FBI has fol- That trip took about 17%2 hours- officials of that Government agency.M lowed its basic procedure of referring the Said Griggs- It was as early as last spring that some matter to the responsible regulatory and 11 %2 of it was driving time ficials to explain that agency' regulations were being flagrantly violated. The drivers state that at that time they produced books and records to doc- ument their statements on, the wide- spread violations. With this official declined to accept the books and records which were offered to him and no state- ments were taken from the drivers at that time. The drivers were, Simply told that the complaints would be called to the attentionof proper ICC officials; that there would-be an investigation at a later time. At the time the drivers called on me, about 6 months later, they had not been contacted by the ICC investigators. These men are asking now if. the ICC is interested in following up clear evidence of violation of ICC safety regulations. As they repeated their story to me, it raised serious questions in. my mind about the efficiency and the effectiveness of the ICC in these matters. Is not this Government agency in- terested In obtaining evidence indicating such violations of important regulations of the ICC? The Congress is often told by Govern- meat agencies of the difficulty of obtain- ing evidence of violations of rules, and this is given as the reason--or excuse- for not doing a proper job of administra- tion or enforcement. Here we have a case in which a num- ber of Iowa truckdrivers have disre- garded the personal Problem for them- selves in producing evidence that their should coincide. employer has directed them,, to violate They don't come close time after time , ICC regulations and,to make false re- because the men responsible for the com- ports to a Government agency. pany's filings at ICC don't want the log books To me It Is always a serious matter to show the excessive miles actually driven, when there is evidence that any bust- Ulm added: ness, any union, or any person Is Involved When I was hired, I was told about this in the deliberate filing of false informa- method of logging. tion with a Government agency. The Hobbs and Shrope said they were told Billie Sol Estes case with the false finan- cial statements should be sufficient warn- the same Shrope thing. estimated that he falsified the ffagrom of the either r the many favorjtis that can come ie book "on the average of three times gence the such practices. isgs negli- e a week" for the 10 years he has worked Agriculture l per Demits such s dear for at Western-until violations "dropped repportts on the Billie Department's Sol, Estes ol, Estes s op- off late in March after word got around FBI o our protests." erations, and the lack of a diligent fol- of our Watkins, safety director for lowthrpugh on the ,cotton ,,allotment Western, sent a notice to all drivers last problem, should serve, as sufficient warn- s it incompetence? Is it negligence? The notice -reminded drivers that con- Is it soine.,iype of opllusion +cn favorit- con- victions of such violaations carry maxi- ism? Or, Is the motivation even worse? mum, penalties "as high as $5,000 for uriggs- Luu log cooK ror that date, however, showed he was off duty the entire, day. Ulm's records produce other compar- able situations. Example: Ulm's payroll time sheet for last September 22 shows he was paid for driving from Webster City to Moline and on to Chicago, totaling 395 miles. But the ICC log showed he was off duty 17 hours and spent 7 hours driving from Chicago to Clinton and back-290 miles. There was an omission of 195 miles of actual driving on the daily log, Ulm noted. Uln said he got a fast initiation on his first day of work on March 8, 1960. There was a snowstorm that day and the next. Ulm said, however, that he drove 760 miles within the next 311/2 hours, starting from Chicago at 7:30 p.m. on March 8, 1960, and returning to Chicago at 3 a.m. March 10. In 'between, he had driven to Newton, Des Moines, Marshalltown, and Water- loo, Iowa. I'had about 3 hours sleep out of the 311/2. He said. Lots of Western drivers object to this deal- Said Hobbs- but they fear for their jobs. They have families and tractor payments [Western drivers own their own tractors and lease them to the firm] and need the work. Our cheating is common knowledge along the road. Others laugh at us; some are sore. Mr. Hobbs said a newspaper Item last May "sort of got to us." It concerned a $1,700 fine levied against the Wenger Truck Lines of Beaver, Iowa, on 12 counts of failing to require drivers to prepare daily logs properly. Hobbs said: Three drivers for Wenger were fined, too. We couldn't figure out how Western Trans- portation could get by with it when a small operator like Wenger couldn't. AMEND PUBLIC LAW 86-90 The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. Lis- oNATI). Under -previous order of the House,, the gentleman from New York [Mr. Dulsxrl is recognized for 15 minutes. Mr. DULSKI. Mr. Speaker, on July 17, 1959, Congress enacted Public Law 86-90, known a$ the Captive Nations Approved For Release 2004/03/31 CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 This is a matter in which I am vitally interested for these reasons: First. The public safety is involved. Second. Laws and regulations are be- ing violated, and complaints are being Ignored. I Intend to follow this through in a vigorous manner to assure that all negli- gence or favoritism is put in the public spotlight. The basis of the drivers' charges fol- lows: 11 ICC regulations, devised to promote driving safety, state that a man must 'have 8 hours off-duty after driving 10 'Hours. There also is a rule that an employee cannot work more than 70 hours, driving or otherwise, in any 8 consecutive days. The protesting drivers say these rules have not been observed. They support their contentions with payroll records that show they were paid on countless occasions for work far in excess of that allowed by the ICC. Hobbs said: When drivers drive excessive hours, one man can do a 'job that it actually takes two men to do if the ICC rules are followed, so frmre freight can be handled faster, with fewer men. Drivers have carbon copies of payroll time sheets that *how the trips for which they were paid, day by day. They also have carbon copies of ICC log books showing hours worked and trips taken each day. 19406 Approved For Re ,~SQC~NIAL-lZt;(.~1cL7B0( 00200140044-1 September 2.4 Week declaration. That action by Con- cities of our country in the annual obser- Western Hemisphere. That pacific life gress was both historic and far reaching vance of Captive Nations Week. Long has been the history of the Western , in its intent. It was based upon the his- known as the city of good neighbors, It Hemisphere, the New World-the new toric traditions of our Nation, as the cita- has now won the accolade of "city of world of hope and promise for the suf- del of human freedom, as the political dedicated neighbors"-dedicated to the fering masses of older worlds across the wellspring of the national independence cause of peace with justice and freedom seven seas. The citizens of the United movement and as the beacon of peace for all nations and peoples. The spirit States, the most blessed among the peo- with justice for all nations and peoples. of the rugged frontier runs strong pies of this pacific hemisphere, have a Basic to that law is official recognition among the citizens of Buffalo, a city heavy responsibility in repulsing and that the aggressive and imperial policies blessed with the talents of immigrants finally defeating the Russian imperial- of Russian communism seek to destroy over many generations from the lands ists who offer nothing but terror, tyr- individual liberties and independence of now field captive by the Russians.. If anny, war, and death to the peoples of nations everywhere in the world, and Khrushchev really believes, as he states, the word. Our people will not shirk thereby stand as a constant threat to the that Americans are too liberal to fight for their responsibilities. They will do what shaky peace of our times. their rights, I urgently suggest that he needs to. be done to recapture the peace The enactment of Public Law 86-90 tune in on the feelings of the people in with justice promised to the valiant dur- signaled an awakening to the realities of Buffalo. He will get a real earful from ing World War II, and since denied them the dangers facing our country. In years Buffalo citizens, who are justly proud by the ambitions of imperial Russia. past, Soviet Russia was posed, by a trick of their progressive city and equally Mr. Speaker, I invite all Members of of history, as an ally of the United States. proud',of their record of sacrifice for free- like persuasion to join with me in my That same trick of history described So- dom'scause. effort to amend this historic document viet Russia as peace loving, as a friend The people of my district are right- of Justice for and among all the nations of human freedom, and even as an advo- fully concerned about the Russian occu- of the earth. cate of democracy. World War II intro- pation of Cuba, resting as It does some Mr. FIEIGR.AN. Mr. Speaker, will the duced that trick of history to American 90 miles off our shores. I have received gentleman yield? thinking. Public Law 86-90 exposed that appeals and petitions to seek recognition Mr. DULSKI. I yield to the gentle- trick and put our Nation aright concern- of Cuba as a captive nation and to re- man. ing the history, the objectives, and the quest Congress to take action to amend Mr. FEIGHAN. Mr. Speaker I com- worldwide conspiracy of imperial Rus- Public Law 86-90 to declare Cuba a vic- mend the gentleman from New York for sian communism. tim df Russian imperial communism. his stand on the Cuban crisis. I agree Nikita Khrushchev was both shocked These appeals do not come from Cuban with him that Congress should declare and adamant at our Government for exiles , , though the good people of Buffalo Cuba to be a, captive nation by amending wiping away the cobwebs of Russian have Provided a haven for many of those Public haw 86-90. propaganda from the American scene. exiles! The appeals come from an It is appropriate on this occasion to Former Vice President Nixon was in alerted citizenry, disturbed by the Rus- recall that it was the leadership of our Moscow at the time Congress enacted, sian probing in our vital waters, who are distinguished Speaker as sponsor of Pub- and President Eisenhower signed into concerned about the Russian military lie Law36--90 in the 86th Congress where law, the declaration on Captive Nations buildup in Cuba, and who are determined he served as our majority leader which Week. It will be recalled that Khru- that the ancient dreams of Czar Nich- brought about passage of that historic shchev asked Nixon, "How could you do olas I'for this hemisphere shall be routed freedom. declaration. There are many . this to us?" When Nixon seemed unable and defeated in our times. monuments to freedom's cause in the to supply the answers, Khrushchev then Mrs Speaker, I have consulted with our long and dedicated record of Speaker challenged him In what later became distinguished chairman of the Foreign McCORMACK, but none stands higher in known as the kitchen debate. 'The edited Affairs Committee on the prospects of the acclaim of the American people than his Captive Nations Week resolution. version of that TV debate, shown in part amending Public. Law 86-90 during the his Ca ed and persecuted sotion to the American people, did not include present session of Congress to include M ll o behind nd o the oppressRedsian. and Bamboo the full dialog on the issue of the cap- Cuba', as a captive nation. He has a peple Russian encouraged by the enact- American tive nations. Had it been included the warm understanding of my proposal, Curt Curt ofains were the Ric Law 86-90, their the nact- American people today would have a and is sympathetic to my purposes. We ment fuller appreciation of the importance of are in the last days of the 87th Con- for a better tomorrow were renewed. the captive nations to our national gressj and moving rapidly toward ad- In distant lands, where the young torch security. journ?nent. It Is doubtful that sufficient of freedom is threatened by imperial time remains for the necessary com- Russia, our friends and allies were re- ined a running ubarrage has mnce mittee> hearings on my proposal to amend assured of our determination to stand against Public Law 86-90. To raise the Public captive Law 86-90 to include Cuba as a nation. However, I am submit- tions. Among our treaty allies in an- nerve question publicly is to touch the open ting ply amendment to Public Law 86-90 cient Europe the torch of freedom was nerve of the Russian international con- rekindled,, In Moscow the fires of war imperialism. spiracy-the raw nerve of colonialism now and will reintroduce it in the early and aggression were dampened by this and and impeperialism. days of the 88th Congress, when I am historic declaration. Such were the For 1 week each year, large numbers on it' assured of early committee hearings effects of Public Law 86-90. on believe that Cuba qualifies by any Mr. Speaker, I am confident I speak of Americans expose and trample upon I ' the open nerve of the Russian interna- and every fair measure of fact as a na- for the membership of the House when tional - conspiracy. They do that by tion held captive by Russian imperialism. I say a proven champion of human holding public observances as called for A Russian style government has been rights presides over this great parlia- in Public Lazy 86-90, in which our Nation imposed upon the people of Cuba against mentary'body. rededicates itself to the just aspirations their: -will. There have been no free elec- I again compliment my friend from of the captive nations for a return of tions: since the Castro crowd took over. New York for calling upon Congress to their freedom and their national rode- There are no individual liberties in Cuba recognize Cuba as a captive nation. I pendence. It is no comfort to the men today. Freedom of speech, of the press, will support him in the amendment in the Kremlin . that former President of assembly, of opinion, of conscience, which he will offer early In the 88th Eisenhower issued two proclamations of roiigion-all have been throttled by Congress. calling upon our people to support the Castro. The promised social reforms, Mr. DUCfLSKI. I thank the gentleman just aspiration of the captive nations. It the reforms demanded by justice in the for his cont?r-ibution. gives them less comfort to recall that social order, have been flaunted by the - President Kennedy has issued two such Castro regime. In brief, the Castro OUR OUTMODED QUOTA proclamations because the continuity of crowd has robbed the Cuban people of our Government's intent was thereby the just fruits of their revolution. And The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under established. worse:, the Castro regime has Introduced previous order of the House, the gen- The city of Buffalo, seat of my dis- the seeds of Russian aggression, war, and tleman from New York [Mr. HAMPERN] trict, stands foremost among the great imperialism into the pacific life of the Is recognized for 10 minutes. Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 196 Approved F~ I S R AL / C~I DPj S ft 00200140044-1 A7051 out. In today's New York Herald Tribune Tom Lambert tells us, how much care the doctors use pn their individual p bents: OH, DOCTOR, PLEASE (By Tom Lambert) Britain's exasperated Medical Defense Union, which assists doctors in lawsuits, pleaded again yesterday with hospitals and doctors to halt mixups in which wrong patients are operated on-or right patients operated on for wrong ailments. The plea seems unlikely to afford much mental comfort to Britons awaiting surgery. The MDU said the following mixups occurred last year: "Due to a mental aberration," a doctor who had been treating an 81-year-old woman for a fractured left femur (thigh bone) oper- ated on her right femur. A doctor performed a hernia operation on a 4-year-old boy who had been admitted to a hospital for removal of a cyst on his knee. Because of a nurse's dereliction, a patient who had been taken to surgery for removal of his second left toe came out with his second. right toe amputated. An anesthetist injected a patient with surgical spirit instead of a local anesthetic. A doctor intending to swab a man's arm with alcohol sluiced him down with formic acid. The MDU issued a comparable "be care- ful" plea last year to doctors and hospitals here, noting then that a surgical mixup can be a "haunting reproach to the surgeon." The plea obviously was not heeded fully. As it did last year, the MDU called on doctors again to visit patients in their rooms before operating on them, and called on hos- pitals to identify patients with discs or labels before they are wheeled into surgery. Doctors should summon patients to the operating table by name and number, the MDU said, and not call for "the patient from such and such a ward." Career of Director of Legal Affairs, Organization of American States EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. BARRATT O'HARA OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, September 18, 1962 Mr. O'HARA of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, some days ago I extended my remarks in the Appendix of the CONGRESSIONAL REC- ORD to include an address before the Inter-American Bar Association by F. V. Garcia-Amador, Director, Department of Legal Affairs, Organization of American States. Since then I have received numerous favorable comments., In view of the interest in this distinguished gen- tleman, and his important role in hemi- spheric affairs, I know my colleagues will be interested in the following sketch of his background and of his career: F. V. GARCIA-A.MADOR EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND 1. Doctor of laws and of political sciences (University of Havana). 2. Master of arts (Columbia University). 3. Master of laws (Harvard University). 4. Doctor of philosophy (Columbia Univer- sity). ACADEMIC Rl',jCORD 1. Former professor of international law of the Inter-American University (1944-46, Panama). 2. Idem of the University of Villanueva (Havana, 1958-57). 3. Idem of the University of Havana (1959-60). 4. Lecturer at the Academie de Drolt In- ternatlonal (The Hague, 1958). 5. Occasional Lectures at the Institut Uni- versitaire cie Hautes Iltudes Internationaux (Geneva), Escuela de Funcionarios Interna- cionales (Madrid), Universidad de San Mar- cos (Lima), etc. 6. Visiting scholar, international legal studies program, Harvard Law School (1960- 61). PUBLICATIONS Books "El Proceso Internacional Panamericano" (La Habana, 1943). "La ExplotaclOn y Conservacion de las Riquezas del Mar" (La Habana, 1966). "The Exploitation and Conservation of the Resources of the Sea, a Study of Contempo- rary International Law" (The Hague, 1959). "IntroducciSn al Estudio del Derecho In- ternacional Conternporaneo" (Madrid, 1959). Other publications Reports (6) on international responsibil- ity, in his capacity as special rapporteur of the United Nations International Law Com- missions (U.N. docs., published from 1956 to 1961). A number of articles in United States, Eu- ropean, and Latin American legal periodicals. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES Legal Official, U.N. Secretariat (1948-49), Member of the Inter-American Judicial Committee (Rio de Janeiro, 1949). Member and President (1956) U.N. Inter- national Law Commission, elected by the General Assembly in 1953, and reelected in 1956, for a total period of 8 years. Legal Counsel of the Cuban Foreign Min- istry and Ambassador-at-large-from 1950 to July 1960. Deputy Representative of Cuba to the U.N. Security Council, and President of its Com- mitteeof Experts (1960). Representative to five regular sessions of the General Assembly, and President of Its Legal Committee (1954). Delegate to the X Inter-American Confer- ence (Caracas, 1954) and the fifth meeting of consultation, of the Foreign Ministers (Santiago, de Chile, 1959). Representative to the first four meetings of the Inter-American Council of Jurists (1950 to 1959). Delegate to the U.N. Fishery Conservation Conference (and Deputy President thereof, R9me, 1966); and to the first and second U.N. Conferences on the Law of the Sea (Geneva, 1958, and 1960, respectively). Adviser, Department of Legal Affairs, Or- ganization of American States (from Octo- ber 1961). Director, Department of Legal Officers, Or- ganization of American States (from Au- EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ROBERT L. F. SIKES of FLORIDA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, September 12, 1962 Mr. SIKES. Mr. Speaker, I am strong- ly impressed with a timely editorial from the pen of Malcolm B. Johnson which appeared in thc'$'allalassee Demo*rat of Wednesday, September 19. I concur wholeheartedly in his position. He has suggested a course of action which should prove much more effective than the pres- ent policy of attempting to kill the heads of the Hydra singly. The editorial follows: FOR GrUBA, MOVE AGAINST RUSSIA Florida's Senator GEORGE SMATHERS pro- poses in Senate resolutions that the United States move against Cuba by recognizing a government-in-exile dedicated to invasion and that we seek a NATO-type force among Western Hemisphere nations to help free the Island from its captors. These proposals sound sensible to us. So do many of the other suggestions made by Members of Congress in response to pleas from an angry nation discouraged by the timidity of our national administration. But aren't such moves, directed against the Castro government and the island he oc- cupies, merely sideshow action-necessary, but preliminary? Isn't it time for us to move into the center ring and take over? Castro is a puppet, a yapping puppy un- worthy of the indignation-much less the alarms-of Americans. The real villain is Soviet Russia. If Russia were not meddling in this situation, we Americans wouldn't care any more about which dictators controlled that island than we have cared about a hun- dred other little Latin American tyrants. So let's go further than talk about block- ading or invading that island, and turn our attention directly to the primary menace- Communist Russia. There are ways to deal with Red Russia, short of shooting, that, for some elusive rea- son, we have not taken. Let us treat Russia like the carrier of an evil, contagious disease she is. Shun her. Move to put her under quarantine. From the floor of the United Nations and through the forum of the world's free press, let us scorn her. Every day, let us move against her with resolution, and with action. Every day, let us read a new indictment against her for her countless transgressions. Stop selling her anything. Stop buying anything from her. Stop letting her people and her officials come among us to spy and to lie about us. Call on our allies and those other nations which profess love of freedom and morality to join us. Move for her expulsion from the United Nations for numerous U.N. Charter viola- tions and lapses of obligation. (The rec- ord is there.) Make it known to the world, without ques- tion, that we are ready to sever all diplo- matic and economic relations with Russia and her allies. Hound her out of the so- ciety of decent nations. The Communist world cannot stand such censure. Oh, certainly, we will find timidity among our allies and the neutrals we finance in the U.N., and even in NATO. It is far past time for us to test their pro- fessed desires for liberty and right. Let them decide whether to stand with us, or to lie down with the forces of evil, blackmail, and tyranny. If such action results in breaking up the United Nations, so be it. We'll save money, and in the process avoid being caught in fur- ther embarrassing kangaroo court proceed- ings where we must humble ourselves to grovel for supporting votes of upstart pigmy nations. Let us find out-right now, before lifting another finger for foreign aid-where our helpfulness has found grateful friendship. The whole world knows this situation in Cuba. is a test of our determination to resist the advances of communism-a clearer test of the will of the United States than Ber- lin, or Laos, or Korea. Although some of our allies would desert us, others would stand; but we are strong enough to stand alone, and we could stand better without any false friends to depend on. Russia can't, yet count on such support from even her own satellites. Approved For Release 2004/03/31'' : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 A7052 Approved For ft~aqgg W 2~ : 64BR.fl"4200140044-1 September 24 within' the next 120 days, it is my profes- sional opinion that such an Ordeal would involve a serious sequel to his immediate condition which might well result in total future.lncapacition or a fatality. It would appear from this evidence that defendant McCarthy could not have gone to trial at the date suggested by de- fense counsel. This is, however, a mat- So let's throw down the gauntlet. Now. In Washington, arfd in the tllT. General Assembly meeting in New York. ' No person, no nation, ever gained 'any- thing worthwhile by pussyfooting and com- promising to avoid coming to trips with an evil, force that constantly abused good Inten- tions to grow stronger and bolder. ter wl}'ich the court should decide and a Trial ofCriminal Cases matter which the court did decide. The real basis for the court's decision 08, HON. EDWIN E. WILLIS OF LOUISIANA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, September 24, 1962 Mr. WILLIS. Mr. Speaker, recently there have appeared in the CoNGxEs- SIQNAL RECORD a 'number of statements by Members of the Congress concerning a pending criminal prosecution in the T.T.S. District Court for the Southern Dis- trict of Florida in which the defendants, James R. Hoffa and Robert E. McCarthy, are charged with fraud by mail, tele- graph, and telephone. I have confidence that the Federal court in Florida will set the case down for trial and will grant to the two defendants the speedy trial to which they are entitled under the sixth amendment. While I believe quite ,strongly that criminal cases should be tried` in the courtroom, and`not in the newspapers or in the Congress, the fol- lowing facts concerning case No. 1282--61 Southern District of Florida, United motes against Hoffa and McCarthy, seem worth setting forth. The record will disclose that the Gov- ernment first asked for a trial date un- der an earlier indictment ` inMarch 1961. On June 25, 1962, the defendants argued that they could not go to trial on Sep- tember 10, 1962, because one of their attorneys was involved in other litigation on that date. Judge Lieb ordered the defendants to be prepared for trial on October 15, 1962. According to record the defendants in this case have not always appeared to be as ready, willing and able to go to trial as they would now seem to want to make the people believe. Witness the fact that the defendants have filed 40 mo- tions in the case. The defendants have filed appeals to the Supreme Court on two of these motions and the Supreme Court cannot even commence to consider these appeals until next m?nth at the earliest. In the most recent hearing in this case on August 20; 1962, when the matter of the trial date was discussed, there was read into the record an affidavit from the personal physician of the- de- fendant McCarthy which read in part as follows: Mr. McCarthy has * * * a grave condi- tion in any instance (which) by extension can be fatal. In fact, it very often is. I have continued to treat Mr. McCarthy for this Condition to date I * * exposure to any ex- citement or unusual situations would only serve to worsen Mr. McCarthy's prognosis. Assuming that Mr. McCarthy was exposed to a trial of any protracted length involving signal intensity at this time or any time not to try this case on the date previ- ously set, October 15, 1962, appears to lie neitt}er with the defendants or the Gov- ernment but rather with an action taken by Congress. It is for this reason that I as a; member of the Judiciary Commit- tee of this House, which considered the legislation involved feel obliged to set the record straight. On July 30, 1962, Public Law 87-562 became law. It created a new middle judicial district in Florida, which had previously been divided into a northern and a. southern district. The new dis- trict will come into existence on October 28. The case of United States against Hoffaand McCarthy is now in the Tampa division of the southern district, to which it had been removed by order of court. At the present time the Tampa division is in the southern district, but after October 28, some of its counties will be in the new middle district, and others will remain in the southern district. The new middle district of Florida will be the first new judicial district created by the Congress in 35 years. Its crea- tion will bring to the courts a number of problems of transition, Including the question of what should be done with untried cases and cases which might, if started before October 28, not be com- pleted by the date that the new district is created. The judges of the southern district met concerning these problems. and deter- mined as a matter of judicial adminis- tration that southern district cases which fall in the new district should be re- ealendared.in the new district October 29 if their trial could not be completed prior to that date. This was in my opin- ion a' wise decision, avoiding the possi- validity of convictions in cases where the trial was started in one district and completed in another. U.S. against Hoffa'l and McCarthy was but one of a number of cases which were affected by EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HQN. VICTOR WICKERSHI M IN '~':EIE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, September 24, 1962 Mr WICKERSHAM. Mr. Speaker, under, leave to extend my remarks in the REcowDi, I include the following editorial from the Ryan Leader of September 20, 1962, 10j Editor J. T. Daniel, concerning the partisan cries on Communist Cuba: Too PARTISAN (By J. T. Daniel) When wars were of the conventions,, type, rifles, cannons, tanks, airplanes, and other weapons of destruction, they were terrifying. But in this day of missiles, atom and hydro- gen bombs, they are horrible and annihilat- ing, This being true, it would seem that men of any sense of responsibility for the safety of their own lives and those of their country- men would at least try to refrain from in- flaming the minds of the people. The Urdted States of America is a democ- racy. And a democracy Is much different to a dictatorship. In a democracy, its rulers must listen to the voice of the people, or they will be defeated at the next election. This is not true in a dictatorship. A dic- tator is not subject to the whims of pleasure groups. Public sentiment is not so 'impor- tant in a dictatorship. Khrushchev can rave and rant all he pleases without building a war sentiment that will force him to start to shooting. In the United States This is different. The people of the United States are rather suspectible to warlike propaganda. And when po'at'rians and others try to inflame public sentiment here about Russia's dis- regard for the Monroe Doctrine, they should be hones',: and tell the American people that the Truman doctrine of 1.947' actually sup- plaited the. Monroe Doctrine. If it hadn't, we would not have our guns pointed at Khrushchev's head in all the countries of Europe surrounding him. The Monroe Doc- trine prohibited this. if people are given the facts they will not become the victims of a war frenzy that will force a big war. Heedlessly, recklessly, and wantonly some' men seem to be so obsessed by a desire for partisan gain they would risk blowing themselves, the American people, Cuba, anal the Russians off the face of the earth, Just to try to make votes. It is time the American people woke up to the dangers of such a course of action. They should tell the hotheads in and out of Congress to keep their big mouths shut. It is no time to become.spooky and do some- thing foolish because a bewhiskered addle- pated Cuban mouse happens to take a wild run across the international stage. A Tribute to County ASC Committeemen E.y1-. E NSION OF REMARKS of OF MISSOURI IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTAT]i:VES Monday, September 24, 1962 Mr. R.AIrfDALL. Mr. 'Speaker, last week th:.s body approved the farm bill as reported by the conferees. We believe this bill. will do much toward solving our farm problems, but I had hoped that we could have passed long-term legislation which would have been effec- tive for 1963 and thereafter, and would have given. farmers more time to make plans. In an effort to ascertain what farmers wanted in the way of farm legislation, if any, we conducted a poll earlier in the year. The response, in our opinion, was excellent for out of 25,000 questionnaires mailed out, we received back about one- fourth completed returns. We will have to say though, we were greatly surprised at the many varied opinions as tc what Approved For Release 2004103/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved qfflpfig"00200140044-1 farm legislation should or should not accomplish. The majority of those who completed the questionnaires, favored some type of farm pr ogram, and each of us know that even if a program were excellent in every particular, if there is no one to carry out the program, it would be worthless, or of very little value. One of the questions asked tin this sur- vey was, "Do you favor farmer-elected committees as the best means of admin- istering farm programs on the local level?" After compilation had been made of the returned competed ques- tionnaires, we found that 84.3 farmers favored the county elected committees, 9 percent die} not, and 6.7 percent had no opinion. Today, I rise to pay tribute to these dedicated men who give of their time and energy in behalf of their neighbors and indirectly to the Nation as a whole. Those consecrated men in he Fourth Missouri District, are chosen by their fellow farmers to make the necessary decisions, to explain and t0 generally supervise the administration f the farm programs at the county level. Our country is blessed with an over- abundance, and each of us should give thanks each night before we close our eyes that we live in America where over- abundance and not starvation is one of our major problems. Mr. Speaker, I repeat, regardless of what kind of farm program is finally adopted, it will not work-it cannot succeed, unless we en- courage our farmers to supervise them- selves to administer these farm programs by those chosen from their own ranks. I am a firm believer that the family farm is the great symbol of freedom and free enterprise. And I believe that we owe the family farm a great debt of gratitude for its contribution to our American heritage. In curd eliberation I say again, I hope we will not forget the people, the individuals, the folks who carry out or administer our,. farm pro- grams on the county level. It is a privi- lege to salute you, our county ASC com- mitteemen, dedicated to the cause of -better farming, and devoted in your efforts for the improvement of farm In- come and the contentment of., our people who would perpetuate the family farm. OF been involved in this traffic will follow with like action. Victor Riesel is one of those who can justly take credit for this first break in the Cuban supply line His disclosures of those involved have been- fully docu- mented with the names of ships and their flags, He has pointed out time and again that this trade could be stopped, if we would insist that it be stopped. When action was not forthcoming he pointed out the facts for the American public. In a recent article, Mr. Riesel points out that some shipping firms are making millions of dollars from the United States by carrying American cargo across the world; and yet these same ships not only supply Cuba but Communist China as tell. Thus, not only do the foreign vessels strengthen our enemies, but they weaken the United States by depriving our sea- fnen`of jobs and our shipping firms of profits, as Mr. Riesel points out. Because of the importance of the in- formation contained in this article, I in- clude it at this point in the RECORD: CUBA LIFELINE CAN BE CUT (By Victor Riesel) NEw YoRK.-Cuba's waterborne supply lines can be cracked with the stroke of a pen. What's needed is a Presidential directive shutting U.S. ports to vessels and ship- chartering companies which deal with the enemy. This means a blacklist. Why not? There are many foreign firms now making millions of dollars from the U.S. Government itself by carrying heavy tonnage of Federal cargo across the world. And yet these same ships-lists of which any Federal agency can get along this waterfront-not only supply Cuba, but Communist China, Russia, Poland, and even weird Albania. This the foreign-flag ships often embark on imme- diately after delivering American cargo abroad. Thus, not only do the foreign vessels strengthen our enemies, but they weaken the United States by depriving our seamen of jobs and our shipping firms of profits. . Tankers of our NATO Allies, for example, have been running Soviet oil to Cuba for many, many months now-long before the Soviet landings on the island needled some of us Into an outcry over the current mer- chant fleet supplied to the Soviet bloc by nations to which we have been giving billions of dollars. Those tankers are chartered by the Rus- sians because the Soviet ministry of the maritime fleet is short of these big float- ing fuel tanks. The tankers, owned by Greek and British firms, or by complex companies operating under Panamanian, Liberian, and Honduran flags, first deliver the Russian oil to Havana. Then the empty tankers put into U.S. ports for profitable cargoes. HON. PAUL G.* ROGER$ OF FLORIDA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, September 12, 1962 Mr. ROGERS of Florida. Mr. Speaker, the recent action by the Government of West Germany in restricting German- flag ships from taking part in the Cuban Russian buildup deserves the praise of all of us who have been seekjpg the halt to such activities by our friends in the free world. EXTENSION OF REMARKS This may be cut down some day. The So- viets have just completed the Bucharest. This Is the fifth in a series of huge tankers which they call "Peking-type vessels." They have been built in the Leningrad "Baltic shipyards." So desperately does Cuba need this fuel that it has become traditional for the Soviet ministry to put its new tankers 4rnmediately into the Cuban run. But still ,there are not enough. Yet ships of our "friends" ,continue to_ help them. And then Mere are the ship operators who get business from the American Government because of our efforts to feed a hungry non- -_u v.,J Communist world. There is a Federal direc- tive which states that only 50 percent of our shipments of surplus foods to needg nations must be shipped in U.S. "bottoms." So, to lend a hand and a dollar to freighters of friendly nations, we give them the cargo job. Many of these foreign-flag ships carry -grain' to the Orient. Sometimes to India. Sometimes to Africa or the Nei_ r East. Then they steam into the China Sea and the Pacific. There they shuttle back and forth for the Peiping Communist Government. In Hong Kong recently I talked to masters and mates of such ships. They discolsed that after handling some of the "Chi-com" business they heave back to Europe's Communist bloc ports. There they load up with heavy cargoes for Cuba. Of course, they carry armaments. But al- most as vital are the vast quantities of pre- fabricated factories and plants, machine tools, spare parts, steel mill sections, and electronic equipment. These will create a Soviet-type industrial system in Cuba. In a few years it will begin producting for export to the South American market-thereby undermining local pro- ducers and therefore chances for recovery amongst our Alliance for Progress allies. After the NATO nation ships unload in Cuban ports they have only one chance for a new payload there. That is sugar. But sabotage and sheer inefficiency have slashed the harvesting of this crop. So there is only enough for part of the chartered supply fleet. The ones who get the loads then steam to Russia and Poland or through the Panama Canal to China. But all the other vessels face going back light. Thus many of them, after dropping their Red cargoes in Cuba, head for the United States to make certain they can pick up a paying shipment and thus make a profit from both sides. There are waterfront union leaders here who say they have evidence that the Yugo- slav merchant fleet is running cargo for the Communist bloc. This cargo, they say, is mostly military. It comes from the Czech munition-making complex built around the famed Skoda works. Waterfront experts here report that Yugoslav ships regularly put into Havana. Furthermore, the union leaders assert bluntly-sometimes in anger fully peppered with sailor's language-that the State De- partment has all this Information. And that it has had it for some time. Why then does everybody in official circles seem so surprised these days? Why not blacklist those ships which make a dollar out of trading with enemies who already are shooting at American soldiers, sailors and airmen? Why not? Senator Johnston Merits Reelection EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. ROBERT W. HEMPHILL OF SOUTH CAROLINA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, September 24, 1962 Mr. HEMPHILL. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks, I include a very fine editorial from the Winnsboro, S.C., News & Herald of Thursday, Sep- tember 20, 1962, which I commend to every citizen of my State who is inter- ested in the continuation of good govern- ment. Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 A7054 Approved For~1~1 kj&WBP!~4Rffi;JQW99200140044-1 September 24 The article is as follows: S=TATOR J'bHNSTON MERITS REELECTION Bill Workman is among the finest journal- ists one could meet in a day's journey be- tween sunrise and sunset on the .21st of June. He is a gentleman, a scholar, an au- thor, and-to his credit--he is' probably not a judge of good whiskey because,, like his op- ponent, he Is & teetotaler. The News & Herald wishes him exceed- ingly well in every respect save one: we want him to remain in the newspaper fraternity and serve his people there-not in the U.S. Senate, from a standing start. The ink rooks good on his fingers and, as he will probably recall., his onetime chief,. the late Dr. W. W. Ball, longtime editor of the Charleston News & Courier, avowed that newsmen had no business running for public office, be- cause, for one thing, they sacrifice their ob- jectivity. And, in Dr. Ball's lexicon, there was no higher profession than that of a journalist. Senator OLIN JouNsTON, in our opinion, has earned the right to reelection to a fourth term, His l8 years' experience is an asset to the people of South Carolina and will become Increasingly so during the next 6. Patently, the Republican press in Co- lumbia is missing no trick, either in news or editorial columns or in cartoons, in a de- termined effort to see that Senator JolaN- aTose is defeated, but, we believe, this is an- other case of a lost cause. Characteristic- ally, the Columbia Record, in one of its too, too clever cartoons titled. "The Little People's Coloring Book," compares the Palmetto State's senior Senator to "Captain Kanga- roo," disparages his ability, acumen, deco- rum, and voting record in this and other ex- treme ways. Ofttimes, however, he who laughs last, laughs longest, and our inex- pert guess is that these self-styled big, journals may find that much-maligned OLIN is, after all, "the little people's man," come election day. One concedes that Senator JOHNSTON is no silver-tongued orator, the likes of William Jennings Bryan, and he is not a Woodrow Wilson-type scholar and grammarian, either. But, since when has this become a political crime? Not one in a million of us have such attributes and few people can aspire to be as literate as those masters of the "big word"-when a little one would serve 'em better-who write for the GOP press to South Carolina. On occasions too numerous to catalog, these papers delight in down- grading both President and Senator, when it suits their political progaganda purposes. Neither Is Senator JOHNSTON the ultralib- eral that his enemies try to paint him. Often he worked and voted against exces- sive spending and waste in foreign and do- mestic programs; he is, perhaps, ultracon- 'servative on the race question, but his views here probably reflect those of a majority of his constituents, If he can be accurately tagged a "liberal" or "progressive" in any field-and such labels really have little meaning-it is in his votes and views on labor legislation and, from our vantage point in a minor managerial post, we cannot con- scientiously say he L, wrong. Labor, in South Carolina and in other parts of the Nation, has not precisely been living high on the hog of Iate--due to considerable un- employment and part-time jobs-and if la- bor has a moderate friend in Washington whtl is aware of its needs,_ who can raise legitimate objection? Senator JOHNSTON, in our view, is not radical even in the labor field and he kowtows to no overbearing, un- scrupulous labor bosses. It is, of course, understandable that the rank and file likes the senior Senator and the stands he takes because he came up through the ranks, himself. He worked in the mills to earn money for his education. House Resolution 211: Special Committee on Captive Nations EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. DANIEL J. FLOOD OF PENNSYLVANIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, September 24, 1962 Mr. 1 LOOD. Mr. Speaker, on March 8, 1961,1, I introduced a measure calling for the establishment of a Special Com- mittee on Captive Nations in the House of' Representatives. This measure is now House Resolution 211. There are not suf r.cient words to express my pro- found gratitude and personal delight to the more than 20 Members of the House who joined with me in that most stimu- lating and very enlightening discussion which took place then on the subject of the' captive nations-CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, March 8, 1961, "Russian Colo- nialism and the Necessity of a Special Captive" Nations Committee," pages 3286 to 3311. The popular response to House Reso- lution 211 has been so enthusiastic and impres,s:ive that I feel dutybound to dis- close the thoughts and feelings of many Americans who have taken the time to write We an this subject. These citi- zens arse cognizant of the basic reasons underlying the necessity of the proposed committee. They understand clearly the vital contribution that such a com- mittee could make to our national secu- rity interests. In many cases, they know that no public or private body is in exist- ence today which is devoted to the task of studying continuously, systematically, and objectively all of the captive na- tions, those in Eastern Europe and Asia, including the numerous captive nations in the Soviet Union itself. Because their thoughts and sentiments are expressive and valuable, I include the following responses of our citizens to House Resolution 211 in the Appendix of CLARINDA, IOWA, August 24, 1962. Rion. D.UNIEL J. FLOOD, Washington, D.C. DEAR SIR: We, the undersigned members of We the People Study Group acknowledge our support of House Resolution 211 for the establishment of a Special Committee on the Captive Nations. We feel that exposure to the world of the captive nations situation constitutes a. great potential weapon against the Communist conspiracy. We therefore urge you to do all in your power to activate this bill, now before the House Rules Com- mittee and to effect its adoption by the Con- gress. Sincerely, Mrs. Harold Witthoft, Mrs. Martin Mier, Una Cole, Mrs. Ross Miller, Clarinda, Iowa; Mrs. John Bicknese, Wheatland, fowa; Mrs. Jessie F. Shambaugh, Mrs. Herb J. Sunderman, Herb J. Sunder- span, Harold Witthoft, Mrs. Floyd Wag- oner, Floyd Wagoner, Laura Edmonds, !1r. and Mrs. T. E. Stickelman, Mr. and Mrs. Darrell Damewood, Mr. and Mrs. Jake Stimson, Clarinda, Iowa. Aueusr 28, 196'2. DEAR,' FRIEND OF LITHUANIA: Congratula- tions on your efforts for Lithuania and the other captive, colonial nations of the U.S.S.R. Let us hope that free elections can be held there someday. Sincerely, NORTHBROOK, ILL., August 27, 1962. Hon. RosAN L. HRUSKA, Senate office Building, Washington, D.C. DEAR SEIPATOR HRUSKA: Thank you for so clearly pointing out, in your speech of Au- gust 8, the startling contrast, between Presi- dent Kennedy's proclamation of Captive Na- tions Week. 1962, and the congressional reso- lution of 1959. For some time I have been following the attempts to establish a House Committee on Captive Nations., This would provide a sore- ly needed encouragement to the peoples be- hind the Iron Curtain, as well as putting their slavernasters on, notice that we have not abandoned these peoples to perpetual slavery. And yet t.ae attitude of Secretary of State Rusk. and the State Department is that we must not do anything which might antag- onize the Communists. This same thinking has motivated the President's weak Captive Nations Week, declaration. I am thankful that we have men such as yourself in the Senate, who realize the folly of trying to'be :nice to the Communist,.. Sincerely, Mrs. STEPHEN KRAYCIESY. DEAR RE.PaESENnATIVE FLOOD: Please keep up the fight for a Captive Nations Commit- tee. MAR TM. KEAYCEr r. BRElIERTON CAPrIvE NATIONS COUNCIL, Bremerton, Wash., September 3, 1062. Re :Report of 1.962 activities in, relation to Captive Nations Week said. House Reso- lution 211. 1. Lectured in Seattle, Bellingham, and Tacoma on the captive nations concept and the working procedures of a captive nations organization, providing guidelines for opera- tional methods and activities. 2. At the ]icitsap County Republican Central Committee Convention, we proposed, from the floor, a plank stipulating support of the establishment of a Special Committee on Captive Nations as set forth in House Resolution 211, now pending in the U.S. House of Representatives. The proposed plank was debated and adopted. 3. Participated in the public meeting at the Seattle Chamber of Commerce building on Monday of Captive Nations Week, at which time we presented and read the an- nual, proclamation by the Honorable H. C. Dorieatad, mayor of the city of Bremerton. 4. Printed and distributed 10,000 copies of a document entitled "The Third Week in July." This paper included the text of Public Law 136-90, President Eisenhower's 1959 Captive Nations Week proclamation, and President Kennedy's 1961 proclamation. 5. At the request of the Washington State Republican Central Committee Convention, we suppL:ed. 50 copies of a statement ex- plaining the proposed establishment of a Special Committee on Captive Nations, a sheet setting firth the elements and extent of support for this legislation, and copies of "The Th;.rd "Aleek in July." (The plank, identical to that adopted in Iatsap County, passed th r: u.gh the platform committee without debate; and was adopted by the convention, again without debate.) 6. At Our suggestion, the Bremerton Chamber of Commerce studied the question of the proposed bill, House Resolution 211, and as a resu".t of this inquiry into the mat- ter, did pass and forward to :Representative FLOOD a resolution in support of the House Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 ,L9 6 Approved FoP60200140044-1 A 7065 Wrectly finance the aid program for this year danger they impose upon us. "The country if other means fail. eamnot go along In this fashion and survive. The debate brought out some Very potent Our national debt in the last 12 months in- specific points on foreign aid which should creased by $8 billion. Our governmental be considered by every American citizen, expenditures in the last 2 months, the first We are now giving foreign aid to 101 of the 2 of this fiscal year, increased by $2 billion," 113 nations of. the world. Furthermore, by Congressman TABER, of New York. "Cambo- speeial permission w h t , e ave s arted aid pro- dia recently bought $3.1 million of our gold; grams in practically every British possession Lebanon purchased $21 million of our gold; and territory in the world The aid o- . pr grams are not limited to so-called free na- tions. We are pouring the American tax- payers' wealth into dictatorships, so-called neutral nations, COmmunist-in,duenced and Communist-dominated nations, and into outright Communist countries. We have been giving our wealth and -earnings for years to people who tax themselves not at all, or at least at far, lower rates than we. And many of these ntions which not only accept our gifts,. but demand more, are no nearer now to self-support than when we started to pay their bills. Foreign aid money is handled so loosely that If we were to use the same procedure in financing domestic programs such as public works, the people would rise in wrath to ridicule the authors of such proposals. Agency witnesses before the Appropriations Committee said they do not know the projects to which they are going to obligate funds until after they get the money. One witness said In tact that the United ?.tates kept these matters secret from the recipient countries until after the money had been made available Fantastic as this sounds it is true. The military phase of the foreign aid pro- gram is not military in the sense that we think of our own Defense Establishment. What it is, pripaarily, is a State Department military program through which military equipment is being provided to from 65 to 71 nations of the world; and much of it is given to please or appease some potentate, or some ruler of a newly created country. In some cases this is. causing resentment such as Thailand's protest against our sup- p r a on the one hand and plying fighter planes to Cambodia.. Another then look in the other direction to see what project in this category is the donation of Russia can do for them?" Congressman a newly rebuilt air-conditioned, yacht for PsssxesN, of Louisiana. "With this country the private use of Emperor Haile Selassie of having a debt of $301 billion, with the in- Ethiopia with staterooms covered, with gold- terest on that debt desperately close to $10 leaf wallpaper. The reconditioning of the billion a year, with this country's public and airplane tender cost $3,100,000. private debts totaling nearly $1.1 trillion, The balance-of-payments problem and the Congress ought to regain its senses and put outflow of gold is also the direct result of a stop to these lavish giveaways. * * * I was foreign aid. The drain on our gold reserves, astounded by the fact that were produced much of it. through outright purchase of by the committee * * * this Government gold with our dollars by foreign nations is spending $6,000 a year on Iraqi students which have received our aid, is excessive. in this country each school year, $6,000 plus During the last 11 years the net outflow of a year. * * * I doubt if there are very many gold from the U.S. Treasury has amounted umbers of the House of Representatives to over $6,905 million. Our gold holdings who can afford to spend $6,000 a year on each are currently, just above $16 billion. During of his or her children in a university or col- the same 11 years in which we, lost gold, lege in this country," Congressman GROSS, Of other free world countries increased their Iowa,. holdings by $10,655 million, to just under How does the Kennedy administration get $24 billion. We require $11.6 billion as gold approval for its foreign aid program? Look backing for our domestic dollars by law. We at the RECORD (p. 19031, Sept. 20, 1962) have, therefore; scarcely $5 billion in gold citing the "seven-point formula used by 1600 to meet our international obligations and Pennsylvania Avenue" to get its program our free world friends now hold short-term through. "That formula is comprised of the dollar assets just under $23 billion redeem- application of prestige, personality, able in our gold. In spite of the fact that g a s , and the executive branch is not able to spend r persuasion, power, pressure, and all the money appropriated they have sked maybe, punishment." for an increase in this In summary the foreign aid program . year's foreign-aid not in the self-interest of the United States. appropriation, In last year's session of Con- It drains our wealth, depletes our gold sup- gress an appropriation of $3.9 billion was ply., fails to help the people in the countries approved. The administration was only able receiving it, in many cases It actually goes to to spend $3,198,100,000. Congresa appropri- our enemies and strengthens those govern- ated $716,500,000 more than was spent and ments which have vowed to destroy us, it this amount was transferred to the pipeline. does not win friends but instead creates ill- There is enough money now in the pipeline, will, jealousy and envy, creates unfair com- already appropriated by previous Congresses petition for American business contributing to continue the foreign-aid program for 25 to loss of jobs by American workers, it is mis- months without a cent of additional appro- inanaged, it is reckless, it has led to outright priations waste slid in same cases dishonesty in han- Direct quotes from the CONGRESSIONAL dling money belonging to the American tax- RECOsp point up the dismal failures of our payers. The least vice easel do and should do, foreign aid programs . and the increasing and I have so urged for the 8 years I have been in. Congress, is to stop appropri- ating any more foreign aid funds until we have had an opportunity to restudy the whole program and to determine where our money should. be spent in our own interest, and to develop adequate guidelines for protecting the American taxpayers from being gouged further of their hard-earned tax dollars. Our Further Retreat i# Cuba` HON. STEVEN B. DERDUNIAN OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, September 24, 1962 Mr. DERDUNIAN, Mr. Speaker, the President is resigned to doing nothing but watching in Cuba. Several disturbing observations have been made on the subject, including that of Ted Lewis in the New York Daily News of September 21, and David Lawrence and Marguerite Higgins in today's issue of the New York Herald Tribune: [From the New York (N.Y.) Daily News, September 21, 19621 CAPITAL CIRCUS (By Ted Lewis) WASHINGTON, September 20.-A most dis- turbing aspect of the Cuban crisis was re- vealed today. It was simply to the effect that Secretary of State Dean Rusk, and presum- ably President Kennedy and the military, are not getting the information they want about conditions inside Cuba. This alarming fact comes from Rusk him- self in an otherwise well-expurgated tran- script of his closed-door testimony last Mon- day before the Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees. The disclosure is astounding. One of the chief lessons which should have been learned from the Bay of Pigs fiasco 17 months ago was that our intelligence reports on the Cuban internal situation were lousy. It had been presumed then that Kennedy, burned up about the advice he had received before the abortive invasion, had his mind set on clearing up the intelligence mess. He did name a special committee, includ- ing his brother, Robert, the Attorney Gen- eral, and Gen. Maxwell Taylor, to find out what was wrong in the CIA and come up with a revamping program. This was fol- lowed up by naming John McCone, a man of great administrative ability, as CIA Chief to succeed Allen Dulles. These actions, plus a few changes in top CIA personnel, including the resignation of Richard M. Bissell, were supposed to straight- en out the intelligence mess. No longer would the President get stuff from the cloak-and-dagger boys that was unreliable. No longer would our spies in Red Cuba talk to the wrong people and pass back to Wash- ington a prejudiced report-as before the Bay of Pigs-about how the people were ready to explode in revolt once their exiled brothers were on an invasion beachhead. Well, it is now 17 months later, and here is what two top Cuba policymakers, Rusk and McGeorge Bundy, the President's for- eign affairs adviser, have to say wader ques- tioning by Chairman RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Democrat, of Georgia, of the Senate Armed Service Committee. HOW CAN WE BE SURE? THE SENATOR WANTS TO KNOW RUSSELL (questioning Rusk). "What do you think about the quality of the informa- tion we have about what is really taking Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Nigeria. bought $20 million; Saudi Arabia, $47 million, and Spain $156.2 million. These transactions neither enhance our gold re- serve situation nor improve the living con- ditions in those countries," Congressman HARSHA, of Ohio, (They buy our gold with dollars we give them.) "The gentleman re- ferred to the purchase of television sets for Africa. There were 1,000 23-inch transistor- ized battery-operated television sets pur- chased at a cost of $400,000. It was proposed to use them in areas where there is no elec- trical power supply. So how did they pro- pose to charge the batteries? They were go- ing to charge them with a hand crank, or they were going to get a merry-go-round and charge the batteries by the merry-go- round's operation. The batteries would be charged while the children were playing on the merry-go-round. But in case they did not have a merry-go-round they were going to get one of these squirrel cages, a treadmill affair where the squirrel runs around, to charge the battery while he was running around getting nowhere," Congressman HEADER, of Michigan. "I am convinced that we are being widely oversold as to the pros- pective results to be obtained from our gen- erous intervention. We give food, fuel, fer- tilizer, seeds, clothing, raw materials, ma- chinery, development grants and loans, tech- nical services, military hardware, and now even the Peace Corps. Are all these things actually bringing old and the newly emerg- ing nations into our camp to offset the en- croachments of communism? I think it is obvious that they are not. Or, do many of them acce t ou id Approved For CONGRESSiONAL1 RECORDP64Rff WB990200140044-1SeptemJ d A7066 place inside Cuba? We have been deceived While 'Senator RUSSELL and other commit- Western or Eastern Hemisphere. The Mon in that area before. We were before the men were clearly upset about this CIA situ- roe Doctrine has not been narrowed. I. has Ouwinh wbeen eeks ago, Am ricanr policy 1945 until a few been world-been invasion, and I browie proved our means sof getting our information Ration, usk's they were of the reliabil ty satisfied based on t in Cuba on which we could rest the security telligence concerning Russian arms ship- wide and has has a right tohe ep incipleihat of this country." r:' saying he believed we had mentanptmissilesites. tion and that it is the duty of the United Ry s information. (any s good on' Soviet missile sites). [From the New York (N.Y.) Herald Tribune, forcte sthat1ex ofWklmay invade ionly smaller "In terms of political information, we do Sept.24.1962] ON SdvTE'r GRAB IN CUBA: WHY DOESN'T countries but in the end will invade the UNITED STATES SPEAK UP? larger,ones as well. Woodrow Wilson said have as get more than we as do. We should do not attitudes es an sheffect to Congress in 1917 that "the world must about s much Information abthe political ottitdes and the effect (By David Lawrence) be made safe for democracy." It is not safe upon the they Cuban people facing he in the was when a President today for any free government. which they have been faie the last lie- of the United States didn't hesitate to speak sILErac;E MISCONSTRUED several months and to an increasing de- forthrightly and to act in support of the The Soviets are talking loud because they think they c:an bluff America into inaction grRUSSELL Principles of human freedom anywhere in RU (now questioning Ist) is can we determine what hhtt he (s Soviet Bundy). "How - reats_Woodrow Wilson Band Franklin1nD. and nd silence. y speech I~'atar the MeUnitedister Nations a fe Gromyko do w of w over doing? We get such scanty informs- le as they days ago, eechga this country with tion c ing here, how can we tell whether he is madesacriices for that same people principle sloe.,, is an. example of how readily American waether them to build a powerl or in two world wars. whether he is teaching fire e them missiles to against nst the engage he e . But today there is a strange silence- silence can be misinterpreted. If the U.S. radar set so as to even a',fear that it is indiscreet or that it's Government continues to make excuses for ever b ' little United States?" abandoning the pin a little country 90 expected . try 90 IT'S ENOUGH TO GIVE AN AMERICAN THE REAL act loose in behalf talk to of urge that human America in speak Cuba and abmiles an or away, how can people to lift its voice or render any aid to the peo- arflvERS against! the cruelty of their oppressors or pies of th. captive countries an Europe and BUNDY. "I don't think we can be sure of against the autocratic government in Mos- Asia? Te draw back into Fortress Europe and that, Senator." cow which is giving military assistance to contend that the United States has no RUSSELL. "Is there any truth in the news a tyrannical dictatorship in Havana. and cgaon d speak out or act in behalf of stories that these people (the Russians) live The latest excuse or alibi now given wide the Cuban people because this might offend in colonies?" currency by advisers of President Kennedy- theiiet Russia ple bs bigger test n- cacu ger t et m BUNDY. "Yes, sir. I think they do, sir." and fed out to the press here-is that the der even more eansrthae this RUSK. "That has been a pretty general Monroe urine has been repealed because der a later on at a time when it will be more more at a time ,and more costly more pattern throughout the world, particularly AmeriGa entered World War I and World dome later s, when they are in substantial ntunbers." War Ix. It is averred that the United States, difficult, xrculives than a is now. The Rusk and Bundy responses should by militarily assisting certain governments human ves vocal chords of tU.S. Govern- scare the daylights out of some of us peas- in Europe and Asia during the cold war, has meaToday 1;he t have been chords the a stratve c- ants, at least. They aren't even positive that forfeited her right to act in behalf of peoples fear, of hesitancy, and silenced vacillation, which the Russians are living in guarded enclaves. in thief hemisphere who have had their free- keeps on. emphasizing Ind of the totality of the Rusk isn't even sure whether or not Khru- doms taken from them by Communist im- world elution if this means that the shchev's technicians are teaching the Castro- perialtsm. world th Coos principles sit t democracy and the means thties how to shoot missiles at the United if this concept gains strength, it cannot of peoples at pcy under due the yoke aspirations States. but encourage the Soviets to penetrate with of sop es ae present resen have become secondary. But Rusk is most sure about one thing- impunity North and South America as well Yet this mperia could by would about how the Cuban masses feel about the advocates of this philosophy are saying intion evitably thwart the peoples-for zes of the that would their furry fuehrer, Castro. And until this that this country has not right to interfere War or the threat of war isn't ghee most information is supplied on a solid basis, with soviet conquest of Cuba because the powerful. weapon a the world today. Moral how do you launch another invasion of ex- United. States now has, under the North force powerful economic force are even more re Iles? Or more important, how do you plan Atlantic Treaty, military bases in various force eco if cre is fear even to speak, our own invasion without a clear idea of European countries. This can only mean then, u the end, war cfearst because the whether the peasants will embrace you or that America must, therefore, recognize the enemy misinterprets silence for timidity and Ten knife you? Soviet occupation not only of Cuba but of nactionior weakness miles from the White House, on a the Baltic States, Czechoslovakia, Poland, wooded hill overlooking the Potomac, is the Hungary, Rumania, and Bulgaria. Can the (From the New York (N.Y.) Herald 7: ribune, home base of all our spies, master and other- Soviets point to a single example of the Sept. 24, 1982] wise. In this 650 million structure, well grant of American military aid that has HE NEW REALISM guarded with barbed wire from curious resulted In any political control by the T(BYHE NEW R ALISM ) iggins Americans, the ways and means of sur- United States? reptitiously spending $700 million annually RETREAT IN EXPEDIENCY UNITED I1,9 IONS.-Said the African diplo- of taxpayer funds around the world are de- The whole thing is an illustration of how melt: "Berlin? Cuba? That's not our worry. pe on. S where is the money going as expe lency leads to one retreat alter another. They are really the white man's burden-so pertains to Cuba? For he United States has just announced, to speak." through White House and State Department Said the Latin American; "If the! United OUR SPIES WERE TOO E[OITY-TOITY TO TALK TO PEASANTS pronouncements, that America's Armed States were to do something effective Here is a two-bit island, 90 miles from Forces will be used only to repel military checkmate Soviet intervention in Cuba, my Key West, now fast becoming a fortress cita- attacks on this country or its neighbors. government would congratulate you pri- del of Moscow. It has a shoreline 2,175 This) is a doctrine of isolation reminiscent of vately and lacerate you publicly." Now t]Iee quotation, noted on a, visit to miles long with thousands of uninhabited the days when prominent Republicans op- the UNations, not offered is any inlets where any one of our highly paid CIA posed. American entry into either of the two pretense United tthen area sot c n any m agents, if he could swim, could Clamber Wor'4d Wars on the grounds that the Inter- Of opinion. that Stl a they do not .deviate from safely ashore every night in the week. rt eats of this country were not directly af- roughly similar sentiments expressed along has a population of 6,750,000 scattered over fecte'd. It was of course, just a means of Row" in sentiments p. sed along 44,206 square miles--an area and population appealing to pacifistic sentiment. "Embwisy even as a w" sampling they raise some about that of Florida, Twice the dictatorship government in even s a random questions about the "new real- our yet, 17 months after the Bay of Pigs, Berlin misconstrued this attitude as an un- ism" ixt Pert quest foreign policy that Chester our CIA intelligence about what is going on willingness on the part of the United States Bowles, speaking, for once, with under Castro leaves much to be desired. to tight. In the end, the deliberate attack House blessing, apparently sp ki expounded i a Can't any secret agents talk Spanish like on American rights on the high seas forced White White speech benoun has those who wish to native Cubans? Just what is the matter? this', country into World War I in 1917. While recent about Cuba. One guess is as good as another, but it courd it was Japan and not Germany that attacked do According eth to ou Mr. Bowles, the doctrine of be that our Cuban operatives are the same Pearl Harbor in 1941, the United States ac- the new realism to is founded on the eoneef sica did something about old bunch that messed up the Bay of Pigs. cepted the challenge as a direct attack by tm i would America our ii ng ab in And what was really the matter with them the !Nazi regime as well. Indeed, the United then Cuba that then, including our hired operatives among States made its main war effort on the Con- our the Thus, the United States in t o World Wars United Nations, facken orfeit ourrtradit onalxclaim t exiles? They g le in Cuba, the rich tindiat talked to the wrong peop white-collar workers, not the peasants hai refused in world affrs to concept thits to moral~ e Sweeping leadership victories nt the the critically w witrt dirt In in their fingernails. participation Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 ,1962_ Approved Fo g?Q~?(Q /I31jiR8 P64 RPRMM200140044-1 important fields of diplomacy and politics The Ink Was Badly Faded but the * * * and a lessening of our influence in world affairs." Message Was Clear If this truly represents the New Frontier's assumptions, then the question needs ur- gently to be put whether unwillingness to EXTENSION OF REMARKS apply American power effectively in Cuba of and elsewhere does ill fact save us from the HON. ROBERT W. HEMPHILL dire consequences outlined by Mr. Bowles. To put it another way, Does inaction, as per OF SOUTH CAROLINA the new realism, heighten our influence in IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES world affairs, whiten, our reputation in the United Nations, and enhance cur traditional Monday, September 24, 1962 claim to moral leadership? Mr. HEMPHILL. Mr. Speaker, under Since the New Frontier has taken to label- leave to extend my remarks in the REC- ing its critics in foreign affairs as rash, hotheaded, and trigger-happy, it would seem olln, I include the following editorial from appropriate, for the purposes of perspective, the Yorkville Enquirer, York, S.C., of to introduce some views onp.the uses of September 20, 1962: American power of a diplomat who has never THE INK WAS BADLY FADED BUT THE MESSAGE been known to be anything but calm, cool- WAS CLEAR hitherto unpublished 4ommencement address (About as apt as anybody could put it, at Boston University, made a report on a one American, who admits he is sick, recently visit to Latin America during and after the described how he-and many like him-are abortive invasion of the Bay of Pigs. bribing on the downfall of, this once great Said Mr. Mur h "I was in Brazil at the Nation. For some time, he sat in his home p y' in San Francisco, read his newspaper, listened time of 'the Cuban operation. I was a bit to the news over the radio and television, startled to be told that the reaapn the United quietly. Inside, however, he felt a gnawing, States failed to intervene openly in Cuba was a burning. Finally, of a day, he seized upon because our Government feared at would pro- pen and paper and scribbled a letter to the voke war between the United Socialist So- Copley newspapers. What he had to say was viet Russia and the United States. I found soon picked up for editorials by other news- little or no recognition of the consistent effort our Government has loyally made Cpapers around olumbia Record and in the and the country, incline the through the years to adhere to a policy of His letter Jetter is must reading for Greenville this Ns N tion's nonintervention." r g for Nation's as "sick".) So; If Mr. Murphy is a good reporter, the I am one of the Americans who heard Mr. U.S. unwillingness to use Its power got the Khrushchev tell our Nation that my great- Worst of all possible verdicts: our moral lead- grandchildren will grow up In a Communist ership, far from being enhanced, yielded to world. For some time now that has bothered the suspicion that we were merely motivated me. I am not a brave man-not even a big by fear of Russia. Mr. Murphy based his views on the uses of American power on these observations: "We must take at face value the threats of world conquest * * *. We are faced with a continuing situation of probe and thrust and the most facile and articulate bourgeois negotiators the West can produce will be unable to deter the Gino-Soviet leadership from this line. So where is our refuge? I can only suggest power and more, especially American- determination to use power intel- ligently and, if necessary, ruthlessly. "One of the principles to which we have been firmly attached is the collective ap- proach to international questions," Mr. Mur- phy continued, "But ,again I feel that we have gone too far in our pursuit of a basi- cally sound idea in resorting to the collec- tive approach indiscriminately. There are situations, for example, where we are too ready and eager to merge our national iden- tity in the United Nations. At times I be- lieve we do this because of reluctance to face up to a risk on our own Rational ac- count. Leaning on a collectivity that in- cludes many weak, inexperienced and frank- ly selfish nations leads us into situations where we are reduced to the lowest common denominator * * *. Therefore we have no alternative to asserting our independent na- tional will and judgment, letting our asso- ciates as well as our opponents know that on Issues involving our fundamental national security we are capable of going our own way." Thus, according to the old realism of Mr. Murphy, the United States of America, which holds in its own destiny the decline or survival of freedom In our 'time, should not be deterred from doing anything nec- essary to that survival.. because other na- tions refuse to hold its hand. I suppose I would have to admit that I am, among my own neighbors and in my own culture, the typical, average, well-edu- cated, genteel, suburbanite to whom family, the mortgage, and security have been the all- important items. I am now 50, and soon my wife and I will see the first of our three children married. I paint my own house, repair my own car, grub my own devil grass, and nurse a modest savings account at the Bank of America. I ani a law-abiding man on the quiet side, ad dissension xxiakea me terrible nervous. rankly, I am the kind who simply doesn't have it in him to fight anyone ever. My wife had me cleaning out an old trunk in the storage room the other day, and I ran across the huge old family Bible that I had not thought about for years. My great-grandmother had kept a journal of the trip across the Great Plains with a wagon, and oxen when she and great-grandpa were youngsters coming out to settle in Cali- fornia In the great migration.. Great- grandma wrote about it as the wild, new land, rich and abundant in mythical propor- tions. On the trail she wrote of sickness and hunger, and heat and cold, and dust and thirst, and the deaths and births like beads strung together on a thread of hope of free- dom and a land of plenty for their children yet unborn. And when she viewed the new land she wrote In simple word pictures of the cities and farms and schools, and happiness that would some day bloom in the great- ness of the vast new land. She wrote of her tomorrow and my today. The Ink was badly faded, but the message was clear. As I read. I began to think about America and being an American and what it all stands for; and I thought about our ea?emies and wh st they intend to do to Amer- A7067 ica, to those rich lands and farms, to the cities and the people, to its freedom and its hope. And, suddenly, I realized that I am a sick American. I mean really sick. I am sick of panaceas and of backing up. I am sick of reactions where there should he initiative. I am sick of bureaucrats who tell me that my enemy is not really my enemy, and that I should live together with murderers and tyrants. I am sick of government that hasn't the guts to clean traitors out of its own offices. And I'm sick of being a nice, patient guy about it. I am sick of placidly accepting excuses instead of successes; of being a silent gentleman for fear of controversy. I am sick of my country being ridiculed all over the world. I am sick of pink-livered politi- cians who place personal career above the fate of the flag. I am sick of 40 years of relentless, creep- ing, cancerous, communistic godlessness that never once has wavered from its avowed pur- pose of conquering that flag and seeing it trampled in the mud under Russian boots. I am sick of my genteel desire to stand pat and pray while the enemy advances. I am sick of educators who teach tolerance of subversion and of clergymen who would have me quail at the specter of battle and turn my cheek in fear of what our enemies might do. In all honesty, the thing of which I am most sick is the man who let these things come to me-myself. And by the living God who made me, sir. I am a sick American who intends to get l we l. Are there any "sick" Thoughts on Labor Day EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. WILLIAM J. GREEN, JR. OF PENNSYLVANIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, September 24, 1962 Mr. GREEN of Pennsylvania. Mr. Speaker, as each new Labor Day comes and goes on annual schedule, our thoughts naturally turn to comparing working conditions today against the in- tolerable conditions that existed in long past years. Gone are the sweat shops and child labor that existed before constructive legislation was enacted to correct these abusive evils and mercenary practices that befell the luckless laborer. The real drive for recognition of the rights of labor started with the economic depression of 1873, and Peter McGuire, father to the inspiration that created La- bor Day, was a forceful component of the small group that led the way to the many substantial gains made by organ- ized labor during the ensuing years. Much has been written and said about the gains made by organized labor, which gains are principally appreciated by members of the joined labor groups. Would it not be wonderful to know, how many others outside the organized labor groups realize and appreciate just how much these hard-earned gains have benefited their respective positions in Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1 Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-gpP64 0200140044-~e twyn' A7(}68 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - p life? We should all be grateful for the We all, I am sure, will agree with Secte- two men were in different areas of trade would union leadership. life struggle of Peter McGuire tary Goldberg. Yes, Peter McGuire . Thus ,f the Labor nHistorian , writing in his pioneer efforts to bring into real- most certainly be proud to be an American atHer titudes as d - policies, tells us,`: the main in 1982. sty the favorable labor conditions as they I am equally sure that Peter McGuire they were the ideas of a brilliant Irishman, exist today. would be', proud in 1962 to be a member of P. McBut G .she. secetar bf the new fede a- James B. Carey, president of the In- the American labor movement. He than the ulsd sbe proud of trength; and its Peter size, McGuire was ere ui;ive direction ofi the federation fell into ternational Union of Electrical, Radio connotes en- ahead of', his time in believing in the com- the hands Of a London-born? Dutch-Jewish q Machine revived and focused our has tion on the and focused Our atten- plete organization of all workers. He said, cigarmaker named Samuel Gompers" Gamest himselfs wfrom as one of lioon the meritorious the of this ,.The interests of the working classes are Pe We now s of e's t ofeat man in his speech at graveside everywhere identical and we should do all le still in their early of Peter McGuire in Camden, N.J., in our power to organize all trades and call- time the Gttwo et while iogra raing club on Labor Day, September 3. I know ings in every city, town, and hamlet in the e s. how m~ers, in in his the room at drifted Union, where he and that Peter McGuire everlastingly sleeps country." calls in the knowledge that his efforts were Peter McGuire would be proud of our labor McGuire attended the on, wh es and and the bun ongthe tures. Says Gompers: "I came in contact not in vain and that in his annals ill be for- on vinte lal democracy binecause evver perpetuated in the annaof organ- founded,' the carpenters, and in the Ameri- with young men, many of whom were striv- He labor. . can Federation of Labor which he helped. to ing to learn, One of these was Peter J. He may also rett better in the knowl- organize' in 1886, just 4 years after the first McGuire, then. an alert attractive young dy. Irish-American hungry for information and edge that the world of the laboring man Labor D o ortunies to discuss current problems." today is in far better shape than when Per McGuire would be proud of our labor plater Gompers described :Bdm as "a fiery he entered and departed this earth, and movement's militancy, because McGuire him- young orator with d big heart." In the 1.880' that many of his dreams 'have become self was', not only a brilliant and aggressive during nationwide campaign for the i tday, he Gompers wrote, campaign for the a reality. strike leader; he was a two-fisted fighter for durinthe na May I now, Mr. Speaker, under unani- the cause of justice whenever he encountered s okue almost continuously. He threw him- injustice. The depression that started in self Into the work with all the enthusiasm Care consent, include Mr. James 1873 was the most terrible that had ever ability that distinguished his Carey's 1962 Labor Day speech in the e struck the United States; the unemployed and leadershi ill Appendix of the RECORD: literally starved in Philadelphia and New In this period. the newly formed AFI:, had ADDRESS BY JAMES B. CAREY, VICE PRESIDENT York. 'ssIcGuire headed a group' of union AFL-CIO; PRESIDENT, INTERNATIONAL UNION leaders which met with the New York City a major problem with its affiliates, a prob- 05' ELECTRICAL, RADIO & MACHINE WORK- Board of Aldermen to demand unemploy- lem that could have proved fatal to the ERs, AFL-CIO, AT ANNVAL LABOR DAY CERE- ment relief. There was a heated discussion. Infant AFL. Many of Its affiliates wouldn't MONY AT GRAVE OF PETEn MCGUIRE, CAM- McGuire first begged and pleaded with the stay affiliated. They would Join and depart from the federation almost on whimsy, on DEN, N.J., SEPTEMBER 8, 1962 aldermen. When begging and pleading again, out again. Four score years ago this week Peter J. failed, lie threatened (according to a his- the "Sometimes," me merest st of ofexcuxcuseses, G in in aggai was fight. torian)"to throw them out of the window ing .nded to hold the federated asc:fi or- marched k City dfaam came fifth Down New one by one if unemployment relief was not inganizatiort g si gle together. The only other officer called City's fashionable FY Avenue, on a nt ." oY the federation who felt a real responr in -1882, moe bright an 30,0 September morning o en wproud- Peter! McGuire would be proud of our labor of the for the work was J. McGuire.. The more than themselves men and women who ro movement's political action, because far mainstay of his struggling re The men, printers, lr mith akers, railroad more than any other major labor leader of tion, he found. time for the sproblems truggling o and za- en, pries, and blacksmiths, bricklayers, his time: McGuire believed in political action work of the a dtime for dxBut they ironworkers. by organized anized labor. In fact, be spent most But they also called themselves, with even Y g' If it were for no other :reason than this and th pride, something songs g else they marched his time from 18ol is 18reand Peter McGuire should go down in American tirelessly action, ct in , an State and nd labor his'aory as a major figure; because in down they the sang up avenue on s and into as Union marched Square unions: himmsel self to campaigned 'Lip political do Gompers' words, only he McGuire under- carrying signs and placards that read: "Labor local elections on behalf of the working- stood rS importance and keeping the AFL Will Be United," and "Eight Hours for Work, man's party. effectively to d the federated, eporeonly he and McGuire McGuon Eight Hours for Rest, Eight Hours for What Peter McGuire would be proud of our labor the only periodic fragmentation We Will." movement's economic gains, because he him- et st tug e American rt period of Labor. Peter Me(iuire's dream, the Nation's first self w2a probably the most sensational or- But for McGuire it must also be said, Labor Day, had been proposed by this Cam- ganizer and bargainer of his time. In a hin this dedication to den labor leader, the general secretary of the single year in St. Louis, McGuire not only there the eabor were heartaches eartach During the Christmas to Carpenters Union, at it meeting of the New organized four large local unions but was Bella or ov the . During situation 1873 i the York City Central Labor Union 4 months able tCS increase carpenter's wages by 100 became worse. Peter McGuire was probably ers related, as earlier. percent. r? McGuire would be proud ofour labor the outs:andhlg leader, Gomp Tre n 't0 ayears lone later, we honor Peter that movement's internationalism, because he "th.e unemployed filled the city's streets and Guise not alone for the inspiration that himself believed devoutly in the interne- squares and :marched to conferences with of the Labor Day; we honor him also long and tionalism of labor and the brotherhood of aldermen and mayor at the city hall."' b the truly great leaders in tha long and workingmen of all countries. Only 2 months The press worked itself almost into in- brigh history of the American labor move- after be had founded the Carpenter's Union, sane rage over McGuire. "Then began merit. e- McGuire traveled to Europe to participate in forts to thwart the movement by trickery. Secretary of Labor Arthur Goldberg, now International Socialist Congress. P. J. McGuire's father was employed in one a Justice-designate of the U.S. Supreme an There is no more appropriate place than of the large departments stores. He was an Court, at has this given Labor me a Day brief ceremony. message This s here at his grave, 110 years after his birth honest hard-working man, accustomed to present 80 years after the first Labor Day, to yield obedience to authority. He was made this "Peter Mee suggest that Peter McGuire has suffered at to feel that Peter was disgracing him by Idle- man, ter red the perhaps fras :much eed the Asm aen- the hands of history. The evidence accu- ness, consorting with unemployed "'bums" man, turned roe key that freed oppression - nulaf:es that he was a more impressive and and freethinkers. One Sunday morning he can worker from a untiring of ativityion and stood on the steps of the Catholic Church inspired and denounced and disowned his son. The hardship. working his uenian a women he er- pioneer eleader of men, a more a genius tainly hall helped w them to men be and free. women he c- of organizing, unionism, nio negotiating ating and a and strike graction city hall. politicians tried to use the incident ak lQcC7uire's spirit. He was tender- "I wonder, though, what Peter McGuire than history has generally acknowledged. to to brered and the tseairit. hurts but h-nt ,, Two things, perhaps, have served to dim stood b the rouse." the picture of his genius and the towering y Gould have to say if century he after could his visit death today, nearly a had-w stature of his talents and accomplishments. Certain it is that only Samuel (lompers er would find more people he work in First; he has become known to millions played it greater, a more historically crucial America than lived here when he was ghost solely in his role as "father of Labor 'Day." role in the Origins and early development of lie would find them enjoying the highest ?! standard rd of living the world rld has ever known. Secold, in his lifetime and afterward he was the AFT, thari did Peter McGuire. And he would see every sign that the men overshadowd by his close friend and asso- - In November 1882, 2 months after the first who run his country's affairs are determined elate Samuel Gompers. Labor I)ay but 4 years before the founding pr of that the future will be safe, peaceful, and portance of not Gompers to note thatt some his- McGuire, In an Federation the federation t es and labor prosperous. tra unions "I think Peter McGuire would be proud tdrians but that the amajor capabilitiesoofthe tl edcreation of the AFL. called in effect for to be an American in 1962." Approved For Release 2004/03/31 : CIA-RDP64B00346R000200140044-1