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June 10, 1963
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A3724 Approved For Relt 6R4Ag? AEIl-ECORD 00 APPENDIX240048-4 sales would put the automaker at the mercy of the Wall Street bankers, as Henry Ford used to call them. The new autpmotive year is well on the way to another near record, perhaps. an all- time record. With the. population growth and the two-car family trend, it could be- come a habit and spell the end of automo- tive off years. But the auto industry needs room to breathe to do its job with its widely acknowl- edged know-how. May the reported words of a White House official "Thank God for the auto industry"-become part of the perma- nent Washington language and not just a cry of salvation in a year of misery and mis- chief. Administration Indecision Strengthens Castro EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. BRUCE ALGER OF, TEXAS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, the Com- munist threat to the Western Hemi- sphere grows and is strengthened each day that the Castro dictatorship stays in power in Cuba supported by the armed might of the Soviet Union. The indecision of the Kennedy administra- tion in either bringing about the re- moval of Russian troops and weapons and in taking steps to give the Cuban people a chance to regain their freedom adds to the strength of the Castro gov- ernment and further threatens the se- curity of the United States. It is past time for President Kennedy to take firm and bold action to rid Cuba of Castro and the Western Hemisphere of Russian aggression. He should im- mediately reinstate the Monroe Doc- trine, stop the shipment of strategic ma- terials to Cuba, including oil, and de- mand the immediate withdrawal of all Russian troops and arms. The following column by Virginia Prewett in the June 7 issue of the Wash- ington Daily News exposes the problem created by the President's lack of policy: ACTION Now Is URGED To OUST CASTRO A capsule referendum of U.S. nongovern- mental leadership has urged President Ken- nedy to publicize the full facts of the United States-Cuba position, and to remove both Fidel Castro and the Soviet presence from Cuba "without delays." jNew York's Freedom House and other spe- an Objective try pest-1948 trace has. been outside the udgment on the most- Soviet bloc-almost half of it in Western cialists recently disclosed that 25 seasoned favored-nation issue that I call their Europe and about $30 million of it yearly U.S. Military, inter-American agreed that- attention to an article which appeared with the United States. Washington's withholding of information May 19, 1963, in the conservative- The U.S. figure may drop to $20 million or on Cuba "hinders the formation of American oriented Los Angeles Times. less if most-favored-nation status is killed. public opinion rather than obstructing the The story was written by Mr. Jack Any indication that Tito can forge a with- enemy." The meeting demanded publication Jones, .an assistant city editor of the out eRuss ae or c hei Westu draws flourish doubtful of "the correspondence between Nikita Times, who recently toured Yugoslavia headshakings because of the lack of heavy Khrushchev and the President during and on a visit to Europe. following the October confrontation." machinery in virtually all those countries. On eliminating the Soviet occupation of The article follows: Tito apparently sees his (or Yugoslavia's) Cuba, "what is needed is a commitment to YUGOSLAVIA GUESSING GAME-WHICH WAY future as leader of the Afro-Asian bloc, the urgent and immediate action, unambigu- WILL Tiro TURN? nonalined, however, and there is a great ously expressed." (By Jack Jdeal of feeling here that he will chase that On the risk of nuclear war, "We are most BELGRADE.-Raise a glass Jones) s slivovitz with rainbow despite his-ingrained Marxism which in danger when our Indecision suggests fear, a Yugoslav at a sidewalk cafe along the Sov et stylenre it tons. time to time to babble weakness, or ineptness., The risks later will be more. formidable than the risks now." SPARK Continued Red presence, in fact, "could provide the very spark that ignites a nuclear war," the report notes. "Any incident-a barroo?t brawl with Soviet soldiers in Ha- vana, a flareup of tempers over a child run down by a Soviet jeep-could lead to Russian shooting." Among those at the 3-day assembly, cosponsored by Freedom House and the Citi- zens' Committee for a Free Cuba, were Vision Magazine Publisher William E. Barlow, the Research Institute of America's Leo Cherne, Herald-Tribune Columnist Roscoe Drum- mond, the liberal Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom's Frances Grant, Daniel James of the Citizens' Committee, Brig. Gen. S. L. A. Marshall, Columnist Edgar Ansel Mowrer, Columbia University Prof. Frank Tannenbaum, Vice Adm. Charles Wellborn, Jr., Florida University's Prof. A. Curtis Wilgus, and this writer. The report asks: Is our policy geared to secret "accords" with Khrushchev? Why is there no tough ban on American goods to traders with Cuba? Did Bay of Pigs prisoner exchanges serve as cover for a Tito-style re- conciliation with Castro? Don't "deals" with a Sovietized Cuba repudiate United States- Rio Pact obligations and "in effect the whole inter-American system?" ACTION The conference listed 14 possible direct Castro-toppling actions, from collective measures honoring the Rio and Bogota Pacts and Punta del Este to invasion of Cuba by an OAS joint task force. "Our leaders must keep us informed of the facts and their plans for the future; we must keep our leaders informed of the peo- ple's judgment and willingness to sacrifice." the conferees agreed. United States-Yugoslavia Trade Rela- tions-Senseless or Sensible? of HON. RONALD BROOKS CAMERON OF CALIFORNIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, May 28, 1963 June 10 BulevarRevolucije and, because you are an American, he will ask: "Why does your Congress try. to kill trade relations with Yugoslavia? Are -they trying to force us to trade with the Russians?" Confusion and' hurt persist as to .why the United States, for which a large number of Yugoslavs hold warm regard, should want to revoke this country's most-favored-nation tariff benefit status. - Combined with the conclusion that West- ern European buyers for about half of its products will fade with the acceleration of the Common Market, Yugoslavia's fear over possible U.S. trade discrimination is a chill- ing one Indeed. American economic observers here see two alternatives: Yugoslavia will turn fulltilt back to the Soviet block, from which it broke in 1948, in the ideological uproar with Stalin, Marshal Tito (who after all is Yugoslavia) will try the monstrous task of putting to- gether an independent trade bloc of non- aligned nations. These observers regard the second possibil- ity as hopeless. The recent visit to Belgrade of Secretary of State Dean Rusk made clear the Kennedy administration's concern over where Yugo- slavia might wander if Congress doesn't re- peal the act which would cancel the most- favored-nation clause. Because they have heard that Rusk was "optimistic" In his private talk with Tito, many Yugoslavs will tell you now they don't think the United States is going to let them fall in with the Soviets again. U.S. Embassy people in Belgrade are almost frantic in their desire to convince the Ameri- can public-and Congress that Yugoslavia is unique among Communist countries, that it is inaccurate to identify it with Moscow leadership. They are openly disturbed by the threat of discriminatory tariffs, just as the Com- mon Market specter is growing. "The overall effect of the congressional ac- tion," said one American diplomatic figure here, "was to give the impression that Yugo- salvia's future with the West isn't very bright * * * that their trade future lies in areas other than Western Europe and North America." But even Yugoslavia's stanchest Ameri- can friends here recognize that Tito and some of his underlings are directly respon. sible for anti-Yugoslav feeling in the United States through their penchants for pro- Soviet statements. American r t esen ment is natural, they rea- Mr. CAMERON. Mr. Speaker, during lize, when one considers that Yugoslav econ- recent weeks a number of articles oppos- omy has been bolstered by more than $2 ing most-favored-nation tariff treatment billion in U.S. aid over the past few years. to Poland and Yugolsavia have been aid But, Embresy people here point out, that tnserea into the RECORD b aid is finished except for surplus wheat sales Members, by various and the windup of some technical assistance programs. subject is a controversial one and And. that aid, they maintain, helped keep Properly so. But I am sure that most Yugoslavia out of the Soviet bloc and make Of my colleagues are eager to examine it a stable nation in what historically has both sides of the coin before reaching ? been a short-fused region. a final decision on this important +rade . Yugoslav trade officials feel Americans Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23: CIA- 0383R000200240048-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD A E13723 sight, as It has been in dealing with the cotton problem, is to invite disaster. We cannot improve the world's economy by weakening our own. Clarke School for Deaf EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. SILV1O 0. CONTE OF MASSACHUSETTS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, May 9, 1963 Mr. CONTE. Mr. Speaker, Clarke School for the Deaf, in Northampton, Mass., was chartered June 1, 1867, by an act of the Massachusetts General Court. Its early history is sprinkled with great and generous names and the area of Northampton where the school is lo- cated-Round Hill-is rich in the history of this country. In 1871, Alexander Graham Bell taught the Clarke faculty his father's system of visible speech. Later, he was to marry Mabel Hubbard, who had been deafened at the age of 4. One of the great unfolding dramas of the time was the eventual partnership between Alexander Graham Bell and "May" Hubbard Bell. A recent article in the Northampton Daily Hampshire Gazette vividly recap- tures this memorable event. I commend the article of May 28, 1963, to my col- leagues: CLARKE SCHOOL FOR DEAF CARRYING ON VITAL WORK EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. CHARLES E. CHAMBERLAIN OF MICHIGAN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, June 4, 1963 Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, as the House will soon consider the Tax Rate Extension Act of 1963 to extend again the discriminatory excise tax against the automobile, I take this op- portunity to call the attention of my col- leagues to the following editorial from the 1963 Automotive Yearbook, setting forth so effectively the importance of the automobile industry to our whole econ- omy and the danger of serious repercus- sions if the industry does not continue to prosper. The excise taxes designed to retard production during wartime have been lifted from almost every product on which they were levied, but not on the automobile. Now, when the President is calling on us to consider tax reduction ' s as a force to stimulate the Nation economy, I submit that it is certainly a time for deep reflection about the ad- visability of continuing these unfair excises. The author of this editorial is Robert B. Powers, publisher of Ward's Auto- motive Reports, a well-known weekly digest covering all phases of automotive production. As we ponder about the various courses of action to promote eco- nomic growth, I feel that we should join in saying "Thank God for the auto in- dustry." The editorial follows: So GOES THE ECONOMY The automotive year of 1962 will be re- corded as the year Washington discovered the old Detroit adage. "As the auto Industry goes, so goes the economy. Certainly the industry that produced over 8 million cars and trucks gained little en- seemingly couragement from a licks gained more Interested in hearings and seemingly tions than in helping to create a favorable business climate. the year past, the attitude toward busi- toyment kept ness was puzzling, unemployment mounting, the Nation's gold supply kept dwindling, a scarcity of silver bullion be- came evident and the props were pulled out from under a seesaw security market. Yet the auto industry and all those de- pendent on it continued to thrive. The car- makers had attractive products and knew how to merchandise them to an increasingly selective public. And Chrysler, as the star performer of the year, sharply Increased Its share of the auto- motive market and helped to stir a sluggish security market to life. There Is an omen in all this that should not be Ignored. It is that a profitable and full-employment automotive year needs now to be close to a 8 million car and truck year. continually mounting costs car n and trit. The break-even point among automakers gets parts yearly higher. It's the same for the the makers, the dealers, the suppliers. y e ing t Mabel Hubbard, Wife and inspiration to his daughter to speak to the members of Alexander Graham Bell, early in life learned the committee. the meaning of the 23d Psalm. "They plied her with questions In historyFour-year-old May Hubbard walked and geography, and gave her simple grab through the valley of the shadow of death tams in arithmetic," MISS Waite writes. when she suffered a virulent attack of scar- "May's answers were prompt, while her whole let fever. The disease destroyed her hearing. face lit with eagerness. Coaxed by her mother, the bewildered little "Opening a book. May read a page or twogirl identified objects and even volunteerd easily and clearly. Something like awe a few words. But she could not hear. May seemed to drop over the room. Most of thA a at her parents' hearts when she said committee had sudden difficulties with their perplexedly, "Why don't the birdies sing? spectacles. ' ' '" anted a charter for Why don't you talk The legislature granted PSALM Clarke School for the Deaf -still carrying The Hubbards never were sure that May on its vital work at Northampton. Another bill provided for teaching deaf children at understood them. They feared that the ill- Clarke and other schools how to speak and ness had affected her brain. Then one day as Ilpread. The victory was complete. Mrs. Hubbard was reading the 23d Psalm her When Germany she was 13, Mabel Hubbard visited Ma mother y, the read, girl joined in as her with her mother. Even the di-follow , "And goodness and mercy shall rectors of the advanced German schools for In her book. "Make a Joyful Sound," man child in any oral school can match her Helen E. Waite describes the steps-first in any Way-speech or speech reading, or faltering, then confident-that May took everyday knowledge," one director said. it from the baffling world of silence and her is a tfue miracle." subsequent life with the inventor of the When Mabel was 15, her mother took her telephone. to Alexander Graham Bell to improve her Mabel Hubbard was the daughter of speech still further. Young Bell was teach- Gardiner Green Hubbard, a Boston lawyer ing visible speech, invented by his father, and philanthropist who was the first press- Alexander Melville Bell. It was a system of dent of the National Geographic Society. graphic symbols representing the position of Mr. Hubbard was determined that his speech organs In making different sounds. daughter should not spend her life In silence Professor and pupil fell In love. Mabel and Isolation. married Bell In 1877 when she Was 19, a Mr. Hubbard sought teachers who could year after he had successfully demonstrated as telephone at the Centennial Exposition his L It w 86 expert 2, a pioneering quest in 1 - -- -- million him no encouragement, "You cannot Though a great inventor, r. million on the year's output. retain her speech, Mr. Hubbard." they said. considered himself a teacher of the deaf. "She will be dumb in 3 months because she Until their deaths. he and Lira. Bell together A manufacturer in another field netted cannot hear. And If by some chance she did labored to help fulfill the Biblical prophecy $140 million on an Identical volume of busl- learn to produce words, her voice would be that the "cars of tthe t deeaf shf llh un- saness les and still suffer more than mm illion loss I in womb' rse than than the screech of a steam locomo- stopped facturer. A similar $100 million drop in five." sing." Unsatisfied. Mr. Hubbard turned to Samuel Howe, director of the Perkins Institution for the Blind. Dr. Howe, with Horace Mann, had written a classic report about the German schools where deaf children spoke and un- derstood others by reading lips. Dr. Howe said May could do the same. "Talk, talk, talk to her, just as you do to your other children." he advised. "Make sure she is watching your lips. And teach her by vibration. Have her feel your throat, the cat's purr, the piano, and make her talk." TRYING TIMES The task Was not easy. Neither of May's parents cared later to speak of those Iitf- Ilcult months. Mr. Hubbbard once said, "At first our little girl was very unwilling to talk," and Mrs. Hubbard wrote to a friend, "What an easy life you lead. How free from care compared to mine." "But then, gradually, the tide had turned," Miss Waite writes. "Miraculously, May un- derstood more and more of what was being said to her. She used words and even sen- tences more freely and voluntarily, even add- ing to her vocabulary words she hasn't known before her Illness ' ' She was a happy and responsive member of the family once more." Mary True, a devoted teacher, then took over May's education, drawing her firmly Into the hearing world. "She was my teacher for 3 years," Mrs. Bell later recalled, "and my friend for all time." In 1867, when she was 9 years old, May Hubbbard proved she had learned her les- sons well. She was the star witness at a State legislative hearing. A special committee of the Massachusetts Legislature was considering a proposal for a new school for the deaf. Witnesses doubted that deaf children could be taught to speak and read lips, and a strong faction wanted sign language taught at the new school. The sign language advocates were carry- until Mr. Hubbard called on da h Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved For Relea 1963-- CONGRE Assembly of Captive European Nations Deplores Approval of. Hungarian Cre- dentials in United Nations EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. EDWARD J. DERWINSKI OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, the recent approval of credentials of the Communist delegation of Hungary to the U.N. and the role in this approval that was played by the U.S. delegation is sub- ject to critical comment throughout the country. One of the organizations which right- fully, forcibly, and morally discusses this development-the Assembly of Captive European Nations-includes in its mem- bership the legitimate leaders of the Hungarian people, and I ask -leave to in- sert the statement of ACEN into the RECORD at this point: ASSEMDLY OF CAPTIVE EUROPEAN NATIONS DE- PLORES APPROVAL OF HUNGARIAN CREDENTIALS IN UNITED NATIONS Regarding the unopposed decision the United Nations Credentials Committee took on June 5 to accept the credentials of the Kadar-delegation to the U.N. General As- sembly, the Assembly of Captive European Nations issued today the following state- ment: The approval Of the credentials of the Kadar regime by the United Nations Creden- tials Committee will come as a great shock to the people of Hungary and other captive countries. The absence of any attempt to challenge the legitimacy of the representa- tives appointed by a regime the U.N. had branded as one established by Soviet military intervention will, we feel, be viewed as proof that to all practical purposes the question of Hungary has been dropped, as proof that sheer expediency and not principle deter- mines the policies of the Western powers. The abstention of the U.S. delegation will be credibly represented to the captive peoples by Communist propaganda as evidence that the status quo In East Central Europe has come to be accepted as final. It will further de- moralize the captive peoples and thus weaken an essential deterrent to Soviet aggressive- ness in Europe. The damage this action is bound to cause to the prestige and the vital interest of the Western powers can still be repaired, at least in part. The United States and other free nations can bring up the substance of the matter at the autumn session of the United Nations General Assembly. They can and should ask for the inscription of the real issue on the agenda of the next U.N. session. And the real issue is not whether some amelioration has occurred in Hungary, but whether the right of self-determination has or has not been restored to its people. The U.N. resolutions have called indeed for the restoration of political independence of Hungary by means of the withdrawal of So- viet troops, reestablishment of human rights and free elections. These are demands the passage of time cannot render obsolete. it Is the hope of the Assembly of Captive Eu- ropean Nations that public opinion in the United States and other free nations will lend strong support to the plea that the real issue be raised as a matter of principle, re- gardless of the chances of securing a majority vote. 06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 ONAL RECORD - APPENDIX A3721 EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. BRUCE ALGER OF TEXAS Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. ALGER. Mr. Speaker, while the Kennedy administration urges further understanding of the Russians and pre- pares for new concessions in the spirit of accommodation, the Soviet Union, through its puppet Castro, continues to use Cuba as a training school for sub- version in the Western Hemisphere de- signed to isolate dnd destroy the United States. Wouldn't it be a good idea, be- fore the President makes any further accommodation to tell Khrushchev to get his troops and weapons out of Cuba, stop sending his saboteurs into other Latin American countries and pull his agents out of the United States? Or is it too much to ask the Russians to at least call a halt to their campaign -against us while the peace talks are go- ing on? The following report from the Chicago Tribune of June 9 tells to what extent the Soviet Union is using Cuba to export subversion and make U.S. policies look ridiculous: REPORT FROM LATIN AMERICA: CALLS CUBA SCHOOL FOR ATTACK ON AMERICAS (By Jules Dubois) LIMA, PERU, June 8.--Pedro G. Beltran, for- mer Prime Minister, recently delivered an address to the Catholic Press Association of the United States and Canada in Miami Beach. "Cuba has thus become a model campus of the modern college for subversion of the Americas," he said. "The Communists are mounting an attack on our countries from within." No sooner had he returned home than P. band of Communists who had been trained in Cuba fought a battle with police at an isolated river port in Peru. Beltran, who has been exposing the Com- munist conspiracy in his newspaper La Prensa here; points out that his remarks in Miami Beach At the facts so well that they now sound as if they had been prepared after the event, "How can you expect to control this sort of indoctrination and infiltration?" Beltran asks with great concern. "The boys who are taken to Cuba-whether from Peru, Bo- livia, Colombia, and Ecuador or any of these countries-need no passport in order to travel. Once they are over the border, Castro agents furnish them with money and trans- portation. They are welcomed to Havana without documents and when they leave they are provided with forged passports which do not mention their stay in Cuba. Certainly they will not return home through regular channels. ACTIVITY BLAMED ON RUSSIANS IN CUBA "The fact is," Beltran warns, "that as long as the Russians are in Cuba, it will continue to be, as I said in Miami, a model campus of the modern college for subversion of the Americas." Beltran recalls that a distinguished Englishman reminded him recently that it took Europe centuries to halt the Moslem penetration and finally to drive them back 'from Europe. In South America, he points out, the Russian threat is seen in a different light. "We see Cuba as an ideal center of opera- tions for the subversion of Latin America," he says, "far handier and more effective in Khrushchev's plan for this part of the world than mother Russia. Russia is too far away. A different language is spoken there." Premier Fidel Castro learned that during his trip to. Russia, where he was rewarded by Khrushchev for having fallen In line as the Voice of Soviet Russia in Latin America. He was made a hero of the Soviet Union, another Communist accolade to. add to the Lenin Peace Prize that he previously received. This time, though, Khrushchev personally pinned the medal on him at a Moscow ceremony. While Beltran rightfully expresses his con- cern about the Communist encroachment, one must also ask what the Peruvian Gov- ernment plans to do about it, OAS CALLED ONLY AS GOOD AS MEMBERS - As yet there has been no sign that it might place the case before. the Organization of American States, Critics of the OAS lash at that body and accuse it of inaction. But the OAS is no better than its member govern- ments and it cannot act without being re- quested to do so by a government, In this particular case, Peru is the affected party, Peru has collected the evidence and has in custody the fighters who confessed they were trained, in Cuba. Perhaps the military junta that is super- vising tomorrow's presidential elections may feel that it is only an interim government and that the constitutional regime (ii one should assume. office July 28) is the one to pursue the matter before the OAS. In the meantime, though, the junta has been warned through the exposes of La Prensa, which began more than a year ago, that guerrillas were active in the Andean mountains and were part of a plot to seize the government and deliver the country to Russia. Beltran is now sparking another ? cam- paign; a law, against Communist subversion. The junta might enact that before it leaves office, If it does leave as scheduled. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. RALPH - F. BEERMANN OF NEBRASKA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr, BE:ERMANN. Mr. Speaker, `the future of the food and fiber industry from the producer to the consumer, is in a very delicately balanced, precarious position. Congress can and should write legislation during ? the 1st session of the 88th Congress that will gradually move our country forward, toward the day when our. commodities will enjoy a free market regulated by the greatest law- supply and consumption. The cotton problem is clearly illus- trated in the following article in the June 1963 issue of the, Reader's Digest: COSTLY CHAOS IN COTTON-TIME To END IT: ILL-CONCEIVED GOVERNMENT INTERFERENCE IS WREAKING HAVOC IN AN INDUSTRY THAT WAS FORMERLY ONE OF THE LEADING U.S. DOLLAR EARNERS ABROAD (By Robert S. Strother) With the very best of intentions, the U.S. Government is bringing ruin to the Ameri- can cotton growing and cotton textile Indus- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65BOG383R000200240048-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 A3722 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX tries-and losing nearly a half billion dollars a year in the process. Only a dozen years ago cotton was among the most valuable of all our exports. Our cottongrowers supplied 47 percent of the cotton fiber in world trade, and our mills 558 billion square yards of cotton piece goods. Today our growers supply only 33 percent of the cotton fiber traded, and our mills only 417 billion square yards of cotton piece goods. In the last decade 3,711,000 cotton system spindles have been shut down, and 282.000 textile mill jobs-15 percent of the total- have disappeared. In the last decade, too, our Imports of cotton textiles have multiplied tenfold. In 1960, for the first time since recordkeeping began, imports exceeded exports, and they are still rising. As every customer of a U.S. department store or supermarket can see, our display counters are loaded with blankets, lace curtain, tablecloths, underwear, shirts, dressing gowns-cotton textiles in almost every form known-bought abroad and offered here at low prices. On top of this, we have 8,500,000 bales of surplus cotton-41.7 billion worth-in stor- age, in spite of the fact that we spent ap- proximately 392 million tax dollars last year alone in efforts to dump, barter or, in effect. give the fiber away. In short. cottongrowers and processors are losing markets rapidly, both to foreign- grown cotton and to man-made fibers, and they will go on losing them until we have no cotton growers and mills left, or until our ill-conceived farm and trade policies are radically revised. The trouble in cotton began In the 1930's. At that time, the United States supplied nearly half of the world's requirements, sell- ing an average of 6,300,000 500-pound bales of cotton overseas annually, at a profit. Then, to help the small, depression-ridden farmer survive, the U.S. Government started propping up the price of cotton with public money, as it has done with wheat, corn, soy- beans, and other farm commodities. This kept poor marginal farmers in business. But it also raised U.S. cotton prices so high that our cotton began to lose buyers in the world market. After World War II, tropical nations around the globe saw a chance to profit by undercutting the U.B. high price for raw cotton. In addition, American point 4 ad- visers in countries such as India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, Mexico, and Brazil helped local growers with improved seed, machinery. and instruction in advanced methods of cul- tivation. Production abroad soon soared to record heights, and the world price of cotton fell. U.S. cotton, with its price pegged at around 35.5 cents, could not compete. By 1958 we were selling only 2,200,000 bales abroad, Instead of the 6,300,000 we had been selling 20 years earlier. Our stockpiled sur- plus rose to 14,500,000 bales. Something had to be done, Congress might have cut the subsidy being paid to cotton farmers, thus letting the price of U.S. cotton fall to a competitive level. The growers of about 85 percent of our cot- ton could have withstood this and been healthier for It, because it would have pre- served their market, and because they do not need a subsidy to compete with growers any- where anyway. But the small, Inefficient growers of the remaining 15 percent would have been squeezed out, some into other crops. some into other businesses. So. In- stead of cutting the subsidy. Congress piled a new subsidy on top of the old one, setting In motion a scheme which became notorious as "two-price cotton." This new scheme directed the Secre- tary of Agriculture to subsidize the sale of cotton abroad to any extent required to get rid of It. That meant, In effect, that he would buy up the surplus of U.B. cotton at the pegged price of, say, 33.5 cents a pound, and then dump it somewhere overseas at, say. 25.8 cents. He was empowered to take the difference out of the U.B. taxpayer. At the same time. U.B. cotton mills wore obliged to buy domestic cotton at the pegged price because there Is a virtual embargo on raw-cotton imports. Thus, adoption of the two-price system meant that U.S. mill owners had to pay 0187 a bale for the same cotton that the United States was glad to sell to a foreign mill for 0129. Spokesmen for the U.S. textile industry bitterly denounced two-price cotton as un- fair Government discrimination against U.S. mills-and predicted a flood of textile imports. Their forecast was quickly con- firmed. As the import tide rose month by month, many U.S. plants closed down, and others went on reduced workweeks. For the people who gained their living In the U.S. textile business, there was irony in the swirling tide of Imports; their own Income- tax payments had helped financed It. Meanwhile, the United States had em- barked an a second course which hastened the wrecking started by the two-price scheme. In a humanitarian move to provide cheap textile to clothe the ragged masses of Asia and the Middle East. U.B. foreign-aid administrators built a number of new textile plants abroad and modernized others. The new mills were equipped with the most ad- vanced machinery. American engineers, designers, and merchahdising men with vaunted know-how were sent abroad to help. These plants, too, moved In on the Amer- ican market. With wage rates as low as one- fourth to one-tenth of those enforced by law In U.S. mills, with U.S. cotton available at a discount (and even in some cases bought with U.S. aid funds), and with ef- ficient new plants financed in part by the American people. haw could they lose? Thus, the ruin of the cotton-growing in- dustry was spread to the cotton-textile in- dustry. Hundreds of thousands of Ameri- cans lost their jobs. There have been periodic-and inept-at- tempts to doctor the situation. U.S. textile exporters could not stay in business under a 25-percent handicap in raw-material costs; so an equalization fee was introduced. Un- der It, exporters may recover, again from the U.S. Treasury, 8.5 cents a pound for the cotton content of the goods they sell abroad. Most of the new would-be remedies were designed, however, to regulate the flow of imports. These, too, have proved fruitless. Japan, which buys large quantities of U.S. cotton (1,103,000 bales, or 39 percent of her requirements. In 1961-62). adopted a volun- tary quota on her shipments of cotton tex- tiles to the United States. But then Hong Kong rushed to supply what Japan relin- quished, followed by the Republic of Korea, Taiwan, Pakistan, India, the Philippines, Portugal. Spain. Italy, and France, Seeing little progress In resolving cot- ton's dilemma, some administration spokes- men seem inclined to wash their hands of the mess that the Government has done so much to create. The Washington Post said outright what Under Secretary of State George Ball seems to have hinted: perhaps the U.S. textile Industry should consider itself it "terminal ease." and arrange to ex- pire quietly while the Government under- takes to train its remaining 881,000 workers for other, unspecified. jobs. "Sustained pro- tection of uneconomic mills," the newspaper said, "would close our markets to struggling nations in whose advancement we have In- vested millions in foreign aid." Textile people flare at the Idea that the welfare of struggling nations should be of more concern to the U.S. Government than that of the 2 million Americans en- gaged in the domestic textile and garment industries. They attack the Idea that their industry is obsolete. "Foreign producers are not underselling us because they pro- duce a prettier, more serviceable, or more durable product," says Robert C. Jackson, executive vice president of the American Textile Manufacturers Institute, "but solely because they have access to cotton-includ- ing American cotton-at one-third less than we must pay, and because they pay a wage that could not be tolerated in this country." "I recognize that foreign-trade policy is an Integral part of overall foreign policy," Robert T. Stevens, president of the J. P. Ste- vens Co. mills has said. "Textiles, however, have been called upon to carry too much'of the load-unless our Government desires to consider the textile industry expendable." What Iles ahead for this sick industry? With President Kennedy's approval, the Department of Agriculture proposed in No- vember 1981 that an equalization fee of 8.5 cents a pound be levied on the cotton con- tent of textile Imports, thus exactly offset- ting the export subsidy. "A tariff to offset a subsidy that compensates for a price sup- port," snorted the New York Times. Fortunately the Tariff Commission re- jected the proposal, and the President tossed the problem back to the Department of Agriculture for referral to Congress, where one of the new ideas Is to let handlers other than the producers buy U.S. cotton at the 32.5-cent support price, sell it to U.S. mills at the 24-cent world price, and then collect the difference of hundreds of millions of dol- lars annually from the ever-loving U.S. Treasury. The favored remedy, in short, is still another huge subsidy-an attempt, In the words of the Baltimore Sun, to "balance by new Interference the unbalance wrought by earlier interference In previous efforts to balance still earlier interference." We don't need any more remedies of this sort. We need, basically, to get rid of the subsidy paid to U.S. cottongrowers, so that the price of our cotton can move toward the free-market level. This can be done gradually, over several crop seasons, and it must be done. The Committee for Eco- nomic Development and the American Farm Bureau Federation agree on this. The growers of 86 percent of U.S. cotton are by a wide margin the most efficient producers In the world, and can compete globally with- out leaning on a subsidy. It makes no sense to kill off both them and the cotton textile Industry In an attempt to keep the growers of the remaining 15 percent down on the farm. "The little cotton farmer is fighting a los- ing battle, and knows It," a Department of Agriculture official in Georgia said to me recently. "The Government, instead of try- ing to keep these guys in business, ought to be helping them to get out and into some- thing useful. It ought to give those who want it training and transition loans. A plan like that could save us a lot of money in The long run. It could also save the in- dustry." World consumption of cotton is increasing steadily, Despite its present troubles, U.S. cotton at the right price has a tremendous opportunity to recapture and expand its markets. It was U.S. research that doubled the cotton yield per acre In 30 years, and-that opened vast new markets by developing cot- ton textiles that resist wrinkling, scorching, and mildew. Still greater discoveries may lie just ahead, but only if price supports, re- duced gradually over several seasons, are used as a temporary bridge to carry the en- tire industry to solid economic ground, and no longer as a barrier to change. The people of the United States, in the hope of promoting prosperity and peace, have assumed enormous burdens, both economic and military, around the globe. Our com- mitments have been based on confidence in the Nation's unprecedented economic strength. To allow that strength to be un- dermined by carelessness or lack of fore- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RbP65B00383R000200240048-4 A3718 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -APPENDIX When I hear about the concern of passing debts on to the next generation, my reaction Is that the worst possible debt we could pass on the next generation is a boy or girl who is untrained and who is going to cost the next generation a $1,000 or more a year. That is the debt we can't pass on. The thing that we can't get across, apparently, is that a good many of the things we do as a Government are the kind of things compa- nies do as companies; they invest in the future. And the investment cost should not be charged against our present concept of expenditures. If we could get across the idea that when we train a person, put $1,000 into the edu- cation of a person, it is an investment for the future. When we build a park, when we build a highway, when we build a school, when we build a hospital, those things are investments for the future, and shouldn't be charged against the present. It's not just a matter of deficit spending, We a drawing of the distinction between Immedi- ate out-of-pocket costs and the investment thing. I agree, in principle, with what is suggested. I think it would be better if it were put In terms which got away from the idea of deficit spending. That's an oversimplification. Mr. SMITH. We asked Secretary Wirtz, will we get full employment back. Secretary , WIRTZ. That's a question the American public will have to answer. My answer to it is that we can get it down there. It takes the decision to do the things we want to do. But I'm talking, not-I'm talking hard business sense. If we do set out to do these things, if we develop a tax pro- gram, a manpowetti program and do these things we want to do, I think it can be moved down past the 4 percent, 3 percent, toward the 2 percent which is probably the ultimate limit because there are always people mov- ing from one job to another and there are al- ways a few who can't be employed. I think it is a practical target to shoot for 8 percent and a 2 percent. Mr. SMITH. Some friendly , advice from British politician Callaghan. Mr. CALLAGHAN. I think yours is a tough problem. I think you have got to educate. Could I make one general plea: that we shouldn't, any of us, allow ourselves to be- come the prisoners of words and of old- fashioned ideas no matter what they are. The real test is how are we going to make human beings live and fulfill all their values and all of the qualities of which they are capable? And we ought, if we find our Ideas are destroying human beings and their., right -to survive, then we ought to be willing to put those ideas on one side. Mr. SMITH. We have nothing to add that will improve on that. Good night. Bokaro Steel Decision ? EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. FRANCES P. BOLTON OF OHIO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mrs. FRANCES P. BOLTON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my re- marks in the RECORD, I include the fol- lowing editorial from the Cleveland Plain Dealer of June 1, 1963; The stage is being set for a clash between President Kennedy and Congress over the biggest foreign aid project we have ever un- dertaken. It is a proposal that the United States should spend $891 million of the tax- payers' money to finance the construction of a government-owned steel mill at Bokaro, India, 150 miles northwest of Calcutta. President Kennedy is on record as favoring' the project. At his May 8 press conference he noted that India needs steel and added: "I would think we could assist if it meets what the economy of India requires, I think we ought to do it." There is opposition to the project in Con- gress, in part because of district of Prime Minister Nehru's neutralist policies, his seiz- ure of, Portuguese Goa by force and his re- fusal to agree to a plebiscite to determine the future of Kashmir, The opposition has been reinforced by the report of the foreign aid investigating com- mittee headed by Gen. Lucius Clay. That committee said the United States "should not aid a foreign government in projects establishing government owned industrial and commercial enterprises which compete with priv,te endeavors." The committee reasoned that the way to get development is to keep government out, that otherwise the fear of political pressures and price and tax restrictions would discourage investment by private enterprise. India already has five steel mills, three owned by the government and two privately owned. The three government-owned plants were built with foreign aid help, one by West Germany, one by Soviet Russia and one. by Britain. But all five do not produce enough steel to meet India's needs. For several years Congress has been spoil- ing for a fight over foreign aid. The Bokaro project could touch it off In the form of an amendment to the foreign.aid bill specifically barring the Bokaro proposal, or prohibiting aid for government enterprises which com- pete with privately owned business. U.N. Secretary Peddles Communist View to American Students EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. BRUCE ALGER OF TEXAS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. ALGER. Mr, Speaker, for those apologists for the pro-Communist official statements of the U.N., I refer them to the following editorial appraisal of a commencement address by the Secretary General, U Thant, to the graduating class of Mount Holyoke College. How far will the American people permit an organization based on our soil, largely' financed by our taxpayers to go on giving lipservice to the cause of our enemies? U THANT AGAIN The Secretary General of the United Na- tions, U Thant, used the occasion of a com- mencement address at Mount Holyoke Col- lege to unload another of his patented apologies for communism. To hear him tell it, communism is a friendly and Innocent system, content to live and let live, and the world environment is poisoned by unjust suspicions of its aims. Mr. Thant did not have the effrontery to name the principal culprit as the United States, but that was most certainly the thought in his mind. It was, he said, a. "psychological or emotional frame of mind"' that produces wars. "This state of mind, fed daily by mass media propagating sensationalism and sus- picion," he said, "develops into a condition June 10 bordering on obsession, which renders peace- ful settlement of disputes difficult if not impossible." As Mr. Thant derives his large tax-free in- come by residing among us, it may be taken that this is his characterization of American media. It is not within his mental com- pass that all media in Communist countries are harnessed to the propaganda purposes of the state and give vent to a constant stream of vilification against those standing in the way of a Communist takeover. Nor are the rocket rattling speeches of Khrushchev'or the usual threatening ora- tions of Red military leaders on such occa- sions as May day exactly in harmony with the Thant thesis that hostility and hatred are preached only In the West. "History," said the Secretary General, "is full of examples of religious intolerance, but the ideological fanaticism that we see today seems to me sometimes to be even more im- placable, and certainly more deadly and dangerous to the human race, than the re- ligious fanaticism which marked the history of past centuries." This might be taken as an adequate characterization of communism, but if .you think that Thant meant it to be so, you will be obliged to guess again. For the Secre- tary General's remarks must be read hi the context of an incredible speech which he delivered December 2, 1982, at John Hopkins University. In that appearance he 'described the amelioration of communism from Stalin to Khrushchev, describing Khrushchev as com- mitted to the thesis "not of the inevitability of war, but of the imperative of competitive coexistence." Thant embelished this apprais- al with the suggestion that we settle such contrived controversies as, that relating to Berlin by a process of give and take with the Communists. - As Prof. Hans J. Morgenthau of the Uni- versity of Chicago has remarked, "How do you bargain with a nation which believes in the universal triumph of communism and regards itself as charged with the mission of bringing about your doom? What can you give a nation by way of compromise if that nation is bent on taking all?" At Mount Holyoke, Thant wound up with the vision of a neutralist world governed by a world authority developing through the U.N. out of the needs of its largest and most powerful constituent members. -This is fantasy, for how can the United States and. the Soviet Union ever make common cause when their spirit and motives are irrecon- cilable? NSION OF REMARKS or HON. WILLIAM C. CRAMER OF FLORIDA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, June 5, 1963 Mr. CRAMER. Mr. Speaker, for many months now, the world has been awak- ened to the tremendous degree of com- munist subversives who, trained in Cuba, are spreading destruction throughout this hemisphere. The most recent na- tion to feel the sting of Castro's maraud- ers is Canada-a nation that continues to do business with Communist Cuba. The recent bombings in Quebec, the subject of an excellent Miami Herald editorial of June 4, 1963, and which I insert in the RECORD following my brief remarks, should further awaken nations Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX Mr. SMrrn. Now, why is It that we did so well from the war up to 1957 and relatively much less since 1957? Secretary Wrx2z. Well, when you say so well that the economy is moving along right now at a good rate in terms of gross na- tional product and so on and so forth. But something that people forget Is that the impact of automation on the economy came during those fifties, when the work force growth was low because of the war and the postponed effect from it. Now we are get- ting the confluence of both automation and the increase in the economy, so even though the economy as a whole is doing well in terms of full employment, we are not doing well. Mr. Satrru. How many jobs do we have to create each year? Secretary Wrarz. We have to create for the next 4 or 5 years a million and a half new jobs each year to take care of new people coming Into the work force. It's growing that fast. In addition to that, we have to create jobs to replace every job which a machine takes away. Now, that's a hard figure to arrive at, but it's running right now between 25,000 and 30,000 a week. And In addition to that, We have got to create jobs which will bring our present unemploy- ment down from-oh, about 51/= percent to the figure 4, 3, 2, hopefully. The combina- tion to these means the answer to your ques- tion. Something in the neighborhood of 2 million jobs a year for the next 4 or 5 years, It's a big order. Mr. SacrrH. Now you have been quoted as saying that even though we don't have enough jobs to go around, the amount of work to be done in this Nation Is tremendous and that we could use all the people we have if we would use them sensibly. What about that? Secretary Wrarz. If we would set out to do the things we want to do in this country- some things In the private sector: pulling up the low Incomes to the level they ought to be; some things In the public schools we ought to meet; the hospitals; get rid of the slums; we could have a manpower shortage In this country very easily, If we set out to do the things we can do, want to do, and a good many of them we will do. That's where the answer will come. Mr. SMITH. The problem of getting enough purchasing power to the people to stimulate Industry to employ more people Is crucial. In America In the depression thirties. unem- ployment remained high because with all the Government spending, not enough was spent. In America after World War II the situa- tion was the opposite. War put a stored up purchasing power equal to a hundred and fifty billion dollars in Americans' pockets, and they spent it. Also, rising expenditures of the Marshall plan and the cold war In- jected more purchasing power. The result was a period of full employment. The year 1957 Is the year the postwar boom Is considered to have ended. Surplus purchasing power was used up. Defense spending continued to rise but It went no longer into industries turning out masses of weapons and employing millions of workers; it went into new weapons requiring fewer high-paid workers. Also, to reduce rising labor costs, Industries automated at a furious rate, reducing the need for man- power. And now the postwar baby crop is coming of age, demanding more jobs faster. To illustrate the problem: this is a schematic oversimplified design of how the economy works: One, the consumer buys goods; Two, the store then orders more goods from the factory; and Three, the factory Invests In increasing its plant In order to make more goods this em- ploys more workers and puts money Into hands of consumers. But now, the now plant Is automated and employs fewer people, distributing less money. Flow of dollars, once swift, from consumer to Store, now slows down too. The store orders less from the factory. The plant cute down on Its production, causing unemployment. The debate about what we should do In- volves dissension about where we should restimulate the flow. Robert Rclibroner thinks the flow should be stimulated at the investment point: Mr. Hxn,aaosxs. Today if you had to put yaur finger on the buyer In the economy who is not so much the consumer, it is busi- ness. Business buys for capital expansion. Business is buying new plants, new build- ings, new machinery. That's the sector which Is, in a sense buoyant enough, but disappointing. It could be higher. Mr. BtrrLxa. The problem In our economy for 8 or 7 years has not been a lag in Gov- ernment spending. Government spending has been going up 6 percent for a year on the average. The lag has been to business Investment In new plants and equipment. The investment that provides new and better machinery and thus supports the creation of new jobs. Such Investment If not increased in this 7-year period has been steady. Our problem is to provide the incentives, the encouragement to Increase investment in new plants and equipment and thus achieve real and lasting prosperity. Mr. SMITH. Economist Leon Keyserling disagrees. He thinks the stimulus should be aimed directly Into the pockets of con- sumers. Mr. Ks-vsrsLTNG. The reason business Isn't Investing still more is that they do not fore- see enough more demand for their products to Invest even more rapidly than they are in the building of plants and equipment. Therefore, the whole concentration of stimulatory policy, In my view, should be on the expansion of consumption, demand for other products. That takes two forms: consumption among 180-odd million Amert- can people, privately, and consumption by Government-public spending-of the things that a nation needs and can't get privately. Senator DOUGLAS. I would say that the remedy is to raise purchasing power to the level of prices. This does mean an increase in the national debt, because It Would be effected either by cutting taxes without com- mensurately cutting expenditures or chok- ing off private demand through curtailing credit, or by a public works program. In either care what you do is put an injection of monetary purchasing power into the economy to build up total demand. Mr. SurrH. The President's plan in aimed to please both those who want him to stimu- late investors, and those who want him to stimulate the consumers. His plan is a tax cut and a tax reform that will give both In- vestors and consumers more money to spend. Like many plans aimed to please everybody, it may please none. We asked the investor's man, William But- ler, if the President's plan will solve our problems: Mr. BuTLSa. No; I do not believe it will. It seems to me that the President's tax pro- gram is spread out over too long a period- 3 years or longer in the case of the oorporate tax-and this dilutes Its Impact so that it will not do the necessary job. Mr. SMrtrr. Keyserling, who prefers to stim- ulate the consumer: Mr. Ka'rsxRLING. I don't think the tax pro- gram Itself will do very much to help this problem. First, because it is too small. Soc- end, because I think it Isn't distributed in a way that will maximize its effectiveness. And third, because I think many other things besides taxation are even more important than tax reduction to deal with this unem- ployment problem, A3717 Mr. Saerrir. We have never hesitated taking stands on this program and won't hesitate now. I think Mr. Keyserling Is right. The economy is sluggish and doesn't provide enough employment for people because about one-fifth of Americans live In poverty and haven't enough purchasing power to give the economy the stimulation It needs. The logi- cal thing todo would be not to have a feeble tax cut to benefit well-off people who don't need It. The logical thing would be more Government spending to get money to the bottom one-fifth of Americans, spending on their sadly neglected education, on replac- ing their slums with decent neighborhoods, and so on. However, even the President's rather weak tax out is getting nowhere In Congress. What is it that Impedes action to cure what the President has called our No. 1 domestic prob- lem-unemployment? The tendency of unemployment to rise amid our great wealth can only be halted and reversed by vigorous action, especially by Government spending which will no doubt Increase our deficit. There is a deep-rooted and wrong American prejudice against Gov- ernment spending and deficits. Almost every modern American President has deferred to that prejudice with calamitous results. In the 'early thirties, President Hoover thought that restricted Government spend- ing would bring prosperity just around the corner. In fact, It deepened depression. It is easy to forget that Franklin D. Roose- velt's winning campaign in 1932 Was that he would balance the budget and restrict Government expenditure. He became fa- mous for doing the opposite, but not enough to end the depression. In the 1952 campaign, Eisenhower promised one thing-to balance the budget. In office he failed to do that 5 years out of 8, and created the biggest peacetime deficit in our history, but In trying to obey the myth presided over a series of recessions. Kennedy's key campaign promise was to get the economy moving. He has not nota- bly succeeded, and that Is greatly-due to not facing the need for much more Government expenditure. British Politician James Callaghan offers an apt comment on deficit spending. Mr. CALLAGHAN. We show a deficit you know. But by altering the way which we made up our accounts we could show a profit If we wanted to. And we do confuse, I think, capital items with revenue items. Where's the profit when you put in a sewage scheme or when you build aschool? There isn't any but It shows a deficit. And yet these are capital items which are going to yield a return, although not a direct financial return. We are altering our system of accounts in Britain because we want to make this more clear. We've been held up to the world as running very heavy deficits. By altering the accounts we needn't alter our policy. We will just look better. This is absurd you know, really, and I do think we've got to be very careful not to become the prisoners of words on this question of deficit financing. Mr. SMITH. Secretary of Labor Willard Wirtz. Secretary Wlarz. I think in connection with these programs we propose the Man- power Development Training Program, a bet- ter education program, a youth employment act, that kind of thing, we are told that the cost is such that we can't afford it. I wish I could someway get across the idea that it would cost us today-does cost today-just in round figures about a thousand dollars to retrain a man, to salvage a boy or girl who would otherwise go into the slag heap, about a thousand dollars. That boy or girl will represent a cost to this economy of this country of about a thousand dollars a year If we don't train him or her. The economics someway get out of joint. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved Fort-R4t"fk/1?3pP-.65pP$M200240048-4 A3719 dealing with Castro to the insanity of their position. Trading opens the door to subversives.' It makes their dirty work child's play. Any nation doubting Castro's aims in this hemisphere should examine closely the- Canadian . episode. It offers the clearest proof possible that when trading with Castro, the bonus is subversion and sabotage. The Miami Herald editorial herein referred to follows: A CUBAN EXPORT-TO CANADA One sentence stands out in a dispatch from Montreal reporting that police arrested eight suspects in the recent wave of bomb- ings in Quebec: They said the leader was trained in Cuba." A later account called him "a 33-year-old Belgian trained in terror tactics in Commu- nist Cuba." The others were said to be mostly between 19 and 22 years old. One was described as a mechanic who fabricated the bombs. In making the arrests, police confiscated 50 sticks of dynamite, detonator caps,. fuses, timing devices, and wires. These details are meaningful. So is the gang's method of operating, even to its name, the Quebec Liberation Front (FLQ). The stated purpose of the FLQ was to force the secession of French-speaking Quebec from the other Canadian provinces. The announced aim played on the long- standing desire of French Canadians for a larger voice in their nation's affairs. Any other grievance would have served as well. But the real aim of such terrorists always is the same-to foment hatred, strife, and dis- orders. The FLQ boasted of its crimes. One of its bomb victims was a 65-year-old night watch- man. Another was an army sergeant barely alive after losing his left hand and suffering severe brain damage while trying to defuse a bomb planted in a residential mailbox. The gang also claimed credit for blowing up a section of railway track in the path of Canada's Prime Minister, and for a -$36,000 army payroll robbery in which a soldier was shot six times by a masked bandit carrying a submachinegun. If all this sounds familiar, it is. The liberators of Quebec were following the same pattern as their counterparts in Ven- ezuela and elsewhere in Latin America. The difference is that good police work in Canada, by peace officers and soldiers; put the suspects behind bars and "broke the_ back" of the gang, in the words of a police official. The formula is the kind that comes straight from Communist training camps in occupied Cuba: Send one trained terrorist anywhere in the Western Hemisphere. Give him an appropriate arsenal, or money to acquire it. Let him use any handy local issue to recruit young hotheads. Launch the reign of terror. The sequel in Canada should be as in- structive as the opening chapters. South of' the border Americans will ask again: How long do we tolerate the three "C's" in our hemispheric alphabet: Castro's Communist Cuba? EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. CHARLES E. GOODELL OF NEW YORE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. GOODELL. Mr. Speaker, every Member of the House should have an opportunity to read James Reston's col- umn that appeared in the New York Times for Sunday, June 9, 1963. Mr. Reston is not a partisan critic of the President. He speaks of President Ken- nedy from a sympathetic and knowl- edgeable base. I particularly call attention to this paragraph by Mr. Reston: The President's appeal, somehow, is to the mind of the Nation and not to its heart. He defines the problems of race, unemploy- ment and education, but doesn't came to grips with them. He is a tactician but not a teacher. He plays touch government: he seems to touch everything and tackle nothing. Under unanimous consent I include the entire column at this point: TOUCH GOVERNMENT (By James Reston) WASHINGTON, June 8--Almost every politi- cal crisis in the Nation is a time of opportu- nity as well as danger, and this is particularly true of the current racial crisis. The country has been startled by the con- flict in the streets. It is now paying atten- tion. The opportunity, therefore, has come for leadership at every level-National, State, and local-to break through the barriers of prejudice and indifference and sweep away the intolerable injustices to the American Negro. Here the leadership of the President is critical. He cannot do it alone. He needs the help of the Congress, the Governors, and the public and private leaders of every com- munity, North and South. But the job of creating a working majority of the people for change, of bringing the feelings of the fairminded majority of the Nation to bear on public legislation, is undoubtedly his. THE LEADERSHIP PROBLEM There is something wrong with his leader- ship on the homefront. Something is miss- ing In his speeches, his press conferences, his trips, and his timing. He is not communi- cating his convictions effectively, and it is important to try to analyze why. Tlye President's appeal, somehow, is to the mind of the Nation and not to its heart. He defines the problems of race, unemployment, and education, but doesn't come to grips with them. He is a tactician but not a teacher. He plays touch -government: He seems to touch everything and tackle noth- ing. There is something too cool about it all. He gives the country statistics about the Negro-17 percent Negro unemployed in Chi- cago and only 5 percent white, etc.-but he doesn't convey the humiliation or the ache in the heart.. This is a just and decent country. It may be confused about taxes and missiles, trade and budgets, Federal and local power, but on human questions like the right of a Negro to buy a sandwich at a drugstore counter or a spend a night without embarrassment at a hotel, the vast majority Is obviously for equality. President Kennedy has never seemed to be- lieve much in appealing to the spirit of the whole Nation. He thinks in blocs. He con- centrates on institutions, on the leaders of associations, and on the representatives of the people rather than on the people them- selves, He is, in short, political rather than philo- sophical, more given to manipulation. than education. But the fact remains that ma- nipulation has not succeeded. The people like him but do not quite believe in him enough to support him openly. The Con- gress admires his political skill but does not follow his policies. DIFFUSING THE IMPACT His trip into the west this weekend illus- trates the "point. ' The main thing on his mind when' he left here was the racial crisis, in which he needs the support of the ma- jority. of the people and of the Republican Party. But he did not speak in a single fo- rum where he could be heard by the whole Nation, and he did not concentrate on the race issue, but mixed it up with military policy and a Democratic fundraising politi- cal rally in Los Angeles. The result of this is not to inspire disin- terested concentration on the central race question, or direct the attention of the whole Nation to the race problem, but to disperse an enormous amount of personal energy over local audiences and different subjects, in- cluding the raising of funds to defeat Repub- licans whose support he desperately needs in Congress if he is to get any civil rights legislation at all. The surprising thing about this is that the President knows how to concentrate on a single subject and focus the attention of the whole Nation on it. He has done so in the past on the Berlin crisis and the Cuban crisis. The national television audience is available to him almost any time he requests it. He can present his civil rights program to a joint session of Congress, and again arrest the attention of the whole Nation. All will listen if he carries his civil rights battle into the South or the racial jungles of north- ern cities. But he has done .none of these things. Something, then, is obviously wrong. When the Chinese write the word "crisis," they do so in two characters, one of which means "danger and the other "opportunity." But the opportunity in the present racial danger Is not being exploited and part of the rea- son is that the leadership is well meaning, but ineffective. Reviewing Foreign Aid EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. EDWARD J. DERWINSKI OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, very soon the House will consider the foreign aid, authorization bill, subject at this time to recent review by the Clay Com- mittee. The Philadelphia Bulletin on June 5, editorially commented on the need for review of foreign aid. I insert this timely editorial into the RECORD at this time: REVIEWING FOREIGN AID Sixteen years ago today, on June 5, 1947, General Marshall, then Secretary of State, delivered the commencement address at Har- vard. It must have been the most influen- tial.speech ever given at a graduation exer- cise, for in it he launched the idea of foreign aid. The war was over, and war measures like lend-lease had ended with the coming of peace. What Marshall now proposed was something new. Let the nations of "Europe, laid waste by the conflict, agree on a Eu- ropean recovery program, and the United States would be prepared to finance it. The offer extended to the Communist nations (who quickly spurned it) and to former enemies like Germany and Italy, as well as to faithful allies. Now, after 16 years, Europe no longer needs assistance, except for our participation in NATO, a strictly defense operation. But, In Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 A3720 Approved Ff I*M]Bff6/ &6 DPJ gMJR000200240048-4 J `e 10 the meanwhile, the Idea of foreign aid has been extended to cover (1) nations directly threatened by Communist aggression; (2) nations ostensibly undecided between East and West, who get help In the hope that it will keep them out of Moscow's orbit; (3) new nations struggling to get on their feet; (4) underdeveloped nations all over the world. Congress is now reviewing foreign aid, and many close observers have said bluntly that we must reduce substantially the budget re- quests of the administration. It Is undeni- able that serious errors and miscalculations have marred the program's record. Some could not be avoided. but others grew out of theories that have failed to prove them- selves. For example, 16 years of experimen- tal foreign aid has not shown that a Tito. a Gomulka. or any other Communist can be converted by making his path smooth for oppression. Nor can we congratulate ourselves on the career of a hostile neutralist like Sukarno. Perhaps the effort to win him over was worth a try. But now that the money is running out in this country, and we are faced with the necessity of establishing pri- orities. If something must go, experiments which have failed should be among the first programs to be terminated. Another field under scrutiny is the ad- visability of financing adventures in public ownership, like a steel mill for India, just to show our good will. There are critical areas in the world- one right at our doorstep, in the Caribbean- which can use foreign aid money expended in our own self-interest. There are others where actual fighting isgoing on. and where our interests are vitally engaged. After they have been taken care of, allocations for other purposes should be examined with cool ob- jectivity. The fact is, that our continued loss of gold and hard foreign exchange has created an emergency which cannot be. sepa- rated from the outgo of foreign aid money and goods from this country. The United States can no longer afford the pleasant role of rich uncle to all the world. Education Dragging EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. F. BRADFORD MORSE OF MASSACHUSETTS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. MORSE. Mr. Speaker, on June 5. Commissioner of Education Francis Keppel delivered one of the finest state- ments on the problems of American edu- cation that I have ever seen. Delivering the commencement address at my alma mater, Boston University, Commissioner Keppel pointed out the need for constant attention to the improvement of the quality of our teachers and our educa- tional product, as well as the quality of our classrooms and instructors. The sig- nificance of the search for quality and excellence can never be overemphasized. Under unanimous consent I insert In the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD the article by John Chaffee, Jr., which appeared in the Boston Herald on June 6 discussing Commissioner Keppel's address: "EDUCATION DRAGGING," WARNS KEPPEL: 2,482 AWARDED BOSTON UNtvEasrrY DEGREES (By John Chaffee, Jr.) The Nation lacks a much-needed sense of urgency regarding the adequacy and quality of Its schooling, U.S. Education Commis- sioner Francis Keppei said yesterday at Boa- ton University's first outdoor commencement. Only B months after assuming the task of directing the Nation's education effort, Keppel said he has found in Washington only vague agreement that something ought to be done about improving the quality of schooling In America. wArrED TOO LONG Federal aid to education must be raised from a "desirable domestic goal to a deadly serious necessity," the former dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Education told a crowd of nearly 20,000 at Boston University field. "A basic question is not whether our schools and colleges are better than those of the past-they are---but whether they are good enough for the future-they are not," Keppel said. "Knowledge and technology-are moving so rapidly that only progressively faster and better learning can succeed in keeping Indi- viduals a Jump ahead of Ignorance," Kep- pel warned. "Much of what was true yesterday is al- ready obsolete or old fashioned today; and much that seems important today must be reevaluated tomorrow." The commissioner then told 2,482 degree candidates that they were already partly obsolete. "We have waited too long," he Insisted. "We are face to face with a problem that must be solved at once or our national fu- ture will be In Jeopardy. "We cannot be satisfied with yesterday's brand of education for tomorrow's world." LARGEST IN TWELVE YEARS Keppel was one of 10 honorary degree re- cipients at exercises for Boaton University's larger:t graduating class In 12 years. Director Sargent Shriver and the Peace Corps EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. EDWARD P. BOLAND 07 MASSACHUSETTS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, June 10, 1963 Mr. BOLAND. Mr. Speaker, many words of praise have been heaped upon the Peace Corps since its inception 2V2 years ago. They have come from world leaders and some of the original critics of the Peace Corps within this country. In every instance of praise, bouquets are also tossed to Peace Corps Director Sargent Shriver for his faith, vigor, and persistence in organizing what many said could not be organized, training the young people who did want to serve humanity selflessly, and winning world- wide acclaim for the United States and the idealism of Americans. Mr. Speaker, I think that my col- leagues will be Interested in a recent article by the noted columnist, Holmes Alexander, printed in the Boston Herald on May 29, 1903, concerning the Peace Corps and Director Shriver. The article follows: WHAT HAPPENS NsxT?-Is PEACE CORPS MERELY SHRIVER? (By Holmes Alexander) WASHINGTON, D.C.-It's fair to say for Sar- gent Shriver, Director of the Peace Corps, that he now carries the undeserved handicap of being a Kennedy in-law. Any other Frontiersman who had proved his administrative ability as Shriver has in a minor post would have been promoted long before now. But the Cabinet is closed to him because a Kennedy is already there. The governorship of Illinois is presently blocked by local political complications. Shriver seems likely to keep his present post until after next years' elections. Meanwhile. Imitation being the sincerest form of flattery, Shriver is being interna- tionally complimented In a manner that no administration figure can boast. Eight na- tions are in the process, or on the verge, of forming volunteer oversea agencies on the American Peace Corps model. West Ger- many has appropriated $1.4 million for the purpose, and is expected to hold some sort of Inaugural ceremony when President Ken- nedy, accompanied by Shriver, visits there next month. Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and New Zealand have made starts. Italy, Switzerland, and Belgium are discus- ing ways and means with Shriver. Hondu- ras. El Salvador, and Jamaica are instituting domestic versions of the Corps. Argentina plans to send Spanish teachers to the United States in a gesture of reciprocity. Shriver has showed rare signs of adminis- trative talent. He recovered from a very rocky start when the Corps got some bad publicity at the outset. Although his outfit is growing faster than Congress and other critics would like (he is aiming for an en- listment of 13,000 by September 1964), Shriver has done the truly remarkable thing of cutting the administrative spending ratio. He began by spending 33 cents to the dollar on headquarters money, and now has It down to 19 cents. It costs $7,000 to keep a volunteer corpsman In the field and only $2,000 to keep an administrator behind him. By bureaucratic standards, these are economical operations. But Shriver may have outgrown his job. He also may have made things very tough for his successor. Now that the novelty of the Peace Corps has worn off, it bears the burden of proving its worth. The first year's appropriation was $30 million, the second was $59 million, the present year's asking price Is $108 million. Congress has already refused to underwrite $150,000, which Shriver asked to pay the first-year expenses of founding an International sec- retariat. The danger of overevangelism, which always besets do-gooder organiza- tions, is beginning to show. The next Peace Corps Director will have to trim ship. That will be the time, with Shriver gone and his fledgling out of the nest, to ask If this Idealistic effort is worth pursuing. The test, I think, will not come on the elevated but unprovable thesis that the Peace Corps is, in William James' famous concept, a "moral equivalent of war." This kind of down-to-earth, secular missionary work does not remove the international causes of conflict for the plain reason that people do not make war. Their politicians do that for them. The causes of war are so complex that not even the greatest his- torians have ever devised a credible ex- planation for mankind's organizational pugnacity. But the Peace Corps Idea will prove its worth, if at all, on a much lower scale. It has already demonstrated the usefulness of what is known in Shriver shoptalk as "middle-level manpower." The scientist and the economist at the top, and the com- mon taborer at the bottom, are not the full answer to community development at home or abroad. Something else is needed. Call it the missing link. And it may be that Peace Corps Idea of personal Instructorship Is it. Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD HOUSE to the attention of our people. But I have for your consideration today what I consider one of the most glaring lapses of good thinking that has crossed my desk for some time. It concerns an instance where the Area Redevelopment Administration has entered- the sugar- beet growing business in a area of the country where there is no history to substantiate the growing of such a crop. And I gather that if ARA and the De- partment of Agriculture have their way, a substantial amount of our new domes- tic beet quota may go to that area in- stead of to areas across the country that already have ideal soil for the growing of beets. On March 6 of this year, the Area Re- development Administration announced that a $25,000 technical assistance study had been granted to determine the eco- nomic and engineering feasibility of establishing a sugarbeet refinery in Cayuga County, N.Y. This study was granted because Cayuga County had been designated as eligible to participate in the area redevelopment program due to substantial and persistent unemploy- ment. On March 20, also this year, ARA tells us that a $93,000 technical assist- ance study of the feasibility of growing and processing sugarbeets in Cayuga County, N.Y., has been approved. That is a total of $118,000 just to find out whether or not sugarbeets can be grown in an area that ARA has admitted is hilly and rocky. There is even some doubt as to whether harvesting machin- ery can function properly. They are growing sugarbeets on a test area covering 250 acres of Cayuga Coun- ty at at this very moment, and a news release circulated in that area states that ARA is supplying the contracting farmers with the necessary seed, is fur- nishing them with the proper planting and harvesting machinery, and will end up by purchasing the crops from them at prevailing market rates. The same release informs us that the Agriculture Department is reserving a special 50,000-ton sugarbeet allocation for Cayuga County and that ARA is scheduled to underwrite some 65 percent of the cost of the $20 million project. That release says further that the re- finery, if finally approved, could not become fully operational until 1966, but that the Department of Agriculture in- tends to ask Congress to amend -last year's law so that, if the tests prove suc- cessful, the project can get underway immediately. - Apparently Cayuga County would al- ready have the allocation if it were not for one little technicality: Nobody knows yet whether or not the farmers there can raise sugarbeets on questionable soil. But ARA seems to be taking care of that little detail this summer with taxpayer- financed studies. The point I want to make is that we have dozens of areas across the Nation, with some of, the most suitable soils known for the raising of sugarbeets, who have been literally begging for acreage allotments. These areas, too, such as in my own native Red River Valley, have been declared ARA eligible because of persistent unemployment. The Cayuga project, then, is just another attempt to solve a problem in one area while cre- ating new problems for other areas of the country. This is an outright attempt to ignore the known beet growing areas of the country for an unknown quantity in the dubious name of area redevelop- ment. The great Red River Valley of Min- nesota and the Dakotas, for instance, are not asking for ARA-financed studies. They are not asking for anything except permission to grow beets on some of the richest and most productive soil in the world. But this, Government does not hear them, because we are so busy spending public funds on make-work projects that may never be feasible. Mr. Speaker, such projects just do not make economic sense, nor do they alle- viate the human suffering for which they are intended. The Federal Government simply pours thousands of dollars into areas that then compete directly with worthwhile, organized local effort else- where, The sorry part of this mess is that farmers in known sugarbeet areas are being hurt because of efforts to solve problems elsewhere, problems our farm- ers had no part in creating. it is time we called a halt to make- work projects that do nothing except waste our money in one section of the country and create new problems else- where. SPECIAL ORDER Mr. BROMWELL. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that on tomorrow, at the close of business and following all other special orders previously granted, I may be permitted to address the House for 30 minutes. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Iowa? Mr. HAYS. Mr. Speaker, I object. UNITED ST CONCERNED AT RISE I1ri/r'HIP SAILINGS i d \lM11. lilt 1V -v asked an was g ven permission address the House for 1 minute, to revise and extend his remarks, and to include an article.) Mr. CRAMER. Mr. Speaker, I listened with great interest to the President's speech before the graduating class of American University. If that class was not afraid to meet the challenges of the sixties before the President's address, they must be scared to death now; for the President, reciting the latest New Frontier line, successfully expounded a 9939 fear of war psychosis which, if past per- formance is any indication, is intended to pave the way for further concessions to the Soviets. The President stated that the people of the United States should reexamine their attitude toward Russia, What does this mean? Are the American people, after re- examining, to decide that atheistic com- munism is not so bad? That the Soviet enslavement of millions of people behind the Iron Curtain is all right? That the brutality and slaughter of freedom-seek- ing people in Hungry should be regarded as a childish prank? That the brick wall separating families and loved ones in Berlin, in spite of treaties to the con- trary, is merely an expression of Soviet architecture? Are we to overlook every treaty the Russians have broken which is, in effect, every treaty they have ever made? I think the answers to these questions are meant to be "yes" if one places any credibility in the President's almost un- believable statement that the antognos- tic, saber-rattling utterances that come from Russia are not really indicative of the thinking of Khrushchev and the So- viets, but of his propagandists. According to the President, freedom- loving countries can get along with the Soviet system of dictatorship and en- slavement if we. take the time and effort to increase our understanding of it, if we improve our communications with them. This statement of New Frontier for- eign policy is frightening, and the ped- dling of the scare of war philosophy by the Kennedy administration makes fur- ther concessions to the Russians in order to get along with them inevitable. This sounds reminiscent, but in far more covert terms, of it is better to be Red than dead. The American people do not regard these as the only alternatives. They choose to be alive and free, and this can only be accomplished with a strong and determined foreign policy that is not frightened to death of and seeking accommodations with an enemy that has promised to bury us, has prom- ised that our grandchildren will grow up under communism. This basic expression of New Frontier philospohy is being applied to this hemi- sphere today, particularly with regard to Cuba. I have been stating for many months- that the New Frontier is trying to work out some compromise, some ac- commodation looking toward a coexist- ence with communism in Cuba policy. Today the President confirmed my sus- picions by expounding the ADA philoso- phy in foreign affairs. Perhaps this explains why so little concern has been shown over the 50-per- cent increase in Russian shipping, in- cluding armaments, to Cuba since the quarantine, the continuing and now in- creased shipping by non-Communist countries to Cuba, Britain, and Canada Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE June 10 in particular, and the accommodations between Cuba and even some of the Lat- in American nations that still recognize and do business with Cuba. According to official figures of the Maritime Administration, during the first 4 months of this year, 113 known trips by 92 non-Soviet-bloc ships went to Cuba through May 31 of this year. There were 36 trips in April alone, and 16 of these were British. As a matter of fact, 33 of the 92 trips were British ships, 13 of which were tankers carrying pre- cious oil for Castro's war machine. Twenty-three of the ninety-two ships were under Greek registry. In addition to the increased shipping by non-Communist-bloc nations, appar- ently with no effort to prevent it by the New Frontier, I am sure, a further accommodation to Castro and the Krem- lin was the reported cessation of low- level surveillance flights over Cuba and the decreasing numbers of high-level surveillance flights. This accommodation philosophy is further evidenced by the FAA order of 3 weeks ago which permits Cuban com- mercial planes to overfly the United States enroute from Canada so long as they stop for Inspection, This latter condition, incidentally, gives Castro's Communist government use of and access to our airports in the major cities of the Northeast, including Dulles International Airport outside of Washington, D.C. In exchange for this accommodation, Cuba has apparently agreed not to hijack or shoot at our commercial planes if they cross Cuba and this quid pro quo was accepted by the United States only last week when the prohibition against U.S. commercial flights over Cuba was withdrawn. Thus, the mood Is to be one of accom- modation as spelled out by the President today unless the New Frontier awakens to the fact that it is not the mood of the American people. America demands firm leadership in ridding this hemi- sphere of Communism in Cuba and else- where as well. The only reexamination of our attitude toward Russia should be one looking to- ward a firmer position, not toward how we can give in without losing too much face to the Communist demands as the price for coexistence. All these concessions are supposed to be made in the name of peace, but the basic fallacy of this approach is that the Communists have never kept their agree- ments. It ignores the proven fact that the international Communist conspiracy has as its stated goal-repeated again and again-to bury Capitalism and the United States. To the Communists, conciliation, and concession are signs of weakness. We cannot afford to display weakness on any front or in answer to any challenge hurled at us by the Communists if our freedoms are to be preserved. SHIPPING TO CUBA SHOWS NEW CAUSE FOR CONCERN (Mr. ROGERS of Florida asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. ROGERS of Florida. Mr. Speak- er, latest U.S. Government reports show that free world shipping to Cuba is on the increase-enough increase to cause real concern. During the peak period of June to August 1962, when the Soviets were at- tempting their crash program military buildup of Cuba, a total of 164 non- Communist ships called in Cuban ports. Since January of this year there have been 89 non-Communist ships calling in Cuba; a figure which represents more than half of last summer's traffic. What are the Soviets doing in Cuba to require such shipping? What Is the reason that free world shipping for this year totals more than It did during the month of July 1962, when such traffic reached its peak? I think these are questions which weigh heavily in the minds of those who recall the events of last October. I have repeatedly urged that this Government close Its ports to ships from allied countries which call in Cuban ports. To date this Government has taken only limited action through a blacklist of such vessels carrying food- for-peace cargoes. Obviously this sys- tem has had little effect. If U.S. Ports were closed, as I have suggested. this traffic would come to a screeching halt. No nation would con- tinue its shipping to Cuba if denied ac- cess to profitable U.S. cargo runs. Fur- thermore, such action would discourage the more than 20 allied tankers which have delivered Russian oil to Castro regularly since January, and without oil Castro's island fortress would come to a screeching halt. Why should our allies shoulder part of the Soviet burden of supplying Cas- tro? Why should we continue to silently approve this practice by allowing these allies access to our ports? I urge that the United States close its ports Immediately to those who value rubles over dollars, and freedom. THE LATE HONORABLE FRANCIS E. WALTER (Mr. McCORMACK (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was given permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point In the RECORD and to include a letter from the Honorable Froward Beale, Ambassador of Australia. on the life and service of our late and distinguished colleague, the Honorable Francis E. Walter.) Mr. McCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, I in- clude as part of my remarks the follow- ing letter from the Honorable Howard Beale, Ambassador of Australia: EMBASSY OF AUSTRALIA, Washington, D.C., June 7, 1963. The Honorable JonN W. McCORMACX, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington., D.C. Mx DzAa Ma. SYEAHER: On behalf of the Australian Government, and of myself, I wish to convey to you and to the House, sin- cere condolences over the great and sad loss you have sustained as a result of the death of Representative Francis E. Walter. Australia will remember with gratitude Representative Walter's long and fruitful association with the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration which made a most valuable contribution to the solution of the refugee problems following World War II; and to the large movements of population from Europe, which have been of great benefit to Australia's economy and have materially enhanced the role which Australia is able to play as a member of the free world. - Yours sincerely, HOWARD BEALE. ' Ambassador. POPE JOHN XXIII (Mr. BOLAND (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. BOLAND. Mr. Speaker, Pope John XXIII Is deeply and sincerely mourned probably by more people than man In recorded history. He was ad- mired and loved equally by the great and the little people of the world, because he himself admired and loved, equally, both the great- and the little people of the world. Whatever office he might hold, throughout his career, he never looked upon himself as magnified by that office, but used the office as a means of drawing closer to other people, and of helping them as much as possible. His greatness of soul most appeared in his consistent habit of looking upon himself, most sin- cerely, as insignificant. Thus belittling himself, Pope John was ready to devote his energies to any task, to risk his repu- tation In any cause, to hazard his health and his life Itself in the service of other men. Out of this greatness came the instinc- tive rightness of so many sudden, unex- pected words and actions. To a delega- tion of Jewish rabbis he said, In the words of Genesis XLV, 4, "I am Joseph your brother"; to Mrs. John F. Kennedy, after he had been carefully briefed in protocol and In the forms of American etiquette, upon seeing her, he forgot all his briefing, opened his arms wide, and called out "Jacqueline"; to prisoners whom he visited, he recalled the Imprisonment of his own relatives; to one who had been his superior officer in the Italian Army, he gleefully identified himself as Ser- geant Roncaili. Each step he took, as Pope, from his dealings with the Vatican staff and the people of Rome to his 'major acts such as the appointment of cardinals and the canonization of saints, Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 1963 Approved porCONGRESSIONAL RECORD 65En8U 000200240048-4 9933 and at the least will certainly do irrep- arable financial damage to them. As a great American once said-"Let's look at the record." Electrical World, the management newsletter of the utility industry, on April 8, 1963, stated : Last year was the best ever for utility net incomes. Based on a sampling of 142 com- panies representing roughly 95 percent of the total electric revenues from the utility industry, net incomes showed a 10.02 per- cent net gain over 1961 as compared with a 5.4 percent gain in 1961 over 1960. It is interesting to note that the four major private power companies in the Bonneville power marketing area all showed substantial increases in profit. These four major private power com- panies in Washington and Oregon showed a total increase of $4,998,000 over their 1961 profits. This represented a gain of 12.3 percent as compared with the 10 percent which the industry averaged nationally. However, the Idaho Power Co. showed a decrease of $812,000 from their 1961 profits or a loss of 8.4 percent. The following table shows the 1961 and 1962 incomes of the private power companies operating in the BPA area as compared with those of the Idaho Power Co.: Major private power companies in BPA area Pacific Power & Light---------------------------------------- Portland General Electric------------------------------------- Puget Sound Power & Light---------------------------------- Washington Water Power------------------------------------- Total--------------------------------------------------- Idaho Power Co---------------------------------------------- I Loss. These facts easily answer the ques- tion: Is Bonneville Power destroying pri- vate power companies? Far from it. Through healthy competition and mu- tual cooperation with BPA the four major private power companies in Washington and Oregon are thriving and what is more important they have achieved this increase in net income while charging the consumers lower power rates than those charged by the Idaho Power Co. A family using a thousand kilowatt-hours of power would have paid the company that served them the following average monthly bill in 1962: Monthly Power company: bill Portland General Electric -------- $10.30 Pacific Power & Light (Yakima) -- 10.63 Pudget Sound Power & Light ------ 10.95 Washington Water Power Co. (Spokane) --------------------- 12.05 Idaho Power Co------------------ 14.15 While there has been increase in rates by the four private power companies serving in the BPA area this year and the rates will be the same as 1962 under the rate increase recently granted Idaho Power Co., their 1963 average rate to a family using a thousand kilowatt-hours would be $15.18. So the private power companies in the BPA area not only had a 12-percent gain in profits last year as compared with Idaho Power Company's decrease of 8.4 percent but they accomplished this while charging their customers from $2.10 to $3.85 per family less each month. I, for one, am hopeful that Bonneville Power company will have the same effect on private power companies in Idaho that it has had on them in Washington and Oregon-that is higher profits for the power company and its stockholders and lower rates for the power users. However, this is not going to be ac- complished just by wishing it to be so. Dollars spent for full-page newspaper $20, 842,000 9, 025, 000 8, 580, 000 7, 063,000 45, 519, 000 8,856,000 $18,076,000 7, 880,000 7,746,000 6,819,000 40, 621,000 9, 668, 000 $2,766,000 1,145, 000 843, 000 244,000 4,998, 000 1 (812, 000) ately remembered by many Members of the Congress as a former manager of the Congressional Hotel in Washington. Colonel Morris is now the manager of the beautiful Carlton Beach Hotel in Bermuda, an American-operated unit of Hotel Corp. Of America. Bing Morris is one of many Americans whose work takes them to foreign soil. This fact does not-and as Colonel Morris points out, should not-deter them from remembering that they are Americans, and from observing those ceremonies that are significant and im- portant to Americans. Thus, on Memorial Day this year, Bermudians-British subjects-were treated to the stirring sight of a special icans on that British island. The cere- mony was conducted jointly with Ber.- and muda's own American Legion post , Percent the flag was one that had flown aver the 16.3 14.5 10.9 3.6 Capitol in Washington. I might add, Mr. Speaker, that the flag for this memorable observation of an American holiday on British soil was sent to Bing 12.3 Morris by his long-time friend, the dis- ` (8.4) tinguished gentleman from Kansas [Mr. advertisement attacking BPA are dollars that must be collected from the con- sumers through higher rates. Power company officials who are spending time traveling the State speaking against BPA are depriving their job of giving the power user the best possible service at the lowest possible cost of their full at- tention and talents. I would urge these power company of- ficials to put Idaho ahead of the Idaho Power Co. If they would stop to realize that what is best for Idaho is also best for the Idaho Power Co., then they will take a page from the book of their counterparts in Washington and Oregon who are competing and cooperating with, not attacking BPA. I am convinced that the inclusion of Southern Idaho in the BPA marketing area will then, prove to be not only in the best interest of Idaho through a faster growing economy and lower power rates but will also be in the best interest of the Idaho Power Co., through higher profits. That -has been the .record of BPA-private power company competition and cooperation in Oregon and Washington. MEMORIAL DAY (Mr. O'HARA of Illinois asked and was given permission to extend his own re- marks at this point in the RECORD and that Mr. AVERY and others desiring to do so may extend their remarks immedi- ately following.) Mr. O'HARA of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, I am extending my remarks to include a Memorial Day address delivered by an American on British soil. It is as elo- quent as it is brief. In 221 words, chosen as flowers from a garden, it epitomizes the spirit of patriotism and the senti- ment of living remembrance of America's heroic deed. The Occasion was Memorial Day in the British island of Bermuda and the speaker was Col. Bing Morris, affection- AVERY]. Bing Morris' Memorial Day address follows: My friends, when I was a boy, Memorial Day was called Decoration Day and it honored the dead of the War Between the States. There was always a great parade of prancing horses, brass bands, and the legendary 76 trombones. In the town square or on the city hall steps there was the oration by a local political dignitary, who "generally re- ferred to the thinning ranks of the boys in Blue and Gray. There are no longer sur- vivors of the Blue and Gray days, and Decora- tion Day is now Memorial Day. For those of us who are Americans on foreign soil, there are two reasons that make it imperative that we recognize this holiday. One reason is that there is hardly an American anywhere in the world who did not suffer the loss of a loved one or a friend in our last wars. The other reason is that it is not unreasonable to con- sider that the doctrines of Americanism proudly reside in our hearts wherever in the world we may be, and for whatever reasons take us beyond the borders of the United States. I thank my fellow Americans, our visitors from other nations, and our Bermuda friends for giving us their time and atten- tion, and above all, my thanks to the Ber- muda Post of the American Legion for their kind assistance. - [Mr. AVERY addressed the House. His remarks will appear Hereafter in the RIBUTE TO MARSHALL WISE, FOR- MER DIRECTOR OF CUBAN REFU- GEE CENTER (Mr. FASCELL asked and was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the body of the RECORD.) Mr. FASCELL. Mr. Speaker, a dedi- cated and able public servant, Marshall Wise, the director of the Cuban Refugee Emergency Center in Miami, Fla., since March. 9, 1961, has recently resumed his previous position as Director of the Mi- ami Social Security Office. On March 7, 1961, he was requested to assume the position of director of the Cuban Refugee Emergency Center with the understanding that it would prob- Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 Approved For e 1Mg $/ 3 --qI P65RO 8U ER000200240048-4 June 10 ably be a 60- to 90-day assignment. This temporary assignment has stretched into a period of more than 2 years. As director of the Cuban refugee pro- gram, he was faced with the difficult task or organizing a program to handle thou- sands upon thousands of refugees arriv- ing daily, in many cases without family or friends and with little or no knowl- edge of the English language. He was called upon to provide them with, among other things, food, housing, clothing, medical care, jobs, job retraining, reset- tlement opportunities, and education for both the children and the adults. Never before in the history of our country have refugees from oppression arrived upon our shores in such num- bers, and never before have so many thousand refugees congregated in one metropolitan area. The Greater Miami area, with a popu- lation of about 1 million, has had to ab- sorb approximately 200,000 Cuban refu- gees. No community could withstand the almost immediate impact of a 15 to 20 percent increase in population without skillful leadership and Federal assist- ance. The situation was worsened by the fact that there already existed in Dade County, Fla., a serious unemploy- ment problem-so much so that the U.S. Department of Labor and the Area Re- development Administration had long ago found that there was a sufficient number of unemployed American citi- zens to qualify Dade County as a class D labor surplus market area. There existed no precedent upon which one could predicate a sound program. Therefore, to the newly appointed di- rector and his small staff fell the entire burden of establishing a workable refu- gee program. The vast majority of the refugees had to be given a basic course in the English language. Headquarters had to be se- cured for the various phases of the op- eration. Food distribution centers had to be established. Unaccompanied chil- dren had to be placed. Children had to be located in the public and parochial school systems. Problems of-overcrowd- ing, language barriers, and educational cost factors had to be overcome. Medical centers had to be established; coopera- tion with immigration and security ac- tivities had to be set up and maintained; proper and adequate housing facilities secured, medical attention for the ill and aged, and a myriad of other services far too numerous to enumerate were neces- sary. He had to immediately set up an effective liaison for many agencies of the Federal Government Including HEW, Department of Labor, Immigration and Naturalization, Public Health Service, the Office of Education, the State De- partment ,the Justice Department, Cen- tral Intelligence Agency, and others. Liaison had to be established with the Florida Department of Public Welfare, with the Dade County Public Health De- partment, and the Dade County Public School System, local and county govern- ments and with citizens groups. Close cooperation had to be maintained with the University of Miami concerning pro- fessional refresher courses. Close cooperation also was necessary with various chambers of commerce throughout the Nation, with the various trade, professional and civic associa- tions. such as the American Medical As- sociation. the American Dental Associa- tion, AFL-CIO. American Bar Associa- tion, Kiwanis, Rotary, Lions, junior chamber of commerce, and others. Close liaison had to be established with the Catholic Relief Services of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, the Church World Services of the Na- tional Council of Churches, the Hebrew Immigrants Aid Society, International Rescue Committee, and the American Red Cross. Tribute should be paid to the close working relationship which Mr. Wise has established with the Bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Miami which carried a principal share of the burden during the first year of the refugee exodus from Communist Cuba and still continues to bear an overly large part of the cost. Close liaison had to be maintained with police and juvenile authorities, though credit should be given to the Cuban people for their actions have caused little, if any, problems in this re- gard. The refugees are worthy of the highest commendation, and with few notable exceptions the entire Cuban refugee group conducted itself peace- fully and orderly as its members sought to find their place in a new community. Many refugee organizations with varied views and objectives formed. It is a tribute to Mr. Wise's direction that he was able to maintain complete har- mony at all times in his dealings and associations with these groups. Through the efforts of Mr. Wise and his staff in cooperation with the various volunteer groups, over 60,000 Cuban refugees have been resettled throughout the United States. The resettlement program has received many favorable endorsements from communities which have accepted refugee families. A brief description of how the Cuban Refugee Center operates and the com- plex nature of its administration as well as its broad area of responsibility will vividly demonstrate the very heavy re- sponsibility laid on Marshall Wise's shoulders. The Cuban Refugee Center, Freedom Tower, 600 Biscayne Boulevard, Miami, Fla., is the focal point for Cuban refugee registration, resettlement and relief ac- tivities. It also coordinates the Federal Government's program of aid to Cuban refugees under a broad directive from President John F. Kennedy. The Federal program is supervised by Secretary of Health. Education, and Welfare, An- thony J. Celebrezze. At work in the center are representa- tives of voluntary agencies experienced In resettling refugees in homes and jobs In communities across the United States. The national organizations they serve have for many years resettled refugees who have come to the United States from many countries. All these organizations are members of the American Council of Voluntary Agencies. Represented at the center are: Catholic Relief Services, Na- tional Catholic Welfare Conference; Church World Service, Protestant; United HIAS Service, Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society; and International Rescue Committee, nonsectarian. The U.S. Employment Service, Depart- ment of Labor, also represented in the center, promotes job opportunities for qualified employable refugees, provides Identification of the work experience of refugees, conducts aptitude tests and co- operates with the resettlement agencies in finding employment opportunities. Cuban refugees, after registration at the center, are interviewed and classi- fled as to job skills, number of employ- ables in the family, friends, or relatives in the United States, and desired volun- tary agency assistance. The processing procedure is as follows: First. Reception and registration. Second. Interview and classification. Third. U.S. Employment Service in- terview for employable persons. Fourth. Medical examination and X- ray. Fifth. Voluntary agency Interview for relocation and resettlement. Sixth. Red Cross-for personal ar- ticles distribution. Seventh. Florida State Welfare De- partment-for financial assistance, if necessary; also child welfare depart- ment, if necessary. Eighth. Surplus food distribution. Each refugee receives a medical exam- ination following registration and before being interviewed by representatives of the resettlement agencies. The U.S. Public Health Service, working through the Dade County Public Health Depart- ment, provides supervision of the dispen- sary. In addition to a general health examination, each refugee receives a chest X-ray and inoculations prescribed by the attending physician. Out_)atient care for minor needs is pro- vided by the dispensary. Treatment of serious or chronic conditions is available through an outpatient program. Needs that cannot be met by the dispensary are referred to hospitals of their choice, such as Jackson Memorial, St. Francis, Mercy, Mount Sinai, and Gesu Medical Clinic-an arm of Mercy and St. Francis. A minimal fee is paid by the Center for each visit. Eligibility is restricted to those qualifying for cash assistance grants under the program described on a later page. The American Red Cross has dis- tributed personal kits to newly arrived refugees since the start of the refugee program. Certification slips for used clothing is- sued by the voluntary agencies are re- deemable at several church depots in the Miami area. Supplies of clothing have been received from New York and other cities serving as collection centers for clothing drives. - Under Federal auspices, broadseale aid for Cuban refugees in the United States began late in 1960 when, after a review of the situation, President Eisenhower inaugurated a program to deal with the most urgent needs. Subsequently, President Kennedy re- cognized the Cuban refugee problem as one of national responsibility and beyond the means and scope of the individual Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 1963 Approved For F~&itL eR 8 /3L: J&BI PD65BWOUSE000200240048-4 9935 States or the combined efforts of volun- Consultations and advisory services to Cuban college and university students tary agencies. Accordingly, on January voluntary agencies with contractual re- may receive education grants enabling 27, 1961, the President issued a formal sponsibilities. them to resume their studies in the instruction to the then Secretary of Hospitalization and medical care for United States. Applications to univer- Health, Education, and Welfare, Abra- the sick. sity registrars are processed through the ham Ribicoff, saying, in part: The care and protection of unaccom- Office of Education, an agency of the I want you to make concrete my concern panied children. Department of Health, Education, and and sympathy for those who have been Distribution of surplus food com- Welfare. forced from their homes in Cuba and to as- modities to needy refugees. Mr. Speaker, I have hastily sketched sure them that we shall seek to expedite Emergency welfare services for Ameri- the operations of the Cuban Refugee ,their voluntary return as soon as conditions can nationals repatriated from Cuba. Center. But even this cursory rundown there facilitate that. Educational loans to needy and de- shows that successful operation under After a further personal evaluation of serving Cuban students enrolled in Marshall Wise is solid attestation of his the refugee problem in the Miami area, American colleges and universities. excellent work. a comprehensive program was 'formu- An adult education program, as well An able administrator, a tireless work- lated by the HEW Secretary, who as- as an elementary and secondary educa- er, a dedicated public servant, a great signed the Social Security Commission- tion program for refugee children. humanitarian, are all words descriptive er to coordinate the efforts of all Federal The retraining of refugee physicians, of Marshall Wise. They bear repeating. agencies affected by the President's di- attorneys, and other professionals. His efforts have gained recognition rective. In January 1963 the Cuban The establishment and operation of a throughout not only the United States rGugee relief program was placed under Cuban refugee research project. and the Western Hemisphere but all of the newly constituted Welfare Admin- The Florida State Department of Pub- the freedom loving peoples of the world. istration, Dr. Ellen Winston, Commis- lic Welfare is the principal contract I welcome the opportunity to associate sioner of Welfare. Director of the Cu- agency for administering immediate re- myself with the remarks of Mr. Wise ban refugee program, based in Wash- lief to the refugees in the form of finan- which were delivered in his speech to ington, is John Frederick Thomas. cial assistance, child welfare services, and the Downtown Rotary Club of Miami, By Presidential authority, $5 million in the distribution of surplus food com- Fla., on May 2, 1963. In it you will find had been allocated to the support of co- modities. Professional social workers in- the heart, courage, and talent of an out- operative programs relating to the terview and screen the refugees and standing public officer who deserves health, education, and welfare of Cuban certify their eligibility to receive monthly credit and recognition for a job. well refugees in the United States, for the financial assistance checks-a maximum done. Accordingly, I am privileged to period ending June 30, 1961. These of $100 per family and $60 per single deliver his remarks to you: funds were part of the MOM Y appro- case-and inhospital care for acute ill- A little over 2 years ago-when I first priated by Congress to the Mutual Se- ness. Child welfare specialists in the came to this job-people in the community curity Contingency Fund and they rep- Center look after the welfare and educa- told me'we were sitting on a powder keg resent the first expenditure of such tion of unaccompanied refugee children. that might blow up any minute. Eighteen funds within the continental borders of Through an agreement between the months ago, when I last spoke to this group, the United States. Florida State Department of Public Wel- I was told the same thing. All during the During the fiscal year ending June 30, fare and the U.S. Department of Agri- last 12 months, and once again during the 1962, the program was carried out with culture, surplus Federal food commodi- l ed rers s and other concer I ned heard indindi local labor $38.5 million made available under au- ties are distributed to needy families; the same and yther concerviduals voice thorities in the Foreign Assistance Act this distribution is in addition to other However, from where I sit, and from what of 1961. On June 28, 1962, Public Law grants-in-aid. I see, I've never believed these cries, and 87-510-Migration and Refugee Assist- Beside the public and private welfare right here today I want to say to you, as ance Act of 1962-was enacted which agencies, aid to the refugees Is adminis- members of the leading civic Organization in provided a legislative base for assistance tered by organizations representing the this community, that we have not been, and to Cuban and other refugees from na- principal religious faiths of the refugees. we are not now sitting on a powder keg be- tions of the Western Hemisphere, and Late in 1959 the Catholic diocese of cause of the Cuban refugees living in our authorized appropriations for such as- Miami opened the Centro Hispano Cat- I am really not here to educate you. I sistance. Funds appropriated for the olico to serve the needs of refugees ar- bring you information which I hope will en- fiscal year ending June 30, 1963, amount- riving from Cuba as well as from other able you to educate yourselves, if that is ed to $70,110,000. Latin American countries. The centro's your desire. Besides the Federal, State, and local services include medical outpatient care, I am not here to plead the special cause agencies, support for the refugees has food, and used clothing distribution, and of the Cuban refugee, or to defend those who come from private firms and individuals home visits for the sick. are defenseless. I bring you facts, not fiction, ide ide whether hether which I their cause hope will enable as well as from educational, religious, The Catholic Welfare Bureau of Mi- t is a a just you one, , e and d cultural, and-philanthropic agencies. All ami provides a variety of other services is deserving of your understanding and. ac- their efforts symbolize the President's to refugees on referral from the Centro tive support.. personal concern and attest to his lead- Hispano Catolico or from the Catholic -^ The moment the Cuban crisis erupted re- refugees. _ v' .. The Protestant Latin Refugee Center through which thousands of Cubans had Through agreements with the Depart- was established by the Protestant Latin wh which had fleeing the if In gout more than Planes nee 00 ment of Health, Education, and Welfare, American Emergency Committee to sup- Cubans a month, for 19 months, were or Federal funds are being used to admin- plement the assistance given through the to halt operations. An estimated 360,0e0 Fe a wide variety programs: Federal Program. Cubans--many of whom had already paid Operation of the Cuban Refugee Cen= Jewish refugees from Cuba receive for their passage and were waiting only for of . efugee C various forms of assistance from the He- plane space-were locked in by the ban on ter per the mathteCuba R brew Immigrant Aid Society, a national emigration. Resettlement of refugee families in organization. To be cut off from freedom-especially communities offering employment oppor- Hardship cases are helped at eight when freedom lies only a few tantalizing Is of tunities. denominational centers. minmilesions away-today i tma fact s lfe affecting A transitional grant to resettling ref- parts ofthe globe. ugees wreceive. public assistance in Refugees with technical skills and pro- The tragedy is heightened when families s are a their resettle- fessional training receive special con- spl Miami who it--half in freedom, half behind walls. Miami at the tf 00 for time a family, e sideration. Lawyers, doctors, and en- many Cuban Families, both inside and out- ment-$ $60 for an in- gineers are being retrained to fit them side their native land, are suffering the agony for professional service in the United which Is so widespread in the world today. Financial assistance to needy families States; most of the retraining work is I'm not going to repeat all the criticisms in the Miami area and to resettled carried on with Federal aid by the Uni- and ou complaints about the newspapers, or eard families in other areas. you've read in our local heard versity of Miami. from your well-meaning ing and Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4 9936 Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65Bpp~g3R000200240048-4 June 10 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HC)JSE friends, or, may have actually been said by cannot seem to get our own elected repre- you, yourselves. Most of those I've read or sentatives to provide the $1 that will heard, are based on pure fiction and preju- automatically bring us matching funds to dice-not upon hard, cold, facts. help the needy Americans in our own com- It has been written and said that Cuban munities, sageta back on look again. of refugees are taking jobs away from needy e Americans, and' lowering the wage rates the plus factors, at some of the good that in Miami and south Florida. I'm sure that has resulted In the exodus of the Cuban some of this has taken place, but the hard refugee fleeing from communism, tyranny, cold facts, available to all of you in the and oppression to asylum, safety, and democ- reports made by the Florida State Employ- racy I tcontend that he M ami area. the culture of this area meat Service, the recent special survey on unemployment in Dade County conducted has advanced to a point it would have taken by the U.S. Department of Labor, the First another 10 years to reach without this Research Corp.. and other professional fact- impact. finding bodies, proves conclusively that these 2. Miami has been striving for many years inflamatory statements just can't be proved, to establish its right to the title "Gateway It has been written and said that the to the Americas," and I can't believe that influx of Cuban refugees was increasing anyone in North, Central. or South America the crime rate in our communities, yet the would now attempt to dispute that claim. official report of the Miami Police Depart- 3. All of the people of Latin and South ment. released just a few months ago, says America, and Islands of the Caribbean are that although the crime rate during the past completely aware of the tolerance, hospital- 3 years has increased in Miami-and here I ity, understanding, and welcome that the quote from the report-"Cubans were not a citizens of the Miami area have extended to problem In the crimes reported on by the de- the Cuban refugee. partment." Lt. Tom Lipe, in making the 4. Just think how our schoolteachers, as far church people, policemen, government n iti " ze s Cubans are good c report, said, as we are concerned." agencies, sales people, service trades, elvic ..- - . i- -i Tit Rnv of our influx of Cuban refugees would ruin south Florida's tourist industry. Yet Industry re- ports show that 1962 was the best tourist year we ever experienced, and right now the tourist industry tells us that 1963 Is going to be better than 1962. It has been written and said that the influx of Cuban refugees would create slums and depress the real estate market. The most recent reports from the Miami Housing Authority, Area Redevelopment officials, the Mortgage Bankers Association, the Real Estate Appraisal Association and the Federal Housing Administration all agree that al- though there is an overcrowding situation no slums have been created and the real estate market, Instead of being depressed, has been greatly helped by the Influx of ref- ugees into the area. It has been written and said that the refugee influx would ruin our school system Maybe we should remind them that alihost everyone in Miami is from somewhere else, and that America has grown great because of Its willingness to provide honest oppor- tunities for immigrants and refugees. Maybe we should remind them that we welcome the Cuban refugee because the bloodstream philosophy of America is in- scribed on our Statue of Liberty, a statue which Is known to the rest of the world as; "The Mother of Exiles." Maybe we should rededicate ourselves to these words : "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free. The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me." PERSONAL ANNOUNCEMENT Mr. LONG of Maryland. Mr. Speak- er, on the rollcall vote on Thurs- day on the bill, H.R. 6754, the agricul- tural appropriation bill, I was unavoid- ably absent. Had I been present, I would have voted "yea." PAN AMERICAN JET ALL-CARGO CLIPPERS (Mr. JARMAN asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. JARMAN. Mr. Speaker, I have spent a very interesting hour and a half this morning at Dulles International Airport inspecting the new Pan Ameri- can all-cargo jet clipper. My purpose in mentioning this matter to Members of the House is that I consider the pro- cess of transporting air freight as devel- oped by Pan American Airlines to be of significant value to the commercial and defense interests of this Nation. Mr. Speaker, should a cold war crisis erupt somewhere in the world and Amer- ica's armed might called into action, men and equipment must be moved at jet speed across continents and oceans. At such a time, the Pan American cargo jet would serve as a frontline reserve element in the free world's defenses. For axample, Pan Am's jet freighter fleet-representing a private investment of nearly $60 million-would provide the fastest means of transport for large volume of military cargo to most of the world's critical areas in times of emer- gency. - Committed to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, Pan Am's eight freighters on routes between Air Force bases in Cali- fornia and Hawaii could carry nearly citizens have learned to speak Spanish In order to deal with, serve, and hoot our Span- ish-speaking exiles and guests. The progress we've made in Mis area alone will bring us cultural, as well as economic rewards, for all the remaining years of our lives. 5. Our churches and temples have found a rallying point and popular cause, and have greatly strengthened their tiesas a result. 8. All our educational and cultural dis- cussion groups have benefited tremendously by their association with the Cuban exiles, and as a result have learned much, in such a short time, about communism and how It works. 7. We're becoming world famous for our "Operation Amigo" project, and the Cuban refugee provided the bridge of understand- ing and stimulating spark which advanced the program. Let's just look at the positive aspects of a few highlights you may not have thought about before: dren. The facts are available to all of you 1 Our public school system. although and you can get them by talking to the su- overburdened and badly crowded now, is perintendent of schools, or any of the other being assisted by -Federal expenditures to responsible officials of the Dade County accelerate Its rate of growth because of this school system. You'll learn from them that heavy refugee load. When the refugee im- there has been, and still 1s heavy overcrowd- pact disappears, as It will in the not too ing, but that the quality of the Cuban Stu- distant furture, well be just that much dents and the $9 million of Federal funds further advanced and better able to provide that has been given to help with the prob- for the future expansion that must come to lem has really improved, rather than hurt, care for our future normal growth. the school system. 2. The success of Interama as a permanent And finally, It has been written and said trade fair is a foregone conclusion, because that "they are using all our welfare funds to we've proven to all the countries of Latin kelp the Cubans instead of the needy Amer- America that Miami is a host city to the leans." The truth Is that no Dade County Spanish-speaking world, without a peer to or Florida State funds have ever been used be found anywhere. for this purpose. More than $80 million of a. And last, but by no means least, the purely Federal funds, contributed in taxes by tremendous expenditure of Federal funds In all the people of the United States including this area, more than $36 million last year, you and me, have been used to give these and somewhere in the neighborhood of $70 mi' s sa - d Mi l ge a stere has bo needy refugees asylum, safety and minimum million this year, subsistence in the greatest democracy the ing economy during a time which could have military supplies, such as rations, hospi- ression and retrogression tal equipment and medicines, military f d ep been one o world has ever known. The hard. cold facts, and the- real truth of without such a dollar now. vehicles, and weapon components. Al- the situation, as stated by competent local Miami, an area whose economic blood- ternately, in all-passenger configura- officials in recent public hearings 13 that we stream is fed and nourished by tourist via- tions, they could move 43,780 troops per in Dade County really don't have assistance store, has always been happy to welcome the week on the same routes. In mixed con- programs that are worthy of the name. "refugee" from the North who is fleeing week o 109 personnel and nearly 30 Although Federal funds have been find are from the cold weather. figurations, now available on a 3-to-i matching basis Up to this time, the great majority of tons of freight could be carried on one for staff, and equal matching basis for gen- Miamians have also welcomed and tolerated aircraft. eral assistance-this means that for every the Influx of refugees from Cuba. who are This important ability to transport dollar we are willing to appropriate and spend basically fleeing from communism and op- quickly men and supplies is due in part for general assistance the Federal Govern- pression. preloading system palletized provides a method ment will give us $3 for staff employ- however, we are Seeing a small minority to system, pan American's meat and a matching dollar for assist- begin to resent this Influx. We are beginning This ante payments-notwithstanding the fact to hear them say, "America for Americans," by which cargo is assembled according that such an offer remains open to us we and. "Miami for Miamians" to destination, loaded, and secured to Approved For Release 2004/06/23 : CIA-RDP65B00383R000200240048-4