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February 25, 1963
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1963 Approv ,5t,%-WR24 fR filA-RH 3R000200220002-6 A935 SupposeI had failed? Well, I think it would still have been' the correct move. Sooner or later I would have found my right path in life and it Is only by daring to fail that one builds the courage and ability to succeed later on. If you give to your work-whatever it may be-every bit of your enthusiasm, talent, energy, and determination you will find an inner strength and security that can never be taken away from you. You will also find something you can enjoy now and every day of your life, Instead of waiting for some far- off future. That is why my advice to young people is: "Don't dream about security-make it for yourself, out of yourself. Dare to believe in yourself-and act accordingly. If you do, both your present and your future are secure." Significant Goal of St. Mary's EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. GEORGE P. MILLER . OF CALIFORNIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 14, 1963 Mr. MILLER of California. Mr. Speaker, my alma mater, St. Mary's Col- lege, in California is celebrating its cen- tennial year. This school has tradition- ally focused on the liberal arts and this Is reflected in its centennial year theme, which is "The Liberal Arts: Language of Free Men." The achievements of this great educa- tional institution in meeting the chal- lenges of our times through its liberal arts curriculum, has been highlighted in an editorial in the Morning News of San Leandro, Calif. I am pleased to insert in the CoNCREs- SIONAL RECORD the following most signifi- cant editorial: SIGNIFICANT GOAL OF ST. MARY'S In Moraga Valley, among the rolling foot- hills of Contra Costa County, lies St. Mary's College, which this year is celebrating its centennial. It is a small college when compared to our great State universities. But it has issued a call to all thoughtful men on the occasion of its hundredth birthday and is attracting national and international attention through its curriculum in the liberal arts. The college has chosen as its centennial theme: "The Liberal Arts: Language of Free Men." St. Mary's College includes, as part of the required curriculum, world classics seminars which consist In the close reading and free discussion of the original writings of the world's greatest thinkers. In addi- tion, St. Mary's is helping to set the pace in the United States by being one of the few colleges that has an experimental inte- grated liberal arts curriculum, in the classic tradition, teaching select students to dis- cover from original sources the relationship between all fields of knowledge as well as fulfill a major in a specific discipline. St. Mary's College is building a bridge of understanding between science and the humanities, its graduates become leaders better able to communicate with all groups of a society in danger of becoming so special- ized that the learned in one field are in- capable of understanding those of another. This particular college and others-devoted to the liberal disciplines are important to us all in the struggle for understanding and brotherhood. Science studied in isolation can and does flourish in dictatorships, in totalitarian re- gimes. But liberal arts-never. Totali- tarianism depends upon narrow education. A liberal arts curriculum helps achieve an appreciation of the most important and abiding values of Western civilization, If only a few institutions of higher learn- ing develop their own curricula along similar lines, the impact upon America's future and the future of civilized man will be sig- nificant. Powell, the Official Favorite EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. EDWARD J. DERWINSKI OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 25, 1963 Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, the Congress, as a body, has been under con- tinual criticism in the press, partly mo- tivated by the abdication of congres- sional powers to the executive branch and the other motivation being the offi- cial and unofficial activities of individ- ual Members. There has been much written and dis- cussed about the policies and behavior of the chairman of the House Committee on Education and Labor. In a prepared statement the other day, the gentleman from New York attempted to rebut the charges leveled against him In the other body by the Senator from Delaware, and in addition, he attempted to answer all of his critics by accusing them of racial prejudice. Obviously, this personal whitewash at- tempt is difficult to reconcile with the official records. The political factors revolving around the gentleman from New York and his prestige have been thoroughly discussed throughout the country. The Congress has an obliga- tion to provide its effectiveness and one of the ways that this can be accom- plished is by proper behavior on the part of all of its Members. The entire subject matter to which I refer has been effectively discussed in the news media, and a brief, concise, and clear presentation appeared In the Chi- cago Daily News of February 7, which I ask leave to insert into the RECORD at this point: POWELL, THE OFFICIAL FAVORITE Except at election time, Congressmen generally band together for the protection of the system and their perquisites under it. It is rare indeed, therefore, that one attacks another with the outraged fury that Senator WILLIAMS, Republican, of Delaware, turned on Representative ADAM CLAYTON POWELL, Democrat, of New York. It is almost as rare that such a deservedly fiery denunciation of a Congressman also becomes an indictment of the administra- tion. As it Negro leader, POWELL enjoys enormous political power, and he exploits it shamelessly. His foreign junkets at taxpayers' expense have been well publicized, but Senator Wm- s,IAMS_ produced new evidence even more scandalous, since they involve administra- tive favors, He noted, for instance, that the IRS continues to carry POWELL on its books as a delinquent in taxes, Including fraud penalties, for 1949 through 1955, although he has been continuously employed in Con- gress at a,handsome salary. WILLIAMS said the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare placed at the dis- posal of POWELL $250,000 from funds appro- priated to fight juvenile delinquency. In view of POWELL's record, this displays an astonishing confidence that he would make nonpolitical use of the money. At rates as low as 3.13 percent, POWELL and associates obtained Government loans to finance a housing development and to purchase hotels. It is well that the public should be aware of these matters. WILLIAMS is too Optimistic however, if he hopes to bring about the defeat of PowELL. This is not the first dis- closure of his practices, but his continued popularity suggests that his constituents react with approval and envy, rather than resentment. We would have hoped that the Kennedy administration would take a broMer view of thg, public interest. Why Not Get Down to the Facts? EXTENSION OF REMARKS . HON. FRANK J. BECKER OF NEW YORE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 25, 1963 Mr. BECKER. Mr. Speaker, I am in- serting herewith an editorial from one of America's finest newspapers, namely, the Tablet published in Brooklyn, N.Y. This editorial from the issue of Feb- ruary 14 "Why Not Get Down to the Facts?" speaks for Itself and is indicative of exactly what I have been talking about for a long time. I am certain if this were done everyone in this country would be much better off. The editorial follows: WHY NOT GET DOWN TO THE FACTS? Anyone who has watched Secretary Mc- Namara's televised effort to explain how the Red missile menace was dismantled in Cuba, and viewed and heard the other reports on the defensive-as opposed to offensive- weapons, and learned of the presence of thousands of Red troops in Cuba-must have been confused and bewildered. How anyone could understand, or come to an optimistic conclusion, after watching the Pentagon drama, we don't know. 'Most of the aerial reconnaissance photographs taken before and after the missiles were, as alleged, carried home were difficult to understand. Many of the pictures were not clear; they were given far more credit for deciphering objects than the viewer could see. Pictures snapped at low levels were, to be sure, clear and revealing but there were too many close- up views of the missiles in place, and then endeavoring to compare them with an excess of far-away and fuzzy abandoned sites, proved nothing. There would have been some value if the camera used the same mis- sile site, giving a before and after view. But this is neither here nor there. The undenied fact is that the Soviet has 17,000 armed men 90 miles from American shores and large quantities of weapons including planes. What is the sense of describing these troops or-the weapons as "defensive?" And even if so, what are they defending and against whom? The precise number of Red troops in Cuba is .not all important, neither is the offensive or defensive type of the very large quantity of arms. The point is that Moscow Is trans- forming Cuba into a strong military base, irrespective of whether or not long-range Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 A936 Approved For ~65BR~ 00220002-6 February 25 missile and IL-28 bombers have been hauled away. And It is Important as to what the i Soviet Intends to do with the "defensive" weapons and the well-armed and well- disciplined combat forces on the island. Why are they there and for what purpose? Those are the important questions. The most unreassuring thing about the whole business is the revelation of how dis- mally unfinished it Is. We had the Soviet on the run, and now it is all too plain that we failed to run them all the way. There was no apparent need for this fail- ure. The Government was undoubtedly right to focus its attention on getting the known intermediate-range missiles out of Cuba, and the military diplomatic operation to that end was excellent, The partial block- ! ade was accompanied by plain warnings of tougher action if the U.S. terms were not met. But for that very reason the United States was in a perfect position to carry the exer- cise to its logical conclusion. It should have told Khrushchev to remove every last one of his soldiers and send In not so much as one more rifle, lest he risk the most serious con- sequences. Everything about the Soviet re- actions in October argues that Khrushchev would have complied; indeed, how could be not have, smack up against the full array of U.S. military power? Why was'nt it done? We suppose in part because of the.same mental attitude which has so often bedeviled the United States In dealing with the Soviets, an attitude that in all fairness has been in evidence before as well as during this administration. It is a fear of pushing the enemy too far, of back- ing the bear into a corner from which it can escape only by attacking. The idea is always to give the Soviet a partial exit or some means of facesaving. If that was the reason for not completing the job we must confess it has made our present situation much more difficult. Now our risk is great and we have lost the psy- chological advantage which we enjoyed last fail. Dallas Mortgage Bankers Oppose President Kennedy's Tax Plan EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. BRUCE ALGER 01 TEXAS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 25, 1963 Mr. ALDER. Mr. Speaker, in order to keep the Members of Congress in- formed as to the attitude of important segments of our population concerning the President's tax proposal, I am Includ- ing as a part of these remarks a resolu- tion passed by A he Dallas Mortgage Bankers Association at Dallas, Tex.: RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE DALLAS MART- .GAGE BANNERS AssociATioN ON FEBRVART 11.1993 Whereas the President's proposed tax program will provide for tax reduction to the American taxpayer, and Whereas this program will now further provide for tax reforms which Include the following: 1. A taxpayer who itemizes his deductions will be able to deduct these expenses only to the extent that they exceed'5 percent of his adjusted gross income. !L Taxation of the appreciated value of property at death or when transferred as a gift. S. Proposal to tax as ordinary income the gain on the sale of real estate held for in- vestment or used in trade or business to the extent of depreciation taken. Whereas the proposed tax program pI'o- vides for reductions in base tax rates, the American citizen will lose his encourage- ment to own his home that results from his right to deduct taxes and interest before computing his income tax (except deduc- tions exceeding 5 percent of his adjusted gross income). Likewise, the good citizen who contributes generously to his church, charitable organizations, and the like would similarly be penalized: Now, therefore, be it Resolved That the Dallas Mortgage Bank- ers Association protest these changes to the present tax regulations which would pena- lize the American homeowners and property owners, The Success Story of Tobacco Controls EXTENSION OF REMARKS 07 HON. PAUL FINDLEY Or ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 25, 1963 Mr. FINDLEY, Mr. Speaker, re- peatedly during the past 2 years, the ad- ministration has pointed to tobacco and cotton as success stories in supply man- agement. Cotton is now in the worst fix in Its long history, and a recent report by U.S. Department of Agriculture econ- omists raises considerable doubt as to the success of supply management of tobac- Co. The artificial stimulus of Government control has had harmful effects on Amer- ican tobacco quality, not only since the introduction of the new chemical-MH- 80-but in previous years as well. Police- State controls, such as have been com- monplace in tobacco for many years, put the emphasis on volume production and as a result, quality suffers. This is one of the reasons why Ameri- can tobacco has not kept pace with the rest of the world in capturing its fair portion of world markets. In tobacco as in other commodities, experience should suggest a return to the discipline of the marketplace as be- ing best for producer and consumer alike. The following article which appeared in the February 23 issue of the Washing- ton Post is a remarkable commentary on the success story of supply management in tobacco: SOME ODOR PRODUCED BY TOBACCO PROGRAM (By Julius Duscha) The Government's once highly touted tobacco program is starting to come apart like a roll-your-own cigarette. Not only has there been an increase in surplus tobacco: Government policies have encouraged the production of poor-quality tobacco. Per capita consumption of tobacco de- clined slightly In 1882 in the United States for the first time in 9 years. The decrease is attributed by Department of Agriculture experts to poor-quality tobacco Be much as to increasing concern over the effects of smoking on a person's health. SUBS DT PROGRAM BLAMED These facts are documented in a highly unusual report quietly issued this week by the Agriculture Department, where for both political and economic reasons tobacco 1s an extremely touchy subject. The report was prepared by a committee of seven Agriculture Department economists. They bluntly concluded that Department subsidy programs are largely responsible for the poor-quality tobacco that is flooding the auction markets. For more than 20 years tobacco production has been carefully controlled under the most rigid restrictions. Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Free- man and many Members of Congress have frequently held up the tobacco program as an example of how surplus farm produc- tion can be controlled. But in recent years tobacco farmers have been Increasing their per-acre production to try to make more money In the face of rising costs. More than 500.000 farms grow tobacco on tiny plots of only a few acres in 16 States. The principal tobacco States are North Caro- lina. Kentucky, South Caolina, Virginia, Tennessee. and Connecticut. The biggest tobacco State Is North Caro- lina, which gets 70 percent of its cash from income from tobacco. The chairman of the House Agriculture Committee, HAROLD D. CooLEY, is from North Carolina, and the Agriculture Department generally is exceedingly careful in what it says about the tobacco program to avoid an- tagonizing CooLEY. To circumvent the acreage restrictions on tobacco, farmers have been planting their crops closer and pouring fertilizer on their land to get a greater yield from each acre. In addition, farmers have been using a new chemical. malefic hydrazide, or MH-30, to inhibit the growth of suckers or unwanted sprouts on tobacco plants. QUALrrY IS AFFECrED Before the chemical came into wide use farmers had to pinch off the sprouts. That is a slow, laborious and backbreaking job. It takes 32 hours to do this on a single acre of tobacco. But, the Agriculture Department econo- mists noted in their report, the chemical ad- versely affects the quality of the tobacco. A spokesman for a major tobacco com- pany said at a recent Agriculture Depart- ment hearing that "we ? ? ? would not know- ingly or willingly consider marketing a new cigarette which had a consumer acceptance level as low as that indicated for cigarettes made from a tobacco treated with malefic hydrazide." Hospital Care for Gold Star Mothers EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. THADDEUS J. DULSKI OF MEW YORE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, February 5, 1963 Mr. DULSKI. Mr. Speaker, I am in- troducing a bill which would authorize hospital care for Gold Star Mothers at Veterans' Administration hospitals. It is my feeling that it is our Government's obligation to care for those who have suffered in battle, and also for their de- pendents and survivors which they have left behind. These brave mothers raised sons and daughters to be good citizens and to give their lives, if necessary, to defend this great country of ours. We ought to do Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 1963, Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX gative of Congress in the school desegrega- tion decision. Thus, George Washington counseled an infant nation--a nation which he helped to establish, a nation which he led as its first President for two terms. He was a man of true greatness. His first thought was al- ways of his duty to his country.- This prin- ciple motivated him to become the great commander in chief of the Continental Army-to reluctantly 'assume the Office' of President and to decline a third term in this high office. His greatness lay in his selfless adherence to that which he knew to be right. ..Let us apply some of these principles to the Cuban situation. 'We all know that this is one of the more, critical and crucial prob- lems of our time. We all welcomed the announcement that the. Soviets would withdraw several thou- sand troops from Cuba. This is only as a limited step In the right direction. Neither this withdrawal nor any other partial with- drawal should be coynsidered as a final solu tion of the basic Cuban problem and threat. The basic problem,' and the real threat to the Americas, lies in the fact that Inter- national communism now has a firm foot- hold In the Western Hemisphere. The "Made in Moscow" government is in Cuba for the primary purpose of increasing and spread- ing communism's influence and power in Latin America. We know that it Is here to stay-if we permit it to do so. Public debate during the past few weeks has focused largely on whether'Khrushchev has or has not withdrawn his offensive wea- pons from Cuba. Certainly, this Is impor- tant. None of us can afford to be uncon- cerned about the threat of missiles and planes which can rain nuclear death and de- siruction on us in a matter of minutes. However, we must not. allow our attention to, be preoccupied entirely by an overly me- ticulous concern about whether the mili- tary threat to 'Lis-has been increased or de- creased fractionally by the introduction or withdrawal of certain tykes or numbers of weapons. If we do we may -very well fail to face up to the proposition "that, regard- less of how many or how few troops support it, the alien and antidemocratic govern- ment now being maintained In Cuba by Russian armed soldiers is in and of 'itself the real and basic threat to the peace and security of the American Republics. Inter- national communism at our very doorstep, without regard to the supporting weaponry, is offensive to me, and, I believe, to a ma- jority of my fellow Americans. I am not primarily concerned over the exact number of troops Khrushchev has in Cuba. Even ten would be too many. T believe that it is the fact that the Russian Bear now stands astride the unhappy island of Cuba which most troubles the average American. The American people are disturbed and un- easy because they know that we cannot live with this menace Indefinitely. Therefore, they want to be assured that our responsible officials recognize the prob- lem and recognize also that it will not just disappear with the passage of time. They want to be convinced that we have the na- tional will and purpose to do everything within our power to wipe out all Soviet- dominated governments in this hemisphere and that we have a firm,' and hard plan and policy to accomplish this. In short, I believe that our people take the same position which the Congress itself took when it adopted Senate Joint Resolution 230 last October Ip aSiRpting this resolution we in Congress expressly reaffirmed the Mon- roe Doctrine and ;declared that we were "determined to prevent by "whatever means neecssary, including the use of arms, the Cuba fr Marxist- chin st regime in tending, by force or the threat of fo exs rce, its aggressive or subversive activities to any part of this hemisphere." The resolution de- clared we were "determined to prevent in Cuba the creation or use of any externally supported military capability endangering the security of the United States." The American people ask only, I believe, that we adhere to this resolution and that we demonstrate once again that the historic Monroe Doctrine is still an integral part of our national policy and that we do, in fact, consider any attempt by foreign'powers "to extend their system to any part of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and security." When these things are done-and when our people are convinced that our Nation is still strong, resolute, vigorous, determined, and above all, unafraid-I know that the patriotic people of this Nation will unite four square behind the Government as they have always done in times of national crisis. The Preparedness Investigating Subcom- mittee, in the real course of Its inquiry, will develop all of the facts and I hope that it can make a real and tangible contribution in shaping a hard and firm policy which will finally rid - the Americas of this cancerous communistic growth. - This is no time for despair. Fear has no place in our thinking. We have every rea- son to face the future with faith in our form of government and in our ability to make it work. Endowed as we are with individual liberty and our national resources, with faith in a Higher Power and a determination .to .do our part, we shall meet and conquer the problems of our time. May God sustain us as we go. Senator Williams Lauds Year 2000 Plan EXTENSION OF REMAIR,KS of - HON. CARLTON R. SICKLES OF MARYLAND IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 25, 1963 Mr. SICKLES. Mr. Speaker, a notable effort to educate the voters regarding the issues is being. undertaken by the League of Women Voters in the Washington metropolitan area. Each month seven local leagues cooperate to produce the television series "Up for Decision" deal- ing with governmental problems of in- terest to the area. In a recent program Senator HARRISON WILLIAMS of New Jersey, gave his views on the. year 2000 plan for this area. . League panelists on the program deal- ing with regional planning were Mrs. Robert T. Andrews, Fairfax County, Va.; Mrs. Geoffrey J. Lanning, Arlington -County, Va.; Mrs. Richard T. Atkinson, District of Columbia; and Mrs. William J_ Shickler, Prince Georges County. Mrs. Irwin C. Hannum, of Prince Georges County, was moderator. Mrs. R. C. Bar- rett, of Montgomery County, is the gen- eral chairman; the producer for this pro- gram -was- Mrs. Robert Wolf, of Prince Georges County, assisted by Mrs. Robert ,..I am pleased to insert a Washington Post article, of January 24, 1963, dealing with this program in the RECORD: SENATOR WILLIAMS LAUDS YEAR 2000 PLAN The year 2000 plan for metropolitan Wash- inton has gained a supporter in the U.S. Senate. Senator HARItISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., Demo- crat, of New Jersey, hailed the proposal as "the kind of foresighted thinking we will want in this area in the years to come." But he said it was unrealistic to expect the creation of some "superagency" to carry out the program. "Local governing units are very conserva- tive in' changing their nature and pooling their governmental jurisdiction. I feel what we'll have to do is just take existing govern- mental units and try to find ways to relate them," he said. The year 2000 plan calls for growth of the area along ,transportation corridors radi- ating out from Washington, with wedges of open space separating them. The plan is endorsed by most area planners, Government leaders, and President Kennedy. WILLIAMS said revitalization of downtown Washington can take place "if there is ef- fective, efficient, reliable-perhaps even com- fortable-mass transportation serving the suburbs and feeding the central city." "The Federal Government can induce local communities to work together on common problems by making money and planning assistance available," he said. The Senator, who has introduced legisla- tion that would provide mass transportation grants to urban areas, spoke on WETA-TV's "Up for Decision." Math, of Arkansas, to the Rank of Brigadier General in the Marine Corps Reserve EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. HUBERT H. HUMPHREY OF MINNESOTA IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES Monday, February 25, 1963 Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, re- cently the Commandant of the Marine Corps, Gen. David M. Shoup, notified the former Governor of Arkansas, the Hon- orable Sidney E. McMath, that he had been selected for promotion to brigadier general in the Marine Corps Reserve. General McMath is now the third gen- eral in the Marine Corps Reserve, and this is in itself a testimony to the great distinction of this fine officer and public official. In the Arkansas Gazette of February 7 there is a fine editorial entitled "Gen- eral McMath." Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- -sent that this editorial be printed in the Appendix of the RECORD. - There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: [From the Arkansas Gazette, Feb. 7, 1963.] GENERAL MCMATH The Marine Corps has been as important as politics in the life of former Governor Sid McMath, and his promotion to the rank of brigadier general in the Marine Reserve must bring a great deal of pleasure to him, as it does to us. Mr. McMath has been a good citizen of Arkansas as a civilian, in the years since he has been out of public office as well as during 11 %1Ie time" he' served, as Governor. When issues have arisen in the - public sphere, Mr. McMath has been there to help fight them out, scarcely mindful of the .Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 2820 Approved For R leas 0 /?iCQ&$DPQA8W3R00020022000 rusty 25 in the hands of the President under the Consitution of the United States. Thp term "bipartisan foreign policy" Implies in my mind, and I am sure it im- plies in the minds of many of our citi- zens, because of letters I have received and questions I have been asked, that the President of the United States when he is discussing the matter of a particular policy in our foreign affairs, would call in not only his own Cabinet members, not only the congressional leaders of his own party, but leaders of the opposition party. And this applies to previous ad- mini$trat1ons as well as this one. Naw, to my knowledge, the President just does not do this. I have written a repo ;Les t this week which I am going to read, I sent this to all of my weekly newspapers, because of recent letters I have received, in which I have been asked: Were the Republican Members of Congress a party to the foreign policy annginced In respect to Cuba, in respect to_ Canada, in respect to the Skybolt, England, ant: with respect to our policy Insofar as France is concerned? My report reads as follows: BlreavIsAN PoaaroN POLICY? I receive many letters in which people ask: -What is meant by bipartisan foreign policy." The Cuban fiasco again has pointed up the complete fallacy of what the Kennedy ad- ministration likes to put on a sanctimonius pedestal in the guise of "bipartisan foreign policy." Believe me, there isno such thing. Certainly, when the President of the United States, who has sole constitutional authority for our foreign policy, makes an lrrevpcable agreement, even though Itmay be dangerous, as he did with Castro, all Americans, regardless of politics, back him up. But, that doesn't mean that his errors are the result of what some of the eggheads like to call bipartisan foreign policy. What the President does Is to make his decisions and then call in the responsible people of both parties and say, In effect: "Well, I've done this. Now, you must be good Americans and go along with me." This may imply that the opposition sit back and say and do nothing. Well, as an American and as an elected Representative of the people, I never have and never will do that The Cuban mesa is a good example. So are southeast Asia, Kantanga, etc. The President set It policy; then he told us what he had done and expected us to say amen. Finally; in October of last year, be did what I and others had recommended-he blockaded Cuba. It should have been done long before that, but anyway he finally did it. So, we pledged our full support to a measure which was overdue. but to which there was no alternative. In the pitifully inadequate measures which followed, we were told nothing-not even the real facts about the Russian buildup In Cuba. What, then, would have been the result if some of us had swallowed the high-sounding philosophy of "bipartisan foreign policy" and said nothing. The thousands of Russian troops which are still there would have gone unnoticed. Castro would have gone blithely along. un- interrupted to set up, with Russian help, the Communist base from which to infiltrate all of Latin America, which is his real aim, all the time prepared to protect himself against any US. Interference because he had missiles which could devastate our' cities and the Russian technicians who knew how to operate them. 'this, in truth, would have completed the Communist lease of Cuba which President Kennedy all but signed when lie pledged that the United States would not invade Cuba. Certainly, there was no bipartisan ap- proach to that noninvasion policy. The President simply did It and then told us !o. So, there is no such thing as a bipartisan foreign policy. There shouldn't be and I'll never be a party to any such arrangement. Mr. Speaker, I think it Is high time that we. as Members of the House of Representatives, particularly those on the Republican side, who believe in a sound foreign policy, should be told what is going on. If our foreign policy is to be bipartisan in its preparation and in its actual conduct. I know that under the Constitution, both past and present, this has not been done. I am not asking that It be done. But, at least what we should understand and what our people should be told, is that these decisions are the decisions of the President. The Presi- dent has full and complete responsibility. But, Mr. Speaker, a few weeks ago a statement was issued by the State De- partment pulling the props out from un- der the Prime Minister of Canada, Mr. Diefenbaker, by insisting that nuclear warheads go into Canada. Now, I understand that the President was furious about that statement when he was apprised of it in the press. Yet, I did not hear that anyone lost his job. I did not hear that Secretary of State, Dean Rusk, who stated that he would accept the full responsibility for the statement, discharged anyone. I did not hear the President denounce anyone or deny the validity of the statement. Nor did I hear that anyone was discharged who was responsible for preparing or releasing the statement. Certainly, Mr. Speaker, the Secretary of State had every means to find out who was responsible for it. The decision was made at a meeting, or prior to a meeting down in Bermuda, between the President and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, Mr. Mac- millan. It was decided to stop the pro- duction of the Skybolt missile, a missile that England was preparing Its bomber force to use. No one I know of who had Republican Party responsibility, was called in, prior to that decision, and I am not sure that anybody with Republican responsibility was called in after the de- cision or informed that the decision was being made. Mr. Speaker, for the good of our coun- try we should as Members of Congress advise our constituents just what this so-called bipartisan foreign policy means. I am not, at this moment, just talking about the present administra- tion. The term seems to be used almost every day. Only last week I read In the press about "Kennedy pledges leaders at secret session at the White House." And down further In the article there is one very significant paragraph: There was some speculation at the ses- sion ? ? * was an effort by Mr. Kennedy to publicity. They got important news off slam the door on any charges that his foreign the front pages and off the radio and policy was more partisan than bipartisan. television. Instead we heard and read I am not in agreement with that para- about 50-mile hikes. The minds of the graph because I do not charge the Presi- people are supposed to be taken off the dent and his foreign policy with being real problems confronting us. This is just a political foreign policy in that it the type of thing that is going on, and I Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 is partisan politically. I merely say it is a fact that he makes the decisions. It Is his responsibility and the decision is not bipartisan. There is no basis for the implication that Republican leader- ship as well as Democratic leadership of the Congress had agreed to that policy before the decision was made. This is the point I am trying to make. It is the point I am going to insist upon. It is the point I am going to constantly and continuously advise the people in my district about whenever and wherever I can get the information across. Mr. Speaker, that is about the gist of what I have to say. I want that to get in the RECORD just the same as the statements I shall Issue from time to time. Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield for a question? Mr. BECKER. I would be happy to yield to my distinguished colleague, the gentleman from Texas [Mr. ALGER]. Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, I would like to Join with the gentleman from New York in his discussion and his defi- nition of the use and misuse of the word "bipartisan." My question is this: Does the gentleman not feel first of all that it is the perogative, indeed, the duty of Members of Congress to be critical of foreign policy and, secondly, not to be shut off by the use of the word "bi- partisan" as though they are not sup- posed to be critical of the foreign policy which affects all of us? Mr. BECKER. This is exactly the in- tent of my remarks today. I believe that we would be irresponsible-irresponsible to the nth degree-if we attempted to roll over and play dead every time the President makes a mistake, whether it be our domestic or foreign policy. The mistakes that have been made during the past 2 years, from the time of the Bay of Pigs invasion right on down the line to Laos-keep occurring. What happened recently during the so-called blockade of Cuba as to whether missiles were or were not in Cuba? What hap- pened in the situation with reference to Canada? These things create a respon- sibility on the part of Members of Con- gress to let the American people know that we are not parties to that decision. I assure the gentleman I would not have been a party to them myself. Mr. ALGER. If the gentleman will yield further, does the gentleman feel that some of the concern expressed now by the administration is the fear indeed of congressional criticism of policies that do not reflect the will of the people? Mr. BECKER. I am quite sure of that. Permit me to call the attention of the gentleman to this: You know when the situation with the administration had become very, very critical and bad in recent months and when the people were catching up with it, you know what hap- pened. They pulled a 50-mile hike out Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 think we should make the people under- stand why. Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, if the gen- tleman will yield further, may I com- ment further and ask another question of him? Mr. BECKER. I am happy to yield. Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, I have been asked by very dedicated Americans who are sincerely concerned, and who are also worried about criticism of the Com- mander in Chief if, indeed, we are weak- ening his posture and the posture of our Nation today when we are critical; so I want to ask the gentleman,, Is there not even greater danger that if we stifle and eliminate freedom of speech in this country in order to defeat the enemy, we have actually adopted the enemy's tech- niques and have already been defeated by him, so that there does not need to be any party or parties, except one party and a dictatorship? Mr. BECKER. The gentleman is ab- solutely correct. I might call the gen- tleman's attention to an article that ap- peared yesterday in the Washington Star "Krock Calls Kennedy Policy Cyni- cal on News," I suggest the gentleman read that article. I intend to put it in the RECORD. Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield further? 'Mr. BECKER. I yield. Mr. ALGER. Do I understand that the gentleman speaking to us at this time will include the article just men- tioned as part of his remarks? Mr. BECKER. Mr. Speaker, I intend to include, after my remarks, the article by Arthur' Krock which appeared in yes- terday's Washington Star, the title of which I have just read. Mr. Speaker, may I add this? The gentleman has hit on the most salient point of my discussion and what I am trying to do. It is simply this. Our people, by a virtually controlled press, it would seem, or news media, on news and information not only from the White House but from our departments of Gov- ernment, including the State Depart- ment and the Department of Defense, are no longer being apprised of the facts and the truth of what is happening throughout the world. If we are going to let this go by under the guise of what is called bipartisan foreign policy then I say that we are subject justly to the wrath of the people. We should be con- demned not only as individual Members of Congressbut as individual citizens be- cause we are not living up to our respon- sibility and to the oath that we have taken on this floor in every session since we becairie Members. Mr. AVERY. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? ` Mr. BECKER. I yield to the gentle- man. Mr. AVERY. Mr. Speaker, I should like to return for just a moment to the reference that was made to the article in the Washington Star of yesterday by Mr. Krock. I think first it should be made clear in the RECORD at this point that Mr. Krock himself states that he is a personal friend of the President and has been a personal friend of the family for many years; So certainly this very CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE pointed criticism by Mr. Krock should not be viewed as a partisan comment. This was an observation of a highly re- spected and senior member of the Wash- ington press corps. I think it should be pointed out in connection with this that apparently Mr. Krock's article drew some attention from the administration, because it is my understanding from an article in the Washington Post of Satur- day morning that the administration now, under the direction of Mr. Sallinger, has proposed a "retreat" from spokes- man for the administration and the press corps, so that either the press corps may better understand the administra- tion, or else the administration may bet- ter understand the press corps. I would hope however that whatever transpires at this retreat near Warren- ton, Va., that representatives of the press will carry out the historic respon- sibility of that profession in America to defend their right to speak out and keep the public entirely informed. Mr. BECKER. I certainly agree with the gentleman. I would hope the press would resume its responsibility from the publishers to the editors to the newsmen in publishing the news, in publishing and reporting as they always did the news . and the facts as they see them, and not accept the brainwashing when they get down to this retreat. Mr. AVERY. I think we ought to point out now that this controversy should not be confused with the Moss committee's 5-year project to guarantee the "right to know". As I understand the objective of the Moss committee, it is not the management of the news but relates to the Executive privilege of not making available to the press such in- formation that is classified. The objec- tion to making classified information available is entirely separate from the management or misrepresentation of the news as described by Mr. Krock. Mr. DECKER. I agree with the gen- tleinan. Mr. YOUNGER. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. BECKER. I yield to the gentle- man from California. Mr. YOUNGER. In regard to Cuba, it seems to me as though we miss the point when we take so much time argu- ing about whether they have missiles or whether they have cannons or air- planes. It makes little difference wheth- er they have those or whether they have slingshots. The Communists want a base of operations. Their technique and their method of operation is not military but is intrigue, infiltration, and sabotage. As long as any one Russian is there that danger exists. Is that not true? Mr. BECKER. May I say to the gen- tleman that I do wish the American people had been better informed as to our objectives in imposing a blockade last year in Cuba, not merely to protect the security of the people of the United States from a missile attack but because this. was a kickoff base not only to infil- trate subversively in all the countries of Latin America and Sauth America but to help formulate guerrilla forces in those countries, to induce guerrilla op- 2821 erations and revolution in those countries from a Communist base in Cuba. This is what we tried to do all last year and are still trying to do, but we still cannot get the show on the road, so to speak. I might refer the gentleman to an article by a great and knowledgeable lady, which appeared in U.S. News & World Report. The author I refer to is a distinguished former Member of the House, Clare Booth Luce. The article last week deals with this very effectively. I am inserting the article in its entirety in the RECORD. Mr. YOUNGER. The gentleman fur- ther realizes that a submarine base there is far more important than some of the missiles and other things? Mr. BECKER. I agree with the gen- tleman, but we get into the area now of asking: Do we have proof the submarines are there? We do not have proof the submarines are not there. Do we have proof that missiles are there? We do not have proof missiles are not there. In other words, we have no proof. We tried to get it on the demand of the President last fall when he set ,of the blockade of Cuba. He should have stuck to his guns and insisted upon on-site inspection. If we were not strong enough to do it then, we ought to give up. Mr. YOUNGER. I thank the gentle- man, and congratulate him on his re- marks and upon bringing' this subject to the attention of the House. Mr. PELLY. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. BECKER. I yield to the gentle- man from Washington. Mr. PELLY. The gentleman has ad- dressed the House on the subject of bi- partisan foreign policy.. I think the RECORD should show that the father of the bipartisan policy, Senator Vanden- berg, made it very clear that he expected that foreign policy should be debated fully. I think his words actually were that it should be debated totally down to the water's edge. I think we should all remember that we do have a responsi- bility as a minority to discuss this sub- ject fully but not to go out of our way to try to use any partisanship in our arguments. Mr. BECKER. I appreciate the gen- tleman's contribution referring to the late Senator Vandenberg, because that was his position. I want to make this abundantly clear, that when the Presi- dent made the decision on October 22 to blockade Cuba, we backed him up, but that does not mean we should roll over and play dead when he did not follow through. Mr. STINSON. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. BECKER. I yield to the gentle- man from Washington. Mr. STINSON. It would be a serious act on our part to sit here and do noth- ing. That is what I think the gentle- man from New York was trying to bring out. Does the gentleman think there is any correlation between the timing of the announcement on the Cuban crisis, which happened just before the election, and the possibility this might have been Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 2822 done for a political reason or a party reason? Mr. BECKER. Far be it from me to charge President Kennedy with politics. Actually, I Chink he is one of the most astute politicians on the American scene in many, many a year, While I do not know the President's intent it was certainly in my mind at the time and it did have its political effect. Mr. Speaker. I ask unanimous consent at this time to insert in the RECORD with my remarks an article concerning Arthur Krock in the Washington Star of yesterday and an article by Claire Boothe Luce, former Member of this House and a great lady and former Am- bassador to Italy. The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr.. HaGsN of Georgia). Without objection, It is so ordered. There was no objection. Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, will the gen- tleman yield? Mr. BECKER. I yield to the gentle- man from Missouri. Mr. 14ALL, With reference to the last point raised by our colleague about the timing and the political implication of the Cuban quarantine, or blockade, or whatever you want to call it, has the gentleman considered what a reversal of 2 weeks might have done to the Novem- ber 1962 election-if instead of bringing out the Cuban situation 2 weeks before November 6 and the $7.8 billion deficit 2 weeks after, if those 2 items had been reversed? I wonder what the com- b plexion of this House would have been today In such an event. I wonder if the gentleman has given consideration to those two alterations of simple facts and timing from the political point of view? Mr. BECKER. Let me assure my col- league, the gentleman from Missouri who is very astute, that I am never averse to considering political considera- tion and statements made and the tim- Ing of them. -Certainly, I will say with all the sincerity at my command that I i believe the President of the United States waited until the most dangerous time in all history to order the blockade of Cuba on October 22. This should { have been done months before-not when we knew all these missiles were in ,there-and launching pads were being built. And as to the great distortions of facts, the question is going to come up In the next couple of weeks as to the time *hen we knew these missiles were in there, when photographs were taken. I Win sure some factual material will come but in the next couple of weeks. As to tie e other part of your question, the $7.8 billion deficit that was announced 2 peeks after election, I do not know Nether in the minds of the people this ould have had as much offsetting ef- f ect-I am talking about the political ect-as the Cuban blockade an- ounced on October 22because we all as J!n ericaa citizens were forced to make atements backing up the President's Lion at that time. We could not have one otherwise. Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, will the gen- man yield further? Mr. BECKER, I am happy to yield to ee e gentleman. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE February 25 Mr. HALL, I would like to say I was among the first to back the President and say that the die had been cast and we should rally and not let partisanship interfere with us or go beyond our shore- line at that particular point. Of course, I expected we would finish the job when we "drew the mark," and had everything in our favor, But I think if history is to be objective and to describe where the error was made, it will not be on this question of elections of last year, but will go clear back to the Bay of Pigs, April 17, 1961. Finally, I would say It takes more than a bad cold in Chicago to make one change the course of history and come back from the campaign trail and invoke a quarantine. It takes the feeling of the American people, and I would hope that just as the gentleman in the well of the House, my esteemed colleague from New York, is today bringing up the question of the amorality of not debat- ing foreign policy, be it good, bad or in- different, so would history in its objec- tivity point out when you expect to have a $500 million excess in the budget as predicted in the state of the Union message and in the campaign message and in the 2d session of the 87th Congress budget message, then suddenly it turns into a $7.8 billion deficit, announced like this-afterwards instead of before the election-it has its moral or lack of moral implication. I commend the gentleman on his expose and his expertise today in the well of the House. Mr. BECKER. I appreciate the com- ments of the gentleman from Missouri. We sit on the same committee and I know how well he does on that com- mittee. Let me point this out. You have brought out something which is most important, when the President- and this talk goes on all the time-about bipartisanship-particularly In this ad- mintstration-I wonder what he called it during the campaign of 1960 and prior Senator John F. Kennedy went from one end of this land to the other bemoaning a missile gap, day after day-one of the most dangerous things that any Member of this or any other body could do. He was telling our enemies that we were not prepared with missiles and that there was a great missile gap between what we had and what they had. And the then Senator John F. Kennedy was going from one end of the land to the other constantly harping about our loss of prestige and about how low our pres- tige was in the world. Well, I say to President John F. Ken- nedy: If you felt that way about our prestige at the time of the election how do you feel about our prestige today? You don't have to take any poll to know how low our prestige is now. If that was bipartisanship, Mr. Speaker, then I am right in what I am saying about biparti- sanship today and that is why I think more of our Republicans must make their voices heard so the American peo- ple will have no doubt as to the facts, I want to call these facts to the attention of the American people, for It is badly needed. Mr. CLEVELAND. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. BECKER. I yield. Mr. CLEVELAND. I would like to compliment the distinguished gentle- man on his cogent remarks on biparti- sanship. During the course of the gen- tleman's remarks the question of "news management" suggested Itself. I had prepared for delivery in the House to- day some remarks on news management. They include the article about Mr. Ar- thur Krock, the distinguished New York Times correspondent which has been re- ferred to by the gentleman. Also an Associated Press article regarding the Cuban news situation reporting the views of my esteemed colleague, the gentleman from Washington [Mr. PEL- LY). Finally, a statement from the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD by the distin- guished gentleman from Maryland [Mr. MATHIAS]. I wonder if their relationship to news management would not be a little more effectively presented if the three articles were set out in the RECORD at one place? Mr. BECKER. The gentleman wish- es to insert it following my remarks? Mr. CLEVELAND. Yes: if it can be done at this time. Mr. BECKER. I am about finished. I have no objection. Mr. HALEY. Mr. Speaker, reserving the right to object, may I understand what the gentleman is attempting to do? Is he attempting to spread his re- marks among those of the gentleman from New York, or afterward? Mr. BECKER. After. Mr. HALEY. Mr. Speaker, I withdraw my objection. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from New Hampshire, There was no objection. )From the Washington Star) KRocx CALLS KENNEDY BOLD, CYNICAL ON NEWS (By the Associated Press) Arthur Krock, prize-winning newsman, ac- cuses President Kennedy of managing the news with a cynicism, boldness and subtlety unmatched in peacetime history. But, the veteran newsman says: "If Mr. Kennedy has achieved any success in these efforts, the principal onus rests in the printed and electronic press itself." Mr. Brock, for 21 years chief of the Wash- ington bureau of the New York Times and more recently a Times Washington colum- nist, levels his indictment in the March Issue of Fortune magazine. He cites, as an affront to Jeffersonian prin- ciples of a free press. "the 'information di- rectives' prescribed for the Pentagon and the Department of State when the crisis over Cuba began to harden." He said the "wea- pon" of news management has been im-. properly used to inflate success or gloss over error "in the aftermath of half-won show- downs--such as President Kennedy's with respect to the Soviet rearmament of Cuba." HITS "SOCIAL FLATTERY" Mr. Brock says Mr. Kennedy and high sub- ordinates Indirectly manage news by "social flattery of Washington reporters and com- mentators, and by "selective personal pa- tronage." in the latter category he included exclu- sive interviews, attributable to the President, which he says have ceased to be a rarity. "But Mr. Kennedy," he writes, "prefers the intimate background briefings of journalists, and their publishers, on a large scale, from Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 2824 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE February 25 war``-if risk there was-by the side of and to keep Great Britain. Prance, and Ger- Amirica. many forever In the United States nuclear eou4se, was that, whereas President de Gaulle had.shown confidence In us at the time of the navI blockade, the final U.S. polit- ical capitulation to Khrushchev and Castro bads diminished that confidence, and that the ,President hoped that somehow It could be restored. TTe hope is an Idle one. The fault is by no means entirely the President's. France has, grown economically strong enough to mil tartly. TILe significance of the two Kennedy back- downs over Cuba is that what was a desire no seems-or at least to General de Ga le-to be an urgent necessity for France's own survival. - Tie character of the U.S. nuclear commit- ment made in 1946 changed In the 1950's when Russia became itself a nuclear power. Today, as in 1946, that commitment is to launch a nuclear attack on Soviet Russia If she moves against Germany. But In 1983 the same commitment means a w lltngnese to destroy the United States for the sake of Europe. When the matter is put'in this blunt fashion, how many Ameri- ca are for it? Xhrushchev took the full measureof Presi- den Kennedy and U.B. public opinion in the ,Cuban cs. 8o did Charles de Gaulle. His conclusion: If the war chips should ever go town in Europe, the United States will not initiate nuclear war on Russia until Rus- sia rages nuclear war on America-and vice veri. The effect of this undeclared nuclear pact Is to subtract both U.S. and U.S.S.R. nuclear forces from the European military equhtion. E~rope is today, without its own nuclear force, a limited war area. Consequently the,outcome of any European conflict would then be decided by Russia's 125 divisions and NATO's 23-or a negotiation. Thor choice today Is as plain as the nose on Oer}eral do Gaulle's face. It is to get their own nuclear umbrella or to trust the United Stas, if they are attacked by Russian con- ven inal weapons, to launch her missiles at Russia, knowing that she would get Russia's 100-ton megaton bombs right back. General de Gaulle has made the only choice a patriotic Frenchman could possibly make. Like the rational Frenchman he Is. he chooses to build up his own nuclear establishment. Be knows that the day U.B. troops an pulled out of Germany, France will be unable to defend itself without its own nuclear force. IIr~ his youth. President Kennedy wrote a book called "Why England Slept." It de- scr1 ed how England, in 1939, was caught militarily napping by the Germans, and its very sound thesis was that no nation can effod to wait until it is attacked to prepere its own defenses, and that, above all, It can- not rely on the military or economic strength even of Its allies to save it from destruction. W UNITED STATES FULLS OUT Or EOSOFL Charles de Gaulle has paid the author of "Why England Slept" the compliment of tak ng his advice. He does not Intend to be ca t napping if at some future date the 'United States, in order to prevent a world holocaust-and its own destruction-yanks Its " uclear umbrella away from Europe. is hard to see what Is "Napoleonic" abo}it a Frenchman's desire to protect France, or why the desire to remove France fro ` the category of a limited war area ahoild be considered a folio de grandeur. Whit Is much more a folio de grandeur is the desire of the United States to keep Eu- ropi a United States nuclear colonial area (Mr. ALGER (at the request of Mr. BELL) was given permission to extend his remarks at this point In the REcoRD, and to Include extraneous matter.) Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, in my view bipartisanship in foreign affairs is wrong. Agreements may indeed occur between members of both parties inas- much as Americans do indeed stand to- gether as a Nation in a hostile world. The ties that bind Americans are far greater than the divisive forces at work in the world today that separate us from Socialist-Communist societies. Our Re- public and our people, blessed with free- dom are a world apart from Communists and those dictatorships that deny free- dom and self-determination to their people. But agreements that result in biparti- san harmony must never preclude, fore- close or In any way or to any degree limit freedom of speech. Most of all, In for- eign affairs we must freely express our views. More heads are better than a few. Our free criticisms result In a final policy which Americans will support as we have many times. But these deci- sions and policies were amalgams of many and various views, sometimes highly critical. Our Republic's strength Is in our differences and contrasts of views that result in thorough analysis. If now we must abandon our right to speak freely and criticize then indeed our constituents are voiceless, are not represented and we have a dictator- ship-the very form of government we abhor the most. Let us not adopt the enemy's views in order to discredit and defeat him. Indeed, our very lack of policy-today- the so-called no-win policy, the bewilder- ing conflicts of U.B. sovereignty and U.N. decisions, the countless forms of aid to the enemy that we give In many kinds of foreign aid, the suicidal acceptance of Monroe Doctrine violation, the supine refusal to stand up for U.S. sovereignty as we back down In concessions to count- less demands by Communists-these and more partially demonstrate, I believe, our error in having adopted a posture of so- called bipartisan foreign policy. As the gentleman from New York (Mr. BECKER] said, the unilateral decisions of President Kennedy are not the policies and decisions of Republicans. The mis- takes under this administration in for- eign policy are not, therefore. Republi- can mistakes. Nor should mistakes- and there are now many-be white- washed or buried from view by blocking criticism by accepting a policy of bi- partisan agreement. Indeed, on the contrary, the adminis- tration should right now be champion- Ing a foreign policy so firm, so clearly understood by all, so protective of U.S. sovereignty, that It could withstand all Republican criticism--or if It cannot- then the valid criticisms of Republicans should be recognized, analyzed, and adopted. It is at this point that this administra- tion's lack of policy breaks down so clearly. The lack of overall policy and the fitful reacting without a basic policy to the various threats to freedom and peace as they arise In the world are now the reason, apparently, for the President calling for bipartisanship-so that the mistakes will be glossed over and the blame not cast on him. The President cannot escape this responsibility but more Important-the countless mis- takes of Cuba. Vietnam, Laos, the Congo, France, Canada, and Latin America must be corrected. Solt is that the Presi- dent's only hope, as I see it, is to call on the Republicans-correct the con- tinuing mistakes and protect our Na- tion and her people. Not dodge, delay, or sidestep the continuing errors that need correction now. As a starting point let me suggest that we reimpose the Monroe Doctrine, clari- fy the Vietnam war where Americans are being killed in a war that is not a war, eliminate the foreign aid that goes to the enemy, the Communists, and stop supporting the United Nations aid to the enemy. There are other solutions available to troublesome problems if the President would first not worry about covering up criticism by bipartisan appeals; second, contradict those in the administration who say It is proper for government to lie to her people; third, get about really protecting U.B. sovereignty instead of apologizing for U.S. determination to protect freedom, justice, and decency, and finally stop managing the news, preferring at last to confide in the peo- ple, telling them and us, their represen- tatives, what world situations really are, so that we can all join in protecting our- selves and our beloved land. NEWS MANAGEMENT Mr. CLEVELAND. Mr. Speaker, ex- panding means of communication have created a promise of better news coverage for Americans. From a technical view- point, we must applaud such achieve- ments as Telstar. However, in the age of Telstar, Mazors, and the like, a new phenomenon has arisen known as news management. Some aspects of news management are reminiscent of George Orwell's 1984. My distinguished colleague from Mary- land called attention to this phenomenon In a statement on the House floor Feb- ruary 21, 1963. The reprint of the statement follows: WASHINGTON "CON" MEN Mr. MsvrnaS. Mr. Speaker, the Attorney General Is Ignoring a confidence game being played In Washington and so we must warn the public about It. The object of the game is to use the people's money to bamboozle them on a national scale. The scheme is simple. An administration tipster calls a political favorite who has played no prior part and breaks the news of the award of a Government contract in his State. The favorite then calls the news media at home and releases the glad tidings with at least the implication that he Is making a personal benefaction to his constitutents. Honest citizens who are familiar with com- plex Government procurement procedures are not impressed. Reporters, editors, and news- casters are not fooled by this hocus-pocus. Let us hope that they will expose it for the deception that it Is. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 . 2825 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE Sunday, February 24, 1963, the Harry S. Truman "gave another in 1950. Both Representative THOMAS M. PELLY, of Wash- interviews were obtained by Krock. ington, registered his complaint in a letter to On Washington Post and Times Herald printed the views of the distinguished Asked whether he believes those Presidents Assistant Secretary of State Frederick G. columnist, Mr. Arthur Krock, concern- did wrong in giving the interview and wheth- Dutton. er he feels that he should not have partici- Last September 25, PELLY said, the State ing news management. It says: gated in them, Krock said: Department Informed Members of Congress KROCK CHARGES CYNICAL NEWS MANAGEMENT, "Not at all. It served their (the Presi- that there was no evidence of any organized DISTORTION To KENNEDY dents') purpose and they were doing me no combat force in Cuba from any Soviet-bloc country. On the same day he received his Arthur Krock, prize=winning newsman, favor." summar PELLY said, Assistant Secretary of acses ews with a cynt Kennedy of managing the best sand aid the two Presidents felt that "the Defense William Bundy was telling a House n say ewas the New York Military Appropriations Subcommittee in unm with a peacetime subtlety ngt had to medium" unmatched in pn peacetme history. g what they- secret session that missile sites of an offen- I{Snt, the veteran d any any newsmansays, says, in these thesMr. e ese Tim In es. his Fortune article, Krock says that sive nature were being constructed in Cuba. efforts, rts, has achieved s "the principal onus rests on the the strength of almost 50 years as a news- "I believe the facts regarding the offensive military buildup in Cuba were in the posses- printed and 1 yeas c press itself." man, he would make two judgments on what sion of the Department of State when you Krock, for 2 21 years chief oP the Washing- he calls "management of the news" by Mr. issued the summary stating there was no ton bureau of the New York Times and more Kennedy and administration officials: issued the Cuban offensive capabilities, i no recently a Times Washington columnist, 1. A news management policy not only cluding vi of Cuban offensie-apund missile- levels his indictment in the March issue of exists but, in the form of direct and delib- offensive Soviet direction d- guidance," PELLY Fortune magazine: crate action, has been enforced more cyn- said r his letter e Dutton. He cites, as an affront to Jeffersonian ically and boldly then by any previous ad- principles of a free press, "the 'information- ministration in a period when the United al directives' prescribed for the Pentagon States was not in a war or without visible FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF SIX- and the Department of State when the crisis means of regression from the verge of war. TEENTH AMENDMENT over Cuba began to harden." He said the 2. In the form of indirect but equally "weapon" of news management has been deliberate action, the policy has been much The SPEAKER. Under the previous improperly used to inflate success or gloss more effective than direct action in coloring entleman from over error "in the aftermath of half-won the several facets of public information, be- order W of ashington the LMr. House the the g g is recognized PELLY] showdowns, such as President Kennedy's cause it has been employed with subtlety for 60 minutes. with respect to the Soviet rearmament of and imagination for which there is no his- (Mr. PELLY asked and was given per- Cuba." toric parallel known to me. Krock says Mr. Kennedy and high sub- "In the narrow twilight zone between the mission to revise and extend his remarks ordinates indirectly manage news by direct and indirect methods, the adminis- and to include extraneous matter and a social flattery of Washington reporters and tration incessantly resorts to three ways to table.) commentators, and by "selective personal push its news product that work deplorably Mr. PELLY. Mr. Speaker, 50 years patronage." - ,I well with the press. State of Wyoming became In the latter category he included ex- "Vulnerable and/or discreditable acts in ago today State the f the Union to came elusive interviews, attributable to the Presi- foreign policy-such as forcing the Dutch to the 16th State of the the Constitution dent, which he says have ceased to be a surrender West Guinea to Indonesian black- rarity. mail, promoting TI.N. charter violation in the of the United States. Thereupon, three- , Mr. Kennedy," he writes, "prefers Congo, etc.-are explained on the purely as- fourths of the several States had acted the intimate background briefings of jour- sumptive ground that they were necessary favorably in pursuance Of a joint reso- nalists, and their publishers, on a large scale, to prevent a confrontation with Soviet Rus- lution of the Congress to authorize a from which members emerge in a state of sia likely to result in nuclear war. Federal income tax. The U.S.S. Senate 5, protracted enchantment evoked by the Pres- "Executive decisions sure to be unpopular had passed this resolution July e Ident's charm and the awesome aura of his are explained as in line with or compelled by ad and passed a vote slut to 4, the House office. policies adopted by the Eisenhower Adminis- "The success qP his efforts is attested by a tration. h1909, by of 318 ad passed it a week later. continent-wide glow in news reporting, edi- "And when the White House is the center Mr. Speaker, little did the Members of torializing, and comment, which otherwise of such revelations of ineptness in the Ken- Congress of that day realize the extent might register the lower temperature of im- nedy regime as our public intrusion in the to which their action would change Gov- personal objectivity." Canadian parliamentary debate on nuclear ernment and the federal system. Little Krock accuses Mr. Kennedy also of spread- policy, his subordinates make oath that the did Cordell Hull and other supporters of ing "a false first impression" last year that President, though daily represented as omni- this tax realize its ultimate effect. ACtu- a budget balance was in prospect. And he scient, knew nothing about it and is `furious' ally, a was believe the tax would never charges administration officials with anony- (but nobody gets fired)." - exceed 2 aercen. mows prevarication on such subjects as the In conclusion, Krock says: Today, Mr. Speaker, our House Corn- said, problem, which, Krock "But it is the indirect methods * * * by mittee Ways and Means is holding said, "is 'vlsibly growing worse." which `managements of the news' is chiefly There was no immediate White House accomplished by the Kennedy administra- hearings on proposed reduction and re- comment on Iirock's article. At his news tion. This is a public relations project and form of the income tax, and for me, as conference last Thursday, Mr. Kennedy said the President is its most brilliant operator. for my colleagues and the taxpayers we in response to a question: "Let me say we "Since the immediate objectives of this represent, it is a time for us to decide as have had f th limited success in managing selling job are the news reporters in general to what is best in the way of lowering the news If that is what we have been try - (most definitely including the TV and radio and improving the tax structure. ing When do." broadcasters), widely read commentators and In this connection, I have been reading When the questioner, s correspondent May flattered editors, publishers and network Craig, remarked that t she doesn't bent t believe in moguls in particular, the project is much the proceedings of the 61st Congress, 1st managed news at all and thinks "we ought more accurately identified by the phrase session, and have reviewed the debate on to get eveerng we want," the President managing the purveyors of the news.' And the resolution to amend the Constitu- brought a laugh by replying: "Well, I think ? for any degree to which this project has been tion, which was Senate Joint Resolu- that you should, too, Miss Craig; I am for successful the principal onus rests on the tion 40. that." printed and electronic press itself." Actually, the issue was not one of tax- . Krock, 76, first covered the National Capi- tal incomes of individuals equally, but during the administration of William On the same page of the Washington ing U.S. Supreme Court Howard Taft. As chief of the Times Wash- Post and Times Herald, there appeared a rather iovercome a ington bureau, 1932-53, he won two Pulit- story entitled "Representative PELLY decision which held that under the then zer Prizes and a citation equivalent to third. Says State Misled Congress, Press." language of the Constitution, Congress . He has been a Yong-time friend of the was not authorized to levy a tax on cor- Kennedy family, and he told an Associated The statement is herewith inserted in porations, because that would not be Press reporter that he is "absolutely per- the RECORD: apportioning the taxes equally as between sonally fond" of President Kennedy. REPRESENTATIVE PELLY SAYS STATE MISLED States. In writing that quotable exclusive inter- CONGRESS, PRESS Mr. Speaker, the 16th amendment, ac- views with the President no longer are rare, A Republican Member of Congress charged ates, was to be a a war as they formerly were, Krock recalls the the State Department yesterday with de- cording ower to that its s ad ad bvoce tes to the e be war protests that arose from the Washington liberately misleading Members of Congress p vital press corps when President Franklin D. and the. press last fall on the Cuban situa- of the country. But it was not to be a Roosevelt gave one in 1937, and President tion. peacetime tax. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 7963. Approved 8 WaPAOf QWL$-RD gR383R000200220002 ~-, tional Atomic. Energy Agency, $32,500. of research on plant nutrition, crop diseases, Preliminary. investigations, $3,000. fertilizer application and effectiveness, soil The American officials with whom I conditions, animal diseases, milk production, have checked about this project tell me insect eradication, and development of new plant varieties through mutations. Over $5 they presume that the agricultural re- million per year of agricultural research Is search under this program would in- performed with radioisotopes. volve the use of radioactive isotopes, but Agricultural research often requires years they remain uncertain about just where to mature because of crop cycles, and these isotopes for Yugoslavia will come additional time which elapses before results from, can be applied on the farms. Except in a As this House knows, I am a doctor. few instances, the agricultural benefits of As a doctor I am familiar with the many isotopes lie chiefly in the future. uses for isotopes in medical research. MEDICAL USES I know also that such :tracer isotopes Following the discovery of radium in 1898, are equally valuable in plant and animal medical researchers soon recognized the pos- research and in work with fertilizers. sibilities of using radioactivity. Most of the isotopes used in the United The supremacy of radioactive elements as Is tracers to States are produced by the Atomic En- readily ily apparent define nt in medical cal nh and processes biological edicaol orgy Commission's Oak Ridge, Tenn., fields. The tracers correspond in size and Laboratories. But I have been told by kind to the thing they trace. They are not the AEC that it is highly unlikely that a foreign or chemically different-they are the license could be issued and American material or a true part thereof. Some isotopes provided to a Communist bloc disease processes that have been studied are nation. cancer, leukemia, heart malfunctions, arteri- However, isotopes are available from osclerosis, virus infections, multiple scle- any nation that can produce them via rosis, arthritis, anemia, gout, and nutri- tional deficiencies. nuclear reactors or electron accelerators. In addition to such universal use of tracers The United Kingdom sells some commer- for bjomedical research, radioisotopes have cially, I understand, and the Soviet Union made possible some advances in medical and Czechoslovakia also have reactors, diagnosis. Dynamic tracer diagnostic tests Yugoslavia also has a small research of the functions of organs in patients have .reactor, but it is not certain whether been developed for thyroid, heart, liver, kid- that reactor can produce the isotopes ney, bone marrow, and spleen. Tracer tests are used routinely necessary for this United Nations for the total volumeof plasma, blood or water in the body, , for for life- gram. time of blood cells, and for localization of It must be noted here that isotopes tumors, particularly of the brain. Over 2,000 once provided have many other uses hospitals or medical groups use Isotopes for than agricultural research. They can diagnosis. be used, for instance, to trace the flow In the area of radiation treatment, radio- of liquids and gases in pipelines, and to isotopes found early applications in medi- test and measure strengths and dimen- cine. Many of the therapeutic uses, par- sions of metals and other materials. principly i a with with X-rays follow the and e estabblish lished ways and ra- Isotopes also can be used in studies Of dium. Radioisotopes have greatly extended insecticides and other biological and these treatments. At the end of 1959 over chemical materials including materials 300 radioisotope teletherapy units were li- for chemical and bacteriological war- censed for use in the United States alone. fare. These units may contain as much as several nuclear thousand curies of either cobalt 80 or cesium In short these radioactive , , , isotopes are not the sort of thing which 137' of which represents the interaction of a merican taxpayers should be helping INDUSTRIAL USES nuclear particle or gamma ray with the American provide or to buy sho the use helping Most of the widespread applications of detector. The well-known Geiger counter Communist bloc. of the radioisotopes that industry has developed Is an example of a pulse detector. Another use very little radiation and fall into two is the proportional counter which is able The Members of this House may be categories: radioisotopes for tracing, and to identify different radioisotopes according assured that I am continuing my inves- small radiation source for gaging or testing, to their characteristic radiations. Still an- tigation into this vital matter concern- Radiotracing applications now in use in- other example is the scintillation counter ing nuclear research in Red Yugoslavia elude: wear and lubrication tests to find best which operates on the principle that when subsidized by the American taxpayer. lubricants and conditions of operation, in- ionizing particles pass through certain crys- One would think that even our one- volving piston rings, gears, and machine tale, liquids, or organic polymers, flashes worldly State Department would have parts; wear tests on paints, varnishes, wax of light (scintillations) are emitted. An coatings, and other protective agents; study electron multiplier phototube picks up the learned the lesson of experience long of detergents and various cleaning agents on faint scintillations and amplifies the result- ago-that there no longer is any justi- cloth and fabrics; finding leaks inside com- Ing pulses to be detected and identified by fication for wooing or trying to purchase plicated systems and underground gas stor- the measuring apparatus. the loyalty of another sovereign nation, age depots; tracing flow in pipelines, streams, In nonpulse- detection systems, the output particularly a Communist nation. catalytic crackers, chemical processing is the average of the cumulative effects due Mr. Speaker, in connection with the plants, and fluid or slurry systems, to many interactions of radiation with the uses of radioactive isotopes, I am in- In the area of radiolnspection, industry detector; no attempt is made to resolve the eluding at this point in my remarks por- effcientaandcoradioisote stt-saving waydofgmeeting as an the ionization chamber is~a good ee amp e; the tions of an article from a special report higher quality and greater safety specifica- output is proportional to the total ionization of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission tions required for many products today- current produced within the detector. An- listing a number of the uses for these both for civilian and military use. Welds other example is the photographic system. isotopes in industry, medicine and agri- are routinely radiographed with radioisotope When a piece of film is exposed to radiation, culture: cameras on ships, tanks, pipelines, and con- the emulsion reacts in the same way as AGRICULTURAL USES OFISOTOPES tainment vessels. Such radioeyes also are when struck by visible light. The amount used to tell whether the fuel in rockets of radiation can be estimated from darken- In agriculture, radioisotopes are an im- meets the rigid requirements of uniformity ing of the film. Colorlmetric detection is portant tool that is helping scientists to un- so necessary for successful operation. Con- another example. When radiation reacts lock secrets of the growth of plants and struction of a single ship often requires the with certain chemicals containing chlorine animals and the pests and diseases that in radiographing of as many as 10,000 welds. (i.e., trichlorethylene and water, or chloro- jure or destroy them. They are contributing The savings in rejects and elimination of form -and water), hydrochloric acid is to increasing productivity and better econ- destructive tests for welds, casts, and other formed. This causes a change In color of omy. They have been applied in a variety fabricated products, Is significant. Even certain dyes, and the degree of color change more important is the greatly reduced chance of failures and accidents. Another impor- tant factor is radiation beam inspection of rapidly moving packages, cans, sheet ma- terial, metal strip, and fluid products. Iso- tope gages have been developed to penetrate through or reflect from material to measure levels, content, thickness, or density of a number of kinds of products. A broad scope of products now is con- trolled and improved by isotoype gages. Since they permit products to be made much more uniform and of higher quality, the user or consumer benefits directly as well as Indirectly through the assistance Isotopes can give to improved efficiency and produc- tivity to aid segments of the economy. High intensity radiation Is starting to receive its first routine uses, but its full development depends on considerable re- search. The intense radiation from large quantities of fission products may ultimately find use as a new industrial process reagent and create new products. Some types of grafted plastics, such as selective ion ex- change membranes used in desalting sea water, can best be produced by irradiation. DEVELOPMENT OF RADIATION INSTRUMENTS Since the human senses cannot detect nuclear radiations except at extremely high levels, the development of systems of de- tection and measurement of radiation has been essential to development of the prac- tical applications of radioisotopes. The de- sign and manufacture of such instruments was the first branch of the private atomic energy industry established. Many instru- ments originally were designed and manu- factured in the Government's atomic labora- tories, but immediately after the war the Commission supported development of com- mercial manufacture. Significant advances have been made by industry in the develop- ment of more stable and sensitive circuits for radioisotope measuring applications. By 1959 some 120 companies were manufactur- ing a variety of instruments, detectors, special components, and accessories. Nuclear radiation detectors developed to date may be classified according to several types. In pulse systems, the output of the de- tector consists of a series of signals each Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 Approved For Release 2004/06/2-3 DP 3R000200220002-6 1-gal CONGRESSIONAL E - Political career: Following the 1945 revolu- ments bought on easy terms. Superhigh- nez for alleged complicity in 4 homicides approkimately 15 financial crimes embezzlement and fraud by which he tion'which Medina An- ways industrial su h as for seaports twith g Interior mountains gari?a, Perez Jimenez launched his political connect were career by opposing the seven-man junta cities. In 10 years, Venezuela quadrupled allegedly obtained in excess of $13 million. headed by Rolnulo Betancourt. He con- its highway mileage and had more good He was arrested at Miami pursuant to a war- tinuedto oppdse"the Gallegos regime of 1947, roads than Brazil, a country nearly 10 times rant issued west a U.S. adist trireleasedct at Miam on and the Leftist Accion Demoeratica. In 1948; as large." when the Accion Democratica government Because slums were created by the sud- bond. PROCEEDINGS IN V.S. COURTS lass forced to retire, he became Defense Min- den influx of agricultural workers to the a Safer and a member of the military junta industries in the cities, "the Government district judge sitting as heinextrag tion msg- that ruled the country and which later be- organized Banco "Obrero, built 10 low-rental came the Independent Electoral Front. In apartment houses in 1954 and transferred trate extended over a period of almost 2 years December of 1952 he became Provisional 30,000 families from shacks into new quar- and resulted on June 16, 1961, in the de- President of Venezuela; was elected Con- tors. Construction was started in 1955 for termination by the extradition magistrate stitutional President in 1953. He held office about 30 more blocks to accommodate 15,000 that r bab financial orMr. Phad Jimenez' until January 1`958, when the Government more people. guilt of was overthrown by a coalition opposition According to the Book of Knowledge: "In tablished but that his responsibility for or con the icides had which included Accion Democratica and the April Venezuela udaysa adopted at, Ma cos Pe ez shown of Pursuant to msection 31 4 nt tle be18en, Communist party. Prosperity under his administration: Jimenez was elected President. He launched United States Code, the extradition magis- Venezuela experienced astonishing material a program -of countrywide improvements. trate certified his finding and the record of progress Under'-the Perez Jimenez regime; In the 1950's, for instance, Venezuela in- the extradition hearing to the Secretary of reported a surplus in the national budget in vested hundreds of millions of dollars in State and ordered the commitment to jail of 1954 of $64 million. Petroleum production public projects such as housing, waterworks, Mr. Perez Jimenez. He was immediately re- in. that year was at a high of 2,112,000 schools, highways, harbor improvements, leased on bond pending a decision on his barrels of oil per day. Fifty-seven percent churches, buildings, and agriculture. Income petition for habeas corpus challenging the of the national income was used to build from petroleum furnished the money for finding of the extradition magistrate. highways, housing projects for workers, almost all of the projects. Huge housing Hearings on the habeas corpus petition schools and hospitals. The Venezuelan projects have changed the living habits of were heard before a U.S. district judge on ern high- ,1961. conclusion Treasury at Perez Jimenez' resignation con- thousands of people hhfrom tiny th gh ari gsd 24 he district judge found that tained$7i million. lands. Many people have moved ocee ,According to the Encyclopedia Britannica: shacks into comfortable Government-built ducted r aced da ce wdi awl the been con- "The Perez Jimenez regime concentrated on apartment buildings." the development of cities, stimulating the Venezuela encouraged immigration, and ess had been accorded Mr. Perez Jimenez, growth of an urban middle class * * * dur- more than 340,000 immigrants came from that the evidence presented showed prob- ing this period the Nation boasted the high- Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, and Austria. able cause to believe Mr. Perez Jimenez com- est.per capita income among the Central and Relations with Betancourt: Shortly after mitted the financial crimes charged, that the South American countries." Perez Jimenez assumed the Venezuelan presi- crimes charged were crimes enumerated in According to the New York Times: Perez dency, former President Romulo Betancourt the treaty between Venezuela and the United Jimenez was "a man with a mission" who started an 8-week tour of South America, States which, had they been committed had "dedicated himself to make Venezuela, making protests and charges against the new in this country, would be offenses against a tropical underdeveloped country of 6 regime. Simultaneously, the Accion Demo- our laws and that the offenses were not po- million inhabitants, the economic and social cratica and Communist Parties commenced litical in character and thus not exempt from center of Latin America." agitation, and this resulted in decrees that extradition. Accordingly, the petition for According to Life magazine' The economy outlawed both and made their political ac- habeas corpus was dismissed. Mr. Perez under Perez Jimenez "enabled many Vene- tivities illegal. The two parties had fo- Jimenez was again released under bond zuelan workers, whose average wages have minted strikes in the oil industry with a pending further order of the court. doubled in 10 years, to replace their rope- view to crippling it and creating economic Appeal was taken by Mr. Perez Jimenez soled sandals with shoes, buy canned goods crisis. The strikes were accompanied by acts to the U.S. court of appeals. In a lengthy in the supermarkets and satisfy a craving for of sabotage and violence on a nationwide opinion released on December 12, 1962, the chicken and ice cream." basis. Colonel Delgado Chalbaud had been court of appeals affirmed the district court's According to Collier's encyclopedia: "The killed in ambush in 1950; there were four judgment. Immediately upon such affirm- spectacular economic boom continued un- attempts on the life of Perez Jimenez in the wance as announced, aon s a deadi tthat t d ecision own abated. After earmarking an additional period from 1952 to 1954, motion, entced, h order tri revok court,g the bond wMr. as Perez Jimenez men ez t dyt lNo $23 million for public works in 1957, the was richest country in Latin America looked THE EXTRADITION CASE OF MARCOS PEREZ under and which around for impressive projects on an inter- JIMENEZ derty oubt the actn of the court was bayed, i national scale. The Government pledged BACKGROUND part, the the ionsd the that his sed n- money at the United Nations for the pro- Mr. Marcos Perez Jimenez served as Presi- ued liberty on bond would enable him to flee posed Special U.N. Fund for Economic De- dent of Venezuela from 1952 to 1958. which might result in this Government be- velopment * * * it gave credit to Paraguay He fled from Venezuela to the Dominican ing unable to fulfill its treaty obligations estimated at $30 million and another $15 Republic early in 1958 when his government should the final decision in the case be that million loan for development went to was overthrown. He applied for admission to extradition should be granted. Ecuador." the United States on March 28, 1958, as a BAIL According to the National City Bank of visitor. He entered the United States in a New York: Venezuela was in sound financial parole status pending determination of his The laws of the United States make no condition, and it distributed to its depositors eligibility for admission. On January 7, 1959, provision for bail in an international extra- a report that recommended the country for he was admitted to the United States as a dition case. The Supreme Court of the Unit- ed States has stated that a court's discretion foreign investments. visitor until February 15, 1959, and that visit According to the Book of Knowledge: was extended to March 13, 1959. Further to grant bail in such cases should be exer- "Venezuela (underPerez Jimenez) was never requests for extension were denied and, when cised only in unusual and extraordinary cir- more prosperous. It has new iron mines, he failed to leave the United States within cumstances prior to the holding of the extra- manufacturlno?, a steel mill, oil refinery, new a reasonable time after expiration of his law- dition hearing and that allowance of bail railroads, highway's, and ports. The Govern- ful stay, deportation proceedings were in- after a finding of probable cause is incon- ment enjoys more than a billion dollars a stituted against him. After full hearings, sistent with the extradition laws of the year in revenue from the oil industry alone. Mr. Perez Jimenez was ordered deported and United States. Nevertheless, Mr. Perez This wealth has permitted a spectacular pub- that determination by the Immigration and Jimenez was at liberty on bail not only be- lic works program." Naturalization Service was affirmed on ap- fore but after the extradition magistrate PV8L2 wa8 peal by the Board of Immigration Appeals on found that a proper case for extradition had September 8, 1959. been made out under the treaty and U.S. law According to boiller's Encyclopedia: `The EXTRADITION REQUEST and remained at liberty on bail until first the multimillion-dollar income from the foreign U.S. district ' court and then the U.S. court petroleum o6hlp5nies c'ofhiiletely trans- While the deportation proceedings were of appeals, on habeas corpus proceedings, had formed Caracas and other cities with the pending before the Board of Immigration reviewed the case and rendered their deci- largest program o4 public works ever under- Appeals, the Government of Venezuela, on sions which, in effect, affirmed the finding of taken any' here in Latin America. Old August 25, 1959, filed a formal complaint in the extradition magistrate. buildings were torn down by the hundreds to extradition under the United States-Vent- POLITICAL ASYLUM make trayfor wide avenues and skyscrapers. zuela Extradition Treaty of 1922 and section oc ms were being cleared away and 3184, title 18, United States Code, seeking The admission into the United States and occcupknts were moving into modern apart- the return for prosecution of Mr. Perez Jime- the continued presence in the United States No. 28-11 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002--6 Approved For CORelea NGRESSIONAL RECORDP65WDUSfIO00200220002-February 25 2,14 xKING AND SA lmous ' consent to proceed for 1 thg request of the gentleman from Ok- lahoma? ere was no objection. r. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I take ime e to announce to the House that this t the several bills out of the Committee on Wltys and Means which were scheduled to; today are being put over until to- m crow at the request of the distin- hed d chairman of the committee. I m.y add that two of these bills will come at, a later date, H.R. 2862 and House R solution 57. Mr. Speaker, I desire also to advise the House that the first order of business bri Wednesday will be the supplemental a0p3'opriation bill, commodity credit, Public Law 480, and also that on Wednes- d y the Committee on House Admin- iscration will bring up several resolu- tigns, Including the following: Ouse Resolution 146, Armed Services. ouse Resolution 204, Banking and C rrency; Housing. House Resolution 202, District of Co- lunnbia. .House Resolution 243, Foreign Affairs. IHouse Resolution 80, Government Op- e4ations. House Resolution 165, House Admin- lsLration. House Resolution 135, Interior and In- lar Affairs. 1House Resolution 226, Interstate and Foreign Commerce. iitRouse Resolution 35, and House Reso- 1 tlon 100, Judiciary. House Resolution 30, Merchant Marine a ad Fisheries. House Resolution 152, Post Office and v1l Service. House Resolution 236, and House Reso- I tion 237, Public Works. House Resolution 177, Science and listronautics. House Resolution 222, Small Business. House Resolution 249, Un-American ctivities. House Resolution 74, Veterans' Affairs. House Resolution 227, Ways and There may be some additional resolu- i eans. ons from this committee which will eet In executive session on Tuesday. more are added they may be pro- amed for for Wednesday and the balance the week also. I may advise, Mr. Speaker, that these lutions may not necessarily be called p in the order In which r have an- ounced them, and I would like also to dvise the House again that any further rogram for the week will be announced ter. ter. COMMITTEE ON CURRENCY Mr. PATMAN. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the Committee on Banking and Currency be allowed to sit during general debate in addition to the time already granted, on February 25, 26, 27.28, and on March 1, 4, and 5. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. Mr. Speaker, reserving the right to object, I wonder what bills are coming up? Mr. PATMAN. We have the Export- Import Bank hearings going on now. We will also take up mass transportation Wednesday. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. Wednesday of this week? Mr. PATMAN. Yes. That will go over to the -end of this period. This is just for afternoons. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. What length of time will the gentleman have on the mass transportation bill? Mr. PATMAN. We will have probably a week of hearings. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. Is that a state- ment we can depend on? Mr. PATMAN. We will finish the hearings on March 5. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. Yes. Will the chairman arrange for an opportunity to be given to those persons who oppose this proposition? Mr. PATMAN. Yes. This morning one came in and wanted to be heard. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. This will not be a hearing in which the proponents alone will have the opportunity to be heard? Mr. PATMAN. No. We have fair hearings in our committee, and we hear both sides. We give every witness an opportunity to be heard. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. How much money is involved? Mr. PATMAN. I do not know about the terms of all the different bills. There are several bills. It Is quite a sum. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. I understand that the amount mentioned is $500 mil- lion to start the program. Mr. PATMAN. Yes. But I think it is contemplated that only a small part will be available the first year. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. For the first year. Then the total cost will run into million? Mr. PATMAN. The $500 million Is the outside figure. Only about $10 mll- lion will be taken up the first year. I would not like to be committed to that, however. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. It will run into the millions of dollars? Mr. PATMAN. It will run into mil- lions of dollars, yes. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. If the chair- man wants to have the hearing and will assure the House there will be at least I week of hearings, with an opportunity for opponents to be heard also, I have Mr, Speaker, I note the presence of the no objection. 4istingulshed chairman of the Commit- Mr. PATMAN. I so assure the gentle- e f e on Banking and Currency, and I man. - gent that he submit the request which The SPEAKER. Is there objection to attempted to make earlier and to which the request of the gentleman from Texas? he gentleman from Ohio objected. There was no objection. COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND ASTRONAUTICS Mr. MILLER of California. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the Committee on Science and Astro- nautics may be allowed to sitduring gen- eral debate in the afternoon session of the House for the balance of the week. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Cali- fornia? There was no objection. SPACE PROGRAM-ANYTHING GOES? (Mr. SIKES asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. SIKES. Mr. Speaker, news cov- erage in recent days, which states that NASA has failed to entice away from the Air Force two of its top space aces with hefty pay increases, fails to give a true picture of what is happening. There is another word for this. It is called pir- ating. NASA has unlimited funds and too little concern for cost. This action must be called disregard for the Amer- ican taxpayer. Military space programs are, in the opinion of many, even more important than NASA's programs. Bid- ding by Government agencies against each other for personnel is a bad prac- tice for all the Government. When that takes place, the only answer is for each agency or service to try to outbid the other and to do so each must constantly justify to Congress higher grades and bigger salaries. We, in the United States, seem to have gotten ourselves into a dangerous attitude over space efforts. Anything goes as long as it is for space. This is not conducive to sound accom- plishment and it plays havoc with budg- et problems. Someone upstairs needs to talk to the space people about realism. ESTONIAN INDEPENDENCE DAY (Mr. DERWINSKI (at the request of Mr. BELL) was given permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, yes- terday, the 24th day of February, the Estonian Republic would have celebrated its 45th anniversary. I use the term "would have celebrated" since obviously, the Estonian people now held in bondage by the Soviet Union are not free to celebrate the legitimate an- niversary of their freedom. Certainly, they are no longer a-free people but do look forward to the day when their legit- imate desire for self-determination will once again- produce a free and independ- ent Estonia. However, it is noteworthy that Esto- nian refugees from Soviet persecution scattered around the continents of the world continue to observe this anniver- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 House of RePresentatives The House met at 12 o'clock noon. The Chaplain, Rev. Bernard Braskamp, D.D., offered the following prayer: Psalm 112: 6: The righteous shall be held in everlasting remembrance. Almighty God, we thank Thee for that great day in our national life when we are again united to commemorate the birth of George Washington, whom we reverently and affectionately call the "Father of his Country." Our hearts expand with gratitude and pride as we think of his intrepid spirit of adventure, his fortitude in times of hardship, and his fidelity to the prin- ciples of righteousness and justice which inspired him to champion the cause of the oppressed colonists. We rejoice that he bore witness to a lofty idealism when he urged his fellow men to keep alive within their breasts that little spark of celestial fire called "conscience." Above all we are thankful for his humble and devout faith which sent him down upon his knees in prayer at Valley Forge in order that he might know how to march and keep in step with the eternal will and wisdom of God. Grant that the memory of his life may strengthen and sustain the soul of our Republic and constrain us to labor in faith and faithfulness for the blessedness of all mankind. Hear us in the name of the Prince of Peace. Amen. THE JOURNAL The Journal of the proceedings of Thursday, February 21,'1963, was read and approved. MESSAGE FROM, THE SENATE A message from the Senate by Mr. McGown, one of its clerks, announced that the President' of the Senate, pur- suant to section 1(a) (1) of Public Law 87-586, had appointed Mr. HOLLAND and Mr. SMATHERS to be members of the St. Augustine Quadricentennial Commis- SUPPLEMENTAL FUNDS FOR PUB- LIC LAW 480 AND COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION OPERA- TIONS Mr. WHITTEN. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that it shall be in order to consider on Wednesday, Feb- ruary 27, a special resolution and report from the Committee on Appropriations which will provide supplemental funds for Public Law 480 and Commodity Credit Corporation operations for the balance of the fiscal year 1963, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1963 The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Mississippi? Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, reserving the right to object, what was the date? Mr. WHITTEN. Wednesday of this week, February 27. Mr. GROSS. Is this an emergency situation? Mr. WHITTEN. It is an emergency situation. The Corporation is just about out of funds, and unless these funds are made available they will have to notify the Nation that no more funds for the commodities now supported will be avail- able unless action is taken in the next week or 10 days. What we are doing here is bringing forward from next year's budget request funds to enable them to operate at the present time and not have to stop all price supports. There has been talk about reducing price supports on certain classes of cotton. Then, in regard to corn, they have on hand about 400 million bushels which they could sell, but at the present time, to dump it on the domestic market would have a depressing effect on the market. Inn effect it is bringing forward into this fiscal year some of the funds which were requested for the coming fiscal year so as not to have all of this chaos in regard to it. Mr. GROSS. If the gentleman will yield further, does this bill in any way deal with pending special privilege legis- lation relating to cotton? M. WHITTEN. No; no, this. is di- rected to the Commodity Credit Corpo- ration in order for it to have funds with which to operate for the balance of this fiscal year. Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, I with- draw my reservation. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. Mr. Speaker, further reserving the right to object, I would like to ask a further question: Is not this advance or transfer of funds that would be due for price-support pur- poses for agricultural products in fiscal year 1964 to be used in this fiscal year 1963 because the Secretary of Agricul- ture, Mr. Freeman, found it impossible to make good on the very glorified promises he made the American people and the American farmers about a year ago as to how he was going to reduce the cost of farm price supports? Is not that correct? Mr. WHITTEN. I would have to say that there are other factors involved. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. Is that one of the factors involved? Mr. WHITTEN. Certainly the situa- tion is not as good, as I had hoped it would be, and as the gentleman from Ohio hopes, but in actuality the Con- gress last year reduced the budget re- quest by some $800 million, and that is about $300 million more than is being restored here. There are a good many factors that enter into it. We tried to hold it down. However, unless we give them some re- lief, we will have chaos throughout the country. Mr. BROWN of Ohio.. Is it not a fact that the Secretary of Agriculture cer- tainly did not properly estimate his needs for price-support money last year, and did not inform the Congress proper- ly; is not that correct? Mr. WHITTEN. I will have to say this: that the Department and the Bu- reau of the Budget erred on the side of too much, because they requested $800 million last year and the Congress ap- proved. And, may I say the Congress approved the amount I recommended. We tried to hold it down. But the re- quest was far more than we permitted. This restoration will leave them with $300 million less than the Bureau of the Budget requested last year. Mr. BROWN of Ohio. But it is still more than the Secretary pledged the American people it would be, is it not? Mr. WHITTEN. Certainly there are many places where I do not think it has worked out as many people hoped. As the gentleman from Ohio recalls, I did not vote for the farm bill because I did not see soundness of paying cash, when we had surplus commodities. I also dif- fered in other respects. Mr. JENSEN. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. BROWN of Ohio. I yield to the gentleman from Iowa. Mr. JENSEN. Mr. Speaker, the facts are that millions of farmers have a con- tract with Uncle Sam which Uncle Sam must honor. The only way Uncle Sam can keep his word and make that con- tract good in this instance is for Uncle Sam to pay the bill which he promised to pay; is not that right? Mr. WHITTEN. Certainly, we have to honor the contracts. May I say in this situation as far as the Commodity Credit Corporation is concerned, on the one hand the law says they have manda- tory obligations. They have to support prices as fixed by law. Then they have another statute which says if they do support them and they do not have the money, then they violate that law. Mr. JENSEN. I am receiving letters from many farmers saying that Uncle Sam has not delivered the checks to them that were promised under contract. Mr. WHITTEN. We will have to carry out those contracts. Mr. JENSEN. It is an obligation, and if Uncle Sam makes a contract with 1 American or 1 million Americans, it is our duty as Representatives in the Con- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 2804 Approved For ReIC RESSION3 AL RERCORD ~OHOUSE 200220002-6 February 25 grass to see that Uncle Sam does keep his word. Mr. WIiITI'EN. That is right. Una der the conservation reserve $he Gov- ernment entered into a contract, and If s is an obligation that must be honored. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Mississippi? gy There was.lo objet n. A _ Ls the question comes up of whether Soviet missiles, rockets, Jet fighter planes, tanks, rifles, and troops In Cuba are offensive oZ 4e en$fye, we would do well to recall the incident of last week when the. Cuban Milt's fired on the unarmed U.B. shrimp boat Ala. The sting of that incident is still with us. Should such an attack happen again, "Remember the Ala" should be the signal for blistering U.S. retaliation. CHICAGO, FISK UNIVERSITY AND LEONTYNE PRICE (Mr. O'HARA of Illinois asked and was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the Recoac and to in- clude extraneous matter.) Mr. O'HARA of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, this is the story of a great city, a great university and a great singer. It Is a story in Americanla that projects the true image of our beloved country. It was related, 92 years after its inception, by Mayor Richard J. Daley, of Chicago. The occasion was Leontyne Price's triumphant appearance in the vast audi- torium in McCormack Place before the largest and perhaps the most wildly and enthusiastically applauding audience In Chicago's musical history. Leontyne Price had come to sing at a benefit to raise money for Fisk University. The response was recordbreaking. it 'fol- lowed the pattern in the many foreign countries and in the American cities where a public admiration and adoration of Leontyne Price reflected the universal sentiment of millions, The ceded money raised for Fisk Universi y also.. was recordbreaking as the proc from a single concert. But this was the climax of a story that started 92 years ago, a story told by Mayor Richard J. Daley as he. spoke briefly at the concert, welcoming Leon- tyne Price. In 1871, the year of the great fire In Chicago, the Fisk Jubilee Singers sang their first concert. , Every cent of their fee, $50, they sent to the then Mayor Joseph Medill to help out the homeless, suffering people of the metropolis that fire had all but, wiped out. And when Leontyne Price came, to the city that had been rebuilt from the ashes, came to raise money for Fisk University, that In the intervening years like Chi- cago had been growing and expanding and servicing mankind, Mayor Daley paid back the $50 gift of the Fisk Jubilee Singers of 1871, with interest. This is Americanla. Mr. Speaker, by unanimous consent I am extending my remarks to include the following review of Leontyne p'rice's triumphant appearance in Chicago by Claudia Cassidy in the Chicago Tribune: LEONTYNR PRICE'S FlsK BexrriT Luacs.$41,000 GROSS AND A DIVIDEND FROM MAYOR DOLLY (By Claudia Cassidy) Leontyne Price came back with honey in the mouth and fire In the heart, an enticing combination. She enticed a capacity audi- ence and a gross of $41,000 to the Flak Uni- versity benefit In the big house in McCor- mick Place yesterday afternoon, when there also was a visit, a brief speech, and a dividend from Mayor Daley. The mayor said that back in 1871 the Fisk Jubilee Singers sang their first concert. It was in Chillicothe, Ohio, and their total, in- clusive fee was $50. Then they heard of the Chicago fire and they sent every penny of It to Mayor Josep Medlll, to help out. Mayor Daley returned the gift, with interest, but he did not say how much, and neither did Edward W. Beasley, who thanked him for the check. On Inquiry, It turned out to be $500. No one had quite known in advance what even a singer of Miss Price's potency would make of a song recital to a theater seating 5,000. At least where I sat on the fifth row it worked out surprisingly well. The gray steel curtain had been lowered, the piano pushed out front, and a kind of "Aida" or "Cleopatra" effect set up by five tall pillars in muted fireglow,'with discreet lighting for shadows. Except for occasional slight huski- ness in the low voice-it blurred the Mozart trill-Miss Price was singing superbly, and the quality projected even when she spoke. If you thought, as some did, that you never had heard her to better advantage, it was partly because in opera she so often singe dramatic soprano roles, while in re- cital she could cling to her true realm of the lyric or lirico spinto. It was also an advance in musicianship, In presence, in ease before a large audience, but primarily it was voice. This is one of the loveliest voices In the world, in its luster, Its purity, its soaring excitement, Its sudden depth of feeling, and the way it can wrap opera right around its little finger. That last happened when she invaded Re- nata Tebaldi's domain for the two caressing arias from Cilea's "Adriana Lecouvreur"- for even poison caresses Adriana before it kills her. Here for just a second Miss Price turned into the tiger cat coaxed out when Hervert von Karajan conducts. Her Donna Anna was more stately than when she does the role with him, but no less beautiful. Her program was rather a brave one for a benefit performance, Schubert, with "An die Later," "Liebesbotschaft" and "Die Allmacht" outstanding; an interesting group of Poulenc songs programed before his death and sung in his memory and to do him honor; four Samuel Barber songs set to poems by James Joyce, "Nuvoletta" in particular done with a special and capricious skill. At the back of the house for the spirituals, acoustics backfired. What had been David Garvey's dull piano sounded fresher, but you would not have recognized Miss Price. BEFORE ACTING ON CUBA (Mr. ROGERS of Florida asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. ROGERS of Florida. Mr. Speaker, only yesterday on a national television network the Chairman of the Council of the Organization of Ameri- can States, Dr. Gonzalo Facio, reiterated his plea for U.B. leadership before the OAS can act on the Cuban problem. The OAS leader said that the OAS can only playa role secondary to the United States in relations with Cuba. In addition to these encouraging statements, the OAS President stated that growing dissatisfaction with the Cuban military and civilian establish- ment makes anti-Castro moves par- ticularly timely. He recommended In- ternal action as an adjunct to concerted action by the nations of this hemisphere. As a further indication of OAS re- ceptiveness for U.S. initiative, Dr, Facio stated that in his Judgment the hemi- spheric organization would even go as far as supporting a total U.S. blockade of Castro's island, thus placing Cuba in solitary confinement in this hemisphere. Mr. Speaker, in the more than 3 years of Castroism in Cuba. we have seen this island reinforced almost daily under our very noses. There have been heighten- ing cries for action from the Congress and other areas of prominence such as the press throughout the Nation. How- ever, this is the second time this year that the president of the international organization has called for solid U.S. initiative. I reiterate my call that the United States close Its seaports to ships calling in Cuba as a first act of U.S. leadership. After so doing, this Government should then turn to the OAS quickly, proposing that the hemispheric body adopt the fol- lowing U.S. recommendations: First. Close the seaports of this hemi- sphere to ships calling in Cuba. Second. Close the airports of this hemisphere to airlines with flights into Cuba. Third. Ban relay of telecommunica- tions messages to and from Cuba. Fourth. Impose a travel curb on movement of Castro agents and propa- ganda throughout Latin America, Fifth. Freeze all Cuban Government funds now on deposit in Latin American financial institutions. Mr. Speaker, Latin America awaits U S. Initiative while we engage in a de- bate of semantics as to whether or not Russian military strength In Cuba is offensive or defensive. One Soviet sol- dier In Cuba is one too many, Whenever HON. ROMAN C. PUCINSKI (Mr. O'HARA of Illinois asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute to revise and extend his remarks and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. O'HARA of Illinois. Mr. Speak- er, It is a matter of pleasure and of pride to all the Members of this body when one of our colleagues, regardless of the side of the aisle he occupies, is accorded edi- torial commendation all must regard as richly deserved. ROMAN Pucros I was an Air Force pilot. He led his bomber group in the first B-29 bombing raid over Tokyo. In all he flew 48 combat missions over Ja- pan. Now as a distinguished Member of the Congress he was called upon that wartime experience to render a service _ that well may result in the giving of greater safety to travel by air and the minimizing of the number of plane crashes. I include in my remarks the editorial from the Chicago Sun-Times of February 23, 1963, that tells the story and pays to the Honorable RoatsN C. Pucrrmsai, a Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6 1963 Approved For R 0 CIA- 00383R000200220002-6 CONGRE? I$N D L 2745 The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there 225. Red Russia pledged and put up $5 itself with my concept of fairness and objection? The Chair hears none, and million. We pledged and put up $100 decency either to the people of the it is so ordered. The resolution will be million. The other Communist nations, United States or to the people of the stated. consisting of Albania, Bulgaria, Byelo- world. The LEGISLATIVE CLERK. A resolution russia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Castro and his Communist govern- (S. Res. 90) amending rule XXV of the Mongolia, Rumania, Ukraine, Cuba, and ment want all of the benefits which can Standing Rules of the Senate relating Yugoslavia put up $8,228,225. be provided by the United Nations with- to standing committees. I repeat that the total contributed by out being willing to bear any of the Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I all the Communist countries to the spe- obligations. Government has put up $100 mil- The suggest the absence of a quorum. cial fund was $8,228,225. Our govern- The PRESIDING OFFICER. The ab- ment alone contributed $100,400,000. lion, while all of the Communist gov- sence of a quorum is suggested. The Cuba is a member of the United Na- ernments of the world, in 5 years, as clerk will call the roll. tions. It pledged $55,000 for the special I have indicated, have pledged $8,228,- The Chief Clerk proceeded to call the fund, as follows: $5,000 in 1960, nothing 000, and, as I have said, Castro is in ar- roll. . in 1961, $25,000 in 1962, and $25,000 in rears $496,000. Mr. LAUSCHE. Mr. President, I ask 1963, making a total of $55,000. One can recognize the charter pro- unanimous consent that the order for the Of the $55,000 pledged, Cuba has not visions that there should be no decision quorum call be rescinded. paid 1 penny. It has paid not 1 penny made on the basis of ideology and poli- The PRESIDING OFFICER. The of its obligation to finance the operations tics, but there were grounds to make a Senator from Ohio has asked unanimous in the Gaza strip and in the Congo. It decision that Cuba was in arrears, was consent that the order for the quorum is in arrears in the payment of its normal flouting its responsibilities to the United call be rescinded. Is there objection? assessments for the management of the Nations, and therefore was not entitled The Chair hears none, and it is so United Nations. As of this date Cuba is to the charity and beneficence of the ordered. in arrears $496,000 of its obligations to citizens of the United States. Mr. MUNDT. Mr. President, will the the United Nations. It has paid prac- Finally, this is an affront and an insult Senator yield? tically nothing. to every taxpayer of the United States. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Does the Two or three months ago Cuba paid In effect, it states to the U.S. citizen, Senator from Ohio yield to the Senator $160,000 of its arrearage in the special "You give. We will not hold others even from South Dakota? operating assessments because it wanted morally responsible, but you must con- Mr. LAUSCHE. I yield. to avoid being expelled. tinue with your charity and observe your The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Let us keep in mind the picture. Cuba high ethical principles, regardless of the Senator from Ohio yields to the Senator is in arrears $496,000, and has paid not 1 insults perpetrated upon you." from South Dakota with the under- penny of its pledges for the special fund Mr. JOHNSTON. Mr. President, will standing that he will not lose his right and not 1 penny for its obligations in the Senator yield? _ . . . .. .. ,_ _ -.__-d Mr T.ATTSCHE T yield to the Senator Caroli __ Nations in the Congo and in the Gaza - ~??? -- Cuba wants the benefit of the Mr. JOHNSTON. I am very much in- i t r p. s - ITED NATIONS AID TO CUBA work of the United Nations and of the terested in what the Senator from Ohio LAUSCHE. Mr. President, there funds of the United Nations but does is saying and the point he is making at /haY%een considerable discussion about not wish to bear its obligations. this particular time. I presume the Sen- the wisdom and justification of the Let us see what is contemplated by ator would be in favor of Cuba and the United Nations, through its Special Fund, way of aid to Cuba. The item which is other nations which are in arrears either giving aid to Cuba. Within the last immediately in controversy is a $1,- paying up or getting out. few days I heard a number of comments 157,000 grant out of the special fund Mr. LAUSCHE. I want them to make and read some articles contending that to help the Cuban Communist govern- an honest effort to pay their obligations our Government, in objecting to the ment solve its agricultural problems. and pledges; not to adopt the position grant of -aid out of the Special Fund to There have also been pledged to the that they shall give nothing and take Cuba, was making a serious mistake. I Government of Cuba two other sums. everything. do not agree with that view. In my In the 1961-62 financial period, Cuba is Mr. JOHNSTON. I agree with the Judgment, the United Nations grant of programed to receive $445,883 covering Senator thoroughly. I think they ought aid to Cuba out of the Special Fund 10 projects to be carried out in Cuba to be given a certain time limit in the would perpetrate a direct affront upon by the United Nations Food and Agri- near future to pay up. Then, of course, the United States. cultural Organization; the International they would be in good standing. My reasons for making that statement Labor Organization; the United Nations ' Mr. LAUSCHE. The United Nations are as follows: I recognize that the Spe- Educational, Scientific, and Cultural now has a provision that if a Nation is in cial Fund set up in the United Nations is Organization; and the World Health arrears for 2 years with respect to a cer- contemplated for use in helping dis- Organization. In addition to the sums tain category of obligations it must step tressed people around the world, keep- I have already mentioned-$1,157,000 out, and that is the only reason why the ing in mind that political and ideological and the last sum of $445,883-there is Communist government of Cuba paid the leanings should not be considered. Rec- programed an additional sum of sum of $160,000 recently, while remain- ognizing fully that principle as being in $405,780. The program to be covered ing in debt and in arrearage in the sum force, I still am' of the opinion that the by this third sum envisages $69,000 for of $496,000. Special Fund should not have been made an ILO social security project in Cuba, Mr. JOHNSTON. Would not the Sen- available to Castro and his communistic $160,000 for an FAO fisheries project, ator be in favor of nations in arrears government. $54,000 for a UNESCO marine biological not being allowed to receive money out of I direct the attention of the Senate to project, $13,500 for a UNESCO educa- any United Nations fund until they pay a bit of the statistical background of the tion project, $17,280 for an ICAO civil up? United Nations Special Fund. It is a aviation project, and $152,000 for the Mr. LAUSCHE. That is the point I voluntary Fund created by the contri- WHO public health work. am trying to make. butions of various nations-of the world. As closely as i have been able to figure Mr. JOHNSTON. I agree with the From 1959, the date of the establishment out, since Castro became the chief of Senator emphatically. of the Fund, down to 1963, the sum of Cuba and since the Communists have Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I $251 million has been expended from the taken over, Cuba has paid into the suggest the absence of a quorum. Special Fund of the United Nations. Of United Nations $160,000 and is in ar- The PRESIDING OFFICER. The that $251 million, the U.S. Government rears in the sum of $496,000, while Cuba clerk will call the roll. put up $100,400,000, or 40 percent of the is to receive the sum of $2.2 million. The Chief Clerk proceeded to call the amount. With due respect to some who are try- roll. In the same period all of the Commu- ing to justify this action on the part Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I nist nations of the world, including Yugo- , of the United Nations, I must say that ask unanimous consent that the order slavia, pledged the total sum of $8,228,- what is being done does not reconcile for the quorum call be rescinded. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220002-6?