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February 21, 1963
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1963- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX A RR7 ~?~~a fur r,;senoerg, a retired business- Eisenberg was a man, former. State. senator And former depu- 1 thi c ty judge of th e Old Willimantic Police and In September of the latter year he opened City Court, Were held, at the. Bank Street Ben's Toggery Shop at 51 Church Street and synagogue of Temple B'nai Israel. Rabbi continued at this location until 1933 when he Amos Edelhelt officiated. moved to Main Street. Later he took over Burial was in the Con re ation S g g ons of the Bowman clothing store and continu Israel Cemetery at Perkins Corner, Mans- this enterprise until retiring in Novembeedr field. State Senator Arthur J. Lucas Jr., of 1958. While he had been in failing health, Chaplin, represented Gov, John N. Dempsey, his passing was unexpected. at the rites. Eisenberg had long been a faithful mem- A memorial week will be held at the home her of the Democratic Party serving the 29th of his son, Marvin Eisenberg, of 21 Manor district in the State senate, 1933-34. He was Lane, Wapping, where friends may call. town treasurer of the democratic committee Eisenberg, who was 70, died Sunday at his for many years, and served as judge and as home at 305 Pleasant Street. He was active clerk of the former -city and police court on until the end, visiting the Chronicle office separate occasions. At his death he was a couple of days before his death. democratic registrar of voters. He was treasurer of the Windham-Willi- Eisenberg served as a member of the zon- mantic Democratic Town. Committee, a post ing board of appeals in this city and was he held for many years. He also served as chairman of the aviation committee. His clerk of the city and police court, retiring other civic interests included being a mem- ing in 1957. He also served as member of the ber of the YMCA board of directors. Long city zoning board of appeals and was former- a member of the Congregation Sons of Israel ly a member of the board of directors of the he was Its president for 2 terms and treas- Willimantic YMCA. urer for many years. He has been a leader Eisenberg was president of the synagogue in its brotherhood and for several years was for two terms and its treasurer for many chairman of the United Jewish Appeal. years. He was chairman of the United Jew- Mr. Eisenberg was born February 22, 1892, ish Appeal for several years, was a leader in and is survived by one daughter, Mrs. Milton the synagogue's Brotherhood and ti i ac ve n Case, of Bloomfield, and a son, Marvin Eisen- other civic and philanthropic agencies. berg, of Wapping; seven grandchildren, five During his term as State senator from the sisters, Mrs. Louis Pollack, Norwich; Mrs. 29th district, the nine southern towns of Thomas Gibson, Willimantic; Mrs. Morris Windham County, in 1933-34, he was chair- Kelman, Willimantic; Mrs. George Miller, man:. of the Senate Aviation Committee. He Hartford; and Mrs. Morris Brown, of New was reelected registrar for another 2-year- Britain. term last November. FORTY-FIVE YEARS A MERCHANT [From the Hartford (Conn.) Courant, Jan. 7, Eisenberg had a 45-year career as a mer- 1963] chant here until his retirement due to ill BENJAMIN EISENBERG DIES-FORMER STATE health in November. 1958. He operated Ben's SENATOR Toggery Shop for 37 years. He started his WILLIMANTIC-Former State Senator Ben- business career by going to work for his jamin Eisenberg, 70, retired Willimantic busi- father, Samuel Eisenberg, in the old Sur- nessman, died Sunday at his home at 305 prise Store On Jackspn street at the age of Pleasant Street. 16 and continuing there for, 8 years. Eisenberg was State senator in 1933-34, For 5 years, from 1916 to 1921 young Eisen- serving as chairman of the aviation commit- berg was on the road as,a traveling salesman tee. He was treasurer of the Democratic for a clothing house. Ben's Toggery was Town Committee for many years and was first located In the. Clark Building, 51 Church clerk of the city and police court until his street and moved. to, Main Street following retirement in 1957. He also served on the berg's election as Banat r present quarters of Ben's OPERATED STORE Eagle Shoe Store, its homg for 6 years. Eisenberg then, moved He operated Ben's Toggery Shop for 37 to the Hall Block in 1939, taking over the old years before retiring in 1958 because of ill Bowman Clothing store and renovating the health. Before that, he worked for his father front, He maintained that store until his at the old Surprise Store on Jackson Street retirement. and was a traveling salesman for a clothing Eisenberg was born in Austria and brought house. to this country as a, baby by his parents At the time of his death he was Demo- Mr. and Mrs, Samuel Eisenberg. They first cratic registrar of voters. settled in Haverstraw, N.Y., and moved to Born in Austria, Mr. Eisenberg first set- Willimantic in 1908. tied ip .Haverstraw, N.Y., and then moved to In addition. to his son, Eisenberg leaves a Willimantic in 1908. daughter, Mrs. Milton Case of Bloomfield; Mr. Eisenberg was president of Congrega- five sisters, Mrs., George Miller of West Hart- tion Sons of Israel for two terms and its ford; Mrs. Thomas Gibson of Willimantic.- treasurer for many years. - He was a leader Mrs. Morris Kalman Of. Willimantic; Mrs. in the synagogue's brotherhood and chair- Louis Pollack of.Norwich. and Mrs. Morris man for several years of the United Jewish Brown of New Britain, and five grand- Appeal. children. ON YMCA BOARD a ...... o hYMCA board [From the Nor yjci (Con.) Bulletin, of directors and of numerous other civic and Jan. 7, 1963]n philanthropic aganriav Friends may call during memorial week at the home of his son, Marvin Eisenberg, of 21 Manor Lane, Wapping. Memorial contributions may be made to the donor's favorite charity. The Weinstein Mortuary, of Hartford, is in charge of arrangements. EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. W. J. BRYAN DORN OF SOUTH CAROLINA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. DORN. Mr. Speaker, the follow- ing resolution was unanimously adopted on Friday, February 15 by the executive committee and cotton policy committee of the American Textile Manufacturers Institute, Inc. Mr. Speaker, I agree with the senti- ments expressed by this resolution: STATEMENT RY EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF AMERICAN TEXTILE MANUFACTURERS INSTI- TUTE REGARDING CURRENT COTTON LEGISLA- TIVE SITUATION - The American textile industry is deeply disturbed and disappointed over develop- ments of the past week that resulted in a setback of legislation designed to achieve the announced intention of President Ken- nedy and his administration to "remove the inequity created by the present two-price cotton system." . The industry's alarm and disappointment is magnified by the resistance of the ad- ministration to that portion of the legisla- tion which would have specified that Ameri- can-grown cotton should be made available to domestic mills at the same price it is made available for export. The administration supported, instead, a provision that would give discretion to the -Secretary of Agricul- ture in determining a spread between the domestic and foreign price. It is the carefully considered opinion of the American Textile Manufacturers Insti- tute that anything less than a clear-cut re- turn to a one-price system will result in a continuation of the deplorable lack of.con- fidence now prevalent throughout the cotton economy. So long as the U.S. Government tolerates a policy under which textile mills in Japan, Hong Kong, India, or Europe can buy Amer- ican-grown cotton at a lower price than do- mestic mills must pay for the same cotton, there is' bound to be distrust, uncertainty and deterioration. The entire cotton economy, including the millions of people involved with the price- handicapped textile-apparel industry com- plex, were heartened when President Ken- nedy announced his intentions to eliminate the inequity of the two-price system last To Informed cotton and textile individuals DEATH oT'FORMER. 7IkTr SENATOR BENJAMIN He leave s a son, Marvin Eisenberg, of Wap- everywhere, the extent of the inequity ping; a daughter, y t the - E~stlz~lDERG Mrs. Milton Case, of Bloom- level of the export subsidy on raw cotton- Former state senator Benjamin Eisenber field; five sisters, Mrs. George Miller, of West nothing more and nothing less. g Hartford; Mrs. Thomas Gibson, of Willi- Prior to the export subsidy, American and died unexpectedly at his home, 305 Pleasant mantic; Mrs. Morris Kalman, of Willimantic; foreign mills competed for American cotton Street, Sunday morning. A resident of this Mrs. Louis Pollack, of Norwich; and Mrs. on an equal basis. We seek only a return to city for many years, he came from Austria Morris Brown, of New Britain; and seven that basis. with his parents while a youngster, first set- grandchildren. n ding in Haverstraw, N.Y., and then with the Funeral services will be held this afternoon confronted hwitht one aof then 'most came to Willimantic in 1908 serious parents, Mr. and Mrs.amueI Eisenberg, at 2 at the Congregation Sons of Israel in emergencies in histofy. Cottonlydeclining; consumption . Willimantic. Rabbi Amos Edelheit will of- in the United States is Ben, then 16, became employed in his ficiate. Burial 'will be in Congregation acreage is being reduced; Cotton farm income father's Surprise Store on Jackson Street, Sons of Israel Cemetery, Perkins Corner, is suffering; competing fibers and other prod- -remaining there 8 years. From 1916 to 1921 Mansfield. ucts are rapidly taking over cotton's mar- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 A868 Approved For Release : NGRESSI NAL3RECORDP65?pPE DQ200220004-4 February 21 )Lots; export sales of cotton and cotton prod- ilcts are declining; stocks of cotton are piling up in Government hands at exhorbitant Costs; many mills are on short time; payrolls owe suffering; confidence in cotton and its Future is at an alltime low. Because the leadership of the entire raw cotton industry, from growing through nnanufacturing, from New England to Call- fornia, recognizes this deplorable situation. :there is virtually unanimous agreement on a course of action. This agreement was ex- pressed 2 weeks ago when all segments of the industry including farmers, ginners. ware- -housemen, merchants, cottonseed processors. ,and mill men, participating in the annual !meeting of the National Cotton Council, agreed on the need for "' ' ' action to make U.S. cotton available to American mills at the sarde price as it is made available to for- Sign mills under the present law." With such widespread support this admin- latration has a unique opportunity to reverse the tragic course of this vast agricultural-It In the ri direction, and d restore complex, it dthe confidence ential to the creation of l y ess that is absolute a vital, dynamic enterprise. Fund, then it should at least place But a piecemeal approach will not do the enough strings on such money to assure job. It will not generate the necessary levels the U.S. taxpayers that none of their of increased cotton consumption; it will not money will be used to assist, in any man- imports offset the burdensome portion of ner, Communist governments. imports now occurring specifically because of t the unfair cotton pricing system: it will no justify the acreage expansion so essential to efficient and profitable cotton farming. In short, it will not restore confidence. A discretionary, piecemeal solution will be viewed only as a handout, or a subsidy to the domestic industry, The American textile industry has never been' and is not now in favor of a subsidy. It does not want it. Along with the whole raw cotton industry. and many of our friends In the Congress, we reluctantly agree to an equalization pay- ments approach only as the very last recourse to eliminate the intolerable two-price sys- tem, thereby gaining a period of time for the cotton economy of this country to make the adjustments that are essential to the devel- opment of a sound future. The American Textile Manufactures Insti- tute restates its firm conviction that a com- plete return to a one-price system to funda- mental both to the cold realities of the cur- rent situation and to generating the support necessary to insure legislative action in the immediate future. We urge upon the administration and the Congress immediate action to insure that an American textile mill, employing American t the citizens, can buy American cotton a same price as it is sold abroad. EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. WILLIAM H. HARSHA oir OHIO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES agricultural project of the U.N., and there Is no way to differentiate between U.S. funds and other funds in this ac- count. If this project is allowed to pro- ceed, the United States will be con- tributing to the perpetuation of its own foes. Of what value are so-called economic sanctions, quarantines, and other meas- ures to halt subversion from Cuba If, at the same time, the United Nations fi- nances efforts to enhance the agricul- tural economy of Cuba? Such aid as -this will merely assist Castro in his efforts to subvert Latin America. it will aid in the spreading of communism throughout the Western Hemisphere and the United States should refrain from giving aid and com- fort to any such program by refusing to appropriate the necessary funds for the U.N. Special Fund. If Congress is going to persist In ap- propriating money for the U.N. Special What Is a Farmer? city relatives visit them, salesmen detain them and wait for them, weather can delay them, but it takes Heaven to stop them. A farmer is both faith and fatalist-he must have faith to continually meet the challenges of his capacities amid an ever- present possibility that an act of God (a late spring, an early frost, tornado, flood, drought) can bring his business to a stand- still. You can reduce his acreage but you can't restrain his ambition. Might as well put up with him-he is your friend, your competitor, your customer, your source of food, fiber, and-self-reliant young citizens to help replenish your cities. He is your countryman-a denim-dressed, bust- nesawlse,, fnst-growing statesman of stature. And when he comes in at noon, having spent the energy of his hopes and dreams, he can be recharged anew with the magic words: "The market's up" EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. BOB WILSON OF CALIFORNIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. BOB WILSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks in the RECORD, I include the following article from the San Diego Union, of Febru- ary 19,1963: TAx LAWS TERMED "STOCK MART DANGER"- NEW YORK EXCHANGE PRESIDENT CRITICIZES CAPITAL GAINS LEVY IN BORREGO TALK EXTENSION OF REMARKS I HON. SAMUELS. STRATTON OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 3 Thursday, February 21,196 Mr. STRATTON. Mr. Speaker, it is my privilege, as a result of the reap- portionment changes that took place this year in the congressional districts in New York, to represent in this great body one of the most important agricultural districts in the Nation. I am proud In- deed to be a farmer's Congressman and I shall continue to work and fight in the future as I have in the past in be- half of the farmers of upstate New York. As a farmers' Congressman I was greatly impressed with an eloquent edi- torial I read the other day in the Cato Citizen of Cato, N.Y., for Februay 7, 1963. Under leave to extend my re- marks I include the editorial herewith: WHAT IS A FARMER? A farmer to a paradox-he is an overall executive with his home; his office; a scien- tist using fertilizer attachments; a purchas- ing agent in an old hat: a personnel director with grease under his fingernails: a dietitian with a passion for alfalfa, amine, and anti- biotics; a production expert with a surplus; and a manager battling a price-cost squeeze. BoaREGo SPRINGS.-Tax laws affecting in- vestors were one of the triggers in an actual day of panic that struck the Nation's stock markets last May 28, Keith Funston, presi- dent of the New York Stock Exchange, told the annual conference of Copley publishers and executives here yesterday. While Funston told a reporter that It is unlikely that the market stands in any simi- lar danger today, he said oldtimers in the financial centers of New York found selling just as emotional and fear-ridden on that day as it was during the 1929 crash, with frenzy added to the selling waves by the effect of the capital gains tax. Funston explained that the major selling was by medium and large, not small, inves- tors who previously were "locked in" from selling stocks because of the existence of the 25-percent maximum tax on long-term capi- tal gains. When it appeared that the market might sink to new lows, these investors tried to be "the first to reach the door" by selling their stocks, either to conserve their capital or their longstanding profits, or to buy back in at a much lower level which still could allow them a benefit from selling. Funston said the capital gains tax at its present rate, by its effect in "freezing" owner- ship of stocks or other investments, not only serves to accentuate market movements but also may be depriving the Government of , y ru e businessmen in wwnn. easlly obtainable revenues. -- Thursday, Mr. HARSHA. Mr. Speaker, in light He likes sunshine, good foods. State fairs, the capital gains tax were cut in half the of recent events and the ever-present dinner at noon, auctions, his neighbors, his Government would get 2'/Z times as much threat of communism, I call upon Con- shirt collar unbuttoned and, above all, a revenue from it," he said. gress to refuse to appropriate any funds good soaking rain in August. Of President Kennedy's tax revision pro- which would be used either directly Or He is not much for droughts, ditches, posals, Funston said, "You have to give the in throughways, experts, weeds, the 8-hour day, Government credit for recognizing the sti- indirectly finance project grasshoppers or helping with housework. fling effects of the present tax structure on Cuba . Communist-dorm- Farmers are found in fields-plowing up, economic growth." noted or or in to any controlled other any country. Seeding down, rotating from, planting to. However, he predicted that Congress would The United States is paying 40 per- fertilizing with, spraying for, and harvesting. twist on cuts in spending before accepting cent of the cost of the Q.N. Special Wives help' them, little boys follow them, tax cuts of the magnitude suggested, and Fund, the account financing the Cuban the Agricultural Department confuses them, he also said investors "are going to fight with 1963 21 ar F b Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 I.~//~~ p~p P65~pIl pp~200220004-4 "Approved Fo ?~ 1863 INIftR6lZI7 .KPPM Ida Need To Soak Taxpayers When Self- One concrete result was the more than ' i 1,000 individual science projects by Flint ,Het[1 fan W YQA$ EXTENSION OF REMARKS area students last year. Of that number 875 were entered in the fair. science Service is responsible for motivat- ing youngsters in other ways than through HON, CHARLES E CHAMRERLAI meet in our schools, and more recently has piCIIt~i}~ conducted science talent searches from coast IN THE HOUSE OF 11,E PR,ESENTATIV'ES to coast. 'hursday February 21, 1963 Flint students participating in the talent search and science clubs in Flint-area schools Mr CItlBtLAIN l4r, Speaker, in are affiliated with Science Service, which pro 1958, Public Law 85 875'was enacted` t6 vides literature, project materials and teach- autharize tale Colrimlps one: of Eduua- ing aids at no cost to the schools. age and assist ,,, the Since it was founded in 1921, Science Serv- 4, o., u tablishxnenl of clubs throughout the United, Ste tesfor ? young people_especial- ly interested in science, a most coin- mendable 'objective with which all Amer- icans can agree. The act provided that a corporation, be granted a charter :by Congress to help the Commissioner car- ry out this assignment and last year, the Honorable FRANCIS WALTER introduced legislation to grant this charter to the Science Service, Inc., which has demon- strated most illustriously its fulfillment of the requirements indicated by Public Law 8'75. _ The bill was passed by the House but was not considered on the floor. of the Senate. however, Congressman WALTER has again introduced the proposal, H.R.' 824, to grant a charter to Science Service,. Inc., and I am very hopeful that this leg-; islation will be enacted during the pres- ent session of Congress:. In this con nection, under' unanimous consent, I in- sert an editorial from the Flint, Mich., Journal, of February ft in` the "CONGRES SIONAL RECORD since i ,states so well the excellent reasons for porting this leg- islative request: ,y NO I~4E 1` ED To SOA){ AXPA FRS R EN ELF-ELP PLAN~~ ORI 5 Flint area students in elementary junior high, and senior high schools are at work experimenting and" pr'epar'ing `exhibits for the seventh-annual Flint Science Fair: at IMA Auditorium. The fair Is 7 wselts away, but projects are well underway at all schools. 'In some cases, preparations began last spring soon after the completion of the 100 Flint Fair. 'Every exhibit by a budding scientist'that will be judged in April will represent months of study, concentration, and hard work. Last year's award winners received prizes totaling $4,200. The amount will be more this time, _ Already, seven scholarships worth $3,750 have' been announced. Flint's Pali, as are more than 200 other such local fairs across the,cquntry, is sp'o'n- sored by area public and parochial schools, community service "organizations and busi- ness and industrial firms' with help and en couragement from Science Service, Inc., sponsor of the annual National Science Fair- International to which the Journal sends local award winners. From information which was available to Congress as well as to the White House, In 1958, Flint was host to the national fairve at eh n 1 30,000 , ersons attended' to` we came to the conclusion that the signs fro~ p 150 :fair in the of what was being done between Russia United StAtc9, Japan, and Vvest Germany. and Cuba pointed to the ii evita"ble-that It did. much to call attention to Flints ever Russia was arming Cuba for offensive expanding educational facilities and pro- purposes. grams. It also stimulated greater interest Gen. Thomas D. White, former con- in Iocal scleuce fair participation and ex- monde: of the U.S. Air Force and now cellexlce. :, retired, has written one of the most new interest and continue dsxio- >~rom this' tlvatlon,, by Science Service, elementary succinct and direct observations of what school fairy yvere started to promote inter- has been happening psychologically in school science activities and increase inter- this country from the White House down est in the annual Flint Fair, to the lowest citizen. As General White A843 has so well put it, what happened in Cuba, instead of being an eye opener, should be a shocker to those in high po- sition in the Government, as to the im- plications of what the future holds for us in the long pull with communism. As General White has again said this "great national orgy of self-congratula- tion" could result in the greatest mis- calculation- for disaster in our history. Our naivete in believing that Russia was coming with 15,000 members of the armed forces to plant defensive missiles in Cuba almost brought us to a major disaster. Constant vigilance is the price of sur- vival in the nuclear age. We may not be as fortunate again as we were in Octo- ber in Cuba in being able to locate offen- sive weapons. Our military leadership in the last 24 months has been greatly silenced. Many of us in the Congress hope that the military in the future will speak up when they believe they are right-even though this may not be popular at the other end of Pennsylvania Avenue. General White's article from News- week, January 14, 1963, is herewith ap- pended: GREAT NATIONAL ORGY OF SELF- CONGRATULATION (By Gen. Thomas D. White, U.S. Air Force, retired) "'Placebo': Any harmless substance, as bread pills, given to humor a patient."-Funk and Wagnalls Practical Standard Dictionary. Uncle Sam has long been suffering from a severe case of national apathy recently aggra- vated and climaxed in a high Cuban fever. His most dangerous sequela is overconfidence, As an aftermath of Cuba we may become more offguard than ever, tranquilized by our own nostrums and the propaganda pills con- stantly fed to us by Dr. Khrushchev. Our Government acted courageously in the Cuban situation. But that "is exactly what I expect the Government of the United States of America to do. What seems strange to me is that we have been engaged in a great national orgy of self-congratulations. We congratulate our- selves over the confrontation of our sworn enemy who, armed with lethal weapons aimed at the very heart of this country, marched almost openly into our own front yard. It seems to me that rather than con- gratulate ourselves, we should soberly recog- nize that Cuba is surely one of the easiest of all the areas and circumstances of possible decisive confrontation with the Soviet Union. Instead of crowing over a 12th-hour decision, we should be taking stock of our national attitudes which permitted the immediate situation to arise in the first place. I find it especially difficult to understand why our military authorities did not raise the alarm long before October. In my opin- ion, and I spent many years in the intelli- gence business, there was enough informa- tion to be found in the daily press alone to have led to a military conclusion that the Russians in Cuba were posing a serious threat to the United States. Surely the stream of Russian ships to Cuba which began last midsummer should have aroused deep suspicion. Could anyone in uniform really have believed that the construction in Havana Harbor was for a fishing fleet? Did the evaluators of Soviet intelligence, who should be chosen for their cynicism, actually give credence to published reports that thousands of Russian troops in Cuba were there for peaceful purpose or that the U.S.S.R. would mount such an ef- fort merely to arm Fidel Castro with defen- sive missiles? Was not the sum total of in- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 -. CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 ice has been assisting in the establishment of such clubs and since 1941 It has broad- ened its scope to include sponsorship of the science fairs and other programs to foster science interest among this country's youth. Now a ' bill has been introduced in the House of Representatives to provide Science Service a Federal charter. The bill, H.R. 824, is identical to the one the House approved last summer only to have it die in the Sen- ate Judiciary Committee. We are in favor of the bill. Its passage would preserve this nonprofit organization which has so successfully encouraged grass- root, self-help programs such as Flint's in schools and communities across the country. Since 1958 the U.S.-Office of Education has been after Congress to establish a Federal program of school science clubs under its direction and to appropriate funds for its operation. It still is eager to take over this program and the supervision of science fairs-at public expense. We point to the tremendous growth' in interest here among students, instructors, parents and local sponsoring agencies since Flint's first science fair was held in 1957 as an example of the excellent job Science Serv- ice is doing in helping promote science in- terest in U.S. schools. Its programs are in more than JO,000 schools in all 50 States. There is no need for the Government to step in to "take over the job at taxpayer ex- pense. In fact, such tax expenditures by the U.S. Office of Education cannot be justified. We urge passage of the bill to give Science Service a Federal charter so it can continue its work on a nonprofit basis. Events in Cuba EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. WILLIAM L. SPRINGER OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr."SPRINGER. Mr. Speaker, there were many of us in the Congress talking about Cuba and what was happening and long before the President took action A844 Approved &Zl g?'Q/U /3Cylkt!~-RR0002002200Q4e6r2utry siderable anticipated windfall to the com- munity. It apparently means the city will receive a $100.000 grant to pay about half the cost of a new city garage, and that Portage County may reap a benefit of $485,000, half the estimated cost of a 90-bed addition to the new county Infirmary. Believed sus- pended by the new classification is a city request for $47,500 for half the estimated cost of a sanitary sewer project. Also under a Federal program, the board of water and sewage commissioners received a grant of $38,300 for a sewage plant project, but lost out on a bid for an additional $27,000_ If local officials have any qualms of con- aelence as to taking advantage of a techni- cality that made the city and county eligible for grants, although they should not have been, their composure can be readily re- stored. They were encouraged by Federal of- ficials to apply for grants despite the un- certain status that clouded the picture, and were assured we were still eligible for bene- fits under the depressed area assistance pro- grams. In view of these representations, the local projects continued to be submitted. There was one outstanding development. however, that is disappointing. This in- volved strenuous work to obtain a large loan-not a grant-for the establishment of a $2,770,000 food processing plant in the Plover area. The firm planned to contract for locally grown potatoes on a major scale. it would have provided steady employment for up to 400 persons. givingthe area perma- nent benefits through this new Industry. Local community leaders felt confident that under the formula laid down, the compara- tively small sum required to be raised locally could have been obta%ned. This project went down the drain, not as the result of the classification change but because Portage County never should have been designated as a distressed area in the first place. The Area Redevelopment Ad- ministration said: "We cannot in good con- science approve the expenditure of Federal funds when we know that Portage County would not be entitled to such funds except for the fact that an error had been made." That Is the official explanation. We suspect however, that this may not be the real rea- son, and that other Influences may have been at work in Washington to block this busi- ness venture with Its spotlight on our potato Industry. Throughout the various proceedings, offi- cials have learnedsomething about the de- vious ways of Federal assistance. Word Is being awaited as to the fate of two other projects in Portage County, a municipal water plant for Junction City and a sewerage system for Rosbolt. dicatots enough to raise the alarm long be- fore it was raised? I perturbed that, whatever the current arran ment of Intelligence organizations, whateper the Department of Defense policies on military expression of views, there should be-au evidence of complacency among our professional military watchdogs. There have been changes In our military intelligence setup, and the military voice has certaigly been muted. Nonetheless I am con- fident that If our highest military author- Ities had stood up and spoken on this sub- ject, the Commander in Chief would have acted promptly on their warning. It thers me also to know that the equip- mentfor launching and guiding certain types of missiles can be hidden readily and that some missiles and aircraft themselves can be transported piecemeal and quickly reas- sembled, These factors and other clande- stine 'capabilities of the U.S.S.R. in Cuba lead a to believe that as long as there Is a Comniunist government in Cuba, the United States and all of Latin America are In jeop- ary. naivete in beliving otherwise has brought us close to a major disaster. We may have been "eyeball to eyeball" and tbbts time the other fellow may have blinkgd-but maybe he only winked. In any case, we may be apre that he Is already plot- ting a next time. He will continue to feed us propaganda pills to lull our senses and will always be set to administer us a fatal potion. Shrushchev has sworn to bury us. Presum- ably he would prefer to bury us alive. But if necessary he would gladly bury us dead. "'Placebo'; The opening antiphon of the vespets for the dead."-Punk and Wagnalls Practical Standard Dictionary. Windfalls in Federal Aid EXTENSION OF REMARKS .HON. MELVIN R. LAIRD of WISCONSIN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 M. LAIRD. Mr. Speaker, In an edi- torial, appearing in the Stevens Point Daily Journal, Stevens Point, Wis., at- tention was called to a mistake made by the ]Federal Government in designating Portage County in my district a "dis- tressed area." I include that editorial as at example of the confusion that ex- ists in the Federal bureaucracy con- cerning the proper administration of Federal funds under existing programs: ?` WINDFALLS rw FEDERAL AID, Also Dfserrolll'rarErr'i' There is an old saying that one should never look a gift horse in the mouth. We are reminded of it by what has been trans- piring over the past year or so regarding the statul of Portage County as a "distressed area,, making it eligible for grants of public funds for federally approved local projects. It has been necessary to take a number of looks in the direction of that gift horse, to get some needed* answers. It all started whet} Portage County, including Stevens Point, was classified as a distressed area on the axis of unemployment figures. But this turn d out to be a statistical error and we were, removed this week from that claesl- fication by the U.S. Department of Com- merc. M anwhile, a number of projects were set up, after local officials were given assurances that the eligibility continued in force, de- spite the mistake. This has brought a con- H.R. 97, a Bill To Provide Certain Exemp- tions From Federal Excise Taxes for Nonprofit Organizations for the Blind Which Are Now Provided for Nonprofit Educational Organizations EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. EUGENE J. KEOGH or MEW SORE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. KEOGH- Mr. Speaker, on the opening day of the 88th Congress, I in- troduced 8R. 97, a bill to exempt non- profit, voluntary associations and agen- cies engaged in work for the blind-from paying Federal excise taxes. I sponsored this same measure in the last Congress. I have reintroduced it in this one because I believe these are worthy organizations doing a worthwhile work and deserve the small amount of relief from paying burdensome taxes that the enactment of my bill into law would provide. Although substantial sums of money are appropriated annually by the Fed- eral and State governments to provide special kinds of training and assistance to the Nation's nearly 400,000 blind per- sons, these funds are not sufficient to meet the need. Therefore, there has developed, in just about every community in Amer- ica, privately established, nonprofit or- ganizations which fill in the gaps in the services provided to blind people by public authority. These organizations for the blind- perhaps as many as 1,000 of them- serve as centers of activities for the blind. They serve as centers for groups of braille transcribers, volunteers who produce books in raised characters or on records and tapes for college students, or for blind children attending classes in local sighted schools--or even for general reading; these centers offer training in the skills and techniques of blindness; they provide social services, and serve as educational and recrea- tional resources for their numerous blind clients, Mr. Speaker, I am familiar with these fine institutions, and I am proud to say that one of the very best of them is the Industrial Home for the Blind, located in my district In Brooklyn. Established nearly three-quarters of a century ago, this organization has gained a worldwide reputation for the pioneering work it has performed in, the field of work for the blind. One of the first to explore the possi- bilities of magnifier lenses for persons with very limited vision, there has grown within the Industrial Home for the Blind an optical aids service which truly helps the blind to see again. Those who suffer the double handi- capping disabilities of blindness and deafness have received much attention from this highly esteemed Brooklyn institution. Great advances have been made to help these people-shut away from the sights and sounds of the world-to help them achieve a larger measure of fulfillment In their lives. The Industrial Home for the Blind also maintains a corps of nearly a thousand volunteers who copy textbooks into braille for blind students of all ages and in all manner of educational institutions. These are but a few of the activities and accomplishments of the justly famous Industrial Home for the Blind. It also provides a great diversity of other services and activities to sightless men, women, and children, not only in our part of New York City and State, but to blind persons throughout the world. And the Industrial Home for the Blind about which I speak with such familiar- ity-for I have known of it as far back as I can remember-the Industrial Home Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Y 9 3 , CONG t.E:SS1ONJ L_ RECORD - .APP.ENDIX. A853 Or maybe it is just because these fellows, and all of their fellows, and all of their ideas, are square, .. When Dwight D. Eisenhower was President he appointed a Committee on National Goals we were all going. Perhaps to decide a first step. should be a commission on na- tional,heritage to make sure that some of us at,least,rememberwhere.we have been. Arnold Toyubee, the historian, says that of 21 notable civilizations, 19 perished not from external conquest but from the evap- oration of.belief:within, Today, our country still has a choice. I believe it has already begun to make that choice. I believe it is going back to its old beliefs in such things as ideas, pride; patriot- Ism, loyalty, devotion and even hard work. We are great believers in statistics in this country-and while the things that really count can never. be measured even by the most advanced? computers-sheer head- counting seems to indicate that people are beginning to struggle for better things. Twenty years -ago, half of us belonged to churches. Today, 64 percent of us do. It is perfectly possible that the churches are full and ,the people are empty-but the sta- tlsties.are on, our side. Sales of classical records have jumped 78 percent In the last 3 years. Advertising, per- haps, but the statistics are on our side. Millions of people are visiting museums, millions more, than a decade ago. We spent over a billion dollars on books last year, and people are taking 670 million volumes out of our public libraries each year. There are 59 percent more symphony or- chestras than there were ,10 years ago. And expenditures on all cultural activities have increased 70 percent, in the past 10 years- to a total of more than $3 billion, You might point out to me that $3 bil- lion spent for culture, stacked up against $50 billion spent for war, still isn't much. But you will have to admit that there is definite movement. And in the right di- rection too. Since the turn. of the century, the per- cerTtageof our population that has graduated from high school is up 10 times. And the percentage that has gone to college is up seven times, And the percentage in higher education. who are in there trying to get higher marks is, encouragingly higher than It used. to be. Yes, there are indications that the day when it's smart to be smart is finally at hand. But the greatest thing that has happened, of course,, is that,our Nation has a whole new set of, heroes. Named Glenn and Gris- som and Shepard. Named Carpenter, Cooper and Sehirra _ Named Crews and Bock and Twinting; Smith, Sorlie and McIntosh; named Knolle_arid Hoover. The towns they came from have nice small names: Sparta, Boulder, East Derry, Mitchell, Shawnee, Brownwood. These lads apparently lived too far from the big city and grew up to be squares. For who but a square would volunteer his life for his country's good? They are not even ashamed of their feel- ings. John Glenn says he gets a funny feeling down inside when he sees the flag go by. Imagine that, He's proud of his small town, proud of his smalt college. Proud that he belonged to the By Scouts and the YMCA. I hope that some of him rubs off onto the next generation. P'or the forces of conformity are still strong. Too many of us are still sitting it out instead of sweating it out, Too many of u9, haven't got the guts to stand up straight and dare to be square. Because the opposite of square is round, and being round is so much simpler. Responsibilities and problems roll off nice and easy. And we can just roll down the path without any bumps, being careful to stay in the middle, because that's where the most comfortable ruts are. Too many of us know the short cuts, and too few know or care where the path leads. Too few of us dare to leave the path be- cause the path is always the easy way, the way most people go. But there is no path to the future, no path to greatness, no path to progress. No path to outer space or to inner satisfaction. How shall we fight for personal independ- ence? How shall we avoid the group poop, the vortex of mediocrity, the great nothing of cynical sophistication and bored non- participation? May I suggest that we all join the S.O.S.? The S.O.S.-the Society of Squares. It doesn't even exist but it could. Not a left- wing organization, Not a right-wing organ- ization, Just an organization with wings. We might have to go underground for awhile to avoid being trampled to death by the coast-to-coast rat-packs of cynical sa- boteurs and the canned-wit commandos whose devotion is to destruction. But we would come out. We might even have a secret handshake consisting mainly' of grabbing the other guy's hand as though you meant it and looking him in the eye. We would be for participation and against sitting life out, for simplicity and against sophistication, for laughter and against sniggering, for America and against her ene- mies, for the direct and against the devious, for the honest way against, the easy short cut, for a. well-done job and against the goof-off, for education and against the pre- tense of learning, for building and against tearing down, for the boys and girls who excel and against the international bedroom athletes. We have, at least, the satisfaction of knowing that our problem is not new. When Benjamin Franklin was told that the war for independence was over, he said, "Say rather the war of the revolution is over-the war for independence has yet to be fought." And today-179 years later- the war for independence has still to be fought. Report From Washington EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. VICTOR WICKERSHAM OF OKLAHOMA ' IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. WICKERSHAM. Mr. Speaker, February; the shortest month of the year, is usually one of the busiest and this one was no exception. With Congress and its legislative duties, Defense Depart- ment briefings almost every day, and im- pOrtant daily requests from constitu- ents, your Congressman has been very busy. At the invitation of the Secretary of the Air Force, I inspected six major Air Force commands to get a firsthand look at our defense structure. The tour in- eluded the defense nerve center at Omaha, Nebr., a SAC alert demonstra- tion at Vandenberg, Calif? a visit to the Atlas missile training site where two crews from Atlas AFB were undergoing training, and NORAD headquarters at Colorado Springs. Seeing our defense. systems In operation gives me confidence that the United States is more militarily secure than any time in its history. I attended a series of high-level secret briefings by Defense Secretary McNa- mara, and, based on his statements, I am not worried about the future of the manned bomber. The manned bomber will always have its place in our defense structure. Enclosed with this newsletter is a blue opinion card. In order that r may be aware of the desires of my constituents, please complete the card, apply a stamp, and mail it to me. This helps me to vote according to the wishes of those I serve. Shortly after pro football star Norman Snead had been hired by the Peace Corps at a salary of $75 per day plus expenses, I protested the hiring. Two days later Corps Director Sargent Shriver an- nounced that Snead would work for noth- ing, that his hiring had been a mistake. It was gratifying to receive so much mail commending me for my action. It came from 31 States and my own Sixth Dis- trict. Economy in Government demands constant attention. The United Nations will give agricul- tural aid to Cuba, it was recently an- nounced. No U.S. money will be used, but I firmly stand opposed to the U.N. giving Cuba aid in any way, shape, or form until Russia removes its troops, guns, and other weapons. The United States should make no contribution to any United Nations fund which would be used in this manner, Six Federal agencies plan to spend more than $157 million in the Sixth Dis- trict during fiscal year 1964. Of this, more than $148 million will be for mili- tary installations. In February, two con- tracts totaling $1.7 million were awarded for construction at Fort Sill. Duncan's Halliburton Field was equipped with a new directional radio range, and a $118,- 000 loan was approved for Sterling for water and sewer works. The Post Office Department deserves commendation. I often receive mail ad- dressed simply, "VICTOR WICKERSHAM, Washington, D.C.," but this month I re- ceived a letter with the envelope ad- dressed only to "U.S. Capitol, Washing- ton, D.C." For faster processing, I urge constituents to at least put my name on the envelope. My address is 1421 New House Office Building, Washington 25, D.C. Remember, I am only as far away as your telephone. Anytime I may be of service, just phone, wire, or write. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. GEORGE MEADER OF MICHIGAN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. MEADER. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks, I include the following editorial from the Adrian Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 6 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 A854 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- APPENDIX February 21 (Mic$l.> Daily Telegram of January 9, HsABLY 90,000 RtrasrAN TROOPS fN CIMA, Rrs'- 1963i voxx SAYS-ONLY ,POINT AC iON LED BY fibs RIGHT TO SNOW UNn') STATxs CAN Psis ISL ND, IBVARONA Ani editorial yesterday commented on the SATIN unusial news conference conducted by De- A Cuban exile leader said today that he fense Secretary McNamara to quiet unease- had hard evidence that there may be as ness ? about the arms situation in Cuba. many as 80,000 to 85.000 Russian troops In Ever since the 8ennedy administration ad- Cuba today, not 17,000 as the Kennedy ad- mit+y it had "managed" some aspects of ministration says. thejfeews about the Cuban crisis, there have Dr. Manuel deVarona, speaking through an Interpreter At first said he had received "- entered the country again through Santiago. He said this was reported by a White Rus- sian who had spoken to the troops and came to the United States several weeks ago. Asked by Representative Oaoss, Republi- can, of Iowa, if he feels the United States is "doing what we ought to do," the interpreter said, "Dr. deVerona considers that all meas- ures that should be taken are not being taken and sees no decision that has been taken to liberate Cuba." th e pther day her doaa about uout tY what t ua our n Government Affairs Subcommittee which is Inquiring into Miller & Rhoads and Thalhimers, of Rich- th f ation. tnd be remarked that by so Questioned further by Representative doe be may have put some handicaps on PAaseTxrN, Democrat, of New York, Dr. de- Programs ite th d ld k fi ma e e n e theuture intelligence activities. Varona said he wou If that be so, the responsibility goes back statement that there were more than 17,000 to tie Government and its "managed news" and as many as 30,000. policy. Obviously In times of national crisis ouesTroN axrvoEz$ the `Government cannot tell all it knows. He said his group questions all refugees 13ott a information has to be restricted. But coming from Cuba and that there are 5,000 this can be done without limiting the in- Russian troops In his own province of formation about their Government that the Camaguey alone. people need to know, have the right to have. "The Russians are seen everywhere, In the For in the successful operation of demo- cities, to the country, at concentration crate government the people's right to know camps," he said through the interpreter. Dr. is Basic. When they do not know what the Nester Carbonell. f3o ernnvent is doing and why, they are un- In a statement read to the subcommittee ece'te. There has been a spirited discussion Cuba and restore peace to the hemisphere." of the arrangement whereby the Madison In a "supplement" also read to the group. Township Fire Department is to take over the however, he said a naval and air blockade fufniahing of fire protection to Adrian Town- should be Imposed on Cuba first, "adequate ship Some Adrian Township residents are military assistance" sent to freedom fighters e ressing misgivings, publicly and privately. on the Island and abroad, with "collective So a are content with the fire protection armed action" against Cuba only as a third co tract. step "if needed." Township Board did what it decided was Questioned further on the matter, Dr. de- Verona said he felt such action should be in the township did not know what was taken through the Organization of American going on. The township board presented States, but that if all else fails, the United 2t4 constituency with an accomplished fact, States' has an inherent right of unilateral ' tgie township s own fire department is to be self-defense and should exercise It. dissolved and the services of the Madison He empheaized military action only "!f department obtained on a contract basis. necessary," seeming to soften the previous ver the merits of the new acreage- s^at e statement. nt; whatever the good reasons for making He said his refugee group has no Informa- nt; these were never presented to the people _ Von that Russian troops have been used to ,,- -._ t the board dpd that In essence is what the squabble is 15 percent of the Cuban people remain loyal all about. The Adrian Township Board's big to Castro. eke was its neglect to let its people Dr. deVarona, who was president of the *ow what It proposed doing and why, Cuban Senate In 1950-52. said his son and two brothers took part In the Bay of Pigs EXTENSION OF REMARKS Of HON. STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN XN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February-21, 1963 (estiMr. DEROUNIAN. Mr. Speaker, in mony before the House Subcommit- tee on Foreign Affairs a Cuban exile deader testified yesterday that he had sea 30,000 to 35,000 Russian troops In ICuba today, not the 17,000 as the admin- `.lseratlon states. Dr. Manuel deVarona revealed this as Indicated in the story In the Washington Evening Star, yester- p day: invasion. In one of his "supplements," the Cuban exile said "well-informed sources in Vienna" reported Russia has established secret bases In two Latin American countries, one in the jungles of northwest Brazil and the other in a mountain region of Paraguay. .Representative MAILLuID, Republican, of California, said he assumed the countries involved would be aware of this and "I would think the establishment of a military base on someone else's territory would be an act of war." " Dr. deVarona said the reported bases were very difficult to reach and that may be the reason no action has been taken. Dr. deVarona said the reported impending removal of several thousand Russian troops from Cuba would make little difference in its use as a base for subversion in Latin America, and that removal of all Russian troops should be forced by a blockade. He said there was a "complete case" of Russian troops which left Havana and later EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. J. VAUGHAN GARY or waomu IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. GARY. Mr. Speaker, two of the Nation's outstanding department stores, both of which happen to be located in my congressional district, have recently been honored by the National Retail Merchants Association and the Readers Digest for public service programs they have instituted. Miller & Rhoads and Thaihimers of Richmond, Va., have been recognized as semi-final winners for the role the retail industry plays in pro- moting a better way of life for our citizens. Under leave to extend my remarks, I offer the following comment on the prizewinning projects: Mn.LSR & RHOADS, INC. For 10 years Miller and Rhoads have sponsored the Virginia high school forums. These programs feature outstanding stu- dents selected from high schools throughout the State together with foreign students at- tending school in Virginia. Miller and Rhoads' public relations activi- ties have always been geared to furthering the importance of good citizenship combined with a true recognition of the freedom our country enjoys. Working with the Student Cooperative Association and Richmond and Roanoke public schools, Miller and Rhoads developed the details of the program, which has proven highly successful. Not only do Virginia's high school students develop their basic beliefs in the workings of democracy, but the participating foreign students are able to pass along the ideas discussed in the forums when they return to their native countries. THALHIMERS Six years ago, Thalhlmers In Richmond pioneered In a project designed to acquaint the community with scientifically correct In- formation on the relationship between diet and good health. This idea of nutrition forums was entirely new and the increased interest in the pro- grams as the years go by has convinced Thal- himers that they are meeting a need in the community. Although the idea for the forums was con- ceived by Thalhlmers, they felt that they should have a cosponsoring group with es- tablished medical prestige, so the Virginia Council on Health and Medical Care joined the project. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved, For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX orators have something going for them in the Cuban "mess" and in the intractability of General de Gaulle. The truth of this should not be lost upon a man as experienced in.politics as is Senator FULBRIGHT, After all, it has been.only a bit more than 2 years since Candidate Kennedy was beating the bushes for votes by preach- ing the doctrine that the Eisenhower ad- ministration had made hash of our foreign policy and had wrecked American prestige in the process. We don't recall any complaints from Senator FULBRIGHT that Mr. Kennedy was practicing bad politics at that time. And we can't take his protests very seriously now-especially since Mr. Kennedy and not Mr. Nixon is in residence at 1600 Pennsyl- vania Avenue. KHRUSHCHEV TOSSES US A CRUMB (By David Lawrence) Premier Khrushchev has thrown President Kennedy and his critics a crumb-a promised withdrawal of a "few thousand" Soviet troops from Cuba. This Is an unsatisfactory answer to the request of the United States that all Russian troops should leave the island and that the Soviets should give up their mili- tary base in Cuba. Leading Democrats as well as Republicans in Congress have voiced their dissatisfaction over the inadequacy of the Soviet action. It is doubtful whether either, the President or his critics will let the matter rest with a partial withdrawal' of Soviet troops. For there is no way of knowing how many more Russian "civilians" or "technicians" will enter Cuba in the next few weeks to replace those who will have departed. The congressional criticism has had its effect, however, and will continue. It is un- fortunate that Under Secretary of State George Ball and some of the administration spokesmen in Congress recently chose to re- gard any criticism as partisan and called for bipartisanship. Actually, there has been bi- partisanship among the critics. Much of what has been said In, Congress in disap- proval of the Cuban policy has come from Democrats. A few days ago, Senator STENNIS, of Mississippi, Democrat, chairman of a subcommittee on military affairs, ex- pressed the opinion that the criticism had been helpful and that the investigation of our Cuban policy undertaken by his sub- committee "will give strength to the Presi- dent-and Khrushchev Will realize it." After the announcement of. the coming withdrawal of a Portion of the Soviet, army in Cuba, Senator STENNIS, in a statement, said: "Even though this is an encouraging step, it is only one step. Our policy must be an insistence that they all be withdrawn. This is the only thing that will really remove the menace." Other Senators. in both parties-RUSSELL, of Georgia; LAUSCHE, of Ohio; SMATHERS, of Florida; MANSFIELD, of Montana, all Demo- crats; and DIRKSEN, of Illinois, AIKEN, of Ver- mont, and GOLDWATER, of Arizona, Republi- cans-echoed the same sentiment. There are currently, of course, some parti- sans among the critics. These Republicans seem to have learned a lesson from the Dem- ocrats, who managed to make Cuba an issue in the 1960 presidential campaign. Those criticisms may have swung enough votes to be a factor in the close race that Mr. Ken- nedy won over Mr. Nixon. The Democratic presidential nominee's words, therefore, are being reread by some of the Republicans as a lesson in how to succeed in campaigning without really trying to be nonpartisan. Mr. Kennedy, for example, had this to say in a speech at Johnstown, Pa., on, October 15, 1960: "For the transformation of Cuba into a Communist base of operations a few min- utes from our coast-by jet plane, missile, or submarine-is an incredibly dangerous de- velopment to have been. permitted by our Republican policymakers. "This wouldn't have happened under Franklin Roosevelt, who warned the Nazis in 1940 to stay out of our hemisphere; this wouldn't have happened under Harry Tru- man, who warned the Communists in 1947 to stay out of Greece and Turkey." In another speech, the Democratic candi- date included Cuba in six key areas in the world in which he charged that the admin- istration was "reacting too late." He repeat- edly declared that American prestige was very low. There were speeches about the alleged "missile gap," and Mr. Kennedy often referred to surveys which, he said, showed that a majority of the people in several coun- tries believed the Soviet Union was "ahead of us militarily and scientifically." Even the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee, whose chairman was Senator FuL- BRIGHT, of Arkansas, Democrat, issued a report on June 28, 1960, criticizing President Eisen- hower for having used the U-2 surveillance planes. The committee claimed it didn't have all the information it needed, but then said anyhow: "The development, publica- tion, examination and discussion of informa- tion such as this, it seems to the committee, is essential to the democratic process. When carried on responsibly, it can only produce beneficial results, even at critical moments in our foreign affairs. Only through a pub- lic airing of the facts can a representative government be held to proper account and its mistakes, if any, identified and corrected." Many Republicans who in recent weeks have reexamined that paragraph in the Sen- ate Foreign Relations Committee report took it to heart and tried to "air the facts" so as to "produce beneficial results." But Sen- ator FULBRIGHT, nevertheless, has just de- nounced the Republicans as partisan. The truth is that in the Democratic Party sev- eral of the critics have been more severe in the castigation of the Kennedy admin- istration's foreign policy than the Republi. cans have been. Maybe if the bipartisan critics keep up their "airing of the facts" they will per- suade Premier Khrushchev that American public opinion Isn't satisfied with the con- tinuance of a Soviet military base in Cuba and is demanding that it be abolished with- out further delay. Critique of the President's Tax Cut EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. SAMUEL L. DEVINE OF OHIO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. DEVINE. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks, I am sub- mitting for the RECORD a paper written by Jim Calland, age 14, a student at Uni- Versity High School in Columbus, Ohio. This young man displays a keen insight on one of the key issues facing this ses- sion of Congress, and it certainly is worthy of the attention of the Members. The paper follows: CRITIQUE OF THE PRESIDENT'S TAx CUT (By Jim Calland, University High School, Columbus, Ohio) I am opposed to the tax cut as proposed by the President in his state of the Union message on which he has elaborated in sub- sequent addresses, If I may paraphrase Samuel Gompers: Economically it is un- A835 is sound, socially it is wrong, industrially it is an impossibility. The economic logic behind this says the tax cut will serve as a stimulus to the econ- omy. People will keep more money and will, therefore, be encouraged to spend more money. We will move forward economically. The gross national product will become greater. The Federal Government will re- ceive a smaller percentage of your paycheck, but you will be encouraged to spend more and thus stimulate the economy. The ad- ministration hopes to make up the loss in personal income tax with an increased rev- enue in business taxes. Let us suppose that Mr. Kennedy is clair- voyant. Let us assume that he had psychic powers and can adequately predict the eco- nomic future of 180 million Americans. We shall say that all he has foretold is the gos- pel truth. Is it the whole truth? Increased spending with a decreased in- come is not economically sound. Yes, the administration says, there will be a tempo- rary deficit, but it will ultimately be offset by the Increased future revenue. What is this increased future revenue? If we accept Mr. Kennedy's extrasensory perception, we must assume that there will be a numerical increase in the tax revenue as predicted. There will be a greater number of dollars coming into the Government. This would be all right if the value of the dollar remained fixed, but it does not. What hap- pens is this: Government places its interest- bearing I 0 U's in the commercial banking systems and receives in return "deposits" which become new money as the Govern- ment writes checks against them. This new unearned money gets its value by diluting the value of all existing money. This new kind of money is not only as bad as greenbacks, it Is worse, because (1) it bears interest, and (2) it must be paid back. We have created two additional tax burdens. The first of these is the tax money that is needed each year to pay the interest on the debt. The second burden (still to come) will be the taxes that will have to be col- lected to pay off the debt. For the tax cut to even bring in an increased amount of revenue, there must be extravagant spend- ing on the part of a good many people. Let's consider a young couple who have no faith in the long-term future, because the money is not sound, has no Intrinsic value, and they rightly expect it to continue to depreciate. There is no use to save money just to see it lose Its purchasing power. They begin to think of living for the thrills of the moment, of spending their money almost as fast as they earn it. This encour- ages the weakening of character. If they cannot win by integrity, honesty, and perser- verance, they are tempted to take short cuts. Throughout history, periods of moral dis- integration have followed the debasement of the monetary unit. I am reminded of the words of Abraham Lincoln: "You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift." Then there is the idea that this tax out will help business an? industry: This quaint notion is nothing but a fairy tale. To fully understand the effect of inflation on just the steel industry. Let's consider a 1940 steel plant that cost $25 million. Today the plant has been written off and the company has in reserve the allowed de- preciation, $25 million. But now the new plant will cost $60 million. This means that an additional $35 million will have to come from somewhere and that somewhere should be earnings. Because earnings are taxed 52 percent by the Government, the company would have to earn an extra $73 million in order to get the $35 million needed for the new plant. If earnings before taxes are 10 percent of sales, the company would have to Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-,' Approved For Release 2004/06/23: CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 ? A836 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX Februd-NL 21 sell an extra $130 million worth of steel to get the extra, $35 million. True, the taxes will be cut, byt inflation, as outlined previously, is worse than pay- ing high taxes. What will the fate of America be? Will Congress pass this tax cut? If we let this happen and if we let the trend continue unrestrained, the United States can become a second-rate Nation. As Thomas Jefferson, has said: "To pre- serve our Independence, we must not let our leaders load us with perpetual debt. We must make our election between economy and liberty or profusion. and servitude." Why Let Red Troops Remain? E cJ: IiSION OF REMARKS 07 -HON. RALPH HARVEY. or nrDxA*A IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. HARVEY . of Indiana, Mi. Speaker, under leave to extend my re- marks in the RECORD, I include the fol- lowing editorial from the Richmond (Ind.) Palladium-Item and Sun-Tele- gram of Thursday, February 14, 1963: WHY Lirr RED Tsoors REsAn+?. President Kennedy and his top advisers are a timorous lot or they are incompetent as heads of our Government. There are' valid grounds for the adminis- tration to insist upon the immediate with- drawal of Russian troops from Cuba. In- sistence on the return of Soviet soldiers to Russia rents on the basis of Khrushchev's promises made at the time of the crisis last year. If President Kennedy had the slightest per- ception of the soundness and validity of our position, plus a real determination to act, he would have Informed Khrushchev long ago that the United States will not tolerate a Soviet base In Cuba or elsewhere In the Western Hemisphere. The American people will not quit criticiz- ing President Kennedy's uncertain and hesitating course in the Cuban situation. The administration's attempt to quiet their fears and anxieties by television ad- dresses failed to restore popular faith In a promise to prevent the Soviet Union from making Cuba a base for Communist aggres- sion and terrorism in this hemisphere. As long as Russians troops, military tech- nicians and offensive weapons remain in Cuba, their presence will be a matter of serl- ous concern to the American people. No television speech by the President's ad- visers and no promise about the absence of a Russian-threat will allay the apprehension of the people. Many Americans still doubt whether the administration has given all the details of the Cuban situation to the public. And a Senate Armed Services Prepared- ness Subcommittee also is unwilling to ac- cept the argument of the Kennedy adminis- tration that the Soviet menace and threat in Cuba are gradually fading. Senator JouN STENNIS;? Democrat, of Mis- sissippi, chairman of the committee said: "We are going right on. I don't we any lessening of military threat" of Russian men and equipmentstill In Cuba. Senator Evwasrr M. DlaasEN, Republican, of Illinois, said that "Cuba Is a Soviet base from which they will continue to operate for penetration of Latin America." If Members of the Congress are concerned monument to himself. Named Duvalier- over the administration's failure to act, Ville, It is growing at a snail's pace because there Is every reason why the American peo- hapless Dr. Duvalier Is having trouble financ- pie should be disturbed. ing It. And American businessmen in Haiti Haiti Outlook Is Bleak EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. JOSEPH M. MONTOYA or Nxw MExlco IN THE HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. MONTOYA. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks in the REC- ORD, I Include the following article writ- ten by Clayton Willis entitled "Haiti Outlook Is Bleak" The article follows: HAITI C)vTi.OOH Is PIT WAX (By Clayton Willis) PORT-Au-PRiNCS, HArri -Haitl, that lush, tropical land of about 4 million people, is sinking into economic oblivion. Unemployment, always high In this coun- try with few industrymaking natural re- sources, climbs daily. One of the reasons: few Americans come here anymore. I can report 'that the plush, tropical hotels that dot the mountains above this capital city, are empty. This means hundreds of thou- sands of American dollars are kept out of circulation and put a dent in that all Im- portant commodity-employment. Take a look at the.average yearly income of Haitians, who have the lowest standard of living In the Western Hemisphere, and It makes more sense; $10. That's right: $70 a year is the average guy's income in a year. Most American tourists are seared off be- cause the way Haitian President Francois Duvalier runs his Government. Duvalier is using many of the strongman tactics of a former neighbor who was assassinated May 30, I961-old Dominican Dictator General- Isimo Rafael Trujillo. Dr. Duvalier, an American-trained physi- cian turned politician, is partly a victim of circumstances. As many politicians, he got In with the wrong people who are looting the country at will. And Duvalier, who knows his country well-he traveled It many years as a country doctor-has re- sorted to much of the repression technique that Trujillo mustered up to stay on top for 31 years at the opposite end of this island of Hispaniola. One Duvalier slogan he knows how to use well. He. Duvalier, says he's a man of the people. To Haitians, who have a color question of their own, this means that he is not of the mulatto group, a minority here, which historically has controlled the politics and theeconomics of the country. So, Haiti, with Its long history of dictator- ships and cripplingilliteracy-about 10 per- cent can read and write-is in a bad way as far as Uncle Sam In concerned. Broke as Haiti Is, the U.B. Government isn't expected to giveDuvalier much of a boost In the few million dollars it supplies the French- and Creole-speaking country. As President Ken- nedy recently said in Bogota, Colombia, the United States is committed against aiding Latin American dictators. In fact, American businessmen in Haiti told me it's obvious Washington is trying to squeeze out Du- valier. Meanwhile, a few token projects to im- prove the lot of the Haitian people go on. One, the construction of a town 30 minutes drive north of here Is an, example of Presi- dent Duvalier's grandest effort to leave a told me they aren't having much part of answer to his predicament. Give him a fat payoff (one said he was asked for $50,000 and refused to pay It) to build the town; and, of course, in so doing, line the pockets of Government hangers-on. Maybe the most embarrassing note of all to Duvalier: the huge Peligre Dam has been built 76 miles' drive from.this city. It was supposed to supply badly needed hydroelec- tric power which, It Is thought, would attract American industry. But. Duvalier doesn't have the money to buy the generators. One bir hope on the economic horizon: Pan American World Airways Is putting up about $600,000 to build a jet airport 10 min- utes' drive from this capital city. And, a bright spot on the health scene: Dr. William Larimer Mellon, a courageous, dedicated member of one of America's great industrial. ,families, Is doing wonders with his Albert Schweitzer Hospital. Mellon opened the 50-bed hospital in 1956 some 85 miles from Port-au-Prince, and has since increased it to 120 beds. He was the first nonvoodoo witch doctor in the densely populated and poverty-ridden Artibonite Valley. When newly sworn-in American Ambassa- dor Raymond L. Thurston reaches Port-au- Prince January 6, he will have one of the toughest assignments In the Caribbean. Among the problems he will find confronting Haiti is that of Communist agents. They are already busy planting the seeds of revolution In Haiti's sun-parched soil. Washington Interference in State Tax Matters EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. E. Y. BERRY OF SOUTH DAKOTA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. BERRY. Mr. Speaker, the De- partment of Agriculture, which has added more than 17,000 employees since January 1961, has decided that among Its other futile efforts, it should put some of its employees to work making a sur- vey, at taxpayer expense, of seven Mid- west States, and has come up with the recommendation that they depend more on State general sales and income taxes than on property taxes for their revenues. The spectacle of the Agriculture De- partment, with its warehouses groaning with surplus commodities, spending $7 billion a year and still producing lower general farm incomes, telling solvent States like Nebraska and South Dakota how to handle their tax money, borders on the fantastic. Who asked for this survey in Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Colorado? My colleague, Representative RALPH BEERMANN, Republican, of Nebraska, commented : Washington bureaucrats have shown no great talent for managing the Federal fi- nances. The economic planners in Washing- ton at this time have the United States In Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4? 1963 , CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX A833 S. Modifying the unemployment compen- another dubious distinction. It is far ahead from our coast-by jet plane, missile, or sation system in the States to encourage of schedule since even the most extravagant submarine-is an incredibly dangerous de- retraining. Presently well over half of our predictions for budgetary growth-made less velopment to have been permitted by our States penalize the unemployed worker who than a year ago-did not have the budget Republican policy makers. Havana, once a seeks retraining by counting him as no reaching the $100 billion neighborhood until city bursting with admiration for Franklin longer unemployed when he starts a retrain- 1967. Roosevelt, the good neighbor, is now a cen- Ing program. Thus the Individual is faced The most disheartening and danger-rid- ter of Communist press, propaganda, and with a dilemma; if he takes the retraining den aspect of the $98.8 billion budget for broadcasts spreading anti-Yankee sentiment course which may be his only way of getting fiscal 1964, however, is the continuance of the throughout Latin America. New groups of a new job, his means of support is taken sharp rise in nondefense spending requests. revolutionaries are being trained for under- away from him; on the other hand, if he The latter accounts for $43.4 billion which cover activities in other countries and the -clings to the assistance he is rerajvinn h a.s .~,,..,,1,...,..,.- - --i ,+v 6. ......-% Llla4 ne win never de- velop a marketable skill. Nineteen States and the District of Columbia have taken a different tack, however. Recognizing the problem of obsolete skills, they will permit an unemployed worker to remain on the unemployment compensation list while he Is in training for a new skill. A further =ommon provision is that the individual may even reject a bona fide job offer and not --ose his compensation payments so long as he is in-training. I might suggest that a further step should be considered, taking -hose with obsolete skills off the unemploy- men compensation lists if they refuse to undertake a retraining program. Finally, I hope at long last students of ;his subject will begin to look with a critical -ye at our military draft law and,the.train- mg and retraining they are engaged in. -he military services constantly complain .nd. with justification, that the business -ector is constantly taking away the men hey spend years in training. Certainly it s true that the biggest vocational educa- lonal programs being conducted today are he ones conducted by our Military Estab- shments. Frankly, I think a much better Db could be done for the services through he civilian educational sector. But I am sirnarily concerned about the impact of -is draft law upon motivation and educa- ion and training our entire youth. The z'aft law is up for revision this year. If -is past is any guide, no one from the field F education will appear before the con- =essional committees to discuss its impact on education and training. I will again estify however. I am convinced that the raft law has become a faulty crutch upon hich the military rely to procure their ersonnel. They run a costly operation as as turnover of their personnel reveals. 'ith a careful recruitment program, they suld get all the personnel they need and ^ey would be more apt to retain their yalties and so out down on the costly turn- er rate. Certainly the removal of the fiord of Damocles from over the heads of a the youth of our country will result in much better training and education for .e whole society, particularly in these times great need coming from great change. Another Dubious First EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. ANCHER NELSEN OF MINNESOTA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 lvlr. NELSEN. Mr. Speaker, the edi- of the Arlington (Minn.) Enterprise Bards the new recordbreaking budget, :titularly the sharp rise in nondefense ending, as a dubious distinction. Edi- Louis Kill says it so well that I have guested it be placed in the RECORD for to see: ANOTHER DUBIOUS FIRST Besides submitting the biggest budget in history, the administration has rung up A comparison with the previous budgetary high, the $98 billion of the 1944 wartime year, graphically demonstrates the way in which nondefense spending has soared. In that year $81 billion went for defense and only $17 billion for nondefense expenditures. It is to be hoped that the great majority of Americans will not, repeat, will not get over their shock at the size of the budget without importuning their legislative repre- sentatives in Washington to apply some sharp cuts in the nondefense spending area. Kennedy as Candidate Ad Kennedy as President EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. DEROUNIAN. Mr. Speaker, dur- ing the presidential campaign of 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy was quite vocal and positive about the measures neces- sary to insure the removal of Castro from this hemisphere. The following is what he said at Johnstown, Pa., on October 15, 1960: Only if we are strong as a nation-strong economically, strong militarily, strong edu- cationally; strong in heart and purpose- can we assure our peace and security in an age where our enemies are overtaking us in missile power, are far surpassing us in broad- casts abroad, have penetrated for the first time into the Middle East and Africa, have outshone our efforts in science and space, and have rolled the Iron Curtain to 90 miles from our shores onto the once friendly island of Cuba. Mr. Nixon hasn't mentioned Cuba very prominently in this campaign. He talks about standing firm in Berlin, standing firm in the Far East, standing up to Khrushchev, but he never mentions standing firm in Cuba-and if you can't stand up to Castro how can you be expected to stand up to Khrushchev? Earlier this month, I reviewed the sorry story of how under our very noses, and in part as the result of our own policies, Cuba had moved from a position of good neighbor to a position of bitter enemy. We h-d been warned that anti-American feeling was ris- ing, that the Communists were taking over the revolution, and that our security would be endangered by a Castro regime. Mr. Nixon had been to Cuba on one of his famous trips. But Mr. Mikoyan has also been to Cuba. And while Mr. Nixon im- pressed the Cuban dictator, Batista, who has since been deposed, Mr. Mikoyan im- pressed Castro and others now in control of the Cuban Government. Mr. Nixon calls his trip experience. But the American peo- ple cannot afford many more such experi- ences. For the transformation of Cuba into a Communist base of operations a few minutes drastically threatened. This wouldn't have happened under Franklin Roosevelt, who warned the Nazis in 1940 to stay out of our hemisphere; this wouldn't have happened under Harry Tru- man who warned the Communists in 1947 to stay out of Greece and Turkey. And this would not have happened in Cuba if the Republican leadership Mr. Nixon repre- sents had taken every step which foresight and experience should have directed them to take-in order to prevent a Communist victory only 90 miles from our shores. I do not know how Mr. Nixon can talk of firmness in view of his party's record in Cuba. I do hot know how he can talk of experience in view of his party's experience in Cuba. I do not know how he can seek the Presidency and avoid explaining what happened in this major foreign policy disaster. But it did happen-and the question now is, What do we do about Cuba and Castro now? What can a new administration. do to end this drift? The first thing we have to do is let the Cuban people know our determination that they will someday again be free. We did not make clear to the Cubans our devotion to freedom during the brutal reign of the Ba- tista dictatorship-and we are not making our position any clearer under the Castro dictatorship. We have no Cuban Voice of America broadcasts in Spanish at all, and only 1 hour a day in Spanish beamed in general to all Latin America. We must promptly initiate a major broadcast program for Cuba in particular, and more for the Americas in general. Second, we must end the harassment, which this Government has carried on, of liberty-loving anti-Castro forces in Cuba and in other lands. While we cannot vio- late international law, we must recognize that these exiles and rebels represent the real voice of Cuba, and should not be con- stantly handicapped by our Immigration and Justice Department authorities. Third, we must let Mr. Castro know that we do not intend to be pushed around any longer and in particular do not intend to be pushed out of our naval base at Guan- tanamo, or denied fair compensation for American property he has seized. Fourth, we must let Mr. Khrushchev know that we are permitting no expansion of his foothold in our hemisphere-and that the Organization of American States will be given real strength and stature to resist any further Communist penetration by what- ever means are necessary. Fifth, and finally, we must strengthen the cause of freedom throughout all Latin America creating an atmosphere where lib- erty will flourish, and when Cuban commu- nism will be resisted, isolated, and left to die on the vine. One road to Havana ultimately lies through Rio and Buenos Aires and Mexico City. If the rest of Latin America is unsure of our stand on native dictators as well as Communist dictators; if they feel we are concerned only with our Soviet enemies and not their enemies of poverty, hunger, and disease, if they feel we respond not to their requests but only to Mr. Castro's threats, then the same policies of drift and neglect that preceded Castro's rise to power will continue to weaken our influence and pres- tige. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- APPENDIX Febru/ 21 We cannot write the Cuban people off as last. Neither should we drive them inex- trlbeablp into Soviet hands. But let us make the American Revolution the chief im- port of Latin America,. not the Cuban revo- lution, And if we do so then someday on the. island of Cuba Itself, there will be a government constituted to secure the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happi- Eitler Senator Kennedy then did not know what he was talking about or he deliberately deceived the American peo- ple for his own personal, political cam- paign gains. In a presidential press conference on February 7, 1963, the following question was propounded and this amazing an- swer given: HorzruLL Fos A FREe CUBA Question. Mr. President, what chances do you think or do you believe there are of eliminating communism In Cuba within your term? The PaESIDENT. I couldn't make any Pre- diction about the elimination. I am quite obviously hopeful it can be eliminated, but We have to waft and see What happens. There are a lot of unpleasant situations in the world today. China is one. It is unfor- tunate that communism was permitted to come Into Cuba. It has been a problem In the last 6 years. We don't know what Is go- ing to happen Internally. There is no obvi- ously easy solution as to how the Commu ffist movement will be removed. One way. of course, would be by the Cubans them- selves, though that Is very difficult, given the police setup. The other way would be by external ac- tion. But that Is war and we should not regard that as a cheap or easy way to accom- plleh what we wish. We live with a lot of dangerous' situations all over the world. A d the very able editor of the Westerville Public Opinion. The editorial follows: INSULTING Ova INTELLIGENCe (By A. Monroe Courtright) I dunno-did you get the same reaction I did as Secretary of Defense Robert McNa- mara put on his television show last week and tried to downgrade the Communist men- ace now in Cuba? As be talked and presented his excellent photographs showing how the missile sites had been destroyed since the crisis last Oc- tober. I noted that each photo's description was ended with the phrase that told us we were not to worry about anything at this particular location. Why does President Kennedy and his bunch of starry-eyed advisers continue to play the American people for a bunch of suckers and morons? No intelligent American would disagree with the President's statement that we should not fear an invasion or attack from Cuba by Communist forces. Why then. take great trouble to put such a premise to rest and completely ignore that a Communist base in this hemisphere is of great potential danger to most all South American countries, and when each one falls to communism, our own position becomes that much more vulnerable. Why try to whitewash the picture and make It appear otherwise? Only a few weeks back Robert Kennedy, the President's brother who handles the Justice Department along with helping to run our entire Government, stated in a speech that "U.S. alrcover was never prom- ised for the Bay of Pigs Invasion." The President himself affirmed what Brother Bobby said was right. And so it was. No Intelligent American who had read anything about the Bay of Pigs ever did say that U.S. aircover was promised to the invaders. What was prom- ised was an airstrike by B-26 planes belong- what we beard from the Secretary of te- fense last week? Especially when all of the evidence indicates that he is being used as a part of the big lie too. _ When President Kennedy was elected I wasn't too upset about the change in ad- ministration, and, in fact, felt at the time that his enthusiasm and earnestness might be good for our country. Now I'm not only sure that I Was wrong-I'm downright scared. I'm scared because he has surrounded himself with theorists and incompetent ad- viers who are endangering the future of our country and our very existence by their bumbling and inept planning, especially in the field of foreign affairs. And mostly of all, I'm scared because a great majority of our citizens don't seem to be concerned enough about It to want to do anything about it Maybe I shouldn't be scared-maybe I'm crazy. F The Shoe Is on the Other Foot EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN OF NEW TORE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. DEROUNIAN. -Mr. Speaker, the Democratic politicians who apparently are more interested in their party than in their country are now screaming "foul," because free discussion of our policy in Cuba is being carried on. An editorial in the Washington Evening Star of February 19 and David Law- rence's article in the same paper, the evening following, repudiate the legiti- macy of the synthetic and strident voices. The pity is that when Khrushchev tosses us a crumb, our President grate- fully accepts it as if the former were really offering us something. The fact of the matter is that apparently Presi- dent Kennedy has made another Yalta deal with Khrushchev in which, in my opinion, he has promised the following: First. We will not invade Cuba. Second. We will immediately with- draw our missiles around the world. Third. We will about-face our pre- viously strong, Eisenhower administra- tion position on nuclear testing. President Kennedy must bear the re- sponsibility for these tragic moves of appeasement. BAD POLITICS? In his role as chairman of the Foreign Re- lations Committee, Senator FuLBRIGHT doubtless Is a qualified judge of what is good and what is bad for American foreign policy. It does not necessarily follow, however, that he also Is a competent judge of what is good, or bad, politics. The Senator from Arkansas has denounced what he calls Intemperate and Irresponsible Republican criticism of President Kennedy's policies with respect to Cuba and General de Gaulle. He also asserts that this kind of partisanship "is not only bad policy; it Is also bad politics." This is a familiar phrase. But its validity Is open to question. It may be true that the GOP has stepped over the line which should separate partisanship from foreign policy. It is also true, however, that the Republican n Berlin to one. There are many others. in to the invaders (not U.S. planes), but we live with a good deal of hazard all around g the world and have for 15 years. I cannot on that fateful Tuesday morning, President set down any time in which I can clearly see Kennedy himself called off the strike. the end to the Castro regime. I believe it is Why? going to come, but I couldn't possibly give a No high Government official denies that time limit. the President called off the strike and to this day, no explanation has been given. The shocking answer is an undeni- Instead, platitudinous remarks are made and able indication that President Kennedy we are. expected to believe them. does not know what to do about Cuba. However, the most Important doubt that Isit any wonder that our Latin Amen- kept popping up in my mind during Mc- cat friends are thinking of the United Namara's Whitewashing job concerned the States as a weakling when It comes to way the Cuban crisis was handled last October. taking any action? If International Is the President's memory to short that Communism can send military help he thinks an intelligent American can for- thousands of miles to maintain Its get-or overlook-the admitted fact that beachhead of destruction In Cuba, why Is while a big meeting was being held In the it that the united States refuses to send State Department to play down the danger military aid to the patriots of freedom from Cuba, at the same time he and his only 90 miles from our shores? Council were being briefed by Pentagon of- . Acers and being shown photographs of the salting Our Intelligence EXTENSION OF REMARKS Or HON. SAMUEL L. DEVINE or amo ZN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 missile sites in Cuba? When newspaper reporters brought out the factthat doubletaik was going on, what should happen but that a high official named Sylvester admitted publicly that the news of the crisis had been doctored, and what is even more reprehensive in an American democracy. stated flatly that "managed news" had been, and would continue to be the policy. In other words, we'll tell you what we want you to bear, whether or not it's true. If other Americans are like me, they may tell me to hear, but they what th want Mr. DEVINE. Mr. Speaker, under can't make m c me believe it. leave to extend my remarks. I wish to And this is what bugs me about McNa- invite the attention of Members of the mara's TV appearance. Government offi- House and other interested persons to an cials lied-and admitted they lied-last Oc- editorial entitled "Insulting Our Intelli- tober. gene," written by A. Monroe Courtright, By what logic do they expect us to believe Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23: CIA-RDP65BOO383R00020022000 -4 1963 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX carried out under the direction of David Zea- man, Ph. D., professor of psychology at the University of Connecticut, by a stag of graduate fellows and students. While the major contributions of this project so far are essentially of value to the specialist, it is hoped that in the future the results will have direct bearing on learning processes of retarded children. Other projects undertaken by* the psy- chological staffs are directly related to the everyday problems of institutional adminis- tration. A puncheard system collating all pertinent data with respect to a given child, including medical, social, and psychological factors, was devised at Southbury. All resi- dents of the training school have been fully assessied, and valuable population data have thus become readily accessible. Attempts at ,identifying successful and unsuccessful ward personnel have been made at both schools, and a number of graduate students have completed projects relating to mental re- TEACHER EDUCATION Both Mansfield and Southbury have been serving as preferred training centers for lo- cal schools of education for many years. The Southern Connecticut State College has held many courses at Southbury, and its students have practice teaching'at both institutions. During the past summers the University of Connecticut has conducted workshops for teachers in special classes at Mansfield. The utilization of the training school fa- cilities is not limited to classroom personnel. At present a number of psychological exam- iners receive practical experience at Mans- field, and the staff of the Seaside Regional Center has contributed to.graduate educa- tion of guidance counselors by demonstrat- ing group counseling through one-way vision observation and closed-circuit television, demonstrations at the University of Con- SOME FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS In the past, institutions had relied on the initiative of the staff and had capitalized on their geographical location in establishing mutually beneficial programs with universi- ties. Thus Southbury has been closely asso- etated with Yale and Southern Connecticut State College, both in New Haven. Mans- field has worked on a cooperative basis with the nearby University of Connecticut. Re- search was carried out independently with- in the confines of each institution and with- out the cooperation of a.central coordinat- With the ,creationof the Office of Mental Retardation, statewide research aclvities will undoubtedly be undertaken in the future. The addition of the large service list of re- tardates available to this Office should in it- self constitute a major research resource. It seems logical that research in mental re- tardation will follow the trend of the serv- ices. The. emphasis will shift from intra- institutional population studies to investiga- tion , of children receiving services in the community. Moreover, the expansion of fa- cilities to include regional centers will en- able the staff of these agencies to reach a larger number of professionals by institut- ing regional seminars. The educational and research activities are therefore likely to en- compass the State as'a whole, and thus, serve as a model organization serving a greater number of training .programs and investi- gating the problem of mental retardation on the broadest basis. What About a National Surveyors Week? EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. FRANK C. OSMERS, JR. OF NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. OSMERS. Mr. Speaker, it is well known that George Washington, whose birthday we celebrate this month, was an outstanding surveyor as a young man. His ,training as a surveyor, in fact, was viewed by many who knew him as having helped to form the strong base on which he built a career without parallel in the history of freedom. Not so well known, I am sure, is the fact that Abraham Lincoln, whose birthday we also proudly celebrate this month, was a practicing surveyor for a brief pe- riod, after he had fought in the Black Hawk War. Lincoln, who has been called "the greatest of our mighty dead," was forced to discontinue surveying and to sell his transit and other equipment through lack of patronage in the sparse- ly settled area in which he lived at that time. Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, who marked out the famous Mason and Dixon Line so vital in our early history were, of course, surveyors. An interesting article "What About a National Surveyors Week?" by Douglas A. McIntosh, himself a land surveyor, ap- peared in the January 1963 issue of the magazine the National Surveyor, pub- lished here in Washington by Larston D. Farrar, a man well known to many of us in Congress. This article points out that surveyors once were high in public esteem, but have not enjoyed as much prestige as members of other professions in recent years. This is not due, as the author makes clear, to any character de- ficiency in surveyors, or to any failure of the profession to keep pace with the march of technology or the demands of modern methods. The surveyor is more vital than ever-to everyone who buys or sells a home, a lot, a farm, or builds any- thing larger than a doghouse. Mr. McIntosh suggests that surveyors have failed to bring their good works to the attention of the public they serve in a way that will reflect credit upon their profession and the thousands of fine in- dividuals who serve in it. He also rec- ommends methods of achieving this goal. Because of the universal interest in surveying, Mr. Speaker, under unanimous consent I insert this fine article in the Appendix of the RECORD: WHAT ABOUT A NATIONAL SURVEYORS WEEK? (By Douglas A. McIntosh) (Would such a promotion help to dignify the public image of the surveyor and how best could it be worked? The National Sur- veyor presents this thoughtful proposal, from a noted practicing surveyor, as a proj- A827 ect for discussion by surveyors in all sections of the Nation. Your comments-for or against-will be welcomed.) In recent years, surveyors throughout our country have been waging an ever-intensify- ing battle for higher standards of education and practice. Connected with this is the subject of recognition, by the general pub- lic, of the land surveyor and his role in our modern industrial economy. A most useful means of accomplishing this recognition or awareness, I believe, would be through spon- sorship of what could be called a National Surveyors Week. This would be a week officially designated for the publicizing and promotion of sur- veyors and surveying, giving the public new insight into the vital role our profession plays in modern life. This type of recogni- tion program might be most effective on a national basis, and it would work equally well on a State or regional basis, However, unless the local surveying association is well organized, this type of promotion might not work out as well on a city or county basis, as it would nationally. Many pro- fessional groups-including the engineers- have found this form of "advertising" to be both professionally and ethically acceptable and to provide an effective public awareness program. To set up, organize, and successfully ex- ecute a State or national recognition week is a formidable job. It requires the leader- ship of many persons and the time and effort of many more. There are five basic media forms which lend themselves to this type of project: first, radio; second, television; third, personal talks and appearances; fourth, printed ma- terial; and fifth, newspapers. Each of these in turn can be broken down into specific items. Radio: (1) Spot announcements and news items, and (2) forum or panel discussions or other public service projects. Television: (1) Spot announcements and news items; (2) short filmed presentation between programs; and (3) forum or panel discussions or other public service projects. Personal talks and appearances: (1) Proc- lamation or other official announcement by the President, Governors, mayors, or other important public or political personages; (2) invitational meetings, banquets or din- ners with a program properly slanted to the purposes; (3) personal discussions and talks by members of the profession at schools, colleges, meetings, etc.; and (4) dis- plays of maps, pictures, various surveying instruments and tools, and other surveying products, results and material in store win- dows, bank exhibition rooms, public build- ings, etc. Printed material: (1) Booklets, leaflets, or brochures placed in public buildings, banks, schools, colleges, etc.; (2) printing, distribu- tion and usage of stamps for sealing letters; (3) an attempt to have a U.S. postage stamp printed in recognition of the surveyor and Surveyors' Week; (4) the overprinting of National Surveyors' Week or other slogans on envelopes and other mailing covers; and (5) printing, distribution, and usage of .posters for display on bulletin boards and the like. Newspapers: (1) Nationally syndicated news releases; (2) comments on editorial page; (3) state news; (4) local news; (5) local story on hometown surveyors. This breakdown is by no means complete, but it does list many of the basic methods of Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 8 _'- CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX February 21 promotion available. Under any circum- stances Oil promotion and promotional ma- terials should be strictly in good taste and always professional in nature. The financial costs, of a national program are not small nor are they stagggerinfly high. Much of the publicity 10i practically free for the asking. All that is required Is to .take advantage of this on a State and local level, under the overall coordination and supervi- sion of a national committee. To be suc- cessful this national committee would re- quire the finest cooperation and chain of command that could be mustered. Whether it be a State or National program, the majority of the cost and time spent, and the resulting benefits occur at the local level. The overall plan, basic Ideas and material furnished by a State or National committee will produce no results without local appli- cation. It Is the kind of project that, if it is going to be done at all, must be done well. A failure would be worse than nothing. There is no question but that such a proj- ect to be successfully completed would re- quire outside help. The arrangements, contacts, artwork, layout, printing, etc., all require both skill and time beyond that available from the average surveyor. One solution to this would be the engaging of a firm whose business is this type of promo- tion program. It is, of course, self evident that to accom- plish the task of bringing surveying to the public we cannot depend or rely on the work of i week and do nothing the other 51. The materials and Ideas generated from this Sur- veyors' Week are easily adapted to everyday use throughout the year. As in many things, the first one is the hardest and most expensive. Once the mold Is made, it then becomes easier and less costly. This applies equally to the promo- tion of 'a National Surveyors' Week. Each successive year's promotion follows this same pattern. It is not uncommon to select a theme or slogan to emphasize or pinpoint a particular item. Each year's theme should be differ- ent and be used in a preplanned logical pattern. Abraham Lincoln said, "You can fool some of the people all of the time and all the people some of the time, but you cannot fool all of the people all of the time." By bringing surveying to the public we are in- creasing our exposure to more praise and criticism. This, in turn, increases our re- sponsibilities. If we, as surveyors, cannot assume this new status, which we ourselves have created, then we will find that we are caught in the political and economical proc- ess of self-made self-extinction. We will have become guilty of trying to fool all of the people all of the time, ourselves included. Status and respect are not self-proclaimed virtues, but are bestowed upon us by others for what we are. If such a week is to be considered on a national basis, the only organization now capable of this is the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. At the annual meeting of the American Congress on Sur- veying and Mapping In Washington, D.C., In March. this proposal could be discussed and perhaps a national committee formed to pre= pare a report as to whether the congress would wish to undertake such a project, and if so, a plan of organization and accomplish- ment. If they should decide not to under- take the project, this committee report would still be most useful to State or local groups who might wish to consider such a program. The Birch Society Aim EXTENSION OF REMARKS as HON. JAMES B. UTT OF CALIFORNIA - IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. UTT. Mr. Speaker, under unani- mous consent to insert my remarks in the Appendix of the RECORD. I wish to include an editorial appearing in the Anaheim (Calif.) Bulletin, Tuesday, February 12. 1963. This editorial deals with the aims and goals of the John Birch Society and I challenge anyone to refute the statements made in this edi- torial. The John Birch Society is a tar- get for every Communist-front organi- zation and the so-called liberals who em- brace the Communist Ideology, if not the conspiracy. The John Birch Society is the most damaging organization to the un-American activities of the Commu- nist conspiracy and its 400 fronts in America. The editorial follows: Max BIRCH SoclrrY AIM Whether on the National. State, county. or local scene. each time that a group of liberals find their intended programs ex- posed to the public, immediately they put forth the cry that "This is the result of the John Birch Society." The John Birch Society was founded for the sole purpose of combating communism. A group of dedicated, alarmed individuals saw that the Government was allowing the processes of .propagandizing to alter the at- titudes of the general public to accept a status of coexistence, tolerance, and actual submission to Russia. They found that pro- Communists had infiltrated the very top echelons of the Federal Government. mainly in the State Department. and that the ac- tions and desires of the elected officials were not effective in controlling the policies of the Nation. Through the founding of the Birch Society information, plans, strategy, legislation, and those persons responsible for the takeover became known to the general public. Through the medium of information and education the great powerful middle class were made aware of the ultimate designs of this minority group. They found that under the guise of socialism the United States was being transformed Into a dictatorial govern- ment dedicated to one worldtsm and federal- ism that would be dominated by Russian ac- tion In such organizations as the United Nations. Through the society these persons were in- formed as to effective action that they as individuals could take that would disrupt and destroy the takeover program. They became Informed on the extent of the prog- ress of the communism-socialism activities In all phases of life Including the programs for churches, schools, city, county, State, and Federal Government. The educational program has proven highly successful in combating the liberal socialist. It is natural that the liberals would at- tempt to destroy their enemy and their one main recourse would be to smear, discredit, and destroy the confidences the people were placing in the reports and actions of the John Birch Society. The Birch Society has grown. Its member- ship increases due to the authenticity of their reports and the continual proving of the Intent of the liberal-Socialist-Commu- nists. They have but one purpose, that of repulsing Communist aggression within the Nation and this would include repulsing this danger in any phase or within any facet of life within the Nation. Regardless of the smears and discrediting, no court or no Investigation has found the John Birch Society estamlisbed for any other The U.N.: Wron About Cubit. EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. FRANK J. BECKER OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. BECKER. Mr. Speaker, atop the editorial columns of Newsday is the following quotation from Proverbs 29: 18. Where there is no vision, the people perish. Vision, always clearer in the bright light of the facts, came to Newsday, I am happy to say, in its lead, full-page length editorial of February 19 entitled "The U.N.: Wrong About Cuba." The editorial follows rather closely, I am also glad to observe, the general out- line of facts which I have been providing to Newsday and its readers for a long time. A stanch defender, nearly always of the United Nations and openly friendly to this administration, Newsday admir- ably stated in one paragraph of the editorial the undeniable fact that- The people of the United States are sick of having a foreign base, whether used for espionage, subversion or masked aggression, just 90 miles off their shore. They regard a Communist Cuba as an insult to our na- tional dignity and an armed Cuba as a posi- tive danger. Well said. Newsday says that for the United Na- tions to be spending $1,100,000 on an ag- ricultural research station in Cuba "comes as a slap inthe face to the United States." Again, well said. Then this : Thus, once again, and to its own damage, the administration has given substance to the fears expressed-not by confirming sus- picions of hidden missiles and aggressive Russian Intentions in Cuba-but by indi- cating that its left hand knoweth not what the right hand doeth. I am unwilling to agree with all of that paragraph, but I certainly do agree that this administration demonstrated- as It does time and again, day after day-that its left hand knoweth not what its right hand doeth. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 1963 ,,..W . CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- APPENDIX oue answer to the question,put by the one of open encouragement of terror as a last sentence of Newsday'seditorial. It .principal weapon." This has been evidenced asks; by the outbreaks within Venezuela, designed Exactly how can we draw Castro's fangs when the U.N. and some of our responsible officers, are willing to go along with so out- rageous a grant of funds? Mr. Speaker, I congratulate Newsday for having seen the light in this matter. It is a matter of some pride with me that I have been pasting the light of these facts at Long Island and the Nation for a long, long time. The full text of the Newsday editorial follows with one paragraph deleted to prevent President Romulo Betancourt from visiting the United States-which did not. It had been further underlined by the hijacking of a Venezuelan freighter and its ,.delivery to Brazilian waters. The Venezu- elans of course will get the freighter back, but plainly Castro through such tactics hopes to stir up revolutionists in other coun- tries, and so to disrupt Venezuelan life that .the Betancourt government will fall. Under such circumstances, it is essential that the United States sternly remind the U.N. of the things we have done for that agency, and seek the same support we re- This Nation has faithfully supported the United Natipns since its inception; in fact, the United States was the creator of the noble :concept of a world parliament. When the Russians repeatedly sought to wreck the U.N. it was the United States that forestalled the disaster. We have loaned money to keep it afloat; we have faithfully paid our assess- ments when Iron Curtain countries have welshed or delayed, In every respect we have displayed our dedication to this organiza- tion. It thus comes as, a slap in the face to find the U.N.preparing,to spend $1,100,600 on an agricultural research station in Cuba. For Cuba is our enemy, and by its very nature a dedicated enemy of the peaceful purposes for which the U,N. was founded in 1,945. The sum of money involved is perhaps trivial, but by providing it the U.N. is lending its prestige to Fidel Castro, who seeks through subversion and violence to alienate all Latin America and to divide in two the Western Hemisphere. The money is to come from the U.N. Spe- cial Fund, to which the U.S. contributes 40 percent of the total annually. The director of this fund is a fine citizen of .the United States, Paul G. Hoffman, but in going along With this grant he is acting with-the utmost shortsightedness. He 'defends- It on the ground that only foreign currency and no American money as such will be used to carry out the 5-year project. But of course it 3s the American contributions that permit this subterfuge to be indulged In.' And, as might be expected, Cuba has never even met its $55,000 per year commitment to the Special Fund. The administration has not covered itself with glory in this sequence of events. The President at his press conference last Thurs- day swallowed and recited the no-American- money excuse, Other sources have explained that this is a voluntary project, and that each country may specify how' its contribu- tions are to be used, Congress, including many Democrats, is infuriatedand,justly so. House Speaker JOHN MCCO'RMACK, 15emo- crat, of Mas'saclusetts, rarely makes a pub- lic comment, but in this instance he ex- pressed some views with which we agree: "I feel the action as unwise, particularly in light of the situation that exists.. The people of the Hailed States are sick of having a foreign base, whether used for espionage, subversion, or masked aggression, just 90 miles off their shore. They regard a Communist Cuba as an insult to our na- tional dignity and an armed Cuba as a posi- tive danger. In fact while the administration was de- fending the U.N. grant, one of its own spokesmen was warning of violence to come. Edwin M. Martin, Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, has told a House subcommittee: "The Castro regime has shifted the em- is apparently in the clouds, neglectful of past obligations. Cuba as a site for IRBM's may have had its teeth drawn, but Cuba still packs a lot of power as a disruptive force in this hemi- sphere. Exactly how can we draw Castro's fangs when the U.N. and some of our own responsible officers, are willing to go along with so outrageous a grant of funds? "John and Martha Turnipseed Sez" EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ELMER J. HOFFMAN OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. HOFFMAN. Mr. Speaker, we are in the so-called atomic age which seems to imply that we move at a rapid pace in all directions,' and in all that we-do. While it is well to keep abreast With the changing times, we must not lase the homespun faculty of realizing that it is the little things in life that mean so much. Let us not find that one day a quick pull on our bootstraps will awaken us to the realization that we do not know where we have been. This philosophy is so well expressed in the column "John Turnipseed" of the Jaliuary 1963, issue of the Prairie Farmer,. I commend it for your reading. The column is as follows: JOHN NOTES THAT UNCLE SAM'S Boys ARE GETTING PESTIFEROUS We Turnipseeds ain't had much to do with the Federal Guv'ment, what with us bein' half-retired an' iivin' mostly on what we was able to put away in better times, but it sure seems like Uncle Sam has been pesterin' us in most every mail this past month. . It 'pears like he must hev a million clerks to 1geep busy, an' they all put in their time tryin' to figger how they kin bother John Q. Citizen. Mebbe they should lissen to the advice of the wise old lady to the new bride: If the time come when you think you got to kill off your husband, get It over with in a hurry, don't peck him to death. Well, Uncle Sam's boys in Washington is sure peckin'. I don't do much business with our farm co-op these days on account of I don't farm much, so my patronage refund check which come in the mail the other day was jest $17.84. But what do you know. When I cash my check I got to put my social security number on It on account of the Guv'ment is afraid mebbe I will try to cheat. A829 Now I am an old hand at turnip' the other cheek, so I didn't let it bother me too much, but a few days later I come home from town an' found my wife Martha sputterin' like a drop of water on a hot stove. It so happens Martha owns a few shares of stock in her own name, jest enuf to make her a small capitalist, but not enuf to make us rich like some people in Washington I could mention. She got a dividend of $25 an' with it come a notice from the company to right away send in her social security number so they kin report her income to the Guv'ment by number. If she ain't got a number, go git one right away. Turnipseed, Martha sez, glarin' at me like I was -responsible, you're a citizen, why don't you do something about this outrageous monkey business. Them people in Washington, she sez, are gettin' so persnickety about us ordinary folks, purty soon they will insist every last person has got to wear a license number like a car. They will tattoo it on you front and back so they kin ketch you comin' an' goin'. When they got it tattooed on your behind they will pass a law thet you got to go around with your rear bare so it will show, or mebbe it will be bare anyway be- cause they got all your clothes money. I don't know when I hev seen Martha so mad. The picture in my mind of people runnin' around with a license number tat tooed on their rear end was so funny I started to laugh but thet was the wrong thing to do. Instead of arguin' I decided this was a good time to go out an' clean the henhouse. President Kennedy's Shameless Political Blackjacking EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. DEROUNIAN. Mr. Speaker, Pres- ident Kennedy is a great talker about how we must have higher education of our youth. According to yesterday's Washington Evening Star, in a copy- righted article by Joseph Young, it ap- pears that a young citizen today does not need education to get along in this world. He just has to be a Democrat. The White House has now taken per- sonal control of 10,000 temporary sum- mer jobs for college students and the re- quirements will not be ability but what political leader's OK the applicant has received. Since the parents of Republican stu- dents pay taxes which supply the sala- ries of these 10,000 temporary positions and since Republicans will no longer qualify for these positions, I wonder if President Kennedy is going to rebate a portion of the taxes paid by these Amer- ican citizens. It is difficult to believe that a Presi- dent of the United States would do such things. The, article referred to follows: WHITE HOUSE To CONTROL STUDENT JOB PATRONAGE (By Joseph Young) The White House has taken control over the patronage of the more than 10,000 stu- dent summer jobs in Government. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 06 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX Peary 21 At a White House meeting last week, which was held without the knowledge of the Civil Service Commission, some of Preal- 4ent Kennedy's aids met with the political appointees of various agencies who are In- volved in patronage work. A clearance system was set up whereby the names of all students who have filed ap- plications for summer employment in Gov- erpment agencies will be sent to the White House. The State from which the student hails, plus the college he is attending (If any), will be included in the information sent to the White House. WASHT? eTON Sons The jobs mainly are in Washington and last from June through August. Mrs. Dorothy Davies, a White House staff assistant, who was in charge of the meet- ing, said the purpose of the new system was to assure "coordination" in order that the agencies could make best use of the students' talent. Mrs. Davies did not deny that political patronage Is one of the aims of the White House clearance system, , but declared that the Kennedy administration's primary con- cern is that the-student talent be put to the beet use possible and groomed for regu- lar Federal employment when they graduate. Civil Service Commission officials have privately expressed dismay at the latest turn of events. While there has always been quite a bit of personal patronage involved in summer Government jobs, applicants have had to pass civil service exams for clerical, typist, and stenographer jobs. And in the case of student trainee jobs, in which college students take Federal summer employment in Connection with what the Government hopes will be their Federal professions after graduation, they are selected from civil service registers., TOY YOV'HS CERTrfrxa The feeling among Government career personnel officers is that it is wrong to play politics where young people are concerned, particularly among college students who are the Government'8 hope for the future as far as filling key career jobs are concerned. It's no secret that a goodly portion of the summer student jobs are filled on a personal patronage basis each `year. Government o dais-political and career-have hired their own sons and daughters as well as the children of friends or Members of Congress. However, the CSC has been careful to certify only the top qualifiers on" the student trainee exam. The White House job clearance system may be an effort to channel these jobs In a more political patronage area, whereby more sons and daughters of Democratic Members of Congress and key Democratic supporters and contributors may get summer jobs in Government. Congress has shown Increased Interest in these summer jobs. Last year the House approved a bill to apportion these jobs on a State-by-State basis. This would have the effect of giving most of these jobs to students outside of the Washington area. However, the Senate failed to act on the bill before adjournment. This year a half dozen bills have been In- troduced in Congress to achieve the same objective. In discussing the White House job clear- ancesystem, Was Davies said in was a move to channel the best possible talent to the places in Government where it could be used most effectively. She said that, for example, if an agency finds that its summer job vacancies are all filled up, a place for a bright student could be found In another Government agency through a'coordinated placement system set up in the White House. Miss Davies refused to answer directly whether the program also Involved political patronage, other than saying that there al- ways has been some patronage in summer student jobs in Government. Presumably, students still will have to pass an exam to get the summer jobs. Last year's Government summer job pro- gram for students was given great emphasis by the administration, with President Ken- nedy and other top Government officials addressing the students. Betrayal of Cotton Industry EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. JAMES T. BROYHILL Of notris CAROLIAA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. BROYHILL of North Carolina. Mr. Speaker, one of the most unjust and inequitable problems in this country to- day is the two-price cotton system under which American cotton is sold to foreign textile producers at a lower price than the same cotton is made available to American textile mills. Foreign-produced textiles are flooding the domestic Amer- ican market and V.S. textile mills are thrown into an impossible competitive position. Destruction of a once flourish- ing Industry, impoverishment of the communities which depend upon cotton mills, and dispossession of thousands of American workers who look to this in- dustry for a livelihood are the conse- quences. Clearly, this problem Is created by cal- culated Federal policies which have at- tempted to be all things to all people. The wreckage of an industry is being strewen along the way. There can be little doubt that a continuation of two- price cotton will also bring grave retri- bution upon the cotton farmer-the group the policy was originally developed to help. With the handwriting on the wall so plainly, we must return to a one- price system for American cotton. In the meantime, we must protect an Amer- ican industry from further erosion re- sulting from Government policies. The Federal Government must stop attempt- ing to gloss over this bad situation and address itself to the root problem-two- price cotton. I wish to call to the attention of the Congress an editorial which appeared in the Sunday, February 17, edition of the Daily Independent of Kannapolls, N.C., which discusses this problem In thought- ful detail. The editorial is as follows: SUACL NEW FRONTIER SaDVCES AND BETRAYS COTTON INDUSTRY There's a bale of cotton in the lobby of Cabarrus Bank & Trust Co. here and an- other In the reception room at Cannon Mills Co.'s main office. Inappropriate places for cotton. you might say. But are they? The principal raw ma- terial used by Cannon Mills Is cotton. Therefore the basis of Kannapolis' economy is cotton and the Eannapolls banks, of which Cabarrus is one. are active middlemen In the commercial operations here that flourish on that economy. It might be a good idea to give your children a look at that cotton. f The stuff might be as ext?hct as the steam locomotive by the time lour grandchildren grow up. The bales were placed In these prominent places to help emphasize the disparity be- tween raw cotton costs for American mills and for their foreign competitors. This is a deadly differential, due to the United States unique system of price supports for the benefit of cottongrowers. . It now amounts to $42.50 per bale. In other words American cotton co=ts American mills about one-third more than American cotton costs foreign mills. This is a flagrant Injustice that has already led to the loss of many American jobs and which is sure to bring about the loss of more unless the situation is corrected. An expedient to give the cotton textile indu:try some relief from this unfair com- petitive obstacle without upsetting the grow- er subsidy system so dear to the hearts of vote-conscious Congressmen was proposed by the industry-through the American Tex- tile Manufacturers Institute's cotton policy committee which is headed by C. A. Cannon, of Kannapolis. It seemed to have the bless- ings of the Kennedy administration, which had mouthed concern over the plight of the textile workers, but it was emasculated by the House Agriculture Committee. It will be worthle-s as relief to the industry and its workers In its present form. The ATMI's executive committee Friday said It was deeply disturbed and disap- pointed over the committee's failure to en- dorse the one-price cotton proposal. It took P:eridcnt Kennedy to task for his failure to lend administration support to an equaliza- tion of cotton costs between American and foreign mills. Instead of supporting a clear-cut return to a one-price system, as representatives of the industry had been led to believe would be done, the administration supported a provision that would give dis- cretion to the Secretary of Agriculture In determining a spread between the domestic and foreign price. In other words, a con- tinuation of the present system with the price spread perhaps narrowed a little. Gerald L. Dearing, cotton market expert for the Memphis, Tenn., Commercial Appeal, puts it a bit more forcefully, and with equal truth : "The seduction of the cotton industry by the New Frontier ended as all such ill- advised romances end," Dearing wrote, "with betrayal and rejection." Dearing continued: "No starry-eyed maiden taking her first step down the prim- rose path was filled with more hope and anticipation than was the cotton industry when it began Its affair with the New Frontier. "The Industry feared the New Frontier when it came into its life. It rejected its courtship when the New Frontier sought to shower It with gifts from the public treasury In the form of higher support prices. "But the New Frontier was wise in the way of wooing. It admitted' that it was wrong, that It should not have taken the approach it had token. It talked of revers- ing Its approach, of undoing the wrong that it had done. "The industry maintained faith when the promised price reduction in 1962 failed to develop, bolstered by the promise that there would be Import restrictions which would make things better. Like the promise of the price cut, the Import restrictions were mostly promises and little accomplishment. "The head of the New Frontier registered Indignation that the promises were not ful- filled and he made new promises. "These included a one-price system for cotton, a revival of the industry and a re- vitaliz .t'on of the cotton economy. The Industry enraptured at the prospect, willing to forgive and forget past deceits. It turned rtgninst those who maintained that Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 1963 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-- APPENDIX Whereas the aforesaid stamps when issued Disposal of wash water in country dry well were of a special or commemorative nature or septic tank installations brings the and therefore limited in printing which has eternal sudsing qualities to light even made them now obsolete and no longer avail- sooner. Eventual seepage of detergent-laden able for purchase: Therefore be it wash water into wells gives precisely what Resolved, That the Knights of Columbus was first indicated-drinking water with a through their patriotic Fourth Degree Order head on it. petition the Congress of the United States The difficulty is not confined to this coun- to authorize the Postmaster General. to have try. It isn't something resulting simply on hand always in the post office in Wash- from chemical discoveries, applied to wash- ington a sufficient supply of stamps bearing ing powder manufacture and trade, as con- the likeness of the Stars and Stripes un- cerns U.S. residents. A year from now West furled, whether of a special issue or ordinary Germany is going to ban certain hard de- postage stamp issue and of a first-class rate tergents from all further use, permitting a denomination, to satisfy the just demands type which does not give this endless sudsing of patriotic groups or any individual for effect. their use; and be it further Law already on the books in West Ger- Resolved, That when such a program is many, Representative REUSS points out, will resolved that the Postmaster General shall prohibit further sale of hard detergents after announce at once and thereafter at least once December 31, 1964. Considering the fact that each ensuing year through the Department's in some sections of the country well con- post offices that a permanent patriotic stamp tamination Is already a very serious problem service is available upon request at the post for householders, regulation of sales of this office in Washington and/or at its philatelic type of soap substitute plainly is called for. le a c sa s gen y in Washington. JOHN WILLIAM MURPHY, Navigator, Bishop B. J. Eustace Gen- eral Assembly, Fourth Degree Knights of Columbus. WILLIAM D. STILLWELL, Master, St. Isaac Jogues Province, Second New Jersey District. (Resolution adopted April 18, 1962, after presentation by the maker, Paul P. Zachary, an officer of the assembly.) Ban on Foaming Detergents Backed EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. HENRY S. REUSS OF WISCONSIN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, January 24, 1963 Mr. REUSS. Mr. Speaker, my bill, H.R. 2105, would wipe out one important cause of water pollution in this- country by banning from interstate commerce after mid-1965 all. synthetic detergents that do not meet standards of decom- posibility to be set by the Surgeon Gen- eral. This would not require a costly, inconvenient reversion to soap as the main cleansing agent used by Americans. Rather, it would demand a switch to de- tergents that do decompose after use. Such decomposible detergents have al- ready been developed in West Germany. In addition to a great many favorable letters from citizens, private organiza- tions and municipalities throughout the Nation, The Day of New London, Conn., recently wrote this editorial in support of H.R. 2105: 'BAN ON DETERGENTS Drinking water with a head on it is no joke, though the term has been used to get and hold attention before now. Increasingly serious problems with the never-ending, sudsing qualities of various detergents now on the market for anyone to buy and use, cause this phenomenon. It has led to pro- posed Federal legislation. Representative HENRY S. REUSS, a Mil- waukee Democrat, has introduced a bill in the House of Representatives in Washington which would ban the sale of certain types of detergents. The reason: Even when wash water is disposed of through conventional approved city systems it eventually finds its way Into rivers, lakes, and so on. And once it gets there it begins to froth. all over again. What To Do About Cuba EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN OF NEW YORK IN'THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 M. DEROUNIAN. Mr. Speaker, Pres- ident Kennedy bemoans the fact that his critics on his Cuban policy do not offer a solution.. All the People of the United States want President Kennedy to do is to carry out his campaign pledge of 1960. In Tuesday's edition of the Washing- ton Daily News, an excellent editorial offers a very sensible solution which can be put into effect now, if President Kennedy has the courage to do it. In this, he would have the overwhelming support of the American people. The editorial follows: WHAT To Do ABOUT CUBA Mounting public concern over U.S. policy as to Cuba is completely misunderstood, in our opinion, by J. WILLIAM FULBRIGHT, chair- man of the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee. And he misstates his case when he implies criticism mainly is prompted by partisan Re- publican motives. High-ranking Democrats also are numbered among the critics, Senator FULBRIGHT discounts Cuba as a military threat to the United States and there isn't a great deal of argument about that. The 17,000 to 20,000 Soviet troops on the island would be overwhelmed by U.S. forces in event of armed conflict. Repeated emphasis on this military threat, or the lack of it-offensive or defensive missiles-serves merely to distract attention from the real menace of Comunist Cuba. That menace is the establishment of a hostile foreign power almost within sight of U.S. soil. It is the existence of a Com- munist police state within the Americas- something President Kennedy once said we would not tolerate. We do not know why the Soviets main- tain this large military force on Cuba but believe it to have two purposes: to hold over the Cuban people the threat of Soviet tanks, as in Hungary, if they try to revolt against the Castro tyranny; to train sub- versive agents for sabotage and revolution in the Latin American States, carrying ex- A815 plosives and small arms, transshipped from this bristling arms depot. This subversive campaign isn't a theory. Castro boasts of it. The effects are plain In, for instance, Venezuela where there have been Communist-led riots, dynamitings and most recently, the hijacking of a Venezuelan ship by Communist pirates. Cuba is little more than a rowboat ride from the island of Hispaniola, occupied by the bitterly misruled nation of Haiti and the Dominican Repub- lic, the latter struggling to establish demo- cratic rule after a long generation ' of vile dictatorship. These only hint the dangers inherent in a Communist Cuba. The imminent menace extends to the militarily weak, small nations of Central America, to economically troubled Brazil-in fact to most of Latin America. Among those urging highest priority to forcing the Soviet troops out of Cuba is JOHN STENNIS, a Democrat and head of the Senate Preparedness Subcommittee investi- gating the Cuban military buildup. He does not urge invasion. In our opin- ion few would approve that, at least at this time. But there are effective measures the administration could take, short of invasion. These call for tough economic and diplo- matic sanctions to isolate Cuba, with reim- position of the blockade as a next-to-last resort. Naturally these steps involve dangers; but doing nothing, or next to nothing, involves still worse dangers. Basically we think growing U.S. discontent is Inspired by a feel- ing that the administration, after vigorous blockade action, has gone soft on Cuba-' that it is submissive to repeated Soviet affront, that it even has relaxed the sternness of measures in preparation before the big missiles were photographed. By one method or another this increas- ingly dangerous infection must be rooted out of the Americas and the longer we delay the wider It will spread. Fino Asks for Referendum on National Lottery EXTENSION. OF REMARKS OF HON. PAUL A. FINO OF NEW YORK - IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. FINO. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks in the RECORD, I include the following release: FIND ASKS FOR REFERENDUM ON NATIONAL LOTTERY Congressman PAUL A. FIND, Republican, of New York, No. 1 advocate of a Government- run lottery to reduce taxes, today introduced a bill calling for a national referendum on the question of whether- or not the Federal Government should sponsor a national lot- tery. Congressman FIND, in urging a referendum on this important question, said: "Although several nationwide polls have shown that a majority of the American peo- ple favor a Federal lottery as a means to cut taxes, fear among Members of Congress -that this type of bill Is a "hot potato" has pre- vented legislative consideration. "Because of this unfounded fear among my colleagues, the taxpayers in this country con- tinue to suffer from the discriminatory and unconscionable taxes imposed upon them. "Up until now, the voters in the United States who support this painless and volun- tary form of taxation have had - no direct voice on this tax relief measure. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 A816 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R0 0220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -APPENDIX February 21 orn urging a referendum on this vital question, the American voters *111 be given an opportunity to express their desire with respect to a national lottery. "I am sure that if the American people are afforded the chance, they will over- whelmingly indicate their approval of this kind of legislation. An expression of ap- proval by a majority of the American voters will be a clear-cut mandate to the Congress to enact a national lottery. "I urge all unhappy taxpayers to write to their '"Congressmen and demand full support of this bill." Insulting Our Intelligence EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JOHN M. ASHBROOK OF =0 IN TB HOUSE OF' REPRESENTATIVES Tursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. ASFMRO6M. 'Mr. Speaker, it is becoming more apparent each day that Americans at the grassroots level are not being duped by the gaseous diffusion which emits from Foggy Bottom, our State Department. That we are not being told the truth In the Cuban fiasco is coming to light more and more. Last fall, Russians in Cuba were technicians. Now they are plainly referred to by this administration as troops: Th this maze of contradictions a free press and' the American public are gradually piecing together the grand design of appease- ment and stupidity which has marked the handling of the Cuban situation from the Bay of Pigs th the present time. Mr. A. Monroe Courtright, publisher of the Public Opinion,Westerville. Ohio, has written a very sound editorial which penetrates the Issue with great clarity and depth. I commend it to my col- leagues' INSULTING Out INTELLICENCx By A. Monroe Courtrtght) speech that "U.S. air cover was net'er prom- ised for the Bay of Pigs Invasion." The President himself affirmed what Brother Bobby said was right. And so it was-no Intelligent American who bad read anything about the Bay of Pigs ever did say that U.B. air cover was promised to the invaders. What WAS prom- ised was an air strike by B-26 planes be- longing to the invaders (not U.S. planes), but on that fateful Tuesday morning, Presi- dent Kennedy himself called off the strike. Why? No high Government official denies that the President called off the strike and to this day, no explanation has been given. Instead, platitudinous remarks are made an4 we are expected to believe them. However, the most Important doubt that kept popping up In my mind during Mc- Namars's whitewashing job concerned the way the Cuban crisis was bandied last October. Is the President's memory so -abort that he thinks an Intelligent American can for- get-ur overlook-the admitted fact that while a big meeting was being held in the State Department to play down the danger from Cuba, at the same time he and his Council were being briefed by Pentagon offi- cers and being shown photographs of the missile sites in Cuba. When newspaper reporters brought out the no longer living In their homeland can freely celebrate this national holiday. It was on February 16, 1918, that the little Republic declared herself free of the ancient Russian tyranny. Twenty- two years later this freedom was brutally betrayed by a new tyrant, Joseph Stalin. Yet the memory of liberty survives in Lithuania and the other Baltic States. Soviet propaganda asserting that these captive peoples rejoice in their slavery to Moscow fools no one. These nations cannot be rescued from their serfdom at the cost of a third global war, for the price would be too great for humanity to pay. But they will not be forgotten in the free world. Some day, when the Communist empire has crumbled, they will be free again. In the meantime, we take every oppor- tunity to confirm our friendship with Lithuanians everywhere and salute them for their past and future victories. EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. GEORGE MEADER OF MICHIGAN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. MEADER. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks, I include the following editorial from the Monroe (Mich.) Evening News of February 13, fact that doubletalk was going on, what should happen but that a high official named Sylvester admitted publicly that the news of the crisis had been doctored, and what is even more reprehensive In an American de- mocracy, stated flatly that managed news had been, and would continue to be the policy. In other words, we'll tell you what we want you to hear. whether or not It's true. If other Americans are like me-they may tell me what they want me to hear, but they can't make me believe It. And this Is what bugs me about McNa- mara', TV appearance. Government officials lied-and admitted they lied-last October. By what logic do they expect us to believe what we heard from the Secretary of De- fense last week? Especially when all of the evidence indicates that he is being used as a part of the big lie too. When President Kennedy was elected, I wasn't too upset about the change in ad- ministration, and, in fact, felt at the time that his enthusiasm and earnestness might be good for our country. Now I'm not only sure that I was wrong-I'm downright scared. I'm scared because he has surrounded him- self with theorists and Incompetent advisers who are endangering the future of our coun- try and our very existence by their bumbling and Inept planning, especially in the field of foreign affairs. And mostly of all, I'm scared because a great majority of our citizens don't seem to be concerned enough about it to want to do anything about it. Maybe I shouldn't be scared-maybe I'm crazy. I dunno-did you get the same reaction I did as Secretary of Defense Robert McNa- mara put on his television show last week and tried to downgrade the Communist menace now in Cuba? As he talked and presented his excellent photographs showing how the missile sites had been destroyed since the crisis last Oc- tober, I noted that each photo's description not dto with his wwerre ended worry about anything dat ts we particular location. Why does President Kennedy and his bunch of starry-eyed advisers continue to play the American people for a bunch of suckers and morons? No Intelligent American would disagree with the President's statement that we should not fear an invasion or attack from Cuba by Communist forces. Why then, take great trouble to put suet a premise to rest and completely ignore that a Communist base' in this hemisphere is Of great poten- tial danger to most all South American countries, and when each one falls to com- munism, our Own position becomes that ' much more vulnerable. Why try to whitewash the picture make it appear otherwise? Lithuanian Independence Day SPEECH HON. FRANK M. CLARK or PENNSYLVANIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday. February 14, 1963 Mr. CLARK. Mr. Speaker, if it had not been for Russian aggression in 1940 Lithuania would be celebrating this week the 45th anniversary of her independ- ence. Instead. only those Lithuanians Only a few weeks back Robert Kennedy, the President's brother who handles the Justice Department along with helping to run cur entire Government, stated In a Reacting from the continuing bipartisan congressional pressure, the administration is cracking its wall of managed news and as a result Americans are gaining more and more insight into the forces that threatened the Nation several months ago and the ca- pabilities of the men responsible for the Na- tion's well-being. In a recent issue, U.S. News & World Re- port magazine summarized the various esti- mates of Soviet manpower in Cuba published by Government agencies following the period of crisis. On October 16 one Government agency noted that there were almost 5.000 men of the Soviet armed forces on the island. On November 7 that was increased from 8.000 to 13,000 men. A Government source on November 29 noted that there were 8,000 to 10,000 men in Cuba; by Decem- ber 20 the figure had Increased to 9.000 to 15,000 and on January 24 there were 16,000 to 17.000 Soviets on the island. Then on the February 6 Defense Department briefing. Secretary McNamara said there had been 22,- 000 Russian military personnel in Cuba dur- ing the November peak, but that 5,000 have left and 17.000 remain. On the same day, CIA Director McCone used the same figure. Even as Government agencies can't seem to get together in their information policies, apparently there are personnel within the agencies who interpret information in a dif- ferent light than administration policymak- era. For it has been revealed that much of the information Sen. Kenneth Keating has been disclosing, both recently and before the Cuban showdown when he correctly esti- mated Soviet intentions, has been coming from sources within the Government and not, as was first supposed, from Cuban ref- ugees. Now there is new information regarding the Defense Department's knowledge of the Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 1903 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 CIA-RDP65B00383l 000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX Cuban.-SOvlet missile threat. During the na- tionwide television briefing by Defense De- partment intelligence specialist John Hughes, the Government revealed that it received its first hard evidence of Soviet missile base con- struction on October 14. This varies with previous statements that the Government was unaware of Russian intentions until almost a week later. Yet in a ,tabulation of U.S, military moves directed toward Cuba, newspaperman Fletch- er Knebel writes that "As early as September, .Gen., Walter C. Sweeney, Jr., -head of the Tactical Air Command ? * " and his staff had drafted an air offensive plan, should a Cuban airstrike, be ordered. General Swee- ney briefed Gen. Curtis E. LeMay, Air Force Chief of Staff, on the plan in Washington on September 2d, and General LeMay ordered SAC to be battle ready by October 20. By October 10 such Air Force supplies as bombs, rockets, napalm, forklifts, frozen food lockers, folding cots and high explosive 20-milli- meter ammunition began moving to Florida by plane, truck and rail. On October 15 the Air Force established a unified command post at Homestead Air Force Base, Fla." Lithuanian Independence Day OF HON. JOHN J, ROONEY Or NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 14, 1963 Mr. ROONEY. Mr. Speaker, for more than 120 years, from 1795 until 1917, the Lithuanian people longed for their de- liverance from czarist oppression. Then they saw their long-cherished dream come true in 1918. When the czarist regime in Russia was overthrown, they were free. Lithuania proclaimed its na- tional independence on February 16, 45 years ago. - Thenceforth for more than two dec- ades these proud Baltic people enjoyed their well-earned independence. They organized a democratic form of govern- ment, rebuilt their war-ravaged coun- try, revived their national institutions, and made distinct advances on the so- cial, economic, political, and cultural fronts. grew prosperous and strong. Lithuania thus once more became an honored member of the free community of nations. Unfortunately, however, the hopeful Republic thus born and reared under the care of patriotic Lithuanians was not to have a long life, In the world turmoil of the late 1930's Lithuania's independ- ence was put in jeopardy. In the fall of 1939, she was forced into a nonaggres- sion pact with the Soviet Union, and in the summer of 1940 she was incorporated into the Soviet Empire. An independent Lithuanian Republic then ceased to exist. Ever since the Lithuanian people have been denied freedom in their homeland. During the last war the country was under Nazi occupation for 3 years; in 1944 the equally dreaded Red Army returned, with its commissars and secret police, and there it remains to this day. The hapless Lithuanian people have been cut off from the outside and the country has been forcibly and pitifully estranged from the free world. Such is the un- happy lot of these gallant and gifted Lithuanians. On this 45th anniversary of their Independence Day I know free people everywhere hope and pray for their deliverance from Communist to- talitarian tyranny at the earliest possible moment. Housing for the Elderly an Urgent Need EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. MAURINE B. NEUBERGER OF OREGON IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mrs. NEUBERGER. Mr. President, one of the critical social needs in our country is adequate housing for the el- derly. The Portland Housing Authority is completing a 13-story Northwest Tower Apartment which provides an im- portant beginning in meeting the hous- ing needs of our older citizens. Because of the urban renewal and highway programs adequate housing for the elderly is a critical problem at this time. Highly informative hearings were held last fall in Portland by the'Senate Committee on Aging. Senator HARRISON WILLIAMS and I had the opportunity to view the critical needs and the progress that is being made. This new apartment building in Portland is only a beginning in meeting the,need. As a member of the Banking and Cur- rency Committee, which has jurisdiction over housing legislation, I am partic- ularly aware of the changes in this field. Further action is needed, not only by the Federal Government but also by State and local governments, if this problem is to be solved. Additional funds for Fed- eral low-interest loans should be pro- vided for cities, States, and local units of government. Mr. President, I desire to call attention to the progress being made in this field in my home city of Portland, Oreg., and I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the Appendix of the RECORD an edi- torial entitled, "Progress Refugees," which appeared in the Sunday Oregon- ian of February 3, 1963. There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: PROGRESS REFUGEES One of the new buildings whose com- pletion this year will alter the Portland skyline is the 13-story Northwest Tower, the Portland Housing Authority's project for the housing of elderly, low-income men and women. The concrete skeleton of the half-finished building, towering over Northwest Portland, is imposing. But the fact is that it scarcely scratches the surface of the problem that prompted its erection. The Housing Authority's general director, Gene Rossman, told a Portland audience last week that his agency already has almost 600 applications, all qualified, for residence in the building, which will accommodate only one- fourth that number. - And this is not the whole story. A recent survey by the Housing Authority revealed that three out of every four of Portland's A817 6,000 recipients of old age assistance live in substandard quarters. There are other thou- sands of oldsters living on minimum social security payments and meager income of various sorts. Many elderly, low-income couples and in- dividuals live in westside and near-eastside areas, where cheap housing is available with- in walking distance of services and enter- tainment. They cannot afford to live else- where, if for no other reason than trans- portation. The Portland Development Com- mission has found that a surprisingly large number of those displaced by the South Auditorium urban renewal project moved in- to quarters as near as possible to their former homes. Now, some of these have been jolted out again by the Foothills Freeway right-of- way. There's the rub. The downtown freeways appear to covet the same neighborhoods enjoyed by the aged renter seeking a decent housekeeping room within easy reach of the stores, the theaters, the libraries and muse- ums. It is an unequal contest, that between the highways and the old men and women. The winner is foreordained. The losers must scatter before the bulldozers, their vulner- able positions made more precarious still by the worry and expense of finding new quarters within their means. Portland city authorities have taken some steps to help such displaced persons: BIIt state authorities, who have at least equal responsibilities in some circumstances, ap- parently consider that the human problem is no part of the job of building highways. Neither the city nor the State can overlook the fact that housing for the aged is a prob- lem in large part created by the demands of the times-demands that are altering the faces of our cities. It will not be solved by building low-rent quarters for 150 family units. For the freeway's victims alone will be counted in the thousands within the next EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. DEROUNIAN. Mr. Speaker, al- most weekly, there is a new estimate by the Kennedy administration of the num- bers of Soviet troops in Cuba. In the February 19 issue of the Washington Daily News an article by Jim Lucas indi- cates that a majority of the Western Hemisphere countries have fewer men in their armed forces than the Russians have troops in Cuba. I wonder if the American people are as naive as the President of the United States when he says that. most .of these Russian troops are technicians or defensive. When will this administration wake up? HEMISPHERE ARMIES HAVE FEWER MEN THAN REDS IN CUBA (By Jim G. Lucas) A majority of Western Hemisphere coun- tries have fewer men in their armed forces than the Russians have troops in Cuba. Early this month, CIA Director John Mc- Cone told the Senate Armed Services Com- mittee there were 17,000 Soviet regular troops in Cuba. A check today shows that nine hemisphere nations-Bolivia, (Costa Rica (which has no Approved For Release 2004/06/23: CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- APPENDIX February- f1 ed farces) , Dominican Republic, Ecuador, ustemals, Haiti, Nicaragua, Panama, and ,raguay-4tave fewer than 17,000 men under Seven-Argentina, Brazil, Canada. Chile. lombia, Mexico, and Venezuela-have Cte. Totals for E1 Salvador, Honduras. and Uruguay Were not readily avail- it. VANES, T. -Mr. McCone told Congress some Cuban- aased Russians were "manning tanks and f'ttatning units, he said. bout this.a President Kennedy has asked the Russians to call their troops home. But the a4lhite Rouse and Pentagon insist neither the Soviets nor the Cubans constitute an of- fensive threat to this country at the moment. The stated mission of these 17,000 Russians is to advise, train, and equip 276.000 Cubans. Mr. McCone' said Castro has 75.000 regulars. 100.000 militiamen, and 100.000 home gaurds. All of these are under more or less continu- tug mobilization, although the number on duty may vary from week to week and month to month. This 275,000-man force gives Cuba the sec- end most powerful military machine in the Western Hemisphere ae-cond to the United States with our 2.6 million men In all serv- ices. Brazil is right behind Cuba with 960,000, followed by Canada with 126.000. Ar- gentina with 105,000. Mexico with 58.200. and Chile with 45.700. Cubans not only have the manpower edge over most hemisphere armies, they also have received a lot more modern arms. Although massive Soviet deliveries had slacked off, Mr. ]MCone told Congress. they had not ceased altogether. Re said the Soviets had given Cuba "tanks, field artillery pieces, and jet military aircraft." He said they had built Cuba "an integrated air defense system em- ploying surface-to-air missiles, complex ra- dar, antiaircraft batteries, and jet fighters." The Cubans', he said, have 24 missile sites, each with 6 launchers for a total of 500 missiles "manned entirely by Soviet person- nel." They have 100 Mig jet fighterss, in- cluding42 which fly twice the speed of sound. 150 coastal defense missiles on 4 opera- tional sites, 12 guided-missile patrol boats. and 4 mobile armored groups equipped with "advanced type tactical rockets" with ranges of 25 miles. Other than the United States and possibly Canada, no other American country has such a variety of modern arms. Whose Victory in Cuba? EXTENSION' OF REMARKS HON. RALPH HARVEY it nrnrANA IN TEE, SOUSE OF REPRESENTATTV'E.S Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. HARVEY of Indiana. Mr. Speak- er, under leave to extend my remarks in the Racoilb, I Include the following editorial from the Muncie Star, Muncie, Cuba has provided Soviet Russia with s site for early warning radar capable of cov- ering many of the missile sites In the United states. This is another part of the military victory won by the Reds when they established their Caribbean base. It is another reason to wonder who won a victory when President Kennedy abilottnced Tits October agreement with Khrushchev. The Reds now have available a site that Is much closer to the continental United States-and the Titan and Minuteman mis- sile batteries -than they have ever had be- Tore. A circle of 2,000 miles from Tucson and Phoenix In the West, north past Den- ver and up into the Dakotas and over the entire Nation east of the Mississippi River. How early warning radar works can be learned from what is publicly known of American Installations. According to De- fense Secretary Robert S. McNamara. the two stations at Clear, Alaska, and Thule, Green- land, are now In operation. A third at Ply- ingadale, England. will join the Ballistic Mis- sile Early Warning System in a few months. They are at least 3.000 miles from the loca- tions most often mentioned as probable Rus- sian missile sites. If we can find Russian missiles 3.000 miles away, the Reds can Meats ours, from Cuba. over the shorter distance of 2,000 miles. Public testimony to date indicates that the advantage of a few minutes additional time would be invaluable In an exchange of nu- clear rockets. The need to get Information as quickly as possible about any attack across the North Pole Is what caused this country to build the SMEWS line In Alaska, Greenland, and England. There Is no way to know, at this time. whether the Reds will make use of Cuba as an early warning site against missiles In this country. Yet, geography is not subject to change. Why shouldn't the Russians capi- talize fully on their advantage? If Khru- ahchev failed to press his opportunity to the fullest. It would be the first time be has failed to do so. So-the availability of Cuba as an early warning site next door to the missile bat- teries of the United States is another fm- portent strategic victory for the Kremlin. Safety or Bureaucracy? EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. JOHN M. ASHBROOK or 01110 IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, February 21, 1963 Mr. ASHBROOK. Mr. Speaker, I am Inserting in the Racoab a very thought- provoking editorial from the AOPA Pilot, issue of December 1962. It highlights in very graphic form some of the prob- lems facing the small aircraft owners and pilots in America. I commend It to the Members of Congress: SArcrr oa BuaLtvcaAct? Before long the FAA will submit its next annual budget for congressional considera- tion. There is little chance it will reflect any Interest in economy; It almost certainly will be higher than the $768 million they got for the current year. As we said in March, the fiscal year 1983 budget almost defies comprehension: It has cost every U.S. man, woman, and child about $4.32, and was more than the cost of the entire U.S. Government for any year front 1782 through 1916. We expect the FAA's fiscal year 1964 budget to surpass that. They've had a 5- year plan for Dome time that called for an ultimate of 57,000 employees (they pres- ently have 45.000), and an annual budget of a round billion dollars. Mr. Halaby, him- self, expressed concern at this, and recently cut that ultimate goal back to 53,000 em- ployees and $900 million. It is time for AOPA'a membership to take an active, aggressive part in stemming this outpouring of public funds. First, it is essential that the facts be known. Prom time to time in the past AOPA has published current statistics show- ing that general aviation represents over 90 percent of the country's active civil air- craft, and accounts for the great majority of active civil pilots, flying hours, aircraft movements, and whatever other pertinent statistics we can find. While Mr. Halaby'a administration is the first to actively recognize general aviation for the first time, it still Is overwhelmingly true that a major percentage of the FAA is slanted toward the jet airliner, gigantic air- ports, often Incredible traffic control- con- cepts based on the handful of jet airliners, and so on. Despite the fact that the majority of the costliest FAA expenditures are intended pri- marily to serve this distorted concept, general aviation is nevertheless made an unwilling party to all this. Ultimately, it will be ex- pected to foot a substantial share of the bill if, as we pointed out in March, the Govern- ment finally forces through a program of user charges In an effort to offset these in- credible costs. AOPA members must be constantly aware of one overriding fact: general aviation, despite its size, is rarely consulted about these expenditures. Rarely, if ever, are gen- eral aviation's representatives asked about general aviation's actual requirements-al- though all such expenditures are predicated on an arbitrary FAA statement to an unsus- pecting Bureau of the Budget, and to con- gressional appropriations committees them- selves, that these expenditures do meet some assumed general aviation requirements. In- variably, they not only are not needed by general aviation, but general aviation ac- tually disagrees with the FAA, and would oppose the expenditures if they were asked. Examples: Dulles Airport (an estimated $175 million), the still unused data process- ing central computer ($8 million), and mis- cellaneous millions here and there for such things as a supersonic airliner, emergency arresting gear for jet airliners, visual ap- proach lights for jet airliners, and so on. Virtually the entire traffic control system- probably the most expensive single section of FAA-la predicated on such distorted as- sumptions. And whenever anyone, either in the Bureau of the Budget or Congress. questions such expenditures, the answer is the same : "It's essential to safety." Nowhere in recent Government history, outside of perhaps the Department of De- fense, has so much money been taken from the taxpayers in the name of safety. Yet no one, to our knowledge, has ever probed deep- ly into the facts, and whether the facts justify these colossal expenditures. In the last 10 years, for example, 9,616 people were killed in all segments of civil aviation-in- eluding the Grand Canyon and Staten Island collisions. In 1960 alone, twice as many people were killed by falls, 1,700 choked to death on food; 854 died due to medical- surgical mishaps. There were 38,200 people killed and 1,400,000 disabled by motor ve- hicles In 1981-about lour times as many dead as all the people killed In all civil avia- tion In those 10 years-yet Congress hasn't seen lit to create a Government agency to cope with this slaughter. If the FAA can be justified largely on the basis ofan average of 961.6 deaths per year, then certainly the US. Government should long ago have reacted violently to just theauto which, In the same 10-year period, killed 379,362 humans. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 1963 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE 2741 belief in its usefulness as an instrument of national power. But the vital questions are: What is being planned for the future? Are the new ships and new fleets being created that will maintain U.S. supremacy at sea everywhere on this globe? The United States is a maritime power and part of an oceanic alliance. It cannot afford to settle for naval parity with the Communist world, but must possess clear naval supremacy. That means in the In- dian Ocean as much as in the forth At- lantic. In searching out Mr. McNamara's inten- tions with regard to seapower, one must look at nuclear propulsion in the Navy's ships. Despite America's lead in developing such propulsion, not .a single new surface ship in the new defense budget is slated to be nuclear-powered. Can anyone believe that the Russians will fail to take advan- tage of Mr. ldc'Namara's reluctance to let the Navy forge ahead into the era of nu- clear-powered ships? A book could be written on what is not being done to advance U.S. seapower. The lack of a big drive for improved antisubma- rine warfare is a scandal. No new super- carrier will be built this year, despite proved need for such ships in remote areas of the globe. Nor is money that is not being spent on a carrier devoted to amphibious ships. The new construction budget is $600 million under last year's. One can only conclude that, as in the area of nuclear weaponry, Mr. McNamara is infaturated with the idea of a stalemate. But a stalemate at sea would' be a disaster for the United States. Without ships to project American power overseas, this coun- try soon would be an island encircled by advancing foes. [From Human Events, Feb. 23, 19631 DEFENSE DEPARTMENT'S "INTELLECTUALS"- McNAMARA'S POLICIES JEOPARDIZE NATIONAL SECURITY ... (Reprinted by courtesy of Barron's National Business and Financial Weekly) Nonetheless, as outlined by the Secretary to the House Armed Service Committee (re- cently), that posture, on military and diplo- matic grounds alike, falls far short of ideal. For one thing, it rests on a persistent bias toward conventional weaponry; the most sig- nificant contribution to the Nation's arms this year appears to be an experimental air assault division, a mobile striking force, mounted on helicopters, which the Army itself likens to cavalry. Disturbing to many in the Pentagon and Congress, the unilateral shift in strategy seems even more ominous abroad, where it is widely regarded as a retreat from previous U.S. commitments to the defense of Europe. Unrearonable or not, such fears are bound to multiply at the sight of U.S. diplomats, without public demur from Mr. McNamara, playing fast and loose with the principle of adequate safeguards in a frantic effort to reach agreement with the Soviets on a nu- clear test ban. War, said Clemenceau, is too important to be left to the generals. In an atomic age, the national security is far to precarious to be placed so completely in the hands of civilians who like to be known as defense intellectuals. Aphorisms aside, few would care to deny that the Nation, in military matters, fared better with a general in the White House. President Eisenhower, upon taking office, inherited a Navy just emerging from World War II mothballs and an Air Force largely comprising piston-engine fighter planes, ob- solete B-29's and the useless B-36. Eight years later he left his successor a jet-powered air arm, a growing arsenal of intermediate and long-range missiles and the first of a fleet of nuclear-powered, Polaris-firing sub- marines, an invaluable weapons system which the supposedly indolent Eisenhower administration succeeded , in putting into peryicc 3 years ahead of time. As a Presi- delltial candidate, John F. Kennedy talked endlessly of a missile gap, which, one safely elected, he made haste to disavow. "A myth of national weakness has been destroyed," Of all the members of the White House Secretary McNamara is quoted in the Sateve- Official family, perhaps none has enjoyed so post as saying blandly. A colleague was favorable a press as Secretary of Defense blunter. As one defense intellectual put it, Robert S. McNamara A hard-driving execu- 'What we are living with now is what we tive of the Ford Motor Co, ,he won wide- `inherited from Ike."' spread kudos 2 years ago, when,.'at heavy f1- INADEQUATE WEAPONS OP WAR nancial sacrifice, , he cheerfully swapped Unfortunately, however, McNamara and tailfins and chrome for the frentagon's brass. company is living off its capital. For with His. businesslike, approach to procurement the myth of the missile gap exploded, the rallied feathers' among', the military, but Defense Department has concentrated on struck the civilian observer as worthy of building up so-called conventional forces. applause. Toward this objective the Army has ex- Last December 'Secretary McNamara paneled from 11 combat-ready divisions to gained what is probably the most Impressive 16. The Pentagon, as noted, has devised an honor, which the -fourth estate. these days air assault division, a tactical throwback of cart bestow: an article _by Stewart Alsop in doubtful value (in South Vietnam heli- the Saturday Evening Post. Wrote Mr. copters have become sitting ducks). Alsop in a rare burst of admiration: "There's Most startling of all, an appraisal of the not much doubt he has the highest IQ of defense budget reveals, Secretary McNamara this century's public officials." is making a massive investment in the fu- Oni Mr. McNamara's,.menta1 in tune of conventional weaponry. In the last prowess- Detroit he and his executive team were .Eisenhower budget, outlays for military re- w :defy known as the whiz krds-$arron's search, development, testing and evaluation cheerfully accepts the prevailing view. ran to $6.4 billion, of which $3.2 billion, or However, we also confess to a mounting dis- half, was devoted to missiles: By contrast, quiet lately as to whether what was good out of aggregate research, outlays of $7.4 bil- ' for Ford Motor is,good for the country, and lion scheduled for fiscal 1964, only $2.2 bil- vice versa, lion, or 30 percent of the total, will go for The doubts surround both the Secretary's missile research. tactics and his grand strategy. On the first The main thrust of U.S. military science, count, the muzzling of professional soldiers, in short, has shifted to less sophisticated, a dubious maneuver at best, apparently has less powerful-and in the final analysis, been carried to dangerous extremes. Wash- many would argue-inadequate implements ington correspondents last week could find of war. nobody in the Air Force, despite its well- According to apologists, the McNamara known opposition to official moves, who doctrines aim at providing the United States dared, on or off the record, to criticize the with alternatives to nuclear war, or options. current U.S. posture of defense. To date, however, the options have all been No. 26-22 picked up by the enemy. Emboldened by the fiasco at the Bay of Pigs in April 1961- which, in any version, shows the defense in- tellectuals in a dismal light-the Kremlin that summer precipitated the Berlin crisis. WEAKENED DETERRENT TO COMMUNISM Last fall, by treachery and deceit, Moscow nearly succeeded in turning Cuba into a missile base, a move which would have out- flanked the United States-Canadian distant early warning system. Even now, after its presumed retreat, an estimated 20,000 Rus- sians occupy the island. Mr. McNamara, to be sure, is not wholly responsible for the vacillation and timidity of the State Department or the White House. However, he cannot avoid the blame for pol- icies which, by downgrading nuclear power, have weakened the sole effective deterrent to Communist aggression. The same policies have also strained the fabric of the North Atlantic Treaty Organi- zation. Whatever the merits of the com- mand decision to scrap Skybolt-a judgment which ran counter to the preponderant view of the Joint Chiefs of Staff-it was reached without so much as a by-your-leave to Lon- don. Hasty substitution of the Polaris one day may fill the military breach; it cannot repair the political damage inflicted upon a stanch ally. The growing stress on conven- tional warfare has had far more de- structive effects. For it has convinced some highly placed foreign officials-notably Gen. Charles de Gaulle-that they can no longer depend upon this country to take up the shield (a holding force of NATO troops) and the sword (massive U.S. nuclear retali- ation). The. foreigners may be wrong. Nonethe- less, the fact remains that with no encour- agement whatever-"the allies have turned a deaf ear," he once complained-Secretary McNamara has been steadily chipping away at a jointly agreed-upon strategy for the de- fense of Europe. Skybolt and the rest may be nothing worse than bad judgment. However, in failing to protest the incredible on-again, off-again suspension of nuclear testing, as well as the test ban talks themselves, the Department of Defense has come perilously close to derelic- tion of duty. On this score, Dr. Edward Teller, father of the hydrogen bomb, had some chilling things to say last week. A test ban treaty with the Soviet Union, he warned, "would prevent vital improvements of our atomic explosives," as well as foreclose the development of antimissile systems like the Nike-Zeus and' Nike-X. It would not keep the Russians from cheating. Such a treaty, in sum, "would endanger our security and help the Soviet Union in its plan to conquer the world." These are grave words; a man like Dr. Teller does not use them lightly. Secretary McNamara, the Congress and the American people had better pay heed. ST. AUGUSTINE QUADRICENTEN- NIAL COMMISSION-APPOINT- MENTS BY THE VICE PRESIDENT The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Mc GovERN in the chair). The Chair an- nounces, on behalf of the Vice President, the appointment of Senators HOLLAND and SMATHERS to be members on the part of the Senate of the St. Augustine Quad- ricentennial Commission, pursuant to 76 Stat. 386, Public Law 87-586, approved August 14, 1962. Mr. HOLLAND subsequently said: Mr. President, the Chair has announced, on behalf of the Vice President, the appoint- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 12702 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE February 21 Whose are fine words. But they re- quire action.- Vow, before I go any further, and be- fore someone may cry partisan politics, of worse, T would like to read a state- ment'made by President Kennedy when, as a candidate, he spoke in Grand Rapids, Mich., on October 14, 1960. Re said: Let me make It clear that I regard biparti- sanship not as a means of stiffing debate, not as a means of preventing discussion of the problems that face us. but I regard bi- partisanship as putting the interest of our country first. And I can assure you that in this campaign when we discuss the foreign and domestic opportunities and responsibili- ties which are facing our country, we do so from the beat interest not of our party but of our country, which is the obligation of all of us. On -another occasion, the President has been quoted as saying: Bipartisanship does not mean-and was never meant to mean-rubberetamping of every executive blunder without debate. Although I may be critical as I pur- sue this subject, I wish to make it clear that I firmly intend to keep within the bounds set by President Kennedy him- self. They will be my guidelines, rather that the emotional outbursts of those who demand silence on the part of my- self. and many others-not all of us Re- publicans-on matters crucial to our Nation's very survival. I do not equate effective opposition with silence, nor do I equate good citi- zenship with silence in a time of danger. Indeed, how can some administration spokesmen demand silence, when state- ments by other, and supposedly respon- sible, administration spokesmen are, at a minimum, contradictory and confus- ing? On the subject of Cuba as a basis for the subversion of Latin America, for ex- ample, during Secretary McNamara's 2- hour television program, the announced purpose of which was to clarify the Cuban situation to the American people, the Secretary was asked to comment on the possibility of Cuba's being used as a training base for subversion in other Latin American countries. His reply was: I have no evidence that Cuba is being used as a base for subversion directed against other Latin American countries. He continued to say that the Govern- ment was carefully watching develop- ments along this line. I should like to compare that state- ment with the statement made by Under Secretary of State George W. Ball on October 19, 1962. Mr. Ball said, with regard to Cuba as a base for subversion: It has value to the Communist bloc pri- marily as a base for the subversive activities of International communism in the Western Hemisphere. The policy of the U.S. Govern- ment is directed toward nullifying Cuba's usefulness as a source of infection for inter- national communism. 1 believe that Assistant Secretary of State Martin also made the point that Cuba is, in fact, a base for subversion of the Western Hemisphere. The Presi- dent himself called this to the attention of the people in his February 14 press conference, In which he pointed out the significance of a recent confidential OAS report which I shall discuss later. At that time the President said: I think the part of the report which is most significant Is the emphasis they put on subversion in the continent, the movement of men and money against the constituted governments. This is a matter which the U.S. Government is giving its greatest atten- tion to this winter, the question of lessening not only subversion that may come from Cuba but from other parts of the hemi- sphere. It seems to me that these three state- ments deal with Cuba as a base for sub- version in three different ways. The first denies categorically that evidence of sub- version exists; the second no longer takes such a definite stand, but talks about "nullifying Cuba's usefulness as a source of infection"; the third, if I interpret it correctly, talks about "lessening" subver- sion from Cuba, which implies that there - exists subversion which must be cut down or eradicated. So long as highly placed and respon- sible officials continue to contradict one another, the Republican Party-the "loyal opposition"-is totally within the boundaries of fairness when levying re- sponsible criticism, for subversion is most certainly spreading from Cuba. I have in my hand some pages from a special OAS report. Let me read a few paragraphs. The report is expected to be published probably on Washington's Birthday, when most Members of Con- gress will be out of town. The report contains some very interesting material. With respect to the establishment in Cuba of training centers for subversion, the report states: 1. TBAININO CENTERS There can be no doubt that the creation and maintenance of a Communist govern- ment in Cuba facilitates to an extraordinary degree the subversive action of International communism In America. This Is true not only with respect to the spread of the Com- munist Ideology, but also-what is more dan- gerous-because it constitutes a center quite nearby for training agents of every kind whose function It is to develop subversion in the countries of the hemisphere. It is an obvious fact that as the Commu- nist regime became consolidated in Cuba, a series of schools and centers of training in the techniques of Communist subversion were organized, in which instruction 1s being given not-only to Cubans but to many other Latin Americans for carrying on subversive activities in various countries of the hemi- sphere. Among the many training centers that now function in Cuba, mention may be made of the following: Else Roca School, in Los Pinos, Havana Province. Marcelo Salado School, in the Luyanb sec- tion of Havana. El Cortijo School, in Pinar del Rio Prov- ince, especially for military personnel. La Cabala Fort, in Havana, especially for young people. Mines Rio Frio School, for training guer- rillas. San Lorenzo School, In the Sierra Maestre, Oriente Province, for training guerrillas. Ciudad Libertad School, in Marianao, Havana Province, under Russian Instructors. Boca Chlca School, in Tarart, Havana Province, Director General Alberto Bayo. Julio Antonio Meila School, in Mar Bella, Havana Province, for training and instruc- went of the two Senators from Florida to be mem~ibe s of the St; A'u ustlhe Quadricentennial ' Commission. X I 'wish to, expfess to The P'res`iding OiBcer and the Vice re4dent the appredatlori of both 't>ie nators roln or'ida. e Quadraceiiteiuiial ce1e iration; which will take place in fii45, lies iniporfant l ni$cance not only to our State, but to the Nation, as well. In the first place, St. Augustine is the { first spot In the continental United States which was permanently settled by people of European origin, and of course it will have importance from that standpoint. Next, we think that In these days when our relationships with Latin America are of such vast importance, and when all of us know that several of the Latin American nations have antecedents or connections with their mother country, Spain, that even predate the settlement at St. Augustine, this will be a very ap- propriate time to celebrate the connec- tion between our Nation and Latin Amer- lea and Spain. Third, I wish to say that we are happy to announce that the Government of Spain and also the Roman Catholic Church, both of which participated in the original settlement of St. Augustine, have already signified their intention to participate actively and on a sizable scale in this quadricentennial celebration. So, Mr. President, speaking for both j Senators from Florida, let me say that we shall be glad to have even a small part In this matter; and I am glad the Government of-the United states has decided to participate in the celebration, 1 which has great significance to our na- tional life and to our hemispheric rela- $ETANCOIIRT VISIT-APPROPRIATE MOMENT FOR ACTION Mr. SCOTT. Mr. President, during the past 2 days we have been honored with the visit of a distinguished states- man and neighbor, President Romulo t Betancourt, of Venezuela. He comes at a time when his country is undergoing a brutal Communist campaign of terror j and subversion. Venezuela, with her rich resources and strategic location, is now, in the words of President Kennedy, "communism's No. 1 target" in our hem- isphere. And there Is general agreement that Cuba is the base from which these subversive activities are being conducted. It therefore seems to me that this would be a particularly appropriate time for the United States to act affirmatively, to stop drifting, to move to stop commu- nism In this hemisphere. Press reports indicate that this is precisely what Presi- dent Betaneourt-and many of our other neighbors to the south-are pray- ing that we will do. In their Joint communique, issued yes- terday, President Kennedy and Presi- dent Betancourt declared that they had considered the "gravity of the situation created by establishment in Cuba of an alien, antidemocratic stronghold from which emanate threats to the independ- ence and sovereignty of each of the free American Republics." Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release. 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R0002a0220004-4 1963 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE ting leaders of the Confederacidn de Traba- jadores de Cuba Revolucionaria (CTCR), [Federation of Workers of Revolutionary Cuba]. A large number of Latin Americans attend these training centers, where they receive in- struction not only in Marxist-Leninist theory, but also in propaganda techniques, the use of arms and explosives, sabotage, guerrilla warfare, and so on. It should be pointed out that the corps of instructors in these schools is made up not only of Cubans or other Latin Americans, but also of instructors from other Communist countries; these- speak Spanish. a s * ? < It is clear that Cuba is being used as a base for training in communism and its spread` in America, That activity of international communism, and particularly on the part of the Cuban Government, is greatly facilitated by the lack of suitable measures, and of cooperation among the American countries, to check the constant and heavy stream of travelers to and from Cuba. The importance of this problem makes it necessary to devote a spe- cial section to it. Mr. President, that gives an idea of how the Communist regime is of primary importance to this program. There are certain constructive alter- natives to the courses which are being taken. I propose 'particularly that we implement the resolution of the Orga- nization of American States dated Oc- tober 23, 1062, which was formally authorized by the Council, by a vote of -19 to 1, "with one abstention-which I think was Uruguay, although Uruguay later joined in the resolution-to carry out the quarantine of Cuba. The Council, before taking this action, granted itself emergency powers as a ministerial-level organ of consultation. This was required under article 6 of the ,Rio Treaty of 1947. Inasmuch as this article of 'the treaty is particularly ap- plicable in the present case, I shall quote it In full: If the inviolability or the integrity of the territory or the sovereignty or political in- dependence or any American State should be affected by an aggression which is not an armed, attack or by an extra-continental or intercontinental conflict, or by any other fact or situation that might endanger the peace, ff Ainerfoa, the-organ of consultation shall meet immediately in order to agree on the measures, Which must be taken in case of aggression to assist the victim of the aggression or in any case, the measures which should be taken for the common de- fense and for the maintenance of the peace and security of"the continent.- Also, on October' 23 , 1962, the OAS Council voted' to can for immediate dis- Solution and - removal of all weapons with any o'ensive - strength; recom- mend' that . t1ie member states take all measures, includfng the use of force, needed to insure that the Government of Cuba cannot' continue to obtain from the Soviet powers military materials and rejated supplies which may threaten the hemisphere. Therefore, I propose that one clear and justiifiedalternative to our present Cuban policy would be the full implementation of the OAS October resolution. Presi- dent Betancourt has indicated that Ven- ezuela needs help against the exportation of Cuban Cbminunlsm. Such help, in the form of action under the OAS reso- lution, would be clearly within the scope of the Rio Treaty of 1947, as well. We could also demand that Chairman Khrushchev carry out his pledge to re- move Soviet troops in due course. Some words uttered by a certain gentleman, who recently utilized the press to attack me and a number of my fellow Repub- licans for our views on the administra- tion's foreign policy, are quite pertinent today. These words were uttered on August 6, 1958. He said: . Time and again we have drifted until cir- cumstances reached an intolerable state, and then we have rushed to the brink. That sentence quite precisely describes events in Cuba prior and up to last Oc- tober. We now seem to be right back On the same path. The gentleman also observed, in the same statement, that the Eisenhower for- eign policy was "inadequate, outmoded, and misdirected." I am sure, of course, that there was no divisive partisan intent. In another statement, during that same period, the gentleman who is now so con- cerned with "divisive partisanship and irresponsible attacks" said, with refer- ence to problems then facing the Eisen- hower administration: They are not going to be met unless this administration turns off the television, comes in from the playground, and gets down to the hard work of running this Government and constructing a more substantial peace, and sheds the sodden, dangerous apathy in which it now wallows. That brings to mind the charge made last week by the same gentleman that we Republicans have been engaging in "harsh accusations that compensate with intemperance for what they lack in sub- stance." But again referring back to his state- ments in 1958, he was, I think, prophetic when he observed: We have become singularly unappreciative of the feelings and fears of others, friends and nonfriends alike. That certainly describes the situation with many of our friends today. Our relations with allies, old and new, have deteriorated to a nunprecedented degree. If there is to be any improvement, if we are to fend off the disaster which seems to be facing us from many directions- not only from Cuba-then there must, I believe, be relevant discussion and rele- yant criticism. The times may not require a great debate, but they certainly require some debate-although, as I have said, within the bounds laid down by the President himself. Mr. CLARK. Mr. President, I sug- gest the absence of a quorum. The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Mc- GOVERN in the chair). The clerk will call the roll. The legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll. Mr. CLARK. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order for the quorum call be rescinded. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. 2703 THE SENATE ESTABLISHMENT Mr. CLARK. Mr. President, I turn to the concluding portion of my remarks on the Senate establishment. It will be recalled that yesterday I placed in the RECORD-at page 2530-a table outlining the names of certain Senators who had requested various committee assignments as their first, second, or third choice, and compared the committee assignments they actually received-if any-with their position for or against a change in rule XXII, to en- able the Senate to terminate unlimited debate by a smaller number of votes than those presently required under that rule. The factual conclusion which this table demonstrates is that eight nonfreshmen Senators-Senators BARTLETT, BYRD of West Virginia, CANNON, HAYDEN, JORDAN of North Carolina, McGEE, SMATHERS, and THURMOND=who opposed a change in rule XXII, submitted eligible bids for new committee assignments, and seven of those eight received the new committee assignments they had requested. Six re- ceived committee assignments which rep- resented their first choice. Only the Senator from South Carolina [Mr. Tnua- MoND] was disappointed. On the other hand, 14 nonfreshmen Senators who favored a change in rule XXII, and therefore favored cloture, ap- plied for new committee assignments. Only five of them received them. Those Senators were Senators MANSFIELD, HART, PELL, YOUNG of Ohio, and myself. The Senator from Montana [Mr. MANSFIELDT, the majority leader, received his first choice. The Senator from Michigan [Mr. HART] received his third choice. The Senator from Rhode Island [Mr. PELL] received a committee assignment which he did not request and did not want. The Senator from Ohio [Mr. YOUNG] receivec_ his second choice. I received my second choice. I drew no conclusion from that state- ment. However, I think it raises some interesting speculations. I should like now to continue my theme that the South is overrepresented in the committee structure of the Senate in terms _of geography and also In terms of the ideological convictions of Members on the Democratic side of the Senate. The overrepresentation has resulted from the strict carrying out of that rule of seniority which the steering commit- tee so frequently violated-on nine com- mittees to be exact-in the course of making committee assignments for the present session of Congress. I ask unanimous consent that a brief statement showing the overrepresenta- tion may be printed in the RECORD at this point as a part of my remarks. There being no objection, the state- ment was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: SOUTFIERN CONTROL OF KxY SENATE COMMITTEES There are 23 Democratic senators from the South, including the 11 States of the Confederacy and Oklahoma and Arkansas. The southern Senators make up 34 percent of the 67-man Democratic block in the Sen- ate at present. The 23 Senators from. the South have far more than 34 percent of the Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 2704 seats on. the 4 most important standing than their share of the seats oommittees.of the Senate, however, and more crpUo,leadership cotntnlttee, Committee Southern MIS EAUUDd ~[Or~ t of 18______-- -------- a -- - - - - - ---------------------- ORE 3 (42 - percent out of l2----------------' a (56 perar~t out of It-_... --?------ 4 4 1 2 ________________ -------?----------- -- 6 (42 percent) out or 12-__------_-_ a 83 percent) out of 9----^------ 4 a t _______ ?------- -- - - 7 t47 percent) out of 15...... o 2 Mr. CLARK. It will be noted that 50 percent of the members of the Demo- Cratie representation on the Appropria- tions Committee are southern Senators; 42 percent are on the Committee on CONGRESSIONAL RECORD February 21 fisted ror a number of years, but it will exist to an even greater extent from now on, If and when the "grandfather" clause becomes a part of the rules of the Senate. Fifteen of these 21 Senators are Demo- crats, and 8 are Republicans Scatte d re . under the Joint leadership of the ma- like stars on the list are the names of Jority and minority leaders. many Members of the Senate establish- Some of us are old enough to remem- ment. However, the list does contain ber the derivation of the "grandfather" the names of Senators who I think clause. It was utilized by my southern would deny, and correctly deny, that they 1on'the Committee on Foreign Relations; Daniel ~Dudle y , Ave great gMy grand- many ?fdlthem, atcnaugh there are not ry, 47 percent are on the steering committee, father, Dudley Avery, were and both rand - I make the comment, not in criticism ers of the Confederacy. acy.They and their consent to have the list pP~tteed in the of any southern Senator, for surely they Reconstruction day cornpanions utilized Point- axe entitled to press their own claims the ng out, the but I very successful u refrain from poi- foT membership on grandfather clause to prevent the Ing out thvery sefforts of sev- important com- Negro from voting. _I suggest that the eral Senators to advance the Interests of mittees. I make the comment only to grandfather clause is being utilized to- their home States by getting on as many jahow the extent to which the Senate day in the Senate for a not entirely dis- committees as possible. establishment, led by Senators from the similar purpose. But it is a rather ob- The Senator from Nebraska [Mr. outh, but very ably abetted by northern scure purpose and requires some clan- CuRTisl, for example, serves on the [Senators of the Republican Party, led fication. The grandfather clause as It Aeronautical and Space Sciences Com- by the intrepid minority leader, has a appears in Senate Resol ti en u on eglslative committees-Appropriations. Provided, however, That those Senators Government iOperations Committee, a %xmed Services, Finance, and Foreign who, as of January 9, 1968 sere ,._, ._~ _ acwuuticaa and Space on Atomic Energy,whichmoerat1C steering committee. It is my sciences and the Committee on Govern- in tee ,. rogrant of the president and do justice Which I into committees of all; and, in addition, oe the fair claims of Senators from otherolato are the two minor the Rules and Administration Committee e ren ~liattees- become a minor committee if and when ideology, the stranglehold of the bipar- shall be entitled to serve on three of the the proposed change In the rules is lean Senate establishment must even- foregoing standi?a ding i ""`a ttees -~~ I turn now to the proposed change in referred to are the'-m No other Senator le ajor committees. tive committees. serves on five legisla- S$V, which is set forth in Senate It includes all of the legislative co it mm y and the minority leaders. That pro- tee on the District of Columbia. the Com- from Georgia [Mr, RUSSELLI, runs him a d - - - on the oti l an ca Adinin- -_ u and Space ould make,the Committee on_ Govern- istration. Note that it also excepts the Sciences Committee, the Armed Services .ent Operations a major committee and Joint Atomic Energy Committee .. 1 .- Committee. the Appropriatio _ ns ommittee on Aeronautical and Space o so has entrenched Members of the legislative committee. So, of-course, i 9e no objection whatever to that ange. The change would also make the Com- ttee on Rules slid Administration e rnmittee. I have no quarrel with that. quite obscure to me, Is excluded from consideration with the other legislative committees. It is said that that is be- cause it is a Joint committee with the House, But I suggest that that is a dis- tinction without a difference. The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy is one of the most Important legislative commit- tees in the Senate. It was created by Public Law 703 of the 83d Congress, which provides: All bills, resolutions and other matters in the Senate or the House relating primarily to the Commission on Atomic Energy, or to the development, use, or control of atomic energy, shall be referred to the Joint com- mittee, whose members shall report from time to time, if they are Senate Members to the Senate, if they are House members to the House, by bill. mince, and the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy; and he also serves on the Democratic steering committee and the Democratic policy committee. He is the only member of the Democratic Party except the elected leadership who serves on both the policy committee and the steering committee. The Senator from Iowa [Mr. HICKEN- LOOPERI is up in front with the Senator from Georgia [Mr. RUSSELL]. I COm- mend him for his ability to serve the interests of his State by becoming a member-and, indeed, In at least one instance the ranking minority member- of very important Senate committees. He serves on the Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee, the Agriculture and Forestry Committee, the Foreign Rela- tions Committee, and the Joint Com- mitt ee on Atomic Energy. Buch bills are placed on the calendar FATFiEa cLAIISE tx aratATi RESOLUTION 99 and are treated like Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- IAR any other bills itt I should lik nt M the Wt the e to point out what So it seems to me that there is no ade- tees nawhich theseshowing Le Senators changes do In terms of creating quate reason why the Joint At, si serve c ch has been interjected into the rule 11e grandfather" clause reveals pub- ordered to be printed in VthetREcoan, as fitly a condition which has existed pri- follows: Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 z of the Demo- vately for some time, and that is that there Is a class of 21 preferred Senators who are permitted to hold positions on J963. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA=RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE 2615 of technology in those sectors of the civilian economy which, despite high po- tential returns to the Nation, have not been able, or have not been motivated, to seize the opportunity without assistance. THE FOUR-POINT PROPOSAL The report further states: With the exception of a few manufactur- ing firms, most enterprises neither under- take much research and development nor have trained technical manpower to take ad- vantage of the research and development done by others. was that it was an emergency procedure brought about by the publication of a civilian report on construction industry research needs. I have since learned that the report on which the Commerce Department based its claim for funds was in fact a quite preliminary one carried out by a small committee of the Building Re- search Advisory Board of the National Academy of Sciences. This BRAB re- port, as it is called, still has not been distributed throughout the 100,000 firms in the construction industry and there- fore by no manner of means represents the industry. I submit that the irregular procedure that was adopted had a much simpler purpose: ' It prevented debate on the merits of the proposal during the regular appropriations process. Even when the civil industrial tech- nology program was revealed to our sub- committee, it was only vaguely outlined. Since that time I have closely scrutinized descriptions of the program in the budget appendix, in the Economic Re- port of the President, and in numerous statements made by Commerce Depart- ment officials. I confess I have been puzzled by the wide variation and differ- ing interpretations to be found in these different documents and statements, and can only conclude that the continuing vagueness of this program's outlines is purposeful. THE COMMERCE DEPARTMENT'S JUSTIFICATIONS Unable to satisfy myself and my con- stituents with the bits and pieces of in- formation and interpretation that I was able to collect in that way, I have since discussed this matter at length with a number of construction industry leaders and also conducted my own investiga- tion. In the informational vacuum that seems to have been deliberately created, I think that members of the House may be interested in the sharp contrast be- tween what the Commerce Department says about this program and what I have been able to find out. First, the Department of Commerce proposes to inaugurate 'a program of governmentally sponsored research di- rected toward encouraging more deliber- ate, imaginative, and extensive use. of technology not only in the construction industry but in other industries as well. At present, the other two industries for which funds are sought are textiles and machine tools. . By prescribing this eco- nomic pep pill for these three patients, the Commerce Department maintains, labor productivity will be increased and U.S. products will become more competi- tive in foreign trade-especially with the Common Market. To institute the 'program, a total amount of $7.4 million is now requested for the fiscal year beginning July 1 and a supplemental request of $1,250,000 is contemplated for expenditures during the remainder of the present fiscal year. The basis on which the Commerce De- partment justifies the proposal is stated in the current report of the Council of Economic Advisers, which claims that there is an urgent need to stimulate more rapid development and fuller uses It concludes: Government has a responsibility for main- taining a suitable environment for private research activity and for supporting pro- grams which are in the public interest but which are not adequately stimulated by pri- vate market opportunities alone. The report claims that this responsi- bility is made more crucial by the fact that "defense and space efforts have ac- counted for more than three-fourths" of the increase in the total expenditure for research and development in recent years. Shedding these same crocodile tears, the Commerce Department developed a four-part program which includes these major activties: First. Supporting the training of per- sonnel at universities for industrial re- search and development through re- search grants; second, stimulation of re- search in industry institutions, which would include generating research bene- ficial to an industry or an industry seg- ment which would not be properly undertaken for profitmaking reasons alone and "providing additional research services and facilities for those firms"- I repeat, firms-"which do not have a broad enough spectrum of products or services to support an independent re- search and development program of ef- ficient size." Those are just two of the four activi- ties. The others include developing an industry-university extension service much like that of the Agriculture De- partment's, and supporting technical in- formation services to supply industry with knowledge about technological activities and developments. Those are the broad outlines of the program that will save the construction industry from itself. But now let us examine the program under higher mag- nification and see what some of those sonorous phrases really mean. THE VAGUE DEFINITIONS Basic to all this are some arbitrary assumption and decisions. Who has determined that the construction in- dustry is lagging? What definition of the word has been applied, and against what had the construction industry been compared? It is certainly true that the technology of American industry has not reached its ultimate development, and I speak here of all American in- dustry. But this does not mean that Government aid is either necessary or would prove effective in speeding an advance. Construction industry leaders with whom I have spoken point out that the industry is presently carrying on a sub- stantial.amount of research and develop- ment work and they insist that it is far in excess of a Commerce Department figure which seems to have no basis in fact. The definition of "lagging" is only the first of the subjective definitions that seem to appear everywhere in this pro- gram's outlines. Not only does someone high in the Commerce Department's technological ivory tower decide which industries to tinker with, but he also would apply other subjective definitions such as: "stimulating," "segment of an industry," "broad enough spectrum of products," and "selective program." Who decides, and on what basis, where "stimulation" ends and discloca- tion of competition and industrial pro- grams begins? What Solomon decides what an indus- try segment is, and which segments as well as firms are to be allowed to put their hand in the public till? What crystal ball is available to de- termine whether this segment or that firm has a broad enough spectrum of products? CHOOSING THE BENEFICIARIES On the question of a "selective pro- gram," who does the selecting, and on what basis? If you are interested in the answer to that question, let me quote the Com- merce Department itself : The broad direction of the research pro- gram, such as the selection of particular in- dustries in need of technological stimulation, and the criteria for eligibility of research in- stitutions for contract awards, will be de- termined in the Department of Commerce, guided by advice from industry leaders, educators, and others. How much guidance do you think the Assistant Secretary would seek from pri- vate industry when, as we have seen, in- dustry's opinion not only was not sought in the program's creation, but was scru- pulously avoided? The mention of advice being sought from educators is also of interest, since the Commerce Department now proposes to enter the educational field and further compound the confusion in this area already created by the overlappings of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Department of Labor with its apprenticeship and other vocational programs. UPSETTING THE COMPETITIVE BALANCE When all is said and done, the Assist- ant Secretary and his staff would have an extraordinary amount of power over this country's largest domestic industry. Having so far failed to avail themselves of any of the practical knowledge that this industry has gained in its hundreds of years of activity, the authors of this program would begin dispensing grants and applying stimulation that could dis- rupt a basic industry and dislocate all its component architects, contractors, builders, building supply manufacturers, distributors, and workers. Not only would such action upset the delicate competitive balance of a highly competi- tive industry, it might cause structural Approved For Release 2004/06/23.: CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 2616 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE unemployment in areas of the country which are dependent upon competitive parts of the industry. Of paramount importance, they would again and again have to determine with unerring precision where basic research in a given product ended and where ap- plied research began. in the case of collaborative research, it Is interesting to speculate on how the Government would avoid running afoul of its own antitrust laws. PENALIZING THE EF!'ICIENT In my conversations with members of the industry, a number of other interest- ing points have been raised. They point out that this program would penalize the most efficient pro- ducer by expending research funds, to bring the laggards within a group closer to the most advanced technological practices of the leaders, and, stimulate research and innovation in those indus- trial groups that have been relatively inactive or stagnant technologically. In effect, these most efjf7cient producers would be taxed to pay for'the technolog- ical advancement of their most ineffi- cient competitors. This comes about as close to destruction of the free-enter- prise concept as anything can. 'Z TOEEIGN ILARKET MISrexE Another interesting point that thein- dustry has raised is how Common Market competitioncan be cited as a valid justi- ecatlon for stimulating construction In- dustry research. They point out that, while textile products and machine tools move in national and international trade, the product of building construc- tion is mostly nonmovable and remains in its one location for its economic life- time. Since structures and highways do not ordinarily move, bricks are not shipped overseas, and the construction industry is overwhelmingly domestic in nature, how can such a program help the United States compete with the Common Market? This is pure fancy. i7118mvcrfoN OF PRIVATE RmLARCH Industry also points out that this pro- gram would enter into competition with private industry research efforts, with predictable results, Those now spending their own funds for these activities would discontinue their own efforts and seek Government funds. This would dry up moneys now being spent privately and eventually the appropriation needed to finance research,for the clamoring con- struction industry would be enormous. This, It is obvious, would cause even greater difficulties in our efforts to bal- ance the Federal budget, to say nothing of stifling private initiative. THE AGRICULTURAL IMITATION I would also like to point out that ad- vocacy of an industrial extension serv- ice along the lines of the Department of Agriculture's Extension Service would leave a great deal to be desired. We are now having proposed for industry the same sort of stipulation that has produced the sorry mess that we have in agriculture, with a ,Continuing surplus and subsidy and no solution In sight. Interestingly, the President in 1961 pro- posed compulsory action to solve agri- culture's difficulties, but this year the other cheek was turned and voluntary controls were recommended. Carried to its ultimate conclusion, we might at some future date have an industrial soil bank in which textile, machine tool, and construction industry producers could be paid by the Federal Government for not making anything. NEW SOURCES OF POLITICAL FAVORITISM Finally, consider the strong political implications in creating a whole new source of patronage and favor itism to in- fluence this vast industry. Even the BRAB report which I mentioned earlier recommended that any Federal research be carefully controlled within the Bureau of Standards because of the patronage dangers that were clearly foreseen. These are just some of the major flaws in this visionary program. It would transgress the traditional boundaries of private enterprise and at- tempt to bring this industry under cen- tral economic planning. It would in fact dislocate one of the Nation's prime industries at a time when we can Iii afford any industrial slump. This in turn, would affect the economic well-being of constituents in every con- gressional district. In my opinion, this is the most ill conceived, amateurish, and dangerous legislative proposal that I have seen in many years. FORTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF LITHU- ANIA (Mr. RIEHLMAN (at the request of Mr. BRUCE) was given permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Mr. RIEHLMAN. Mr. Speaker, the 45th anniversary of the independence of Lithuania was observed on February 16. It was a time of mixed feelings of pride and sorrow. I am pleased to join those who saluted the Lithuanian people, for their courage and yearning for freedom remain as strong as ever. My dedication to the cause of freedom in Lithuania and all captive European nations Is as firm as ever. I am honored to be able to pay tribute to the examples of courage and determination which the Lithuanian people have set for the world- At this time, though, I am also sad- dened that these people are prisoners, deprived of the most basic human free- doms. In their homeland. It is sad to know that there is still a substantial portion of this earth in which mankind is under the domination of a murder- ous, godless, totalitarian dictatorship. Our hearts go out to the Lithuanian people the world over, In whom the flame of liberty still burns brightly. I know we all look forward to the day when op- pressed peoples will be free. j (Mr. SHORT (at the request of Mr. Saud) was given permission to extend is, remarks at this point In the RECORD.) Mr. SHORT. Mr. Speaker- February 21 The moving finger writes; and, having writ, Moves on: nor all thy piety nor wit Shall lure it back to cancel half a line, Nor all thy tears wash out a word of it. -From "The Rubalyat" of Omer Khayam. Mr. Speaker, last week I promised a kind of sequel to my "Selected Chronol- ogies on Castro and Cuba" inserted in the RECORD Appendix as parts 1 through 10, and covering events from March 10, 1952, through January 1, 1963. Today, I would like to first quote an excerpt from the President's press conference of Thursday, February 7, 1963, when he was asked the following question: Question. Mr. President, what chances do you think or do you believe there are of eliminating communism in Cuba, within your term? The PRESIDENT. I couldn't make any pre- diction about the elimination. I am quite obviously hopeful It can be eliminated, but we have to wait and see what happens. There are a lot of unpleasant situations in the world today. China is one. "It Is un- fortunate that communism was permitted to come into Cuba. It has been a problem in the last 5 years." We don't know what is going to happen internally. There is no, obviously, easy solution as to how the Com- munist movement will be removed * 0 F. Mr Speaker, aside from the quoted portion of this excerpt, I believe we all can agree and sympathize with the Pres- ident. This is indeed a knotty problem with no easy solution. However, in re- gard to the portion of his answer which stated: It is unfortunate that communism was permitted to come into Cuba. It has been a problem for the last 5 years. I would like to offer proof that this has been a real and continuing problem since 1933, and possibly further back than that. In the course of my research into the Cuban issue, I obtained a copy of an article published in the National Repub- lic In November 1933, and written by Walter L. Reynolds. The National Re- public magazine was originally a Na- tional Republican Club publication, started by Walter Steele and a Mr. Lock- wood, both of whom are now dead. These men later published the magazine as an independent publication since some Republicans felt it should not be published under sponsorship of the Re- publican Party. This magazine appears to have been published last in March of 1960. The theme of this magazine was exposing communism in the United States and 90 percent of the publication was devoted to this effort. Walter L. Reynolds was the former chief clerk of a congressional committee created in 1929, the 70th Congress, and called Committee To Investigate Communist Activities in the United States. Mr. Reynolds later headed an American alliance of 219 or- ganizations opposed to the recognition of Russia. The article is entitled "Moscow's Hand in Cuba," and a subheading under the title states, "Concerted Action on Part of Moscow-Directed Agents of Revolu- tion To Overthrow Regime After Regime Is Keeping Little American Republic in Turmoil and Strife as Moscow Drive to Set Up a Little Soviet of the West Con- tinues." Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 1963 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE finis article impressed me a great deal the Cuban people, will be nothing more than because it was. a prophetic outline of that. Codling events which, truly "cast their There is, however, no evidence of any Shadows b1pxe. noj 5 years ago-nor organized combat force in Cuba from any during the Eisenhower administration Soviet bloc country. Nor is there evidence of any significant offensive capability, in- which so many Seem to be fond of re- eluding offensive ground-to-ground missiles, minding us-but in 1933-during the either in Cuban hands or under Soviet di- early years of the Roosevelt administra- rection and guidance. tion. The recent Soviet aid to Cuba indicates a k'urther, the article did not deal in significant increase in Soviet involvement just the bare bones of the Soviet efforts in Cuba. The Cuban regime 1s in trouble to establish. it Coii}ITllulist, dictatorship and it is not surprising that it has com- ovei the world, but went into the details witted itself further the Sino-Soviet bloc in the hope of of preventing its own collapse. of how ibis-was, to be accomplished-by The regime has been increasingly isolated means of labor problems-trade rela- from the hemisphere, its economy is Crum- tionships-plans to utilize Cuba as the bling, and it has discarded its pledges for fulcrum from which. the Communist economic and political freedom. ideology was to be catapulted in various ACTION AGAINST COMMUNIST SUBVERSION IN use Germany as the fulcrum. American Republics, held at Punta del Este, In the period of history around 1933 a Uruguay, in January 1962, recogni eed that the Communist offensive in the Americas group of 219 national organizations, in- poses a danger to the democratic institutions eluding the Am erican Legion, sparked by of_ the hemisphere. The meeting took the efforts of its National Commander several steps to deal with this danger, in- Hayes, William Green, of the American eluding the exclusion of the present Gov- .Federation,of Irbor,Mathew Wall-who erhment of Cuba from participation in the held 'a series of 5' to,6 weeks' brcladcasts inter-America system. Another of its de- over anational hookup-William Tyler cisions called upon the Council of the Or- Page, then Clerk of the House of Repre- vigilance tion of American States to maintain vigilance regarding acts of aggression, sub- sentatives, and Mark Hershey, a hero of version, or other dangers to the peace and World War I-joined in a nationwide security resulting from the intervention of nonpartisan effort, as = American al- Sino-5oviet powers in the hemisphere. In liance to oppose recognition of Soviet addition the foreign ministers provided for Russia. To quote a prophetic sentence the establishment of the Special Consulta from the article: tive Committee on Security to assist gov- The recognition of Soviet Russia will fur- eriiments in security matters. The Com- nish a new impetus to communism, not only May y 1 1. M. presented its initial general report d In Cuba but throughout the world, The embargo imposed d by by the United ? States on Cuban imports pursuant to the The article also prophetically states: decisions of the foreign ministers has re- Sovietizing Cuba would permit the es tab- sulted in a loss of income to Cuba and hence lishment of a perfect base on the Western in Cuba's capacity to engage in subversive Hemisphere for the dissemination of their activities in the hemisphere. revolutionary propaganda In the United Less than 1 month later-October 21, States, Panama, and all Latin America, 1962-we all know the President an- should the United States not, extend recog- nounced the setting up of our quarantine ninon tq Soviet Russia. against shipments of arms and military What were the, ruors about, the State equipment to Cuba. Department at that- time-under Presi- Further, now we not only see that dent Roosevelt? Let me quote further: Cuba's economy has not crumbled-as It is rumored in Washington that the offi- of February 21, 1963-but the U.N. is go- cials of the state Department have reached ing to gallop to the rescue to make sure an accord that the present regime in Cuba this does not happen, all the while pro- should be recognized at once to stabilize testing that American funds will not be conditions there, but that Ambassador Welles used, so everything is fine. I have never reports from Cuba that the present regime advocated that the United States with- cannot. last because of certain Moscow inter- draw from the U.N., but I would like to national conspiracies and activities that have been discovered in Cuba< It is believed that challenge the U.N. to consider not only State Department officials are guarding this the physical needs of the Cuban people, information because of the, public indigna- but also those Cubans who have been tion it might create against U.S. recognition forced by one means or another to leave of Soviet Russia on the eve of the American- their beloved island home because their Russo conference to be held in Washington desire for freedom-call it "intellectual" at the invitation of President Roosevelt, or `,`spiritual"-either word fits. Further, Now let us refresh our memories again f challenge the U.N. to call for a free by reading a State t epartment release and open election to be held in which all dated September 25, 1962, received in Cubans will be, allowed to cast their vote U.S, policy is to get rid of the Castro regime and Soviet Communist influence in Cuba. We will not permit the Cuban re- gime to export its aggressive purposes by force or the threat of force. We will prevent the Cuban regime by whatever means may be necessary from taking action against any part of the hemisphere. The United States in conjunction with the other countries of the hemisphere will make sure that in- creased armaments which the Soviets have , furnished to the regime, while a burden to 2617 title I am quoting from included one also prophetic-depicting a basket on the steps of the U.S. Capitol holding an in- fant-oddly enough resembling Khru- shchev-who is holding a bomb with a lighted fuse. The basket is labeled "Cuba, Little Soviet"-and a Russian labeled "Moscow" is peering over a fence at the baby to see if anyone from the Capitol rushes out to pick it up. Well, obviously we did pick the baby up. We also recognized Soviet Russia, thus loosing upon the world the dread Communist forces politically blessed by the United States of America, through President Franklin Delano Roosevelt but not through the wishes of many, many troubled American citizens of both po- litical parties. . We thus were found wanting at a time when the real ' basic morality of the United States of America was put to the acid test, and we are reaping the results now of that decision. We are being retested today. Where stand we as a nation? Where stand we as a people? Is Cuba to truly be allowed to develop from "Little Soviet" to "Big Soviet" in the Western Hemisphere? Do we revise our thinking from the Presi- dent down to. the State Department- to the Congress-and to the people- and face what we could not face in 1933? I seem to see and-hear signs that some are heeding this handwriting on the wall even though some do_ it by the utterly unrealistic method of declaring Cuba, armed by the Soviets, is a threat not to the United States, but instead to Latin America. My colleague, Congressman PAUL ROGERS of Florida, whom I respect and admire, had some pretty potent things to say to the House of Representatives on February 7, of this year, in a speech en- titled "Cuban Venom Continues To Trickle." I commend his speech to any- one who has not read or heard it. in 1933 there was a bipartisan effort to prevent recognition of Soviet Russia by the United States. In 1963, as in 1933, there is still a bi- partisan effort-regardless of what Senator FULBRIGHT chooses to term it- to get at the facts regarding our Cuban crisis, and the Soviet arms buildup in Cuba, and the use of Cuba to export communism ' to the entire Western Hemisphere. And in 1963, as in 1933, there is an awareness on the part of the American people that something is seriously wrong with our morality as a nation when we speak strong words protesting the slav- ery and degradation of communism, but look the other way when means are suggested for us, as a nation, to protect our free civilization. regime, or a free republican government. ""'""`? SIIG "I(,IV1e A'ioscow's Walter L. Reynolds, And then,they will find Cuba would not. with Hand my in Cuba," remarks today: oday: need the TT N aid to restore it s it and could-if given the opportunity. (.by Walter L. Reynolds) Castro's announcement of no elections A year ago the drive of the Communist was for the same purpose the Berlin International for world revolution was cen- tered in Germany. Most of its best trained available revolutionary forces were then . state of slavery. concentrated there in an effort to win Ger- It is a pitythe CONGRESSIONAL RECORD many to communism and add that nation to cannot print cartoons because the ar- the world union of Soviet Socialist Republics Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65BOO383ROO0200220004-4 J618 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE February 21 rider the control of Moscow. But for the of the American-Russo Conference to be mate, as they claimed, it would notYappear trfotism of the vast majority of the Ger- held in Washington at the invitation of necessary to entail such extraordinary pre- people, who finally became fully aroused President Roosevelt. cautions as to invoke a code that defies all the situation with which they were con- The recognition of Soviet Russia by the cipher experts. The President should de- oated, it is possible the Reds would have United States will furnish a new impetus to wand the key to this code from the Soviet seeded. Communism, which had grown communism, not only in Cuba but through- officials, as an act of good faith to prove a force of over 5 millions in Germany, out the world, and at the same time act as that its accredited officials have not been as repulsed. however, and has since been a sedative to the growing impatience of the actively engaged In the revolutionary ac- ped out or driven underground in con- starving and depressed millions In Russia. tivities of the third international in this derable disorder, many of Its agents taking In order to attract our money lenders, Soviet country. If this demand is refused, there efuge in France. Moscow and Great Britain. Russia has dangled the bait of lucrative can be only one Interpretation as to the con- A new front of the so-called proletarian trade promises, which has in the past been tent of these messages, and It would indicate volution has now developed-in Cuba- gobbled up by our International-minded what we may expect from Soviet officials there the Communists, organized and led financiers and Government officials. The who are to be given diplomatic immunity efly by their Anti-Imperialist League. Soviets say that after recognition they will through recognition. Such agents have 1th headquarters in New York City, a purchase American goods to the amount of been found active in revolutionary work reach of the Red International, have begun a billion dollars, to rehabilitate world com- in Great Britain, Mexico. China, Argentina, other desperate struggle to carry on in munism; the extent of such trade depends France, Germany, and elsewhere. uba from where they were forced to leave entirely on how much our gullible capitalists When and if the recognition question is pff in Germany. The Communist revolu- and the RFC are willing to loan--$1 or $5 settled In the United States in favor of Rus- loaary movement always thrives where con- billion-having absolutely no intention of sia, the Cuban campaign will be renewed ons such as exist In Cuba permit them ever making payment. Is It reasonable to with every available means and Communist o stir up discontent, leading to strikes, expect the Soviets, the least responsible of agents in the United states will continue to riots and bloodshed. The Anti-Imperialist all governments both financially and morally, supply the necessary backing and leadership. eague has been preparing the way for the to repay such loans when France, England, The Cuban situation today has a remarkable ve revolutionary movement over the past Italy, and other European nations have set resemblance to the Russian picture in 1917. pears, in accordance with Instructions from a precedent of repudiation by refusing to pay The Reds have resorted to the original tools Moscow, illustrated by the following extract their debts to the United States? of the Bolsheviks in Russia, by adopting slo- e program of the Communist Inter- For sake of argument, even should the Fans and other phases of the Russian revo- tioual adopted at its Sixth World Bolsheviks reverse their announced policy of lution, as directed by Moscow. They are pongress: abrogation of all contracts when it is no driving to force the Cuban citizens and the "When the ruling classes are disorganized, longer to the interest of the Soviet Republics rank and file of the Cuban army to join he masses Ina state of revolutionary fer- to live up to them, as enunciated by several their cause under the Anti-Imperialist {rent, when the middle classes incline to of Its prominent officials In the past, would League slogan: -The Cuban masses are 3oin the proletariat and the masses have it be possible for the already bankrupt struggling for bread, land, and freedom." own themselves ready to fight and make U.S.S.R. to make such payments? It has The same meaningless promise of the Rus- ces, it is the task of the proletarian already obligated Itself to payments to others sian Communist Party In 1917, almost word to lead the masses in a frontal attack In the amount of $350 million a year to 1935. for word. The Anti-Imperialist League, sup- Mast the bourgeois state. This will be Soviet spokesmen are frank In saying they ported by the Cuban National Confederation attained by the propagation of gradually can pay us In the event of a new loan only of Labor (CNOC) and the Cuban Communist tenaified slogans and by the organization by reciprocal trade agreements; by selling Party, is constantly stirring up strikes and mass action. their wheat, oil, lumber, and coal, of which Inciting riots, bombings, and killings "Such mass action includes strikes, strikes we already have surpluses, on our own mar- throughout Cuba. Other Communist Inter- in connection with demonstrations, strikes kets. Competition from such forced Ibor, national groups, such as the Communist Par- n connection with armed demonstrations, low cost and no cost, products would be ties of the United States, Mexico, Panama, And finally, the general strike combined with ruinous to our own industries and cause Colombia, Venezuela, Honduras, Salvador, the armed rising against the government further unemployment of free American Costa Rica, and Guatemala, have issued man- authority of the bourgeoisie. The highest labor. Then there is the probability that ifestos calling for the support of all Com- form of the struggle follows the rules of the Soviets would resell our commodities, munist groups and their sympathizers and are, and necessitates, as a preliminary bought on long-term credits, to our regular ending with the salutation: "Long live the plan of campaign, an offensive character in customers at less than actual production workers, peasants, and soldiers soviet govern- the fighting and unlimited devotion and cost, to further demoralize the world markets ment of Cuba." heroism on the part of the proletariat." and to raise cash for the purchase of arms Regardless of the fact that such action is In Cuba the unsettled conditions, unstable and munitions to build up the Red army the last thing the United States desires, for government and factional discontent have and strengthen the world revolutionary if the Communists were to overthrow the ex-. I afforded a fertile ground for the fomentation movement In all countries, including Cuba Isting Cuban Government and gain control, of revolution, and the Communists have and the United States. They are now buying Intervention by the United states would be (seized the opportunity afforded to ply their huge quantities of arms and ammunition inevitable. Anticipating this, the Anti-Im- Itrade of murder, sabotage. and civil war. from Poland on credit. perialist League has been flooding the United The strike stage was passed during the We are dealing with an enemy state, ac- States with propaganda to keep hands off tMachado regime, and the "highest form Of cording to the definition placed on Russia Cuba, seizing upon the act of the U.S. Gov- the struggle" Is ready to follow. Since their by the Woodrow Wilson administration, and ernment in sending battleships to Cuban wa- recent decisive defeat In Germany, the Corn- the leopard has not changed Its spots. The tars to incite the Cubans against this coun- munists cannot afford another such failure main obstacle to recognition of soviet Russia try, and circulating thousands of petitions in Cuba. The workers of the world have still remains-the attacks of Soviet agents throughout the United States and Latin been promised by the Soviets ever since the on our institutions and their attempts to America addressed to President Roosevelt Russian revolution some definite accom- overthrow our Government by force and vio- protesting against the United States partici- pllshments toward the establishment of' a lence. It is to be hoped that the present pating in Cuban affairs. While the United World Union of Soviet Socialist Republics administration will not barter away any of States Is merely undertaking to live up to its ? and Cuba, they believe, now offers the beat our cherished principles in dealing with the obligations under the Platt amendment, to } immediate opportunity. Then, too, soviet- Soviets. insure the maintenance of a government ade- Izing Cuba would permit the establishment President Roosevelt has a means at his die- quate for the protection of life, property, and of a perfect base on the Western Hemisphere posal to determine, to a degree, whether Individual liberty, the Communist Interne- for the dissemination of their revolutionary the past activities of this officials of the So- tional is using every possible means to have propaganda in the United States, Panama. viet Government who have been In this the Cubans misinterpret such action and to and all Latin America, should the United country as representatives of the Amtorg convert them to their cause, asserting that States not extend recognition to Soviet Trading Corp. have been confined strictly to the United States intends to annex Cuba Russia. business matters, or whether they have been for the benefit of Wall Street, and that only It is rumored In Washington that the participating In Communist conspiracies a revolutionary government of the workers officials of the State Department have and attacks on our Government. In 1930 and peasants, a Soviet government, can free f reached an accord that the present regime the Special Committee of the House of Rep- Cuba from imperialist domination and clear in Cuba should be recognized at once to resentatives investigating Communism seized, the way for a higher standard of life for the t stabilize conditions there, but that Ambas- by subpena. several hundred cablegrams Cuban toilers. This propaganda has ex- sador Welles reports from Cuba that the transmitted between Moscow and Amtorg. tended to varied efforts by the Communists present regime cannot last because of certain These messages were sent In a private Mos- to win over to their cause the U.S. marines Moscow International conspiracies and activi- cow code. In direct violation of international and sailors who have been sent to Cuban wa- ties that have been discovered In Cuba. It law, so complex that no cipher expert in the ters. The Young Communist League has Is believed that State Department officlals world has ever been able to break It down been particularly active in this phase of revo- are guarding this information because of the and the Soviet officials in the United States lutionary activities, posting in all conspicu- public indignation it might create against refused to decipher them even in secret ses- ous places in the United States and in Ha- gs. recognition of Soviet Russia on the eve sion. If the business of Amtorg was legiti- vans, appeals to the marines to refuse to Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65BOO383ROO0200220004-4 trayed. With a clear-cut program of eco- nomic demands and an uncompromising stand against imperialism, the revolutionary forces are drawing toward the anti-impe- rialist agrarian revolution." The propaganda campaign in the United States keeps apace. A recent letter sent out from the New York office of, the Anti- ImperialistLeague stated In part: "The dispatch of 30 warships and thou- sands of marines is the answer of Roosevelt to the struggles of the Cuban masses for liberation. The entire Atlantic fleet sur- rounds the island ready to crush the Cuban workers and peasants as they rise to carry through the agrarian anti-imperialist revo- lutiop. + * * In the face of these Imperial- ist schemes it Is Imperative that the Amer- Scan workers, farmers, and intellectuals be rallied at once to the support of the colonial masses who are struggling for liberation from the grip of U.S. Imperialism." Before recognition is extended to the Grau San Martin government, the United States should make sure that his regime is free from Communist influences, and that it will take aggressive action against the revolutionary movement sponsored by an alien power. Guarantees must be had that the promise of a direct franchise to the people will be kept, and that the constituent assembly scheduled for next April is held, otherwise no lasting peace is assured the Cuban people nor can the U.S. Government reconcile its past actions to such recognition until these conditions are met. Should a Communist dictatorship (a Sov- iet) be established in Cuba, the Third In- ternational will have established an impor- tant base at our very door, and thereby con- trol the Atlantic entrance to the Panama Canal from where they could carry on their program of sabotage and revolution in the United States, Latin and South America. It would, of course, be more desirable to Russia to have us give their agents diplomatic im- munity here in the United States under official recognition, to better carry on this program, but with a newborn Soviet estab- 26P,_ given consideration. Representative Hamil- ton Fish, Jr., of New York, recently stated: "If President Roosevelt recognizes Soviet Russia as indicated by the public press, all hell won't stop the Communists in Cuba from Sovietizing that country at our very doorsteps." Would it be a friendly act on the part of the United States, should Cuba be able to work out of Its present difficulties, to have this country welcome Communist agitators to our shores from whence they can proceed to Cuba to continue to organize a revolutionary force sufficient to overthrow the existing Government of Cuba and undo all the progress the Cuban people may have made? It would be very easy for these revolutionary agents, who are accorded diplomatic immunity by this country, to go out from consulates established at Miami and other cities in Florida, for instance, to lead such a revolutionary movement for the establishment of a Communist dictatorship in Cuba. Cuba and the United States have a com- mon enemy, against whom they should form an ironclad alliance, and this country should realize its responsibilities in Cuba In time to avoid extending recognition to Russia and thus aline Itself against our neighbor, who should mean more to us than the out- law Russian nation, Events of the past few months indicate, however, that many of our officials are unaware of the true situa- tion. The first act of the Secretary of Labor on taking office was to practically destroy our immigration service; she discharged most of the efficient investigators who were engaged in running down aliens who were in this country illegally and deporting them. So well has she pleased the radicals in the United States that they mention the fact that they are making progress "through sup- port by departments of the Government." Then, shortly before the President's proposal of recognition to Soviet Russia, Represent- ative Dickstein, according to Moscow's official organ in New York City, became suddenly alarmed over a report which appeared in that organ, the Daily Worker, that some kind of "Hitler International" was being formed in the United States for the purpose of Hit- lerizing the United States. Mr. Dickstein "promised us," the Red organ contended, that "an investigation would be made at once," since which the Congressman has rather per- plexed the Reds by properly adding that "all aliens who are guilty of spreading prop- aganda to overthrow our Government" will be investigated and if possible "be deported." This newly proposed action on the part of Representative Dickstein will be heartening to many of our patriotic organizations and to millions of American voters who have worked so hard to secure favorable action on the Dies bill, providing for the exclusion and expulsion of alien Communists (now pending in Congress for 3 years) if they can be as- sured by Mr. Dickstein that such an Inves- tigation will include "all alien and alien-di- rected propagandists and saboteurs from an unprejudiced angle, irrespective of any beliefs involved. There can be no question as to the intent and avowed purpose of the alien agents of the Communist interna- tional, abetted by Soviet Russia, to overthrow our form of government. Furthermore, if the Communists are rec- ognized, the U.S. Government owes it to the people of the United States to also see that the Jeffers bill, making it a crime to advo- cate the overthrow of the Government by force and violence is enacted into law. This bill would enable the Department of Justice to keep in contact with the activities of the Communist movement and permit the Government to be in some measure prepared to protect our institutions against riots and sabotage movement sponsored by the Com- munist agents who are evidently to be wel- comed to this country. With . the enactment Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65BOO383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Y 9 63 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE fight fie Cuban workers and to "tuxn,your meeting the fate of Magrinat and Balmaseda gdits" 'i the bosses." at the hands of theenraged workers." This President Oran flan Martin 11a4, .lfeea AC- is a direct agitation for murder. Magrinat oused by many of being definitely alined was accused by the Communists of murder- With the radical elements in Cuba, which ing Julio Mello, one of the founders of the he has admitted while denying any Commu- Communist Party of Cuba, and this is cited nisi affiliations., Ile has,. however, _abetted as. an example of what might be expected the Communist cause, by being overlenient if the Communists gain control of Cuba. In, his treatment o COUlmunist agitators, The Upsurge, official organ of the Anti- and by berating the American capitalists who Imperialist League of the United States, have been trying to exert influences in Cuba, makes the following report in its September helping thus to crystallize the, resentment of issue, regarding the progress of the strike the Cuban people against the United States. movement in Cuba, leading to the revolu- While there is little doubt but that some of tionary crisis-civil war: his charges are based on, good cause, and "Even within the ranks of the armed that certain of these capitalists have been forces, the mass movement-communism- guilty of meddling and misdealings, never- has taken root. The officers have been theless it shuld, have. been the President's ousted, the noncommissioned officers elected first, duty, in' the interest of Cuba, to cooper- by rank and file soldiers. The latter are ate with the United States and to help Instill fraternizing with the workers, and in many confidence andl ,faith.Jn.,.the, good will of cases have refused to fire on them in the American officials who have been sent .there course of strikes. + * * While the_Connlu- . in the Interest of his ,own country. While nist Party of Cuba and the CNOC lent the San Martin professes to be friendly to the spark that set off the successful general United States and unquestionably fully rea- strike, the mass movement that is now gain- lizes our intentions he has continued to .play ing in strength is getting more and more into the handsvof the Communists by adopt- under the leadership of these organizations. ing tactics similar to their own, and. Is, ac- This is a guarantee-that in the shops and cording to reports considering the appoint- ment of_ representatives of the radical or Communist element to official positions In the new government. The Chicago Daily Tribune, commenting on it statement by , Sergeant Batiste, San Martin's Sail ja.,ry leader, that "we will not relinquish control until a truly revolution, ary gove'rnment has been este-blisbect, in Cuba'hap this to say editorially: "The ques- tion of intervention _ either .front the view- point of legal right or of expediency will turn upon Sergeant Batiste's and his also- dates' pgti9n0.p1 a trppy revolutionary gov- ernment, . It, as may be suspected, it in- volves Conflscaton of"property, the execution or imprisonment of dissenters, repudiation of debts and oth er rnea urea adopted by oth- er truly revolutionary regimes, it would seem that American intervention would" come within the terms of the Platt ammencinlent whether or not It. is deemed desirable, by our Government. the, new regime has cozmu it s f.c. intent ops it wilt soon cpn- front opr G,overpmest with thee, duty of in- tervention, reluctant as it and the Amerloan people are to resort to forceful interference in Cuban events," Should Grab Pan Martin permit the Com- munists a foothold by appointment to-office, then their next ~tep would be to .gain com- plete control of that government, with the consequent establishment of,a. Qoin iu>list dictatorship, infinitely more disastrous to the welfare of the Cuban people than was the Machado military dictatorship. In that event, since the United States felt compelled to mediate In the,first instance, it would., be essential, if the =United?States is, touphold its world prestige and self-respect, to Inter- vene under the.Plptt apes dii3ent, &Com- munist d ctptoreh1p would, as In Russia, abolish any semblance of human rights, and the murders under, ,the _Macha-4o regime would fade into, Insignificance as compared to the slaughter, of Cuban nationals Under a Communist ,dictatorship. Wholesale mur- der would,Deie,alized,"to permit the liquida- tion of alt thse~wlo.oppose any of its ac- tions, as "counter-revolutionists," The baily Worker, official Communist lished in Cuba, it would be a simple matter organ of the Communist, Party of the United to smuggle her agents into the United States States .and B,, ;pfffcial.mouthpiece of the to carry on these revolutionary activities, Anti-Imperialist League, in its issue of August With both sources made available, we would 14th, condoned the murders of Jose Magrinat be faced with a crisis which might prove to and Tht,znaseda by Communist mobs, stating be the worst series of blunders ever perpe- that at.",ragged him(Magrinat) out to trated upon any nation by Its governing the streets, wlferg 11e ,wgs beaten to death officials. with bats and",Clubs,",and that "the police On the other hand, with the recognition stood by and did not dare to Interfere." of Soviet Russia being proposed by the They also promised that other so-called United States, President Roosevelt should "hangmen and assassins of, ],Machado are realize that the Cuban situation must be 2620 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R0002002 0 4-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE e b ruary 21 of such laws, at least some measure of pro- Mr. AsHBRooK In three instances and tection would be afforded our own citizens. to include extraneous matter. and the United States will be prepared at Mr. OLIVER P. BOLTON and to include least to some extent to help Cuba meet the extraneous matter. crisis there which is certain to follow such recognition. NYGAARD and Mr. BERRY (at the re- nition of Soviet Russia will increase Quest of Mrs. MAY) to extend their re- Recoggniti our responsibilities in Cuba, and if the revo- marks following the remarks of Mr. lutionary movement there forces interven- STINSON. tion, in justice to the Cuban people and (The following Members (at the re- under our' responsibilities as laid down by quest of Mr. BRUCE) and to include ex- the Platt amendment, we will have destroyed traneous matter:) any progress we may have already made in Mr. FINDLEY In two instances. building up good will and amicable trade relations in Latin-Americ, thus customers for g many good cash-paying bankrupt and begging one. It is to be hoped that such ill-advised action on the part of our Government will not have serious re- percussions across the Pacific, Involving the United States as a catspaw to pull Soviet chestnuts out of the Far East fire, and thereby stimulate the Third International's drive to communize the remainder of China. Such a display of foolhardy international policies by the present administration on the Russian recognition question could give no hope or comfort to those of our citizens who are desirous that the United States should exert its efforts toward world peace, and would easily result in an unholy alliance with the Soviets which might lose for us the respect and good will of Japan and China. SPECIAL ORDERS GRANTED By unanimous consent, permission to address the House, following the legisla- tive program and any special heretofore entered, was granted to: Mr. TUoMPSON of Texas (at the request of Mr. MONTOYA), for 30 minutes, today. and to revise and extend his remarks and include extraneous matter. Mr. RYAN of New York, for 15 minutes, today. Mr. FISHER, for 30 minutes, today. Mr. Bow, for 30 minutes, today and to revise and extend his remarks and in- elude extraneous matter. Mr. CUNNINGHAM (at the request of Mr. BRUCE), for 30 minutes, on Febru- ary 25 Mr. MORSE in two instances. Mr. (CHILL. Mr. DEROUVIAN in 12 Instances. Mr. WYDLER in two instances. Mr. BECKER in two instances. Mr. Quiz in five instances. Mr. ROBISON in five instances. Mr. WESTLAND. Mr. Urr. Mr. MATHIAS. Mr. BERRY. Mr. DEVINE in two instances. Mr. BROYHILL of North Carolina. Mr. SNYDER in five instances. Mr. BROMWELL. Mrs. DWYER in five instances. Mr. Porr. Mr. LAIRD in three instances. Mr. NELSEN in four Instances. Mr. HOFFMAN. Mr. ALGER in six instances. Mr. SPRINGER in two instances. Mr. CHAMBERLAIN in four instances. Mr. OsagERs in five instances. Mr. HosMER In three Instances. Mr. CURTIS in six instances. Mr. AVERY. Mr. Qum in five instances. Mr. Bow in five instances. Mr. Bog WILSON in four instances. Mr. BAKER. Mr. MEADER in five instances. Mr. HALL. Mr. ANDERSON in five instances Mr. MCCLORY. Mr. HARVEY Of (The following Members (at the re- quest of Mr. BRUCE) and to include ex- traneous matter:) Mr. PILLION. Mr. BYRNES of Wisconsin in five in- stances. Mr. MEADER in five instances. Mr. MICHEL. Mr. HARSHA. Mr. SCHWENGEL in four instances. ADJOURNMENT Mr. DUNCAN. Mr. Speaker, I move that the House do now adjourn. The motion was agreed to; accordingly (at 2 o'clock and 21 minutes p.m.). under its previous order, the House adjourned until Monday, February 25, 1963, at 12 o'clock noon. EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, ETC. Under clause 2 of rule XXIV, execu- tive communications were taken from the Speaker's table and referred as follows: 437. A letter from the Secretary of the Air Force. transmitting the U.S. Air Force flying pay report relating to the number receiving flight pay as of August 31, 1982, pursuant to section 301(g). title 37, United States Code; to the Committee on Armed Services. 438. A letter from the Secretary of the Army, transmitting a draft of a proposed bill entitled "A bill to repeal section 262 of the Armed Forces Reserve Act, as amended, and to amend the Universal Mili- tary Training and Service Act, as amended, to revise and consolidate authority for de- ferment from, and exemption from liability for induction for, training and service for certain Reserve membership and participa- tion, and to provide a special enlistment program"; to the Committee on Armed Services. 439. A letter from the Deputy Secretary of Defense, transmitting a report relating to paying special pay to certain officers dur- ing the calendar year 1962. pursuant to sec- tion 306. title 37, United States Code; to the Committee on Armed Services. 440. A letter from the Secretary of Labor, transmitting a draft of a proposed bill en- titled "A bill to amend and clarify the re- employment provisions of the Universal Military Training and Service Act, and for other purposes"; to the Committee on Armed Services. 441. A letter from the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Installations and Logistics) transmitting the December 1962 report on Department of Defense procurement from small and other business firms, pursuant to section 10(d) of the Small Business Act, as amended; to the Committee on Banking and Currency. 442. A letter from the Attorney General, transmitting a report containing the re- sults of our continuing review of the out- standing voluntary agreements and pro- grams established, pursuant to section 708(e) of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended: to the Committee on Banking and Currency. 443. A letter from the Chairman, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, transmitting a draft of a proposed bill entitled "A bill to amend the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949. as amended, to provide for the timely determination of certain claims of American nationals settled by the United States-Polish Claims Agreement of July 16, 1960, and for other purposes"; to the Com- mittee on Foreign Affairs. 444. A letter from the Comptroller Gen- oral of the United States, transmitting a re- Mr. BECKER (at the request of Mr. Mr. CuRTrN. BRUCE), for 1 hour, on February 25. (The following Members (at the re- Mr. AsHBROOK (at the request of Mr. quest of Mr. ALBERT) and to include EXTENSION OF REMARKS By unanimous consent, permission to extend remarks in the Appendix of the RECORD, or to revise and extend remarks, was granted to: Mr. FIND In two instances and to in- clude extraneous matter. Mr. REUSS In six instances and to in- clude extraneous matter. Mr. EDWARDS and to include extraneous matter, which is estimated by the Public Printer to cost $240. Mr. ZABLOCKI in three instances and to include extraneous matter. Mr. WHITE and to include extraneous matter. Mr. MONTOYA in two instances and to include extraneous matter. Mr. GALLAGHER m TWO u)Dbalu:co. Mr. DELANEY. Mr. WALTER. Mr. LANKFORD in five instances. Mr. DINGELL in three instances. Mr. ELLIOTT in two instances. Mr. COHELAN In six instances. Mr. BRADEMAS in eight instances. Mr. FINNEGAN in two instances. Mr. HEYPHU.L in two instances. Mr. GREEN of Pennsylvania. Mr. DADDARIO in five instances. Mr. MORRIS. Mr. FLOOD. Mr. KEOGH. Mrs. KELLY in two instances. Mr. DONOHUE. Mr. RODINO in three Instances. Mr. ST. ONCE in four instances. Mr. STRATTON In three Instances. Mr. HANNA in three instances. and to include extraneous matter. Mr. GARY in two Instances. Mr. RIVERS Of South Carolina (at the Mrs. HANSEN in two instances. request of Mr. FISHER) and to include Mr. HAGAN of Georgia. extraneous matter. - Mr. WICKERSHAM. Mr. EVERETT and to Include extraneous Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. matter. ~i Mr. DoRN. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R0002002200044 .CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE region were being driven out of business because, of destructive discriminatory pricing policies then being applied by some of the giant dairy organizations. During the course of these. hearings Con- gressman STEED uncovered facts disclos- ing that Sealtest and :other large dairies Were selling a half gallon of milk to re- tailers in Mexico, Mo., for 6 cents. A third generation family-owned home- town small business dairy was forced to close its doors. Copies of the transcript of the testimony developed by the sub- committee were made available to the Department of Justice and one of the counts in the Sealtest indictment cov- ered Sealtest's practices in Mexico, Mo. ,,The .House. Small Business Subcom- inittee, again, under the chairmanship of our colleague, Tom STEED, developed additional testimony regarding the sale of milk at unreasonably low prices in ober? markets, including, for instance, ,Topeka, Kans., where a half gallon of milk was sold for a price of 14 cents. Other testimony received by the subcom- mittee was to the effect that Sealtest was absorbing losses incurred by its dis- tributor in offering milk at below-cost prices in certain other markets. Prior to the_.Sealtest indictment, all of this and other evidence also was transmitted to the Department of Justice for considera- tion and action. In fact, Mr. Speaker, I would like to take this opportunity to tell the House that this decision of the Supreme Court is merely one of the many developments that attest to the constructive work car- ried on by the House Small Business Committee in behalf of small business enterprise. I ask unanimous consent that the full text of the Supreme Court's opinion in the Sealtest ,case be included in the Ap- pendix of the RECORD. SUPREME COURT or THE UNITED STATES-NO. LS.-OCTOBER TERM, 1962 (United States, Appellant, v. National Dairy Products Corp., et al.) (On appeal from the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, Feb. 18, 1963) Mr. Justice Clark delivered the opinion of the Court: This case involves the question of whether section 3 of the Robinson-Patman Act, 15 U.S.C. section 13a, making it a crime to sell goods at "unreasonably low prices for the purpose of destroying competition or elimi- nating a competitor," is unconstitutionally vague and indefinite as applied to sales made below cost with such purpose. Na- tional Dairy and Raymond J. Wise, a vice president and director, upon being charged, inter aims, with violating section 3 by mak- ing sales below cost for the purpose of de- stroying competition, moved for dismissal of the Robinson-Patman Act counts of the in- dictment on the grounds that the statute is unconstitutionally vague and indefinite. The District Court granted the motion and ordered dismissal. On direct appeal under the Criminal Appeals Act, 18 U.S.C. section 3731, we noted probable jurisdiction, 369 U.S. 833, because of the importance of the issue in the administration of the Robin- son-Patman Act. We have concluded that the order of dismissal was error and there- fore remand the case for trial. I National Dairy is engaged in the business of purchasing, processing, distributing, and selling milk and other dairy products throughout the United States. Through its processing plant in Kansas City, Mo., Na- tional Dairy has for the past several years been in competition with national concerns and various local dairies in the Greater Kansas City area and the surrounding areas of Kansas and Missouri. In the Greater Kansas City market National Dairy distrib- utes its products directly, but cities and towns in the surrounding Kansas and Mis- souri areas outside this market are served by independent distributors who purchase milk from National Dairy and resell on their own account. The indictment charged violations of both the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. 1, and the Robinson-Patman Act in Kansas City and in six local markets and in the adjacent area? The Robinson-Patman counts charged National Dairy and Wise with selling milk in those markets "at un- reasonably low prices for the purpose of destroying competition." Further specify- ing the acts complained of, the indictment charged National Dairy with having "util- ized the advantages it possesses by reason of the fact that it operates in a great many different geographical localities in order to finance and subsidize a price war against small dairies selling milk in competition with it, by intentionally selling milk, di- rectly or to a distributor, at prices below National's cost." In five of the markets Na- tional Dairy's pricing practice was alleged to have resulted in "severe financial losses to small dairies," and in two others the effect was claimed to have been to "elimi- nate competition" and "drive small dairies from" the market. National Dairy and Wise moved to dismiss all of the Robinson-Patman counts on the grounds that the statutory provision, "un- reasonably low prices," is so vague and in- definite as to violate the due process require- ment of the fifth amendment and an in- dictment based on this provision is violative of, the sixth amendment in that it does not adequately apprise them of the charges. The district court, after rendering an oral. opin- ion holding that section 3 of the Robinson- Patman Act is unconstitutionally vague and indefinite, granted the motion and ordered dismissal of the section 3 counts. The case came here on direct appeal from the order of dismissal. II National Dairy and Wise urge that sec- tion 3 Is to be tested solely "on its face" rather than as applied to the conduct charged in the indictment, i.e., sales below cost for the purpose of destroying competi- tion. The Government, on the other hand, places greater emphasis on the latter, con- tending that whether or not there is doubt as to the validity of the statute in all of its possible applications, section 3 is plainly constitutional in its application to the con- duct alleged in the indictment, It is true that a statute attacked as vague must initially be examined "on its face" but it does not follow that a readily discernible dividing line can always be drawn, with statutes falling neatly into one of the two categories of "valid" or "invalid" solely on the basis of such an examination. Seven counts of the 15-count indictment charged violations of section 3 of the Rob- inson-Patman Act. The Sherman Act and Robinson-Patman Act counts relate to the same course of conduct. One Robinson-Patman count, number XIII, charges Raymond J. Wise, a vice presi- dent and director of National, with autho- izing. National's pricing practice and order- ing its effectuation in the Kansas City mar- ket, United States v. Wise, 370 U.S, 405 (1962), involves two Sherman Act counts of the indictment which named Wise as a de- fendant. We do not evaluate section 3 in the ab- stract. "The delicate power of pronouncing an act of Congress unconstitutional is not to be exercised with reference to hypothetical cases * * * (a) limiting construction could be given to the statute by the court respon- sible for its construction If an application of doubtful constitutionality were * * * pre- sented. We might add that application of this rule frees the Court not only from un- necessary pronouncement on constitutional issues, but also from premature interpreta- tions of statutes in areas where their con- stitutional application might be cloudy." United States v. Raines, 362 U.S. 17, 22 (1960). The strong presumptive validity that at- taches to an act of Congress has led this Court to hold many times that statutes are not automatically invalidated as vague sim- ply because difficulty is found in deter- mining whether certain marginal offenses fall within their language. E.g., Jordan v. DeGeorge, 341 U.S. 223, 231 (1951), and United States v. Petrillo, 332 U.S. 1, 7 (1947). Indeed, we have consistently sought an inter- pretation which supports the constitution- ality of legislation. E.g., United States v. Rumely, 345 U.S. 41, 47 (1953); Crowell v. Benson, 285 U.S. 22, 62 (1932) ; see Screws v. United States, 325 U.S. 91 (1945). Void for vagueness simply means that criminal responsibility should not attach where one could not reasonably understand that his contemplated conduct is proscribed. United States v. Harriss, 347 U.S. 612, 617 (1954). In determining the sufficiency of the notice a statute must of necessity be examined in the light of the conduct with which a defendant is charged. Robinson v. United States, 324 U.S. 282 (1945). In view of these principles we must conclude that if section 3 of the Robinson-Patman Act gave National Dairy and Wise sufficient warning that selling below cost for the purpose of destroying competition is unlawful, the stat- ute is constitutional as applied to them? This is not to say that a bead-sight indict- ment can correct a blunderbuss statute, for the latter itself must be sufficiently focused to forewarn of both its reach and coverage. We therefore consider the vagueness attack solely in relation to whether the statute sufficiently warned National Dairy and Wise that selling "below cost" with predatory intent was within its prohibition of "un- reasonably low prices.,' III The history of section 3 of the Robinson- Patinan Act indicates that selling below cost, unless mitigated by some acceptable busi- ness exigency, was intended to be prohibited by the words "unreasonably low prices." That sales below cost without a justifying business reason may come within the pro- scriptions of the Sherman Act has long been established. See e.g., Standard Oil Co. v. United States, 221 U.S. 1 (1911). Further, when the Clayton Act was enacted in 1914 to strengthen the Sherman Act, Congress passed section 2 to cover price discrimination by large companies which compete by lowering prices, oftentimes below the cost of pro- duction * * * with the intent to destroy and .make unprofitable the business of their com- petitors. H.R. Rep. No. 627, 63d Cong., 2d sess. 8. The 1936 enactment of the Robin- son-Patman Act was for the purpose of strengthening the Clayton Act provisions, Federal Trade Commission v. Anheuser- Busch, Inc. 363 U.S. 536, 544 (1960) ; and the act was aimed at a specific weapon of the monopolist-predatory pricing. Moreover, 'It should be noted that, in reviewing a case in which a motion to dismiss was granted, we are required to accept well- pleaded allegations of the indictment as the hypothesis for decision. Boyce Motor Lines v. United states, 342 U.S. 337, 343 (1952). Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 200 lion 3 was described by Representative terback, a House manager of the Joint C Terence Committee, as attaching crimi- n 1 penalties in addition to the civil lia- b .!ties and remedies already provided by the The Court, in Moore V. Mead's Fine Dread 348 U.S. 116 (1964), a case based in part o1a section 3, recOgnized the applicability the Robinson-Patman Act to conduct it, similar to that with which National airy and Wise are charged here. The Court Id. "Congress by the Clayton Act and obinson-Patmarr Act barred the use of in- terstate business to destroy local business" rough programs in which "profits made in $1120.119). In proscribing sales at unreasonably low races for the purpose of destroying com- etition or eliminating a competitor we believe that Congress condemned sales made ;lieve that National Dairy and Wise could reasonably understand from the statutory language that the conduct described in the ;indictment was proscribed by the act. They !say, however, that this Is but the same horse with a different bridle because the phrase "below cost" Is Itself a vague and indefinite expression in business. Whether "below cost" refers to "direct" or "fully distributed" cost or some other ? level of cost computation cannot be decided In the abstract. There to nothing In the record on this point, and It may well be that the issue will be rendered academic by a showing that National Dairy sold below any of these cost levels. Therefore, we do not reach this issue here, As we said in Auto- matic Canteen Co. v. Federal Trade Commis- sion (848 U.S. 81, 65, (1953)) : "Since pre- cision of expression is not an outstanding characteristic of the Robinson-Patman Act. exact formulation of the issue before us Is necessary to avoid inadvertent pronounce- ment on statutory language In one context when the same language may require sep- arate consideration in other settings." Finally, we think the additional element of predatory intent alleged In the indictment and required by the act provides further def- inition of the prohibited conduct. We be- lieve the notice here is more specific than that which was held adequate in Screws v. United States, 326 U.S. 01 (1945). in which a requirement of intent served to "relieve the statute of the objection that it punishes without warning an offense of which the accused was unaware," Id., at 102; see id., at 101-107. Proscribed by the statute in Screws was the intentional achievement of a result, I.e., the willful deprivation of cer- tain rights. The act here, however, in pro- hibiting sales at unreasonably low prices for the purpose of destroying competition, listed as elements of the illegal conduct not only the intent to achieve a result-destruction of competition-but also the act-selling at unreasonably low prices-done in further- ance of that design or purpose. It seems clear that the necessary specificity of warn- ing is afforded when, as here, separate. though related, statutory elements of pro- hibited activity come to focus on one course of conduct. United States v. Cohen Grocery Co., 255 U.B. 81 (1021). on which much reliance Is placed, Is inapposite here. In Cohen the act proscribed "any unjust or unreasonable rate or charge." The charge In the Indictment was in the exact language of the statute, and, In specifying the conduct covered by the charge, the Indictment did nothing more than state the price the defendant was al- leged to have collected. Hence, the Court held that a "speetfc or definite" act was neither proscribed by the act nor alleged in Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE February 21 the Indictment. Id.. at 89. Moreover, the standard held too vague in Cohen was with- out a meaningful referent in business prac- tice or usage. ITihere was no accepted and fairly stable commercial standard which could be regarded as impiledly taken up and adopted by the statute ? ? ?." Small Co. v. American Sugar Rfg. Co.. 287 U.S. 233. 240- 241 (1925). In view of the business prac- tices against which section 3 was unmis- takably directed and the specificity of the violations charged in the indictment here, both absent in Cohen. the proffered analogy to that case must be rejected. In this connection we also note that the approach to "vagueness" governing a case like this Is different from that followed in cases arising under the first amendment. There we are concerned with the vagueness followed,' is in my judgment sound, and should control this case. Accordingly, I would affirm the district court's judgment holding the statute invalid. The Court here attempts by interpretation to substitute un- ambiguous standards for the vague standard of "unreasonably low prices" used by Con- gress in the statute. It seems to me that it this criminal statute is to be so drastically reconstructed it should be done by Con- gress, not by us. Moreover, I agree with the Attorney General's National Committee To Study the Antitrust Laws, which concluded: "Doubts besetting section 3's constitution- ality seem well founded; no gloss imparted by history or adjudication has settled the vague contours of this harsh criminal law." of the statute "on its fact" because such 4 v-P--_ vagueness may in Itself deter constitution- D N `,4GER SIGNALS FLY-PRESSURES ally protected and socially desirable conduct. I MOUNT IN CUBAN REFUGEE Srr- See Thornhill v. Alabama. 310 U.S.'88, 98 UATION P tt d J anuary v. Du on, decide 11940); NAAC 14, 1963, -U.S. --. No such factor is pres- ent here where the statute In directed only at conduct designed to destroy competition, activity which is neither constitutionally protected nor socially desirable. We are thus permitted to consider the warning provided by section 3 not only in terms of the statute "on its face" but also in the light of the con- duct to which It is applied. The reliance of National Dairy and Wise on first amendment canes Is, therefore. misplaced. rv This opinion is not to be construed, how- ever, as holding that every sale below cost constitutes a violation of section 8. Such sales are not condemned when made in fur- therance of a legitimate commercial objec- tive, such as the liquidation of excess, obso- lete or perishable merchandise, or the need to meet a lawful, equally low price of a com- petitor (80 CONonxe9t0NAL Recoan, 6332, 6334; see Ben Hur Coal Co. v. Wells, 242 F. 2d 481 (C.A. loth Cir. 1957) ). Sales below cost in these Instances would neither be "un- reasonably low" nor made with predatory In- tent. But sales made below cost without legitimate commercial objective and with specific intent to destroy competition would clearly fail within the prohibitions of sec- tion 3. Since the indictment charges the latter conduct and, Be noted, supra, we are bound by the well-pleaded allegations of the indict- ment, we must conclude that National Dairy and Wise were adequately forewarned of the illegal conduct charged against them and re- mand the case for trial. Our holding, of course, does not foreclose proof on the merits as to the reasonableness of the alleged pric- ing conduct or, for that matter, the absence of the predatory intent necessary to con- viction. Reversed and remanded, SUPREME Collar or TUN UNrrEO Srares-No. i8.-Ocroaza Tsase. 1982. j United States, appellant, v. National Dairy Products Corp. et at.) (On appeal from the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, Febru- ary 18, 19631 Mr. Justice Black, with whom Mr. Justice Stewart and Mr. Justice Goldberg join, dissenting. The statute here involved makes it a crime to sell goods at unreasonably low prices for the purpose of destroying compe- tition or eliminating a competitor. 15 U.S.C. section l3a. In United States v, Cohen Grocery ? Co., 255 U.B. 81 (1921). this Court held unconstitutional and void for vagueness a statute which made it a crime "for any person willfully * ? ? to make any unjust or unreasonable rate or charge" in dealing in or with any necessaries. The rule established by that case has been often (Mr. FASCELL (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat= ter,) Mr. FASCELL. Mr. Speaker, I wish to draw the attention of the House to the tragic and dangerous situation which has arisen In Miami, Fla., in which exiled Cubans have today engaged in street rioting accompanied by threats and im- precations against local police authority and the American way of life. In so doing they have disrupted the peace of a friendly community and fallen prey to those who would add fuel to the Com- munist propaganda line. I refer, Mr. Speaker, to reports from Miami advising: THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21-At 10 a.m. this morning four pacifists carrying picket signs began to picket the Cuban Revolutionary Council at 17th and Biscayne Boulevard, Miami. A riot began. One of the revolu- tionary council officials, with a loudspeaker, asked all to be calm. Thereupon, some 200 or more Cubans entered the foray with bot- tles, eggs, stones, and other items. The police were called. The riot squad of police and dogs tried to break up the gather- ing. Six policemen were seen fighting with one Cuban in an effort to get him under control. Thirteen Cubans were picked up by the Miami police, four of whom are re- portedly members of the 2506 Brigade. Fire trucks were called to the scene ready to use water hoses to disperse the crowd. At- tempts by members of the Cuban Revolu- tionary Council to quell the violence were responded to by jeers and catcalls by their fellow Cubans. During the riot, Cubans were beard screaming: "Even Castro does not permit this," fol- lowed by denunciatory statements to the effect that they did not like nor did they want "this kind of democracy," the kind that would let this type of people run around loose. The rioters fighting the police screamed and denounced them as "Commu- nists." The following was today carried on the United Press wires: Violence erupted today when a group of pacifists attempted to picket the headquar- ters of the Cuban Revolutionary Council. 3 E.g., Cline v, Frink Dairy Co., 274 U.S. 445 (1927). Lanzetta v. New Jersey, 306 U.S. 451 (1939); cf. United States v. Cardiff, 344 U.S. 174 (1952). f Atty. Gen. Nat. Comm. Antitrust Rep. 201 (1955) (recommending repeal of sec. 3). A Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 1963 .Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE Club-wielding police quickly broke up the demonstration when 200 angry Cubans clashed with, the, pickets. About half a doz- en exiles were arrested by police, who entered the headquarters of the council, prepared for what looked like the beginning of a street riot. The police were denounced violently by the Cubans, many of them mem- bers of the Cuban invasion brigade, who shouted, "Communists--even Castro doesn't do this. in Cuba." Three fire trucks moved into a side street. and prepared to douse the area with water if necessary. Police, under command of Miami Safety Director Col. Don Pomerleau, broke up the disorders within 10 minutes. Trouble started even before the arrival of the pickets when Spanish- speaking police, using a portable loud- speaker, requested the Cubans to remain In- side the property limits of the council grounds. Jose A. Hernandez, a spokesman for the council's labor organization, speaking to the Cubans through a microphone from the headquarters porch, urged them to go home peacefully and "not play into the hands of the Communists who want to cause disorder here." The exiles reacted violently against the request and denounced Hernandez and shouted epithets at him. Another council representative, Raul Mendez, then appealed over the microphone for the crowd to go home. His petition was greeted with loud boos and angry shouts. For .a few minutes, it looked like some members of the crowd were going to attack the two council representa- tives. At this point, the police, who origi- nally posted about 15 men, summoned rein- forcements including about 15 motorcycle officers. A few minutes later, the pickets, men and women-apparently Americans-arrived car- rying signs bearing pacifist slogans such as "War will end man or man will end war" and "We oppose military service." The pickets massed on a grassy mall di- rectly in front of the council headquarters entrance and then suddenly violence erupted when one Cuban darted across the street and ripped a sign out of a picket's hands. Stones and bottles were hurled at the police by the Cuban exiles, Police roped off the property of the coun- cil and refused to let anyone in or out. Later, a group of about 100 Cubans, most of them members of invasion brigade 2506, set out on a protest march to police head- quarters. - The citizenry of Miami, Fla., has long borne with patience the burden of an on- slaught of dispossessed Cubans-a burden which should long ago have been shared by the entire United States. Valiant efforts have been made by our Presidents, the Federal and State agencies, our churches, business institutions, and in- dividual citizens, to assist in every way pos- sible, - Arriving in Miami penniless and with just the clothes they were wearing, almost all. of these Cuban refugees has been forced to give up their homes, their businesses, their life savings, and all their personal property. - To help them meet the basic needs of ex- -istence, the Federal Government has made financial and other assistance available to them until they can become self-supporting. Employment opportunity in Miami is lim- ited. There simply are not enough jobs to :accommodate both local residents and ref- ugees. There arose open competition and economic conflict between the permanent citizenry and the incoming refugees. The balloon had to burst. I have noted the ever-increasing frustra- ~ions, stresses, strains, and economic ills _mposed on the people of my area. For this -eason, I have for over 2 years fought for a more realistic approach to this long-festering situation. I have repeatedly advocated-to two Presidents and Government officials- that Dade County and Florida had reached a saturation point on the receipt of Cuban refugees. Long ago I urged, and have continued fighting for, the establishment of an ad- ditional port of entry and reception center. Long ago, and many times since, I urged extension and amplification of the resettlement program under which the' Government-through January 25, 1963, has resettled 53,974 Cubans, not quite one-third of the 157,525 persons entering and registering from Cuba. Again I re- iterate, no community the size of metro- politan Dade County could conceivably be expected to absorb such a shock. Time and time again, I have met with the Secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and oth- er top echelon governmental officials con- cerned with the Cuban refugee pro- grams, to discuss the need to reevaluate the overall program. Long ago, it was obvious,that this was no longer a tem- porary situation; the facts demanded that priority attention be devoted to re-- settlement-to opening a reception cen- ter elsewhere, Admirable efforts have been made by this administration and the agencies of the Federal Government -in their at- tempts to alleviate this situation. While the programs instituted have been highly successful, we have got to do more. On February 5 of this year, I ad- dressed myself to reports that a so-called Cuban GI bill was being considered. At that time, I publicly stated my oppo- sition before top echelon officials of ex- ecutive agencies having jurisdiction of the Cuban refugee program. I told all that I felt that the present programs are more than adequate and that I am op- posed to any new or additional benefits. I am grateful that no more has been heard of this proposition. I again respectfully submit that Cuban exiles must be allocated to communities all over the United States and not con- centrated in one already greatly over- burdened area, and no further flow should come to the Miami area. Mr. Speaker, I would like to spread on the record a letter which as recently as February 15 I directed to Mr. John Frederick Thomas, director of the Cuban refugee program: I am -quite concerned over the Cuban refugee program in my district. The residents of Dade County have been ex- tremely patient and understanding of the problems of these refugees and have cooperated to the fullest. However, as I have emphasized many times before, Dade County has long ago reached the saturation point. I have been deluged with mail from my constituents indicating their dissat- isfaction with the rate of resettlement of these refugees the latest official figures indicate a severe drop in resettlements and their strong opposition to any addi- tional benefits to the Cuban refugees. I am in full -agreement with these views and I might add that I believe the pres- ent programs to be more than adequate and I am opposed to the' establishment of broad new programs for any Cuban refu- gees. I fully support the previously granted authorization for qualified Cu- ban refugees to serve and be trained in the U.S. Armed Forces, but not to be - granted- any special benefits or privileges for this-service. I would respectfully request: First. That if any additional Cuban refugees are to be permitted to enter the United States in the future, they be as- signed to a port of entry and processed through a reception center other than Dade County or the State of Florida. Second. That additional emphasis be placed on the resettlement program and that it be accelerated and implemented to the fullest degree. Third. That I be notified at the earli- est practicable moment if any new pro- grams or broadening of present pro- grams are being contemplated. - I respectfully go - on record, Mr. Speaker, urging the immediate atten- tion of the House to this most urgent re- quest. The situation in the Miami area is dangerous and explosive. It is made for those who would deliberately attempt to set citizen against refugee-yes, even refugee against refugee-and to utilize the pentup emotions of American and Cuban alike to supply the fuel of the Communist propagandist. I submit, Mr. Speaker, that now is the, time for us to act on some conclusive solution for this problem which will re- lieve all possibillities of a further at- tempt to exploit the frustrations and stresses of residents of the Miami area: The need is not yesterday, nor tomorrow, but right now. It is imperative that action be taken to permanently alleviate the economic and psychological ills that have beset the long-suffering -Miami community. We must expeditiously implement the hu- manitarian and intelligent programs which will relocate large numbers of Cu- ban exiles immediately-until such day as they can be returned to a free, demo- cratic Cuba. Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to advise that, partially in response to my letter to Mr. Thomas, a meeting was held yes- terday between officials of the U.S. De- partment of Health, Education, and Welfare, and four national voluntary agencies which have major responsibility for carrying out the Cuban resettlement program. Dr. Ellen Winston, Commis- sioner of HEW's new Welfare Adminis- tration, told the group that the resettlement program has her full sup- port of the Department and the Federal Government: She said: We want to secure the best possible re- settlement of the refugees in the last pos- sible time so that the fathers and mothers and children in Miami, who so urgently need new homes and new jobs, can begin new lives. In the ease of the refugees, the path to independence and self-support can follow only one major route, resettlement. It is a source of deep satisfaction to me to note that the good work of the Depart- ment of Health, Education, and Welfare will be continued-that relocation is to be im- mediately accelerated and diligently pur-. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 2602 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE sued. This is one constructive step toward #its ultimate solution. CUBA PLANES FIRE Olt' U.S. Sfff2.IMP BOAT Mr. FASCELL. Mr. Speaker, along with the rest of America, I was incensed to learn of the report that two Mig fighter planes apparently based in Cuba had flred'rockets at Florida shrimp boats on the high seas. The protection of Americans and the right of freedom of the high seas must be guaranteed by our Government. planes and vessels should be ordered to shoot to kill on any-interference by hos- tile aircraft or vessels out of Communist Cuba. Since this attack by Cuban fighters may be a preliminary probe, we should mRke clear by our immediate response that the United States will use what- ever force is necessary or required to stop or prevent these attacks--or the likeli- hood of further attacks-even if it means pursuing the attackers to Cuban soil. For many years under two administra- tions, T have urged repeatedly that the United States must take whatever action, military or` economic, as necessary in its self Interest with regard to the prob- lem of a Communist Government in Cuba. We need to take every collective action, economic or military, which needs to be taken. The removal of the offensive weaponry by the Communists was certainly asig- ntticant turn of events for the free world and the United States. The re-ent an- noimeement that several thousandtroops will be withdrawn Is certainly a step in the right direction. But, Mr. Speaker, as our President has so 'wisely and properly said, the great danger emanating from Cuba is not whether there are 5.000 or 50,000 Russian troops there, butthe fact that it is used as a base for subversion. Our Govern- ment has pointed out to all Latin coun- tries that the Communist Government of Cuba, has declared war on Latin America; that every Latin government is In peril. The point is clear, Mr. Speaker. that the great danger to the United States and to the Western Hemisphere is sim- ply the existence of a Communist govern- ment In Cuba. Our President has stated clearly that the existence of the Communist govern- ment In Cuba Is incompatible with the Inter-American system and that all of the U.S. policies shall be directed to- wards the eradication of communism In Cuba, Mr. Speaker, the American people solidly support the President of the United States in any action which he may take. It is evident to me and I have pre- dicted many times aver the years that the new arena for the world struggle would be in Latin America. It is obvious today that this prediction is more than borne out. There Is obviously a full- scale hemispheric effort on the part of the Communists in Latin Am: rica. This btls all been stimulated and will con- tinue to be stimulated by the very exist- ence of a Communist base of operation in Cuba. Therefore, this base must be exterminated. Furthermore, Mr. Speaker, It is evident that ' the Communists' phase 2, use of the popular front In Latin America, has moved into phase 3, which is the use of violence and terrorism for the weakening and overthrow of democratic institu- tions in Latin America. Under these circumstances. as I have repeatedly said. long-range programs de- signed to treat the economic and social ills of a people who are in an epochal revolution Is desirable, but not sufficient. The United States and the Latin Ameri- can republics must have short-range pro- grams to deal with the immediate threats to political stability. In this regard, this administration has taken masterful steps long needed to meet this threat. We must continue to pursue these, and in addition, engage in the greatest concentrated ideological offensive the United States has ever undertaken. In other words, Mr. Speaker, not only must the Communist challenge be met head on at the military, economic and ideological level, but we must pursue those courses which will make national and international events follow an offen- sive pattern determined by the United States. UNITED NATIONS (Mrs. GREEN of Oregon (at the re- quest of Mr. ALBERT) was given permis- sion to extend her remarks at this point In the RECORD.) Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. Mr. Speaker, on February 18, 1963, I introduced a bill, a resolution (H.J. Res. 253), that will provide an avenue for U.S. citizens to express their endorsement of the United Nations not only by words but also in a very tangible and meaningful way. My measure will permit American tax- payers to deduct from their individual Income taxes any contributions to the United Nations and its specialized agencies such as UNESCO. The measure will enable supporters of the V.N. to wish the organization well at a time when crucial financial and moral supports are needed. And it will provide Americans an opportunity to ex- press the view, shared by President Ken- nedy, that it takes more than arms to keep the peace. Too long. Mr. Speaker, have the sup- porters of the V.N. In this country been silent in the face of unreasonable criti- cisms directed against it by opponents whose views have been given unrepre- sentative prominence. Some of the critics of the U.N. have narrow, selfish economic Interests. And It has been well publicized that a well-financed, lav- ish campaign against the U.N. on behalf of the so-called Katanga government has been operating In freewheeling style in the United States. And it appears that some of this criticism may be com- ing from organizations that enjoy tax- exempt status or claim to. I do not have swollen expectations for the U.N., Mr. Speaker. I do not believe it is an infallible organization. But I insist that the U.N. has richly earned February 21 the support of the peoples of the world in its efforts to provide a forum for con- ciliation of international tensions and conflicts and to assist developing coun- tries with their medical, education, and social problems. Our membership In the United Nations, beginning with the San Francisco Conference in 1945, has been endorsed by a broad range of bipartisan support from the leaders of our two great major political parties. I hope they will join with me in another move to re- affirm our support in an organization that is one of our best hopes for a just peace. EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK (Mrs. GREEN of Oregon (at the re- quest of Mr. ALBERT) was given permis- sion to extend her remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. Mr. Speaker, on February 18, 1963, I introduced a bill, H.R. 3861, to provide equal pay for equal work. This bill isdesigned to remove a seri- ous injustice to both men and women workers In our Nation. In my view, State equal pay laws have not proved effective. It is shocking and unjust that with some 24.5 million full- and part-time women workers in our labor force, there should be discriminatory wage rates. These women neither work for "pin money" nor are they casual workers. They are workers in their own right. They are entitled to the same privileges and rights as male workers. These women support themselves or contribute in whole or substantially In part to the Income of their families. I think it is high time that in all instances women workers are treated with full and equal employment rights. Studies have shown that a permissive situation in which em- ployers are permitted to pay lower wages to women than to men for work demand- ing comparable skills leads to situations in which the wages of men themselves are depressed. My bill represents policy of President Kennedy. It is an integral part of his legislative program. President Kennedy since his election has taken several steps to insure full and equal promotion and employment right without regard to race, creed, color, or sex. These actions are to be applauded. I look forward to a full measure of support from a majority of our Members of Congress for what In my view is legislative action long overdue. MOTOR VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH SAFETY BELTS (Mr. RYAN of Michigan (at the re- quest of Mr. ALBERT) was given permis- sion to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Mr. RYAN of Michigan. Mr. Speaker, today I introduced a measure which would- require all motor vehicles sold or shipped in commerce to be equipped with safety belts and to meet other safe- ty standards. This bill would make it illegal to man- ufacture for sale in interstate commerce any vehicle which is not equipped with . Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 -, CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE 2501' tion or any other area where such entity, conducts operations unless the Secretary has reason to believe that such branch, affi liate, or subsidiary is being established with the intention of closing down the operations of an existing business entity in the area of original location or in any other area where it conducts such operations, and (C) is reasonably calculated to provide more than a temporary alleviation of unemployment or underemployment within the redevelop- ment area in which it is, or will be, located. (b) In cases of demonstrated need, to be determined by the Secretary, a lending insti- tution from whom the Secretary purchases evidences of indebtedness under Section 3 of this Act, may invest not more than 25 per centurn of the proceeds from such purchase in ways other than those authorized by this section. USE OF OTHER FACILITIES SEC. 5. (a) To the fullest extent practi- cable in carrying out the provisions of this Act, the Secretary shall use the available services and facilities of other agencies and instrumentalities of the Federal Govern- ment, but only with their consent and on a 'reimbursable basis. The foregoing require- ment shall be implemented by the Secretary in such a manner as to avoid the duplication of existing staffs and facilities in any agency or instrumentality of the Federal Govern- ment. The Secretary is authorized to dele- gateto the heads of other departments and agencies of the Federal Government any of the Secretary's functions, powers, and duties under this Act as he may deem appropriate, and to authorize the redelegation of such functions, powers, and duties by the heads of such departments and agencies. (b) Departments and agencies of the Fed- eral Government shall exercise their powers, duties, and functions so as to assist in carry- ing out the objectives of this Act. This Act shall be supplemental to any existing au- thority, and nothing herein shall be deemed to be restrictive of any existing powers, duties, or functions of any other department or agency of the Federal Government. (c) Funds authorized to be appropriated under this Act may be transferred between departments and agencies of the Govern- ment, if such funds are used for the pur- poses for which they are specifically author- ized and appropriated. POWERS OF THE, SECRETARY SEC. 6. In performing his duties under this Act, the Secretary is, among other things, authorized to- (1) assign, sell, or otherwise dispose of for cash, credit, or such consideration as he shall deem reasonable, at public or private sale and without recourse to him any evidence of indebtedness, debt, contract, claim, per- sonal property, or security assigned to or held by him as a result of, or in connection with an evidence of indebtedness purchased under this Act and to collect or compromise all obligations assigned to or held by him in connection with such evidence of indebt- edness until such time as such obligations may be referred to the Attorney General for suit or collection; (2) deal with, complete, renovate, im- prove, modernize, insure, rent, or sell for cash, credit, or such consideration as he shall deem reasonable, at public or private sale and without recourse to him, any real or personal property conveyed to, or otherwise acquired by him, in connection with the evi- dence of indebtedness purchased under this Act, and (3) to establish such rules and regulations as he may deem appropriate in carrying out the provisions of this Act. ADMINISTRATION SEC. 7. This Act shall, to the fullest extent practicable, be administered so as to be con- sistent with the objectives, purposes, and policies of the Area Redevelopment Act (Public Law 87-27, Eighty-seventh Congress, first session, May 1, 1961.) DEFINITIONS SEC. 8. (a) "Secretary"-Unless otherwise indicated, when used in this Act, "Secre- tary" shall mean the Secretary of Commerce. (b) "Redevelopment area"-When used in this Act, "redevelopment area" shall mean an area designated as a redevelopment area under the Area Redevelopment Act (Public Law 87-27, Eighty-seventh Congress, first session, May 1, 1961). (c) "Evidence of indebtedness"-When used in this Act, "evidence of indebtedness" shall mean a bond, debenture, note, or other contract for the payment of money, or a par- ticipation therein, which, among other things, (1) evidences a loan to aid in financ- ing any project within a redevelopment area for the acquisition or development of land or facilities (including, as the case may be, machinery and equipment), or both, for in- dustrial or commercial usage, including the construction of new buildings, the rehabili- tation of abandoned or unoccupied build- ings, and the alteration, conversion or en- largement of existing buildings; (2) is se- cured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or simi- lar instrument, covering land or facilities (including, as the case may be, machinery and equipment), or both acquired or devel- oped for industrial or commercial usage; and (3) is so secured as reasonably to assure re- payment. REVOLVING FUND SEC. 9. (a) There is hereby established in the Treasury a revolving fund (hereinafter called "the fund") which shall be available, without fiscal year limitation, for use in carrying out the provisions of this Act. All repayments of loans, and interest, and other receipts from transactions under this Act shall be paid into the fund. (b) To carry out the provisions of subsec- tion (a) of this section, appropriations not to exceed $50,000,000 are authorized to be made to the fund from time to time and without fiscal year limitation. The Secre- tary shall pay into miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury at the close of each fiscal year, interest on the net amount of cash dis- bursements from the fund, at a rate to be determined annually by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration current average market yields on outstanding in- terest-bearing marketable public debt obliga- tions of the United States of comparable maturities. CAREER COMPENSATION ACT (Mr. WHITENER (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was given permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Mr. WHITENER. Mr. Speaker, the Congress occasionally passes a law de- signed to achieve a desirable purpose but which in operation fails to bring about the results desired by the Congress. Whenever it is apparent to the Congress that a measure we have passed is failing, to achieve the purpose for which it was enacted and is causing hardship, it is the duty of the Congress to take remedial action. In July of 1962 the 87th Congress en- acted Public Law 531. The bill amended certain sections of the Career Compen- sation Act of 1949 and the Dependents' Assistance Act of 1950. The changes be- came effective January 1, 1963. Under the law certain senior noncom- missioned officers of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines were relieved of the mandatory responsibility or pro- viding allotments for the support of their dependents. Since January. 1, 1963, al- lotments for the support of their de- pendents have been voluntary on the part of these noncommissioned officers. In the enactment of Public Law 531 the Congress was endeavoring to achieve a worthwhile purpose. The quarters al- lowance for certain, members of the Armed Forces was to be raised and senior noncommissioned officers were given the opportunity of providing for the support of their dependents without arbitrary action on the part of the Federal Gov- ernment. I regret to say, Mr. Speaker, it seems that Public Law 531 with respect to vol- ? untary allotments on the part of senior noncommissioned officers has failed to justify the optimism of Congress when the law was enacted. Many members of the Armed Forces have taken ad- vantage of the law to terminate all assistance to their dependents, bringing about extreme hardship to the families of many servicemen. I have received numerous complaints from the dependents of servicemen ad- vising that their allotments have not been forthcoming since the effective date of Public Law 531. The Red Cross rep- resentative in one ctly in my congres- sional district informs me that she has been deluged with inquiries from the de- pendents of service personnel who have suddenly been deprived of their means of support. In addition to creating unusual hard- ship conditions for thousands of depend- ents of military personnel by the enact- ment of Public Law 531, we have brought about an administrative problem which is beyond the power of the various mil- itary services to handle. While the Armed Forces will make every effort to impress upon persons in the military service the necessity for providing for their dependents, the military services have been left without an effective rem- edy to apply in the matter. In a letter dated February 13, 1963, the Commandant of the Marine Corps point- ed out to me the difficulty with which the Corps is confronted in this matter. I might point out- General Shoup said- the following difficulty' which will be en- countered in resolving nonsupport problems under the new legislation. In accordance with the Marine Corps policy, a member who fails to provide support for his depend- ents may become subject to disciplinary ac- tion. Such action will not, however, serve to force the member to provide support for de- pendents against his wishes. This can only be accomplished by a civil court of compe- tent jurisdiction. The other military services are faced with a problem similar to the one de- scribed by General Shoup. Mr. Speaker, unless the Congress takes quick action to restore the requirement for mandatory allotments for the sup- port of dependents of military personnel, the problem I have described will con- tinue to grow. Congress should act promptly to see that the dependents of military personnel continue to receive adequate support. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 '2692 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE Under existing circumstances in the Armed, this, responsibility can be fulfilled o y the enactment of legis- lation restoring the requirement for mandatory allotments on the part of en- listed military personnel. The bill I have introduced will alleviate the unfortunate situation of many families of service per- sonnel that has arisen through the en- actment of Public Law 531 of the 87th Congress. I know that my colleagues in the House must have had numerous Inquir- ies in the past several weeks from con- stituents who have had their subsistence funds terminated. In the light of their experience in this matter I hope that they will join with me in working for the enactment of my 11. IIBA IN ERSPECTIVE (Mr. STRATTON (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was given permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. STRATTON. Mr. Speaker, last weekend I had the honor to address the annual convention of the New York Press Association, an organization com- prising the editors and publishers of virtually all of the weekly newspapers In New York State. I took advantage of that occasion, Mr. Speaker, in speaking to this distin- guished body of community leaders and opinionmakers in our great Empire State, to try to present my own views, as one Member of the House as well as a member of the great Committee on Armed Services, of just what the current situation in Cuba really Is. I tried to do it without any of the narrow political partisanship that has clouded so many of the comments on this crisis in recent weeks. In the thought that perhaps some Members may find some of these re- marks of Interest In connection with their own discussion of this vital subject In their home districts, I ask unanimous consent that the full text of these re- marks be Included at this point in the RECORD. The address referred to follows: ADDRESS or CONGRESSMAN SAMUEL S. STRAT- TON, BEFORE THE NEW Yosa Paxss Assocr- ATION CONVENTION BANQV;r, HOTEL STaA- COBE, SYRACUSE, N.Y., FESROART 15, 1963. CUBA IN PERSPECTIVE Mr. President, members of the New York Press Association, ladies and gentlemen: I Welcome this opportunity, as one member of the political fraternity, to pay my formal tribute to the ladies and gentlemen of the press for the vital and important role you play in making our American democracy work. Nobody knows better than a prac- ticing politician the power of the press in the operation of our free and open American society. Without the means of communica- tion between those in office and the people whom they represent which a free press sup- plies; and without an alert press. as a kind of fourth branch of government over- seeing and riding herd on the actions and the antics of the other three, democracy could not long survive. Just how long might be a ,matter of some speculation, but I am sure that at least as for as the people of New York City are concerned. 2 long months is just about as far as they would care to push the experiment. I'm also glad to have this chance to salute you who comprise that special portion of the fourth estate, the weekly newspapers of New York State. All of us in Washington respect the press. But as the New York Member of Congress who has more counties in his district than any other Member, and who therefore has, or so I am reliably in- formed, more weekly newspapers delivered to his office than any other Member from New York, I stand in particular awe of this distinguished audience and welcome this unique chance to try to penetrate your in- fluential columns. One of our occasional problems In a demo- cratic society has been to reconcile the free- dom of speech and of the press which is so vital to the preservation of our liberties with the special exigencies of war. Yet, even though we have never liked it, we Americana have always willingly accepted the tempo- rary restraints which war, on the fortunately few occasions when we have been engaged in it, has Imposed on these basic freedoms. Censorship has been accepted with the out- break of hostilities, and has been speedily removed when those hostilities came to an end. We have been willing to forego some of our own right to know so as to make sure the enemy isn't reading any of our im- portant military secrets over our shoulder. And I dare say our democracy has not suf- fered as a result of this exercise in self- discipline. I mention all this because of course today -in February 1963-we find ourselves in a situation that is really neither war nor peace as we have known them in the past. No shooting-or almost no shooting-by Ameri- can forces anywhere in the world; yet our House Committee on Armed Services is cur- rently studying-and doubtless will approve -the fourth largest defense budget-484 bil- lion-in the Nation's entire history. What we are in today is what we have come to know as cold war-a somewhat In- exact term, for a continuous and unrelent- ing struggle between communism and free- dom which,, for many at least, Is just as deadly as hot war and whose outcome for the ultimate course of history could be even more crucial. Just as the distinction between war and peace becomes blurred in an era of cold war, so too do some of the other distinctions. Last October, for example, this Nation stood on the brink of nuclear war in a situation more perilous than any we have faced since Pearl Harbor. Fortunately boldness and determination prevailed without the need for any outright hostilities. During this brief period, while the outcome was still in balance, our military leaders revived a mod- ified form of wartime censorship and re- stricted their announcements to the press to those items which would not alert our enemies in advance to the course of action we intended to follow. When the crisis sub- sided this limited censorship came off. 'This, of course, Is what we now hear re- ferred to as a policy of "managed news," I find it hard to believe that any reasonable man--or newspaper editor-would suggest for a moment that our Government had any more obligation to telegraph its punches to the enemy during the October Cuban crisis than we did in the months following Pearl Harbor. Yet this simple and to me perfectly unexceptionable principle still tends some- times to be overlooked just because it is harder today than it was a generation ago to draw a clear line between war and peace. The handling of our Government's rela- tions with the press is not the only thing that we sometimes find hard to keep in per- spective in the light of the realities of to- day's unique cold war situation. We've been witnessing another example In Washington February 21 these past couple of weeks of the ease with which our consideration of vital military and political issues can slip out of perspec- tive and end up in confusion and hopeless exaggeration. I'm not interested now in trying to assess either praise or blame. But as one Member of Congress with some responsibility for the successful operation of our overall Defense Establishment I do welcome the opportunity, before this distinguished audience, to make an effort to review the current situation in Cuba in the kind of perspective to which I believe it is entitled. Here, as I see it, are the essential points about Cuba as of this Friday evening, Feb- ruary 15, 1963: 1. The Soviet long-range nuclear missiles have left Cuba, and the missile bases- whether they be concrete, gravel, concrete- with-gravel, or gravel-with-concrete-have in fact been dismantled and destroyed. Noth- ing is ever absolutely certain In this im- perfect and uncertain world of ours, but I say that Secretary McNamara proved this point beyond a reasonable doubt to all fair- minded and reasonable men last week on television. 2. We Americans can take pride in a top- notch military intelligence system. No one could have watched that television report without marveling at the precision and de- tail of our knowledge of what goes on in Cuba. I might add that when Secretary Mc- Namara presented essentially the same brief- ing to our committee 2 weeks earlier, every member of the committee, Republicans and Democrats alike, spontaneously applauded him and his young briefer when they had concluded for a really virtuoso performance. While It Is of course theoretically possible for the Soviets to be hiding missiles in caves or under trees, they could not get them out and get them set up against us as things now stand without our detecting them in the process. 3. No intelligence system can ever be per- fect. Trying to find out what goes on in a closed society cannot, obviously, be a com- pletely exact science. Some stories we get are fact; others are only rumors. I know from my own wartime experience as an in- telligence officer that any military com- mander learns to live with the inexact and the unprecise and tries as best he can to increase the area of hard knowledge and reduce the area of sheer guesswork before he decides upon a course of action. 4. If we propose to take this country to the brink of nuclear war, then it makes sense to try to do it on the basis of the facts we know and not just on the rumors we may merely suspect. May I digress here to add just one com- ment in connection with that observation. A good deal has been said in recent days about those who, so we are told, "rightly called the turn" on Soviet missiles in Cuba last September, and "forced the administra- tion" to confirm their charges in October. This is a bit misleading. The rumors about Soviet mistakes in Cuba, peddled by refugees, had been going the rounds in Washington for some weeks last fall. Our intelligence services were as well aware of these rumors as anyone else. But it is one thing to have a rumor and it is an entirely different thing to confirm that rumor as a proven fact. You can't very well go to the brink of war, as I say, over a mere rumor. Nobody in Wash- ington had proved those missile rumors until the photographic evidence came in on that fateful October 14. Then, as you know, the administration acted swiftly, courageously, and effectively. But they could not-and in- deed they should not-have acted until the proof-which those who had been peddling the rumors had never been able to supply- was in. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 1961 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE 2593 8. The Cuban crisis isn't over by a long capability in Cuba. We have taken steps to shot. Certainly the threat to our own con- get the Soviets to reduce their troops in tinent has subsided with the departure of Cuba. Perhaps we may not succeed. In any the long-range missiles. Those missiles were case I do not believe we could ever accept offensive because they could be directed ef- any substantial increase in these troops. fectively against American cities and could 4. Any export of arms or subversion from have been part of a rational overall attack Cuba to other Latin American countries. - on the United States which successfully by- President Kennedy made this pledge, too, last passed our missile early warning network to October. I am sure its still stands. the north. That's why their presence was S. Any attack on our naval base at Guan- intolerable and why they had to be removed, tanamo, or any interference with our present even at the risk of war. position there. The Soviet infantry and antiaircraft troops 6. Any use of Soviet forces, including and equipment which remain are not at all tanks, to put down any anti-Castro rebellion offensive in this sense, as Governor Rocke- by the Cuban people themselves. I do not feller acknowledged last weekend. But this believe we ever could or ever should sit by does not mean that they do not have some passively and let Soviet tanks crush any unpleasant capabilities for mischief in this hemisphere or do not, in fact, constitute a matter of grave concern to us. They do, and Secretary of State Rusk himself has told us that the United States cannot permanently accept this Soviet military presence in Cuba. 6. Finally, we are not only opposed to Rus- sian troops being stationed in Cuba; we're also against Castro himself and want to see him out too. This, I submit, is also basic American policy. Now if we can agree generally that these six points summarize things as they cur- rently stand in Cuba, the next question is, What do we do about it? There's been a lot of criticism these past 2 weeks about Cuba, a lot of second guessing, and a lot of sanc- timonious viewing with alarm. But except for Republican Senator JOHN S. COOPER, of Kentucky, there's been darn little in the way of constructive recommendations for action. And it isn't hard to understand why, because any course of action in today's polarized world can have highly explosive conse- quences, Talk is cheap; action never is. The simple fact is that action over Cuba, now just as well as last October, could always involve us in all-out nuclear war with the Soviet Union. These are the stakes we are really playing for, let's not make any mis- take about it. This doesn't mean we have to back away automatically from the possi- bility of nuclear war. Far from it. In fact we've already faced up to this possibility be- fore without flinching-eyeball to eyeball with the Russians as someone expressed it- in October. We are ready to do it again if need be; let's make no mistake about that either. But surely we would be criminally negligent to move ourselves into this posture without first undergoing the most careful, cautious, and sober consideration of all that such a decision entails. Frankly, most of the semantic games that have been played over this Cuban issue in recent days hardly measure up to this exact- ing requirement. So far we have won one essential victory in Cuba without firing a shot. Perhaps we may succeed in winning more. But before anyone gets the idea that our military plan- ners have gone to sleep over Cuba, let's just spell out some of the highly explosive possi- bilities of the situation we are already facing, each of which we must be prepared to deal with right now, not 2 months from now, and each of which could conceivably escalate into the all-out nuclear war with the Soviet Union, to which we faced up last October and successfully avoided. Here they are: 1. If one of our reconnaissance aircraft -were shot down over Cuba. In the absence of on-site inspection, our present aerial sur- veillance is absolutely essential to continu- ing the present arrangement with Cuba. Yet -the Soviets do have the capability to shoot -these planes down at apy time. 2. If Soviet long-range missiles were ever reintroduced into Cuba. President Kennedy made this perfectly clear in his press con- ference last week. 3. If the Soviets were to undertake any asubstantial increase in their present ground Cuban freedom revolt as they crushed the uprisings in Hungary. Perhaps there other other possibilities which I have overlooked. But I have said enough, I think, to make it clear that even if we were to do nothing more in Cuba, we still could find ourselves confronted over- night with the threat of all-out war. And since most of us feel that we cannot long tolerate even the present situation, there comes the further question of just how we should proceed to correct it if -our present diplomatic efforts fail. But whatever we decide to do-and we may well have to de- cide to do something-it won't come cheap. So, wouldn't it seem obvious that viewed in this perspective the details of our Cuban policy become more than just a passing game of political checkers? No one, surely, would want to foreclose public discussion, in the press or from the platform, about Cuba any more than about any other aspect of our foreign policy. But surely it is not too much to hope, is it, that in this great national debate, carried out in this shadowy era of half-war and half-peace, there should be at least some simple ground rules of responsibility which could help to keep this debate one that clarifies rather than confuses, and one that encourages rather than sublimates the rational proc- esses of thought and reflection on which sound and effective American policy must be built? No matter what the requirements of parti- san politics may be, there is certainly no right to undermine the national security by anybody, anywhere, at any time. Can we not, for example, agree that re- gardless of what past mistakes may have been made, from here out every criticism should carry at least the suggestion of some alternative course of action? And can we not also agree that since we have, after all, only one executive branch of government charged with maintaining our defense, those who profess to have available to them spe- cial sources of information on conditions abroad should make them available to our Defense Establishment at least as soon as they do to the press galleries? Some may say, no this can't be done, be- cause already we are in the process of a great American presidential campaign and the present President and his administra- tion are fair game. Fair game yes, as in- dividuals and as a party. But not fair game as the only duly constituted Government of the United States of America in a period of high international peril. Once before we in America have seen that it is possible to conduct a political campaign under the shadow of war without undermin- ing our national security. That was back in 1944 when a former Governor of New York State and a great American, Thomas E. Dewey, was running for President of the United States. During the course of his campaign the Governor, as you will recall, learned that our American intelligence of- ficials had broken the Japanese diplomatic code and were regularly reading the Japa- nese dispatches prior to Pearl Harbor. Yet at the request of Gen. George Catlett Mar- shall, the Army's wartime. Chief of Staff, Governor Dewey voluntarily refrained from using that information as a campaign is- sue-though it could have been a highly ex- plosive one-because to do so would have gravely impeded the successful prosecution of the war. The American people, I have always felt, owe a great debt of gratitude to Governor Dewey for his deep sense of responsibility and restraint in circumstances that must have been tempting in the very extreme. As members of the press, you ladies and gentlemen are familiar with restraint of this sort and you are called upon to demonstrate it week after week in your papers. I am sure that we in public life, once the seri- ousness of the Cuban crisis is apparent, will follow the brave example of Governor Dewey and will exercise the responsibility and re- straint which the times now require. For after all, the things that divide our two great political parties are far less than the things that unite us as Americans. Pol- itics still stops at the water's edge of na- tional security and survival. And surely when it comes to the ultimate goal of eli- minating communism-not just from Cuba, but from the face of the earth wherever it may be-this great country of ours, Demo- crats and Republicans alike, will continue to. speak with a single firm and forceful voice of determination and of hope. VFW SPEAKS UP FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL (Mr. STRATTON (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was given permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. STRATTON. Mr. Speaker, as Members of the House are well aware, the most important single element of our National Defense Establishment is its personnel. It is particularly necessary that, in spite of the great emphasis be- ing placed upon scientific, mechanical, and technological advances in weaponry, we do not overlook the role of the officers and men who man these weapons. All of the tremendous national investment in resources, dollars, and time, which we have made and are making in improving our military equipment would be useless without the devotion, the hard work, and the skills of our military personnel into whose hands these weapons are en- trusted. Our military personnel are serving in remote and scattered places throughout the world. They are there because that is where their duty requires them to be. We should recognize their vitally im- port service overseas; we should not penalize them for it. It is, therefore, with profound concern that I bring to the attention of this House the recent proposal that the customs officials of our Government plan to terminate the $10 tariff-free gift mailing privilege of our citizens. My purpose at this time is to urge that if such tariff-free mailing privilege from overseas is to be canceled, then our military personnel and their dependents should in all fairness be ex- empted from the new restrictions. There are many good reasons why such arbitrary and unfair actions should not be-imposed upon those who are so well serving in the defense of our Nation and the free world overseas. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 - - 2594 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE February 21 The inequity of such a proposal from the standpoint of our military personnel and the reasons why they should be exempted from such restrictions are forcefully set forth in a recent letter from the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States to the Assistant Secre- tary of Defense, the Honorable Norman S. Paul. I am confident that Members of the House are well acquainted with the. alert and effective manner in which the VFW has championed the interests of those who serve and have served in our Armed Forces. I also invite attention to the reply of Assistant Secretary Paul to the letter addressed to him by Brig, Gen. J. D. Hittle, U.S. Marine Corps, retired. VFW director of national security and foreign affairs, in behalf of Byron B. Gentry, the national commander in chief of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States. Secretary Paul's letter Is reas- suring in that it associates itself with the position taken by the VFW in support of our servicemen. This Is another example of the insight and understand- ing of personnel problems which we have come to expect from Secretary Paul. Parenthetically, as a member of the Armed Services Committee of the House of Representatives, I wish to compliment Secretary Paul for the sincerity, intelli- gence, and frankness with which he Is performing his vitally important role as Assistant Secretary of Defense for Man- power. Under leave to extend my remarks I Include at this point the VFW letter In defense of the interests of military per- sonnel overseas and the reply by Secre- Ron. NORMAN S. PAUL, Assistant Secretary of Defense (bfanpower). Department of Defense. Washington, D.C. Di" Ma. SecasrAzY: The purpose of this letter is to inform you, on behalf of Mr. Byron B. Gentry. commander In chief of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States, of our deep concern over the recent announcement of the impending cancella- tion of the current authority for Individuals to send tariff-exempt gifts of $10 or less, from overseas to individuals In the United States. The VFW urges that every effort be made by the Department of Defense to permit military personnel and their dependents to continue the $10 tariff-free gift privilege. Unless oversee military personnel are ex- empted from the impending cancellation, an undue and unnecessary burden will be Im- posed on them. It Is difficult, Indeed, for the VFW to be- lieve that the withdrawal of this small privi- lege of sending a tariff-free $10 gift, is. In fact, a necessity. With tourists able to bring in $100 In tax-exempt purchases as often as once a month from foreign countries, with U.S. corporations able to purchase foreign companies in amounts of hundreds of mil- lions, and in view of the tremendous eco- nomic assistance by this Nation, even to Communist regimes, the continuation of the authority for our military personnel to send home $10 tariff-free gifts, does not seem unreasonable. While such gifts may not appear to some to be an important factor In morale, I believe that even a cursory survey of the opinion of U.S. omcers and enlisted personnel over- seas will disclose a widespread and intense resentment over the impending cancellation. I have recently returned from Europe. In the course of my travel, representing the Commander In chief of the Veterans of For- eign Wars of the United States. Mr. Byron B. Gentry, I had the opportunity to meet with numerous omcers and enlisted person- nel of our armed services. This matter of the impending cancellation of gift mailing is deeply resented by them. It was only a abort time ago that military personnel had the privilege of mailing $50 tariff-free gifts. That authority was allowed to lapse, leaving service personnel only the broad $10 gift-mailing entitlement. If this, too, is taken away from them, they will then have only the dubious privilege, in accord- ance with pending plans, of mailing to their mothers, fathers, relatives, and sweethearts gifts of not more than $1. This is at best a ridiculous entitlement. It to generally recognized that one of the basic and acute problems In defense matters is the retention of experienced military per- sonnel many of whom are overseas because of duty assignment, and not because of per- sonal choice. To deprive them of this small privilege of sending a modest gift to a loved one in the United States is an Insult to their intelligence and creates a continuing and unnecessary cause of resentment. In the interest of service morale and just plain fair treatment for those who serve in our Armed Forces overseas, the VFW strongly urges that the Department of Defense take such action as is necessary to prevent the $10 gift-mailing privilege from being taken away from military personnel. Sincerely, J. D. HrrrLs. AssrsTANT SxcarrARY or DxF#N5E, Washington, D.C, February 8, 1963. Brig. Gen. J. D. Hnu.x, USMC, Retired, Director, National Security and Foreign Affairs, Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States, Washington, D.C. Dean GxNESAL Huns: Thank you for your views expressed In your letter of January 22. The Department of Defense shares your concern over the impact the Commissioner of Customs' proposal to reduce the value of articles which may be admitted free of duty would have on the morale of our personnel, and we have strongly recommended to the Secretary of the Treasury that Department of Defense personnel who are stationed over- seas be exempt from this regulation. The continued support of your organizer tion in these matters is greatly appreciated. Sincerely. No=ea a S. PAUL. SMALL BUSINESS COMMIT I'EE FACES HEAVY WORKLOAD DUR- ING 88TH CONGRESS (Mr. EVINS (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. EVINS. Mr. Speaker, as the new chairman of the House Small Business Committee. I want to take this oppor- tunity to invite the attention of the Members to the work and the accom- plishments of the committee during the preceding 87th Congress. An examina- tion of the hearings held by the com- mittee, the reports covering those hear- ings, and the additional reports covering the staff's studies and the 60-odd field investigations, will serve to demonstrate that this committee has been on the job and working diligently in furtherance of the tasks and duties assigned to it by the House. I want to mention also that, in addi- tion to all of the foregoing, the commit- tee handled more than 500 small busi- ness problems referred to the committee by various Members of the House. Under the chairmanship of the gentle- man from Texas, Congressman WRIGHT PATMAN. the House Small Business Com- mittee, during the 87th Congress, much was accomplished. As the newly appointed chairman of this committee, I want to assure the Members of the House that the Commit- tee will continue to work industriously and effectively. There will be no lessen- ing of the workload intensity of the com- mittee's work or of the determination and dedication of the committee to carry out effectively its assigned mission. There will be no lessening of the accom- plishments of the committee. A rather complete picture of the work of the committee during the 87th Con- gress can be obtained by referring to the various recommendations set forth in the committee's final report, which was distributed on January 3 of this year. This final report will show that the committee submitted to the House 37 individual recommendations covering small business problems in about a dozen different fields of economic activity. To be specific, the recommendations dealt with small business problems associated with antitrust, taxation, distribution, the Small Business Administration, Govern- ment procurement, foreign trade, tele- vision, urban renewal, area redevelop- ment, and the aluminum industry. In order that the Members may have more detailed information about these recommendations, there is reprinted be- low that chapter of the committee's final report which describes and explains each of the committee's 37 conclusions and recommendations: CHAPTER XIX. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS GENERAL "The essence of the American economic system of private enterprise is free competi- tion. Only through full and free competi- tion can free markets, free entry into busi- ness, and opportunities for the expression and growth of personal initiative and individual judgment be assured. The preservation and expansion of such competition Is basic not only to the economic well-being but to the security of this Nation. ' ' ' the Govern- ment should aid, counsel, assist, and protect, insofar as possible, the interests of small business concerns in order to preserve free competitive enterprise" (Small Business Act of 1958). At the time of its establishment, during the opening days of the 87th Congress, the House Small Business committee was charged with the duty to "conduct studies and investigations of the problems of all types of small business." 1 Since that time, the committee has sought out and examined the problems of the small business sector of the national economy. Investigation has likewise been made of those situations and conditions appearing to be prejudicial or detrimental to small business. Small business continues to suffer from a manifold complex of. discriminations. In- equities in the Federal tax structure, al- though lessened to a degree by legislation adopted during the 87th Congress, continue Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved' For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE 2545 (Mr. BATTIN asked and was given .ermission to address the House for 1 ainute and to revise and extend his re- aarks.) - Mr. BATTIN. .Mr. Speaker, thanks to ne diligence of my colleague, Mr. E. Y. ;ERRY of South Dakota, we have an in- ight into the thinking of the policy- takers at the State Department. In ne RECORD for February 14, 1963, at age 2114, Congressman BERRY inserted n official publication of the U.S. De- artment of State concerning the House ![embers that were. elected to fill the acancies on the Foreign Affairs Com- -iittee. The heading on the release or =,ory is as follows: "House GOP Names live Conservatives To Fill Foreign Af- airs Posts-Move Seen Increasing Op- Iosition to Kennedy Foreign Aid Plans -Lone Internationalist Named," The Ificial publication leaves the impression nat the action of the Republican Party a the House through its committee on nmmittees and the Republican confer- nce is not in the best interests of the tate Department. At one point in the story the follow- ig language is found: The administration's dealings with the Re- iablican committee members may be espe- -ally difficult this year because of the No- ember defeat of Representative Judd of Finnesota, the leading House Republican Dokesman on foreign affairs and a moderate ho often sided with the administration. It is noteworthy, I believe, to point out it this time that while Representative ,add stayed on the job in Washington -i- the fall of 1962 fighting the cause for ne President's foreign aid program, the -resident was in Minnesota campaign- ':g In opposition to Representative nldd's reelection. The hearts and flow- rs thrown to Congressman Judd at this ite date is a shoddy way of covering up ne actions of the administration in the mat campaign. The report listed by name the eight -ew members of the committee, includ- `ig two of our Democratic colleagues. 'he distinguished public careers of our rolleagues need more adequate descrip- lon than the slanted approach delivered a the State Department's official ublication. Try as I have to locate the statutory -uthority which directs the taking of a lvil servant's time to research the back- -round of Members of Congress to de- ermine how they will react to a given -ill, I have been unable to find any such ^rovision in law. I would suggest, how- -ver, that if they would take the same ime and use the same effort in analyzing he background and public statements Made by some of the leaders of foreign cations and the representatives of these ountries, they would have a better idea ^f the problems in the world and how hey affect the United States. We might =ven find we could take the lead in many :yeas and not have to be continually on :he defensive. The members of the Foreign Affairs committee, like all Members of Congress, ^ave all been elected by the voters in heir districts and try as I have, I have been unable to find anyone in the State Department who presently has had the vote of confidence of any voter in the United States. The State Department publication, therefore, goes far beyond proper bounds. I am sure that if some employees in the State Department had their way and could make the selections of members to serve on the committee, they would choose those who would never disagree with their proposals, but fortunately for the country this is not our system. I noted with interest in the report that the State Department was concerned that "the five conservatives also are ex- pected to oppose aid for Communist na- tions." So that the record may be straight and so that the researcher in the Department of State and the author of the official publication can sleep tonight, I want him to know that I do not believe that the taxpayers' money should go to the aid of communism or the support of communism any place in the world. I do not labor under the illusion that Marshal Zito will fight on the side of the West if Russia decides he should fight on the side of the Communist bloc countries, nor do I have delusions about what Mr. Khrushchev intends to do and I will never accept the fact that Castro is just a naughty boy or an eccentric who does not believe in the advertising of the Gillette Safety Razor Co. The State Department could aid our battle in the world and the morale of the American people if they would adopt a philosophy compatible to the thinking of the American people. Should they disagree with the people or the Congress, all they need do is submit a simple resig- nation. In January we heard a lot said about the packing of the Foreign Affairs Com- mittee. People worried about losing the bipartisan approach to foreign policy. The newspaper accounts always attribu- ted the statements to a "reliable source." From the recent official publication, I think the reliable source has now been identified. I suspect that the State De- partment would like to rewrite the defi- nition of the word "bipartisan," which Webster defines as "representing, or com- posed of members of, two parties." I for one am very happy to be able to serve my country as an elected Repre- sentative in Congress and a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. The members of that committee are all hard-working people, devoted to the cause of the United States. I have had the opportunity of working with some of them in the 87th Congress and find them to be very intelligent, able, and dedi- cated people. I do not expect them to capitulate from their beliefs and prin- ciples and I am sure that they could have little respect for me if I capitu- lated. It is controversy that makes good legislation. It is the inquisitive mind and dedicated people who have made our country what it is today. As a part- ing thought, I do not believe that a per- son employed by the Department of State, because of his employment, auto- matically becomes an expert even though they sometimes leave this impression. -e A NATIONAL LOTTERY (Mr. FIND asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. FINO. Mr. Speaker, for the past 10 years, I have urged Congress to wipe out hypocrisy and accept the indisput- able fact that the urge to gamble is deep- ly ingrained in most human beings. For 10 long years, I,have repeatedly suggested that Congress recognize the fact that the desire to gamble is a uni- versal human trait which should be regulated and controlled for the peo- ple's benefit and our Treasury's wel- fare. Yet, Mr. Speaker, in spite of our great reluctance to recognize and accept the obvious, gambling in the United States has grown into a $50 billion a year indus- try which continues to be the chief source of revenue for organized crime. Mr. Speaker, I have asked Congress to tap this tremendous source of revenue only because it can produce over $10 billion a year in new income which could help us cut our taxes and reduce our na- tional debt. I have proposed a national lottery because it is the only way we can easily, painlessly and voluntarily raise a tremendous amount of money needed to give our sagging economy a fiscal "shot in the arm." This proposal is not a gambling bill but rather a revenue- raising measure-it will divert gambling revenue from the underworld into the coffers of our own Treasury. And what is wrong with that? Mr. Speaker, I realize that some Mem- bers of Congress question the morality of gambling.. To those who consider a na- tional lottery conducive to sin, may I refer them to Thomas Jefferson, who once said: If we consider games of chance immoral, then every pursuit of human endeavor is immoral; for there is not a single one that is not subject to chance, not one wherein you do not risk a loss for the chance of some gain. More recently, the New York Times, in its November 23 issue, had this to say, editorially: Consistency would require that, from a moral or ethical point of view, either all gambling should be outlawed or a carefully regulated extension should be allowed. Mr.- Speaker, last Tuesday, February 12, brought us further evidence of hypoc- risy. The New York State Legislature approved a bill to extend the racing sea- son for an additional 26 days. Was this extension of the racing season granted because New York is interested in the "improvement of breeding horses?" Of course not. New York extended its racing season to improve its finances. The Governor asked for a longer racing season in order to increase State tax revenues by $9 million a year and help balance his budget. What occurred last week in New York is certain to happen in all of the other 23 States that have parimutuel betting. Why? Because collecting revenue from gambling at the racetracks is the most painless and voluntary method of raising taxes. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 2346 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE M M. I believe the time has come ftr us, to stpp pussyfooting and show some g horsgsgnse by yang the gambling; iri of the American pie together with our Cfovernment`s per- ate ?;ee4 for revenue. . A natioilai I ttery would be (le most profitable, sensible, and satisfactory solu-_ lion 'to our. (Government's need for more revenue and the pegple's cry for tax TO HELP CASTRO-A PARADOX (Mr. McINTIRE asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute, to revise and extend his re- marks, and to Include extraneous matter.) Mr. McINTIRE. Mr. Speaker, there were few of us in the Congress who were not shocked by the recent announce- ment that the special fund of the United Nations was going to provide Fidel Cas- tro with a $1.2 million agricultural aid project. We have received assurance from sev- eral quarters that none of the funds used for this project would be repre- sented by American money. However, ofe fact that the United States pro- vides 40 percent of the total support of this fund. To the extent that 1 American dol- lar serves as a catalytic agent in this dis- turbing exercise, in that degree is the American taxpayer being forced to sub- 9ldize an element alien to his best interests. Gentlemen, I say to you that this is, indeed, a day of paradoxes. While on one hand wisdom calls out clearly for American containment of a Communist evil breeding 90 miles off the coast of Florida, other forces move forward to use the substance of America to nourish this evil and make it flourish. If this is a sari and hard-to-under- stand story, sadder still is the fact that this, development was conceived only through the flagrant flaunting of the will of the Congress. I want to say here and now that ele- ments of the Congress-both the Senate and the House of Representatives-es- tablished a legislative record which clearly condemns any program that har- bors the potential of assistance to the followers of communism. For the convenience of my colleagues, I have documented evidence In this re- spect, and I will, with proper permission, Include it In the REcoea along with my remarks. I want, thereby, to make it abundantly clear that this undesirable thing is upon us not because of the Congress, but in spite of it. And I want to mention that I do not stand alone in my concern, for many of my colleagues have spoken out against this action of the United Nations. And speak out we must. for if we let this matter go unattended, our silence might very easily be incorrectly Inter- preted as consent. There is, of course, a principle involved in all 9f this, but even more than that there is the fun amentaI aspect of na tignal security. America has nev r turned her back on, the 4eserving,and the needy, but she leis always, drawn back from those who, place the mantle of dignity on evil. Gentlemen, I denounce this form of as- sistance to Communist Castro as being injurious to the best interests of our citi- zens and our country. If this thing comes to pass-as against the spelled-out opposition of the Con- gress-then we, as Americans, will be placed in that peculiar and precarious position where we are feeding the very same parasite that seeks to feed on us. Beyond the question of a doubt, the severity of this circumstance demands an immediate and penetrating Investigation by a committee of this Congress. In conclusion, Mr. Speaker, I Include along with my remarks the article ap- pearing February 25, 1963, in U.S. News & World Report and an article appearing in the Washington Star on September 5, 1962. IFrom the U.S. News & World Report, Feb. 25, 19531 ANTIAMERICANISM UNITED BTATLS PAYS FOR Now It appears that U.S. dollars, contribu- ted to the U.N- Have been used to published pro-Soviet propaganda; Have been spent to improve Congo's Image In United States. Reaction: an angry outburst in the U.S. Congress. American taxpayers suddenly find that they are scheduled to begin helping Fidel Castro's Cuba. through the U.N. Taxpayers are discovering, too, that they already have helped finance a booklet, pre- pared by the United Nations, that attacks capitalist countries and strongly praises the Soviet Union. These developments created an angry re- action in Congress and brought at least one demand that the United States consider with- drawing from the United Nations. What happened was this: 1. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organ- ization (FAO) announced It would spend $1,150,000 In various currencies to help Fidel Castro solve Cuba's agricultural problems. The program Is to be financed by the U.N. Special Fund. for which the United States puts up 40 percent of the cash. President Kennedy told his February 14 news conference that no U.S. money will go Into the Cuba project, but Members of Con- gress promptly disagreed. Said Representative Orro E. PASSMAN, Democrat, of Alabama: "It does come out of our money. We provide 40 percent of the funds ? ? ? and the money loses Its idea- Uty when it goes In." Representative JOHN S. MOHAGAN, a Con- necticut Democrat, said: "This country will be making an indirect contribution to this project." Representative T. A. THOMPSON, Democrat, of Louisiana, said the United States had been "gratuitously Insulted," and Senator Mn.- wAan SnersoN, Republican, of Wyoming. de- clared: "It is time for the United States to seriously reconsider Its membership in the world body " The FAO project is regarded as a test of U.S. reaction to such projects. The worry in Congress was that U.S. acoeptance of the PAO's Cuba deal would lead to other and larger investments. ' ' February 21 Managing director of the U.N. Special Fund, which is to hire FAO to aid Red Cuba, is an American former industrialist, Paul G. Hoffman. The go-ahead for the Cuban proj- ect was announced by W. Hoffman, who said that it has his permission. 2. A report praising Communist Russia In connection with colonialism was issued by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization-UNESCO. American taxpayers put up 31.5 percent of the money to support that organization. Russia, which ducks many of the heavy assessments levied by the U.N., contributes about 15 percent of the funds of UNESCO. The report on colonialism was prepared by two Russian citizens. It lauds Russia as the great friend and benefactor of onetime colo- nial areas. The booklet Is printed in English and French, distributed free to many organi- zations, and sells for $1.50 at U.N. bookstores. The phamphlet, entitled "Equality of Rights Between Races and Nationalities in the U.S.S.R.," Is by I. P. Tsamerian and S. L. Ronin, and has been published by UNESCO in the Netherlands. The UNESCO document, among other things, says this: "The unequal treatment of nationalities, colonialist oppression and discrimination on grounds of race or nationality, which still characterize a number of capitalist countries today, are to be explained by the political and social system prevailing in those coun- tries." The report adds that "the successful es- tablishment of full equality of rights be- tween races and nationalities in the U.S.S.R." was "one of the major social triumphs of our day.,, Then the Russian writers tell how "in 1940 the Soviet regime was restored in Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, which voluntarily joined the Soviet Union." The U.S. Department of State, which puts up the money for this U.N. body on behalf of American taxpayers, issued a statement on February 13, in which it said that it had otdcially opposed the move to aid Castro and had protested the UNESCO action in pub- lishing Communist propaganda. But State Department officials then ex- pressed themselves as being unable to resist successfully the actions approved by other countries in these groups. CONGRESSMEN ANNOYED In Congress, there were prompt protests by important Members, both Democrats and Re- - publicans. The point was made that there is no requirement that the United States put up money to finance projects of this type. The result-a dual Communist victory, still not halted, financed through the United Nations-and Involving American dollars. 3. Taxpayers in the United States, mean- while, were able to learn of another use to which their money, donated to the United Nations, actually is being put. Reports revealed by the Department of Justice show that American taxpayers helped to put up $200,000 or more-through the UN.-which was spent in the United States to "Improve the image" of the central Gov- ernment of the Congo. V.S. PEOPLE SHELL OUT The Congo operation of the United Na- tions has coat Americans, over all, about $200 million, the lion's share of a major military move. The $200,000 was for propaganda pur- poses, directed at the American people. It took on importance from the fact that the U.S. Department of State had moved to deport a man who spent half as much-or $100,000-to tell the opposition story, that of Katanga Province. High officials, It developed, had objected to the viewpoints expressed in favor of Ka- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 Approved.For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 tangs wilen Its dispute with the central If we are going to make use of agriculture government was active, and food abundance and bring some ration- U.S. resources might be channeled into The "image" that is suffering in the United ale to agriculture, I think the experience Communist hands. States, as a consequence of all this, is that learned in trying to have a kind of interna- I, therefore, questioned the depart- of the United Nations-where some outlays tional of multinational food for peace opera- mental witnesses to develop clearly the of U.S. dollars, coming to light now, are tion can be extremely useful through this legislative intent that the Rome commit- bringing congressional tempers to a boil. medium, because we will be able to get other ment was contingent on congressional [From the Washington Star, Sept. 5, 1962] haveohappilyashould d in se king toahe p thato secondlya or Communist countriess FREEMAN PLEDGES $50 MILLION To, U.N.. FOOD the developing nations. would benefit under any such arrange- PLAN The proposed language of H.R. 10010 ment. UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.-Agriculture secre- is as follows: At pages 382 and 383 of the printed tart' Freeman pledged $50 million today in hearings, serial AA, part 2, I developed American food and cash. toward a $100 mil- SEC. 203. A new title V is added at the end lion United Nations world food program. of the Agricultural Trade Development and these points as follows: Mr.: Freeman made the offer at a conference Assistance Act of 1954, as amended, as Mr. McINTnaE. The other point Is in title at which other nations also offered pledges follows: 5, and what you are proposing here, as you of assistance to the program being developed "TITLE V-MULTILATERAL FOOD PROGRAMS tell us in your statement, is that we have by the United Nations Food and Agriculture "Sac. 501. The ur already engaged in a conversation, and we Organization. The fogd would be used to p pose of this title is to are now in the process of committing our- utilize surplus agricultural commodities pro- selves to this proposition, at least in mem- help feed the world's hungry. duced In the United States in Programs of The Secretary told the conference that orandums, fulfill that without commitment unless t this U.S. participation in this program would ance, and special feeding carried out through amendment is offered, is that right? supplement and not replace American help the United Nations system or other inter- to the hungry through this country's food- governmental organizations. The USDA witness replied: for-peace program. "SEC. 502. In furtherance of the foregoing I would say this that what we have done The U.S. pledge included $40 million worth purpose, the President is authorized to ne- is to develop a tentative program, which in of food, $10 million in cash, and ocean trans- gotiate and carry out agreements with such the case of each country would be subject portation service on U.S. vessels. intergovernmental organizations to provide to authorization by the appropriate legisla- Mr. Freeman said the types and amounts for the transfer on a grant basis of surplus tive body of that country, so that in this of U.S. foods to be donated to the world agricultural commodities from stocks of the case it's been made clear that the United program will be determined later. Commodity Credit Corporation or from pri- States offer to participate is subject to au- KENNEDY ADMINISTRATION NOT FOLLQWINq vate stocks of the Commodity Credit Cor- thorization by the Congress. CONGRESSIONAL INTENT ON FAO AID TO CUBA poration or from private stocks procured by Mr. Speaker, this week's issue of U.S. the Corporation for the purposes of this I continued my question, as follows: co a very s Issue o U S. title, to such organizations for use in pro- Yes, but we are actually negotiating? News & World Report k timely and appropriate article entitled grams of economic development, emergency assistance, and special feeding. The Department witness replied: "Anti-Americanism United States Pays "SEc. 503. In entering into such agree- Hoping that Congress will authorize. For." ments the President shall secure commit- One of the most glaring and flagrant ments from such international organizations I continued by asking: examples of this anti-American aid, that reasonable precautions will be taken to Approve a memorandum agreement which which is being paid for by the U.S. tax- assure that agricultural commodities utilized is not now a commitment, because with- 'payer is seen in the recent action taken in the program shall not displace or Inter- out statutory authority at the present time l Cuba be the heod and Agricutural fore with sales of agricultural commodities there can be no fulfillment of that memo- Organization-FAO-of the United Na- produced in the United States. randum agreement? tions. As pointed out by U.S. News & "SEc. 504. For the purpose of carrying out The Department witness answered: agreements entered Into by the President un- I would have to put it this way: what we World Report, FAO announced it would der this title, Commodity Credit Corporation spend $1,150,000 in various currencies to is authorized to make available surplus are doing is to explore, we are engaged in explm raftrprogr and in the deveown ext c a help Fidel Castro solve Cuba's agricul- agricultural commodities either from its d tural problems. This result, Mr. Speaker, stocks or by procurement from private stocks, drat program and making known explicitly iS Completely and entirely inconsistent and to pay with respect to commodities made an that any hoc arrangement arrangement that which is developed i- with the tlylative intent of Congress coas available hereunder, in addition to the cost a could not ri- of procurement of commodities from private came effective until congressional autho- manifested in last year's farm bill, the stocks, the cost of processing, packaging, zation. Food and Agricultural Act of 1962, and transportation, handling, and other charges I concluded this part of the question- it never should have happened. up to the time of their delivery free along- ing with this comment: In November, 1961, Secretary of Agri- side ship or free on board export carrier at Now, then, we are in this situation to the culture Freeman, appearing at the FAO point of export: Provided, That after June 30, eements ndersta Conference in Rome, Italy, pledged,the 1963, the Commodity Credit Corporation ings, adhhoc,horeanything you or uant to call shall not incur any costs in carrying out Y they want is call U.S. Government's support in both food this title unless the Corporation has re- them, tt the extent that they are pthe Con- and funds for a multinational program ceived funds to cover such costs from ap- ing in them, the deny the burden rests authority the Con- and aid underdeveloped nations. propriations made to carry out the purposes which t these either de be ulgted under the ut or fulfill. of this title. the obligation by could granting At that time Mr. Freeman did not have an endorsement by nor a directive from "SEc. 505. There are hereby authorized to the authorityCongress which for - an endor, went by many years has o be appropriated such sums as may be neces- The departmental witness then said: sary to carry out the purposes of this title, I think that is right, sir. -fused to commit the United States to a and such amounts as may be necessary to World Food Bank program, reimburse the Commodity Credit Corpora- Mr. Speaker, it should be abundantly In order to fulfill his promise at the tion for all costs incurred by it hereunder clear what the understanding of the Rome meeting, Secretary Freeman rec- including Corporation's investment in com- committee was in regard to the new title ommended to Congress-in H.R. 10010 modities made available from its stocks." V and S. 2786-a new title V to Public Law Mr. Speaker, the Committee on Agri- The committee did understand the 480. This title of the administration's culture considered this proposal very situation and the committee did reject _1962 farm bill would have given the Sec carefully and debated its merits thor- completely the whole proposal. So did retary specific authority to participate oughly. During the course of the hear- the Senate committee and, as a result, :tn the Rome agreement. ings, I had the opportunity to question there was not one word of authority in In his appearance before the House representatives of the Foreign Agricul- Public Law 703 of the 87th Congress- Committee on Agriculture on February tural Service of USDA on the intent and the Food and Agriculture Act of 1962- 7, 1962, Mr. Freeman said at page 48 of purpose of this particular provision. or in any of the committee reports or de- the printed hearing, serial AA, part 1: Many of us on the committee feared bate to indicate in any way the approval May I deviate from my prepared statement that if the United States surrendered the of Congress for this international com- to say that I think an encouraging beginning control of our funds and food to an in- mitment. an be seen in the pilot program that we con- ternational body that was responsive to As to the second point concerning the sidered with FAO in Rome last fall. ? ? ? neutral and Communist bloc sentiments, ultimate destination of commodities and Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4 I lug CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE FebPwry 21 aids into Communis lla ids, Y asked I rg,pd5tioiiss: he, Tnlyy *e a" an aware of the I reCoriig!eiidatlons of many in interna- tional affairs for Red China to be In the U.N. If this came about, there would be s1 hing to prevent, as far as we are con- sxlnK as a lliperUW member of the UN., Ov!funding up tb whatever the statute per- mits for a program of feeding into Commu- nist countries. And just from the stand- point of the real provisions in the lacy. I hope you could answer whether or not this is legally possible? The USDA witness replied: Well, there is no provision In this law that indicates to which destination com- modities could to ? ' ' but I think I can saeure you without ciiuedttdn today that there would be no intention of permitting aua of the food under it program or this kind to go to Red China. I then made this comment: Well, let me just make a further obser- vation. Do you think your Intentions or mine Would be controlling? The USDA witness then said : Well, I certainly think that If this pro- gram were in operation today, assuming the bill was passed and the authorization was made available, I am certain that in the in- ternational agreement that to finally written that the United States would reserve the right to restrict shipments to certain desti- nations of the world. Mr. Speaker, this raises some very im- portant questions. For instance, what about Cuba should not shipments to that the Secretary of Agriculture explain fully to the Congress and the American people how U.S. funds and food can be used, even Indirectly, to benefit the likes of Fidel Castro. BETANCOURT REVISITED (Mr. ASHBROOK asked and was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include ex- traneous matter.) Mr. ASHBROOK. Mr. Speaker, I think it is only fair that we hear both sides of the story regarding the erstwhile Venezuelan leader, Betancourt. Mr. Harold Lord Varney, president of the Committee On Pan-American Policy de- livered an address at a seminar conduct- ed by the conservative coalition here in Washington on January 31 of this year. It represents a strong statement of opinion and fact on the other side of the Betancourt coin. The address fol- lows: I want to start out by saying a few words about the latest Cuba events. The Cuba debate has deteriorated into a "who said it?" contest. Attorney General Kennedy says that the United States didn't promise air coverage to the Bay of Pigs Invaders. President Ken- nedy backs him up in his press conference. One thousand and one hundred Bay of Pigs Invaders, minus one man who sustains the Kennedy position. say that they were prom- ised air coverage. and the proofs of signed-up Communist Party membership. World communism is winning stupendous victories in Asia, in Af- rica and In Latin America, and we don't even recognize them because the winners are not openly labeled "Communist Party." This blindness is not restricted to the lay- men. It is a blindness which exists appal- lingly in the press, on the air waves, In the security organizations of the Government, and even in the sacred precincts of the Na- tional Security Council which advises the President on his foreign decisions. No won- der we have been wrong on Castro. For over a year after his triumph, the wise men in Washington and in the radio and TV commentator's booths were so busy trying to prove that they were right in declaring that Castro was not a Communist, that Nikita Khrushchev had already been installed im- movable in Cuba before our "experts" had come out of their trance. Some of us who have been fighting this evil thing for three decades or more have finally learned to recognize a Commie, no matter what kind of a beard or a mustache he may be wearing. But the Johnnie-come- latelles in the anti-Communist movement are almost invariably slaves to labels, and disguises. They are fearfully conscious of the peril of the communism which emanates from the Kremlin or from vocal organs of Nikita Khrushchev. But beyond this open and perceptible communism which conspic- uously rears the Communist name, most of them are naively unaware of the great surg- ing tide of communism which is mounting triumphantly in all world areas and which masks itself under the names of "social de- mocracy," "socialism," "peace," "liberalism," and similar cognomens. Today, probably test with the President of the United States. two-thirds of the Important communist work if he says he didn't promise it, his word Is is being done by such Trojan-horse move- Cuba be stopped? Why did not the good enough for me. But if such air cover- meats probably two-thirds of the people Kennedy administration restrict ship- age was not promised. where does that leave who are consciously working for communism us? President Kennedy does not better his have dropped the identifying Communist Iilents to Cuba when it went ahead and own image because, by all the rules of war name and are operating under some unsus- joined the FAO pact without congres- and humanity, he should have promised ported label. And it is a commentary on the sional approval? These are vital ques- such coverage, and delivered it. What kind wisdom of the Rostows, the Schlesingers, the bons which must be answered. of a picture of the great United States does Bundys and Hubert Humphreys, who are On September 5, 1962, the U.S. Depart- that imprint? We induce 1,300 brave men showering their advice about communism ffieiit of Agriculture announced that the to invade Cuba at risk of their lives in an upon the President, that they wouldn't rec- United States would participate in the operation which we should have done our- ogntze most of these Trojan horses as Com- '$AO project by pledging $40 million selves, and then, after dumping them on muniste if they met them walking down the beaches In the firm belief that they will the atreet. They would be most likely to Worth of food and $10 million In Cash be supported. we do a Pontius Pilate act and hail them cordially and heartily as brother to a $100 million U.N. world food leave them to their fate. Let's be honest anti-Communiste. program. and stop making excuses for ourselves. We Let me elaborate on this point a little The senior Senator from Iowa [Mr. walked out on the Cuban invaders, when further. The policy of the Trojan horse, $ICKENLOOPERl protested this action at they could have won. We flinched before the policy of planting Communist infiltrators the time, but the administration con- Fidel Castro when we could have destroyed in nonparty organizations and working be- him. This is a record of shame which every hind unsuspected liberal fronts, was inaug- tended that It had now found residual American citizen must carry into the future, urated by avow on a grand scale in the Suthority In the law to enter Into this It Is a record which will not soon be for- 1930'x. It had a striking success in the weement, and that specific authority gotten by the Latin Americans who want to United States during the Hiss era and after as requested in the farm bill was not be our friends, but who also want to re- World War II. It was employed brilliantly really needed. apect us. In Latin America under such leaders as Senator HICKENLOOPER'S comment was But I am not going to consume my time Cardenas, Lombardo Toledano, Hays, de most appropriate when he said at page this morning with postmortems about the In Torre, Betancourt, and Arevalo. 1786$ of the RECORD of September 6, Bay of Pigs. I think we will learn nothing What the Sehlesingers, the Rostows and from our Cuba experience if we do not rec- the Series don't seem to grasp is that the 1962: ognize that Cuba is only one sector in a trojan horse technique has never been I think this is the first step In relinquish- hemispheric life-and-death struggle which liquidated in Latin America. It is a ng V.S. control of our agricultural com- we are now waging with communism. It is a weapon which Is rated by Khrushchev as modities. In my estimation, this is the first vital sector, but it has meaning only If we high as outright Castroism. Today, al- step toward giving the Communists under see it against the livid background of an though the spotlight is on Castro and his the domination of the Soviet Union an equal all-America struggle which we are losing out-in-the-open communism, the main show share as to the operation of our so-called in Brazil, in Venezuela, in Bolivia, in the in Latin America is the nonparty communism food-for-peace program. Iraiss the question Dominican Republic, in British Guiana and which, under "Liberal" and "Democratic" again-If the Secretary had the authority in Ecuador-just as we are losing it in Cuba. labels is sweeping on from victory to victory under Public Law 480? then why did he ask And the cause of our lose, I attribute to the in one country after another. the Congress to give It to him in 1962? almost incredible Ignorance on the part of This Is a communism which you won't The utter disregard of the Intent of most of the American people, of the very read about In the self-styled anti-Commu- Congress in this grant of aid to Commu- nature of the light which communism is nist books of R. J. Alexander, Daniel James, waging against us in the Western Hem!- or Jules Dubois. Its existence remains a flirt Cuba should not be tolerated, Mr. sphere. dark, deep mystery to Ted Szulc? Jack Kofoed, Speaker. I most sincerely and em- The great paradox of our struggle against or Herbert Matthews--our tspecialists. i nut ew - phatically urge that the Foreign Agricul- communism is that the overwhelming ma- paper tural Operations Subcommittee of the Mty m Americans don't even recognize or the deadliest Communist threat in the time- all the unless his to confront the United regalia table of bold plans It this Its mediate aCttention and comes to us bedizened with enemy Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200220004-4